This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

BooksAudiobooksComicsSheet Music### Categories

### Categories

### Categories

### Publishers

Scribd Selects Books

Hand-picked favorites from

our editors

our editors

Scribd Selects Audiobooks

Hand-picked favorites from

our editors

our editors

Scribd Selects Comics

Hand-picked favorites from

our editors

our editors

Scribd Selects Sheet Music

Hand-picked favorites from

our editors

our editors

Top Books

What's trending, bestsellers,

award-winners & more

award-winners & more

Top Audiobooks

What's trending, bestsellers,

award-winners & more

award-winners & more

Top Comics

What's trending, bestsellers,

award-winners & more

award-winners & more

Top Sheet Music

What's trending, bestsellers,

award-winners & more

award-winners & more

P. 1

BOOK Review of “The Geometry of Higher Order Hamilton Spaces”, by R. Miron (Kluwer, 2003) |Views: 113|Likes: 0

Published by Sergiu Vacaru

Author: S. Vacaru

Published: Gen. Relativ. Grav. 37 (2005) 1483-85

Published: Gen. Relativ. Grav. 37 (2005) 1483-85

Author: S. Vacaru

Published: Gen. Relativ. Grav. 37 (2005) 1483-85

Published: Gen. Relativ. Grav. 37 (2005) 1483-85

See more

See less

https://www.scribd.com/doc/3747924/BOOK-Review-of-The-Geometry-of-Higher-Order-Hamilton-Spaces-by-R-Miron-Kluwer-2003

05/09/2014

text

original

1007/s10714-005-0129-5

BOOK REVIEW

Sergiu I. Vacaru

Radu Miron (ed.): The geometry of higher-order Hamilton spaces Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 2003, 264 p., EUR110.00, USD121.00, GBP75.00, ISBN 1402015747

Published online: date C Springer-Verlag 2005

This monograph is the sixth one resulting from 50 years of research activity of the prominent Romanian school on Finsler geometry, Lagrange-Hamilton spaces, and their higher-order generalizations [1–5]. The new book presents an overview of the higher-order Hamilton spaces with applications to higher-order mechanics following the canonical non-linear connection (N-connection) and (semi-)spray formalism and the geometry of induced almost complex or contact Riemann-Cartan structures. The variational principles for higher-order Hamiltonians, HamiltonJacobi equations and related conservation laws and symmetries are described and investigated. In this review, I would like to discuss some relations of this original approach to geometry and physics and reﬂect on applications to modern gravity and string theory. There are two general directions towards geometrization of mechanics on the tangent or cotangent bundle and their higher-order extensions: The ﬁrst one is based on the idea of describing classical mechanics and classical ﬁeld theory in terms of symplectic geometry following certain procedures of geometrization of the Euler-Lagrange and Hamilton equations by using the (multi-)symplectic formalism, differential forms, jets, etc. (see, for instance, [6, 7]). In a quite different way, in the second direction Lagrange and Hamilton mechanics was geometrized using Riemann-Finsler spaces and, in a more general context, certain types of non-holonomic manifolds enabled with non-integrable distributions deﬁned by N-connections. The general ideas and methods originate from E. Cartan [8] and A. Kawaguchi [9, 10] who were the ﬁrst to consider metric-compatible models of Finsler spaces and N-connection structures. In this way, the geometric constructions are not related to certain particular properties of the Euler-Lagrange, or

S. I. Vacaru (B) Instituto de Matem´ ticas y F´sica Fundamental, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cient´ﬁcas, a ı ı Calle Serrano 123, Madrid 28006, Spain E-mail: vacaru@imaff.cfmac.csic.es

2

Book Review

Hamilton, equations (represented by (semi-)spray conﬁgurations of “non-linear” geodesics) but canonically deﬁned by certain classes of N-connections and Sasaki type metrics and N-adapted linear connections and almost symplectic structures. This leads to a uniﬁed geometric method for modelling gravitational, optical and mechanical processes with straight-forward extensions to quantum and noncommutative spaces. A number of Riemann-Finsler and Lagrange-Hamilton geometric conﬁgurations can be modelled as exact solutions of the Einstein equations in general relativity or in theories with non-trivial torsion and non-metricity (see bibliography in Refs. [11, 12]). The new classes of spacetimes are parametrized by generic off-diagonal metrics and constructed by using non-holonomic frame transforms (vielbeins with associated N-connections) formally considered in Lagrange-Hamilton geometry. They describe moving black hole – solitonic conﬁgurations, anisotropically deformed Einstein-Dirac spaces, black ellipsoids and wormholes. It should be emphasized that such constructions elaborated in the framework of the Einstein, or string, gravity are very different from the Finsler-like gravity models deﬁned on (co-)tangent bundles with non-linear dependencies on velocity for the metric and generalized Lorentz transforms (for instance, certain models proposed in Refs. [13, 14]) which may have certain experimental restrictions [15, 16] but, in another turn, the violation of local Lorentz symmetry is of substantial interest in modern brane gravity [17]. Also, there were obtained certain results in (super-)string gravity containing higher order anisotropic spinor geometries, de Sitter – afﬁne bundles and their non-commutative and/or Lie algebraic and Clifford algebraic generalizations [18– 21], thereby extending earlier Finsler-Riemann and Lagrange-Hamilton geometries. In this line, we expect that R. Miron’s geometric approach will have a number of applications in high energy physics, optimal control, biology . . . Finally, I would like to note that there are two different principles of constructing Finsler-like geometries and related physical models. The ﬁrst one was elaborated in detail by mathematicians from the USA [22]. They used the so-called Berwald and Chern-Rund connections resulting in geometries with non-compatible metric and connection structures which makes more sophisticate, for instance, the problem of deﬁnition of spinors and conservation laws and non-commutative generalizations. In another turn, the Cartan-Miron direction essentially follows the principle of metric compatibility of geometric constructions which is related simpler physical realizations and higher order generalizations. References

1. Miron, R., Hrimiuc, D., Shimada, H., Sabau, V.S.: The Geometry of Hamilton and Lagrange Spaces. Kluwer, Dordrecht (2000) 2. Miron, R.: The Geometry of Higher-Order Finsler Spaces. Hadronic Press, Palm Harbor, USA (1998) 3. Miron, R.: The Geometry of Higher-Order Lagrange Spaces. Applications to Mechanics and Physics. Kluwer, Dordrecht (1997) 4. Miron, R., Anastasiei, M.: Vector Bundles and Lagrange Spaces with Applications to Relativity. Geometry Balkan Press, Bukharest. Translation from the Romanian original. (Editura Academiei Romane, 1984) (1997)

Book Review

3

5. Miron, R., Anastasiei, M.: The Geometry of Lagrange Spaces. Theory and Applications. Kluwer, Dordrecht (1994) 6. Crampin, M.: Lett. Math. Phys. 19, 53 (1990) 7. de Leon, M., de Diego, D.M.: J. Math. Phys. 36, 4138 (1995) 8. Cartan, E.: Les Espaces de Finsler. Herman, Paris (1935) 9. Kawaguchi, A.: Akad. Wetensch. Amsterdam Proc. 40, 596 (1937) 10. Kawaguchi, A.: Tensor, N. S. 2 123 (1952); Kawaguchi, A.: Tensor, N. S. 6, 165 (1956) 11. Vacaru, S., Dehnen, H.: Gen. Rel. Grav. 35, 209 (2003) 12. Vacaru, S., Singleton, D.: Class. Quant. Grav. 19, 2793 (2002) 13. Bogoslovsky, G., Goenner, H.: Gen. Rel. Grav. 31, 1565 (1999) 14. Asanov, G.S.: Rep. Math. Phys. 42, 273 (1998) 15. Bekenstein, J.D.: Phys. Rev. D 48, 3641 (1993) 16. Will, C.M.: Theory and Experiment in Gravitational Physics. Cambridge UP, Cambridge (1993) 17. Cs´ ki, C., Erlich, J., Grojean, C.: Nucl. Phys. B 604, 312 (2001) a 18. Anastasiei, M.: C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris A 284, 943 (1997) 19. Bejancu, A.: Finsler Geometry and Applications. Ellis Horwood, Chichester, England (1990) 20. Vacaru, S.: Nucl. Phys. B 434, 590 (1997) 21. Vacaru, S., Stavrinos, P.: Spinors and Space-Time Anisotropy Athens University Press. Athens (2002) [gr-qc/0112028] 22. Bao, D., Chern, S.-S., Shen, Z.: An Introduction to Riemann–Finsler Geometry. Springer, New York (2000)

Ghost--Free Massive f(R) Theories Modelled as Effective Einstein Spaces & Cosmic Acceleration

Summary Scientific Report 2011-2013

Scientific Report Vacaru Project IDEI 2013 Till 26 Sept

Published Works Vacaru Project IDEI 2013-09-26 Updated

06 Vacaru Raport Stiintific IDEI 2013 Pana 24 Iulie

05 Vacaru Raport Stiintific IDEI 2012

04 Vacaru Raport Stiintific IDEI 2011

03 Vacaru Audit IDEI

02 Vacaru Publication List IDEI 2013-07-24 Up-dated

01_Title Page Advanced Research on Mathematical Physics Universitatea Alexandru Ioan Cuza

Almost Kaehler Ricci Flows and Einstein and Lagrange-Finsler Structures on Lie Algebroids

Principles of Einstein-Finsler Gravity and Perspectives in Modern Cosmology

Fractional almost Kaehler - Lagrange geometry

Cyclic and Ekpyrotic Universes in Modified Finsler Osculating Gravity on Tangent Lorentz Bundles

Finsler Spinors and Twistors in Einstein Gravity and Modifications

Super-Luminal Effects for Finsler Branes as a Way to Preserve the Paradigm of Relativity Theories

Covariant Renormalizable Anisotropic Theories and Off-Diagonal Einstein-Yang-Mills-Higgs Solutions

Decoupling of EYMH Equations, Off-Diagonal Solutions, and Black Ellipsoids and Solitons

Metric Compatible or Noncompatible Finsler-Ricci Flows

2010 Publication list by S. Vacaru in MathSciNet

Nonholonomic Ricci Flows and Running Cosmological Constant

Locally Anisotropic Stochastic Processes in Fiber Bundles

Fedosov Quantization of Fractional Lagrange Spaces

Generalized Finsler Superspaces

New Classes of Off-Diagonal Cosmological Solutions in Einstein Gravity

- Read and print without ads
- Download to keep your version
- Edit, email or read offline

Einstein gravity in almost Kahler and Lagrange-Finsler variables and deformation quantization

Nonholonomic Ricci Flows and Parametric Deformations of the Solitonic pp-Waves and Schwarzschild Solutions

Locally Anisotropic Stochastic Processes in Fiber Bundles

Cyclic and Ekpyrotic Universes in Modified Finsler Osculating Gravity on Tangent Lorentz Bundles

Yang-Mills Fields and Gauge Gravity on Generalized Lagrange and Finsler Spaces

Two-Connection Renormalization and Non-Holonomic Gauge Models of Einstein Gravity

Nonholonomic Ricci Flows

On General Solutions of Einstein Equations

Nonholonomic Distributions and Gauge Models of Einstein Gravity

Parametric Nonholonomic Frame Transforms and Exact Solutions in Gravity

Horizons and Geodesics of Black Ellipsoids

Twistors and Nearly Autoparallel Maps

Exact Solutions with Noncommutative Symmetries in Einstein and Gauge Gravity

The Entropy of Lagrange-Finsler Spaces and Ricci Flows

Anholonomic Soliton-Dilaton and Black Hole Solutions in General Relativity

Nonholonomic Ricci Flows and Running Cosmological Constant

Dirac Spinor Waves and Solitons in Anisotropic Taub-NUT Spaces

Nonholonomic Ricci Flows

Curve flows in Lagrange-Finsler geometry, bi-Hamiltonian structures and solitons

New Classes of Off-Diagonal Cosmological Solutions in Einstein Gravity

Branes and Quantization for an A-Model Complexification of Einstein Gravity in Almost Kahler Variables

Nonholonomic Black Ring and Solitonic Solutions in Finsler and Extra Dimension Gravity Theories

Fedosov quantization of Lagrange-Finsler and Hamilton-Cartan spaces and Einstein gravity lifts on (co) tangent bundles

Deformation quantization of nonholonomic almost Kahler models and Einstein gravity

Principles of Einstein-Finsler Gravity and Perspectives in Modern Cosmology

Fractional almost Kaehler - Lagrange geometry

Anholonomic Frames, Generalized Killing Equations, and Anisotropic Taub NUT Spinning Spaces

Nonholonomic Ricci Flows, Exact Solutions in Gravity, and Symmetric and Nonsymmetric Metrics

Spinors and Field Interactions in Higher Order Anisotropic Spaces

Warped, Anisotropic Wormhole/ Soliton Configurations in Vacuum 5D Gravity

Are you sure?

This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

CANCEL

OK

You've been reading!

NO, THANKS

OK

scribd

/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->