Driver’s Handbook

Working with drivers to make our roads safer.

Table of Contents
Establish Your Identity Type of Document The Class Licence System Basic Class 5 Licensing Requirements How to Book Your Test Appointment Winnipeg Dauphin, Portage la Prairie, or Thompson Arborg, Beausejour, Brandon, Steinbach, Winkler or at a Mobile Testing Unit Key Points About Your Tests Graduated Driver Licensing Graduated Driver Licensing Class 5 Authorized Instruction (A) Stage (non-GDL Learner Stage) Manitoba’s New One-Piece Driver’s Licence Renewals Last Five Years Keep Your Licence Valid Illegal Use of Driver’s Licence Operating Heavy and Agricultural Equipment Seatbelts Infant and Child Restraints 5 5 Foldout Foldout 7 7 7 8 9 Foldout Foldout 11 12 13 13 13 14 15 15

Section 1 — Safe and Legal Driving Practices
1. Signs and Signals Sign Shapes and Colours Warning Signs Construction and Maintenance Signs Regulatory Signs Guide and Information Signs Stop Signs Four-way Stop Signs Yield Right-of-Way Signs Traffic Control Signals Transit Priority Signal Pavement Markings Reserved Lanes

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Driver’s Handbook • 1

2. Starting from a Parked Position, Lane Changing, Curves and Turning 35 Starting Out Starting Lane Changing Blind Spots Hand Signals Curves General Rules of Turning Right Turns Left Turns U-Turns Roundabouts 3. Driving Responsibly Speed Following Safely Passing No-Zone Around Large Vehicles Entering and Leaving an Expressway Right-of-Way Emergency Vehicles School Buses Transit Buses Railway Crossings 4. Pedestrian Safety Crosswalks Pedestrian Corridors Blind Persons School and Playground Areas 5. Cyclist Safety Cyclist Signals 6. Backing Up Three Point Turn Three Point Turn Around on a Dead End Street 7. Parking Parallel Parking Backing Skill Test Angle Parking Parking on a Hill or Incline Parking Pointers Illegal Parking 8. Vehicle Equipment Required Equipment Other Equipment
2 • Driver’s Handbook

35 38 38 38 39 39 39 40 43 51 52 53 53 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 65 67 67 69 70 71 72 73 74 74 76 77 77 79 80 81 82 82 83 83 86

Collisions Upon Arriving at the Scene If You are Involved 87 87 87 87 88 89 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 95 95 96 96 97 97 97 98 98 99 99 99 100 101 101 102 Section 2 — Legal Consequences of Unsafe Driving 1. Licence Suspension for Other Criminal Code Convictions 3.9. Sleet or Snow Daytime Use of Headlights Reduced Visibility Night Driving Drowsiness or Fatigue Distractions Gravel Road Driving Winter Road Driving Hills Farm Equipment on Roads Pilot Vehicles 10. Driving While Impaired Alcohol Drugs What Can You Do Drinking and Driving Anywhere is a Crime What Are the Consequences? 2. Driving While Suspended — Consequences 4. Driving Emergencies Running Off the Pavement Blowouts Losing a Wheel Skid Control Emergency Braking Flooded Engine Wet Brakes Disabled Vehicle Direct Collision Course Vehicle on Fire Vehicle Plunging into Water Vehicle in Contact with Electrical Wires Suggested Emergency Equipment 11. Poor Driving Conditions Ice. Driver Improvement and Control Program How it Works Interventions Applying to All Drivers 103 104 104 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 110 111 Driver’s Handbook • 3 .

5. For interpreting and applying the law. consult The Highway Traffic Act. Safe Driving Programs Mature Driver Program Parking Entitlement for People with Physical Disabilities Disabled Driver Assessment and Management Program Vehicle Modifications for People with Physical Disabilities Environmental Consequences of Driving Fuel Efficient Driving Techniques Forms Organ and Tissue Donation Parental Approval (Learner’s Licence) Collision Report Claim Reporting Metric Converter Driver Training Schools and Instructors 112 112 113 113 114 115 115 116 117 120 120 123 125 129 130 131 This handbook has no legislative sanction. and/or The Drivers and Vehicles Act and their regulations. 4 • Driver’s Handbook . Driver Safety Rating How the Scale Works 6.

identification card or enhanced identification card you will be asked to show documents that prove your identity.ca. permanent residents. It also ensures that Manitoba driver’s licences or identification cards are issued only to those who are in our country legally. To prove your identity.mb. Verifying identity before we issue a driver’s licence or identification card helps to protect all Manitobans from identity theft. whether as citizens.mpi. or visitors.Establish Your Identity The first time you apply for a Manitoba driver’s licence. please see a copy of the brochure Establishing Your Identity or visit www. you will need supporting documents that establish six key elements: • Birth date • Legal name • Signature • Photograph • Manitoba residence • Entitlement to be in Canada For more information on the documents required to prove your identity. This requirement under Manitoba law is aligned with North American standards. Driver’s Handbook • 5 .

if 16 years of age or older. • Must pass knowledge test. Note: A person must hold a valid minimum Class 5 Intermediate Stage driver’s licence to operate a special mobile machine. and other emergency vehicles. Pupil Transportation at 204-945–6900. and any combination of vehicles consisting of a truck with two axles and a towed vehicle with a registered gross vehicle weight of up to 4. and 5. Drivers of a Class 3 truck registered as a farm truck equipped with air brakes are exempt from this requirement. • Requires supervising driver for Authorized Instruction. $45 Class 3 Road test +4. but may cross these highways. • Must pass Air Brake practical test for “A” (Authorized) endorsement. buses1 with a seating capacity between 10 and 24 passengers (while carrying passengers) and school buses2 with a seating capacity between 10 and 36 passengers (while carrying passengers). • Must pass road test. School bus certificate is required. May operate Class 3 vehicles if registered as a farm truck and the driver holds a Class 5 Intermediate or Full Stage Licence. Includes all vehicles in Classes 4 and 5. 4. • Driver must hold a valid licence of any class and stage. May operate a Moped 3. village or urban municipality. the test includes a pre-trip inspection of vehicle (and air brake system if applicable) by the applicant. • Must pass adjustment of the manual slack adjusters for “S” (Slack Adjuster) endorsement.) • Must pass knowledge test.) • Minimum nine-month Learner Stage. Mopeds are not allowed to be driven on highways with a speed limit exceeding 80 km/h. including any combination of vehicles. 3. • Must pass road test to advance to the Intermediate Stage (minimum 15–months Intermediate Stage). Class 6 Road test $30 Knowledge Test $10 Practical Test Air Brake Endorsement—permits the holder to drive vehicles equipped with Air Brakes in the class of vehicle for which the person is licensed. (Must wait 14 days for re-test). (Must wait seven days for re-tests.540 kg (but does not include a semi-trailer truck). For Classes 1. $30 Knowledge Test $10 All charges are subject to change.540 kg. Must meet vision standards. or a highway within the municipal boundaries of a city. • There is no additional charge for the Air Brake practical test if it is completed at the same time you are road-tested for a higher class of licence. trucks with two axles. For further information contact the Manitoba Education. • Requires supervising driver for a Class 5 Intermediate if carrying more than one passenger between the hours of 12 midnight and 5 a. school buses2 having a seating capacity over 36 passengers (while carrying passengers). Must meet vision standards. It excludes vehicles used for personal transportation by the owner or with the owner’s permission. A bus is any vehicle with a seating capacity of at least 11 persons (including the driver) used primarily to carry passengers.m. Training and Youth.540 kg Trucks with more than two axles. • Must pass knowledge and sign tests for Class 5 Learner licence (minimum nine-month Learner Stage). (Must wait 14 days for re-test. $45 Class 4 Road test $35 Knowledge Test $10 16 or if enrolled in high school driver education course 15M Medical report required when requested. 18 Medical report required on initial application and periodically thereafter based on the age of the driver. 4 and 5. (Contact Manitoba Safety Council for motorcycle course charges. Passenger cars. Includes all vehicles in Classes 3. 1. 16 Medical report required when requested. • Must pass knowledge test.) • Requires supervising driver for a Class 5 Learner Stage or Authorized Instruction. OR a truck with two axles towing a vehicle with a registered gross vehicle weight of more than 4. 2. Buses1 having a seating capacity of over 24 passengers (while carrying passengers). Includes all vehicles in Class 5. 3. (Must wait seven days for re-tests. . The course is required before Learner Stage Licence is issued. • Must pass road test to advance to the Intermediate Stage (minimum 15-month Intermediate Stage). ambulances. implement of husbandry or tractor on a provincial highway. a bus while not carrying passengers. Taxis. 2. 3 or 4 (buses and trucks only). Minimum Age Medical Requirements Requirements Test Charges Class 1 Road test 1 2 3 4 5 6 Air Brake Endorsement $50 Must meet medical and vision standards. Class 5 Road test $30 Knowledge Test $10 Motorcycles.) • Must obtain Class 6 M Stage licence in order to complete motorcycle training course. For further information please call 204-985–7000 or toll-free 1 800-665-2410. Class 2 Road test • Must hold a minimum Class 5 Intermediate or Class 5 Authorized Instruction licence to obtain authorized instruction in Classes 1–4.The Class Licence System Manitoba Licence Class Allows the Licence Holder to Operate Semi-trailer trucks including all vehicles in Classes 2. town.

05bloodalcoholcontent. • have not held a Manitoba licence within the past four years. . an applicant for a driver’s licence who has a disease or disability that may affect their ability to drive safely must inform Medical Records. the United States or other jurisdictions whose licences are not exchangeable. ii) After passing the knowledge test and meeting the visual and medical standards. An applicant who demonstrates dangerous driving during their road test may have to obtain permission from the registrar before attempting another road test. are subject to a nine-month learning period before they are eligible to take a road test. Change of name or address You are required to notify your Autopac agent or Manitoba Public Insurance within 15 days of any change in your name or address. parent or legal guardian approval is required to take the knowledge test. cannot obtain a driver’s licence. You will be required to operate your vehicle in typical traffic situations in a safe and legal manner. C) Road Test The Class 5 road test not only measures your ability to operate a Class 5 vehicle.Basic Class 5 Licensing Requirements Who must take a driver test You must take a driver test for the class of vehicle you wish to drive if you: • have never been licensed for that class of vehicle. Applicants who fail to meet the minimum medical or vision standards may have their licence suspended until further information is filed.) Driver education students under the age of 16 must provide a completed driver education form before taking the knowledge test for a driver’s licence. 2002. Consent of either a parent or legal guardian is required if the applicant is under 18 years of age. this will be indicated on your licence. or • have a disease or disability that may affect your ability to drive safely. Manitoba Health will not pay for third party requests for a medical report including any related examinations. and are taking a road test. If you currently hold an out of country driver’s licence or currently hold a Manitoba driver’s licence higher than a Class 5L/5A or 6L/6A. The most convenient way to register is through an Autopac agent as soon as possible. Only one knowledge test per class of licence is allowed per day — if you are outside of the GDL program you are eligible to repeat a knowledge test the next working day. it must be approved by Medical Records before you can take the knowledge test or enrol in the driver education course. from any jurisdiction.Therefore. there is a 14-day waiting period to retake it. R3C 4A4. 204–985–1900 or toll free at 1–866–617–6676. Graduated Driver Licensing Drivers who applied for their first Class 5 Driver’s Licence on or after April 1.mb. 2002 are in the Graduated Driver Licensing (GDL) Program and are subject to the GDL stages and restrictions. an applicant may apply for a Class 5 Learner Stage Licence if enrolled in a high school driver education course. or • hold a licence from outside Canada. You must supply a vehicle in good working order and a Vehicle Registration Certificate confirming the vehicle is properly registered and insured. cellular phones or electronic devices cannot be used during the test. Please ensure you check in 15 minutes before your appointment time. plus any applicable additional driver premium. Applicants for a driver’s licence who have not held a driver’s licence any time prior to April 1. (It is not an open book test. Box 6300. • have had your licence suspended. it also identifies errors that need to be corrected. Website: www. *Supervisingdrivermustbefullylicenseddriverforatleast36monthsandhaveunder . A) Knowledge Test i) For a Class 5 licence: Before taking the test. If an applicant is under 18 years of age. *ChargesforDriverEducationProgramincludeoneknowledgetest. there is a seven-day waiting period to retake it. (See Forms section. The vehicle must have adequate seating for the driver examiner.mpi. Only one test per class of licence is allowed per day — if you are outside of GDL you are eligible to repeat a road test the next working day. Manitoba. The test assesses your knowledge of traffic laws. This will require you to have a supervising driver with you when driving a motor vehicle. Only authorized Manitoba Public Insurance employees may ride with you during the test. You may be required to be re-tested if you: • have been involved in traffic accidents or convictions. If a medical report is required. * If you are in GDL and fail the knowledge test. A vision and/or medical report may be required. a test failure will result in declassifying your driver’s licence to a Learner or Authorized Stage.time servedintheIntermediateStageinClass6willbeappliedtotheIntermediateStage inClass5. For more information please call us at: 204–985–7000 or toll-free at 1–800–665–2410. At age 15 1/2.ca Application and test requirements An applicant for a Class 5 Learner Stage licence must be a minimum of 16 years of age. **AdriverisonlyrequiredtocompletetheIntermediateStageonce. Failure to do so will result in the cancellation of the road test and no refund of the test charge. Applicants are responsible for these costs.) The test charge is $10 (subject to change) per test. Manitoba Class 5 Driver’s Licence Stages are: L I F Learner Stage (minimum 9 months)* Intermediate Stage (minimum 15 months)** Full Stage B) Visual and Medical Requirements Applicants who fail to meet minimum vision standards. tests or telephone calls to the physician. Road tests will not be conducted in heavy or agricultural equipment. You will be judged on your driving skills. safe driving practices and recognition of road signs. If you are in GDL and fail the road test. If corrective lenses are required for driving. Winnipeg. in order to drive you will be required to purchase a licence for $20 plus base driver premium charges of up to $45 (subject to change). Before taking a knowledge test. you must register as a Manitoba Public Insurance customer and provide proper identification documents. with or without corrective lenses.

call 985–7788 up to eight weeks in advance. Buy a test receipt* from one of these locations: • Any Autopac agent • One of our Service Centres (see the list below) • Our Cityplace Service Centre *For cost. With your test receipt. With your test receipt. look under Key points about your tests 2. Mary’s Road • 420 Pembina Highway • 1103 Pacific Avenue Regular hours (after Labour Day until June’s first Monday): • Monday to Thursday: 7:30 am to 5:45 pm • Friday: 7:30 am to 4:45 pm Summer hours (after June’s first Monday until Labour Day): • Monday to Friday: 7:30 am to 4:45 pm How to book your road test 1. look under Key points about your tests 2. call 985–7788 up to eight weeks in advance. for your test appointment at one of these test locations: • 1006 Nairn Avenue • 125 King Edward Street • 930 St. for your test appointment at one of these test locations: • 1006 Nairn Avenue • 125 King Edward Street • 930 St.How to Book Your Test Appointment Winnipeg How to book your knowledge test 1. Mary’s Road • 420 Pembina Highway • 1103 Pacific Avenue Regular hours (after Labour Day until June’s first Monday): • Monday to Thursday: 7:30 am to 5:45 pm • Friday: 7:30 am to 4:45 pm Summer hours (after June’s first Monday until Labour Day): • Monday to Friday: 7:30 am to 4:45 pm 6 • Driver’s Handbook . Buy a test receipt* from one of these locations: • Any Autopac agent • One of our test locations (see the list below) • Our Cityplace Service Centre *For cost.

• Portage la Prairie Provincial Building 25 Tupper Street N. look under Key points about your tests 2.Winnipeg Watch for these new Service Centres: Opening Spring/Summer 2010: • 1284 Main Street • 15 Barnes Street 445 King Street closing Spring 2010 Opening Fall/Winter 2010: • 40 Lexington Park Dauphin. for your appointment Regular hours (after Labour Day until June’s first Monday): • Monday to Thursday: 7:30 am to 5:45 pm • Friday: 7:30 am to 4:45 pm Summer hours (after June’s first Monday until Labour Day): • Monday to Friday: 7:30 am to 4:45 pm Driver’s Handbook • 7 . call the Appointment Centre. or Thompson How to book your knowledge test No appointment needed. look under Key points about your tests Regular office hours • Monday to Friday: 8:30 am to 4:30 pm How to book your road test 1.W. Visit our Testing Centre in one of these four locations*: • Dauphin Provincial Building 27–2nd Avenue S. With your test receipt. Buy a test receipt* from one of these locations: • Any Autopac agent • One of our Service Centres *For cost. • Thompson 53 Commercial Place *For cost. Portage la Prairie. 1–800–782–0777.

Beausejour. look under Key points about your tests 2. 1–800–782–0777. Winkler or Customer Service Centre *For cost. for your appointment Hours to call the Appointment Centre. Steinbach. Brandon. Brandon. Buy a test receipt* from one of these locations: • Any Autopac agent • Arborg. With your test receipt. 1–800–782–0777. Winkler or at a Mobile Test Unit How to book your knowledge or road test 1. Steinbach. Beausejour. for appointments Regular hours (after Labour Day until June’s first Monday): • Monday to Thursday: 7:30 am to 5:45 pm • Friday: 7:30 am to 4:45 pm Summer hours (after June’s first Monday until Labour Day): • Monday to Friday: 7:30 am to 4:45 pm 8 • Driver’s Handbook . call the Appointment Centre.Arborg.

$30 • Class 6 licence: $30 • Air Brake: $30** * Cost may change ** There is no additional charge for the air brake test if you are taking a road test for a class 1. call 204–985–7000 • Outside Winnipeg. 2. 4 or 5 licence and the vehicle you are using for the test is equipped with air brakes. • No cost applies for tests in these two situations: • you’re 65 or older. or • Medical Records requires you to take the test General Testing Information • There is a 30 minute time limit to complete a knowledge test • Both knowledge and road tests are conducted during weekdays only (with the exception of holidays) • Only one knowledge or road test of the same class may be completed per day • There is a waiting period between the knowledge and road test for some classes of licences • If you are in GDL and are not successful on your road test.Key points about your tests Cost* • A knowledge test costs $10 • Costs for road tests: • Class 1 licence: $50 • Class 2 or 3 licence: $45 • Class 4 licence :$35 • Class 5 licence. call 1–800–665–2410 Driver’s Handbook • 9 . Cellular phones and electronic devices are not allowed in the test area • Please check-in 15 minutes prior to your scheduled appointment time If you need to call one of these locations other than to set up a test appointment: • In Winnipeg. 3. there is a waiting period before you can take another road test • The knowledge test is not an open book test.

Whether you are 16 or 60. to midnight to one passenger in the front seat and passengers in the back seat(s) up to the number of functioning seat belts in the back seat of the vehicle • Restrict passengers between midnight to 5 a. You may supervise novice drivers after three years in the Full Licence Stage. • Restrict other passengers to the back seat(s) up to the number of functioning seat belts in the back seat of the vehicle • No towing of vehicles • No operating of Class 3 motor vehicles registered as a farm truck • No operating of off-road vehicles along or across highways . may also apply for Authorized Instruction in licence Classes 1–4. You must pass a knowledge test and meet the vision and medical standards. Class 5 Learner (L) Stage (Minimum 9 months) The first licence for a new driver is a Learner Stage licence. 2003. Class 5 Full (F) Stage* After spending a minimum of 15 months in the Intermediate Stage. To be eligible to apply for a learner licence. *AdriverisonlyrequiredtocompletetheIntermediateStageonce. Each stage has specific restrictions on new drivers that will reduce the opportunity and likelihood for them to engage in risky driving behaviour. and may operate off-road vehicles along or across highways.Therefore. regardless of age. * The law about blood alcohol content (BAC) changed in December 2006. GDL enables new drivers to gain experience under conditions where the risk of having a collision is lower. may operate a Class 3 motor vehicle registered as a farm truck. 2002 are in GDL and are subject to the GDL stages and restrictions. acquire the knowledge and skill needed to safely operate a motor vehicle. You are eligible for a Full Class 1–4 driver’s licence after passing appropriate tests.Graduated Driver Licensing Graduated Driver Licensing On January 1. Drivers who applied for their first Class 5 or Class 6 driver’s licence on or after April 1. you will graduate to the Full Stage. Class 5 Intermediate (I) Stage (Minimum 15 months)* To graduate to this stage. six months if enrolled in a high school driver education course. While in the Intermediate Stage. Drivers in the Intermediate Stage. you must pass a road test. If you entered GDL after the law changed: • you must have no alcohol in your blood for the first 36 months.05 blood alcohol content.m. The three stages of GDL are the Learner Stage. Manitoba introduced a Graduated Driver Licensing Program (GDL) for Class 5 and 6 driver’s licences.timeserved intheIntermediateStageinClass5willbeappliedtotheIntermediateStageinClass6and vice-versa. are at least 18 years of age and meet medical standards. you must be at least 16 years of age or a minimum of 15 years. if they are 18 or over and meet the vision and medical standards. Learner drivers must follow these restrictions: • Maintain zero blood alcohol content • Be accompanied by a qualified supervising driver as the only front seat passenger. GDL is a three-stage licensing process that is designed to help new drivers. to either one passenger or a qualified supervising driver in the front seat and passengers in the back seat(s) up to the number of functioning seat belts in the back seat of the vehicle Drivers in the Intermediate Stage may tow vehicles.m. must hold a valid licence and have held a Full Class 5 licence for at least three years. For the first 36 months you must continue to maintain zero blood alcohol content. you must follow these restrictions: • Maintain zero blood alcohol content • Restrict passengers between 5 a. If you entered GDL before the law changed: • you must have no alcohol in your blood for the first 12 months. the Intermediate Stage and the Full Stage. Parental consent is required if you are under 18 years of age. The supervising driver must have under .

05 blood alcohol content • May carry passengers up to the number of functioning seat belts in the rear of the vehicle • No towing permitted • May not operate a Class 3 motor vehicle registered as a farm truck • May not operate off-road vehicles along or across highway • May not obtain Authorized Instruction in Classes 1–4 • May operate heavy and agricultural equipment while accompanied by a supervising driver Intermediate Stage* • Must pass Class 5 road test to enter this stage • Minimum 15 months in this stage.g. Keep your licence valid! The Manitoba driver’s licence is valid for up to 5 years. The driver’s licence charge and base driver premium are assessed annually and due for payment on your anniversary date which is four months less one day after your birthday – e. excluding licence interruptions • Zero Blood Alcohol content • Only supervising driver as front seat passenger • Supervising driver must be fully licensed driver for at least 3 years and be under . If you own a vehicle. one passenger. Full Stage • Zero Blood Alcohol Content restriction for first 36 months • May upgrade to “Full” Class 1–4 after passing appropriate tests • May supervise after 3 years in “Full” stage * The law about blood alcohol content (BAC) changed in December 2006.m. and meet medical standards * Time served in the Intermediate Stage in Class 6 will be applied to the Intermediate Stage in Class 5. or if any additional passengers. your Autopac will be renewed and expire at the same time as your driver's licence. If you entered GDL before the law changed: • you must have no alcohol in your blood for the first 12 months. If you entered GDL after the law changed: • you must have no alcohol in your blood for the first 36 months. to midnight one passenger in the front seat and restricted to the number of functioning seat belts in the rear of the vehicle • From midnight to 5 a. . your anniversary date is January 20. Therefore a driver is only required to complete the Intermediate Stage once.Graduated Driver Licensing Class 5 Zero Blood Alcohol Content (bac) Restricted Issue 5 L (Learner) Minimum 9 months Issue 5 I (Intermediate) Minimum 15 months Issue 5 F (Full)* 36 months Pass knowledge test Pass road test Graduate to Full Stage Learner Stage • Minimum age 16 (15 1/@ if in a high school driver education course) • Must pass knowledge test • Minimum nine months in this stage. If drivers in the Learner or Intermediate Stage do not keep their licence active.m. excluding licence interruptions • Zero Blood Alcohol content • Passenger limits: • From 5 a. a supervising driver in the front seat and restricted to the number of functioning seat belts in the rear of the vehicle • Towing permitted • May operate heavy and agricultural equipment • May operate a Class 3 motor vehicle registered as a farm truck • May operate off-road vehicles along or across highway • May apply for Authorized Instruction in Class 1–4 if at least 18 years of age. they will not earn credit for the period of time they are not licensed. if your birthday is September 21.

• Be accompanied by a supervising driver. • Pass the knowledge test and meet the vision and medical standards. • Maintain zero blood alcohol content if you are restricted to zero blood alcohol content in a Class 5.05 blood alcohol content. as the only front seat passenger.05 blood alcohol content. • Maintain zero blood alcohol content. • Complete a minimum two week learning period. has held a Full Class 5 licence for at least three years. For Classes 1–4 Authorized Instruction. Drivers with a Class 5 Authorized Instruction Licence must: • Be at least 16 years of age.Authorized Instruction (A) Stage (non-GDL Learner Stage) An Authorized Instruction Stage applies to: • Drivers who held a learner’s licence prior to April 1. • Experienced drivers transferring to Manitoba and requiring driver examinations. you must hold a minimum Class 5 Authorized Instruction or a Class 5 Intermediate Stage Licence and • Be a minimum of 18 years of age. • Not operate off-road vehicles along or across highways. The supervising driver must be under . • Not operate a Class 3 motor vehicle registered as a farm truck. • Be accompanied by a supervising driver who holds a valid licence. Driver’s Handbook • 11 . The supervising driver must be under . • Experienced drivers whose licence has been de-classed. • Drivers who are learning to operate Class 1–4 vehicles. 2002. hold a valid licence and have held a Full Class 5 licence for at least three years. or • Operators of heavy and agricultural equipment. and a licence in the class of vehicle being driven for at least two years.

When you get your first driver’s licence. All Manitobans will transition to the new one-piece driver’s licence by February 2011. You must carry your temporary driver’s licence certificate with you at all times until you receive your permanent driver’s licence in the mail. During this transition period. 12 • Driver’s Handbook . You’ll need a new photo every five years. 2010 you will receive Manitoba’s new one-piece driver’s licence.Manitoba’s New One-Piece Driver’s Licence If you apply for a new driver’s licence after January 11. When you are issued a new Manitoba driver’s licence. while others will have the one-piece. you will be provided with a temporary driver’s licence certificate (valid for up to 45 days). you will be photographed at your Autopac agent or at a Manitoba Public Insurance Service Centre. Manitoba’s new one-piece driver’s licence Drivers under the age of 18 years are issued Photo Cards that show the exact date of the driver’s eighteenth birthday. some Manitobans will still have a two-piece licence.

a registration card. along with the Vehicle Registration Card. to tell you how much you owe. • providing false identification when applying for a driver’s licence or permit. • using an outdated or otherwise invalid licence. If you are in the Learner or Intermediate Stage and do not pay the assessed charges for your licence by the anniversary date your licence will not be valid. Your driver’s licence must be in your possession at all times while driving and must be produced. Your licence expiry date is printed on the front of your licence. 2010.Renewals Last Five Years After March 1. We’ll send you a Statement of Account each year between renewals. You will not earn credit for the period of time you are not licensed. or • holding. You’ll still pay for your driver’s licence each year. in any way. Changing everyone over to five-year renewals will take a few years. a motor vehicle liability insurance card or a certificate of insurance. when requested by a peace officer. • altering. your driver’s licence may last from one to five years. more than one valid driver’s licence from Canada or the United States. at any time. Driver’s Handbook • 13 . Until the changeover is finished. your licence could be valid for up to five years. Illegal Use of Drivers Licence You may be fined and your driver’s licence suspended if you misuse a driver’s licence. You will be required to pay for your driver’s licence every year on your anniversary date. Each year your licence will be reassessed. Note: Both 1 and 2 part licences will exist during 2010/2011. • misrepresenting yourself when applying for a driver’s licence. It is your responsibility to know when your licence expires and renew it. Keep Your Licence Valid The Manitoba driver’s licence is valid for up to five years. if your birthday is September 21 your anniversary date is January 20. which is four months less a day after your birthday e. a licence. by: • allowing someone else to use your driver’s licence.g.

service roads or winter roads controlled or maintained by a local government. A conviction for this offence may result in a further suspension of their driving privileges up to and including lifetime. Provincial highways and urban roads do not include rural municipal roads.Operating Heavy and Agricultural Equipment A valid Class 5 Intermediate Stage licence or higher is required to operate heavy and agricultural equipment on provincial highways and roads in urban areas. If you have any questions about operating heavy or agricultural equipment. such as a rural municipality. These types of vehicles include tractors. and heavy equipment such as front-end loaders. self-propelled farm equipment such as combines. Any driver who is subject to a Zero Blood Alcohol (0 BAC) restriction while operating a Class 1 to 5 motor vehicle will also be subject to the 0 BAC restriction while operating heavy and agricultural equipment on any roadway. please contact: Driver Records and Suspensions Telephone: 204–985–0980 Toll-free: 1–866–323–0543 14 • Driver’s Handbook . Any person whose driver’s licence is prohibited. suspended and/ or disqualified for any reason can be charged with driving while suspended/disqualified if they are operating heavy or agricultural equipment on provincial highways and roads in urban areas. forklifts and graders. cranes.

Infant and Child Restraints Rear-Facing Infant Seats Infants under 10 kg (22 pounds) or less than one year of age do not have the muscle strength in their back and neck to travel safely in the forward-facing position. The infant seat is positioned to face the rear of the vehicle. unless exempted by law. which is affixed to the seat. The statement of compliance label. Vehicle accidents are the leading cause of the head injuries suffered by thousands of Manitobans every year. It must be snug over the shoulder and across the hips. The seatbelt fabric must be flat and not twisted. Driver’s Handbook • 15 . Consult your owner’s manual regarding the securement of child or infant restraints in this seating position. the forces of impact are spread evenly across the strongest part of the baby’s body and are absorbed into the back of the infant seat. It is the driver’s responsibility to ensure that every minor is properly secured. Automatic seatbelt assemblies should not be used to restrain children in infant restraint devices situated in the right front passenger seat. and some models may be used in the rear-facing position for infants up to 16 kg (35 pounds). and is kept over the shoulder and not under the arm. A convertible car seat is a rear and forward-facing car seat all in one. In a collision. If your baby reaches the maximum weight limit of your infant car seat before the age of one year. states the size of child for which the seat is designed. This refers to a seatbelt that automatically locks into place when the door is closed. Most infant seats are designed to hold babies from birth to 10 kg (22 pounds). Seatbelts play a significant role in reducing head injuries.Seatbelts All drivers and passengers must wear the complete seatbelt assembly. Ensure the seatbelt is worn properly. where a seatbelt assembly is provided. is used in a semi-reclined position and is fastened into the vehicle by the seatbelt to prevent it from moving during an impact or sudden stop. No person shall operate a motor vehicle where the seatbelt assembly has been removed or has been modified to reduce its effectiveness. consider purchasing a convertible car seat with a higher rear-facing weight limit.

they should begin wearing a shoulder/lap-belt combination. 16 • Driver’s Handbook . Booster Seats Booster seats are for children who weigh between 18 and 36 kg (40–80 pounds) and are not yet ready for a regular lap or shoulder/lap-belt. To be effective in preventing injuries. The booster seat is a restraining system for holding the seatbelt in a position low and snug over the child’s lap. The tether strap is fastened to the top of the child restraint and hooks onto an anchor bolt assembly. It must be installed exactly according to the child car seat manufacturer’s instructions. Note: The safest place in a car to position any infant or child restraint system is in the centre of the back seat. At this point. Children have outgrown the booster seat when they have reached height and weight limit prescribed by the manufacturer. and the shoulder belt across the child’s chest. so check the compliance label to ensure the seat you choose meets Canada Motor Vehicle Safety Standards.Forward-Facing Child Car Seats Forward-facing child car seats are to be used for children from the time your child outgrows the rear facing seat at around a year old until your child weighs 18 kg (40 pounds) and is about 4 years of age. Call your vehicle manufacturer for information on anchor bolt installation or check the vehicle manufacturer’s manual for the location of the anchor bolt holes in your particular vehicle. Seatbelt Assembly A child is ready to use the vehicle seatbelt system when they are between 8 and 12 years of age. which prevents the seat from bending or pitching forward or sideways in a crash. Never put it under the child’s arm. These seats must be anchored to the vehicle by a tether strap. since this could crush the rib cage during impact. which is installed in the metal framework of the vehicle. lap and shoulder belts should always be used if possible and worn snugly and as low on the hips as possible. The shoulder harness should not lie across the child’s face or neck. Household booster seats are not intended for use in vehicles. Take the time to explain how to wear it.

Seatbelts and shoulder belts: for adults and older children who have outgrown their booster seats. About 4½ to 8 years old. Vehicle lap belt Seatbelts and booster seats: for children who have reached 18 to 27 kg (40 to 60 pounds). Birth to around 1 year old. The chances of being killed in an accident can be decreased by as much as 70% if you wear Seatbelts. Top tether strap Forward facing child seat: for children 10 to 18 kg (22 to 40 pounds). Shoulder belts further increase your safety. Driver’s Handbook • 17 . Older children over 27 kg (60 pounds). About 1 to 4½ years old.Rear facing infant seat: for infants to 10 kg (22 pounds). should continue to be seated in the back seat away from airbags. about 8 to 12 years old.

Section 1 Safe and Legal Driving Practices .

Octagon is used only for stop signs.m.g. 20:00 = 8:00 p. Note: Times listed on signs follow the 24-hour clock so that: 0:00 = 12:00 midnight 1 a. rain or snow. side road. narrow bridge). Triangle with each tip cut off indicates a slow-moving vehicle. 22:00 = 10:00 p. Signs and Signals Signs. Triangle with the tip pointing down means you must yield the right-of-way. As a driver. You must yield the right-of-way to trains.m.m.m. 18:00 = 6:00 p. Square or Rectangular signs regulate traffic and direct the driver. 16:00 = 4:00 p. Crossbuck indicates a railway crossing. The shapes of signs enable you to identify them in darkness. to 12 noon remains the same. Diamond warns you of possible dangerous conditions. pedestrians and cyclists.m.m. Always come to a complete stop. 13:00 = 1:00 p. 23:00 = 11:00 p. turn.m. 14:00 = 2:00 p. Slow down and.m.. 15:00 = 3:00 p. Sign Shapes and Colours Fluorescent yellow-green pentagon indicates school area. you are required to know them.m. Always slow down and look both ways for trains before crossing the tracks. stop. Drive cautiously.m. signals and pavement markings help indicate the rules of the road designed for the safe movement of vehicles. Slow down to keep full control of your vehicle. 21:00 = 9:00 p. 20 • Driver’s Handbook . fading light.m. a sharp curve. Children could be crossing the street. 19:00 = 7:00 p. fog. 17:00 = 5:00 p. either on or near the roadway (e. if necessary.m.1. intersection.

Exit right or left Left lane ends ahead Bump ahead Merging roadways ahead Steep hill ahead Hidden intersection ahead Driver’s Handbook • 21 . Very sharp right turn ahead Divided highway begins ahead Sharp right curve. maximum recommended speed: 40 km/h Divided highway ends ahead Pedestrian crosswalk ahead Two-way traffic ahead Winding road ahead Right lane ends ahead Road ends.Warning Signs These signs warn of possible dangerous conditions immediately ahead.

Track position indicates the angle the railway tracks cross the road Road slippery when wet Traffic island ahead Pavement ends Roundabout 22 • Driver’s Handbook .1 m Right curve ahead Traffic signals ahead School crosswalk ahead Playground ahead Deer crossing area ahead Railway crossing advance warning.Warning Signs School area indicated by fluorescent yellow-green pentagon Bridge ices Narrow bridge ahead Hazard marker showing an obstruction Stop ahead Low structure clearance 4.

If turning right. approaching drivers should be prepared to stop. The number on the square sign under the railway crossing sign indicates the number of train tracks.Maximum recommended speed on exit 40 km/h Reserved Bus Lane ahead. Driver’s Handbook • 23 . Refer to the Railway Crossing section for further information. be prepared to stop as they warn you of an approaching train. When the lights are flashing and the bells are ringing. enter the curb lane. Reserved Lane located in curb lane of cross-street. Railway Crossing Sign: This railway crossing sign is equipped with warning lights and bells. Reserved Lane located in median lane of cross-street. When the amber lights on the sign are flashing. Prepare to stop. If turning right. as the traffic signal ahead is red or about to turn red. enter the second lane from the curb.

Construction and Maintenance Signs These signs warn you of road construction and maintenance areas ahead. At some locations maximum speed limits are posted. Maximum speed 40 km/h when meeting traffic Detour ahead Maximum speed 60 km/h when passing workers Barricade ahead Flying stones Part of roadway has been removed Construction area Trucks entering on the right Flagperson ahead Road work Bump ahead Pavement edge drop-off 24 • Driver’s Handbook . Slow down to a safe speed. Drivers must watch for and obey the instructions of flagpersons.

stopping and parking rules. informing you about speed limits. permitted turns.Regulatory Signs These signs regulate your driving. No turns allowed No U-turn allowed Maximum speed 60 km/h ahead All traffic must turn right No right turn No trucks allowed No left turn Keep right of this sign Maximum speed 60 km/h when passing workers One Way Proceed in direction of arrow only Do not enter Parking for disabled persons only All traffic must turn left No right turn on red signal Truck route No right turn during the times shown Maximum speed 90 km/h Driver’s Handbook • 25 .

Regulatory Signs Parking is prohibited This lane of traffic must turn right during the times shown. Traffic. must turn left at the next intersecting private approach or public street Pedestrian Corridor Stop here for red traffic signal Two-way traffic Do not pass Pedestrian Crosswalk Passing permitted Overhead mounted sign indicating that the curb lane is reserved for buses and cyclists during the times shown Slower traffic keep right Keep right except to pass School Crosswalk Do not enter Except buses and cyclists Snow Route No stopping during a declared “snow emergency” Buses only 26 • Driver’s Handbook . except buses and cyclists Do not stop to wait This lane of traffic must turn left Parking permitted as indicated This lane of traffic may go through or turn right only Through traffic is not permitted to use this lane. having entered this lane.

route marker information and distance signs. There are many different types of these signs. They vary in size and colour.Guide and Information Signs These tell you where you are. Eastbound TransCanada Highway Hospital “A” indicates an alternative route that will return to the route you are on Westbound Provincial Trunk Highway Camping site Travel Information Southbound Provincial Road Picnic site Northbound City route turns right Access for disabled persons Cul-de-sac (Dead end with turnaround) Stop for school bus when signals flashing Airport with scheduled service Driver’s Handbook • 27 . location signs. such as service signs. what road you are on or how to get to certain places.

the vehicle that stops first should go first. When pedestrians are clear. when safe to do so. After stopping and yielding to any pedestrians wanting to cross. Where there is no stop line. you may then slowly move forward for a better view of traffic and. stop just before the sidewalk. stop just before the intersecting highway. you must come to a complete stop at the appropriate places illustrated below. 28 • Driver’s Handbook . Before proceeding from a stopped position. If two or more vehicles stop at the same time. you must check and yield the right-of-way to pedestrians wanting to cross the street. If there is no stop line or sidewalk at the intersection. roll slowly forward to show your intent to proceed. you may then proceed to turn or cross the street.Stop Signs At a stop sign. The following illustrations indicate the correct places for stopping. Stop before the stop line. Four-way Stop Signs At an intersection controlled by a four-way stop sign. the vehicle on the left should yield to the vehicle on the right.

To turn left.Yield Right-of-Way Signs A yield sign means slow down as you near an intersection. Horizontal Vertical Driver’s Handbook • 29 . but you must yield the right-of-way to pedestrians in the crosswalk and to other vehicles already in the intersection. You may also turn right or left from a one-way street to another one-way street. Be careful when checking for traffic so that you do not run into the car ahead of you. continue through. and you may have to complete the turn during an amber or red light. Amber — An amber light is a warning that the light is going to turn red. Slow down and stop — never accelerate to “make the light. Yield signs are usually located where a lane or road merges with another lane or road. before the sidewalk out of the way of pedestrians and vehicles. after stopping completely. you may. you may enter the intersection on a green light. Check for pedestrians and traffic.” If you are already in the intersection when the light turns amber. stop and yield right-of-way. If there is traffic or pedestrians. Green — You may proceed. Unless a sign shows otherwise or vehicle/pedestrian traffic does not permit. if there is no marked crosswalk. Traffic Control Signals Red — Stop in front of the marked crosswalk or. You must slow down and be prepared to stop. turn right. but you must yield to pedestrians and oncoming traffic.

If a green left-arrow is illuminated alone (the red light is not on) you may turn right if it is safe to do so and no sign prohibits it. proceeding only when safe. It is illegal to make a right turn at an intersection when a green left-arrow is shown with a red light. providing you are in the proper lane. You must yield the right-of-way to pedestrians. 30 • Driver’s Handbook . amber or green lights. The amber arrow is a warning that oncoming traffic may next receive a green signal. Green Left-Arrow with Red Light — When a green left-arrow is shown with a red light together you may proceed and make a left turn only. even if there is no sign indicating a right turn is prohibited on a red light. continue and complete your turn. Under no circumstances are you allowed to turn right or drive straight through when a green left-arrow is illuminated with a red light. (Flashing left-arrows may be shown together with steady red.) Green U-Turn Arrow — You may proceed to make a U-turn after yielding to pedestrians and other vehicles already in the intersection. Slow down and stop. Flashing Amber — Slow down and be prepared to stop. Amber Arrow — A steady amber arrow may be shown after a green arrow. either steady or flashing. Flashing Green Left-Arrow — You may proceed only to make a left turn.Flashing Red — Come to a complete stop. Green Arrow — You may proceed only in the direction of the arrow. unless facing another signal that indicates other movements are allowed. If you are already in the intersection when the amber signal appears.

Driver’s Handbook • 31 . Only public-transit vehicles (buses) may proceed when the Transit Priority Signal is shown. (The Transit Priority signal is always accompanied by a steady red light). while other vehicles must remain stopped.Transit Priority Signal A signal light with a white vertical bar on a black background allows transit buses to proceed before other traffic.

Stop line — You must stop before this line. private road or driveway. Solid and broken line together — Passing is not permitted if the solid line is on your side of the highway. Solid line — Lane changing is not permitted.Pavement Markings A solid line on the left of your lane means you must not pass or change lanes. 32 • Driver’s Handbook . White lines White lines indicate traffic moving in the same direction. A broken line means you may pass or change lanes if safe both front and rear. Double solid line — Passing is prohibited for traffic going either way. It is permissible to turn left over a single or double solid line onto a public thoroughfare. Yellow lines Yellow lines indicate traffic moving in opposite directions. Broken line — Lane changing is permitted. Broken line — Passing is permitted.

certain traffic lanes have been reserved for their use only. The reserved lanes are marked by double broken lines and white diamond patterns. Reserved Lanes In some urban centres. you can enter the Diamond Lane but you must turn right at the next intersection. Motorists making right turns are permitted to enter the reserved lane at any point in the block preceding their turn. which are commonly used in rural areas to channel traffic into turning lanes. The following are some examples of how reserved lanes are used: 1. to improve the safety and flow of designated vehicles. You should then signal. Turning Right onto a Reserved Lane If you are turning right onto a street with a Diamond Lane in the curb lane. Driver’s Handbook • 33 . Traffic signs identify the vehicles that the lanes are reserved for. Pavement Markings Double broken white lane lines and diamond symbols designate the reserved lane. check and change lanes out of the Diamond Lane into the adjacent lane as soon as it is safe to do so.No traffic is permitted within Painted Left-Turn Islands. If you are driving parallel to a Diamond Lane and need to turn right. With-Flow Reserved Lane A curb lane is reserved for use by designated vehicles only. you must turn as close as practicable to the curb and into the first lane.

2. Contra-Flow Reserved Lane A curb lane on a one-way street is reserved for use by designated vehicles only. 34 • Driver’s Handbook . Designated vehicles travel in the opposite direction of traffic. Pavement Markings Double solid yellow lane lines and white diamond symbols designate the contra-flow lane.

in the event of an accident and the vehicle is equipped with an air bag. The driver of a vehicle should never turn the steering wheel with one hand (palming the wheel) or with one finger as they may not have full control of the vehicle. electrical or hydraulic controls. drivers have more control over the vehicle. Accelerator To set a vehicle in motion. If the vehicle is over accelerated particularly on poor or slippery road surfaces. keeping the vehicle speed slower. By doing this. It is recommended that the steering wheel be held with your hands at the 9 o’clock and 3 o’clock position. For optimal engine performance. the wheels can lose traction and could cause loss of control. Starting from a Parked Position. Lane Changing.2. This will allow for good control and. it will inflate without injuring or being obstructed by the driver’s arms. Downshifting prevents the transmission from automatically changing into a higher gear. Drivers should accelerate slowly and steadily when starting from a stop. Drivers of such vehicles can also shift down to a lower gear for increased braking power when descending a hill. you have to accelerate smoothly and gradually to avoid jerking the vehicle. Automatic Transmission Many vehicles have transmissions that change gears automatically in response to speed and acceleration. This can be very helpful in keeping the vehicle’s brakes cooler as they will not have to be used as often when descending a steep hill. Curves and Turning Starting Out Steering — Hand Position Most vehicles are equipped with power steering and adjustable steering wheels that make operating the vehicle easier and more comfortable for the driver. the driver should avoid abruptly applying and releasing the accelerator. Driver’s Handbook • 35 . The driver’s foot should lie flat on the accelerator with the heel on the floor. by means of mechanical.

When the pedal is up. It is at this friction point that the driver must coordinate the further release of the clutch pedal with the use of the gas pedal to achieve a smooth shift and prevent engine stalling. 36 • Driver’s Handbook . • N (neutral): for starting the engine. the connection is engaged and the power of the engine can then be transmitted to the drive wheels of the vehicle. As the driver begins to let up on the clutch pedal the re-establishment of the connection will be felt before the pedal is fully released.This is an example of how the gears on an automatic transmission could be used: • P (park): for starting the engine. • R (reverse): for backing up (bring the vehicle to a complete stop before changing from a forward gear to reverse and vice versa). The point where this first occurs is called the “friction point”. The driver operates a clutch pedal with the left foot while manually selecting the desired gear range by moving a gear shift lever with the right hand. stopping for an extended length of time and parking. The clutch is used to make. or break. Having the ignition switch in the off position. Your owner’s manual will describe the shifting pattern for your vehicle. • 2: for driving on slippery surfaces or up or down steep inclines. the connection is disengaged which prevents the transfer of engine power. It is while the connection is disengaged that the driver will change gears. • 2–3/2–4: lower gears for driving with heavy loads. Shifting patterns vary as do the number of available gears. disengages the engine from the drive wheels. you can practice moving the gear shift lever into its various positions until you are sure of the locations and can find each gear without looking. Manual (Standard) Transmission Shifting gears in a vehicle equipped with a manual transmission is a skill which requires considerable practice. When the clutch pedal is pressed down. • 1: for driving very slowly when off the highway. the connection between the vehicle’s engine and its transmission. • D (drive) or 2–5: for normal forward driving conditions.

When starting the engine of a vehicle equipped with a manual transmission. Once you have the vehicle in motion and have completed shifting gears. Also. a higher gear range must be selected. your selector lever should be in the neutral position and your clutch pedal should be fully depressed. Your owner’s manual will provide you with the approximate speeds at which you should shift. This will cause the clutch to heat excessively and wear out prematurely. be sure that your vehicle is in the proper gear for the speed at which you are turning. allowing the driver to change gears. Driver’s Handbook • 37 . you should avoid depressing the clutch too soon to avoid coasting to your stop. it is important to select the proper gear so your engine neither lugs (moves the vehicle in rough. you must shift to a lower gear. When driving manual-transmission vehicles. If the engine begins lugging. When turning corners. Leaving your foot on the clutch pedal unnecessarily is called “riding the clutch” and can cause excessive clutch wear. The clutch pedal must be pressed with the left foot and held to move the gear lever. bumpy fashion) nor races (revs the engine but does not move the car effectively). This can damage components leaving the vehicle inoperable. the connection is broken between these two components. By pressing the clutch pedal. When you are required to brake or come to a stop. If it starts to race. do not let the clutch out too slowly or release it only enough to hold the vehicle from rolling on a hill when stopped. be sure to remove your foot from the clutch pedal. Clutch The clutch makes it possible to disengage the transmission and the engine. Avoid releasing the clutch too quickly.

the driver must first turn on the signal furthest from the curb or use the appropriate hand signal and then shoulder check before moving. You can’t see B or C. 3. You can see C. Lane Changing Before changing lanes. This warns drivers about to turn into that lane that the parked car intends to move from a parked position. You can’t see A or C. it is acceptable to make one shoulder check and signal to change over a number of lanes at one time. With the sideview mirror: You can see B. These cars have sometimes been struck by other cars whose drivers were surprised by the parked car suddenly moving. Check blind spots by shoulder checking before changing lanes. If you must use mirrors only to check to the side and rear (unable to shoulder check) you can only change one lane at a time.Starting Before starting out from a parked position on a street. Remember: • Never change lanes at intersections. Move into another lane only when safe. With both mirrors and a shoulder check: You can see A. • Signals and checks are required before moving away from a straight line (approximately one metre) such as when manoeuvring past parked vehicles. C B A B A C 2. With the inside rearview mirror: You can see A. You can see B. check your rearview mirror for traffic and signal your intention to move to the right or left. as long as the movement can be completed safely. When changing across multiple lanes. 38 • Driver’s Handbook . Blind Spots B A C 1.

and when entering a right-hand curve. but not over. 3. don’t jam on the brakes. When entering a left-hand curve. the centre of the road. use these hand signals: Left Turn Left arm extended straight out Right Turn Left arm out and bent upwards Stop Left arm extended out and bent downwards Curves Slow down before entering a curve and avoid braking in the curve. General Rules of Turning 1. instead. steer toward the right side of the road. 2. towns or villages. Beware of drivers who may have strayed into part of your lane. Driver’s Handbook • 39 . apply them carefully to keep control. Outside cities. Decide well in advance where you are going to turn. Once you are in the proper lane.Hand Signals If your vehicle signals don’t work. If you do enter a curve too fast. steer toward. For cars with manual transmissions. shift to the proper gear before turning. signal at least 30 m before the turn. following the correct lane-change rules. and move into the appropriate lane. signal at least 150 m before turning.

Right Turns Right turns must be made from the right lane nearest the curb into the right lane nearest the curb of the other road. Making Right Turns Correctly Parked car 40 • Driver’s Handbook . you can turn into the next lane nearest the right if no other traffic is approaching in that lane (i.e.. a vehicle coming from the opposite direction also turning onto that street). unless it is blocked within 30 m of the intersection. In that case.

keep well over to the right if you are turning right (refer to Figure B). On wide roads without white lines on the right side. Extra caution should be taken when turning right as there may be someone driving illegally on the shoulder. Stay to the left of the white line to make your turn (refer to Figure A). The area to the right of this line is the shoulder of the road. Figure A Figure B Driver’s Handbook • 41 .Making Right Turns Correctly Parked car Wait here until the car has passed Making Right Turns in Towns and Villages Some communities have a white line on the right side of the road.

however.Making Right Turns on Highways in High-Speed Areas On highways outside towns and villages. The shoulder may be gravel or pavement. solid white pavement markings identify the edge of the road. should make a reasonable effort to get off the travel lanes as quickly as possible when turning right while being followed by high-speed through vehicles. 42 • Driver’s Handbook . A careful driver. and the area to the right of this line is identified as the shoulder. Do not drive on shoulders as they are intended as a safe place for stopped or disabled vehicles.

Only make a left turn when it is legal and safe. • any vehicles established in or blocking the intersection. and • the light is still green. • traffic coming from your left and right. when the light turns green. When approaching the intersection. you must check: • for pedestrians crossing in front of you. signal for the turn and watch for: • pedestrians at the crosswalk. and • traffic approaching from the opposite direction. Different types of streets require different left turn procedures. Before moving ahead. check for signs that may prohibit or restrict turns. or • if the intersection is blocked. move ahead to just before the centre of the intersection and just to the right of the directional oncoming line. enter the proper lane well before the intersection. and • for traffic coming from left and right (watch for vehicles attempting to race the amber light). Driver’s Handbook • 43 . Making Left Turns on a Green Light If you have stopped at a red light. • if you will not be able to clear the intersection because traffic is backed up in the lane you wish to enter. If you are approaching an intersection and the light is green: • check to make sure the intersection is clear. • it is safe for you to enter. Never enter any intersection: • if it is not safe to do so. When it is safe.Left Turns Left turns are more dangerous than right turns because of oncoming traffic. When approaching the intersection. Before making a left turn. you must move into the intersection if it is safe.

Always be alert to drivers attempting to race an amber light (if you are not already established in the intersection. or • no other vehicles are approaching. If the light turns yellow or red while you are established in the intersection. Established (wait here until safe to complete left turn) 44 • Driver’s Handbook . you must not attempt the left turn when the light changes from green). • there is a break in traffic big enough to complete your turn safely without interfering with oncoming vehicles. watch for traffic slowing down to stop and complete your turn when it is safe.Making Left Turns on a Green Light Once established in the intersection you may clear the intersection when it is safe and if: • there is no pedestrian traffic crossing the lanes you wish to turn into.

town or village. • Enter the intersection to the right of the directional dividing line. move to the right after completing the turn. signal and move close to the centre line. if traffic permits. • If turning onto a four-lane highway outside a city. Driver’s Handbook • 45 .Making Left Turns from Two-Way onto another Two-Way Street • Well ahead of the turn. • Make your turn to the left of the centre of the intersection. look for any following vehicles. • Slow down and look both ways before starting turn.

When turning with vehicles beside you that are also turning.Making Left Turns When Two Lanes Can Turn Complete this turn the same as any other turn except when two lanes are allowed to turn left at the same time. The vehicle closest to the median must complete the turn and stay in the lane closest to the median on the street being turned onto. The vehicle second from the median must turn into the second lane from the median on the street being turned onto. watch for vehicles that may not stay in their own lane and be prepared to avoid them. 46 • Driver’s Handbook .

to the left of the centre of the intersection in the boulevard area.Making Left Turn from a Street with a Stop sign onto a Street with a Boulevard • Make a complete stop. Driver’s Handbook • 47 . • Complete your turn when it is safe. proceed. If traffic is approaching from the right establish your vehicle in the intersection. • Check traffic and when there is no traffic coming from the left or traffic turning in front of you and it is safe.

• Unless otherwise indicated. you may turn left from a one-way street to a one-way street on a red traffic light. 48 • Driver’s Handbook . • Turn into the lane closest to the left curb unless blocked within 30 m of the intersection. after stopping and yielding the right-of-way to pedestrians and other traffic. • Slow down and begin your left turn after checking for traffic.Making Left Turns from One-Way onto another One-Way Street • Signal well ahead of the turn and. move into the far left lane of the street. when safe.

• When entering the two-way street. turn into the lane immediately to the right of the centre line. move into the left lane closest to the left curb unless blocked within 30 m of the intersection. Driver’s Handbook • 49 .Making Left Turns from One-Way onto Two-Way Street • Signal well ahead of the turn and. • Slow down and begin the left turn from a point as close as possible to the left curb or edge of the roadway. when safe.

50 • Driver’s Handbook . move into the lane next to the centre line in preparation for the turn. • Slow down before entering the intersection.Making Left Turns from Two-Way onto One-Way Street • Signal and. check for traffic ahead and to the right and. when safe. • Turn from the lane next to the centre line into the lane nearest the left curb unless it is blocked within 30 m of the intersection. when safe. begin the turn.

you should go around the block to change directions. signal and move into the proper lane before turning left. Driver’s Handbook • 51 . continue ahead until you can turn onto a side road from which you can then make a regular turn onto the highway in the desired direction. in cities. In rural areas. we advise against it unless it is at an intersection controlled by a U-turn traffic signal. U-turns are prohibited at: • curves. and • places where a sign prohibits U-turns. it is extremely dangerous to make a U-turn. Instead. With the higher speeds prevailing on highways. U-Turns Although under certain situations it is legal to make a U-turn. • approaches to or near the crest of a hill where there is not at least a 150 m clear view of oncoming traffic.Making Left Turns onto Driveways and Lanes To make a left turn onto a driveway or back lane.

continue until you reach the street you wish to exit. Reduce your speed to the posted speed limit or slower and be prepared to yield to pedestrians/cyclists and vehicles in the roundabout. watch for pedestrians within the pedestrian corridor and yield the right-of-way to pedestrians/cyclists. When on the roundabout you have the right-of-way over vehicles entering.Roundabouts When approaching a roundabout you will see this roundabout sign. Signal your intentions to exit before you reach the street you wish to exit onto. 52 • Driver’s Handbook . When no traffic is approaching from the left you may proceed into the roundabout. As you exit.

Following Safely You are automatically at fault if your vehicle “rear-ends” another because you are responsible for maintaining a safe following distance — one which provides you with sufficient time to stop in an emergency. Use a four-second following distance when following under ideal driving conditions — allow more time under adverse conditions. slow down gradually to give the driver time to react and avoid being struck from behind. Begin counting. At no time should you exceed the posted maximum speed limit. the maximum speed limit is 90 km/h in rural areas and 50 km/h in urban areas. The rear of the truck ahead has just passed the sign you have decided to use as your marker. Driving safely can also mean not driving too slowly. Count: One thousand and one. Unless otherwise posted. you are too close. one thousand and three. You should not drive at such a slow speed that you hold back or block the normal and reasonable flow of traffic.3. Driving Responsibly Speed A safe speed allows you to stop safely in emergency situations. The safety factor is even greater if it takes more than four seconds. one thousand and two. Poor driving conditions will require you to drive more slowly. If it takes less than four seconds for the front of your vehicle to reach the marker. Count: One thousand and four (four seconds). Driver’s Handbook • 53 . If you are being followed too closely. 2. Four seconds is correct. 1. 3.

slow down and move as close as possible to the right side of the road. • In a school area within 15 minutes of the opening or closing of morning and afternoon classes. Check again that the road is clear before passing. When being passed. The basic steps for passing are: 1. on the shoulder). Check your side and rearview mirrors for vehicles approaching from behind. Check the blind spot on your left for vehicles beside you. beware of vehicles parked on the opposite side.. and return to the proper lane.g. Signal. • Where highway construction is taking place. 54 • Driver’s Handbook . • On one-way streets. You might think you have plenty of time and distance to pass. or • On streets with marked lanes. • On the left side of the road if it is not sufficiently clear ahead. 5. Drivers must be aware of wind turbulence caused by passing semitrailer trucks or other large motor vehicles.Passing Care must be taken when passing because it is extremely difficult to judge the speed of approaching vehicles. 4. but don’t forget you are closing the gap between you and the approaching vehicle at twice your own rate of speed — and sometimes by more than that. • Where a vehicle is slowing or has stopped to yield the right-of-way to a pedestrian or other vehicle. check your blind spot on the right. On highways. 2. or while children are near a school or playground. Once the vehicle you have passed is visible in your rearview mirror. You must never pass: • By driving off the road (e. signal to the right. as they may suddenly pull out onto the highway. 3. It is illegal to exceed the speed limit when passing. Passing on the right is permitted only: • When overtaking a vehicle making a left turn. Check ahead for oncoming vehicles.

then abruptly slow down. Backing Never pass close behind a truck that is preparing to back up or is in the process of backing up. Rear Trucks have deep rear blindspots. truck drivers are forced to react with little time or room to spare. A truck driver can’t see you if you’re in this No-Zone — especially if you’re tailgating. No-Zone 6m No-Zone No-Zone 60 m No-Zone Driver’s Handbook • 55 . you should avoid them. that can mean trouble if the truck driver decides to change lanes.No-Zone Around Large Vehicles Big trucks have big blindspots — and to stay safe. They can’t see cars directly behind or beside them. Front Truck drivers sit up high. If you stay in these blindspots. Wide Turns Truck drivers must sometimes swing wide to the left in order to make a right turn. Stay well back of big trucks to avoid a rear-end collision. make sure you can see the entire truck cab in your rear-view mirror before pulling in front. the driver can’t see you. When cars cut in too soon. Most trailers are 21 /@ m wide. When you pass a big truck. you might cause a collision. and the hood of the cab obscures part of the road ahead. The No-Zone refers to blindspot areas around big trucks. If you can’t see the truck mirrors. If you cut in between the truck and the right curb. where collisions are more likely to occur. Side Trucks have large blindspots on both sides. and completely hide objects behind them.

Not only do you face the possibility of being rear-ended by traffic behind you in the entrance lane or on the expressway. Speed up and merge 56 • Driver’s Handbook . touch your brakes lightly to alert drivers behind that you may have to do so.Entering and Leaving an Expressway Entering Rear-end collisions are the leading type of accidents at entrances to expressways. you might rear-end a vehicle while your attention is focused on traffic in the expressway. 2. Plan 2.) Keep in mind that the decision could be made for you by the driver immediately ahead of you. so that you and the vehicle behind you will have more time and distance to stop in an emergency. The place to stop is just before the entrance of the merge lane. If you’re not entirely sure if you’ll have to slow down or stop. 1. so as to merge without having to stop. Use the merge lane to match your speed with expressway traffic. (See illustration. As you enter the entrance lane. The following advice will help minimize the risk of rear-end collisions: 1. If you stop at the end of the entrance lane. Stop here if necessary 3. 3. adjust your speed to match traffic and keep plenty of space between you and the vehicle ahead. you sharply increase the risk of being struck from behind. Check expressway traffic to determine if it will be necessary for you to slow down or stop at the point immediately before the entrance of the merge lane.

1. lane. Proceed when safe. The lead car in the funeral procession may be equipped with a flashing amber light. Change lane and slow down 2. Funeral Processions Drivers of vehicles in a funeral procession with lighted headlights and following a lead car may. and then slow down smoothly to whatever speed is posted or to the prevailing speed in the exit ramp (whichever is slower). the driver with the “right-of-way” must still exercise proper care and attention to avoid a collision. Give yourself plenty of time to move over to the lane closest to the exit. driveway or parking lot. never stop to back up. The vehicle on the left must always yield the right-of-way to the vehicle on the right. you must stop before crossing the sidewalk and yield the right-of-way to all pedestrians and traffic. Right-of-Way Uncontrolled Intersections When two vehicles approach an intersection with no traffic signals or signs.) 2. Continue on to the next exit. The drivers of all other vehicles must yield the right-of-way to the procession. Driver’s Handbook • 57 . (Follow the instructions given earlier for making lane changes. both must slow down. go through a red light or stop sign with caution. Go at ramp speed *Do not stop or back up *If you pass your exit on an expressway. Provincial Road or Provincial Trunk Highway from a private road. if traffic conditions and local bylaws permit. Maintain your speed until you are completely in the exit ramp. Private Entrances to Public Thoroughfares When entering a street.Leaving 1. Nevertheless.

If blocking the path of an emergency vehicle. when responding to an emergency call. bell or siren. you must proceed through a red light or stop sign with caution. sounding an alarm and flashing lights. is approaching from any direction you must yield right-of-way by: • immediately moving clear of an intersection if you are stopped for a red light or stop sign. flashing red and blue lights or alternating flashing headlights. Note: On one-way streets. It’s the law! 58 • Driver’s Handbook . to clear the way. The alarm may be a horn. The lights may consist of any of the following: a flashing red light. Pull over and stop for emergency vehicles When passing a stopped emergency vehicle you must slow down and move safely as far away from the emergency vehicles and workers as possible. pull right or left to the nearest curb so as not to block the emergency vehicle. and • remaining stopped at the edge of the road until the emergency vehicles have passed. When an emergency vehicle (ambulance. • driving as closely as possible to the right curb or edge of roadway. gong. fire or police). will sound an alarm and use flashing lights.Emergency Vehicles An emergency vehicle.

School Buses
Whenever you approach a school bus with flashing lights or other warning device, whether you are approaching it from the front or rear, you must stop at least 5 m from the bus and remain stopped until the signal is turned off or the bus starts moving again. A school bus with flashing amber lights means it is about to stop. You must prepare to stop. You need not stop when approaching a school bus from the opposite direction of a divided highway, providing there is a physical separation such as a median between the two roads. However, you must slow down and watch out for children. A double solid line is not a physical separation.

5m

5m

You must stop your vehicle not less than 5 m from the bus when approaching from either direction.

Driver’s Handbook • 59

Transit Buses
The largest number of accidents involving transit buses result from vehicles rear-ending the bus, either in the bus stop location, or at intersections. Be aware of their travel and maintain a safe following/ stopping distance. Buses do not necessarily stop at all bus stops. Some stops are designated to special routes such as express and sporting events. If a stop is coming up, do not assume the bus is going to stop. Transit buses display a decal on the rear of the buses requesting motorists to “Please Yield”. A bus operating on the street will be moving around parked vehicles or out of bus bays. If a transit bus is signaling its intention to change lanes to the left, a motorist can increase the safety of this manoeuvre by allowing sufficient time and space for the bus to enter the lane. At times, a bus may be required to change multiple lanes in order to move from a right hand curb lane to a left hand turn storage lane. Buses are wider than most cars and light trucks, and consequently, they occupy more roadway space. Buses operate on a wide variety of street types, including residential streets and busy downtown streets. When exiting a parked vehicle, shoulder check before opening your door to avoid contacting a passing bus or other large vehicle.

60 • Driver’s Handbook

Transit Bus Situation #1 When making a right turn, it must be done in the extreme right lane. Making a right turn from the second lane in front of a transit bus not only places you at risk of being struck if the bus pulls away, but is also illegal. Pull behind and wait until the bus completes loading, unloading and pulls away from the stop or intersection.
If the bus has its hazard lights activated and is sitting a short distance from the intersection, communicate your intentions by signaling and tapping your horn prior to pulling around the front of the bus.

Driver’s Handbook • 61

This is to accommodate large vehicles such as trucks and transit buses being able to physically negotiate the turn. 62 • Driver’s Handbook .Transit Bus Situation #2 There are numerous locations where the stop line of an intersection is set back farther than normal from the crosswalk.

3 m on the right side and 1. or pulling out in front. Transit Bus Situation #4 The blind spot of a 12. the bus operator may not see you.Transit Bus Situation #3 At many times. may cause the bus to stop or brake suddenly causing passengers on board the bus to fall down and possibly be injured.2 m to the rear.5 m on the left.2 m transit bus is 4. A last second manoeuvre in front of a bus such as a lane change. as well as 12. Driver’s Handbook • 63 . there may be passengers standing on transit buses. If you are driving in this area. Please drive cautiously around transit buses and be aware that they carry standing passengers.

Transit Bus Situation #5 Transit buses are given special turning privileges at certain identified intersections. 64 • Driver’s Handbook . Be aware of these locations and watch for buses turning with you.

school buses and vehicles carrying hazardous materials. check both ways for trains and remember that they always have the right-of-way. and proceed only when safe. until the traffic jam clears and it is safe to cross. If you’re following such a vehicle. • Half of all night rail/highway crossing accidents involve vehicles hitting trains. • Some vehicles may stop at all crossings. Slow down. The actual crossing is marked by a railway crossing sign. To avoid that. commonly believing they’re travelling much slower than they actually are or incorrectly assuming that trains must slow down at railway crossings.Railway Crossings The signs below indicate a railway crossing ahead. be prepared to stop. If traffic is backed up so that you can’t get across the tracks. Other safety pointers include: • When there is more than one set of tracks. (A restricted speed area means any area within a city. When stopping at a crossing. don’t start across when the train passes. check to the right and left along the angle of the track shown in the sign. town or village. be prepared to stop. When approaching railway crossings. Railway Crossing Ahead Railway Crossing Driver’s Handbook • 65 . keep at least 5 m away from the nearest rail in a restricted speed area and at least 15 m away in a non-restricted speed area. the most important rule to recognize is that trains automatically have the right-of-way at all railway crossings. slow down when you see the advance warning sign so that you can stop in time if you have to. Since most railway crossings do not have electronic signals warning you when to stop.) If you see a train approaching. at railway crossings. • Never move onto the track unless you’re sure there is plenty of room on the other side. These may include regular buses. In other words. the driver. stop and wait at least 5 m from the crossing. Most motorists seriously misjudge the speed of trains. It also includes any municipality or part of a municipality or any highway or portion of a highway designated by The Highway Traffic Board. the safety of you and your passengers depends entirely on you. Make sure there isn’t another train coming on the other track.

2. drivers of for-hire vehicles. 3. Park within 30 m of the nearest rail of a railway crossing unless otherwise posted. 66 • Driver’s Handbook .It is illegal to: 1. Shift gears when crossing railway tracks. 4. Drive a vehicle through. stop and wait for the train to cross or the warning lights to stop flashing. For railway crossing procedures. around or under a crossing gate or barrier that is closed or being opened or closed. school buses and vehicles capable of transporting flammable liquid or gas should consult the Professional Driver’s Handbook. • the crossing is not protected by gates or barriers. • the crossing is within a restricted speed area. Drive a vehicle onto a railway crossing unless there is sufficient space at the other side of the crossing to accommodate your vehicle without obstructing the passage of trains. If there is any doubt. • the train is stopped or is a safe distance away. Drivers may cross a railway crossing when the warning lights are flashing if: • the vehicle is brought to a complete stop. and • the crossing may be done safely. Cross a railway crossing when warning signals are on (except as explained below). 5.

However.4. • It is illegal to pass traffic ahead of you that is slowing down or stopped for pedestrians. precaution should be taken at all times. A double solid line is not a physical separation. • No parking or stopping is allowed within 3 m of a crosswalk. Crosswalk Signs School Crosswalk Sign Pedestrian Crosswalk Sign Driver’s Handbook • 67 . school crosswalks and pedestrian crosswalks. • All pedestrians have the right to use school crosswalks. Marked Crosswalks — These include crosswalks at intersections controlled by traffic lights. Unmarked Crosswalks — These are extensions of sidewalks across a road at an intersection. No markings or signs are required. As a Driver You must stop and yield the right-of-way to pedestrians who are about to cross. • Proceed only when the pedestrians have safely crossed the street or have safely reached the median of a divided roadway. unless they are on the opposite side of a divided highway separated by a median. Pedestrian Safety Crosswalks Pedestrians have the right-of-way at both marked and unmarked crosswalks.

pedestrians must cross the roadway as quickly as possible. Signs with arrows pointing in the direction of the crosswalk are provided to indicate which push button is associated with each crosswalk.As a Pedestrian The Walking Figure This indication permits you to leave the curb and enter the roadway. The length of the pedestrian clearance interval is based upon average walking speed. For reasons of efficiency. In particular. 68 • Driver’s Handbook . if the vehicle operator does not yield the right-of-way. At certain intersections the orange hand may flash during the interval provided for pedestrians to complete their crossing and clear the roadway. as there may not be sufficient time to do so safely. the pedestrian must activate the correct push button. The Orange Hand provides sufficient time for those pedestrians already in the roadway (pedestrian clearance interval) to complete their crossing. To ensure that the Walking Figure indication is displayed and to provide sufficient clearance time to cross the entire roadway. However. the pedestrian will come off second best in any resulting collision. Regardless of the pedestrian signal displayed. Pedestrian Push Buttons At many intersections controlled by traffic signal lights. the safest practice is for the pedestrian to be sure that all approaching vehicles are stopped before proceeding into or across the roadway. When pedestrians are in a crosswalk facing either the Walking Figure or the Orange Hand indication. Consequently. they have the right-of-way over all vehicles. this indication is only displayed for a relatively short period of time. the Walking Figure indication will not be displayed automatically during each signal cycle. For reasons of intersection operating efficiency. Pedestrians facing the Orange Hand indication must not begin to cross the roadway. The Orange Hand This indication immediately follows the Walking Figure indication. pedestrian activity is intermittent. even if cross-street traffic is stopped. pedestrians should check for turning vehicles.

illuminated overhead signs. Pedestrian Prohibited Pedestrian Corridors These feature large. It is therefore important to be cautious when crossing busy intersections and to follow these safety tips: • Do not leave the curb unless you are sure that approaching vehicles on the cross street have stopped or will stop. However.Pedestrian Safety Tips The pedestrian signals give you certain rights while you are in an intersection. • Always activate the pedestrian push button if there is one present. • Cross the street as quickly as possible. As a Driver • It is illegal to pass traffic ahead of you that is slowing down or has stopped for pedestrians. they will not protect you from careless motorists. Driver’s Handbook • 69 . Large rectangular bars are painted on the crossing. • Do not cross at places where a pedestrian prohibited sign is posted. • Always watch for turning vehicles. • No parking or stopping is allowed within 15 m of a pedestrian corridor. • Do not leave the curb when the Walking Figure is not displayed. with alternating flashing amber lights on top. • Make sure the pedestrians have safely crossed the street or have safely reached the median of a divided roadway before proceeding.

drive carefully and be prepared to stop. Exercise extreme caution in this situation. Blind Persons Whenever you see a blind person near a roadway. a blind or partially blind person will raise their cane when uncertain of crossing the street safely. Don’t startle the animal by racing your engine or honking your horn. Learn to recognize a guide dog by its special harness which allows the person to hold on firmly. Often. Do not begin to cross unless traffic has stopped or is a safe distance away. If you drive a hybrid vehicle there may be no sound from your engine to let a blind person know that you are nearby.It is illegal to pass traffic that has slowed down or stopped for a pedestrian. 70 • Driver’s Handbook . That is your signal to stop and give them the right-of-way. As a Pedestrian • You should signal your intention to cross a pedestrian corridor by pushing the control button to activate the warning lights (if available) and also by extending your arm forward.

Driver’s Handbook • 71 .Watch for members of the school safety patrol. Watch for school safety patrols because they indicate that children are nearby. They play an extremely important role in directing children across streets. within 15 minutes of either the opening or closing of classes or at any time when children are on the school grounds or near the road. The patrols are easily recognized by their blaze orange vests. School and Playground Areas You must drive slowly and be prepared to stop suddenly when a child is on or near a road. Children are near the roadway. or close to a school or playground. It is illegal to pass another moving vehicle in a school area.

• Never turn right without checking for cyclists coming up close to the right curb. motorcycle or moped. At night you can’t depend on cyclists to have lights and reflectors. • Always allow plenty of room between your vehicle and the bicycle before passing a cyclist.5. • Travel in single file. since cyclists often ride close to parked cars. • Never turn left in front of a cyclist unless you have plenty of time and distance to do so safely. so be prepared at all times. usually one-half to one metre away from the curb. • Be careful when opening your doors. • Wear a certified helmet. • Recognize that every person operating a bicycle upon a highway (roadway) has the same rights and duties as a driver of a motor vehicle. • Always dim your lights when approaching an oncoming cyclist. As a cyclist you should: • Operate a bicycle as close as practicable to the right-hand edge or curb of a highway (roadway). Cycling Prohibited 72 • Driver’s Handbook . They could hit your vehicle if you turn in front of them. Cyclist Safety As a driver you should: • Take extra caution as some cyclists may not know or follow all the traffic safety rules.

Starting Stopping or Turning Left Turning Right Driver’s Handbook • 73 . so always be extra cautious when approaching young cyclists. Their lives are in your hands.Cyclist Signals Remember: Many children fail to signal.

look over your left shoulder. (Position 1 — see diagram on next page. Check your blind spot before pulling over to the right side of the road to stop. check for anyone or anything behind you.6. put the vehicle in reverse. Take your foot off the brake and. if you’re turning as you reverse. With your foot on the brake.) Wait until you have passed these entrances so that drivers will not think you are turning. Look over your right shoulder when reversing straight or to the right. If you are reversing straight back or to the right. if reversing to the left. Signal Turn on your right signal before slowing down unless there are vehicles waiting to enter the road from side roads or driveways between you and your stopping point. 74 • Driver’s Handbook . ensure that you don’t strike anything to the sides. look over your right shoulder. Backing Up Before backing up. Look over your left shoulder for a clear view when reversing to the left. particularly children who may be too small to be in your direct line of vision. Three Point Turn Traffic Check Before slowing down check traffic in front and behind you.

Traffic Check Check your mirrors and shoulder check to the right before starting the turn. Turn your left signal on shifting to a forward gear. you may down shift into a lower gear as you slow down. check traffic in both directions. (Position 3) Back up far enough so you can have a clear view of the roadway and are behind the sidewalk and stop.Speed Gradually reduce speed. In a vehicle with a manual transmission shift gears as you increase your speed. Do not coast with your foot on the clutch pedal. then move your vehicle into the traffic lane. backing into the lane or driveway. Each time you stop while turning. Signal Turn your right signal or four-way flasher on. In a vehicle with a manual transmission. (Position 4) Speed Return to normal traffic speed by accelerating smoothly to blend with the traffic around you. turn your steering wheel to the left and make sure that you check in both directions. 4 1 3 Position Stop so you are parallel to the curb and not more than 45 cm away. Turn Around With the steering wheel turned sharply right. In light traffic accelerate moderately. (Position 2) Where there is no curb stop as far as possible off the travelled part of the road. Do not stop where you will block an entrance. Wait until the way is clear. 2 Driver’s Handbook • 75 . In heavier traffic you may have to accelerate more quickly. an intersection or other traffic. reverse your vehicle slowly and smoothly.

Turn Around With the steering wheel turned sharply left. an intersection or other traffic. you may down shift into a lower gear as you slow down. Do not reverse over the edge or shoulder of the road or onto the curb. Use the whole road to make your turn.Three Point Turn Around on a Dead End Street Traffic Check Before slowing down. Signal Turn on your right signal before slowing down. Wait until the way is clear. 2 3 1 Speed Gradually reduce speed. In a vehicle with a manual transmission. check traffic in both directions. move slowly and smoothly across the road. stop as far as possible off the travelled part of the road. Position Stop so you are parallel to the curb and not more than 45 cm away. stop and put your vehicle in reverse. (Position 2) Stop and shift into forward gear to drive ahead. (Position 1) Traffic Check Check your mirrors and shoulder check to the left just before starting the turn. Do not stop where you will block an entrance. With the steering wheel turned sharply right. Do not coast with your foot on the clutch pedal. In a vehicle with a manual transmission. reversing only once. 76 • Driver’s Handbook . check traffic in front and behind you. Check your blind spot before pulling over to the right side of the road to stop. move in reverse so the vehicle is facing in the new direction. When you have reached the far left side of the road. shift gears as you increase your speed. Signal Turn on your left signal before starting to turn. Where there is no curb. In heavier traffic you may have to accelerate more quickly. Each time you stop while turning. (Position 3) Speed Return to normal traffic speed by accelerating smoothly to blend with the traffic around you. In light traffic accelerate moderately.

B A C 2. and past. the rear bumper of Car B. start backing into the space very slowly. Stop when your steering wheel is in line with the rear bumper of Car B. Signal your stop by flashing your brake lights approximately three times or by using a hand signal and then turn on your right signal. you should steer sharply to the right until your car is at a 45 degree angle from the curb. Check your mirrors for traffic. Watch for vehicles passing you. Don’t stop suddenly if a car is close behind you. Drive alongside Car B about one metre away. Stop when your car’s (Car A) rear bumper is even with the rear bumper of Car B. When you have checked your mirrors and blind spots and you are sure the way is clear. the turn signal can be turned off. B C A Driver’s Handbook • 77 . Stop when the right end of your front bumper is in line with. As you reverse. Parking Parallel Parking 1.7. B A C 3. Straighten the wheels and continue to back into the space.

Stop the car. This should bring your car parallel to and not more than 45 cm away from the curb. Put the car into forward gear. Turning the steering wheel to the right as you do so. B A C 78 • Driver’s Handbook . Your right rear wheel should be close to the curb. drive slowly forward.4. Turn the steering wheel sharply to the left as you continue to back slowly. Stop the car when it is centred between Cars B and C. Make sure the front of your vehicle does not hit the parked vehicle ahead. B A C 5.

it is considered an automatic failure of the road test. During the road test applicants will be asked to stop before the backing area to be given an explanation of the test. forward and then backward again).5 m as outlined by testing poles. drive over the curb.Backing Skill Test During the road test. At this point the vehicle must be parked satisfactorily. applicants will be required to demonstrate their ability to back up their vehicle. each attempt consists of three movements of the vehicle (backwards. Driver’s Handbook • 79 . This will be done by successfully backing a vehicle within a space measuring approximately 1. but not drive over it. You will have three attempts to complete this portion of the test. or commit a dangerous act such as backing up or moving forward while a car is passing close by. the tires can touch the curb. If any of these situations happen. drive between the poles representing the front or the back of a vehicle.85 m by 7. The vehicle cannot touch any of the poles.

in some communities. Although it is easy to park. Check for approaching traffic from the front and rear. Signal your intention to park and slow down. Make sure it is clear behind and on both sides before backing up. Once your car is centred in the stall. 2. Approach the stall approximately a car width from the parked cars. 4. begin steering sharply to the right while slowly driving towards the centre of the stall. to check that you will not hit the vehicle on either side of the stall. 80 • Driver’s Handbook . Steps in Angle Parking 1. by a truck parked beside you. for example. move back cautiously and watch for a pedestrian or vehicle that you may not have seen. Remember as you are turning into the stall. backing out from this position can be hazardous. If your vision is blocked. shopping centres and. straighten your wheels and continue driving forward until you are completely in the parking stall. When your car’s front end is even with the rear of the stall you want to park in. Shoulder check sides and rear — don’t just rely on your rearview mirror. 3. on very wide streets.Angle Parking This type is commonly used in parking lots. 5.

Turn wheels to right. Uphill with curb. In both cases. always set your parking brake firmly. Uphill parking — turn the wheels away from the curb. Vehicles with manual transmission should be placed in reverse or low gear. Up or Down Driver’s Handbook • 81 . Turn wheels away from curb. If there is no curb. Up Downhill with curb.Parking on a Hill or Incline Vehicles with automatic transmission should be placed in the “Park” position. turn wheels slightly to the right so that if the car begins rolling. Down Without curb. it will move off the roadway. whether you are parking up or downhill. Downhill parking — turn the wheels toward the curb so the position of the wheel will help hold the car. Turn wheels towards the curb.

Parking Pointers
• Always look for traffic before opening a vehicle door. • By law you may leave your vehicle unattended when the motor is running only for reasons such as warming the vehicle and defrosting the windshield. It is recommended that you have a spare key and you lock your door if you leave the vehicle. Utility and delivery service vehicles are exempt from this law. • When leaving from a parked position, signal, and wait until it is safe before pulling out.

Illegal Parking
It is illegal to park: • on a sidewalk; • across the entrance to any driveway, back lane or intersection; • within 3 m from the point on the curb or edge of the roadway immediately opposite a fire hydrant; • on a crosswalk or within 3 m of a crosswalk; • within 15 m of a pedestrian corridor; • within 9 m of a stop sign or other traffic sign or signal posted at an intersection; • within 30 m of the nearest rail of a railway crossing, unless otherwise posted; • within 6 m of a driveway entrance to a fire station, unless otherwise posted; • on a roadway beside another vehicle that is already parked; • at a curve on the highway outside a city, town or village, when the vehicle cannot be clearly seen from at least 60 m in each direction upon the highway; or • in such a manner that it becomes a hazard or that is contrary to any section of The Highway Traffic Act or any municipal bylaw.

82 • Driver’s Handbook

8. Vehicle Equipment
As a driver, you are responsible for ensuring that your vehicle is safe to drive. Vehicles should be thoroughly checked at least twice a year. A police officer can order you to have defective equipment repaired immediately. If you fail to comply, your vehicle registration may be suspended until a qualified mechanic certifies the defects have been repaired. Is your vehicle safe to drive? Check:

Circle Check — Exterior of Vehicle
Rear view mirror Centre highmounted stoplight

Windshield wiper, washer and defrost systems Head lights Parking lights Hazard lights Turn signals

Windshield

Rear and side windows Tail lights Turn signals

Secondary hold latch for forward opening hood

Check licence plates

Door handles Side view mirror Tires Check tread, bulges and cuts Turn signals

Rear licence plate stickers MUST Muffler be valid

Look under vehicle for fluid leaks

Brakes

Others Horn Park Brake Seatbelts Speedometer Steering mechanism Air bags

Required Equipment
The following equipment must be in safe working condition:

Brakes Brakes must be able to stop passenger vehicles travelling at 30 km/h within 7.6 m. Other motor vehicles, such as trucks and vans under 4,540 kg, must be able to stop within 9 m. All brakes should be periodically checked and, if necessary, adjusted.

Driver’s Handbook • 83

Lights All motor vehicles, except motorcycles, must have:
• From two to four headlights, including a high beam and low beam on each side, in good working order. Vehicles must also have a highbeam indicator light. When operating your vehicle, headlights must be switched on 1 /@ hour before sunset until 1 /@ hour after sunrise and when visibility is reduced to 60 m. A recommended safe driving practice is to drive with headlights on all the time. • Every motor vehicle (except motorcycles and mopeds) manufactured on or after December 1, 1989, must be equipped with functional daytime running lights. For motorcycles and mopeds, model year 1975 or later, a headlamp must be on at all times when being operated. • Turn signals — amber or white lights at the front, red or amber lights at the rear. Motorcycles of the model or make of the year 1974 or earlier and mopeds are not required to be equipped with signal lights. Trailers require signal lights on the rear only. • At least two rear red lights or, for vehicles dated 1967 or earlier, at least one rear red light. • Passenger cars manufactured after 1986 must be equipped with one functional centre high-mounted stop light, in addition to the regular stop lights. • One white light for the rear number plate. • If a trailer is attached, at least one red light on the rear plus a stop light. Towed vehicles whose width exceeds 2.05 m (except passenger cars) must have clearance lights and reflectors at the front and rear. • All vehicles that have a load extending 1 m or more past the rear of the vehicle must have a red flag clearly visible at the end of the load during daylight, and a red light or reflector at the end of the load at night.

Tires To maximize the safety and life of your tires:
• Use tires of the same construction and size. Your owner’s manual should inform you which is best for your vehicle. • Using an accurate tire pressure gauge, check the air pressure of your tires at least twice a month and after long trips. The best time to inflate tires is when they are cool.

84 • Driver’s Handbook

side and rear windows. Windshield and Windows There must be a clear view from the front windshield. cars pulling trailers and other vehicles must have outside mirrors on the right and left sides. trucks. Replace smooth edges the tire when the may cause skids wear indicators on wet curves become visible. the rear window and the windows at both sides free from frost. • Always replace tires when the tread is less than 1. Mirrors All motor vehicles must be equipped with a mirror.• Check your owner’s manual to determine if and when you should rotate tires. Horn All motor vehicles must have a horn that can be heard for at least 60 m. From November 1 to March 31 inclusive. buses. Driver’s Handbook • 85 . and must be replaced. Remember: a tire with deep cuts. unless it is equipped with a device capable of keeping the windshield. Extended mirrors must be removed when a trailer is not being towed. 3) Over-Inflation causes the tire to wear out in the centre first. This tire is dangerously worn and must be replaced. campers. 1) Normal Wear 2) Under-Inflation exposes the will cause a tire wear indicators to wear out between two or at the edges more adjacent first. have the wheels balanced.6 mm. This tire’s grooves. providing a clear rear view. After replacing tires. blisters or bulges is dangerous and should be replaced. your vehicle must be equipped with frost shields. • Studded tires are illegal between April 30 and October 1. A horn should be sounded only when necessary. cracks. Vehicles such as vans.

bypass or any device that reduces the effectiveness of a noise muffler. Fuel Gauge This gauge identifies the amount of fuel left in the fuel tank. If a light is illuminated consult your vehicle operating manual. Warning Light Most vehicles are equipped with warning lights to notify the driver of problems with certain operating systems on the vehicle. Temperature Gauge This gauge shows the temperature of the engine.Windshield Wipers and Washers Front windows must have windshield wipers in good working condition and every motor vehicle dating from 1971 (except motorcycles or mopeds) must have a functioning windshield washer with the fluid container topped up as necessary. They “launch automatically” when there is a very fast deceleration such as a crash. Ammeter/Voltmeter This gauge shows when the battery is being charged or discharged. Do not continue to operate the vehicle if this gauge shows a high temperature. Speedometer and Odometer A motor vehicle must have a speedometer and odometer in good working order. Bumper Every passenger car must have a bumper at the front and rear. especially during head on and side impact crashes. straight exhaust. A leaky muffler can cause carbon monoxide poisoning. dashboards and in the sides of some vehicles. hollywood muffler. Muffler All motor vehicles must have a muffler capable of preventing excessive noise. Air Bags Air bags are built into steering wheels. Suspension It is illegal to raise or lower the original suspension of a passenger car. It is illegal to alter the distance shown on an odometer. gutted muffler. It is illegal to use a muffler cut-out. 86 • Driver’s Handbook . Other Equipment Oil Pressure Gauge This gauge shows if there is sufficient oil pressure to motor parts where it is needed. They give drivers and passengers extra protection.

• Be alert to slippery patches. • Increase the distance from the vehicle ahead of you according to road conditions. blind intersections. (This is sometimes referred to as threshold braking. Remember that in winter your vehicle requires a greater stopping distance. Fog lamps are even better. while driving a vehicle. etc. and remember that even snow tires can slide on ice or packed snow. • Keep your lights on. and the taillights may be a vehicle stopped on the road or just barely moving. you are required to switch on headlights 1 /@ hour before sunset until 1 /@ hour after sunrise and when visibility is reduced to 60 m.) If your vehicle does have anti-lock brakes. apply full brake pressure and hold. Ice. apply steady brake pressure without locking the wheels and losing steering control. • Reduce your speed to suit ice and snow conditions. Daytime Use of Headlights Using headlights during the day can significantly reduce the chances of an accident because your vehicle is easier to see. snow plows. Sleet or Snow • Start out slowly and gently test steering and braking conditions. pedestrians. Reduced Visibility By law. Check your owner’s manual for the best advice to follow for your specific braking system. • If your vehicle does not have anti-lock brakes. graders. Other recommended practices include: • Sharply reduce your normal driving speed. • Reduce your speed further on seeing headlights or taillights. The headlights may be on a vehicle being driven down the centre of the road. Driver’s Handbook • 87 . even under poor driving conditions. and make sure your defroster and windshield wipers are working properly. You will still have some steering control. • Keep windows and windshields clear of ice and snow. • Turn your headlights on low beam to reduce the glaring reflection from dense fog or snow. Poor Driving Conditions You are responsible for keeping full control of your vehicle at all times.9. bridges (which may have slippery surfaces).

If the visibility becomes so poor that you can barely see. • Keep both the inside and outside of the windshield clean. • Dim your lights at least 450 m from oncoming vehicles. • Watch for highway signs — they’re more difficult to see and read at night. Some additional pointers to minimize the hazards of night driving are: • Check your lights regularly so the low beams reveal objects at least 30 m ahead without blinding oncoming drivers. Daytime 88 • Driver’s Handbook Night – Low Beams Night – High Beams . That means driving slower than usual. cautiously pull off the pavement and stop. look to the right edge of the roadway. Night Driving One of the major reasons why driving at night is more dangerous than driving during the day is that you cannot see as far. To reduce glare. adjust your mirror or use a day-night mirror. • Keep headlights clean. Wait until visibility improves. pull off onto the shoulder and use your emergency flashing lights or other approved warning devices such as flares. • Watch for pedestrians and vehicles stopped at the edge of the road. do not look directly at the headlights of oncoming traffic.• If driving at a greatly reduced speed. Never drive so fast that you can’t stop within the distance you can see ahead with your lights. • If you must stop. turn your hazard/emergency flashing lights on. • Keep the interior lights off so that your eyes will remain adapted to the dark. To cut glare from the rear. and 60 m when following vehicles. This will make you more visible and warn other drivers that you are travelling at a reduced rate of speed. • Be prepared for emergency stops. Reduce your speed until your eyes have recovered from the glare. since under normal conditions you can see only 30 m ahead on low beam and 110 m ahead on high beam. instead.

Always use low beams when approaching other cars. That’s why Manitoba is making it illegal for drivers to use hand-held cell phones when they are behind the wheel of a vehicle. pull well over and put on your four-way flasher to prevent being struck. studies show that there is a direct connection between cell phones and dangerous driving. For example. Driver’s Handbook • 89 . stop at a rest area. a motel or a hotel. Be well rested before you begin your trip. If you must park by the side of the road. Drivers who talk or text on a cell phone while they’re behind the wheel significantly increase their crash risk. This law will come into force in 2010. It usually occurs from steady driving or from having started out tired. Drowsiness or Fatigue Being drowsy or “half asleep” can be compared to a drugged condition which can result in a fatal collision. in fog and when following another vehicle closely. If possible. High beams will blind the other driver. stop your vehicle and rest. Distractions Distractions can be dangerous because they reduce your ability to respond as quickly as you should to emergencies. Use high beams only when driving in open country without other cars near. If you begin to feel sleepy. Use low beams when driving by street light.

• Stopping or speeding up too quickly can result in loss of control. Some safety tips to minimize the safety hazards when operating a vehicle on gravel roads are: • When driving onto a gravel surface. You should stay a minimum of six (6) seconds behind other vehicles. • Remember that stopping distances are increased because your tires have reduced traction to the road surface (loose gravel surface). apply steady brake pressure without locking the wheels and losing steering control.Gravel Road Driving Gravel roads present special driving challenges as evidenced by the number of rollover accidents. slowly turn the steering wheel to gradually guide the vehicle back onto the road. • As a driver you should always drive at a speed that will allow you to stop safely for any hazard. (Know your braking system — see Owner’s Manual. This will reduce the danger from clouds of dust obscuring vision. can be dangerous. where it may tip and rollover several times before stopping. • To avoid a rollover take your foot off the gas and steer the car so it follows the edge of the roadway. • On gravel. flying rocks damaging head lights and windshields. It is very easy for a distracted driver to allow the tires on one side of the car to wander off the road while travelling at higher speeds. If your vehicle does have anti-lock brakes you should be able to apply full brake pressure and still have steering control. This can cause the car to start into a skid. sudden changes in direction such as a swerve to avoid an object or animal on the road. • If your vehicle does not have anti-lock brakes. 90 • Driver’s Handbook . • Following distance is very important. whether on gravel or pavement.). slow down and drive carefully. Many drivers will try to get back on track by quickly turning the steering wheel and jamming on the brakes. (This is sometimes referred to as threshold braking). • Rollovers are of particular concern in rural driving. potholes and loose gravel). This distance should be increased when road conditions are less than perfect (washboard.

Wilderness survival training and ice road driving courses are recommended. • Environmental Guidelines require road users to be responsible for their own abandoned vehicle and garbage removal. • Winter roads are primarily used by heavy truck traffic delivering fuel. Proper clothing.V. increasing the potential risk to drivers. Night travel is recommended for better visibility of traffic. of 7 tonnes or greater is 15 km/h on all ice roads.W. you should be travelling at a speed that will allow you to safely slow down or stop if you come upon a hazard or approaching vehicle. groceries. It may take a long time for help to arrive if there is trouble. streams. personal medication. sudden storms. • Ice road failures. • Prior to starting your trip you should tell a person at your destination when you expect to arrive. As a driver. They cross muskeg. • Passing or meeting other vehicles should be done with great care because swirling snow can reduce visibility. ground drifting and whiteout conditions preventing travel can occur in subzero temperatures. phone and CB communication are recommended for every vehicle travelling on the winter road system. The season may be shortened due to weather conditions and the traffic volumes may increase. machinery and building products. vehicle and survival equipment. breakdown or accident when travelling in an isolated area can be life threatening if you are not prepared. • The road surface is packed snow or ice and the stopping distance of all vehicles is longer than on land roads. • Travel is not approved until a section officially opens.Winter Road Driving The winter road systems in Manitoba are basic access routes to remote northern communities and have no alignment standards. No regular inspection of maintenance is provided along the route before opening or after closing. Driver’s Handbook • 91 . • The results of an unexpected delay. Winter roads are constructed on the natural terrain of the land and ice. There are no posted speed limit signs and the recommended speed limit for vehicles with a maximum G. fuel to reach your destination. The road surface can get worse quickly due to changes in the weather. freight. The contractor’s maintenance equipment is slow moving and could be met on blind corners. rivers and lakes. rock ridges. The chance of an accident increases if you do not drive according to the road conditions.

Before starting down a steep hill. Never coast down hills in neutral or with the clutch disengaged because you’ll be relying too much on your brakes and they may not hold. It may be irritating to follow slow-moving vehicles up a hill. you should remain patient and follow all the way over the crest before passing. Don’t pass near the crest of a hill because your sight distance ends at the hilltop. 92 • Driver’s Handbook . shift to a lower gear to let your engine assist you as a braking force. but because your sight distance is limited. Observe the pavement markings and road signs.Hills Slow down at the top of a hill to make up for the increased braking distance required on the downslope.

or if they are crossing a bridge. farm implements can sometimes take up more than half of the road width. The most important thing to remember when approaching farm equipment on the road is to slow down well ahead of time. Remember a valid Class 5 Intermediate Stage licence or higher is required to operate heavy and agricultural equipment on provincial highways and roads in urban areas. can take up the full width of the bridge. service roads or winter roads controlled or maintained by a local government such as a rural municipality. Drivers need to be aware that at highway speeds. and farm tractors. forklifts and graders. and oddly shaped. These types of vehicles include tractors. you will approach a piece of farm equipment faster than expected. cranes. Many farm implements are very large. and heavy equipment such as front-end loaders. drivers need to be watching for farm equipment that might be moving between fields. and to look closely at the implement when passing or meeting it to make sure you know how wide and how long it is.Farm Equipment on Roads When outside of cities. Provincial highways and urban roads do not include rural municipal roads. combines and other equipment move very slowly. As well. self-propelled farm equipment such as combines. with a maximum speed of 40 km/h. Driver’s Handbook • 93 .

When an oversize or overload permit requires a pilot vehicle for escort purposes. the pilot vehicle shall follow the oversize vehicle or load at a distance of not less than 100 m and not more than 500 m. and • On a four-lane divided highway. When escorting an oversize vehicle or load: • On a two-lane or four-lane highway. 94 • Driver’s Handbook . particularly when passing the oversize vehicle or load on a two-way highway. Drivers should be aware that the oversize vehicle or load may pose a threat to normal traffic patterns. a pilot vehicle shall precede and follow the oversize vehicle or load at a distance of not less than 100 m and not more than 500 m.Pilot Vehicles Pilot vehicles are used to warn drivers they are approaching an oversize vehicle or load. the pilot vehicle shall be equipped with a yellow flashing light and shall display an illuminated “WIDE LOAD” or “D” sign.

• Apply the brakes very gently. and if traffic permits. Driver’s Handbook • 95 . Power steering gives you more power to resist the side pull from a front tire blowout. don’t try to get back onto the pavement. being careful not to overshoot the centre line. making steering very difficult. • Brake only when the speed is sufficiently reduced to maintain control. you may be able to avoid a blowout. the rear end of the vehicle sways from side to side. Let the vehicle coast to a stop. • Do not turn onto the shoulder of the road until you have your vehicle under control. Note: If you regularly inspect your tires for under inflation. cuts or bulges. In the case of a rear-tire blowout. When driving. If the blowout causes your vehicle to swerve onto the shoulder. • After slowing down. Should a blowout occur: • Hold the steering wheel firmly and take your foot off the accelerator.10. Driving Emergencies Running Off the Pavement If your vehicle goes onto the shoulder of the road: • Stay on the shoulder and steer in a straight line. • Take your foot off the accelerator. you may be warned by a thumping sound caused by a bulge in the tire or your vehicle may be pulling sideways because the tire is losing air rapidly. allowing your vehicle to slow down gradually. ease back onto the pavement. • Drive your vehicle off the roadway to a safe spot to change a tire. Blowouts A front-tire blowout tends to cause the vehicle to swerve to the side of the blowout.

regardless of weather conditions. • shift to neutral (or depress the clutch). the front wheels should also be straightened out to prevent a skid in the opposite direction. you should simultaneously: • take your foot off the accelerator or the brake. and • look and steer in the direction you would like to go.Losing a Wheel The rules are basically the same as for a blowout. Skid Control Driving too fast often results in skidding. brake or change direction quickly. more people are killed or injured in dry-surface skids than in wet-surface skids. To keep from skidding. In fact. To get control of your vehicle while skidding. slow down as you approach danger spots and do not accelerate. 96 • Driver’s Handbook . As the vehicle straightens out (assuming the brakes haven’t locked).

when your brakes are locked. With Anti-lock Brakes Anti-lock braking systems will provide some degree of steering control when the brakes are fully applied. so check your owner’s manual for the best advice to follow. Without Anti-lock Brakes If your vehicle doesn’t have anti-lock brakes. • You can “dry” the brakes by driving slowly and applying them lightly. depress the brake pedal to its maximum. Driver’s Handbook • 97 . An alternative method is to apply steady brake pressure without locking up the wheels. To be sure that they’re working: • Always test the brakes lightly after driving through deep water. They may pull to one side or may not work at all. you have very little steering control (if any at all). The amount of control will depend on the specific system. Check your vehicle operating manual for directions. If all four wheels are locked. the vehicle will slide approximately in the direction it was already going. The advantage here is you maintain steering control as you come to a stop and you may be able to steer around an object rather than hit it.Emergency Braking If you must stop in the shortest distance for an emergency. without an anti-lock braking system. Flooded Engine Your engine floods when you have too much gas and not enough air in your car’s combustion chamber. making it impossible for the gas to ignite. with this method you will lose your steering control. However. This is called threshold braking and requires practice and skill in order to perform properly. so do this only in an emergency. Remember. slamming on the brakes will lock your wheels. Wet Brakes Your brakes may fail when you go through a large puddle of water.

Disabled Vehicle
If your vehicle stalls or is involved in an accident, move it clear of traffic and try to: • Park all four wheels off the travelled portion of the highway. • If you have a standard shift, use the starter and low gear to pull your vehicle to the shoulder. • Use the four-way flasher when your vehicle is coming to a stop, if your vehicle is stalled on a highway or if your speed is well below the speed limit. • If you have reflectorized signs and/or flares place them 60 m in front and behind the vehicle, so that the danger may be seen by approaching drivers. • If you cannot move your vehicle off the road, raise the hood to warn other motorists.

Direct Collision Course
If a vehicle suddenly approaches from the opposite direction in your lane: • Brake hard. If speed can be reduced before the collision, the impact will be less severe. • Head for the shoulder on the right-hand side of the road and sound the horn. The other driver may suddenly realize their actions and steer back onto their side of the road. Never swerve to the left to avoid a collision. You may then be in the path of oncoming traffic. • Drive into the ditch if necessary. Many collisions are more serious than they have to be, simply because some drivers don’t accept the reality of a collision happening to them and “freeze.” Better to be in the ditch than be involved in a collision. • Head for something that is capable of energy absorption to reduce the force on impact — for example, a bush, shrub or snowbank. Better to hit an object with a glancing blow rather than head-on. Sideswiping a guardrail, for instance, and bouncing off (some of the impact being absorbed), with the driver regaining control, has avoided more serious collisions. By being alert at all times behind the wheel, you may gain that fraction of a second you would not otherwise have to determine your escape route.

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Vehicle on Fire
Since this usually results from an electrical short circuit, turn off the ignition immediately. If it is a small fire, use a fire extinguisher or smother flames with earth, sand or large articles of clothing. If it is a large fire, move away from the vehicle and call the Fire Department. It’s wise to keep a hand fire extinguisher in the passenger compartment of your vehicle.

Vehicle Plunging into Water
Your vehicle will float from three to 10 minutes if the windows are closed. Your seatbelt can prevent you from being knocked unconscious during the vital moments required to escape. Doors initially will be difficult to open due to water pressure as the vehicle begins to sink or because of vehicle damage. As the vehicle fills with water, pressure inside and outside equalizes. The best escape route is through the windows. If they’re power windows, roll them down immediately, because water will cause a short circuit in the electrical system. If you can’t open the windows, don’t panic. Most vehicles will sink nose first, so the air trapped inside will be pushed to the rear of the compartment near the roof. It may be necessary for you to breathe this air while waiting for the pressure inside and outside to become equal; then it will be easier to open the door.

Vehicle in Contact with Electrical Wires
If you step out from a vehicle in contact with live electrical wires, you could be seriously injured or killed when your foot touches the ground — even if you’re wearing rubber boots. Should your vehicle ever be in contact with electrical wires: 1. Stay inside and try to drive away from the wires. 2. If you cannot free your vehicle from the wires, turn on your hazard lights, move off the road as far as you can and remain inside. Warn potential rescuers to stay away from the vehicle and the wires and ask them to contact the police. 3. If your vehicle is on fire and you must leave it, only do so by jumping out so as not to come in contact with both the vehicle and the ground at the same time. Also make sure to jump free of any wires.

Driver’s Handbook • 99

Suggested Emergency Equipment
1. Standard Emergency Equipment — shovel, tow rope or chain, booster cables, flashlight, first-aid kit, basic tool kit, flares and fire extinguisher. 2. Winter Emergency Equipment — all of #1 plus: hatchet, chains or metal mats, windshield scraper, snow brush, gas line anti-freeze, winter clothing, winter boots, winter hat, mitts and blankets. 3. Winter Survival Kit — all of #1 and #2 plus: waterproof matches, compact stove with fuel, candles, sheet of plastic or canvas, light rope, blaze orange flag, carbon dioxide indicator, aluminum foil, tissues, 1.5 kg metal cans with plastic lids, dry foods and soups, plastic utensils. Important: Always ensure your vehicle’s fuel tank is full when driving under winter conditions. If you become stranded, your chances of survival are better when you stay with your vehicle.

100 • Driver’s Handbook

who in turn can inform the hospital. • Put out the flares when they are no longer needed. to warn vehicles. be sure their air passage is clear of foreign material. • If a person is pinned in a vehicle. • Reassure the injured and stay with them until an ambulance or other vehicle is available to take them to the hospital. however.11. Occupants of your vehicle or bystanders should be positioned at both approaches to the collision. otherwise. • If you have flares or reflectorized signs. use your four-way flasher. If the victim is not breathing and you are familiar with mouth-to-mouth or artificial respiration. do not attempt to move that person unless the vehicle is on fire. gently turn their head to the side. chewing gum. Collisions Upon Arriving at the Scene of a Collision: • Park your vehicle off the roadway to prevent other vehicles from hitting it. • Stop bleeding by applying direct pressure with a clean piece of material over the wound. begin the procedure immediately. vomit or mucus can block the air passage. • In case of serious injury. pressure should not be applied. place them 60 m in front and behind the collision scene as a warning to approaching drivers. • Give all information on the assistance you have provided to the ambulance attendant and to the police. If there is a serious head injury. crawl into the vehicle and try to release that person. Even if you have not been trained in first aid. Should the person have to be moved. If possible. ensure that the head and spine are firmly supported. standing off the roadway. • Turn off the ignition of vehicles involved in the collision to prevent a fire. but unhurt. call 911 or the nearest police station and an ambulance. If an individual is hurt. you may give the following assistance: • If a person is unconscious. Driver’s Handbook • 101 . False teeth.

and if you are unable to exchange names and addresses or identify yourself personally with the driver of the other vehicle or the owner of the property at the collision scene. • Whether or not anyone is injured. — Have someone report the collision to the police for you as soon as possible if anyone is injured.If You Are Involved in a Collision. • Check to see if anyone is injured. but damage has resulted to any vehicle or property. you must leave your name and address on the vehicle or property. 102 • Driver’s Handbook . In other areas. You Must: • Stop your vehicle immediately. If someone is. • Even if only your vehicle is damaged in a collision.000. — Give the particulars of your insurance coverage and such other information that may be requested. • In the case of a collision without serious injury or damage. a report must be submitted to a peace officer as soon as possible but no later than seven days after the collision. Brandon and most rural areas. contact your local police or the RCMP by dialling “0” and asking for the police. In the Winnipeg. you should move the vehicles from a major thoroughfare as soon as possible (eventually exchange particulars) in order to prevent other vehicles from hitting your vehicle. if possible. dial 911. you must: — Give your name and address to anyone whose vehicle or property is damaged.000 or someone is injured. See Collision Report Form in the Forms section. • If you collide with and damage an unattended vehicle or other property you must take reasonable steps to find and notify the owner of the unattended vehicle or property. you must: — Get help. • Where persons have been injured — no matter how slightly — or where the damage to all property exceeds $1. you must report the collision to the police if damage exceeds $1. — Give your driver’s licence and registration numbers.

Section 2 Legal Consequences of Unsafe Driving .

not a stimulant. the penalties for drinking and driving are severe. and aggressiveness in addition to dulling normal thought processes and slowing down eye-hand coordination. black coffee.1. distorts vision and impairs judgment. Impaired drivers usually fail to recognize they are impaired. It reduces alertness and slows normal reflexes. antidepressants. This will result in the same consequences as if you were impaired by alcohol. food or a cold shower won’t sober you up — only time will eliminate alcohol from your body. Accordingly. For information.mb. if you continue to drive while impaired by any medication. If you’ve had too much to drink.ca 104 • Driver’s Handbook . hostility. unpredictable individuals on our roads and account for about half of all traffic fatalities in Manitoba.afm. sleeping pills and similar drugs can affect driving ability even if taken in the prescribed dosage. you can be charged with driving while impaired. contact: Addictions Foundation of Manitoba General Inquiries: call 204–944–6200 Website: www.ca Email: library@afm. Driving While Impaired Alcohol Alcohol is a depressant. Accordingly. a charge of impaired driving can be laid regardless of what level of alcohol is found in your blood. If your ability to drive is impaired.mb. Impaired drivers are among the most dangerous. Never mix drugs and alcohol — even in small quantities. Discuss the possible effects of any medication with your doctor or pharmacist. That explains why. in this province. Illegal Drugs Illicit drugs may cause hallucinations. Drugs Prescription Drugs Tranquilizers. Alcohol or drug impairment delays reaction times. the safest rule to follow is: if you drink — don’t drive.

you can also take steps to discourage guests from driving home if they have had too much to drink. • Offer guests fruit juices. Here are some suggestions: • Set up “house rules” that make driving home after drinking too much not acceptable. not yours) are far better than risking impaired driving.What Can You Do to Prevent Other People from Driving While Impaired? When you host a party. Many groups and organizations sponsor parties and other social events where alcohol is served. • Have enough spare cash on hand to lend to friends for taxi fare. • Don’t serve “one for the road. • Be prepared to have some guests stay overnight if necessary. mineral water and soft drinks as alternatives to alcoholic beverages. Encourage guests to stay for a while by serving food and tea. You don’t have to stop with just yourself or family and friends. Those of us who belong to groups or clubs can challenge other members to share a leading role in preventing impaired driving. Tell your guests about these rules before they arrive! Then they can make alternative plans for going home if they plan to drink. People can take turns not drinking so they may drive others home. A little inconvenience and embarrassment (theirs.” It’s a good idea to close the bar at least one hour before the party ends. All members can participate in making sure no one drives after drinking. coffee or other non-alcoholic beverages at this point. Driver’s Handbook • 105 .

marsh or other natural terrain. ice. and some examples are: • front-end loaders • cranes • forklifts • graders • tractors • combines If you drink and drive. regardless of whether it’s an ORV. or a motor vehicle. water. 106 • Driver’s Handbook . special mobile machine. Manitoba’s tough laws on drinking and driving are now even tougher and apply to all motor vehicles including Off-Road Vehicles (ORVs) and Special Mobile Machines (SMMs).Drinking and Driving Anywhere is a Crime Drinking and driving threatens everyone’s safety. you will lose the right to drive these types of vehicles. Some examples of ORVs are: • snowmobiles • all-terrain vehicles • dirt bikes Special mobile machines are heavy or agricultural equipment. snow. An ORV is any motorized vehicle designed and adapted for cross-country travel on land.

• An automatic three-month licence suspension. *Charges and additional driver’s licence premiums are subject to change. • A mandatory impaired driver’s assessment at your expense. Novice drivers include drivers in the Learner and Intermediate Stage of GDL. Driver’s Handbook • 107 . • A $50* driver’s licence reinstatement charge. Authorized Instruction in Class 5 or Class 6. Drivers convicted** of an alcohol-related or drug-related driving offence under The Criminal Code of Canada will be suspended and disqualified from driving any kind of motor vehicle. and a mandatory driver’s licence suspension from one year to life.000 or more. • Additional driver’s licence premium of $1.08 will face a variety of consequences including: • An immediate 24-hour roadside licence suspension. and drivers in the first three years of the Full Stage Class 5 or Class 6. **A discharge under the Criminal Code of Canada for certain driving related offences may be treated as a conviction under The Highway Traffic Act.05 and . They will also be required to attend a show cause hearing where further suspension action will be considered. disqualifications and court imposed driving prohibitions can be appealed to the Licence Suspension Appeal Board.What Are the Consequences? Novice drivers who violate the zero blood alcohol restriction will be subject to a 24-hour roadside suspension.08 or who refuses to provide a breath or blood sample to police. • A vehicle impoundment except special mobile machines (SMMs). any driver with a blood alcohol level over . Some licence suspensions. drivers may be required to participate in Manitoba’s Ignition Interlock Program for alcohol related driving suspensions and/or prohibitions. A conviction** will result in a courtimposed Canada-wide driving prohibition for a minimum one year. • A mandatory impaired driver’s assessment at your expense. Anyone who operates a motor vehicle or an Off-Road Vehicle (ORV) and has a blood alcohol concentration between . If successful in their appeal. if you have more than one 24-hour roadside warning suspension in three years. In addition. or refuses a Field Sobriety Test (FST) may face additional consequences including: • An immediate 24-hour roadside licence suspension.

auto arson. People convicted* of certain offences under The Criminal Code of Canada will lose that privilege. It also disqualifies you from operating an off-road vehicle. possession of property obtained by crime.2. Anyone convicted of any such offence faces a driver’s licence suspension ranging from one year to life. *A discharge under the Criminal Code of Canada for certain driving related offenses may be treated as a conviction under The Highway Traffic Act. Some examples of these offences are: dangerous driving. criminal negligence. and possess. A conviction* of any of these offences results in an automatic driver’s licence suspension or eligibility to obtain a licence. auto theft. Licence Suspension for Other Criminal Code of Canada Convictions Driving a vehicle in Manitoba is a privilege. flight from police. take vehicle without owner’s consent. auto vandalism. sell or purchase master keys. 108 • Driver’s Handbook . Offenders under 16 years of age will have their suspension start on their 16th birthday.

• A non-appealable licence prohibition under The Criminal Code. • A lifetime driver’s licence suspension under The Highway Traffic Act. which must be paid before a vehicle is released. Vehicle owners will be responsible for the costs of towing and storage.3. prohibited or disqualified. The vehicle will be impounded even if it is owned or registered by someone other than the operator at the time of the offence. • Additional driver’s licence premiums once the driver’s licence is reinstated. and. or if the person is disqualified from operating an ORV.000. Driving While Suspended — Consequences Vehicles and off-road vehicles (ORVs) will be immediately impounded for a minimum of 30 days for driving while the person is suspended or prohibited from driving. Additional consequences of driving while suspended can include: • Imprisonment for up to five years and/or fines of up to $2. plus an impoundment fee. Driver’s Handbook • 109 . which means that a work licence cannot be obtained. It is the owner’s responsibility to ensure that the user is not suspended.

An experienced driver has held a Full Stage driver’s licence for at least three years. For both novice and experienced drivers. This includes drivers who hold a Learner or Intermediate Stage or are in the first three years of Full Stage licence under the Graduated Driver Licensing Program (GDL). Different interventions may apply for novice or experienced drivers. depending on how serious the unsafe driving was and how often it occurred. The DI&C Program strives to: • prevent unsafe driving from becoming a habit • undo unsafe driving habits that are already established Early intervention is key.08 or lower None of the interventions under the DI&C Program are based on your age or gender — only on your driving behaviour. How it intervenes depends on the driver and his or her unsafe driving behaviour. How it Works The DI&C Program defines two categories of drivers: novice and experienced. The program can intervene in different ways. these driving behaviours lead to interventions under the DI&C Program: • at fault accidents • traffic convictions • 24-hour roadside suspensions for operating a motor vehicle with blood alcohol concentration levels of . A novice driver has never held a Full Stage driver’s licence for more than three years. the interventions begin earlier than for experienced drivers. For novice drivers. It also includes a learner driver not under GDL who has never held a Full Stage licence. 110 • Driver’s Handbook . Driver Improvement and Control Program The Driver Improvement and Control (DI&C) Program aims to make Manitoba’s roads safer for all. It encourages Manitobans to make safe driving their habit for a lifetime.4.

Driver’s Handbook • 111 .Interventions Applying to All Drivers • Interventions are based on driver experience and the severity and frequency of the driver’s involvement. The DI&C Program may: • send you an advisory letter about your driving • send you a warning letter about your driving • require you to complete a driver course • require you to attend a Show Cause Hearing The possible outcomes from a Show Cause Hearing include: • driver’s licence suspension • required completion of a driver course or driver examinations • further restrictions on your driver’s licence • no action Drivers who don’t complete a required course or exam will have their driver’s licence cancelled and their driver’s licence charges refunded.

in most cases. After that. We place you on the scale using your driving record for the past year. Which level you’re on depends on your driving record. each year of safe driving = one level up the scale. 112 • Driver’s Handbook . you’ll move down the scale.5. Driver Safety Rating Your Driver Safety Rating is your position on a scale with 32 active levels. you’ll move up the scale and start saving. How the Scale Works Each year. This affects how much you pay for your Autopac and driver’s licence premiums. you’ll be at the “base” level on the Driver Safety Rating scale for both vehicle and driver’s licence premiums. Remember. for each year you drive safely. and what you owe for the next year. No traffic convictions or at-fault accidents? You’ll move up the scale. which usually results in lower premiums. we’ll send you a notice showing you where you are on the scale. If you’re a new Manitoba driver with your first driver’s licence. If you have traffic convictions or at-fault accidents. along with higher premiums. Moving up the scale means more merits. Moving down the scale means fewer merits (or more demerits).

Safety Services Manitoba delivers the Mature Driver program. who knows the effects of aging on driving ability. Interlake. Westman and Parkland regions of the province. Courses are available in the Winnipeg. Eastman. Safe Driving Programs Mature Driver Program Mature Driver is an educational program designed to help the senior driver to continue to drive safely.ca Driver’s Handbook • 113 . A qualified senior driving instructor.safetyservicesmanitoba. contact: Safety Services Manitoba Telephone: 204–949–1085 Website: www. For more information. sharpening driving skills and providing techniques to compensate for normal age-related changes that affect driving ability.6. Central. Mature Driver program focuses on updating driving knowledge. teaches how to compensate for these effects.

not while driving. Temporary permits are available for the anticipated length of the disability as certified by a medical practitioner. up to 36 months.ca Website: www.smd-services. Permits are to be displayed only when parked in disabled parking.ca Remember: It is illegal to park in a space designated for disabled persons unless you are disabled or you are transporting a disabled person and a valid disabled parking permit is prominently displayed in your vehicle. contact: Parking Permit Program 1111 Winnipeg Avenue Winnipeg. The fee is $12.50 for a permit or permit renewal. Manitoba R3E 0S2 Telephone: 204–975–3257 Toll-free: 1–800–836–5551 TTY: 204–975–3239 Fax: 204–975–3240 Email: info@smd. cane. crutches or walker.mb. or if your disability restricts you from walking more than 50 m without great difficulty or danger to your health or safety. Permits must be displayed on the rearview mirror of a vehicle so they are clearly visible from outside the vehicle for enforcement purposes. the permit is valid for 36 months.Parking Entitlement for People with Physical Disabilities You may apply for a parking permit that allows you to park in spaces designated for disabled persons if you have a permanent or temporary physical disability requiring the full-time assistance of a mobility aid such as a wheelchair. If your disability is permanent. your medical practitioner or local municipal office. 114 • Driver’s Handbook . An application form may be obtained from any regional office of the Society for Manitobans with Disabilities. To apply for a permit or for further information. Non-profit organizations can apply for permits for vehicles used to transport people with physical disabilities.

This report details the driver’s abilities. Clients must be referred in writing by their physician. as well as psychiatric disorders and disabilities associated with aging. To obtain a referral to the program. Manitoba R3E 3L7 Telephone: 204–787–2366 Driver’s Handbook • 115 .Disabled Driver Assessment and Management Program The Disabled Driver Assessment & Management Program at the Health Sciences Centre is a comprehensive two-part program. the client or physician should notify: Manitoba Public Insurance Medical Records Box 6300 Winnipeg. An occupational therapist prepares a report on the results of the pre-screening and on-road evaluations. contact: Health Sciences Centre Rehab Engineering Department Special Devices Program 59 Pearl Street Winnipeg. Manitoba R3C 4A4 Telephone: 204–985–1900 Vehicle Modifications for People with Physical Disabilities If you are a disabled driver holding a valid Manitoba driver’s licence. which includes a clinical pre-screening assessment by an Occupational Therapist and a practical on-road evaluation. For specific information regarding vehicle modifications. the referring physician and the Health Sciences Centre Rehabilitation Engineering Department. A wide range of clients are served. areas of concern and recommendations for vehicle modifications and is sent to the Medical Records Department of Manitoba Public Insurance. including those with neurological and orthopedic disabilities (congenital and acquired). you may obtain a wide range of vehicle modifications at no cost through the Health Sciences Centre Rehabilitation Engineering Department.

Environmental Consequences of Driving If you keep a vehicle well tuned and maintained. Before buying or leasing a vehicle. Consider taking the bus as much as possible. However. check its fuel efficiency. and volatile organic compounds. 2. These gases adversely affect our health and are significant enough to affect the environment. Drive only when you must and consider walking when relatively short distances are involved. 4. Don’t let your engine idle while your car is parked. Cars produce 50% of the carbon dioxide emitted by vehicles. Check pollution controls regularly. The less fuel a vehicle burns. even the best maintained vehicles will continue to emit gases such as carbon dioxide. carbon monoxide. and the more money you save at the gas pump. 3. The following are some things drivers can do to reduce these effects: 1. the less pollution it creates. 3 kg/rider 2 1 0 Family Car Transit or Auto? Carbon Dioxide Emissions from Cars and Buses (per rider) Sub-compact Car Bus 116 • Driver’s Handbook . Keep your vehicle well tuned and maintained and tires properly inflated. nitrogen oxides and sulphur dioxide. it will help control the emission of pollutants. The carbon dioxide per rider produced by the average family car is almost four times that produced per rider by a half-empty bus.

rapid speeding up and hard braking — can increase fuel consumption by up to 39%. The good news is that practicing defensive driving techniques not only improves road safety. use it for highway driving to maintain a constant safe speed and save fuel. • If you are driving a vehicle with a manual transmission. speed up smoothly when passing or merging with faster traffic and avoid hard braking.Fuel Efficient Driving Techniques Safety should be your number one concern every time you get behind the wheel of a vehicle. which is not possible on trips of less than 5 km. If you must use your vehicle’s air conditioning. which makes the engine work harder and consume more fuel. Depending on your driving habits and how often you drive. However. A tachometer can help you shift the transmission at the most fuel efficient engine speeds (the owner’s manual will indicate these speeds). where it’s a good idea to allow the vehicle’s speed to drop slightly going uphill and then let gravity help you build up speed again (to a safe level) going down the other side. • Plan your trips to combine errands and to avoid traffic jams. steep hills. road construction. avoid running it continuously. these basic techniques and useful tips could save you hundreds of dollars a year in fuel and maintenance costs: • It is both safer and more fuel-efficient to maintain a steady speed on the road. A more fuel-efficient option for staying cool is to open a window. etc. • Never drive faster than the posted speed limit. shut it off after the interior is cool or set the controls to a comfort level that allows the system to cycle. The exception is on hilly terrain. learn how to use it properly for maximum fuel savings. it also reduces fuel consumption and cuts exhaust emissions that contribute to climate change and urban smog. minimize your use of air conditioning. at highway speeds. use your car’s flow-through ventilation — open windows and sunroofs increase aerodynamic drag. Avoid using cruise control while driving on slippery or winter roads. Increasing your highway cruising speed from 100 km/h to 120 km/h will increase fuel consumption by up to 20%. European tests have shown that aggressive driving — frequent. Operating an air conditioner in hot weather can increase fuel consumption by more than 20% in city driving. Avoiding trouble spots shortens your travel time and reduces unnecessary idling. Combining a number of short trips into one longer one allows your engine and drivetrain to reach peak operating temperature. • If you have cruise control. Driver’s Handbook • 117 . • In summer.

A vehicle with tires that are under inflated by 6 psi (42 kPa) increases fuel consumption by 3%. Don’t leave your block heater on overnight or your energy savings will disappear in a higher electricity bill.oee. If you have to drive more than 2 km to add air. • Remote car starters are handy on cold winter mornings. Regular maintenance such as oil and filter changes will not only prevent early breakdown of your vehicle’s parts. it will also keep them operating at their most fuel-efficient level. today’s modern engines need to warm up for only 30 seconds.ca/vehicles. At the end of the day. This means your engine has to work harder and use more fuel. wastes more fuel than stopping your engine and restarting it again. 118 • Driver’s Handbook . glove compartment or in the owner’s manual. at the same time. allowing your car to idle too long wastes gas and produces unnecessary exhaust emissions. Proper use of a block heater can improve your vehicle’s overall fuel economy by as much as 10%. stopping unnecessary idling will benefit the environment and save you money. your car will burn less fuel and be safer to drive. • Idling for more than 10 seconds. Use a timer to switch the block heater on two hours before you plan to drive. Your vehicle’s oil does not freeze when the temperature dips below 0°C.• Check tire pressure at least once a month when the tires are cold (i. the vehicle had been parked for at least three hours or had not been driven more than 2 km). • Use a block heater in the winter to warm the engine oil and make cold starts easier on your engine parts. • Follow the vehicle manufacturer’s recommended operating procedures and maintenance schedule in your owner’s manual. check the tires before you leave and then add the amount of air that is missing from this reading.e. but it does get much thicker. Also. With proper tire inflation.gc. but don’t start your car too soon — in most driving conditions. Inflate the tires to the recommended pressure.nrcan. except in traffic. usually indicated on the car door. help the environment. Regular maintenance will keep your vehicle operating safely. You will find other useful tips and tools at www. A clogged air filter can increase fuel consumption by up to 10%. even on cold mornings. save you money and.

If you have named a proxy in your Living Will. Your donor card is a legal document that allows you to give any or all tissues and organs after death. donor cards are often not available at the time of the donor’s death. However. Generally. Everyone has the potential to be an organ and tissue donor. pancreas. You can make the difference in the lives of many people by deciding to become a donor. Simply cut out the card on the following page.Forms Organ and Tissue Donation Every year in Canada. and keep it with your Manitoba Health Registration Certificate or Driver’s Licence so it’s visible for law enforcement and hospital officials. small bowel. Other people you may want to inform of this wish are your clergy and family doctor. it is important that you discuss your wishes with your family. thousands of people are waiting for organ and tissue transplants. solid bones and joints. Organs and tissues that can be donated include: kidneys. organ donors are healthy people who have suffered an irreversible brain injury. 120 • Driver’s Handbook . A Living Will is another place where you can record your wishes. Therefore. the proxy has precedence over the legal next-of-kin to give consent for organ and tissue donation if you have discussed your wishes with your proxy. not the age. The health of the donor. corneas. skin and heart valves. heart. Drivers under the age of 18 years require the signature of a parent or guardian. liver. as in a motor vehicle accident or a brain hemorrhage. Sign a Donor Card Today and Discuss Your Wishes with Your Family! Signing a donor card is one way to indicate your wishes to be an organ and tissue donor. lungs. is the most important thing considered. complete the information.

namely: for the following purposes: ❑ transplant and other therapeutic purposes.M.DONOR CARD Direction under The Human Tissue Gift Act C. Donor Signature Co-signature of parent or guardian where donor is under 18 years of age.ca (204) 787-1897 Tissue Bank Manitoba (204) 940-1750 The Lions Eye Bank of Manitoba and Northwest Ontario Inc. contact: Transplant Manitoba – Gift of Life Program www. H180 T I. ❑ medical education.C. or ❑ the following specified organs or parts of my body. (204) 788-8419 Driver’s Handbook • 121 .S. direct the use. ❑ scientific research.transplantmanitoba. after my death (please check ✓) of: ❑ any needed organs or parts of my body. c. Date Date For further information and extra donor cards.

ORGAN AND TISSUE DONATION If you wish to donate organ(s) or tissue after death. complete the attached donor card and KEEP IT WITH YOUR MANITOBA HEALTH REGISTRATION CERTIFICATE OR DRIVER’S LICENCE SO IT IS VISIBLE FOR LAW ENFORCEMENT AND HOSPITAL OFFICIALS. IT IS EXTREMELY IMPORTANT TO DISCUSS YOUR DECISION WITH Y YOUR FAMILY TO ENSURE YOUR WISHES ARE FULFILLED. For more information on organ and tissue donation. 204-788-8419 (R-09/09) 122 • Driver’s Handbook . please contact one of the Human Tissue Gift Agencies listed below: Transplant Manitoba-Gift of Life Program 204-787-1897 Tissue Bank Manitoba 204-940-1750 Lions Eye Bank of Manitoba and Northwest Ontario Inc.

Proof of age and identity are required before a knowledge test can be taken. An applicant that has successfully passed the knowledge test as part of the High School Driver Education Program must submit this form before a licence will be issued. in accordance with The Drivers and Vehicles Act.Parental or Legal Guardian Approval for a Person Under 18 Years of Age to Apply for a Driver’s Licence Note: This form must be submitted to supervising staff before a driver’s licence applicant under 18 years of age will be allowed to take a knowledge test. the undersigned. I/We. a request to the Registrar to cancel the licence. The person approving an application of a minor for a driver’s licence has the right to submit. being the parent(s) or legal guardian(s) of: (Child’s full name) whose date of birth is: (dd/mm/yyyy) do hereby approve said applicant for a driver’s licence. in writing. and the Registrar must comply with such request and cancel said licence while the applicant is a minor. Parent signature Signature of Legal Guardian(s) (Only ONE signature is required) For office use only: Driver’s Handbook • 123 . including a digital photograph.

: Make/Model/Year: Registration No.: Remember: You must report the collision to the police when a person is injured — no matter how slightly — or when the combined property damage exceeds $1. of Passengers: Owner of Other Vehicle or Property Name: Address: Vehicle Plate No. muddy. wet./P.) Nature of Vehicle Damage Yours: Other’s: Nature of Damage to Property: Your Vehicle Plate No.M.: Name and Licence Number of the Other Driver Name: Address: Driver’s Licence No. snowy. Driver’s Handbook • 125 . icy.000.M. loose snow) Speed: Yours: Direction of Travel: Yours: km/h Other’s: km/h km/h Other’s: km/h Time: (A.Collision Report The following collision checklist shows you what information is required in reporting a collision: Details of the Collision Date: Exact Location: City and Province: Road Conditions: (dry.: No.

Name: Address: Phone No. Name: Address: Age: Sex: Nature of Injuries: Taken to: Injured Person 3. Name: Address: Age: Sex: Nature of Injuries: Taken to: Injured Person 2.: 126 • Driver’s Handbook . Name: Address: Phone No.Injured Person 1.: 2. Name: Address: Age: Sex: Nature of Injuries: Taken to: Witnesses 1.

) Remember: You must report the collision to the police when a person is injured — no matter how slightly — or when the combined property damage exceeds $1.000. Driver’s Handbook • 127 . • Identify all streets. • Indicate centre line of road. • Indicate all measurements (skid marks. road widths. etc.Collision Diagram In this space: • Outline roadway with solid lines. • Indicate North by arrow.

please have available your driver’s licence.m.m.m. to 4:00 p. When you call. to 9:00 p. and any information you have about the accident. Closed Sunday Reporting Glass Claims Inside Winnipeg: 204–985–7000 Outside Winnipeg (toll-free): 1–800–665–2410 TTY: 204–985–8832 Reporting damage claims other than glass Inside Winnipeg: 204–985–7000 Outside Winnipeg (toll-free): 1–800–665–2410 We’ll give you the first available estimate appointment at one of the following locations: • • • • • 445 King Street R2W 5H2 (closing Spring/Summer 2010) 125 King Edward Street R3H 0V9 930 St. Saturday: 8:30 a.m. convenient service. Hours Monday to Friday: 7:00 a. Mary’s Road R2M 4A8 (Service available in French) 420 Pembina Highway R3L 2E9 1103 Pacific Avenue R3E 1G7 Watch for these new Service Centres: Opening Spring/Summer 2010: • • 1284 Main Street 15 Barnes Street Opening Fall/Winter 2010: • 40 Lexington Park Driver’s Handbook • 129 . Manitoba motorists can report their Autopac claims over the telephone. vehicle registration.Claim Reporting For fast.

3937 inch 39.09 yards .09 ton Length 1 millimetre (mm) 1 centimetre (cm) 1 metre (m) 1 metre (m) 1 kilometre (km) mm cm km km/h mph = = = = = = = = = = .2 pounds 1.Metric Converter mph MAXIMUM 10 20 mph 40 50 mph 70 80 90 100 110 0 0 20 km/h MAXIMUM 30 MAXIMUM 60 km/h 50 70 MAXIMUM km/h 90 110 130 150 170 Weight 1 gram (g) 1 kilogram (kg) 1 metric ton (t) = = = .3 inches or 3.2 feet 1.621 mile millimetres centimetres kilometres kilometres per hour miles per hour 130 • Driver’s Handbook .03 ounce 2.0394 inch .

mpi. Driver training instructors are required to meet and maintain certain licensing and testing requirements. extension 7928 For further information and safe driving quizzes.ca Driver’s Handbook • 131 . please see our website: www. One requirement prohibits driving instructors from conducting driving lessons on driver testing routes. For further information about becoming a driving instructor.mb. please contact: Driver Training Permit Unit Telephone: 204–985–7928 Toll-free: 1–800–665–2410.Driver Training Schools and Instructors Driver training schools and instructors are licensed by Manitoba Public Insurance.

audio tape or braille on request.mb.mpi. .For further information.00 DVL0019/0099–25–B3 R–2010 This publication is also available in large print. Driver’s Handbook • 134 Ce document existe aussi en français. please see our website: www. which is used paper collected through recycling programs. Contains 20% post-consumer waste. This brochure can also be recycled.ca $5.

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