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Student Slides Chapter 1

Student Slides Chapter 1

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Chapter 1

Introduction to Operations Management


Copyright © 2009 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Chapter 1: Learning Objectives ‡ You should be able to: ± Define the term operations management ± Identify the three major functional areas of organizations and describe how they interrelate ± Compare and contrast service and manufacturing operations ± Describe the operations function and the nature of the operations manager¶s job ± Identify the two major aspects of process management ± Describe the key aspects of operations management decision making ± Briefly describe the historical evolution of operations management ± Identify current trends in business that impact operations management 1-2 .

Operations Management ‡ What is operations? ± The part of a business organization that is responsible for producing goods or services ‡ How can we define operations management? ± The management of systems or processes that create goods and/or provide services 1-3 .

Supply Chain Supply Chain ± a sequence of activities and organizations involved in producing and delivering a good or service Suppliers¶ suppliers Direct suppliers Producer Distributor Final Customers 1-4 .

form or psychological value. parts. location. subassemblies. ‡Automobile ‡Computer ‡Oven ‡Shampoo Services are activities that provide some combination of time.Good or Service? Goods are physical items that include raw materials. and final products. ‡Air travel ‡Education ‡Haircut ‡Legal counsel 1-5 .

1-6 .Scope of Operations Management The scope of operations management ranges across the organization. . . The operations function includes many interrelated activities such as: ± ± ± ± ± ± ± ± Forecasting Capacity planning Scheduling Managing inventories Assuring quality Motivating employees Deciding where to locate facilities And more .

Role of the Operations Manager The Operations Function consists of all activities directly related to producing goods or providing services. A primary function of the operations manager is to guide the system by decision making. ± System Design Decisions ± System Operation Decisions 1-7 .

Why Manufacturing Matters ‡ Over 18 million workers in manufacturing jobs ‡ Accounts for over 70% of value of U. exports ‡ Average full-time compensation about 20% higher than average for all workers ‡ Manufacturing workers more likely to have benefits ‡ Productivity growth in manufacturing in the last 5 years is more than double that of the U.S. economy 1-8 .S.

Why Study OM? ‡ Every aspect of business revolves around operations ‡ Many service jobs are closely related to operations ± ± ± ± Financial services Marketing services Accounting services Information services ‡ There is a significant amount of interaction and collaboration amongst the functional areas ‡ It provides an excellent vehicle for understanding the world in which we live 1-9 .

Career Opportunities in OM ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Operations manager Production analyst Production manager Industrial engineer Time study analyst Inventory manager Quality analyst Quality manager 1-10 .

The Association for Operations Management American Society for Quality (ASQ) Institute for Supply Management (ISM) Institute for Operations Research and Management Science (INFORMS) ‡ The Production and Operations Management Society (POMS) ‡ The Project Management Institute (PMI) ‡ Council of Supply Chain Management Professionals (CSCMP) 1-11 .OM-Related Professional Societies ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ APICS .

Decision Making ‡ Most operations decisions involve many alternatives that can have quite different impacts on costs or profits ‡ Typical operations decisions include: ± What: What resources are needed. and in what amounts? ± When: When will each resource be needed? When should the work be scheduled? When should materials and other supplies be ordered? ± Where: Where will the work be done? ± How: How will he product or service be designed? How will the work be done? How will resources be allocated? ± Who: Who will do the work? 1-12 .

± Enron ± Worldcom ± Tyco ‡ Can you think of any positive displays of business ethics? ‡ Why do people do things that are unethical? ‡ Can ethics be taught? More importantly.Ethics Ethical issues have gained increasing visibility in recent years. will teaching business ethics make a difference in people¶s behavior? 1-13 .

Historical Evolution of OM ‡ Industrial Revolution ‡ Scientific Management ‡ Human Relations Movement ‡ Decision Models and Management Science ‡ Influence of Japanese Manufacturers 1-14 .

Key Trends and Issues in Business ‡ E-Business & E-Commerce ‡ Management of Technology ‡ Globalization ‡ Management of Supply Chains ‡ Outsourcing ‡ Agility ‡ Ethical Behavior 1-15 .

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