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BOOK Review of “The Geometry of Higher Order Hamilton Spaces”, by R. Miron (Kluwer, 2003)

BOOK Review of “The Geometry of Higher Order Hamilton Spaces”, by R. Miron (Kluwer, 2003)

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Published by Sergiu Vacaru
Author: S. Vacaru

Published: Gen. Relativ. Grav. 37 (2005) 1483-85
Author: S. Vacaru

Published: Gen. Relativ. Grav. 37 (2005) 1483-85

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Published by: Sergiu Vacaru on Jul 01, 2008
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05/09/2014

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Gen. Relativ. Gravit. (2005) 37(8): 1–3 DOI 10.

1007/s10714-005-0129-5

BOOK REVIEW

Sergiu I. Vacaru

Radu Miron (ed.): The geometry of higher-order Hamilton spaces Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 2003, 264 p., EUR110.00, USD121.00, GBP75.00, ISBN 1402015747
Published online: date C Springer-Verlag 2005

This monograph is the sixth one resulting from 50 years of research activity of the prominent Romanian school on Finsler geometry, Lagrange-Hamilton spaces, and their higher-order generalizations [1–5]. The new book presents an overview of the higher-order Hamilton spaces with applications to higher-order mechanics following the canonical non-linear connection (N-connection) and (semi-)spray formalism and the geometry of induced almost complex or contact Riemann-Cartan structures. The variational principles for higher-order Hamiltonians, HamiltonJacobi equations and related conservation laws and symmetries are described and investigated. In this review, I would like to discuss some relations of this original approach to geometry and physics and reflect on applications to modern gravity and string theory. There are two general directions towards geometrization of mechanics on the tangent or cotangent bundle and their higher-order extensions: The first one is based on the idea of describing classical mechanics and classical field theory in terms of symplectic geometry following certain procedures of geometrization of the Euler-Lagrange and Hamilton equations by using the (multi-)symplectic formalism, differential forms, jets, etc. (see, for instance, [6, 7]). In a quite different way, in the second direction Lagrange and Hamilton mechanics was geometrized using Riemann-Finsler spaces and, in a more general context, certain types of non-holonomic manifolds enabled with non-integrable distributions defined by N-connections. The general ideas and methods originate from E. Cartan [8] and A. Kawaguchi [9, 10] who were the first to consider metric-compatible models of Finsler spaces and N-connection structures. In this way, the geometric constructions are not related to certain particular properties of the Euler-Lagrange, or
S. I. Vacaru (B) Instituto de Matem´ ticas y F´sica Fundamental, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cient´ficas, a ı ı Calle Serrano 123, Madrid 28006, Spain E-mail: vacaru@imaff.cfmac.csic.es

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Book Review

Hamilton, equations (represented by (semi-)spray configurations of “non-linear” geodesics) but canonically defined by certain classes of N-connections and Sasaki type metrics and N-adapted linear connections and almost symplectic structures. This leads to a unified geometric method for modelling gravitational, optical and mechanical processes with straight-forward extensions to quantum and noncommutative spaces. A number of Riemann-Finsler and Lagrange-Hamilton geometric configurations can be modelled as exact solutions of the Einstein equations in general relativity or in theories with non-trivial torsion and non-metricity (see bibliography in Refs. [11, 12]). The new classes of spacetimes are parametrized by generic off-diagonal metrics and constructed by using non-holonomic frame transforms (vielbeins with associated N-connections) formally considered in Lagrange-Hamilton geometry. They describe moving black hole – solitonic configurations, anisotropically deformed Einstein-Dirac spaces, black ellipsoids and wormholes. It should be emphasized that such constructions elaborated in the framework of the Einstein, or string, gravity are very different from the Finsler-like gravity models defined on (co-)tangent bundles with non-linear dependencies on velocity for the metric and generalized Lorentz transforms (for instance, certain models proposed in Refs. [13, 14]) which may have certain experimental restrictions [15, 16] but, in another turn, the violation of local Lorentz symmetry is of substantial interest in modern brane gravity [17]. Also, there were obtained certain results in (super-)string gravity containing higher order anisotropic spinor geometries, de Sitter – affine bundles and their non-commutative and/or Lie algebraic and Clifford algebraic generalizations [18– 21], thereby extending earlier Finsler-Riemann and Lagrange-Hamilton geometries. In this line, we expect that R. Miron’s geometric approach will have a number of applications in high energy physics, optimal control, biology . . . Finally, I would like to note that there are two different principles of constructing Finsler-like geometries and related physical models. The first one was elaborated in detail by mathematicians from the USA [22]. They used the so-called Berwald and Chern-Rund connections resulting in geometries with non-compatible metric and connection structures which makes more sophisticate, for instance, the problem of definition of spinors and conservation laws and non-commutative generalizations. In another turn, the Cartan-Miron direction essentially follows the principle of metric compatibility of geometric constructions which is related simpler physical realizations and higher order generalizations. References
1. Miron, R., Hrimiuc, D., Shimada, H., Sabau, V.S.: The Geometry of Hamilton and Lagrange Spaces. Kluwer, Dordrecht (2000) 2. Miron, R.: The Geometry of Higher-Order Finsler Spaces. Hadronic Press, Palm Harbor, USA (1998) 3. Miron, R.: The Geometry of Higher-Order Lagrange Spaces. Applications to Mechanics and Physics. Kluwer, Dordrecht (1997) 4. Miron, R., Anastasiei, M.: Vector Bundles and Lagrange Spaces with Applications to Relativity. Geometry Balkan Press, Bukharest. Translation from the Romanian original. (Editura Academiei Romane, 1984) (1997)

Book Review

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5. Miron, R., Anastasiei, M.: The Geometry of Lagrange Spaces. Theory and Applications. Kluwer, Dordrecht (1994) 6. Crampin, M.: Lett. Math. Phys. 19, 53 (1990) 7. de Leon, M., de Diego, D.M.: J. Math. Phys. 36, 4138 (1995) 8. Cartan, E.: Les Espaces de Finsler. Herman, Paris (1935) 9. Kawaguchi, A.: Akad. Wetensch. Amsterdam Proc. 40, 596 (1937) 10. Kawaguchi, A.: Tensor, N. S. 2 123 (1952); Kawaguchi, A.: Tensor, N. S. 6, 165 (1956) 11. Vacaru, S., Dehnen, H.: Gen. Rel. Grav. 35, 209 (2003) 12. Vacaru, S., Singleton, D.: Class. Quant. Grav. 19, 2793 (2002) 13. Bogoslovsky, G., Goenner, H.: Gen. Rel. Grav. 31, 1565 (1999) 14. Asanov, G.S.: Rep. Math. Phys. 42, 273 (1998) 15. Bekenstein, J.D.: Phys. Rev. D 48, 3641 (1993) 16. Will, C.M.: Theory and Experiment in Gravitational Physics. Cambridge UP, Cambridge (1993) 17. Cs´ ki, C., Erlich, J., Grojean, C.: Nucl. Phys. B 604, 312 (2001) a 18. Anastasiei, M.: C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris A 284, 943 (1997) 19. Bejancu, A.: Finsler Geometry and Applications. Ellis Horwood, Chichester, England (1990) 20. Vacaru, S.: Nucl. Phys. B 434, 590 (1997) 21. Vacaru, S., Stavrinos, P.: Spinors and Space-Time Anisotropy Athens University Press. Athens (2002) [gr-qc/0112028] 22. Bao, D., Chern, S.-S., Shen, Z.: An Introduction to Riemann–Finsler Geometry. Springer, New York (2000)

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