CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA - VERBUL/ CUPRINS

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CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA - VERBUL
Asist uni. Georgeta Obilisteanu Lect.univ. Marioara Patesan 1. CUVÂNT INAINTE 2. LECTIA I - TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICATIV 3. LECTIA II - CONCORDANTA TIMPURILOR 4. LECTIA III - MODUL CONDITIONAL SI FRAZELE CONDITIONALE 5. LECTIA IV - VORBIREA DIRECTA SI INDIRECTA 6. LECTIA V - DIATEZA PASIVA 7. LECTIA VI - VERBELE MODALE 8. LECTIA VII - MODUL SUBJONCTIV 9. LECTIA VIII - MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI CONSTRUCTIILE VERBALE 10. LECTIA IX - CHEIA EXERCITIILOR 10.1 Timpurile modului 10.2. Exercitii cu concordanta timpurilor 10.3. Exercitii cu fraze conditionale 10.4. Exercitii cu vorbirea directa si indirecta 10.5. Exercitii cu diateza pasiva 10.6. Exercitii cu verbe modale 10.7. Exercitii cu modul subjonctiv 10.8. Exercitii cu constructii verbale 11. LISTA VERBELOR NEREGULATE

CUVÂNT INAINTE

Verbul constituie coloana vertebrala a unei limbi. Cartea „Curs practic de limba engleza – verbul" (cu exercitii si cheie) cuprinde o parte teoretica – prezentarea clara si sistematica a modurilor, timpurilor, concordantei timpurilor, verbelor modale si a altor probleme legate de verbul englez (cu exemple si traducere), precum si o parte practica cu exercitii la fiecare capitol si la sfârsitul cartii au fost incluse cheia exercitiilor si lista verbelor neregulate intâlnite in cadrul exemplelor si exercitiilor. Prezentarea teoretica a problemelor este facuta in limba româna. Cursul se adreseaza studentilor incepatori si intermediari din anii I si II de studiu, precum si cursantilor adulti, cu conditia ca acestia sa aiba cunostinte anterioare, chiar sumare, de limba engleza.

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Negativ I am not working. You are not (aren’t) working. He/she/it is not (isn’t) working. We are not (aren’t) working. You are not (aren’t) working. They are not (aren’t) working. Interogativ Am I working? Are we working? Are you working? Are you working? Is he/she/it working? Are they working? Present Tense Simple se foloseste pentru a arata o actiune in plina desfasurare in momentul prezent. Ex. Where are you going? I am going to school. De asemenea poate arata o actiune care se desfasoara pe timp limitat in perioada prezenta. Ex.: I go to school by bus this week. My father is taking me in his car. Uneori se poate folosi timpul Present Tense Continuous cu adverbul always, pentru a arata o actiune repetata. In acest caz, exista o conotatie afectiva (nemultumire) sau actiunea respectiva este caracteristica pentru acea persoana. Ex. You are always losing your things. You are always grumbling when I ask you to help me in the kitchen. Exercitii cu Present Simple si Present Continuous 1. Puneti verbele din urmatoarele propozitii (Present Simple) la interogativ si negativ: Nota: Verbul „to have", atunci când nu inseamna „a avea, a poseda", ci este parte dintr-o expresie (to have breakfast, to have a shower, to have a party), formeaza negativul si interogativul cu ajutorul auxiliarului „to do". I love my brother. She talks too much. I understand you. You play the piano very well. I always believe you. He remembers my phone number. They live in Bucharest. He has a hot bath every day. I trust my friend. I have lunch at one o’clock.

LECTIA I TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICATIV Exista doua aspecte in limba engleza: simplu si continuu. In general, timpurile simple se folosesc atunci când accentul se pune pe actiunea propriu-zisa, iar timpurile continue se folosesc atunci când accentul se pune pe durata actiunii, pe perioada de timp in care aceasta are loc. In explicarea intrebuintarii timpurilor continue se va intâlni formularea „actiune in plina desfasurare". Aceasta inseamna ca actiunea a inceput inainte de momentul la care se face referire si va continua dupa acel moment. Exista un numar de verbe in limba engleza care nu se folosesc la forma continua, deoarece ideea de durata e inclusa in continutul lor semantic. Ex. to want, to like, to dislike, to understand, to owe, to matter, to love, to hate, to belong, to believe, to remember, to know. A. Present Tense Simple Afirmativ Negativ I work I do not (don’t) work You work You do not (don’t) work He/she/it works He/she/it does not (doesn’t) work We work We do not (don’t) work You work You do not (don’t) work They work They do not (don’t) work Interogativ Do I work? Do we work? Do you work? Do you work? Does he/she/it work? Do they work? Present Tense Simple se foloseste pentru a arata o actiune regulata, obisnuita, in perioada prezenta. Ex. What do you do? (Cu ce te ocupi?) I am a student. What time do you usually have breakfast? Present Tense Continuous Se conjuga verbul „to be" la timpul prezent si se adauga forma -ing a verbului de conjugat. Afirmativ I am working We are working. You are working You are working He/she/it is working They are working

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

2. Puneti verbele din urmatoarele propozitii (Present Continuous) la negativ si interogativ:

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CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICA... Page 3 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICA... Page 4 of 18 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. It is raining. I am having a walk. He is telling the truth. You are typing a letter. They are swimming in the river. My friend is wearing a new dress. My mother is resting. We are studying English. Ann is knitting. The child is learning to play the piano.

I (think) of my mother just now. 7. You (know) what time is it? 4. Traduceti in limba engleza: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. Iarna ninge. Duminica el nu se scoala devreme. Eu nu studiez seara. Ce faci? Citesti sau privesti la televizor? Secretara tocmai bate la masina un referat. Ea merge la cumparaturi sâmbata. Acum imi fac temele la engleza. Nu-mi place cafeaua. Ce carte citesti? La ce ora se scoala John dimineata? Ce faci tu in zilele libere? Cui ii telefonezi? El nu merge la scoala cu metroul, merge pe jos. De ce deschizi fereastra? Adesea citesc carti englezesti. Ea isi face bagajul. Cât de des le scrii parintilor tai? Când merg la mare imi place sa inot mult. Clientul tocmai isi alege o pereche de pantofi. B. Past Tense Simple Past Tense Simple se formeaza prin adaugarea terminatiei – ed in cazul verbelor regulate. Ex. to work – worked Daca verbul este neregulat, Past Tense trebuie invatat din tabelul de verbe neregulate care indica cele trei forme de baza ale verbului: forma I – infinitiv, forma II- Paste Tense, forma III – participiul trecut. Ex. to speak – spoke – spoken Afirmativ

3. Puneti verbele din paranteze la Present Simple sau la Present Continuous: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. I (not go) shopping because it (rain). What you (do) on Sundays? He usually (drink) coffee but now he (drink) tea. In England it often (rain). I (not like) that boy. He usually (speak) so quickly that I (not understand) him. You (like) this book? You (dream) at night?

Yes, I (dream) every night. 1. I can’t answer the phone now because I (cook). 2. How you usually (get) to work? I usually (go) by bus, but now I (take) a taxi because I am late. 1. The manager can’t receive you now as he (have) an interview. 2. You (write) to John now? Yes, I (be). I always (write) to him on his birthday. 1. Where you (hurry)? To the theatre, as I (not want) to miss the first act. 1. She always (borrow) books from me and never (remember) to give them back. 2. You (go) to work every day? Yes, of course, except Saturdays and Sundays. 3. Why you (smoke) so much? 4. Who you (wait) for? I (wait) for John, but he is late, as usual. 5. I always (have) a rest after lunch. 6. What you (think) of?

worked I/you/he/she/it/we/they spoke Negativ work I/you/he/she/it/we/they did not speak

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CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICA... Page 5 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICA... Page 6 of 18 Interogativ work? Did I/you/he/she/it/we/they speak? Forma prescurtata a lui did not este didn’t (I didn’t work). Past Tense Simple arata o actiune trecuta, terminata, efectuata intr-o perioada de timp trecuta, terminata. Este timpul de naratiune. Se traduce, de obicei, cu perfectul compus. Ex. Yesterday I went for a walk. (Ieri am mers al plimbare.) Last year I travelled to England. (Anul trecut am calatorit in Anglia.) Past Tense Continuous Se formeaza prin conjugarea verbului „to be" la trecut (Past Tense) si adaugarea formei ing a verbului de conjugat. Afirmativ I was working We were working You were working You were working He/she/it was working They were working Negativ I was not working We were not working You were not working You were not working He/she/it was not working They were not working Formele prescurtate sunt: was not – wasn’t I wasn’t working. were not – weren’t They weren’t working. Interogativ Was I working? Were we working? Were you working? Were you working? Was he/she/it working? Were they working? Arata o actiune in plina desfasurare intr-un moment din trecut. Se traduce, de obicei, cu imperfectul. Ex. This time yesterday, I was watching TV. (Ieri pe vremea asta priveam la televizor.) Adesea, in aceeasi fraza, este posibil sa apara un verb folosit la Past Continuous si un verb folosit la Past Simple. In acest caz, verbul la Past Continuous (tradus cu imperfectul), reprezinta fundalul de timp pe care se petrece actiunea exprimata de Past Simple (tradus cu perfectul compus). Ex. While I was crossing the street, I met John. Este, de asemenea, posibil sa apara intr-o fraza timpul Past Continuous in mod repetat. In aceasta situatie, ambele verbe se traduc cu imperfectul, ele aratând actiuni paralele, in plina desfasurare, intr-un moment trecut. Ex. While John was reading, his sister was watching TV. (In timp ce John citea, sora lui privea la televizor.) Exercitii cu Past Tense Simple si Continuous 1. Puneti verbele din urmatoarele propozitii la Past Tense Simple: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. I sleep until 9 o’clock every day. He meets John on Sundays. You speak English well. You drink too much. You ask too many questions. I play football. I own two umbrellas. I like to have a coffee in the morning. That sounds interesting. I always make cakes on Sundays.

1. Puneti verbele din urmatoarele propozitii la negativ si interogativ: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. He thought about you. They drank all the wine. I hated him. He changed his library book every day. I sold my car. We worked very hard. He came home late. I enjoyed travelling. He translated the text. He forbade her to do this.

1. Puneti verbele din paranteze la Past Tense Simple sau Continuous: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. When you (come in), I talk on the phone. When I first (meet) him, he (work) in a bank. While he (learn) to drive, he (have) an accident. As I (write), someone (ring up). Where you (go) when I (meet) you? What you (do) this time yesterday? When I (enter) the classroom, the teacher (write) on the blackboard. When I (arrive), she (have) dinner. This time last Sunday, I (watch) a film on TV. He suddenly (realize) that he (not wear) his glasses.

1. Traduceti in limba engleza:

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) Daca adverbul de timp este „this morning". eu conduceam masina spre Sinaia. incepând din) si for (de. just. 14.m.. care are rezultate in prezent sau care. El a dat primul examen saptamâna trecuta. always. this month. Baietii jucau carti când l-au auzit pe tatal lor intrând in casa. (Am vazut doua filme saptamâna aceasta. 12. daca aceasta este in cursul diminetii (pâna la ora 12) sau dupa amiaza.. 5. C. I must buy a new one. In timp ce imi cautam pasaportul am gasit aceasta fotografie veche. 17. Ce faceai martea trecuta la ora 7 dimineata? Ma pregateam sa merg la facultate. Ex. Saptamâna trecuta am fost bolnav si nu am mers la scoala. (Mi-am pierdut umbrela.actrus. 21. already. 19. Soarele nu a apus la ora 8 aseara. 15. 2. dintr-un motiv sau altul. I have seen two films this week. Page 7 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICA. Timpul Present Perfect Simple se foloseste in urmatoarele situatii: l l Ex. intereseaza in prezent.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. 10.) Trebuie precizat faptul ca. 18.actrus. ever. I lost my umbrella yesterday. Ei au ascuns imediat cartile si si-au scos manualele de scoala. Page 8 of 18 1. I haven’t seen John for two months.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. Ex. se foloseste Past Simple. Batea un vânt puternic când am iesit din casa. timp de). seldom. Ex. mi-am luat micul dejun si apoi am plecat la scola. Când te-ai intors de la munte? Când ai cumparat acest televizor? Ieri mi-am pierdut manusile. He/she/it has not (hasn’t) worked. Ieri pe vremea asta ploua.. Acum doua zile am cazut si mi-am rupt piciorul. Cine a câstigat meciul alaltaieri? In timp ce ploua. terminata. 9. this week. 8. I must buy a new one.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICA. Cu acest sens se folosesc de obicei prepozitiile since (din. When did you see Hamlet? I saw it last week. daca se mentioneaza momentul trecut in care a avut loc actiunea care intereseaza in prezent sau care are rezultate in prezent. 3. Se foloseste cu adverbe de timp neprecizat care leaga trecutul de prezent. arata o actiune inceputa in trecut care continua pâna in prezent. intrucât „when" reprezinta un moment precizat in trecut. efectuata intr-o perioada de timp neterminata. 6. 22. Trebuie sa-mi cumpar una noua. (Nu l-am vazut pe John de doua luni. Unde ti-ai petrecut concediul vara trecuta? Ieri m-am sculat devreme. De asemenea.) l arata o actiune trecuta. folosirea timpului verbal este conditionata de momentul in care se face afirmatia. Ai dormit bine noaptea trecuta? Ieri nu am mers la bazinul de inot. 16. this year. In acest caz. daca se pune o intrebate referitoare la trecut care incepe cu „when".) I haven’t seen John since September. I didn’t get up early this morning. ora 10 a. Duminica trecuta prietenii mei au jucat sah. 4. Adverbe de timp neprecizat care se aseaza intre auxiliar si verb: often. 7. (Nu l-am vazut pe John din septembrie. Afirmativ I have worked We have worked You have worked You have worked He/she/it has worked They have worked Negativ I have not (haven’t) worked. (Il cunosc pe John de doi ani. arata o actiune trecuta. http://quintet. 13. El arata o legatura intre trecut si momentul prezent. Ex.) I have known John since 1990. ora 2 p. Nu m-am sculat devreme azi dimineata.html 5 of 42 12/15/04 . 11. 20. Have you seen Hamlet? (Ai vazut Hamlet?) I have lost my umbrella .) I have known John for two years. folosirea lui este insotita de adverbe precum: today. nu mai poate fi folosit timpul Present Perfect. In acest caz. (Il cunosc pe John din 1990.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. la care se adauga forma a treia (participiul trecut) a verbului de conjugat.. Present Perfect Simple Timpul Present Perfect Simple se formeaza prin conjugarea verbului „to have" la prezent. Ex. never. I haven’t got up early this morning. Timpul Present Perfect nu poate fi folosit cu un adverb de timp precizat in trecut. Traducerea celor doua propozitii in limba româna este identica.m. nu se poate folosi timpul Present Perfect. M-am sculat târziu ieri dimineata. Interogativ Have I worked? Has he/she/it worked? Timpul Present Perfect este un timp de relatie.

Ex. I (do) a lot of work since I (get up) in the morning. Interogativ Have I been working? Has he been working? Timpul Present Perfect Continuous arata o actiune in plina desfasurare. 11.. 15. It has been raining for three hours.) Dupa cum se poate observa.) Ca si Present Perfect Simple. How long you (live) here? I (live) here for one year. Present Perfect Continuous Se formeaza cu Present Perfect Simple al verbului „to be".html 12/15/04 http://quintet. I’m tired of it. 19. Folositi Present Perfect Simple sau Continuous in locul infinitivelor din paranteze: 1. I have often been to England. I haven’t. (Nu l-am vazut in ultimul timp. we shall have floods. 8. 12/15/04 http://quintet. 5. 4. poate arata probabilitatea ca actiunea inceputa in trecut. I am not out of work now. 13.) De asemene. Daca nu se opreste in curând. 1. We (know) each other for several years. se poate traduce cu prezentul sau cu perfectul compus din limba româna. I (shop) all day and I want to have a rest now.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. He (sleep) for 10 hours now. Would you like a cake? No. I (buy) a new house. Yes.actrus. I already (see) this film. timpul Present Perfect Simple se traduce in româneste fie cu prezentul. I just (have) one. 20. You (be) out of work long? 5. Ex. I have never been to England. Exercitii cu Present Perfect Simple si Continuous 1. I (wear) my hair long since I (be) a little girl. 6. He has not (hasn’t) been working. Folositi Present Perfect Simple sau Continuous sau Past Tense Simple in locul infinitivelor: 1... 2. You (visit) the Village Museum? You ever (eat) caviar? I (not write) to my friend for three months. 18. Adverbe de timp neprecizat care stau la sfârsitul propozitiei: lately. 3.) I haven’t seen him lately. 3. (Sunt obosit pentru ca am muncit toata ziua. 6. I (try) last year but I (not succeed). You (water) the flowers? He just (leave) home. Page 9 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC.m. 7. If it doesn’t stop soon. Folositi Present Perfect Simple in locul infinitivelor din paranteze: 1. When are you going to do it? Ever since that woman came to work here. 1. There isn’t any train service because the engine – drivers (go) on strike. care continua in prezent. intre un moment trecut si prezent. 5. The radio (play) since 7 a. la care se adauga forma -ing a verbului de conjugat. I (not be) to the seaside this year. Have you ever been to England? (Ai fost vreodata in Anglia?) No. It’s time we woke him up. 21. 12. 17. she (leave) for Brasov a week ago. (Ploua de trei ore. 9. 8. 3.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. He hasn’t returned home yet. 8. 16. 14. She (change) a lot since I (see) her last. thank you. I (lose) my pen. I (lend) him some money today. 2.actrus. It (not rain) since December. sa continue si in viitor. Afirmativ I have been working We have been working You have been working You have been working He/she/it has been working They have been working Negativ I have not (haven’t) been working. (El nu s-a intors inca acasa. 11. 7. How long you (wear) glasses? I (cook) all the morning. Ex.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICA. Page 10 of 18 Ex. I am tired because I have been working all day. He (not come) home yet. I (get) a job last month. fie cu perfectul compus. cu accent pe durata. vom avea inundatii. 10. I (ask) you to clean your room for two days. 4. You must come and see it.. 12. 6. 7. she (try) to make trouble. You ever (drive) a car? He always (rely on) his friend. He (fish) for two hours but he (catch) nothing yet. 4. You (read) Sorescu’s last book? You (pay) the telephone bill? He (not go) to bed yet. When you (use) it last? 2. in functie de context. 22. yet (in propozitii negative). You (not see) it anywhere? No. 10.html 6 of 42 . Your ever (try) to give up smoking? Yes. 9. You (see) your mother this week? No. How many dishes you (cook)? Why you (be) in the garden so long? I (water) the flowers. Where you (be)? I (be) to the market.

Ai mai fost in acest oras? Da. Interogativ Had I been working? Aceste forme se pastreaza la toate persoanele. 19.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. Am mers pe jos 10 km pâna acum. a plecat acum o ora. 17.. 14. De cât timp inveti engleza? Vremea s-a incalzit in ultimul timp. Page 11 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC. Un copil a spart geamul. 11. She said she already (be) to England. (Când el a intrat in camera. (Dupa ce John privise (a privit) la televizor 10 minute. 2. Ei lucreaza la aceasta casa de un an si nu au terminat-o inca. Negativ I had not (hadn’t) worked. Ex. 3. Traduc un text de doua ore si nu l-am terminat inca.actrus. echivalentul in limba româna al acestui timp este mai mult ca perfectul. un verb de relatie. De când mi-am cumparat masina. 10. Interogativ Had I worked? Acest timp are aceeasi forma la toate persoanele. 22.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC. Negativ I had not (hadn’t) been working. Se poate traduce cu mai mult ca perfectul sau perfectul compus. After they (finish) dinner. Past Perfect Continuous Se formeaza cu Past Perfect Simple al verbului „to be". Ti-ai luat deja micul dejun? Da.html 7 of 42 12/15/04 . 25. 4. 11. 16.. ea batea la masina de o ora. s-a plictisit. D. 7. she had been typing for one hour.) After John had been watching TV for 10 minutes. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind Past Tense Simple sau Present Perfect Simple sau Continuous: 1. Afirmativ I had worked. http://quintet. (El a spus ca ploua de trei zile.. The child (play) the piano since I (return) from school. Yesterday at 9 o’clock I had had breakfast. 12. 20. 6. he got bored. La ce te-ai uitat? A fost un accident. 15. Am stat acasa si nu am regretat nici o clipa. perfectul compus sau imperfectul din limba româna. 13. 10. 23. Past Perfect Continuous poate prelua functiile lui Present Perfect Cotinuous in propozitia secundara. 2.. (Ieri la ora 9 luasem micul dejun. 5. El este ministru de doi ani. 24. in acest caz. (Când mi-ai telefonat. l-am luat la ora 8. acum doi ani. când in aceeasi fraza in propozitia principala se afla un verb la Past Tense. terminasem de scris temele. Timpul Past Perfect Continuous arata o actiune in plina desfasurare intre doua momente trecute. 1. 18. Past Perfect Simple Se formeaza cu verbul „to have" la Past Tense Simple. dar.) Ca sens. I had finished writing my homework. Ai vazut ziarul de azi? A plecat John? Da.) He said it had been raining for three days. Ex. He (be) very ill since the holidays (begin).actrus. Cu cine ai votat la ultimele alegeri? Nu am mers la vot. la care se adauga forma -ing a verbului de conjugat. am petrecut o luna aici. De asemenea. Cine te-a invatat sa vorbesti engleza atât de bine? Unde ti-ai petrecut vacanta anul acesta? M-am gândit adesea sa-mi iau carnet de conducere. la care se adauga forma III (past participle) a verbului de conjugat. 8.) When you rang me up. Afirmativ I had been working. Trebuie sa-l inlocuim. Arata o actiune trecuta care a avut loc inaintea unei alte actiuni sau a unui moment din trecut. 21. acest timp se poate traduce cu mai mult ca perfectul.) Dupa cum se observa. am mers arareori pe jos la slujba. Exercitii cu Past Simple si Continuous 1. they drank some coffee. Puneti verbele din paranteze la Past Perfect Simple: 1. Ninge de doua ore. El a scris numai doua scrisori de când a plecat in strainatate. Mergem pe jos de la ora 3. 9.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. ca si Present Perfect. este vorba de o relatie intre doua momente trecute. It (rain) since we (leave) Bucharest. When he entered the room. Page 12 of 18 9.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. Este.

5. He/she/it will be going.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. 4. Puneti verbele din paranteze la Past Perfect Continuous: 1. 5. she (tell) me they (be) friends for five years. El mi-a multumit pentru ceea ce facusem pentru el. Mi-a parut rau ca il jignisem. We were shocked to hear she (not pass) the exam. we (climb) for 7 hours. 4. When I rang her up. 6. Page 14 of 18 3. The house was much smaller then he (think) at first. 6. When I arrived home. At 3 o’clock on Friday. Page 13 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC. When I called on her unexpectedly. You will be going. They will be going. 5. they (wait) for the bus for half an hour. la care se adauga infinitivul verbului de conjugat. iar pentru „will not" este won’t. I realized she (have) a party. will la persoana II si III. When she decided to have a rest. De indata ce au plecat musafirii.html 12/15/04 1.. The child (eat) all the cakes before his mother became aware of it. she (clean) and (dust) for 5 hours. somebody told us it (rain) for hours. He told me he (catch) some fish on that day. 2. I (ring up) him and (congratulate) him. We (shall) will not be going. He asked me whether I (meet) John before. When we arrived at Sinaia. When I (find out) he (get married).. he (go) downstairs to have dinner. 3. She discovered her child (not tell) the truth. After John (listen to) the news bulletin. Negativ I (shall) will not be going. We (shall) will be going. When I left home. 10. 7.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC. Nu ti-am telefonat pentru ca am crezut ca plecasesi in strainatate..ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. 6. After we (walked) for an hour. we (realize) we (lose) our way. The professor (speak) for 10 minutes when I (enter) the hall. De indata ce a terminat de scris lucrarea. She just (go) out when I (call at) her house. He (learn) English for two years before he (go) to England for the first time. http://quintet. 7. 8. 2. Ei au calatorit in multe tari dupa ce s-au casatorit. (Il voi intâlni saptamâna viitoare. she (write) letters for one hour. Afirmativ I (shall) will go We (shall) will go You will go You will go He/she/it will go They will go Negativ I (shall) will not go We (shall) will not go You will not go You will not go He/she/it will not go They will not go Forma scurta pentru „shall not" este shan’t. After John (leave). 12/15/04 http://quintet. 9. Future Tense Simple Se formeaza cu shall sau will la persoana I. When we met them. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind Past Perfect Simple sau Continuous sau Past Tense Simple: 1. 1. se foloseste numai „shall". 8. He/she/it will not be going. Când am ajuns la statia de autobuz. El nu facuse nimic inainte de a-mi cere mie sfatul. mother (cook) for two hours. Acest timp arata o actiune viitoare obisnuita. 9. she felt chilly. We (ask) him what countries he (visit).. Ei mi-au spus ca locuiau in Franta din 1980. 4.html 8 of 42 .actrus. 7. 6.actrus. You will be going. 5. mi-am dat seama ca imi lasasem poseta acasa. I (return) from school. am mers la culcare. 3. 3. Afirmativ I (shall) will be going.) Future Continuous Se formeaza cu viitorul simplu al verbului „to be". 4. After Jane (swim) for half an hour. Se traduce cu viitorul din limba româna. 8. 10. E. a inmânat-o profesorului. Secretara mi-a spus ca directorul vorbea la telefon de o jumatate de ora. Ex. 10. 2. la care se adauga forma -ing a verbului de conjugat. When we reached the top. it (rain) for one hour. 7. He (tell) me he (be) to the theatre the day before. I (shall) will meet him next week. The fire (spread) to the next building when the firemen arrived. Puneti verbele din paranteza la Past Perfect Simple sau Continuous sau la Past Tense Simple: 1. When she sat for the exam. 9. 10. The river became deeper after it (rain) heavily for a few hours. Interogativ Shall I go? Shall we go? Will you go? Will you go? Will he/she/it/ go? Will they go? Trebuie remarcat faptul ca la interogativ persoana I. 9. You will not be going. 8. she (study) the subject for a week. 1.

Page 15 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC. He/she/it will not have gone.. I (shall) will have been going. I should (would) be going. Ex.actrus. Future-in-the-Past Continuous Se formeaza cu Future-in-the-Past Simple al verbului „to be". va calatori spre Anglia.. he would be travelling to England.actrus. We (shall) will have gone. iar cea de la „would not" este wouldn’t. (Mâine pâna la ora trei voi fi ajuns la Predeal. They will not have gone. atunci când in principala se afla un verb la trecut. He said he would be late. Se traduce cu timpul viitor anterior din limba româna.. When you come home.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. Interogativ Shall I be going? Shall we be going? Will you be going? Will you be going? Will he/she/it be going? Will they be going? Acest timp arata o actiune in plina desfasurare intr-un moment viitor.) Alte mijloace de exprimare a viitorului http://quintet. At three o’clock. I will have reached Predeal. Future-in-the-Past Simple Se formeaza cu should (persoana I) sau would (toate persoanele). Ex. I will be travelling to England. I will have been studying for three hours. You will not have gone.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC. la ora 3.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. Ex.) Intrucât nu poate fi intâlnit decât in propozitii secundare (dupa un verb la timpul trecut in propozitia principala). Este un timp sestul de rar folosit. la care se adauga infinitivul trecut al verbului de conjugat. Ex. You will have gone. (El a spus ca va intârzia. He/she/it will have gone.) Se traduce cu viitorul din limba româna. By three o’clock tomorrow. You will have gone. (Mâine la ora trei voi calatori spre Anglia. Este un timp rar folosit. Interogativ Shall I have gone? Shall we have gone? Will you have gone? Will you have gone? Will he/she/it have gone? Will they have gone? Acest timp arata o actiune anterioara unei alte actiuni sau unui moment viitor. He said that at 3 o’clock. la care se adauga infinitivul verbului de conjugat. Se traduce cu viitorul simplu sau cu viitorul anterior din limba româna. Page 16 of 18 You will not be going. Afirmativ I (should) would go We (should) would go You would go You would go He/she/it would go They would go Negativ I (should) would not go We (should) would not go You would not go You would not go He/she/it would not go They would not go Forma scurta de la „should not" este shouldn’t.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. Afirmativ I (shall) will have gone.html 9 of 42 12/15/04 . la care se adauga forma -ing a verbului de conjugat. Future Perfect Simple Se formeaza cu shall sau will. voi studia (voi fi studiat) de trei ore. (El a spus ca in ziua urmatoare. Arata o actiune in plina desfasurare intre doua momente viitoare. la care se adauga forma ing a verbului de conjugat. Acest timp este folosit in concordanta timpurilor pentru a arata o actiune posterioara unui moment sau unei actiuni din trecut. You will not have gone. They will not be going. (have + forma III). We (shall) will not have gone. They will have gone. nu se pune problema folosirii lui a interogativ decât in intrebari disjunctive.) Future Perfect Continuous Se formeaza cu Future Perfect al verbului „to be". Ex. the next day. Negativ I (shall) will not have gone. Preia functiile lui Future Tense Continuous intr-o propozitie secundara.. Când vei veni tu acasa.

4. 8. You (recognize) him when you see him? I (remember) this day all my life. Pâna la sfârsitul lunii. I leave for London tomorrow. I am meeting John this morning. the sun (rise) before we reach the beach. 2. 9. The sun (rise) in 10 minutes. Arata o intentie.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. I (have) breakfast. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul Future Simple: 1. 7..) It is going to rain. When you reach Sinaia. I (know) the results in three days’ time. I (finish) reading the newspapers by lunch time. Ex. one hundred thousand people (spend) their holidays at the seaside. You (not find) a solution if you don’t know the whole truth. Ce faci mâine dimineata la ora 11? Voi vizita târgul international. She (watch) TV.. Uite ce am cumparat la o licitatie! E un obiect frumos. 3. Vineri. 9. ea va fi terminat curatenia in casa. 5. El va studia in biblioteca luni de la ora 1 la 5. Page 17 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC. If we don’t hurry. I (read) all the books on the bibliography list. (Il intâlnesc/il voi intâlni pe John in dimineata aceasta. 4. You (remember) to post my letter? I hope I (pass) the exam. He (be) pleased if you invite him. it probably (rain). Trenul va fi plecat inainte de a ajunge noi la gara. 2. they (be married) for 25 years. 6. I am going to read this book.actrus. (Voi citi/am de gând sa citesc aceasta carte. 7..html 10 of 42 12/15/04 . 12. the baby (cry). 10. 1. You (need) the vacuum cleaner tomorrow or may I borrow it? I am sure when I arrive home. Page 18 of 18 l Present Simple + adverb de timp viitor. 3. Next year.m. 6. He (study) all day tomorrow. voi fi vazut acest film de 5 ori. Pâna la ora 1. (Plec/voi pleca la Londra mâine. You (be) in London tomorrow. 8. Tomorrow morning at 8 o’clock. 4. 10.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC.. Intr-un astfel de context. 6. mâine.) l Present Continuous + adverb de timp viitor. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul Future Continuous: 1. Don’t ring her up at 8 o’clock p. you (see) all the exhibits in the museum. 3. I (cook) for two hours. ei vor avea ultima ora de engleza. 7. 11. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul Future Perfect Simple sau Continuous: 1. 10. When I take the exam. 4. Unde il vei pune? Ex. This time next month. 3. 2. Din cauza grevei soferilor de autobuze multa lume va merge pe jos la slujba. 7. 4. intre orele 12 si 1. 5. we (take) our exam. In a week’s time. un aranjament prealabil pentru viitorul apropiat. Exercitii cu timpurile „Future" 1. This time next day. 5. vor fi economisit 5 milioane. 8. By 5 o’clock. 6. 8. 2. http://quintet. I am sure I (succeed).) l Expresia „to be going to" + infinitiv. I (work) on this paper for a month. Pâna anul viitor pe vremea aceasta. Arata de asemenea o intentie sau o probabilitate. I (pay off) all my debts. By the end of the season. 5. 3. By the time you come home. we (climb) the mountain. Don’t expect me home for dinner. Let’s hurry to the beach. I am sure you (like) this book. I (work) at the office till late at night. 9. Am cumparat o masina de scris si voi invata sa bat. By the end of the month. By the beginning of next week. 10. 9.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind unul din tipurile de viitor: 1. I (swim) in the sea. arata un program precis.actrus. bine stabilit.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. Ex.

Future-in-the-Past se poate folosi numai o singura data. She said she had forgotten where she had put her glasses. a) Past Tense – actiune simultana – Past Tense He said he was ill. Present Tense Continuous. Ex. când propozitia secundara exprima un adevar general valabil. Cartea pe care o citesc acum mi-a fost data de fratele meu.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. o formulare 12/15/04 http://quintet. Present Perfect Simple. cu exceptia propozitii temporale sau conditionale. nu in propozitii. ci in fraze. Ea consta in aceea ca folosirea unui anumit timp in propozitia principala obliga la folosirea unui timp adecvat in propozitia secundara. (El a spus ca va veni sa ma vada dupa ce va termina lucrul.) He said he was going to school. un timp „present" Present Tense Simple. Present Perfect Continuous Orice timp cerut de sens Propozitia secundara Propozitia principala actiune posterioara celei din principala. (Voi merge in Anglia dupa ce voi obtine viza.) Nota 2: Daca intr-o fraza exista doua propozitii secundare cu I will read this book when I have time. (El a spus ca merge la scola. Past Tense Continuous.) He said he would come to see me after he had finished work.) 1. (El a spus ca este bolnav. Propozitia principala 1.) He said he would buy a car if he had money. He said he would come to see me when he had time. Când propozitia secundara este comparativa. (El a spus ca va veni sa ma vada când va avea timp. desigur. un timp „past" Past Tense Simple. (El a spus ca va pleca a doua zi.) Exceptii de la concordanta timpurilor 1. (Ea a spus ca uitase unde si-a pus ochelarii. Profesorul le-a spus elevilor ca apa fierbe la 100 oC.html 11 of 42 . 3. (Voi citi aceasta carte când voi avea timp. Ex. 2.) b) Past Tense – actiune anterioara – Past Perfect He said he had returned home a week before. se poate folosi Past Perfect in mod repetat. (El a spus ca va cumpara o masina daca va avea bani.actrus. (Am ajuns acasa dupa ce incetase ploaia. The book I am reading now was given to me by my brother. dintre care una este temporala sau conditionala. de exemplu. un timp „future" Teoretic se poate folosi orice timp cerut de sens. Last year I worked more than I have done this year.) c) Past Tense – actiunea posterioara – Future-in-the-Past He said he would leave the next day. Se poate intâlni. care nu pot include un verb la viitor. Ce inseamna „un timp adecvat" se va vedea in continuare. Past Perfect Continuous Propozitia secundara Orice alt timp „past" Ex. The teacher told the pupils water boils at 100 oC.) I arrived home after it had stopped raining. Anul trecut am muncit mai mult decât anul acesta. (Voi fi terminat de studiat când vei veni tu acasa.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_2. (El a spus ca se intorsese acasa cu o saptamâna inainte. Future – actiune anterioara – Present Perfect I will go to England after I have received a visa. Ex. se poate observa uneori o oarecare tendinta de a nu se respecta concordanta timpurilor atunci când verbul din propozitia principala este la trecut.) I will have finished studying when you come home. când propozitia secundara este atributiva.) b. Past Perfect Simple.) Nota 1: Daca intr-o fraza exista doua propozitii secundara cu actiunea anterioara celei din principala.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CONCORDANTA TIMPURILOR Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri Page 1 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CONCORDANTA TIMPURILOR Page 2 of 5 LECTIA II CONCORDANTA TIMPURILOR Concordanta timpurilor se aplica. Ex.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_2. Future – actiune simultana – Present 2.) She promised her mother she would help her. Nota: In limba engleza contemporana.actrus. dupa care (in temporala sau conditionala) se intrebuinteaza Past Tense (pentru simultaneitate) sau Past Perfect (pentru anterioritate). Situatiile cel mai des intâlnite sunt urmatoarele: a. (Ea i-a promis mamei sale ca o va ajuta. Ex.

I hoped it (not rain) when I (arrive) at the beach. He told me hibernating animal (not eat) in winter. She told me his name after he (leave). sa ajunga regula. sfatuim pe vorbitorii români de limba engleza sa respecte regulile de concordanta a timpurilor asa cum sunt prezentate mai sus. 8. I was sue the performance (be cancelled). You didn’t tell me you (have to) type this report. After he (repair) the car. 4. this beach will become very crowded. Last night I met the couple who soon (move) next door to me. 10. Page 4 of 5 1. 4. 10. 15. 10. He realized he (not remember) John’s phone number. 6. Pentru moment insa. 14. We all believed he (win) the competition. We shall start dinner as soon as the guests (arrive). Looking out of the window. You will get a shock when you (see) the mess in that room. I will pay my debts after I (receive) my salary. I will do it when I (want) to.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_2. When it started to rain. având in vedere faptul ca propozitia secundara exprima o actiune posterioara celei din principala: 1. she will take a job as a secretary. 8. 1. After I (hear) the news. 8. you will feel better. The teacher told the pupils what the capital of Mexico (be). 5. When their first baby (be born). 2. 19. 2. 2. I will buy a car when I (have) enough money. Este posibil ca ceea ce apare acum ca tendinta.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_2. Last year you spoke English less fluently than you (do) now. 4. I thought you soon (have) a holiday.html 12 of 42 . 5. I didn’t know at what temperature this metal (melt). Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect. She didn’t even say thank you after all I (do) for her. After she (learn) to type. 3. As soon as the holidays (begin). 9. They said they (remain) at the seaside for another week. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul Present Simple sau Present Perfect Simple: 1. we supposed prices (go up). tinând seama de relatia de anterioritate exprimata de verbul din propozitia principala sau din cea secundara: 1. I was not sure I (remain) at home that evening. I (not decide) yet. they were listening to music. 18. 6. cu timpul. They (know) each other for a long time before they finally got married. I was not sure if you (speak) English. I shall have typed all the letters. He promised he (drive) me home. When I arrived. He was sure he (pass) the exam and he promised he (give) a party afterwards. They didn’t know that I (play) football. 7. 9. 10. I will lend it to you. 2. 12. I didn’t think that book to be a nice birthday present for you because I (read) it and I (not enjoy) it. 8. 2. 1. 4. He will write to me after he (arrive) in England. the concert already (begin). The book I (read) in the last few days was lent to me by John. As wages had gone up. she saw the sun (shine) brightly. the Romanians travelled less than they (do) this year. He believed the strike (end) very soon. 7. 3. He asked me if I usually (read) that newspaper. too. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect (Past Tense Simple sau Continuous). I will come as soon as I (finish) my work. He was in a hurry because he (want) to catch the train. You will be surprised when you (see) how much she (change). When you asked me where I (spend) my holidays. 7. Last year I earned more money than I (earn) in the next five years. he will drive to Sinaia. 17. 5. 3. 12/15/04 http://quintet. 8. When I (finish) the book. I congratulated him. Yesterday I bought a new umbrella because I (lose) my old one. tinând seama de exceptiile de la concordanta timpurilor: 1. 4. 5. I understood you (be) a painter. 1. You won’t be able to speak about this book till you (read) it. I will never forget what you just (tell ) me. When we (go) to see them last night. 5. When he finally reached London. 7. 6. 11.actrus. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect. He told me he never (see) the sea. precum si exceptiile: 1. It was clear they (talk) business again. I found out that yoga (be) a very useful practice. 6. they will have been married for five years. respectând toate regulile de concordanta a timpurilor. In 1998.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. He hoped he (finish) reading the book in two days. You will be surprised when you (see) how well she (look). I wasn’t aware German (be) such a difficult language. By the time you (finish) translating the text. He didn’t admit that he (steal) the book. 9. I will go on playing the piano till he (tell) me to stop. 6. 4.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CONCORDANTA TIMPURILOR de tipul: „He said he loves me". 7. 6. When I heard the main actor was ill. 13. 3.actrus. we (dig) in the garden for an hour. He just (leave) home when he came across John. 5. Your mother will be upset when she (notice) you (break) the vase. 8. not before. 16. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul Future-in-the-Past. Exercitii cu concordanta timpurilor Page 3 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CONCORDANTA TIMPURILOR 10. 6. 9. After you (drink) a coffee. 3. având in vedere simultaneitatea actiunilor din propozitia principala si cea secundara: 1. 7. The train will have left before we (reach) the station. Last night I (read) the book which you (read) now. 5. 9. 2. they said they (listen to) music since 5 o’clock. he was tired because he (travel) for three days. 3. 20. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect (Past Perfect Simple sau Continuous). I believed you (be) at the seaside. It is said that one Englishman will not speak to another before they (be) introduced.

he decided he (change) his job. Secretara mi-a spus ca directorul este ocupat. Traduceti in limba engleza: 1. 14. 4.html 13 of 42 12/15/04 . Nu mi-am amintit ca ne cunoscusem cu un an inainte. Afirmativ I should/would go We should/would go You would go You would go He/she/it would go They would not go Negativ I should/would not go We should/would not go You would not go You would not go He/she/it would not go They would not go Forme prescurtate: shouldn’t. When I finally arrived home. Masina pe cae o voi cumpara va fi importata din Germania. He was very upset because I (be) late. Politistul ma va intreba ce am vazut in timpul accidentul. He was very tired and he (hope) he (have) time to rest that afternoon. Era foarte suparat ca isi pierduse dictionarul si nu era sigur ca va gasi unul nou in librarii. 6. After having visited Italy. 17. 12. 11.actrus. I hoped the company where I (work) (not go) bankrupt. 18..).CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CONCORDANTA TIMPURILOR Page 5 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/ MODUL CONDITIONAL SI FRA. I was surprised that his son (fail) the exam. Iti voi spune adevarul dupa ce il voi afla eu insami. la care se adauga infinitivul prezent al verbului de conjugat. Hotul nu si-a dat seama ca politia il urmarea de o saptamâna. Past Conditional (conditional trecut) Se traduce cu should/would la care se adauga infinitivul trecut (have + forma III a verbului de conjugat). 20. 19. 10.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_3. 5. He discovered to his horror that he (eat) the worms in the cherries. 12. LECTIA III MODUL CONDITIONAL SI FRAZELE CONDITIONALE Present Conditional (conditional prezent) Se formeaza cu should si would la persoana I si would la persoanele II si III. You will never know how much I (suffer). 13. my friends told me there (be) many small houses and narrow streets in Padua. 7. A week ago. I-am promis ca ii voi scrie când voi ajunge la Londra. Page 1 of 5 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri 9. Tata imi va da un cadou dupa ce voi lua examenul. Afirmativ I should/would have gone You would have gone He/she/it would have gone We should/would have gone You would have gone They would have gone Negativ I should/would not have gone You would not have gone http://quintet. he (trust) his son and he (not expect) such a thing to happen. 2. 9. ar merge etc.actrus. 11. Stiam ca esti in Bucuresti. Nu am stat acasa sa te astept pentru ca nu stiam când vei veni. 3. M-a intrebat câte litere sunt in alfabetul chinez si nu am putut sa-I raspund. 16. He said he (have to) write down my address as he (not remember) it otherwise. 15. I did not know that you (wear) glasses since childhood. Interogativ Should I go? Should we go? Would you go? Would you go? Would he/she/it go? Would they go? Se traduce cu conditionalul prezent din limba româna (as merge.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_2. wouldn’t.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. ai merge. 7. we (drink) coffee and brandy. 10.. I (be) very hungry because I (not eat) anything all day. After we have finished dinner. 8.

– if he were here – were he here – if it had rained – had it rained – if he should come – should he come Exercitii cu fraze conditionale 1. you (promise) to keep it a secret? Unless you study more.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_3. ai fi mers. 7.) I will stay at home if it rains. ar fi mers etc. tell her I am out. (As sta acasa daca ar ploua. in case. I won’t go shopping if you don’t come with me.) Tipul 2 Propozitia principala Propozitia secundara Present Conditional Subjonctiv cu forma de Past Tense I would go to the seaside if the weather were fine.actrus. If I (know) his phone-number.html 14 of 42 12/15/04 . cu exceptia verbului „to be".. I (greet) him. (In caz ca politia ar afla adevarul/ Daca s-ar intâmpla ca politia sa afle adevarul. If she should ring up. would you visit me? 3. dar improbabila. If it (go on) raining. I (buy) it. Unless you come at 6.. should se traduce cu: in caz ca. In acest caz. noi am fi amendati. Ex.) Nota 4: Atunci când if este urmat de un verb auxiliar (ex.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_3. Nota 3: should + infinitiv poate fi folosit la tipul 1. De asemenea. suppose. Page 3 of 5 He/she/it would not have gone We should/would not have gone You would not have gone They would not have gone Interogativ Should I have gone? Should we have gone? Would you have gone? Would you have gone? Would he/she/it have gone? Would they have gone? Se traduce cu conditionalul trecut din limba româna (as fi mers. 3. If you don’t hurry.). Frazele conditionale (If-Clauses) Exista trei tipuri de fraze conditionale: Tipul 1 Propozitia principala Propozitia secundara Future Present I will go to the seaside if the weather is fine. providing. we would be fined.. Tipul 3 Propozitia principala Propozitia secundara Past Conditional Subjonctiv cu forma de Past Perfect I would have gone to the seaside if the weather had been fine. daca sar intâmpla ca. 8. si in acest caz se inverseaza ordinea subiect – auxiliar. In caz ca telefoneaza. 4. atunci când actiunea din secundara este posibila. tinând seama de faptul ca fraza conditionala este de tipul 1: 1. Page 2 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/ MODUL CONDITIONAL SI FRA. If I (move) to the country-side. What shall we do. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect. (As fi mers la mare daca vremea ar fi fost buna. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect.) I would have stayed at home if it had rained. If she finds out what has happened. (Voi sta acasa daca va ploua. 10. 2. I (lend) you the book if you promise to return it in time. you (not find) me at home. should). If you (take) a dog. Acest tip de secundara este adesea combinat cu imperativul. Ex. If I like the dress. should poate fi folosit in secundara la tipul 2 de fraza conditionala.) Nota 1: Trebuie sa se tina seama ca subjonctivul folosit in propozitia secundara are forma lui Past Tense Simple la toate verbele.) Nota 2: – if poate fi inlocuit de provided (that). 2. If the police should find out the truth. in loc de Present Simple.. were. I would ring him up. If I tell you something.actrus. you (be) late.) I would stay at home if it rained. (As merge la mare daca vremea ar fi buna. supposing. unde se intâlneste forma „were" la toate persoanele. supposing he is late? (Ce vom face presupunând ca el intârzie?) ¡ if not poate fi inlocuit cu unless I won’t go shopping unless you come with me. If I see him. spune-I ca nu sunt acasa.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/ MODUL CONDITIONAL SI FRA. You (buy) this house if you had money? http://quintet. este posibila omiterea lui if. 6. you will have to look after it. had. 5. (Voi merge la mare daca vremea va fi buna. (As fi stat acasa daca ar fi plouat. tinând seama de faptul ca fraza conditionala este de tipul 2: 1. you (not pass) the exam. 9.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. we shall have floods. 1. she (be) very angry. Ex.

10. 4. 7. If I (know) you had no driving licence. 7. Te vei supara daca iti voi lua creionul? Te-ai supara daca ti-as lua creionul? Te-ai fi suparat daca ti-as fi luat creionul? Ce vei face daca il vei intâlni pe John? Ce-ai face daca l-ai intâlni pe John? Ce-ai fi facut daca l-ai fi intâlnit pe John? http://quintet.. you wouldn’t have an accident. mi-ar fi fost frig.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/ MODUL CONDITIONAL SI FRA. Traduceti in limba engleza: 1. 2.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_3. He (tell) you if you had asked him. If the child is good. 8. Mi-ar placea mai mult piesa daca ar fi mai scurta. I (buy) a car. 10. he would have gone home. I (answer) it. Were I in your place. 6. You (be) sick if you eat so much. 5. voi mânca la un restaurant. If I won the lottery. Daca n-ai fi inchis fereastra. If you had taken my advice. 6. strazile ar fi ude. 10. he would never have known. 8. What would you do if you (be) Prime Minister? If I (give up) smoking. 12. 2. Ai fi prins trenul daca ai fi luat un taxi. 3.. tinând seama de faptul ca fraza conditionala este de tipul 3: 1. He would have been arrested if he (try) to leave the country. 4. he (not make) so many mistakes.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. If I (see) him. If he were more careful. If you (drive) more carefully. 5.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_3. 8. 8. Traduceti in limba engleza: 1. Dacaar fi plouat. 10.actrus.. 4. If I (be) you. It (be) better if you had waited. 7. 2. 9. Where you (go) if you had a holiday? 1. 9. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect. As mai croseta un pulover daca as mai avea lâna. Daca va ploua. 6.. If he had written a letter to me. 9. 8. strazile vor fi ude. you (not get) into trouble. he (get) a bar of chocolate. Il vei vedea daca il vei astepta. If you had known English. 5. I would have succeeded. Had I learned English grammar. If he (realize) it was so late. Mamaia ar fi un loc ideal pentru o vacanta daca n-ar fi atât de multi oameni acolo. I would be nervous. He will be at the airport in time if he (leave) now. 11. Page 5 of 5 4. Daca ar ploua.html 15 of 42 12/15/04 . Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect. 1. strazile ar fi fost ude. you (read) Shakespeare in the original. Vei prinde trenul daca vei lua un taxi. 5. 3. 9. If I (work) harder. Had I been at home. 10. I-ai da? Ce s-ar fi intâmplat daca ai fi condus cu viteza mare? Nu vom merge la plimbare daca nu va sta ploaia. tinând seama ca se poate intâlni oricare dintre cele 3 tipuri de fraze conditionale: 1. I would speak to him.actrus. I (not make) so many mistakes in my translation. 7. 6. he (take) a pill. If I (not tell) him. 3. Daca cina nu va fi gata la timp. I wouldn’t have come unless you (invite) me. I (answer) your question if I can. Ai prinde trenul daca ai lua un taxi. 2. 4. Should he have a headache. 5. 7. I (answer) the phone. Page 4 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/ MODUL CONDITIONAL SI FRA. 9. I wouldn’t have come with you in your car. 3. Voi fi dezamagit daca nu voi afla adevarul. Daca un cersetor ti-ar cere bani. 6. I (not do) this. 1. 1. I would go home immediately.

could. "If it had rained. should. ¡ ¡ ¡ He said „I have been working hard." 1. I will stay at home. trebuie respectate o serie de reguli.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VORBIREA DIRECTA SI INDIRE. à He said he would be at home on that day. 1. Pentru a trece o propozitie de la vorbirea directa la vorbirea indirecta. He said he had been working hard. He said if it rained he would stay at home.actrus. in propozitia secundara se schimba timpurile dupa cum urmeaza: Present past Present perfect past perfect Past past perfect Future future-in-the-past tipul 1 devine tipul 2: "If it rains. 2. Frazele conditionale sunt trecute la vorbirea indirecta in modul urmator: ¡ LECTIA IV VORBIREA DIRECTA SI INDIRECTA Vorbirea directa: John said: „She is not at home" Vorbirea indirecta: John said she was not at home. today that day yesterday the day before/the previous day http://quintet. – He said „I am ill". He said „I was ill". in functie de sens. He said: „She gave me a book". He said he was ill. He said she had given him a book. 1." He said if it had rained he would have stayed at home.. Page 1 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VORBIREA DIRECTA SI INDIRE. Ex... He said: „I’ll be at home today".ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_4. Ex. Afirmatii: cu that (care se poate omite) Ex.html 12/15/04 http://quintet.html 16 of 42 12/15/04 . à He said he was going to do that translation the next day. Modalitati de introducere a propozitiilor secundare in vorbirea indirecta 1. 3. He said: „I might be late" He said he might be late. He said „I will do the exercise"." Ex. He said if itrained he would stay at home. I would have stayed at home.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_4. Se schimba o serie de cuvinte in functie de sens. ought to. Atunci când verbul din propozitia principala este la trecut.. Verbele modale would. He said he had been ill. ¡ tipurile 2 si 3 nu se schimba: "If it rained. ceea ce se intâmpla in majoritatea cazurilor. He said: „I am going to do this traslation tomorrow". Se schimba pronumele. I would stay at home.actrus. Page 2 of 5 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri the day before yesterday two days before tomorrow the next day/the following day the day after tomorrow in two days’ time next week the next/the following week two years ago two years before now then this that these those here there Ex. He said he would do the exercise. might ramân neschimbate la vorbirea indirecta.

I think it’s going to rain tomorrow. Treceti urmatoarele intrebari generale la vorbirea indirecta (verbul introductiv este la trecut): Model: „Will you be at home tomorrow?" He asked me if I would be at home the next day. Treceti urmatoarele afirmatii de la vorbirea directa la vorbirea indirecta (verbul introductiv este la trecut): Model: He said „I will leave for London tomorrow". ceea ce este o greseala. Comenzi: cu infinitivul (afirmativ sau negativ) Ex. How long have you been learning English? What are you going to do tomorrow? How long does it take you to reach your office? When will you be back? Ex. 10. Ex. 7.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VORBIREA DIRECTA SI INDIRE. Ex. 9. 8.actrus. Will you help me. 2. 6. 4. John left for Sinaia two days ago. please? Can you come to tea this afternoon? Has the train left? Do you know what this word means? Was your mother at home? Did you buy this book yesterday? Did you drink coffee every day? Were you at the library yesterday? Do you live in London for a long time? Can you speak English? Would you like a cake? Could you lend me a book. 7. please! Write me a letter when you get to England! Don’t cross the street on a red light! Be careful with my books! Don’t smoke so much! Take this pill! Don’t interrupt me when I am speaking! Ring me up when you arrive home! 3. trebuie acordata atentie ordinei cuvintelor din propozitia secundara. Exercitii cu vorbirea directa si vorbirea indirecta 1. 1. 3. 2.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_4. Ex. 5. Last year I spent my holiday at the seaside. 1. Intrucât aceasta propozitie incepe cu un cuvânt interogativ. He asked me where I had been. 7. 12. ordered) me to come in. 10. on holiday. please! Read the text. 3. please? 4. 12. 2. Don’t drive so fast! Open the door. If I had been at home. If I have enough money. 4. 8. 5. 1. 8. 9. 5. Intrebarile generale sunt cele care incep cu un verb.actrus. The weather was fine yesterday.html 17 of 42 12/15/04 . Intrebarile generale se introduc cu if sau whether (daca). Page 4 of 5 trecut) Model: He said: „Come in!" He told (asked.. I saw this film a week ago. 6.. Ex. 11. I went to England two years ago. Where have you been? I’ve been away. Treceti urmatoarele comenzi la vorbirea indirecta (verbul introductiv este la http://quintet.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_4.. 4. Intrebarile speciale se introduc cu cuvântul interogativ respectiv. In cazul intrebarilor speciale trecute la vorbirea indirecta. I don’t remember where I have bought this dictionary. 2. Treceti urmatoarele intrebari speciale la vorbirea indirecta (verbul introductiv este la trecut): Model: He said: „When did you come back?" He asked me when I had come back. 3. 2. 6. 10.. He said (that) he would leave for London the next day. 3. He asked me: „What is the time?" Corect: He asked me what the time was. 9. He said „Go out". à He told me to go out. He said: „I am ill". He said „Don’t go out" à He told me not to go out. I would have answered the phone.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. I am going to have a nap this afternoon. 1. iar raspunsul poate fi da sau nu. He asked me if I liked music. Intrebari Exista doua tipuri de intrebari: generale si speciale. I am very busy today. 3. à He said (that) he was ill. I will buy a car next year. 4. 11. 2. Page 3 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VORBIREA DIRECTA SI INDIRE. Incorect: He asked me what was the time. I will go shopping right now. exista tentatia de a folosi ordinea cuvintelor din propozitiile interogative.

12/15/04 http://quintet. Activ: Directorul m-a chemat pe mine. de asemenea. Page 5 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/DIATEZA PASIVA 5. I was asked.. I am asked. Where will you spend your weekend? Who is this man? Why is it so dark in this room? When did the rain stop? Which of these cakes do you prefer? How did you travel? Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri Page 1 of 3 LECTIA V Pasivul se formeaza conjugând verbul to be la timpul cerut de sens. Ex. 5. Un alt exemplu de complement prepozitional care poate deveni subiect. 8. punctuality este un complement prepozitional. In limba româna. 6. pasivul se foloseste atunci când nu este important cine face actiunea. Ex. In aceste situatii. Activ: I gave him a book.html 18 of 42 .actrus. While I am in hospital. Ambele complemente pot deveni subiecte in cazul trecerii la pasiv. Complement direct à Subiect A book was given to him.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_5. In this office punctuality is insisted on.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_4. Treceti urmatoarele propozitii la diateza pasiva: 1. in unele cazuri. Pasiv: Eu am fost chemat de director. de la sfârsitul propozitiei. Ex.actrus. Nota: Se poate folosit aspectul continuu al diatezei pasive numai la Present Tense si Past Tense. (by me) In propozitia: In this office they insist on punctuality. 3. Pasiv: The child was looked after (by her). I will be asked. 10. complementul indirect si.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VORBIREA DIRECTA SI INDIRE. 2. While I was in hospital.. Unde complementul direct este a book. poate deveni subiect in cazul folosirii diatezei pasive: In this office punctuality is insisted on (by them). my flat was being painted. complementul prepozitional. 7. Someone has found the missing child. Activ: She looked after the child. Ex. iar complementul indirect este him. subiectul va fi trecut la cazul nominativ. Desigur. my flat is being painted. 4. care. 9. I have been asked. se omite formularea by. A specialist will repair my TV set. I will invite my friend to a party. They will finish the work today. Exercitii cu diateza pasiva 1. Ex. I had been asked. (by me) Complement indirect à Subiect He was given a book. trecerea de la diateza activa la diateza pasiva se face prin transformarea complementului direct in subiect. exista trei tipuri de complemente care pot deveni subiect in transformarea de la activ la pasiv: complementul direct. la care se adauga forma III (participiul trecut) a verbului de conjugat.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. In limba engleza. He has found your bag. In multe cazuri.

Ni se vor da instructiuni detaliate in privinta referatului. 9. We couldn’t account for his odd behaviour. 13.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/DIATEZA PASIVA 6. 4. 6. Gasiti subiecte acolo unde este necesar: 1. The doctor prescribed some pills to the patient. 5. 8. 3. Treceti urmatoarele propozitii la diateza pasiva in doua feluri. The noise frightened me. Treceti urmatoarele propozitii la diateza pasiva: 1. Nu s-a auzit nimic despre el de când a plecat la Constanta. Cursul profesorului a fost ascultat de toti studentii.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_5. 5. They set fire to the shed. He hasn’t slept in his bed. 6. In acest hotel se vorbesc limbi straine. Muzeul a fost inchis pentru reparatii. We called for the doctor. 4. This painting is admired by all the visitors of the museum. The teacher asked me a difficult question. 7. Don’t speak until someone speaks to you. 9. I was recommended a very good doctor. 2. 6. People play football all over the world. Page 2 of 3 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/DIATEZA PASIVA 3. English is spoken all over the world. This book will soon be forgotten. 10. 2. 7. We objected to his proposal. 5.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_5. Burglars broke into the house. The jury awarded the Romanian film director the Great Prize. Evenimentul a fost comentat de toate ziarele. 9. They have given me a nice present. 8. 7. 4. 6. Has someone repaired the TV set? Will you write the letter in ink? Haven’t they told you to be here at 6 o’clock? Did the tornado frighten you? Will someone tell him the details? Have you fed the dog? Did the sight of the accident shock him? Did they tell you about the meeting? Do you think they will turn down your request? Would you have finished your work sooner if your colleagues hadn’t interrupted you? 5. Treceti urmatoarele propozitii de la diateza pasiva la diateza activa. I teach them English. Sensurile cuvintelor noi trebuie cautate in dictionar. 10. 10. 3. Scrisoarea va fi pusa la posta cât mai curând posibil. 3. They didn’t look after the children properly. 3.actrus. 2. My friend doesn’t always tell me the truth. These books mustn’t be taken away. 9. Ni s-au spus lucruri foarte interesante la conferinta. 4. America a fost descoperita la sfârsitul secolului al XV-lea. Când a ajuns acasa si-a dat seama ca I se furase portofelul. 10. Page 3 of 3 His coworkers must do something for him. 2. Aceasta informatie treuie tratata confidential. The climber was finally discovered by the rescue party. The pupils will be told where to sit. 5. 9. 10. I have lent John two of my books. The guide showed the museum to the tourists.html 19 of 42 12/15/04 . We laughed at John. 8. Treceti la pasiv urmatoarele propozitii care cuprind combinatii verb+prepozitie: 1. 9. http://quintet.actrus. A reception was held in his honour. 8. Acest timbru nu a fost bine lipit pe plic. 4. 2. They will give me a reward. 6. 7. transformând atât complementul direct cât si cel indirect in subiecte: 1. 5. Se construiesc multe blocuri noi in cartierul nostru. 2. This house has been built out of stone and cement. 12. 14. 7. The policeman will show us the way. 8. 7. when I passed by. Ni s-a cerut sa aratam pasapoartele. 6. Traduceti in limba engleza: 1. 11. 8. They were building a new supermarket in that district last month.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 15. 3. 4. They are building a new house round the corner. He hates being made fun of.

I was allowed/permitted to smoke in that room. pot/am permisiunea sa iau masina ta? 4.html 12/15/04 http://quintet.) l 3. to be permitted to. Nu se poate sa-l fi vazut pe John pe strada. poti. timpurile se folosesc ca la punctul 1 (could pentru Past Tense si conditionalul prezent. El e in strainatate. I will tbe able to drive a car after I have taken a few lessons. Pentru a reda ideea de trecut cu acest sens. Ex. He said I might smoke in that room. I can swim. Ex. Nu se poate sa fie ora 9. He cannot (can’t) speak English. Se traduce cu a sti sa. (Da. I cannot (can’t) make this translation. Father. ought to. I can make this traslation. prezent Negativ: cannot. inlocuitorul to be able to pentru celelalte timpuri. I can do this. you may. Ex. can’t Ex. shall. May I smoke in this room? Pot/am permisiunea sa fumez in aceasta camera? Yes. s-ar putea sa ploua. may. May 1. will. Can’t/couldn’t – nu se poate sa. a avea permisiunea Ex. Ex. (Pot sa fac aceasta.). should. Can = infinitiv. S-ar putea sa fie acasa acum. Can 1. He could have been here in time. N-am putut sa-ti telefonez saptamâna aceasta. can I take your car? Tata. Ex. Se folosesc inlocuitori.actrus. could.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. You can’t/couldn’t have seen John in the street. might. Ex. Ex. Pentru celelalte timpuri se folosesc inlocuitorii: to be allowed to. He can speak English. Ar fi putut sa fie aici in timp.actrus. Can is a model verb. are sensul de a putea. dar se foloseste numai dupa un alt verb la trecut (vorbire indirecta). http://quintet. I couldn’t come to you yesterday. May/Might – s-ar putea sa Ex. Ex. Am putut/mi s-a permis sa fumez in camera aceea.) Cu acest sens. Ia-ti umbrela. prezent Cu acest sens exista timpul might care reda ideea de trecut. Could you help me? Ai putea sa ma ajuti? Pentru conditionalul trecut se foloseste could + infinitivul trecut Ex. l Nu formeaza negativul si interogativul cu „to do". He is abroad. se foloseste infinitivul trecut. need. Voi sti sa conduc masina dupa ce voi lua câteva lectii. would. l Nu au toate timpurile. Page 2 of 10 LECTIA VI VERBELE MODALE Can. 2. (Stiu sa inot. N-am putut sa vin la tine ieri. Nu primesc s la persoana III singular. It can’t/couldn’t be 9 o’clock. mayn’t Interogativ: May I? May you? May = infinitiv. Telefoneaza-I lui John. Soarele nu a apus inca. Ex. 2.html 20 of 42 12/15/04 .ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. conditional prezent al verbului can Negativ: could not (couldn’t) Interogativ: Could I ? Could you? etc.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri Page 1 of 10 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE Voi putea veni la tine mâine. Ring up John. Ex. I will be able to come to you tomorrow. a fi in stare Ex. In vorbirea familiara. Caracteristici generale l Nu primesc to inaintea lor si dupa ele: Ex. Voi putea/mi se va permite sa fumez in camera aceea. prezent. I will be allowed/permitted to smoke in that room. The sun hasn’t set yet. can poate fi folosit cu sensul lui may de „a avea permisiunea". I haven’t been able to ring you up this week. nu e posibil sa. must. Pentru celelalte timpuri se foloseste inlocuitorul to be able to. He may/might be at home now.) Negativ: may not. Ex.) I can speak English. Arata o anumita abilitate fizica sau intelectuala. (Stiu sa vorbesc engleza. Take your umbrella. (Vreau sa fac aceasta. Can you make this translation? Could=Past Tense. It may/might rain. Ex. Interogativ: Can I? Can you? etc. are sensul de a putea.) Spre deosebire de: I want to do this.

Profesorul ne-a spus ca e prea usor pentru noi. Let’s go home. You might have written me a letter when you were in England. Should. poate indica. l Need: verb modal. Ai fi putut sa imi scrii o scrisoare când erai in Anglia. to have to formeaza interogativul si negativul cu ajutorul auxiliarului to do. we have enough time. there is a speed limit here. Probabil ca era târziu. You should/ought to help your mother with housework. se foloseste didn’t need + infinitivul Ex. You mustn’t drive so fast. o obligatie morala. Nu trebuie sa conduci atât de repede. Must Page 3 of 10 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE Ca verb modal. Pentru redarea ideii de trecut. Pentru a raspunde afirmativ la intrebarea de mai sus. Nu a fost nevoie sa facem acest exercitiu. se foloseste verbul must. ideea de trecut se reda prin adaugarea infinitivului trecut. I will have to finish the translation tomorrow. ar fi bine sa. Trebuie sa plec acasa. Ex.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE Cu acest sens. Trebuie mentionat faptul ca inlocuitorul lui must. Why didn’t you take your coat? You may/might have caught a cold. Se foloseste inlocuitorul to have to.html 21 of 42 12/15/04 . You needn’t have watered the flowers. Probabil ca e târziu. se adauga infinitivul trecut. Folosit cu persoana I. 1.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. shall indica viitorul. prezent Nu are alte timpuri. Cu acest sens. de asemenea. A trebuit sa termin traducerea ieri. You needn’t drive so fast. trebuie!) Pentru exprimarea ideii de trecut a verbului need. Ex. Ai putea sa ma ajuti când sunt la nevoie. Ex. Se traduc cu: ar trebui sa. interogativ. poate avea sensul probabil ca: Ex. We didn’t need to do this exercise. se adauga infinitivul trecut. Ex. Ex.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. Eu dormeam când ai venit tu aseara. Negativ: must not. De asemenea. avem destul timp. It must be late. N-ai vazut ca urma sa ploua? l Daca actiunea nu era necesara si nu a fost facuta. Ex. aici e limita de viteza. I must go home. Probabil ca John e acasa acum. Nu ar fi trebuit sa fii atât de nepoliticos cu el. Ex. He doesn’t need this book. You may/might help me when I am in need. Which dress shall I buy? Ce rochie sa cumpar? Shall I wait for you? Sa te astept? To need: verb obisnuit. notional. Ex. I was asleep when you arrived home last night. I didn’t have to finish the translation yesterday. Shall Folosit cu persoana I. Pentru a reda ideea de trecut. 3. Va trebui sa termin traducerea mâine. Ar trebui sa o ajuti pe mama ta la treburile casei.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. Nu. Need I be here at one o’clock? E nevoie sa fiu aici la ora 1? No.actrus. cu sensul de a avea nevoie Ex. cu sensul de a fi nevoie http://quintet. Couldn’t you see it was going to rain? Nu era nevoie sa uzi florile. Nu e nevoie sa conduci atât de repede. Nota: Nu trebuie confundat need not cu must not. A trebui Ex. De ce nu ti-ai luat haina? S-ar fi putut sa racesti. John must be at home now. Ex. o recomandare. The teacher told us it was too easy for us. Let’s call on him. May/might pot exprima un repros. Hai sa-l vizitam. 2. se foloseste needn’t + infinitivul trecut. Hai sa mergem acasa. exista 2 posibilitati: l Page 4 of 10 Daca actiunea nu era necesara. ideea de trecut este redata prin adaugarea infinitivului trecut. Need not se traduce cu „nu e nevoie". You should not/ought not to have been so rude to him. need se foloseste numai la interogativ si negativ. I had to finish the traslation yesterday. El nu are nevoie de aceasta carte. you needn’t. Need Exista doua verbe: l Ex. It’s got late. Ex. mustn’t Interogativ: Must I? Must you? Must = infinitiv. dar a fost facuta. S-a facut târziu. Ought to Ambele verbe indica o actiune corecta. It must have been late. solicitarea unui sfat. nu e nevoie. you must! (Da. Ex.actrus. ar fi cazul sa. Must not se traduce cu „nu trebuie". o oferta sau o sugestie. Need I be here at one o’clock? Yes. Ex.

Can you help me? You mustn’t do this . 16. Will. Acest copil nu vrea sa faca ce-I spun. Când eram copil. He should go to school everyday. Aceasta fata seamana foarte bine cu Jane. Nota: In afara de „would".html 12/15/04 http://quintet. He needn’t buy milk. in timp ce la interogativ si negativ se poate conjuga atât ca un verb obisnuit cât si http://quintet.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. Ex. 4. He ought to tell me the truth. my mother would read me fairy tales. I cannot translate ten pages a day. You may not speak to your mother like that. ¡ in trecut When I was a child. 12. You can’t be pleased with this piece of news. 17. You might write to me more often. cerere politicoasa: Will you/would you sit down? Will you/would you help me with my translation. 8. 14. 7. She can play the piano very well. Ex. l Actiune repetata: . This radio won’t work. John must be ill. Un alt verb semi-modal este dare (a indrazni) care se conjuga la afirmativ ca un verb obisnuit. there is plenty in the fridge. You needn’t do this. He may be at home. 6. This girl looks very much like Jane. Se poate folosi cu infinitivul trecut: He will have reached Paris by now. Must you be so rude? She can read and write at the age of five. I must learn English. folosind inlocuitorii verbelor modale respective. Mother to child: You shall have a bicycle if you pass the exam. Mama spune copilului: Vei avea o bicicleta daca vei lua examenul. 18. 1. shall poate arata o promisiune. Would l Formula de politete. 4.actrus. 16. You might change your mind about that. You might pay more attention to your work. He must be delayed at the office. O fi sora ei. 12. ideea de actiune repetata in trecut se poate exprima cu „used to". 3. 10. He can swim very well. 20. It can’t be easy to learn Chinese. Can Jane type very quickly? Can you speak Chinese? Everybody may borrow books from this library. 5. mama obisnuia sa-mi citeasca povesti. Mama mea obisnuieste sa stea ore intregi privind la televizor. When I was a child. I must go soon. May I walk on the grass? He may not come in wearing dirty boots. You should visit your sick friend in hospital. You may not smoke in this room. 18. 6. Treceti urmatoarele propozitii la Past Tense Simple si Future Tense Simple. 5. care are numai forma de trecut. It must be difficult to climb this mountain.html 22 of 42 . You may leave earlier. This child may have another cake. She will be her sister. O fi ajuns la Paris pâna acum. 9. It can’t be too late. 17. It might rain. please? l A voi (cu sens extins la obiecte): This child will/would not do what I say. o obligatie sau o amenintare care provin de la cel care vorbeste. 20. my mother used to read me fairy tales. 9. 15. 7.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE Page 5 of 10 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE ca modal. Exercitii cu verbe modale 1. I must look up the words in the dictionary.in perioada prezenta My mother will sit for hours watching TV. He must be in the garden at this time of the day. Redati ideea de trecut in urmatoarele propozitii folosind infinitivul trecut in loc de infinitivul prezent: 1. 13. 3. 14. acolo unde este necesar: 1. You can’t see a bear in this part of the country. You shouldn’t go to bed so late. 19. She can lend you that book. 8. 2. 11. 15. 12/15/04 l Presupunere: se traduce in limba româna cu o fi. Page 6 of 10 Shall we meet at one o’clock? Sa ne intâlnim la ora 1? Folosit cu persoanele II si III. Used to eate un verb semi-modal.actrus.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. 13. John could be a winner. Mama spune copilului: Nu vei mai primi nici un ban de buzunar daca nu vei lua examenul. 10. 19. 2. Mother to child: You shall not get any pocket-money if you don’t pass the exam. 11.

3. This is probably the best Romanian film of the year. You have probably forgotten his address. perhaps it is a good one. You can’t be right. 1. 9. 8. for once? 6. 4. 8. 6. 5. 2. He probably thinks I am wrong. 7. The sky is clear. 4. You…water the flowers. I …hurry up in order not to miss the train. 2. holidays will be very different. 4. My child …play with the cat for hours on end. You probably knew the lesson very well to get a 10. It is possible that I come home early. 10. Perhaps she was out when you rang her up. I don’t think you will miss the train if you hurry. 2. 4. You …make a noise or the baby will wake up. You … take sleeping pills too often.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE 1. 1. 9. 2. 2. You …not go to bed so late at night. Reformulati urmatoarele propozitii folosind may + infinitivul prezent sau infinitivul trecut: Model: Perhaps it snows in the mountains. It may/might snow in the mountains. I don’t believe she has married that awful man. Completati spatiile goale cu can sau can’t: Page 7 of 10 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE trecut: Model: I don’t believe you are right. 1. I don’t believe she has learnt English in two months. He …read for hours on end. 3. He is probably older than he looks. When I was a teenager. A good knowledge of English is likely to help you a lot in your career. Perhaps she has returned the book to you and you have lent it to someone else. One … travel by bus without paying the fare. they are addictive. Take your umbrella. 7. 7. but I doubt it. It is possible that he was right but I don’t think so. 1. You …not eat so many sweets if you don’t want to get fat. 9. He … even drive on its surface. 3. I don’t believe you were right. …you tell me the truth. You must have forgotten to lock the door. Completati spatiile goale cu shall sau will: 1. I …read one book a day. 7. I don’t think he is at the office so late at night. Reformulati urmatoarele propozitii folosind must + infinitivul prezent sau infinitivul trecut: Model: He probably speaks English well. You … take an umbrella. 6. It is possible for her to be very late. 8. 5. Reformulati urmatoarele propozitii folosind can’t + infinitivul prezent sau infinitivul http://quintet. I think she was angry with you. Perhaps he has done the exercise correctly. Perhaps it snowed in the mountains It may/might have snowed in the mountains. Page 8 of 10 1. Don’t wait. The visitors … feed the animals in the Zoo. 6. 9. 3. …you be so kind and pass me the salt. I …wear my hair long. Completati spatiile goale cu mustn’t sau needn’t : 1. 5. When we … fly there as easily as we fly to other countries of the world. You …not expect everybody to obey you. 1. I don’t think the weather will change. 9. Man …travel through space now.actrus. 4. You probably left your umbrella in the shop. I’ll give you as much as you want. He was probably late. please? He always made mistakes because he …never take any advice. 10. 5. 6. He probably came home very early. You can’t have been right. 9. She is probably a very good doctor. I don’t believe that he has passed the exam.html 23 of 42 12/15/04 . I don’t think this is a true story. I don’t believe it is his fault. 7. People … speak during the concert. I … return the books before the 1 st of September.actrus. Completati spatiile goale cu should sau would: 1. 5. 3.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. 8. 10. 5. … you help me solve this problem? When I was young. He must speak English well. One …buy a ticket for a slow train in advance. 2. 2.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. perhaps it will rain. You … worry about money. 6. 3. I don’t believe she has got so fat. You probably forgot to lock the door. But one still …breathe without extra oxygen and one certainly …stay there very long. 10. 5. He …reach the Moon and walk there. it will soon start raining. 4.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. I don’t believe it was his fault. 1. I have bought his latest book. It probably took a long time to finish this translation. 10. 8.

Vreti. Completati spatiile goale cu must. dar el nu a vrut sa vina la telefon. I …(answer) the questions. I wrote him a letter. he will never read them all. John …(do) such a thing. 3. 2. You …(see) Anna yesterday. It’ll get stale. 10. 12. which would have saved me a lot of work. It …(rain) here. because the teacher won’t have time to read it all. 10. Nu e nevoie sa-ti cari singura bagajul in gara. 22. 28. Go to sleep. putem lua autobuzul sau telefericul. he is a very poor swimmer. I am sorry you wasted your time. 9.Completati spatiile goale cu didn’t need to sau needn’t have + forma III a verbului: I …(answer) the questions. 8. 17. 9. 21. Nu se poate sa fi gasit usa deschisa. Nu stiu sa crosetez. You …(lend) him so many books. Ar fi trebuit sa citesc bibliografia pentru acest seminar. I …(be) in the garden.html 24 of 42 12/15/04 . 13. She is away. Traduceti in limba engleza. 8. va rog. The child … (leave) home.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. 4. 9. folosind verbe modale sau inlocuitori ai acestora: 1. You …(wait) for me.actrus. 30. 4. I haven’t got my bag with me. 1. Ar fi trebuit sa insisti. You …(buy) so much bread. Stiam sa cânt la pian când eram copil. Page 9 of 10 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE 7. 20. te-ar putea ajuta un hamal. 5. 3. This …be John’s house. He has one of his own. She …write an article for this magazine every week. 2. This door … not unlock. You…(lend) him your text – book. 2. I …(see) him for that. It …(take) you a long time to knit this dress. but he himself believes he needn’t. 23. Probabil ca eram inca la facultate. 8. He …(swim) across the Danube. you…get a nice present. Ti-am telefonat si nu a raspuns nimeni. 8. Profesorul mi-a spus ca pot sa lipsesc de la ora urmatoare. 19. De ce ai vorbit atât de tare? Iti promit ca vei avea cartea mâine. You …do this whether you like it or not. … you correct my exercise. 4. 18. 5. the road is dry. 5. please? This letter is full of mistakes. he was back soon. The light was on in his room." "His family consider he should. 12. I …(buy) a new map of London as I already had one. 11. can’t sau needn’t + infinitivul trecut: 1. http://quintet.actrus. Sunt sigur ca voi putea gasi timp sa te ajut. which was very convenient. 6. 7. I …(leave) it on the bus. but I forgot it was Sunday. I locked the door and took the key with me." 1. 14. Page 10 of 10 10. We …(wait) too long. 24. Va trebui sa ma ajuti mai mult astazi. o incuiasem chiar eu. you …re-type it. 11. 6. Ai putea sa-mi telefonezi mai des când stii ca sunt bolnav. 6. I didn’t hear the phone. E nevoie sa urcam la cabana pe jos? Nu. 7. 7. Unde mergem acum? Mâine va trebui sa pun scrisoarea la posta. 4. 27." "Yes. Nu a fost nevoie sa spun „multumesc" când am aflat ora exacta formând 958 intrucât stiam ca informatia e inregistrata pe banda. 25. 10. he is a nice boy. Incercati sa gasiti un sens urmatorului dialog: "Do you think he will?" "I think he might. 15. Nu se poate ca profesorul sa fi fost multumit de acest raspuns.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE 3. If you win the contest. Nu era nevoie sa-mi faci cafea.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. Nu a fost nevoie sa-I telefonez lui Jane ca sa vorbesc cu ea pentru ca urma sa vina la mine peste o jumatate de ora. 9.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. 5. Va trebui sa plec curând. 29. The student …(write) such a long composition. am baut deja doua astazi. Toata lumea sa fie prezenta la sedinta. Am cerut sa vorbesc cu directorul. He …(be) at home. Toti studentii pot si trebuie sa scrie aceasta lucrare. Trebuie sa-mi schimb pantofii când intru in casa pentru ca sunt plini de noroi. Ar trebui ca toti copiii sa faca treburi in casa. 26. 3. 10. sa astepti câteva minute? Nu aveti voie sa vorbiti in timpul examenului. I promise you not …be disturbed. 16. Nu se poate sa fi fost acasa aseara. I …(get up) so early today. 6.

b) If only – are aproximativ acelasi sens cu I wish Ex. Am recomandat ca propunerea lui sa fie acceptata. to suggest. d. Mi-as dori sa ma fi nascut in Anglia. de Past Tense si de Past Perfect. Ex. You speak English as if you had lived in England. de parca) even if/even though (chiar daca) Ex. Page 2 of 8 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri The doctor insisted that I keep indoors.) It is high time. se foloseste subjonctivul cu forma de Past Tense. E timpul sa mearga copilul la culcare. in situatii in care.. would + infinitiv. 1. Era de mult timpul sa incepi sa studiezi serios. It is high time you began to study seriously. Come what may. If only I lived to be a hundred! Bine ar fi sa traiesc pâna la o suta de ani! c) As if/though (ca si cum.actrus. Shakespeare: „If this be error"… If this is error Byron: „Though the hart be still as loving" …the heart is c. bine ar fi sa) l Daca dorinta se refera la momentul prezent.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7.) Ex. Subjonctiv cu forma de Past Tense sau Past Perfect: LECTIA VII MODUL SUBJONCTIV Apare dupa urmatoarele expresii: In engleza contemporana. E necesar ca tu sa fii prezent. I wish I were in England now. Doctorul a insistat ca eu sa stau acasa. e) Dupa verbe ca: to propose. Subjonctiv cu forma de infinitiv a. Vorbesti engleza ca si cum ai fi trait in Anglia. ar fi inlocuit cu prezentul.html 25 of 42 . Everybody leave the hall. (Era de mult timpul. to recommend. it is desirable that.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri. Ex. Poate fi intâlnit in poezia clasica. God forgive you! Fie ca Domnul sa te ierte! Curse this fog! Blestemata fie aceasta ceata! b. Poate fi folosit ca o modalitate de a da ordine. Page 1 of 8 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri. Dupa constructii de tipul: it is impossible that. it is likely that. I wish I had been born in England. You speak English as if you were an Englishman.actrus. it is necessary that. o dorinta sau un blestem. Mi-as dori sa inceteze ploaia. It is impossible that he do this. to demand. in engleza contemporana. It is desirable that we finish the translation first. apare ca were la toate persoanele. Mi-as dori sa fiu in Anglia acum. Long live the king! Traiasca regele. ca echivalent de subjonctiv. a. to order Ex. Ex. De asemenea. It is necessary that you be present. I would sooner/rather (as prefera sa…) 12/15/04 http://quintet. se foloseste subjonctivul cu forma de Past Perfect.. may. Vorbesti engleza de parca ai fi englez. d)It is time. Nota: Verbul to be la subjonctivul du forma de Past Tense. (E timpul. Este imposibil ca el sa faca aceasta. Somebody bring me a glass of water. It is time the child went to bed. Toata lumea sa paraseasca sala. to insist. El apare cu forme de infinitiv. subjonctivul nu are formele lui proprii. l Daca dorinta se refera la un moment viitor. I wish (mi-as dori. exprimând o lozinca..html 12/15/04 http://quintet. I wish it would stop raining. l Daca dorinta se refera la un moment anterior. se foloseste would.. Apare in propozitii exclamative.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7. to urge. Ex. Ex. Este de dorit ca noi sa terminam intâi traducerea. 1. exista echivalenti de subjonctiv care constau in verbele should. I recommended that his proposal be accepted. Cineva sa-mi aduca un pahar cu apa. Fie ce-o fi. Ex. might. Ex. a. o urare.

whichever. in secundara se foloseste might. se poate folosi fie subjonctivul cu forma de Past Tense. Nu vad de ce sa fii atât de nepoliticos cu el. you have no right to do this. l Dupa it is possible. fie ca se foloseste in limba engleza subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv. a. fie ca se foloseste should ca echivalent de subjonctiv. I hope that he may pass the exam. Exista o situatie in care nu se poate folosi subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv. nu ai dreptul sa faci asta. Ex. In exemplul de mai sus. to suggest. Mi-e teama ca nu cumva sa piarda examenul. Intrebari introduse prin how. l Ex. however. l Dupa to hope. should poate aparea dupa verbe ca: to propose. Ex. Mi-era teama sa nu cada la examen. Hurry up lest you miss the train. Exisa situatii când se pot folosi si alte verbe modale decât cele expuse in acest capitol ca echivalenti de subjonctiv. Grabeste-te ca nu cumva sa pierzi trenul. Este vorba de cazul când propozitia secundara exprima o actiune anterioara celei din principala. Whoever you may/might be. Nota: In engleza contemporana exista tendinta de a se omite should dupa lest si de a se folosi subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv. Page 3 of 8 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri. why. to insist. daca verbul din propozitia principala este la timpul prezent. may poate aparea in lozinci si urari: Ex. I will ring you up. to be afraid Ex. Ex. fie cel cu forma de infinitiv. I studied hard so that/in order that I might pass the exam. whenever. fie in vorbirea indirecta. How should I know where he is now? http://quintet. fie in vorbirea direca. la fel ca si subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv (vezi 1-e). Hurry up lest you should miss the train. I recommend that his proposal should be accepted. verbele respective aduc in propozitie si sensul lor initial. Oricine ai fi. Ex. echivalentii de subjonctiv sunt la origine verbe modale. to recommend. I would sooner you stayed at home tonight. etc. I am afraid lest he should fail the exam. Dupa conjunctia lest (ca nu cumva sa) Ex.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri. It is impossible that he should do this. As prefera sa stai acasa in seara asta.when. Acest tip de constructii se traduc la fel (vezi 1-d). Page 4 of 8 Ex. I was afraid that he might fail the exam. Am invatat serios ca sa trec examenul. wherever. l De unde sa stiu unde este el acum? I don’t see why you should be so rude to him. l Dupa so that. Oriunde as fi. Este imposibil ca el sa fi facut aceasta.. in order that De asemenea. whatever sau dupa formulele echivalente no matter who. in secundara se foloseste may. it is necessary that. It is necessary that you should be present. iar daca verbul din propozitia principala este la timpul trecut. It is possible that he may be here in time. 1. iar in aceste cazuri. I would sooner I stayed at home tonight. Invata serios ca sa treci examenul. No matter who you may/might be. should – ca si subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv (1-d) se poate folosi dupa constructii de tipul: It is impossible that. Ex. Dupa cum se observa. Este posibil ca el sa ajunga aici la timp. Ex. where. l Ex. In cazul in care persoana care isi exprima preferinta este aceeasi cu cea care face actiunea. no matter when. to demand.. to urge. The doctor insisted that I should stay indoors. It is impossible that he should have done this. Nota: Dupa cum se poate observa.. Sper ca el sa treaca examenul.actrus. Echivalenti de subjonctiv a.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7. Era posibil ca el sa fi ajuns aici la timp.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7.. Wherever I may/might be. might Ca si subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv. in aceasta situatie should este urmat de infinitivul trecut. Study hard so that/in order that you may pass the exam. It was possible that he might be here in time. It is desirable that we should finish the translation first.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. may.actrus. it was possible Ex.ci este necesara introducerea lui should.html 26 of 42 12/15/04 . I would sooner stay at home tonight. persoana care isi exprima preferinta este diferita de cea care face actiunea. you have no right to do this. l Dupa whoever. May success attend you! Fie ca succesul sa fie cu tine! May you live long and be happy! Fie sa traiesti mult si sa fii fericit. iti voi telefona. Dupa cum reiese din exemplele de mai sus.

I am sorry it rains so often. I am sorry my friend is ill. I regret you won’t come on holiday with me. I regret you didn’t win the competition. If only I (be) in Italy now! I wish I (enter) the faculty last year. I was sorry you had got a fine. It’s high time he (take) a job and (stop) living on his parents. I am sorry you had an accident. 10. 18. You behave as if you (own) the place. 7. I am sorry he won’t accept my proposal. Mi-as dori sa pot vorbi engleza/sa fiu in stare sa vorbesc engleza. 4. Page 6 of 8 Ex. I would rather you (not waste) your time! I am cold. Don’t treat me as if I (be) a child.actrus. 5. 19. 9. I wish I hadn’t lost my umbrella. I wish I could speak English. 7. 12. 9. astfel incât sa inceapa cu I wish + Past Perfect (afirmativ sau negativ): Model: I am sorry I lost my umbrella. I was sorry you were out when I called. 1.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7. 6. I am sorry books are so expensive. It’s time I (get) a promotion! 1. 10. I regret I won’t spend my holiday in England.. 4.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri. I am sorry you won’t take a driving licence. 3. 6. 1. He wishes he (have) a good English teacher in the next academic year. 3. 5. I am sorry I don’t live in Bucharest. 1. I regret I have only one child. Mi-as dori sa pot/sa am permisiunea de a imprumuta masina ta. 8. I wish the weather were fine. If only my telephone (work)! I wish I (not catch) a cold on the trip yesterday. 5. 9. I wish I might borrow your car. 9. If only I (not forget) his phone number! He wishes his book (become) a best-seller! If only I (become) a millionaire. I’d rather I (stay) at home and (watch) TV. Bine ar fi sa fii mai ordonata! Ce pacat ca ploua! Daca n-ar ploua. 4. 1. 7. 8. I wish he would take my advice. Transformati urmatoarele propozitii. 20. 13. 5. 4.actrus. I am sorry I can’t play the piano. 16. astfel incât sa inceapa cu I wish + Past Tense (afirmativ sau negativ): Model: I am sorry/I regret the weather isn’t fine. Page 5 of 8 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri. 8. 3. 17. 14. 3. It’s time we (go) home. 3. I regretted the weather was bad when I was on holiday. I am sorry I didn’t win the Great Prize. 6. 5. Bine ar fi sa nu fi facut atâtea greseli la lucrarea de control. 8. 2. 4. I regret he will stay in hospital so long. I am sorry you live so far away. Mi-as dori sa incetezi cu zgomotul acela chiar in acest moment. Transformati urmatoarele propozitii. Mi-as dori sa incetezi sa te mai vaicaresti pentru ca am si eu necazurile mele. I am sorry I will get fat when giving up smoking. 2. 5. 7. I regret I am not a student. 6. 11. It is high time you (start) studying for your exam. 7. I regret I won’t be able to read Goethe in the original. I regret I can’t go to the concert. 10. I am sorry he will not take my advice. As prefera sa mergi la teatru. 10. Exercitii cu modul subjonctiv 1. I am sorry I had no money to buy that painting. astfel incât sa inceapa cu I wish + would + infinitiv scurt: Model: http://quintet.. I regret I won’t have a phone in my new flat. 10. I am sorry you were delayed at the office. I am sorry they will not sign the contract. I would rather you (close) that window.. 15. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind subjonctivul cu forma de Past Tense sau Past Perfect: 1. Transformati urmatoarele propozitii. I am sorry I was late for the party. 8.html 12/15/04 http://quintet.. I regret I have no children. 11. I regretted you couldn’t come to me yesterday. I am sorry he will be away for such a long time. 2. He would rather his daughter (not get married) so young. As prefera sa ma scol mai devreme.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7. 9. 2. I would rather he (tell) me the truth. I would marry you even if you (be) a pauper.html 27 of 42 . am putea merge la plaja! Ti-ai dori sa fi fost invitata la petrecerea lui John? Ce pacat ca nu mai sunt tânar! As prefera sa te scoli mai devreme. 12/15/04 1. 2. Puneti verbele din paranteze la forma corecta de subjonctiv: 1. As prefera sa merg la teatru. 6.

Traduceti in limba engleza folosind subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv sau echivalentul de sobjonctiv should + infinitivul prezent sau trecut: 1. I’d rather you (retire) as soon as possible. you should remember your own phone number. 20. 2. Prietenul meu a insistat sa merg cu el la concert. E ora 10! Nu crezi ca era demult timpul sa te scoli si sa te apuci de lucru? 15. Page 7 of 8 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri. 19.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri.actrus. drive carefully lest you (have) an accident. I closed the window so that it (not get) too cold. 5. All success (attend) you! I wish I (be) there when it happened. Da-te la o parte ca sa vad (astfel incât sa pot vedea) ecranul. Era demult timpul sa incepi sa citesti cartile cerute pentru examenul de literatura româna. nu ar fi trebuit sa crezi. Page 8 of 8 12. 12. I propose that we (leave) by the 9 o’clock train. 10. Vorbesti ca si cum ai fi suparata pe mine. 8. It is impossible that my sister (tell) this to you yesterday. Este enervant ca tu sa fi uitat sa-mi aduci cartea inapoi. nu ar trebui sa ma minti. 15. 17. 11. If only I (have) a brother or a sister! 7. 12/15/04 http://quintet. Inlocuiti infinitivele din paranteze cu unul dintre tipurile de subjonctiv sau cu un echivalent de subjonctiv: 1. Oricât te-ai stradui. 7. 3. 8. Ea se poarta cu el de parca ar fi sotul ei. 17. El a intrat in casa fara zgomot. 8. 9. nu te pot crede. Oricând te vei intoarce. Stiu ca tu ti-ai dori sa-ti petreci vacanta intr-o tabara.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. Directorul a cerut ca toata lumea sa fie prezenta la ora 8. la tara. 7. 4. 2. 6. Am facut un imprumut ca sa (astfel incât sa) pot sa-mi cumpar casa. 9. Este foarte important ca acest contract sa fie semnat foarte curând. 6. El mi-a vorbit ca si cum nu se intâmplase nimic intre noi. El a sugerat ca noi sa cumparam aceasta casa. Era ciudat ca el sa nu fi citit aceasta carte. 16. Este necesar sa fii informat despre ce se intâmpla in tara. 4. I wish I (find) another. 14. Este probabil ca fiul meu sa fi luat examenul.. Este imposibil ca el sa se fi intors atât de devreme. The road is wet. 9. 3. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv sau echivalentul de subjonctiv should + infinitivul prezent: 1. 8. I have to work hard so that my company (prosper). It is desirable that they (divorce) immediately. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv sau echivalentul de subjonctiv may sau might + infinitivul prezent: 1. 6. I wish my car (not break down) last week.actrus. Profesorul sugereaza ca noi sa citim aceasta carte. I suggested that we (take) a taxi. 5. astfel incât sa nu-l aud eu. 13. 6. eu voi fi acasa si te voi astepta. 3. Este important ca tu sa stii engleza bine. Este imposibil ca el sa se intoarca atât de devreme. Orice mi-ai spune. I closed the window lest (get) too cold. No matter how/however absent – minded you (be). She speaks about her son as if he (be) a genius.. 18. 8. 2. Oricine ti-ar fi spus asta despre mine. 14. nu poti câstiga un astfel de concurs. He throws money away as if he (be) a rich man. 13. 4. Vrei sa spui ca este probabil sa ne petrecem concediul in Bucuresti? Este necesar sa fiu prezent la aceasta sedinta? 1. I have such a boring job. 16. It is strange that she (leave) the lights on when she left the town. The doctor recommended that the patient (have) an operation. E timpul sa-mi inapoiezi banii pe care ti I-am imprumutat. dar eu prefer sa mergi la bunicul. Am sugerat sa-l alegem presedinte. Mama a hotarât ca noi sa stam acasa. 19.. Oricare ar fi motivul. 18. 6. Jane si-ar dori sa-mi petrec sfârsitul de saptamâna cu ea.html 28 of 42 . 5. 10. Insist ca tu sa accepti aceasta slujba. Este posibil ca ea sa fie plecata din oras. Directorul a propus ca eu sa lucrez in alt sector. I’ve told you everything so that you (understand) my position. 3. 7.. 10. 2. 7.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7. 5.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7. Ea arata de parca ar fi manechin. 4. Vorbeste mai tare ca sa te aud (asfel incât sa te pot auzi).

(M-am asteptat ca el sa vina la timp. I’d like him to come with me. Ex.) b. Atât participiul prezent cât si gerunziul se formeaza prin adaugarea terminatiei -ing la infinitivul verbelor (to call – calling). (Ei l-au declarat a fi omul anului.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_8. (L-am vazut ca paraseste camera/parasind camera.) They declared him to be the man of the year. to dislike. Verbele to make si to let sunt urmate de infinitivul scurt (fara to). Ex. to believe. Participiul prezent si gerunziul pot avea timpuri si diateza.. Ex. to say. a. He is considered to be a good student. I made him study English. to suppose. to expect. Ex. to suppose. He was made to study English. diateza si timpuri. Acuzativ cu infinitiv Consta dintr-un verb urmat de un pronume sau substantiv in acuzativ + un verb la infinitiv. to admit. to feel. to consider. (L-am lasat sa iasa afara sa joace fotbal. I want you to go now. modurile nepersonale sunt urmatoarele: infinitivul. to count upon/on . (As vrea ca el sa vina cu mine. verbe exprimând perceptia mentala: to think. Infinitivul poate avea aspect. (Consider ca el este un bun student. (Ma bazez pe tine sa faci aceasta. in cazul verbelor neregulate. to hear. (El a recunoscut ca stirile erau false.) 1. Ex. forma -ing (gerunziul si participiul prezent) si participiul trecut. o permisiune sau o cauzalitate: to make.) d. Ex.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBULI/MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI . to allow.) He ordered the door to be locked. verbe declarative: to state. Ex..html 29 of 42 12/15/04 . to declare. to cause.) c.) I want John to do this.actrus.actrus. Aceste verbe sunt urmate de infinitivul scurt (fara to). verbe exprimând un ordin. to expect. to like.) I let him go out and play.) f. He considered the news to be false. He admitted the news to be false.) Exista câteva tipuri de verbe care accepta acest tip de constructii: http://quintet.) I expected him to come in time. Diateza activa ¡ ¡ nedefinit: calling perfect: having called a. Nominativ cu infinitiv Consta dintr-un subiect in nominativ + un verb la diateza pasiva sau activa + un verb la infinitiv. to understand. Diateza pasiva ¡ ¡ nedefinit: being called perfect: having been called Participiul trecut se formeaza prin adaugarea terminatiei -ed la verbele regulate.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_8. verbe exprimând perceptia senzoriala: to see. Page 1 of 6 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBULI/MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI . folosit cu verbe la diateza pasiva: to see. (Vreau ca tu sa pleci acum.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. I consider him to be a good student.) e. to wish. I rely on you to do this. el reprezinta forma a III-a: ¡ ¡ to call – called – called to go – went – gone Constructii cu infinitivul 1. Adverbe exprimând dorinta sau vointa: to want. to hate. cu anumite verbe urmate de prepozitii obligatorii: to rely upon/on. to know. to consider. Page 2 of 6 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri LECTIA VIII MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI CONSTRUCTIILE VERBALE In limba engleza.) Sunt situatii in care Nominativul cu Infinitivut exprima o formulare pasiva a Acuzativului cu Infinitiv: Ex. (L-am facut sa invete engleza. to order. to make. (Se spune ca el este un bun scriitor. Diateza activa ¡ ¡ ¡ ¡ infinitiv prezent simplu: to call infinitiv prezent continuu: to be calling infinitiv perfect simplu: to have called infinitiv perfect continuu: to have been calling Diateza pasiva ¡ ¡ infinitiv prezent simplu: to be called infinitiv perfect: to have been called Forma -ing. to know. (El a ordonat sa se incuie usa. (Vreau ca John sa faca aceasta... to hear. to believe. to watch. I saw him leave the room. He is said to be a good writer. Ex. I made him study English. I consider him to be a good student.

cu expresiile: to be sure / likely / unlikely / certain Ex. She had two sons killed in the war..html 12/15/04 http://quintet. to leave. Exercitii cu constructiile verbale 1. 12/15/04 http://quintet. we shall go to the beach. I will tell him where you are. For – phrase Consta din propozitia for + un substantiv sau pronume in acuzativ + un verb la infinitiv. Nominativ cu Participiu Este pasivul constructiei Acuzativ cu Participiu: Ex: He was seen leaving.) Constructie cu participiul trecut Este formata din verbul to have sau to get + un complement + participiul trecut. to hear. (Trebuie sa-mi dau pantofii la reparat. vom merge la plaja.) It is necessary for me to go there. precum si cu verbele to find. (Daca se va intâmpla sa-l intâlnesc. Page 3 of 6 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBULI/MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI . It is necessary that I (should) go there.) I will have my hair done.) I happened to meet him in the street. Diferenta de sens intre cele doua constructii este urmatoarea: folosirea acuzativului cu infinitiv pune accentul pe actiunea propriu-zisa. 2. Astfel: I saw her leave s-ar putea traduce Am vazut-o ca pleaca sau Am vazut-o plecând.) In cazul verbelor de perceptie. ii voi spune unde esti. Ex. to prove. to smell. Ex.html 30 of 42 . Constructii cu participiul prezent 1. (Ea a fost auzita cântând.actrus.) This remains for him to decide. She is sure to come in time. am mers acasa. tradusa cu o expresie personala in limba engleza. Este de asemenea sa apara situatii in care actiunea exprimata de participiul trecut este facuta de altcineva in detrimentul persoanei exprimate de subiect. (S-a intâmplat sa-l intâlnesc pe strada. (Am lasat-o / gasit-o plângând. Ex.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_8.) Aceasta constructie arata ca actiunea este facuta de catre altcineva spre avantajul sau la ordinul persoanei reprezentate de subiect. to seem.) If I happen to meet him.) 3. Ex. I saw him leaving (L-am vazut plecând. cu verbele: to happen.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_8. we went home. (El s-a dovedit a fi un bun jurnalist.) Nota: Din nou avem in limba engleza o expresie personala care se traduce in româneste cu o expresie impersonala. It is easy for me to do this. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind constructia Acuzativ cu Infinitiv sau Acuzativ cu Participiu: 1. M-am asteptat sa vii mai devreme. They declared him to be the man of the year. Cineva mi-a spart geamul din dormitor.) I heard her singing.. (Este necesar ca eu sa merg acolo. 1.. Acuzativ cu participiu Se foloseste cu verbe exprimând perceptie senzorial: to see.) Nota: Trebuie remarcat faptul ca expresia impersonala din limba româna se intâmpla sa este. I-au fost ucisi doi fii in razboi. Ex: The classes being over. a. de obicei. (Voi merge sa ma coafez. to turn out. (E usor sa fac asta. aceasta constructie este asemanatoare cu Acuzativul cu Infinitiv.) Weather permitting. (E sigur ca ea va veni la timp. Nominativul absolut Este o constructie participiala care are un subiect al ei propriu. (Orele fiind terminate.) Nota: Ultimele doua propozitii se se pot reda in limba engleza si cu ajutorul subjonctivului. in timp ce acuzativul cu participiu arata actiunea in desfasurare. (Am auzit-o cântând.) I left / found her crying. (El a fost vazut plecând. to watch. b.) It is impossible for him to come. (Aceasta ramâne sa o decida el. In timp ce I saw her leaving se poate traduce numai Am vazut-o plecând. Page 4 of 6 The news was considered to be false.) She was heard singing. He proved to be a good journalist. to appear ¡ la diateza activa: Ex.. I had my bedroom window broken. (Daca vremea va permite.actrus. (Este imposibil ca el sa vina. He was declared to be the man of the year. It is impossible that I (should) come.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBULI/MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI . Daca vrem sa traducem expresia personala: „Ea e sigura ca va veni la timp" o redam in modul urmator: „She is sure the she will come in time". Ex: I must have/get mz shoes repaired.

Ma bazez pe tine sa-mi imprumuti niste bani. 5. 2. Page 5 of 6 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBULI/MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI .. 5. 4. 2. This translation is easy for me to make. 5. It is possible that the plane might be delayed. 6. Everybody. 7. we hurried to the beach. 3. You should take it. The people were impatient. 6. 6. 7. It is sure they have had an argument. I have closed the window. I went home relaxed. 7. 8. 3. 4. They said she was ill. 9. 1. 2. Everybody being at home. I don’t want you to catch a cold. 14. 10. transformându-le in Nominativ cu Participiu: Model: I heard the dog barking. The river having risen in the night. It is necessary that he be present. 3. The dog was heard barking. 7.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBULI/MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI .actrus. 7. Reformulati urmatoarele propozitii folosind constructia „for-phrase": Model: This translation is easy. 10. 9. I thought she was unable to win the contest.. I stopped smoking. It is possible that I might buy a car. 3. I saw the plane landing. It is impossible that he should have said that. Folositi drept subiect pronumele subliniate: Model: Her parents thought she was a gifted child. we sat down to dinner. L-am vazut vorbind cu prietena lui. 5. John a recunoscut ca vina era a lui. the audience left the hali. Stiam ca el e un om foarte ocupat. I saw her lying on the beach. It is expected that he will arrive at 2 o’clock. 10. Reformulati urmatoarele fraze cu modul subjonctiv folosind constructia „forphrase": Model: It is important that I should know the truth. It was proved that she was a liar. This is the main thing. Traduceti in limba româna urmatoarele propozitii cu constructia Nominativul absolut: 1. She heard the hunters shooting. 5. Am auzit-o certându-si copilul. It happened that she made three spelling mistakes in her letter.actrus. 3. 4. You should read it. 5. It’s time you started learning foreign languages.. The sun having risen. It is important that you should come to the office. We should have a heart to heart talk. 6. 13. I could hear her typing. This fact is important. They heard him repeat it several times. It is advisable that you should resign. Page 6 of 6 2. I had to change them. 8. The decision being taken in my favour. Ea m-a facut sa inteleg ce se intâmplase. I can’t solve it. This problem is too difficult. The match was about to begin. Cred ca el e un sot bun. http://quintet. 15. I didn’t want her to miss the train. Presupuneam ca el stie sa conduca masina. We should do it now. 5. 4. 10. Am vazut câtiva copii jucându-se in parc. 4. I saw her fainting. Reformulati urmatoarele fraze cu modul subjonctiv folosind constructia Nominativ cu Infinitiv. She heard the baby crying. 8. we shall climb to the top of the mountain. Weather permitting. 8. 2. 9. Mama ar vrea ca eu sa devin doctor. 4. I went shopping. El voia ca eu sa-l ajut. The plane having taken off. 6. I ordered a taxi. 3. I found her digging in the garden. The mud having ruined my shoes. I heard the child breaking the vase. 1. This is a valuable piece of advice. 9. People believed he was a brilliant surgeon. 2. The concert being over. She was thought to be a gifted child. 9. The rain having stopped. 4. It’s time we met again. I-am privit jucând fotbal.. El m-a facut sa pierd trenul. This is a good book. It is necessary that you should study the matter seriously. 6. This is a strange thing.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_8. 6. You should bear it in mind. I found the boy breaking the window. 1. 7. l. 10.html 31 of 42 12/15/04 . I can’t believe she said that. 2. 3. 8. The letter being written. 8. we were seared about having floods. 12. It seemed that she was satisfied with me.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. It is important to know the truth. Inteleg ca ea e o profesoara foarte buna. 9.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_8. 11. It is recommendable that you should read this book. Treceti la pasiv urmatoarele constructii Acuzativ cu Participiu. Expected that he would resign. I saw the peasants working in the field. 10. at once. I went to post it. I cam make it. The time has come.

5. What are you speaking about? Exercitii cu Past Tense Simple si Continuous Exercitiul 1: 1. someone rang up. Did they drink? 3. 15. 6. Did he think? 2. Did he translate? 10. 1 liked. Have you ever driven? 16. 3. 10. Are you typing? 5. am. Do you dream? I dream 9. Do you play? 5. the engine – drivers have gone. Have you lived? I have lived. What are you doing? Are you reading or watching TV? 5. do you do? 3. 10. Where did you spend your holiday last summer? 15. They hid the cards away and took out their school books. I don’t like coffee. are you hurrying? I don’t want. My friend isn’t wearing. I found this old photo. I was writing. Have you read? 18. I am not having. Do I understand? 4. 5. I got up late yesterday morning. A strong wind was blowing when I left the house. am taking. Have you paid? 19. 20. 2. Last week I was ill and 1 didn’t go to school. Now I am doing my homework in English. I often read English books. He didn’t forbid. 1 first met. I don’t always believe. my friends played chess. 16. 14. he doesn’t get up early. I don’t trust.html 32 of 42 12/15/04 . What book are you reading? 10. he was-learning. 4. Do I trust? 10. She goes shopping on Saturdays. I have already seen. Did he come? 8. 8. 20. He sat for his first exam last week. I have lent. he realized. she has been trying. Why are you opening the window? I5. 20. Have you watered? 3. Last Sunday. 2. are you waiting? I am waiting. write. 9. He isn’t telling. Do I love? 2. he had. It snows in winter. 4. 17. Is he telling? 4. Exercitii cu Present Perfect Simple si Continuous Exercitiul 1: l. Two days ago I fell and I broke my leg. Yesterday I lost my gloves. Yesterday I got up early. Exercitiul 2: l. the sun didn’t set at 8 o’clock. 9.actrus. How often do you write to your parents? 18.. I haven’t been. I was talking. They aren’t swimming. 12. Do you know? Exercitiul 4: l. 1t hasn’t rained. You don’t play. 10. They didn’t drink. Did he forbid? Exercitiul 3: 1. It isn’t raining. She is packing her luggage. Have you visited? 12. He didn’t change. I slept. While I was looking for my passport. The child isn’t learning. I owned. The radio has been playing. 4. don’t understand. Do you usually get. 7. The customer is just choosing a pair of shoes. I have’ been shopping. We aren’t studying. it often rains. He doesn’t go to school by underground. I always have. Does he remember? 7. Did I hate? 4. 9. Is Ann knitting? 10.. 5. When did you return from the mountains? 11. You asked. I5. Do they live? 8. is drinking. He hasn’t come. 19. 14. He has been sleeping. have you been. Yesterday. Ann isn’t knitting.. he has caught. Is my friend wearing? 7. He has been fishing. Last night. always borrow/is always borrowing. The boys were playing cards when they heard their father entering the house. The secretary is just typing a report. 3. Does she talk? 3. On Sundays. Do you smoke? 17. You aren’t typing. They don’t live. 19. You drank. 6.. I entered. Did you sleep well last night? 3. Have you ever eaten? 13. I had breakfast and then I left for school. I have bought. I played. 1 am cooking. 7. 6. http://quintet. While it was raining. He didn’t think. I like to swim a lot. When did you buy this TV set? 12. 6. Did we work? 7. he is having. 8. I didn’t hate. I have just had. 5. Are we studying? 9. Did I sell? 6. Do you like? 8. 3. 2.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9. Did I enjoy? 9. Is the child learning? Exercitiul 3: l. I was driving to Sinaia. I don’t love. This time yesterday it was raining. the teacher was writing. 8. were you going. Exercitiul 4: 1. 17. are you thinking? I am thinking. he walks. 14. Do you go? 16. I don’t understand. 4.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9. 7.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CHEIA EXERCITIILOR-TIMPUR. 7.actrus. Have you been? I have been. it is raining. He doesn’t remember. 3. That sounded. 10. remembers. I have been asking. 9. Page 2 of 4 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri 1. 13. 16. Are they swimming? 6. You spoke. He didn’t translate. 4. He doesn’t have. she was having. He hasn’t gone. have you been wearing? 6. I always made. Do I have? Exercitiul 2: l. 19. I am not going. 6. I didn’t enjoy. 7. you came in. he wasn’t wearing. She doesn’t talk. What do you do on your free days? 12. I have been watering. 6. have you cooked? 7. 14. speaks. 8. Is it raining? 2. We didn’t work. At what time does John get up in the morning? 11. 2. Exercitiul 2: CHEIA EXERCITIILOR LECTIA I TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICATIV Exercitii cu Present Simple si Continuous Exercitiul l: 1. 11. Are you writing. 4. at 7 o’clock in the morning? I was preparing to go to the faculty. I don’t have. 4. he was working. 9. 11 . My mother isn’t resting. Page 1 of 4 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CHEIA EXERCITIILOR-TIMPUR. 18. 8. 9. He has always relied. 2. I was watching. Who won the match the day before yesterday? 20. 13. I met.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 18. were you doing? 7. 17. 8. 1 don’t like. He met. Whom are you ringing up? 13. 2. 10. I didn’t go to the swimming pool. Do I always believe? 6. 5. 2. drinks. Does he have? 9. Is my mother resting? 8. 5. We have known. go. When I go to the seaside. I have been cooking. He has just left. What were you doing last Tuesday. 10. I haven’t written. I arrived. I do not study in the evening. Did he change? 5. Am I having? 3. He didn’t come. I didn’t sell.

Wil1 you remember? 9. 5. 7. 9. 3. I was. Where have you spent your holiday this year? 3. 10. 4. You will like. Have you already had breakfast? Yes. 2. I have lost. 7. had been climbing. I had met. Since I bought a car. You will have seen.actrus. He hadn’t done anything before he asked for my advice. They have been working on this house for a year and they haven’t finished it yet. 10. we realized. I found out. I have been doing. 8. 5. As soon as the guests had left. 5. will/shall will be climbing. she had not passed. he had caught. When I arrived at the bus stop. I stayed at home and I haven’t regretted it for a moment! 16. 7. wilt be rising. They travelled to many countries after they had got married. I have often thought of taking a driving licence. We shall/will have taken. We have walked 10 km so far. 20. 12. I didn’t phone you because I thought you had gone abroad. Who did you vote for at the last elections? I didn’t go to vote. between twelve and one o’clock. You will be. I was sorry I had hurt him. She will be watching. he left an hour ago. I shall/will know. he handed it to the teacher. By the end of the month I shall/will have seen this film 5 times. Because of the strike of the bus – drivers. they will have been married. 8. He will be.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 7. 10. 9. 2. Have you been. He has written only two letters since he went abroad. 7. The train will have left before we arrive at the station. many people will be going to work on foot tomorrow. 5. 4. Who has taught you to speak English so well? 2. By this time next year. 7. I called. 10. they will be having their last English class. 3. He has been a Minister for two years. I have seldom walked to my office. I spent a month here. 8. 2. 6. had left. 6. Have you been to this town before? Yes. 3.. Look what I have bought at an auction! It’s a very beautiful object. I shall/will have been cooking. He will be studying in the library on Monday from one to five o’clock. they had been waiting. The secretary told me the manager had been speaking on the phone for half an hour. had been swimming. I got. 9. She has changed. Has John left? Yes. Exercitiul 4: 1. I shall/will be swimming. 8. 9. 9. As soon as he had finished writing the paper. Exercitiul 3: 1. 4. 2. will be crying. Have you ever tried? I tried. What will you be doing tomorrow morning at 11 o’clock? I shall/will be visiting the international fair. had listened. I shall/will have been working. Page 3 of 4 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CHEIA EXERCITIILOR-TIMPUR. 3.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9. A child has broken the window. 4. congratulated. we asked. 5. 2. I shall/will pass. He thanked me for what I had done for him. he had visited. It has been raining. 18. I went to bed. 6. we had lost. 3. 9. Where will you put it? http://quintet.. Exercitiul 4: 1. 3. 6. it had been raining. I shall/will have finished. 11. he went. It has been snowing for two hours. 5. 9. I shall/will be having. 6. 10. two years ago. 15. she told. 10. 14. I returned. we left. Page 4 of 4 Exercitiul 3: I. They told me they had been living in France since 1980. began. 8. I have been translating a text for two hours and I haven’t finished it yet. they had finished. Will you be needing? 5. She had just gone out. it had been raining. had been having. will have risen. Exercitiut 2: 1. Exercitiul 3: 1. By 10 o’clock she will have finished cleaning the house. she had been writing. 3. You will not/won’t find. 7. 6. I have been wearing. I shall/will have read 8. it had been raining.html 33 of 42 12/15/04 . he told. it will probably be raining. We have been walking since 3 o clock. 10. 4. had spread.. I have bought a typewriter and I shall learn to type. had been cooking. 4. 8.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CHEIA EXERCITIILOR-TIMPUR. 2. The weather has got warmer lately. 8. 8. I had returned. 5. 2. I entered. I shall/will have paid off. I got up. 4. 7. He has been. haven’t you seen? did you use? 2. she had been cleaning and dusting. 6. 9. Exercitiul 2: 1. 10. she had been studying. 19. we had been walking. How long have you been learning English? 5. Exercitii cu Past Perfect Simple si Continuous Exercitiul 1: 1. Exercitiul 4: 1. Exercitii cu timpurile „Future" Exercitiul 1: 1. 3. had eaten. 10. I didn’t succeed. I saw. 9. 13. We must replace it. 4. What did you look at? It was an accident. 2. I shall/will be working. 4. 10.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9. 3. he had got married. will have spent.. 8. he had learned/he had been learning. 6. 5. Have you seen today’s newspaper? 17. 6. she had already been. Have you seen? she left. had not told. I shall/will have saved five million lei.actrus. 7. I shall/will remember. he went. Will you recognize? 4. he had been. 7. he had thought. they had been. I rang him up. had been speaking. On Friday. He will be studying. The child has been playing. I shall/will succeed. 6. I realized I had left my bag at home. I had it at 8 o’clock.

there are.actrus. 20. 9. is. I would remain. 8. I have suffered. 8. 9. 2. he wanted. 10. 12/15/04 http://quintet. he tells. 18. you spoke. they would remain. 2. 10. 2. 15. I have been reading. 3. you do. 16. I was. 20. he would pass. 13. 6. he would give. 3. Exercitiul 4: 1. would not go. he trusted. 10. he hoped. 4. 4. I have. 5. did not remember. 10. he has arrived. arrive. do not eat. 17. 9. is. it would not be raining when I arrived. he would finish. He was very upset because he had lost his http://quintet.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA/EXERCITII CU CONCORDANTA TIMPURI. you would soon have. 8. they have done. you finish. 6. 16. 9. 3. you were. you had been wearing. 6. 18. 10. 6. The policeman will ask me what I have seen during the accident. 19. melts. prices would go up. Father will give me a present after I have passed the exam. 13. 4.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_2. 3. 14. The car I will buy will be imported from Germany. 5. you have read. 6. 5. he would drive. is. The secretary told me the manager was busy.html dictionary and he was not sure he would find a new one in the bookshops. you see. I finish. had failed. he had just left. 4. 12. I read. he had to write. 12. I didn’t remember that we had met a year before. 9. 7. she notices you have broken. I didn’t stay at home to wait for you because I didn’t know when you would come. you have just told. he had stolen. he had never seen. 5. 9. I played/I was playing. 10. 8. he would have.. begin. 15. he had been travelling. 11. will soon move. 4. 9. The thief did not realize that the police had been following him for a week. we went. 2. I will tell you the truth after I have found it myself.. he would change. Exercitiul 6: 1. 7. you were.actrus. 2. 5. you see. you have drunk. 7. He asked me how many letters there are in the Chinese alphabet and I couldn’t answer him. 6. 4. 8. 7. 10. I had heard. 11. he would win. she has changed. 17. was shining. 2. 8. I had not eaten. You had to type. 3. 7. Exercitiul 5: 1. I knew you were in Bucharest. she has learnt.. I work/I worked. I had not decided. 5.html 34 of 42 12/15/04 . I had read. he would not remember.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_2. 7. I had done. 6. we will drink. I want. would be cancelled. 12. 3. Exercitiul 3: 1. I was. I usually read. I had lost. I finish. I will earn/will be earning. he has repaired. 14. 3. I have received. we had been digging. we reach. 4. they had been listening. 8. she looks. Exercitiul 7: l. he had eaten. they were talking. he had left. you are reading. would end. they had known. 19. had already begun. I had not enjoyed. 5. Exercitiul 2: 1. Page 1 of 2 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA/EXERCITII CU CONCORDANTA TIMPURI. 7. they have been.. 11. you see. is born. he had not expected. I would spend. I promised him I would write to him when I arrived in London. Page 2 of 2 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri LECTIA II Exercitii cu concordanta timpurilor Exercitiul 1: 1. 2.

9. he had realized. 7.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA/EXERCITII CU FRAZE CONDITIONALE Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri Page 1 of 1 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU VORBIREA DIRE. he would not make. 5. 7. 10 He asked me if I could speak English. 8. you had driven. 4. 3. I would not have made. the streets would have been wet. I would have answered. 3. you had invited. I wouldn’t do. What would you have done if you had met John? Exercitiul 6: l. He asked me how long it took me to reach my office.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_4.. 5. 7. You would have caught the train if you had taken a taxi. Exercitiul 5: 1. He told me to ring him up when I arrived home. He asked me if I could lend him a book. He asked me if my mother had been at home. he leaves. 9. He asked me if I would help him. What would you do if you meet John? 12. He asked me if I drank coffee every day. 6. He asked me what I was going to do the next day. 6. 9. 4. I will buy. He said he was very busy on that day. 2. He asked me where I would spend my weekend. He asked me if the train had left. 5. 10. 7. I will greet 2. 10. 12. 3. He asked me how I had travelled. 6. He told me not to smoke so much. He asked me how long I had been learning . the streets will be wet. 2. He said if he had enough money he would buy a car the next year. 9. 6. I will answer. Would you have been angry if I had taken your pencil? 10. He told me to read that text. 8. He said John had left for Sinaia two days before. I gave up.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 5. If dinner is not ready in time. It would have been. the streets would be wet. You will catch the train if you take a taxi. he would have told. He told/asked/ordered me not to drive so fast.html 35 of 42 12/15/04 . He told me to take that pill. Exercitiul 2: 1. 4. 10. 5. 9. He said he was going to have a nap that afternoon. He told me to be careful with his books. 12. I saw. I would knit another sweater if I had more wool. 11. 8. 6. 11. Exercitiul 2: 1. He asked me if I had lived in London for a long time. you take. If it rained. 9. Exercitiul 1: LECTIA IV Exercitii cu vorbirea directa si indirecta 1. 4. I had worked. http://quintet. I were. 3. He asked me if I would like a cake. 4. He asked me if I could come to tea that afternoon. I knew. 2. 7. 2. would you go? Exercitiul 3: l. 7. He told me to open the door. I would like the play more if it were shorter. Exercitiul 4: 1. 3. If it had rained. 8. 10. 6. 5. you will not find. He said he had seen that film a week before.actrus..English. 8. He asked me if 1 had been at the library the day before. He asked me who that man was. He told me to write him a letter when I got to England. he would take. 10. would you give him some? 3. You would catch the train if you took a taxi. 9. He said she would go shopping right then. I would buy. I had known. You will see him if you wait. 10. 7. He told me not to cross the street on a red light. 10. 10. 7. I had not told. 7. he will get. 5. 2.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_3. 8. We won’t go for a walk if the rain doesn’t stop/unless the rain stops. 6. 4. He said if he had been at home he would have answered the phone. What would have happened if you had driven at a high speed? 4. 8. she will be. I will eat at a restaurant. you will be. He asked me why it was so dark in that room. he had tried.actrus. 3. 9. Exercitiul 4: l. it goes on. If it rains. 8. 3. Will you be angry if I take your pencil? 8. He told me not to interrupt him when he was speaking. 4. He asked me if I had bought that book the day before. He asked me if I knew what that word meant/means. 5. will you promise? 6. Would you be angry if I took your pencil? 9. 2. 9. If a beggar asked you for money. 6. 8. 4. He said he had gone to England two years before. you wouldn’t have got. 2. I would have answered. He asked me when the rain had stopped. 3. If you hadn’t shut the window I would have been cold. 7. I will lend. you will not pass. Page 1 of 1 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri LECTIA III Exercitii cu fraze conditionale Exercitiul 1: l. He asked me when I would be back. He said he thought it was going to rain the next day. I will be disappointed if I don’t find out the truth. 6. 5. He said he had spent his holiday at the seaside the year before. 2. you would have read. 5. you will be. What will you do if you meet John? 11. 3. 2. Would you buy? 4. He asked me which of those cakes I preferred. He said he didn’t remember where he had bought that dictionary. Mamaia would be an ideal place for a holiday if there weren’t so many people there. you were. I moved. He said the weather had been fine the day before. Exercitiul 3: 1.

8. The patient was prescribed some pills (by the doctor). Has the dog been fed? 7. The museum was closed for repairs. The doctor was called for (by us). 3.actrus. 4. A nice present has been given to me (by them). 11. The letter will be mailed as soon as possible. 6. 9.actrus. 5. My friend recommended me a very good doctor. We will be shown the way by the policeman. The museum was shown to the tourists (by the guide). 2. My friend will be invited to a party (by me). I was asked a difficult question by the teacher. Don’t speak until you are spoken to (by someone). Nothing has been heard about him since he left for Constanta. Will the details be told to him? Will he be told the details? 6. 8. John has been lent two of my books (by me). America was discovered at the end of the 15th century. 2. 3. 9. Your bag has been found (by him). 4. 8. 6. My TV set will be repaired by a specialist. A new supermarket was being built in that district last month. 2. Will the letter be written in ink? 3. When he arrived home he realized his wallet had been stolen. His bed hasn’t been slept in (by him). I’m not always told the truth by my friend. People speak English all over the world. We were asked to show our passports. Detailed instructions will be given to us about the paper. We were told very interesting things at the conference. 13. 5. Football is played all over the world. The Great Prize was awarded to the Romanian film director (by the jury). I have been given a nice present (by them). The teacher will tell the pupils where to sit. Two of my books have been lent to John (by me). Fire was set to the shed (by them). Haven’t you been told to be here at 6 o’clock? 4. 10. 5. 8. Exercitiul 3: 1. I was frightened by the noise. This stamp hasn’t been well stuck on the envelope. 7. Was he shocked by the sight of the accident? 8. very interesting things were told to us at the conference. Do you think your request will be turned down? 10. A reward will be given to me (by them). 10. 6. The tourists were shown the museum (by the guide). They are taught English (by me). Has the TV set been repaired? 2. 15. 3. 9. Foreign languages are spoken in this hotel. The missing child has been found (by someone). 2. A difficult question was asked of me by the teacher. when I passed by.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_5. 2. 10. The work will be finished today (by them). We will be given detailed instructions about the paper. 6. He hates people making fun of him. 7. Many new blocks are being built in our district. 6. The house was broken into (by burglars). 4. Would your work have been finished sooner if you hadn’t been interrupted by your colleagues? Exercitiul 5: 1. I will be given a reward (by them). Exercitiul 4: 1.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU DIATEZA PASIVA Page 1 of 2 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU DIATEZA PASIVA Page 2 of 2 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri LECTIA V Exercitii cu diateza pasiva Exercitiul 1: 1.: 3. 7. 4. People mustn’t take away these books. Something must be done for him by his coworkers. Exercitiul 6: l. 10. The children weren’t looked after properly (by them). Were you told about the meeting? 9. 12. Were you frightened by the tornado? 5. 9. 3. People will soon forget this book. The meanings of the new words must be looked up in the dictionary. 4.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 5. 7. This piece of information must be treated confidentially. His odd behaviour couldn’t be accounted for (by us). The rescue party finally discovered the climber. 9. John was laughed at (by us).html 36 of 42 12/15/04 . His proposal was objected to (by us). The way will be shown to us by the policeman. Some pills were prescribed to the patient (by the doctor). Exercitiul 2: 1. The professor’s lecture was listened to by all the students. They held a reception in his honour. 5. http://quintet. English is taught to them (by me). The Romanian film director was awarded the Great Prize (by the jury). 14. The truth is not always told to me by my friend.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_5. A new house is being built round the corner (by them). The event was commented on by all the newspapers. All the visitors of the museum admire this painting. They have built this house out of stone and cement. 8. 7.

She will be able to read and write. You needn’t carry your luggage in the station yourself. 17. 10. 2. 6. must have taken. 9. I will have to leave soon. She could play. It may/might rain. 10. Could you help? Will you be able to help? 9. 8. can’t. 20. You must have forgotten. You were allowed/permitted to leave. I must change my shoes when I enter the house because they are full of mud. He can’t be at the office. 8. 13. needn’t have written. I ought to/should have read the bibliography for the seminar. I couldn’t translate. 6. Exercitiul 12: 1. 9. 6. He should have gone. must have left. 10. 9. 6. 15. should. You were not allowed/permitted to speak. She will be able to lend. 18. You might have changed. He must be older. 2. should. You must have left your umbrella. You needn’t have made 12/15/04 http://quintet. Exercitiul 5: 1. I could play the piano when I was a child. A good knowledge of English may/might help you. 10. 3. She can’t have learned English. You can’t have been. It can’t be his fault. 11. 4. needn’t. would. 8. 6. 5. mustn’t. needn’t. 4. It can t have been. S. can’t have swum. You won’t be allowed/permitted to speak. 4. You might have paid. mustn’t. 3. 10. She may/might have returned. 8. She can’t have got. 2. It can’t have been his fault. can. 16. 11. will. needn’t have lent. 8. You were not allowed/permitted to smoke.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_6. would. should. 6. must have been. It must have been. 7. 16. No. 7. You may ring me up more often when you know I am ill. we may/might take the bus or the ski-lift. 7. 7. He must have been delayed. 1 am sure I will be able to find time to help you. 2. He must have been. needn’t. 7. I had to learn. He won’t be allowed/permitted to come. He will be able to swim. 3. I will have to learn. 14. 4: She must be a very good doctor. 5. You will not be allowed/permitted to smoke. can. 15. 6. must have been. mustn’t. She may/might have been angry. This must be the best. 5. 5. It can’t have been. You can’t miss the train. Exercitiul 4: l. 7. The child will be allowed/permitted to have. You should have visited. 9. I will have to look up. 5. Everybody will be allowed/permitted to borrow. 6. I had to look up. 4. 4. 3. 13. You might have written. 7. You will be allowed/permitted to leave. Everybody was allowed/permitted to borrow. 9. needn’t have waited. can. 5. He may/might have been right. 4. You won’t have to do. 10.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU VERBE MODALE Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri Page 1 of 3 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU VERBE MODALE Exercitiul 6: Page 2 of 3 LECTIA VI Exercitii cu verbe modale Exercitiul 1: 1. It may/might be a good one. will. 3. 19. 17. will. 12. You will have to help me more today. John must have been. He must have come home. didn’t need to buy. 9. will. 3. 3. 2. Exercitiul 11: 1. Did you have to be? Will you have to be? 20. He must have been late. didn’t need to wait. shall. All the children ought to/should do some housework. 8. 4. 3. He needn’t have bought. 12. 2. The weather can’t change. would. 10. 2. 6. 7. 3. 8. 9. 3. 4. The child was allowed/permitted to have. He may have been. 9. Exercitiul 7: 1. 2. shall. 19. 5. He must think. I had to go. He ought to have told. He could swim. can. 14. needn’t have lent. needn’t have answered. mustn’t. 5. will.actrus. needn’t have bought. didn’t need to see. would. Was I not allowed/permitted to walk? Shall I be not allowed/permitted to walk? 11. Exercitiul 3: 1. Exercitiul 2: 1. didn’t need to answer. You shouldn’t have gone. can’t have left. 8. 7. Could Jane type? Will Jane be able to type? 17. Exercitiul 8: l. Exercitiul 13: 1. can’t have rained. Sensuri posibile: „Do you think he will try to enter the faculty?".html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 1. 10. You can’t have seen. mustn’t. He could read and write. 5. She may/might be very late. 10.actrus. 4. 6. Need we walk up to the chalet? 15. I didn’t need to ring up Jane in order to speak to her. He was not allowed/permitted to come. She can’t have married. needn’t. I can’t knit. Everybody shall be present at the meeting. 10. She will be able to play. because she was to come to my place in half hour’s time. 14. 13. 2. John could have been. The teacher told me I might skip the next class. You didn’t have to do. a porter could help you. can’t. will. All the students can and must write this paper. should. This can’t be a true story. 5. I may/might come home. She may/might have been out. can’t have seen. 9. would. 8. needn’t have got up. needn’t. He can’t have passed. 2. shall. 6. „Do you think he will marry that girl?" etc. would. I will have to go.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_6. You needn’t have done.html 37 of 42 . I won t be able to translate. 2. 10. shall. 12. 5. 7. 5. You must have known the lesson. It must have taken a long time. She could lend. 3. 6. 4. Exercitiul 9: 1. Exercitiul 10: 1. Could he speak? Will he be able to speak? 18. 9. 7. He may/might have done. 8. 3 It might have rained. 4. can’t have done. 16. 2.

2. I wish it didn’t rain so often. he took. I wish you stopped that noise right away! 3. I didn’t need to say „thank you" when I found out the exact time by dialing number 958. 11. I wish you had won the competition. you closed. I have already drunk two. 26. 29. LECTIA VII Exercitii cu modul subjonctiv Exercitiul 1: 1. you didn’t waste. 10. You can’t have found the door open. 21.actrus. I wish I had won the Great Prize. 10. we went.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU VERBE MODALE Page 3 of 3 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU MODUL SUBJON. 12. I wish you didn’t live so far away. I were. I would rather I got up/I would rather get up earlier. I had locked it myself 27. stopped. 6. 7. today. 9. The teacher can’t/couldn’t have been satisfied with this answer. I wish I could pay the piano. 3. 3. I wish I would able to read Goethe in the original. I wish I had money to buy that painting. Exercitiul 5: l. I would rather I went/I would rather go to the theatre. you were. I wish I were a student. I wish you would take a driving licence. I asked to speak to the manager but he wouldn’t come to the phone. please. Why did you speak so loud? Somebody might have heard you. You ought to/should have insisted. you shall have the book tomorrow. 4. 20. 3. You may not speak during the exam. 6. 12. 7. 2. we could go to the beach. as I knew the information was recorded on tape. Will you. I wish I would have a phone in my new flat. 6. too. 1 wish I had children. 18. 9. I wish/If only you were tidier! 5. 18. 13. he told. hadn’t caught a cold. I promise you.actrus.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_7. She looks as if she were a model. It’s high time you started reading the books required for the exam in Romanian literature. I wish I didn’t have only one child. I wished you hadn’t got a fine. I wish I wouldn’t get fat when giving up smoking. I wish/If only I were young again! 8. 10. I stayed. I wish you stopped complaining because I have my own troubles. his daughter didn’t get married. I wish/If only I hadn’t made so many mistakes in the test-paper! 2. his book would become. 8. 22. I had entered. wait for a few minutes? 30. 4. you started.. 6.. Exercitiul 2: l. 19. I wished the weather hadn’t been bad when I was on holiday. It’s time you paid me back the money I lent you. 19. S.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 25. 6. I hadn’t forgotten. I wish he wouldn’t stay in hospital so long. You can’t/couldn’t have been at home last night. 8. 8. I must have been still at the faculty. Page 1 of 2 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri coffee for me. he would have. I wish you hadn’t had an accident. 7. 5. I wish he wouldn’t be away for such a long time. 4. 16. 20. I got. I wish/If only it didn’t rain! If it didn’t rain. S. my telephone worked. Exercitiul 3: 1. 9. I wished you hadn’t been out when I called.html 38 of 42 12/15/04 . 23. 9. I wish I lived in Bucharest. I would rather you got up earlier. I rang you up and nobody answered. 10.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_6. I wish I would spend my holiday in England. 17. I wish I could go to the concert. 15. 14. You speak as if you were angry with http://quintet. 4. 8. I wish you hadn’t been delayed at the office. 14. 9. 13. Do you wish you had been invited to John’s party? 7. Exercitiul 4: 1. 4. 10. Tomorrow I will have to mail the letter. I would rather you went to the theatre. 2. watched. 2. Where shall we go now? 28. 11. It’s 10 o’clock! Don’t you think it’s high time you got up and started working? 15. I wish books weren’t so expensive. I wish you would come on holiday with me. 5. I were. I wish he would accept my proposal. I wished you had been able to come to me yesterday. I wish they would sign the contract. I would become. 3. I wish my friend weren’t ill. you owned. 7. I wish I hadn’t been late for the party. 24. 16.

Mother would like me to become a doctor. No matter how hard you may/might try. might prosper. 8. 19. 7. She seemed to be satisfied with me. 8. 3. 8.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_8. 13. you shouldn’t lie to me. 15. should have told. 4. It is important that you (should) know English well. Speak louder so that I may/might hear you. It is necessary for him to be present. 6. I had been. 5. The peasants were seen working in the field. The teacher suggests that we (should) read this book. 7.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_7. I made a loan so that I might buy the house. I can’t believe you. She was found digging in the garden. He made me miss the train. This is a good book for you to read. John admitted the fault to be his. Whenever you may/might return. 6. 8. 6. It is impossible for him to have said that. It is necessary that you (should) be informed about what is happening in the country. She behaves to him as if he were his husband. you may/might be. Exercitiul 2: 1. It is annoying that you should have forgotten to bring me back the book. It is possible that she might be away.actrus. I would find. 2. may attend. I had. we (should) leave. She was seen fainting. I ordered a taxi for her not to miss the train. 9. it might not get.. 3. 13. 17. 4. you retired. The people were impatient for the match to begin. He spoke to me as if nothing had happened between us. This is a strange thing for her to have said. you shouldn’t have believed it. we should take. The manager proposed that 1 (should) work in another department. She happened to make three spelling mistakes in her letter. The manager requested that everybody (should) be present at 8 o’clock. It is very important that this contract (should) be signed very soon. 16. My friend insisted that I (should) go to the concert with him. It is likely that my son should have passed the exam. I understand her to be a very good teacher. 10. The baby was heard crying. 2. 9. 3. The child was heard breaking the vase. 19. it should get. He wanted me to help him. 6. 18. me. 8. Exercitiul 3: Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri Page 1 of 2 LECTIA VIII Exercitii cu constructiile verbale 1. 1. 8. He was heard to repeat it several times. It’s time for you to start learning foreign languages.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU MODUL SUBJON. 10. 6. but I would rather you went to your grandparents in the countryside.actrus. 10. She was said to be ill. 10. Move aside so that I may/might see the screen. 5. 4. She was seen lying on the beach. 7. Exercitiul 5: 1. Exercitiul 8: 1. Page 2 of 2 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU CONSTRUCTIIL. 6. 9. 5. He was expected to resign. I know you wish you would spend your holiday in a camp. She could be heard typing. 8. 2. I saw him speaking to his friend. you should have. she should have left. 12. 9. It is necessary for you to study the matter seriously. 4. 9. 3. Do you mean it is likely that we (should) spend our holiday in Brasov? 10. This fact is important for you to bear in mind. I saw some children playing in the park. 7. 17. Exercitiul 6: http://quintet. It is important for you to come to the office at once. 7. I watched them playing football. It was strange that she shouldn’t have read this book. 9. I rely on you to lend me some money. The hunters were heard shooting. I think him to be a good husband. 15. 3. 2. Jane wishes I would spend my weekend with her. The plane was seen landing.. He was believed to be a brilliant surgeon. 5. They are sure to have had an argument. 5. She was thought to be unable to win the contest. The boy was found breaking the window. I expected you to come earlier. 8. This problem is too difficult for me to solve. I supposed him to be able to drive a car. 3. hadn’t broken down. 7. This is the main thing for us to do. He suggested that we (should) buy this house. 10. He is expected to arrive at 2 o’clock. 11. I insist that you (should) accept this job. It is necessary that I (should) be present at the meeting? Exercitiul 7: 1. he were. 4. (should) have. 6. 12. 4. Mother decided that we (should) stay at home. 2. It is impossible that he should have returned so early. 2. It is advisable for you to resign. 5. 8. She (was) proved to be a liar. 5. It is impossible that he (should) return so early. Whatever you may/might tell me.html 39 of 42 12/15/04 . he were. Exercitiul 4: 1. I will be at home waiting for you. 1 knew him to be a very busy man. 5. 3. 2. 11. Exercitiul 9: 1. 3. 14. 2.. they (should) divorce. The time has come for us to have a heart to heart talk. 9. 5. you can’t win such a competition. 4. 2. I heard her scold/scolding her child. 4. It is possible for the plane to be delayed. 20. This is a valuable piece of advice for you to take. It’s time for us to meet again. He entered the house noiselessly so that I might not hear him. 3. Whatever the reason may/might be. 4. She made me understand what had happened. 6. Exercitiul 6: Exercitiul 1: 1. 20. I have closed the window for you not to catch a cold.. It is possible for me to buy a car. I suggested that we (should) elect him president. 10. 7. 7. you may/might understand. It is recommendable for you to read this book. 6. 18. 7.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 9. 14. 10. Whoever may/might have told you this about me.

html 40 of 42 12/15/04 . ne-am grabit spre plaja. 2. Intrucât soarele rasarise. Intrucât noroiul imi stricase pantofii. Intrucât râul crescuse in timpul noptii.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_10.actrus. 6. Daca vremea va permite. Intrucât ploaia incetase.actrus. ne era teama sa nu avem inundatii. publicul a parasit sala. 9.. 7. vom urca pâna la vârful muntelui. 10. 5.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_8. Toata lumea fiind acasa. a trebuit sa-i schimb. am mers sa o pun la posta. Page 2 of 2 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/LISTA VERBELOR NEREGULATE Page 1 of 5 1. 8. Scrisoarea fiind scrisa. Concertul fiind terminat. Decizia fiind luata in favoarea mea. LISTA VERBELOR NEREGULATE to be to bear to beat to become to begin to bend to bite to blow to break to bring to build to burn to burst to buy to catch to choose to come to cost to creep to cut to deal to dig to do to draw was.. were bore beat became began bent bit blew broke brought built burnt burst bought caught chose came cost crept cut dealt dug did drew been borne. am plecat acasa linistit. 3.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU CONSTRUCTIIL. Dupa ce avionul a decolat am incetat sa fumez.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. ne-am asezat la cina. born beaten become begun bent bitten blown broken brought built burnt burst bought caught chosen come cost crept cut dealt dug done drawn http://quintet. am plecat la cumparaturi. 4.

actrus.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_10.html 41 of 42 12/15/04 .actrus.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_10.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. learned left lent let lay lost made meant mowed met paid put read rode rang rose ran said saw sought sold set known laid led leant learnt.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/LISTA VERBELOR NEREGULATE Page 2 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/LISTA VERBELOR NEREGULATE Page 3 of 5 to dream to drink to drive to eat to fall to feed to feel to fight to find to fly to forbid to forget to forgive to freeze to give to go to grow to hang to have to hear to hide to hit to hold to hurt to keep to kneel dreamt drank drove ate fell fed felt fought found flew forbade forgot forgave froze gave went grew hung had heard hid hit held hurt kept knelt dreamt drunk driven eaten fallen fed felt fought found flown forbidden forgotten forgiven frozen given gone grown hung had heard hidden hit held hurt kept knelt to know to lay to lead to lean to learn to leave to lend to let to lie to lose to make to mean to mow to meet to pay to put to read to ride to ring to rise to run to say to see to seek to sell to set knew laid led leant learnt. learned left lent let lain lost made meant mown met paid put read ridden rung risen run said seen sought sold set http://quintet.

actrus.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_10.actrus.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/LISTA VERBELOR NEREGULATE Page 4 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/LISTA VERBELOR NEREGULATE Page 5 of 5 to sew to shake to shine to shoot to show to shrink to shut to sing to sink to sleep to slide to smell to sow to speak to spell to spend to spill to spread to stand to stea1 to stick to stride Capitolul precedent sewed shook shone shot showed shrank shut sang sank slept slid smelt sowed spoke spelt spent spilt spread stood stole stuck strode Cuprins sewn shaken shone shot shown shrunk shut sung sunk slept slid smelt sown spoken spelt spent split spread stood stolen stuck stridden Capitolul urmator to swim to take to teach to tell to think to throw to understand swam took taught told thought threw understood swum taken taught told thought thrown understood to strike to strive to swear to sweep struck strove swore swept struck Index Cursuri striven sworn swept http://quintet.html 42 of 42 12/15/04 .html 12/15/04 http://quintet.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_10.

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