PRIMITIVE

Fie f : I → R Functia F : I → R se numeste PRIMITIVA A FUNCTIEI f ⇔ 1. F derivabila pe I 2. F ' ( x ) = f ( x ) , ∀x ∈ I Multimea tuturor primitivelor F ale unei functii f care admite primitive se numeste INTEGRALA NEDEFINITA A FUNCTIEI f, si se noteaza: ∫ f ( x ) dx = F ( x ) + C .

TABEL DE INTEGRALE NEDEFINITE UZUALE

1. ∫ 1dx = x + C 2.

11.

∫ cos xdx = sin x +

C

∫ xdx =
2

x2 +C 2

12. ∫ tgxdx = − ln cos x + C 13. ∫ ctgxdx = ln sin x + C 14.

x3 3. ∫ x dx = +C 3
x x 4. ∫ e dx = e + C

∫ cos ∫ sin ∫x ∫x ∫ ∫ ∫
2

1
2

x

dx = tgx + C

5.

n ∫ x dx =

x n +1 + C x ∈ R, n ∈ N n +1 x a +1 + C x > 0, a ∈ R \ {1} a +1 C x≠0

15.

1
2

x

dx = −ctgx + C

6.

a ∫ x dx =

16.

1 1 x dx = ⋅ arctg + C 2 a a +a 1 1 x−a dx = ⋅ ln +C 2 2a x+a −a 1 dx = ln x + x 2 + a 2 + C

7.

∫ x dx = ln x +

1

17.

2

8. ∫ a x dx = 9. ∫ a n dx =

ax + C x∈R ln a ax +C ln a

18.

x +a
2

2

(

)

19.

1 x −a
2 2

dx = ln x + x 2 − a 2 + C x +C a

10. ∫ sin xdx = − cos x + C

20.

1 a −x
2 2

dx = arcsin