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**The river originates at Powai and meets the Arabian Sea at Mahim Creek flowing through residential and industrial complexes of Powai, Saki Naka, Kurla, Kalina, Vakola, Bandra-Kurla complex, Dharavi and Mahim over a distance of about 15 km. The river bed is narrow in the initial stretch and is about 10 meters wide but at Bandra-Kurla complex, it is much wider. Other related archives **River Mithi (aka Mahim River) is a river in Salsette Island, i.e., the island of the city of Mumbai. It is a confluence of tail water discharges of Powai and Vihar lakes. The river is seasonal and rises during the monsoons. The overflowing lakes also contribute to the river flow which is stopped by a dam in other times. During this season the river is a favourite with the anglers who catch large fish that have escaped from the lakes. Fishing is banned there.[citation needed] it’s like netting the small fry and letting Moby Dick go. City environmentalists, while welcoming the fact that the government has woken up to the fact that the Mithi is a river, say that by making a scapegoat out of slums and small workshops along the banks of the Mithi, the authorities are not addressing the real reasons why a once navigable river has become a murky trickle. Whether it is industrial effluents or sewage, environmentalists say that people living along the Mithi river contribute to at most a small percentage of the pollution of the river. “The government is focussing all its attention on the small scrap and recycling units in Kurla-Kalina while all these units do is to segregate the waste of big industries. Many of them don’t even have a drainage outlet to dump waste into the river,’’ says environmentalist Girish Raut who has long been campaigning against infrastructure projects which have swallowed up wetlands and changed the course of the Mithi river. “The real pollutants are the big industries in Andheri, Saki Naka, Jogeshwari and-Vikhroli which dump all their untreated effluents into the river. Even the airport dumps its waste oil into the Mithi,’’ alleges Raut. U n t re at e d sewage is the other big culprit but Raut says that of the 800 million litres of sewage that is dumped into the Mithi river per day, only 2 million litres come from the slums that line the banks of the river. “In addition, in so many parts of the city, sewage drains have been diverted into stormwater drains which are supposed to carry rain water into the river. This certainly does not come from the slums, most of which do not even have proper drainage,’’ he adds. The current climate of panic about the health of the river, post 26/7, has blurred the lines of distinction between ‘flooding’ and ‘pollution’, say environmentalists and the government and the construction lobby are thriving on this confusion. Pollution, says Raut, is not the main cause of the flooding of the Mithi—ecologically unsound construction is. “The institutional culprits here are much bigger than individual culprits,’’ agrees environmentalist Darryl D’- Monte who is on the government-appointed Mithi Nadi Development Authority looking into the revival of Mumbai’s forsaken Mithi river. “The Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority (MMRDA) has absolutely no ecological literacy. The Bandra-Worli sea link, the Bandra Kurla Complex, the National Stock Exchange built right on the bend of the river—these are the real causes of the flooding of the Mithi,’’ says D’- Monte. “Successive reclamations have changed the very course of the river,’’ adds Sarang Kulkarni of Reef Watch Marine Conservation (RWMC) which will be conducting a series of tests on the quality of water in the Mithi river.Some of the deadliest chemicals like cyanide, lead, zinc and sulphates have been detected in the waters of the battered Mithi in suburban Mumbai A detailed chemicals analysis carried out by the Maharashtra Pollution Control Board (MPCB) at 20 different point along the 15-kilometre river has found an alarming presence of these chemicals . The MPCB report is a years old now but the Vilas Rao Deshmukh government has woken up to the problem only after Terible Tuesday’s floods that were caused in part by the rampant encroachment along the Mithi, which prompted it to swell at various locations like Kurla, Kalina, around the airport and Bandra. “The Mithi is treated like an open drain by people who fill it with raw sewage, industrial waste and unchecked garbage and unchecked

it used to serve as an important storm water drain for Mumbai but as it has been used as a sewer over the years.[citation needed] The Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai has undertaken a cleanliness drive lately so that the floods of July 26.. The water with mixture of sewage and industrial waste is a threat to marine life. 2) Industrial waste generated by authorized as well as unauthorized industries. an award winning conservationist in 2009. Among the most poisonous substances found in the river cyanide (at places like Jarimari. Sulphates and chlorides were also noticed at three sampling points near Mahim Creek and farther upstream. scrap dealers and others dump sludge oil. animals and oily drums.garbage . **Very often. near Saki Naka and the airport)..Mithi[ .[citation needed] Environmental relevance of the river **When the river was not as polluted as it is today. industrial waste and municipal waste into the river. 2 n 3 pg. ) Domestic sewage due to residential colonies as well as hutments in the thickly populated area. Cattle sheds in some areas contribute animal waste. The river is also a natural drainage channel which carries the excess waters during the monsoons. effluent and garbage in the river. illegal activities like washing vessels.. ***(***the mithi river fets pollluted due to the following reasons. However it is filthy mainly due to the presence of slums and the discharge of industrial effluents. 4 n 5th pg. the Supreme court of India passed an order directing the state government to remove encroachments on all water bodies. An eco-group has been formed by Rajendra Singh. the organic waste have also reduced the river’s water-carrying capacity whose pollution levels have reached an alarming stage. 5) Industrial sludge and rejects discarded by recyclers at Kalina and cst road.this is an indicator of the illegal industries functioning in these regions. sludge and garbage dumping has reduced the carrying capacity of the river. Besides this. The organic waste. The river bed is full of sludge..” states the MPCB report prepared with Klean Environment Consultants Ltd. and creating awareness on a global scale as the government of India has once again started ignoring this extremely important issue. discharge of unauthorised hazardous waste are also carried out along the course of this river.. unchecked. its importance as a storm water drain has reduced and on the contrary. ** n 2006.. and this continues to happen.. 3) Animal waste due to cow sheds in various areas. 4) Garbage dump by citizens all along its course.[1] It aims to revive the dying river. it poses Environmental degradation of the Mithi as a hazard during high tide bringing polluted water into the city. Barrel cleaners. 2005 are not repeated. citizens dump raw sewage.. [edit] Development Many young entrepreneurs in and around Mumbai are now aggressively involved with cause of Mithi River. [2] Recently a Contemporary Art show was held to create major awareness about dire situation of Mithi River in Bombay by "Chintan Upadhyay" titled Khatti . garbage and vegetation growth like hyacinth in many parts.

Water after treatment can b used in industry and gardening. Such plants can be provided wherever proper drainage lines exist today. Both the banks of Mithi river can be planted with proper vegetation for beautification. Advertising . This includes existing sewerage discharge drains provided by the BMC. sludge. 2) Immediately stop all unauthorized industries which includes scrap dealers. sewage treatment plants need to be planted at various locations. these industries contribute industrial waste. Provide public toilets at regular intervals so that the people don't use the river as a urinary. 2. waste oil recyclers etc. oil and chemicals. Short Term measures include following: (1) Immediate closure of all the unauthorized activities which discharge industrial effluents. 5) To improve the quality of water. 3) Provide proper garbage collection system on both banks of the river. Long Term measures include the following: Long term measures to minimize pollution in Mithi river include the following:1. so that garbage is not dumped on the river 4) To improve flow pattern. it is essential to clean the bed of mithi river right from Powai to Mahim. (2) Provide proper garbage collection system to prevent citizens from dumping the same into the river. (3) A lot of unemployed people can be given the job of keeping the river clean all throughout the year. as the width of the river at many places is more than 10 metres. 6) If the sludge is removed from the bed of Mithi river. 3. Provide proper garbage collection stations for the benefit of hutment dwellers 4. it may be possible to use this river for internal navigation purpose. using some barriers down stream. Dredge the entire length of Mithi river bed to improve its carrying capacity. In fact this will work as a natural eco-system to improve the quality of water and save cost of providing expensive treatment plants. this will improve its capacity to carry load. Plan for sewers on both the banks of Mithi river and provide Sewage treatment plants at various locations. scrap recyclers. hazardous waste as well as sludge.++_)(*****)) uggested steps to minimize the pollution and the degradation of the mithi river :1) Provide sewerage system on both the banks of the river so that the sewerage is collected and treated at various locations.

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