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BazeDeDate

BazeDeDate

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Published by: Claudiu on Sep 13, 2010
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05/28/2013

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CUPRINS......................................................................................................................................................2

1. INTRODUCERE........................................................................................................................................4

2. TERMINOLOGIE ŞI MODELE DE DATE .................................................................................................6
2.1. MODELE DE DATE ...........................................................................................................................7
2.1.1. Modelul relaţional........................................................................................................................7
3. BAZE DE DATE RELAŢIONALE..............................................................................................................9
3.1. SCURT ISTORIC...............................................................................................................................9
3.2. TIPURILE DE RELAŢII ......................................................................................................................9
3.2.1. Relaţiile „unu la unu”.................................................................................................................10
3.2.2. Relaţiile „unu la mulţi”...............................................................................................................10
3.2.3. Relaţiile „mulţi la unu”...............................................................................................................11
3.2.4. Relaţiile „mulţi la mulţi”..............................................................................................................12
3.3. REGULI DE NORMALIZARE...........................................................................................................13
4. ACCESS 2000 ........................................................................................................................................17
4.1. DE CE ACCESS? ............................................................................................................................17
4.2. CE VOR CONŢINE CAPITOLELE URMĂTOARE? .........................................................................18
4.3. INSTRUMENTUL SOFTWARE ACCESS 2000...............................................................................19
4.4. O PREZENTARE GENERALĂ A PRINCIPALELOR OBIECTE ACCESS 2000...............................23
5. TABELELE ŞI SISTEMUL DE RELAŢII.................................................................................................26
5.1. TIPURILE DE DATE ACCESS 2000................................................................................................27
5.2. CREAREA TABELELOR..................................................................................................................28
5.3. SALVAREA TABELELOR................................................................................................................34
5.4. PROPRIETĂŢILE CÂMPURILOR....................................................................................................34
5.5. IMPORTUL ŞI EXPORTUL DATELOR............................................................................................36
5.6. RELAŢIILE DINTRE TABELE..........................................................................................................38
6. CREAREA ŞI UTILIZAREA INTEROGĂRILOR.....................................................................................43
6.1. INTEROGĂRILE DE TIP SELECT...................................................................................................49
Lucrul cu funcţia like.......................................................................................................................50
Concatenarea şirurilor de caractere...............................................................................................52
Dialogurile parametrizate ...............................................................................................................52
Lucrul cu funcţia between...............................................................................................................53
6.2. INTEROGĂRILE DE TIP TOTALS...................................................................................................54
6.3. INTEROGĂRILE DE TIP UPDATE..................................................................................................57
6.4. INTEROGĂRILE DE TIP MAKE-TABLE..........................................................................................59
6.5. INTEROGĂRILE DE TIP DELETE...................................................................................................60
6.6. INTEROGĂRILE DE TIP APPEND.................................................................................................61
6.7. INTEROGĂRILE DE TIP CROSSTAB.............................................................................................62

TERMINOLOGIE ŞI MODELE DE DATE

3

7. FORMULARE ŞI RAPOARTE................................................................................................................68
7.1. FORMULARE (FORMS)..................................................................................................................68
7.1.1. Crearea formularelor cu ajutorul „vrăjitorilor” (wizards).............................................................71
7.1.2. Crearea formularelor în mod proiectare directă ........................................................................75
7.2. RAPOARTE (REPORTS).................................................................................................................84
8. LUCRUL CU HIPERLEGĂTURI..............................................................................................................93

ŞI GENERAREA PAGINILOR WEB...........................................................................................................93
8.1. SCURTĂ INTRODUCERE...............................................................................................................93
8.2. WORLD WIDE WEB ........................................................................................................................94
8.3. TEHNOLOGII ŞI PRODUSE PROGRAM TIP CLIENT INTERNET..................................................95
8.4. TIPUL DE DATE HYPERLINK.........................................................................................................96
8.5. GENERAREA PAGINILOR WEB...................................................................................................100
9. ADMINISTRAREA ŞI ASIGURAREA SECURITĂŢII BAZELOR DE DATE ACCESS..................................105
9.1. COMPACTAREA ŞI REPARAREA DATELOR ..............................................................................105
9.2. CREAREA COPIILOR DE SIGURANŢĂ........................................................................................106
9.3. SECURITATEA BAZELOR DE DATE............................................................................................107
9.3.1. Principiile securităţii bazelor de date în reţele locale...............................................................107
9.3.2. Protejarea prin parolă la nivelul bazei de date........................................................................108
9.3.3. Criptarea bazei de date...........................................................................................................109
9.3.4. Securitatea la nivelul grupurilor şi utilizatorilor........................................................................110
ANEXA 1 – STRUCTURA TABELELOR UTILIZATE ÎN EXEMPLE. RELAŢIILE DINTRE TABELE......114

ANEXA 2 – PROBLEME PROPUSE........................................................................................................116
Reguli de normalizare...................................................................................................................116
Tabele ..........................................................................................................................................116
Interogări......................................................................................................................................117
Formulare.....................................................................................................................................118
Rapoarte.......................................................................................................................................119
Pagini internet...............................................................................................................................120
Securitatea şi administrarea bazelor de date................................................................................120
ANEXA 3 – DICŢIONAR DE TERMENI....................................................................................................121

BIBLIOGRAFIE.........................................................................................................................................130

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