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There are 246 fifteen-minute programs and 4 four-minute programs. That is about 62 hours of listening.

About 'The Making of a Nation' Radio Program
1. Introduction and Overview of 'The Making of a Nation' (You may skip this one.)

1400s-1500s
2. Columbus Sails, Others Follow, and Spain Is on Top of the World 3. A Difficult Life for English Settlers 4. Buffalo, 'Mystery Dogs' (Horses) and the Lives of the Plains Indians 5. A Clash of Cultures in the New World 6. How a Desire for Religious Freedom or Land, or Both, Led to Colonies

1600s-1776
7. Slavery Arrives as Colonial Expansion Heads South 8. By 1750, Almost One in Four People in the Colonies Were Slaves 9. British Defeat the French in a Struggle for North America 10. Britain Says No to 'No Taxation Without Representation' 11. A Tea Party at Night, on the Road to Revolution 12. A Declaration for Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness

1776-1800
13. How the Revolution Against Britain Divided Families and Friends 14. How Britain's Defeat at Saratoga Marked a Turning Point 15. How the Constitution Came to Life 16. After the Revolution, the Nation Faces a Weak Political System 17. The Founding Fathers Meet in Philadelphia to Write a Constitution 18. Finding the Right Plan for a New Government 19. Early Leaders Debate Presidential Powers 20. In 1787, Debating the Need for Federal Courts 21. Struggle to Balance Power Between Big States and Small States 22. A 'Great Compromise' on State Representation 23. Debating Slaves' Part in Representation of States 24. The Signing of the Constitution in Philadelphia 25. The Constitution Goes to the States for Approval 26. The Heart and Spirit of the Constitution 27. From Revolutionary War Hero to President

28. The Imagination of Alexander Hamilton 29. For a New Nation, Hamilton Seeks a Bank 30. Two-Party Political System Takes Hold in US 31. How a Dispute Helped Lead to Party System 32. John Adams Is Elected Nation's Second President 33. Adams Avoids War With France, Signs Alien and Sedition Acts

1800-1825
34. Jefferson Is Elected President in 1800, But Only on the 36th Vote 35. Jefferson, at Inaugural, Urges Unity of Hearts and Minds 36. Jefferson Begins Presidency With a Loyal Cabinet 37. Jefferson Moves to Cut Debt, Spending 38. Jefferson Gets Louisiana Territory From France 39. A Supreme Court Justice Is Put on Trial in 1805 40. The Treason Trial of Aaron Burr, Former VP 41. Jefferson Suspends Trade with Europe in 1807 42. Jefferson Tries to Keep Trade Ban on Europe 43. The Last Days, and Lasting Influence, of Thomas Jefferson 44. Relations With Britain Hit a Low Point in 1811 45. Madison Declares War on Britain in 1812 46. British Set Fire to City of Washington in 1814 47. A National Anthem Is Born From the War of 1812 48. War of 1812 Ends, but Fighting Continues 49. War of 1812 Ends With Treaty of Ghent 50. James Monroe Easily Wins Election in 1816 51. Monroe Doctrine Warns Europe Not to Interfere in the Americas 52. Monroe Dislikes but Signs Missouri Compromise 53. In Election of 1824, a Clash of Personalities 54. John Quincy Adams, a Man Raised to Serve

1825-1850
55. In Election of 1828, a Bitter Campaign 56. Tragedy Hits as Jackson Prepares for Presidency 57. Split Divides Jackson, Vice President Calhoun 58. For President Jackson, a Question of States' Rights 59. Bank of the United States Worries Jackson 60. Debating the Powerful Bank of the US 61. As Jackson Aims to Shut Bank, an Economic Crisis Results 62. Jackson's Victory Over the Bank of the US 63. Trouble Grows Deep in the Heart of Texas 64. Jackson, 'the People's Friend,' Leaves Office

65. New President Deals with Old Problems 66. US Gets a New President in 1837, and a Depression 67. The Rise of the Movement Against Slavery 68. Whigs See a Chance to Defeat Van Buren in 1840 69. The Brief Presidency of William Henry Harrison 70. President John Tyler Shows His Independence 71. Texas Statehood Is Chief Issue in 1844 Campaign 72. In 1845, Republic of Texas Faces a Choice 73. Polk Sends Troops to Border With Mexico 74. Polk Decides Not to Seek Second Term in 1848 75. Zachary Taylor Is Elected President in 1848

1850-1861
76. Plan in 1850 on Slavery Aims to Save Union 77. The South Asks for Justice, Simple Justice 78. The Fresh Air of Liberty and Union 79. Millard Fillmore Signs Compromise of 1850 80. Pierce, New President, Is Friendly but Weak 81. The Kansas-Nebraska Bill Divides the Country 82. Kansas Takes Steps Towards Statehood 83. The Struggle Over Slavery in the Kansas Territory 84. Slavery Debate Intensifies With Dred Scott Ruling 85. The Effort to Make Kansas a Slave State 86. Search for Gold Drives Settlers to the West 87. Brigham Young Leads His Mormons to a New Home 88. The Story of the Lincoln-Douglas Debates of 1858 89. Slavery Crisis Eases, but Not for Very Long 90. Story of John Brown's Raid on Harpers Ferry 91. A Failed Attempt to Raise a Rebel Army of Slaves 92. Hopes, Fears and the Election of 1860 93. Lincoln Takes Presidency of a Nation in Crisis 94. South Carolina Leaves Union, Tensions Increase 95. Lincoln Names a Cabinet 96. Lincoln's Policy on South Is Soon Tested

1861-1865 - The Civil War
97. The Civil War Begins 98. The Civil War's First Days 99. The North Loses the First Major Battle of the War 00. Lincoln Names a General to Defend Washington 01. The Civil War at Sea

02. South Defends Its Capital 03. At Bull Run, a Terrible Defeat for the North 04. Lincoln Needs a Victory 05. Lincoln Declares Slaves Free in Rebel States 06. The South Wins a Victory, but at a Great Cost - The Battle of Chancellorsville 07. Lee and His Army Cross Into the North 08. As the Civil War Grows, So Does Opposition 09. Lincoln's Gettysburg Address 10. Battle of Vicksburg Splits the Southern Confederacy 11. Closing in on Richmond, the Confederate Capital 12. Sherman's March to the Sea 13. Election of 1864 14. Victory Is Close for the Union 15. Surrender at Appomattox

1865-1880
16. After the Civil War: Death of Lincoln Helps Unite a Divided Nation 17. Searching for the Man Who Shot Lincoln 18. Final Surrender of the Confederate Army 19. Andrew Johnson: The Story of America's Seventeenth President 20. The Great Impeachment Trial of Andrew Johnson 21. Reconstruction: After the Civil War, the American South Rebuilds 22. Election of 1868: Famous War Hero Becomes President 23. President Grant: Civil War Hero Faces Battles of Politics 24. Questions of Wrongdoing Trouble President Grant's Second Term 25. Election of 1876: One of the Closest in American History 26. Rutherford Hayes Wins Disputed 1876 Presidential Election 27. Gold! How the Search for Riches Drove Development After the U.S. Civil War 28. Early Country Music: Cowboys Told About Their Lives in Song 29. Native Americans Went to War to Protect Their Lands 30. Native Americans Fight Two Wars Over Land Rights 31. How the Western United States Was Settled

1880-1900
32. James Garfield: Gunfire Ends a Presidency After Only Six Months 33. 1881: Vice President Chester Arthur Replaces Murdered Leader 34. Grover Cleveland: A Democrat Wins the White House in 1884 35. Immigrants: America's Industrial Growth Depended on Them 36. American Lawmakers React to Flood of Immigrants in Late 1800s 37. Election of 1888: Voters Cared Most About Import Taxes 38. Competition Drives Industrial Growth in the Late 1800s

39. Grover Cleveland Returns to the White House in 1892 40. Nation Is in Economic Trouble as President Cleveland Takes Office 41. President Cleveland Uses Federal Troops to Stop Railroad Strike 42. Election of 1896: It Came Down to a Question of Money 43. Trade Drives America's Foreign Policy in the Late 1800's 44. United States Declares War on Spain in 1898 45. William McKinley: The Twenty-Fifth President of the United States 46. Theodore Roosevelt Becomes America's Youngest Leader

1900-1916
47. Theodore Roosevelt Leads America Into the 20th Century 48. Theodore Roosevelt Answers Public Demand for Reforms 49. President Roosevelt Decides to Build the Panama Canal 50. Teddy Roosevelt's Policies Lead to Social Reform in America 51. William Howard Taft Replaces Teddy Roosevelt as President 52. President Taft Breaks From Teddy Roosevelt -- His Closest Friend 53. Woodrow Wilson Wins 1912 Presidential Election 54. America's Economic Life Changes Under President Woodrow Wilson 55. Wilson Presidency Remembered Best for Its Foreign Policy

1916-1919 - World War I
56. Wilson Is Re-elected in 1916 on a Promise: 'He Kept Us Out of War!' 57. 'Right Is More Precious Than Peace': U.S. Enters World War One 58. 1918: American and German Forces Meet on a Battlefield Near Paris 59. Technology Helps the Allied Forces Win World War One 60. President Wilson Begins Negotiations for a World War One Peace Treaty 61. World War One Ends, but Wilson Knows His Battle Is Only Half Over

1919-1929
62. Wilson Builds Public Support for the League of Nations 63. America Turns Inward After World War One 64. Lost in the Stars: Movies Become Big Business in 1920s America 65. America's Fear of Communism in 1920 Becomes a Threat to Rights 66. Americans Vote for Change in 1920 as Harding Promises 'Normalcy' 67. After Harding Dies, Coolidge Aims to Rebuild Trust in the Government 68. 'Roaring Twenties' a Time of Economic and Social Change 69. In the 1920s, a Burst of American Art and Expression Takes Form 70. A Turn to the Right: Conservatism Grows in America in the 1920s 71. Blacks Set Out in Search of a Better Life in 1920s American Society 72. Coolidge Easily Wins Election of 1924 73. By 1920, America Had Become World's Top Economic Power

74. Election of 1928: Americans Are Presented With a Clear Choice 75. Hoover's High Hopes for American Economy Come Crashing Down

1929-mid-1930s- The Great Depression
76. The Great Depression: Fear Took Hold as an Economy Came Apart 77. The Great Depression: How It Affected U.S. Foreign Relations 78. Election of 1932: A Long Conservative Period in U.S. Politics Ends 79. 1933: An Angry Nation Puts Its Hopes in President Roosevelt 80. 1933: President Roosevelt's First 100 Days Give People Hope 81. 'We Have Only Just Begun to Fight': Roosevelt's Campaign of 1936 82. Roosevelt Aims for Economic Security With 'Second New Deal' 83. From Great Depression's Depths, Creativity Reached New Heights 84. 1930s: 'New Deal' Starts to Fail, Just as Threats Grow Overseas

mid-1930s-1945 - World War II
85. Road to World War Two: 1930s See Major Changes in Europe, Asia 86. 1930s: Britain Calls for ‘Peace in Our Time’ 87. 1940: Roosevelt Continues Policy of Neutrality After His Re-election 88. 1941: Attack on Pearl Harbor Ends American Effort to Avoid War 89. Path to World War Two: Japan Widens Its Influence in Asia 90. US Goes to War After Pearl Harbor, but Japan Is Not the First Target 91. Fighting World War Two: Powerful Germany Begins to Face Defeats 92. D-Day, June 6, 1944: The Greatest Military Invasion in History 93. World War Two in the Pacific Comes to a Fiercely Fought Close in 1945 94. On the Home Front During World War Two 95. Fighting World War Two Through Diplomacy 96. Story of World War Two: Developing the First Atomic Bombs

1945-1950
97. Life in the US After World War Two 98. Nation Still at War, Truman Is Suddenly President 99. After World War Two, US Reacts to 'Iron Curtain' Across Europe 200. For Truman, One Problem After Another in His First Months in Office 201. Dewey Defeats Truman in 1948. Oops, Make It Truman Defeats Dewey

1950s - Korean War
202. Truman Faced Communist Fears, Real or Imagined 203. War Hero Is Elected President in 1952 204. Conflict in Korea Spills Over Into Eisenhower's Presidency 205. 1950s Popular Culture Helped Take Minds Off Nuclear Fears

206. A Freeze Hits US-Soviet Relations After World War Two 207. The Space Race Heightens Cold War Tensions

1960s - Kennedy Becomes President
208. Election of 1960 Brings Close Race Between Kennedy, Nixon 209. Kennedy Begins His Presidency With Strong Public Support 210. The Presidency of John Kennedy Begins With Great Energy, but Ends in Tragedy 211. Johnson Takes Over Presidency After Kennedy's Murder

1964 - Vietnam War
212. Johnson Wins a Full Term in 1964, Defends Vietnam Policies 213. Civil Rights Movement: In the '60s, a Struggle for Equality in US 214. The '60s Become a Time of Social Revolution and Unrest

1968 - Richard Nixon Becomes President
215. 1968 in America: a Year of Social Unrest and a Presidential Election 216. Nixon Promises to 'Bring the American People Together' After '68 Win 217. Vietnam War: Nixon Tries Secret Talks, but Also Invades Cambodia 218. Watergate: How a Name, and a Failed Break-In, Became a Symbol of Political Corruption 219. Ford Leads Nation Through Difficult Days of Watergate

1997 - Bi-centenial
220. Jimmy Carter Wins the 1976 Presidential Election 221. Fuel Prices, Iran Hostage Crisis Weigh on Carter 222. Election of 1980 Launches the 'Reagan Revolution' 223. President Reagan's Main Goal was to Shrink Government. But Budget Deficits Created a Huge National Debt. 224. 1970s and '80s Were a Period of Change in American Society

1988 - George H. W. Bush Becomes President
225. George Herbert Walker Bush Is Elected President in 1988 226. George H. W. Bush's Presidency Saw End of Cold War

1993 - Bill Clinton Becomes President
227. A 'Man From Hope' Is Elected to the White House in 1992 228. Bill Clinton Begins His First Term in 1993 229. Bill Clinton Wins Re-election in 1996 230. How Bill Clinton Became the Second President Ever to Be Impeached 231. How Science and Technology Helped Shape '90s

2000 - George W. Bush Becomes President
232. Supreme Court Ruling Decides the 2000 Presidential Election 233. After Attacks of 9/11, Bush Launches 'War on Terror' 234. How Bush's War on Terror Led to Iraq 235. The 43rd President's First Four Years, Revisited 236. How Foreign Policy Shaped the 2004 Presidential Race

Other History Broadcasts (Explorations, Agricultre Report, ...)
237. The Lewis and Clark Expedition - Part 1 (1804-1806) 238. The Lewis and Clark Expedition - Part 2 (From the 164th Day) 239. The Tuskegee Airmen: First African-Americans Trained As Fighter Pilots (World War II) 240. Lessons Learned From the Atomic Bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki 241. History of American Farming - Part 1 - From Horses to Tractors (4:00) 242. History of American Farming - Part 2 - America’s Highly Productive Farms (4:00) 243. Yukon Gold Rush - Part 1 - Thousands Went to Western Canada to Find It (15:00) 244. Yukon Gold Rush - Part 2 - Newspapers Said It Was Easy to Get Rich (15:00) 245. President Lincoln's Cottage (In Washington) (15:00) 246. Petroleum: A Short History, Part 1 (4:00) 247. Petroleum: A Short History, Part 2 (4:00) 248. The Gettysburg Address ("This is America," 2003-06-30) 249. The History of Transportation in the United States ("This is America," 2010-01-10)

Holiday Special
250. Christmas in America During the 19th Century

More Stories about History in Other Sections on This Website
These are not included in the count at the top of the page. Mailing a Letter to California in the Old West (This is America)

About
These are good for people studying English because it is possible to read along while listening. These are in VOA's Special English. These will print very cleanly (without printing the MP3 player and menu.) The source of the original pre-edited material is http://voanews.com/specialenglish/.

Though the source material was in the public domain, I have done some editing. If you need the public domain version of any of these stories, please visit http://voanews.com/specialenglish/.

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Voice of America Special English Study
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