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Design of Staircase

# Design of Staircase

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Published by Subhankar Kirtania

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Published by: Subhankar Kirtania on Sep 12, 2010
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# Name-Subhankar Chandra Kirtania

Class –B.C.E.[IV] ; Section-A1 ; Roll No-000610401009

1
Design Of Staircase

All Dimensions are in meter
Floor to Floor height of the building is 3.0 meter. And clear dimension for the stair-hall is
4.70mX3.50m. Now if we take Riser(R)=150 mm no of riser needed =

=20.We go for dog-legged
stair case with width of each flight taken as 1650mm. Now no of riser needed per flight
= 2.

/ 3 .Now taking tread width =300mm total space needed for tread
=(9X300)mm=2700mm.Now we Take mid-landing width 1650mm .
So effective length(le) =4950mm. Assuming overall depth(D)=

Providing overall depth of the waist slab,D = 130 mm.(Here waist slab of the stair is embedded
125mm inside 250mm brick wall)
 Load calculation
On Landing portion-
Dead Load
i. s/w of waist slab = .13X25 = 3.25 KN/m
2

ii. s/w of floor finish celling plaster etc.(assumed) = 1 KN/m
2

_________________________________________________________________________
Total DL =4.25KN/m
2

Name-Subhankar Chandra Kirtania
Class –B.C.E.[IV] ; Section-A1 ; Roll No-000610401009

2

Now for 1.65 m wide waist slab Dead Load intensity on landing portion=(1.65X4.25)
KN/m=7.0125KN/m
Live Load
As per IS:456-200,cl-33.2,pg-63 live load intensity on the landing portion may be taken as
*( ) + ⁄

= 7.5 KN/m
Total loading intensity on landing portion (

)=(7.0125+7.5)KN/m=14.5125KN/m

On Inclined portion-
Dead Load
i. For s/w of waist-slab, floor-finish, ceiling-plaster
.

/ (

) (

)

ii. s/w of step = 12R=12X0.15

_________________________________________________________________
Total DL

Now for 1.65 m wide waist slab Dead Load intensity on Inclined portion
( 1.65)KN/m=10.8108KN/m
Total loading intensity on inclined portion (

)=( )

Let us consider max
m
intensity of loading

acting over the whole span –
Ma=Mb=.

/

W2=18.3108 KN/m W1=14.5125 KN/m

Name-Subhankar Chandra Kirtania
Class –B.C.E.[IV] ; Section-A1 ; Roll No-000610401009

3

Ultimate mt. =Mu=

.

/

For M25 concrete & Fe-500 steel

= 0.46(from IS-456:2000,pg-70 for fy=500) and

=25;
So Q=3.340152

()
} As per IS:456-200,cl-33.2,pg-63 effective breadth could be
taken as (b+75)mm.
Assuming 10 bars & 20mm clear cover D=(98.66+5+20)=123.66mm125mmDassumed (Hence
OK)

 Exact calculation

For case-

=29.632KN-m

For case-

,

( )-=6.3193KN-m
(a=1.825m,b=3.125m,s=2.7m,l=4.95m,w=3.7983KN)

,

( )-=4.218KN-m
Total--- MA=35.952 KN-m
MB=33.850 KN-m

MA>MB
Hence Ultimate moment(Mu)=1.5X35.952 KN-m=53.928 KN-m

W1=14.5125KN/m
CASE Ι
W=( W2 – W1)=3.7983 KN/m
CASE ΙΙ
(a) (b)
(s)
(l)

Name-Subhankar Chandra Kirtania
Class –B.C.E.[IV] ; Section-A1 ; Roll No-000610401009

4

4

5

Dreqd=(96.74+20+5)=121.75mmDprovided=130 mm
dprovided=(130-25)mm=105mmdreqd

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
RA = 42.82 KN RB = 40.13 KN

Span moment will be max
m
where shear force will be zero-
The distance from ‘A’ 2 .

/3
Max
m
Span moment,

0(

)

2

.

/3 2

()

31
= 18.5389 KN-m

MA=35.952
KN-m
MB=33.850 KN-m
case-ΙΙΙ R
A
ΙΙΙ
.

/ R
B
ΙΙΙ
.

/

case-ΙΙ R
A
ΙΙ
.

/ R
B
ΙΙ
.

/

case-Ι R
A
Ι
.
W

l

/ R
B
Ι
.
W

l

/
W2=18.3108 KN/m
W1=14.5125KN/m

Name-Subhankar Chandra Kirtania
Class –B.C.E.[IV] ; Section-A1 ; Roll No-000610401009

5

 REINFORCEMENT DETAILS
(with the help of SP:16 1980:-table-3,page-49,for
y
=500 & page-230)
effective depth
For supports , dx=(D-20-4)mm=106 mm(for 8 distributer bars at bottom)
For span bottom, dy=(D-20)mm= 110 mm(for 12 main bars at bottom)

Here

=.

/

=257.4 mm
2

Spacing req
d
for 8 distributers =(

)
Spacing prov
d
= 300 mm C/C

Cond
n
Momen
t
(KN-m)
Ultimate
Moment
(KN-m)

4

( )

5
P
t
=(%steel )

(

)
(

)

Spacing(mm)
At
support
top ‘A’
35.952 53.93 2.7825 0.7544
1319.45 10
@150mmC/C+
8
@150mmC/C
(552.92+863.94)
=1416.86
At
support
top ‘B’
33.850 50.78 2.6246 0.7029
1238.12
10
@100mmC/C
1295.91
At mid
span
bottom
18.5389 27.81 1.3324 0.328424
596.1
10
@200mmC/C
647.95

65 m wide waist slab Dead Load intensity on landing portion=(1.3108 KN/m W1=14.5125KN/m Total loading intensity on landing portion ( On Inclined portionDead Load i.2.65)KN/m=10.cl-33.8108KN/m slab Dead )=( Load intensity ) on Inclined portion Total loading intensity on inclined portion ( W2=18.25) KN/m=7. For s/w of waist-slab. / ( √ floor-finish. / acting over the whole span – 2 . Roll No-000610401009 Now for 1. ) ( √ ceiling-plaster ) ii.15 Total DL _________________________________________________________________ Now ( for 1.0125+7.0125KN/m Live Load As per IS:456-200. Section-A1 . s/w of step = 12R=12X0.[IV] .65X4.5 KN/m )=(7.E.5)KN/m=14.5125 KN/m Let us consider maxm intensity of loading Ma=Mb=.C. .Name-Subhankar Chandra Kirtania Class –B.pg-63 live load intensity on the landing portion may be taken as *( )⁄ + = 7.65 m wide waist 1.

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