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Instructions to Authors

Included here is an abbreviated version of the Manuscript Preparation
instructions. Those planning on submitting manu- 1. Manuscripts should be submitted in Microsoft Word
scripts should visit jima.imana.org, click on About and 2003 format.
read Online Submissions.
2. The body of the manuscript should contain its title,
JIMA accepts original and review articles, updates an abstract (see below) and key words, the text,
in different medical disciplines, case reports, and let- acknowledgements, references, legends of tables
ters to the editors. JIMA also welcomes articles deal- and figures. This file should contain no information
ing with medical ethics in general and Islamic medical that can identify the authors.
ethics in particular. JIMA solicits and publishes arti-
cles about Islamic medicine and the history of medi- 3. Each figure and table must be submitted separate-
cine, particularly the contributions of Muslim physi- ly as a supplementary file. Graphics must be
cians, both historical and contemporary. grayscale with resolution greater than or equal to 300
The manuscript should not have been previously dpi. In addition, each table’s data should be submitted
published. Nor should the manuscripts be under con- as a supplementary file. These supplementary files
sideration by other journals. Prior presentation(s), may be made available on the web site at the editor’s
meeting(s), or publication of an abstract do not pre- discretion. These files should contain no information
clude submission to JIMA. identifying the authors.
Authors should submit a statement indicating that
their opinions do not reflect the opinions or policies of 3. A title page should be submitted as a supplemen-
the institutions with which they are affiliated, if tary file. This page should contain: (a) the title of the
required by those institutions. article, (b) names of all authors (first name, middle ini-
Authors are also expected to submit a statement tial, and then last name), (c) highest degrees of each
informing the editor of any commercial association of the author(s), (d) name(s) and address(s) of the
that might pose a conflict of interest. institution(s) at which the study was conducted, (e)
Below are the guidelines for authors wishing to institutional affiliations of the author(s), if different
submit articles to be considered for publication in from (c) (f), acknowledgement of source(s) of finan-
JIMA. These generally conform to the “Uniform cial support, if any, and (g) the preferred method of
Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to reader contact with the corresponding author.
Biomedical Journals,” established by the International
Committee of Medical Journal Editors 4. The abstract should be limited to 150 words and
(www.icmje.org). double-spaced, with the required margins and head-
ed by the title of the article. Below the abstract, list
Submission of Manuscript three to five key words or short phrases for indexing
Manuscripts must be submitted online at purposes. Whenever possible, use the terms from the
jima.imana.org. For technical assistance, contact the Medical Subjects list of Index Medicus.
assistant editor at jima@imana.org or at +1 A structured abstract is to be used for regular arti-
706.284.3002. cles and is to contain the following major headings:
Manuscripts are sent to outside reviewers.
Authors are usually notified within eight (8) weeks Objective(s): Reflects the purpose of the study, that
about the results of the review process. If revisions is, the hypothesis that is being tested.
are suggested, the authors should send their revi- Study Design: Include the setting for the study, the
sions/responses in a timely manner, as specified in subjects (number and type), the treatment or inter-
the JIMA notification. vention, and the type of statistical analysis.
When a manuscript is submitted and accepted for Results: Include the outcome of the study and statis-
publication, the author transfers copyright ownership tical significance, if appropriate.
rights to the Islamic Medical Association of North Conclusion(s): States the significance of the results. A
America (IMANA). Details of JIMA’s copyright policy standard abstract is required for other types of
are available at jima.imana.org. papers, for example, Case Reports and Review
Articles.
5. The manuscript text should usually be divided into

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the following headings: Introduction, Materials and a. Standard journal article: List all authors if three
Methods, Results, and Discussion. or fewer. If more than three, list the first three-
The introduction should state the purpose of the authors followed by et al. Halpern SD, Ubel PA,
article, summarize the rationale for the study, and cite Caplan AL. Solid-organ transplantation in HIV-
only the most pertinent references as background. infected patients. N Engl J Med. 2002 Jul
The Materials and Methods section should detail 25;347(4):284-7.
the selection process of experimental subjects, b. Organization as author: Diabetes Prevention
including controls, the use of experimental animals, Program Research Group. Hypertension,
and identify the procedures used, including the statis- insulin, and proinsulin in participants with
tical methods, in sufficient detail to permit others to impaired glucose tolerance. Hypertension.
replicate the study. It should also address Institutional 2002;40(5):679-86.
Review Board issues as stated in the Human and c. No author given: 21st century heart solution
non-Human Experimentation section of this docu- may have a sting in the tail. BMJ.
ment. 2002;325(7357):184.
Results should be presented in logical sequence d. Personal author(s) of books and monographs:
in the text, tables, and figures. Tables and figures Murray PR, Rosenthal KS, Kobayashi GS,
should supplement, not duplicate, the text. Pfaller MA. Medical microbiology. 4th ed. St.
Discussion should emphasize the new and impor- Louis: Mosby; 2002.
tant aspects of the study and its conclusions. Limit e. Editor(s), compiler(s) as author: Gilstrap LC
your opinions to those strictly indicated by the facts in 3rd, Cunningham FG, VanDorsten JP, editors.
your report. New hypotheses should be stated clear- Operative obstetrics. 2nd ed. New York:
ly, when warranted. McGraw-Hill; 2002.
Quoting Qur’anic verses and Ahadith is encour- f. Author(s) and editor(s): Breedlove GK,
aged in both the introduction and discussion sections. Schorfheide AM. Adolescent pregnancy. 2nd
The quotation should be on a separate line in the text. ed. Wieczorek RR, editor. White Plains (NY):
It should be given a reference number in the text and March of Dimes Education Services; 2001.
listed in the reference section. See examples in the g. Chapter in a book: Meltzer PS, Kallioniemi A,
References section. Trent JM. Chromosome alterations in human
solid tumors. In: Vogelstein B, Kinzler KW, edi-
6. Use standard abbreviations only. Abbreviations tors. The genetic basis of human cancer. New
should not be used in the title and should be avoided York: McGraw-Hill; 2002. p. 93-113.
as much as possible in the abstracts. In the text, h. Conference proceedings: Harnden P, Joffe JK,
abbreviations should be kept to a practical minimum. Jones WG, editors. Germ cell tumours V.
The full term for which a given abbreviation stands Proceedings of the 5th Germ Cell Tumour
should precede its first use in the text, unless it is a Conference; 2001 Sep 13-15; Leeds, UK. New
standard unit of measurement. Consult Scientific York: Springer; 2002.
Style and Format by the Council of Science Editors i. Newspaper article: Tynan T. Medical improve-
(www.councilscienceeditors.org) or the American ments lower homicide rate: study sees drop in
Medical Association’s Manual of Style. assault rate. The Washington Post. 2002 Aug
12;Sect. A:2 (col. 4).
7. Use generic names of medications and use the j. Audiovisual material: Chason KW, Sallustio S.
metric or international System of Units (S.I. for Hospital preparedness for bioterrorism [video-
Systeme Internationale). cassette]. Secaucus (NJ): Network for
Continuing Medical Education; 2002.
8. In the Acknowledgments section, acknowledge k. In press: Tian D, Araki H, Stahl E, Bergelson J,
only persons who have made substantial contribu- Kreitman M. Signature of balancing selection in
tions to the study. Arabidopsis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. In press
2002.
9. References should be numbered consecutively as l. Homepage/web site: Cancer-Pain.org [home-
they appear in the text. Use the format of the Uniform page on the Internet]. New York: Association of
Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Cancer Online Resources, Inc.; c2000-01
Biomedical Journal (www.icmje.org). Journal titles [updated 2002 May 16; cited 2002 Jul 9].
should conform to abbreviations used in Cumulated Available from: http://www.cancer-pain.org/.
Index Medicus. m. Qur’anic Verse: The Glorious Qur’an Chapter

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40, Verse 68. should be clearly noted. Freehand lettering on the fig-
n. Hadith from printed volume: Ibn Hajar al- ure is not acceptable. All lettering must be in propor-
‘Asqalani. Fath al-Bari bi-Sharh Sahih al- tion to the drawing, graph, or photograph. Figure leg-
Bukhari (The Creator’s Inspiration in ends should not appear on the figure.
Interpreting the Verified Collection of al- Illustrations should be professionally created.
Bukhari). Cairo, Egypt: Al-Bahiyyah Egyptian Photographs must be sharp and glossy. If photo-
Press; 1930. Vol 11, p. 405. graphs of patients are used, either the subjects should
o. Hadith from database: Sahih Al-Bukhari, Book not be identifiable or written permission to reproduce
79, Kitaab al-Tibb, Chapter 1, Hadith 5354. [on- them should accompany the submission.
line] Available from: http://www.muhaddith.org.
12. When reporting experiments on human subjects,
10. Number the tables consecutively, and use Arabic include in the Materials and Methods section that the
numerals. Each table must be cited in sequence at an study was approved by the authority on human exper-
appropriate point in the text. Each table has to have a imentation of the institution in which the study was per-
caption. These should be brief yet indicate closely the formed. Also indicate that the procedures followed
purpose or content of the table. Each column should were in accord with the ethical standards of the
be precisely defined by headings. Abbreviations and Helsinki Declaration (JAMA, 1997;277:925-6). In the
special designations should be explained in a footnote case of experimentation on animals, indicate in the
to the table. Materials and Methods section that the National
Research Council’s guide for the care and use of lab-
11. The term figure includes all types of illustrations oratory animals was followed and that the approval of
such as graphs, diagrams, photographs, flow charts, the local institution was obtained.
and line drawings. A reasonable number of black and
white figures will be reproduced without charge. Color 13. Direct quotations, tables, or figures that have
should be used in illustrations only when it illustrates a appeared in copyrighted material must be accompa-
point that cannot be made in black and white. Color nied by written permission for their use from the copy-
figures may not be reproduced in the print edition, but right owner and original author along with complete
may be available in the electronic edition. Figures reference information.
must be cited consecutively in the text with Arabic
numerals. Figures should be 12.5 cm by 17.5 cm (5 14. Author(s) is/are responsible for all the statements
inches by 7 inches). Consistency in size is strongly made in his/their work, including changes made by the
preferred. Any special instructions regarding sizing copy editor.

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