# Design of one way slab

Classification of slab:-
a) On the basis of shape –square, circular, triangular etc.
b) On the basis of supporting condition –simply supported along
it edge continues slab running over number of support,
cantilever slab fixed at one end and free at other end, flat slab
directly supported by column
c) On the basis of spanning direction- one way slab (when the
main reinforcement is in one direction), two way (when the
main steel is provided in two or orthogonal directions.
Lx
Ly
Ly
Lx
>>22
Ly
One way
Lx
Ly
Ly
Lx
<=2
Ly
Two way
1. Effective Span (clause 22.2):-
a) simply supported slab
The effective span of member that is not built integrally
with it support shall be the least of the following.
i. Clear span + d (effective depth of slab).
ii. Center to center of support.
b) For continues slab.
If the width of support is less than 1/12 of clear
span the effective span shall be as a).if the support
are wider than 1/12 of the clear span or 600mm
which ever is less the effective span should be
taken as under.
i. For end span with one end fixed and other
continues or for intermediate span.
Effective span =clear span between two
support
ii. For end span with one end fixed and other
continues
Effective span =clear span +half the effective
depth of slab or beam.
Or
Effective span =clear span +half the width of
discontinues support.
Which ever is less.
2. Trial Depth
Depth of slab is governed by serviceability requirement of
deflections.
Calculate the depth of slab based on L/d ratio.
er effective
ratio d L allowable
span
D cov
/
+ ·

' d
ra
L
D + ·

bar of dia of half er d . cov ' + ·
Cover = min. 20mm
Table 16 clause 26.4.2 IS456-2000
Allowable L/d ratio = ra = basic L/d ratio X modification
factor (α1)
Basic L/d ratio (IS456-2000, C-23.2.1)
Basic values of span for effective depth ratio for span up to
10m
Cantilever – 7m
Simply supported – 20m
Continues – 26m
Modification factors (α) depends upon Pt% [c-23.2.1 (e)]
For span above 10m, the value in (a) may be multiplied by
10/span in meters, except for cantilever in which case
Ast % the in (a) & (b) shall be modified by multiplying
with the modification factor as per fig. given below.

M
o
d
i
f
i
c
a
t
i
o
n

f
a
c
t
o
r
Fs=145
Fs=120
provided steel of s c Areaof
required steel of s c of Area
fy Fs
/
/
58 . 0 ·
Calculate load in KN/m on 1m wide strip of the slab.
Live load = 2 to 2.5 (use IS875-part II)
Total ultimate load = Wu = 1.5 (DL+LL)
4. Design Moments:-
For simply supported slab Mu = Wu
8
2
l
For continous slab Mu =
2 2
l w l w
ul l d u d
α α +
Where
d u
w
= 1.5 DL
ul
w
= 1.5 LL
Moments and shear coefficient for continuous beam. ( Table 12
and 13 )
For moments at support where two unequal span meet or in
case where the span are not equally loaded, the average of
two values for the negative moment at the support may be
taken for the design.
Clause 22.5.2
Check for concrete depth:-
Since the depth of the slab is obtained from serviceability
consideration it is required to be checked from bending
moment requirements.
Calculate maximum moment carrying capacity of the section

2
max max
bd R M
u ur
·
For slab b = 1000 mm
(
max u
R
= for fe 415 =0.138 fck )
(
max u
R
= moment of resistance factor)
If
max ur
M
> ur
M
Then the section is adequate from bending moment
requirements.
1000
max
max
×
· ∴
u
u
R
M
d
Which shall be less than the
provided
If the above condition is not satisfied provide the depth
required from bending moment consideration.
Main steel:-
Ast =
bd
bd Fck
Mu
Fy
Fck

,
`

.
|
− −
2
6 . 4
1 1
5 . 0
Where b = 1000 mm > Ast min
Ast min = 0.12% bd for (1+YSD bar)
(Fe 415 & Fe 500)
= 0.15% bd for Fe 250
Required spacing s =
Ast
ast 1000

ast = area of c/s of one bar
Ast = total area of steel required
The spacing shall not exceed 3d or 300 mm whichever is less.
Check for deflection:-
Calculate Pt % = 100 Ast / bd
Where Ast is the maximum area of steel required at mid span
assumed.
er effective
d basicL
span
D
ser
cov
/
+
×
·
α
Check that D > ser
D
8. Distribution of steel:-
Required Ast =
D b× ×
100
12 . 0
for Fe 415
=
D b× ×
100
15 . 0
for Fe 250
Where b =1000mm and D is the overall depth
Maximum spacing

csd or 450 m whichever is less
9. Check for shear:-

Calculate maximum shear Vu max as per table 13 (IS456)
& v
J
=Vu max / area of cross section
Obtain design shear stress vc
J
corresponding to Pt = 100 Ast / bd
(from table 19)
Calculate shear resistance of slab
Internal stress = K vc
J
K – factor to increase in the resistance to shear due to membrane
action of slab and is given in table.
Overall
depth
of slab
in mm
300 or
more
275 250 225 200 175 150 or
less
K 1.00 1.05 1.1 1.15 1.20 1.50 1.30
If
c J
v >
max
v
J
the safe else increase the thickness of slab.
9. Check for development length:-
The length of the bars provided for resisting –ve moment should
not be less than +ve development length given by
Ld = K
ϕ
=
ϕ
bd
J
fy
4
87 . 0
L 1
0 . 1 5 L 1 0 . 2 5 L 1 0 . 2 5 L 2
A s t 1
0 . 5 A s t 2
D i s t r i b u t i o n s t e e l
Example: - design a simply supported rcc slab for a roof of hall
4m x 10m (inside dimension) with 230mm wall all around.
Assume a live load of 4 KN/
2
m and finish 1 KN/
2
m . Use M25 and
Fe 415
Solution: - data given
Room size = 4 x 10 m
Wall thickness = 230
LL = 4 KN/
2
m
FF = 1 KN/
2
m
Required – find depth, Ast.
Assume d =
28
span
=
28
4000
= 142.8

143 mm
(28=20x1.4=28)
Total depth = 143+5+20=168

170
2
m
FF = 1.0 KN/
2
m
Total D.L = 5.25 KN/
2
m
LL = 4.0 KN/
2
m
Factored design load = 1.5(5.25+4) = 13.875 KN/
2
m
Span length of slab
Span = effective span + d = 4+0.143 =4.143 m
Ultimate moment and shear:-
KNm
wl
M 77 . 29
8
143 . 4 875 . 13
8
2 2
·
×
· ·
KNm
wl
M 74 . 28
2
143 . 4 875 . 13
2
·
×
· ·
3. Check the depth for the bending:-
M=0.138 Fck b
2
d
2 6
1000 25 138 . 0 10 77 . 29 d × × × · × ∴
1 4 3 8 9 . 9 2 · 〈 · ∴ d m m d
OK
4. rough calculation for shear:-
) 3 6 . 0 ( 2 . 0
1 4 3 1 0 0 0
1 0 0 0 7 4 . 2 8
c v
b d
v
τ τ 〈 ·
×
×
· ·
c
τ
For grade of concrete M25 is 0.36
Hence OK for shear.
5. Calculation of steel area:-

,
`

.
|
− ·
fck bd
fy Ast
d Ast fy m
u
1 87 . 0
29.77 x

,
`

.
|
× ×
×
− × × × ·
25 143 1000
415
1 143 415 87 . 0 10
6
Ast
Ast
= 51630.15 Ast -5.99343
2
Ast
2
Ast - 8614.4578 Ast + 4967105.647=0
( )
2
647 . 4967105 4 4578 . 8614 4578 . 8614
2
× − t
· ∴Ast
622 · ∴Ast
5. main steel:-
Using 10
φ
bar.
Spacing =
c c / 125
622
78500

Ast provided = 628
2
mm
% 42 . 0 % 439 . 0 % ≈ · ∴ Ast
6. check for central of crack:-
Min pt = 0.12
2
204
100
170 1000 12 . 0
m As ·
× ×
· ∴
Hence ok for crack control
Dia =
8
170
=21.25>10mm provided ok.
Max spacing not more than 300. ok
7. recheck for shear
p=
46 . 0
143 1000
100 628
·
×
×
%
Reference table 19
2
/ 4692 . 0 mm N
c
· τ
8. check for deflection

Basic span to depth ratio =20
Multiplying factor for Ast =0.42% =1.40
Allowable L/d =1.40 x 20 =28
Assumed is also 28 hence ok
Hence safe in deflection
Secondary steel
As =
2
204
100
170 1000 12 . 0
100
12 . 0
mm
D b
·
× ×
·
× ×
Spacing less than = 5d or 450 mm
=715 or 450 mm
Hence ok
DESIGN OF CONTINUOUS SLABS
Design the interior span of a continuous one way slab for an office
floor continuous over T beams spaced at 4m centers.
Fck = 25N/
2
mm and Fe = 415 steel
Assume d =
mm
span
135
30
4000
30
· ·
Total depth =135+5+20=160mm
2
m
Floor finish = 1.0 KN/
2
m

Total = 5.0 KN/
2
m
Live load for office floor = 3.0 KN/
2
m
Ratio of LL/DL =0.6 less than 0.75
(Separate analysis of DL+LL not needed)
Design factored load = 1.5(5+3) =12 KN/
2
m
2. Ultimate moments
At interior support =
KNm
wl
16
12
4 12
12
2 2
·
×
·
At interior span =
KNm
wl
8
24
4 12
24
2 2
·
×
·
3. Check depth for moment
Mu= 0.138 fck b
2
d

d = 68 mm adopt d= 135mm
4. Rough check for shear
V=
KN 24
2
4 12
·
×

177 . 0
135 1000
1000 24
·
×
×
·
v
τ
min c
τ
For M25
2
/ 36 . 0 mm N
c
· τ
OK
5. Calculation of steel areas

Adopted depth is greater than required.
Hence section is under reinforced.
At support

,
`

.
|
× ×
×
− × × × · ×
135 25 1000
415
1 135 415 87 . 0 10 16
6
Ast
Ast
=48741.75 Ast – 5.9934 x
2
Ast
2
Ast - 8133.11 Ast
0
9934 . 5
10 16
6
·
×
+
2
6
2
343
2
9934 . 5
10 16
4 11 . 8133 11 . 8133
mm ·
×
× − t

Min area of steel
=
2
192
100
160 1000 12 . 0
100
12 . 0
mm
bD
·
× ×
·
OK
At interior span
192 min 172
2
343
2
2
2
< · · · mm
Ast
Ast
Hence provide minimum steel 192
2
mm
Main steel at support = 8 of e 130 c/c (Ast=384) (0.284%)
Ast interior =8 of 260 c/c (Ast=192) (0.142%)
6. Check for deflection at middle of slab
Basic L/d ratio = 26
F1= 0.58 x fy
192
192
415 58 . 0 × × ·
Asp
Asr
= 240.7
Modification factor = 2
So allowable ratio is 2 x 26 =52
Given are 30 hence OK
7. Check for cracking
Steel are greater than 0.12% OK
Spacing less than 3d = 3 x 135 = 405
Spacing less than 300 OK
Diameter of rod < D/8 (160/8 = 20mm) OK
8. Check for shear
min c v
than less very is τ τ
OK
9. Check for top steel
For T- beam action
the detailing arrangement provide more than 60% of main steel in
mid span of the slab as transverse steel OK

9. development length

Ld =
bd
fy
τ
φ
4
87 . 0
Minimum embedment length into the support = Ld/3
Length of bar embedment into the support
= width of support- clear side cover
Example:-Design a cantilever porch of size 2500 mm wide and
5000 mm long is to be provided at a height of 3 m from floor level.
The porch slab which overhangs 2500 mm beyond the face of the
beam into be cast in flush with the top face of the beam
2
/ m KN
Floor finish = 0.8
2
/ m KN
Concrete M20 and Fe 415
Solution:-
.1 effective span =
( )
]
]
]
]
]
]

+
+
2
20
2
100 200
2500
= 2565
The trial depth L/d =7
Modification factor is 2
For
Fe250, fs=0.58 x fy
=0.58 x 250 =145
Pt % is 0.4
Hence allowable L/d is 7 x 2 = 14
Required d = 2565/4 = 180
Assuming 10
φ
bar effective cover = 15 + 10/2 = 20 mm
Provide total depth of 200 mm d = 200-20=180 mm
Let the overall depth of the slab be reduced to 100 mm at the
cantilever and where bending moment is zero.
Consider 1 m width of slab
Self weight of slab = (0.2+0.1)/2 x 25 =3.75 KN/m
Weight due to finish = 0.80 KN/m

Total = 5.30 KN/m
Wu = 5.3 x 1.5 = 7.95 KN/m
Maximum bending moment (-ve) at the face of support
Mu = Wu x
KNm L 84 . 24
2
5 . 2
95 . 7 2 /
2
2
1
· × ·
4. Depth from bending moment consideration
KNm KNm M
ur
84 . 24 2 . 96 10 180 1000 97 . 2
6 2
max
>> · × × × ·

) 149 . 0 (
2
bd f
ck
·
Or
2 6
1000 97 . 2 10 84 . 24 d × × · ×
d = 91.45<< d consider (180)
Hence ok
5. Area of steel
180 1000
180 1000 20
10 84 . 24 6 . 4
1 1
250
20 5 . 0
2
6
2
× ×
]
]
]
]

× ×
× ×
− −
×
· Ast

2
666 mm ·
Using
φ 10
bar
mm spacing 117
666
5 . 78 1000
·
×
·
Provide
φ 10
@ 110 c/c
Area provided=1000 x 78.5/110 =713
2
mm
Curtailment of steel

It is proposed to curtail 50% of the steel required at the support
since the depth of the slab is tapering and bending moment
variations parabolic the area of reinforcement will get reduced to
half at a distance greater than half the span from the free end.
Bending moment at 1.6 m

,
`

.
|
· × · 176 . 10
2
6 . 1
45 . 7
2
Mu
Total depth of slab at 1.6 m from free end
= 100 + 1.6(200-100)/2.5= 164 mm
d = 164 -20 =144 mm
144 1000
144 1000 20
10 176 . 10 6 . 4
1 1
250
20 5 . 0
2
6
2
× ×
]
]
]
]

× ×
× ×
− −
×
· Ast
= 335
2
mm < (713/2) provided at support
Distance from support 2800-1600=900
Curtail 50% of the bars at a distance greater of the following
a) 900+12
φ
= 900+120 =1020 mm
b) 900+ d = 900+144= 1044 mm
So curtail 50% of steel at a distance 1050 mm from support
6. Distribution steel
Area required = 1.5 D = 1.5(200+100)/2 =225
2
mm
Spacing = 1000 x 28/225 = 124 mm
Provide 6
φ
@ 120 mm c/c
7. check for deflection
Pt (say) = 100 x 666/ (1000 x 180) = 0.37 % < 0.4% OK
Or
Pt provided = 100 x 113/ (1000 x 180) = 0.4% OK
Required d = 2565/ 7 x 2 = 180
8. check for development length
Ld =
mm 460 10
2 . 1 4
250 87 . 0
· ×
×
×
Available length = 900 mm > Ld
Continuous one way slab
3 m 3 m 3 m
1 2 3
u = 2.5 KN/
2
m
Fck = 15 N/
2
mm
Fe- 415
1) Assume d
100 75 . 88
3 . 1 26
3000
3 . 1 26
≈ ·
×
·
×
·
span
D =120
2
m
Floor finish 1.00 KN/
2
m

Total 4.00 KN/
2
m
2
m
Rating LL/DL = 2.5/4.00 = 0.625 < 0.75
2) moments
Middle of the end part (at
centre)
Ast support
next to end
support
Mid of mid span At support of
intermediate
span
DL LL DL LL DL LL DL LL
12
2
wl
10
2
wl
10
1
9
1
16
1
12
1
12
1
9
1
5 . 4
12
3 5 . 1 4
2
·
× ×
=3.375 =5.4 =3.75 =3.375 =2.8125 =4.5 =3.75
Total =7.875 =9.15 =6.1875 =8.25
7.875 6.1875 7.875
-9.15 -8.25 -9.15
+ +
+
- - - -
Mu = 0.138 fck
2
bd
d =
mm 67
15 138 . 0 1000
10 15 . 9
6
·
× ×
×
d = 120-15-5=100mm
3) rough check for shear

v =
625 . 14
2
3 5 . 1 ) 5 . 2 4 (
2
·
× × +
·
2
/ 14625 . 0
100 1000
1000 625 . 14
m N
v
·
×
×
· τ

15 . 0
100
28 . 0 · <
bd
Ast
for
OK
4) calculation of steel area
Ast of middle leg and span
100
10 1000
415
1 100 415 87 . 0 10 878 . 7
6
×
,
`

.
|
×
×
− × × · ×
Ast
Ast
2 6
90 . 998 05 . 361 10 878 . 7 Ast Ast − · ×
0
90 . 998
10 875 . 7
1445 . 36
6
2
·
×
+ − Ast Ast
1 2
90 . 998
10 875 . 7
4 ) 1445 . 36 ( 1445 . 36
6
2
×
×
× − t
· Ast

Check for deflection of middle span
7) Check for cracking
Ast greater than 0.12%
Spacing less than 3d or 300 mm
Dia of bar < D/8
8) Check for shear
9) Check for top steel for T-beam action
One way slab
Syllabus- assign of simply supported, cantilever, continuous
over beam with IS coefficient.
Que- design a one way slab continuous on four support
subjected to udl of 2.5 KN/
2
m . Take floor finish as 0.75 KN/
2
m
. The c/c distance between two successive supports is 3m. And
it is constant for other spans also use m115 grade of concrete
Que- a cantilever beam projecting out 2 m from the face of
the support carries an udl of 25 KN/m over its entire length
and a concentrated load of 5 KN at its free end. Design the
beam, using concrete M15 and steel fe415. Assume width of
beam = width of support = 300 mm. design also the shear
reinforcement (S-99)
Que- a hall of dimension 21m x 8 m effective is provided
with monolithic slab and beam floor with beams provided at
3.5 m c/c. the slab is 120 mm thick and carries a live load of
4 KN/
2
m and finishing load of 1 KN/
2
m . Design an
intermediate beam if web width is 230 mm. also design the
shear reinforcement for the beam. Sketch the reinforcement
details for the beam. Use M20 concrete and fe415 steel.
Que- a simply supported slab having an effective span of
3.5 m. the slab is 125 mm thick and carries a live load of 4
KN/
2
m . The tension reinforcement is provided in the form of
12 mm diameter bars at 175 mm c/c at effective cover of 25
mm. calculate the deflections for slab using IS code method
IS 456-1978 specifications. Use M15 concrete and fe250
steel.
Que- a hall of effective dimensions of 7 m x 18 m is
provided with monolithic slab and beam floor with beams
provided 3 m c/c. the walls and beams are 230 mm thick.
Design the slab as continuous slab as per IS 456-1978. if it
has to carry live load of 3 KN/
2
m and finishing load of 1 KN/
2
m . Use M20 grade of concrete and fe415 steel. Sketch
reinforcement.
Que- a hall of effective dimensions of 7 m x 18 m is
provided with monolithic slab and beam floor with beams
provided 3 m c/c. the walls and beams are 230 mm thick.
Design the slab as continuous slab as per IS 456-1978. If it
has to carry live load of 4 KN/
2
m and finishing load of 1 KN/
2
m . Use M20 grade of concrete and fe415 steel. Sketch
reinforcement.
Que- design a cantilever slab projecting out of distance of
1.6 m from a brick wall of 230 mm thick. The slab is
subjected to a working live load of 5 KN/
2
m and it also
carries a parapet wall of 100 mm thick with 0.75 m height.
Use M20 mix and fe415. Design the slab for flexure and
check for development length only.
Que- design a roof slab for a room 6 m x 3.5 m restrained at
all the degrees for a service load 4 KN/
2
m . Thickness of wall
is 300 mm. use M20 and fe415.
Que- a hall of dimension 5 m x 16.25 m is provided with
monolithic slab beam floor with beams at 3.25 m c/c. the
thickness of walls and beams is 230 mm. design the slab as
continuous slab as per IS456-1978. if it has to carry a live
2
m and finishing load of 1.5 KN/
2
m . Use M15
concrete and fe415 steel. Sketch the reinforcement details of
slab.
Que- Design a rectangular slab panel having an effective
size of 5.5 m x 3.5 m. the panel is continuous over two long
edges and carries superimposed load of 3 KN/
2
m . Use M15
Fifth semester B.E civil
Subject R.C.C structure (limit state)
Practical assignment
Date of submission
R.N Span in m Live
KN/
2
m
F.F
KN/
2
m
of
concrete
N/
2
mm
of
steel
N/
2
mm
Support condition
Lx Ly
1 2 5 2.5 1 20 415 S.S
2 3 6.5 5 0.75 20 250 S.S
3 3 6.5 3.5 0.75 25 415 End panel of
continous slab
4 2 5 3.5 0.5 25 415 -“-
5 3.5 7 2 1.0 20 415 -“-
6 2 6 3.5 1.5 15 415 -“-
7 3 5 1.5 0.5 20 250 Cantilever slab
8 2.5 5 1.5 0.5 20 415 -“-
9 2 5 0.75 0.5 20 415 -“-
10 2 6 1 0.5 15 415 -“-
11 2 6.5 1 0.5 20 250 -“-
12 2.5 5 0.75 0.75 15 415 -“-
13 3 5.5 0.75 0.5 20 415 -“-
14 3.5 4 0.75 0.5 25 415 -“-
15 2.8 6 1 0.5 20 500 -“-
16 2.6 3 1 0.5 20 415 -“-
17 2.2
5
4 1 0.25 20 250 -“-
18 2.5 6 3 1 Intermediate
panel of continous
slab
19 2.2
5
6 3.5 1.25 20 415 -“-
20 3 6 2.5 0.75 15 250 -“-
21 3.2
5
6 2 1 20 250 -“-
22 3.3
8
6.4
6
3.5 1.25 25 250 -“-
23 2.5 6 2.5 0.75 20 250 -“-
24 3.5 8 3 0.75 15 250 -“-
25 4 9 3.5 1 25 415 -“-
26 3 7 3 1 20 415 -“-
27 4 9 3.5 1.25 20 415 -“-
29 2 6 2 0.5 20 250 -“-
30 2.5 6 2.5 0.75 20 250 -“-
31 3 7.5 3 0.5 20 250 -“-
32 3.5 8 3.25 1 20 415 -“-
33 4 8.5 4 1 20 415 S.S
34 3 7 3.5 1.5 20 415 -“-
35 5 11 3.5 1 20 415 -“-
36 3.5 7 2.5 1.5 25 415 -“-
37 3 6 1.5 0.75 25 415 Cantilever slab
38 3.5 6 1 0.75 20 415 -“-
39 2.8 5 2 0.5 25 415 -“-
40 2.5 5 2 0.5 20 415 -“-
41 4.5 10 3.5 1 25 415 S.S
42 4 10 3 1.5 20 415 -“-
NOTE- in cantilever slab Lx is the span of cantilever slab.
(prof. R.G BAIS)
Date-
Example on column design
Que:-Explain in detail the interaction diagram used for design of
column. If such interaction diagram is not available, set up the
procedure for design of column subjected to an axial load and
bending.
Que:- A R.C.C column 300 x 600 mm is reinforced by 3 no.s of
20mm dia bars on each short side cover of 50mm to the centre of
steel. Concrete used is M20 & steel is of grade Fe415.
Calculate the ultimate axial force & the corresponding
ultimate moment when the neutral axis is at 0.48D from the
compression face & is parallel to the shorter side.
Que- a rcc column 300 x 500 mm is equally reinforced on two
short faces with 5 bars of 20 mm diameter of steel grade fe250 on
each face. Concrete used is M20.
Calculate the ultimate load and ultimate moment resisted by the
section if the column is just on the verge of cracking.
(ans pu = 1513 KN and Mu = 90 KNm)
Que- a R.C.C column 300 x 660 mm is reinforced by 5 no of 25
mm diameter bar of grade Fe415 on either short side with a cover
of 60 mm to the center of steel. Concrete grade M20 is used.
Calculate ultimate load and ultimate moment corresponding to the
coeditors of maximum / compressive strain of 0.0035 in concrete
and tensile strength of 0.002 in the outermost layer of tension steel.
(ans- Pu = 576.7 KN and Mu = 597.4 KNm)
Que- a R.C.C column of 300 x 500 mm is reinforced with 4 no bar
of 20mm diameter of grade Fe415 on either short side with a cover
of 50 mm to the center of steel. Concrete used is M20. calculate
the ultimate load and its eccentricity from the center of column for
an untracked section with neutral axis 1.5 D from the highly
comopressed edge. The area of stress block is 0.422 fck D. and its
CG acting at 0.48 D from the highly compressed edge.
(ans Pu = 1964.7 KN and eccentricity = 22.10 mm)
Que- a short R.C column 250 x 400 mm carries an ultimate load of
310 KN. The area of steel consist of 8 bars of 20 mm diameter
placed symmetrically along two short edges of column. The
maximum ultimate moment about x axis, Mux (dividing the depth
of the column.) the column can carry when it is subjected to
ultimate moment about y axis equal to 41 KNm
(ans- Mux = 77.8 KNm)
Que- a axially loaded short column of width 230 mm is subjected
to ultimate load of 622 KN and ultimate moment of 184 KNm
bisecting the depth of column. Design the column using concrete
(ans- 230 mm x 700 mm, 8
φ
16 mm bars in 4 rows with 2 bars in
each row.)
Que- design the column for the following data: ultimate load =
1090 KNm. Ultimate moment bisecting the depth = 19 KNm.
(ans. Size =230 mm x 400 mm, 6mm
φ
16 mm in 3 rows with 2
bars in each row.)
Que- the corner column of a building of size 230 mm x 300 mm is
reinforced with four bars of 20 mm diameter. It is subjected to an
ultimate axial load of 341 KN and ultimate moments of 30 KNm
and 16 KNm bisecting the depth and width of column respectively.
For concrete grade M15 and steel fe415, check the safety of the
column.
(ans- the value of interaction equation is 0.89 < 1…….safe)
Que - the circular diameter 300 mm is reinforced with 8 bars of 20
mm diameter of grade fe415. The column braced and hinged at
both ends and carries an axial ultimate load of 80 KN. The length
of the column is 6 m. the concrete grade used is M20. Check the
safety of the column. Assume effective length = unsupported
length of 6 m.
(ans- the slender column is safe)
Que- solves ex. 12.6.1 by taking effective length about x axis
equal to 4.9 m other data remaining the same. Check the safety of
the column of size 250 x 400 mm reinforced with 6 bars of 20 mm
placed 3 bars on each face along the depth of column.
(ans- the interaction equation gives value of 1.05>1…….unsafe)

ii. b)

Center to center of support.

For continues slab. If the width of support is less than 1/12 of clear span the effective span shall be as a).if the support are wider than 1/12 of the clear span or 600mm which ever is less the effective span should be taken as under. i. For end span with one end fixed and other continues or for intermediate span. Effective span =clear span between two support ii. For end span with one end fixed and other continues Effective span =clear span +half the effective depth of slab or beam. Or Effective span =clear span +half the width of discontinues support. Which ever is less. 2. Trial Depth Depth of slab is governed by serviceability requirement of deflections. Calculate the depth of slab based on L/d ratio.
D= span + effective cov er allowable L / d ratio

D=

L +d' ra

d ' = cov er +half of dia . of bar

Cover = min. 20mm Table 16 clause 26.4.2 IS456-2000

Allowable L/d ratio = ra = basic L/d ratio X modification factor (α1) Basic L/d ratio (IS456-2000, C-23.2.1) Basic values of span for effective depth ratio for span up to 10m Cantilever – 7m Simply supported – 20m Continues – 26m Modification factors (α) depends upon Pt% [c-23.2.1 (e)] For span above 10m, the value in (a) may be multiplied by 10/span in meters, except for cantilever in which case defection should be made. Ast % the in (a) & (b) shall be modified by multiplying with the modification factor as per fig. given below.

Modification factor

Fs=120 Fs=145

Fs = 0.58 fy

Area of c / s of steel required A reaof c / s of steel provided

3.

Design Moments:For simply supported slab Mu = Wu For continous slab Mu = α Where wu d d l2 8 wu d l 2 +αl wul l 2 = 1. ( Table 12 and 13 ) For moments at support where two unequal span meet or in case where the span are not equally loaded. the average of two values for the negative moment at the support may be taken for the design. Clause 22.5 DL = 1.Dead load = self weight of slab + floor finish.5 (use IS875-part II) Total working load = DL+LL Total ultimate load = Wu = 1.5 LL wul Moments and shear coefficient for continuous beam. Live load = 2 to 2.2 Check for concrete depth:- .5 (DL+LL) 4.5.

Since the depth of the slab is obtained from serviceability consideration it is required to be checked from bending moment requirements.15% bd for Fe 250 . Main steel:Ast = 0.6 Mu  Fck bd 2    bd   Where b = 1000 mm > Ast min Ast min = 0.138 fck ) = moment of resistance factor) mx a u mx a M ur > M ur Then the section is adequate from bending moment requirements.5 Fck Fy  1 − 1 − 4. Calculate maximum moment carrying capacity of the section M ur max = Ru max bd 2 For slab b = 1000 mm (R (R If u mx a = for fe 415 =0. ∴ = d M u max R u max × 00 10 Which shall be less than the provided If the above condition is not satisfied provide the depth required from bending moment consideration.12% bd for (1+YSD bar) (Fe 415 & Fe 500) = 0.

D ser = span +effective cov er basicL / d ×α 1000 ast Check that D > D ser 8.12 ×b ×D 0. v vc vc .Required spacing s = Ast ast = area of c/s of one bar Ast = total area of steel required The spacing shall not exceed 3d or 300 mm whichever is less. Distribution of steel:Required Ast = 100 0. Check for shear:Calculate maximum shear Vu max as per table 13 (IS456) J =Vu max / area of cross section & Obtain design shear stress J corresponding to Pt = 100 Ast / bd (from table 19) Calculate shear resistance of slab Internal stress = K J K – factor to increase in the resistance to shear due to membrane action of slab and is given in table.15 for Fe 415 = 100 ×b ×D for Fe 250 Where b =1000mm and D is the overall depth Maximum spacing ≤ csd or 450 m whichever is less 9. Check for deflection:Calculate Pt % = 100 Ast / bd Where Ast is the maximum area of steel required at mid span assumed.

1 1.00 275 250 225 200 175 150 or less 1.05 1.20 1. Check for development length:The length of the bars provided for resisting –ve moment should not be less than +ve development length given by Ld = K ϕ= 0.15 1.Overall 300 or depth more of slab in mm K 1. 9.50 If J v c > J v max the safe else increase the thickness of slab.30 1.87 fy ϕ 4 J bd .

2 5 L 2 Example: .data given Room size = 4 x 10 m Wall thickness = 230 LL = 4 KN/ m 2 FF = 1 KN/ m 2 Required – find depth. Step 1.2 5 L 1 0 .0 . Assume a live load of 4 KN/ m 2 and finish 1 KN/ m 2 . Ast. Calculation of load.1 5 L 1 A s t1 0 .5 A s t2 D is t r ib u t io n s te e l L1 0 . Use M25 and Fe 415 Solution: .design a simply supported rcc slab for a roof of hall 4m x 10m (inside dimension) with 230mm wall all around. .

17 x 25 = 4.143 2 = = 29 .4=28) Total depth = 143+5+20=168 ≈ 170 Dead load = 0. rough calculation for shear:- .L = 5.143 = = 28 .0 KN/ m 2 Total D.8 ≈ 143 mm (28=20x1.25 KN/ m 2 LL = 4.138 ×25 ×1000 ×d 2 29 ∴ d = 9 .77 KNm 8 8 wl 13 .143 =4.875 × 4.25+4) = 13.875 × 4.8 2m 9 〈 d =m1 4 3 OK 4.77 ×10 6 = 0.5(5.0 KN/ m 2 Factored design load = 1.74 KNm 2 2 M = 3.143 m Ultimate moment and shear:M = wl 2 13 .875 KN/ m 2 Span length of slab Span = effective span + d = 4+0.138 Fck b d 2 ∴ .span 4000 Assume d = 28 = 28 = 142. Check the depth for the bending:M=0.25 KN/ m 2 FF = 1.

v 2 .2 〈 τ c (0.42% 6.4578 ) 2 2 − 4 × 4967105 .77 x 10 6 Ast × 415   = 0.647 = 622 5.15 Ast -5.99343 Ast 2 Ast 2 .78 ×41 0 0 0 τv= = = 0.647=0 8614 . . check for central of crack:Min pt = 0.12 ×1000 ×170 = 204 m 2 100 Hence ok for crack control Dia = 170 8 =21.8614.3 )6 b d 1 0 × 10 40 3 For grade of concrete M25 is 0.12 ∴ As = 0.4578 ± ∴ Ast = ∴Ast (8614 .4578 Ast + 4967105. main steel:Using 10 φ bar.439% ≈ 0.36 Hence OK for shear. Calculation of steel area: A fy st mu =0.87 × 415 × Ast ×143 1 −   1000 ×143 × 25  = 51630.87 fy A d 1 − st  bd fck      τc 29. 78500 Spacing = 622 ≈ 125 c / c Ast provided = 628 mm 2 ∴ % Ast = 0.25>10mm provided ok. 5.

12 ×b × D 0.12 ×1000 ×170 2 DESIGN OF CONTINUOUS SLABS . check for deflection Basic span to depth ratio =20 Multiplying factor for Ast =0. ok 7.Max spacing not more than 300. recheck for shear p= 1000 ×143 = 0.40 x 20 =28 Assumed is also 28 hence ok Hence safe in deflection Secondary steel = = 204 mm As = 100 100 Spacing less than = 5d or 450 mm =715 or 450 mm Hence ok 0.46 % Reference table 19 628 ×100 τ c = 0.42% =1.40 Allowable L/d =1.4692 N / mm 2 8.

0 KN/ m 2 span 4000 Live load for office floor = 3.75 (Separate analysis of DL+LL not needed) Design factored load = 1.0 KN/ m 2 Ratio of LL/DL =0.0 KN/ m 2 Floor finish = 1.177 1000 ×135 .6 less than 0. Fck = 25N/ mm 2 and Fe = 415 steel 1. Calculate factored load Assume d = 30 = 30 = 135 mm Total depth =135+5+20=160mm Dead load =0.5(5+3) =12 KN/ m 2 2.0 KN/ m 2 Total = 5.138 fck b d 2 ∴ d = 68 mm 4.Design the interior span of a continuous one way slab for an office floor continuous over T beams spaced at 4m centers. Rough check for shear 12 × 4 V= 2 = 24 KN adopt d= 135mm τv = 24 ×1000 = 0. Check depth for moment Mu= 0.16 x 25=4. Ultimate moments At interior support = At interior span = wl 2 12 × 4 2 = = 16 KNm 12 12 wl 2 12 × 4 2 = = 8KNm 24 24 3.

11 ± 8133 .58 x fy Asp = 0.9934 16 ×10 6 8133 . At support Ast × 415   16 ×10 6 = 0.75 Ast – 5.12 ×1000 ×160 = 100 = 100 2 =192 mm 2 OK 2 At interior span Ast = Ast = 343 =172 mm < min 192 2 2 Hence provide minimum steel 192 mm 2 Main steel at support = 8 of e 130 c/c (Ast=384) (0.284%) Ast interior =8 of 260 c/c (Ast=192) (0.9934 x Ast 2 Ast 2 . Hence section is under reinforced.9934 = 343 mm 2 ∴ 2 Min area of steel 0.12 bD 0.58 ×415 ×192 = 240.11 2 − 4 × 5.τm c in For M25 τ c = 0.36 N / mm 2 OK 5.7 Modification factor = 2 So allowable ratio is 2 x 26 =52 .8133. Check for deflection at middle of slab Basic L/d ratio = 26 Asr 192 F1= 0. Calculation of steel areas Adopted depth is greater than required.87 × 415 × Ast ×135 1 −  1000 × 25 ×135   =48741.11 Ast + 16 ×10 6 =0 5.142%) 6.

Given are 30 hence OK 7. Check for cracking Steel are greater than 0.12% OK Spacing less than 3d = 3 x 135 = 405 Spacing less than 300 OK Diameter of rod < D/8 (160/8 = 20mm) 8.beam action the detailing arrangement provide more than 60% of main steel in mid span of the slab as transverse steel OK 9.clear side cover . Check for shear τv is very less than τc min OK OK 9.8 fy φ 7 4τ b d Minimum embedment length into the support = Ld/3 Length of bar embedment into the support = width of support. Check for top steel For T. development length Ld = 0.

58 x fy =0. Loads Consider 1 m width of slab Self weight of slab = (0.75 KN / m 2 Floor finish = 0. fs=0. 2.75 KN/m .1)/2 x 25 =3.80 KN/m Live load =0.8 KN / m 2 Concrete M20 and Fe 415 Solution:.2+0.1  ( 200 +100  2 2500 + 2    effective span = ) −20       = 2565 The trial depth L/d =7 Modification factor is 2 For Fe250.75 KN/m Weight due to finish = 0.58 x 250 =145 Pt % is 0.Example:-Design a cantilever porch of size 2500 mm wide and 5000 mm long is to be provided at a height of 3 m from floor level. The porch slab which overhangs 2500 mm beyond the face of the beam into be cast in flush with the top face of the beam Assume live load = 0.4 Hence allowable L/d is 7 x 2 = 14 Required d = 2565/4 = 180 Assuming 10 φ bar effective cover = 15 + 10/2 = 20 mm Provide total depth of 200 mm d = 200-20=180 mm Let the overall depth of the slab be reduced to 100 mm at the cantilever and where bending moment is zero.

97 × 10 1000 ×d 2 d = 91.95 × 2.84 × 10 6  1 − 1 −  × 1000 ×180 250  20 ×1000 × 180 2    2 =6 6 m 6 m Using 10 φ bar spacing = 1000 × 78 .95 KN/m Maximum bending moment (-ve) at the face of support Mu = Wu x 2 L1 / 2 = 7.149 f ck bd 2 ) Or 24 .3 x 1.Total = 5.84 × 6 = 2.84 KNm > = (0.84 KNm 2 4. Area of steel Ast 2 = 0.5/110 =713 mm 2 .45<< d consider (180) Hence ok 5.2 KNm > 24 .97 ×1000 ×180 2 ×10 6 = 96 .30 KN/m Ultimate load per meter Wu = 5.5 × 20  4.6 × 24 .5 2 = 24 . Depth from bending moment consideration M ur max = 2.5 = 7.5 = 117 mm 666 Provide 10 φ @ 110 c/c Area provided=1000 x 78.

6 ×10 .Curtailment of steel It is proposed to curtail 50% of the steel required at the support since the depth of the slab is tapering and bending moment variations parabolic the area of reinforcement will get reduced to half at a distance greater than half the span from the free end.6 m   1.5 × 20  4. Distribution steel Area required = 1. mm 2 check for deflection OK Pt (say) = 100 x 666/ (1000 x 180) = 0.6(200-100)/2.5(200+100)/2 =225 Spacing = 1000 x 28/225 = 124 mm Provide 6 φ @ 120 mm c/c 7.37 % < 0.5= 164 mm d = 164 -20 =144 mm Ast 2 = 0.6 m from free end = 100 + 1.176 ×10 6  1 − 1 −  ×1000 ×144 250  20 ×1000 ×144 2    = 335 mm 2 < (713/2) provided at support Distance from support 2800-1600=900 Curtail 50% of the bars at a distance greater of the following a) 900+12 φ= 900+120 =1020 mm b) 900+ d = 900+144= 1044 mm So curtail 50% of steel at a distance 1050 mm from support 6.45 × = 10 .5 D = 1. Bending moment at 1.4% .176    2   Total depth of slab at 1.6 2  Mu = 7.

87 × 250 .2 ×10 = 460 mm Available length = 900 mm > Ld 0.4% Required d = 2565/ 7 x 2 = 180 OK 8. check for development length Ld = 4 ×1.Or Pt provided = 100 x 113/ (1000 x 180) = 0.

Continuous one way slab .

415 Factored load .1 2 3 3m 3m 3m u = 2.5 KN/ m 2 Fck = 15 N/ mm 2 Fe.

375 =5.1875 .5 KN/ m 2 = 2.1) Assume d = span 3000 = = 88 .75 2) moments Middle of the end part (at Ast support centre) next to end support DL LL DL LL wl 2 12 4 ×1.375 =2.12 x 25 = 3.00 KN/ m 2 Floor finish 1.3 26 ×1.25 Total =7.5/4.3 D =120 Dead load = 0.625 < 0.15 =6.4 =3.00 KN/ m 2 Total Live load Rating LL/DL 4.75 ≈ 100 26 ×1.875 =9.00 KN/ m 2 = 2.5 12 wl 2 10 Mid of mid span DL 1 1 6 LL 1 1 2 At support of intermediate span DL LL 1 1 2 1 9 1 1 0 1 9 =3.5 ×3 2 = 4.5 =3.8125 =4.75 =3.75 =8.00 = 0.

5 × 3 = = 14 .15 7.138 ×15 d = 120-15-5=100mm 3) rough check for shear v= τv = total load × span ( 4 + 2.28 for 100 Ast = 0.25 6.625 2 2 14 .875 - + - + - + - Mu = 0.-9.138 fck bd 2 d= 9.875 -8.1875 -9.625 ×1000 = 0.14625 N / m 2 1000 ×100 < 0.15 ×10 6 = 67 mm 1000 × 0.15 bd OK 4) calculation of steel area Ast of middle leg and span .5) ×1.15 7.

875 ×10 6 Ast 2 − 36 .05 Ast − 998 .878 ×10 6 = 0.90 Check for deflection of middle span 7) Check for cracking Ast greater than 0.875 ×10 6 998 .Ast × 415   7.878 ×10 6 = 361 .90 Ast 2 7.1445 Ast + =0 998 .12% Spacing less than 3d or 300 mm Dia of bar < D/8 8) Check for shear 9) Check for top steel for T-beam action .90 Ast = 36 .87 × 415 Ast ×100 1 −  ×100 1000 ×10   7.1445 ± (36 .1445 ) 2 − 4 × 2 ×1 7.

design a one way slab continuous on four support subjected to udl of 2. Design the beam.5 KN/ m 2 .5 m c/c. the slab is 125 mm thick and carries a live load of 4 . Use M20 concrete and fe415 steel. Que. also design the shear reinforcement for the beam. the slab is 120 mm thick and carries a live load of 4 KN/ m 2 and finishing load of 1 KN/ m 2 . design also the shear reinforcement (S-99) Que.assign of simply supported.75 KN/ m 2 . cantilever.a hall of dimension 21m x 8 m effective is provided with monolithic slab and beam floor with beams provided at 3.a cantilever beam projecting out 2 m from the face of the support carries an udl of 25 KN/m over its entire length and a concentrated load of 5 KN at its free end. Take floor finish as 0. Assume width of beam = width of support = 300 mm. using concrete M15 and steel fe415.One way slab Syllabus. Sketch the reinforcement details for the beam. Design an intermediate beam if web width is 230 mm. continuous over beam with IS coefficient. The c/c distance between two successive supports is 3m. Que. And it is constant for other spans also use m115 grade of concrete and steel grade concrete fe415 Que.a simply supported slab having an effective span of 3.5 m.

the walls and beams are 230 mm thick. Use M20 grade of concrete and fe415 steel. If it has to carry live load of 4 KN/ m 2 and finishing load of 1 KN/ m 2 . Design the slab as continuous slab as per IS 456-1978. Que. Que. . Que. calculate the deflections for slab using IS code method IS 456-1978 specifications. Use M20 mix and fe415.design a cantilever slab projecting out of distance of 1. Sketch reinforcement. if it has to carry live load of 3 KN/ m 2 and finishing load of 1 KN/ m 2 . Use M15 concrete and fe250 steel.a hall of effective dimensions of 7 m x 18 m is provided with monolithic slab and beam floor with beams provided 3 m c/c. Use M20 grade of concrete and fe415 steel. Design the slab as continuous slab as per IS 456-1978. Sketch reinforcement. The slab is subjected to a working live load of 5 KN/ m 2 and it also carries a parapet wall of 100 mm thick with 0. the walls and beams are 230 mm thick.75 m height.a hall of effective dimensions of 7 m x 18 m is provided with monolithic slab and beam floor with beams provided 3 m c/c.KN/ m 2 . Design the slab for flexure and check for development length only. The tension reinforcement is provided in the form of 12 mm diameter bars at 175 mm c/c at effective cover of 25 mm.6 m from a brick wall of 230 mm thick.

use M20 and fe415.25 m c/c.75 20 20 25 415 250 415 S. Use M15 concrete and fe415 steel.5 6. the panel is continuous over two long edges and carries superimposed load of 3 KN/ m 2 .E civil Subject R. Que.Que. Use M15 grade concrete and fe415 grade of steel.5 m.25 m is provided with monolithic slab beam floor with beams at 3.5 m restrained at all the degrees for a service load 4 KN/ m 2 .5 m x 3.C structure (limit state) Practical assignment Date of submission R. Que.N Span in m Lx Ly Live load KN/ m2 F.a hall of dimension 5 m x 16.F load KN/ m2 Grade of concrete N/ mm 2 Grade of Support condition steel N/ mm 2 1 2 3 2 3 3 5 6.Design a rectangular slab panel having an effective size of 5.S End panel of . Thickness of wall is 300 mm.5 2.5 1 0.5 5 3.S S.design a roof slab for a room 6 m x 3.75 0. if it has to carry a live load of 3 KN/ m 2 and finishing load of 1.5 KN/ m 2 . Fifth semester B. design the slab as continuous slab as per IS456-1978. the thickness of walls and beams is 230 mm. Sketch the reinforcement details of slab.C.

5 3 0.5 2 3.25 1 1.5 2.5 2.5 3.75 1 1 1.75 1 1 0.5 3.4 6 6 8 9 7 9 6 6 7.5 4 6 3 4 6 6 6 6 6.75 0.75 1 1.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.25 0.0 1.75 0.5 3 3.5 5 5.5 3 3.5 25 20 15 20 20 20 15 20 15 20 25 20 20 20 415 415 415 250 415 415 415 250 415 415 415 500 415 250 continous slab -“-“-“Cantilever slab -“-“-“-“-“-“-“-“-“-“Intermediate panel of continous slab -“-“-“-“-“-“-“-“-“-“-“-“- 20 15 20 25 20 15 25 20 20 20 20 20 415 250 250 250 250 250 415 415 415 250 250 250 .5 3 3.5 2 3 2.5 2 2.8 2.75 0.75 1 1 1 3 3.5 1.5 4 3 4 2 2.5 0.5 2 2 2 2.5 0.5 2.3 8 2.75 0.5 1.5 2 3.5 0.75 0.2 5 3 3.2 5 2.2 5 3.5 0.5 3 5 7 6 5 5 5 6 6.5 0.5 0.5 1.5 2.25 0.25 0.5 0.5 0.4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 29 30 31 2 3.6 2.

5 2. R. (prof.5 20 20 20 20 25 25 20 25 20 25 20 415 415 415 415 415 415 415 415 415 415 415 -“S.5 1 2 2 3.G BAIS) Date- Example on column design .32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 3.5 0.8 2.5 3 1 1 1.in cantilever slab Lx is the span of cantilever slab.5 2.5 4 3 5 3.75 0.5 3 3.S -“- NOTE.75 0.S -“-“-“Cantilever slab -“-“-“S.5 4 8 8.5 4.5 1.25 4 3.5 1 1.5 0.5 1 1.5 3.5 7 11 7 6 6 5 5 10 10 3.

48D from the compression face & is parallel to the shorter side. Concrete used is M20. Calculate ultimate load and ultimate moment corresponding to the coeditors of maximum / compressive strain of 0.7 KN and Mu = 597.Que:-Explain in detail the interaction diagram used for design of column.C column of 300 x 500 mm is reinforced with 4 no bar of 20mm diameter of grade Fe415 on either short side with a cover of 50 mm to the center of steel.a R. Concrete used is M20.a rcc column 300 x 500 mm is equally reinforced on two short faces with 5 bars of 20 mm diameter of steel grade fe250 on each face. Que:. calculate . (ans.4 KNm) Que. set up the procedure for design of column subjected to an axial load and bending. Calculate the ultimate load and ultimate moment resisted by the section if the column is just on the verge of cracking. Concrete grade M20 is used.0035 in concrete and tensile strength of 0.C. Que. Calculate the ultimate axial force & the corresponding ultimate moment when the neutral axis is at 0. (ans pu = 1513 KN and Mu = 90 KNm) Que.Pu = 576.C column 300 x 660 mm is reinforced by 5 no of 25 mm diameter bar of grade Fe415 on either short side with a cover of 60 mm to the center of steel.C column 300 x 600 mm is reinforced by 3 no.s of 20mm dia bars on each short side cover of 50mm to the centre of steel.a R.C. Concrete used is M20 & steel is of grade Fe415.C.002 in the outermost layer of tension steel.A R. If such interaction diagram is not available.

Ultimate moment bisecting the depth = 19 KNm. Steel grade fe415. Design the column using concrete grade M15 and steel grade Fe415.8 KNm) Que.design the column for the following data: ultimate load = 1090 KNm.5 D from the highly comopressed edge.Mux = 77. 8 φ 16 mm bars in 4 rows with 2 bars in each row.the corner column of a building of size 230 mm x 300 mm is reinforced with four bars of 20 mm diameter. The area of stress block is 0. (ans Pu = 1964. (ans.a short R.C column 250 x 400 mm carries an ultimate load of 310 KN. It is subjected to an .the ultimate load and its eccentricity from the center of column for an untracked section with neutral axis 1. Size =230 mm x 400 mm.10 mm) Que.a axially loaded short column of width 230 mm is subjected to ultimate load of 622 KN and ultimate moment of 184 KNm bisecting the depth of column. Calculate the maximum ultimate moment about x axis.422 fck D.230 mm x 700 mm. The concrete M15 grade and steel Fe415 grade is used. Mux (dividing the depth of the column. Width of column=230 mm (ans.) Que. and its CG acting at 0.48 D from the highly compressed edge. The area of steel consist of 8 bars of 20 mm diameter placed symmetrically along two short edges of column.) Que. Concrete grade M20.7 KN and eccentricity = 22. 6mm φ 16 mm in 3 rows with 2 bars in each row.) the column can carry when it is subjected to ultimate moment about y axis equal to 41 KNm (ans.

(ans. For concrete grade M15 and steel fe415.the interaction equation gives value of 1. 12. The column braced and hinged at both ends and carries an axial ultimate load of 80 KN.safe) Que .6. the concrete grade used is M20.05>1……. The length of the column is 6 m.ultimate axial load of 341 KN and ultimate moments of 30 KNm and 16 KNm bisecting the depth and width of column respectively. (ans.the slender column is safe) Que.1 by taking effective length about x axis equal to 4.89 < 1…….9 m other data remaining the same. (ans. Check the safety of the column.the value of interaction equation is 0. check the safety of the column. Assume effective length = unsupported length of 6 m.unsafe) .the circular diameter 300 mm is reinforced with 8 bars of 20 mm diameter of grade fe415.solves ex. Check the safety of the column of size 250 x 400 mm reinforced with 6 bars of 20 mm placed 3 bars on each face along the depth of column.