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Sr. No. Botanical Name Common Name Use Used against the throat infections cough, diarrhoea, chronic ulceration, epistaxis and eruptions of the skin, leprosy, leucoderma and wounds. It is also useful in treating anaemia, diabetes, inflammations and intermittent fever. Spiritual and Medicinal, one of the constituents of “Dashmoola”. Roots and bark are used to treat melancholia, intermittent feversand palpitation of the heart. Fruit pulp is nutritious and prevents heat stroke. Leaf juice extract is applied externally in abscess. Known for fragrance and pollution control. The bark is regarded as a bitter tonic and a mild febrifuge and possesses astrigent, anthelmintic and galactogogue properties. It is reported to be employed inheart diseases, asthma, chronic diarrhoea, leprosy dyspesia and to stop bleeding of wounds. The bark is applied to treat the ear for deafness. Spiritual and Medicinal. Seed oil used for treatment of other seeds. It is useful in halitosis, cardiac debility, skin diseases, leprosy, foul ulcer, hepothalemia, inflammations, rheumatosis, arthirtis, cough, asthma and hiccup. It is the hottest illegal export item from India. Considered useful in whooping cough, blood eruptions and as a rubifacient in skin diseases. The juice of fresh fruit serves as an efficient shampoo for hair while the oil obtained from kernels is applied to burns and sores. It is considered useful for hair growth and in diseases of the skin. Considered useful in dyspepsia , diarrhoea, epilepsy, haemophilic conditions and diseases of the ear. The gum exudate posesses anti-arthritic activity. Used in the treatment of ulcers, cystic breast, piles, skin diseases convulsions, dysentry, bronchitis, asthma, cough, jaundice, diarrhoea and dysentry.
depurative & constipating and used in leprosy. inflammations. burning sensation. constipation cough. and aphrodisiac. dysentry. cooling.9 Buchanania cochinchinensis Chironji Rich source of vitamin E. Fruits are reported to be good for diabetes. It is reported to be astringent. ulcers. cardiac debility. emaciation. asthma. Ornamental. The leaves are useful in treating pimples. peptic ulcers. excellent liver tonic. flatulence. It is also employed for treatment of snake bite and scorpion sting. diarrhoea. obesity and worms. bronchitis. skin diseases. dyspepsia. cardiac disorders. abdominal disorders. astrigent. Seeds and gum are useful in worm infestation and in the treatment of ringworm. cough. An extract from the root bark is used in the treatment of black water fever. antiseptic and aphrodisiac. rectal diseases. The leaves are reported to be cooling. fever. diarrhoea. Flowers are useful in skin diseases. ulcers. antiviral. 10 Butea monosperma Palash 11 Canarium stricturn Dhup 12 Cassia fistula Indian Labernum 13 Commiphora wightii Guggul 14 Dalbergia Shisham 15 Emblica officinalis Amla . dry cough and bronchitis. intermittent fevers and greyness of hair. Flowers are used to treat leprosy. The fruits are useful in treating leprosy. collic flatulence. expectorant. It is an excellent source of lac and natural dye. Spiritual and Medicinal. diarrhoea. leprosy. digestive. skin diseases and diarrhoea. Excellent timber. Gum is used alon with til (seaamum) oil. purgative. bone fractures. It is useful as stimulant and appetiser and also in dyspepsia. in the treatment of rheumatic pains and chronic skin diseases. general debility and as a laxative. skin diseases and bone fractures. leprosy. skin deases. The dried fruits have a laxative property and is useful in constipation. asthma. boils. seminal weakness. boils and pimples. intestinal worms. The roots are acrid. These are considered very efficacious in birth control. tumours and diabetes. worm infestations and inflammations. dysentry. The bark is used to treat dyspepsia. gonorrhoea. Rich inVit C. burning sensation. colic. Spiritual and Medicinal.
and cardiotonic. haemorrhoids. Leaves are used in chronic bronchitis. allay thirst and serve as an anthelmintic. stomachalgia and burning sensation The leaf paste is reported to be effective for treating cephalagia and the leaf juice is a good wash for foul ulcers. Dyspepsia. anthelmintic and reported useful in cases of splenomegaly. Shivan 19 Holarrhena pubescens Kutaja 20 Juniperus macropoda Chaulmoogra 21 Juniperus macropoda Hapushaa . hyperdipsia. ulcers. The roots and bark are reportedly useful in treating hallucinations. ulcers and dysentry. The ripe fruits help improve appetite. The young leaves are used as a remedy for dysentry. dysentry. malaria. Also used in veterinary medicine to keep off files from sores. tumours. The seed oil is reported to be used to treat leprosy and several other skin complants. Gum is antispasmodic. wounds and ulcers. The bark and seeds are useful in amoebic dysentry. It has reportedly been used for local application to ulceration. uropathy. hepatopathy. and for other pharmaceutical purposes. vomiting.16 Garcinia indica G. Oil from the seed is extensively used for the preparation of ointments. sprains bruises and infections. It is also reported to be useful in bleeding. gummi gutta Kokam The juice of the fruit is used as a mordant. wounds and obesity. rheumatism. diabetes. resinifera Dikamali 18 Gmelina arborea Gamar. diarrhoea. anaemia. Seeds are also used to treat worm infestations. Excellent construction timber One of the constituents of Dashmoola. asthma. constiparation and for promoting the growth of hari. The flowers and fruits are reported to be effective in treating leprosy. hands etc. boils. fissures of lips. foul ulcers. Employed in drug formations used in urinogenital disorders and cutaneous diseases. and skin diseases. ophthalmai. Fever. pains and heart diseases. The seeds are reported to be also used for local application in rheumatism. Haemorrhoids. The oil is expectorant and suppurative. Exhausted fruits are used as one of the ingredients of drug formulations used as diuretic. internal haemorrhages. 17 Gardenia gummifera / G.
Flowers are reported to be used for preparing a lotion for wounds and ulcers. The bark is used in the form of powder to treat joint pain. flatulence. Bark is a stimulant. ulcers. The bark is considered stimulant and febrifuge and a decoction or infusion is given in abdominal pain and diarrhoea. Dry roots are reported to be used as a purgative and immounogogue. The roots are considered astringent. powder of dried flowers is considered a brain tonic and is used as a smuff to relieve cephalagia. Ornamental & Medicinal. akshepaka. amavata. Bark is reported to be used as a gargle. burning sensation of the feet. astringent. This red powder is also used as vermillion by women. poisonous affections. fracture. cough and dryness of skin. Flower oil used in cephalagia. vartarakta. The leaves are purgative and diuretic. herpes and other parasitic skin affections. Flowers are reported to be used in dyspepsia. nausea. The flowers are astringent and are useful for asthma. cooling and anthelmintic. ringworm. agnimandya. haemorrhages. The seed oil is used for skin diseases. cough. ulcers. Seeds are used for preparing formulations to treat constipation especially in children. dysentry. The State flower of Maharashtra. dyspepsia. vomiting. The bark. diuretic and febrifuge. katishula. fever and also useful as a diuretic in renal diseases. Glandular hairs on the fruits. Aromatic & Medicinal. scabies. leprosy. The State Tree of Maharashtra. wounds. Greening and popular fruit. (Auspicious tree) Spiritual. diarrhoea and dysentry. abhighata. flowers and fruits are acrid. stimulant and febrifuge and seeds are narcotic. Aromatic & Medicinal. cough. 23 Litsea glutinosa Milada lakadi 24 Mallotus philipinensis Indian Kamla 25 Mangifera Indica (Country variety) Mango 26 Mesua ferrea Nagchampa 27 Michelia champaca Champa 28 Mimusopselengi Bakul . fever and cardiac debility. impotency. Unripe fruit is reported to be used as a masticatory help to fix loose teeth.22 Lagerstroemia speciosa Jarul Ornamental. renal and vesical calculi. which are reddish brown are reported to be used in constipation. It is also useful in urethrorrhoea.
fever. flatulence. diarrhhoea. leprosy. expectorant ingredient of toothpaste meswak. intermittent fever and general debility. stimilant and emanogogue and is said to relieve splenalgia. Medicinal & Cosmetic. headache and snake and scorpion-bite. and spider poisoning The root bark is a tonic. carminative and astrigent properties and are used in dyspepsia and haemorhoids. This could be the reason for its large scale smuggling out of India. cardiac debility. The stem bark is good for gastropathy. leucoderma.29 Nothapodyyates ovata (Mappiafoetida) Narkya Recent research has indentified presence of an antitumour compound. in this species. The bark is used for malaria. cough. named “Camptothecin”. skin diseases. skin diseases. chronic fever. astringent. colic constipaton. Roots and reported to be useful in treating inflammations. Roots are reported to be used to treat rheumatism. cough. The leaves made into a decocotion are reported to be given in stomach ache and rheumatism and are used externally for enlarged spleen. The leaves are diuretic anthelmintic. Aromatic. A paste of the wood and oil are reported to be used for treating burning sensation. cardiac disorders. jaundice. They are also used for gastritis. flatulence. Tender fruits are refreshing and stomachic. The oil obtained from the heart wood of the tree is reported to be used in the 30 Ochrocarpus longifolius (Mammea longifolia) Surangi 31 Oroxylon indicum Tetu 32 Pongamia pinnata Karanj 33 Premna integrifolia Agnimantha 34 Pterocarpus santalinus Rakta Chandan 35 Salvadora persica Khakha 36 Santalum album Chandan . brochitis. It`s wood is used to manufacture musical instruments like Guitars and Fengshui products. One of the constituents of “Dashmoola”. inflammation. diarrhoea and dysentry. Seeds are reported to be used as a purgative. Leaves are carminative and useful in dyspepsia. asthma. diabetes. diabetes and general debility. Its seed oil is useful as biodiesel and seed cake as an excellent manure. The buds possessmild stimultant. fracture. gastric irritability. bronchitis cystitis. The heart wood is reported to be used for treating intrinsic haemorrhage. One of the constituents of “Dashmoola”.
A decoction of the bark is reported to be used in treating uterine affections and gynaecological problems. 37 Sapindus emarginatus Soapnut 38 Saraca asoca Sita Ashok 39 Schrebera swietenioidess Ghantifal 40 Semecarpus anacardium Biba 41 Sterculia urens Gum Karaya . The seeds taken with water are supposed to alleviate suppression of urine and calculus. purgative and stomachic and reportedly useful in flatulence. joint pains. The flowers are pounded.treatment of dysoeoeia. rheumatism and impotency. sores. constipation. The roots and are expectorant and demulcent. is applied on local inflammations. mixed in water and are used for treatment of dysentry. helminnthiasis especially hookworms. It is used to cure bone dislocation and fracture. The fruits are good for asthma. leprosy. diabetes. The fruits are also reportedly used to treat cancer. systitis (inflammation of bladder). throat infections and as a tonic. diarrhoea. Oil is also used in manufacturing paints and composite wood. nervous debility. cholera. Bark is used against boils and burns. Its bark is constituent Ashokarisht Leaves are reported to be used in treating enlargement of spleen and urinary discharges. The wood grounded with water into a paster. An evergreen shady trees. The drug is considered useful in treating tuberculosis of gall badder. flatulence. scaly skin eruptions. turmours. on forehead in case of fever and on skin eruptions. gonorrhoea and cough. neuritis. Its fruits are natural substitutes for chemical soaps and hair dyes. ulcers and general debility. Roots reported to be used in leprosy. The fruits are digestive. anorexia. colic anaemia and diabetes. A decoction of the bark is good for cattle suffering from ulcers due to worm infestation after calving. The ripe fruit and its oil reported to be used for treating dyspepsia. stomach disorders. It is an excellent edible gum. cardiac diseases. It can grow on rocks. verminosis and gastralgia due to dyspepsia. leucoderma. The roots are good for hysteria and epilepsy.
catarrah. insomnia. 43 Strychnos nuxvomica Kuchala. liver complaints and dropsy. Seeds are reported to be used as a local application in case of eye diseases. used in bilious affections. The root bark is a constitutent of the well known Ayurvedic formulation “Dashamoola”. for sores and as an antidote to poisons. paralysis and weakness of limbs. Spiritual. asthma. fruits antidaibetic & liver stimulant Used anorexiz. diabetes. Kataka cham Nirmali 45 Symplocos racemosa Lodh 46 Syzygium cumini Jamun 47 Taxus wallichiana Talispatra 48 Tecomella undulata Terminalia arjuna Marwar Teak. dropsy and dyspepsia. The seeds are useful in anaemia. The pulp of the ripe fruit is used in treating paralytic affections of paws and foot. Pastes of the seeds are reported to be consumed internally along with little tender coconut milk against urinary disorders and retention of urine. constipations. cough. A decoction of the bark is reported to stop bleeding of gums and in combination with sugar the bark is used for menorrhagia and other uterine disorders. bronchitis and as a tonic given after parturition. also sued for ophthalmia and conjuctivitis.42 Stereospermum chelonioides Padal It is reported to be used to treat intermittent fevers. It is an ingredient of drug formulations used in treatment of haemoptysis. It is used for purification of water. The leaves are applied as poultice in the treatment of chronic wounds and ulcers and the leaf decoction is useful in paralytic complants. inflammatory affectionsof the chest. They are rubbed along with honey and camphor and the mixture is applied to the eyes to treat copious watering. In ancient times used by VISHKANYAS. asthma. affections of the brain. intermittent and malarial fevers. cardiopalmus. skin diseases. It also checks vomiting and diarrhoea. It attracts birds. One gram of taxol is worth Rs. dysentery. Excellent Timber. Flowers are reported to be given with honey to control hiccup. rheumatism. Fresh leaves juice is used against earache. The root bark is bitter and is useful in cholera. Rohitak 49 Arjun . bronchitis. 3 lakhs in the foreign market. Nux Vomica 44 Strychnos potatorum Clearing Nut. Bark is reported to be used to treat diarrhoea. Bark is reported to be a cardiac tonic.
dyspepsia. skin diseases. leprosy. jaundice. The fruits are laxative and reported to be used for treating wounds.50 Terminalia belerica Behada The bark is reportedly used in treating anaemia and leucoderma. skin diseases. leprosy. flatulence. gastropathy. haemorrhoids and in some gynaecological disorders. sounds. ulcers and general debility. asthma. dysentery and rheumatic swellings. ulcers. inflammations. leprosy. intermittent fever and cardiac disorders. vomitting. dropsy. 51 Terminalia chebula Hirda 52 Vateria indica Ral The list is not exhaustive. The fruit pulp is used as dentrifice. tubercular glands. The above trees being of future importance need to be included in plantation programmes. Oil from the fruit is used as a local application in chronic rheumatism. The fruit pulp finds use in ophthalmia. insomnia. flactulence. bronchitis. The bark is reported to be useful in treating cough. Fruits are reported to be effective in curing cough. anaemia and skin diseases and Resin is useful aginst chronic bronchitis. fevers. . The mature and dry fruit is constipating and is useful in diarrhoea.
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