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Arabic Tutor - Volume Three

Arabic Tutor - Volume Three

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11/18/2011

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Rule No.1: If two hamzahs come together in a word
whereby the first one is mutaharrik and the second one
sākin, the sākin hamzah is changed into a harful illāh that
corresponds to the preceding harakah, that is, if the
preceding harakah is a fathah, it will be changed to an alif,
if the preceding harakah is a dammah, it will be changed to
a wāw and if the preceding harakah is a kasrah, it will be
changed to a yā.
Examples:
(

) changes to ( ) because the fathah corresponds to an

alif.
(

) changes to ( ) because the dammah corresponds to

a wāw.

Madrassah Inaamiyyah Camperdown - http://www.al-inaam.com/

Arabic Tutor
Arabic Tutor
Arabic Tutor

Arabic Tutor –––– Volume Three
Volume Three
Volume Three

Volume Three

Page 31

(



) changes to (

) because the kasrah corresponds to a

yā.

Rule 2: If there is a hamzah sākin preceded by any
mutaharrik letter besides hamzah, it is permissible to
change the hamzah sākin to a harful illāh that corresponds
with the preceding harakah.
Examples:
(

) can be read as ( ), ( ) can be read as ( ) and
( ) can be read as ( ).

Note 1: These two rules are related to ( ). The first rule
is compulsory while the second one is permissible.

Note 2: If a dammah is succeeded by a hamzah, a ( )
is written below it and if it (hamzah) is preceded by a
kasrah, a ( ) is written. Examples: ( ), ( ).

This ( ) and ( ) are not pronounced at all.

If a fathah is succeeded by a hamzah sākin, it is written
above an alif or the alif can be rendered a jazm, e.g. ( ) or

( ).

Madrassah Inaamiyyah Camperdown - http://www.al-inaam.com/

Arabic Tutor
Arabic Tutor
Arabic Tutor

Arabic Tutor –––– Volume Three
Volume Three
Volume Three

Volume Three

Page 32

If you want to write an alif after ( ), a long fathah

is written above the alif, e.g. ( ). Sometimes ( ) or ( ) is also
written.

Note 3: Two more rules of (


) will be mentioned in

Lesson 28.

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