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WMD2002

WMD2002

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L. Weber & G.

Zsak
_____________________________________________________
Volume / Heft 17
Minerals Production / Rohstoffproduktion
Vienna / Wien 2002
WORLD MINING DATA 2002
WELT-BERGBAU-DATEN 2002
in cooperation with the
Association of Mining and Steel (Vienna)
and the National Committees
for the organisation of the
World Mining Congresses
in Zusammenarbeit mit dem
Fachverband der Bergwerke und Eisen
erzeugenden Industrie (Wien) und den
Nationalkomitees für die Organisation
der Weltbergbaukongresse
VIENNA / WIEN 2002
Edited by:
Federal Ministry for Economy and Labour of the Republic of Austria,
Vienna
Compiled by:
MR Univ. Doz. Dr. Leopold Weber,
Federal Ministry for Economy and Labour of the Republic of Austria
Federal Mining Authority
Denisgasse 31, A-1200 Vienna
Cover: GrafikDesign Mag. Werner Resel
Layout: Maria Schinner
ISBN 3-901074-15-5
CONTENTS / INHALT
Explanation
Einleitende Bemerkungen............................................................. 3/11
1 Mineral Commodities
Erfasste Rohstoffe ........................................................................ 3/11
2 Definitions
Definitionen................................................................................... 3/11
3 Details of Contents, Weights and Measures
Angaben über Wertstoff und Dimensionen................................... 5/13
4 Regional and Sectoral Groups
Regionale und Sektorale Untergliederung.................................... 6/14
4.1 Producer Countries
Produzentenländer ....................................................................... 6/14
4.2 Economic Blocks or Cartel-like Associations
Wirtschaftsblöcke oder kartellartige Zusammenschlüsse............. 8/16
5 Data Capture
Erfassungsmodalität ................................................................... 10/18
6 World Production of Mineral Commodities
Weltproduktion mineralischer Rohstoffe.......................................... 19
6.1 Total World Production
Weltproduktion-gesamt.................................................................... 19
6.1.1 Total Minerals Production by Continents
Gesamtproduktion nach Kontinenten geordnet ............................... 19
6.1.2 Total Minerals Production by Country Groups
Gesamtproduktion nach Ländergruppen geordnet .......................... 20
6.1.3 Total Minerals Production by Groups of Commodities
Gesamtproduktion, nach Rohstoffgruppen geordnet ....................... 21
6.2 World Production of Mineral Commodities
Weltproduktion mineralischer Rohstoffe.......................................... 23
6.2.1 by Commodities
nach Rohstoffen geordnet ............................................................... 23
6.2.2 Iron and Ferro-Alloy Metals (Eisen und Stahlveredler) .................... 23
6.2.3 Non-Ferrous Metals (Nichteisenmetalle) ......................................... 23
6.2.4 Precious Metals (Edelmetalle) ......................................................... 24
6.2.5 Industrial Minerals (Industrieminerale, Steine und Erden) ............... 24
6.2.6 Mineral Fuels (Energierohstoffe)...................................................... 24
6.3 World Production of Mineral Commodities,
by Country Groups and Economic Blocks
Weltproduktion mineralischer Rohstoffe,
nach Ländergruppen und Wirtschaftsblöcken geordnet .................. 25
6.3.1 Iron and Ferro-Alloy Metals (Eisen und Stahlveredler) .................... 25
6.3.2 Non-Ferrous Metals (Nichteisenmetalle) ......................................... 35
6.3.3 Precious Metals (Edelmetalle) ......................................................... 51
6.3.4 Industrial Minerals (Industrieminerale, Steine und Erden) ............... 54
6.3.5 Mineral Fuels (Energierohstoffe)...................................................... 76
6.4 Production of Mineral Commodities of
individual Countries, by Mineral Commodities
Produktion mineralischer Rohstoffe der
einzelnen Länder, nach Rohstoffen geordnet .................................. 83
6.4.1 Iron and Ferro-Alloy Metals (Eisen und Stahlveredler) .................... 83
6.4.2 Non-Ferrous Metals (Nichteisenmetalle) ......................................... 89
6.4.3 Precious Metals (Edelmetalle) ......................................................... 98
6.4.4 Industrial Minerals (Industrieminerale, Steine und Erden) ............. 102
6.4.5 Mineral Fuels (Energierohstoffe).................................................... 119
6.5 Share of Mineral Production 2000 by Country
Anteile der Länder an der Weltproduktion 2000 ............................ 127
6.5.1 Iron and Ferro-Alloy Metals (Eisen und Stahlveredler) .................. 127
6.5.2 Non-Ferrous Metals (Nichteisenmetalle) ....................................... 133
6.5.3 Precious Metals (Edelmetalle) ....................................................... 142
6.5.4 Industrial Minerals (Industrieminerale, Steine und Erden) ............. 146
6.5.5 Mineral Fuels (Energierohstoffe).................................................... 163
6.6 Production of Mineral Commodities of
individual Countries, by Country
Produktion mineralischer Rohstoffe der
einzelnen Länder, nach Ländern geordnet .................................... 171
- 3 -
EXPLANATION
1. Mineral Commodities:
Extracted and processed minerals respectively are classified to five commodity groups:
Iron and ferro-alloy metals
Non-ferrous metals
Precious metals
Industrial minerals
Mineral fuels
Iron and ferro-alloy metals:
Iron, chromium, cobalt, manganese, molybdenum, nickel, tantalum-columbium, titanium,
tungsten, vanadium
Non-ferrous metals:
Aluminium, antimony, arsenic, bauxite, bismuth, cadmium, copper, gallium, germanium,
lead, lithium, mercury, rare-earth minerals, tellurium, tin, zinc
Precious metals:
Gold, platinum-group metals, silver
Industrial minerals:
Asbestos, baryte, bentonite, boron minerals, diamond (gem and industrial), diatomite,
feldspar, fluorspar, gypsum and anhydrite, graphite, guano, kaolin (china-clay), magnesite,
perlite, potash, phosphate rock, salt, sulfur, talc (incl. steatite and pyrophyllite), vermiculite,
zircon
Mineral fuels:
Bituminous coal (incl. anthracite and sub-bituminous), crude oil, lignite, natural gas, oil shale,
uranium
2. Definitions:
Mineral raw materials are mineral constituents of the earth's crust of economic value. In the most
comprehensive sense this includes the so-called "mine output" as well as the output from auxiliary
processing at or near the mines (for instance, the up-grading of ores to concentrates).
Primary Materials are marketable products obtained by processing crude minerals (customarily up
to the first processing stage only).
Contents of output are mostly calculated empirically.
Weights and Measures:
1 metric ton = 1000 kg
1 short ton = 907,2 kg
1 long ton = 1016,047 kg
1 lb (pound) = 0,4536 kg
1 troy ounce = 31,1035 g
1 ct (carat) = 200 mg
- 4 -
Conversion table:
Volume units:
1 Cubic foot (ft
3
) = Cubic meter (m
3
)*0,028317
1 Cubic meter (m
3
) = Cubic foot (ft
3
)*35,31467
1 americ.(=petroleum)
barrel (bl, bbl) = 42 gallons=158,98 l
1 flask
Mercury = 76 lb = 34,5 kg
Conversion for CIS natural gas:
CIS gas figures are reported in cubic metres but under standard pressure of 0,1 MPa and
temperature of 20
o
C. For comparison with western standards CIS values are multiplied by a
factor of 0,9315.
Conversion for salt brine: cubic metres x 0.3 = metric tons (approximate method).
Conversion for crude oil (approximate method)
7 bbl (barrel) = 1 metr.t
1 bbl = 0,1429 metr.t
1 bbl/d = 365 bbl/a
Pakistan's official conversion of domestic crude oil is 7.6 bbl = 1 metric ton.
Sources of the data (see chapter 6.3)
Accuracy of data
1 reported figure
2 estimated figure
3 provisional figure
Source of data
a data sought after own questionnaire
b US Bureau of Mines (former)
c World Metal Statistics
d Mineral Commodity Summaries
e National statistics
f Metallgesellschaft
g World Mineral Statistics
h Mining Annual Review
i Öldorado (ESSO)
j World Oil
k Intern. Petroleum Encyclopedia
l IAEA
m OECD und ECE
n Others
o Oil & Gas Journal
- 5 -
3. Details of Contents, Weights and Measures:
Figures shown in tables do not (unless specified) refer to crude ore (ROM/Run of mine) or
concentrate produced therefrom, but indicate the content of recoverable elements as following:
Raw Material Content Weight,Measures
Iron and alloying constituents of special steels:
Iron Fe metr.t
Chromium Cr
2
O
3
metr.t
Cobalt Co metr.t
Manganese Mn metr.t
Molybdenum Mo metr.t
Nickel Ni metr.t
Tantalum-Col. Conc. metr.t
Titanium TiO
2
metr.t
Tungsten W metr.t
Vanadium V
2
O
5
metr.t
Non-ferrous metals:
Aluminium Smelter
production metr.t
Antimony Sb metr.t
Arsenic As
2
O
3
metr.t
Bauxite *) ROM ore, gross
weight metr.t
Bismuth Bi metr.t
Cadmium Smelter
production metr.t
Copper Cu metr.t
Gallium Ga metr.t
Germanium Ge metr.t
Lead Pb metr.t
Lithium Li
2
O metr.t
Mercury Hg metr.t
Rare Earth Min. Conc. metr.t
Tellurium Te metr.t
Tin Sn metr.t
Zinc Zn metr.t
*) incl. nepheline-syenite and alunite in CIS-Countries
Precious metals:
Gold Au kg
Platinum-Group
metals Pt-GM kg
Silver Ag kg
- 6 -
Industrial minerals:
Asbestos fibre metr.t
Baryte metr.t
Bentonite metr.t
Boron minerals metr.t
Diamonds (Gem) carats
Diamonds (Ind) carats
Diatomite metr.t
Feldspar metr.t
Fluorspar metr.t
Graphite metr.t
Guano metr.t
Gypsum and
Anhydrite metr.t
Kaolin
(China-Clay) metr.t
Magnesite metr.t
Perlite metr.t
Phosphate rock P
2
O
5
metr.t
Potash K
2
O metr.t
Salt rock,brines
marine salt metr.t
Sulfur elem. and
ind. sulfur metr.t
Talc, Steatite and
Pyrophyllite metr.t
Vermiculite metr.t
Zircon conc. metr.t
Mineral fuels:
Hard (bituminous) coal
incl.anthracite &
sub-bituminous metr.t
Lignite metr.t
Natural Gas Mio m
3
Oil metr.t
Oil Shale metr.t
Uranium U
3
O
8
metr.t
4. Regional and Sectorial Groups:
4.1. Producer Countries:
In principle an attempt was made to identify all countries that produce mineral raw materials. The
different producer countries were classified according to international standards (per 1994) taking
into consideration in particular UNCTAD classifications. The classification has been adopted for
statistical convenience only.
LLDCs: (Least Developed Countries)
Africa: Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cape Verde,
Centr.Afric.Rep., Chad, Comoros, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia,
Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Maldives,
Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Niger, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Sierra Leone,
Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zaire (- 1998), Zambia
- 7 -
Asia: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Yemen
America: Haiti
Oceania: Kiribati, Samoa, Salomon Islands, Tuvalu, Vanuatu
LDCs: (Less Developed Countries)
Europe: Cyprus, Greenland, Malta, Rep.of Yugoslavia
Africa: Algeria, Cameroon, Congo.Dem.Rep., Congo.Rep., Côte d'Ivoire, Egypt,
Ghana, Kenya, Libya, Mauritius, Morocco, Namibia, Nigeria, Senegal, Seychelles,
Swaziland, Tunisia, Zimbabwe
Asia: Abu Dhabi (UAE), Bahrain, Brunei, China, Dubai (UAE), Hong Kong, India,
Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Rep. of Korea, Kuwait, Lebanon, Malaysia, Oman,
Pakistan, PDR Korea, Philippines, Quatar, Ra‘s al Khaymah (UAE), Saudi Arabia,
Singapore, Sharjah (UAE), Sri Lanka, Syria, Taiwan, Thailand, United Arab Emirates,
Viet Nam
North- and Middle-America: Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermudas, Costa Rica,
Dominican Rep., El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua,
Panama, Trinidad and Tobago
South-America: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Ecuador, French Guyana, Guyana,
Colombia, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela
Oceania: Christmas Island, Fiji, Nauru, New Caledonia, Papua New Guinea, Tonga
WIC: (Western Industrialized Countries)
Australia, Belgium, Fed.Rep. of Germany, Denmark, Finland, France, Greece, Ireland,
Iceland, Italy, Japan, Canada, New Zealand, Netherlands, Norway, Austria, Portugal,
Rep. of South Africa, Sweden, Switzerland, Spain, Turkey, United Kingdom, United
States (incl. Puerto Rico)
CPE: (Centrally Planned Economies)
China, Cuba, Democratic People's Rep. of Korea, Mongolia, Viet Nam.
NRC: (Newly Reformed Countries)
Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech
Republic, Estonia, Georgia, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania,
Macedonia, Moldavia, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Tajikistan,
Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan
Differing from UNCTAD standards Turkey, member of the OECD, is listed in the group of Western
Industrialized Countries, whereas Israel, which is not a member country of the OECD, is included
among Less Developed countries.
Apart from these, the membership of various countries in different economic blocks or other cartel-
like associations was taken into consideration. Considerations of space have, however, prevented
classification in terms of additional criteria.
- 8 -
4.2. Economic Blocks or Cartel-like Associations
Economic blocks or cartel-like associations were distinguished as follows (in alphabetical order):
ACP Countries: African, Caribbean and Pacific group of states linked to the European
Communities as signatory to the Georgetown Agreement and the Lomé Conventions.
Africa: Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde,
Centr.Afric.Rep. Chad, Comoros, Congo Dem.Rep., Congo Rep., Côte d'Ivoire, Djibuti,
Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya,
Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mozambique,
Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra
Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, (Zaire until 1999),
Zambia, Zimbabwe.
Caribic: Antigua-Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Dominican Rep.,
Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, St. Kitts-Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent-Grenadines,
Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago
Pacific: Fiji, Kiribati, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tongo, Tuvalu,
Vanuatu
ALADI Countries: Asociación Latino-Americana de Integración
- most developed: Argentina, Brazil, Mexico
- intermediate: Chile, Colombia, Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela
- least developed countries: Bolivia, Ecuador, Paraguay
Observer Countries:
Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Rep., El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Italy,
Nicaragua, Panama, Portugal, Spain
ASEAN Countries: Association of South East Asian Nations
Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand
CFA: The Franc Zone
Africa: Benin, Burkina Faso, Côte d'Ivoire, Cameroon, Centr.African.Rep., Chad,
Congo Rep., Equatorial Guinea, Gabun, Mali, Niger, Senegal, Togo
Europe: France
CIPEC: Conseil Intergouvernemental des Pays Exportateurs du Cuivre
- full members: Chile, Peru, Zambia, Zaire
- associated members: Yugoslavia, Papua New Guinea
Remark: CIPEC dissolved in 1992.
- 9 -
COMECON / RGW: Council for Mutual Economic Assistance
Bulgaria, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, German Democr.Rep., Hungary, Mongolia, Poland,
Romania, USSR, Viet Nam
This group dissoluted in June 1991.
EFTA: European Free Trade Association
Austria until 1994, Finland until 1994, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, Sweden until
1994, Switzerland
EC: European Communities
Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Federal Republic of Germany, Finland, France, Greece,
Ireland, Italy, Luxemburg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom and
North Ireland
G-7: Group of the seven most important industrialized countries
Germany, Federal Rep., France, Italy, Japan, Canada, United Kingdom, United States
IBA: International Bauxite Association
Australia*), Ghana, Guinea, Guyana, India, Indonesia, Jamaica, Sierra Leone,
Suriname, Rest-Yugoslavia
*)Australia resigned membership in 1992.
NAFTA: (North American Free Trade Association)
Canada, Mexico, United States of America
This association was established on January 1, 1994.
OECD: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (year of entry)
Australia (1971), Austria (1996), Belgium (1949), Canada (1960), Czech Republic
(1995), Denmark (1949), Germany, Federal Republic (1949), Finland (1969), France
(1964), Greece (1964), Hungary (1996), Iceland (1964), Ireland (1964), Italy (1964),
Japan (1964), Korea Rep. (1996), Luxemburg (1964), Mexico (1994), Netherlands
(1996), New Zealand (1973), Norway (1996), Poland (1996), Portugal (1959), Spain
(1959), Sweden (1959), Switzerland (1959), Turkey (1996), United Kingdom (1964),
United States (1960)
OPEC: Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
Abu Dhabi (UAE), Algeria, Dubai (UAE), Ecuador (until December 31, 1992), Gabon
(until June 10, 1996), Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Quatar, Ra‘s al
Khaymah (UAE), Saudi-Arabia, Sharjah (UAE), Venezuela
SADC: Southern African Developing Community
Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa,
Rep. of (since August 29, 1994), Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe
- 10 -
5. Data capture:
Collection of data relating to mineral raw materials has been carried out by evaluation of
questionnaires sent to the National Committees of member countries of the World Mining
Congress as well as to other bodies such as Embassies, Foreign Trade Representatives etc. Use
has been made of other official mining statistics in cases where they are published; for example,
data produced by the British Geological Survey (World Mineral Statistics) and Mining Annual
Review 2001 have also been very useful.
Despite a careful study of all source material, no quantitative data were available in certain cases
and in such instances estimates of production have been made.
Although data processing has been done automatically, the possibility exists of human error at the
data entry stage and the compilers would be grateful to learn of any corrections that can be made
to the database. Please send your remarks to leopold.weber@bmwa.gv.at.
Deadline: February 28, 2002
Data received later then February 28, 2002 will be implemented in the next edition of this report.
- 11 -
EINLEITENDE BEMERKUNGEN
1. Erfasste Rohstoffe:
Die bearbeiteten Rohstoffe wurden in 5 verschiedene Rohstoffgruppen zusammengefasst:
Eisen und Stahlveredler
Nichteisenmetalle
Edelmetalle
Industrieminerale, Steine und Erden
Energierohstoffe
Eisen und Stahlveredler:
Eisen, Chrom, Kobalt, Mangan, Molybdän, Nickel, Tantal-Niob, Titan, Vanadium, Wolfram
Nichteisenmetalle:
Aluminium, Antimon, Arsen, Bauxit, Blei, Gallium, Germanium, Kadmium, Kupfer, Lithium,
Quecksilber, Seltene Erden, Tellur, Wismut, Zink, Zinn
Edelmetalle:
Gold, Platinmetalle, Silber
Industrieminerale, Steine und Erden:
Asbest, Baryt, Bentonit, Borminerale, Diamant (Schmuck- bzw. Industriediamant), Diatomit,
Feldspat, Flussspat, Gips und Anhydrit, Grafit, Guano, Kalisalz, Kaolin, Magnesit, Perlit,
Phosphat, Salz, Schwefel, Talk (einschließlich Steatit und Pyrophyllit), Vermiculit, Zirkon
Energierohstoffe:
Braunkohle, Erdöl, Naturgas, Ölschiefer, Steinkohle (inkl. Anthrazit), Uran
2. Definitionen:
Mineralischer Rohstoff: Mineralischer Bestandteil der Erdkruste, nach dem eine Nachfrage
besteht, sowie Gewinnungsprodukte des Bergbaus im weitesten Sinne einschließlich der durch
Aufbereitungsprozesse erzeugten Konzentrate.
Grundstoff: Produkt der Weiterverarbeitung von mineralischen Rohstoffen bis einschließlich der
ersten handelsüblichen Bearbeitungsstufe.
Wertstoff: Zumeist empirisch ermittelter, tatsächlich nutzbarer Inhalt eines bestimmten mine-
ralischen Rohstoffes oder Mineralgemenges.
Maßeinheiten:
1 metr.t = 1000 kg
1 short t = 907,2 kg
1 long t = 1016,0470 kg
1 lb (pound) = 0,4536 kg
1 troy ounce = 31,1035 g
1 Karat = 200 mg
- 12 -
Umrechnungstabelle:
Raummaßeinheiten:
1 Kubikfuß (ft
3
) = Kubikmeter (m
3
)*0,028317
1 Kubikmeter (m
3
) = Kubikfuß (ft
3
)*35,31467
1 amerik. (=petroleum)
Barrel (bl,bbl) = 42 gallons=158,98 l
1 flask (1 Flasche
Quecksilber) = 76 lb=34,5 kg
Umrechnung für Naturgas der GUS (CIS):
Die GUS-Gasstatistik wird angegeben in m
3
unter einem Druck von 0,1 MPa und 20
o
C.
Die Umrechnung auf westlichen Standard erfolgt durch Multiplikation mit 0,9315.
Umrechnung von Salz in Sole : m
3
x 0,3 = metrische Tonne (Näherungswert)
Umrechnung für Rohöl (Näherungswerte):
7 bbl (barrel) = 1 metr. t
1 bbl = 0.1429 metr. t
1 bbl/d = 365 bbl/a
Pakistan rechnet die heimische Rohölproduktion 7.6 bbls = 1 metr. t
Quellenangaben (bei Kapitel 6.3)
Aussagesicherheit:
1 gemeldet (reported)
2 geschätzt (estimated)
3 vorläufig (provisional)
Datenquelle:
a eigene Datenerhebung
b US Bureau of Mines (ehem.)
c World Metal Statistics
d Mineral Commodity Summaries
e Landesstatistik
f Metallgesellschaft
g World Mineral Statistics
h Mining Annual Review
i Öldorado (ESSO)
j World Oil
k Intern. Petroleum Encyclopedia
l IAEA
m OECD und ECE
n Sonstige
o Oil & Gas Journal
- 13 -
3. Angaben über Wertstoff und Dimensionen:
Die Zahlenangaben in den Tabellen enthalten, soferne nicht gesondert vermerkt, weder die
bergbauliche Rohproduktion (ROM/Run of mine) noch das daraus erzeugte Konzentrat, sondern
den Wertinhalt wie folgt:
Rohstoff: Wertinhalt Dimension
Eisen und Stahlveredler:
Eisen Fe-Inh. metr.t
Chrom Cr
2
0
3
-Inh. metr.t
Kobalt Co- Inh. metr.t
Mangan Mn-Inh. metr.t
Molybdän Mo-Inh. metr.t
Nickel Ni-Inh. metr.t
Tantal-Niob Konzentrat metr.t
Titan TiO
2
-Inh. metr.t
Vanadium V
2
O
5
-Inh. metr.t
Wolfram W-Inh. metr.t
Nichteisenmetalle:
Aluminium Hüttenprod. metr.t
Antimon Sb-Inh. metr.t
Arsen As
2
O
3
-Inh. metr.t
Bauxit *) ROM metr.t
Blei Pb-Inh. metr.t
Gallium Ga-Inh. metr.t
Germanium Ge-Inh. metr.t
Kadmium Hüttenprod. metr.t
Kupfer Cu-Inh. metr.t
Lithium Li
2
O-Inh. metr.t
Quecksilber Hg-Inh. metr.t
Seltene Erden Konzentrat metr.t
Tellur Te-Inh. metr.t
Wismut Bi-Inh. metr.t
Zink Zn-Inh. metr.t
Zinn Sn-Inh. metr.t
*) einschließlich Nephelinsyenit und Alunit bei GUS/CIS-Ländern
Edelmetalle (gerundet):
Gold Au-Inh. kg
Platin Pt-Metalle kg
Silber Ag-Inh. kg
Industrieminerale, Steine und Erden:
Asbest Fasergehalt metr.t
Baryt metr.t
Bentonit metr.t
Borminerale metr.t
Schmuckdiamant Karat
Industriediamant Karat
- 14 -
Diatomit metr.t
Feldspat metr.t
Flussspat metr.t
Gips, Anhydrit metr.t
Grafit metr.t
Guano metr.t
Kaolin metr.t
Magnesit metr.t
Perlit metr.t
Phosphat P
2
O
5
-Inh. metr.t
Kalisalz K
2
O-Inh. metr.t
Salz Steinsalz,
Salzsole,
Meersalz metr.t
Schwefel natürl. u.
industr. S metr.t
Talk, Steatit,
Pyrophyllit metr.t
Vermiculit metr.t
Zirkon Konzentrat metr.t
Energierohstoffe:
Steinkohle u.
Anthrazit metr.t
Braunkohle metr.t
Uran U
3
O
8
metr.t
Erdöl Rohöl metr.t
Naturgas Mio m
3
Ölschiefer metr.t
4. Regionale und sektorale Untergliederungen:
4.1 Produzentenländer:
Grundsätzlich wurde versucht, sämtliche rohstoffproduzierende Länder zu erfassen. Die einzelnen
Produzentenländer wurden dabei nach international gültigen Kriterien (Stand 1994) unter
Beachtung der UNCTAD-Klassifikation geordnet. Die nachstehende Klassifikation dient lediglich
zur statistischen Berechnung.
LLDC: Least Developed Countries (Geringst entwickelte Länder)
Afrika: Angola, Äquatorialguinea, Äthiopien, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi,
Dschibuti, Eritrea, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kap Verde, Komoren, Lesotho,
Liberia, Madagaskar, Malawi, Malediven, Mali, Mauretanien, Mosambik, Niger,
Ruanda, Sambia, Sierra Leone, Sao Tome und Principe, Somalia, Sudan, Tansania,
Togo, Tschad, Uganda, (Zaire bis 1998), Zentralafrikanische Republik
Asien: Afghanistan, Bangladesch, Bhutan, Jemen, Kambodscha, Laos, Myanmar,
Nepal
Amerika: Haiti
Ozeanien: Kiribati, Samoa, Salomon-Inseln, Tuvalu, Vanuatu
- 15 -
LDC: Less Developed Countries (Entwicklungsländer)
Europa: Grönland, Rep.Jugoslawien, Malta, Zypern
Afrika: Ägypten, Algerien, Côte d'Ivoire, Demokratische Republik Kongo, Gabun,
Ghana, Kamerun, Kenia, Libyen, Marokko, Mauritius, Namibia, Nigeria, Republik
Kongo, Senegal, Seychellen, Simbabwe, Swaziland, Tunesien
Asien: Abu Dhabi (VAE), Bahrain, Brunei, Dubai (VAE), Hongkong, Indien, Indonesien,
Irak, Iran, Israel, Jordanien, Katar, Korea, Rep., Kuwait, Libanon, Malaysia, Oman,
Pakistan, Philippinen, Ra‘s al Khaymah (VAE), Saudi-Arabien, Sharjah (VAE),
Singapur, Sri Lanka, Syrien, Taiwan, Thailand
Nord- und Mittelamerika: Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermudas, Costa Rica,
Dominikanische Republik, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jamaika, Mexiko,
Nicaragua, Panama, Trinidad und Tobago
Südamerika: Argentinien, Bolivien, Brasilien, Chile, Ecuador, Franz. Guyana, Guyana,
Kolumbien, Paraguay, Peru, Surinam, Uruguay, Venezuela
Ozeanien: Fidschi, Nauru, Neu-Kaledonien, Papua Neu-Guinea, Tonga,
Weihnachtsinsel
WIC: Western Industrialized Countries (Industrialisierte Länder)
Australien, Belgien, Bundesrepublik Deutschland, Dänemark, Finnland, Frankreich,
Griechenland, Irland, Island, Italien, Japan, Kanada, Neuseeland, Niederlande,
Norwegen, Österreich, Portugal, Republik Südafrika, Schweden, Schweiz,
Spanien,Türkei, USA (einschließlich Puerto Rico), Vereinigtes Königreich
CPE: Centrally Planned Economies (Staatshandelsländer)
China, DVR Korea, Kuba, Mongolei, Vietnam
NRC: Newly Reformed Countries (Reformstaaten)
Albanien, Armenien, Aserbaidschan, Belarus, Bosnien-Herzegowina, Bulgarien,
Estland, Georgien, Kasachstan, Kirgistan, Kroatien, Lettland, Litauen, Mazedonien,
Moldau, Polen, Rumänien, Russische Föderation, Slowakische Republik, Slowenien,
Tadschikistan, Tschechische Republik, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Ungarn, Usbekistan
Abweichend von der UNCTAD-Klassifikation wird das OECD-Mitglied Türkei als "westliches
Industrieland" geführt, das Nicht-OECD-Mitglied Israel hingegen als "Entwicklungsland".
Darüber hinaus wurde die Zugehörigkeit der einzelnen Länder zu verschiedenen
Wirtschaftsblöcken oder anderen kartellartigen Zusammenschlüssen berücksichtigt, wobei
allerdings im Rahmen dieser Publikation aus Platzgründen auf weitere mögliche Differenzierungen
im Tabellenteil verzichtet wurde.
- 16 -
4.2. Wirtschaftsblöcke oder kartellartige Zusammenschlüsse:
Folgende Wirtschaftsblöcke oder kartellartige Zusammenschlüsse wurden unterschieden
(Reihung alphabetisch):
AKP Länder: Länder des afrikanischen, karibischen und pazifischen Raumes, die mit der
Europäischen Gemeinschaft nach dem Georgetown-Vertrag bzw. dem Abkommen von Lomé zu-
sammengefasst sind.
Afrika: Äquatorialguinea, Äthiopien, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi,
Côte d'Ivoire, Demokratische Republik Kongo, Dschibuti, Gabun, Gambia, Ghana,
Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kamerun, Kap Verde, Kenia, Komoren, Lesotho, Liberia,
Madagaskar, Malawi, Mali, Mauretanien, Mauritius, Mosambik, Namibia, Niger,
Nigeria, Republik Kongo, Ruanda, Sambia, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal,
Seychellen, Sierra Leone, Simbabwe, Somalia, Sudan, Swasiland, Tansania, Togo,
Tschad, Uganda, (Zaire bis 1999), Zentralafrikanische Republik
Karibik: Antigua-Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Dominikanische
Republik, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaika, St. Kitts-Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent-
Grenadinen, , Trinidad und Tobago
Pazifik: Fidschi, Kiribati, Papua-Neuguinea, Salomon-Inseln, Samoa, Tonga, Tuvalu,
Vanuatu
ALADI: (Asociación Latino-Americana de Integración)
- most developed: Argentinien, Brasilien, Mexico
- intermediate: Chile, Kolumbien, Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela
- least developed: Bolivien, Ecuador, Paraguay
Länder mit Beobachterstatus:
Costa Rica, Dominikanische Republik, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Kuba,
Nicaragua, Panama, Italien, Portugal und Spanien.
ASEAN-Staaten: (Association of South East Asian Nations)
Brunei, Indonesien, Malaysia, Philippinen, Singapur, Thailand
CIPEC-Länder: (Conseil Intergouvernemental des Pays Exportateurs du Cuivre)
- Vollmitglieder: Chile, Peru, Sambia, Zaire
- assoziierte Mitglieder: Jugoslawien, Papua-Neuguinea
Hinweis: CIPEC wurde 1992 aufgelöst!
EFTA-Länder: (European Free Trade Association)
Finnland (bis 1994), Island, Liechtenstein, Norwegen, Österreich (bis 1994), Schweden
(bis 1994), Schweiz
- 17 -
EU-Länder: (Europäische Gemeinschaft)
Belgien, Bundesrepublik Deutschland, Dänemark, Finnland, Frankreich, Griechenland,
Irland,Rep., Italien, Luxemburg, Niederlande, Österreich, Portugal, Schweden,
Spanien, Vereinigtes Königreich einschließlich Nordirland
FRANKEN-Zone: (The Franc Zone [CFA])
Afrika: Äquatorialguinea, Benin, Burkina Faso, Côte d'Ivoire, Gabun, Kamerun,
Republik Kongo, Mali, Niger, Senegal, Togo, Tschad, Zentralafrikanische Republik
Europa: Frankreich
G-7: (Gruppe der sieben bedeutendsten Industriestaaten)
Bundesrepublik Deutschland, Frankreich, Italien, Japan, Kanada, Vereinigtes
Königreich, Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika
IBA: (International Bauxite Association)
Australien*), Ghana, Guinea, Guyana, Indien, Indonesien, Jamaika, Rest-Jugoslawien,
Sierra Leone, Surinam
*)Australien trat 1992 aus.
NAFTA: (North American Free Trade Association)
Kanada, Mexico, Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika
Dieser Wirtschaftsblock trat am 1.1.1994 in Kraft.
OECD: (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development) (Jahr des Beitrittes)
Australien (1971), Belgien (1949), Dänemark (1949), Bundesrepublik Deutschland
(1949), Finnland (1969), Frankreich (1964), Griechenland (1964), Island (1964), Irland
(1964), Italien (1964), Japan (1964), Kanada (1960), Republik Korea (1996),
Luxemburg (1964), Mexiko (1994), Niederlande (1996), Neu Seeland (1973),
Norwegen (1996), Österreich (1996), Polen (1996), Portugal (1959), Spanien (1959),
Schweden (1959), Schweiz (1959), Tschechische Republik (1995), Türkei (1996),
Ungarn (1996), USA (1960), Vereinigtes Königreich (1964)
OPEC: (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries)
Abu Dhabi (VAE), Algerien, Dubai (VAE), Ecuador (bis 31. Dezember 1992), Gabun
(bis 10. Juni 1996), Indonesien, Irak, Iran, Katar, Kuwait, Libyen, Nigeria, Ra‘s al
Khaymah (VAE), Saudi-Arabien, Sharjah (VAE), Venezuela
RGW / COMECON: (Rat für gegenseitige Wirtschaftshilfe)
Bulgarien, Deutsche Demokratische Republik, Kuba, Mongolei, Polen, Rumänien,
Tschechoslowakei, UdSSR, Ungarn, Vietnam.
Dieser Wirtschaftsblock wurde im Juni 1991 aufgelöst.
- 18 -
SADC: (Southern African Developing Community)
Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mauritius, Mosambik, Namibia, Südafrika, Rep.
(seit 29. August 1994), Tanzania, Sambia, Simbabwe, Swasiland
5. Erfassungsmodalität:
Die Erfassung der Rohstoffe erfolgte durch Auswertung von Fragebögen, die an die
Nationalkomitees der Weltbergbaukongressmitgliedsländer sowie an andere Institutionen, wie
Botschaften, Außenhandelsstellen usw. ausgesendet wurden. Wo darüber hinaus offizielle
Bergbaustatistiken verfügbar waren, wurden diese Angaben mitverwertet. Wertvolle
Hilfestellungen leisteten dabei Datensammlungen wie jene des British Geological Survey: World
Mineral Statistics und Mining Annual Review 2001.
Wo trotz sorgfältigsten Quellenstudiums, trotz vermuteter Rohstoffproduktion, keine
Zahlenangaben erhältlich waren, wurden diese Daten geschätzt. Abschließend sei bemerkt, dass
die Rechenarbeit zwar automationsunterstützt erfolgte, hinter dem Rechner jedoch Menschen
arbeiteten. Für deren Fehler ersuchen wir um Nachsicht. Da die Datenbank laufend aktualisiert
wird, sind Korrekturen jederzeit möglich. Für jeden Hinweis sind wir wie immer dankbar.
Vorschläge können unter leopold.weber@bmwa.gv.at eingebracht werden.
Redaktionsschluß: 28. Februar 2002
Später einlangende Daten werden im nachfolgenden Band berücksichtigt.
- 19 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
6. World Production of Mineral Commodities
Weltproduktion mineralischer Rohstoffe
6.1 Total World Production Weltproduktion-Gesamt
6.1.1 Total Minerals Production by Continents
Gesamtproduktion, nach Kontinenten geordnet
(except diamonds and natural gas / ohne Diamanten und Naturgas)
in metr.t
1984 1985 1986 1987 1988
Europe 3 106 531 418 3 183 756 375 3 260 470 481 3 314 032 789 3 280 161 680
Asia 2 055 012 590 2 170 025 723 2 315 656 667 2 392 971 874 2 581 271 299
Australia 306 521 877 337 905 355 345 897 831 370 400 918 364 880 256
Africa 489 170 071 529 389 125 539 157 152 544 662 253 552 904 802
South-America 521 654 614 518 934 883 526 164 134 529 350 910 545 942 257
North-America 1 646 746 121 1 597 611 206 1 572 496 398 1 598 961 807 1 643 428 204
Total 8 125 636 690 8 337 622 667 8 559 842 663 8 750 380 550 8 968 588 499
1989 1990 1991 1992 1993
Europe 3 241 209 222 3 007 702 619 2 647 531 823 2 260 023 415 2 173 597 608
Asia 2 790 552 293 2 690 380 877 3 017 028 344 3 370 596 642 3 504 816 243
Australia 393 757 257 412 532 157 425 114 819 431 346 606 435 139 958
Africa 580 003 993 610 736 239 622 734 281 610 917 695 615 121 958
South-America 562 685 160 584 201 730 605 856 886 610 157 634 624 115 088
North-America 1 643 608 513 1 668 098 400 1 638 356 731 1 620 678 324 1 578 954 757
Total 9 211 816 438 8 973 652 023 8 956 622 884 8 903 720 316 8 931 745 611
1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Europe 2 041 680 543 2 037 560 283 1 990 189 889 2 006 614 657 1 941 072 576
Asia 3 404 921 612 3 636 394 503 3 704 591 764 3 763 721 331 3 731 958 073
Australia 454 808 265 464 236 634 452 636 394 489 236 671 552 605 727
Africa 627 881 168 645 118 991 653 569 073 673 453 185 657 496 664
South-America 661 936 418 695 629 037 755 970 474 788 827 645 809 128 256
North-America 1 668 426 141 1 725 688 842 1 771 907 473 1 805 071 027 1 805 728 386
Total 8 859 654 147 9 204 628 290 9 328 865 067 9 526 924 515 9 497 989 681
1999 2000
Europe 1 913 397 774 2 025 894 333
Asia 3 471 225 306 3 356 477 975
Australia 520 064 514 539 420 319
Africa 677 443 334 758 164 757
South-America 778 172 176 832 991 160
North-America 1 773 514 255 1 810 319 928
Total 9 133 817 360 9 323 268 472
- 20 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
6.1.2 Total Minerals Production by Country Groups
Gesamtproduktion nach L„ndergruppen geordnet
(except diamonds and natural gas / ohne Diamanten und Naturgas)
in metr.t
1984 1985 1986 1987 1988
DC 1 817 413 043 1 849 540 460 1 958 551 831 1 993 800 206 2 134 799 621
LDC 31 343 568 30 665 458 34 985 443 40 881 361 50 370 849
WIC 2 852 879 894 2 907 033 521 2 911 640 994 2 949 165 928 2 981 811 678
CPE 3 424 000 185 3 550 383 228 3 654 664 393 3 766 533 055 3 801 606 351
NRC 0 0 0 0 0
Total 8 125 636 690 8 337 622 667 8 559 842 663 8 750 380 550 8 968 588 499
1989 1990 1991 1992 1993
DC 2 284 859 769 2 204 531 404 2 429 695 569 2 425 911 338 2 503 676 436
LDC 56 692 058 56 279 767 68 265 200 67 897 685 67 598 878
WIC 3 021 825 601 3 048 622 656 3 211 283 727 3 167 379 441 3 096 268 545
CPE 3 848 439 010 3 664 218 196 3 240 449 681 1 496 159 097 1 704 564 493
NRC 0 0 6 928 707 1 746 372 755 1 559 637 260
Total 9 211 816 438 8 973 652 023 8 956 622 884 8 903 720 316 8 931 745 611
1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
DC 2 548 907 322 2 602 377 155 2 702 168 776 2 817 640 112 2 840 396 369
LDC 75 707 425 81 105 088 83 511 059 89 820 692 88 219 517
WIC 3 222 955 723 3 305 442 562 3 343 769 694 3 416 074 022 3 492 103 330
CPE 1 586 654 156 1 796 211 880 1 862 644 286 1 839 980 310 1 782 386 318
NRC 1 425 429 522 1 419 491 605 1 336 771 252 1 363 409 378 1 294 884 147
Total 8 859 654 147 9 204 628 290 9 328 865 067 9 526 924 515 9 497 989 681
1999 2000
DC 2 808 036 368 3 023 448 815
LDC 90 785 225 51 381 847
WIC 3 398 301 552 3 529 190 995
CPE 1 547 418 515 1 383 930 485
NRC 1 289 275 700 1 335 316 331
Total 9 133 817 360 9 323 268 472
- 21 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
6.1.3 Total Minerals Production by Groups of Commodities
Gesamtproduktion, nach Rohstoffgruppen geordnet
(except diamonds and natural gas / ohne Diamanten und Naturgas)
in metr.t
1984 1985 1986 1987 1988
Iron, Ferro-Alloy Met. 463 877 229 515 188 496 522 695 616 537 378 929 552 886 595
Non Ferrous Metals 126 500 591 117 122 994 126 633 097 134 295 913 137 732 594
Precious Metals 14 077 15 018 15 162 16 078 16 847
Industrial Minerals 472 149 707 498 236 443 494 762 875 512 388 028 531 017 866
Mineral Fuels 7 063 095 086 7 207 059 716 7 415 735 913 7 566 301 602 7 746 934 597
Total 8 125 636 690 8 337 622 667 8 559 842 663 8 750 380 550 8 968 588 499
1989 1990 1991 1992 1993
Iron, Ferro-Alloy Met. 569 058 984 559 161 062 564 079 198 529 179 499 514 165 616
Non Ferrous Metals 146 130 097 147 631 954 151 398 310 145 010 274 147 570 234
Precious Metals 17 897 18 043 17 594 17 388 16 998
Industrial Minerals 532 309 209 530 796 832 511 629 609 508 477 148 479 477 148
Mineral Fuels 7 964 300 251 7 825 969 832 7 729 498 173 7 721 036 007 7 790 515 615
Total 9 211 816 438 9 063 577 723 8 956 622 884 8 903 720 316 8 931 745 611
1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Iron, Ferro-Alloy Met. 542 543 823 574 287 788 570 128 383 587 350 462 581 397 171
Non Ferrous Metals 147 851 203 147 028 866 150 014 513 167 872 476 172 879 880
Precious Metals 16 369 17 296 17 598 17 926 19 463
Industrial Minerals 495 269 774 503 593 147 518 406 289 527 486 892 520 441 439
Mineral Fuels 7 673 972 978 7 979 701 193 8 090 298 284 8 244 196 759 8 223 251 728
Total 8 859 654 147 9 204 628 290 9 328 865 067 9 526 924 515 9 497 989 681
1999 2000
Iron, Ferro-Alloy Met. 566 498 518 602 423 827
Non Ferrous Metals 175 313 063 184 319 852
Precious Metals 20 192 19 697
Industrial Minerals 537 711 056 544 099 319
Mineral Fuels 7 854 274 531 7 992 405 777
Total 9 133 817 360 9 323 268 472
- 22 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
- 23 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
6.2 World Production of Mineral Commodities
Weltproduktion mineralischer Rohstoffe
6.2.1 by Commodities / nach Rohstoffen geordnet
6.2.2 Iron and Ferro-Alloy Metals
Eisen und Stahlveredler
Commodity 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change
2000/1996 in %
in metr.t
Iron 552 075 456 567 682 891 560 147 666 545 081 911 580 115 135 5.08
Chromium 4 958 433 5 514 102 5 694 826 5 846 970 5 804 845 17.07
Cobalt 20 966 21 445 18 919 19 337 21 871 4.32
Manganese 7 702 980 8 430 181 9 504 678 9 607 711 10 385 004 34.82
Molybdenum 116 731 141 586 142 402 132 497 125 489 7.50
Nickel 898 002 1 055 319 1 063 542 1 050 616 1 072 993 19.49
Tant.-Columb. 53 468 50 528 52 322 45 763 44 943 -15.94
Titanium 4 234 033 4 382 671 4 703 973 4 648 459 4 785 008 13.01
Tungsten 34 414 33 389 32 184 28 042 30 825 -10.43
Vanadium 33 900 38 350 36 659 37 212 37 714 11.25
6.2.3 Non Ferrous Metals / Nichteisenmetalle
Commodity 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change
2000/1996 in %
in metr.t
Aluminium 19 698 229 20 823 692 21 694 151 21 740 388 23 144 576 17.50
Antimony 127 275 125 658 101 309 101 757 124 698 -2.02
Arsenic 29 992 34 845 36 261 37 722 38 473 28.28
Bauxite 109 621 162 124 921 009 127 534 418 129 400 719 135 332 104 23.45
Bismuth 3 327 3 825 3 502 4 038 4 858 46.02
Cadmium 18 228 18 109 16 871 16 953 16 434 -9.84
Copper 10 203 383 11 232 083 12 341 230 12 422 272 13 499 267 32.30
Gallium 12 15 13 15 16 33.33
Germanium 35 37 39 37 37 5.71
Lead 3 075 453 3 097 001 3 209 417 3 366 215 3 481 245 13.19
Lithium 19 462 23 575 24 169 23 528 25 073 28.83
Mercury 2 578 2 480 2 319 1 780 1 505 -41.62
Rare Earths 81 951 78 925 65 003 79 592 82 101 0.18
Tellurium 222 216 210 203 220 -0.90
Tin 226 271 217 951 206 003 229 744 256 327 13.28
Zinc 6 906 933 7 293 055 7 644 965 7 888 100 8 312 918 20.36
- 24 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
6.2.4 Precious Metals / Edelmetalle
Commodity 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change
2000/1996 in %
in kg
Gold 2 239 971 2 376 315 2 444 950 2 571 144 2 555 100 14.07
Silver 15 124 649 15 310 319 16 783 157 17 349 132 16 875 835 11.58
Platinum 233 554 239 079 234 982 272 001 266 194 13.98
6.2.5 Industrial Minerals /industrieminerale
Commodity 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change
2000/1996 in %
in metr.t (Diamonds: carats)
Asbestos 2 458 883 2 133 043 1 862 984 1 888 607 2 092 499 -14.90
Baryte 6 078 792 7 000 099 6 846 831 5 930 575 6 071 714 -0.12
Bentonite 9 625 525 9 856 238 10 267 549 10 701 247 9 887 300 2.72
Boron 3 229 320 3 006 791 3 475 700 3 239 108 3 664 977 13.49
Diamonds :
Gem- 53 259 517 55 369 267 53 824 492 53 298 730 45 733 928 -14.13
Ind. 65 592 562 61 787 578 67 035 842 61 103 123 48 196 688 -26.52
Diatomite 1 112 373 1 123 107 1 126 674 1 169 412 1 092 184 -1.81
Feldspar 8 036 077 7 658 942 8 628 905 8 985 731 8 366 998 4.12
Fluorspar 4 030 035 4 404 499 4 777 495 4 591 289 4 392 614 9.00
Graphite 725 145 598 006 678 946 602 209 604 564 -16.63
Gypsum 93 860 493 93 076 123 93 201 011 100 702 461 101 215 872 7.84
Guano 950 920 825 770 739 -22.21
Kaolin 23 873 965 24 084 032 26 187 345 26 719 542 26 155 239 9.56
Magnesite 11 149 788 10 660 106 11 900 190 11 349 010 12 350 120 10.77
Phosphate 81 783 444 84 898 810 84 544 243 82 322 137 80 415 650 -1.67
Perlite 1 935 362 2 182 035 2 043 625 2 237 751 2 203 591 13.86
Potash 25 380 343 26 768 188 26 605 504 25 445 640 25 387 860 0.03
Salt 193 017 871 197 477 415 186 927 662 201 364 161 209 971 662 8.78
Sulfur 42 392 967 42 971 037 40 883 824 40 222 575 40 554 456 -4.34
Talc 8 200 867 8 234 784 9 107 483 8 936 204 8 185 772 -0.18
Vermiculite 466 073 456 257 541 772 561 544 560 456 20.25
Zirconium 1 048 016 896 460 832 871 741 083 925 052 -11.73
6.2.6 Mineral Fuels / Energierohstoffe
Commodity 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change
2000/1996 in %
in metr.t (Natural Gas: Mio m
3
)
Hard Coal 3 861 292 618 3 864 584 626 3 833 906 558 3 620 370 181 3 519 900 135 -8.84
Lignite 881 212 701 888 111 956 862 739 681 855 798 425 859 784 254 -2.43
Coal 4 742 505 319 4 752 696 582 4 696 646 239 4 476 168 606 4 379 684 389 -7.65
Uranium 38 389 36 980 38 114 37 103 39 058 1.74
Oil 3 331 209 818 3 474 683 692 3 511 729 586 3 363 900 511 3 598 609 994 8.03
Nat. Gas 2 307 816 2 326 048 2 350 755 2 385 315 2 373 698 2.85
Oilshales 16 544 758 16 779 505 14 837 789 14 168 311 14 072 336 -14.94
- 25 -
Figures may not add to 100% due to rounding; Prozentangaben müssen durch Rundung nicht genau 100% ergeben
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
6.3 World Production of Mineral Commodities
by Country Groups and Economic Blocks
Weltproduktion mineralischer Rohstoffe
nach Ländergruppen und Wirtschafts-
blöcken geordnet
6.3.1 Iron and Ferro-Alloy Metals
Eisen und Stahlveredler
Iron
Group 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
DC 184 970 184 192 969 545 204 381 114 188 396 497 196 881 224
LDC 7 252 700 7 663 500 6 726 200 6 604 000 6 500 000
WIC 190 793 398 198 438 749 198 754 792 195 271 736 210 848 092
CPE 83 800 000 83 380 000 70 700 000 70 500 000 74 848 000
NCR 85 259 174 85 231 097 79 585 560 84 309 678 91 037 819
Total 552 075 456 567 682 891 560 147 666 545 081 911 580 115 135
of them:
ACP 7 527 065 8 023 403 7 019 153 7 031 190 6 835 382
ASEAN 604 980 581 181 775 078 769 195 677 572
EC 11 764 938 11 148 881 14 648 315 13 414 009 15 063 544
EFTA 1 117 651 478 000 409 200 338 000 458 000
G7 61 591 839 60 923 159 61 786 676 57 231 900 61 546 528
NAFTA 66 038 962 65 767 826 66 767 406 62 624 044 66 907 325
OECD 177 283 020 183 642 575 184 176 619 181 788 546 194 374 630
SADC 18 692 305 20 207 419 20 001 953 19 538 536 22 180 169
in % in % in % in % in %
DC 33.50 33.99 36.49 34.56 33.94
LDC 1.31 1.35 1.20 1.21 1.12
WIC 34.56 34.96 35.48 35.82 36.35
CPE 15.18 14.69 12.62 12.93 12.90
NRC 15.44 15.01 14.21 15.47 15.69
Total 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
- 26 -
Figures may not add to 100% due to rounding; Prozentangaben müssen durch Rundung nicht genau 100% ergeben
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
of them:
ACP 1.36 1.41 1.25 1.29 1.18
ASEAN 0.11 0.10 0.14 0.14 0.12
EC 2.13 1.96 2.62 2.46 2.60
EFTA 0.20 0.08 0.07 0.06 0.08
G7 11.16 10.73 11.03 10.50 10.61
NAFTA 11.96 11.59 11.92 11.49 11.53
OECD 32.11 32.35 32.88 33.35 33.51
SADC 3.39 3.56 3.57 3.58 3.82
Chromium
Group 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
DC 1 219 311 1 193 484 1 151 896 1 162 300 1 119 928
LDC 76 280 73 595 49 583 45 424 94 272
WIC 2 983 616 3 638 920 3 643 847 3 682 609 3 336 407
CPE 93 609 90 853 89 000 84 800 83 400
NCR 585 617 517 250 760 500 871 837 1 170 838
Total 4 958 433 5 514 102 5 694 826 5 846 970 5 804 845
of them:
ACP 370 917 373 490 320 395 337 490 392 439
ASEAN 18 524 16 673 12 188 17 531 19 000
EC 296 707 355 698 250 950 248 149 192 870
EFTA 0 0 0 0 0
G7 2 000 1 800 1 500 1 300 1 200
NAFTA 0 0 0 0 0
OECD 846 110 1 170 291 857 447 683 107 423 275
SADC 2 433 793 2 770 019 3 058 832 3 293 568 3 213 751
in % in % in % in % in %
DC 24.59 21.64 20.23 19.88 19.29
LDC 1.54 1.33 0.87 0.78 1.62
WIC 60.17 65.99 63.99 62.98 57.48
CPE 1.89 1.65 1.56 1.45 1.44
NRC 11.81 9.38 13.35 14.91 20.17
Total 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
of them:
ACP 7.48 6.77 5.63 5.77 6.76
ASEAN 0.37 0.30 0.21 0.30 0.33
EC 5.98 6.45 4.41 4.24 3.32
EFTA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
G7 0.04 0.03 0.03 0.02 0.02
NAFTA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
OECD 17.06 21.22 15.06 11.68 7.29
SADC 49.08 50.24 53.71 56.33 55.36
- 27 -
Figures may not add to 100% due to rounding; Prozentangaben müssen durch Rundung nicht genau 100% ergeben
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Cobalt
Group 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
DC 660 911 387 3 385 5 083
LDC 9 572 9 515 8 312 4 131 3 321
WIC 4 934 5 019 4 620 6 421 8 125
CPE 2 000 2 400 2 100 1 800 1 562
NCR 3 800 3 600 3 500 3 600 3 780
Total 20 966 21 445 18 919 19 337 21 871
of them:
ACP 9 678 9 641 8 412 4 260 3 400
ASEAN 0 0 0 0 0
EC 0 0 0 0 0
EFTA 0 0 0 0 0
G7 2 190 2 200 2 324 2 015 2 013
NAFTA 2 190 2 200 2 324 2 015 2 013
OECD 4 690 4 700 4 324 6 115 7 713
SADC 5 881 5 919 4 764 4 566 3 812
in % in % in % in % in %
DC 3.15 4.25 2.05 17.51 23.24
LDC 45.65 44.37 43.93 21.36 15.18
WIC 23.53 23.40 24.42 33.21 37.15
CPE 9.54 11.19 11.10 9.31 7.14
NRC 18.12 16.79 18.50 18.62 17.28
Total 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
of them:
ACP 46.16 44.96 44.46 22.03 15.55
ASEAN 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
EC 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
EFTA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
G7 10.45 10.26 12.28 10.42 9.20
NAFTA 10.45 10.26 12.28 10.42 9.20
OECD 22.37 21.92 22.86 31.62 35.27
SADC 28.05 27.60 25.18 23.61 17.43
- 28 -
Figures may not add to 100% due to rounding; Prozentangaben müssen durch Rundung nicht genau 100% ergeben
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Manganese
Group 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
DC 2 976 464 3 004 495 2 934 945 2 844 310 3 088 217
LDC 0 0 0 0 0
WIC 2 409 578 2 992 812 2 941 742 2 845 429 3 090 918
CPE 1 000 000 1 200 000 2 000 000 2 400 000 2 800 000
NCR 1 316 938 1 232 874 1 627 991 1 517 972 1 405 869
Total 7 702 980 8 430 181 9 504 678 9 607 711 10 385 004
of them:
ACP 1 182 942 1 155 884 1 173 749 1 361 440 1 485 136
ASEAN 20 470 18 891 25 257 39 253 26 425
EC 4 029 3 928 2 822 1 972 1 330
EFTA 0 0 0 0 0
G7 1 457 2 128 924 972 1 000
NAFTA 173 380 192 825 187 103 169 107 156 117
OECD 1 198 166 1 856 653 1 828 625 1 683 139 1 647 447
SADC 1 438 479 1 376 791 1 338 920 1 371 457 1 626 588
in % in % in % in % in %
DC 38.64 35.64 30.88 29.60 29.74
LDC 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
WIC 31.28 35.50 30.95 29.62 29.76
CPE 12.98 14.23 21.04 24.98 26.96
NRC 17.10 14.62 17.13 15.80 13.54
Total 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
of them:
ACP 15.36 13.71 12.35 14.17 14.30
ASEAN 0.27 0.22 0.27 0.41 0.25
EC 0.05 0.05 0.03 0.02 0.01
EFTA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
G7 0.02 0.03 0.01 0.01 0.01
NAFTA 2.25 2.29 1.97 1.76 1.50
OECD 15.55 22.02 19.24 17.52 15.86
SADC 18.67 16.33 14.09 14.27 15.66
- 29 -
Figures may not add to 100% due to rounding; Prozentangaben müssen durch Rundung nicht genau 100% ergeben
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Molybdenum
Group 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
DC 27 892 32 616 38 689 45 242 50 726
LDC 0 0 0 0 0
WIC 63 069 66 040 61 063 46 945 38 483
CPE 20 000 37 200 39 300 36 500 30 700
NCR 5 770 5 730 3 350 3 810 5 580
Total 116 731 141 586 142 402 132 497 125 489
of them:
ACP 0 0 0 0 0
ASEAN 0 0 0 0 0
EC 0 0 0 0 0
EFTA 0 0 0 0 0
G7 63 069 66 040 61 063 46 945 38 483
NAFTA 67 280 70 882 67 011 54 906 45 369
OECD 67 280 70 882 67 011 54 906 45 369
SADC 0 0 0 0 0
in % in % in % in % in %
DC 23.89 23.04 27.17 34.15 40.42
LDC 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
WIC 54.03 46.64 42.88 35.43 30.67
CPE 17.13 26.27 27.60 27.55 24.46
NRC 4.94 4.05 2.35 2.88 4.45
Total 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
of them:
ACP 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
ASEAN 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
EC 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
EFTA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
G7 54.03 46.64 42.88 35.43 30.67
NAFTA 57.64 50.06 47.06 41.44 36.15
OECD 57.64 50.06 47.06 41.44 36.15
SADC 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
- 30 -
Figures may not add to 100% due to rounding; Prozentangaben müssen durch Rundung nicht genau 100% ergeben
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Nickel
Group 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
DC 285 642 296 106 282 698 283 547 289 502
LDC 17 461 14 996 15 593 15 820 22 898
WIC 299 499 374 017 391 651 377 149 405 993
CPE 96 700 101 400 115 800 112 000 119 500
NCR 198 700 268 800 257 800 262 100 235 100
Total 898 002 1 055 319 1 063 542 1 050 616 1 072 993
of them:
ACP 57 542 57 630 50 928 50 414 57 870
ASEAN 83 237 73 999 67 573 65 343 74 780
EC 20 879 20 652 16 789 14 483 19 042
EFTA 2 820 2 435 2 964 2 715 2 287
G7 128 939 182 100 205 198 176 749 181 027
NAFTA 128 939 182 100 205 198 176 749 181 027
OECD 265 638 339 187 354 951 340 947 369 356
SADC 61 016 59 960 62 428 61 616 66 657
in % in % in % in % in %
DC 31.81 28.06 26.58 26.99 26.98
LDC 1.94 1.42 1.47 1.51 2.13
WIC 33.35 35.44 36.83 35.90 37.84
CPE 10.77 9.61 10.89 10.66 11.14
NRC 22.13 25.47 24.24 24.95 21.91
Total 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
of them:
ACP 6.41 5.46 4.79 4.80 5.39
ASEAN 9.27 7.01 6.35 6.22 6.97
EC 2.33 1.96 1.58 1.38 1.77
EFTA 0.31 0.23 0.28 0.26 0.21
G7 14.36 17.26 19.29 16.82 16.87
NAFTA 14.36 17.26 19.29 16.82 16.87
OECD 29.58 32.14 33.37 32.45 34.42
SADC 6.79 5.68 5.87 5.86 6.21
- 31 -
Figures may not add to 100% due to rounding; Prozentangaben müssen durch Rundung nicht genau 100% ergeben
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Tantalum-Columbium
Group 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
DC 48 026 45 412 49 504 42 734 42 034
LDC 162 326 318 330 340
WIC 5 280 4 790 2 500 2 699 2 569
CPE 0 0 0 0 0
NCR 0 0 0 0 0
Total 53 468 50 528 52 322 45 763 44 943
of them:
ACP 182 346 336 349 360
ASEAN 0 0 0 0 0
EC 0 0 0 0 0
EFTA 0 0 0 0 0
G7 5 000 4 500 2 200 2 379 2 239
NAFTA 5 000 4 500 2 200 2 379 2 239
OECD 5 280 4 790 2 500 2 699 2 569
SADC 0 0 0 0 0
in % in % in % in % in %
DC 89.82 89.87 94.61 93.38 93.53
LDC 0.30 0.65 0.61 0.72 0.76
WIC 9.88 9.48 4.78 5.90 5.72
CPE 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
NRC 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Total 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
of them:
ACP 0.34 0.68 0.64 0.76 0.80
ASEAN 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
EC 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
EFTA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
G7 9.35 8.91 4.20 5.20 4.98
NAFTA 9.35 8.91 4.20 5.20 4.98
OECD 9.88 9.48 4.78 5.90 5.72
SADC 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
- 32 -
Figures may not add to 100% due to rounding; Prozentangaben müssen durch Rundung nicht genau 100% ergeben
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Titanium
Group 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
DC 327 213 319 156 400 649 415 550 416 000
LDC 160 000 150 000 184 790 190 000 192 000
WIC 3 397 320 3 539 515 3 679 984 3 557 909 3 800 708
CPE 116 000 135 000 154 550 199 500 210 000
NCR 233 500 239 000 284 000 285 500 166 300
Total 4 234 033 4 382 671 4 703 973 4 648 459 4 785 008
of them:
ACP 160 000 150 000 184 790 190 000 192 000
ASEAN 69 883 70 000 65 000 63 000 61 000
EC 0 0 0 0 0
EFTA 329 840 246 903 261 134 256 889 306 281
G7 850 000 780 000 780 000 750 000 720 000
NAFTA 850 000 780 000 780 000 750 000 720 000
OECD 2 467 320 2 499 515 2 579 984 2 357 909 2 405 831
SADC 930 000 1 040 000 1 100 000 1 200 000 1 394 877
in % in % in % in % in %
DC 7.73 7.28 8.52 8.94 8.69
LDC 3.78 3.42 3.93 4.09 4.01
WIC 80.24 80.76 78.23 76.54 79.43
CPE 2.74 3.08 3.29 4.29 4.39
NRC 5.51 5.45 6.04 6.14 3.48
Total 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
of them:
ACP 3.78 3.42 3.93 4.09 4.01
ASEAN 1.65 1.60 1.38 1.36 1.27
EC 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
EFTA 7.79 5.63 5.55 5.53 6.40
G7 20.08 17.80 16.58 16.13 15.05
NAFTA 20.08 17.80 16.58 16.13 15.05
OECD 58.27 57.03 54.85 50.72 50.28
SADC 21.96 23.73 23.38 25.82 29.15
- 33 -
Figures may not add to 100% due to rounding; Prozentangaben müssen durch Rundung nicht genau 100% ergeben
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Tungsten
Group 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
DC 1 419 1 212 894 485 508
LDC 127 132 91 112 112
WIC 2 681 3 045 3 349 3 215 2 825
CPE 26 532 25 450 24 400 20 350 23 330
NCR 3 655 3 550 3 450 3 880 4 050
Total 34 414 33 389 32 184 28 042 30 825
of them:
ACP 104 120 82 105 110
ASEAN 67 54 61 54 27
EC 2 581 2 945 3 249 3 215 2 825
EFTA 0 0 0 0 0
G7 100 100 100 0 0
NAFTA 288 279 230 10 0
OECD 2 869 3 224 3 479 3 225 2 825
SADC 0 2 0 0 0
in % in % in % in % in %
DC 4.12 3.63 2.78 1.73 1.65
LDC 0.37 0.40 0.28 0.40 0.36
WIC 7.79 9.12 10.41 11.46 9.16
CPE 77.10 76.22 75.81 72.57 75.69
NRC 10.62 10.63 10.72 13.84 13.14
Total 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
of them:
ACP 0.30 0.36 0.25 0.37 0.36
ASEAN 0.19 0.16 0.19 0.19 0.09
EC 7.50 8.82 10.10 11.46 9.16
EFTA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
G7 0.29 0.30 0.31 0.00 0.00
NAFTA 0.84 0.84 0.71 0.04 0.00
OECD 8.34 9.66 10.81 11.50 9.16
SADC 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00
- 34 -
Figures may not add to 100% due to rounding; Prozentangaben müssen durch Rundung nicht genau 100% ergeben
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Vanadium
Group 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
DC 0 0 0 0 0
LDC 0 0 0 0 0
WIC 17 500 19 450 19 159 19 412 19 914
CPE 5 500 7 000 7 500 7 800 8 000
NCR 10 900 11 900 10 000 10 000 9 800
Total 33 900 38 350 36 659 37 212 37 714
of them:
ACP 0 0 0 0 0
ASEAN 0 0 0 0 0
EC 0 0 0 0 0
EFTA 0 0 0 0 0
G7 2 700 2 500 2 000 1 800 1 893
NAFTA 2 700 2 500 2 000 1 800 1 893
OECD 2 700 2 500 2 000 1 800 1 893
SADC 14 800 16 950 17 159 17 612 18 021
in % in % in % in % in %
DC 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
LDC 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
WIC 51.62 50.72 52.26 52.17 52.80
CPE 16.22 18.25 20.46 20.96 21.21
NRC 32.15 31.03 27.28 26.87 25.99
Total 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
of them:
ACP 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
ASEAN 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
EC 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
EFTA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
G7 7.96 6.52 5.46 4.84 5.02
NAFTA 7.96 6.52 5.46 4.84 5.02
OECD 7.96 6.52 5.46 4.84 5.02
SADC 43.66 44.20 46.81 47.33 47.78
- 35 -
Figures may not add to 100% due to rounding; Prozentangaben müssen durch Rundung nicht genau 100% ergeben
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
6.3.2 Non-Ferrous Metals
Nichteisenmetalle
Aluminium
Group 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
DC 3 769 308 3 851 600 3 703 851 3 821 813 3 877 617
LDC 0 0 0 0 0
WIC 11 399 405 11 896 090 12 429 934 12 955 945 12 805 459
CPE 1 780 000 2 050 000 2 435 300 1 620 000 2 830 000
NCR 2 749 516 3 026 002 3 125 066 3 342 630 3 631 500
Total 19 698 229 20 823 692 21 694 151 21 740 388 23 144 576
of them:
ACP 245 300 265 600 165 200 185 000 188 000
ASEAN 0 0 0 0 0
EC 2 225 446 2 238 840 2 358 082 2 704 782 2 626 071
EFTA 986 900 1 069 256 1 210 960 1 255 833 1 291 221
G7 7 272 284 7 350 534 7 584 472 7 989 681 7 815 864
NAFTA 5 860 000 5 927 200 6 086 790 6 168 000 6 041 000
OECD 10 866 505 11 300 475 11 830 634 12 347 465 12 131 292
SADC 617 000 682 900 692 500 689 230 674 167
in % in % in % in % in %
DC 19.14 18.50 17.07 17.58 16.75
LDC 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
WIC 57.87 57.13 57.30 59.59 55.33
CPE 9.04 9.84 11.23 7.45 12.23
NRC 13.96 14.53 14.41 15.38 15.69
Total 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
of them:
ACP 1.25 1.28 0.76 0.85 0.81
ASEAN 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
EC 11.30 10.75 10.87 12.44 11.35
EFTA 5.01 5.13 5.58 5.78 5.58
G7 36.92 35.30 34.96 36.75 33.77
NAFTA 29.75 28.46 28.06 28.37 26.10
OECD 55.16 54.27 54.53 56.80 52.42
SADC 3.13 3.28 3.19 3.17 2.91
- 36 -
Figures may not add to 100% due to rounding; Prozentangaben müssen durch Rundung nicht genau 100% ergeben
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Antimony
Group 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
DC 9 028 9 141 7 592 4 003 2 742
LDC 0 0 0 0 0
WIC 9 247 6 417 7 424 8 434 9 251
CPE 99 000 101 000 80 000 83 000 106 000
NCR 10 000 9 100 6 293 6 320 6 705
Total 127 275 125 658 101 309 101 757 124 698
of them:
ACP 15 0 0 0 0
ASEAN 149 125 442 130 77
EC 0 0 0 0 0
EFTA 0 0 0 0 0
G7 1 647 892 796 806 704
NAFTA 2 630 2 801 2 097 1 079 756
OECD 5 093 4 911 4 482 3 429 2 956
SADC 5 152 3 415 4 243 5 278 6 347
in % in % in % in % in %
DC 7.09 7.27 7.49 3.93 2.20
LDC 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
WIC 7.27 5.11 7.33 8.29 7.42
CPE 77.78 80.38 78.97 81.57 85.01
NRC 7.86 7.24 6.21 6.21 5.38
Total 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
of them:
ACP 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
ASEAN 0.12 0.10 0.44 0.13 0.06
EC 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
EFTA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
G7 1.29 0.71 0.79 0.79 0.56
NAFTA 2.07 2.23 2.07 1.06 0.61
OECD 4.00 3.91 4.42 3.37 2.37
SADC 4.05 2.72 4.19 5.19 5.09
- 37 -
Figures may not add to 100% due to rounding; Prozentangaben müssen durch Rundung nicht genau 100% ergeben
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Arsenic
Group 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
DC 13 542 16 425 16 361 17 742 18 173
LDC 0 0 0 0 0
WIC 450 420 400 380 350
CPE 13 000 15 000 17 000 17 500 18 000
NCR 3 000 3 000 2 500 2 100 1 950
Total 29 992 34 845 36 261 37 722 38 473
of them:
ACP 1 505 1 232 175 0 0
ASEAN 2 000 2 000 1 000 900 800
EC 0 0 0 0 0
EFTA 0 0 0 0 0
G7 450 420 400 380 350
NAFTA 2 942 2 999 2 573 2 419 2 522
OECD 3 392 3 419 2 973 2 799 2 872
SADC 1 505 1 232 175 0 0
in % in % in % in % in %
DC 45.15 47.14 45.12 47.03 47.24
LDC 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
WIC 1.50 1.21 1.10 1.01 0.91
CPE 43.34 43.05 46.88 46.39 46.79
NRC 10.00 8.61 6.89 5.57 5.07
Total 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
of them:
ACP 5.02 3.54 0.48 0.00 0.00
ASEAN 6.67 5.74 2.76 2.39 2.08
EC 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
EFTA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
G7 1.50 1.21 1.10 1.01 0.91
NAFTA 9.81 8.61 7.10 6.41 6.56
OECD 11.31 9.81 8.20 7.42 7.46
SADC 5.02 3.54 0.48 0.00 0.00
- 38 -
Figures may not add to 100% due to rounding; Prozentangaben müssen durch Rundung nicht genau 100% ergeben
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Bauxite
Group 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
DC 37 278 058 43 387 028 45 811 249 41 611 670 42 603 277
LDC 13 812 000 19 258 000 17 006 000 17 205 500 18 077 300
WIC 45 881 304 46 845 527 48 499 369 53 122 225 56 101 227
CPE 5 500 000 8 000 000 8 500 000 8 500 000 9 000 000
NCR 7 149 800 7 430 454 7 717 800 8 961 324 9 550 300
Total 109 621 162 124 921 009 127 534 418 129 400 719 135 332 104
of them:
ACP 32 296 000 38 203 000 36 443 121 35 699 763 36 668 125
ASEAN 1 060 656 1 087 749 1 215 918 1 339 047 1 274 270
EC 2 532 734 1 756 979 1 794 293 1 957 811 2 038 861
EFTA 0 0 0 0 0
G7 81 000 80 000 80 270 75 306 73 300
NAFTA 0 0 0 0 0
OECD 46 385 304 47 226 427 48 959 969 53 596 125 56 101 227
SADC 12 000 8 000 6 000 5 500 5 300
in % in % in % in % in %
DC 34.01 34.73 35.92 32.16 31.48
LDC 12.60 15.42 13.33 13.30 13.36
WIC 41.85 37.50 38.03 41.05 41.45
CPE 5.02 6.40 6.66 6.57 6.65
NRC 6.52 5.95 6.05 6.93 7.06
Total 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
of them:
ACP 29.46 30.58 28.58 27.59 27.09
ASEAN 0.97 0.87 0.95 1.03 0.94
EC 2.31 1.41 1.41 1.51 1.51
EFTA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
G7 0.07 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.05
NAFTA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
OECD 42.31 37.81 38.39 41.42 41.45
SADC 0.01 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00
- 39 -
Figures may not add to 100% due to rounding; Prozentangaben müssen durch Rundung nicht genau 100% ergeben
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Bismuth
Group 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
DC 2 009 2 471 2 072 1 253 1 862
LDC 0 0 0 0 0
WIC 717 659 687 692 702
CPE 500 600 650 2 000 2 200
NCR 101 95 93 93 94
Total 3 327 3 825 3 502 4 038 4 858
of them:
ACP 0 0 0 0 0
ASEAN 0 0 0 0 0
EC 0 0 0 0 0
EFTA 0 0 0 0 0
G7 717 659 687 692 702
NAFTA 1 227 1 827 1 421 765 1 314
OECD 1 787 2 301 1 891 1 240 1 814
SADC 0 0 0 0 0
in % in % in % in % in %
DC 60.38 64.60 59.17 31.03 38.33
LDC 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
WIC 21.55 17.23 19.62 17.14 14.45
CPE 15.03 15.69 18.56 49.53 45.29
NRC 3.04 2.48 2.66 2.30 1.93
Total 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
of them:
ACP 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
ASEAN 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
EC 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
EFTA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
G7 21.55 17.23 19.62 17.14 14.45
NAFTA 36.88 47.76 40.58 18.95 27.05
OECD 53.71 60.16 54.00 30.71 37.34
SADC 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
- 40 -
Figures may not add to 100% due to rounding; Prozentangaben müssen durch Rundung nicht genau 100% ergeben
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Cadmium
Group 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
DC 3 844 3 959 3 712 4 053 4 146
LDC 0 0 0 0 0
WIC 10 123 10 023 8 230 7 871 7 942
CPE 1 717 2 004 2 104 2 523 2 817
NCR 2 544 2 123 2 825 2 506 1 529
Total 18 228 18 109 16 871 16 953 16 434
of them:
ACP 10 2 0 0 0
ASEAN 0 0 0 0 0
EC 2 432 2 508 1 761 2 027 1 840
EFTA 300 290 270 230 200
G7 7 892 8 224 6 590 6 249 6 404
NAFTA 5 875 6 006 4 942 4 323 4 282
OECD 13 070 13 058 11 117 11 172 9 239
SADC 10 2 0 0 0
in % in % in % in % in %
DC 21.09 21.86 22.00 23.91 25.23
LDC 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
WIC 55.54 55.35 48.78 46.43 48.33
CPE 9.42 11.07 12.47 14.88 17.14
NRC 13.96 11.72 16.74 14.78 9.30
Total 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
of them:
ACP 0.05 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00
ASEAN 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
EC 13.34 13.85 10.44 11.96 11.20
EFTA 1.65 1.60 1.60 1.36 1.22
G7 43.30 45.41 39.06 36.86 38.97
NAFTA 32.23 33.17 29.29 25.50 26.06
OECD 71.70 72.11 65.89 65.90 56.22
SADC 0.05 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00
- 41 -
Figures may not add to 100% due to rounding; Prozentangaben müssen durch Rundung nicht genau 100% ergeben
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Copper
Group 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
DC 4 819 763 5 131 069 5 998 045 6 519 768 7 397 066
LDC 391 695 377 205 337 945 279 662 285 360
WIC 2 870 916 3 586 761 3 781 129 3 071 233 3 083 237
CPE 533 227 576 212 616 800 651 600 680 200
NCR 1 587 782 1 560 836 1 607 311 1 900 009 2 053 404
Total 10 203 383 11 232 083 12 341 230 12 422 272 13 499 267
of them:
ACP 598 128 510 397 500 420 473 439 457 785
ASEAN 701 402 711 784 868 288 808 231 1 094 494
EC 226 949 239 926 234 602 211 149 188 475
EFTA 7 389 6 670 2 700 0 0
G7 1 906 079 2 567 628 2 649 013 2 184 868 2 214 662
NAFTA 2 232 742 2 905 433 2 992 709 2 523 977 2 552 450
OECD 3 471 867 4 213 280 4 438 895 3 763 217 3 285 236
SADC 524 575 514 240 479 220 429 602 428 785
in % in % in % in % in %
DC 47.24 45.68 48.60 52.48 54.80
LDC 3.84 3.36 2.74 2.25 2.11
WIC 28.14 31.93 30.64 24.72 22.84
CPE 5.23 5.13 5.00 5.25 5.04
NRC 15.56 13.90 13.02 15.30 15.21
Total 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
of them:
ACP 5.86 4.54 4.05 3.81 3.39
ASEAN 6.87 6.34 7.04 6.51 8.11
EC 2.22 2.14 1.90 1.70 1.40
EFTA 0.07 0.06 0.02 0.00 0.00
G7 18.68 22.86 21.46 17.59 16.41
NAFTA 21.88 25.87 24.25 20.32 18.91
OECD 34.03 37.51 35.97 30.29 24.34
SADC 5.14 4.58 3.88 3.46 3.18
- 42 -
Figures may not add to 100% due to rounding; Prozentangaben müssen durch Rundung nicht genau 100% ergeben
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Gallium
Group 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
DC 0 0 0 0 0
LDC 0 0 0 0 0
WIC 5 5 4 3 3
CPE 2 5 6 7 8
NCR 5 5 3 5 5
Total 12 15 13 15 16
of them:
ACP 0 0 0 0 0
ASEAN 0 0 0 0 0
EC 0 0 0 0 0
EFTA 0 0 0 0 0
G7 5 5 4 3 3
NAFTA 0 0 0 0 0
OECD 10 10 7 8 3
SADC 0 0 0 0 0
in % in % in % in % in %
DC 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
LDC 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
WIC 41.67 33.33 30.77 20.00 18.75
CPE 16.67 33.33 46.15 46.67 50.00
NRC 41.67 33.33 23.08 33.33 31.25
Total 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
of them:
ACP 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
ASEAN 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
EC 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
EFTA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
G7 41.67 33.33 30.77 20.00 18.75
NAFTA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
OECD 83.33 66.67 53.85 53.33 18.75
SADC 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
- 43 -
Figures may not add to 100% due to rounding; Prozentangaben müssen durch Rundung nicht genau 100% ergeben
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Germanium
Group 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
DC 0 0 0 0 0
LDC 0 0 0 0 0
WIC 18 20 22 20 19
CPE 8 9 10 11 12
NCR 9 8 7 6 6
Total 35 37 39 37 37
of them:
ACP 0 0 0 0 0
ASEAN 0 0 0 0 0
EC 0 0 0 0 0
EFTA 0 0 0 0 0
G7 18 20 22 20 19
NAFTA 18 20 22 20 19
OECD 18 20 22 20 19
SADC 0 0 0 0 0
in % in % in % in % in %
DC 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
LDC 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
WIC 51.43 54.05 56.41 54.05 51.35
CPE 22.86 24.32 25.64 29.73 32.43
NRC 25.71 21.62 17.95 16.22 16.22
Total 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
of them:
ACP 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
ASEAN 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
EC 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
EFTA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
G7 51.43 54.05 56.41 54.05 51.35
NAFTA 51.43 54.05 56.41 54.05 51.35
OECD 51.43 54.05 56.41 54.05 51.35
SADC 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
- 44 -
Figures may not add to 100% due to rounding; Prozentangaben müssen durch Rundung nicht genau 100% ergeben
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Lead
Group 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
DC 613 873 630 735 623 397 598 789 633 948
LDC 1 130 782 1 255 1 500 775
WIC 1 511 635 1 502 134 1 597 430 1 653 854 1 560 438
CPE 678 100 741 900 782 000 879 000 1 048 000
NCR 270 715 221 450 205 335 233 072 238 084
Total 3 075 453 3 097 001 3 209 417 3 366 215 3 481 245
of them:
ACP 24 666 17 000 12 800 9 361 11 114
ASEAN 8 686 5 040 6 445 9 989 10 399
EC 197 241 208 162 199 824 210 758 244 137
EFTA 2 083 2 231 1 800 1 000 0
G7 712 498 645 257 650 608 671 443 563 421
NAFTA 849 059 800 749 804 318 789 771 709 193
OECD 1 661 336 1 673 969 1 752 798 1 772 709 1 645 765
SADC 113 029 100 114 96 900 89 552 86 394
in % in % in % in % in %
DC 19.96 20.37 19.42 17.79 18.21
LDC 0.04 0.03 0.04 0.04 0.02
WIC 49.15 48.50 49.77 49.13 44.82
CPE 22.05 23.96 24.37 26.11 30.10
NRC 8.80 7.15 6.40 6.92 6.84
Total 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
of them:
ACP 0.80 0.55 0.40 0.28 0.32
ASEAN 0.28 0.16 0.20 0.30 0.30
EC 6.41 6.72 6.23 6.26 7.01
EFTA 0.07 0.07 0.06 0.03 0.00
G7 23.17 20.83 20.27 19.95 16.18
NAFTA 27.61 25.86 25.06 23.46 20.37
OECD 54.02 54.05 54.61 52.66 47.28
SADC 3.68 3.23 3.02 2.66 2.48
- 45 -
Figures may not add to 100% due to rounding; Prozentangaben müssen durch Rundung nicht genau 100% ergeben
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Lithium
Group 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
DC 6 588 11 149 12 289 13 263 15 572
LDC 0 0 0 0 0
WIC 11 274 10 876 10 400 8 855 8 121
CPE 800 750 730 710 700
NCR 800 800 750 700 680
Total 19 462 23 575 24 169 23 528 25 073
of them:
ACP 823 1 316 791 1 017 1 043
ASEAN 0 0 0 0 0
EC 114 86 200 135 91
EFTA 0 0 0 0 0
G7 4 660 4 190 3 200 2 720 2 530
NAFTA 4 660 4 190 3 200 2 720 2 530
OECD 11 274 10 876 10 400 8 855 8 121
SADC 823 1 316 791 1 017 1 043
in % in % in % in % in %
DC 33.85 47.29 50.85 56.37 62.11
LDC 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
WIC 57.93 46.13 43.03 37.64 32.39
CPE 4.11 3.18 3.02 3.02 2.79
NRC 4.11 3.39 3.10 2.98 2.71
Total 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
of them:
ACP 4.23 5.58 3.27 4.32 4.16
ASEAN 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
EC 0.59 0.36 0.83 0.57 0.36
EFTA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
G7 23.94 17.77 13.24 11.56 10.09
NAFTA 23.94 17.77 13.24 11.56 10.09
OECD 57.93 46.13 43.03 37.64 32.39
SADC 4.23 5.58 3.27 4.32 4.16
- 46 -
Figures may not add to 100% due to rounding; Prozentangaben müssen durch Rundung nicht genau 100% ergeben
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Mercury
Group 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
DC 368 462 429 363 366
LDC 0 0 0 0 0
WIC 954 452 726 488 313
CPE 510 830 410 196 200
NCR 746 736 754 733 626
Total 2 578 2 480 2 319 1 780 1 505
of them:
ACP 0 0 0 0 0
ASEAN 0 0 0 0 0
EC 950 452 726 488 313
EFTA 0 0 0 0 0
G7 0 0 0 0 0
NAFTA 0 15 15 15 16
OECD 954 467 741 503 329
SADC 0 0 0 0 0
in % in % in % in % in %
DC 14.27 18.63 18.50 20.39 24.32
LDC 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
WIC 37.01 18.23 31.31 27.42 20.80
CPE 19.78 33.47 17.68 11.01 13.29
NRC 28.94 29.68 32.51 41.18 41.59
Total 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
of them:
ACP 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
ASEAN 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
EC 36.85 18.23 31.31 27.42 20.80
EFTA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
G7 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
NAFTA 0.00 0.60 0.65 0.84 1.06
OECD 37.01 18.83 31.95 28.26 21.86
SADC 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
- 47 -
Figures may not add to 100% due to rounding; Prozentangaben müssen durch Rundung nicht genau 100% ergeben
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Rare Earths Concentrates
Group 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
DC 3 638 3 820 3 500 3 192 2 851
LDC 13 5 3 0 0
WIC 22 400 21 000 10 800 5 800 5 750
CPE 55 900 54 100 50 700 70 600 73 500
NCR 0 0 0 0 0
Total 81 951 78 925 65 003 79 592 82 101
of them:
ACP 13 5 3 0 0
ASEAN 618 600 500 450 420
EC 0 0 0 0 0
EFTA 0 0 0 0 0
G7 20 400 20 000 10 000 5 000 5 000
NAFTA 20 400 20 000 10 000 5 000 5 000
OECD 22 400 21 000 10 800 5 800 5 750
SADC 0 0 0 0 0
in % in % in % in % in %
DC 4.44 4.84 5.38 4.01 3.47
LDC 0.02 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00
WIC 27.33 26.61 16.61 7.29 7.00
CPE 68.21 68.55 78.00 88.70 89.52
NRC 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Total 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
of them:
ACP 0.02 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00
ASEAN 0.75 0.76 0.77 0.57 0.51
EC 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
EFTA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
G7 24.89 25.34 15.38 6.28 6.09
NAFTA 24.89 25.34 15.38 6.28 6.09
OECD 27.33 26.61 16.61 7.29 7.00
SADC 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
- 48 -
Figures may not add to 100% due to rounding; Prozentangaben müssen durch Rundung nicht genau 100% ergeben
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Tellurium
Group 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
DC 25 24 22 20 21
LDC 0 0 0 0 0
WIC 197 190 185 179 194
CPE 0 2 3 4 5
NCR 0 0 0 0 0
Total 222 216 210 203 220
of them:
ACP 0 0 0 0 0
ASEAN 0 0 0 0 0
EC 0 0 0 0 0
EFTA 0 0 0 0 0
G7 197 190 185 179 194
NAFTA 152 150 147 144 160
OECD 197 190 185 179 194
SADC 0 0 0 0 0
in % in % in % in % in %
DC 11.26 11.11 10.48 9.85 9.55
LDC 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
WIC 88.74 87.96 88.10 88.18 88.18
CPE 0.00 0.93 1.43 1.97 2.27
NRC 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Total 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
of them:
ACP 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
ASEAN 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
EC 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
EFTA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
G7 88.74 87.96 88.10 88.18 88.18
NAFTA 68.47 69.44 70.00 70.94 72.73
OECD 88.74 87.96 88.10 88.18 88.18
SADC 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
- 49 -
Figures may not add to 100% due to rounding; Prozentangaben müssen durch Rundung nicht genau 100% ergeben
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Tin
Group 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
DC 127 994 121 739 114 844 117 714 126 100
LDC 569 283 704 928 1 253
WIC 15 567 16 070 13 185 12 102 10 374
CPE 74 137 72 355 72 770 94 500 113 400
NCR 8 004 7 504 4 500 4 500 5 200
Total 226 271 217 951 206 003 229 744 256 327
of them:
ACP 2 938 2 729 1 567 1 382 1 282
ASEAN 60 275 59 877 61 741 60 448 61 272
EC 6 739 5 970 3 363 2 274 1 228
EFTA 0 0 0 0 0
G7 2 100 2 400 400 100 0
NAFTA 2 5 5 4 4
OECD 15 569 16 075 13 190 12 106 10 378
SADC 2 0 0 0 0
in % in % in % in % in %
DC 56.57 55.86 55.75 51.24 49.19
LDC 0.25 0.13 0.34 0.40 0.49
WIC 6.88 7.37 6.40 5.27 4.05
CPE 32.76 33.20 35.32 41.13 44.24
NRC 3.54 3.44 2.18 1.96 2.03
Total 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
of them:
ACP 1.30 1.25 0.76 0.60 0.50
ASEAN 26.64 27.47 29.97 26.31 23.90
EC 2.98 2.74 1.63 0.99 0.48
EFTA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
G7 0.93 1.10 0.19 0.04 0.00
NAFTA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
OECD 6.88 7.38 6.40 5.27 4.05
SADC 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
- 50 -
Figures may not add to 100% due to rounding; Prozentangaben müssen durch Rundung nicht genau 100% ergeben
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Zinc
Group 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
DC 1 919 870 2 016 743 2 125 948 2 081 489 2 084 822
LDC 3 762 2 186 1 734 450 430
WIC 3 150 789 3 394 696 3 671 231 3 789 385 4 019 139
CPE 1 199 000 1 269 900 1 257 800 1 245 000 1 393 000
NCR 633 512 609 530 588 252 771 776 815 527
Total 6 906 933 7 293 055 7 644 965 7 888 100 8 312 918
of them:
ACP 39 035 38 086 41 034 34 639 39 126
ASEAN 36 247 18 200 39 024 37 150 30 299
EC 523 054 553 565 524 866 572 892 684 323
EFTA 4 435 4 400 1 800 0 0
G7 1 445 547 1 711 084 1 891 642 1 845 194 1 837 287
NAFTA 1 694 066 2 001 961 2 191 398 2 110 955 2 122 262
OECD 3 595 564 3 882 495 4 160 018 4 256 074 4 314 725
SADC 112 726 107 462 109 400 104 372 102 116
in % in % in % in % in %
DC 27.80 27.65 27.81 26.39 25.08
LDC 0.05 0.03 0.02 0.01 0.01
WIC 45.62 46.55 48.02 48.04 48.35
CPE 17.36 17.41 16.45 15.78 16.76
NRC 9.17 8.36 7.69 9.78 9.81
Total 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
of them:
ACP 0.57 0.52 0.54 0.44 0.47
ASEAN 0.52 0.25 0.51 0.47 0.36
EC 7.57 7.59 6.87 7.26 8.23
EFTA 0.06 0.06 0.02 0.00 0.00
G7 20.93 23.46 24.74 23.39 22.10
NAFTA 24.53 27.45 28.66 26.76 25.53
OECD 52.06 53.24 54.42 53.96 51.90
SADC 1.63 1.47 1.43 1.32 1.23
- 51 -
Figures may not add to 100% due to rounding; Prozentangaben müssen durch Rundung nicht genau 100% ergeben
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
6.3.3 Precious Metals
Edelmetalle
Gold
Group 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
kg kg kg kg kg
DC 535 386 573 213 658 155 740 371 727 754
LDC 26 513 45 898 50 563 38 543 55 891
WIC 1 303 264 1 355 073 1 334 569 1 367 853 1 320 802
CPE 154 998 162 800 166 800 161 700 167 800
NCR 219 810 239 331 234 863 262 677 282 853
Total 2 239 971 2 376 315 2 444 950 2 571 144 2 555 100
of them:
ACP 180 980 198 539 233 255 236 251 252 988
ASEAN 116 479 123 940 161 319 162 266 162 268
EC 15 126 17 739 19 219 17 042 17 600
EFTA 0 0 0 0 0
G7 495 431 522 784 545 690 512 627 520 681
NAFTA 506 297 536 081 558 071 522 092 533 603
OECD 832 231 891 179 896 921 940 814 918 403
SADC 524 464 518 842 491 932 480 921 453 227
in % in % in % in % in %
DC 23.90 24.12 26.92 28.80 28.48
LDC 1.18 1.93 2.07 1.50 2.19
WIC 58.18 57.02 54.58 53.20 51.69
CPE 6.92 6.85 6.82 6.29 6.57
NRC 9.81 10.07 9.61 10.22 11.07
Total 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
of them:
ACP 8.08 8.35 9.54 9.19 9.90
ASEAN 5.20 5.22 6.60 6.31 6.35
EC 0.68 0.75 0.79 0.66 0.69
EFTA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
G7 22.12 22.00 22.32 19.94 20.38
NAFTA 22.60 22.56 22.83 20.31 20.88
OECD 37.15 37.50 36.68 36.59 35.94
SADC 23.41 21.83 20.12 18.70 17.74
- 52 -
Figures may not add to 100% due to rounding; Prozentangaben müssen durch Rundung nicht genau 100% ergeben
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Platinum
Group 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
kg kg kg kg kg
DC 676 658 684 878 844
LDC 0 0 0 0 0
WIC 212 875 221 418 209 295 244 121 236 349
CPE 0 0 0 0 0
NCR 20 003 17 003 25 003 27 002 29 001
Total 233 554 239 079 234 982 272 001 266 194
of them:
ACP 7 245 273 390 504
ASEAN 0 0 0 0 0
EC 0 0 0 0 0
EFTA 0 0 0 0 0
G7 23 739 24 502 28 865 27 222 29 169
NAFTA 22 923 23 809 28 332 26 572 28 539
OECD 24 239 24 952 29 295 27 642 29 579
SADC 188 643 196 711 180 273 216 869 207 274
in % in % in % in % in %
DC 0.29 0.28 0.29 0.32 0.32
LDC 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
WIC 91.15 92.61 89.07 89.75 88.79
CPE 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
NRC 8.56 7.11 10.64 9.93 10.89
Total 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
of them:
ACP 0.00 0.10 0.12 0.14 0.19
ASEAN 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
EC 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
EFTA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
G7 10.16 10.25 12.28 10.01 10.96
NAFTA 9.81 9.96 12.06 9.77 10.72
OECD 10.38 10.44 12.47 10.16 11.11
SADC 80.77 82.28 76.72 79.73 77.87
- 53 -
Figures may not add to 100% due to rounding; Prozentangaben müssen durch Rundung nicht genau 100% ergeben
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Silver
Group 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
kg kg kg kg kg
DC 6 918 383 7 120 566 7 444 673 7 203 090 7 780 029
LDC 26 599 17 236 11 885 10 661 10 133
WIC 4 810 858 5 105 637 5 675 763 6 054 294 4 776 495
CPE 1 118 000 1 137 400 1 568 400 1 612 000 1 746 500
NCR 2 250 809 1 929 480 2 082 436 2 469 087 2 562 678
Total 15 124 649 15 310 319 16 783 157 17 349 132 16 875 835
of them:
ACP 154 265 112 376 107 352 93 797 97 591
ASEAN 289 428 279 487 404 155 386 876 338 066
EC 550 844 557 120 560 231 654 234 724 267
EFTA 5 900 5 000 2 000 1 800 1 500
G7 3 039 835 3 031 950 3 330 472 3 268 800 1 923 197
NAFTA 5 414 635 5 574 329 6 043 099 5 579 986 4 517 668
OECD 8 118 178 8 696 914 9 503 862 9 458 464 7 379 116
SADC 229 347 190 291 182 620 180 856 157 630
in % in % in % in % in %
DC 45.74 46.51 44.36 41.52 46.10
LDC 0.18 0.11 0.07 0.06 0.06
WIC 31.81 33.35 33.82 34.90 28.30
CPE 7.39 7.43 9.35 9.29 10.35
NRC 14.88 12.60 12.41 14.23 15.19
Total 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
of them:
ACP 1.02 0.73 0.64 0.54 0.58
ASEAN 1.91 1.83 2.41 2.23 2.00
EC 3.64 3.64 3.34 3.77 4.29
EFTA 0.04 0.03 0.01 0.01 0.01
G7 20.10 19.80 19.84 18.84 11.40
NAFTA 35.80 36.41 36.01 32.16 26.77
OECD 53.68 56.80 56.63 54.52 43.73
SADC 1.52 1.24 1.09 1.04 0.93
- 54 -
Figures may not add to 100% due to rounding; Prozentangaben müssen durch Rundung nicht genau 100% ergeben
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
6.3.4 Industrial Minerals
Industrieminerale, Steine und Erden
Asbestos
Group 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
DC 484 768 492 533 459 534 399 577 463 653
LDC 0 0 0 0 0
WIC 629 665 569 350 377 028 397 580 344 246
CPE 293 000 245 000 250 000 300 000 260 000
NCR 1 051 450 826 160 776 422 791 450 1 024 600
Total 2 458 883 2 133 043 1 862 984 1 888 607 2 092 499
of them:
ACP 191 494 186 460 150 995 110 784 164 654
ASEAN 0 0 0 0 0
EC 80 213 63 294 35 068 35 068 0
EFTA 0 0 0 0 0
G7 492 552 456 070 314 760 344 190 325 798
NAFTA 492 552 456 070 314 760 344 190 325 798
OECD 572 765 519 364 349 828 379 258 325 798
SADC 248 394 236 446 178 195 129 106 183 102
in % in % in % in % in %
DC 19.71 23.09 24.67 21.16 22.16
LDC 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
WIC 25.61 26.69 20.24 21.05 16.45
CPE 11.92 11.49 13.42 15.88 12.43
NRC 42.76 38.73 41.68 41.91 48.97
Total 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
of them:
ACP 7.79 8.74 8.11 5.87 7.87
ASEAN 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
EC 3.26 2.97 1.88 1.86 0.00
EFTA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
G7 20.03 21.38 16.90 18.22 15.57
NAFTA 20.03 21.38 16.90 18.22 15.57
OECD 23.29 24.35 18.78 20.08 15.57
SADC 10.10 11.08 9.57 6.84 8.75
- 55 -
Figures may not add to 100% due to rounding; Prozentangaben müssen durch Rundung nicht genau 100% ergeben
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Baryte
Group 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
DC 1 704 442 1 581 827 1 690 957 1 391 001 1 287 003
LDC 23 113 25 167 22 262 31 779 37 869
WIC 1 372 880 1 353 545 1 306 348 1 018 316 839 996
CPE 2 550 000 3 560 000 3 300 000 2 920 000 3 340 000
NCR 428 357 479 560 527 264 569 479 566 846
Total 6 078 792 7 000 099 6 846 831 5 930 575 6 071 714
of them:
ACP 18 650 14 217 13 844 13 140 13 000
ASEAN 37 862 54 832 113 421 81 518 65 420
EC 479 531 400 134 392 706 351 114 292 210
EFTA 0 0 0 0 0
G7 1 095 065 1 094 392 1 034 063 776 046 667 655
NAFTA 1 188 954 1 034 606 901 555 658 953 539 533
OECD 1 857 485 1 608 080 1 492 303 1 201 425 966 036
SADC 8 573 3 288 2 444 5 984 5 128
in % in % in % in % in %
DC 28.04 22.60 24.70 23.45 21.20
LDC 0.38 0.36 0.33 0.54 0.62
WIC 22.58 19.34 19.08 17.17 13.83
CPE 41.95 50.86 48.20 49.24 55.01
NRC 7.05 6.85 7.70 9.60 9.34
Total 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
of them:
ACP 0.31 0.20 0.20 0.22 0.21
ASEAN 0.62 0.78 1.66 1.37 1.08
EC 7.89 5.72 5.74 5.92 4.81
EFTA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
G7 18.01 15.63 15.10 13.09 11.00
NAFTA 19.56 14.78 13.17 11.11 8.89
OECD 30.56 22.97 21.80 20.26 15.91
SADC 0.14 0.05 0.04 0.10 0.08
- 56 -
Figures may not add to 100% due to rounding; Prozentangaben müssen durch Rundung nicht genau 100% ergeben
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Bentonite
Group 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
DC 983 843 1 089 516 1 207 457 1 183 174 1 101 096
LDC 730 750 720 700 680
WIC 6 927 176 7 116 264 7 445 020 7 964 182 7 136 035
CPE 0 0 0 0 0
NCR 1 713 776 1 649 708 1 614 352 1 553 191 1 649 489
Total 9 625 525 9 856 238 10 267 549 10 701 247 9 887 300
of them:
ACP 0 0 0 0 0
ASEAN 25 588 10 700 13 462 6 379 5 900
EC 2 203 062 2 223 705 2 505 146 2 463 911 2 495 310
EFTA 0 0 0 0 0
G7 5 316 384 5 436 796 5 510 304 5 664 250 4 980 123
NAFTA 3 808 120 3 849 000 3 888 800 4 138 496 3 473 560
OECD 7 106 286 7 378 786 7 729 220 8 267 280 7 093 890
SADC 48 076 33 326 48 400 49 261 110 445
in % in % in % in % in %
DC 10.22 11.05 11.76 11.06 11.14
LDC 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01
WIC 71.97 72.20 72.51 74.42 72.17
CPE 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
NRC 17.80 16.74 15.72 14.51 16.68
Total 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
of them:
ACP 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
ASEAN 0.27 0.11 0.13 0.06 0.06
EC 22.89 22.56 24.40 23.02 25.24
EFTA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
G7 55.23 55.16 53.67 52.93 50.37
NAFTA 39.56 39.05 37.87 38.67 35.13
OECD 73.83 74.86 75.28 77.26 71.75
SADC 0.50 0.34 0.47 0.46 1.12
- 57 -
Figures may not add to 100% due to rounding; Prozentangaben müssen durch Rundung nicht genau 100% ergeben
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Boron
Group 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
DC 477 320 649 094 583 333 651 880 735 301
LDC 0 0 0 0 0
WIC 2 632 000 2 217 697 2 767 367 2 462 228 2 801 676
CPE 40 000 60 000 65 000 70 000 75 000
NCR 80 000 80 000 60 000 55 000 53 000
Total 3 229 320 3 006 791 3 475 700 3 239 108 3 664 977
of them:
ACP 0 0 0 0 0
ASEAN 0 0 0 0 0
EC 0 0 0 0 0
EFTA 0 0 0 0 0
G7 1 150 000 1 200 000 1 170 000 1 220 000 1 072 000
NAFTA 1 150 000 1 200 000 1 170 000 1 220 000 1 072 000
OECD 2 632 000 2 217 697 2 767 367 2 462 228 2 801 676
SADC 0 0 0 0 0
in % in % in % in % in %
DC 14.78 21.59 16.78 20.13 20.06
LDC 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
WIC 81.50 73.76 79.62 76.02 76.44
CPE 1.24 2.00 1.87 2.16 2.05
NRC 2.48 2.66 1.73 1.70 1.45
Total 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
of them:
ACP 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
ASEAN 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
EC 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
EFTA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
G7 35.61 39.91 33.66 37.66 29.25
NAFTA 35.61 39.91 33.66 37.66 29.25
OECD 81.50 73.76 79.62 76.02 76.44
SADC 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
- 58 -
Figures may not add to 100% due to rounding; Prozentangaben müssen durch Rundung nicht genau 100% ergeben
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Diamonds (Gem)
Group 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
carats carats carats carats carats
DC 1 954 840 1 714 581 1 906 129 6 520 214 9 098 656
LDC 21 260 777 22 833 934 22 700 763 19 355 716 16 148 349
WIC 20 775 900 21 234 952 18 681 600 15 888 800 12 254 923
CPE 18 000 35 800 36 000 34 000 32 000
NCR 9 250 000 9 550 000 10 500 000 11 500 000 8 200 000
Total 53 259 517 55 369 267 53 824 492 53 298 730 45 733 928
of them:
ACP 22 990 216 24 248 911 24 276 066 21 059 530 21 420 005
ASEAN 0 0 0 0 0
EC 0 0 0 0 0
EFTA 0 0 0 0 0
G7 0 0 0 0 0
NAFTA 0 0 0 0 0
OECD 16 797 200 17 218 400 14 379 200 11 880 000 7 932 800
SADC 21 399 879 24 121 444 22 314 244 23 996 725 24 632 881
in % in % in % in % in %
DC 3.67 3.10 3.54 12.23 19.89
LDC 39.92 41.24 42.18 36.32 35.31
WIC 39.01 38.35 34.71 29.81 26.80
CPE 0.03 0.06 0.07 0.06 0.07
NRC 17.37 17.25 19.51 21.58 17.93
Total 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
of them:
ACP 43.17 43.79 45.10 39.51 46.84
ASEAN 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
EC 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
EFTA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
G7 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
NAFTA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
OECD 31.54 31.10 26.71 22.29 17.35
SADC 40.18 43.56 41.46 45.02 53.86
- 59 -
Figures may not add to 100% due to rounding; Prozentangaben müssen durch Rundung nicht genau 100% ergeben
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Diamonds (Ind)
Group 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
carats carats carats carats carats
DC 1 292 852 1 361 862 1 016 855 18 427 452 14 651 050
LDC 23 813 860 18 880 088 27 352 587 7 206 471 6 835 254
WIC 31 163 850 31 852 428 28 022 400 23 833 200 18 382 384
CPE 72 000 143 200 144 000 136 000 128 000
NCR 9 250 000 9 550 000 10 500 000 11 500 000 8 200 000
Total 65 592 562 61 787 578 67 035 842 61 103 123 48 196 688
of them:
ACP 24 870 225 19 976 532 28 168 871 7 784 317 7 983 299
ASEAN 0 0 0 0 0
EC 0 0 0 0 0
EFTA 0 0 0 0 0
G7 0 0 0 0 0
NAFTA 0 0 0 0 0
OECD 25 195 800 25 827 600 21 568 800 17 820 000 11 899 200
SADC 12 097 094 12 996 243 12 844 461 12 976 997 13 473 454
in % in % in % in % in %
DC 1.97 2.20 1.52 30.16 30.40
LDC 36.31 30.56 40.80 11.79 14.18
WIC 47.51 51.55 41.80 39.00 38.14
CPE 0.11 0.23 0.21 0.22 0.27
NRC 14.10 15.46 15.66 18.82 17.01
Total 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
of them:
ACP 37.92 32.33 42.02 12.74 16.56
ASEAN 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
EC 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
EFTA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
G7 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
NAFTA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
OECD 38.41 41.80 32.18 29.16 24.69
SADC 18.44 21.03 19.16 21.24 27.96
- 60 -
Figures may not add to 100% due to rounding; Prozentangaben müssen durch Rundung nicht genau 100% ergeben
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Diatomite
Group 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
DC 206 930 209 954 209 348 215 188 202 723
LDC 1 300 1 000 700 600 650
WIC 854 713 862 753 876 119 912 012 842 799
CPE 0 0 0 0 0
NCR 49 430 49 400 40 507 41 612 46 012
Total 1 112 373 1 123 107 1 126 674 1 169 412 1 092 184
of them:
ACP 1 715 1 297 1 168 1 107 1 098
ASEAN 1 576 2 000 912 2 332 2 500
EC 115 672 116 540 111 785 123 785 125 655
EFTA 25 600 26 863 25 734 28 482 27 614
G7 782 041 789 000 803 500 822 995 750 000
NAFTA 754 241 769 000 790 500 812 495 776 448
OECD 1 021 513 1 044 403 1 050 819 1 091 484 939 017
SADC 400 350 300 250 230
in % in % in % in % in %
DC 18.60 18.69 18.58 18.40 18.56
LDC 0.12 0.09 0.06 0.05 0.06
WIC 76.84 76.82 77.76 77.99 77.17
CPE 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
NRC 4.44 4.40 3.60 3.56 4.21
Total 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
of them:
ACP 0.15 0.12 0.10 0.09 0.10
ASEAN 0.14 0.18 0.08 0.20 0.23
EC 10.40 10.38 9.92 10.59 11.50
EFTA 2.30 2.39 2.28 2.44 2.53
G7 70.30 70.25 71.32 70.38 68.67
NAFTA 67.80 68.47 70.16 69.48 71.09
OECD 91.83 92.99 93.27 93.34 85.98
SADC 0.04 0.03 0.03 0.02 0.02
- 61 -
Figures may not add to 100% due to rounding; Prozentangaben müssen durch Rundung nicht genau 100% ergeben
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Feldspar
Group 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
DC 2 047 656 1 904 093 1 676 786 2 011 998 1 720 117
LDC 0 0 0 0 0
WIC 5 483 045 5 183 269 6 344 009 6 376 560 5 952 020
CPE 12 100 14 700 16 000 16 500 16 700
NCR 493 276 556 880 592 110 580 673 678 161
Total 8 036 077 7 658 942 8 628 905 8 985 731 8 366 998
of them:
ACP 3 248 2 254 2 241 1 915 1 700
ASEAN 717 673 573 116 382 181 470 298 383 744
EC 3 887 932 3 802 746 4 567 662 4 365 113 4 172 741
EFTA 72 555 107 335 82 036 73 000 71 330
G7 4 168 530 4 161 646 4 806 428 4 604 092 4 207 884
NAFTA 1 029 764 1 085 760 1 017 866 1 137 241 1 124 328
OECD 6 218 373 5 961 341 7 120 568 7 356 835 6 219 759
SADC 56 892 61 942 59 041 61 215 68 400
in % in % in % in % in %
DC 25.48 24.86 19.43 22.39 20.56
LDC 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
WIC 68.23 67.68 73.52 70.96 71.14
CPE 0.15 0.19 0.19 0.18 0.20
NRC 6.14 7.27 6.86 6.46 8.11
Total 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
of them:
ACP 0.04 0.03 0.03 0.02 0.02
ASEAN 8.93 7.48 4.43 5.23 4.59
EC 48.38 49.65 52.93 48.58 49.87
EFTA 0.90 1.40 0.95 0.81 0.85
G7 51.87 54.34 55.70 51.24 50.29
NAFTA 12.81 14.18 11.80 12.66 13.44
OECD 77.38 77.84 82.52 81.87 74.34
SADC 0.71 0.81 0.68 0.68 0.82
- 62 -
Figures may not add to 100% due to rounding; Prozentangaben müssen durch Rundung nicht genau 100% ergeben
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Fluorspar
Group 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
DC 882 611 868 412 902 232 874 801 938 568
LDC 800 560 800 1 000 1 100
WIC 686 524 655 027 688 463 589 488 547 946
CPE 2 162 600 2 568 000 2 751 000 2 748 000 2 394 000
NCR 297 500 312 500 435 000 378 000 511 000
Total 4 030 035 4 404 499 4 777 495 4 591 289 4 392 614
of them:
ACP 115 285 91 908 102 993 151 302 166 230
ASEAN 17 247 7 826 3 743 13 005 4 745
EC 451 778 423 262 444 829 357 176 322 124
EFTA 0 0 0 0 0
G7 362 678 323 262 319 829 225 176 196 124
NAFTA 551 871 572 839 608 043 567 106 644 230
OECD 1 008 477 1 001 101 1 057 906 929 094 970 467
SADC 234 303 229 973 270 739 275 200 278 837
in % in % in % in % in %
DC 21.90 19.72 18.89 19.05 21.37
LDC 0.02 0.01 0.02 0.02 0.03
WIC 17.04 14.87 14.41 12.84 12.47
CPE 53.66 58.30 57.58 59.85 54.50
NRC 7.38 7.10 9.11 8.23 11.63
Total 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
of them:
ACP 2.86 2.09 2.16 3.30 3.78
ASEAN 0.43 0.18 0.08 0.28 0.11
EC 11.21 9.61 9.31 7.78 7.33
EFTA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
G7 9.00 7.34 6.69 4.90 4.46
NAFTA 13.69 13.01 12.73 12.35 14.67
OECD 25.02 22.73 22.14 20.24 22.09
SADC 5.81 5.22 5.67 5.99 6.35
- 63 -
Figures may not add to 100% due to rounding; Prozentangaben müssen durch Rundung nicht genau 100% ergeben
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Graphite
Group 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
DC 205 130 199 764 227 369 222 602 245 070
LDC 11 495 15 647 18 940 14 746 14 220
WIC 83 290 63 795 63 486 56 070 48 583
CPE 380 300 280 200 328 200 275 150 262 140
NCR 44 930 38 600 40 951 33 641 34 551
Total 725 145 598 006 678 946 602 209 604 564
of them:
ACP 19 186 28 426 32 746 27 067 26 058
ASEAN 0 0 0 0 0
EC 36 225 15 082 15 215 10 670 9 191
EFTA 7 065 7 713 8 271 7 400 8 392
G7 22 603 23 030 23 200 24 891 18 414
NAFTA 60 412 69 982 65 481 48 781 45 330
OECD 157 202 139 977 137 967 105 851 78 913
SADC 7 891 13 029 14 056 12 551 12 058
in % in % in % in % in %
DC 28.29 33.41 33.49 36.96 40.54
LDC 1.59 2.62 2.79 2.45 2.35
WIC 11.49 10.67 9.35 9.31 8.04
CPE 52.44 46.86 48.34 45.69 43.36
NRC 6.20 6.45 6.03 5.59 5.72
Total 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
of them:
ACP 2.65 4.75 4.82 4.49 4.31
ASEAN 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
EC 5.00 2.52 2.24 1.77 1.52
EFTA 0.97 1.29 1.22 1.23 1.39
G7 3.12 3.85 3.42 4.13 3.05
NAFTA 8.33 11.70 9.64 8.10 7.50
OECD 21.68 23.41 20.32 17.58 13.05
SADC 1.09 2.18 2.07 2.08 1.99
- 64 -
Figures may not add to 100% due to rounding; Prozentangaben müssen durch Rundung nicht genau 100% ergeben
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Guano
Group 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
DC 950 920 825 770 739
LDC 0 0 0 0 0
WIC 0 0 0 0 0
CPE 0 0 0 0 0
NCR 0 0 0 0 0
Total 950 920 825 770 739
of them:
ACP 900 900 800 750 720
ASEAN 50 20 25 20 19
EC 0 0 0 0 0
EFTA 0 0 0 0 0
G7 0 0 0 0 0
NAFTA 0 0 0 0 0
OECD 0 0 0 0 0
SADC 0 0 0 0 0
in % in % in % in % in %
DC 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
LDC 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
WIC 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
CPE 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
NRC 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Total 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
of them:
ACP 94.74 97.83 96.97 97.40 97.43
ASEAN 5.26 2.17 3.03 2.60 2.57
EC 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
EFTA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
G7 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
NAFTA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
OECD 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
SADC 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
- 65 -
Figures may not add to 100% due to rounding; Prozentangaben müssen durch Rundung nicht genau 100% ergeben
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Gypsum and Anhydrite
Group 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
DC 32 490 155 32 222 097 30 082 347 31 676 587 32 425 747
LDC 427 523 444 143 461 885 467 212 551 800
WIC 50 142 337 50 075 191 51 774 659 57 612 023 58 341 955
CPE 7 542 000 7 340 000 7 936 000 8 133 000 6 831 000
NCR 3 258 478 2 994 692 2 946 120 2 813 639 3 065 370
Total 93 860 493 93 076 123 93 201 011 100 702 461 101 215 872
of them:
ACP 431 045 301 372 384 537 403 750 426 608
ASEAN 9 254 010 8 557 000 4 335 534 5 005 173 5 860 326
EC 20 741 114 21 128 822 21 868 102 22 619 963 21 715 155
EFTA 312 940 293 828 274 300 298 700 135 800
G7 36 303 383 35 696 038 36 626 704 42 159 824 42 949 086
NAFTA 29 726 900 29 718 900 30 588 305 35 544 419 37 106 118
OECD 55 270 549 55 398 212 56 689 264 62 245 042 61 487 073
SADC 375 688 395 279 512 700 530 400 436 000
in % in % in % in % in %
DC 34.62 34.62 32.28 31.46 32.04
LDC 0.46 0.48 0.50 0.46 0.55
WIC 53.42 53.80 55.55 57.21 57.64
CPE 8.04 7.89 8.51 8.08 6.75
NRC 3.47 3.22 3.16 2.79 3.03
Total 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
of them:
ACP 0.46 0.32 0.41 0.40 0.42
ASEAN 9.86 9.19 4.65 4.97 5.79
EC 22.10 22.70 23.46 22.46 21.45
EFTA 0.33 0.32 0.29 0.30 0.13
G7 38.68 38.35 39.30 41.87 42.43
NAFTA 31.67 31.93 32.82 35.30 36.66
OECD 58.89 59.52 60.82 61.81 60.75
SADC 0.40 0.42 0.55 0.53 0.43
- 66 -
Figures may not add to 100% due to rounding; Prozentangaben müssen durch Rundung nicht genau 100% ergeben
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Kaolin
Group 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
DC 5 299 054 5 329 265 5 469 731 5 332 516 5 484 978
LDC 11 920 14 358 112 465 208 350 103 000
WIC 15 202 986 15 332 034 17 258 351 17 018 715 16 149 688
CPE 956 100 982 000 1 013 450 1 313 850 1 413 900
NCR 2 403 905 2 426 375 2 333 348 2 846 111 3 003 673
Total 23 873 965 24 084 032 26 187 345 26 719 542 26 155 239
of them:
ACP 7 870 8 912 107 408 203 794 98 688
ASEAN 816 076 534 361 457 018 361 505 706 974
EC 5 278 040 5 437 588 6 974 061 6 939 452 6 852 844
EFTA 0 0 0 0 0
G7 13 789 802 13 807 986 15 623 820 15 417 156 14 424 220
NAFTA 9 286 220 9 150 000 9 605 000 9 290 609 8 411 018
OECD 16 326 300 16 506 376 18 379 842 18 489 200 16 178 569
SADC 147 828 121 148 102 500 124 700 92 719
in % in % in % in % in %
DC 22.20 22.13 20.89 19.96 20.97
LDC 0.05 0.06 0.43 0.78 0.39
WIC 63.68 63.66 65.90 63.69 61.75
CPE 4.00 4.08 3.87 4.92 5.41
NRC 10.07 10.07 8.91 10.65 11.48
Total 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
of them:
ACP 0.03 0.04 0.41 0.76 0.38
ASEAN 3.42 2.22 1.75 1.35 2.70
EC 22.11 22.58 26.63 25.97 26.20
EFTA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
G7 57.76 57.33 59.66 57.70 55.15
NAFTA 38.90 37.99 36.68 34.77 32.16
OECD 68.39 68.54 70.19 69.20 61.86
SADC 0.62 0.50 0.39 0.47 0.35
- 67 -
Figures may not add to 100% due to rounding; Prozentangaben müssen durch Rundung nicht genau 100% ergeben
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Magnesite
Group 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
DC 749 459 800 309 775 658 709 637 796 510
LDC 0 0 0 0 0
WIC 4 365 329 3 263 797 4 929 732 4 205 673 4 768 080
CPE 3 800 000 4 100 000 3 200 000 3 000 000 3 150 000
NCR 2 235 000 2 496 000 2 994 800 3 433 700 3 635 530
Total 11 149 788 10 660 106 11 900 190 11 349 010 12 350 120
of them:
ACP 10 659 13 050 4 321 5 356 5 800
ASEAN 0 0 0 0 0
EC 1 571 966 1 584 327 1 590 925 1 454 779 1 378 612
EFTA 0 0 0 0 0
G7 200 000 150 000 200 000 200 000 270 000
NAFTA 200 000 150 000 200 000 200 000 270 000
OECD 4 314 971 3 217 098 4 887 432 4 175 973 4 670 634
SADC 82 017 89 749 78 621 69 056 103 246
in % in % in % in % in %
DC 6.72 7.51 6.52 6.25 6.45
LDC 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
WIC 39.15 30.62 41.43 37.06 38.61
CPE 34.08 38.46 26.89 26.43 25.51
NRC 20.05 23.41 25.17 30.26 29.44
Total 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
of them:
ACP 0.10 0.12 0.04 0.05 0.05
ASEAN 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
EC 14.10 14.86 13.37 12.82 11.16
EFTA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
G7 1.79 1.41 1.68 1.76 2.19
NAFTA 1.79 1.41 1.68 1.76 2.19
OECD 38.70 30.18 41.07 36.80 37.82
SADC 0.74 0.84 0.66 0.61 0.84
- 68 -
Figures may not add to 100% due to rounding; Prozentangaben müssen durch Rundung nicht genau 100% ergeben
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Perlite
Group 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
DC 79 964 92 019 67 651 70 335 75 200
LDC 0 0 0 0 0
WIC 1 628 098 1 827 216 1 723 474 1 902 216 1 857 691
CPE 0 0 0 0 0
NCR 227 300 262 800 252 500 265 200 270 700
Total 1 935 362 2 182 035 2 043 625 2 237 751 2 203 591
of them:
ACP 0 0 0 0 0
ASEAN 20 000 25 941 6 356 10 235 11 000
EC 598 640 695 917 658 332 777 898 817 825
EFTA 0 0 0 0 0
G7 848 396 991 000 935 000 971 000 885 250
NAFTA 685 813 738 000 721 000 749 000 664 250
OECD 1 769 133 2 013 366 1 907 344 2 080 616 1 896 101
SADC 682 650 630 600 590
in % in % in % in % in %
DC 4.13 4.22 3.31 3.14 3.41
LDC 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
WIC 84.12 83.74 84.33 85.01 84.30
CPE 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
NRC 11.74 12.04 12.36 11.85 12.28
Total 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
of them:
ACP 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
ASEAN 1.03 1.19 0.31 0.46 0.50
EC 30.93 31.89 32.21 34.76 37.11
EFTA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
G7 43.84 45.42 45.75 43.39 40.17
NAFTA 35.44 33.82 35.28 33.47 30.14
OECD 91.41 92.27 93.33 92.98 86.05
SADC 0.04 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03
- 69 -
Figures may not add to 100% due to rounding; Prozentangaben müssen durch Rundung nicht genau 100% ergeben
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Phosphate
Group 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
DC 30 927 117 34 145 233 34 179 658 33 203 739 31 500 342
LDC 1 015 567 985 554 852 730 622 900 497 030
WIC 16 459 060 17 423 023 16 301 855 15 459 738 15 147 958
CPE 31 400 200 30 765 000 31 335 000 31 115 760 31 320 320
NCR 1 981 500 1 580 000 1 875 000 1 920 000 1 950 000
Total 81 783 444 84 898 810 84 544 243 82 322 137 80 415 650
of them:
ACP 1 679 496 1 609 801 1 468 160 1 348 207 1 215 934
ASEAN 8 033 9 151 11 287 5 680 5 010
EC 667 196 689 053 700 000 734 068 750 000
EFTA 0 0 0 0 0
G7 13 000 000 14 000 000 12 900 000 11 767 000 11 200 000
NAFTA 13 218 265 14 228 372 13 142 032 12 071 208 11 536 789
OECD 13 887 325 14 919 395 13 843 887 12 806 946 12 288 289
SADC 2 827 506 2 764 487 2 728 280 2 983 329 3 230 392
in % in % in % in % in %
DC 37.82 40.22 40.43 40.33 39.17
LDC 1.24 1.16 1.01 0.76 0.62
WIC 20.13 20.52 19.28 18.78 18.84
CPE 38.39 36.24 37.06 37.80 38.95
NRC 2.42 1.86 2.22 2.33 2.42
Total 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
of them:
ACP 2.05 1.90 1.74 1.64 1.51
ASEAN 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01
EC 0.82 0.81 0.83 0.89 0.93
EFTA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
G7 15.90 16.49 15.26 14.29 13.93
NAFTA 16.16 16.76 15.54 14.66 14.35
OECD 16.98 17.57 16.37 15.56 15.28
SADC 3.46 3.26 3.23 3.62 4.02
- 70 -
Figures may not add to 100% due to rounding; Prozentangaben müssen durch Rundung nicht genau 100% ergeben
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Potash
Group 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
DC 2 935 890 2 802 619 3 132 610 2 657 760 2 602 593
LDC 0 0 0 0 1 100
WIC 14 914 453 16 267 569 15 536 894 14 844 880 15 439 167
CPE 80 000 100 000 150 000 195 000 200 000
NCR 7 450 000 7 598 000 7 786 000 7 748 000 7 145 000
Total 25 380 343 26 768 188 26 605 504 25 445 640 25 387 860
of them:
ACP 0 0 0 0 0
ASEAN 0 0 0 0 0
EC 5 474 453 5 536 569 5 267 894 5 069 880 5 032 167
EFTA 0 0 0 0 0
G7 14 234 453 15 628 569 14 939 894 14 188 880 14 786 167
NAFTA 9 440 000 10 731 000 10 269 000 9 775 000 10 407 000
OECD 14 914 453 16 267 569 15 536 894 14 844 880 15 439 167
SADC 0 0 0 0 0
in % in % in % in % in %
DC 11.57 10.47 11.77 10.44 10.25
LDC 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
WIC 58.76 60.77 58.40 58.34 60.81
CPE 0.32 0.37 0.56 0.77 0.79
NRC 29.35 28.38 29.26 30.45 28.14
Total 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
of them:
ACP 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
ASEAN 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
EC 21.57 20.68 19.80 19.92 19.82
EFTA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
G7 56.08 58.38 56.15 55.76 58.24
NAFTA 37.19 40.09 38.60 38.42 40.99
OECD 58.76 60.77 58.40 58.34 60.81
SADC 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
- 71 -
Figures may not add to 100% due to rounding; Prozentangaben müssen durch Rundung nicht genau 100% ergeben
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Salt
Group 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
DC 39 640 959 41 045 571 43 792 358 45 804 722 52 874 167
LDC 1 966 286 1 792 985 1 642 560 1 347 573 1 586 152
WIC 109 898 826 113 596 127 107 262 454 114 499 234 113 911 910
CPE 30 096 800 30 322 900 23 410 000 29 071 500 32 203 300
NCR 11 415 000 10 719 832 10 820 290 10 641 132 9 396 133
Total 193 017 871 197 477 415 186 927 662 201 364 161 209 971 662
of them:
ACP 1 968 640 1 951 717 1 923 825 1 969 689 1 920 351
ASEAN 1 649 674 1 641 514 1 546 096 1 494 347 1 611 778
EC 43 431 716 45 126 927 40 073 828 42 883 907 44 067 401
EFTA 464 000 415 400 400 900 540 800 310 000
G7 88 755 040 90 047 577 83 734 000 90 203 162 88 819 000
NAFTA 62 834 148 62 597 072 62 367 063 65 847 621 66 119 370
OECD 121 220 864 124 136 399 119 287 417 126 438 455 122 415 142
SADC 958 670 1 132 947 1 198 913 1 234 730 1 213 215
in % in % in % in % in %
DC 20.54 20.78 23.43 22.75 25.18
LDC 1.02 0.91 0.88 0.67 0.76
WIC 56.94 57.52 57.38 56.86 54.25
CPE 15.59 15.36 12.52 14.44 15.34
NRC 5.91 5.43 5.79 5.28 4.47
Total 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
of them:
ACP 1.02 0.99 1.03 0.98 0.91
ASEAN 0.85 0.83 0.83 0.74 0.77
EC 22.50 22.85 21.44 21.30 20.99
EFTA 0.24 0.21 0.21 0.27 0.15
G7 45.98 45.60 44.79 44.80 42.30
NAFTA 32.55 31.70 33.36 32.70 31.49
OECD 62.80 62.86 63.81 62.79 58.30
SADC 0.50 0.57 0.64 0.61 0.58
- 72 -
Figures may not add to 100% due to rounding; Prozentangaben müssen durch Rundung nicht genau 100% ergeben
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Sulfur
Group 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
DC 5 782 715 5 676 463 5 822 293 6 128 671 6 594 716
LDC 32 000 28 000 33 956 29 000 30 000
WIC 26 129 128 25 471 241 23 253 840 23 262 804 22 652 740
CPE 5 610 000 6 130 000 6 120 000 5 110 000 5 100 000
NCR 4 839 124 5 665 333 5 653 735 5 692 100 6 177 000
Total 42 392 967 42 971 037 40 883 824 40 222 575 40 554 456
of them:
ACP 107 338 99 476 103 956 99 000 99 200
ASEAN 3 165 9 177 10 000 11 000 11 500
EC 3 509 993 3 496 580 3 384 736 3 460 704 3 368 005
EFTA 42 900 42 500 42 300 42 100 42 000
G7 24 050 389 23 431 275 21 194 675 21 236 934 20 574 688
NAFTA 21 031 349 21 325 952 19 342 826 19 311 484 18 766 427
OECD 28 318 242 28 007 401 25 098 766 24 805 288 23 032 432
SADC 576 573 559 668 550 856 508 000 570 935
in % in % in % in % in %
DC 13.64 13.21 14.24 15.24 16.26
LDC 0.08 0.07 0.08 0.07 0.07
WIC 61.64 59.28 56.88 57.84 55.86
CPE 13.23 14.27 14.97 12.70 12.58
NRC 11.41 13.18 13.83 14.15 15.23
Total 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
of them:
ACP 0.25 0.23 0.25 0.25 0.24
ASEAN 0.01 0.02 0.02 0.03 0.03
EC 8.28 8.14 8.28 8.60 8.30
EFTA 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10
G7 56.73 54.53 51.84 52.80 50.73
NAFTA 49.61 49.63 47.31 48.01 46.27
OECD 66.80 65.18 61.39 61.67 56.79
SADC 1.36 1.30 1.35 1.26 1.41
- 73 -
Figures may not add to 100% due to rounding; Prozentangaben müssen durch Rundung nicht genau 100% ergeben
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Talc
Group 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
DC 1 834 643 2 005 659 1 911 270 1 867 883 1 867 095
LDC 2 680 6 850 6 457 6 300 6 132
WIC 3 420 894 3 449 375 3 419 023 3 211 682 2 611 495
CPE 2 610 000 2 470 000 3 500 000 3 590 000 3 455 000
NCR 332 650 302 900 270 733 260 339 246 050
Total 8 200 867 8 234 784 9 107 483 8 936 204 8 185 772
of them:
ACP 1 456 1 373 1 339 1 381 2 280
ASEAN 71 668 30 500 21 720 4 960 7 390
EC 1 476 999 1 482 516 1 568 491 1 430 782 1 318 151
EFTA 28 140 30 475 21 000 20 000 18 000
G7 2 234 523 2 240 635 2 159 473 2 098 022 1 637 721
NAFTA 1 079 414 1 143 586 1 063 842 1 022 980 576 113
OECD 4 144 157 4 261 277 4 284 453 4 094 062 2 626 464
SADC 19 993 24 557 24 171 19 281 7 880
in % in % in % in % in %
DC 22.37 24.36 20.99 20.90 22.81
LDC 0.03 0.08 0.07 0.07 0.07
WIC 41.71 41.89 37.54 35.94 31.90
CPE 31.83 29.99 38.43 40.17 42.21
NRC 4.06 3.68 2.97 2.91 3.01
Total 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
of them:
ACP 0.02 0.02 0.01 0.02 0.03
ASEAN 0.87 0.37 0.24 0.06 0.09
EC 18.01 18.00 17.22 16.01 16.10
EFTA 0.34 0.37 0.23 0.22 0.22
G7 27.25 27.21 23.71 23.48 20.01
NAFTA 13.16 13.89 11.68 11.45 7.04
OECD 50.53 51.75 47.04 45.81 32.09
SADC 0.24 0.30 0.27 0.22 0.10
- 74 -
Figures may not add to 100% due to rounding; Prozentangaben müssen durch Rundung nicht genau 100% ergeben
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Vermiculite
Group 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
DC 54 991 41 256 40 472 58 288 64 121
LDC 0 0 0 0 0
WIC 371 082 380 001 421 300 420 256 412 335
CPE 0 0 0 0 0
NCR 40 000 35 000 80 000 83 000 84 000
Total 466 073 456 257 541 772 561 544 560 456
of them:
ACP 10 983 16 259 15 157 13 008 12 524
ASEAN 0 0 0 0 0
EC 0 0 0 0 0
EFTA 0 0 0 0 0
G7 180 000 160 000 188 000 182 456 181 500
NAFTA 170 225 150 350 180 360 175 836 175 400
OECD 185 225 169 350 200 360 202 836 203 900
SADC 196 331 225 842 236 104 230 644 221 235
in % in % in % in % in %
DC 11.80 9.04 7.47 10.38 11.44
LDC 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
WIC 79.62 83.29 77.76 74.84 73.57
CPE 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
NRC 8.58 7.67 14.77 14.78 14.99
Total 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
of them:
ACP 2.36 3.56 2.80 2.32 2.23
ASEAN 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
EC 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
EFTA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
G7 38.62 35.07 34.70 32.49 32.38
NAFTA 36.52 32.95 33.29 31.31 31.30
OECD 39.74 37.12 36.98 36.12 36.38
SADC 42.12 49.50 43.58 41.07 39.47
- 75 -
Figures may not add to 100% due to rounding; Prozentangaben müssen durch Rundung nicht genau 100% ergeben
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Zircon
Group 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
DC 59 516 54 460 46 871 44 263 38 500
LDC 0 0 0 0 0
WIC 908 500 772 000 723 000 654 820 840 552
CPE 15 000 15 000 13 000 12 000 14 000
NCR 65 000 55 000 50 000 30 000 32 000
Total 1 048 016 896 460 832 871 741 083 925 052
of them:
ACP 0 0 0 0 0
ASEAN 4 516 5 010 3 057 1 763 5 300
EC 0 0 0 0 0
EFTA 0 0 0 0 0
G7 100 000 80 000 70 000 65 000 100 000
NAFTA 100 000 80 000 70 000 65 000 100 000
OECD 562 000 507 000 463 000 437 000 473 000
SADC 346 500 265 000 260 000 217 820 367 552
in % in % in % in % in %
DC 5.68 6.08 5.63 5.97 4.16
LDC 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
WIC 86.69 86.12 86.81 88.36 90.87
CPE 1.43 1.67 1.56 1.62 1.51
NRC 6.20 6.14 6.00 4.05 3.46
Total 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
of them:
ACP 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
ASEAN 0.43 0.56 0.37 0.24 0.57
EC 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
EFTA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
G7 9.54 8.92 8.40 8.77 10.81
NAFTA 9.54 8.92 8.40 8.77 10.81
OECD 53.63 56.56 55.59 58.97 51.13
SADC 33.06 29.56 31.22 29.39 39.73
- 76 -
Figures may not add to 100% due to rounding; Prozentangaben müssen durch Rundung nicht genau 100% ergeben
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
6.3.5 Mineral Fuels
Energierohstoffe
Hard Coal
Group 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
DC 406 841 953 420 621 799 422 575 523 424 183 023 432 932 013
LDC 1 546 340 1 388 917 1 599 073 1 622 120 1 686 497
WIC 1 500 016 620 1 549 695 612 1 625 456 142 1 620 316 295 1 670 416 281
CPE 1 451 300 000 1 430 700 000 1 365 000 000 1 126 294 000 958 000 000
NCR 501 587 705 462 178 298 419 275 820 447 954 743 456 865 344
Total 3 861 292 618 3 864 584 626 3 833 906 558 3 620 370 181 3 519 900 135
of them:
ACP 6 692 330 6 816 766 6 971 277 6 913 774 5 915 702
ASEAN 52 105 794 57 187 271 60 254 509 63 621 720 78 201 942
EC 124 725 297 119 602 987 104 688 952 96 061 000 87 479 000
EFTA 229 636 386 440 328 169 404 000 631 926
G7 1 061 579 617 1 082 653 987 1 089 820 952 1 138 051 000 1 111 489 000
NAFTA 958 169 838 985 379 976 1 005 422 227 1 063 574 835 1 044 079 115
OECD 1 461 163 105 1 493 627 268 1 546 315 397 1 537 080 130 1 386 246 396
SADC 212 782 341 225 194 086 231 311 277 230 017 308 298 074 502
in % in % in % in % in %
DC 10.54 10.88 11.02 11.72 12.30
LDC 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.05
WIC 38.85 40.10 42.40 44.76 47.46
CPE 37.59 37.02 35.60 31.11 27.22
NRC 12.99 11.96 10.94 12.37 12.98
Total 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
of them:
ACP 0.17 0.18 0.18 0.19 0.17
ASEAN 1.35 1.48 1.57 1.76 2.22
EC 3.23 3.09 2.73 2.65 2.49
EFTA 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.02
G7 27.49 28.01 28.43 31.43 31.58
NAFTA 24.81 25.50 26.22 29.38 29.66
OECD 37.84 38.65 40.33 42.46 39.38
SADC 5.51 5.83 6.03 6.35 8.47
- 77 -
Figures may not add to 100% due to rounding; Prozentangaben müssen durch Rundung nicht genau 100% ergeben
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Lignite
Group 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
DC 44 225 894 48 443 000 43 170 721 39 266 308 37 713 753
LDC 49 912 38 049 41 979 54 773 70 083
WIC 455 208 614 454 549 883 433 195 247 438 278 005 442 920 036
CPE 62 922 000 50 500 000 70 200 000 70 500 000 63 700 000
NCR 318 806 281 334 581 024 316 131 734 307 699 339 315 380 382
Total 881 212 701 888 111 956 862 739 681 855 798 425 859 784 254
of them:
ACP 0 0 0 0 0
ASEAN 21 685 894 23 443 000 20 161 721 18 266 308 17 713 753
EC 258 650 377 246 603 946 238 886 645 235 601 437 245 475 062
EFTA 0 0 0 0 0
G7 279 648 894 268 724 741 228 876 061 232 142 000 239 461 000
NAFTA 91 448 255 90 652 553 61 790 000 70 000 000 71 000 000
OECD 589 927 614 586 817 883 558 825 647 554 782 005 442 920 036
SADC 0 0 0 0 0
in % in % in % in % in %
DC 5.02 5.45 5.00 4.59 4.39
LDC 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.01
WIC 51.66 51.18 50.21 51.21 51.52
CPE 7.14 5.69 8.14 8.24 7.41
NRC 36.18 37.67 36.64 35.95 36.68
Total 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
of them:
ACP 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
ASEAN 2.46 2.64 2.34 2.13 2.06
EC 29.35 27.77 27.69 27.53 28.55
EFTA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
G7 31.73 30.26 26.53 27.13 27.85
NAFTA 10.38 10.21 7.16 8.18 8.26
OECD 66.94 66.07 64.77 64.83 51.52
SADC 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
- 78 -
Figures may not add to 100% due to rounding; Prozentangaben müssen durch Rundung nicht genau 100% ergeben
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Natural Gas
Group 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Mio m
3
Mio m
3
Mio m
3
Mio m
3
Mio m
3
DC 536 108 585 201 593 883 610 166 605 602
LDC 11 675 12 250 12 900 15 420 12 500
WIC 1 010 037 1 006 789 1 006 160 1 008 602 1 029 591
CPE 19 019 24 037 24 550 28 141 30 940
NCR 730 977 697 771 713 262 722 986 695 065
Total 2 307 816 2 326 048 2 350 755 2 385 315 2 373 698
of them:
ACP 14 369 13 718 15 214 15 165 15 075
ASEAN 147 200 152 445 151 249 145 235 117 793
EC 241 155 227 799 224 517 224 803 227 133
EFTA 41 100 45 600 47 100 51 582 52 400
G7 827 692 831 766 832 884 836 278 860 787
NAFTA 720 085 727 542 731 900 729 219 748 478
OECD 1 049 447 1 048 920 1 051 590 1 054 046 1 067 991
SADC 500 450 400 420 430
in % in % in % in % in %
DC 23.23 25.16 25.26 25.58 25.51
LDC 0.51 0.53 0.55 0.65 0.53
WIC 43.77 43.28 42.80 42.28 43.37
CPE 0.82 1.03 1.04 1.18 1.30
NRC 31.67 30.00 30.34 30.31 29.28
Total 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
of them:
ACP 0.62 0.59 0.65 0.64 0.64
ASEAN 6.38 6.55 6.43 6.09 4.96
EC 10.45 9.79 9.55 9.42 9.57
EFTA 1.78 1.96 2.00 2.16 2.21
G7 35.86 35.76 35.43 35.06 36.26
NAFTA 31.20 31.28 31.13 30.57 31.53
OECD 45.47 45.09 44.73 44.19 44.99
SADC 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02
- 79 -
Figures may not add to 100% due to rounding; Prozentangaben müssen durch Rundung nicht genau 100% ergeben
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Oil
Group 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
DC 1 885 816 838 1 964 303 120 1 974 694 821 1 962 080 352 2 153 110 267
LDC 56 691 950 57 524 000 59 088 000 62 027 350 21 614 000
WIC 861 198 610 869 150 412 891 042 790 785 969 302 845 632 813
CPE 165 775 900 171 961 500 176 847 310 176 221 900 178 800 000
NCR 361 726 520 411 744 660 410 056 665 377 601 607 399 452 914
Total 3 331 209 818 3 474 683 692 3 511 729 586 3 363 900 511 3 598 609 994
of them:
ACP 195 508 577 204 150 663 188 948 423 188 418 538 185 244 418
ASEAN 123 820 058 125 351 231 125 794 943 125 449 791 117 176 568
EC 148 250 255 147 969 898 167 456 917 156 412 523 156 580 183
EFTA 158 400 000 160 800 000 158 900 000 154 833 000 159 000 000
G7 650 854 352 651 398 535 680 645 397 569 541 767 620 296 000
NAFTA 679 632 000 689 863 700 700 069 000 597 437 000 656 731 000
OECD 1 025 645 410 1 040 145 842 1 062 108 190 953 913 302 1 018 932 813
SADC 36 510 950 37 000 000 37 500 000 39 733 900 37 600 000
in % in % in % in % in %
DC 56.61 56.53 56.23 58.33 59.83
LDC 1.70 1.66 1.68 1.84 0.60
WIC 25.85 25.01 25.37 23.36 23.50
CPE 4.98 4.95 5.04 5.24 4.97
NRC 10.86 11.85 11.68 11.23 11.10
Total 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
of them:
ACP 5.87 5.88 5.38 5.60 5.15
ASEAN 3.72 3.61 3.58 3.73 3.26
EC 4.45 4.26 4.77 4.65 4.35
EFTA 4.76 4.63 4.52 4.60 4.42
G7 19.54 18.75 19.38 16.93 17.24
NAFTA 20.40 19.85 19.94 17.76 18.25
OECD 30.79 29.93 30.24 28.36 28.31
SADC 1.10 1.06 1.07 1.18 1.04
- 80 -
Figures may not add to 100% due to rounding; Prozentangaben müssen durch Rundung nicht genau 100% ergeben
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Oil Shale
Group 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
DC 0 0 0 0 0
LDC 0 0 0 0 0
WIC 344 758 396 782 373 789 388 311 379 336
CPE 0 0 0 0 0
NCR 16 200 000 16 382 723 14 464 000 13 780 000 13 693 000
Total 16 544 758 16 779 505 14 837 789 14 168 311 14 072 336
of them:
ACP 0 0 0 0 0
ASEAN 0 0 0 0 0
EC 344 758 396 782 373 789 388 311 379 336
EFTA 0 0 0 0 0
G7 344 258 396 262 373 357 387 815 378 896
NAFTA 0 0 0 0 0
OECD 344 758 396 782 373 789 388 311 379 336
SADC 0 0 0 0 0
in % in % in % in % in %
DC 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
LDC 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
WIC 2.08 2.36 2.52 2.74 2.70
CPE 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
NRC 97.92 97.64 97.48 97.26 97.30
Total 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
of them:
ACP 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
ASEAN 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
EC 2.08 2.36 2.52 2.74 2.70
EFTA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
G7 2.08 2.36 2.52 2.74 2.69
NAFTA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
OECD 2.08 2.36 2.52 2.74 2.70
SADC 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
- 81 -
Figures may not add to 100% due to rounding; Prozentangaben müssen durch Rundung nicht genau 100% ergeben
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Uranium
Group 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
DC 3 805 4 133 4 353 4 167 4 249
LDC 3 919 4 124 4 400 2 916 3 407
WIC 22 903 21 680 21 857 22 506 22 770
CPE 771 740 690 680 677
NCR 6 991 6 303 6 814 6 834 7 955
Total 38 389 36 980 38 114 37 103 39 058
of them:
ACP 7 370 8 022 8 518 6 873 7 471
ASEAN 0 0 0 0 0
EC 1 243 973 959 909 803
EFTA 0 0 0 0 0
G7 15 003 14 192 14 569 12 821 12 406
NAFTA 14 123 13 586 13 980 12 287 12 019
OECD 21 913 20 496 20 869 21 565 21 770
SADC 4 592 4 750 4 395 4 188 4 201
in % in % in % in % in %
DC 9.91 11.18 11.42 11.23 10.88
LDC 10.21 11.15 11.54 7.86 8.72
WIC 59.66 58.63 57.35 60.66 58.30
CPE 2.01 2.00 1.81 1.83 1.73
NRC 18.21 17.04 17.88 18.42 20.37
Total 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
of them:
ACP 19.20 21.69 22.35 18.52 19.13
ASEAN 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
EC 3.24 2.63 2.52 2.45 2.06
EFTA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
G7 39.08 38.38 38.22 34.56 31.76
NAFTA 36.79 36.74 36.68 33.12 30.77
OECD 57.08 55.42 54.75 58.12 55.74
SADC 11.96 12.84 11.53 11.29 10.76
- 82 -
Figures may not add to 100% due to rounding; Prozentangaben müssen durch Rundung nicht genau 100% ergeben
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
- 83 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
6.4 Production of Mineral Commodities of individual
Countries, by Mineral Commodities
Produktion mineralischer Rohstoffe der einzelnen
Länder, nach Rohstoffen geordnet
6.4.1 Iron and Ferro-Alloy Metals
Eisen und Stahlveredler
Iron
C o u n t r y 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Rem
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
Albania 6 500 6 000 5 500 5 300 5 000 2n
Algeria 1 212 300 883 980 972 000 721 440 720 000 1h
Australia 92 698 830 100 583 910 96 997 320 100 641 870 107 728 740 2e
Austria 634 226 574 121 573 440 559 040 595 024 1e
Azerbaijan 0 0 11 000 7 100 8 200 1e
Brazil 110 780 000 108 286 000 120 060 000 112 520 000 116 000 000 2h
Bulgaria 222 424 260 550 185 039 361 200 304 100 2h
Canada 21 965 400 22 744 000 23 774 000 20 734 000 21 781 000 2e
Chile 5 539 471 5 330 180 5 681 224 5 090 450 5 324 629 1e
China 80 000 000 79 680 000 67 200 000 67 200 000 71 648 000 1h
Colombia 382 632 442 474 315 714 352 720 332 400 1h
DPR Korea 3 800 000 3 700 000 3 500 000 3 300 000 3 200 000 2n
Egypt 1 000 000 1 233 000 1 350 639 1 500 000 1 451 545 1a
France 422 000 145 300 0 0 0 1a
Germany, Federal Rep. 14 600 32 046 84 680 114 000 73 844 1a
Guatemala 2 053 2 100 2 143 4 214 3 251 2a
India 38 856 000 46 900 000 45 223 000 45 560 000 47 570 000 1h
Indonesia 233 806 268 094 308 288 309 100 269 019 1h
Iran 5 008 500 4 828 300 4 777 950 3 473 686 4 892 000 2a
Japan 3 563 1 537 1 720 1 800 1 454 1a
Kazakhstan 16 250 000 13 700 000 8 693 000 9 607 000 8 988 395 1e
Korea, Republic of 100 000 100 000 133 421 187 982 163 192 1e
Malaysia 285 294 269 087 376 090 337 462 258 553 1h
Mauritania 7 252 700 7 663 500 6 726 200 6 604 000 6 500 000 2n
Mexico 4 887 562 5 023 826 5 067 406 5 508 174 5 436 325 1e
Morocco 7 105 7 207 5 685 6 625 5 615 1e
New Zealand 1 353 578 1 450 000 1 276 000 1 334 000 1 566 000 1h
Nigeria 80 000 72 484 70 000 68 000 65 000 2n
Norway 1 117 651 478 000 409 200 338 000 458 000 1a
Pakistan 0 2 015 6 291 17 320 18 000 2n
Peru 2 915 691 2 965 889 3 282 118 2 672 630 2 635 991 1e
Portugal 7 876 7 933 8 159 4 739 4 766 1a
Romania 159 250 110 373 113 605 82 478 81 768 1e
Russia 39 655 000 38 940 000 39 765 000 45 210 000 47 905 000 1e
- 84 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Saudi Arabia 139 160 110 000 100 000 132 810 120 488 1a
Slovakia 256 000 264 174 262 416 255 200 255 356 1a
South Africa, Rep. of 18 497 940 19 920 000 19 779 000 19 179 346 21 909 787 1a
Spain 1 269 000 580 000 520 000 640 000 670 000 2n
Sweden 9 416 960 9 809 205 13 461 760 12 096 000 13 719 680 1e
Thailand 85 880 44 000 90 700 122 633 150 000 2n
Tunisia 129 060 136 080 118 800 119 880 98 820 1a
Turkey 4 205 498 4 112 421 3 943 237 3 246 841 2 649 567 1a
Ukraine 28 560 000 31 800 000 30 420 000 28 661 400 33 390 000 1h
United Kingdom 276 276 276 230 230 2h
United States 39 186 000 38 000 000 37 926 000 36 381 870 39 690 000 1h
Uruguay 845 2 210 2 500 3 837 4 000 2n
Venezuela 13 130 460 15 775 200 16 214 192 9 328 344 11 092 014 1a
Yugoslavia 150 000 150 000 130 000 120 000 100 000 2n
Zimbabwe 194 365 287 419 222 953 359 190 270 382 1h
Total 552 075 456 567 682 891 560 147 666 545 081 911 580 115 135
Chromium
C o u n t r y 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Rem
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
Afghanistan 1 500 1 365 1 500 1 900 2 352 1a
Albania 30 402 22 000 14 000 6 837 6 000 2n
Brazil 216 600 112 274 90 000 76 050 74 100 2h
China 80 000 75 000 70 000 65 000 63 000 2n
Cuba 12 309 14 553 17 000 18 000 18 500 2n
Finland 291 087 350 648 249 000 247 149 192 070 1e
Greece 5 620 5 050 1 950 1 000 800 2n
India 538 182 644 000 613 994 600 000 580 000 2n
Iran 138 618 104 509 146 200 154 460 127 409 2a
Japan 2 000 1 800 1 500 1 300 1 200 2n
Kazakhstan 511 700 430 000 688 000 820 000 1 120 838 1e
Madagascar 67 130 58 800 33 963 32 000 65 660 1h
Myanmar 150 130 120 100 100 2n
Oman 6 100 7 160 11 902 10 404 9 800 1h
Pakistan 5 000 7 478 5 180 9 789 9 000 2n
Philippines 18 524 16 673 12 188 17 531 19 000 2n
Russia 43 515 65 250 58 500 45 000 44 000 2n
South Africa, Rep. of 2 137 506 2 468 629 2 786 400 2 999 502 2 913 132 1a
Sudan 7 500 13 300 14 000 11 424 26 160 1a
Turkey 547 403 812 793 604 997 433 658 229 205 1a
Viet Nam 1 300 1 300 2 000 1 800 1 900 2n
Zimbabwe 296 287 301 390 272 432 294 066 300 619 1h
Total 4 958 433 5 514 102 5 694 826 5 846 970 5 804 845
- 85 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Cobalt
C o u n t r y 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Rem
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
Australia 2 500 2 500 2 000 4 100 5 700 2d
Botswana 405 348 352 329 331 1a
Canada 2 190 2 200 2 324 2 015 2 013 2e
China 400 450 600 800 850 2n
Congo,D.R. 0 0 0 2 308 3 570 1h
Cuba 1 600 1 950 1 500 1 000 712 1h
Kazakhstan 300 300 300 300 280 2n
Morocco 554 785 287 948 1 434 1e
Russia 3 500 3 300 3 200 3 300 3 500 2h
South Africa, Rep. of 244 319 296 306 412 1a
Zaire 4 041 4 041 3 944 0 0
Zambia 5 126 5 126 4 016 3 802 2 990 1h
Zimbabwe 106 126 100 129 79 1h
Total 20 966 21 445 18 919 19 337 21 871
Manganese
C o u n t r y 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Rem
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
Australia 1 012 320 1 647 000 1 630 000 1 501 000 1 490 000 2n
Brazil 852 000 849 600 872 000 656 000 840 000 2h
Bulgaria 13 059 14 215 16 679 17 000 14 000 2n
Chile 18 866 19 102 14 345 12 152 12 515 1e
China 1 000 000 1 200 000 2 000 000 2 400 000 2 800 000 2n
Colombia 140 130 120 0 0 1h
Egypt 1 300 1 500 1 600 1 800 2 000 2n
Gabon 1 031 116 988 000 990 080 1 087 840 1 100 000 2n
Georgia 97 000 35 112 16 000 14 200 14 000 2n
Ghana 106 576 132 977 153 669 244 600 358 136 1h
Greece 2 572 1 800 1 898 1 000 330 1e
Hungary 8 437 12 900 8 700 11 060 11 000 1a
India 681 806 706 800 583 422 550 000 500 000 2n
Indonesia 17 375 18 600 25 205 38 532 26 200 1h
Iran 32 300 45 900 64 600 41 440 54 400 2a
Italy 1 457 2 128 924 972 1 000 2n
Kazakhstan 129 000 120 000 119 700 168 900 170 000 2n
Mexico 173 380 192 825 187 103 169 107 156 117 1e
Morocco 13 260 13 863 12 749 13 118 11 624 1e
Namibia 45 250 34 907 30 000 29 000 27 000 2n
Romania 29 442 20 647 20 012 13 312 7 369 1e
South Africa, Rep. of 1 393 229 1 341 884 1 308 920 1 342 457 1 599 588 1a
Thailand 3 095 291 52 721 225 1h
Ukraine 1 040 000 1 030 000 1 446 900 1 293 500 1 189 500 1h
Total 7 702 980 8 430 181 9 504 678 9 607 711 10 385 004
- 86 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Molybdenum
C o u n t r y 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Rem
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
Armenia 670 680 650 800 2 500 1h
Canada 8 169 7 540 7 563 6 250 6 883 2e
Chile 17 414 21 339 25 297 27 309 33 187 1e
China 18 000 35 000 37 000 34 000 28 000 2h
Iran 2 600 2 600 3 100 4 501 3 460 2a
Kazakhstan 400 400 100 110 130 2n
Mexico 4 211 4 842 5 948 7 961 6 886 1e
Mongolia 2 000 2 200 2 300 2 500 2 700 2n
Peru 3 667 3 835 4 344 5 471 7 193 1e
Russia 4 000 4 000 2 000 2 400 2 500 2h
United States 54 900 58 500 53 500 40 695 31 600 1a
Uzbekistan 700 650 600 500 450 2n
Total 116 731 141 586 142 402 132 497 125 489
Nickel
C o u n t r y 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Rem
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
Australia 113 000 134 000 130 000 147 000 167 000 2e
Botswana 17 461 14 996 15 593 15 820 22 898 1a
Brazil 16 432 18 199 26 350 32 268 32 000 2h
Canada 127 439 180 600 200 908 176 749 181 027 2e
China 43 000 39 900 48 100 44 000 51 000 1h
Colombia 21 092 24 774 28 140 28 342 27 750 1h
Cuba 53 700 61 500 67 700 68 000 68 500 1h
Dominican Republic 30 387 32 500 25 200 25 000 27 850 1h
Finland 3 078 3 043 1 789 1 021 1 916 1e
Greece 17 801 17 609 15 000 13 462 17 126 1e
Indonesia 68 537 56 599 54 733 55 969 60 780 1h
Kazakhstan 1 200 1 200 1 200 0 0 1h
Macedonia 4 500 4 900 5 800 1 900 0 1h
New Caledonia 124 800 136 500 125 300 123 000 120 000 2n
Norway 2 820 2 435 2 964 2 715 2 287 1a
Philippines 14 700 17 400 12 840 9 374 14 000 2h
Russia 190 000 260 000 250 000 260 000 235 000 2h
South Africa, Rep. of 33 861 34 830 36 700 36 202 36 637 1a
Ukraine 500 0 0 0 0 1h
United States 1 500 1 500 4 290 0 0 1a
Yugoslavia 2 500 2 700 800 200 100 2n
Zimbabwe 9 694 10 134 10 135 9 594 7 122 1h
Total 898 002 1 055 319 1 063 542 1 050 616 1 072 993
- 87 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Tantalum-Columbium
C o u n t r y 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Rem
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
Australia 280 290 300 320 330 2n
Bolivia 6 7 16 9 9 1a
Brazil 48 000 45 385 49 470 42 700 42 000 2h
Canada 5 000 4 500 2 200 2 379 2 239 2e
Congo,D.R. 0 0 0 6 5 2n
Ethiopia 53 60 50 65 70 2n
Nigeria 20 20 18 19 20 2n
Rwanda 99 256 260 265 270 2n
Zaire 10 10 8 0 0
Total 53 468 50 528 52 322 45 763 44 943
Titanium
C o u n t r y 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Rem
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
Australia 1 287 480 1 472 612 1 538 850 1 351 020 1 379 550 2e
Brazil 60 000 54 216 53 000 54 000 54 000 2h
Canada 700 000 650 000 630 000 620 000 600 000 2n
China 80 000 100 000 110 000 150 000 160 000 2n
Egypt 1 300 18 000 20 410 22 000 24 000 2n
India 160 000 155 000 242 322 240 000 240 000 1h
Kazakhstan 12 500 13 000 12 000 11 500 11 300 2n
Malaysia 69 883 70 000 65 000 63 000 61 000 2n
Norway 329 840 246 903 261 134 256 889 306 281 1a
Russia 21 000 26 000 22 000 24 000 25 000 2n
Sierra Leone 160 000 150 000 184 790 190 000 192 000 2n
South Africa, Rep. of 930 000 1 040 000 1 100 000 1 200 000 1 394 877 1a
Sri Lanka 36 030 21 940 19 917 36 550 37 000 2n
Ukraine 200 000 200 000 250 000 250 000 130 000 2n
United States 150 000 130 000 150 000 130 000 120 000 2n
Viet Nam 36 000 35 000 44 550 49 500 50 000 2n
Total 4 234 033 4 382 671 4 703 973 4 648 459 4 785 008
Tungsten
C o u n t r y 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Rem
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
Austria 1 805 1 916 1 813 2 015 2 082 1e
Bolivia 733 647 627 421 481 1a
Brazil 100 51 0 0 0 1h
China 26 000 25 000 24 000 20 000 23 000 2h
DPR Korea 500 450 400 350 330 2n
Kazakhstan 280 200 200 180 160 2n
- 88 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Mexico 188 179 130 10 0 1e
Mongolia 32 0 0 0 0 1h
Myanmar 23 14 9 7 2 1h
Peru 331 279 76 0 0 1e
Portugal 776 1 029 1 436 1 200 743 1a
Russia 3 000 3 000 3 000 3 500 3 700 2n
Rwanda 104 78 75 73 70 2n
Tajikistan 75 50 0 0 0 1h
Thailand 67 54 61 54 27 1h
Uganda 0 40 7 32 40 2h
United States 100 100 100 0 0 1a
Uzbekistan 300 300 250 200 190 2n
Zimbabwe 0 2 0 0 0 1h
Total 34 414 33 389 32 184 28 042 30 825
Vanadium
C o u n t r y 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Rem
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
China 5 500 7 000 7 500 7 800 8 000 2n
Kazakhstan 900 900 1 000 1 000 1 100 2n
Russia 10 000 11 000 9 000 9 000 8 700 2n
South Africa, Rep. of 14 800 16 950 17 159 17 612 18 021 1a
United States 2 700 2 500 2 000 1 800 1 893 1a
Total 33 900 38 350 36 659 37 212 37 714
- 89 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
6.4.2 Non-Ferrous Metals
Nichteisenmetalle
Aluminium
C o u n t r y 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Rem
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
Argentina 170 000 183 700 186 700 190 000 195 000 2n
Australia 1 371 000 1 589 000 1 686 000 1 742 000 1 769 000 2e
Azerbaijan 6 000 4 717 4 757 12 780 20 000 2h
Bahrain 460 000 489 900 460 000 430 000 400 000 2n
Brazil 1 200 000 1 189 000 1 210 000 1 250 000 1 270 000 2h
Cameroon 82 300 90 900 82 000 100 000 102 000 2n
Canada 2 283 000 2 327 200 2 374 100 2 389 000 2 373 000 2e
China 1 780 000 2 050 000 2 435 300 1 620 000 2 830 000 1h
Dubai (UAE) 135 000 250 000 250 000 250 000 300 000 2n
Egypt 179 200 178 200 187 200 190 000 162 617 1a
France 386 000 399 300 423 600 694 000 701 000 1h
Germany, Federal Rep. 576 492 571 940 612 380 633 803 643 545 1a
Ghana 137 000 151 600 56 100 55 000 54 000 2n
Greece 141 295 141 500 156 902 170 301 167 507 1e
Hungary 32 000 33 671 40 700 34 000 33 900 1a
Iceland 103 900 123 356 183 360 221 433 225 721 1h
India 497 540 547 400 543 451 609 500 665 000 1h
Iran 253 000 107 000 117 000 137 313 137 000 2a
Italy 192 833 187 700 187 000 205 567 210 000 2n
Japan 16 959 16 694 16 302 16 100 16 000 2n
Netherlands 227 000 231 800 263 700 270 000 240 000 1a
New Zealand 260 000 310 200 317 500 320 000 330 000 2n
Norway 863 000 918 600 995 500 1 000 000 1 030 000 2d
Poland 52 100 53 614 52 500 46 750 45 100 1a
Russia 2 150 000 2 380 000 2 465 000 2 657 000 2 884 000 1h
Slovakia 70 000 110 100 108 006 106 000 105 000 2n
Slovenia 100 316 74 400 73 803 70 000 68 000 2n
South Africa, Rep. of 617 000 682 900 692 500 689 230 674 167 1a
Spain 361 826 359 900 360 400 363 900 365 000 2n
Suriname 26 000 23 100 27 100 30 000 32 000 2n
Sweden 100 000 99 000 95 700 95 000 94 700 1e
Switzerland 20 000 27 300 32 100 34 400 35 500 1a
Tajikistan 198 000 188 900 195 600 229 100 300 000 2n
Turkey 62 100 62 000 61 800 60 000 58 000 2n
Ukraine 90 000 100 000 106 700 112 000 103 500 1h
United Kingdom 240 000 247 700 258 400 272 211 204 319 1h
United States 3 577 000 3 600 000 3 712 690 3 779 000 3 668 000 1a
Venezuela 629 268 640 800 584 300 580 000 560 000 2n
Yugoslavia 51 100 80 600 78 000 75 000 72 000 2n
Total 19 698 229 20 823 692 21 694 151 21 740 388 23 144 576
- 90 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Antimony
C o u n t r y 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Rem
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
Australia 1 300 1 300 1 800 1 800 1 700 2n
Bolivia 6 488 5 985 4 735 2 790 1 907 1a
Canada 1 405 652 554 357 364 2e
China 99 000 101 000 80 000 83 000 106 000 1h
Guatemala 1 088 880 750 400 60 2a
Iran 0 0 0 155 185 2a
Kyrgystan 2 500 2 500 1 298 1 320 1 505 1h
Mexico 983 1 909 1 301 273 52 1e
Peru 305 242 364 255 461 1h
Russia 7 000 6 000 4 000 4 000 4 000 2h
South Africa, Rep. of 5 137 3 415 4 243 5 278 6 347 1a
Tajikistan 500 600 995 1 000 1 200 2n
Thailand 149 125 442 130 77 1h
Turkey 1 163 810 585 550 500 2h
United States 242 240 242 449 340 1h
Zimbabwe 15 0 0 0 0 1h
Total 127 275 125 658 101 309 101 757 124 698
Arsenic
C o u n t r y 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Rem
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
Bolivia 255 282 284 437 318 1a
Chile 6 500 9 000 11 355 12 000 12 500 2n
China 13 000 15 000 17 000 17 500 18 000 2n
Iran 20 75 350 375 315 12a
Japan 450 420 400 380 350 2n
Kazakhstan 1 500 1 500 1 300 1 000 950 2n
Mexico 2 942 2 999 2 573 2 419 2 522 1e
Namibia 1 505 1 232 175 0 0 1h
Peru 320 837 624 1 611 1 718 1h
Philippines 2 000 2 000 1 000 900 800 2n
Russia 1 500 1 500 1 200 1 100 1 000 2n
Total 29 992 34 845 36 261 37 722 38 473
Bauxite
C o u n t r y 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Rem
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
Albania 0 4 454 4 000 4 624 4 800 2n
Australia 43 063 000 44 878 000 46 444 000 51 046 000 53 801 000 2e
Brazil 12 260 000 11 671 000 13 500 000 13 500 000 14 100 000 2h
China 5 500 000 8 000 000 8 500 000 8 500 000 9 000 000 1h
Colombia 2 000 1 500 1 000 1 000 900 2n
Croatia 7 000 8 000 5 000 6 800 7 000 1a
France 81 000 80 000 80 000 75 000 73 000 2n
- 91 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Germany, Federal Rep. 0 0 270 306 300 1a
Ghana 473 000 519 000 341 121 355 263 503 825 1h
Greece 2 451 734 1 676 979 1 714 023 1 882 505 1 965 561 1e
Guinea 13 800 000 19 250 000 17 000 000 17 200 000 18 072 000 1a
Guyana 2 254 000 2 561 000 2 606 000 2 639 000 2 687 000 1h
Hungary 504 000 380 900 460 600 473 900 473 900 1a
India 200 000 5 800 000 6 451 901 5 700 000 6 000 000 2n
Indonesia 841 976 808 749 1 055 647 1 116 323 1 151 000 1h
Iran 160 000 378 600 370 000 439 387 440 050 2a
Jamaica 11 757 000 11 988 000 12 600 000 11 600 000 11 400 000 2n
Kazakhstan 3 140 000 3 100 000 3 437 000 3 607 000 3 729 600 1e
Malaysia 218 680 279 000 160 271 222 724 123 270 1h
Mozambique 12 000 8 000 6 000 5 500 5 300 2n
Pakistan 2 280 3 179 9 662 14 333 16 000 2n
Romania 175 800 117 100 135 200 136 000 135 000 2n
Russia 3 000 000 3 350 000 3 450 000 4 513 000 5 000 000 2h
Suriname 4 000 000 3 877 000 3 890 000 3 900 000 4 000 000 2n
Turkey 285 570 210 548 261 076 118 414 261 366 1a
Venezuela 5 109 122 5 500 000 4 825 647 2 123 640 2 181 232 1a
Yugoslavia 323 000 470 000 226 000 220 000 200 000 2n
Total 109 621 162 124 921 009 127 534 418 129 400 719 135 332 104
Bismuth
C o u n t r y 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Rem
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
Bolivia 0 55 0 0 6 1a
Canada 157 185 217 217 202 2e
China 500 600 650 2 000 2 200 1h
Japan 560 474 470 475 500 1h
Kazakhstan 33 33 50 55 60 2n
Mexico 1 070 1 642 1 204 548 1 112 1e
Peru 939 774 868 705 744 1h
Russia 50 50 35 30 28 2n
Tajikistan 8 7 5 5 4 2n
Uzbekistan 10 5 3 3 2 2n
Total 3 327 3 825 3 502 4 038 4 858
Cadmium
C o u n t r y 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Rem
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
Algeria 50 50 50 40 38 2n
Argentina 40 45 30 28 26 2n
Australia 950 632 585 462 440 2n
Brazil 150 162 162 165 168 2n
Bulgaria 350 275 264 260 250 2n
Canada 2 537 2 384 1 323 1 212 1 095 2e
China 1 567 1 800 1 900 2 313 2 602 2h
- 92 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
DPR Korea 150 204 204 210 215 2n
Finland 648 490 520 700 680 1e
France 650 975 223 200 180 2n
Honduras 45 40 35 34 34 2n
India 256 296 231 220 225 2n
Italy 300 287 382 390 400 2n
Japan 2 343 2 373 2 342 2 100 2 439 1h
Kazakhstan 1 200 745 1 463 1 061 257 1h
Korea, Republic of 930 930 930 1 790 1 900 2n
Mexico 1 813 1 872 1 739 1 311 1 297 1e
Namibia 10 2 0 0 0 1h
Norway 300 290 270 230 200 2n
Peru 550 562 535 465 458 1e
Poland 204 233 218 200 190 2n
Russia 730 790 800 900 750 1h
Spain 297 301 196 190 180 2n
Turkey 36 86 69 40 38 2n
United Kingdom 537 455 440 547 400 2n
United States 1 525 1 750 1 880 1 800 1 890 1a
Yugoslavia 60 80 80 85 82 2n
Total 18 228 18 109 16 871 16 953 16 434
Copper
C o u n t r y 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Rem
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
Afghanistan 1 800 1 065 680 1 200 1 800 1a
Albania 10 807 8 700 8 650 8 690 9 000 2n
Argentina 0 30 000 170 273 210 126 145 197 2h
Armenia 6 951 6 758 9 158 9 611 13 000 1h
Australia 525 000 580 000 678 000 477 000 487 000 2e
Bolivia 92 182 84 252 110 1a
Botswana 20 979 18 350 19 432 18 239 20 960 1a
Brazil 46 200 39 952 33 500 31 200 31 000 2h
Bulgaria 105 610 109 240 87 500 111 730 114 144 1a
Canada 559 902 646 500 688 576 581 583 623 451 2e
Chile 2 872 000 3 194 000 3 702 000 4 010 000 4 602 000 1e
China 400 000 435 000 476 000 480 000 500 000 2n
Colombia 3 000 2 520 2 693 3 173 3 400 2n
Congo,D.R. 0 0 0 29 633 27 197 1h
Cuba 2 227 2 212 1 000 1 100 1 200 2n
Cyprus 1 688 3 950 5 000 5 004 5 200 1e
DPR Korea 10 000 12 000 12 000 13 000 14 000 2n
Finland 9 055 8 259 9 217 10 517 10 810 1e
France 170 196 0 0 0 1a
Georgia 342 684 855 699 600 2n
Honduras 1 000 900 800 700 650 2n
India 38 000 42 249 102 000 208 000 254 880 1h
Indonesia 619 116 644 246 809 000 766 000 1 063 650 1h
Iran 113 770 110 000 111 000 131 763 155 850 2a
Japan 1 145 932 1 070 1 038 1 211 1a
Kazakhstan 245 000 316 000 337 600 374 000 430 200 1e
Korea, Republic of 35 0 0 0 0 1e
Macedonia 8 484 8 200 9 100 10 000 10 000 2h
Malaysia 20 671 18 900 13 907 4 600 200 2n
Mexico 327 978 338 933 344 766 340 147 338 999 1e
- 93 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Mongolia 121 000 127 000 127 800 157 500 165 000 2n
Morocco 13 168 13 070 9 373 8 841 8 103 1e
Myanmar 5 813 4 390 0 0 0 1h
Namibia 18 306 20 300 8 014 2 000 5 082 1h
Nepal 3 0 0 0 0 1a
Norway 7 389 6 670 2 700 0 0 1h
Oman 1 000 1 209 993 900 1 000 1h
Papua New Guinea 186 715 111 515 152 200 188 000 166 000 1h
Peru 485 595 502 970 483 338 536 000 553 924 1e
Philippines 61 615 48 638 45 381 37 631 30 644 1h
Poland 425 000 440 644 479 000 496 000 486 000 1a
Portugal 107 773 106 580 114 515 99 472 76 300 1a
Romania 18 149 17 419 14 378 17 155 11 850 1e
Russia 620 000 505 000 515 000 737 000 824 000 1h
Saudi Arabia 786 703 782 821 837 1a
Slovakia 913 691 670 124 110 2n
South Africa, Rep. of 152 062 153 058 166 000 144 163 137 000 1a
Spain 38 397 38 281 37 185 30 000 23 600 1e
Sweden 71 554 86 610 73 685 71 160 77 765 1e
Turkey 53 607 39 675 50 814 54 053 56 100 1a
United States 1 344 862 1 920 000 1 959 367 1 602 247 1 590 000 1h
Uzbekistan 64 000 65 000 70 000 60 000 80 000 2h
Yugoslavia 82 526 82 500 75 400 75 000 74 500 2n
Zaire 38 900 37 700 35 000 0 0
Zambia 324 200 315 700 282 833 260 223 262 600 1h
Zimbabwe 9 028 6 832 2 941 4 977 3 143 1h
Total 10 203 383 11 232 083 12 341 230 12 422 272 13 499 267
Gallium
C o u n t r y 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Rem
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
China 2 5 6 7 8 1h
Hungary 5 5 3 5 5 1a
Japan 5 5 4 3 3 1a
Total 12 15 13 15 16
Germanium
C o u n t r y 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Rem
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
China 8 9 10 11 12 2h
Russia 9 8 7 6 6 2n
United States 18 20 22 20 19 1h
Total 35 37 39 37 37
- 94 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Lead
C o u n t r y 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Rem
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
Algeria 1 016 1 342 700 600 550 2n
Argentina 11 272 13 700 15 004 14 256 14 115 2h
Australia 522 000 571 000 662 000 692 000 678 000 2e
Bolivia 16 538 18 608 13 848 10 153 9 523 1a
Brazil 5 000 8 729 7 600 9 000 9 500 2h
Bulgaria 43 000 41 269 34 595 25 000 19 541 1a
Canada 246 000 170 400 151 708 155 369 143 049 2e
Chile 1 374 1 264 337 608 784 1e
China 643 100 711 900 757 000 859 000 1 030 000 1h
Colombia 200 200 514 514 500 2n
DPR Korea 35 000 30 000 25 000 20 000 18 000 2n
Georgia 500 400 0 0 0 1e
Greece 6 987 11 822 18 792 20 165 15 553 1e
Honduras 4 700 5 900 6 800 8 298 10 000 2n
India 30 000 28 700 37 222 35 000 35 500 1h
Iran 18 000 17 600 10 920 14 170 14 200 2a
Ireland 45 300 45 100 35 900 39 200 57 500 1a
Italy 21 000 17 630 10 102 6 000 5 000 2n
Japan 7 753 5 227 6 198 6 074 8 835 1a
Kazakhstan 68 900 35 000 30 100 34 100 39 300 1e
Kenya 250 0 0 0 0 1h
Korea, Republic of 5 200 3 600 3 558 3 644 2 724 1e
Macedonia 29 030 30 690 30 000 26 000 25 000 2h
Mexico 167 114 180 349 171 610 131 402 160 607 1e
Morocco 66 698 68 514 71 326 70 794 72 856 1e
Myanmar 1 130 782 1 255 1 500 775 1h
Namibia 24 416 17 000 12 800 9 361 11 114 1h
Norway 2 083 2 231 1 800 1 000 0 1h
Peru 248 929 258 189 257 713 271 000 270 576 1e
Poland 66 000 71 000 64 300 64 000 68 400 1a
Portugal 90 0 0 0 0 1a
Romania 6 285 6 191 6 540 7 612 13 338 1e
Russia 30 000 20 000 19 000 55 260 51 505 1h
South Africa, Rep. of 88 613 83 114 84 100 80 191 75 280 1a
Spain 24 000 23 000 19 000 28 000 58 500 1e
Sweden 98 064 108 610 114 430 116 393 106 584 1e
Tajikistan 1 000 900 800 800 850 2n
Thailand 8 686 5 040 6 445 9 989 10 399 1h
Tunisia 4 480 2 000 7 000 10 000 11 000 1a
Turkey 12 000 12 000 10 800 5 462 5 600 2h
United Kingdom 1 800 2 000 1 600 1 000 1 000 2h
United States 435 945 450 000 481 000 503 000 405 537 1a
Uzbekistan 10 000 2 000 900 800 750 2n
Yugoslavia 16 000 14 000 19 100 19 500 19 400 2n
Total 3 075 453 3 097 001 3 209 417 3 366 215 3 481 245
- 95 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Lithium
C o u n t r y 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Rem
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
Australia 6 500 6 600 7 000 6 000 5 500 2n
Brazil 32 30 25 24 27 2n
Canada 660 690 700 720 730 2n
Chile 5 733 9 803 11 473 12 222 14 502 1e
China 800 750 730 710 700 2n
Namibia 50 70 90 100 95 1h
Portugal 114 86 200 135 91 1a
Russia 800 800 750 700 680 2n
United States 4 000 3 500 2 500 2 000 1 800 1h
Zimbabwe 773 1 246 701 917 948 1h
Total 19 462 23 575 24 169 23 528 25 073
Mercury
C o u n t r y 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Rem
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
Algeria 368 447 414 348 350 1h
Australia 4 0 0 0 0 2e
China 510 830 410 196 200 2h
Finland 88 63 54 55 77 1e
Kyrgystan 596 611 629 628 550 1h
Mexico 0 15 15 15 16 2n
Russia 40 40 50 40 38 2n
Spain 862 389 672 433 236 1e
Tajikistan 60 40 35 25 0 1h
Ukraine 50 45 40 40 38 2n
Total 2 578 2 480 2 319 1 780 1 505
Rare Earth Concentrates
C o u n t r y 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Rem
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
Australia 2 000 1 000 800 800 750 2n
Brazil 200 400 400 350 340 2n
China 55 000 53 300 50 000 70 000 73 000 1h
Congo,D.R. 0 0 0 2 1 1h
DPR Korea 900 800 700 600 500 2n
India 2 700 2 700 2 500 2 300 2 000 2n
Madagascar 3 0 0 0 0 1h
Malaysia 618 600 500 450 420 2n
Sri Lanka 120 120 100 90 90 2n
United States 20 400 20 000 10 000 5 000 5 000 1h
Zaire 10 5 3 0 0
Total 81 951 78 925 65 003 79 592 82 101
- 96 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Tellurium
C o u n t r y 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Rem
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
Canada 62 60 57 64 80 2e
Japan 45 40 38 35 34 2n
Mongolia 0 2 3 4 5 2n
Peru 25 24 22 20 21 1h
United States 90 90 90 80 80 1h
Total 222 216 210 203 220
Tin
C o u n t r y 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Rem
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
Australia 8 828 10 100 9 822 9 828 9 146 1e
Bolivia 14 802 12 898 11 308 12 417 12 464 1a
Brazil 23 178 18 291 14 607 13 200 13 800 2h
China 69 600 67 500 70 000 92 000 111 000 1h
India 31 16 36 45 50 2n
Indonesia 52 304 54 021 53 959 49 708 46 400 1h
Kazakhstan 4 4 0 0 0 1e
Laos 100 100 226 320 435 1a
Malaysia 6 922 5 100 5 754 7 340 6 307 1h
Mexico 2 5 5 4 4 1e
Mongolia 37 55 0 0 0 1h
Myanmar 233 154 311 426 636 1h
Namibia 2 0 0 0 0 1h
Niger 23 25 26 32 22 1h
Nigeria 2 700 2 700 1 400 1 200 1 100 2n
Peru 27 004 27 952 25 747 30 400 37 410 1e
Portugal 4 637 3 566 2 958 2 163 1 227 1a
Russia 8 000 7 500 4 500 4 500 5 200 1h
Rwanda 208 0 140 150 160 2n
Spain 2 4 5 11 1 1e
Thailand 1 049 756 2 028 3 400 8 565 1h
Uganda 5 4 1 0 0 1a
United Kingdom 2 100 2 400 400 100 0 2h
Viet Nam 4 500 4 800 2 770 2 500 2 400 2n
Total 226 271 217 951 206 003 229 744 256 327
Zinc
C o u n t r y 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Rem
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
Algeria 3 192 3 661 4 644 5 292 5 600 1h
Argentina 31 093 33 357 35 560 34 192 33 761 2h
Armenia 557 610 500 871 900 2n
Australia 1 071 000 1 038 000 1 142 000 1 265 000 1 410 000 2e
Bolivia 145 092 154 491 152 110 146 316 149 134 1a
- 97 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Brazil 177 466 152 634 140 000 96 500 99 000 2h
Bulgaria 25 745 25 700 16 000 19 675 19 448 1a
Canada 717 675 1 017 100 1 064 500 963 321 935 686 2e
Chile 17 282 16 005 15 943 15 486 15 073 1e
China 1 119 000 1 209 900 1 209 800 1 200 000 1 350 000 1h
Congo,D.R. 0 0 0 1 200 1 100 1h
DPR Korea 80 000 60 000 48 000 45 000 43 000 2n
Finland 28 264 34 287 32 879 19 751 17 500 1e
Georgia 2 000 2 400 1 000 900 880 2n
Greece 4 865 8 278 17 604 18 059 16 835 1e
Honduras 37 000 39 500 40 408 35 647 35 000 2n
India 146 754 136 900 193 129 180 000 175 000 1h
Iran 62 000 81 950 69 000 72 875 73 210 2a
Ireland 164 500 193 200 177 200 195 900 263 000 1a
Italy 20 100 15 415 4 472 9 734 10 000 2n
Japan 79 709 71 569 67 670 64 263 63 601 1a
Kazakhstan 168 500 225 000 224 300 288 000 322 100 1e
Korea, Republic of 8 300 9 000 10 489 19 664 11 473 1e
Macedonia 21 560 20 620 14 300 8 000 12 200 2h
Mexico 348 328 377 861 371 898 339 758 358 576 1e
Morocco 76 290 85 898 108 006 108 099 100 870 1e
Myanmar 600 500 500 450 430 2n
Namibia 35 873 36 400 39 800 34 639 39 126 1h
Norway 4 435 4 400 1 800 0 0 1h
Peru 760 353 865 267 868 757 899 000 910 303 1e
Poland 165 000 172 000 176 000 177 000 157 000 1a
Romania 17 350 20 300 25 052 31 020 48 024 1e
Russia 199 000 121 000 115 000 231 310 241 025 1h
Saudi Arabia 380 619 3 550 3 161 3 047 1a
South Africa, Rep. of 76 853 71 062 69 600 69 733 62 990 1a
Spain 145 000 147 000 128 000 155 000 200 200 1e
Sweden 160 325 155 385 164 711 174 448 176 788 1e
Thailand 36 247 18 200 39 024 37 150 30 299 1h
Tunisia 34 220 5 000 33 630 52 510 44 250 1a
Turkey 50 000 32 000 45 795 46 300 34 539 1a
United States 628 063 607 000 755 000 807 876 828 000 1a
Uzbekistan 12 000 3 000 1 100 1 000 950 2n
Yugoslavia 21 800 18 900 15 000 14 000 13 000 2n
Zaire 3 162 1 686 1 234 0 0
Total 6 906 933 7 293 055 7 644 965 7 888 100 8 312 918
- 98 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
6.4.3 Precious Metals
Edelmetalle
Gold
C o u n t r y 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Rem
kg kg kg kg kg
Argentina 723 2 289 20 400 38 515 26 388 2h
Armenia 244 850 250 200 180 2n
Australia 288 880 316 000 302 760 383 000 349 000 2e
Bolivia 12 634 13 290 14 443 11 787 12 001 1a
Botswana 5 28 0 0 2 1a
Brazil 57 000 58 488 49 000 43 000 48 000 2h
Bulgaria 649 1 020 1 213 1 033 1 000 2n
Burkina Faso 1 012 1 450 1 500 886 880 2n
Burundi 35 33 30 28 26 2n
Canada 164 136 169 050 166 089 157 617 153 781 2e
Central African Rep. 120 190 100 90 85 2n
Chile 50 600 58 200 64 800 69 900 54 173 1e
China 145 000 156 800 161 000 156 000 162 000 1h
Colombia 22 064 19 111 18 811 34 599 37 018 1h
Congo,D.R. 0 0 0 207 112 1h
Costa Rica 712 733 635 380 350 2n
Cote d'Ivoire 1 883 1 419 1 400 2 030 2 054 1h
Cuba 0 0 300 600 900 2n
DPR Korea 4 000 3 800 3 500 3 200 3 100 2n
Dominican Republic 3 717 2 390 1 450 660 600 2n
Ecuador 1 200 3 068 1 727 1 600 2 871 1a
Eritrea 60 44 573 530 520 2n
Ethiopia 3 300 3 500 3 712 2 330 2 200 2n
Fiji 4 554 3 727 3 501 3 881 3 841 1h
Finland 1 673 4 775 4 980 3 159 5 220 1e
France 4 590 4 350 3 800 3 000 2 800 2n
French Guiana 2 850 3 000 3 100 3 200 3 300 2n
Gabon 100 90 80 70 65 2n
Georgia 800 700 800 1 190 1 200 2n
Ghana 50 079 54 446 74 315 81 496 76 522 1h
Greece 0 13 0 0 0 1e
Guinea 7 000 7 300 5 000 4 070 13 105 1a
Guyana 10 807 14 597 14 863 14 450 13 754 1h
Honduras 150 120 87 70 65 2n
India 2 710 2 500 2 463 2 030 2 000 2n
Indonesia 83 660 86 928 123 862 127 767 127 192 1h
Iran 640 684 822 765 780 2a
Italy 0 0 1 200 1 600 1 700 2n
Japan 8 627 8 384 8 601 9 410 8 400 1a
Kazakhstan 12 000 18 700 18 000 19 982 20 000 2h
Kenya 492 440 388 990 1 243 1h
Korea, Republic of 1 200 1 200 200 320 350 2n
Kyrgystan 5 000 17 000 21 000 20 000 21 000 1h
- 99 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Macedonia 752 680 700 750 750 2h
Madagascar 0 0 33 40 42 2n
Malaysia 2 829 4 488 3 394 3 449 4 026 1h
Mali 4 500 17 000 22 000 17 160 25 900 1e
Mauritania 1 890 1 800 1 700 1 700 1 650 2n
Mexico 24 083 26 031 25 982 23 475 25 822 1e
Mongolia 5 998 2 200 2 000 1 900 1 800 2n
Morocco 0 0 0 0 334 1e
Mozambique 300 250 230 220 200 2n
Myanmar 171 181 121 116 93 1h
Namibia 2 177 2 433 1 882 2 008 2 417 1h
New Zealand 11 571 11 400 7 700 8 600 9 800 1h
Nicaragua 2 059 2 395 2 050 5 416 6 000 2n
Niger 313 300 320 200 150 1h
Nigeria 0 17 20 25 27 2n
Oman 600 584 579 597 590 1h
Panama 280 250 230 220 200 2n
Papua New Guinea 55 623 48 482 59 712 65 000 74 540 1h
Peru 64 885 76 822 94 214 128 090 132 585 1e
Philippines 29 958 32 494 34 038 31 050 31 050 1h
Poland 530 375 370 350 367 1a
Romania 518 500 490 470 450 2n
Russia 123 347 123 000 104 000 126 000 144 000 1e
Rwanda 400 130 120 100 90 2n
Saudi Arabia 7 692 5 320 5 099 4 580 3 637 1a
Senegal 567 600 600 630 640 2n
Sierra Leone 588 400 370 360 365 2n
Slovakia 470 456 340 302 306 2n
Solomon Islands 30 28 25 23 20 2n
South Africa, Rep. of 496 846 491 500 464 200 451 184 428 221 1a
Spain 2 763 1 824 3 295 5 081 4 310 1e
Sudan 3 100 5 634 6 000 5 565 5 773 1a
Sweden 6 100 6 777 5 944 4 202 3 570 1e
Tajikistan 1 500 2 550 3 200 2 700 3 000 2h
Tanzania 318 315 300 250 230 2n
Thailand 32 30 25 0 0 1h
Uganda 2 000 6 830 8 150 4 730 4 410 1a
United States 318 078 341 000 366 000 341 000 354 000 1a
Uzbekistan 71 000 70 000 81 000 86 000 87 000 1h
Venezuela 12 127 22 322 8 808 11 000 11 200 2n
Yugoslavia 3 000 3 500 3 500 3 700 3 600 2n
Zaire 1 252 394 134 0 0
Zambia 119 91 145 145 150 2n
Zimbabwe 24 699 24 225 25 175 27 114 22 007 1h
Total 2 239 971 2 376 315 2 444 950 2 571 144 2 555 100
- 100 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Platinum
C o u n t r y 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Rem
kg kg kg kg kg
Australia 500 450 430 420 410 2n
Canada 14 983 13 009 14 522 13 872 15 439 2e
Colombia 669 413 411 488 340 1h
Japan 816 693 533 650 630 2n
Russia 20 000 17 000 25 000 27 000 29 000 2n
South Africa, Rep. of 188 636 196 466 180 000 216 479 206 770 1a
United States 7 940 10 800 13 810 12 700 13 100 1a
Yugoslavia 3 3 3 2 1 2n
Zimbabwe 7 245 273 390 504 1h
Total 233 554 239 079 234 982 272 001 266 194
Silver
C o u n t r y 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Rem
kg kg kg kg kg
Algeria 2 000 1 600 1 500 1 400 1 300 2n
Argentina 50 399 52 500 56 600 73 788 78 271 2h
Australia 1 020 000 1 332 000 1 594 000 1 894 000 1 900 000 2n
Bolivia 384 384 387 200 403 961 422 492 433 592 1a
Brazil 50 000 26 598 25 000 24 000 23 000 2n
Bulgaria 48 732 31 548 23 700 20 000 18 000 2n
Canada 1 305 000 1 213 000 1 115 000 1 174 000 1 161 000 2e
Chile 1 069 000 1 110 500 1 123 500 1 133 500 1 242 194 1e
China 918 000 918 000 1 350 000 1 375 000 1 500 000 1h
Colombia 5 691 3 566 5 218 7 594 7 970 1h
DPR Korea 180 000 200 400 200 400 220 000 230 000 2n
Dominican Republic 17 292 12 400 7 530 3 190 3 000 2n
Fiji 2 003 2 583 1 804 2 159 1 474 1h
Finland 34 794 32 200 29 700 31 000 23 600 1e
France 1 550 1 770 1 000 800 600 2n
Ghana 1 000 900 600 550 520 1h
Greece 16 100 35 900 64 800 65 000 65 200 2n
Honduras 31 000 40 400 48 197 37 766 37 000 2n
India 27 800 48 100 55 363 60 000 56 000 1h
Indonesia 255 404 249 391 383 191 361 377 314 032 1h
Iran 1 300 1 320 1 720 1 630 1 650 2a
Ireland 14 700 13 300 10 800 10 400 16 700 1a
Italy 75 000 70 000 60 000 50 000 48 000 2n
Japan 85 115 87 180 94 472 94 000 103 781 1a
Kazakhstan 414 300 389 300 535 800 904 000 950 000 2n
Korea, Republic of 5 500 5 000 4 500 4 144 4 688 1e
Macedonia 20 025 18 760 20 000 22 000 20 000 2h
Malaysia 9 720 9 600 2 744 7 285 500 1h
Mexico 2 536 465 2 701 329 2 868 099 2 455 986 2 746 852 1e
Mongolia 20 000 19 000 18 000 17 000 16 500 2n
Morocco 333 000 262 000 307 000 278 000 270 000 1h
- 101 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Myanmar 8 915 9 331 3 643 2 159 1 432 1h
Namibia 42 000 33 500 23 000 15 000 900 1h
New Zealand 29 340 31 700 22 700 24 300 22 900 1h
Nicaragua 783 934 1 300 2 167 2 500 2n
Norway 5 900 5 000 2 000 1 800 1 500 2n
Oman 80 145 286 300 320 2n
Panama 400 380 350 330 310 2n
Papua New Guinea 64 304 49 165 59 295 59 000 79 197 1h
Peru 1 976 536 2 076 536 2 024 570 2 217 000 2 437 706 1e
Philippines 24 304 20 496 18 220 18 214 23 534 1h
Poland 934 044 1 028 916 1 100 000 1 096 000 1 144 000 1a
Portugal 33 700 33 900 31 880 26 450 20 430 1a
Romania 15 041 18 000 18 000 17 800 17 500 2n
Russia 750 000 400 000 350 000 375 000 380 000 2n
Saudi Arabia 16 536 17 000 13 844 10 472 9 390 1a
Slovakia 367 356 436 287 178 1a
Solomon Islands 8 5 3 2 1 2n
South Africa, Rep. of 168 689 143 968 144 500 151 960 144 231 1a
Spain 103 000 66 000 63 000 129 000 221 000 1e
Sweden 272 000 304 050 299 051 341 584 328 737 1e
Tunisia 1 500 1 500 400 350 330 2n
Turkey 72 800 75 669 82 860 110 000 109 000 1h
United States 1 573 170 1 660 000 2 060 000 1 950 000 609 816 1a
Yugoslavia 68 300 42 600 34 500 34 000 33 000 2n
Zaire 9 000 1 000 0 0 0
Zambia 8 676 6 900 8 239 8 500 8 700 2n
Zimbabwe 9 982 5 923 6 881 5 396 3 799 1h
Total 15 124 649 15 310 319 16 783 157 17 349 132 16 875 835
- 102 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
6.4.4 Industrial Minerals
Industrieminerale, Steine und Erden
Asbestos
C o u n t r y 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Rem
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
Argentina 446 0 0 0 0 1e
Brazil 213 210 208 447 198 300 188 400 200 000 2h
Bulgaria 1 000 800 672 650 620 2n
Canada 483 000 447 000 309 000 337 000 320 000 2e
China 293 000 245 000 250 000 300 000 260 000 1h
Colombia 11 000 13 670 14 000 14 200 14 500 2n
Egypt 427 1 836 2 000 2 100 1 154 1a
Greece 80 213 63 294 35 068 35 068 0 1e
India 26 101 20 000 19 109 18 000 16 000 2n
Iran 42 000 62 000 75 000 65 953 67 200 2a
Kazakhstan 250 000 125 000 125 000 120 000 233 200 1e
Pakistan 90 120 130 140 145 2n
Russia 800 000 700 000 650 000 670 000 790 000 1h
South Africa, Rep. of 56 900 49 986 27 200 18 322 18 448 1a
Swaziland 26 000 25 900 27 700 22 912 12 700 1h
United States 9 552 9 070 5 760 7 190 5 798 1a
Yugoslavia 450 360 750 800 780 2n
Zimbabwe 165 494 160 560 123 295 87 872 151 954 1h
Total 2 458 883 2 133 043 1 862 984 1 888 607 2 092 499
Baryte
C o u n t r y 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Rem
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
Afghanistan 6 000 4 700 3 700 4 100 5 200 1a
Algeria 31 348 39 140 37 000 50 500 53 000 2n
Argentina 14 038 14 000 10 000 9 000 8 500 2h
Armenia 400 350 320 300 280 2n
Australia 12 000 12 500 13 000 13 300 13 400 2n
Belgium 21 000 18 000 15 000 14 301 14 000 2n
Bolivia 4 745 4 402 2 500 6 005 3 050 1a
Brazil 40 000 51 961 52 000 52 500 52 800 2n
Bulgaria 30 357 92 710 120 000 130 000 120 000 2d
Canada 57 000 98 000 80 000 67 000 20 000 2e
Chile 2 559 2 654 1 430 823 1 026 1e
China 2 500 000 3 500 000 3 200 000 2 800 000 3 200 000 1h
Colombia 6 800 1 000 1 500 1 600 1 700 2n
DPR Korea 50 000 60 000 100 000 120 000 140 000 2n
Ecuador 2 000 1 800 1 700 1 650 1 476 1a
Egypt 550 0 0 0 0 1a
France 81 200 77 000 75 000 73 000 70 000 2n
Germany, Federal Rep. 121 476 118 698 123 272 118 489 111 790 1a
- 103 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Greece 671 742 643 367 320 2n
Guatemala 2 776 2 000 1 300 900 131 2a
India 500 000 550 000 659 318 400 000 350 000 1h
Iran 210 000 160 000 180 000 183 034 182 900 2a
Italy 80 463 26 694 31 791 24 557 20 000 2n
Kazakhstan 250 000 270 000 300 000 320 000 330 000 2n
Malaysia 17 458 18 000 17 000 13 506 16 200 2n
Mexico 470 028 236 606 161 555 157 953 127 668 1e
Morocco 287 513 343 314 353 438 328 950 320 243 1e
Myanmar 17 113 20 467 18 562 27 679 32 669 1h
Nigeria 17 500 13 000 12 000 10 000 9 500 2n
Pakistan 14 470 22 621 24 472 22 728 21 230 1h
Peru 37 103 63 600 63 000 63 500 64 000 2n
Poland 22 000 20 000 25 000 28 000 29 000 2n
Portugal 100 0 0 0 100 1a
Romania 10 000 8 000 6 644 4 579 4 266 1e
Russia 70 000 70 000 60 000 55 000 53 000 1h
Saudi Arabia 8 000 5 680 5 479 13 200 15 859 1a
Slovakia 45 600 18 500 15 300 31 600 30 300 1a
South Africa, Rep. of 7 423 2 071 600 2 844 1 628 1a
Spain 81 621 85 000 83 000 61 400 22 000 1e
Thailand 20 404 36 832 96 421 68 012 49 220 1h
Tunisia 16 000 14 000 9 000 4 000 5 000 1a
Turkey 155 000 140 840 160 042 150 058 120 893 1a
United Kingdom 93 000 74 000 64 000 59 000 54 000 2h
United States 661 926 700 000 660 000 434 000 391 865 1a
Zimbabwe 1 150 1 217 1 844 3 140 3 500 2n
Total 6 078 792 7 000 099 6 846 831 5 930 575 6 071 714
Bentonite
C o u n t r y 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Rem
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
Algeria 19 526 17 700 16 000 15 500 15 000 2n
Argentina 134 588 104 880 137 210 152 300 167 600 2h
Armenia 75 000 70 000 65 000 63 000 60 000 2n
Australia 65 000 60 000 58 000 57 000 56 000 2n
Bolivia 98 1 997 1 334 1 400 1 500 2n
Brazil 150 000 224 055 230 000 240 000 245 000 2n
Chile 1 191 717 721 1 104 1 314 1e
Colombia 2 500 8 640 9 000 9 000 9 200 2n
Croatia 8 400 4 600 3 500 5 200 3 500 1a
Cyprus 66 200 98 700 170 000 140 182 126 300 1e
Czech Republic 59 000 110 000 125 000 160 000 280 000 1e
Ecuador 432 205 200 190 41 1a
Egypt 4 500 1 136 1 545 1 500 1 490 2n
Germany, Federal Rep. 491 346 511 190 508 738 476 580 464 616 1a
Greece 973 517 942 555 1 148 408 1 099 657 1 148 694 1e
Guatemala 3 755 3 500 2 278 4 300 3 317 2a
Hungary 15 376 14 848 26 700 9 301 5 200 1a
India 280 000 260 000 250 000 230 000 200 000 2n
Indonesia 8 588 0 3 756 0 0 2n
- 104 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Iran 84 000 105 000 115 000 131 240 135 000 2a
Italy 475 000 509 960 600 000 562 674 550 000 2n
Japan 468 728 495 646 443 566 420 000 428 247 1a
Korea, Republic of 80 000 100 000 110 000 112 258 67 652 1e
Macedonia 4 000 3 500 3 000 2 800 2 500 2n
Mexico 69 810 69 000 68 800 68 500 68 300 2n
Morocco 29 881 49 633 47 881 36 528 21 352 1e
Myanmar 730 750 720 700 680 2n
New Zealand 4 000 4 100 4 200 4 400 4 500 2n
Nicaragua 2 374 512 400 370 350 2n
Pakistan 10 750 10 796 13 998 14 303 13 850 1h
Peru 18 592 22 285 19 563 18 000 17 800 2n
Philippines 8 000 7 500 3 900 1 844 1 500 1e
Poland 3 000 2 000 2 100 2 300 2 500 2n
Romania 25 000 20 000 18 042 12 590 35 789 1e
Russia 1 400 000 1 300 000 1 250 000 1 200 000 1 150 000 2n
Slovakia 76 000 79 760 81 010 60 000 75 000 1a
South Africa, Rep. of 48 076 33 326 48 400 49 261 110 445 1a
Spain 120 199 120 000 110 000 190 000 200 000 2n
Thailand 9 000 3 200 5 806 4 535 4 400 2n
Turkey 400 000 519 487 565 708 899 614 636 273 1a
Turkmenistan 48 000 45 000 40 000 38 000 35 000 2n
United Kingdom 143 000 140 000 138 000 135 000 132 000 2n
United States 3 738 310 3 780 000 3 820 000 4 069 996 3 405 260 1a
Uruguay 58 60 65 120 130 2n
Total 9 625 525 9 856 238 10 267 549 10 701 247 9 887 300
Boron
C o u n t r y 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Rem
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
Argentina 342 210 422 556 275 422 302 900 334 000 2h
Bolivia 4 128 6 095 7 026 6 746 33 951 1a
Chile 90 000 170 605 280 140 324 691 350 000 1e
China 40 000 60 000 65 000 70 000 75 000 2h
Iran 1 000 2 850 2 800 2 543 2 850 2a
Kazakhstan 80 000 80 000 60 000 55 000 53 000 2n
Peru 39 982 46 988 17 945 15 000 14 500 2n
Turkey 1 482 000 1 017 697 1 597 367 1 242 228 1 729 676 1a
United States 1 150 000 1 200 000 1 170 000 1 220 000 1 072 000 1a
Total 3 229 320 3 006 791 3 475 700 3 239 108 3 664 977
Diamonds (Gem)
C o u n t r y 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Rem
carats carats carats carats carats
Angola 3 330 000 4 770 000 2 700 000 3 262 500 3 605 400 1h
Australia 16 797 200 17 218 400 14 379 200 11 880 000 7 932 800 2e
Botswana 12 436 943 14 070 000 13 841 100 14 943 000 14 943 600 1a
Brazil 98 000 175 000 280 000 350 000 455 000 2n
Central African Rep. 467 500 425 000 425 000 382 500 382 500 1h
- 105 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
China 18 000 35 800 36 000 34 000 32 000 1h
Congo,D.R. 0 0 0 4 400 000 3 300 000 1h
Cote d'Ivoire 11 200 16 000 14 400 12 000 12 000 1h
Ghana 147 425 165 905 161 148 95 349 137 310 1h
Guinea 270 000 427 500 225 000 288 736 276 449 1a
Guyana 14 700 10 684 10 044 13 620 24 638 1h
India 11 401 11 000 12 102 14 400 16 000 2n
Liberia 29 250 29 250 27 630 65 000 55 250 1h
Myanmar 0 4 0 0 0 1h
Namibia 1 412 134 1 083 000 1 368 000 1 557 050 1 474 400 1h
Russia 9 250 000 9 550 000 10 500 000 11 500 000 8 200 000 2h
Sierra Leone 180 962 69 680 201 000 214 400 221 100 2n
South Africa, Rep. of 3 978 700 4 016 552 4 302 400 4 008 800 4 322 123 1a
Swaziland 12 800 13 000 13 200 12 000 11 000 1h
Tanzania 98 122 42 500 81 033 199 580 269 450 1h
Venezuela 116 000 113 600 38 724 52 000 56 000 2n
Zaire 4 448 000 3 000 000 5 200 000 0 0
Zimbabwe 131 180 126 392 8 511 13 795 6 908 1h
Total 53 259 517 55 369 267 53 824 492 53 298 730 45 733 928
Diamonds (Ind)
C o u n t r y 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Rem
carats carats carats carats carats
Angola 370 000 530 000 300 000 362 500 400 600 1h
Australia 25 195 800 25 827 600 21 568 800 17 820 000 11 899 200 2e
Botswana 5 312 119 6 030 000 5 931 900 6 404 400 6 404 400 1a
Brazil 42 000 75 000 120 000 150 000 195 000 2n
Central African Rep. 82 500 75 000 75 000 67 500 67 500 1h
China 72 000 143 200 144 000 136 000 128 000 1h
Congo,D.R. 0 0 0 17 600 000 13 200 000 1h
Cote d'Ivoire 2 800 4 000 3 600 3 000 3 000 1h
Ghana 589 701 663 619 644 594 381 395 549 241 1h
Guinea 90 000 142 500 75 000 96 245 92 149 1a
Guyana 34 300 24 928 23 436 31 780 57 489 1h
India 20 442 20 000 22 477 21 600 24 000 2n
Liberia 60 750 60 750 57 380 135 000 114 750 1h
Myanmar 45 18 7 6 5 1h
Namibia 72 323 57 000 72 000 81 950 77 600 1h
Russia 9 250 000 9 550 000 10 500 000 11 500 000 8 200 000 2h
Sierra Leone 89 130 34 320 99 000 105 600 108 900 2n
South Africa, Rep. of 5 968 050 6 024 828 6 453 600 6 013 200 6 483 184 1a
Swaziland 51 200 52 000 52 800 48 000 44 000 1h
Tanzania 17 316 7 500 14 300 35 220 47 550 1h
Venezuela 174 000 170 400 58 087 78 000 84 000 2n
Zaire 17 792 000 12 000 000 20 800 000 0 0
Zimbabwe 306 086 294 915 19 861 31 727 16 120 1h
Total 65 592 562 61 787 578 67 035 842 61 103 123 48 196 688
- 106 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Diatomite
C o u n t r y 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Rem
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
Algeria 3 000 2 332 2 100 2 000 1 800 2n
Argentina 8 647 9 000 9 500 10 000 11 000 2n
Armenia 400 400 350 320 300 2n
Australia 11 000 10 000 9 800 9 500 9 300 2n
Brazil 14 000 13 500 13 000 12 500 12 300 2n
Canada 4 500 4 000 3 500 3 300 3 000 2n
Chile 11 592 11 825 14 868 14 477 13 384 1e
Costa Rica 11 500 11 000 10 500 10 300 10 000 2n
Czech Republic 35 000 42 000 35 000 37 000 34 000 1e
Ethiopia 1 300 1 000 700 600 650 2n
France 80 000 80 000 75 000 73 000 70 000 2n
Iceland 25 600 26 863 25 734 28 482 27 614 1h
Iran 0 0 0 4 350 5 200 2a
Kenya 415 297 468 507 448 1h
Korea, Republic of 80 000 80 000 78 000 80 222 34 143 1e
Mexico 52 200 60 000 62 000 62 500 96 448 1e
Peru 24 000 20 000 18 000 16 000 15 500 2n
Portugal 1 550 1 540 785 785 655 2a
Romania 9 530 4 000 2 657 1 992 9 712 1e
Slovakia 4 500 3 000 2 500 2 300 2 000 2n
South Africa, Rep. of 400 350 300 250 230 1a
Spain 34 122 35 000 36 000 50 000 55 000 1h
Thailand 1 576 2 000 912 2 332 2 500 2n
United States 697 541 705 000 725 000 746 695 677 000 1a
Total 1 112 373 1 123 107 1 126 674 1 169 412 1 092 184
Feldspar
C o u n t r y 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Rem
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
Algeria 5 800 5 500 5 000 4 500 4 300 2n
Argentina 72 539 80 000 82 000 84 000 85 000 2n
Australia 24 000 23 500 23 200 23 000 22 800 2n
Brazil 145 000 135 000 130 000 125 000 122 000 2n
Chile 3 702 3 808 1 460 1 346 2 311 1e
Colombia 78 093 66 845 68 000 69 000 70 000 2n
Cuba 12 100 14 700 16 000 16 500 16 700 2n
Czech Republic 211 000 243 000 266 000 244 000 337 000 1e
Ecuador 10 321 60 328 21 265 30 000 47 041 1a
Egypt 75 049 53 783 32 565 31 000 12 178 1a
Finland 42 100 40 000 42 740 42 434 38 609 1e
France 546 000 621 000 650 000 670 000 680 000 2n
Germany, Federal Rep. 359 666 425 529 469 928 500 946 476 895 1a
Greece 48 620 55 700 55 700 52 900 66 300 1e
Guatemala 11 060 12 000 17 248 17 072 17 804 2a
Hungary 44 000 45 000 46 000 47 000 47 500 1a
- 107 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
India 92 682 90 000 106 811 108 000 110 000 2n
Indonesia 29 473 24 399 53 068 55 000 55 500 2n
Iran 90 000 125 000 125 000 156 058 156 000 2a
Italy 2 310 450 2 118 117 2 800 000 2 493 846 2 200 000 2n
Japan 55 122 60 000 60 000 58 000 55 000 2n
Jordan 7 500 7 340 7 200 7 100 11 112 1a
Korea, Republic of 330 000 320 000 248 493 409 334 0 1e
Macedonia 9 500 10 000 8 100 11 000 10 000 2h
Mexico 139 972 155 760 197 866 262 241 334 439 1e
Morocco 0 0 18 330 1 110 0
Norway 72 555 107 335 82 036 73 000 71 330 1a
Pakistan 27 370 14 428 31 168 31 456 43 190 1h
Peru 5 918 2 502 3 984 4 000 4 300 2n
Philippines 26 000 12 717 3 824 16 740 3 180 1e
Poland 64 000 74 000 75 000 77 000 78 000 2n
Portugal 98 596 96 000 80 794 114 687 119 837 1a
Romania 34 975 35 000 37 010 36 473 38 361 1e
Russia 55 000 75 000 80 000 85 000 86 000 2n
Saudi Arabia 10 000 7 500 10 000 15 000 21 100 1a
South Africa, Rep. of 53 644 59 688 56 800 59 300 66 700 1a
Spain 420 000 398 000 429 000 450 000 550 000 1e
Sri Lanka 24 000 25 700 25 274 26 012 28 638 1a
Sweden 55 000 41 400 33 000 34 000 35 000 1e
Thailand 662 200 536 000 325 289 398 558 325 064 1h
Turkey 500 000 200 000 734 311 923 147 773 560 1a
United Kingdom 7 500 7 000 6 500 6 300 6 100 2n
United States 889 792 930 000 820 000 875 000 789 889 1a
Uruguay 2 006 3 229 2 700 1 556 1 500 2n
Uzbekistan 70 000 70 000 75 000 75 000 76 000 2n
Venezuela 195 723 160 000 158 000 156 000 263 760 1a
Yugoslavia 4 801 4 880 5 000 5 200 5 300 2n
Zimbabwe 3 248 2 254 2 241 1 915 1 700 2n
Total 8 036 077 7 658 942 8 628 905 8 985 731 8 366 998
Fluorspar
C o u n t r y 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Rem
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
Afghanistan 800 560 800 1 000 1 100 1a
Argentina 5 666 6 000 12 000 7 000 6 000 2n
Brazil 77 700 78 399 65 000 38 200 25 000 2h
China 2 000 000 2 400 000 2 550 000 2 550 000 2 200 000 1h
Colombia 700 1 000 900 950 980 2n
DPR Korea 35 000 33 000 30 000 28 000 26 000 2n
Egypt 300 280 140 120 143 1a
France 110 800 106 600 110 000 100 000 80 000 2n
Germany, Federal Rep. 32 448 23 868 30 641 28 260 31 124 1a
India 19 926 18 000 3 966 2 000 2 000 2n
Iran 20 000 6 200 6 800 18 218 18 500 2a
Italy 126 530 105 794 104 188 46 916 40 000 2n
Kazakhstan 80 000 85 000 90 000 85 000 83 000 2n
Kenya 83 000 68 700 60 854 93 602 100 102 1h
Mexico 523 971 552 839 598 043 557 106 635 230 1e
- 108 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Mongolia 127 600 135 000 171 000 170 000 168 000 2n
Morocco 100 000 103 800 105 000 83 100 77 800 1e
Namibia 32 285 23 208 42 139 57 700 66 128 1h
Pakistan 816 160 2 647 2 800 990 1h
Russia 137 500 137 500 250 000 200 000 336 000 2n
South Africa, Rep. of 202 018 206 765 228 600 217 500 212 709 1a
Spain 117 000 120 000 135 000 142 000 135 000 1e
Thailand 17 247 7 826 3 743 13 005 4 745 1h
Tunisia 1 000 2 000 1 000 1 000 950 2n
Turkey 4 828 5 000 5 034 4 812 4 113 1a
United Kingdom 65 000 67 000 65 000 40 000 36 000 2h
United States 27 900 20 000 10 000 10 000 9 000 2n
Uzbekistan 80 000 90 000 95 000 93 000 92 000 2n
Total 4 030 035 4 404 499 4 777 495 4 591 289 4 392 614
Graphite
C o u n t r y 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Rem
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
Austria 33 122 12 582 10 738 2 635 669 1e
Brazil 32 000 31 190 30 000 29 000 27 000 2n
Canada 20 000 22 000 22 000 21 000 15 000 2n
China 350 000 250 000 300 000 250 000 240 000 2n
Czech Republic 30 000 25 000 28 000 22 000 23 000 1e
DPR Korea 30 000 30 000 28 000 25 000 22 000 2n
Germany, Federal Rep. 2 603 1 030 1 200 3 891 3 414 1a
India 117 527 100 000 131 822 150 000 170 000 2n
Korea, Republic of 3 500 3 200 3 000 0 0 1e
Madagascar 11 295 15 397 18 690 14 516 14 000 2n
Mexico 40 412 47 982 43 481 27 781 30 330 1e
Norway 7 065 7 713 8 271 7 400 8 392 1a
Romania 2 930 2 000 1 951 1 041 1 251 1e
Russia 7 000 6 800 6 500 6 300 6 100 2n
Sri Lanka 4 000 4 613 5 260 3 500 5 902 1a
Sweden 500 1 470 3 277 4 144 5 108 1e
Tanzania 200 250 250 230 220 2n
Turkey 20 000 19 000 18 000 17 000 16 000 2n
Ukraine 5 000 4 800 4 500 4 300 4 200 2n
Viet Nam 300 200 200 150 140 2n
Zimbabwe 7 691 12 779 13 806 12 321 11 838 1h
Total 725 145 598 006 678 946 602 209 604 564
Guano
C o u n t r y 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Rem
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
Philippines 50 20 25 20 19 2n
Seychellen 900 900 800 750 720 2n
Total 950 920 825 770 739
- 109 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Gypsum and Anhydrite
C o u n t r y 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Rem
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
Abu Dhabi (UAE) 30 000 25 000 23 000 20 000 18 000 2n
Afghanistan 95 000 74 000 90 000 100 000 150 000 1a
Albania 2 108 2 000 1 500 3 499 4 000 2n
Algeria 240 000 230 000 200 000 190 000 180 000 2n
Angola 35 000 30 000 27 000 25 000 23 000 2n
Argentina 633 121 712 935 550 556 633 100 712 000 2h
Australia 2 100 000 2 000 000 2 200 000 2 200 000 2 300 000 2n
Austria 996 387 975 738 961 400 999 204 946 044 1e
Azerbaijan 50 000 45 000 43 000 21 000 20 000 2n
Bhutan 66 602 67 000 67 000 68 000 68 500 2n
Bolivia 192 20 0 72 100 2n
Brazil 1 200 000 1 395 664 1 220 000 1 530 000 1 700 000 2h
Bulgaria 168 948 156 263 183 929 148 700 169 600 1h
Canada 8 468 000 8 502 600 8 095 000 9 345 000 8 548 000 2e
Chile 520 089 398 354 780 676 886 294 375 847 1e
China 7 500 000 7 300 000 7 900 000 8 100 000 6 800 000 1h
Colombia 522 236 565 000 700 000 750 000 780 000 2n
Croatia 87 000 80 000 105 000 167 000 130 000 1a
Cyprus 94 000 236 200 350 000 181 446 138 100 1e
Czech Republic 443 000 241 000 222 000 136 000 82 000 1e
Dominican Republic 86 848 86 000 87 000 88 000 90 000 2n
Ecuador 2 038 1 510 2 378 3 000 1 043 1a
Egypt 2 500 000 2 030 000 2 423 188 2 000 000 2 229 324 1a
Eritrea 25 29 564 960 980 2n
Ethiopia 40 000 35 000 33 000 37 798 38 000 2n
France 4 550 000 4 500 000 4 300 000 4 200 000 4 000 000 2n
Germany, Federal Rep. 2 585 383 2 482 720 2 499 169 3 032 115 2 601 086 1a
Greece 546 344 662 646 554 998 686 416 801 025 1e
Guatemala 27 761 50 000 100 000 170 000 212 109 2a
Honduras 30 000 25 000 23 000 22 000 21 500 2n
Hungary 185 000 192 000 185 000 203 000 251 000 2a
India 2 096 338 2 200 000 2 326 876 2 500 000 2 200 000 1h
Indonesia 2 430 0 1 730 0 0 1e
Iran 8 750 000 8 900 000 9 750 000 10 790 918 10 700 000 2a
Iraq 400 000 420 000 430 000 450 000 480 000 2n
Ireland 423 000 477 000 500 000 500 000 500 000 2a
Israel 75 000 90 000 56 000 50 000 50 000 1h
Italy 1 200 000 1 210 718 1 232 535 1 382 709 1 300 000 1h
Jamaica 251 000 132 000 200 000 220 000 240 000 2n
Jordan 120 810 114 500 110 000 100 000 157 869 1a
Kenya 900 900 700 600 580 2n
Laos 75 000 115 000 104 250 100 000 147 719 1a
Latvia 63 888 60 905 93 611 65 000 126 570 1a
Lebanon 1 800 1 500 1 300 1 200 1 100 2n
Libya 180 000 190 000 200 000 180 000 196 000 1a
Mauritania 12 500 5 460 18 795 18 800 18 900 2n
Mexico 3 758 900 4 216 300 3 993 305 3 799 419 3 558 118 1e
Moldavia 12 700 13 000 19 080 17 440 20 200 1a
Mongolia 20 000 20 000 18 000 17 000 16 000 2n
Myanmar 28 599 40 642 40 234 43 102 52 573 1h
Nicaragua 20 242 15 820 12 000 11 000 10 500 2n
- 110 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Niger 1 897 2 000 2 200 1 502 1 400 2n
Oman 113 137 77 971 165 000 180 130 185 000 2n
Pakistan 416 000 412 196 254 410 273 236 377 000 1h
Paraguay 7 500 6 500 6 300 6 000 5 900 2n
Peru 65 446 64 863 71 018 75 000 76 000 2n
Poland 1 082 000 1 039 000 1 000 000 1 000 000 1 239 000 1a
Portugal 540 000 520 000 570 000 569 519 567 000 2a
Russia 700 000 650 000 600 000 580 000 550 000 2n
Saudi Arabia 429 200 406 954 1 112 751 986 495 1 208 071 1a
Slovakia 0 116 000 128 000 117 000 125 000 1a
Somalia 900 800 700 650 620 2n
South Africa, Rep. of 340 688 365 279 485 700 505 400 413 000 1a
Spain 7 900 000 8 300 000 9 250 000 9 450 000 9 500 000 2n
Sudan 2 000 9 212 15 000 11 144 13 808 1a
Switzerland 312 940 293 828 274 300 298 700 135 800 1a
Syria 358 438 329 910 290 355 295 000 333 260 1a
Tajikistan 250 000 230 000 200 000 190 000 185 000 1h
Thailand 9 251 580 8 557 000 4 333 804 5 005 173 5 860 326 1h
Tunisia 180 000 160 000 150 000 155 000 160 000 2n
Turkey 679 595 784 662 351 557 242 960 230 000 2n
Turkmenistan 169 577 137 400 130 000 128 000 125 000 2n
Uganda 0 0 142 256 300 2h
United Kingdom 2 000 000 2 000 000 2 000 000 1 800 000 1 500 000 2h
United States 17 500 000 17 000 000 18 500 000 22 400 000 25 000 000 1a
Uruguay 95 000 90 000 85 000 82 000 80 000 2n
Venezuela 30 149 80 000 72 000 41 504 65 000 2n
Viet Nam 22 000 20 000 18 000 16 000 15 000 2n
Yemen, Republic of 70 000 65 000 63 000 60 000 59 000 2n
Yugoslavia 44 257 32 124 35 000 37 000 38 000 2n
Total 93 860 493 93 076 123 93 201 011 100 702 461 101 215 872
Kaolin
C o u n t r y 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Rem
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
Albania 1 300 1 200 1 100 1 000 980 2n
Algeria 23 417 18 533 13 600 16 800 17 000 2n
Argentina 64 241 65 000 66 000 67 000 68 000 2n
Australia 190 000 170 000 220 000 230 000 240 000 2n
Austria 189 235 266 058 298 110 152 457 118 508 1e
Bangladesh 3 500 3 800 3 700 3 500 3 300 2n
Belgium 18 000 15 000 13 000 14 221 14 500 2n
Brazil 1 110 000 1 280 000 1 380 000 1 520 000 1 600 000 2n
Bulgaria 188 795 158 185 151 451 150 000 140 000 2n
Burundi 4 000 3 500 3 200 3 000 2 800 2n
Chile 13 452 14 238 11 530 4 361 6 445 1e
China 950 000 970 000 1 000 000 1 300 000 1 400 000 2n
Colombia 900 000 800 000 700 000 680 000 660 000 2n
Cuba 5 500 11 500 13 000 13 500 13 600 2n
Czech Republic 545 610 581 490 594 555 1 010 685 1 086 735 1e
Ecuador 8 654 7 346 7 000 8 000 11 022 1a
Egypt 293 381 258 725 285 497 260 000 225 943 1a
Eritrea 1 000 1 946 1 587 1 256 1 200 2n
Ethiopia 1 438 3 512 2 400 1 654 1 600 2n
- 111 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
France 326 000 332 000 330 000 320 000 325 000 1h
Germany, Federal Rep. 1 794 352 1 794 501 3 360 563 3 542 945 3 655 110 1a
Greece 60 453 56 459 46 388 64 931 54 226 1e
Guatemala 109 110 115 60 77 2a
Hungary 3 000 3 000 9 500 3 000 2 600 1a
India 685 675 530 000 708 503 760 000 520 000 1h
Indonesia 49 744 49 000 30 036 30 000 25 000 2n
Iran 470 000 860 000 1 050 000 858 510 860 000 2a
Italy 126 000 180 570 0 0 0 1a
Japan 141 230 110 915 83 257 90 000 53 092 1a
Jordan 37 832 34 550 34 000 33 500 36 795 1a
Kenya 300 200 150 130 120 2n
Korea, Republic of 500 000 480 000 393 736 380 000 390 000 1h
Madagascar 650 600 378 300 500 2n
Malaysia 209 562 187 411 176 521 213 035 168 000 2n
Mexico 165 000 160 000 155 000 130 000 120 000 2n
New Zealand 26 000 26 000 26 000 26 000 26 200 2n
Nigeria 150 100 80 70 68 2n
Pakistan 0 74 965 72 262 65 794 49 570 1h
Paraguay 75 000 80 000 100 000 150 000 170 000 2n
Peru 14 295 7 875 4 968 4 000 3 800 2n
Philippines 3 000 1 440 2 000 5 465 6 000 2n
Poland 56 200 70 000 70 000 70 000 68 000 2n
Portugal 165 000 97 000 216 000 221 296 135 500 2a
Romania 32 000 28 000 24 742 25 496 20 188 1e
Russia 1 500 000 1 500 000 1 400 000 1 500 000 1 600 000 2n
Saudi Arabia 7 000 6 700 7 100 7 500 7 500 1a
Slovakia 17 000 24 500 22 000 22 930 21 170 1a
South Africa, Rep. of 146 496 120 148 101 300 123 200 91 119 1a
Spain 318 000 296 000 310 000 320 000 450 000 1e
Sri Lanka 4 000 7 562 13 172 13 500 12 230 1a
Taiwan 102 000 100 000 0 0 0 1h
Tanzania 1 332 1 000 1 200 1 500 1 600 2n
Thailand 553 770 296 510 248 461 113 005 507 974 1h
Turkey 300 000 477 383 403 733 449 454 595 415 1a
Uganda 0 0 100 000 197 140 92 000 1a
United Kingdom 2 281 000 2 400 000 2 400 000 2 303 602 2 100 000 1h
United States 9 121 220 8 990 000 9 450 000 9 160 609 8 291 018 1a
Venezuela 8 472 9 000 10 000 11 786 19 434 1a
Viet Nam 600 500 450 350 300 2n
Yugoslavia 60 000 60 000 60 000 63 000 64 000 2n
Total 23 873 965 24 084 032 26 187 345 26 719 542 26 155 239
Magnesite
C o u n t r y 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Rem
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
Australia 180 083 333 668 360 787 341 067 349 933 2e
Austria 710 620 790 297 722 876 748 635 725 832 1e
Brazil 302 700 294 629 292 000 208 800 300 000 2h
Canada 200 000 150 000 200 000 200 000 270 000 1h
China 2 200 000 2 400 000 2 400 000 2 200 000 2 500 000 1h
Colombia 9 000 8 500 7 500 7 300 7 100 2n
- 112 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
DPR Korea 1 600 000 1 700 000 800 000 800 000 650 000 1h
Greece 662 346 623 030 698 049 495 144 492 780 1e
India 373 000 375 000 350 755 345 000 340 000 2n
Iran 50 000 105 000 120 000 141 081 140 000 2a
Pakistan 4 100 4 130 1 082 2 100 3 610 1h
Poland 21 000 30 000 32 000 34 000 54 830 1a
Russia 1 300 000 1 500 000 2 000 000 2 400 000 2 500 000 1h
Slovakia 825 000 868 000 877 800 917 700 1 000 700 1a
South Africa, Rep. of 71 358 76 699 74 300 63 700 97 446 1a
Spain 199 000 171 000 170 000 211 000 160 000 1h
Turkey 2 341 922 1 119 103 2 703 720 2 146 127 2 672 089 1a
Yugoslavia 89 000 98 000 85 000 82 000 80 000 2n
Zimbabwe 10 659 13 050 4 321 5 356 5 800 2n
Total 11 149 788 10 660 106 11 900 190 11 349 010 12 350 120
Perlite
C o u n t r y 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Rem
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
Argentina 21 547 27 578 21 495 20 000 19 800 2n
Armenia 6 000 6 000 10 000 40 000 40 000 1h
Australia 3 500 3 400 3 200 3 000 2 800 2n
Greece 598 640 695 917 658 332 777 898 817 825 1e
Hungary 104 300 151 800 148 500 141 000 151 000 1a
Iran 1 000 3 500 3 800 2 100 5 400 2a
Japan 200 000 288 000 250 000 260 000 260 000 1h
Mexico 37 417 35 000 36 000 38 000 39 000 2n
New Zealand 1 880 1 900 2 000 1 900 1 800 2n
Philippines 20 000 25 941 6 356 10 235 11 000 2h
Russia 90 000 80 000 70 000 65 000 63 000 2n
Slovakia 27 000 25 000 24 000 19 200 16 700 1a
South Africa, Rep. of 682 650 630 600 590 2n
Turkey 175 000 134 349 124 312 147 818 149 426 1a
United States 648 396 703 000 685 000 711 000 625 250 1a
Total 1 935 362 2 182 035 2 043 625 2 237 751 2 203 591
Phosphate
C o u n t r y 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Rem
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
Algeria 357 340 361 420 442 000 372 640 297 840 1h
Australia 1 864 1 970 1 855 1 670 1 500 2n
Brazil 1 298 800 1 510 000 1 502 800 1 462 000 1 598 000 2h
Burkina Faso 250 200 180 170 160 2n
Cambodia 1 000 1 000 1 000 1 000 0
Chile 2 000 1 800 3 917 2 167 1 573 1e
China 31 040 200 30 365 000 30 980 000 30 754 000 31 000 000 2h
Christmas Island 163 200 164 000 207 120 218 560 180 800 1h
Colombia 14 200 13 000 15 000 15 500 15 600 2n
DPR Korea 200 000 220 000 155 000 140 000 120 000 2h
- 113 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Egypt 250 000 364 650 269 989 259 590 330 258 1a
Finland 667 196 689 053 700 000 734 068 750 000 2n
India 351 000 245 430 398 862 438 210 445 500 1h
Indonesia 505 533 752 800 850 2n
Iran 0 0 0 171 640 170 000 2a
Iraq 465 000 466 000 495 000 390 000 415 000 1h
Israel 2 322 000 2 708 000 2 940 000 2 287 500 1 080 000 1h
Jordan 1 713 618 1 945 542 1 861 440 1 850 000 1 910 391 1a
Kazakhstan 900 000 500 000 450 000 420 000 400 000 2n
Mexico 218 265 228 372 242 032 304 208 336 789 1e
Morocco 20 855 000 23 084 000 22 644 000 22 163 000 21 459 000 1e
Nauru 193 800 190 000 185 060 272 840 191 520 1h
Pakistan 15 000 16 000 10 000 5 000 4 800 2n
Peru 18 000 17 000 46 821 50 000 52 000 2n
Philippines 4 000 4 800 7 506 1 000 900 2n
Russia 1 081 500 1 080 000 1 425 000 1 500 000 1 550 000 2n
Senegal 628 140 593 560 589 000 700 878 685 900 1h
South Africa, Rep. of 2 790 000 2 732 000 2 700 000 2 957 000 3 196 458 1a
Sri Lanka 12 500 9 768 12 784 20 000 34 443 1a
Syria 656 352 741 173 748 236 638 017 648 834 1a
Tanzania 717 800 850 900 930 2n
Thailand 3 528 3 818 3 029 3 880 3 260 1h
Togo 1 013 600 983 554 850 700 620 830 495 940 1h
Tunisia 1 287 180 1 357 380 1 430 280 1 441 080 1 494 180 1a
United States 13 000 000 14 000 000 12 900 000 11 767 000 11 200 000 1a
Venezuela 60 900 87 300 96 600 109 800 109 900 1a
Viet Nam 160 000 180 000 200 000 221 760 200 320 1h
Zimbabwe 36 789 31 687 27 430 25 429 33 004 1h
Total 81 783 444 84 898 810 84 544 243 82 322 137 80 415 650
Potash
C o u n t r y 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Rem
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
Azerbaijan 50 000 50 000 45 000 43 000 40 000 2n
Belorussia 4 600 000 4 048 000 4 181 000 3 600 000 3 372 000 1e
Brazil 235 000 280 164 326 000 348 200 336 000 2h
Cambodia 0 0 0 0 1 100 2n
Canada 8 050 000 9 301 000 8 969 000 8 475 000 9 107 000 2e
Chile 112 770 148 050 151 200 115 000 105 000 2n
China 80 000 100 000 150 000 195 000 200 000 2h
France 812 000 780 000 450 000 350 000 340 000 1h
Germany, Federal Rep. 3 331 790 3 420 601 3 580 350 3 543 360 3 407 467 1a
Israel 1 520 120 1 525 000 1 745 210 1 114 560 1 000 000 2n
Jordan 1 068 000 849 405 910 200 1 080 000 1 161 593 1a
Russia 2 700 000 3 400 000 3 500 000 4 050 000 3 680 000 2h
Spain 680 000 639 000 597 000 656 000 653 000 1e
Ukraine 100 000 100 000 60 000 55 000 53 000 2n
United Kingdom 650 663 696 968 640 544 520 520 631 700 2h
United States 1 390 000 1 430 000 1 300 000 1 300 000 1 300 000 1a
Total 25 380 343 26 768 188 26 605 504 25 445 640 25 387 860
- 114 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Salt
C o u n t r y 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Rem
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
Abu Dhabi (UAE) 38 000 35 000 30 000 28 000 26 000 2n
Afghanistan 28 000 31 500 38 000 50 000 70 000 1a
Albania 35 000 22 732 22 000 20 000 18 000 2n
Algeria 220 000 137 310 172 000 163 700 160 000 2n
Angola 30 000 28 000 25 000 23 000 20 000 2n
Argentina 1 096 321 1 100 000 1 200 000 1 250 000 1 300 000 2n
Armenia 26 400 26 500 24 911 24 000 23 800 2n
Australia 7 905 000 9 043 000 9 203 000 9 877 000 8 798 000 2e
Austria 776 041 704 764 735 468 809 071 940 176 1e
Azerbaijan 25 000 23 000 25 400 29 800 32 000 2n
Bahamas 800 000 750 000 730 000 720 000 710 000 2n
Bangladesh 620 000 600 000 580 000 250 000 540 000 2n
Belorussia 290 000 235 000 290 000 300 000 310 704 1e
Benin 80 70 70 75 76 2n
Bolivia 273 869 720 688 327 1a
Botswana 180 000 184 533 214 700 230 000 233 000 1a
Brazil 5 500 000 6 516 000 7 000 000 7 100 000 7 000 000 1h
Bulgaria 100 000 85 000 73 742 70 000 69 747 1a
Cambodia 35 000 36 000 40 000 50 000 50 000 2n
Canada 12 126 000 13 264 300 13 192 000 12 686 000 11 935 000 2e
Cape Verde 1 000 1 000 900 850 840 2n
Chile 4 042 796 5 488 135 6 207 266 6 800 000 6 900 000 2n
China 28 990 000 29 280 600 22 420 000 28 120 000 31 280 000 1h
Colombia 320 000 373 000 496 103 461 366 450 000 2n
Costa Rica 25 000 20 000 18 000 17 000 16 500 2n
Croatia 17 500 16 600 24 000 18 673 22 000 1a
Cuba 159 800 166 300 175 000 177 000 179 000 2n
DPR Korea 480 000 460 000 450 000 430 000 410 000 2n
Denmark 590 000 540 000 455 295 548 000 580 000 2n
Dominican Republic 10 000 9 000 8 500 8 300 8 200 2n
Egypt 2 000 000 1 530 000 2 487 645 3 000 000 4 101 804 1a
El Salvador 21 500 21 000 20 500 20 300 20 000 2n
Eritrea 300 000 252 076 114 136 100 000 95 000 2n
Ethiopia 150 000 100 000 90 000 85 000 83 000 2n
France 7 074 000 8 112 000 5 900 000 5 900 000 6 200 000 1h
Germany, Federal Rep. 15 943 040 15 656 728 14 139 000 16 703 000 15 054 000 1a
Ghana 40 000 35 000 30 000 25 000 24 000 2n
Greece 138 239 173 889 208 000 176 867 244 709 1e
Guatemala 80 000 75 000 73 000 72 000 74 000 2n
Honduras 30 000 28 000 25 000 27 991 29 000 2n
India 9 500 000 9 300 000 9 000 000 9 500 000 14 500 000 1h
Indonesia 500 000 400 000 300 000 250 000 230 000 2n
Iran 1 000 000 1 180 000 1 450 000 1 668 790 1 560 000 2a
Iraq 240 000 250 000 260 000 270 000 280 000 2n
Israel 765 000 750 000 700 000 700 000 680 000 2n
Italy 3 000 000 3 594 549 3 240 000 3 338 162 3 500 000 2n
Jamaica 14 500 15 000 15 500 15 800 16 000 2n
Japan 1 400 000 1 420 000 1 000 000 950 000 930 000 2n
Jordan 80 000 80 000 263 365 400 000 305 170 1a
Kenya 72 000 71 400 21 742 44 886 16 359 1h
Kuwait 36 000 36 000 35 000 34 800 34 500 2n
- 115 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Laos 7 000 7 500 3 453 3 200 2 436 1a
Lebanon 2 500 2 000 1 800 1 700 1 600 2n
Libya 28 000 27 000 30 000 25 000 14 411 1a
Madagascar 45 000 40 000 38 000 35 000 34 000 2n
Malta 150 130 120 100 100 2n
Mexico 8 508 148 7 932 772 8 412 063 8 235 621 8 884 370 1e
Mongolia 17 000 16 000 15 000 14 500 14 300 2n
Morocco 165 393 257 500 107 604 156 158 147 960 1e
Mozambique 35 000 30 000 25 000 24 000 22 000 2n
Myanmar 230 000 200 000 180 000 170 000 165 000 2n
Namibia 378 860 485 414 496 113 489 330 514 077 1h
Nepal 6 6 1 0 1 1a
Netherlands 4 800 000 5 601 000 5 600 000 5 400 000 5 564 000 1a
New Zealand 75 000 70 000 68 000 65 000 64 000 2n
Nicaragua 16 000 15 000 14 000 12 000 11 000 2n
Niger 2 000 1 800 1 600 2 000 2 200 2n
Oman 12 429 10 069 13 778 11 230 11 000 2n
Pakistan 966 000 1 058 653 1 115 763 1 250 000 1 313 000 1h
Panama 28 000 29 763 25 266 25 000 24 800 2n
Peru 145 000 79 492 220 310 250 000 260 000 2n
Philippines 620 000 686 514 700 000 704 347 589 528 1e
Poland 3 099 000 2 964 000 4 005 000 4 128 000 3 159 000 1a
Portugal 604 396 595 997 597 065 558 807 584 516 1a
Puerto Rico 37 000 36 500 36 000 36 000 35 000 2n
Romania 2 688 900 2 800 000 2 200 037 2 196 759 2 307 482 1e
Russia 2 000 000 1 600 000 1 500 000 1 400 000 1 300 000 2n
Saudi Arabia 128 000 155 575 104 347 132 905 353 974 1a
Senegal 57 000 50 000 60 000 65 000 68 000 2n
Slovakia 103 200 97 000 102 200 99 900 99 400 1a
Somalia 3 500 3 000 2 700 2 500 2 300 2n
South Africa, Rep. of 248 110 320 000 356 100 388 400 346 138 1a
Spain 3 494 000 3 548 000 3 699 000 3 750 000 5 500 000 1h
Sri Lanka 125 000 126 000 126 000 130 000 70 107 1a
Sudan 60 000 60 000 80 000 117 148 86 599 1a
Switzerland 464 000 415 400 400 900 540 800 310 000 2n
Syria 72 415 66 975 78 757 72 710 106 130 1a
Taiwan 410 000 420 000 300 000 250 000 230 000 2n
Tanzania 86 700 85 000 82 000 80 000 78 000 2n
Thailand 529 674 555 000 546 096 540 000 792 250 1h
Tunisia 557 000 437 000 466 000 455 000 620 000 1a
Turkey 2 012 000 2 500 000 2 169 626 2 146 127 2 126 371 1a
Turkmenistan 15 000 30 000 35 000 38 000 39 000 2n
Uganda 3 000 2 500 2 000 1 800 1 700 1h
Ukraine 3 000 000 2 800 000 2 500 000 2 300 000 2 000 000 2n
United Kingdom 7 012 000 6 600 000 5 500 000 5 700 000 5 900 000 2h
United States 42 200 000 41 400 000 40 763 000 44 926 000 45 300 000 1h
Venezuela 460 000 450 000 430 000 420 000 400 000 2n
Viet Nam 450 000 400 000 350 000 330 000 320 000 2n
Yemen, Republic of 150 000 130 000 125 000 123 000 120 000 2n
Yugoslavia 15 000 20 000 18 000 16 000 15 000 2n
Total 193 017 871 197 477 415 186 927 662 201 364 161 209 971 662
- 116 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Sulfur
C o u n t r y 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Rem
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
Abu Dhabi (UAE) 80 000 80 000 75 000 73 000 70 000 2n
Albania 1 500 1 300 1 200 1 100 1 000 2n
Algeria 26 000 25 000 24 500 24 000 23 800 2n
Australia 400 000 350 000 330 000 300 000 280 000 2n
Austria 3 122 11 098 10 045 9 468 9 646 1e
Bahrain 40 000 40 000 41 000 41 500 41 800 2n
Bolivia 0 0 0 7 29 1a
Brazil 230 000 234 707 460 000 480 000 490 000 1h
Bulgaria 26 624 25 033 21 535 20 000 18 000 2n
Canada 8 131 000 8 502 600 8 410 000 8 656 000 8 515 000 2e
China 5 470 000 6 000 000 6 000 000 5 000 000 5 000 000 1h
Colombia 49 400 53 541 55 000 55 500 55 700 2n
Congo,D.R. 0 0 0 4 500 4 300 2n
DPR Korea 140 000 130 000 120 000 110 000 100 000 2n
Ecuador 13 000 12 500 12 000 11 500 11 300 2n
Egypt 7 000 6 500 6 300 6 000 5 800 2n
Finland 440 037 374 736 389 920 415 802 414 371 1e
France 989 700 960 000 820 000 820 000 800 000 1h
Germany, Federal Rep. 1 000 689 1 085 306 1 089 771 1 134 934 1 099 688 1a
Greece 26 445 15 440 15 000 14 500 14 300 2n
India 14 000 13 000 12 143 12 000 11 800 2n
Indonesia 3 165 9 177 10 000 11 000 11 500 2n
Iran 1 300 000 1 120 000 1 200 000 1 300 000 1 600 000 2a
Iraq 475 000 475 000 450 000 430 000 420 000 2n
Italy 250 000 200 000 180 000 170 000 160 000 2n
Japan 1 500 000 633 369 544 904 520 000 500 000 2n
Kazakhstan 97 000 100 000 120 000 130 000 140 000 2n
Kuwait 605 963 600 000 580 000 550 000 530 000 2n
Libya 22 000 24 000 22 000 23 000 24 400 2n
Mexico 921 349 923 352 912 826 855 484 851 427 1e
Namibia 45 338 46 476 47 000 48 000 48 200 2n
Norway 42 900 42 500 42 300 42 100 42 000 2n
Pakistan 500 210 200 180 160 2n
Peru 60 000 55 000 40 000 35 000 33 000 2n
Poland 1 744 000 2 079 000 1 384 000 1 096 000 1 480 000 1a
Qatar 53 000 50 000 47 000 46 000 45 500 2n
Romania 120 000 110 000 100 000 90 000 85 000 2n
Russia 2 500 000 3 000 000 3 670 000 4 000 000 4 100 000 2n
Saudi Arabia 1 500 000 1 600 000 1 500 000 1 800 000 2 000 000 2d
South Africa, Rep. of 476 235 466 192 451 900 409 000 471 735 1a
Spain 600 000 700 000 750 000 760 000 770 000 2n
Syria 15 000 0 0 0 0 1a
Taiwan 152 000 153 000 184 324 190 000 195 000 2n
Turkey 90 000 80 000 70 000 75 000 76 000 2n
Turkmenistan 100 000 150 000 170 000 175 000 178 000 2n
Ukraine 170 000 100 000 97 000 95 000 93 000 2n
United Kingdom 200 000 150 000 130 000 136 000 100 000 2n
United States 11 979 000 11 900 000 10 020 000 9 800 000 9 400 000 1h
- 117 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Venezuela 140 000 130 000 120 000 110 000 100 000 2n
Yugoslavia 80 000 100 000 90 000 85 000 82 000 2n
Zaire 7 000 6 000 5 000 0 0
Zambia 25 000 22 000 28 956 29 000 30 000 2n
Zimbabwe 30 000 25 000 23 000 22 000 21 000 2n
Total 42 392 967 42 971 037 40 883 824 40 222 575 40 554 456
Talc
C o u n t r y 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Rem
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
Argentina 11 777 11 000 10 000 9 500 9 300 2n
Australia 165 000 160 000 158 000 155 000 150 000 2n
Austria 152 645 141 984 137 114 129 576 133 060 1e
Brazil 470 000 452 000 450 000 430 000 410 000 2n
Canada 75 000 70 000 74 000 79 000 86 000 2e
Chile 4 276 3 986 3 772 2 231 2 421 1e
China 2 500 000 2 350 000 3 400 000 3 500 000 3 370 000 1h
Colombia 14 800 15 000 15 500 15 700 15 800 2n
DPR Korea 110 000 120 000 100 000 90 000 85 000 2n
Egypt 3 500 3 200 3 972 4 200 3 343 1a
Finland 418 592 437 066 498 152 508 770 501 853 1e
France 322 300 335 000 360 000 370 000 380 000 1h
Germany, Federal Rep. 10 005 8 819 15 473 14 263 17 377 1a
Greece 180 0 0 2 860 2 300 1e
Guatemala 694 650 948 960 1 000 2n
Hungary 1 700 1 500 1 400 1 300 1 200 2n
India 462 152 600 000 456 187 450 000 440 000 2n
Iran 25 000 24 300 28 500 18 387 8 500 2a
Italy 168 000 140 816 134 000 123 503 120 000 2n
Japan 659 904 620 000 600 000 580 000 560 000 2n
Korea, Republic of 730 000 820 000 868 020 880 000 917 972 1e
Macedonia 14 500 15 000 10 000 9 000 9 000 2n
Mexico 10 100 13 586 18 842 18 980 20 569 1e
Morocco 0 0 3 320 2 980 0
Nepal 2 300 6 500 6 157 6 000 5 852 1a
Norway 28 140 30 475 21 000 20 000 18 000 2n
Peru 25 000 25 000 20 000 18 000 17 500 2n
Portugal 8 277 7 831 9 752 6 554 17 761 1a
Romania 10 250 10 400 8 133 9 039 7 850 1e
Russia 280 000 250 000 230 000 220 000 210 000 2n
Slovakia 26 200 26 000 21 200 21 000 18 000 1a
South Africa, Rep. of 18 537 23 184 22 832 17 900 5 600 1a
Spain 362 000 380 000 385 000 250 000 121 000 1e
Sweden 30 000 25 000 24 000 19 000 20 000 1e
Taiwan 3 800 4 500 7 750 8 000 8 300 2n
Thailand 71 668 30 500 21 720 4 960 7 390 1h
Turkey 3 000 3 200 3 700 4 000 4 200 2n
United Kingdom 5 000 6 000 5 000 6 256 4 800 2n
United States 994 314 1 060 000 971 000 925 000 469 544 1a
Uruguay 800 914 1 700 2 904 3 000 2n
Zambia 380 350 300 300 280 2n
Zimbabwe 1 076 1 023 1 039 1 081 2 000 2n
Total 8 200 867 8 234 784 9 107 483 8 936 204 8 185 772
- 118 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Vermiculite
C o u n t r y 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Rem
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
Australia 5 000 9 000 12 000 20 000 22 000 2n
Brazil 42 000 23 000 20 500 40 000 45 000 2n
Egypt 483 447 420 400 1 397 1a
India 1 300 1 200 4 035 4 500 4 800 2n
Japan 10 000 10 000 8 000 7 000 6 500 2n
Kenya 734 1 418 353 164 124 1h
Mexico 225 350 360 380 400 2n
Russia 40 000 35 000 30 000 28 000 27 000 2n
South Africa, Rep. of 186 082 211 001 221 300 217 800 208 835 1a
Ukraine 0 0 50 000 55 000 57 000 2n
United States 170 000 150 000 180 000 175 456 175 000 2d
Zimbabwe 10 249 14 841 14 804 12 844 12 400 2n
Total 466 073 456 257 541 772 561 544 560 456
Zirconium
C o u n t r y 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Rem
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
Australia 462 000 427 000 393 000 372 000 373 000 2e
Brazil 17 000 16 000 15 000 14 000 13 000 2n
China 15 000 15 000 13 000 12 000 14 000 2n
India 18 000 21 000 20 000 20 000 19 000 2n
Malaysia 4 511 5 000 3 057 1 763 5 250 2n
South Africa, Rep. of 346 500 265 000 260 000 217 820 367 552 1a
Sri Lanka 20 000 12 450 8 814 8 500 1 200 1a
Thailand 5 10 0 0 50 1h
Ukraine 65 000 55 000 50 000 30 000 32 000 2n
United States 100 000 80 000 70 000 65 000 100 000 2d
Total 1 048 016 896 460 832 871 741 083 925 052
- 119 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
6.4.5 Mineral Fuels
Energierohstoffe
Hard Coal
C o u n t r y 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Rem
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
Afghanistan 180 000 98 000 105 000 120 000 135 000 1a
Argentina 240 000 240 000 240 000 280 000 300 000 1h
Australia 206 000 000 222 000 000 287 970 000 236 560 000 244 000 000 2e
Bhutan 63 865 64 000 63 000 62 000 61 000 2n
Botswana 860 000 776 917 928 100 950 000 945 000 1a
Brazil 5 400 000 5 600 000 5 560 000 5 720 000 6 790 000 2h
Bulgaria 18 805 14 198 13 192 17 200 17 500 2n
Canada 66 000 000 68 470 000 63 590 000 62 310 000 60 149 000 2e
Chile 1 444 100 1 413 000 1 250 000 1 015 208 1 012 578 1e
China 1 400 000 000 1 360 000 000 1 285 500 000 1 050 000 000 880 000 000 1h
Colombia 30 065 000 32 592 000 34 000 000 32 754 000 38 142 000 2h
Croatia 64 000 48 500 51 000 14 600 0 1a
Czech Republic 16 394 000 16 038 000 15 863 000 14 419 000 14 855 000 1e
DPR Korea 43 300 000 60 000 000 66 500 000 67 200 000 67 200 000 2h
Egypt 1 000 1 200 1 400 1 500 1 800 2n
France 7 312 000 6 120 000 5 300 000 4 033 000 3 166 000 1e
Georgia 50 000 4 600 14 700 12 000 7 300 1e
Germany, Federal Rep. 48 196 510 46 789 987 41 639 952 39 531 000 37 376 000 2n
Hungary 963 000 925 000 877 028 740 000 744 000 1a
India 288 208 000 295 900 000 293 565 000 292 300 000 280 000 000 1h
Indonesia 50 332 047 55 982 040 58 504 660 62 108 239 76 465 000 1h
Iran 1 840 000 1 750 000 1 810 000 1 507 906 1 815 000 2a
Italy 4 787 0 0 0 0 1a
Japan 6 480 000 4 274 000 3 663 000 2 600 000 3 126 000 1a
Kazakhstan 76 600 000 69 600 000 65 700 000 56 200 000 72 429 500 1e
Korea, Republic of 5 100 000 4 500 000 4 361 000 4 197 000 4 150 000 1e
Kyrgystan 800 000 500 000 400 000 415 000 419 400 1e
Laos 3 800 4 000 8 773 15 000 21 997 1a
Malawi 71 153 63 000 54 200 43 800 34 300 1h
Malaysia 73 747 105 231 349 849 308 502 382 942 1h
Mexico 8 779 518 8 509 976 7 632 227 8 764 835 8 230 115 1e
Morocco 505 600 376 300 269 100 129 200 28 725 1e
Mozambique 35 000 35 000 40 000 45 000 46 000 2n
New Zealand 3 509 334 3 500 000 3 100 000 3 500 000 3 600 000 2h
Niger 182 022 150 000 150 000 168 466 158 200 1h
Nigeria 90 000 90 000 90 000 85 000 83 000 2n
Norway 229 636 386 440 328 169 404 000 631 926 1a
Pakistan 3 402 000 1 500 000 1 600 000 1 500 000 1 500 000 2h
Peru 82 000 80 000 80 000 75 000 73 000 2n
Philippines 1 700 000 1 100 000 1 400 000 1 204 979 1 354 000 1h
Poland 136 272 000 132 576 000 116 706 000 112 000 000 103 172 000 1a
Portugal 150 000 100 000 0 0 0 1a
Romania 5 338 900 4 300 000 3 200 900 2 750 843 3 037 344 1e
Russia 194 900 000 161 000 000 153 920 000 180 700 000 178 000 000 1e
South Africa, Rep. of 206 362 033 218 617 320 224 580 000 223 357 000 292 400 000 1a
Spain 18 866 000 17 993 000 16 321 000 15 420 000 14 965 000 1e
Swaziland 128 970 203 100 410 000 426 299 378 000 1h
- 120 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Taiwan 147 497 98 203 79 310 75 000 73 000 2n
Tajikistan 80 000 50 000 20 000 16 500 21 300 1e
Tanzania 52 000 100 000 100 000 90 000 85 000 2n
Turkey 3 320 000 4 444 865 3 336 021 3 024 295 3 330 355 1a
Ukraine 67 200 000 73 900 000 59 395 000 77 659 000 81 050 000 1e
United Kingdom 50 196 000 48 600 000 41 428 000 37 077 000 31 972 000 2h
United States 883 390 320 908 400 000 934 200 000 992 500 000 975 700 000 1h
Uzbekistan 2 844 000 3 130 000 3 010 000 2 900 600 3 000 000 1e
Venezuela 4 127 789 5 280 000 6 324 000 6 753 000 8 166 651 1a
Viet Nam 8 000 000 10 700 000 13 000 000 9 094 000 10 800 000 1h
Yugoslavia 63 000 92 000 105 000 110 000 112 000 2n
Zambia 98 500 98 000 150 000 127 854 200 000 2h
Zimbabwe 5 174 685 5 300 749 5 048 977 4 977 355 3 986 202 1h
Total 3 861 292 618 3 864 584 626 3 833 906 558 3 620 370 181 3 519 900 135
Lignite
C o u n t r y 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Rem
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
Albania 68 936 38 900 33 000 32 595 20 000 1h
Australia 55 000 000 61 000 000 65 820 000 65 780 000 64 960 000 1h
Austria 1 108 058 1 130 339 1 140 151 1 137 388 1 254 605 1e
Bulgaria 28 103 868 26 929 000 27 116 947 22 586 182 23 712 006 1a
Canada 10 838 575 11 652 553 11 790 000 10 000 000 9 000 000 2e
China 45 000 000 30 000 000 50 000 000 45 000 000 40 000 000 2n
Croatia 2 000 0 0 0 0 1a
Czech Republic 56 366 000 53 825 000 48 619 000 41 524 000 46 280 000 1h
DPR Korea 13 000 000 16 000 000 15 000 000 20 000 000 18 000 000 2n
France 798 000 690 000 800 000 600 000 500 000 2n
Germany, Federal Rep. 187 179 239 177 159 767 166 035 061 161 282 000 167 691 000 1a
Greece 59 737 680 58 939 419 60 910 433 61 861 049 64 026 457 1e
Hungary 14 508 000 15 246 000 14 191 400 14 180 000 13 531 000 1a
India 22 540 000 25 000 000 23 009 000 21 000 000 20 000 000 2n
Italy 223 400 222 421 251 000 260 000 270 000 2n
Kazakhstan 1 800 000 3 000 000 3 000 000 2 000 000 2 442 900 1e
Macedonia 7 723 000 7 443 000 6 500 000 7 500 000 7 000 000 2h
Mongolia 4 922 000 4 500 000 5 200 000 5 500 000 5 700 000 2n
Myanmar 44 412 29 849 31 025 42 773 52 553 1h
Nepal 5 500 8 200 10 954 12 000 17 530 1a
New Zealand 109 982 200 000 200 000 180 000 170 000 2n
Poland 63 845 000 63 197 000 62 820 000 60 800 000 59 460 000 1a
Romania 36 326 000 29 000 000 22 690 100 20 130 300 26 043 100 1e
Russia 60 100 000 83 000 000 76 780 000 83 400 000 80 000 000 1e
Slovakia 3 829 062 3 914 000 3 890 000 3 742 262 3 648 376 1a
Slovenia 4 668 080 4 163 000 4 891 287 3 804 000 3 743 000 1a
Spain 9 604 000 8 462 000 9 750 000 10 461 000 11 733 000 1e
Thailand 21 685 894 23 443 000 20 161 721 18 266 308 17 713 753 1h
Turkey 50 000 000 56 093 384 66 498 602 66 716 568 61 314 974 1a
Ukraine 3 100 000 2 000 000 2 000 000 3 000 000 3 500 000 2n
United States 80 609 680 79 000 000 50 000 000 60 000 000 62 000 000 2n
Yugoslavia 38 366 335 42 825 124 43 600 000 45 000 000 46 000 000 2n
Total 881 212 701 888 111 956 862 739 681 855 798 425 859 784 254
- 121 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Natural Gas
C o u n t r y 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Rem
Mio m
3
Mio m
3
Mio m
3
Mio m
3
Mio m
3
Abu Dhabi (UAE) 16 000 16 000 16 500 16 000 16 500 2n
Afghanistan 1 500 1 000 1 800 2 400 1 800 1a
Albania 23 18 16 14 11 1h
Algeria 70 000 75 000 80 000 83 200 85 000 2o
Angola 500 450 400 420 430 2n
Argentina 27 300 29 500 30 000 39 000 41 000 2o
Australia 29 799 30 619 30 681 31 180 31 165 2e
Austria 1 492 1 428 1 568 1 741 1 805 1e
Azerbaijan 6 337 5 964 5 963 6 000 5 642 1e
Bahrain 5 880 5 800 5 700 5 600 5 500 2n
Bangladesh 7 875 9 000 9 000 11 000 9 200 2o
Barbados 29 23 26 27 28 2n
Belorussia 249 245 252 300 257 1e
Bolivia 3 220 5 321 6 234 5 881 5 703 1a
Brazil 9 182 9 847 10 833 13 191 12 810 2h
Brunei 12 000 9 400 9 400 9 000 9 600 2o
Bulgaria 42 38 13 26 15 1h
Canada 152 985 156 842 161 000 162 219 166 078 2e
Chile 3 632 3 211 3 218 2 957 2 702 1e
China 19 000 24 000 23 000 25 100 27 700 1h
Colombia 4 800 5 800 6 000 5 140 5 000 2n
Croatia 1 957 1 717 1 573 1 675 1 888 1a
Cuba 19 37 40 41 40 2n
Czech Republic 146 118 137 143 118 1e
Denmark 5 710 7 000 6 630 7 800 7 900 1h
Dubai (UAE) 2 500 2 500 2 400 2 000 2 200 2n
Ecuador 3 200 3 500 3 000 3 320 3 200 2n
Egypt 12 800 14 000 14 200 14 100 16 000 2i
France 2 800 2 700 1 800 1 600 1 600 1h
Gabon 80 85 83 100 102 2n
Georgia 6 6 0 0 0 1e
Germany, Federal Rep. 23 059 21 122 20 420 23 531 21 576 1a
Greece 38 38 33 30 36 1e
Guatemala 6 6 5 7 8 2n
Hungary 4 756 4 513 3 958 3 560 3 427 1a
India 18 215 20 500 19 522 19 000 21 000 2o
Indonesia 92 300 90 294 84 370 78 720 84 385 1h
Iran 24 800 48 100 50 000 49 000 57 000 2a
Iraq 3 500 3 500 4 000 4 200 4 300 2n
Ireland 2 740 2 410 1 790 1 400 1 230 1a
Israel 16 15 12 11 10 2n
Italy 20 218 19 123 19 164 17 635 16 800 1h
Japan 2 230 2 279 2 300 2 400 2 453 1a
Jordan 235 291 300 250 283 1a
Kazakhstan 3 352 4 000 4 000 3 500 4 669 1e
Kuwait 10 892 12 000 12 000 11 000 11 500 2n
Kyrgystan 35 20 20 30 11 2n
Libya 6 950 8 000 8 000 13 700 13 543 1a
Malaysia 32 400 39 751 39 865 38 320 4 308 1h
Mexico 29 900 33 000 36 500 37 000 38 400 2o
Morocco 33 36 37 43 45 2n
- 122 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Myanmar 1 800 1 800 1 700 1 600 1 500 2n
Netherlands 95 432 81 800 79 200 72 030 67 727 1a
New Zealand 5 364 5 500 5 600 5 700 5 750 2n
Nigeria 5 500 5 000 5 000 4 800 4 600 2n
Norway 41 100 45 600 47 100 51 582 52 400 2i
Oman 7 260 8 000 7 500 7 300 7 200 2n
Pakistan 19 760 19 759 15 090 22 120 20 000 1h
Papua New Guinea 110 100 100 95 93 2n
Peru 1 150 1 100 1 000 900 880 2n
Poland 4 608 4 500 4 835 4 741 4 962 1a
Qatar 10 600 13 700 13 700 13 500 13 300 2n
Romania 18 165 18 000 13 700 14 511 14 606 1e
Russia 587 657 571 000 591 015 591 000 584 000 1e
Saudi Arabia 43 910 43 000 43 000 42 000 49 000 2i
Senegal 50 60 24 23 22 2n
Sharjah (UAE) 4 500 4 500 4 700 4 400 4 200 2o
Slovakia 317 289 311 218 227 1a
Slovenia 13 15 8 6 6 1a
Spain 466 178 112 143 179 1h
Syria 2 930 3 000 3 100 2 647 2 535 1a
Taiwan 874 849 870 900 930 2n
Tajikistan 43 40 36 40 39 1h
Thailand 10 500 13 000 17 614 19 195 19 500 2n
Trinidad and Tobago 8 100 8 000 9 581 9 700 9 800 2n
Tunisia 794 1 653 1 899 1 819 1 985 1a
Turkey 204 450 562 718 612 1a
Turkmenistan 35 200 17 300 14 000 22 800 47 1h
Ukraine 18 400 18 100 17 920 18 092 18 000 2o
United Kingdom 89 200 92 000 93 800 98 893 108 280 2h
United States 537 200 537 700 534 400 530 000 544 000 1i
Uzbekistan 49 000 51 200 54 790 55 600 56 400 1h
Venezuela 30 200 28 000 28 500 30 000 31 000 2n
Viet Nam 0 0 1 510 3 000 3 200 2n
Yugoslavia 671 688 715 730 740 2n
Total 2 307 816 2 326 048 2 350 755 2 385 315 2 373 698
Oil
C o u n t r y 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Rem
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
Abu Dhabi (UAE) 89 478 400 89 313 300 90 469 995 88 096 400 99 558 305 2n
Albania 488 214 359 700 309 000 323 009 213 000 1h
Algeria 38 100 000 39 500 000 38 100 000 56 500 000 59 200 000 2o
Angola 36 510 950 37 000 000 37 500 000 39 733 900 37 600 000 2o
Argentina 40 000 000 44 600 000 45 700 000 41 777 900 40 100 000 2o
Australia 31 579 000 33 947 000 27 898 000 37 447 000 40 734 000 2e
Austria 1 024 843 1 011 063 1 014 520 1 063 506 1 056 183 1e
Azerbaijan 9 069 687 9 027 000 9 071 400 10 990 000 14 017 000 1e
Bahrain 1 900 000 1 800 000 1 966 375 2 000 000 2 200 000 2n
Bangladesh 68 000 69 000 65 000 61 000 60 000 2n
Barbados 62 000 53 140 60 000 80 000 85 000 2n
Belorussia 1 860 000 1 822 000 1 630 000 1 800 000 1 840 600 1e
- 123 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Benin 155 000 150 000 140 000 135 000 134 000 2n
Bolivia 1 720 690 1 902 536 1 800 000 1 692 940 1 643 060 1a
Brazil 51 600 000 56 000 000 56 596 000 64 614 000 72 587 000 2h
Brunei 9 400 000 9 900 000 9 800 000 7 887 650 9 100 000 2o
Bulgaria 33 900 27 750 29 103 32 700 40 900 1h
Cameroon 4 300 000 4 100 000 3 800 000 3 339 750 3 100 000 2n
Canada 116 832 000 122 463 700 128 769 000 122 247 000 131 631 000 2e
Chile 532 700 489 043 468 693 367 846 325 849 1e
China 156 000 000 162 000 000 162 600 000 160 600 000 162 600 000 1h
Colombia 32 596 919 34 700 000 38 654 660 42 551 700 36 200 000 2o
Congo 10 536 017 11 000 000 12 000 000 12 519 500 12 700 000 2n
Congo,D.R. 0 0 0 1 310 350 1 350 000 2n
Croatia 1 600 000 1 496 000 1 389 408 1 186 923 1 150 000 1a
Cuba 1 475 900 1 461 500 1 747 310 1 408 900 1 200 000 2n
Czech Republic 152 800 159 000 172 000 176 000 168 000 1e
Denmark 10 290 000 13 400 000 13 830 000 14 900 000 17 700 000 1h
Dubai (UAE) 18 383 800 18 350 000 18 587 625 15 673 000 20 454 875 2o
Ecuador 20 100 000 19 300 000 19 300 000 15 647 550 20 200 000 2o
Egypt 46 900 000 46 400 000 43 900 000 40 160 950 41 200 000 2i
Equatorial Guinea 208 000 205 000 203 000 150 000 130 000 2n
France 2 107 000 1 780 000 1 700 000 1 500 000 1 900 000 1h
Gabon 18 600 000 18 600 000 17 600 000 17 800 000 18 000 000 2n
Georgia 128 000 143 000 100 000 90 000 100 000 2n
Germany, Federal Rep. 2 848 341 2 820 780 2 884 110 2 740 000 3 120 000 1a
Greece 534 222 436 000 293 000 152 540 256 000 1e
Guatemala 761 039 800 000 850 000 1 262 900 1 500 000 2n
Hungary 1 477 000 1 355 400 1 241 400 1 243 000 1 136 000 1a
India 31 480 000 37 300 000 32 893 000 32 000 000 32 000 000 1h
Indonesia 79 155 168 78 497 110 76 518 810 77 980 000 70 592 600 1h
Iran 184 000 000 191 000 000 193 000 000 180 558 200 193 300 000 2a
Iraq 29 600 000 56 300 000 108 200 000 125 500 000 133 300 000 2o
Israel 8 768 8 500 5 829 5 215 5 100 2n
Italy 5 429 849 5 892 055 5 600 287 5 049 417 4 600 000 1h
Japan 837 162 842 000 792 000 653 350 740 000 1a
Jordan 1 700 2 097 2 100 1 500 1 686 1a
Kazakhstan 21 466 000 25 800 000 25 900 000 30 000 000 30 647 900 1e
Kuwait 104 609 088 106 500 000 91 900 000 85 169 100 106 300 000 2o
Kyrgystan 130 000 120 000 100 000 100 000 85 000 2h
Libya 78 573 253 68 000 000 66 900 000 72 893 290 80 832 000 1a
Lithuania 161 200 213 000 275 000 232 000 316 500 1a
Malaysia 34 100 000 35 500 000 37 872 287 37 820 128 35 624 255 1h
Mexico 162 500 000 169 300 000 169 300 000 166 100 000 173 300 000 2o
Morocco 7 500 11 000 13 000 12 900 12 500 2n
Myanmar 550 000 600 000 580 000 781 100 790 000 2n
Netherlands 3 000 000 2 750 000 2 700 000 2 439 060 1 210 000 1a
New Zealand 1 500 000 1 600 000 2 000 000 2 346 950 2 400 000 2n
Nigeria 111 300 000 119 527 523 104 500 000 102 710 000 101 200 000 2o
Norway 158 400 000 160 800 000 158 900 000 154 833 000 159 000 000 2i
Oman 46 156 700 44 900 000 44 500 000 46 683 500 47 800 000 1h
Pakistan 3 035 196 3 039 550 2 543 174 2 726 550 2 900 000 2n
Papua New Guinea 5 430 200 5 500 000 5 600 000 5 219 500 5 100 000 2n
Peru 6 287 600 6 400 000 5 400 000 5 287 300 5 144 400 1h
Philippines 100 000 90 000 80 000 44 790 59 713 1h
Poland 317 000 181 030 352 000 425 000 653 000 1a
Qatar 24 900 000 25 100 000 30 400 000 32 988 700 35 100 000 2o
Ras Al-Khaimah (UAE) 46 700 46 800 47 414 25 550 52 176 2o
- 124 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Romania 6 610 000 6 700 000 6 600 000 6 131 000 6 029 000 1e
Russia 301 000 000 346 576 400 343 396 800 305 000 000 323 000 000 1e
Saudi Arabia 400 900 000 415 900 000 404 100 000 388 559 962 439 800 000 2i
Sharjah (UAE) 391 100 395 400 395 590 365 000 435 330 2o
Slovakia 71 314 64 480 46 000 60 264 56 892 1a
Slovenia 1 405 1 900 854 711 695 1a
Spain 516 000 380 000 535 000 306 000 233 000 1h
Suriname 414 410 420 000 260 793 391 188 395 000 2n
Syria 31 700 000 29 500 000 29 500 000 28 697 920 27 380 000 1a
Tajikistan 30 000 28 000 25 000 20 000 18 427 1h
Thailand 1 064 890 1 364 121 1 523 846 1 717 223 1 800 000 2n
Trinidad and Tobago 7 000 000 6 800 000 6 387 630 6 489 700 6 930 418 1a
Tunisia 4 183 000 3 793 000 3 898 000 4 026 000 3 741 000 1a
Turkey 3 500 193 3 427 814 3 226 873 2 939 479 2 747 630 1a
Turkmenistan 4 400 000 4 700 000 6 500 000 7 000 000 7 900 000 1h
Ukraine 4 100 000 4 100 000 3 895 000 3 791 000 3 700 000 2o
United Kingdom 122 500 000 119 500 000 138 900 000 128 262 000 126 505 000 2n
United States 400 300 000 398 100 000 402 000 000 309 090 000 351 800 000 1i
Uzbekistan 7 600 000 7 891 000 8 103 700 8 100 000 7 500 000 1h
Venezuela 153 900 000 162 300 000 159 300 000 144 824 700 172 900 000 2o
Viet Nam 8 300 000 8 500 000 12 500 000 14 213 000 15 000 000 2n
Yemen, Republic of 18 000 000 18 500 000 19 500 000 21 166 350 20 500 000 2o
Yugoslavia 1 030 000 979 000 920 000 900 000 880 000 2n
Zaire 1 200 000 1 000 000 1 100 000 0 0
Total 3 331 209 818 3 474 683 692 3 511 729 586 3 363 900 511 3 598 609 994
Oil Shale
C o u n t r y 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Rem
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
Austria 500 520 432 496 440 1e
Estonia 14 000 000 14 382 723 12 464 000 11 980 000 11 993 000 1a
France 28 500 22 000 20 000 18 000 16 000 2n
Germany, Federal Rep. 293 758 354 262 330 886 346 815 339 396 1a
Italy 22 000 20 000 22 471 23 000 23 500 2n
Russia 2 200 000 2 000 000 2 000 000 1 800 000 1 700 000 2n
Total 16 544 758 16 779 505 14 837 789 14 168 311 14 072 336
Uranium
C o u n t r y 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Rem
metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t metr.t
Argentina 27 35 35 20 0 1h
Australia 5 831 5 797 5 780 8 217 8 948 2e
Brazil 147 0 0 0 0 1h
Canada 11 723 11 416 11 773 10 157 9 919 2e
China 590 590 590 590 589 1h
Czech Republic 716 140 150 152 587 1e
France 841 579 554 495 354 1h
- 125 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Gabon 565 472 861 862 863 2n
Germany, Federal Rep. 39 27 35 39 33 1a
India 180 200 200 190 185 2n
Kazakhstan 1 320 1 000 1 530 1 612 2 052 1h
Mongolia 181 150 100 90 88 2n
Namibia 2 886 3 426 3 257 3 095 3 201 1h
Niger 3 919 4 124 4 400 2 916 3 407 1h
Portugal 17 17 19 12 15 1a
Russia 2 400 2 358 2 358 2 120 2 358 2h
South Africa, Rep. of 1 706 1 324 1 138 1 093 1 000 2n
Spain 346 350 351 363 401 1h
Ukraine 550 500 500 590 600 2n
United States 2 400 2 170 2 207 2 130 2 100 2n
Uzbekistan 2 005 2 305 2 276 2 360 2 358 1h
Total 38 389 36 980 38 114 37 103 39 058
- 126 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
- 127 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
6.5 Share of Mineral Production 2000
by Country
Anteile der Länder an der
Weltproduktion 2000
6.5.1 Iron an Ferro-Alloy Metals
Eisen und Stahlveredler
Iron
Rank Rank C o u n t r y Production Share cum.
2000 1999 2000 in % sh.
metr.t
1 ( 1) Brazil 116 000 000 20.00 20.00
2 ( 2) Australia 107 728 740 18.57 38.57
3 ( 3) China 71 648 000 12.35 50.92
4 ( 5) Russia 47 905 000 8.26 59.17
5 ( 4) India 47 570 000 8.20 67.37
6 ( 6) United States 39 690 000 6.84 74.22
7 ( 7) Ukraine 33 390 000 5.76 79.97
8 ( 9) South Africa, Rep. of 21 909 787 3.78 83.75
9 ( 8) Canada 21 781 000 3.75 87.50
10 (10) Sweden 13 719 680 2.36 89.87
11 (12) Venezuela 11 092 014 1.91 91.78
12 (11) Kazakhstan 8 988 395 1.55 93.33
13 (13) Mauritania 6 500 000 1.12 94.45
14 (14) Mexico 5 436 325 0.94 95.39
15 (15) Chile 5 324 629 0.92 96.31
16 (16) Iran 4 892 000 0.84 97.15
17 (17) DPR Korea 3 200 000 0.55 97.70
18 (18) Turkey 2 649 567 0.46 98.16
19 (19) Peru 2 635 991 0.45 98.61
20 (21) New Zealand 1 566 000 0.27 98.88
21 (20) Egypt 1 451 545 0.25 99.13
22 (22) Algeria 720 000 0.12 99.26
23 (23) Spain 670 000 0.12 99.37
24 (24) Austria 595 024 0.10 99.47
25 (28) Norway 458 000 0.08 99.55
26 (27) Colombia 332 400 0.06 99.61
27 (25) Bulgaria 304 100 0.05 99.66
28 (26) Zimbabwe 270 382 0.05 99.71
29 (30) Indonesia 269 019 0.05 99.76
30 (29) Malaysia 258 553 0.04 99.80
31 (31) Slovakia 255 356 0.04 99.84
32 (32) Korea, Republic of 163 192 0.03 99.87
33 (34) Thailand 150 000 0.03 99.90
34 (33) Saudi Arabia 120 488 0.02 99.92
35 (35) Yugoslavia 100 000 0.02 99.94
36 (36) Tunisia 98 820 0.02 99.95
37 (38) Romania 81 768 0.01 99.97
- 128 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
38 (37) Germany, Federal Rep. 73 844 0.01 99.98
39 (39) Nigeria 65 000 0.01 99.99
40 (40) Pakistan 18 000 0.00 99.99
41 (41) Azerbaijan 8 200 0.00 100.00
42 (42) Morocco 5 615 0.00 100.00
43 (43) Albania 5 000 0.00 100.00
44 (44) Portugal 4 766 0.00 100.00
45 (46) Uruguay 4 000 0.00 100.00
46 (45) Guatemala 3 251 0.00 100.00
47 (47) Japan 1 454 0.00 100.00
48 (48) United Kingdom 230 0.00 100.00
Total 580 115 135 100.00
Chromium
Rank Rank C o u n t r y Production Share cum.
2000 1999 2000 in % sh.
metr.t
1 ( 1) South Africa, Rep. of 2 913 132 50.18 50.18
2 ( 2) Kazakhstan 1 120 838 19.31 69.49
3 ( 3) India 580 000 9.99 79.48
4 ( 5) Zimbabwe 300 619 5.18 84.66
5 ( 4) Turkey 229 205 3.95 88.61
6 ( 6) Finland 192 070 3.31 91.92
7 ( 7) Iran 127 409 2.19 94.12
8 ( 8) Brazil 74 100 1.28 95.39
9 (11) Madagascar 65 660 1.13 96.52
10 ( 9) China 63 000 1.09 97.61
11 (10) Russia 44 000 0.76 98.37
12 (14) Sudan 26 160 0.45 98.82
13 (13) Philippines 19 000 0.33 99.14
14 (12) Cuba 18 500 0.32 99.46
15 (15) Oman 9 800 0.17 99.63
16 (16) Pakistan 9 000 0.16 99.79
17 (17) Albania 6 000 0.10 99.89
18 (18) Afghanistan 2 352 0.04 99.93
19 (19) Viet Nam 1 900 0.03 99.96
20 (20) Japan 1 200 0.02 99.98
21 (21) Greece 800 0.01 100.00
22 (22) Myanmar 100 0.00 100.00
Total 5 804 845 100.00
Cobalt
Rank Rank C o u n t r y Production Share cum.
2000 1999 2000 in % sh.
metr.t
1 ( 1) Australia 5 700 26.06 26.06
2 ( 4) Congo,D.R. 3 570 16.32 42.38
3 ( 3) Russia 3 500 16.00 58.39
4 ( 2) Zambia 2 990 13.67 72.06
5 ( 5) Canada 2 013 9.20 81.26
- 129 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
6 ( 7) Morocco 1 434 6.56 87.82
7 ( 8) China 850 3.89 91.71
8 ( 6) Cuba 712 3.26 94.96
9 (10) South Africa, Rep. of 412 1.88 96.85
10 ( 9) Botswana 331 1.51 98.36
11 (11) Kazakhstan 280 1.28 99.64
12 (12) Zimbabwe 79 0.36 100.00
Total 21 871 100.00
Manganese
Rank Rank C o u n t r y Production Share cum.
2000 1999 2000 in % sh.
metr.t
1 ( 1) China 2 800 000 26.96 26.96
2 ( 3) South Africa, Rep. of 1 599 588 15.40 42.36
3 ( 2) Australia 1 490 000 14.35 56.71
4 ( 4) Ukraine 1 189 500 11.45 68.17
5 ( 5) Gabon 1 100 000 10.59 78.76
6 ( 6) Brazil 840 000 8.09 86.85
7 ( 7) India 500 000 4.81 91.66
8 ( 8) Ghana 358 136 3.45 95.11
9 (10) Kazakhstan 170 000 1.64 96.75
10 ( 9) Mexico 156 117 1.50 98.25
11 (11) Iran 54 400 0.52 98.77
12 (13) Namibia 27 000 0.26 99.03
13 (12) Indonesia 26 200 0.25 99.29
14 (14) Bulgaria 14 000 0.13 99.42
15 (15) Georgia 14 000 0.13 99.56
16 (18) Chile 12 515 0.12 99.68
17 (17) Morocco 11 624 0.11 99.79
18 (19) Hungary 11 000 0.11 99.89
19 (16) Romania 7 369 0.07 99.97
20 (20) Egypt 2 000 0.02 99.99
21 (22) Italy 1 000 0.01 99.99
22 (21) Greece 330 0.00 100.00
23 (23) Thailand 225 0.00 100.00
Total 10 385 004 100.00
Molybdenum
Rank Rank C o u n t r y Production Share cum.
2000 1999 2000 in % sh.
metr.t
1 ( 3) Chile 33 187 26.45 26.45
2 ( 1) United States 31 600 25.18 51.63
3 ( 2) China 28 000 22.31 73.94
4 ( 6) Peru 7 193 5.73 79.67
5 ( 4) Mexico 6 886 5.49 85.16
6 ( 5) Canada 6 883 5.48 90.64
7 ( 7) Iran 3 460 2.76 93.40
- 130 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
8 ( 8) Mongolia 2 700 2.15 95.55
9 (10) Armenia 2 500 1.99 97.55
10 ( 9) Russia 2 500 1.99 99.54
11 (11) Uzbekistan 450 0.36 99.90
12 (12) Kazakhstan 130 0.10 100.00
Total 125 489 100.00
Nickel
Rank Rank C o u n t r y Production Share cum.
2000 1999 2000 in % sh.
metr.t
1 ( 1) Russia 235 000 21.90 21.90
2 ( 2) Canada 181 027 16.87 38.77
3 ( 3) Australia 167 000 15.56 54.34
4 ( 4) New Caledonia 120 000 11.18 65.52
5 ( 5) Cuba 68 500 6.38 71.90
6 ( 6) Indonesia 60 780 5.66 77.57
7 ( 7) China 51 000 4.75 82.32
8 ( 8) South Africa, Rep. of 36 637 3.41 85.74
9 ( 9) Brazil 32 000 2.98 88.72
10 (11) Dominican Republic 27 850 2.60 91.31
11 (10) Colombia 27 750 2.59 93.90
12 (12) Botswana 22 898 2.13 96.03
13 (13) Greece 17 126 1.60 97.63
14 (15) Philippines 14 000 1.30 98.94
15 (14) Zimbabwe 7 122 0.66 99.60
16 (16) Norway 2 287 0.21 99.81
17 (18) Finland 1 916 0.18 99.99
18 (19) Yugoslavia 100 0.01 100.00
Total 1 072 993 100.00
Tantalum-Columbium
Rank Rank C o u n t r y Production Share cum.
2000 1999 2000 in % sh.
metr.t
1 ( 1) Brazil 42 000 93.45 93.45
2 ( 2) Canada 2 239 4.98 98.43
3 ( 3) Australia 330 0.73 99.17
4 ( 4) Rwanda 270 0.60 99.77
5 ( 5) Ethiopia 70 0.16 99.92
6 ( 6) Nigeria 20 0.04 99.97
7 ( 7) Bolivia 9 0.02 99.99
8 ( 8) Congo,D.R. 5 0.01 100.00
Total 44 943 100.00
- 131 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Titanium
Rank Rank C o u n t r y Production Share cum.
2000 1999 2000 in % sh.
metr.t
1 ( 2) South Africa, Rep. of 1 394 877 29.15 29.15
2 ( 1) Australia 1 379 550 28.83 57.98
3 ( 3) Canada 600 000 12.54 70.52
4 ( 4) Norway 306 281 6.40 76.92
5 ( 6) India 240 000 5.02 81.94
6 ( 7) Sierra Leone 192 000 4.01 85.95
7 ( 8) China 160 000 3.34 89.29
8 ( 5) Ukraine 130 000 2.72 92.01
9 ( 9) United States 120 000 2.51 94.52
10 (10) Malaysia 61 000 1.27 95.79
11 (11) Brazil 54 000 1.13 96.92
12 (12) Viet Nam 50 000 1.04 97.97
13 (13) Sri Lanka 37 000 0.77 98.74
14 (14) Russia 25 000 0.52 99.26
15 (15) Egypt 24 000 0.50 99.76
16 (16) Kazakhstan 11 300 0.24 100.00
Total 4 785 008 100.00
Tungsten
Rank Rank C o u n t r y Production Share cum.
2000 1999 2000 in % sh.
metr.t
1 ( 1) China 23 000 74.61 74.61
2 ( 2) Russia 3 700 12.00 86.62
3 ( 3) Austria 2 082 6.75 93.37
4 ( 4) Portugal 743 2.41 95.78
5 ( 5) Bolivia 481 1.56 97.34
6 ( 6) DPR Korea 330 1.07 98.41
7 ( 7) Uzbekistan 190 0.62 99.03
8 ( 8) Kazakhstan 160 0.52 99.55
9 ( 9) Rwanda 70 0.23 99.78
10 (11) Uganda 40 0.13 99.91
11 (10) Thailand 27 0.09 99.99
12 (13) Myanmar 2 0.01 100.00
Total 30 825 100.00
- 132 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Vanadium
Rank Rank C o u n t r y Production Share cum.
2000 1999 2000 in % sh.
metr.t
1 ( 1) South Africa, Rep. of 18 021 47.78 47.78
2 ( 2) Russia 8 700 23.07 70.85
3 ( 3) China 8 000 21.21 92.06
4 ( 4) United States 1 893 5.02 97.08
5 ( 5) Kazakhstan 1 100 2.92 100.00
Total 37 714 100.00
- 133 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
6.5.2 Non-Ferrous Metals
Nichteisenmetalle
Aluminium
Rank Rank C o u n t r y Production Share cum.
2000 1999 2000 in % sh.
metr.t
1 ( 1) United States 3 668 000 15.85 15.85
2 ( 2) Russia 2 884 000 12.46 28.31
3 ( 5) China 2 830 000 12.23 40.54
4 ( 3) Canada 2 373 000 10.25 50.79
5 ( 4) Australia 1 769 000 7.64 58.43
6 ( 6) Brazil 1 270 000 5.49 63.92
7 ( 7) Norway 1 030 000 4.45 68.37
8 ( 8) France 701 000 3.03 71.40
9 ( 9) South Africa, Rep. of 674 167 2.91 74.31
10 (11) India 665 000 2.87 77.19
11 (10) Germany, Federal Rep. 643 545 2.78 79.97
12 (12) Venezuela 560 000 2.42 82.39
13 (13) Bahrain 400 000 1.73 84.11
14 (14) Spain 365 000 1.58 85.69
15 (15) New Zealand 330 000 1.43 87.12
16 (19) Tajikistan 300 000 1.30 88.41
17 (18) Dubai (UAE) 300 000 1.30 89.71
18 (17) Netherlands 240 000 1.04 90.75
19 (20) Iceland 225 721 0.98 91.72
20 (21) Italy 210 000 0.91 92.63
21 (16) United Kingdom 204 319 0.88 93.51
22 (23) Argentina 195 000 0.84 94.35
23 (24) Greece 167 507 0.72 95.08
24 (22) Egypt 162 617 0.70 95.78
25 (25) Iran 137 000 0.59 96.37
26 (27) Slovakia 105 000 0.45 96.83
27 (26) Ukraine 103 500 0.45 97.27
28 (28) Cameroon 102 000 0.44 97.71
29 (29) Sweden 94 700 0.41 98.12
30 (30) Yugoslavia 72 000 0.31 98.43
31 (31) Slovenia 68 000 0.29 98.73
32 (32) Turkey 58 000 0.25 98.98
33 (33) Ghana 54 000 0.23 99.21
34 (34) Poland 45 100 0.19 99.41
35 (35) Switzerland 35 500 0.15 99.56
36 (36) Hungary 33 900 0.15 99.71
37 (37) Suriname 32 000 0.14 99.84
38 (39) Azerbaijan 20 000 0.09 99.93
39 (38) Japan 16 000 0.07 100.00
Total 23 144 576 100.00
- 134 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Antimony
Rank Rank C o u n t r y Production Share cum.
2000 1999 2000 in % sh.
metr.t
1 ( 1) China 106 000 85.01 85.01
2 ( 2) South Africa, Rep. of 6 347 5.09 90.10
3 ( 3) Russia 4 000 3.21 93.30
4 ( 4) Bolivia 1 907 1.53 94.83
5 ( 5) Australia 1 700 1.36 96.20
6 ( 6) Kyrgystan 1 505 1.21 97.40
7 ( 7) Tajikistan 1 200 0.96 98.36
8 ( 8) Turkey 500 0.40 98.77
9 (13) Peru 461 0.37 99.14
10 (11) Canada 364 0.29 99.43
11 ( 9) United States 340 0.27 99.70
12 (14) Iran 185 0.15 99.85
13 (15) Thailand 77 0.06 99.91
14 (10) Guatemala 60 0.05 99.96
15 (12) Mexico 52 0.04 100.00
Total 124 698 100.00
Arsenic
Rank Rank C o u n t r y Production Share cum.
2000 1999 2000 in % sh.
metr.t
1 ( 1) China 18 000 46.79 46.79
2 ( 2) Chile 12 500 32.49 79.28
3 ( 3) Mexico 2 522 6.56 85.83
4 ( 4) Peru 1 718 4.47 90.30
5 ( 5) Russia 1 000 2.60 92.90
6 ( 6) Kazakhstan 950 2.47 95.37
7 ( 7) Philippines 800 2.08 97.44
8 ( 9) Japan 350 0.91 98.35
9 ( 8) Bolivia 318 0.83 99.18
10 (10) Iran 315 0.82 100.00
Total 38 473 100.00
Bauxite
Rank Rank C o u n t r y Production Share cum.
2000 1999 2000 in % sh.
metr.t
1 ( 1) Australia 53 801 000 39.75 39.75
2 ( 2) Guinea 18 072 000 13.35 53.11
3 ( 3) Brazil 14 100 000 10.42 63.53
4 ( 4) Jamaica 11 400 000 8.42 71.95
5 ( 5) China 9 000 000 6.65 78.60
6 ( 6) India 6 000 000 4.43 83.03
- 135 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
7 ( 7) Russia 5 000 000 3.69 86.73
8 ( 8) Suriname 4 000 000 2.96 89.69
9 ( 9) Kazakhstan 3 729 600 2.76 92.44
10 (10) Guyana 2 687 000 1.99 94.43
11 (11) Venezuela 2 181 232 1.61 96.04
12 (12) Greece 1 965 561 1.45 97.49
13 (13) Indonesia 1 151 000 0.85 98.34
14 (16) Ghana 503 825 0.37 98.71
15 (14) Hungary 473 900 0.35 99.06
16 (15) Iran 440 050 0.33 99.39
17 (20) Turkey 261 366 0.19 99.58
18 (18) Yugoslavia 200 000 0.15 99.73
19 (19) Romania 135 000 0.10 99.83
20 (17) Malaysia 123 270 0.09 99.92
21 (21) France 73 000 0.05 99.97
22 (22) Pakistan 16 000 0.01 99.99
23 (23) Croatia 7 000 0.01 99.99
24 (24) Mozambique 5 300 0.00 100.00
25 (25) Albania 4 800 0.00 100.00
26 (26) Colombia 900 0.00 100.00
27 (27) Germany, Federal Rep. 300 0.00 100.00
Total 135 332 104 100.00
Bismuth
Rank Rank C o u n t r y Production Share cum.
2000 1999 2000 in % sh.
metr.t
1 ( 1) China 2 200 45.29 45.29
2 ( 3) Mexico 1 112 22.89 68.18
3 ( 2) Peru 744 15.31 83.49
4 ( 4) Japan 500 10.29 93.78
5 ( 5) Canada 202 4.16 97.94
6 ( 6) Kazakhstan 60 1.24 99.18
7 ( 7) Russia 28 0.58 99.75
8 ( 0) Bolivia 6 0.12 99.88
9 ( 8) Tajikistan 4 0.08 99.96
10 ( 9) Uzbekistan 2 0.04 100.00
Total 4 858 100.00
Cadmium
Rank Rank C o u n t r y Production Share cum.
2000 1999 2000 in % sh.
metr.t
1 ( 1) China 2 602 15.83 15.83
2 ( 2) Japan 2 439 14.84 30.67
3 ( 4) Korea, Republic of 1 900 11.56 42.24
4 ( 3) United States 1 890 11.50 53.74
5 ( 5) Mexico 1 297 7.89 61.63
6 ( 6) Canada 1 095 6.66 68.29
7 ( 8) Russia 750 4.56 72.86
- 136 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
8 ( 9) Finland 680 4.14 76.99
9 (11) Peru 458 2.79 79.78
10 (12) Australia 440 2.68 82.46
11 (13) Italy 400 2.43 84.89
12 (10) United Kingdom 400 2.43 87.33
13 ( 7) Kazakhstan 257 1.56 88.89
14 (14) Bulgaria 250 1.52 90.41
15 (16) India 225 1.37 91.78
16 (17) DPR Korea 215 1.31 93.09
17 (15) Norway 200 1.22 94.30
18 (19) Poland 190 1.16 95.46
19 (18) France 180 1.10 96.56
20 (20) Spain 180 1.10 97.65
21 (21) Brazil 168 1.02 98.67
22 (22) Yugoslavia 82 0.50 99.17
23 (24) Turkey 38 0.23 99.40
24 (23) Algeria 38 0.23 99.63
25 (25) Honduras 34 0.21 99.84
26 (26) Argentina 26 0.16 100.00
Total 16 434 100.00
Copper
Rank Rank C o u n t r y Production Share cum.
2000 1999 2000 in % sh.
metr.t
1 ( 1) Chile 4 602 000 34.09 34.09
2 ( 2) United States 1 590 000 11.78 45.87
3 ( 3) Indonesia 1 063 650 7.88 53.75
4 ( 4) Russia 824 000 6.10 59.85
5 ( 5) Canada 623 451 4.62 64.47
6 ( 6) Peru 553 924 4.10 68.57
7 ( 8) China 500 000 3.70 72.28
8 ( 9) Australia 487 000 3.61 75.89
9 ( 7) Poland 486 000 3.60 79.49
10 (10) Kazakhstan 430 200 3.19 82.67
11 (11) Mexico 338 999 2.51 85.18
12 (12) Zambia 262 600 1.95 87.13
13 (14) India 254 880 1.89 89.02
14 (15) Papua New Guinea 166 000 1.23 90.25
15 (16) Mongolia 165 000 1.22 91.47
16 (18) Iran 155 850 1.15 92.62
17 (13) Argentina 145 197 1.08 93.70
18 (17) South Africa, Rep. of 137 000 1.01 94.71
19 (19) Bulgaria 114 144 0.85 95.56
20 (23) Uzbekistan 80 000 0.59 96.15
21 (22) Sweden 77 765 0.58 96.73
22 (20) Portugal 76 300 0.57 97.29
23 (21) Yugoslavia 74 500 0.55 97.85
24 (24) Turkey 56 100 0.42 98.26
25 (26) Brazil 31 000 0.23 98.49
26 (25) Philippines 30 644 0.23 98.72
27 (28) Congo,D.R. 27 197 0.20 98.92
28 (27) Spain 23 600 0.17 99.09
- 137 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
29 (29) Botswana 20 960 0.16 99.25
30 (31) DPR Korea 14 000 0.10 99.35
31 (34) Armenia 13 000 0.10 99.45
32 (30) Romania 11 850 0.09 99.54
33 (32) Finland 10 810 0.08 99.62
34 (33) Macedonia 10 000 0.07 99.69
35 (36) Albania 9 000 0.07 99.76
36 (35) Morocco 8 103 0.06 99.82
37 (37) Cyprus 5 200 0.04 99.86
38 (41) Namibia 5 082 0.04 99.89
39 (40) Colombia 3 400 0.03 99.92
40 (38) Zimbabwe 3 143 0.02 99.94
41 (42) Afghanistan 1 800 0.01 99.96
42 (44) Japan 1 211 0.01 99.97
43 (43) Cuba 1 200 0.01 99.97
44 (45) Oman 1 000 0.01 99.98
45 (46) Saudi Arabia 837 0.01 99.99
46 (47) Honduras 650 0.00 99.99
47 (48) Georgia 600 0.00 100.00
48 (39) Malaysia 200 0.00 100.00
49 (50) Slovakia 110 0.00 100.00
50 (49) Bolivia 110 0.00 100.00
Total 13 499 267 100.00
Gallium
Rank Rank C o u n t r y Production Share cum.
2000 1999 2000 in % sh.
metr.t
1 ( 1) China 8 50.00 50.00
2 ( 2) Hungary 5 31.25 81.25
3 ( 3) Japan 3 18.75 100.00
Total 16 100.00
Germanium
Rank Rank C o u n t r y Production Share cum.
2000 1999 2000 in % sh.
metr.t
1 ( 1) United States 19 51.35 51.35
2 ( 2) China 12 32.43 83.78
3 ( 3) Russia 6 16.22 100.00
Total 37 100.00
- 138 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Lead
Rank Rank C o u n t r y Production Share cum.
2000 1999 2000 in % sh.
metr.t
1 ( 1) China 1 030 000 29.59 29.59
2 ( 2) Australia 678 000 19.48 49.06
3 ( 3) United States 405 537 11.65 60.71
4 ( 4) Peru 270 576 7.77 68.48
5 ( 6) Mexico 160 607 4.61 73.10
6 ( 5) Canada 143 049 4.11 77.21
7 ( 7) Sweden 106 584 3.06 80.27
8 ( 8) South Africa, Rep. of 75 280 2.16 82.43
9 ( 9) Morocco 72 856 2.09 84.52
10 (10) Poland 68 400 1.96 86.49
11 (15) Spain 58 500 1.68 88.17
12 (12) Ireland 57 500 1.65 89.82
13 (11) Russia 51 505 1.48 91.30
14 (14) Kazakhstan 39 300 1.13 92.43
15 (13) India 35 500 1.02 93.45
16 (16) Macedonia 25 000 0.72 94.17
17 (17) Bulgaria 19 541 0.56 94.73
18 (20) Yugoslavia 19 400 0.56 95.29
19 (19) DPR Korea 18 000 0.52 95.80
20 (18) Greece 15 553 0.45 96.25
21 (22) Iran 14 200 0.41 96.66
22 (21) Argentina 14 115 0.41 97.06
23 (29) Romania 13 338 0.38 97.45
24 (26) Namibia 11 114 0.32 97.77
25 (24) Tunisia 11 000 0.32 98.08
26 (25) Thailand 10 399 0.30 98.38
27 (28) Honduras 10 000 0.29 98.67
28 (23) Bolivia 9 523 0.27 98.94
29 (27) Brazil 9 500 0.27 99.21
30 (30) Japan 8 835 0.25 99.47
31 (32) Turkey 5 600 0.16 99.63
32 (31) Italy 5 000 0.14 99.77
33 (33) Korea, Republic of 2 724 0.08 99.85
34 (36) United Kingdom 1 000 0.03 99.88
35 (38) Tajikistan 850 0.02 99.90
36 (39) Chile 784 0.02 99.93
37 (34) Myanmar 775 0.02 99.95
38 (37) Uzbekistan 750 0.02 99.97
39 (40) Algeria 550 0.02 99.99
40 (41) Colombia 500 0.01 100.00
Total 3 481 245 100.00
- 139 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Lithium
Rank Rank C o u n t r y Production Share cum.
2000 1999 2000 in % sh.
metr.t
1 ( 1) Chile 14 502 57.84 57.84
2 ( 2) Australia 5 500 21.94 79.78
3 ( 3) United States 1 800 7.18 86.95
4 ( 4) Zimbabwe 948 3.78 90.74
5 ( 5) Canada 730 2.91 93.65
6 ( 6) China 700 2.79 96.44
7 ( 7) Russia 680 2.71 99.15
8 ( 9) Namibia 95 0.38 99.53
9 ( 8) Portugal 91 0.36 99.89
10 (10) Brazil 27 0.11 100.00
Total 25 073 100.00
Mercury
Rank Rank C o u n t r y Production Share cum.
2000 1999 2000 in % sh.
metr.t
1 ( 1) Kyrgystan 550 36.54 36.54
2 ( 3) Algeria 350 23.26 59.80
3 ( 2) Spain 236 15.68 75.48
4 ( 4) China 200 13.29 88.77
5 ( 5) Finland 77 5.12 93.89
6 ( 6) Russia 38 2.52 96.41
7 ( 7) Ukraine 38 2.52 98.94
8 ( 9) Mexico 16 1.06 100.00
Total 1 505 100.00
Rare Earths Concentrates
Rank Rank C o u n t r y Production Share cum.
2000 1999 2000 in % sh.
metr.t
1 ( 1) China 73 000 88.91 88.91
2 ( 2) United States 5 000 6.09 95.00
3 ( 3) India 2 000 2.44 97.44
4 ( 4) Australia 750 0.91 98.35
5 ( 5) DPR Korea 500 0.61 98.96
6 ( 6) Malaysia 420 0.51 99.48
7 ( 7) Brazil 340 0.41 99.89
8 ( 8) Sri Lanka 90 0.11 100.00
9 ( 9) Congo,D.R. 1 0.00 100.00
Total 82 101 100.00
- 140 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Tellurium
Rank Rank C o u n t r y Production Share cum.
2000 1999 2000 in % sh.
metr.t
1 ( 2) Canada 80 36.36 36.36
2 ( 1) United States 80 36.36 72.73
3 ( 3) Japan 34 15.45 88.18
4 ( 4) Peru 21 9.55 97.73
5 ( 5) Mongolia 5 2.27 100.00
Total 220 100.00
Tin
Rank Rank C o u n t r y Production Share cum.
2000 1999 2000 in % sh.
metr.t
1 ( 1) China 111 000 43.30 43.30
2 ( 2) Indonesia 46 400 18.10 61.41
3 ( 3) Peru 37 410 14.59 76.00
4 ( 4) Brazil 13 800 5.38 81.38
5 ( 5) Bolivia 12 464 4.86 86.25
6 ( 6) Australia 9 146 3.57 89.81
7 ( 9) Thailand 8 565 3.34 93.16
8 ( 7) Malaysia 6 307 2.46 95.62
9 ( 8) Russia 5 200 2.03 97.65
10 (10) Viet Nam 2 400 0.94 98.58
11 (11) Portugal 1 227 0.48 99.06
12 (12) Nigeria 1 100 0.43 99.49
13 (13) Myanmar 636 0.25 99.74
14 (14) Laos 435 0.17 99.91
15 (15) Rwanda 160 0.06 99.97
16 (17) India 50 0.02 99.99
17 (18) Niger 22 0.01 100.00
18 (20) Mexico 4 0.00 100.00
19 (19) Spain 1 0.00 100.00
Total 256 327 100.00
- 141 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Zinc
Rank Rank C o u n t r y Production Share cum.
2000 1999 2000 in % sh.
metr.t
1 ( 1) Australia 1 410 000 16.96 16.96
2 ( 2) China 1 350 000 16.24 33.20
3 ( 3) Canada 935 686 11.26 44.46
4 ( 4) Peru 910 303 10.95 55.41
5 ( 5) United States 828 000 9.96 65.37
6 ( 6) Mexico 358 576 4.31 69.68
7 ( 7) Kazakhstan 322 100 3.87 73.56
8 ( 9) Ireland 263 000 3.16 76.72
9 ( 8) Russia 241 025 2.90 79.62
10 (13) Spain 200 200 2.41 82.03
11 (12) Sweden 176 788 2.13 84.15
12 (10) India 175 000 2.11 86.26
13 (11) Poland 157 000 1.89 88.15
14 (14) Bolivia 149 134 1.79 89.94
15 (15) Morocco 100 870 1.21 91.16
16 (16) Brazil 99 000 1.19 92.35
17 (17) Iran 73 210 0.88 93.23
18 (19) Japan 63 601 0.77 93.99
19 (18) South Africa, Rep. of 62 990 0.76 94.75
20 (27) Romania 48 024 0.58 95.33
21 (20) Tunisia 44 250 0.53 95.86
22 (22) DPR Korea 43 000 0.52 96.38
23 (25) Namibia 39 126 0.47 96.85
24 (24) Honduras 35 000 0.42 97.27
25 (21) Turkey 34 539 0.42 97.68
26 (26) Argentina 33 761 0.41 98.09
27 (23) Thailand 30 299 0.36 98.45
28 (29) Bulgaria 19 448 0.23 98.69
29 (28) Finland 17 500 0.21 98.90
30 (31) Greece 16 835 0.20 99.10
31 (32) Chile 15 073 0.18 99.28
32 (33) Yugoslavia 13 000 0.16 99.44
33 (35) Macedonia 12 200 0.15 99.59
34 (30) Korea, Republic of 11 473 0.14 99.72
35 (34) Italy 10 000 0.12 99.84
36 (36) Algeria 5 600 0.07 99.91
37 (37) Saudi Arabia 3 047 0.04 99.95
38 (38) Congo,D.R. 1 100 0.01 99.96
39 (39) Uzbekistan 950 0.01 99.97
40 (41) Armenia 900 0.01 99.98
41 (40) Georgia 880 0.01 99.99
42 (42) Myanmar 430 0.01 100.00
Total 8 312 918 100.00
- 142 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
6.5.3 Precious Metals
Edelmetalle
Gold
Rank Rank C o u n t r y Production Share cum.
2000 1999 2000 in % sh.
kg
1 ( 1) South Africa, Rep. of 428 221 16.76 16.76
2 ( 3) United States 354 000 13.85 30.61
3 ( 2) Australia 349 000 13.66 44.27
4 ( 5) China 162 000 6.34 50.61
5 ( 4) Canada 153 781 6.02 56.63
6 ( 8) Russia 144 000 5.64 62.27
7 ( 6) Peru 132 585 5.19 67.46
8 ( 7) Indonesia 127 192 4.98 72.43
9 ( 9) Uzbekistan 87 000 3.40 75.84
10 (10) Ghana 76 522 2.99 78.83
11 (12) Papua New Guinea 74 540 2.92 81.75
12 (11) Chile 54 173 2.12 83.87
13 (13) Brazil 48 000 1.88 85.75
14 (15) Colombia 37 018 1.45 87.20
15 (16) Philippines 31 050 1.22 88.41
16 (14) Argentina 26 388 1.03 89.45
17 (21) Mali 25 900 1.01 90.46
18 (18) Mexico 25 822 1.01 91.47
19 (17) Zimbabwe 22 007 0.86 92.33
20 (19) Kyrgystan 21 000 0.82 93.15
21 (20) Kazakhstan 20 000 0.78 93.94
22 (22) Guyana 13 754 0.54 94.48
23 (33) Guinea 13 105 0.51 94.99
24 (23) Bolivia 12 001 0.47 95.46
25 (24) Venezuela 11 200 0.44 95.90
26 (26) New Zealand 9 800 0.38 96.28
27 (25) Japan 8 400 0.33 96.61
28 (28) Nicaragua 6 000 0.23 96.84
29 (27) Sudan 5 773 0.23 97.07
30 (39) Finland 5 220 0.20 97.27
31 (30) Uganda 4 410 0.17 97.45
32 (29) Spain 4 310 0.17 97.62
33 (36) Malaysia 4 026 0.16 97.77
34 (34) Fiji 3 841 0.15 97.92
35 (31) Saudi Arabia 3 637 0.14 98.07
36 (35) Yugoslavia 3 600 0.14 98.21
37 (32) Sweden 3 570 0.14 98.35
38 (37) French Guiana 3 300 0.13 98.48
39 (38) DPR Korea 3 100 0.12 98.60
40 (41) Tajikistan 3 000 0.12 98.71
41 (49) Ecuador 2 871 0.11 98.83
42 (40) France 2 800 0.11 98.94
43 (45) Namibia 2 417 0.09 99.03
44 (42) Ethiopia 2 200 0.09 99.12
45 (43) Cote d'Ivoire 2 054 0.08 99.20
46 (44) India 2 000 0.08 99.28
- 143 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
47 (46) Mongolia 1 800 0.07 99.35
48 (48) Italy 1 700 0.07 99.41
49 (47) Mauritania 1 650 0.06 99.48
50 (52) Kenya 1 243 0.05 99.53
51 (50) Georgia 1 200 0.05 99.57
52 (51) Bulgaria 1 000 0.04 99.61
53 (58) Cuba 900 0.04 99.65
54 (53) Burkina Faso 880 0.03 99.68
55 (54) Iran 780 0.03 99.71
56 (55) Macedonia 750 0.03 99.74
57 (57) Senegal 640 0.03 99.77
58 (56) Dominican Republic 600 0.02 99.79
59 (59) Oman 590 0.02 99.81
60 (60) Eritrea 520 0.02 99.83
61 (61) Romania 450 0.02 99.85
62 (64) Poland 367 0.01 99.87
63 (63) Sierra Leone 365 0.01 99.88
64 (62) Costa Rica 350 0.01 99.89
65 (65) Korea, Republic of 350 0.01 99.91
66 ( 0) Morocco 334 0.01 99.92
67 (66) Slovakia 306 0.01 99.93
68 (67) Tanzania 230 0.01 99.94
69 (68) Panama 200 0.01 99.95
70 (69) Mozambique 200 0.01 99.96
71 (71) Armenia 180 0.01 99.96
72 (72) Niger 150 0.01 99.97
73 (73) Zambia 150 0.01 99.98
74 (70) Congo,D.R. 112 0.00 99.98
75 (74) Myanmar 93 0.00 99.98
76 (75) Rwanda 90 0.00 99.99
77 (76) Central African Rep. 85 0.00 99.99
78 (77) Honduras 65 0.00 99.99
79 (78) Gabon 65 0.00 100.00
80 (79) Madagascar 42 0.00 100.00
81 (81) Nigeria 27 0.00 100.00
82 (80) Burundi 26 0.00 100.00
83 (82) Solomon Islands 20 0.00 100.00
84 ( 0) Botswana 2 0.00 100.00
Total 2 555 100 100.00
- 144 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Platinum
Rank Rank C o u n t r y Production Share cum.
2000 1999 2000 in % sh.
kg
1 ( 1) South Africa, Rep. of 206 770 77.68 77.68
2 ( 2) Russia 29 000 10.89 88.57
3 ( 3) Canada 15 439 5.80 94.37
4 ( 4) United States 13 100 4.92 99.29
5 ( 5) Japan 630 0.24 99.53
6 ( 8) Zimbabwe 504 0.19 99.72
7 ( 7) Australia 410 0.15 99.87
8 ( 6) Colombia 340 0.13 100.00
9 ( 9) Yugoslavia 1 0.00 100.00
Total 266 194 100.00
Silver
Rank Rank C o u n t r y Production Share cum.
2000 1999 2000 in % sh.
kg
1 ( 1) Mexico 2 746 852 16.28 16.28
2 ( 2) Peru 2 437 706 14.44 30.72
3 ( 4) Australia 1 900 000 11.26 41.98
4 ( 5) China 1 500 000 8.89 50.87
5 ( 7) Chile 1 242 194 7.36 58.23
6 ( 6) Canada 1 161 000 6.88 65.11
7 ( 8) Poland 1 144 000 6.78 71.89
8 ( 9) Kazakhstan 950 000 5.63 77.52
9 ( 3) United States 609 816 3.61 81.13
10 (10) Bolivia 433 592 2.57 83.70
11 (11) Russia 380 000 2.25 85.95
12 (13) Sweden 328 737 1.95 87.90
13 (12) Indonesia 314 032 1.86 89.76
14 (14) Morocco 270 000 1.60 91.36
15 (15) DPR Korea 230 000 1.36 92.72
16 (17) Spain 221 000 1.31 94.03
17 (16) South Africa, Rep. of 144 231 0.85 94.89
18 (18) Turkey 109 000 0.65 95.53
19 (19) Japan 103 781 0.61 96.15
20 (23) Papua New Guinea 79 197 0.47 96.62
21 (20) Argentina 78 271 0.46 97.08
22 (21) Greece 65 200 0.39 97.47
23 (22) India 56 000 0.33 97.80
24 (24) Italy 48 000 0.28 98.08
25 (25) Honduras 37 000 0.22 98.30
26 (26) Yugoslavia 33 000 0.20 98.50
27 (27) Finland 23 600 0.14 98.64
28 (33) Philippines 23 534 0.14 98.78
29 (30) Brazil 23 000 0.14 98.92
30 (29) New Zealand 22 900 0.14 99.05
31 (28) Portugal 20 430 0.12 99.17
- 145 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
32 (31) Macedonia 20 000 0.12 99.29
33 (32) Bulgaria 18 000 0.11 99.40
34 (34) Romania 17 500 0.10 99.50
35 (38) Ireland 16 700 0.10 99.60
36 (35) Mongolia 16 500 0.10 99.70
37 (37) Saudi Arabia 9 390 0.06 99.75
38 (39) Zambia 8 700 0.05 99.80
39 (40) Colombia 7 970 0.05 99.85
40 (43) Korea, Republic of 4 688 0.03 99.88
41 (42) Zimbabwe 3 799 0.02 99.90
42 (44) Dominican Republic 3 000 0.02 99.92
43 (45) Nicaragua 2 500 0.01 99.93
44 (49) Iran 1 650 0.01 99.94
45 (48) Norway 1 500 0.01 99.95
46 (47) Fiji 1 474 0.01 99.96
47 (46) Myanmar 1 432 0.01 99.97
48 (50) Algeria 1 300 0.01 99.98
49 (36) Namibia 900 0.01 99.98
50 (51) France 600 0.00 99.99
51 (52) Ghana 520 0.00 99.99
52 (41) Malaysia 500 0.00 99.99
53 (53) Tunisia 330 0.00 100.00
54 (55) Oman 320 0.00 100.00
55 (54) Panama 310 0.00 100.00
56 (56) Slovakia 178 0.00 100.00
57 (57) Solomon Islands 1 0.00 100.00
Total 16 875 835 100.00
- 146 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
6.5.4 Industrial Minerals
Industrieminerale, Steine und Erden
Asbestos
Rank Rank C o u n t r y Production Share cum.
2000 1999 2000 in % sh.
metr.t
1 ( 1) Russia 790 000 37.75 37.75
2 ( 2) Canada 320 000 15.29 53.05
3 ( 3) China 260 000 12.43 65.47
4 ( 5) Kazakhstan 233 200 11.14 76.62
5 ( 4) Brazil 200 000 9.56 86.17
6 ( 6) Zimbabwe 151 954 7.26 93.44
7 ( 7) Iran 67 200 3.21 96.65
8 (10) South Africa, Rep. of 18 448 0.88 97.53
9 (11) India 16 000 0.76 98.29
10 (12) Colombia 14 500 0.69 98.99
11 ( 9) Swaziland 12 700 0.61 99.59
12 (13) United States 5 798 0.28 99.87
13 (14) Egypt 1 154 0.06 99.93
14 (15) Yugoslavia 780 0.04 99.96
15 (16) Bulgaria 620 0.03 99.99
16 (17) Pakistan 145 0.01 100.00
Total 2 092 499 100.00
Baryte
Rank Rank C o u n t r y Production Share cum.
2000 1999 2000 in % sh.
metr.t
1 ( 1) China 3 200 000 52.70 52.70
2 ( 2) United States 391 865 6.45 59.16
3 ( 3) India 350 000 5.76 64.92
4 ( 5) Kazakhstan 330 000 5.44 70.36
5 ( 4) Morocco 320 243 5.27 75.63
6 ( 6) Iran 182 900 3.01 78.64
7 (10) DPR Korea 140 000 2.31 80.95
8 ( 7) Mexico 127 668 2.10 83.05
9 ( 8) Turkey 120 893 1.99 85.04
10 ( 9) Bulgaria 120 000 1.98 87.02
11 (11) Germany, Federal Rep. 111 790 1.84 88.86
12 (12) France 70 000 1.15 90.01
13 (15) Peru 64 000 1.05 91.07
14 (17) United Kingdom 54 000 0.89 91.96
15 (18) Russia 53 000 0.87 92.83
16 (20) Algeria 53 000 0.87 93.70
17 (19) Brazil 52 800 0.87 94.57
18 (13) Thailand 49 220 0.81 95.38
19 (23) Myanmar 32 669 0.54 95.92
- 147 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
20 (21) Slovakia 30 300 0.50 96.42
21 (22) Poland 29 000 0.48 96.90
22 (16) Spain 22 000 0.36 97.26
23 (25) Pakistan 21 230 0.35 97.61
24 (24) Italy 20 000 0.33 97.94
25 (14) Canada 20 000 0.33 98.27
26 (27) Malaysia 16 200 0.27 98.54
27 (29) Saudi Arabia 15 859 0.26 98.80
28 (26) Belgium 14 000 0.23 99.03
29 (28) Australia 13 400 0.22 99.25
30 (30) Nigeria 9 500 0.16 99.40
31 (31) Argentina 8 500 0.14 99.54
32 (34) Afghanistan 5 200 0.09 99.63
33 (35) Tunisia 5 000 0.08 99.71
34 (33) Romania 4 266 0.07 99.78
35 (36) Zimbabwe 3 500 0.06 99.84
36 (32) Bolivia 3 050 0.05 99.89
37 (39) Colombia 1 700 0.03 99.92
38 (37) South Africa, Rep. of 1 628 0.03 99.95
39 (38) Ecuador 1 476 0.02 99.97
40 (41) Chile 1 026 0.02 99.99
41 (42) Greece 320 0.01 99.99
42 (43) Armenia 280 0.00 100.00
43 (40) Guatemala 131 0.00 100.00
44 ( 0) Portugal 100 0.00 100.00
Total 6 071 714 100.00
Bentonite
Rank Rank C o u n t r y Production Share cum.
2000 1999 2000 in % sh.
metr.t
1 ( 1) United States 3 405 260 34.44 34.44
2 ( 2) Russia 1 150 000 11.63 46.07
3 ( 3) Greece 1 148 694 11.62 57.69
4 ( 4) Turkey 636 273 6.44 64.12
5 ( 5) Italy 550 000 5.56 69.69
6 ( 6) Germany, Federal Rep. 464 616 4.70 74.39
7 ( 7) Japan 428 247 4.33 78.72
8 (11) Czech Republic 280 000 2.83 81.55
9 ( 8) Brazil 245 000 2.48 84.03
10 ( 9) India 200 000 2.02 86.05
11 (10) Spain 200 000 2.02 88.07
12 (12) Argentina 167 600 1.70 89.77
13 (15) Iran 135 000 1.37 91.13
14 (14) United Kingdom 132 000 1.34 92.47
15 (13) Cyprus 126 300 1.28 93.75
16 (21) South Africa, Rep. of 110 445 1.12 94.86
17 (19) Slovakia 75 000 0.76 95.62
18 (17) Mexico 68 300 0.69 96.31
19 (16) Korea, Republic of 67 652 0.68 97.00
20 (18) Armenia 60 000 0.61 97.60
21 (20) Australia 56 000 0.57 98.17
22 (27) Romania 35 789 0.36 98.53
23 (22) Turkmenistan 35 000 0.35 98.89
- 148 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
24 (23) Morocco 21 352 0.22 99.10
25 (24) Peru 17 800 0.18 99.28
26 (25) Algeria 15 000 0.15 99.43
27 (26) Pakistan 13 850 0.14 99.57
28 (29) Colombia 9 200 0.09 99.67
29 (28) Hungary 5 200 0.05 99.72
30 (32) New Zealand 4 500 0.05 99.77
31 (31) Thailand 4 400 0.04 99.81
32 (30) Croatia 3 500 0.04 99.85
33 (33) Guatemala 3 317 0.03 99.88
34 (34) Macedonia 2 500 0.03 99.90
35 (35) Poland 2 500 0.03 99.93
36 (36) Philippines 1 500 0.02 99.94
37 (38) Bolivia 1 500 0.02 99.96
38 (37) Egypt 1 490 0.02 99.97
39 (39) Chile 1 314 0.01 99.99
40 (40) Myanmar 680 0.01 99.99
41 (41) Nicaragua 350 0.00 100.00
42 (43) Uruguay 130 0.00 100.00
43 (42) Ecuador 41 0.00 100.00
Total 9 887 300 100.00
Boron
Rank Rank C o u n t r y Production Share cum.
2000 1999 2000 in % sh.
metr.t
1 ( 1) Turkey 1 729 676 47.19 47.19
2 ( 2) United States 1 072 000 29.25 76.44
3 ( 3) Chile 350 000 9.55 85.99
4 ( 4) Argentina 334 000 9.11 95.11
5 ( 5) China 75 000 2.05 97.15
6 ( 6) Kazakhstan 53 000 1.45 98.60
7 ( 8) Bolivia 33 951 0.93 99.53
8 ( 7) Peru 14 500 0.40 99.92
9 ( 9) Iran 2 850 0.08 100.00
Total 3 664 977 100.00
Diamonds (Gem)
Rank Rank C o u n t r y Production Share cum.
2000 1999 2000 in % sh.
carats
1 ( 1) Botswana 14 943 600 32.68 32.68
2 ( 3) Russia 8 200 000 17.93 50.60
3 ( 2) Australia 7 932 800 17.35 67.95
4 ( 5) South Africa, Rep. of 4 322 123 9.45 77.40
5 ( 6) Angola 3 605 400 7.88 85.28
6 ( 4) Congo,D.R. 3 300 000 7.22 92.50
- 149 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
7 ( 7) Namibia 1 474 400 3.22 95.72
8 ( 9) Brazil 455 000 0.99 96.72
9 ( 8) Central African Rep. 382 500 0.84 97.56
10 (10) Guinea 276 449 0.60 98.16
11 (12) Tanzania 269 450 0.59 98.75
12 (11) Sierra Leone 221 100 0.48 99.23
13 (13) Ghana 137 310 0.30 99.53
14 (15) Venezuela 56 000 0.12 99.65
15 (14) Liberia 55 250 0.12 99.78
16 (16) China 32 000 0.07 99.85
17 (19) Guyana 24 638 0.05 99.90
18 (17) India 16 000 0.03 99.93
19 (21) Cote d'Ivoire 12 000 0.03 99.96
20 (20) Swaziland 11 000 0.02 99.98
21 (18) Zimbabwe 6 908 0.02 100.00
Total 45 733 928 100.00
Diamonds (Ind)
Rank Rank C o u n t r y Production Share cum.
2000 1999 2000 in % sh.
carats
1 ( 2) Congo,D.R. 13 200 000 27.39 27.39
2 ( 1) Australia 11 899 200 24.69 52.08
3 ( 3) Russia 8 200 000 17.01 69.09
4 ( 5) South Africa, Rep. of 6 483 184 13.45 82.54
5 ( 4) Botswana 6 404 400 13.29 95.83
6 ( 6) Ghana 549 241 1.14 96.97
7 ( 7) Angola 400 600 0.83 97.80
8 ( 8) Brazil 195 000 0.40 98.21
9 ( 9) China 128 000 0.27 98.47
10 (10) Liberia 114 750 0.24 98.71
11 (11) Sierra Leone 108 900 0.23 98.93
12 (12) Guinea 92 149 0.19 99.13
13 (14) Venezuela 84 000 0.17 99.30
14 (13) Namibia 77 600 0.16 99.46
15 (15) Central African Rep. 67 500 0.14 99.60
16 (18) Guyana 57 489 0.12 99.72
17 (17) Tanzania 47 550 0.10 99.82
18 (16) Swaziland 44 000 0.09 99.91
19 (20) India 24 000 0.05 99.96
20 (19) Zimbabwe 16 120 0.03 99.99
21 (21) Cote d'Ivoire 3 000 0.01 100.00
22 (22) Myanmar 5 0.00 100.00
Total 48 196 688 100.00
- 150 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Diatomite
Rank Rank C o u n t r y Production Share cum.
2000 1999 2000 in % sh.
metr.t
1 ( 1) United States 677 000 61.99 61.99
2 ( 4) Mexico 96 448 8.83 70.82
3 ( 3) France 70 000 6.41 77.23
4 ( 5) Spain 55 000 5.04 82.26
5 ( 2) Korea, Republic of 34 143 3.13 85.39
6 ( 6) Czech Republic 34 000 3.11 88.50
7 ( 7) Iceland 27 614 2.53 91.03
8 ( 8) Peru 15 500 1.42 92.45
9 ( 9) Chile 13 384 1.23 93.67
10 (10) Brazil 12 300 1.13 94.80
11 (12) Argentina 11 000 1.01 95.81
12 (11) Costa Rica 10 000 0.92 96.72
13 (19) Romania 9 712 0.89 97.61
14 (13) Australia 9 300 0.85 98.46
15 (14) Iran 5 200 0.48 98.94
16 (15) Canada 3 000 0.27 99.21
17 (16) Thailand 2 500 0.23 99.44
18 (17) Slovakia 2 000 0.18 99.63
19 (18) Algeria 1 800 0.16 99.79
20 (20) Portugal 655 0.06 99.85
21 (21) Ethiopia 650 0.06 99.91
22 (22) Kenya 448 0.04 99.95
23 (23) Armenia 300 0.03 99.98
24 (24) South Africa, Rep. of 230 0.02 100.00
Total 1 092 184 100.00
Feldspar
Rank Rank C o u n t r y Production Share cum.
2000 1999 2000 in % sh.
metr.t
1 ( 1) Italy 2 200 000 26.29 26.29
2 ( 3) United States 789 889 9.44 35.73
3 ( 2) Turkey 773 560 9.25 44.98
4 ( 4) France 680 000 8.13 53.11
5 ( 6) Spain 550 000 6.57 59.68
6 ( 5) Germany, Federal Rep. 476 895 5.70 65.38
7 (10) Czech Republic 337 000 4.03 69.41
8 ( 9) Mexico 334 439 4.00 73.40
9 ( 8) Thailand 325 064 3.89 77.29
10 (12) Venezuela 263 760 3.15 80.44
11 (11) Iran 156 000 1.86 82.31
12 (13) Brazil 122 000 1.46 83.76
13 (14) Portugal 119 837 1.43 85.20
14 (15) India 110 000 1.31 86.51
15 (16) Russia 86 000 1.03 87.54
16 (17) Argentina 85 000 1.02 88.56
17 (18) Poland 78 000 0.93 89.49
- 151 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
18 (19) Uzbekistan 76 000 0.91 90.40
19 (20) Norway 71 330 0.85 91.25
20 (21) Colombia 70 000 0.84 92.09
21 (22) South Africa, Rep. of 66 700 0.80 92.88
22 (25) Greece 66 300 0.79 93.67
23 (24) Indonesia 55 500 0.66 94.34
24 (23) Japan 55 000 0.66 95.00
25 (26) Hungary 47 500 0.57 95.56
26 (32) Ecuador 47 041 0.56 96.13
27 (30) Pakistan 43 190 0.52 96.64
28 (27) Finland 38 609 0.46 97.10
29 (28) Romania 38 361 0.46 97.56
30 (29) Sweden 35 000 0.42 97.98
31 (33) Sri Lanka 28 638 0.34 98.32
32 (34) Australia 22 800 0.27 98.59
33 (38) Saudi Arabia 21 100 0.25 98.85
34 (35) Guatemala 17 804 0.21 99.06
35 (37) Cuba 16 700 0.20 99.26
36 (31) Egypt 12 178 0.15 99.40
37 (40) Jordan 11 112 0.13 99.54
38 (39) Macedonia 10 000 0.12 99.66
39 (41) United Kingdom 6 100 0.07 99.73
40 (42) Yugoslavia 5 300 0.06 99.79
41 (44) Peru 4 300 0.05 99.84
42 (43) Algeria 4 300 0.05 99.90
43 (36) Philippines 3 180 0.04 99.93
44 (47) Chile 2 311 0.03 99.96
45 (45) Zimbabwe 1 700 0.02 99.98
46 (46) Uruguay 1 500 0.02 100.00
Total 8 366 998 100.00
Fluorspar
Rank Rank C o u n t r y Production Share cum.
2000 1999 2000 in % sh.
metr.t
1 ( 1) China 2 200 000 50.08 50.08
2 ( 2) Mexico 635 230 14.46 64.55
3 ( 4) Russia 336 000 7.65 72.19
4 ( 3) South Africa, Rep. of 212 709 4.84 77.04
5 ( 5) Mongolia 168 000 3.82 80.86
6 ( 6) Spain 135 000 3.07 83.93
7 ( 8) Kenya 100 102 2.28 86.21
8 ( 9) Uzbekistan 92 000 2.09 88.31
9 (10) Kazakhstan 83 000 1.89 90.20
10 ( 7) France 80 000 1.82 92.02
11 (11) Morocco 77 800 1.77 93.79
12 (12) Namibia 66 128 1.51 95.30
13 (13) Italy 40 000 0.91 96.21
14 (14) United Kingdom 36 000 0.82 97.03
15 (16) Germany, Federal Rep. 31 124 0.71 97.73
16 (17) DPR Korea 26 000 0.59 98.33
17 (15) Brazil 25 000 0.57 98.90
- 152 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
18 (18) Iran 18 500 0.42 99.32
19 (20) United States 9 000 0.20 99.52
20 (21) Argentina 6 000 0.14 99.66
21 (19) Thailand 4 745 0.11 99.77
22 (22) Turkey 4 113 0.09 99.86
23 (24) India 2 000 0.05 99.91
24 (26) Afghanistan 1 100 0.03 99.93
25 (23) Pakistan 990 0.02 99.95
26 (27) Colombia 980 0.02 99.98
27 (25) Tunisia 950 0.02 100.00
28 (28) Egypt 143 0.00 100.00
Total 4 392 614 100.00
Graphite
Rank Rank C o u n t r y Production Share cum.
2000 1999 2000 in % sh.
metr.t
1 ( 1) China 240 000 39.70 39.70
2 ( 2) India 170 000 28.12 67.82
3 ( 4) Mexico 30 330 5.02 72.83
4 ( 3) Brazil 27 000 4.47 77.30
5 ( 6) Czech Republic 23 000 3.80 81.10
6 ( 5) DPR Korea 22 000 3.64 84.74
7 ( 8) Turkey 16 000 2.65 87.39
8 ( 7) Canada 15 000 2.48 89.87
9 ( 9) Madagascar 14 000 2.32 92.19
10 (10) Zimbabwe 11 838 1.96 94.15
11 (11) Norway 8 392 1.39 95.53
12 (12) Russia 6 100 1.01 96.54
13 (16) Sri Lanka 5 902 0.98 97.52
14 (14) Sweden 5 108 0.84 98.36
15 (13) Ukraine 4 200 0.69 99.06
16 (15) Germany, Federal Rep. 3 414 0.56 99.62
17 (18) Romania 1 251 0.21 99.83
18 (17) Austria 669 0.11 99.94
19 (19) Tanzania 220 0.04 99.98
20 (20) Viet Nam 140 0.02 100.00
Total 604 564 100.00
Guano
Rank Rank C o u n t r y Production Share cum.
2000 1999 2000 in % sh.
metr.t
1 ( 1) Seychellen 720 97.43 97.43
2 ( 2) Philippines 19 2.57 100.00
Total 739 100.00
- 153 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Gypsum and Anhydrite
Rank Rank C o u n t r y Production Share cum.
2000 1999 2000 in % sh.
metr.t
1 ( 1) United States 25 000 000 24.70 24.70
2 ( 2) Iran 10 700 000 10.57 35.27
3 ( 3) Spain 9 500 000 9.39 44.66
4 ( 4) Canada 8 548 000 8.45 53.10
5 ( 5) China 6 800 000 6.72 59.82
6 ( 6) Thailand 5 860 326 5.79 65.61
7 ( 7) France 4 000 000 3.95 69.56
8 ( 8) Mexico 3 558 118 3.52 73.08
9 ( 9) Germany, Federal Rep. 2 601 086 2.57 75.65
10 (11) Australia 2 300 000 2.27 77.92
11 (12) Egypt 2 229 324 2.20 80.12
12 (10) India 2 200 000 2.17 82.30
13 (14) Brazil 1 700 000 1.68 83.98
14 (13) United Kingdom 1 500 000 1.48 85.46
15 (15) Italy 1 300 000 1.28 86.74
16 (16) Poland 1 239 000 1.22 87.97
17 (18) Saudi Arabia 1 208 071 1.19 89.16
18 (17) Austria 946 044 0.93 90.09
19 (21) Greece 801 025 0.79 90.89
20 (20) Colombia 780 000 0.77 91.66
21 (22) Argentina 712 000 0.70 92.36
22 (24) Portugal 567 000 0.56 92.92
23 (23) Russia 550 000 0.54 93.46
24 (26) Ireland 500 000 0.49 93.96
25 (27) Iraq 480 000 0.47 94.43
26 (25) South Africa, Rep. of 413 000 0.41 94.84
27 (30) Pakistan 377 000 0.37 95.21
28 (19) Chile 375 847 0.37 95.58
29 (29) Syria 333 260 0.33 95.91
30 (33) Hungary 251 000 0.25 96.16
31 (32) Jamaica 240 000 0.24 96.40
32 (31) Turkey 230 000 0.23 96.63
33 (39) Guatemala 212 109 0.21 96.83
34 (38) Libya 196 000 0.19 97.03
35 (37) Oman 185 000 0.18 97.21
36 (34) Tajikistan 185 000 0.18 97.39
37 (35) Algeria 180 000 0.18 97.57
38 (42) Bulgaria 169 600 0.17 97.74
39 (41) Tunisia 160 000 0.16 97.90
40 (47) Jordan 157 869 0.16 98.05
41 (46) Afghanistan 150 000 0.15 98.20
42 (48) Laos 147 719 0.15 98.35
43 (36) Cyprus 138 100 0.14 98.48
44 (28) Switzerland 135 800 0.13 98.62
45 (40) Croatia 130 000 0.13 98.75
46 (53) Latvia 126 570 0.13 98.87
47 (45) Slovakia 125 000 0.12 99.00
48 (44) Turkmenistan 125 000 0.12 99.12
49 (49) Dominican Republic 90 000 0.09 99.21
50 (43) Czech Republic 82 000 0.08 99.29
51 (50) Uruguay 80 000 0.08 99.37
- 154 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
52 (51) Peru 76 000 0.08 99.44
53 (52) Bhutan 68 500 0.07 99.51
54 (57) Venezuela 65 000 0.06 99.57
55 (54) Yemen, Republic of 59 000 0.06 99.63
56 (56) Myanmar 52 573 0.05 99.68
57 (55) Israel 50 000 0.05 99.73
58 (58) Ethiopia 38 000 0.04 99.77
59 (59) Yugoslavia 38 000 0.04 99.81
60 (60) Angola 23 000 0.02 99.83
61 (61) Honduras 21 500 0.02 99.85
62 (65) Moldavia 20 200 0.02 99.87
63 (62) Azerbaijan 20 000 0.02 99.89
64 (64) Mauritania 18 900 0.02 99.91
65 (63) Abu Dhabi (UAE) 18 000 0.02 99.93
66 (66) Mongolia 16 000 0.02 99.95
67 (67) Viet Nam 15 000 0.01 99.96
68 (68) Sudan 13 808 0.01 99.97
69 (69) Nicaragua 10 500 0.01 99.98
70 (70) Paraguay 5 900 0.01 99.99
71 (71) Albania 4 000 0.00 99.99
72 (73) Niger 1 400 0.00 100.00
73 (74) Lebanon 1 100 0.00 100.00
74 (72) Ecuador 1 043 0.00 100.00
75 (75) Eritrea 980 0.00 100.00
76 (76) Somalia 620 0.00 100.00
77 (77) Kenya 580 0.00 100.00
78 (78) Uganda 300 0.00 100.00
79 (79) Bolivia 100 0.00 100.00
Total 101 215 872 100.00
Kaolin
Rank Rank C o u n t r y Production Share cum.
2000 1999 2000 in % sh.
metr.t
1 ( 1) United States 8 291 018 31.70 31.70
2 ( 2) Germany, Federal Rep. 3 655 110 13.97 45.67
3 ( 3) United Kingdom 2 100 000 8.03 53.70
4 ( 5) Russia 1 600 000 6.12 59.82
5 ( 4) Brazil 1 600 000 6.12 65.94
6 ( 6) China 1 400 000 5.35 71.29
7 ( 7) Czech Republic 1 086 735 4.15 75.45
8 ( 8) Iran 860 000 3.29 78.73
9 (10) Colombia 660 000 2.52 81.26
10 (11) Turkey 595 415 2.28 83.53
11 ( 9) India 520 000 1.99 85.52
12 (25) Thailand 507 974 1.94 87.46
13 (14) Spain 450 000 1.72 89.18
14 (12) Korea, Republic of 390 000 1.49 90.67
15 (13) France 325 000 1.24 91.92
16 (16) Australia 240 000 0.92 92.84
17 (15) Egypt 225 943 0.86 93.70
18 (22) Paraguay 170 000 0.65 94.35
- 155 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
19 (18) Malaysia 168 000 0.64 94.99
20 (21) Bulgaria 140 000 0.54 95.53
21 (17) Portugal 135 500 0.52 96.04
22 (23) Mexico 120 000 0.46 96.50
23 (20) Austria 118 508 0.45 96.96
24 (19) Uganda 92 000 0.35 97.31
25 (24) South Africa, Rep. of 91 119 0.35 97.66
26 (27) Poland 68 000 0.26 97.92
27 (28) Argentina 68 000 0.26 98.18
28 (31) Yugoslavia 64 000 0.24 98.42
29 (30) Greece 54 226 0.21 98.63
30 (26) Japan 53 092 0.20 98.83
31 (29) Pakistan 49 570 0.19 99.02
32 (32) Jordan 36 795 0.14 99.16
33 (34) New Zealand 26 200 0.10 99.26
34 (33) Indonesia 25 000 0.10 99.36
35 (36) Slovakia 21 170 0.08 99.44
36 (35) Romania 20 188 0.08 99.52
37 (41) Venezuela 19 434 0.07 99.59
38 (37) Algeria 17 000 0.06 99.65
39 (38) Belgium 14 500 0.06 99.71
40 (39) Cuba 13 600 0.05 99.76
41 (40) Sri Lanka 12 230 0.05 99.81
42 (42) Ecuador 11 022 0.04 99.85
43 (43) Saudi Arabia 7 500 0.03 99.88
44 (45) Chile 6 445 0.02 99.90
45 (44) Philippines 6 000 0.02 99.93
46 (46) Peru 3 800 0.01 99.94
47 (47) Bangladesh 3 300 0.01 99.95
48 (48) Burundi 2 800 0.01 99.97
49 (49) Hungary 2 600 0.01 99.98
50 (51) Tanzania 1 600 0.01 99.98
51 (50) Ethiopia 1 600 0.01 99.99
52 (52) Eritrea 1 200 0.00 99.99
53 (53) Albania 980 0.00 100.00
54 (55) Madagascar 500 0.00 100.00
55 (54) Viet Nam 300 0.00 100.00
56 (56) Kenya 120 0.00 100.00
57 (58) Guatemala 77 0.00 100.00
58 (57) Nigeria 68 0.00 100.00
Total 26 155 239 100.00
Magnesite
Rank Rank C o u n t r y Production Share cum.
2000 1999 2000 in % sh.
metr.t
1 ( 3) Turkey 2 672 089 21.64 21.64
2 ( 1) Russia 2 500 000 20.24 41.88
3 ( 2) China 2 500 000 20.24 62.12
4 ( 4) Slovakia 1 000 700 8.10 70.22
5 ( 6) Austria 725 832 5.88 76.10
6 ( 5) DPR Korea 650 000 5.26 81.36
7 ( 7) Greece 492 780 3.99 85.35
- 156 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
8 ( 9) Australia 349 933 2.83 88.19
9 ( 8) India 340 000 2.75 90.94
10 (11) Brazil 300 000 2.43 93.37
11 (12) Canada 270 000 2.19 95.56
12 (10) Spain 160 000 1.30 96.85
13 (13) Iran 140 000 1.13 97.99
14 (15) South Africa, Rep. of 97 446 0.79 98.77
15 (14) Yugoslavia 80 000 0.65 99.42
16 (16) Poland 54 830 0.44 99.87
17 (17) Colombia 7 100 0.06 99.92
18 (18) Zimbabwe 5 800 0.05 99.97
19 (19) Pakistan 3 610 0.03 100.00
Total 12 350 120 100.00
Perlite
Rank Rank C o u n t r y Production Share cum.
2000 1999 2000 in % sh.
metr.t
1 ( 1) Greece 817 825 37.11 37.11
2 ( 2) United States 625 250 28.37 65.49
3 ( 3) Japan 260 000 11.80 77.29
4 ( 5) Hungary 151 000 6.85 84.14
5 ( 4) Turkey 149 426 6.78 90.92
6 ( 6) Russia 63 000 2.86 93.78
7 ( 7) Armenia 40 000 1.82 95.59
8 ( 8) Mexico 39 000 1.77 97.36
9 ( 9) Argentina 19 800 0.90 98.26
10 (10) Slovakia 16 700 0.76 99.02
11 (11) Philippines 11 000 0.50 99.52
12 (13) Iran 5 400 0.25 99.76
13 (12) Australia 2 800 0.13 99.89
14 (14) New Zealand 1 800 0.08 99.97
15 (15) South Africa, Rep. of 590 0.03 100.00
Total 2 203 591 100.00
Phosphate
Rank Rank C o u n t r y Production Share cum.
2000 1999 2000 in % sh.
metr.t
1 ( 1) China 31 000 000 38.55 38.55
2 ( 2) Morocco 21 459 000 26.69 65.23
3 ( 3) United States 11 200 000 13.93 79.16
4 ( 4) South Africa, Rep. of 3 196 458 3.97 83.14
5 ( 6) Jordan 1 910 391 2.38 85.51
6 ( 8) Brazil 1 598 000 1.99 87.50
7 ( 7) Russia 1 550 000 1.93 89.43
8 ( 9) Tunisia 1 494 180 1.86 91.29
9 ( 5) Israel 1 080 000 1.34 92.63
10 (10) Finland 750 000 0.93 93.56
- 157 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
11 (11) Senegal 685 900 0.85 94.41
12 (12) Syria 648 834 0.81 95.22
13 (13) Togo 495 940 0.62 95.84
14 (14) India 445 500 0.55 96.39
15 (16) Iraq 415 000 0.52 96.91
16 (15) Kazakhstan 400 000 0.50 97.41
17 (18) Mexico 336 789 0.42 97.82
18 (20) Egypt 330 258 0.41 98.23
19 (17) Algeria 297 840 0.37 98.61
20 (21) Viet Nam 200 320 0.25 98.85
21 (19) Nauru 191 520 0.24 99.09
22 (22) Christmas Island 180 800 0.22 99.32
23 (23) Iran 170 000 0.21 99.53
24 (24) DPR Korea 120 000 0.15 99.68
25 (25) Venezuela 109 900 0.14 99.81
26 (26) Peru 52 000 0.06 99.88
27 (28) Sri Lanka 34 443 0.04 99.92
28 (27) Zimbabwe 33 004 0.04 99.96
29 (29) Colombia 15 600 0.02 99.98
30 (30) Pakistan 4 800 0.01 99.99
31 (31) Thailand 3 260 0.00 99.99
32 (32) Chile 1 573 0.00 99.99
33 (33) Australia 1 500 0.00 100.00
34 (36) Tanzania 930 0.00 100.00
35 (35) Philippines 900 0.00 100.00
36 (37) Indonesia 850 0.00 100.00
37 (38) Burkina Faso 160 0.00 100.00
Total 80 415 650 100.00
Potash
Rank Rank C o u n t r y Production Share cum.
2000 1999 2000 in % sh.
metr.t
1 ( 1) Canada 9 107 000 35.87 35.87
2 ( 2) Russia 3 680 000 14.50 50.37
3 ( 4) Germany, Federal Rep. 3 407 467 13.42 63.79
4 ( 3) Belorussia 3 372 000 13.28 77.07
5 ( 5) United States 1 300 000 5.12 82.19
6 ( 7) Jordan 1 161 593 4.58 86.77
7 ( 6) Israel 1 000 000 3.94 90.71
8 ( 8) Spain 653 000 2.57 93.28
9 ( 9) United Kingdom 631 700 2.49 95.77
10 (10) France 340 000 1.34 97.10
11 (11) Brazil 336 000 1.32 98.43
12 (12) China 200 000 0.79 99.22
13 (13) Chile 105 000 0.41 99.63
14 (14) Ukraine 53 000 0.21 99.84
15 (15) Azerbaijan 40 000 0.16 100.00
16 ( 0) Cambodia 1 100 0.00 100.00
Total 25 387 860 100.00
- 158 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Salt
Rank Rank C o u n t r y Production Share cum.
2000 1999 2000 in % sh.
metr.t
1 ( 1) United States 45 300 000 21.57 21.57
2 ( 2) China 31 280 000 14.90 36.47
3 ( 3) Germany, Federal Rep. 15 054 000 7.17 43.64
4 ( 6) India 14 500 000 6.91 50.55
5 ( 4) Canada 11 935 000 5.68 56.23
6 ( 7) Mexico 8 884 370 4.23 60.46
7 ( 5) Australia 8 798 000 4.19 64.65
8 ( 8) Brazil 7 000 000 3.33 67.99
9 ( 9) Chile 6 900 000 3.29 71.27
10 (10) France 6 200 000 2.95 74.22
11 (11) United Kingdom 5 900 000 2.81 77.03
12 (12) Netherlands 5 564 000 2.65 79.68
13 (14) Spain 5 500 000 2.62 82.30
14 (16) Egypt 4 101 804 1.95 84.26
15 (15) Italy 3 500 000 1.67 85.92
16 (13) Poland 3 159 000 1.50 87.43
17 (18) Romania 2 307 482 1.10 88.53
18 (19) Turkey 2 126 371 1.01 89.54
19 (17) Ukraine 2 000 000 0.95 90.49
20 (20) Iran 1 560 000 0.74 91.24
21 (22) Pakistan 1 313 000 0.63 91.86
22 (21) Russia 1 300 000 0.62 92.48
23 (23) Argentina 1 300 000 0.62 93.10
24 (25) Austria 940 176 0.45 93.55
25 (24) Japan 930 000 0.44 93.99
26 (32) Thailand 792 250 0.38 94.37
27 (26) Bahamas 710 000 0.34 94.71
28 (28) Israel 680 000 0.32 95.03
29 (35) Tunisia 620 000 0.30 95.32
30 (27) Philippines 589 528 0.28 95.61
31 (29) Portugal 584 516 0.28 95.88
32 (30) Denmark 580 000 0.28 96.16
33 (46) Bangladesh 540 000 0.26 96.42
34 (33) Namibia 514 077 0.24 96.66
35 (34) Colombia 450 000 0.21 96.88
36 (36) DPR Korea 410 000 0.20 97.07
37 (37) Venezuela 400 000 0.19 97.26
38 (53) Saudi Arabia 353 974 0.17 97.43
39 (39) South Africa, Rep. of 346 138 0.16 97.60
40 (40) Viet Nam 320 000 0.15 97.75
41 (41) Belorussia 310 704 0.15 97.90
42 (31) Switzerland 310 000 0.15 98.04
43 (38) Jordan 305 170 0.15 98.19
44 (42) Iraq 280 000 0.13 98.32
45 (45) Peru 260 000 0.12 98.45
46 (49) Greece 244 709 0.12 98.56
47 (47) Botswana 233 000 0.11 98.67
48 (43) Indonesia 230 000 0.11 98.78
49 (44) Taiwan 230 000 0.11 98.89
50 (48) Cuba 179 000 0.09 98.98
- 159 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
51 (50) Myanmar 165 000 0.08 99.06
52 (51) Algeria 160 000 0.08 99.13
53 (52) Morocco 147 960 0.07 99.20
54 (55) Yemen, Republic of 120 000 0.06 99.26
55 (61) Syria 106 130 0.05 99.31
56 (58) Slovakia 99 400 0.05 99.36
57 (57) Eritrea 95 000 0.05 99.40
58 (56) Sudan 86 599 0.04 99.45
59 (59) Ethiopia 83 000 0.04 99.48
60 (60) Tanzania 78 000 0.04 99.52
61 (62) Guatemala 74 000 0.04 99.56
62 (54) Sri Lanka 70 107 0.03 99.59
63 (66) Afghanistan 70 000 0.03 99.62
64 (63) Bulgaria 69 747 0.03 99.66
65 (65) Senegal 68 000 0.03 99.69
66 (64) New Zealand 64 000 0.03 99.72
67 (67) Cambodia 50 000 0.02 99.74
68 (69) Turkmenistan 39 000 0.02 99.76
69 (70) Puerto Rico 35 000 0.02 99.78
70 (72) Kuwait 34 500 0.02 99.80
71 (71) Madagascar 34 000 0.02 99.81
72 (73) Azerbaijan 32 000 0.02 99.83
73 (75) Honduras 29 000 0.01 99.84
74 (74) Abu Dhabi (UAE) 26 000 0.01 99.85
75 (78) Panama 24 800 0.01 99.86
76 (77) Ghana 24 000 0.01 99.88
77 (80) Armenia 23 800 0.01 99.89
78 (84) Croatia 22 000 0.01 99.90
79 (79) Mozambique 22 000 0.01 99.91
80 (82) El Salvador 20 000 0.01 99.92
81 (81) Angola 20 000 0.01 99.93
82 (83) Albania 18 000 0.01 99.94
83 (85) Costa Rica 16 500 0.01 99.94
84 (68) Kenya 16 359 0.01 99.95
85 (87) Jamaica 16 000 0.01 99.96
86 (86) Yugoslavia 15 000 0.01 99.97
87 (76) Libya 14 411 0.01 99.97
88 (88) Mongolia 14 300 0.01 99.98
89 (89) Nicaragua 11 000 0.01 99.99
90 (90) Oman 11 000 0.01 99.99
91 (91) Dominican Republic 8 200 0.00 99.99
92 (92) Laos 2 436 0.00 100.00
93 (93) Somalia 2 300 0.00 100.00
94 (94) Niger 2 200 0.00 100.00
95 (95) Uganda 1 700 0.00 100.00
96 (96) Lebanon 1 600 0.00 100.00
97 (97) Cape Verde 840 0.00 100.00
98 (98) Bolivia 327 0.00 100.00
99 (99) Malta 100 0.00 100.00
100 (100) Benin 76 0.00 100.00
101 ( 0) Nepal 1 0.00 100.00
Total 209 971 662 100.00
- 160 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Sulfur
Rank Rank C o u n t r y Production Share cum.
2000 1999 2000 in % sh.
metr.t
1 ( 1) United States 9 400 000 23.18 23.18
2 ( 2) Canada 8 515 000 21.00 44.18
3 ( 3) China 5 000 000 12.33 56.50
4 ( 4) Russia 4 100 000 10.11 66.61
5 ( 5) Saudi Arabia 2 000 000 4.93 71.55
6 ( 6) Iran 1 600 000 3.95 75.49
7 ( 8) Poland 1 480 000 3.65 79.14
8 ( 7) Germany, Federal Rep. 1 099 688 2.71 81.85
9 ( 9) Mexico 851 427 2.10 83.95
10 (10) France 800 000 1.97 85.92
11 (11) Spain 770 000 1.90 87.82
12 (12) Kuwait 530 000 1.31 89.13
13 (13) Japan 500 000 1.23 90.36
14 (14) Brazil 490 000 1.21 91.57
15 (17) South Africa, Rep. of 471 735 1.16 92.73
16 (15) Iraq 420 000 1.04 93.77
17 (16) Finland 414 371 1.02 94.79
18 (18) Australia 280 000 0.69 95.48
19 (19) Taiwan 195 000 0.48 95.96
20 (20) Turkmenistan 178 000 0.44 96.40
21 (21) Italy 160 000 0.39 96.80
22 (23) Kazakhstan 140 000 0.35 97.14
23 (24) DPR Korea 100 000 0.25 97.39
24 (25) Venezuela 100 000 0.25 97.63
25 (22) United Kingdom 100 000 0.25 97.88
26 (26) Ukraine 93 000 0.23 98.11
27 (27) Romania 85 000 0.21 98.32
28 (28) Yugoslavia 82 000 0.20 98.52
29 (29) Turkey 76 000 0.19 98.71
30 (30) Abu Dhabi (UAE) 70 000 0.17 98.88
31 (31) Colombia 55 700 0.14 99.02
32 (32) Namibia 48 200 0.12 99.14
33 (33) Qatar 45 500 0.11 99.25
34 (34) Norway 42 000 0.10 99.35
35 (35) Bahrain 41 800 0.10 99.46
36 (36) Peru 33 000 0.08 99.54
37 (37) Zambia 30 000 0.07 99.61
38 (39) Libya 24 400 0.06 99.67
39 (38) Algeria 23 800 0.06 99.73
40 (40) Zimbabwe 21 000 0.05 99.78
41 (41) Bulgaria 18 000 0.04 99.83
42 (42) Greece 14 300 0.04 99.86
43 (43) India 11 800 0.03 99.89
44 (45) Indonesia 11 500 0.03 99.92
45 (44) Ecuador 11 300 0.03 99.95
46 (46) Austria 9 646 0.02 99.97
47 (47) Egypt 5 800 0.01 99.99
48 (48) Congo,D.R. 4 300 0.01 100.00
- 161 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
49 (49) Albania 1 000 0.00 100.00
50 (50) Pakistan 160 0.00 100.00
51 (51) Bolivia 29 0.00 100.00
Total 40 554 456 100.00
Talc
Rank Rank C o u n t r y Production Share cum.
2000 1999 2000 in % sh.
metr.t
1 ( 1) China 3 370 000 41.17 41.17
2 ( 3) Korea, Republic of 917 972 11.21 52.38
3 ( 4) Japan 560 000 6.84 59.22
4 ( 5) Finland 501 853 6.13 65.36
5 ( 2) United States 469 544 5.74 71.09
6 ( 6) India 440 000 5.38 76.47
7 ( 7) Brazil 410 000 5.01 81.48
8 ( 8) France 380 000 4.64 86.12
9 (10) Russia 210 000 2.57 88.68
10 (11) Australia 150 000 1.83 90.52
11 (12) Austria 133 060 1.63 92.14
12 ( 9) Spain 121 000 1.48 93.62
13 (13) Italy 120 000 1.47 95.08
14 (15) Canada 86 000 1.05 96.14
15 (14) DPR Korea 85 000 1.04 97.17
16 (19) Mexico 20 569 0.25 97.43
17 (18) Sweden 20 000 0.24 97.67
18 (16) Slovakia 18 000 0.22 97.89
19 (17) Norway 18 000 0.22 98.11
20 (29) Portugal 17 761 0.22 98.33
21 (21) Peru 17 500 0.21 98.54
22 (24) Germany, Federal Rep. 17 377 0.21 98.75
23 (23) Colombia 15 800 0.19 98.95
24 (25) Argentina 9 300 0.11 99.06
25 (27) Macedonia 9 000 0.11 99.17
26 (20) Iran 8 500 0.10 99.27
27 (28) Taiwan 8 300 0.10 99.37
28 (26) Romania 7 850 0.10 99.47
29 (32) Thailand 7 390 0.09 99.56
30 (31) Nepal 5 852 0.07 99.63
31 (22) South Africa, Rep. of 5 600 0.07 99.70
32 (30) United Kingdom 4 800 0.06 99.76
33 (34) Turkey 4 200 0.05 99.81
34 (33) Egypt 3 343 0.04 99.85
35 (36) Uruguay 3 000 0.04 99.89
36 (38) Chile 2 421 0.03 99.92
37 (37) Greece 2 300 0.03 99.95
38 (40) Zimbabwe 2 000 0.02 99.97
39 (39) Hungary 1 200 0.01 99.98
40 (41) Guatemala 1 000 0.01 100.00
41 (42) Zambia 280 0.00 100.00
Total 8 185 772 100.00
- 162 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Vermiculite
Rank Rank C o u n t r y Production Share cum.
2000 1999 2000 in % sh.
metr.t
1 ( 1) South Africa, Rep. of 208 835 37.26 37.26
2 ( 2) United States 175 000 31.22 68.49
3 ( 3) Ukraine 57 000 10.17 78.66
4 ( 4) Brazil 45 000 8.03 86.69
5 ( 5) Russia 27 000 4.82 91.50
6 ( 6) Australia 22 000 3.93 95.43
7 ( 7) Zimbabwe 12 400 2.21 97.64
8 ( 8) Japan 6 500 1.16 98.80
9 ( 9) India 4 800 0.86 99.66
10 (10) Egypt 1 397 0.25 99.91
11 (11) Mexico 400 0.07 99.98
12 (12) Kenya 124 0.02 100.00
Total 560 456 100.00
Zircon
Rank Rank C o u n t r y Production Share cum.
2000 1999 2000 in % sh.
metr.t
1 ( 1) Australia 373 000 40.32 40.32
2 ( 2) South Africa, Rep. of 367 552 39.73 80.06
3 ( 3) United States 100 000 10.81 90.87
4 ( 4) Ukraine 32 000 3.46 94.32
5 ( 5) India 19 000 2.05 96.38
6 ( 7) China 14 000 1.51 97.89
7 ( 6) Brazil 13 000 1.41 99.30
8 ( 9) Malaysia 5 250 0.57 99.86
9 ( 8) Sri Lanka 1 200 0.13 99.99
10 ( 0) Thailand 50 0.01 100.00
Total 925 052 100.00
- 163 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
6.5.5 Mineral Fuels
Energierohstoffe
Hardcoal
Rank Rank C o u n t r y Production Share cum.
2000 1999 2000 in % sh.
metr.t
1 ( 2) United States 975 700 000 27.72 27.72
2 ( 1) China 880 000 000 25.00 52.72
3 ( 5) South Africa, Rep. of 292 400 000 8.31 61.03
4 ( 3) India 280 000 000 7.95 68.98
5 ( 4) Australia 244 000 000 6.93 75.91
6 ( 6) Russia 178 000 000 5.06 80.97
7 ( 7) Poland 103 172 000 2.93 83.90
8 ( 8) Ukraine 81 050 000 2.30 86.20
9 (11) Indonesia 76 465 000 2.17 88.38
10 (12) Kazakhstan 72 429 500 2.06 90.43
11 ( 9) DPR Korea 67 200 000 1.91 92.34
12 (10) Canada 60 149 000 1.71 94.05
13 (15) Colombia 38 142 000 1.08 95.14
14 (13) Germany, Federal Rep. 37 376 000 1.06 96.20
15 (14) United Kingdom 31 972 000 0.91 97.11
16 (16) Spain 14 965 000 0.43 97.53
17 (17) Czech Republic 14 855 000 0.42 97.95
18 (18) Viet Nam 10 800 000 0.31 98.26
19 (19) Mexico 8 230 115 0.23 98.49
20 (20) Venezuela 8 166 651 0.23 98.73
21 (21) Brazil 6 790 000 0.19 98.92
22 (23) Korea, Republic of 4 150 000 0.12 99.04
23 (22) Zimbabwe 3 986 202 0.11 99.15
24 (25) New Zealand 3 600 000 0.10 99.25
25 (26) Turkey 3 330 355 0.09 99.35
26 (24) France 3 166 000 0.09 99.44
27 (29) Japan 3 126 000 0.09 99.53
28 (28) Romania 3 037 344 0.09 99.61
29 (27) Uzbekistan 3 000 000 0.09 99.70
30 (30) Iran 1 815 000 0.05 99.75
31 (31) Pakistan 1 500 000 0.04 99.79
32 (32) Philippines 1 354 000 0.04 99.83
33 (33) Chile 1 012 578 0.03 99.86
34 (34) Botswana 945 000 0.03 99.89
35 (35) Hungary 744 000 0.02 99.91
36 (38) Norway 631 926 0.02 99.93
37 (37) Kyrgystan 419 400 0.01 99.94
38 (39) Malaysia 382 942 0.01 99.95
39 (36) Swaziland 378 000 0.01 99.96
40 (40) Argentina 300 000 0.01 99.97
41 (43) Zambia 200 000 0.01 99.97
42 (41) Niger 158 200 0.00 99.98
43 (44) Afghanistan 135 000 0.00 99.98
44 (45) Yugoslavia 112 000 0.00 99.98
45 (46) Tanzania 85 000 0.00 99.99
46 (47) Nigeria 83 000 0.00 99.99
- 164 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
47 (48) Taiwan 73 000 0.00 99.99
48 (49) Peru 73 000 0.00 99.99
49 (50) Bhutan 61 000 0.00 99.99
50 (51) Mozambique 46 000 0.00 100.00
51 (52) Malawi 34 300 0.00 100.00
52 (42) Morocco 28 725 0.00 100.00
53 (55) Laos 21 997 0.00 100.00
54 (54) Tajikistan 21 300 0.00 100.00
55 (53) Bulgaria 17 500 0.00 100.00
56 (57) Georgia 7 300 0.00 100.00
57 (58) Egypt 1 800 0.00 100.00
Total 3 519 900 135 100.00
Lignite
Rank Rank C o u n t r y Production Share cum.
2000 1999 2000 in % sh.
metr.t
1 ( 1) Germany, Federal Rep. 167 691 000 19.50 19.50
2 ( 2) Russia 80 000 000 9.30 28.81
3 ( 4) Australia 64 960 000 7.56 36.36
4 ( 5) Greece 64 026 457 7.45 43.81
5 ( 7) United States 62 000 000 7.21 51.02
6 ( 3) Turkey 61 314 974 7.13 58.15
7 ( 6) Poland 59 460 000 6.92 65.07
8 (10) Czech Republic 46 280 000 5.38 70.45
9 ( 8) Yugoslavia 46 000 000 5.35 75.80
10 ( 9) China 40 000 000 4.65 80.45
11 (13) Romania 26 043 100 3.03 83.48
12 (11) Bulgaria 23 712 006 2.76 86.24
13 (12) India 20 000 000 2.33 88.57
14 (14) DPR Korea 18 000 000 2.09 90.66
15 (15) Thailand 17 713 753 2.06 92.72
16 (16) Hungary 13 531 000 1.57 94.29
17 (17) Spain 11 733 000 1.36 95.66
18 (18) Canada 9 000 000 1.05 96.71
19 (19) Macedonia 7 000 000 0.81 97.52
20 (20) Mongolia 5 700 000 0.66 98.18
21 (21) Slovenia 3 743 000 0.44 98.62
22 (22) Slovakia 3 648 376 0.42 99.04
23 (23) Ukraine 3 500 000 0.41 99.45
24 (24) Kazakhstan 2 442 900 0.28 99.73
25 (25) Austria 1 254 605 0.15 99.88
26 (26) France 500 000 0.06 99.94
27 (27) Italy 270 000 0.03 99.97
28 (28) New Zealand 170 000 0.02 99.99
29 (29) Myanmar 52 553 0.01 100.00
30 (30) Albania 20 000 0.00 100.00
31 (31) Nepal 17 530 0.00 100.00
Total 859 784 254 100.00
- 165 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Natural Gas
Rank Rank C o u n t r y Production Share cum.
2000 1999 2000 in % sh.
Mio m
3
1 ( 1) Russia 584 000 24.60 24.60
2 ( 2) United States 544 000 22.92 47.52
3 ( 3) Canada 166 078 7.00 54.52
4 ( 4) United Kingdom 108 280 4.56 59.08
5 ( 5) Algeria 85 000 3.58 62.66
6 ( 6) Indonesia 84 385 3.56 66.21
7 ( 7) Netherlands 67 727 2.85 69.07
8 (10) Iran 57 000 2.40 71.47
9 ( 8) Uzbekistan 56 400 2.38 73.85
10 ( 9) Norway 52 400 2.21 76.05
11 (11) Saudi Arabia 49 000 2.06 78.12
12 (12) Argentina 41 000 1.73 79.84
13 (14) Mexico 38 400 1.62 81.46
14 (15) Australia 31 165 1.31 82.78
15 (16) Venezuela 31 000 1.31 84.08
16 (17) China 27 700 1.17 85.25
17 (18) Germany, Federal Rep. 21 576 0.91 86.16
18 (22) India 21 000 0.88 87.04
19 (20) Pakistan 20 000 0.84 87.88
20 (21) Thailand 19 500 0.82 88.71
21 (23) Ukraine 18 000 0.76 89.46
22 (24) Italy 16 800 0.71 90.17
23 (25) Abu Dhabi (UAE) 16 500 0.70 90.87
24 (27) Egypt 16 000 0.67 91.54
25 (26) Romania 14 606 0.62 92.16
26 (28) Libya 13 543 0.57 92.73
27 (29) Qatar 13 300 0.56 93.29
28 (30) Brazil 12 810 0.54 93.83
29 (32) Kuwait 11 500 0.48 94.31
30 (33) Trinidad and Tobago 9 800 0.41 94.72
31 (34) Brunei 9 600 0.40 95.13
32 (31) Bangladesh 9 200 0.39 95.52
33 (35) Denmark 7 900 0.33 95.85
34 (36) Oman 7 200 0.30 96.15
35 (39) New Zealand 5 750 0.24 96.39
36 (38) Bolivia 5 703 0.24 96.63
37 (37) Azerbaijan 5 642 0.24 96.87
38 (40) Bahrain 5 500 0.23 97.10
39 (41) Colombia 5 000 0.21 97.32
40 (43) Poland 4 962 0.21 97.52
41 (47) Kazakhstan 4 669 0.20 97.72
42 (42) Nigeria 4 600 0.19 97.91
43 (13) Malaysia 4 308 0.18 98.10
44 (45) Iraq 4 300 0.18 98.28
45 (44) Sharjah (UAE) 4 200 0.18 98.45
46 (46) Hungary 3 427 0.14 98.60
47 (48) Ecuador 3 200 0.13 98.73
48 (49) Viet Nam 3 200 0.13 98.87
49 (50) Chile 2 702 0.11 98.98
50 (51) Syria 2 535 0.11 99.09
- 166 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
51 (52) Japan 2 453 0.10 99.19
52 (54) Dubai (UAE) 2 200 0.09 99.28
53 (55) Tunisia 1 985 0.08 99.37
54 (57) Croatia 1 888 0.08 99.45
55 (56) Austria 1 805 0.08 99.52
56 (53) Afghanistan 1 800 0.08 99.60
57 (58) France 1 600 0.07 99.67
58 (59) Myanmar 1 500 0.06 99.73
59 (60) Ireland 1 230 0.05 99.78
60 (61) Taiwan 930 0.04 99.82
61 (62) Peru 880 0.04 99.86
62 (63) Yugoslavia 740 0.03 99.89
63 (64) Turkey 612 0.03 99.92
64 (65) Angola 430 0.02 99.93
65 (67) Jordan 283 0.01 99.95
66 (66) Belorussia 257 0.01 99.96
67 (68) Slovakia 227 0.01 99.97
68 (69) Spain 179 0.01 99.97
69 (70) Czech Republic 118 0.00 99.98
70 (71) Gabon 102 0.00 99.98
71 (72) Papua New Guinea 93 0.00 99.99
72 (19) Turkmenistan 47 0.00 99.99
73 (73) Morocco 45 0.00 99.99
74 (74) Cuba 40 0.00 99.99
75 (75) Tajikistan 39 0.00 99.99
76 (76) Greece 36 0.00 100.00
77 (78) Barbados 28 0.00 100.00
78 (80) Senegal 22 0.00 100.00
79 (79) Bulgaria 15 0.00 100.00
80 (77) Kyrgystan 11 0.00 100.00
81 (81) Albania 11 0.00 100.00
82 (82) Israel 10 0.00 100.00
83 (83) Guatemala 8 0.00 100.00
84 (84) Slovenia 6 0.00 100.00
Total 2 373 698 100.00
Oil
Rank Rank C o u n t r y Production Share cum.
2000 1999 2000 in % sh.
metr.t
1 ( 1) Saudi Arabia 439 800 000 12.22 12.22
2 ( 2) United States 351 800 000 9.78 22.00
3 ( 3) Russia 323 000 000 8.98 30.97
4 ( 4) Iran 193 300 000 5.37 36.34
5 ( 5) Mexico 173 300 000 4.82 41.16
6 ( 8) Venezuela 172 900 000 4.80 45.96
7 ( 6) China 162 600 000 4.52 50.48
8 ( 7) Norway 159 000 000 4.42 54.90
9 (10) Iraq 133 300 000 3.70 58.61
10 (11) Canada 131 631 000 3.66 62.26
- 167 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
11 ( 9) United Kingdom 126 505 000 3.52 65.78
12 (14) Kuwait 106 300 000 2.95 68.73
13 (12) Nigeria 101 200 000 2.81 71.55
14 (13) Abu Dhabi (UAE) 99 558 305 2.77 74.31
15 (16) Libya 80 832 000 2.25 76.56
16 (17) Brazil 72 587 000 2.02 78.58
17 (15) Indonesia 70 592 600 1.96 80.54
18 (18) Algeria 59 200 000 1.65 82.18
19 (19) Oman 47 800 000 1.33 83.51
20 (22) Egypt 41 200 000 1.14 84.66
21 (25) Australia 40 734 000 1.13 85.79
22 (21) Argentina 40 100 000 1.11 86.90
23 (23) Angola 37 600 000 1.04 87.95
24 (20) Colombia 36 200 000 1.01 88.95
25 (24) Malaysia 35 624 255 0.99 89.94
26 (26) Qatar 35 100 000 0.98 90.92
27 (27) India 32 000 000 0.89 91.81
28 (28) Kazakhstan 30 647 900 0.85 92.66
29 (29) Syria 27 380 000 0.76 93.42
30 (30) Yemen, Republic of 20 500 000 0.57 93.99
31 (32) Dubai (UAE) 20 454 875 0.57 94.56
32 (33) Ecuador 20 200 000 0.56 95.12
33 (31) Gabon 18 000 000 0.50 95.62
34 (34) Denmark 17 700 000 0.49 96.11
35 (35) Viet Nam 15 000 000 0.42 96.53
36 (37) Azerbaijan 14 017 000 0.39 96.92
37 (36) Congo 12 700 000 0.35 97.27
38 (39) Brunei 9 100 000 0.25 97.52
39 (40) Turkmenistan 7 900 000 0.22 97.74
40 (38) Uzbekistan 7 500 000 0.21 97.95
41 (41) Trinidad and Tobago 6 930 418 0.19 98.14
42 (42) Romania 6 029 000 0.17 98.31
43 (43) Peru 5 144 400 0.14 98.45
44 (44) Papua New Guinea 5 100 000 0.14 98.60
45 (45) Italy 4 600 000 0.13 98.72
46 (46) Tunisia 3 741 000 0.10 98.83
47 (47) Ukraine 3 700 000 0.10 98.93
48 (50) Germany, Federal Rep. 3 120 000 0.09 99.02
49 (48) Cameroon 3 100 000 0.09 99.10
50 (51) Pakistan 2 900 000 0.08 99.18
51 (49) Turkey 2 747 630 0.08 99.26
52 (53) New Zealand 2 400 000 0.07 99.33
53 (54) Bahrain 2 200 000 0.06 99.39
54 (58) France 1 900 000 0.05 99.44
55 (55) Belorussia 1 840 600 0.05 99.49
56 (56) Thailand 1 800 000 0.05 99.54
57 (57) Bolivia 1 643 060 0.05 99.59
58 (61) Guatemala 1 500 000 0.04 99.63
59 (60) Congo,D.R. 1 350 000 0.04 99.67
60 (52) Netherlands 1 210 000 0.03 99.70
61 (59) Cuba 1 200 000 0.03 99.73
62 (63) Croatia 1 150 000 0.03 99.77
63 (62) Hungary 1 136 000 0.03 99.80
- 168 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
64 (64) Austria 1 056 183 0.03 99.83
65 (65) Yugoslavia 880 000 0.02 99.85
66 (66) Myanmar 790 000 0.02 99.87
67 (67) Japan 740 000 0.02 99.89
68 (68) Poland 653 000 0.02 99.91
69 (71) Sharjah (UAE) 435 330 0.01 99.92
70 (69) Suriname 395 000 0.01 99.93
71 (70) Chile 325 849 0.01 99.94
72 (74) Lithuania 316 500 0.01 99.95
73 (76) Greece 256 000 0.01 99.96
74 (73) Spain 233 000 0.01 99.97
75 (72) Albania 213 000 0.01 99.97
76 (75) Czech Republic 168 000 0.00 99.98
77 (78) Benin 134 000 0.00 99.98
78 (77) Equatorial Guinea 130 000 0.00 99.98
79 (80) Georgia 100 000 0.00 99.99
80 (79) Kyrgystan 85 000 0.00 99.99
81 (81) Barbados 85 000 0.00 99.99
82 (82) Bangladesh 60 000 0.00 99.99
83 (84) Philippines 59 713 0.00 99.99
84 (83) Slovakia 56 892 0.00 100.00
85 (86) Ras Al-Khaimah (UAE) 52 176 0.00 100.00
86 (85) Bulgaria 40 900 0.00 100.00
87 (87) Tajikistan 18 427 0.00 100.00
88 (88) Morocco 12 500 0.00 100.00
89 (89) Israel 5 100 0.00 100.00
90 (90) Jordan 1 686 0.00 100.00
91 (91) Slovenia 695 0.00 100.00
Total 3 598 609 994 100.00
Oil Shale
Rank Rank C o u n t r y Production Share cum.
2000 1999 2000 in % sh.
metr.t
1 ( 1) Estonia 11 993 000 85.22 85.22
2 ( 2) Russia 1 700 000 12.08 97.30
3 ( 3) Germany, Federal Rep. 339 396 2.41 99.72
4 ( 4) Italy 23 500 0.17 99.88
5 ( 5) France 16 000 0.11 100.00
6 ( 6) Austria 440 0.00 100.00
Total 14 072 336 100.00
- 169 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Uranium
Rank Rank C o u n t r y Production Share cum.
2000 1999 2000 in % sh.
metr.t
1 ( 1) Canada 9 919 25.40 25.40
2 ( 2) Australia 8 948 22.91 48.31
3 ( 4) Niger 3 407 8.72 57.03
4 ( 3) Namibia 3 201 8.20 65.22
5 ( 5) Uzbekistan 2 358 6.04 71.26
6 ( 7) Russia 2 358 6.04 77.30
7 ( 6) United States 2 100 5.38 82.67
8 ( 8) Kazakhstan 2 052 5.25 87.93
9 ( 9) South Africa, Rep. of 1 000 2.56 90.49
10 (10) Gabon 863 2.21 92.70
11 (12) Ukraine 600 1.54 94.23
12 (11) China 589 1.51 95.74
13 (16) Czech Republic 587 1.50 97.25
14 (14) Spain 401 1.03 98.27
15 (13) France 354 0.91 99.18
16 (15) India 185 0.47 99.65
17 (17) Mongolia 88 0.23 99.88
18 (18) Germany, Federal Rep. 33 0.08 99.96
19 (20) Portugal 15 0.04 100.00
Total 39 058 100.00
- 170 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
- 171 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
6.6 Production of Mineral Commodities of individual
Countries, by Country
Produktion mineralischer Rohstoffe der einzelnen
Länder, nach Ländern geordnet
Abu Dhabi (UAE)
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Gypsum (t) 30 000 25 000 23 000 20 000 18 000 -40.00 -10.00
Salt (t) 38 000 35 000 30 000 28 000 26 000 -31.58 -7.14
Sulfur (t) 80 000 80 000 75 000 73 000 70 000 -12.50 -4.11
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 16 000 16 000 16 500 16 000 16 500 3.13 3.13
Oil (t) 89 478 400 89 313 300 90 469 995 88 096 400 99 558 305 11.27 13.01
Afghanistan
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Chromium (t) 1 500 1 365 1 500 1 900 2 352 56.80 23.79
Copper (t) 1 800 1 065 680 1 200 1 800 0.00 50.00
Baryte (t) 6 000 4 700 3 700 4 100 5 200 -13.33 26.83
Fluorspar (t) 800 560 800 1 000 1 100 37.50 10.00
Gypsum (t) 95 000 74 000 90 000 100 000 150 000 57.89 50.00
Salt (t) 28 000 31 500 38 000 50 000 70 000 150.00 40.00
Hard-Coal (t) 180 000 98 000 105 000 120 000 135 000 -25.00 12.50
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 1 500 1 000 1 800 2 400 1 800 20.00 -25.00
Albania
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Iron (t) 6 500 6 000 5 500 5 300 5 000 -23.08 -5.66
Chromium (t) 30 402 22 000 14 000 6 837 6 000 -80.26 -12.24
Bauxite (t) 0 4 454 4 000 4 624 4 800 . 3.81
Copper (t) 10 807 8 700 8 650 8 690 9 000 -16.72 3.57
Gypsum (t) 2 108 2 000 1 500 3 499 4 000 89.75 14.32
Kaolin (t) 1 300 1 200 1 100 1 000 980 -24.62 -2.00
Salt (t) 35 000 22 732 22 000 20 000 18 000 -48.57 -10.00
Sulfur (t) 1 500 1 300 1 200 1 100 1 000 -33.33 -9.09
- 172 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Lignite (t) 68 936 38 900 33 000 32 595 20 000 -70.99 -38.64
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 23 18 16 14 11 -52.17 -21.43
Oil (t) 488 214 359 700 309 000 323 009 213 000 -56.37 -34.06
Algeria
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Iron (t) 1 212 300 883 980 972 000 721 440 720 000 -40.61 -0.20
Cadmium (t) 50 50 50 40 38 -24.00 -5.00
Lead (t) 1 016 1 342 700 600 550 -45.87 -8.33
Mercury (t) 368 447 414 348 350 -4.89 0.57
Zinc (t) 3 192 3 661 4 644 5 292 5 600 75.44 5.82
Silver (kg) 2 000 1 600 1 500 1 400 1 300 -35.00 -7.14
Baryte (t) 31 348 39 140 37 000 50 500 53 000 69.07 4.95
Bentonite (t) 19 526 17 700 16 000 15 500 15 000 -23.18 -3.23
Diatomite (t) 3 000 2 332 2 100 2 000 1 800 -40.00 -10.00
Feldspar (t) 5 800 5 500 5 000 4 500 4 300 -25.86 -4.44
Gypsum (t) 240 000 230 000 200 000 190 000 180 000 -25.00 -5.26
Kaolin (t) 23 417 18 533 13 600 16 800 17 000 -27.40 1.19
Phosphate (t) 357 340 361 420 442 000 372 640 297 840 -16.65 -20.07
Salt (t) 220 000 137 310 172 000 163 700 160 000 -27.27 -2.26
Sulfur (t) 26 000 25 000 24 500 24 000 23 800 -8.46 -0.83
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 70 000 75 000 80 000 83 200 85 000 21.43 2.16
Oil (t) 38 100 000 39 500 000 38 100 000 56 500 000 59 200 000 55.38 4.78
Angola
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Diam. (Gem) (c) 3 330 000 4 770 000 2 700 000 3 262 500 3 605 400 8.27 10.51
Diam. (Ind) (c) 370 000 530 000 300 000 362 500 400 600 8.27 10.51
Gypsum (t) 35 000 30 000 27 000 25 000 23 000 -34.29 -8.00
Salt (t) 30 000 28 000 25 000 23 000 20 000 -33.33 -13.04
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 500 450 400 420 430 -14.00 2.38
Oil (t) 36 510 950 37 000 000 37 500 000 39 733 900 37 600 000 2.98 -5.37
Argentina
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Aluminium (t) 170 000 183 700 186 700 190 000 195 000 14.71 2.63
Cadmium (t) 40 45 30 28 26 -35.00 -7.14
Copper (t) 0 30 000 170 273 210 126 145 197 . -30.90
Lead (t) 11 272 13 700 15 004 14 256 14 115 25.22 -0.99
Zinc (t) 31 093 33 357 35 560 34 192 33 761 8.58 -1.26
- 173 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Gold (kg) 723 2 289 20 400 38 515 26 388 3549.79 -31.49
Silver (kg) 50 399 52 500 56 600 73 788 78 271 55.30 6.08
Asbestos (t) 446 0 0 0 0 -100.00 .
Baryte (t) 14 038 14 000 10 000 9 000 8 500 -39.45 -5.56
Bentonite (t) 134 588 104 880 137 210 152 300 167 600 24.53 10.05
Boron (t) 342 210 422 556 275 422 302 900 334 000 -2.40 10.27
Diatomite (t) 8 647 9 000 9 500 10 000 11 000 27.21 10.00
Feldspar (t) 72 539 80 000 82 000 84 000 85 000 17.18 1.19
Fluorspar (t) 5 666 6 000 12 000 7 000 6 000 5.89 -14.29
Gypsum (t) 633 121 712 935 550 556 633 100 712 000 12.46 12.46
Kaolin (t) 64 241 65 000 66 000 67 000 68 000 5.85 1.49
Perlite (t) 21 547 27 578 21 495 20 000 19 800 -8.11 -1.00
Salt (t) 1 096 321 1 100 000 1 200 000 1 250 000 1 300 000 18.58 4.00
Talc (t) 11 777 11 000 10 000 9 500 9 300 -21.03 -2.11
Hard-Coal (t) 240 000 240 000 240 000 280 000 300 000 25.00 7.14
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 27 300 29 500 30 000 39 000 41 000 50.18 5.13
Oil (t) 40 000 000 44 600 000 45 700 000 41 777 900 40 100 000 0.25 -4.02
Uranium (t) 27 35 35 20 0 -100.00 -100.00
Armenia
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Molybdenum (t) 670 680 650 800 2 500 273.13 212.50
Copper (t) 6 951 6 758 9 158 9 611 13 000 87.02 35.26
Zinc (t) 557 610 500 871 900 61.58 3.33
Gold (kg) 244 850 250 200 180 -26.23 -10.00
Baryte (t) 400 350 320 300 280 -30.00 -6.67
Bentonite (t) 75 000 70 000 65 000 63 000 60 000 -20.00 -4.76
Diatomite (t) 400 400 350 320 300 -25.00 -6.25
Perlite (t) 6 000 6 000 10 000 40 000 40 000 566.67 0.00
Salt (t) 26 400 26 500 24 911 24 000 23 800 -9.85 -0.83
Australia
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Iron (t) 92 698 830 100 583 910 96 997 320 100 641 870 107 728 740 16.21 7.04
Cobalt (t) 2 500 2 500 2 000 4 100 5 700 128.00 39.02
Manganese (t) 1 012 320 1 647 000 1 630 000 1 501 000 1 490 000 47.19 -0.73
Nickel (t) 113 000 134 000 130 000 147 000 167 000 47.79 13.61
Tantalum-Col. (t) 280 290 300 320 330 17.86 3.13
Titanium (t) 1 287 480 1 472 612 1 538 850 1 351 020 1 379 550 7.15 2.11
Aluminium (t) 1 371 000 1 589 000 1 686 000 1 742 000 1 769 000 29.03 1.55
Antimony (t) 1 300 1 300 1 800 1 800 1 700 30.77 -5.56
Bauxite (t) 43 063 000 44 878 000 46 444 000 51 046 000 53 801 000 24.94 5.40
- 174 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Cadmium (t) 950 632 585 462 440 -53.68 -4.76
Copper (t) 525 000 580 000 678 000 477 000 487 000 -7.24 2.10
Lead (t) 522 000 571 000 662 000 692 000 678 000 29.89 -2.02
Lithium (t) 6 500 6 600 7 000 6 000 5 500 -15.38 -8.33
Mercury (t) 4 0 0 0 0 -100.00 .
Rare Earths (t) 2 000 1 000 800 800 750 -62.50 -6.25
Tin (t) 8 828 10 100 9 822 9 828 9 146 3.60 -6.94
Zinc (t) 1 071 000 1 038 000 1 142 000 1 265 000 1 410 000 31.65 11.46
Gold (kg) 288 880 316 000 302 760 383 000 349 000 20.81 -8.88
Platinum (kg) 500 450 430 420 410 -18.00 -2.38
Silver (kg) 1 020 000 1 332 000 1 594 000 1 894 000 1 900 000 86.27 0.32
Baryte (t) 12 000 12 500 13 000 13 300 13 400 11.67 0.75
Bentonite (t) 65 000 60 000 58 000 57 000 56 000 -13.85 -1.75
Diam. (Gem) (c) 16 797 200 17 218 400 14 379 200 11 880 000 7 932 800 -52.77 -33.23
Diam. (Ind) (c) 25 195 800 25 827 600 21 568 800 17 820 000 11 899 200 -52.77 -33.23
Diatomite (t) 11 000 10 000 9 800 9 500 9 300 -15.45 -2.11
Feldspar (t) 24 000 23 500 23 200 23 000 22 800 -5.00 -0.87
Gypsum (t) 2 100 000 2 000 000 2 200 000 2 200 000 2 300 000 9.52 4.55
Kaolin (t) 190 000 170 000 220 000 230 000 240 000 26.32 4.35
Magnesite (t) 180 083 333 668 360 787 341 067 349 933 94.32 2.60
Perlite (t) 3 500 3 400 3 200 3 000 2 800 -20.00 -6.67
Phosphate (t) 1 864 1 970 1 855 1 670 1 500 -19.53 -10.18
Salt (t) 7 905 000 9 043 000 9 203 000 9 877 000 8 798 000 11.30 -10.92
Sulfur (t) 400 000 350 000 330 000 300 000 280 000 -30.00 -6.67
Talc (t) 165 000 160 000 158 000 155 000 150 000 -9.09 -3.23
Vermiculite (t) 5 000 9 000 12 000 20 000 22 000 340.00 10.00
Zircon (t) 462 000 427 000 393 000 372 000 373 000 -19.26 0.27
Hard-Coal (t) 206 000 000 222 000 000 287 970 000 236 560 000 244 000 000 18.45 3.15
Lignite (t) 55 000 000 61 000 000 65 820 000 65 780 000 64 960 000 18.11 -1.25
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 29 799 30 619 30 681 31 180 31 165 4.58 -0.05
Oil (t) 31 579 000 33 947 000 27 898 000 37 447 000 40 734 000 28.99 8.78
Uranium (t) 5 831 5 797 5 780 8 217 8 948 53.46 8.90
Remarks:
1999: Diamonds production reduced due to a sharp fall at Rio Tinto/Ashton Mine.
Austria
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Iron (t) 634 226 574 121 573 440 559 040 595 024 -6.18 6.44
Tungsten (t) 1 805 1 916 1 813 2 015 2 082 15.35 3.33
Graphite (t) 33 122 12 582 10 738 2 635 669 -97.98 -74.61
Gypsum (t) 996 387 975 738 961 400 999 204 946 044 -5.05 -5.32
Kaolin (t) 189 235 266 058 298 110 152 457 118 508 -37.38 -22.27
Magnesite (t) 710 620 790 297 722 876 748 635 725 832 2.14 -3.05
Salt (t) 776 041 704 764 735 468 809 071 940 176 21.15 16.20
Sulfur (t) 3 122 11 098 10 045 9 468 9 646 208.97 1.88
Talc (t) 152 645 141 984 137 114 129 576 133 060 -12.83 2.69
- 175 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Lignite (t) 1 108 058 1 130 339 1 140 151 1 137 388 1 254 605 13.23 10.31
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 1 492 1 428 1 568 1 741 1 805 20.98 3.68
Oil (t) 1 024 843 1 011 063 1 014 520 1 063 506 1 056 183 3.06 -0.69
Oil-Shale (t) 500 520 432 496 440 -12.00 -11.29
Remarks:
Oil incl.condensate
Azerbaijan
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Iron (t) 0 0 11 000 7 100 8 200 . 15.49
Aluminium (t) 6 000 4 717 4 757 12 780 20 000 233.33 56.49
Gypsum (t) 50 000 45 000 43 000 21 000 20 000 -60.00 -4.76
Potash (t) 50 000 50 000 45 000 43 000 40 000 -20.00 -6.98
Salt (t) 25 000 23 000 25 400 29 800 32 000 28.00 7.38
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 6 337 5 964 5 963 6 000 5 642 -10.97 -5.97
Oil (t) 9 069 687 9 027 000 9 071 400 10 990 000 14 017 000 54.55 27.54
Bahamas
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Salt (t) 800 000 750 000 730 000 720 000 710 000 -11.25 -1.39
Bahrain
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Aluminium (t) 460 000 489 900 460 000 430 000 400 000 -13.04 -6.98
Sulfur (t) 40 000 40 000 41 000 41 500 41 800 4.50 0.72
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 5 880 5 800 5 700 5 600 5 500 -6.46 -1.79
Oil (t) 1 900 000 1 800 000 1 966 375 2 000 000 2 200 000 15.79 10.00
Bangladesh
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Kaolin (t) 3 500 3 800 3 700 3 500 3 300 -5.71 -5.71
Salt (t) 620 000 600 000 580 000 250 000 540 000 -12.90 116.00
- 176 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 7 875 9 000 9 000 11 000 9 200 16.83 -16.36
Oil (t) 68 000 69 000 65 000 61 000 60 000 -11.76 -1.64
Remarks:
Crude oil incl. condensate.
Barbados
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 29 23 26 27 28 -3.45 3.70
Oil (t) 62 000 53 140 60 000 80 000 85 000 37.10 6.25
Belgium
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Baryte (t) 21 000 18 000 15 000 14 301 14 000 -33.33 -2.10
Kaolin (t) 18 000 15 000 13 000 14 221 14 500 -19.44 1.96
Belorussia
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Potash (t) 4 600 000 4 048 000 4 181 000 3 600 000 3 372 000 -26.70 -6.33
Salt (t) 290 000 235 000 290 000 300 000 310 704 7.14 3.57
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 249 245 252 300 257 3.21 -14.33
Oil (t) 1 860 000 1 822 000 1 630 000 1 800 000 1 840 600 -1.04 2.26
Benin
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Salt (t) 80 70 70 75 76 -5.00 1.33
Oil (t) 155 000 150 000 140 000 135 000 134 000 -13.55 -0.74
Bhutan
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Gypsum (t) 66 602 67 000 67 000 68 000 68 500 2.85 0.74
Hard-Coal (t) 63 865 64 000 63 000 62 000 61 000 -4.49 -1.61
- 177 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Bolivia
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Tantalum-Col. (t) 6 7 16 9 9 50.00 0.00
Tungsten (t) 733 647 627 421 481 -34.38 14.25
Antimony (t) 6 488 5 985 4 735 2 790 1 907 -70.61 -31.65
Arsenic (t) 255 282 284 437 318 24.71 -27.23
Bismuth (t) 0 55 0 0 6 . .
Copper (t) 92 182 84 252 110 19.57 -56.35
Lead (t) 16 538 18 608 13 848 10 153 9 523 -42.42 -6.21
Tin (t) 14 802 12 898 11 308 12 417 12 464 -15.80 0.38
Zinc (t) 145 092 154 491 152 110 146 316 149 134 2.79 1.93
Gold (kg) 12 634 13 290 14 443 11 787 12 001 -5.01 1.82
Silver (kg) 384 384 387 200 403 961 422 492 433 592 12.80 2.63
Baryte (t) 4 745 4 402 2 500 6 005 3 050 -35.72 -49.21
Bentonite (t) 98 1 997 1 334 1 400 1 500 1430.61 7.14
Boron (t) 4 128 6 095 7 026 6 746 33 951 722.46 403.28
Gypsum (t) 192 20 0 72 100 -47.92 38.89
Salt (t) 273 869 720 688 327 19.78 -52.47
Sulfur (t) 0 0 0 7 29 . 314.29
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 3 220 5 321 6 234 5 881 5 703 77.11 -3.03
Oil (t) 1 720 690 1 902 536 1 800 000 1 692 940 1 643 060 -4.51 -2.95
Bosnia-Herzegovina
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Remarks:
No data available.
Botswana
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Cobalt (t) 405 348 352 329 331 -18.27 0.61
Nickel (t) 17 461 14 996 15 593 15 820 22 898 31.14 44.74
Copper (t) 20 979 18 350 19 432 18 239 20 960 -0.09 14.92
Gold (kg) 5 28 0 0 2 -60.00 .
Diam. (Gem) (c) 12 436 943 14 070 000 13 841 100 14 943 000 14 943 600 20.15 0.00
Diam. (Ind) (c) 5 312 119 6 030 000 5 931 900 6 404 400 6 404 400 20.56 0.00
Salt (t) 180 000 184 533 214 700 230 000 233 000 29.44 1.30
Hard-Coal (t) 860 000 776 917 928 100 950 000 945 000 9.88 -0.53
- 178 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Brazil
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Iron (t) 110 780 000 108 286 000 120 060 000 112 520 000 116 000 000 4.71 3.09
Chromium (t) 216 600 112 274 90 000 76 050 74 100 -65.79 -2.56
Manganese (t) 852 000 849 600 872 000 656 000 840 000 -1.41 28.05
Nickel (t) 16 432 18 199 26 350 32 268 32 000 94.74 -0.83
Tantalum-Col. (t) 48 000 45 385 49 470 42 700 42 000 -12.50 -1.64
Titanium (t) 60 000 54 216 53 000 54 000 54 000 -10.00 0.00
Tungsten (t) 100 51 0 0 0 -100.00 .
Aluminium (t) 1 200 000 1 189 000 1 210 000 1 250 000 1 270 000 5.83 1.60
Bauxite (t) 12 260 000 11 671 000 13 500 000 13 500 000 14 100 000 15.01 4.44
Cadmium (t) 150 162 162 165 168 12.00 1.82
Copper (t) 46 200 39 952 33 500 31 200 31 000 -32.90 -0.64
Lead (t) 5 000 8 729 7 600 9 000 9 500 90.00 5.56
Lithium (t) 32 30 25 24 27 -15.63 12.50
Rare Earths (t) 200 400 400 350 340 70.00 -2.86
Tin (t) 23 178 18 291 14 607 13 200 13 800 -40.46 4.55
Zinc (t) 177 466 152 634 140 000 96 500 99 000 -44.21 2.59
Gold (kg) 57 000 58 488 49 000 43 000 48 000 -15.79 11.63
Silver (kg) 50 000 26 598 25 000 24 000 23 000 -54.00 -4.17
Asbestos (t) 213 210 208 447 198 300 188 400 200 000 -6.20 6.16
Baryte (t) 40 000 51 961 52 000 52 500 52 800 32.00 0.57
Bentonite (t) 150 000 224 055 230 000 240 000 245 000 63.33 2.08
Diam. (Gem) (c) 98 000 175 000 280 000 350 000 455 000 364.29 30.00
Diam. (Ind) (c) 42 000 75 000 120 000 150 000 195 000 364.29 30.00
Diatomite (t) 14 000 13 500 13 000 12 500 12 300 -12.14 -1.60
Feldspar (t) 145 000 135 000 130 000 125 000 122 000 -15.86 -2.40
Fluorspar (t) 77 700 78 399 65 000 38 200 25 000 -67.82 -34.55
Graphite (t) 32 000 31 190 30 000 29 000 27 000 -15.63 -6.90
Gypsum (t) 1 200 000 1 395 664 1 220 000 1 530 000 1 700 000 41.67 11.11
Kaolin (t) 1 110 000 1 280 000 1 380 000 1 520 000 1 600 000 44.14 5.26
Magnesite (t) 302 700 294 629 292 000 208 800 300 000 -0.89 43.68
Phosphate (t) 1 298 800 1 510 000 1 502 800 1 462 000 1 598 000 23.04 9.30
Potash (t) 235 000 280 164 326 000 348 200 336 000 42.98 -3.50
Salt (t) 5 500 000 6 516 000 7 000 000 7 100 000 7 000 000 27.27 -1.41
Sulfur (t) 230 000 234 707 460 000 480 000 490 000 113.04 2.08
Talc (t) 470 000 452 000 450 000 430 000 410 000 -12.77 -4.65
Vermiculite (t) 42 000 23 000 20 500 40 000 45 000 7.14 12.50
Zircon (t) 17 000 16 000 15 000 14 000 13 000 -23.53 -7.14
Hard-Coal (t) 5 400 000 5 600 000 5 560 000 5 720 000 6 790 000 25.74 18.71
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 9 182 9 847 10 833 13 191 12 810 39.51 -2.89
Oil (t) 51 600 000 56 000 000 56 596 000 64 614 000 72 587 000 40.67 12.34
Uranium (t) 147 0 0 0 0 -100.00 .
- 179 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Brunei
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 12 000 9 400 9 400 9 000 9 600 -20.00 6.67
Oil (t) 9 400 000 9 900 000 9 800 000 7 887 650 9 100 000 -3.19 15.37
Bulgaria
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Iron (t) 222 424 260 550 185 039 361 200 304 100 36.72 -15.81
Manganese (t) 13 059 14 215 16 679 17 000 14 000 7.21 -17.65
Cadmium (t) 350 275 264 260 250 -28.57 -3.85
Copper (t) 105 610 109 240 87 500 111 730 114 144 8.08 2.16
Lead (t) 43 000 41 269 34 595 25 000 19 541 -54.56 -21.84
Zinc (t) 25 745 25 700 16 000 19 675 19 448 -24.46 -1.15
Gold (kg) 649 1 020 1 213 1 033 1 000 54.08 -3.19
Silver (kg) 48 732 31 548 23 700 20 000 18 000 -63.06 -10.00
Asbestos (t) 1 000 800 672 650 620 -38.00 -4.62
Baryte (t) 30 357 92 710 120 000 130 000 120 000 295.30 -7.69
Gypsum (t) 168 948 156 263 183 929 148 700 169 600 0.39 14.06
Kaolin (t) 188 795 158 185 151 451 150 000 140 000 -25.85 -6.67
Salt (t) 100 000 85 000 73 742 70 000 69 747 -30.25 -0.36
Sulfur (t) 26 624 25 033 21 535 20 000 18 000 -32.39 -10.00
Hard-Coal (t) 18 805 14 198 13 192 17 200 17 500 -6.94 1.74
Lignite (t) 28 103 868 26 929 000 27 116 947 22 586 182 23 712 006 -15.63 4.98
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 42 38 13 26 15 -64.29 -42.31
Oil (t) 33 900 27 750 29 103 32 700 40 900 20.65 25.08
Burkina Faso
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Gold (kg) 1 012 1 450 1 500 886 880 -13.04 -0.68
Phosphate (t) 250 200 180 170 160 -36.00 -5.88
Burundi
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Gold (kg) 35 33 30 28 26 -25.71 -7.14
Kaolin (t) 4 000 3 500 3 200 3 000 2 800 -30.00 -6.67
- 180 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Cambodia
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Phosphate (t) 1 000 1 000 1 000 1 000 0 -100.00 -100.00
Potash (t) 0 0 0 0 1 100 . .
Salt (t) 35 000 36 000 40 000 50 000 50 000 42.86 0.00
Cameroon
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Aluminium (t) 82 300 90 900 82 000 100 000 102 000 23.94 2.00
Oil (t) 4 300 000 4 100 000 3 800 000 3 339 750 3 100 000 -27.91 -7.18
Canada
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Iron (t) 21 965 400 22 744 000 23 774 000 20 734 000 21 781 000 -0.84 5.05
Cobalt (t) 2 190 2 200 2 324 2 015 2 013 -8.08 -0.10
Molybdenum (t) 8 169 7 540 7 563 6 250 6 883 -15.74 10.13
Nickel (t) 127 439 180 600 200 908 176 749 181 027 42.05 2.42
Tantalum-Col. (t) 5 000 4 500 2 200 2 379 2 239 -55.22 -5.88
Titanium (t) 700 000 650 000 630 000 620 000 600 000 -14.29 -3.23
Aluminium (t) 2 283 000 2 327 200 2 374 100 2 389 000 2 373 000 3.94 -0.67
Antimony (t) 1 405 652 554 357 364 -74.09 1.96
Bismuth (t) 157 185 217 217 202 28.66 -6.91
Cadmium (t) 2 537 2 384 1 323 1 212 1 095 -56.84 -9.65
Copper (t) 559 902 646 500 688 576 581 583 623 451 11.35 7.20
Lead (t) 246 000 170 400 151 708 155 369 143 049 -41.85 -7.93
Lithium (t) 660 690 700 720 730 10.61 1.39
Tellurium (t) 62 60 57 64 80 29.03 25.00
Zinc (t) 717 675 1 017 100 1 064 500 963 321 935 686 30.38 -2.87
Gold (kg) 164 136 169 050 166 089 157 617 153 781 -6.31 -2.43
Platinum (kg) 14 983 13 009 14 522 13 872 15 439 3.04 11.30
Silver (kg) 1 305 000 1 213 000 1 115 000 1 174 000 1 161 000 -11.03 -1.11
Asbestos (t) 483 000 447 000 309 000 337 000 320 000 -33.75 -5.04
Baryte (t) 57 000 98 000 80 000 67 000 20 000 -64.91 -70.15
Diatomite (t) 4 500 4 000 3 500 3 300 3 000 -33.33 -9.09
Graphite (t) 20 000 22 000 22 000 21 000 15 000 -25.00 -28.57
Gypsum (t) 8 468 000 8 502 600 8 095 000 9 345 000 8 548 000 0.94 -8.53
Magnesite (t) 200 000 150 000 200 000 200 000 270 000 35.00 35.00
Potash (t) 8 050 000 9 301 000 8 969 000 8 475 000 9 107 000 13.13 7.46
Salt (t) 12 126 000 13 264 300 13 192 000 12 686 000 11 935 000 -1.58 -5.92
Sulfur (t) 8 131 000 8 502 600 8 410 000 8 656 000 8 515 000 4.72 -1.63
Talc (t) 75 000 70 000 74 000 79 000 86 000 14.67 8.86
- 181 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Hard-Coal (t) 66 000 000 68 470 000 63 590 000 62 310 000 60 149 000 -8.87 -3.47
Lignite (t) 10 838 575 11 652 553 11 790 000 10 000 000 9 000 000 -16.96 -10.00
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 152 985 156 842 161 000 162 219 166 078 8.56 2.38
Oil (t) 116 832 000 122 463 700 128 769 000 122 247 000 131 631 000 12.67 7.68
Uranium (t) 11 723 11 416 11 773 10 157 9 919 -15.39 -2.34
Cape Verde
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Salt (t) 1 000 1 000 900 850 840 -16.00 -1.18
Central African Rep.
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Gold (kg) 120 190 100 90 85 -29.17 -5.56
Diam. (Gem) (c) 467 500 425 000 425 000 382 500 382 500 -18.18 0.00
Diam. (Ind) (c) 82 500 75 000 75 000 67 500 67 500 -18.18 0.00
Chile
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Iron (t) 5 539 471 5 330 180 5 681 224 5 090 450 5 324 629 -3.88 4.60
Manganese (t) 18 866 19 102 14 345 12 152 12 515 -33.66 2.99
Molybdenum (t) 17 414 21 339 25 297 27 309 33 187 90.58 21.52
Arsenic (t) 6 500 9 000 11 355 12 000 12 500 92.31 4.17
Copper (t) 2 872 000 3 194 000 3 702 000 4 010 000 4 602 000 60.24 14.76
Lead (t) 1 374 1 264 337 608 784 -42.94 28.95
Lithium (t) 5 733 9 803 11 473 12 222 14 502 152.96 18.65
Zinc (t) 17 282 16 005 15 943 15 486 15 073 -12.78 -2.67
Gold (kg) 50 600 58 200 64 800 69 900 54 173 7.06 -22.50
Silver (kg) 1 069 000 1 110 500 1 123 500 1 133 500 1 242 194 16.20 9.59
Baryte (t) 2 559 2 654 1 430 823 1 026 -59.91 24.67
Bentonite (t) 1 191 717 721 1 104 1 314 10.33 19.02
Boron (t) 90 000 170 605 280 140 324 691 350 000 288.89 7.79
Diatomite (t) 11 592 11 825 14 868 14 477 13 384 15.46 -7.55
Feldspar (t) 3 702 3 808 1 460 1 346 2 311 -37.57 71.69
Gypsum (t) 520 089 398 354 780 676 886 294 375 847 -27.73 -57.59
Kaolin (t) 13 452 14 238 11 530 4 361 6 445 -52.09 47.79
Phosphate (t) 2 000 1 800 3 917 2 167 1 573 -21.35 -27.41
Potash (t) 112 770 148 050 151 200 115 000 105 000 -6.89 -8.70
Salt (t) 4 042 796 5 488 135 6 207 266 6 800 000 6 900 000 70.67 1.47
Talc (t) 4 276 3 986 3 772 2 231 2 421 -43.38 8.52
- 182 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Hard-Coal (t) 1 444 100 1 413 000 1 250 000 1 015 208 1 012 578 -29.88 -0.26
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 3 632 3 211 3 218 2 957 2 702 -25.61 -8.62
Oil (t) 532 700 489 043 468 693 367 846 325 849 -38.83 -11.42
China
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Iron (t) 80 000 000 79 680 000 67 200 000 67 200 000 71 648 000 -10.44 6.62
Chromium (t) 80 000 75 000 70 000 65 000 63 000 -21.25 -3.08
Cobalt (t) 400 450 600 800 850 112.50 6.25
Manganese (t) 1 000 000 1 200 000 2 000 000 2 400 000 2 800 000 180.00 16.67
Molybdenum (t) 18 000 35 000 37 000 34 000 28 000 55.56 -17.65
Nickel (t) 43 000 39 900 48 100 44 000 51 000 18.60 15.91
Titanium (t) 80 000 100 000 110 000 150 000 160 000 100.00 6.67
Tungsten (t) 26 000 25 000 24 000 20 000 23 000 -11.54 15.00
Vanadium (t) 5 500 7 000 7 500 7 800 8 000 45.45 2.56
Aluminium (t) 1 780 000 2 050 000 2 435 300 1 620 000 2 830 000 58.99 74.69
Antimony (t) 99 000 101 000 80 000 83 000 106 000 7.07 27.71
Arsenic (t) 13 000 15 000 17 000 17 500 18 000 38.46 2.86
Bauxite (t) 5 500 000 8 000 000 8 500 000 8 500 000 9 000 000 63.64 5.88
Bismuth (t) 500 600 650 2 000 2 200 340.00 10.00
Cadmium (t) 1 567 1 800 1 900 2 313 2 602 66.05 12.49
Copper (t) 400 000 435 000 476 000 480 000 500 000 25.00 4.17
Gallium (t) 2 5 6 7 8 300.00 14.29
Germanium (t) 8 9 10 11 12 50.00 9.09
Lead (t) 643 100 711 900 757 000 859 000 1 030 000 60.16 19.91
Lithium (t) 800 750 730 710 700 -12.50 -1.41
Mercury (t) 510 830 410 196 200 -60.78 2.04
Rare Earths (t) 55 000 53 300 50 000 70 000 73 000 32.73 4.29
Tin (t) 69 600 67 500 70 000 92 000 111 000 59.48 20.65
Zinc (t) 1 119 000 1 209 900 1 209 800 1 200 000 1 350 000 20.64 12.50
Gold (kg) 145 000 156 800 161 000 156 000 162 000 11.72 3.85
Silver (kg) 918 000 918 000 1 350 000 1 375 000 1 500 000 63.40 9.09
Asbestos (t) 293 000 245 000 250 000 300 000 260 000 -11.26 -13.33
Baryte (t) 2 500 000 3 500 000 3 200 000 2 800 000 3 200 000 28.00 14.29
Boron (t) 40 000 60 000 65 000 70 000 75 000 87.50 7.14
Diam. (Gem) (c) 18 000 35 800 36 000 34 000 32 000 77.78 -5.88
Diam. (Ind) (c) 72 000 143 200 144 000 136 000 128 000 77.78 -5.88
Fluorspar (t) 2 000 000 2 400 000 2 550 000 2 550 000 2 200 000 10.00 -13.73
Graphite (t) 350 000 250 000 300 000 250 000 240 000 -31.43 -4.00
Gypsum (t) 7 500 000 7 300 000 7 900 000 8 100 000 6 800 000 -9.33 -16.05
Kaolin (t) 950 000 970 000 1 000 000 1 300 000 1 400 000 47.37 7.69
Magnesite (t) 2 200 000 2 400 000 2 400 000 2 200 000 2 500 000 13.64 13.64
Phosphate (t) 31 040 200 30 365 000 30 980 000 30 754 000 31 000 000 -0.13 0.80
Potash (t) 80 000 100 000 150 000 195 000 200 000 150.00 2.56
Salt (t) 28 990 000 29 280 600 22 420 000 28 120 000 31 280 000 7.90 11.24
Sulfur (t) 5 470 000 6 000 000 6 000 000 5 000 000 5 000 000 -8.59 0.00
Talc (t) 2 500 000 2 350 000 3 400 000 3 500 000 3 370 000 34.80 -3.71
Zircon (t) 15 000 15 000 13 000 12 000 14 000 -6.67 16.67
- 183 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Hard-Coal (t) 1 400 000 000 1 360 000 000 1 285 500 000 1 050 000 000 880 000 000 -37.14 -16.19
Lignite (t) 45 000 000 30 000 000 50 000 000 45 000 000 40 000 000 -11.11 -11.11
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 19 000 24 000 23 000 25 100 27 700 45.79 10.36
Oil (t) 156 000 000 162 000 000 162 600 000 160 600 000 162 600 000 4.23 1.25
Uranium (t) 590 590 590 590 589 -0.17 -0.17
Christmas Island
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Phosphate (t) 163 200 164 000 207 120 218 560 180 800 10.78 -17.28
Colombia
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Iron (t) 382 632 442 474 315 714 352 720 332 400 -13.13 -5.76
Manganese (t) 140 130 120 0 0 -100.00 .
Nickel (t) 21 092 24 774 28 140 28 342 27 750 31.57 -2.09
Bauxite (t) 2 000 1 500 1 000 1 000 900 -55.00 -10.00
Copper (t) 3 000 2 520 2 693 3 173 3 400 13.33 7.15
Lead (t) 200 200 514 514 500 150.00 -2.72
Gold (kg) 22 064 19 111 18 811 34 599 37 018 67.78 6.99
Platinum (kg) 669 413 411 488 340 -49.18 -30.33
Silver (kg) 5 691 3 566 5 218 7 594 7 970 40.05 4.95
Asbestos (t) 11 000 13 670 14 000 14 200 14 500 31.82 2.11
Baryte (t) 6 800 1 000 1 500 1 600 1 700 -75.00 6.25
Bentonite (t) 2 500 8 640 9 000 9 000 9 200 268.00 2.22
Feldspar (t) 78 093 66 845 68 000 69 000 70 000 -10.36 1.45
Fluorspar (t) 700 1 000 900 950 980 40.00 3.16
Gypsum (t) 522 236 565 000 700 000 750 000 780 000 49.36 4.00
Kaolin (t) 900 000 800 000 700 000 680 000 660 000 -26.67 -2.94
Magnesite (t) 9 000 8 500 7 500 7 300 7 100 -21.11 -2.74
Phosphate (t) 14 200 13 000 15 000 15 500 15 600 9.86 0.65
Salt (t) 320 000 373 000 496 103 461 366 450 000 40.63 -2.46
Sulfur (t) 49 400 53 541 55 000 55 500 55 700 12.75 0.36
Talc (t) 14 800 15 000 15 500 15 700 15 800 6.76 0.64
Hard-Coal (t) 30 065 000 32 592 000 34 000 000 32 754 000 38 142 000 26.87 16.45
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 4 800 5 800 6 000 5 140 5 000 4.17 -2.72
Oil (t) 32 596 919 34 700 000 38 654 660 42 551 700 36 200 000 11.05 -14.93
Congo
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Oil (t) 10 536 017 11 000 000 12 000 000 12 519 500 12 700 000 20.54 1.44
- 184 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Congo,D.R.
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Cobalt (t) 0 0 0 2 308 3 570 . 54.68
Tantalum-Col. (t) 0 0 0 6 5 . -16.67
Copper (t) 0 0 0 29 633 27 197 . -8.22
Rare Earths (t) 0 0 0 2 1 . -50.00
Zinc (t) 0 0 0 1 200 1 100 . -8.33
Gold (kg) 0 0 0 207 112 . -45.89
Diam. (Gem) (c) 0 0 0 4 400 000 3 300 000 . -25.00
Diam. (Ind) (c) 0 0 0 17 600 000 13 200 000 . -25.00
Sulfur (t) 0 0 0 4 500 4 300 . -4.44
Oil (t) 0 0 0 1 310 350 1 350 000 . 3.03
Costa Rica
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Gold (kg) 712 733 635 380 350 -50.84 -7.89
Diatomite (t) 11 500 11 000 10 500 10 300 10 000 -13.04 -2.91
Salt (t) 25 000 20 000 18 000 17 000 16 500 -34.00 -2.94
Cote d'Ivoire
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Gold (kg) 1 883 1 419 1 400 2 030 2 054 9.08 1.18
Diam. (Gem) (c) 11 200 16 000 14 400 12 000 12 000 7.14 0.00
Diam. (Ind) (c) 2 800 4 000 3 600 3 000 3 000 7.14 0.00
Croatia
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Bauxite (t) 7 000 8 000 5 000 6 800 7 000 0.00 2.94
Bentonite (t) 8 400 4 600 3 500 5 200 3 500 -58.33 -32.69
Gypsum (t) 87 000 80 000 105 000 167 000 130 000 49.43 -22.16
Salt (t) 17 500 16 600 24 000 18 673 22 000 25.71 17.82
- 185 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Hard-Coal (t) 64 000 48 500 51 000 14 600 0 -100.00 -100.00
Lignite (t) 2 000 0 0 0 0 -100.00 .
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 1 957 1 717 1 573 1 675 1 888 -3.53 12.72
Oil (t) 1 600 000 1 496 000 1 389 408 1 186 923 1 150 000 -28.13 -3.11
Remarks:
2000 : Last coal mine closed.
Cuba
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Chromium (t) 12 309 14 553 17 000 18 000 18 500 50.30 2.78
Cobalt (t) 1 600 1 950 1 500 1 000 712 -55.50 -28.80
Nickel (t) 53 700 61 500 67 700 68 000 68 500 27.56 0.74
Copper (t) 2 227 2 212 1 000 1 100 1 200 -46.12 9.09
Gold (kg) 0 0 300 600 900 . 50.00
Feldspar (t) 12 100 14 700 16 000 16 500 16 700 38.02 1.21
Kaolin (t) 5 500 11 500 13 000 13 500 13 600 147.27 0.74
Salt (t) 159 800 166 300 175 000 177 000 179 000 12.02 1.13
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 19 37 40 41 40 110.53 -2.44
Oil (t) 1 475 900 1 461 500 1 747 310 1 408 900 1 200 000 -18.69 -14.83
Cyprus
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Copper (t) 1 688 3 950 5 000 5 004 5 200 208.06 3.92
Bentonite (t) 66 200 98 700 170 000 140 182 126 300 90.79 -9.90
Gypsum (t) 94 000 236 200 350 000 181 446 138 100 46.91 -23.89
Remarks:
1997 : Bentonite and gypsum:exports
Czech Republic
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Bentonite (t) 59 000 110 000 125 000 160 000 280 000 374.58 75.00
Diatomite (t) 35 000 42 000 35 000 37 000 34 000 -2.86 -8.11
Feldspar (t) 211 000 243 000 266 000 244 000 337 000 59.72 38.11
Graphite (t) 30 000 25 000 28 000 22 000 23 000 -23.33 4.55
Gypsum (t) 443 000 241 000 222 000 136 000 82 000 -81.49 -39.71
Kaolin (t) 545 610 581 490 594 555 1 010 685 1 086 735 99.18 7.52
- 186 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Hard-Coal (t) 16 394 000 16 038 000 15 863 000 14 419 000 14 855 000 -9.39 3.02
Lignite (t) 56 366 000 53 825 000 48 619 000 41 524 000 46 280 000 -17.89 11.45
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 146 118 137 143 118 -19.18 -17.48
Oil (t) 152 800 159 000 172 000 176 000 168 000 9.95 -4.55
Uranium (t) 716 140 150 152 587 -18.02 286.18
DPR Korea
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Iron (t) 3 800 000 3 700 000 3 500 000 3 300 000 3 200 000 -15.79 -3.03
Tungsten (t) 500 450 400 350 330 -34.00 -5.71
Cadmium (t) 150 204 204 210 215 43.33 2.38
Copper (t) 10 000 12 000 12 000 13 000 14 000 40.00 7.69
Lead (t) 35 000 30 000 25 000 20 000 18 000 -48.57 -10.00
Rare Earths (t) 900 800 700 600 500 -44.44 -16.67
Zinc (t) 80 000 60 000 48 000 45 000 43 000 -46.25 -4.44
Gold (kg) 4 000 3 800 3 500 3 200 3 100 -22.50 -3.13
Silver (kg) 180 000 200 400 200 400 220 000 230 000 27.78 4.55
Baryte (t) 50 000 60 000 100 000 120 000 140 000 180.00 16.67
Fluorspar (t) 35 000 33 000 30 000 28 000 26 000 -25.71 -7.14
Graphite (t) 30 000 30 000 28 000 25 000 22 000 -26.67 -12.00
Magnesite (t) 1 600 000 1 700 000 800 000 800 000 650 000 -59.38 -18.75
Phosphate (t) 200 000 220 000 155 000 140 000 120 000 -40.00 -14.29
Salt (t) 480 000 460 000 450 000 430 000 410 000 -14.58 -4.65
Sulfur (t) 140 000 130 000 120 000 110 000 100 000 -28.57 -9.09
Talc (t) 110 000 120 000 100 000 90 000 85 000 -22.73 -5.56
Hard-Coal (t) 43 300 000 60 000 000 66 500 000 67 200 000 67 200 000 55.20 0.00
Lignite (t) 13 000 000 16 000 000 15 000 000 20 000 000 18 000 000 38.46 -10.00
Denmark
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Salt (t) 590 000 540 000 455 295 548 000 580 000 -1.69 5.84
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 5 710 7 000 6 630 7 800 7 900 38.35 1.28
Oil (t) 10 290 000 13 400 000 13 830 000 14 900 000 17 700 000 72.01 18.79
Dominican Republic
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Nickel (t) 30 387 32 500 25 200 25 000 27 850 -8.35 11.40
Gold (kg) 3 717 2 390 1 450 660 600 -83.86 -9.09
Silver (kg) 17 292 12 400 7 530 3 190 3 000 -82.65 -5.96
- 187 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Gypsum (t) 86 848 86 000 87 000 88 000 90 000 3.63 2.27
Salt (t) 10 000 9 000 8 500 8 300 8 200 -18.00 -1.20
Remarks:
Nickel refers to Ni content in FeNi.
Dubai (UAE)
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Aluminium (t) 135 000 250 000 250 000 250 000 300 000 122.22 20.00
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 2 500 2 500 2 400 2 000 2 200 -12.00 10.00
Oil (t) 18 383 800 18 350 000 18 587 625 15 673 000 20 454 875 11.27 30.51
Ecuador
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Gold (kg) 1 200 3 068 1 727 1 600 2 871 139.25 79.44
Baryte (t) 2 000 1 800 1 700 1 650 1 476 -26.20 -10.55
Bentonite (t) 432 205 200 190 41 -90.51 -78.42
Feldspar (t) 10 321 60 328 21 265 30 000 47 041 355.78 56.80
Gypsum (t) 2 038 1 510 2 378 3 000 1 043 -48.82 -65.23
Kaolin (t) 8 654 7 346 7 000 8 000 11 022 27.36 37.78
Sulfur (t) 13 000 12 500 12 000 11 500 11 300 -13.08 -1.74
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 3 200 3 500 3 000 3 320 3 200 0.00 -3.61
Oil (t) 20 100 000 19 300 000 19 300 000 15 647 550 20 200 000 0.50 29.09
Egypt
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Iron (t) 1 000 000 1 233 000 1 350 639 1 500 000 1 451 545 45.15 -3.23
Manganese (t) 1 300 1 500 1 600 1 800 2 000 53.85 11.11
Titanium (t) 1 300 18 000 20 410 22 000 24 000 1746.15 9.09
Aluminium (t) 179 200 178 200 187 200 190 000 162 617 -9.25 -14.41
Asbestos (t) 427 1 836 2 000 2 100 1 154 170.26 -45.05
Baryte (t) 550 0 0 0 0 -100.00 .
Bentonite (t) 4 500 1 136 1 545 1 500 1 490 -66.89 -0.67
Feldspar (t) 75 049 53 783 32 565 31 000 12 178 -83.77 -60.72
Fluorspar (t) 300 280 140 120 143 -52.33 19.17
Gypsum (t) 2 500 000 2 030 000 2 423 188 2 000 000 2 229 324 -10.83 11.47
Kaolin (t) 293 381 258 725 285 497 260 000 225 943 -22.99 -13.10
- 188 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Phosphate (t) 250 000 364 650 269 989 259 590 330 258 32.10 27.22
Salt (t) 2 000 000 1 530 000 2 487 645 3 000 000 4 101 804 105.09 36.73
Sulfur (t) 7 000 6 500 6 300 6 000 5 800 -17.14 -3.33
Talc (t) 3 500 3 200 3 972 4 200 3 343 -4.49 -20.40
Vermiculite (t) 483 447 420 400 1 397 189.23 249.25
Hard-Coal (t) 1 000 1 200 1 400 1 500 1 800 80.00 20.00
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 12 800 14 000 14 200 14 100 16 000 25.00 13.48
Oil (t) 46 900 000 46 400 000 43 900 000 40 160 950 41 200 000 -12.15 2.59
El Salvador
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Salt (t) 21 500 21 000 20 500 20 300 20 000 -6.98 -1.48
Remarks:
Marine salt only.
Equatorial Guinea
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Oil (t) 208 000 205 000 203 000 150 000 130 000 -37.50 -13.33
Eritrea
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Gold (kg) 60 44 573 530 520 766.67 -1.89
Gypsum (t) 25 29 564 960 980 3820.00 2.08
Kaolin (t) 1 000 1 946 1 587 1 256 1 200 20.00 -4.46
Salt (t) 300 000 252 076 114 136 100 000 95 000 -68.33 -5.00
Remarks:
Gold artisanal production.
Estonia
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Oil-Shale (t) 14 000 000 14 382 723 12 464 000 11 980 000 11 993 000 -14.34 0.11
- 189 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Ethiopia
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Tantalum-Col. (t) 53 60 50 65 70 32.08 7.69
Gold (kg) 3 300 3 500 3 712 2 330 2 200 -33.33 -5.58
Diatomite (t) 1 300 1 000 700 600 650 -50.00 8.33
Gypsum (t) 40 000 35 000 33 000 37 798 38 000 -5.00 0.53
Kaolin (t) 1 438 3 512 2 400 1 654 1 600 11.27 -3.26
Salt (t) 150 000 100 000 90 000 85 000 83 000 -44.67 -2.35
Remarks:
Fiscal year July to June next.
Fiji
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Gold (kg) 4 554 3 727 3 501 3 881 3 841 -15.66 -1.03
Silver (kg) 2 003 2 583 1 804 2 159 1 474 -26.41 -31.73
Finland
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Chromium (t) 291 087 350 648 249 000 247 149 192 070 -34.02 -22.29
Nickel (t) 3 078 3 043 1 789 1 021 1 916 -37.75 87.66
Cadmium (t) 648 490 520 700 680 4.94 -2.86
Copper (t) 9 055 8 259 9 217 10 517 10 810 19.38 2.79
Mercury (t) 88 63 54 55 77 -12.50 40.00
Zinc (t) 28 264 34 287 32 879 19 751 17 500 -38.08 -11.40
Gold (kg) 1 673 4 775 4 980 3 159 5 220 212.01 65.24
Silver (kg) 34 794 32 200 29 700 31 000 23 600 -32.17 -23.87
Feldspar (t) 42 100 40 000 42 740 42 434 38 609 -8.29 -9.01
Phosphate (t) 667 196 689 053 700 000 734 068 750 000 12.41 2.17
Sulfur (t) 440 037 374 736 389 920 415 802 414 371 -5.83 -0.34
Talc (t) 418 592 437 066 498 152 508 770 501 853 19.89 -1.36
France
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Iron (t) 422 000 145 300 0 0 0 -100.00 .
Aluminium (t) 386 000 399 300 423 600 694 000 701 000 81.61 1.01
Bauxite (t) 81 000 80 000 80 000 75 000 73 000 -9.88 -2.67
- 190 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Cadmium (t) 650 975 223 200 180 -72.31 -10.00
Copper (t) 170 196 0 0 0 -100.00 .
Gold (kg) 4 590 4 350 3 800 3 000 2 800 -39.00 -6.67
Silver (kg) 1 550 1 770 1 000 800 600 -61.29 -25.00
Baryte (t) 81 200 77 000 75 000 73 000 70 000 -13.79 -4.11
Diatomite (t) 80 000 80 000 75 000 73 000 70 000 -12.50 -4.11
Feldspar (t) 546 000 621 000 650 000 670 000 680 000 24.54 1.49
Fluorspar (t) 110 800 106 600 110 000 100 000 80 000 -27.80 -20.00
Gypsum (t) 4 550 000 4 500 000 4 300 000 4 200 000 4 000 000 -12.09 -4.76
Kaolin (t) 326 000 332 000 330 000 320 000 325 000 -0.31 1.56
Potash (t) 812 000 780 000 450 000 350 000 340 000 -58.13 -2.86
Salt (t) 7 074 000 8 112 000 5 900 000 5 900 000 6 200 000 -12.36 5.08
Sulfur (t) 989 700 960 000 820 000 820 000 800 000 -19.17 -2.44
Talc (t) 322 300 335 000 360 000 370 000 380 000 17.90 2.70
Hard-Coal (t) 7 312 000 6 120 000 5 300 000 4 033 000 3 166 000 -56.70 -21.50
Lignite (t) 798 000 690 000 800 000 600 000 500 000 -37.34 -16.67
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 2 800 2 700 1 800 1 600 1 600 -42.86 0.00
Oil (t) 2 107 000 1 780 000 1 700 000 1 500 000 1 900 000 -9.82 26.67
Oil-Shale (t) 28 500 22 000 20 000 18 000 16 000 -43.86 -11.11
Uranium (t) 841 579 554 495 354 -57.91 -28.48
Remarks:
Bauxit recoverd from old mines.
1997:Last iron ore mine closed.
French Guiana
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Gold (kg) 2 850 3 000 3 100 3 200 3 300 15.79 3.13
Gabon
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Manganese (t) 1 031 116 988 000 990 080 1 087 840 1 100 000 6.68 1.12
Gold (kg) 100 90 80 70 65 -35.00 -7.14
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 80 85 83 100 102 27.50 2.00
Oil (t) 18 600 000 18 600 000 17 600 000 17 800 000 18 000 000 -3.23 1.12
Uranium (t) 565 472 861 862 863 52.74 0.12
- 191 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Georgia
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Manganese (t) 97 000 35 112 16 000 14 200 14 000 -85.57 -1.41
Copper (t) 342 684 855 699 600 75.44 -14.16
Lead (t) 500 400 0 0 0 -100.00 .
Zinc (t) 2 000 2 400 1 000 900 880 -56.00 -2.22
Gold (kg) 800 700 800 1 190 1 200 50.00 0.84
Hard-Coal (t) 50 000 4 600 14 700 12 000 7 300 -85.40 -39.17
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 6 6 0 0 0 -100.00 .
Oil (t) 128 000 143 000 100 000 90 000 100 000 -21.88 11.11
Germany, Federal Rep.
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Iron (t) 14 600 32 046 84 680 114 000 73 844 405.78 -35.22
Aluminium (t) 576 492 571 940 612 380 633 803 643 545 11.63 1.54
Bauxite (t) 0 0 270 306 300 . -1.96
Baryte (t) 121 476 118 698 123 272 118 489 111 790 -7.97 -5.65
Bentonite (t) 491 346 511 190 508 738 476 580 464 616 -5.44 -2.51
Feldspar (t) 359 666 425 529 469 928 500 946 476 895 32.59 -4.80
Fluorspar (t) 32 448 23 868 30 641 28 260 31 124 -4.08 10.13
Graphite (t) 2 603 1 030 1 200 3 891 3 414 31.16 -12.26
Gypsum (t) 2 585 383 2 482 720 2 499 169 3 032 115 2 601 086 0.61 -14.22
Kaolin (t) 1 794 352 1 794 501 3 360 563 3 542 945 3 655 110 103.70 3.17
Potash (t) 3 331 790 3 420 601 3 580 350 3 543 360 3 407 467 2.27 -3.84
Salt (t) 15 943 040 15 656 728 14 139 000 16 703 000 15 054 000 -5.58 -9.87
Sulfur (t) 1 000 689 1 085 306 1 089 771 1 134 934 1 099 688 9.89 -3.11
Talc (t) 10 005 8 819 15 473 14 263 17 377 73.68 21.83
Hard-Coal (t) 48 196 510 46 789 987 41 639 952 39 531 000 37 376 000 -22.45 -5.45
Lignite (t) 187 179 239 177 159 767 166 035 061 161 282 000 167 691 000 -10.41 3.97
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 23 059 21 122 20 420 23 531 21 576 -6.43 -8.31
Oil (t) 2 848 341 2 820 780 2 884 110 2 740 000 3 120 000 9.54 13.87
Oil-Shale (t) 293 758 354 262 330 886 346 815 339 396 15.54 -2.14
Uranium (t) 39 27 35 39 33 -15.38 -15.38
Remarks:
2000 : Iron-production non used as an iron resource.
- 192 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Ghana
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Manganese (t) 106 576 132 977 153 669 244 600 358 136 236.04 46.42
Aluminium (t) 137 000 151 600 56 100 55 000 54 000 -60.58 -1.82
Bauxite (t) 473 000 519 000 341 121 355 263 503 825 6.52 41.82
Gold (kg) 50 079 54 446 74 315 81 496 76 522 52.80 -6.10
Silver (kg) 1 000 900 600 550 520 -48.00 -5.45
Diam. (Gem) (c) 147 425 165 905 161 148 95 349 137 310 -6.86 44.01
Diam. (Ind) (c) 589 701 663 619 644 594 381 395 549 241 -6.86 44.01
Salt (t) 40 000 35 000 30 000 25 000 24 000 -40.00 -4.00
Greece
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Chromium (t) 5 620 5 050 1 950 1 000 800 -85.77 -20.00
Manganese (t) 2 572 1 800 1 898 1 000 330 -87.17 -67.00
Nickel (t) 17 801 17 609 15 000 13 462 17 126 -3.79 27.22
Aluminium (t) 141 295 141 500 156 902 170 301 167 507 18.55 -1.64
Bauxite (t) 2 451 734 1 676 979 1 714 023 1 882 505 1 965 561 -19.83 4.41
Lead (t) 6 987 11 822 18 792 20 165 15 553 122.60 -22.87
Zinc (t) 4 865 8 278 17 604 18 059 16 835 246.04 -6.78
Gold (kg) 0 13 0 0 0 . .
Silver (kg) 16 100 35 900 64 800 65 000 65 200 304.97 0.31
Asbestos (t) 80 213 63 294 35 068 35 068 0 -100.00 -100.00
Baryte (t) 671 742 643 367 320 -52.31 -12.81
Bentonite (t) 973 517 942 555 1 148 408 1 099 657 1 148 694 17.99 4.46
Feldspar (t) 48 620 55 700 55 700 52 900 66 300 36.36 25.33
Gypsum (t) 546 344 662 646 554 998 686 416 801 025 46.62 16.70
Kaolin (t) 60 453 56 459 46 388 64 931 54 226 -10.30 -16.49
Magnesite (t) 662 346 623 030 698 049 495 144 492 780 -25.60 -0.48
Perlite (t) 598 640 695 917 658 332 777 898 817 825 36.61 5.13
Salt (t) 138 239 173 889 208 000 176 867 244 709 77.02 38.36
Sulfur (t) 26 445 15 440 15 000 14 500 14 300 -45.93 -1.38
Talc (t) 180 0 0 2 860 2 300 1177.78 -19.58
Lignite (t) 59 737 680 58 939 419 60 910 433 61 861 049 64 026 457 7.18 3.50
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 38 38 33 30 36 -5.26 20.00
Oil (t) 534 222 436 000 293 000 152 540 256 000 -52.08 67.82
- 193 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Greenland
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Remarks:
There was no active mining during the past.
Guatemala
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Iron (t) 2 053 2 100 2 143 4 214 3 251 58.35 -22.85
Antimony (t) 1 088 880 750 400 60 -94.49 -85.00
Baryte (t) 2 776 2 000 1 300 900 131 -95.28 -85.44
Bentonite (t) 3 755 3 500 2 278 4 300 3 317 -11.66 -22.86
Feldspar (t) 11 060 12 000 17 248 17 072 17 804 60.98 4.29
Gypsum (t) 27 761 50 000 100 000 170 000 212 109 664.05 24.77
Kaolin (t) 109 110 115 60 77 -29.36 28.33
Salt (t) 80 000 75 000 73 000 72 000 74 000 -7.50 2.78
Talc (t) 694 650 948 960 1 000 44.09 4.17
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 6 6 5 7 8 33.33 14.29
Oil (t) 761 039 800 000 850 000 1 262 900 1 500 000 97.10 18.77
Guinea
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Bauxite (t) 13 800 000 19 250 000 17 000 000 17 200 000 18 072 000 30.96 5.07
Gold (kg) 7 000 7 300 5 000 4 070 13 105 87.21 221.99
Diam. (Gem) (c) 270 000 427 500 225 000 288 736 276 449 2.39 -4.26
Diam. (Ind) (c) 90 000 142 500 75 000 96 245 92 149 2.39 -4.26
Guyana
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Bauxite (t) 2 254 000 2 561 000 2 606 000 2 639 000 2 687 000 19.21 1.82
Gold (kg) 10 807 14 597 14 863 14 450 13 754 27.27 -4.82
Diam. (Gem) (c) 14 700 10 684 10 044 13 620 24 638 67.61 80.90
Diam. (Ind) (c) 34 300 24 928 23 436 31 780 57 489 67.61 80.90
- 194 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Honduras
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Cadmium (t) 45 40 35 34 34 -24.44 0.00
Copper (t) 1 000 900 800 700 650 -35.00 -7.14
Lead (t) 4 700 5 900 6 800 8 298 10 000 112.77 20.51
Zinc (t) 37 000 39 500 40 408 35 647 35 000 -5.41 -1.82
Gold (kg) 150 120 87 70 65 -56.67 -7.14
Silver (kg) 31 000 40 400 48 197 37 766 37 000 19.35 -2.03
Gypsum (t) 30 000 25 000 23 000 22 000 21 500 -28.33 -2.27
Salt (t) 30 000 28 000 25 000 27 991 29 000 -3.33 3.60
Hungary
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Manganese (t) 8 437 12 900 8 700 11 060 11 000 30.38 -0.54
Aluminium (t) 32 000 33 671 40 700 34 000 33 900 5.94 -0.29
Bauxite (t) 504 000 380 900 460 600 473 900 473 900 -5.97 0.00
Gallium (t) 5 5 3 5 5 0.00 0.00
Bentonite (t) 15 376 14 848 26 700 9 301 5 200 -66.18 -44.09
Feldspar (t) 44 000 45 000 46 000 47 000 47 500 7.95 1.06
Gypsum (t) 185 000 192 000 185 000 203 000 251 000 35.68 23.65
Kaolin (t) 3 000 3 000 9 500 3 000 2 600 -13.33 -13.33
Perlite (t) 104 300 151 800 148 500 141 000 151 000 44.77 7.09
Talc (t) 1 700 1 500 1 400 1 300 1 200 -29.41 -7.69
Hard-Coal (t) 963 000 925 000 877 028 740 000 744 000 -22.74 0.54
Lignite (t) 14 508 000 15 246 000 14 191 400 14 180 000 13 531 000 -6.73 -4.58
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 4 756 4 513 3 958 3 560 3 427 -27.94 -3.74
Oil (t) 1 477 000 1 355 400 1 241 400 1 243 000 1 136 000 -23.09 -8.61
Remarks:
1996: Uranium production: 230 kg U3O8; Kaolin including illitic clay.
1997: Uranium production: 202 kg U3O8; Kaolin including illitic clay.
1998: Uranium production: 118 kg U3O8; Kaolin including illitic clay.
1999 and 2000: Uranium production: not available; Kaolin including illitic clay.
Iceland
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Aluminium (t) 103 900 123 356 183 360 221 433 225 721 117.25 1.94
Diatomite (t) 25 600 26 863 25 734 28 482 27 614 7.87 -3.05
- 195 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
India
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Iron (t) 38 856 000 46 900 000 45 223 000 45 560 000 47 570 000 22.43 4.41
Chromium (t) 538 182 644 000 613 994 600 000 580 000 7.77 -3.33
Manganese (t) 681 806 706 800 583 422 550 000 500 000 -26.67 -9.09
Titanium (t) 160 000 155 000 242 322 240 000 240 000 50.00 0.00
Aluminium (t) 497 540 547 400 543 451 609 500 665 000 33.66 9.11
Bauxite (t) 200 000 5 800 000 6 451 901 5 700 000 6 000 000 2900.00 5.26
Cadmium (t) 256 296 231 220 225 -12.11 2.27
Copper (t) 38 000 42 249 102 000 208 000 254 880 570.74 22.54
Lead (t) 30 000 28 700 37 222 35 000 35 500 18.33 1.43
Rare Earths (t) 2 700 2 700 2 500 2 300 2 000 -25.93 -13.04
Tin (t) 31 16 36 45 50 61.29 11.11
Zinc (t) 146 754 136 900 193 129 180 000 175 000 19.25 -2.78
Gold (kg) 2 710 2 500 2 463 2 030 2 000 -26.20 -1.48
Silver (kg) 27 800 48 100 55 363 60 000 56 000 101.44 -6.67
Asbestos (t) 26 101 20 000 19 109 18 000 16 000 -38.70 -11.11
Baryte (t) 500 000 550 000 659 318 400 000 350 000 -30.00 -12.50
Bentonite (t) 280 000 260 000 250 000 230 000 200 000 -28.57 -13.04
Diam. (Gem) (c) 11 401 11 000 12 102 14 400 16 000 40.34 11.11
Diam. (Ind) (c) 20 442 20 000 22 477 21 600 24 000 17.41 11.11
Feldspar (t) 92 682 90 000 106 811 108 000 110 000 18.69 1.85
Fluorspar (t) 19 926 18 000 3 966 2 000 2 000 -89.96 0.00
Graphite (t) 117 527 100 000 131 822 150 000 170 000 44.65 13.33
Gypsum (t) 2 096 338 2 200 000 2 326 876 2 500 000 2 200 000 4.94 -12.00
Kaolin (t) 685 675 530 000 708 503 760 000 520 000 -24.16 -31.58
Magnesite (t) 373 000 375 000 350 755 345 000 340 000 -8.85 -1.45
Phosphate (t) 351 000 245 430 398 862 438 210 445 500 26.92 1.66
Salt (t) 9 500 000 9 300 000 9 000 000 9 500 000 14 500 000 52.63 52.63
Sulfur (t) 14 000 13 000 12 143 12 000 11 800 -15.71 -1.67
Talc (t) 462 152 600 000 456 187 450 000 440 000 -4.79 -2.22
Vermiculite (t) 1 300 1 200 4 035 4 500 4 800 269.23 6.67
Zircon (t) 18 000 21 000 20 000 20 000 19 000 5.56 -5.00
Hard-Coal (t) 288 208 000 295 900 000 293 565 000 292 300 000 280 000 000 -2.85 -4.21
Lignite (t) 22 540 000 25 000 000 23 009 000 21 000 000 20 000 000 -11.27 -4.76
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 18 215 20 500 19 522 19 000 21 000 15.29 10.53
Oil (t) 31 480 000 37 300 000 32 893 000 32 000 000 32 000 000 1.65 0.00
Uranium (t) 180 200 200 190 185 2.78 -2.63
Indonesia
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Iron (t) 233 806 268 094 308 288 309 100 269 019 15.06 -12.97
Manganese (t) 17 375 18 600 25 205 38 532 26 200 50.79 -32.00
Nickel (t) 68 537 56 599 54 733 55 969 60 780 -11.32 8.60
- 196 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Bauxite (t) 841 976 808 749 1 055 647 1 116 323 1 151 000 36.70 3.11
Copper (t) 619 116 644 246 809 000 766 000 1 063 650 71.80 38.86
Tin (t) 52 304 54 021 53 959 49 708 46 400 -11.29 -6.65
Gold (kg) 83 660 86 928 123 862 127 767 127 192 52.03 -0.45
Silver (kg) 255 404 249 391 383 191 361 377 314 032 22.96 -13.10
Bentonite (t) 8 588 0 3 756 0 0 -100.00 .
Feldspar (t) 29 473 24 399 53 068 55 000 55 500 88.31 0.91
Gypsum (t) 2 430 0 1 730 0 0 -100.00 .
Kaolin (t) 49 744 49 000 30 036 30 000 25 000 -49.74 -16.67
Phosphate (t) 505 533 752 800 850 68.32 6.25
Salt (t) 500 000 400 000 300 000 250 000 230 000 -54.00 -8.00
Sulfur (t) 3 165 9 177 10 000 11 000 11 500 263.35 4.55
Hard-Coal (t) 50 332 047 55 982 040 58 504 660 62 108 239 76 465 000 51.92 23.12
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 92 300 90 294 84 370 78 720 84 385 -8.58 7.20
Oil (t) 79 155 168 78 497 110 76 518 810 77 980 000 70 592 600 -10.82 -9.47
Remarks:
Gold and silver: primary and secondary production from polymetallic concentrates.
Iran
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Iron (t) 5 008 500 4 828 300 4 777 950 3 473 686 4 892 000 -2.33 40.83
Chromium (t) 138 618 104 509 146 200 154 460 127 409 -8.09 -17.51
Manganese (t) 32 300 45 900 64 600 41 440 54 400 68.42 31.27
Molybdenum (t) 2 600 2 600 3 100 4 501 3 460 33.08 -23.13
Aluminium (t) 253 000 107 000 117 000 137 313 137 000 -45.85 -0.23
Antimony (t) 0 0 0 155 185 . 19.35
Arsenic (t) 20 75 350 375 315 1475.00 -16.00
Bauxite (t) 160 000 378 600 370 000 439 387 440 050 175.03 0.15
Copper (t) 113 770 110 000 111 000 131 763 155 850 36.99 18.28
Lead (t) 18 000 17 600 10 920 14 170 14 200 -21.11 0.21
Zinc (t) 62 000 81 950 69 000 72 875 73 210 18.08 0.46
Gold (kg) 640 684 822 765 780 21.88 1.96
Silver (kg) 1 300 1 320 1 720 1 630 1 650 26.92 1.23
Asbestos (t) 42 000 62 000 75 000 65 953 67 200 60.00 1.89
Baryte (t) 210 000 160 000 180 000 183 034 182 900 -12.90 -0.07
Bentonite (t) 84 000 105 000 115 000 131 240 135 000 60.71 2.86
Boron (t) 1 000 2 850 2 800 2 543 2 850 185.00 12.07
Diatomite (t) 0 0 0 4 350 5 200 . 19.54
Feldspar (t) 90 000 125 000 125 000 156 058 156 000 73.33 -0.04
Fluorspar (t) 20 000 6 200 6 800 18 218 18 500 -7.50 1.55
Gypsum (t) 8 750 000 8 900 000 9 750 000 10 790 918 10 700 000 22.29 -0.84
Kaolin (t) 470 000 860 000 1 050 000 858 510 860 000 82.98 0.17
Magnesite (t) 50 000 105 000 120 000 141 081 140 000 180.00 -0.77
Perlite (t) 1 000 3 500 3 800 2 100 5 400 440.00 157.14
Phosphate (t) 0 0 0 171 640 170 000 . -0.96
- 197 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Salt (t) 1 000 000 1 180 000 1 450 000 1 668 790 1 560 000 56.00 -6.52
Sulfur (t) 1 300 000 1 120 000 1 200 000 1 300 000 1 600 000 23.08 23.08
Talc (t) 25 000 24 300 28 500 18 387 8 500 -66.00 -53.77
Hard-Coal (t) 1 840 000 1 750 000 1 810 000 1 507 906 1 815 000 -1.36 20.37
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 24 800 48 100 50 000 49 000 57 000 129.84 16.33
Oil (t) 184 000 000 191 000 000 193 000 000 180 558 200 193 300 000 5.05 7.06
Iraq
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Gypsum (t) 400 000 420 000 430 000 450 000 480 000 20.00 6.67
Phosphate (t) 465 000 466 000 495 000 390 000 415 000 -10.75 6.41
Salt (t) 240 000 250 000 260 000 270 000 280 000 16.67 3.70
Sulfur (t) 475 000 475 000 450 000 430 000 420 000 -11.58 -2.33
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 3 500 3 500 4 000 4 200 4 300 22.86 2.38
Oil (t) 29 600 000 56 300 000 108 200 000 125 500 000 133 300 000 350.34 6.22
Ireland
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Lead (t) 45 300 45 100 35 900 39 200 57 500 26.93 46.68
Zinc (t) 164 500 193 200 177 200 195 900 263 000 59.88 34.25
Silver (kg) 14 700 13 300 10 800 10 400 16 700 13.61 60.58
Gypsum (t) 423 000 477 000 500 000 500 000 500 000 18.20 0.00
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 2 740 2 410 1 790 1 400 1 230 -55.11 -12.14
Israel
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Gypsum (t) 75 000 90 000 56 000 50 000 50 000 -33.33 0.00
Phosphate (t) 2 322 000 2 708 000 2 940 000 2 287 500 1 080 000 -53.49 -52.79
Potash (t) 1 520 120 1 525 000 1 745 210 1 114 560 1 000 000 -34.22 -10.28
Salt (t) 765 000 750 000 700 000 700 000 680 000 -11.11 -2.86
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 16 15 12 11 10 -37.50 -9.09
Oil (t) 8 768 8 500 5 829 5 215 5 100 -41.83 -2.21
- 198 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Italy
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Manganese (t) 1 457 2 128 924 972 1 000 -31.37 2.88
Aluminium (t) 192 833 187 700 187 000 205 567 210 000 8.90 2.16
Cadmium (t) 300 287 382 390 400 33.33 2.56
Lead (t) 21 000 17 630 10 102 6 000 5 000 -76.19 -16.67
Zinc (t) 20 100 15 415 4 472 9 734 10 000 -50.25 2.73
Gold (kg) 0 0 1 200 1 600 1 700 . 6.25
Silver (kg) 75 000 70 000 60 000 50 000 48 000 -36.00 -4.00
Baryte (t) 80 463 26 694 31 791 24 557 20 000 -75.14 -18.56
Bentonite (t) 475 000 509 960 600 000 562 674 550 000 15.79 -2.25
Feldspar (t) 2 310 450 2 118 117 2 800 000 2 493 846 2 200 000 -4.78 -11.78
Fluorspar (t) 126 530 105 794 104 188 46 916 40 000 -68.39 -14.74
Gypsum (t) 1 200 000 1 210 718 1 232 535 1 382 709 1 300 000 8.33 -5.98
Kaolin (t) 126 000 180 570 0 0 0 -100.00 .
Salt (t) 3 000 000 3 594 549 3 240 000 3 338 162 3 500 000 16.67 4.85
Sulfur (t) 250 000 200 000 180 000 170 000 160 000 -36.00 -5.88
Talc (t) 168 000 140 816 134 000 123 503 120 000 -28.57 -2.84
Hard-Coal (t) 4 787 0 0 0 0 -100.00 .
Lignite (t) 223 400 222 421 251 000 260 000 270 000 20.86 3.85
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 20 218 19 123 19 164 17 635 16 800 -16.91 -4.73
Oil (t) 5 429 849 5 892 055 5 600 287 5 049 417 4 600 000 -15.28 -8.90
Oil-Shale (t) 22 000 20 000 22 471 23 000 23 500 6.82 2.17
Jamaica
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Bauxite (t) 11 757 000 11 988 000 12 600 000 11 600 000 11 400 000 -3.04 -1.72
Gypsum (t) 251 000 132 000 200 000 220 000 240 000 -4.38 9.09
Salt (t) 14 500 15 000 15 500 15 800 16 000 10.34 1.27
Japan
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Iron (t) 3 563 1 537 1 720 1 800 1 454 -59.19 -19.22
Chromium (t) 2 000 1 800 1 500 1 300 1 200 -40.00 -7.69
Aluminium (t) 16 959 16 694 16 302 16 100 16 000 -5.65 -0.62
Arsenic (t) 450 420 400 380 350 -22.22 -7.89
Bismuth (t) 560 474 470 475 500 -10.71 5.26
Cadmium (t) 2 343 2 373 2 342 2 100 2 439 4.10 16.14
Copper (t) 1 145 932 1 070 1 038 1 211 5.76 16.67
- 199 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Gallium (t) 5 5 4 3 3 -40.00 0.00
Lead (t) 7 753 5 227 6 198 6 074 8 835 13.96 45.46
Tellurium (t) 45 40 38 35 34 -24.44 -2.86
Zinc (t) 79 709 71 569 67 670 64 263 63 601 -20.21 -1.03
Gold (kg) 8 627 8 384 8 601 9 410 8 400 -2.63 -10.73
Platinum (kg) 816 693 533 650 630 -22.79 -3.08
Silver (kg) 85 115 87 180 94 472 94 000 103 781 21.93 10.41
Bentonite (t) 468 728 495 646 443 566 420 000 428 247 -8.64 1.96
Feldspar (t) 55 122 60 000 60 000 58 000 55 000 -0.22 -5.17
Kaolin (t) 141 230 110 915 83 257 90 000 53 092 -62.41 -41.01
Perlite (t) 200 000 288 000 250 000 260 000 260 000 30.00 0.00
Salt (t) 1 400 000 1 420 000 1 000 000 950 000 930 000 -33.57 -2.11
Sulfur (t) 1 500 000 633 369 544 904 520 000 500 000 -66.67 -3.85
Talc (t) 659 904 620 000 600 000 580 000 560 000 -15.14 -3.45
Vermiculite (t) 10 000 10 000 8 000 7 000 6 500 -35.00 -7.14
Hard-Coal (t) 6 480 000 4 274 000 3 663 000 2 600 000 3 126 000 -51.76 20.23
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 2 230 2 279 2 300 2 400 2 453 10.00 2.21
Oil (t) 837 162 842 000 792 000 653 350 740 000 -11.61 13.26
Jordan
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Feldspar (t) 7 500 7 340 7 200 7 100 11 112 48.16 56.51
Gypsum (t) 120 810 114 500 110 000 100 000 157 869 30.68 57.87
Kaolin (t) 37 832 34 550 34 000 33 500 36 795 -2.74 9.84
Phosphate (t) 1 713 618 1 945 542 1 861 440 1 850 000 1 910 391 11.48 3.26
Potash (t) 1 068 000 849 405 910 200 1 080 000 1 161 593 8.76 7.55
Salt (t) 80 000 80 000 263 365 400 000 305 170 281.46 -23.71
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 235 291 300 250 283 20.43 13.20
Oil (t) 1 700 2 097 2 100 1 500 1 686 -0.82 12.40
Kazakhstan
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Iron (t) 16 250 000 13 700 000 8 693 000 9 607 000 8 988 395 -44.69 -6.44
Chromium (t) 511 700 430 000 688 000 820 000 1 120 838 119.04 36.69
Cobalt (t) 300 300 300 300 280 -6.67 -6.67
Manganese (t) 129 000 120 000 119 700 168 900 170 000 31.78 0.65
Molybdenum (t) 400 400 100 110 130 -67.50 18.18
Nickel (t) 1 200 1 200 1 200 0 0 -100.00 .
Titanium (t) 12 500 13 000 12 000 11 500 11 300 -9.60 -1.74
Tungsten (t) 280 200 200 180 160 -42.86 -11.11
Vanadium (t) 900 900 1 000 1 000 1 100 22.22 10.00
- 200 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Arsenic (t) 1 500 1 500 1 300 1 000 950 -36.67 -5.00
Bauxite (t) 3 140 000 3 100 000 3 437 000 3 607 000 3 729 600 18.78 3.40
Bismuth (t) 33 33 50 55 60 81.82 9.09
Cadmium (t) 1 200 745 1 463 1 061 257 -78.58 -75.78
Copper (t) 245 000 316 000 337 600 374 000 430 200 75.59 15.03
Lead (t) 68 900 35 000 30 100 34 100 39 300 -42.96 15.25
Tin (t) 4 4 0 0 0 -100.00 .
Zinc (t) 168 500 225 000 224 300 288 000 322 100 91.16 11.84
Gold (kg) 12 000 18 700 18 000 19 982 20 000 66.67 0.09
Silver (kg) 414 300 389 300 535 800 904 000 950 000 129.30 5.09
Asbestos (t) 250 000 125 000 125 000 120 000 233 200 -6.72 94.33
Baryte (t) 250 000 270 000 300 000 320 000 330 000 32.00 3.13
Boron (t) 80 000 80 000 60 000 55 000 53 000 -33.75 -3.64
Fluorspar (t) 80 000 85 000 90 000 85 000 83 000 3.75 -2.35
Phosphate (t) 900 000 500 000 450 000 420 000 400 000 -55.56 -4.76
Sulfur (t) 97 000 100 000 120 000 130 000 140 000 44.33 7.69
Hard-Coal (t) 76 600 000 69 600 000 65 700 000 56 200 000 72 429 500 -5.44 28.88
Lignite (t) 1 800 000 3 000 000 3 000 000 2 000 000 2 442 900 35.72 22.15
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 3 352 4 000 4 000 3 500 4 669 39.29 33.40
Oil (t) 21 466 000 25 800 000 25 900 000 30 000 000 30 647 900 42.77 2.16
Uranium (t) 1 320 1 000 1 530 1 612 2 052 55.45 27.30
Kenya
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Lead (t) 250 0 0 0 0 -100.00 .
Gold (kg) 492 440 388 990 1 243 152.64 25.56
Diatomite (t) 415 297 468 507 448 7.95 -11.64
Fluorspar (t) 83 000 68 700 60 854 93 602 100 102 20.60 6.94
Gypsum (t) 900 900 700 600 580 -35.56 -3.33
Kaolin (t) 300 200 150 130 120 -60.00 -7.69
Salt (t) 72 000 71 400 21 742 44 886 16 359 -77.28 -63.55
Vermiculite (t) 734 1 418 353 164 124 -83.11 -24.39
Remarks:
Vermiculite: quantity exported.
Korea, Republic of
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Iron (t) 100 000 100 000 133 421 187 982 163 192 63.19 -13.19
Cadmium (t) 930 930 930 1 790 1 900 104.30 6.15
Copper (t) 35 0 0 0 0 -100.00 .
Lead (t) 5 200 3 600 3 558 3 644 2 724 -47.62 -25.25
Zinc (t) 8 300 9 000 10 489 19 664 11 473 38.23 -41.65
- 201 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Gold (kg) 1 200 1 200 200 320 350 -70.83 9.38
Silver (kg) 5 500 5 000 4 500 4 144 4 688 -14.76 13.13
Bentonite (t) 80 000 100 000 110 000 112 258 67 652 -15.44 -39.74
Diatomite (t) 80 000 80 000 78 000 80 222 34 143 -57.32 -57.44
Feldspar (t) 330 000 320 000 248 493 409 334 0 -100.00 -100.00
Graphite (t) 3 500 3 200 3 000 0 0 -100.00 .
Kaolin (t) 500 000 480 000 393 736 380 000 390 000 -22.00 2.63
Talc (t) 730 000 820 000 868 020 880 000 917 972 25.75 4.32
Hard-Coal (t) 5 100 000 4 500 000 4 361 000 4 197 000 4 150 000 -18.63 -1.12
Kuwait
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Salt (t) 36 000 36 000 35 000 34 800 34 500 -4.17 -0.86
Sulfur (t) 605 963 600 000 580 000 550 000 530 000 -12.54 -3.64
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 10 892 12 000 12 000 11 000 11 500 5.58 4.55
Oil (t) 104 609 088 106 500 000 91 900 000 85 169 100 106 300 000 1.62 24.81
Kyrgystan
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Antimony (t) 2 500 2 500 1 298 1 320 1 505 -39.80 14.02
Mercury (t) 596 611 629 628 550 -7.72 -12.42
Gold (kg) 5 000 17 000 21 000 20 000 21 000 320.00 5.00
Hard-Coal (t) 800 000 500 000 400 000 415 000 419 400 -47.58 1.06
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 35 20 20 30 11 -68.57 -63.33
Oil (t) 130 000 120 000 100 000 100 000 85 000 -34.62 -15.00
Laos
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Tin (t) 100 100 226 320 435 335.00 35.94
Gypsum (t) 75 000 115 000 104 250 100 000 147 719 96.96 47.72
Salt (t) 7 000 7 500 3 453 3 200 2 436 -65.20 -23.88
Hard-Coal (t) 3 800 4 000 8 773 15 000 21 997 478.87 46.65
- 202 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Latvia
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Gypsum (t) 63 888 60 905 93 611 65 000 126 570 98.11 94.72
Lebanon
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Gypsum (t) 1 800 1 500 1 300 1 200 1 100 -38.89 -8.33
Salt (t) 2 500 2 000 1 800 1 700 1 600 -36.00 -5.88
Liberia
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Diam. (Gem) (c) 29 250 29 250 27 630 65 000 55 250 88.89 -15.00
Diam. (Ind) (c) 60 750 60 750 57 380 135 000 114 750 88.89 -15.00
Libya
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Gypsum (t) 180 000 190 000 200 000 180 000 196 000 8.89 8.89
Salt (t) 28 000 27 000 30 000 25 000 14 411 -48.53 -42.36
Sulfur (t) 22 000 24 000 22 000 23 000 24 400 10.91 6.09
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 6 950 8 000 8 000 13 700 13 543 94.86 -1.15
Oil (t) 78 573 253 68 000 000 66 900 000 72 893 290 80 832 000 2.87 10.89
Lithuania
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Oil (t) 161 200 213 000 275 000 232 000 316 500 96.34 36.42
Macedonia
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Nickel (t) 4 500 4 900 5 800 1 900 0 -100.00 -100.00
Copper (t) 8 484 8 200 9 100 10 000 10 000 17.87 0.00
Lead (t) 29 030 30 690 30 000 26 000 25 000 -13.88 -3.85
Zinc (t) 21 560 20 620 14 300 8 000 12 200 -43.41 52.50
- 203 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Gold (kg) 752 680 700 750 750 -0.27 0.00
Silver (kg) 20 025 18 760 20 000 22 000 20 000 -0.12 -9.09
Bentonite (t) 4 000 3 500 3 000 2 800 2 500 -37.50 -10.71
Feldspar (t) 9 500 10 000 8 100 11 000 10 000 5.26 -9.09
Talc (t) 14 500 15 000 10 000 9 000 9 000 -37.93 0.00
Lignite (t) 7 723 000 7 443 000 6 500 000 7 500 000 7 000 000 -9.36 -6.67
Madagascar
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Chromium (t) 67 130 58 800 33 963 32 000 65 660 -2.19 105.19
Rare Earths (t) 3 0 0 0 0 -100.00 .
Gold (kg) 0 0 33 40 42 . 5.00
Graphite (t) 11 295 15 397 18 690 14 516 14 000 23.95 -3.55
Kaolin (t) 650 600 378 300 500 -23.08 66.67
Salt (t) 45 000 40 000 38 000 35 000 34 000 -24.44 -2.86
Malawi
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Hard-Coal (t) 71 153 63 000 54 200 43 800 34 300 -51.79 -21.69
Malaysia
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Iron (t) 285 294 269 087 376 090 337 462 258 553 -9.37 -23.38
Titanium (t) 69 883 70 000 65 000 63 000 61 000 -12.71 -3.17
Bauxite (t) 218 680 279 000 160 271 222 724 123 270 -43.63 -44.65
Copper (t) 20 671 18 900 13 907 4 600 200 -99.03 -95.65
Rare Earths (t) 618 600 500 450 420 -32.04 -6.67
Tin (t) 6 922 5 100 5 754 7 340 6 307 -8.88 -14.07
Gold (kg) 2 829 4 488 3 394 3 449 4 026 42.31 16.73
Silver (kg) 9 720 9 600 2 744 7 285 500 -94.86 -93.14
Baryte (t) 17 458 18 000 17 000 13 506 16 200 -7.21 19.95
Kaolin (t) 209 562 187 411 176 521 213 035 168 000 -19.83 -21.14
Zircon (t) 4 511 5 000 3 057 1 763 5 250 16.38 197.79
Hard-Coal (t) 73 747 105 231 349 849 308 502 382 942 419.26 24.13
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 32 400 39 751 39 865 38 320 4 308 -86.70 -88.76
Oil (t) 34 100 000 35 500 000 37 872 287 37 820 128 35 624 255 4.47 -5.81
- 204 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Mali
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Gold (kg) 4 500 17 000 22 000 17 160 25 900 475.56 50.93
Malta
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Salt (t) 150 130 120 100 100 -33.33 0.00
Mauritania
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Iron (t) 7 252 700 7 663 500 6 726 200 6 604 000 6 500 000 -10.38 -1.57
Gold (kg) 1 890 1 800 1 700 1 700 1 650 -12.70 -2.94
Gypsum (t) 12 500 5 460 18 795 18 800 18 900 51.20 0.53
Mexico
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Iron (t) 4 887 562 5 023 826 5 067 406 5 508 174 5 436 325 11.23 -1.30
Manganese (t) 173 380 192 825 187 103 169 107 156 117 -9.96 -7.68
Molybdenum (t) 4 211 4 842 5 948 7 961 6 886 63.52 -13.50
Tungsten (t) 188 179 130 10 0 -100.00 -100.00
Antimony (t) 983 1 909 1 301 273 52 -94.71 -80.95
Arsenic (t) 2 942 2 999 2 573 2 419 2 522 -14.28 4.26
Bismuth (t) 1 070 1 642 1 204 548 1 112 3.93 102.92
Cadmium (t) 1 813 1 872 1 739 1 311 1 297 -28.46 -1.07
Copper (t) 327 978 338 933 344 766 340 147 338 999 3.36 -0.34
Lead (t) 167 114 180 349 171 610 131 402 160 607 -3.89 22.23
Mercury (t) 0 15 15 15 16 . 6.67
Tin (t) 2 5 5 4 4 100.00 0.00
Zinc (t) 348 328 377 861 371 898 339 758 358 576 2.94 5.54
Gold (kg) 24 083 26 031 25 982 23 475 25 822 7.22 10.00
Silver (kg) 2 536 465 2 701 329 2 868 099 2 455 986 2 746 852 8.29 11.84
Baryte (t) 470 028 236 606 161 555 157 953 127 668 -72.84 -19.17
Bentonite (t) 69 810 69 000 68 800 68 500 68 300 -2.16 -0.29
Diatomite (t) 52 200 60 000 62 000 62 500 96 448 84.77 54.32
Feldspar (t) 139 972 155 760 197 866 262 241 334 439 138.93 27.53
- 205 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Fluorspar (t) 523 971 552 839 598 043 557 106 635 230 21.23 14.02
Graphite (t) 40 412 47 982 43 481 27 781 30 330 -24.95 9.18
Gypsum (t) 3 758 900 4 216 300 3 993 305 3 799 419 3 558 118 -5.34 -6.35
Kaolin (t) 165 000 160 000 155 000 130 000 120 000 -27.27 -7.69
Perlite (t) 37 417 35 000 36 000 38 000 39 000 4.23 2.63
Phosphate (t) 218 265 228 372 242 032 304 208 336 789 54.30 10.71
Salt (t) 8 508 148 7 932 772 8 412 063 8 235 621 8 884 370 4.42 7.88
Sulfur (t) 921 349 923 352 912 826 855 484 851 427 -7.59 -0.47
Talc (t) 10 100 13 586 18 842 18 980 20 569 103.65 8.37
Vermiculite (t) 225 350 360 380 400 77.78 5.26
Hard-Coal (t) 8 779 518 8 509 976 7 632 227 8 764 835 8 230 115 -6.26 -6.10
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 29 900 33 000 36 500 37 000 38 400 28.43 3.78
Oil (t) 162 500 000 169 300 000 169 300 000 166 100 000 173 300 000 6.65 4.33
Moldavia
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Gypsum (t) 12 700 13 000 19 080 17 440 20 200 59.06 15.83
Mongolia
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Molybdenum (t) 2 000 2 200 2 300 2 500 2 700 35.00 8.00
Tungsten (t) 32 0 0 0 0 -100.00 .
Copper (t) 121 000 127 000 127 800 157 500 165 000 36.36 4.76
Tellurium (t) 0 2 3 4 5 . 25.00
Tin (t) 37 55 0 0 0 -100.00 .
Gold (kg) 5 998 2 200 2 000 1 900 1 800 -69.99 -5.26
Silver (kg) 20 000 19 000 18 000 17 000 16 500 -17.50 -2.94
Fluorspar (t) 127 600 135 000 171 000 170 000 168 000 31.66 -1.18
Gypsum (t) 20 000 20 000 18 000 17 000 16 000 -20.00 -5.88
Salt (t) 17 000 16 000 15 000 14 500 14 300 -15.88 -1.38
Lignite (t) 4 922 000 4 500 000 5 200 000 5 500 000 5 700 000 15.81 3.64
Uranium (t) 181 150 100 90 88 -51.38 -2.22
Morocco
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Iron (t) 7 105 7 207 5 685 6 625 5 615 -20.97 -15.25
Cobalt (t) 554 785 287 948 1 434 158.84 51.27
Manganese (t) 13 260 13 863 12 749 13 118 11 624 -12.34 -11.39
- 206 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Copper (t) 13 168 13 070 9 373 8 841 8 103 -38.46 -8.35
Lead (t) 66 698 68 514 71 326 70 794 72 856 9.23 2.91
Zinc (t) 76 290 85 898 108 006 108 099 100 870 32.22 -6.69
Gold (kg) 0 0 0 0 334 . .
Silver (kg) 333 000 262 000 307 000 278 000 270 000 -18.92 -2.88
Baryte (t) 287 513 343 314 353 438 328 950 320 243 11.38 -2.65
Bentonite (t) 29 881 49 633 47 881 36 528 21 352 -28.54 -41.55
Feldspar (t) 0 0 18 330 1 110 0 . -100.00
Fluorspar (t) 100 000 103 800 105 000 83 100 77 800 -22.20 -6.38
Phosphate (t) 20 855 000 23 084 000 22 644 000 22 163 000 21 459 000 2.90 -3.18
Salt (t) 165 393 257 500 107 604 156 158 147 960 -10.54 -5.25
Talc (t) 0 0 3 320 2 980 0 . -100.00
Hard-Coal (t) 505 600 376 300 269 100 129 200 28 725 -94.32 -77.77
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 33 36 37 43 45 36.36 4.65
Oil (t) 7 500 11 000 13 000 12 900 12 500 66.67 -3.10
Mozambique
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Bauxite (t) 12 000 8 000 6 000 5 500 5 300 -55.83 -3.64
Gold (kg) 300 250 230 220 200 -33.33 -9.09
Salt (t) 35 000 30 000 25 000 24 000 22 000 -37.14 -8.33
Hard-Coal (t) 35 000 35 000 40 000 45 000 46 000 31.43 2.22
Myanmar
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Chromium (t) 150 130 120 100 100 -33.33 0.00
Tungsten (t) 23 14 9 7 2 -91.30 -71.43
Copper (t) 5 813 4 390 0 0 0 -100.00 .
Lead (t) 1 130 782 1 255 1 500 775 -31.42 -48.33
Tin (t) 233 154 311 426 636 172.96 49.30
Zinc (t) 600 500 500 450 430 -28.33 -4.44
Gold (kg) 171 181 121 116 93 -45.61 -19.83
Silver (kg) 8 915 9 331 3 643 2 159 1 432 -83.94 -33.67
Baryte (t) 17 113 20 467 18 562 27 679 32 669 90.90 18.03
Bentonite (t) 730 750 720 700 680 -6.85 -2.86
Diam. (Gem) (c) 0 4 0 0 0 . .
Diam. (Ind) (c) 45 18 7 6 5 -88.89 -16.67
Gypsum (t) 28 599 40 642 40 234 43 102 52 573 83.83 21.97
Salt (t) 230 000 200 000 180 000 170 000 165 000 -28.26 -2.94
- 207 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Lignite (t) 44 412 29 849 31 025 42 773 52 553 18.33 22.86
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 1 800 1 800 1 700 1 600 1 500 -16.67 -6.25
Oil (t) 550 000 600 000 580 000 781 100 790 000 43.64 1.14
Remarks:
Diamonds:By-product of alluvial tin operation.
Namibia
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Manganese (t) 45 250 34 907 30 000 29 000 27 000 -40.33 -6.90
Arsenic (t) 1 505 1 232 175 0 0 -100.00 .
Cadmium (t) 10 2 0 0 0 -100.00 .
Copper (t) 18 306 20 300 8 014 2 000 5 082 -72.24 154.10
Lead (t) 24 416 17 000 12 800 9 361 11 114 -54.48 18.73
Lithium (t) 50 70 90 100 95 90.00 -5.00
Tin (t) 2 0 0 0 0 -100.00 .
Zinc (t) 35 873 36 400 39 800 34 639 39 126 9.07 12.95
Gold (kg) 2 177 2 433 1 882 2 008 2 417 11.02 20.37
Silver (kg) 42 000 33 500 23 000 15 000 900 -97.86 -94.00
Diam. (Gem) (c) 1 412 134 1 083 000 1 368 000 1 557 050 1 474 400 4.41 -5.31
Diam. (Ind) (c) 72 323 57 000 72 000 81 950 77 600 7.30 -5.31
Fluorspar (t) 32 285 23 208 42 139 57 700 66 128 104.83 14.61
Salt (t) 378 860 485 414 496 113 489 330 514 077 35.69 5.06
Sulfur (t) 45 338 46 476 47 000 48 000 48 200 6.31 0.42
Uranium (t) 2 886 3 426 3 257 3 095 3 201 10.91 3.42
Nauru
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Phosphate (t) 193 800 190 000 185 060 272 840 191 520 -1.18 -29.81
Nepal
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Copper (t) 3 0 0 0 0 -100.00 .
Salt (t) 6 6 1 0 1 -83.33 .
Talc (t) 2 300 6 500 6 157 6 000 5 852 154.43 -2.47
Lignite (t) 5 500 8 200 10 954 12 000 17 530 218.73 46.08
- 208 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Netherlands
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Aluminium (t) 227 000 231 800 263 700 270 000 240 000 5.73 -11.11
Salt (t) 4 800 000 5 601 000 5 600 000 5 400 000 5 564 000 15.92 3.04
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 95 432 81 800 79 200 72 030 67 727 -29.03 -5.97
Oil (t) 3 000 000 2 750 000 2 700 000 2 439 060 1 210 000 -59.67 -50.39
Remarks:
1997 : salt:content of MgCl2:192500t
New Caledonia
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Nickel (t) 124 800 136 500 125 300 123 000 120 000 -3.85 -2.44
New Zealand
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Iron (t) 1 353 578 1 450 000 1 276 000 1 334 000 1 566 000 15.69 17.39
Aluminium (t) 260 000 310 200 317 500 320 000 330 000 26.92 3.13
Gold (kg) 11 571 11 400 7 700 8 600 9 800 -15.31 13.95
Silver (kg) 29 340 31 700 22 700 24 300 22 900 -21.95 -5.76
Bentonite (t) 4 000 4 100 4 200 4 400 4 500 12.50 2.27
Kaolin (t) 26 000 26 000 26 000 26 000 26 200 0.77 0.77
Perlite (t) 1 880 1 900 2 000 1 900 1 800 -4.26 -5.26
Salt (t) 75 000 70 000 68 000 65 000 64 000 -14.67 -1.54
Hard-Coal (t) 3 509 334 3 500 000 3 100 000 3 500 000 3 600 000 2.58 2.86
Lignite (t) 109 982 200 000 200 000 180 000 170 000 54.57 -5.56
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 5 364 5 500 5 600 5 700 5 750 7.20 0.88
Oil (t) 1 500 000 1 600 000 2 000 000 2 346 950 2 400 000 60.00 2.26
Nicaragua
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Gold (kg) 2 059 2 395 2 050 5 416 6 000 191.40 10.78
Silver (kg) 783 934 1 300 2 167 2 500 219.28 15.37
Bentonite (t) 2 374 512 400 370 350 -85.26 -5.41
Gypsum (t) 20 242 15 820 12 000 11 000 10 500 -48.13 -4.55
Salt (t) 16 000 15 000 14 000 12 000 11 000 -31.25 -8.33
- 209 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Niger
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Tin (t) 23 25 26 32 22 -4.35 -31.25
Gold (kg) 313 300 320 200 150 -52.08 -25.00
Gypsum (t) 1 897 2 000 2 200 1 502 1 400 -26.20 -6.79
Salt (t) 2 000 1 800 1 600 2 000 2 200 10.00 10.00
Hard-Coal (t) 182 022 150 000 150 000 168 466 158 200 -13.09 -6.09
Uranium (t) 3 919 4 124 4 400 2 916 3 407 -13.06 16.84
Nigeria
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Iron (t) 80 000 72 484 70 000 68 000 65 000 -18.75 -4.41
Tantalum-Col. (t) 20 20 18 19 20 0.00 5.26
Tin (t) 2 700 2 700 1 400 1 200 1 100 -59.26 -8.33
Gold (kg) 0 17 20 25 27 . 8.00
Baryte (t) 17 500 13 000 12 000 10 000 9 500 -45.71 -5.00
Kaolin (t) 150 100 80 70 68 -54.67 -2.86
Hard-Coal (t) 90 000 90 000 90 000 85 000 83 000 -7.78 -2.35
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 5 500 5 000 5 000 4 800 4 600 -16.36 -4.17
Oil (t) 111 300 000 119 527 523 104 500 000 102 710 000 101 200 000 -9.07 -1.47
Norway
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Iron (t) 1 117 651 478 000 409 200 338 000 458 000 -59.02 35.50
Nickel (t) 2 820 2 435 2 964 2 715 2 287 -18.90 -15.76
Titanium (t) 329 840 246 903 261 134 256 889 306 281 -7.14 19.23
Aluminium (t) 863 000 918 600 995 500 1 000 000 1 030 000 19.35 3.00
Cadmium (t) 300 290 270 230 200 -33.33 -13.04
Copper (t) 7 389 6 670 2 700 0 0 -100.00 .
Lead (t) 2 083 2 231 1 800 1 000 0 -100.00 -100.00
Zinc (t) 4 435 4 400 1 800 0 0 -100.00 .
Silver (kg) 5 900 5 000 2 000 1 800 1 500 -74.58 -16.67
Feldspar (t) 72 555 107 335 82 036 73 000 71 330 -1.69 -2.29
Graphite (t) 7 065 7 713 8 271 7 400 8 392 18.78 13.41
Sulfur (t) 42 900 42 500 42 300 42 100 42 000 -2.10 -0.24
Talc (t) 28 140 30 475 21 000 20 000 18 000 -36.03 -10.00
- 210 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Hard-Coal (t) 229 636 386 440 328 169 404 000 631 926 175.19 56.42
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 41 100 45 600 47 100 51 582 52 400 27.49 1.59
Oil (t) 158 400 000 160 800 000 158 900 000 154 833 000 159 000 000 0.38 2.69
Oman
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Chromium (t) 6 100 7 160 11 902 10 404 9 800 60.66 -5.81
Copper (t) 1 000 1 209 993 900 1 000 0.00 11.11
Gold (kg) 600 584 579 597 590 -1.67 -1.17
Silver (kg) 80 145 286 300 320 300.00 6.67
Gypsum (t) 113 137 77 971 165 000 180 130 185 000 63.52 2.70
Salt (t) 12 429 10 069 13 778 11 230 11 000 -11.50 -2.05
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 7 260 8 000 7 500 7 300 7 200 -0.83 -1.37
Oil (t) 46 156 700 44 900 000 44 500 000 46 683 500 47 800 000 3.56 2.39
Remarks:
Ag = byproduct from Cu concentrate treatment, no indigenous copper production.
Pakistan
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Iron (t) 0 2 015 6 291 17 320 18 000 . 3.93
Chromium (t) 5 000 7 478 5 180 9 789 9 000 80.00 -8.06
Bauxite (t) 2 280 3 179 9 662 14 333 16 000 601.75 11.63
Asbestos (t) 90 120 130 140 145 61.11 3.57
Baryte (t) 14 470 22 621 24 472 22 728 21 230 46.72 -6.59
Bentonite (t) 10 750 10 796 13 998 14 303 13 850 28.84 -3.17
Feldspar (t) 27 370 14 428 31 168 31 456 43 190 57.80 37.30
Fluorspar (t) 816 160 2 647 2 800 990 21.32 -64.64
Gypsum (t) 416 000 412 196 254 410 273 236 377 000 -9.38 37.98
Kaolin (t) 0 74 965 72 262 65 794 49 570 . -24.66
Magnesite (t) 4 100 4 130 1 082 2 100 3 610 -11.95 71.90
Phosphate (t) 15 000 16 000 10 000 5 000 4 800 -68.00 -4.00
Salt (t) 966 000 1 058 653 1 115 763 1 250 000 1 313 000 35.92 5.04
Sulfur (t) 500 210 200 180 160 -68.00 -11.11
Hard-Coal (t) 3 402 000 1 500 000 1 600 000 1 500 000 1 500 000 -55.91 0.00
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 19 760 19 759 15 090 22 120 20 000 1.21 -9.58
Oil (t) 3 035 196 3 039 550 2 543 174 2 726 550 2 900 000 -4.45 6.36
- 211 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Panama
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Gold (kg) 280 250 230 220 200 -28.57 -9.09
Silver (kg) 400 380 350 330 310 -22.50 -6.06
Salt (t) 28 000 29 763 25 266 25 000 24 800 -11.43 -0.80
Papua New Guinea
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Copper (t) 186 715 111 515 152 200 188 000 166 000 -11.09 -11.70
Gold (kg) 55 623 48 482 59 712 65 000 74 540 34.01 14.68
Silver (kg) 64 304 49 165 59 295 59 000 79 197 23.16 34.23
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 110 100 100 95 93 -15.45 -2.11
Oil (t) 5 430 200 5 500 000 5 600 000 5 219 500 5 100 000 -6.08 -2.29
Paraguay
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Gypsum (t) 7 500 6 500 6 300 6 000 5 900 -21.33 -1.67
Kaolin (t) 75 000 80 000 100 000 150 000 170 000 126.67 13.33
Peru
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Iron (t) 2 915 691 2 965 889 3 282 118 2 672 630 2 635 991 -9.59 -1.37
Molybdenum (t) 3 667 3 835 4 344 5 471 7 193 96.15 31.48
Tungsten (t) 331 279 76 0 0 -100.00 .
Antimony (t) 305 242 364 255 461 51.15 80.78
Arsenic (t) 320 837 624 1 611 1 718 436.88 6.64
Bismuth (t) 939 774 868 705 744 -20.77 5.53
Cadmium (t) 550 562 535 465 458 -16.73 -1.51
Copper (t) 485 595 502 970 483 338 536 000 553 924 14.07 3.34
Lead (t) 248 929 258 189 257 713 271 000 270 576 8.70 -0.16
Tellurium (t) 25 24 22 20 21 -16.00 5.00
Tin (t) 27 004 27 952 25 747 30 400 37 410 38.54 23.06
Zinc (t) 760 353 865 267 868 757 899 000 910 303 19.72 1.26
Gold (kg) 64 885 76 822 94 214 128 090 132 585 104.34 3.51
Silver (kg) 1 976 536 2 076 536 2 024 570 2 217 000 2 437 706 23.33 9.96
- 212 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Baryte (t) 37 103 63 600 63 000 63 500 64 000 72.49 0.79
Bentonite (t) 18 592 22 285 19 563 18 000 17 800 -4.26 -1.11
Boron (t) 39 982 46 988 17 945 15 000 14 500 -63.73 -3.33
Diatomite (t) 24 000 20 000 18 000 16 000 15 500 -35.42 -3.13
Feldspar (t) 5 918 2 502 3 984 4 000 4 300 -27.34 7.50
Gypsum (t) 65 446 64 863 71 018 75 000 76 000 16.13 1.33
Kaolin (t) 14 295 7 875 4 968 4 000 3 800 -73.42 -5.00
Phosphate (t) 18 000 17 000 46 821 50 000 52 000 188.89 4.00
Salt (t) 145 000 79 492 220 310 250 000 260 000 79.31 4.00
Sulfur (t) 60 000 55 000 40 000 35 000 33 000 -45.00 -5.71
Talc (t) 25 000 25 000 20 000 18 000 17 500 -30.00 -2.78
Hard-Coal (t) 82 000 80 000 80 000 75 000 73 000 -10.98 -2.67
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 1 150 1 100 1 000 900 880 -23.48 -2.22
Oil (t) 6 287 600 6 400 000 5 400 000 5 287 300 5 144 400 -18.18 -2.70
Remarks:
Sulphur: byproduct, estimated.
Philippines
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Chromium (t) 18 524 16 673 12 188 17 531 19 000 2.57 8.38
Nickel (t) 14 700 17 400 12 840 9 374 14 000 -4.76 49.35
Arsenic (t) 2 000 2 000 1 000 900 800 -60.00 -11.11
Copper (t) 61 615 48 638 45 381 37 631 30 644 -50.27 -18.57
Gold (kg) 29 958 32 494 34 038 31 050 31 050 3.65 0.00
Silver (kg) 24 304 20 496 18 220 18 214 23 534 -3.17 29.21
Bentonite (t) 8 000 7 500 3 900 1 844 1 500 -81.25 -18.66
Feldspar (t) 26 000 12 717 3 824 16 740 3 180 -87.77 -81.00
Guano (t) 50 20 25 20 19 -62.00 -5.00
Kaolin (t) 3 000 1 440 2 000 5 465 6 000 100.00 9.79
Perlite (t) 20 000 25 941 6 356 10 235 11 000 -45.00 7.47
Phosphate (t) 4 000 4 800 7 506 1 000 900 -77.50 -10.00
Salt (t) 620 000 686 514 700 000 704 347 589 528 -4.91 -16.30
Hard-Coal (t) 1 700 000 1 100 000 1 400 000 1 204 979 1 354 000 -20.35 12.37
Oil (t) 100 000 90 000 80 000 44 790 59 713 -40.29 33.32
Poland
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Aluminium (t) 52 100 53 614 52 500 46 750 45 100 -13.44 -3.53
Cadmium (t) 204 233 218 200 190 -6.86 -5.00
Copper (t) 425 000 440 644 479 000 496 000 486 000 14.35 -2.02
Lead (t) 66 000 71 000 64 300 64 000 68 400 3.64 6.88
Zinc (t) 165 000 172 000 176 000 177 000 157 000 -4.85 -11.30
- 213 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Gold (kg) 530 375 370 350 367 -30.75 4.86
Silver (kg) 934 044 1 028 916 1 100 000 1 096 000 1 144 000 22.48 4.38
Baryte (t) 22 000 20 000 25 000 28 000 29 000 31.82 3.57
Bentonite (t) 3 000 2 000 2 100 2 300 2 500 -16.67 8.70
Feldspar (t) 64 000 74 000 75 000 77 000 78 000 21.88 1.30
Gypsum (t) 1 082 000 1 039 000 1 000 000 1 000 000 1 239 000 14.51 23.90
Kaolin (t) 56 200 70 000 70 000 70 000 68 000 21.00 -2.86
Magnesite (t) 21 000 30 000 32 000 34 000 54 830 161.10 61.26
Salt (t) 3 099 000 2 964 000 4 005 000 4 128 000 3 159 000 1.94 -23.47
Sulfur (t) 1 744 000 2 079 000 1 384 000 1 096 000 1 480 000 -15.14 35.04
Hard-Coal (t) 136 272 000 132 576 000 116 706 000 112 000 000 103 172 000 -24.29 -7.88
Lignite (t) 63 845 000 63 197 000 62 820 000 60 800 000 59 460 000 -6.87 -2.20
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 4 608 4 500 4 835 4 741 4 962 7.68 4.66
Oil (t) 317 000 181 030 352 000 425 000 653 000 105.99 53.65
Portugal
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Iron (t) 7 876 7 933 8 159 4 739 4 766 -39.49 0.57
Tungsten (t) 776 1 029 1 436 1 200 743 -4.25 -38.08
Copper (t) 107 773 106 580 114 515 99 472 76 300 -29.20 -23.29
Lead (t) 90 0 0 0 0 -100.00 .
Lithium (t) 114 86 200 135 91 -20.18 -32.59
Tin (t) 4 637 3 566 2 958 2 163 1 227 -73.54 -43.27
Silver (kg) 33 700 33 900 31 880 26 450 20 430 -39.38 -22.76
Baryte (t) 100 0 0 0 100 0.00 .
Diatomite (t) 1 550 1 540 785 785 655 -57.74 -16.56
Feldspar (t) 98 596 96 000 80 794 114 687 119 837 21.54 4.49
Gypsum (t) 540 000 520 000 570 000 569 519 567 000 5.00 -0.44
Kaolin (t) 165 000 97 000 216 000 221 296 135 500 -17.88 -38.77
Salt (t) 604 396 595 997 597 065 558 807 584 516 -3.29 4.60
Talc (t) 8 277 7 831 9 752 6 554 17 761 114.58 170.99
Hard-Coal (t) 150 000 100 000 0 0 0 -100.00 .
Uranium (t) 17 17 19 12 15 -11.76 25.00
Puerto Rico
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Salt (t) 37 000 36 500 36 000 36 000 35 000 -5.41 -2.78
- 214 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Qatar
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Sulfur (t) 53 000 50 000 47 000 46 000 45 500 -14.15 -1.09
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 10 600 13 700 13 700 13 500 13 300 25.47 -1.48
Oil (t) 24 900 000 25 100 000 30 400 000 32 988 700 35 100 000 40.96 6.40
Ras Al-Khaimah (UAE)
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Oil (t) 46 700 46 800 47 414 25 550 52 176 11.73 104.21
Romania
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Iron (t) 159 250 110 373 113 605 82 478 81 768 -48.65 -0.86
Manganese (t) 29 442 20 647 20 012 13 312 7 369 -74.97 -44.64
Bauxite (t) 175 800 117 100 135 200 136 000 135 000 -23.21 -0.74
Copper (t) 18 149 17 419 14 378 17 155 11 850 -34.71 -30.92
Lead (t) 6 285 6 191 6 540 7 612 13 338 112.22 75.22
Zinc (t) 17 350 20 300 25 052 31 020 48 024 176.80 54.82
Gold (kg) 518 500 490 470 450 -13.13 -4.26
Silver (kg) 15 041 18 000 18 000 17 800 17 500 16.35 -1.69
Baryte (t) 10 000 8 000 6 644 4 579 4 266 -57.34 -6.84
Bentonite (t) 25 000 20 000 18 042 12 590 35 789 43.16 184.27
Diatomite (t) 9 530 4 000 2 657 1 992 9 712 1.91 387.55
Feldspar (t) 34 975 35 000 37 010 36 473 38 361 9.68 5.18
Graphite (t) 2 930 2 000 1 951 1 041 1 251 -57.30 20.17
Kaolin (t) 32 000 28 000 24 742 25 496 20 188 -36.91 -20.82
Salt (t) 2 688 900 2 800 000 2 200 037 2 196 759 2 307 482 -14.18 5.04
Sulfur (t) 120 000 110 000 100 000 90 000 85 000 -29.17 -5.56
Talc (t) 10 250 10 400 8 133 9 039 7 850 -23.41 -13.15
Hard-Coal (t) 5 338 900 4 300 000 3 200 900 2 750 843 3 037 344 -43.11 10.42
Lignite (t) 36 326 000 29 000 000 22 690 100 20 130 300 26 043 100 -28.31 29.37
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 18 165 18 000 13 700 14 511 14 606 -19.59 0.65
Oil (t) 6 610 000 6 700 000 6 600 000 6 131 000 6 029 000 -8.79 -1.66
- 215 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Russia
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Iron (t) 39 655 000 38 940 000 39 765 000 45 210 000 47 905 000 20.80 5.96
Chromium (t) 43 515 65 250 58 500 45 000 44 000 1.11 -2.22
Cobalt (t) 3 500 3 300 3 200 3 300 3 500 0.00 6.06
Molybdenum (t) 4 000 4 000 2 000 2 400 2 500 -37.50 4.17
Nickel (t) 190 000 260 000 250 000 260 000 235 000 23.68 -9.62
Titanium (t) 21 000 26 000 22 000 24 000 25 000 19.05 4.17
Tungsten (t) 3 000 3 000 3 000 3 500 3 700 23.33 5.71
Vanadium (t) 10 000 11 000 9 000 9 000 8 700 -13.00 -3.33
Aluminium (t) 2 150 000 2 380 000 2 465 000 2 657 000 2 884 000 34.14 8.54
Antimony (t) 7 000 6 000 4 000 4 000 4 000 -42.86 0.00
Arsenic (t) 1 500 1 500 1 200 1 100 1 000 -33.33 -9.09
Bauxite (t) 3 000 000 3 350 000 3 450 000 4 513 000 5 000 000 66.67 10.79
Bismuth (t) 50 50 35 30 28 -44.00 -6.67
Cadmium (t) 730 790 800 900 750 2.74 -16.67
Copper (t) 620 000 505 000 515 000 737 000 824 000 32.90 11.80
Germanium (t) 9 8 7 6 6 -33.33 0.00
Lead (t) 30 000 20 000 19 000 55 260 51 505 71.68 -6.80
Lithium (t) 800 800 750 700 680 -15.00 -2.86
Mercury (t) 40 40 50 40 38 -5.00 -5.00
Tin (t) 8 000 7 500 4 500 4 500 5 200 -35.00 15.56
Zinc (t) 199 000 121 000 115 000 231 310 241 025 21.12 4.20
Gold (kg) 123 347 123 000 104 000 126 000 144 000 16.74 14.29
Platinum (kg) 20 000 17 000 25 000 27 000 29 000 45.00 7.41
Silver (kg) 750 000 400 000 350 000 375 000 380 000 -49.33 1.33
Asbestos (t) 800 000 700 000 650 000 670 000 790 000 -1.25 17.91
Baryte (t) 70 000 70 000 60 000 55 000 53 000 -24.29 -3.64
Bentonite (t) 1 400 000 1 300 000 1 250 000 1 200 000 1 150 000 -17.86 -4.17
Diam. (Gem) (c) 9 250 000 9 550 000 10 500 000 11 500 000 8 200 000 -11.35 -28.70
Diam. (Ind) (c) 9 250 000 9 550 000 10 500 000 11 500 000 8 200 000 -11.35 -28.70
Feldspar (t) 55 000 75 000 80 000 85 000 86 000 56.36 1.18
Fluorspar (t) 137 500 137 500 250 000 200 000 336 000 144.36 68.00
Graphite (t) 7 000 6 800 6 500 6 300 6 100 -12.86 -3.17
Gypsum (t) 700 000 650 000 600 000 580 000 550 000 -21.43 -5.17
Kaolin (t) 1 500 000 1 500 000 1 400 000 1 500 000 1 600 000 6.67 6.67
Magnesite (t) 1 300 000 1 500 000 2 000 000 2 400 000 2 500 000 92.31 4.17
Perlite (t) 90 000 80 000 70 000 65 000 63 000 -30.00 -3.08
Phosphate (t) 1 081 500 1 080 000 1 425 000 1 500 000 1 550 000 43.32 3.33
Potash (t) 2 700 000 3 400 000 3 500 000 4 050 000 3 680 000 36.30 -9.14
Salt (t) 2 000 000 1 600 000 1 500 000 1 400 000 1 300 000 -35.00 -7.14
Sulfur (t) 2 500 000 3 000 000 3 670 000 4 000 000 4 100 000 64.00 2.50
Talc (t) 280 000 250 000 230 000 220 000 210 000 -25.00 -4.55
Vermiculite (t) 40 000 35 000 30 000 28 000 27 000 -32.50 -3.57
Hard-Coal (t) 194 900 000 161 000 000 153 920 000 180 700 000 178 000 000 -8.67 -1.49
Lignite (t) 60 100 000 83 000 000 76 780 000 83 400 000 80 000 000 33.11 -4.08
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 587 657 571 000 591 015 591 000 584 000 -0.62 -1.18
- 216 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Oil (t) 301 000 000 346 576 400 343 396 800 305 000 000 323 000 000 7.31 5.90
Oil-Shale (t) 2 200 000 2 000 000 2 000 000 1 800 000 1 700 000 -22.73 -5.56
Uranium (t) 2 400 2 358 2 358 2 120 2 358 -1.75 11.23
Remarks:
1996: Tungsten-mine was shut down between February and November 1996.
Rwanda
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Tantalum-Col. (t) 99 256 260 265 270 172.73 1.89
Tungsten (t) 104 78 75 73 70 -32.69 -4.11
Tin (t) 208 0 140 150 160 -23.08 6.67
Gold (kg) 400 130 120 100 90 -77.50 -10.00
Remarks:
1997: Tin: not available.
Saudi Arabia
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Iron (t) 139 160 110 000 100 000 132 810 120 488 -13.42 -9.28
Copper (t) 786 703 782 821 837 6.49 1.95
Zinc (t) 380 619 3 550 3 161 3 047 701.84 -3.61
Gold (kg) 7 692 5 320 5 099 4 580 3 637 -52.72 -20.59
Silver (kg) 16 536 17 000 13 844 10 472 9 390 -43.21 -10.33
Baryte (t) 8 000 5 680 5 479 13 200 15 859 98.24 20.14
Feldspar (t) 10 000 7 500 10 000 15 000 21 100 111.00 40.67
Gypsum (t) 429 200 406 954 1 112 751 986 495 1 208 071 181.47 22.46
Kaolin (t) 7 000 6 700 7 100 7 500 7 500 7.14 0.00
Salt (t) 128 000 155 575 104 347 132 905 353 974 176.54 166.34
Sulfur (t) 1 500 000 1 600 000 1 500 000 1 800 000 2 000 000 33.33 11.11
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 43 910 43 000 43 000 42 000 49 000 11.59 16.67
Oil (t) 400 900 000 415 900 000 404 100 000 388 559 962 439 800 000 9.70 13.19
Senegal
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Gold (kg) 567 600 600 630 640 12.87 1.59
Phosphate (t) 628 140 593 560 589 000 700 878 685 900 9.20 -2.14
Salt (t) 57 000 50 000 60 000 65 000 68 000 19.30 4.62
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 50 60 24 23 22 -56.00 -4.35
- 217 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Seychellen
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Guano (t) 900 900 800 750 720 -20.00 -4.00
Sharjah (UAE)
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 4 500 4 500 4 700 4 400 4 200 -6.67 -4.55
Oil (t) 391 100 395 400 395 590 365 000 435 330 11.31 19.27
Sierra Leone
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Titanium (t) 160 000 150 000 184 790 190 000 192 000 20.00 1.05
Gold (kg) 588 400 370 360 365 -37.93 1.39
Diam. (Gem) (c) 180 962 69 680 201 000 214 400 221 100 22.18 3.13
Diam. (Ind) (c) 89 130 34 320 99 000 105 600 108 900 22.18 3.13
Slovakia
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Iron (t) 256 000 264 174 262 416 255 200 255 356 -0.25 0.06
Aluminium (t) 70 000 110 100 108 006 106 000 105 000 50.00 -0.94
Copper (t) 913 691 670 124 110 -87.95 -11.29
Gold (kg) 470 456 340 302 306 -34.89 1.32
Silver (kg) 367 356 436 287 178 -51.50 -37.98
Baryte (t) 45 600 18 500 15 300 31 600 30 300 -33.55 -4.11
Bentonite (t) 76 000 79 760 81 010 60 000 75 000 -1.32 25.00
Diatomite (t) 4 500 3 000 2 500 2 300 2 000 -55.56 -13.04
Gypsum (t) 0 116 000 128 000 117 000 125 000 . 6.84
Kaolin (t) 17 000 24 500 22 000 22 930 21 170 24.53 -7.68
Magnesite (t) 825 000 868 000 877 800 917 700 1 000 700 21.30 9.04
Perlite (t) 27 000 25 000 24 000 19 200 16 700 -38.15 -13.02
Salt (t) 103 200 97 000 102 200 99 900 99 400 -3.68 -0.50
Talc (t) 26 200 26 000 21 200 21 000 18 000 -31.30 -14.29
Lignite (t) 3 829 062 3 914 000 3 890 000 3 742 262 3 648 376 -4.72 -2.51
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 317 289 311 218 227 -28.39 4.13
Oil (t) 71 314 64 480 46 000 60 264 56 892 -20.22 -5.60
- 218 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Slovenia
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Aluminium (t) 100 316 74 400 73 803 70 000 68 000 -32.21 -2.86
Lignite (t) 4 668 080 4 163 000 4 891 287 3 804 000 3 743 000 -19.82 -1.60
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 13 15 8 6 6 -53.85 0.00
Oil (t) 1 405 1 900 854 711 695 -50.53 -2.25
Remarks:
Mercury: mine is closed down; periodical Hg-production less than 1t.
Solomon Islands
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Gold (kg) 30 28 25 23 20 -33.33 -13.04
Silver (kg) 8 5 3 2 1 -87.50 -50.00
Somalia
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Gypsum (t) 900 800 700 650 620 -31.11 -4.62
Salt (t) 3 500 3 000 2 700 2 500 2 300 -34.29 -8.00
South Africa, Rep. of
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Iron (t) 18 497 940 19 920 000 19 779 000 19 179 346 21 909 787 18.44 14.24
Chromium (t) 2 137 506 2 468 629 2 786 400 2 999 502 2 913 132 36.29 -2.88
Cobalt (t) 244 319 296 306 412 68.85 34.64
Manganese (t) 1 393 229 1 341 884 1 308 920 1 342 457 1 599 588 14.81 19.15
Nickel (t) 33 861 34 830 36 700 36 202 36 637 8.20 1.20
Titanium (t) 930 000 1 040 000 1 100 000 1 200 000 1 394 877 49.99 16.24
Vanadium (t) 14 800 16 950 17 159 17 612 18 021 21.76 2.32
Aluminium (t) 617 000 682 900 692 500 689 230 674 167 9.27 -2.19
Antimony (t) 5 137 3 415 4 243 5 278 6 347 23.55 20.25
Copper (t) 152 062 153 058 166 000 144 163 137 000 -9.91 -4.97
Lead (t) 88 613 83 114 84 100 80 191 75 280 -15.05 -6.12
Zinc (t) 76 853 71 062 69 600 69 733 62 990 -18.04 -9.67
Gold (kg) 496 846 491 500 464 200 451 184 428 221 -13.81 -5.09
Platinum (kg) 188 636 196 466 180 000 216 479 206 770 9.61 -4.48
Silver (kg) 168 689 143 968 144 500 151 960 144 231 -14.50 -5.09
- 219 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Asbestos (t) 56 900 49 986 27 200 18 322 18 448 -67.58 0.69
Baryte (t) 7 423 2 071 600 2 844 1 628 -78.07 -42.76
Bentonite (t) 48 076 33 326 48 400 49 261 110 445 129.73 124.20
Diam. (Gem) (c) 3 978 700 4 016 552 4 302 400 4 008 800 4 322 123 8.63 7.82
Diam. (Ind) (c) 5 968 050 6 024 828 6 453 600 6 013 200 6 483 184 8.63 7.82
Diatomite (t) 400 350 300 250 230 -42.50 -8.00
Feldspar (t) 53 644 59 688 56 800 59 300 66 700 24.34 12.48
Fluorspar (t) 202 018 206 765 228 600 217 500 212 709 5.29 -2.20
Gypsum (t) 340 688 365 279 485 700 505 400 413 000 21.23 -18.28
Kaolin (t) 146 496 120 148 101 300 123 200 91 119 -37.80 -26.04
Magnesite (t) 71 358 76 699 74 300 63 700 97 446 36.56 52.98
Perlite (t) 682 650 630 600 590 -13.49 -1.67
Phosphate (t) 2 790 000 2 732 000 2 700 000 2 957 000 3 196 458 14.57 8.10
Salt (t) 248 110 320 000 356 100 388 400 346 138 39.51 -10.88
Sulfur (t) 476 235 466 192 451 900 409 000 471 735 -0.94 15.34
Talc (t) 18 537 23 184 22 832 17 900 5 600 -69.79 -68.72
Vermiculite (t) 186 082 211 001 221 300 217 800 208 835 12.23 -4.12
Zircon (t) 346 500 265 000 260 000 217 820 367 552 6.08 68.74
Hard-Coal (t) 206 362 033 218 617 320 224 580 000 223 357 000 292 400 000 41.69 30.91
Uranium (t) 1 706 1 324 1 138 1 093 1 000 -41.38 -8.51
Spain
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Iron (t) 1 269 000 580 000 520 000 640 000 670 000 -47.20 4.69
Aluminium (t) 361 826 359 900 360 400 363 900 365 000 0.88 0.30
Cadmium (t) 297 301 196 190 180 -39.39 -5.26
Copper (t) 38 397 38 281 37 185 30 000 23 600 -38.54 -21.33
Lead (t) 24 000 23 000 19 000 28 000 58 500 143.75 108.93
Mercury (t) 862 389 672 433 236 -72.62 -45.50
Tin (t) 2 4 5 11 1 -50.00 -90.91
Zinc (t) 145 000 147 000 128 000 155 000 200 200 38.07 29.16
Gold (kg) 2 763 1 824 3 295 5 081 4 310 55.99 -15.17
Silver (kg) 103 000 66 000 63 000 129 000 221 000 114.56 71.32
Baryte (t) 81 621 85 000 83 000 61 400 22 000 -73.05 -64.17
Bentonite (t) 120 199 120 000 110 000 190 000 200 000 66.39 5.26
Diatomite (t) 34 122 35 000 36 000 50 000 55 000 61.19 10.00
Feldspar (t) 420 000 398 000 429 000 450 000 550 000 30.95 22.22
Fluorspar (t) 117 000 120 000 135 000 142 000 135 000 15.38 -4.93
Gypsum (t) 7 900 000 8 300 000 9 250 000 9 450 000 9 500 000 20.25 0.53
Kaolin (t) 318 000 296 000 310 000 320 000 450 000 41.51 40.63
Magnesite (t) 199 000 171 000 170 000 211 000 160 000 -19.60 -24.17
Potash (t) 680 000 639 000 597 000 656 000 653 000 -3.97 -0.46
Salt (t) 3 494 000 3 548 000 3 699 000 3 750 000 5 500 000 57.41 46.67
Sulfur (t) 600 000 700 000 750 000 760 000 770 000 28.33 1.32
Talc (t) 362 000 380 000 385 000 250 000 121 000 -66.57 -51.60
- 220 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Hard-Coal (t) 18 866 000 17 993 000 16 321 000 15 420 000 14 965 000 -20.68 -2.95
Lignite (t) 9 604 000 8 462 000 9 750 000 10 461 000 11 733 000 22.17 12.16
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 466 178 112 143 179 -61.59 25.17
Oil (t) 516 000 380 000 535 000 306 000 233 000 -54.84 -23.86
Uranium (t) 346 350 351 363 401 15.90 10.47
Sri Lanka
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Titanium (t) 36 030 21 940 19 917 36 550 37 000 2.69 1.23
Rare Earths (t) 120 120 100 90 90 -25.00 0.00
Feldspar (t) 24 000 25 700 25 274 26 012 28 638 19.33 10.10
Graphite (t) 4 000 4 613 5 260 3 500 5 902 47.55 68.63
Kaolin (t) 4 000 7 562 13 172 13 500 12 230 205.75 -9.41
Phosphate (t) 12 500 9 768 12 784 20 000 34 443 175.54 72.22
Salt (t) 125 000 126 000 126 000 130 000 70 107 -43.91 -46.07
Zircon (t) 20 000 12 450 8 814 8 500 1 200 -94.00 -85.88
Sudan
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Chromium (t) 7 500 13 300 14 000 11 424 26 160 248.80 128.99
Gold (kg) 3 100 5 634 6 000 5 565 5 773 86.23 3.74
Gypsum (t) 2 000 9 212 15 000 11 144 13 808 590.40 23.91
Salt (t) 60 000 60 000 80 000 117 148 86 599 44.33 -26.08
Suriname
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Aluminium (t) 26 000 23 100 27 100 30 000 32 000 23.08 6.67
Bauxite (t) 4 000 000 3 877 000 3 890 000 3 900 000 4 000 000 0.00 2.56
Oil (t) 414 410 420 000 260 793 391 188 395 000 -4.68 0.97
Swaziland
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Asbestos (t) 26 000 25 900 27 700 22 912 12 700 -51.15 -44.57
Diam. (Gem) (c) 12 800 13 000 13 200 12 000 11 000 -14.06 -8.33
Diam. (Ind) (c) 51 200 52 000 52 800 48 000 44 000 -14.06 -8.33
Hard-Coal (t) 128 970 203 100 410 000 426 299 378 000 193.09 -11.33
- 221 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Sweden
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Iron (t) 9 416 960 9 809 205 13 461 760 12 096 000 13 719 680 45.69 13.42
Aluminium (t) 100 000 99 000 95 700 95 000 94 700 -5.30 -0.32
Copper (t) 71 554 86 610 73 685 71 160 77 765 8.68 9.28
Lead (t) 98 064 108 610 114 430 116 393 106 584 8.69 -8.43
Zinc (t) 160 325 155 385 164 711 174 448 176 788 10.27 1.34
Gold (kg) 6 100 6 777 5 944 4 202 3 570 -41.48 -15.04
Silver (kg) 272 000 304 050 299 051 341 584 328 737 20.86 -3.76
Feldspar (t) 55 000 41 400 33 000 34 000 35 000 -36.36 2.94
Graphite (t) 500 1 470 3 277 4 144 5 108 921.60 23.26
Talc (t) 30 000 25 000 24 000 19 000 20 000 -33.33 5.26
Switzerland
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Aluminium (t) 20 000 27 300 32 100 34 400 35 500 77.50 3.20
Gypsum (t) 312 940 293 828 274 300 298 700 135 800 -56.61 -54.54
Salt (t) 464 000 415 400 400 900 540 800 310 000 -33.19 -42.68
Syria
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Gypsum (t) 358 438 329 910 290 355 295 000 333 260 -7.02 12.97
Phosphate (t) 656 352 741 173 748 236 638 017 648 834 -1.15 1.70
Salt (t) 72 415 66 975 78 757 72 710 106 130 46.56 45.96
Sulfur (t) 15 000 0 0 0 0 -100.00 .
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 2 930 3 000 3 100 2 647 2 535 -13.48 -4.23
Oil (t) 31 700 000 29 500 000 29 500 000 28 697 920 27 380 000 -13.63 -4.59
Taiwan
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Kaolin (t) 102 000 100 000 0 0 0 -100.00 .
Salt (t) 410 000 420 000 300 000 250 000 230 000 -43.90 -8.00
Sulfur (t) 152 000 153 000 184 324 190 000 195 000 28.29 2.63
Talc (t) 3 800 4 500 7 750 8 000 8 300 118.42 3.75
Hard-Coal (t) 147 497 98 203 79 310 75 000 73 000 -50.51 -2.67
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 874 849 870 900 930 6.41 3.33
- 222 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Tajikistan
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Tungsten (t) 75 50 0 0 0 -100.00 .
Aluminium (t) 198 000 188 900 195 600 229 100 300 000 51.52 30.95
Antimony (t) 500 600 995 1 000 1 200 140.00 20.00
Bismuth (t) 8 7 5 5 4 -50.00 -20.00
Lead (t) 1 000 900 800 800 850 -15.00 6.25
Mercury (t) 60 40 35 25 0 -100.00 -100.00
Gold (kg) 1 500 2 550 3 200 2 700 3 000 100.00 11.11
Gypsum (t) 250 000 230 000 200 000 190 000 185 000 -26.00 -2.63
Hard-Coal (t) 80 000 50 000 20 000 16 500 21 300 -73.38 29.09
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 43 40 36 40 39 -9.30 -2.50
Oil (t) 30 000 28 000 25 000 20 000 18 427 -38.58 -7.87
Tanzania
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Gold (kg) 318 315 300 250 230 -27.67 -8.00
Diam. (Gem) (c) 98 122 42 500 81 033 199 580 269 450 174.61 35.01
Diam. (Ind) (c) 17 316 7 500 14 300 35 220 47 550 174.60 35.01
Graphite (t) 200 250 250 230 220 10.00 -4.35
Kaolin (t) 1 332 1 000 1 200 1 500 1 600 20.12 6.67
Phosphate (t) 717 800 850 900 930 29.71 3.33
Salt (t) 86 700 85 000 82 000 80 000 78 000 -10.03 -2.50
Hard-Coal (t) 52 000 100 000 100 000 90 000 85 000 63.46 -5.56
Thailand
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Iron (t) 85 880 44 000 90 700 122 633 150 000 74.66 22.32
Manganese (t) 3 095 291 52 721 225 -92.73 -68.79
Tungsten (t) 67 54 61 54 27 -59.70 -50.00
Antimony (t) 149 125 442 130 77 -48.32 -40.77
Lead (t) 8 686 5 040 6 445 9 989 10 399 19.72 4.10
Tin (t) 1 049 756 2 028 3 400 8 565 716.49 151.91
Zinc (t) 36 247 18 200 39 024 37 150 30 299 -16.41 -18.44
Gold (kg) 32 30 25 0 0 -100.00 .
Baryte (t) 20 404 36 832 96 421 68 012 49 220 141.23 -27.63
Bentonite (t) 9 000 3 200 5 806 4 535 4 400 -51.11 -2.98
- 223 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Diatomite (t) 1 576 2 000 912 2 332 2 500 58.63 7.20
Feldspar (t) 662 200 536 000 325 289 398 558 325 064 -50.91 -18.44
Fluorspar (t) 17 247 7 826 3 743 13 005 4 745 -72.49 -63.51
Gypsum (t) 9 251 580 8 557 000 4 333 804 5 005 173 5 860 326 -36.66 17.09
Kaolin (t) 553 770 296 510 248 461 113 005 507 974 -8.27 349.51
Phosphate (t) 3 528 3 818 3 029 3 880 3 260 -7.60 -15.98
Salt (t) 529 674 555 000 546 096 540 000 792 250 49.57 46.71
Talc (t) 71 668 30 500 21 720 4 960 7 390 -89.69 48.99
Zircon (t) 5 10 0 0 50 900.00 .
Lignite (t) 21 685 894 23 443 000 20 161 721 18 266 308 17 713 753 -18.32 -3.02
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 10 500 13 000 17 614 19 195 19 500 85.71 1.59
Oil (t) 1 064 890 1 364 121 1 523 846 1 717 223 1 800 000 69.03 4.82
Togo
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Phosphate (t) 1 013 600 983 554 850 700 620 830 495 940 -51.07 -20.12
Trinidad and Tobago
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 8 100 8 000 9 581 9 700 9 800 20.99 1.03
Oil (t) 7 000 000 6 800 000 6 387 630 6 489 700 6 930 418 -0.99 6.79
Tunisia
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Iron (t) 129 060 136 080 118 800 119 880 98 820 -23.43 -17.57
Lead (t) 4 480 2 000 7 000 10 000 11 000 145.54 10.00
Zinc (t) 34 220 5 000 33 630 52 510 44 250 29.31 -15.73
Silver (kg) 1 500 1 500 400 350 330 -78.00 -5.71
Baryte (t) 16 000 14 000 9 000 4 000 5 000 -68.75 25.00
Fluorspar (t) 1 000 2 000 1 000 1 000 950 -5.00 -5.00
Gypsum (t) 180 000 160 000 150 000 155 000 160 000 -11.11 3.23
Phosphate (t) 1 287 180 1 357 380 1 430 280 1 441 080 1 494 180 16.08 3.68
Salt (t) 557 000 437 000 466 000 455 000 620 000 11.31 36.26
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 794 1 653 1 899 1 819 1 985 150.00 9.13
Oil (t) 4 183 000 3 793 000 3 898 000 4 026 000 3 741 000 -10.57 -7.08
Remarks:
1997 : Due to closures of some lead-zinc mines cutbacks of production.
1998 and 1999: New lead and zinc operations.
- 224 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Turkey
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Iron (t) 4 205 498 4 112 421 3 943 237 3 246 841 2 649 567 -37.00 -18.40
Chromium (t) 547 403 812 793 604 997 433 658 229 205 -58.13 -47.15
Aluminium (t) 62 100 62 000 61 800 60 000 58 000 -6.60 -3.33
Antimony (t) 1 163 810 585 550 500 -57.01 -9.09
Bauxite (t) 285 570 210 548 261 076 118 414 261 366 -8.48 120.72
Cadmium (t) 36 86 69 40 38 5.56 -5.00
Copper (t) 53 607 39 675 50 814 54 053 56 100 4.65 3.79
Lead (t) 12 000 12 000 10 800 5 462 5 600 -53.33 2.53
Zinc (t) 50 000 32 000 45 795 46 300 34 539 -30.92 -25.40
Silver (kg) 72 800 75 669 82 860 110 000 109 000 49.73 -0.91
Baryte (t) 155 000 140 840 160 042 150 058 120 893 -22.00 -19.44
Bentonite (t) 400 000 519 487 565 708 899 614 636 273 59.07 -29.27
Boron (t) 1 482 000 1 017 697 1 597 367 1 242 228 1 729 676 16.71 39.24
Feldspar (t) 500 000 200 000 734 311 923 147 773 560 54.71 -16.20
Fluorspar (t) 4 828 5 000 5 034 4 812 4 113 -14.81 -14.53
Graphite (t) 20 000 19 000 18 000 17 000 16 000 -20.00 -5.88
Gypsum (t) 679 595 784 662 351 557 242 960 230 000 -66.16 -5.33
Kaolin (t) 300 000 477 383 403 733 449 454 595 415 98.47 32.48
Magnesite (t) 2 341 922 1 119 103 2 703 720 2 146 127 2 672 089 14.10 24.51
Perlite (t) 175 000 134 349 124 312 147 818 149 426 -14.61 1.09
Salt (t) 2 012 000 2 500 000 2 169 626 2 146 127 2 126 371 5.68 -0.92
Sulfur (t) 90 000 80 000 70 000 75 000 76 000 -15.56 1.33
Talc (t) 3 000 3 200 3 700 4 000 4 200 40.00 5.00
Hard-Coal (t) 3 320 000 4 444 865 3 336 021 3 024 295 3 330 355 0.31 10.12
Lignite (t) 50 000 000 56 093 384 66 498 602 66 716 568 61 314 974 22.63 -8.10
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 204 450 562 718 612 200.00 -14.76
Oil (t) 3 500 193 3 427 814 3 226 873 2 939 479 2 747 630 -21.50 -6.53
Turkmenistan
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Bentonite (t) 48 000 45 000 40 000 38 000 35 000 -27.08 -7.89
Gypsum (t) 169 577 137 400 130 000 128 000 125 000 -26.29 -2.34
Salt (t) 15 000 30 000 35 000 38 000 39 000 160.00 2.63
Sulfur (t) 100 000 150 000 170 000 175 000 178 000 78.00 1.71
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 35 200 17 300 14 000 22 800 47 -99.87 -99.79
Oil (t) 4 400 000 4 700 000 6 500 000 7 000 000 7 900 000 79.55 12.86
- 225 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Uganda
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Tungsten (t) 0 40 7 32 40 . 25.00
Tin (t) 5 4 1 0 0 -100.00 .
Gold (kg) 2 000 6 830 8 150 4 730 4 410 120.50 -6.77
Gypsum (t) 0 0 142 256 300 . 17.19
Kaolin (t) 0 0 100 000 197 140 92 000 . -53.33
Salt (t) 3 000 2 500 2 000 1 800 1 700 -43.33 -5.56
Ukraine
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Iron (t) 28 560 000 31 800 000 30 420 000 28 661 400 33 390 000 16.91 16.50
Manganese (t) 1 040 000 1 030 000 1 446 900 1 293 500 1 189 500 14.38 -8.04
Nickel (t) 500 0 0 0 0 -100.00 .
Titanium (t) 200 000 200 000 250 000 250 000 130 000 -35.00 -48.00
Aluminium (t) 90 000 100 000 106 700 112 000 103 500 15.00 -7.59
Mercury (t) 50 45 40 40 38 -24.00 -5.00
Graphite (t) 5 000 4 800 4 500 4 300 4 200 -16.00 -2.33
Potash (t) 100 000 100 000 60 000 55 000 53 000 -47.00 -3.64
Salt (t) 3 000 000 2 800 000 2 500 000 2 300 000 2 000 000 -33.33 -13.04
Sulfur (t) 170 000 100 000 97 000 95 000 93 000 -45.29 -2.11
Vermiculite (t) 0 0 50 000 55 000 57 000 . 3.64
Zircon (t) 65 000 55 000 50 000 30 000 32 000 -50.77 6.67
Hard-Coal (t) 67 200 000 73 900 000 59 395 000 77 659 000 81 050 000 20.61 4.37
Lignite (t) 3 100 000 2 000 000 2 000 000 3 000 000 3 500 000 12.90 16.67
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 18 400 18 100 17 920 18 092 18 000 -2.17 -0.51
Oil (t) 4 100 000 4 100 000 3 895 000 3 791 000 3 700 000 -9.76 -2.40
Uranium (t) 550 500 500 590 600 9.09 1.69
United Kingdom
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Iron (t) 276 276 276 230 230 -16.67 0.00
Aluminium (t) 240 000 247 700 258 400 272 211 204 319 -14.87 -24.94
Cadmium (t) 537 455 440 547 400 -25.51 -26.87
Lead (t) 1 800 2 000 1 600 1 000 1 000 -44.44 0.00
Tin (t) 2 100 2 400 400 100 0 -100.00 -100.00
- 226 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Baryte (t) 93 000 74 000 64 000 59 000 54 000 -41.94 -8.47
Bentonite (t) 143 000 140 000 138 000 135 000 132 000 -7.69 -2.22
Feldspar (t) 7 500 7 000 6 500 6 300 6 100 -18.67 -3.17
Fluorspar (t) 65 000 67 000 65 000 40 000 36 000 -44.62 -10.00
Gypsum (t) 2 000 000 2 000 000 2 000 000 1 800 000 1 500 000 -25.00 -16.67
Kaolin (t) 2 281 000 2 400 000 2 400 000 2 303 602 2 100 000 -7.94 -8.84
Potash (t) 650 663 696 968 640 544 520 520 631 700 -2.91 21.36
Salt (t) 7 012 000 6 600 000 5 500 000 5 700 000 5 900 000 -15.86 3.51
Sulfur (t) 200 000 150 000 130 000 136 000 100 000 -50.00 -26.47
Talc (t) 5 000 6 000 5 000 6 256 4 800 -4.00 -23.27
Hard-Coal (t) 50 196 000 48 600 000 41 428 000 37 077 000 31 972 000 -36.31 -13.77
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 89 200 92 000 93 800 98 893 108 280 21.39 9.49
Oil (t) 122 500 000 119 500 000 138 900 000 128 262 000 126 505 000 3.27 -1.37
United States
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Iron (t) 39 186 000 38 000 000 37 926 000 36 381 870 39 690 000 1.29 9.09
Molybdenum (t) 54 900 58 500 53 500 40 695 31 600 -42.44 -22.35
Nickel (t) 1 500 1 500 4 290 0 0 -100.00 .
Titanium (t) 150 000 130 000 150 000 130 000 120 000 -20.00 -7.69
Tungsten (t) 100 100 100 0 0 -100.00 .
Vanadium (t) 2 700 2 500 2 000 1 800 1 893 -29.89 5.17
Aluminium (t) 3 577 000 3 600 000 3 712 690 3 779 000 3 668 000 2.54 -2.94
Antimony (t) 242 240 242 449 340 40.50 -24.28
Cadmium (t) 1 525 1 750 1 880 1 800 1 890 23.93 5.00
Copper (t) 1 344 862 1 920 000 1 959 367 1 602 247 1 590 000 18.23 -0.76
Germanium (t) 18 20 22 20 19 5.56 -5.00
Lead (t) 435 945 450 000 481 000 503 000 405 537 -6.98 -19.38
Lithium (t) 4 000 3 500 2 500 2 000 1 800 -55.00 -10.00
Rare Earths (t) 20 400 20 000 10 000 5 000 5 000 -75.49 0.00
Tellurium (t) 90 90 90 80 80 -11.11 0.00
Zinc (t) 628 063 607 000 755 000 807 876 828 000 31.83 2.49
Gold (kg) 318 078 341 000 366 000 341 000 354 000 11.29 3.81
Platinum (kg) 7 940 10 800 13 810 12 700 13 100 64.99 3.15
Silver (kg) 1 573 170 1 660 000 2 060 000 1 950 000 609 816 -61.24 -68.73
Asbestos (t) 9 552 9 070 5 760 7 190 5 798 -39.30 -19.36
Baryte (t) 661 926 700 000 660 000 434 000 391 865 -40.80 -9.71
Bentonite (t) 3 738 310 3 780 000 3 820 000 4 069 996 3 405 260 -8.91 -16.33
Boron (t) 1 150 000 1 200 000 1 170 000 1 220 000 1 072 000 -6.78 -12.13
Diatomite (t) 697 541 705 000 725 000 746 695 677 000 -2.94 -9.33
Feldspar (t) 889 792 930 000 820 000 875 000 789 889 -11.23 -9.73
Fluorspar (t) 27 900 20 000 10 000 10 000 9 000 -67.74 -10.00
Gypsum (t) 17 500 000 17 000 000 18 500 000 22 400 000 25 000 000 42.86 11.61
Kaolin (t) 9 121 220 8 990 000 9 450 000 9 160 609 8 291 018 -9.10 -9.49
Perlite (t) 648 396 703 000 685 000 711 000 625 250 -3.57 -12.06
Phosphate (t) 13 000 000 14 000 000 12 900 000 11 767 000 11 200 000 -13.85 -4.82
Potash (t) 1 390 000 1 430 000 1 300 000 1 300 000 1 300 000 -6.47 0.00
- 227 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Salt (t) 42 200 000 41 400 000 40 763 000 44 926 000 45 300 000 7.35 0.83
Sulfur (t) 11 979 000 11 900 000 10 020 000 9 800 000 9 400 000 -21.53 -4.08
Talc (t) 994 314 1 060 000 971 000 925 000 469 544 -52.78 -49.24
Vermiculite (t) 170 000 150 000 180 000 175 456 175 000 2.94 -0.26
Zircon (t) 100 000 80 000 70 000 65 000 100 000 0.00 53.85
Hard-Coal (t) 883 390 320 908 400 000 934 200 000 992 500 000 975 700 000 10.45 -1.69
Lignite (t) 80 609 680 79 000 000 50 000 000 60 000 000 62 000 000 -23.09 3.33
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 537 200 537 700 534 400 530 000 544 000 1.27 2.64
Oil (t) 400 300 000 398 100 000 402 000 000 309 090 000 351 800 000 -12.12 13.82
Uranium (t) 2 400 2 170 2 207 2 130 2 100 -12.50 -1.41
Remarks:
Lithium, titanium, tungsten and bauxite: production figures withheld; estimated.
Uruguay
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Iron (t) 845 2 210 2 500 3 837 4 000 373.37 4.25
Bentonite (t) 58 60 65 120 130 124.14 8.33
Feldspar (t) 2 006 3 229 2 700 1 556 1 500 -25.22 -3.60
Gypsum (t) 95 000 90 000 85 000 82 000 80 000 -15.79 -2.44
Talc (t) 800 914 1 700 2 904 3 000 275.00 3.31
Uzbekistan
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Molybdenum (t) 700 650 600 500 450 -35.71 -10.00
Tungsten (t) 300 300 250 200 190 -36.67 -5.00
Bismuth (t) 10 5 3 3 2 -80.00 -33.33
Copper (t) 64 000 65 000 70 000 60 000 80 000 25.00 33.33
Lead (t) 10 000 2 000 900 800 750 -92.50 -6.25
Zinc (t) 12 000 3 000 1 100 1 000 950 -92.08 -5.00
Gold (kg) 71 000 70 000 81 000 86 000 87 000 22.54 1.16
Feldspar (t) 70 000 70 000 75 000 75 000 76 000 8.57 1.33
Fluorspar (t) 80 000 90 000 95 000 93 000 92 000 15.00 -1.08
Hard-Coal (t) 2 844 000 3 130 000 3 010 000 2 900 600 3 000 000 5.49 3.43
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 49 000 51 200 54 790 55 600 56 400 15.10 1.44
Oil (t) 7 600 000 7 891 000 8 103 700 8 100 000 7 500 000 -1.32 -7.41
Uranium (t) 2 005 2 305 2 276 2 360 2 358 17.61 -0.08
- 228 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Venezuela
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Iron (t) 13 130 460 15 775 200 16 214 192 9 328 344 11 092 014 -15.52 18.91
Aluminium (t) 629 268 640 800 584 300 580 000 560 000 -11.01 -3.45
Bauxite (t) 5 109 122 5 500 000 4 825 647 2 123 640 2 181 232 -57.31 2.71
Gold (kg) 12 127 22 322 8 808 11 000 11 200 -7.64 1.82
Diam. (Gem) (c) 116 000 113 600 38 724 52 000 56 000 -51.72 7.69
Diam. (Ind) (c) 174 000 170 400 58 087 78 000 84 000 -51.72 7.69
Feldspar (t) 195 723 160 000 158 000 156 000 263 760 34.76 69.08
Gypsum (t) 30 149 80 000 72 000 41 504 65 000 115.60 56.61
Kaolin (t) 8 472 9 000 10 000 11 786 19 434 129.39 64.89
Phosphate (t) 60 900 87 300 96 600 109 800 109 900 80.46 0.09
Salt (t) 460 000 450 000 430 000 420 000 400 000 -13.04 -4.76
Sulfur (t) 140 000 130 000 120 000 110 000 100 000 -28.57 -9.09
Hard-Coal (t) 4 127 789 5 280 000 6 324 000 6 753 000 8 166 651 97.85 20.93
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 30 200 28 000 28 500 30 000 31 000 2.65 3.33
Oil (t) 153 900 000 162 300 000 159 300 000 144 824 700 172 900 000 12.35 19.39
Viet Nam
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Chromium (t) 1 300 1 300 2 000 1 800 1 900 46.15 5.56
Titanium (t) 36 000 35 000 44 550 49 500 50 000 38.89 1.01
Tin (t) 4 500 4 800 2 770 2 500 2 400 -46.67 -4.00
Graphite (t) 300 200 200 150 140 -53.33 -6.67
Gypsum (t) 22 000 20 000 18 000 16 000 15 000 -31.82 -6.25
Kaolin (t) 600 500 450 350 300 -50.00 -14.29
Phosphate (t) 160 000 180 000 200 000 221 760 200 320 25.20 -9.67
Salt (t) 450 000 400 000 350 000 330 000 320 000 -28.89 -3.03
Hard-Coal (t) 8 000 000 10 700 000 13 000 000 9 094 000 10 800 000 35.00 18.76
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 0 0 1 510 3 000 3 200 . 6.67
Oil (t) 8 300 000 8 500 000 12 500 000 14 213 000 15 000 000 80.72 5.54
Yemen, Republic of
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Gypsum (t) 70 000 65 000 63 000 60 000 59 000 -15.71 -1.67
Salt (t) 150 000 130 000 125 000 123 000 120 000 -20.00 -2.44
Oil (t) 18 000 000 18 500 000 19 500 000 21 166 350 20 500 000 13.89 -3.15
- 229 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Yugoslavia
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Iron (t) 150 000 150 000 130 000 120 000 100 000 -33.33 -16.67
Nickel (t) 2 500 2 700 800 200 100 -96.00 -50.00
Aluminium (t) 51 100 80 600 78 000 75 000 72 000 40.90 -4.00
Bauxite (t) 323 000 470 000 226 000 220 000 200 000 -38.08 -9.09
Cadmium (t) 60 80 80 85 82 36.67 -3.53
Copper (t) 82 526 82 500 75 400 75 000 74 500 -9.73 -0.67
Lead (t) 16 000 14 000 19 100 19 500 19 400 21.25 -0.51
Zinc (t) 21 800 18 900 15 000 14 000 13 000 -40.37 -7.14
Gold (kg) 3 000 3 500 3 500 3 700 3 600 20.00 -2.70
Platinum (kg) 3 3 3 2 1 -66.67 -50.00
Silver (kg) 68 300 42 600 34 500 34 000 33 000 -51.68 -2.94
Asbestos (t) 450 360 750 800 780 73.33 -2.50
Feldspar (t) 4 801 4 880 5 000 5 200 5 300 10.39 1.92
Gypsum (t) 44 257 32 124 35 000 37 000 38 000 -14.14 2.70
Kaolin (t) 60 000 60 000 60 000 63 000 64 000 6.67 1.59
Magnesite (t) 89 000 98 000 85 000 82 000 80 000 -10.11 -2.44
Salt (t) 15 000 20 000 18 000 16 000 15 000 0.00 -6.25
Sulfur (t) 80 000 100 000 90 000 85 000 82 000 2.50 -3.53
Hard-Coal (t) 63 000 92 000 105 000 110 000 112 000 77.78 1.82
Lignite (t) 38 366 335 42 825 124 43 600 000 45 000 000 46 000 000 19.90 2.22
Nat.Gas (Mio m3) 671 688 715 730 740 10.28 1.37
Oil (t) 1 030 000 979 000 920 000 900 000 880 000 -14.56 -2.22
Zaire
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Cobalt (t) 4 041 4 041 3 944 0 0 -100.00 .
Tantalum-Col. (t) 10 10 8 0 0 -100.00 .
Copper (t) 38 900 37 700 35 000 0 0 -100.00 .
Rare Earths (t) 10 5 3 0 0 -100.00 .
Zinc (t) 3 162 1 686 1 234 0 0 -100.00 .
Gold (kg) 1 252 394 134 0 0 -100.00 .
Silver (kg) 9 000 1 000 0 0 0 -100.00 .
Diam. (Gem) (c) 4 448 000 3 000 000 5 200 000 0 0 -100.00 .
Diam. (Ind) (c) 17 792 000 12 000 000 20 800 000 0 0 -100.00 .
Sulfur (t) 7 000 6 000 5 000 0 0 -100.00 .
Oil (t) 1 200 000 1 000 000 1 100 000 0 0 -100.00 .
- 230 -
Abbreviations: see Explanation; Abkürzungen: siehe Einleitende Bemerkungen
Zambia
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Cobalt (t) 5 126 5 126 4 016 3 802 2 990 -41.67 -21.36
Copper (t) 324 200 315 700 282 833 260 223 262 600 -19.00 0.91
Gold (kg) 119 91 145 145 150 26.05 3.45
Silver (kg) 8 676 6 900 8 239 8 500 8 700 0.28 2.35
Sulfur (t) 25 000 22 000 28 956 29 000 30 000 20.00 3.45
Talc (t) 380 350 300 300 280 -26.32 -6.67
Hard-Coal (t) 98 500 98 000 150 000 127 854 200 000 103.05 56.43
Zimbabwe
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Change Change
1996/2000 1999/2000
Iron (t) 194 365 287 419 222 953 359 190 270 382 39.11 -24.72
Chromium (t) 296 287 301 390 272 432 294 066 300 619 1.46 2.23
Cobalt (t) 106 126 100 129 79 -25.47 -38.76
Nickel (t) 9 694 10 134 10 135 9 594 7 122 -26.53 -25.77
Tungsten (t) 0 2 0 0 0 . .
Antimony (t) 15 0 0 0 0 -100.00 .
Copper (t) 9 028 6 832 2 941 4 977 3 143 -65.19 -36.85
Lithium (t) 773 1 246 701 917 948 22.64 3.38
Gold (kg) 24 699 24 225 25 175 27 114 22 007 -10.90 -18.84
Platinum (kg) 7 245 273 390 504 7100.00 29.23
Silver (kg) 9 982 5 923 6 881 5 396 3 799 -61.94 -29.60
Asbestos (t) 165 494 160 560 123 295 87 872 151 954 -8.18 72.93
Baryte (t) 1 150 1 217 1 844 3 140 3 500 204.35 11.46
Diam. (Gem) (c) 131 180 126 392 8 511 13 795 6 908 -94.73 -49.92
Diam. (Ind) (c) 306 086 294 915 19 861 31 727 16 120 -94.73 -49.19
Feldspar (t) 3 248 2 254 2 241 1 915 1 700 -47.66 -11.23
Graphite (t) 7 691 12 779 13 806 12 321 11 838 53.92 -3.92
Magnesite (t) 10 659 13 050 4 321 5 356 5 800 -45.59 8.29
Phosphate (t) 36 789 31 687 27 430 25 429 33 004 -10.29 29.79
Sulfur (t) 30 000 25 000 23 000 22 000 21 000 -30.00 -4.55
Talc (t) 1 076 1 023 1 039 1 081 2 000 85.87 85.01
Vermiculite (t) 10 249 14 841 14 804 12 844 12 400 20.99 -3.46
Hard-Coal (t) 5 174 685 5 300 749 5 048 977 4 977 355 3 986 202 -22.97 -19.91
WORLD-MINING-DATA
published annually from 1986 on
A comprehensive summary of mineral production data of 168 countries and 55
commodities (iron and the ferro-alloy metals, non-ferrous metals, precious metals, fuel
minerals and industrial minerals). Statistical data are broken down by mineral commodity,
by country as well as by regional/economic groupings.
ISBN 3-901074-15-5
WELT-BERGBAU-DATEN
erscheint seit 1986 jährlich.
Eine umfassende Darstellung der Rohstoffproduktion von über 55 mineralischen
Rohstoffen und 168 Produzentenländern gegliedert nach Rohstoffgruppen wie: Eisen- und
Stahlveredler, Nichteisenmetalle, Edelmetalle, Industrieminerale, Steine und Erden sowie
Energierohstoffe.
Anteile der Produktion bestimmter Ländergruppen (Entwicklungsländer, Westliche In-
dustrieländer, Staatshandelsländer) sowie verschiedene Wirtschaftsblöcke.
ISBN 3-901074-15-5

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