Demand Demand analysis is an important component in identifying consumers needs and determining their willingness to pay for a given

product. It is a great help in building up a business that will be a source of the demand. Cosumers usually wants to buy a given amount of goods at a stated price. Demand is used to compare sales quantity, consumption and may refer either to historical demand or to projected demand. Estimation of future demand for the product must be considered since the total projected demand of a given product shows expected sales quantity of a particular projects. Assessment are made through the various projection method 1. Arithmetic Straight Line Method 2. Arithmetic Geometric curve Method 3. Stastistical Straight line Method 4. Stastistical parabolic Line Method 5. Stastistical Geometric Curve Method Historica Demand in Melamine The historical demand in melamine locally is taken from the National Statistical Office. Table : Historical Data of Demand From , the demand showed an increasing trend of values. The historical data of the demand is increasing and consistent due to the grownig number of melamine users each year. Projection of Demand There are five methods in the projection of demand. Several equation are used to project the data for the next 10 years. 1. Using Arithmetic Straight Line Method (ASLM) Plant Layout Plant Layout has an important part in determining construction and manufacturing costs and thus must be planned carsfully with attention being given to future problems that may rise. Proper layout includes arrangement of processing areas, storage areas and handling areas in efficient coordination and with regard to such factors as: 1. new site development or addition to previously developed site. 2. Type and quantity of products to be produced 3. Possible future expansion 4. Operational convinience and accessibility 5. type of process and product control 6. Economic distribution of utilities and services 7. Type of builiding s and building code requirements 8. health and safety considerations 9. Waste-disposal problems 10. Auxilliary equipment 11. Space Available and Space required 12. Roads and railroads Instrumentaation and processes Control The purpose of this section of the plant design will be highlight the principal features process control and instrumentation and show their relationship to chemical and plant design practice. Instrument of this pointsare assigned a code number for the identification of design purchase and energy components must then be measured, compared with a designed standard, computed, integrated and corrected when necessary for a smooth operation chemical process.

Instrumentation Instrument are used in the chemical industry to measure the process varialbles , such as temperature pressure, density, viscisity, specific heat, conductivity, humidity, liquid level, flow rate, chemical composition and moisture content. By used of instruments having varying degrees of complexity, the values of these varialbles can be recorded continuously and controlled within narrow limits. Large number of process variables must be maintained within specified limits in order for the plant to operate properly. Excursion

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