429

Objectives
Overview of SNMP SNMP Tools Direct Access to Cisco Routers

SNMP

(c) 2001, Hans Kruse and Shawn Ostermann

2

A Perspective on Managing Network Nodes
A B Useful Stuff Done Here Probes User Statistics Interface C D E
(c) 2001, Hans Kruse and Shawn Ostermann 3

The Network Management Utopia

Network Management System

(c) 2001, Hans Kruse and Shawn Ostermann

4

The Problem
Vendor-specific code for every device is too expensive to maintain The device cannot spend resources interpreting complex requests SNMP: Simple Network Management Protocol – Simple commands, complexity placed into the management system
(c) 2001, Hans Kruse and Shawn Ostermann 5

SNMP Structure
Simple Protocol Structure
Information retrieval
GET, GET-NEXT, GET-BULK

Setting Parameters
SET

Alarms
TRAP

(c) 2001, Hans Kruse and Shawn Ostermann

6

The Hard Part
Create a description (database schema) for the information
Defines the type of information Documents the meaning of the information Allows many independently developed standards to be merged in a device

MIB
Management Information Base Defines an extensible classification scheme for pieces of information Codes the information and documentation into a formal specification language (ASN.1)

(c) 2001, Hans Kruse and Shawn Ostermann

7

(c) 2001, Hans Kruse and Shawn Ostermann

8

The Classification Scheme
Every group of related information items has a common prefix (sequence of integers) Prefixes are organized in a hierarchy Items can be single values or multiple instances of an item type
iso (1) org (3) dod (6) internet (1)

Some Specifics
The stuff we are interested in has the prefix

Also written as 1.3.6.1

(c) 2001, Hans Kruse and Shawn Ostermann

9

(c) 2001, Hans Kruse and Shawn Ostermann

10

Example
Most commonly used items are in
mib-2 {internet mgmt(2) mib-2(1)}

Final Thoughts
SNMP has no security (at least none that has been standardized) SNMP’s primary use is therefore for monitoring, not for configuration Several high-end network management systems exist that are based on SNMP (HP Openview, Aprisma SPECTRUM)
11 (c) 2001, Hans Kruse and Shawn Ostermann 12

The name assigned to an entity is
sysName {mib-2 system(1) sysName(5)}

Information on router interfaces are in
mib-2 interface(2) ifTable(2) ifEntry(1) ifIndex(1) ….
(c) 2001, Hans Kruse and Shawn Ostermann

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful