164

CONTENTS

TRADITIONAL HOUSES 165

ARCHITECTURAL STYLES , 166

GREEK TEMPLE __ . __ .. __ __ .. __ 168

ROMAN HOUSE , __ __ __ 170

MOSQUE , , , , 172

ARCH , , , .. , , , 174

GOTHIC CATHEDRAL , , 175

VAUBAN FORTIFICATION , , ,178

CASTLE , 180

ROOFS , , , , , , .. 182

DOWNTOWN , , , , , .. 184

CROSS SECTION OF A STREET 186

CITY HOUSES , __ , 187

THEATER " " , , 188

OFFICE BUILDING , , , , 190

TRADITIONAL HOUSES

igloo

yurt

isba

hut

tepee

> :;1;1

n :c

=i

m n -I c: ::a m

hut

pile dwelling

165

166

architravev-v-- -[ ~

'b'w'--l

capital- - -.'

IONIC ORDER

pedlment->"

enta blature - - - --

.... l:1li: ::::I! tV

.... '

!:: :c V

~

volute --:

shaft----- -

column -----

torus --_

rrepidorna - - - --

euthynteria - - - __

ARCHITECTURAL STYLES

.,-- tympanum

"

------- flute

- - -- - - - - fillet

_--- sima

---

]-------- cornice

1. frieze

, ,

, ,

\- - dentil

"- - fascia

,- - scotia

__ - - stylobate

DORIC ORDER

CORINTHIAN ORDER

''-- mutule

• - - - gutta

'-- metope vclute ->
'- - abacus
rosette- • ,
,
,,_ - echinus : :
,
" acanth us leaf -.'
"
\_ - annulet
astraqal- - - - - - flute .. tI ... ~.~

fillet - - --.--

flute -------

•• - - - arris

torus -- •

. . .

middle torus - - --

'67

168

GREEK TEMPLE

acroterion

timber

tympanum

, ,

pediment--_'

-,

sloping cornice - - -' __

frieze->

archltrave i >

entablature - - - - --

column--------

crepidorna

peristyl e - - "

stylobate __ /

,

euthynteria --,'

g lie

ramp

pronaos

naos

tile

- - - antefix

PLAN OF THE GREEK TEMPLE

crepldorna

opisthodcrncs --

location of the statue --

naos-------------

prona05 --

column - - - - - - - - - - - --

169

ROMAN HOUSE

tablinum

timber

fresco

,

,

, , ,

vestibule --,'

atrium __ '

impluvium ..»

, ,

bed chamber

,

shop __ :

170

/,-- peristyle

-- - _ - garden

"

' __ mosaic

,

"- - dining room

"

"-- kitchen

"

VIEW FROM ABOVE

"--latrines

garden

roof __

lrnpluvium ----

> :a

n ::::c

~

m n -t C :a m

171

MOSQUE

porch dome --,

prayer hall - -',

"

porch - -'.

service room

minaret

shady arcades

reception hall

ablutions fountain

fortified wall

courtyard

172

"'" direction of Mecca

------------ Mihrab dome

__ --------- central nave

- - - - - - Qibla wall

- - - - - - door

PLAN OF THE MOSQUE

Minbar --_

Mihrab

_- - Mihrab dome

'-- door

shady arcades - - - --

__ - - courtyard

ablutions fountain - --

-- minaret

service room - - - - -

- - - - reception hall

> ::a t'\ :::t ::::j

m n -I C :::a m

173

ARCH

SEMICIRCULAR ARCH

keystone

- - spandrel

- voussotr

- springer

- extrados

- - - - lntrados

pier

TYPES OF ARCHES

equilateral

lancet

ogee

horseshoe

basket handle

stilted

Tudor

trefoil

174

GOTHIC CATHEDRAL

--- - - - - - - - bell tower

,-- rose window

,

"

"

,///- - tracery

",.-- stained glass

- --- - - -- gallery

,,- - spire

,.- - belfry

- -- - -- flying buttress

- - - - gable

order

--lintel

tympanum

"-- splay

portal

pier

"

, ,

pier

FAc;ADE

'75

, 76

GOTHIC CATHEDRAL

CATHEDRAL

transept spire -- - --

tower--,

flying buttress - -,_

pinnacle --.

abutment - - -

side chapel- --

crossing - --

arcade - -,'

pillar

Lady chapel--- _

PLAN OF THE CATHEDRAL

apsidiole - - - _

ambulatory - - - - - - --

----- apse

- - - - - - choi r

transept - --

--- - crossing

aisle - - _ - - _

- .. ------ nave

VAULT

traverse arch

formeret

,

,.- - keystone

- - tierceron

diagonal buttress

-,

", - - Lady cha pel

---- --- choir

177

178

VAUBAN FORTIFICATION

retrenchment

curtain

parade ground

,

, ,

scarp

bartizan

C ou n tersca rp

ground sill ,

, , . , , ,

salient angle

, , ,

guardhouse

rampart

moat

covered way

glacis

barrack buildings

battlement

embrasure

bastion

• •

"

face

flank

"

tenaille

demilune

postern

terreplein

caponiere

counterquard

):::a n :z: ::j

m

!:l

c: :::a m

179

180

CASTLE

flanking tower --

corner tower --,

castle ---- - _

turret - - - - --

covered parapet walk --

bailey--

curtain wall - _-

corbel- --

guardhouse -

machicolation - _-

drawbridge - - --

rampart _ - --

barbican ---

footbridge. - --

MACH ICQLATIO N

merion --,

___ - - pinnacle

crenel -

-: keep

loophole

corbel

• - - - - - battlement

- - - brattice

---postern

- parapet walk

- stockade

--- - moat

''-- bartizan

"- - chemise

'---lists

181

ROOFS

monitor roof

182

flat roof

sawtooth roof

agee roof

bell roof

sloped turret

pavilion roof

dome roof

helm roof

hip-and-valley roof

conical broach roof

rotunda roof

> :;a

t"\ ::r

~

rn t"\ ... c: :;a

rn

183

184

DOWNTOWN

park

convention center

office tower

cathedral

passenger station

median strip

square

, , , ,

,

planetarium

traffic island

boulevard

railroad

street

delivery ramp

freeway

hotel

skyscraper

restaurant

church

high-rise apartment

,

street light

,

parking lot

trade building

office building

museum

stadium

185

186

.... AI:: ~ lV ....

t: ::I:

V a:

<

main sewer

CROSS SECTION OF A STREET

street ligh t

· · ·

roadway

sidewalk

traffic light

, ,

center divider stri p

manhole

curb

. .

, , ,

. , , .

, , ,

fire hydrant

, , .

pedestrian crossing

,

, .

. .

"

storm sewer

bus stop

, '.

barrier

bus shelter

"

electricity cable

sewer __ -»

, ,

:

, ,

service main __ '

telephone cable

,

gas main

service main

CITY HOUSES

cottage

sinqle-family home

condominiums

semi-detached cottage

town houses

;.'\
- - - - - I I
- - - - -
- - - - -
- - - - -
- - - - -
- - - - -
- - - - -
- - - - -
- - - - -
!'
" - - - - -
'ill.il ~~i .... _"~:!~ jii
- - - -
;1111 II . ..,,, III! •• I •• II II
- - - - -
ill.1 II I. •• I' •• I, •• II ••
- - - -
)~ ~~ •• "'t " ~, . . ~ .. 'II' ~~
- - - - -
- - - - - -
-.jllt. hiqh-rise apartment

187

THEATER

footlights

border

iron curtain

grid--.

backdrop

, .

stage curtaln

. v,

catwalk - -'.

flies - - - - - -/-' --

batten --.

rehearsing room

scenery storage

,

slot

"

.'

"

scenery lift

, ,

stage

hoist

prompt box

, ,

orchestra pit

"

, , , ,

proscenium

,

orchestra seats

188

front light5

hall

, , , , , ,

,

I

acoustic ceiling

gallery

escalator

balcony

", __ control room

,

foyer

. . ,

.

,

d'ressing room

STAGE

parterre

border

stage curtain

wings

OJ
"0
.v;
<l> c..
"0
'., E
c.. 0
E 5.
e .~
a. 8
0..
0..
0 > ::ICI n :::I:

=i

m n -t c: ::ICI m

189

OFFICEBUI LDING

PODIUM AND BASEMENT

panoramic window _

office tower - - ---

main entrance __ ,

commercial area

public garden

street

"

bus

escalator

,

loading dock

subway

lobby

190

podium

.r : rotunda

elevator

g I as sed ro of

delivery entrance

parking

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