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The model question paper only offers a broad overview and does not purport to represent either the syllabus or the pattern of questions that would appear in the Engineering Knowledge Test
SCHEME AND SYLLABUS
Engineering Knowledge Test is a common test aimed at testing the Basic Engineering knowledge of the candidates applied for Aeronautical Engineering Courses. EKT has two parts, namely Part A - General Engineering: 40 Questions Part B - Specialist Paper for each Engineering discipline: 35 Questions Engineering Knowledge Test is pitched at pre-final to final year engineering level. The test consists of two parts viz General Engineering and Specialist subjects for the two streams of Technical Branches i.e Aeronautical Engineering (Electronics) and Aeronautical Engineering (Mechanical). The specialised papers are in Mechanical Engineering, Aeronautical engineering, Electronics and Communication engineering, Electrical and Instrumentation engineering and Computer Engineering. The questions are objective type in nature and duration of test is approximately one hour. It is mandatory for the candidates to pass in both General and Specialist papers to qualify for AFSB interview. Duration: 1 Hour
EKT SYLLABUS- GENERAL ENGINEERING
1. Modern Physics:- Quantum Mechanics, Electrical Conductivity in Metals, Dielectric and magnetic properties of materials, Lasers, Super Conductivity and optical fibers. 2. Chemistry :- Chemical Energy Sources, Solar Energy, Electrochemical Energy Systems, Battery Technology, Fuel Cell, Corrosion Science & Control, Metal finishing & Electroless Plating. 3. Mathematics :- Differential Calculus, Partial Differentiation, Integral Calculus & Application, Differential Equation, Vector Calculus & Infinite Series, Laplace Transform, Vector Integration, Integral Calculus. 4. Computers :- Computer peripherals, Data Processing, Data storage, Operation Systems, Networks of an Internets, Algorithms & Flow charts, Computer aided sketching. 5. Electrical :- DC Circuits, Electromagnetism, Single phase AC Circuits, Three phase Circuits, Measuring Instruments, Domestic Wiring, DC Machine Transformer, Synchronous Generation, Three phase Induction motor. 6. Electronics :- Semiconductors diodes, Transistor, SCR, Amp & oscillators, OP Amp, Communication Systems, Number System and Digital Logic. 7. Mechanical Engineering :- Energy & Steam, Turbines steam, Gas & Water, Internal combustion Engines, Refrigeration and Air Conditioning, Lathe & Drilling Machines, Milling & Grinding Machines, Joining Processes, Lubrication & Bearing , Power Transmission and workshop technologies.
EKT SYLLABUS – COMPUTER AND ELECTRONICS
1. Digital Electronic Circuits:- Number representation and computer arithmetic (fixed and floating point),Boolean algebra and minimization of Boolean functions, Logic functions and logic gates, Minimization, Digital IC families (DTL, TTL, ECL, MOS, CMOS),Design and synthesis of combinational and sequential circuits, Combinational Circuits: arithmetic circuits, code converters, multiplexers, Decoders. Sequential circuits: latches and flip-flops, counters, shift-registers. 2. Analog Electronic Circuits: - Small Signal Equivalent circuits of diodes ,Simple diode circuits, clipping, clamping, rectifiers, Biasing and bias stability of transistor and FET amplifiers, Amplifiers, single-and multi-stage amplifiers, frequency response of amplifiers, Simple op-amp circuits, Sinusoidal oscillators and criterion for oscillation 3. Computer Organization and Architecture:- Machine instructions and addressing modes, Memory interface, Cache and main memory and Secondary storage. Microprocessor (8085): architecture and memory organisation. 4. Operating System:- Processes, Threads and Inter-process communication, Concurrency, Synchronization and Deadlock, CPU scheduling, Memory management and virtual memory, File systems and I/O systems, Protection and security. 5. Programming and Data Structures:- Programming in C and similar Structured programming languages. Functions, Recursion, Parameter passing, Scope, Binding; Abstract data types, Arrays, Stacks, Queues, Linked Lists, Trees, Binary search trees, Binary heaps. Databases:- ER-model, Relational model (relational algebra, tuple calculus), Database 6. design (integrity constraints, normal forms), Query languages (SQL), File structures (sequential files, indexing, B and B+ trees), Transactions and concurrency control. Computer Networks:- ISO/OSI stack, LAN technologies (Ethernet, Token ring), Flow 7. and error control techniques, Routing algorithms, Congestion control, TCP/UDP and sockets, IP(v4), Application layer protocols (icmp, dns, smtp, pop, ftp, http); Basic concepts of hubs, switches, gateways, and routers. Network security: basic concepts of public key and private key cryptography, digital signature, firewalls. 8. Information Systems and Software Engineering:- information gathering, requirement and feasibility analysis, data flow diagrams, process specifications, input/output design, process life cycle, planning and managing the project, design, coding, testing, implementation, maintenance.
EKT SYLLABUS- MECHANICAL
1. Engineering Mechanics :- Equivalent force systems, free-body concepts, equations of equilibrium, trusses and frames, virtual work and minimum potential energy. Kinematics and dynamics of particles and rigid bodies, impulse and momentum (linear and angular), energy methods, central force motion. 2. Strength of Materials :- Stress and strain, stress-strain relationship and elastic constants, Mohr’s circle for plane stress and plane strain, shear force and bending moment diagrams, bending and shear stresses, deflection of beams torsion of circular shafts, thin and thick cylinders, Euler’s theory of columns, strain energy methods, thermal stresses. 3. Theory of Machines :- Displacement, velocity and acceleration, analysis of plane mechanisms, dynamic analysis of slider-crank mechanism, planar cams and followers, gear tooth profiles, kinematics and design of gears, governors and flywheels, balancing of reciprocating and rotating masses. 4. Vibrations :Free and forced vibration of single degree freedom systems, effect of damping, vibration isolation, resonance, critical speed of rotors. 5. Fluid Mechanics:- Fluid properties, fluid statics, manometry, buoyancy -- Control-volume analysis of mass, momentum and energy, fluid acceleration -- Differential equation of continuity and momentum -- Bernoulli’s equation -- Viscous flow of incompressible fluids -- Boundary layer, Elementary turbulent flow -- Flow through pipes, head losses in pipes, bends etc. 6. Heat Transfer :- Modes of heat transfer -- One dimensional heat conduction, resistance concept, electrical analogy, unsteady heat conduction, fins -- Dimensionless parameters in free and forced convective heat transfer, Various correlations for heat transfer in flow over flat plates and through pipes -- Thermal boundary layer -- effect of turbulence -- Radiative heat transfer, black and grey surfaces, shape factors, network analysis -- Heat exchanger.
ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING 1. clipping. ion implantation. clamping. 555 Timers. intrinsic and extrinsic silicon. continuous-time and discrete-time Fourier series. autocorrelation. Filters. causality. minimization of Boolean functions. Bode and Nyquist plots. Microprocessor(8085): architecture. Semiconductor memories. Waye-Delta transformation. impulse response. Simple diode circuits. feedback. fundamental cut set and fundamental circuit matrices. rectifier. probability density function. and resistivity. Sequential circuits: latches and flip-flops. 7. BJTs. stability. TTL. Carrier transport in silicon: diffusion current. Zener diode. Digital circuits: Boolean algebra. CMOS). oxidation. and power. MOSFET. Amplifiers: single-and multi-stage. Power supplies. continuous-time and discrete-time Fourier Transform. Sample and hold circuits. multiplexers. n-tub. Sampling theorem. MOSFETs and analog CMOS. DFT and FFT. 3. p-n junction diode. group delay. convolution. MOS capacitor. Simple op-amp circuits. tunnel diode. Thevenin and Norton's maximum power transfer. Routh-Hurwitz criterion. BJT. block diagrammatic description. 5. Combinatorial circuits: arithmetic circuits. Network theorems: superposition. Linear constant coefficient differential equations. Control Systems: Basic control system components. photolithography. State variable representation and solution of state equation of LTI control systems. programming. elements of Proportional-Integral-Derivative (PID) control. Analog Circuits: Small Signal Equivalent circuits of diodes. diffusion. Communications: Random signals and noise: probability. phase delay. decoders. differential and operational. Sinusoidal oscillators. criterion for oscillation. Function generators and wave-shaping circuits. parallel and cascade structure. drift current. single-transistor and op-amp configurations. Solution methods: nodal and mesh analysis. JFET. time domain analysis of simple RLC circuits. Frequency response of amplifiers. PROMs and PLAs. Generation and recombination of carriers. Steady. random variables. mobility. Control system compensators: elements of lead and lag compensation. digital IC families (DTL. Electronic Devices: Energy bands in silicon. LED. Analog communication systems: . Open-loop and closed-loop (feedback) systems and stability analysis of these systems. logic gates. p-tub and twin-tub CMOS process. Biasing and bias stability of transistor and FET amplifiers.EKT SYLLABUS . Basics of LASERs. frequency response. 4. MOS. Signals and Systems: Definitions and properties of Laplace transform. 2. z-transform. State-equations for networks. Signal transmission through LTI systems. incidence. code converters. power spectral density. Signal flow graphs and their use in determining transfer functions of systems. Tools and techniques for LTI control system analysis: root loci. 2-port network parameters: driving point and transfer functions. reduction of block diagrams. 6. Device technology: integrated circuits fabrication process. ECL. counters and shift-registers. ADCs. Linear Time-Invariant (LTI) Systems: definitions and properties. p-I-n and avalanche photo diode. memory and I/O interfacing.state sinusoidal analysis using phasors. Solution of network equations using Laplace transform: frequency domain analysis of RLC circuits. transient and steady state analysis of LTI control systems and frequency response. poles and zeros. Networks: Network graphs: matrices associated with graphs. DACs.
skin depth. phase and group velocity. Maxwell's equations: differential and integral forms. PSK. impedance transformation. phase and frequency shift keying schemes (ASK. Poynting vector. dispersion relations. 8. matched filter receivers. differential pulse code modulation (DPCM). cut-off frequencies. signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) calculations for amplitude modulation (AM) and frequency modulation (FM) for low noise conditions. Fundamentals of information theory and channel capacity theorem. Gauss and Stokes theorems. Wave equation.amplitude and angle modulation and demodulation systems. elements of hardware. FSK). impedance matching. spectral analysis of these operations. Plane waves: propagation through various media. realizations of analog communication systems. superheterodyne receivers. Transmission lines: characteristic impedance. boundary conditions. pulse excitation. Basics of TDMA. reflection and refraction. Basics of propagation in dielectric waveguide and optical fibers. Basics of Antennas: Dipole antennas. S parameters. antenna gain. Electromagnetics: Elements of vector calculus: divergence and curl. . radiation pattern. digital modulation schemes: amplitude. bandwidth consideration and probability of error calculations for these schemes. FDMA and CDMA and GSM. Smith chart. Digital communication systems: pulse code modulation (PCM). Waveguides: modes in rectangular waveguides.
three phase transformers . C.Digital Electronics: Combinational logic circuits.c. Sequential circuits. analysis. KVL. parallel operation -auto transformer and three-winding transformer -. node/ cut set.concepts of ideal voltage and current sources.fractional horse power motors.Q-meter. Electrical and Electronic Measurements :.Network graph. staring and speed control. 5.oscillators and feedback amplifiers.equivalent circuit. power.starting. time and frequency measurement -. Schmitt trigger. PI.c.precision rectifier-. synchronous condensers -. servo and step motors. regulation. viscosity and humidity. On off.transfer function -. generators and motors . force.Principles of feedback -.stability-Routh and Nyquist criteria -Bode plots -. Measurement of pressure. IC families. torque. 3.principles of energy conversion. transient response of d. Measurement of displacement. Analog-to-Digital and Digital-to-Analog . 2. Mechanical Measurement and Industrial Instrumentation: Resistive. 4. flipflops. dynamometer and induction type instruments -measurement of voltage. plane and spherical charge distribution. parallel operation -. BJT. mesh/ tie set 1.Fourier series and its application -.Instrumentation amplifier-. electric field intensity and potential due to point. elementary concepts of filters --three phase circuits -. Analog and Digital Electronics :. Bridges and potentiometers.single-phase induction motors -. P. current. error analysis. immittance and transfer functions of two port networks. conductivity.Transducers.V-to-I and I-to-V converter --oscillators and signal generators--VCOs and timers.sinusoidal steady-state analysis -resonance in electrical circuits -.amplifiers-biasing.Ampere's and Biot-Savart's law. Multiplexer.performance characteristics. TTL. Mechanical.block diagrams: Signal flow graphs. Control Systems :. equivalent circuit and frequency response -. line.simple active filters -. network theorems. KCL.time delay systems-.connections. MOS and CMOS. shift registers. potentiometric recorders.synchronous generators performance.root loci -.synchronous motors . characteristics. Arithmetic circuits. oscilloscopes. Synchro pair. velocity and acceleration (translational and rotational). SCR -.Analog Electronics: Characteristics of diodes. minimization of Boolean functions.instrument transformers -digital voltmeters and multimeters -. P-I-D. tests. windings of rotating machines: D. timers and mono-stable multi-vibrator. energy and power factor -. vibration and shock.compensation -.Single phase transformer .state transition matrix and response for LTI systems. Capacitive. operational amplifiers. flow. armature reaction and commutation -. dielectrics. cascade. Inductive and piezoelectric transducers and their signal conditioning. temperature and liquid level. driving point. FET. starting and speed control -.Gauss theorem.characteristics and applications -. Measurement of pH.phase.characteristics. capacitance calculations for simple configurations -. inductance calculations for simple configurations. Electrical Machines :. feed forward and derivative controller.EKT SYLLABUS – ELECTRICAL & INSTRUMENTATION ENGINEERING Electrical Circuits and Fields:.phase and gain margin elementary state variable formulation -.three phase induction motors -. S/H circuit. networks -. applications. and a. Comparators. phasor diagram. hydraulic and pneumatic system components. regulation and efficiency -. Fuzzy controllers. permanent magnet and stepper motors. PMMC moving iron. Transient Response --steady-state errors -. counters.
converters. Amplitude shift keying. memory and input-output interfacing. Sampling theorem. IIR and FIR filters. Microcontrollers. Microprocessor applications. Systems and Communications: Periodic and 6. correlation and characteristics of linear time invariant systems. Basics of number system. Discrete time system. aperiodic signals. . Amplitude and frequency modulation and demodulation. Pulse transfer function. pulse code modulation.and second order systems.Signals. frequency shift keying and pulse shift keying for digital modulation. Convolution. Telecommunication Engineering :. Frequency and time division multiplexing. impulse and frequency response. Impulse response. transfer function and frequency response of first.
combustor and nozzle. Laminar turbulent flow. Equations of equilibrium.Thermodynamics. stressed skin. Theory of Aircraft Gas Turbine engines. Bernoulli’s equation. standard atmosphere. temperature etc thrust equation. drag.Stress and Strain. Failure theories. Pressure altitude.Carnot. indicated air speeds. static.Structure and properties of engineering materials and their applications.Atmosphere. centrifugal pumps and compressors. Airplane (fixed wing aircraft) configuration and various parts. plane stress and strain. Properties of pure substances. Lift. Brayton and Vapour compression cycles. strain-displacement relationship.Behaviour of ideal and real gases. Poissons ratio. ENGINEERING MATERIALS :. dynamic pressure equivalent. Loads on aircraft.Zeroth. propeller theory basics. altitude. centre of pressure. transition. Properties. . Buckling. ASI. Incompressible flow. introduction to Reynolds number. Aerothermodynamics of non rotating propulsion components: Intakes. Young’s modulus.. Classification of jet propulsion. torsion. VSI. various corrections for airspeeds. turbojet. Turn-bank indicator. Characteristics of aircraft structures and materials. Otto. Elements of rocket propulsion. Otto cycle. V-n diagram 5. Diesel. 4. Brayton cycle. preliminary. THERMODYNAMICS:. secondary and tertiary . calibrated. work and energy. Axial compressors and turbines. Rankine. 3. STRUCTURES:. heat treatment.EKT STLLABUS . effect of speed. viscous flows. Aerodynamic forces and moments.AE-AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING (MECHANICAL) 1.Irreversibility and availability -. Altimeter. Classification of structures. Primary flight instruments. PROPULSION :. gyroscope 2. Equations of equilibrium. Flexural shear flow in thin-walled sections. calculation of work and heat Analysis of thermodynamic cycles related to energy conversion -. FLIGHT MECHANICS / AERODYNAMICS :. fatigue and creep. bending and flexural shear. turboprop. Classification of aircraft. density altitude. First and Second laws of thermodynamics -Thermodynamic system and processes -. turbofan etc.
(a) 5.SAMPLE QUESTION PAPER GENERAL ENGINEERING 1. Which of the following paints is most fire resistant (a) (b) (c) (d) Bituminous paint Asbestos paint Aluminum paint Synthetic paint Ans.(b) 2. Two free parallel wires carrying current in the opposite directions (a) (b) (c) (d) Attract each other Repel each other Do not effect each other Get rotated to be perpendicular to each other Ans.(b) .(d) 3.(b) 4. Potassium paramagnet is used for (a) (b) (c) (d) Dechlorination Improving colour Reducing acidity Reducing hardness Ans. Which of the following material has the highest carbon percentage? (a) (b) (c) (d) Cast iron Mild steel High carbon steel Stainless steel Ans. All the magnetic materials looses their magnetic property when (a) (b) (c) (d) Dipped in water Dipped in oil Brought near piece of iron Strongly heated Ans.
following losses will be minimum (a) (b) (c) (d) Copper loss Iron loss Friction loss Shunt field copper loss Gas welding Fusion welding Thermic welding Arc welding Ans. In a d.(d) 7. Corona loss is less when the shape of the conductor is (a) (b) (c) (d) Circular Flat Oval Independent of shape Ans. The gas which is mainly responsible for the explosion in sewers is (a) (b) (c) (d) Methane Ethane Ammonia Carbon. The Wind screen of car made of (a) (b) (c) (d) Sheet glass Wired glass Laminated glass Flint glass Ans.(a) .(c) 8.c generator.6. Which of the welding process is used for welding of structures? (a) (b) (c) (d) Ans.(b) 10.monoxide Ans.(d) 9.
(b) 15.11. The proper use of lubricants cannot reduce (a) (b) (c) (d) Static friction Inertia Sliding friction Rolling friction Ans. Which of the following instrument is used for measuring the rate of flow of liquid of pipes (a) (b) (c) (d) Hydro meter Venturi meter Viscometer Falter pump Ans.(d) 12.(a) .(b) 13. The core of the transformer is assembled with laminated sheet so as to reduce (a) (b) (c) (d) Hysteresis loss Copper loss Magnetic noise Eddy current loss Ans. Which of the following is used in optical fibers (a) (b) (c) (d) Total internal reflection Scattering Diffraction Refraction Ans.(b) 14. Infra red radiation can be detected by (a) (b) (c) (d) Spectrometer Pyrometer Nanometer Photometer Ans.
A tunnel diode is (a) (b) (c) (d) High resistivity p-n junction diode A slow switching device An amplifying device A very heavily doped p-n junction diode Ans.C series motor should always be started with load because (a) (b) (c) (d) At no load it will rotate at dangerously high speed At no load it will not develop high starting torque It cannot start without load It draw a small amount of current at no load Ans. Powder clinges to the skin because of following property (a) (b) (c) (d) Adhesion Cohesion Surface tension Capillary action Ans.c generator is attributed to (a) (b) (c) (d) Quick reversal of current Reactance voltage Armature reaction High resistance of the brushes Ans.(d) 17. Metal attains super.(c) 19.(d) .(a) 20.(a) 18.16. D.conduction properties below the temperature of (a) (b) (c) (d) 0 deg K 100 deg C 100 deg K 10 deg K Ans. The sparking at the brushes in the d.
(c) 23. An ideal Op. One of the following types of noise becomes of great importance at high frequencies.21. (b) 22. Negative feedback in amplifier (a) (b) (c) (d) Improves the signal to noise ratio at the input Improves the signal to noise ratio at the output Does not affect the signal to noise ratio at the output Reduce the distortion. Ans.(b) 25. The effective channel length of a MOSFET in saturation decreases with increase in (a) (b) (c) (d) Gate voltage Drain voltage Source voltage Body voltage Ans.time noise Ans.(d) .(b) 24. It is the (a) (b) (c) (d) Shot noise Random noise Impulse noise Transit. The ON voltage and forward breakover voltage of an SCR depends on the (a) (b) (c) (d) Gate current alone Band gap of the semiconductor alone Gate current and the semiconductor band gap respectively Semiconductor bandgap and the gate current respectively Ans.Amp is an ideal (a) (b) (c) (d) Voltage controlled current source Voltage controlled voltage source Current controlled current source Current controlled voltage source Ans.
Entropy of mixture of two gases after sudden mixing is (a) (b) (c) (d) Greater than Less than Same as sum of entropy of individual gases Unpredictable Ans.(b) 27.(a) 29. the air/fuel ratio will (a) (b) (c) (d) Increase Decrease Increase and decrease Remains unchanged Ans.(a) 28.(a) . Piezoelectricity effect is the polarization of a dielectric under the influence of (a) (b) (c) (d) Light Mechanical stress Electrical stress Heat Ans. If air filter is removed in a petrol engine. In a two stage compression .(d) 30. Which component of refrigeration system controls the flow of refrigerant (a) (b) (c) (d) Expansion valve Condenser Compressor Evaporator Ans.26. inter -cooling is used for (a) (b) (c) (d) Reducing work of compression in the first stage Reducing temperature in the first stage Reduced work in the second stage Reducing work and temperature in the second stage Ans.
Laser beam welding has widest application in (a) (b) (c) (d) Mass production in heavy industry Jobbing industry Electronic industry Structure and bridge work Ans.(a) .(c) 32. The mnemonics used in writing a program is called (a) (b) (c) (d) Assembly language Fetch cycle Microinstruction Object program Ans.(b) 34. If a system of equation has one or more solution it is called (a) (b) (c) (d) Compatible Consistent Homogeneous Simultaneous Ans. y equals (a) (b) (c) (d) 0 1 2 3 Ans. In a microprocessor the register which holds the address of the next instruction to be fetched is (a) (b) (c) (d) Accumulator Program counter Stack pointer Instruction register Ans.31.(b) 35.(a) 33. In Equation x-2y+3z=0 and 2x+5y+3z=0.
For which of the following devices. An interrupt that can temporarily ignored by the counter is known as (a) (b) (c) (d) Vectored interrupt Non – maskable interrupt Maskable interrupt Low priority interrupt Ans. In real time operating system.(c) 40.36.(d) 38. which of the following is the most suitable scheduling scheme? (a) (b) (c) (d) Round robin First come first served Random scheduling Preemptive Ans.(c) . data is usually stored on the (a) (b) (c) (d) Server Client Network None of the above Ans. is DMA the most suitable (a) (b) (c) (d) Keyboard Mouse Joy stick Hard stick Ans.(a) 39. In client –server system . Identify the natural (a) (b) (c) (d) LISP PROLOG Both (a) and (b) Neither (a) and (b) Ans.(d) 37.
The hexadecimal digits are 0 to 9 and A to.. Ans: (c) . (a) (b) (c) (d) 9 and 0 0 and 1 1 and 2 None of the above Ans.. (a) (b) (c) (d) E F G None of the above Ans: (b) 5..SAMPLE QUESTION PAPER COMPUTER AND ELECTRONICS 1. The digits used in a binary systems are ……and ….. Which of the following input combinations is not allowed in an SR flip-flop? (a) S = 0. R = l (c) S=l.. (a) (b) (c) (d) Three Four Two None of the above. Ans: (c) 2. The hexadecimal number system is widely used in analyzing and programming (a) (b) (c) (d) Registers Chips Microprocessors None of the above.. Binary means...: (b) 3. Ans: (c) 4. R = Q (b) S = 0.. R=l (d) None of the above.
6. Ans: (a) . Ans: (c) 8. (b) 7. The clock signals are used in sequential logic circuits (a) (b) (c) (d) To tell the time of the day To tell how much time has elapsed since the system was turned on To synchronize events in various parts of a system None of the above. What logic function is obtained by adding an inverter to the output of an AND gate? (a) (b) (c) (d) OR NAND XOR None of the above. the resulting flip-flop is (a) (b) (c) (d) Ans JK flip-flop D flip-flop Master slave JK flip-flop None of the above. Ans: (c) 10. Ans: (b) 9. The 1's compliment of binary number 11010 is: (a) (b) (c) (d) 00101 00010 00110 None of the above. The simplified form of the Boolean expression (X + Y+XY) (X + Z) is (a) (b) (c) (d) X+Y+Z XY+YZ X+YZ None of the above. When an inverter is placed between both inputs of an SK flip-flop.
Index register Instruction registers Memory address register None of the above. A half-adder is also known as: (a) (b) (c) (d) AND circuit NOR circuit EX-ORcircuit None of the above. Which of the following is used as storage location both in the ALU and the control section of a computer? (a) (b) (c) (d) Accumulator Register Adder None of the above Ans: (b) .11.10101 1. The TWO’s compliment of binary number 0. Ans: (a) 12.01011 is : (a) (b) (c) (d) 1. The register which contains the instruction that is to be executed is known as (a) (b) (c) (d) Ans: 14.10100 None of the above.10101 0. (a) The input unit of a computer (a) (b) (c) (d) Feeds data to the CPU or memory Processor and I/O devices Directs all other units None of the above Ans: (a) 15. Ans:(c) 13.
Ans: (c) . in the order of increasing addresses is known as (a) (b) (c) (d) Instruction execution Straight line sequencing Instruction fetches None of the above. None of the above Ans: (b) . 20. The ALU of a computer normally contains a number of high speed storage elements called (a) (b) (c) (d) Semiconductor memory. None of the above. Hard disk. (c) 17.16. Time sharing. One of the main feature that distinguish microprocessors from micro-computers is (a) (b) (c) (d) Ans: Words are usually larger in micro-processors Words are shorter in micro-processors Microprocessor does not contain I/O devices None of the above. Ans: (b) 19. The process of fetching and executing instructions. (b) Interpreter. The process of executing several programms simultaneously by use of more than one processing unit is known as: (a) (b) (c) (d) Multi programming. Registers. Ans: (b) 18. (d) None of the above. one at a time. (c) Simulator. The programme which is run on one computer and which initiates the operation of another computer is known as (a) compiler. Multiprocessing.
Mainframe system. Processor. Time sharing system. Ans: (b) 22. (d) 25. The operating system manages (a) (b) (c) (d) Ans: Memory. Ans: (a) . Linker firmware. A software programme stored in a ROM that cannot be changed easily is known as (a) (b) (c) (d) Ans. Mutual sections. Disk and I/O devices. 23. None of the above (c) Which of the following operating systems use write through cache? (a) (b) (c) (d) Ans: UNIX DOS ULTRIX None of the above (b) 24. Critical sections. None of the above. Hardware. All of the above. Situations where two or more processes are reading or writing some shared data and final result depends on who runs precisely are called (a) (b) (c) (d) Race conditions. None of the above. The system which permits a large number of users at various remote terminals to simultaneously use a centrally located computer is known as (a) (b) (c) (d) Servomechanism system.21.
(b) Mutual Exclusion. (b) Shortest job first.26. (d) None of the above. (c) Shortest remaining time. Ans: (a) 29. (c) Arithmetic operators. (c) 28. Round robin scheduling is essentially the preemptive version of (a) FIFO. Non-modifiable procedures are called (a) Serially usable procedures. (b) Equality operators. (d) None of the above. Part of a programme where the shared memory is accessed and which should be executed indivisibly. is called (a) Semaphores. (d) None of the above. which of the following type of operators have the highest precedence (a) Relational operators. (b) Top down procedures. (b) Equality operators. Ans. . (c) Critical section. Ans: (c) 27. (d) None of the above. In C programming language. Ans. which of the following types of operators have the highest precedence? (a) Relational operators. (c) Arithmetic operators (d) None of the above Ans: (c) In C programming language. (c) 30. (c) Re-entrant procedures.
if the first and the second operands of operator + are of types int and float. In a Network Sending a bad routing information (like network unreachable) back to the originating router is called (a) (b) (c) (d) Split horizon Route Poisoning Reverse poisoning None of the above Ans. Ans: (a) . respectively. the result will be of type (a) Int (b) Float (c) char (d) None of the above Ans: (b) 32. how many parameters can be passed to a function ? (a) (b) (c) (d) one two As many parameters as are defined in the function definition none of the above Ans. Possible routes to all remote networks Neighbor routers from which it can learn about remote networks Destination Address All of these (d) An example of a malicious program that needs a host program is (a) (b) (c) (d) Logic Bomb Worm Bug None of these.31. (c) 33. In order to route data packets a router must know which of the following? (a) (b) (c) (d) Ans: 35. In C programming language. (c) 34. In C programming language.
SAMPLE QUESTION PAPER MECHANICAL 1. and thickness T subjected to a pull of P is given by (a) (b) (c) (d) e (1-2m) e (1-2/m) e (m-2) e (2/M-1) Ans: (b) 5. The movement of a force (a) (b) (c) (d) Occurs about a point Measures the capacity to do useful work Occurs only when bodies are in motion Measures the ability to produce turning or twisting about an axis Ans: (d) 3. The mechanism used in petrol engine is (a) (b) (c) (d) Crank mechanism Slider mechanism Slider crank mechanism Natural lines and circular Ans: (c) . After reaching the yielding stage while testing a mild steel specimen strain (a) (b) (c) (d) Becomes constant Strain start decreasing Increasing without any increase in load Non of the above Ans: (c) 4. breadth B. The resultant of a force acting on a body will be zero if the body (a) (b) (c) (d) Rotate with uniform deceleration Rotate with uniform acceleration Does not rotate Rotates Ans: (c) 2. Volumetric strain for a rectangular of length L.
50 mm 5.20 Ns/m Perpendicular to its axis Parallel to its axis In a circle about its axil None of these Ans: (c) 10. An ideal fluid is (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) Similar to a perfect gas Friction less and incompressible One which obeys Newtons laws of viscosity One which satisfies continuity equation One which flows through pipes with least friction Ans: (b) .6. A mass of 1 Kg is attached to the end of a sprig with stiffness 0. A coarse screw of major diameter 6.40 Ns/m 18.522 Ns/m 52. (a) (b) (c) (d) Ans: (b) 9.00 mm Ans: (b) 7.. M 10 screws have a pitch of (a) (b) (c) (d) 0.25 mm 2.00 mm and pitch is designated as (a) (b) (c) (d) 1x6M Coarse M 6 M6 6Mx6x1 Ans: (c) 8. Longitudinal vibration are set to occur when the particles of a body moves. The critical damping coefficient of the system is (a) (b) (c) (d) 1.7 N/mm.92 Ns/m 529.5 mm 1.
All heat transfer processes (a) (b) (c) (d) Involve transfer of energy Involve temperature difference between the bodies Obeys the first law of the thermodynamics Obeys second law of thermodynamics Ans: (b) 14. A heat exchanger that can remove fix quantity of heat form a system is available where should it be installed for best economy (a) (b) (c) (d) Prior to first stage compression As intercooler After final stage compression Depends upon size of installation Ans: (a) . Which insulating material is a suitable low temperature application? (a) (b) (c) (d) Cork Asbestos paper Diatomaceous earth 85 % magnesia Ans: (c) 15. The stress Strain relation of the Newtonian fluids is (a) (b) (c) (d) Linear Parabolic Hyperbolic Involutic Ans: (a) 12. may be defined as the ration of (a) (b) (c) (d) Viscous forces to inertial forces Elastic forces to pressure forces Viscous forces to gravity forces None of the above Ans: (d) 13. The Reynolds No.11.
16. In Jet engine the compression ration (a) (b) (c) (d) Varies with altitude Varies with square of speed Varies as cube of speed remains constant Ans: (b) . During adiabatic compression (a) (b) (c) (d) No heat leaves or enters the system Maximum work is done Specific heat remains constant Temperature remains constant Ans: (a) 19. The performance of air compressor at high altitudes as compared to that at sea level will be (a) (b) (c) (d) Better Same Inferior Will depend upon temperature of air Ans: (c) 17. Which is incorrect? (a) (b) (c) (d) Compression ration= Initial volume +final Volume Final pressure= Initial Pressure x Compression ration Initial pressure= Final pressure+Compression ration None of the above Ans: (d) 18. In multistage turbines by introducing reheating (a) (b) (c) (d) Thermal efficiency improves The output of turbine increases Work done by compressor reduces The ratio compressor work/turbine decreases Ans: (a) 20.
Gas turbine used in aircraft is of (a) (b) (c) (d) Open cycle type Closed cycle type with reheating Closed cycle type with reheating and regeneration Open cycle type with reheating. An axial flow compressor is suitable for (a) (b) (c) (d) High volume flow rates with a small pressure rise High volume flow rate with high pressure rise Low volume flow rates with low pressure rise Low volume flow rates with high pressure rise Ans: (c) 23. at (a) (b) (c) (d) Subsonic speed Sonic speed Super sonic Subsonic to supersonic speed Ans: (b) . Thermal efficiency of a gas turbine cycle can be improved by (a) (b) (c) (d) Reheating between the expansion stage Intercooling between compression stages Regeneration Any of the above Ans: (d) 24. In a nozzle under choked flow conditions pressures waves travel. in the divergent portion.21. An axial flow compressor has (a) (b) (c) (d) Larger blade at gas entry and smaller blades at exit Smaller blade at gas entry and larger blades at exit Identical blades at exit as well as entry Size of blades remains same only angles changes Ans: (a) 22. regeneration and intercooling Ans: (a) 25.
The flow on two sides of a normal shock wave is (a) (b) (c) (d) Subsonic Sonic Supersonic Supersonic on one side and subsonic on the other side Ans: (d) 28. In a nozzle if back pressure is equal to inlet pressure (a) (b) (c) (d) No flow occurs Maximum flow occurs Flow is subsonic in diverging section Flow is supersonic in convergent section as well as supersonic section Ans: (b) 27. Identify the correct statement (a) All materials undergo plastic deformation (b) A completely brittle material would not fracture at elastic limit (c) Brittleness is an important engineering consideration. The defect responsible for the phenomenon of slip by which most metals deform plastically. because it allows the material to be redistribute localize stresses. is known as (a) (b) (c) (d) Fracture Twining Dislocation Strain hardening Ans: (c) . (d) A metal which is brittle in tension may be ductile under hydro static compression Ans: (d) 30.26. The diverging portion of the nozzle acts as a diffuser for (a) (b) (c) (d) Subsonic flow Supersonic flow Both the subsonic as well as supersonic flow None of the above Ans: (a) 29.
Fatigue failure occurs when a part is subjected to (a) (b) (c) (d) Tensile stress Compressive stress Torsion Fluctuating stress Ans:(d) 32. Stress concentration occurs when (a) (b) (c) (d) A body is subjected to excessive stress A body is subjected to unidirectional stress A body is subjected to fluctuating stress A body is subjected to non uniform stress distribution Ans: (d) 33.31. A material subjected to reversal of stresses does not fail at a stress known as (a) (b) (c) (d) fatigue stress Proof stress Safe stress Endurance stress Ans: (d) . Stress concentration may be caused by (a) (b) (c) (d) Change in cross sectional area Change in shape Change in dimension A hole or a notch in the body Ans:(d) 34. its The inability of a body to change its state of rest or uniform motion along a straight line is called (a) (b) (c) (d) Momentum Velocity Acceleration Inertia Ans: (d) 35.
: (b) 3.: (d) 4. An ideal op-amp is an ideal (a) (b) (c) (d) voltage controlled current source voltage controlled voltage source current controlled current source current controlled voltage source Ans. Which one of the following filters has highest Q (Quality Factor) (a) (b) (c) (d) Mechnical Filter Garnet Filter Atomic Filter Quartz Filter Ans.: (b) 5.5 V has a resolution close to 14m V. A digital-to-analog converter with a full-scale output voltage of 3. : (c) .: (c) 2. The phase velocity of an electromagnetic wave propagating in a hollow metallic rectangular waveguide in the TE10 mode is (a) (b) (c) (d) Equal to its group velocity Less than the velocity of light in free space Equal to the velocity of light in free space Greater than the velocity of light in free space Ans. Its bit size is (a) (b) (c) (d) 4 8 16 32 Ans.EKT SAMPLE PAPER ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING 1. A master-slave flip-flop has the characteristic that (a) (b) (c) (d) Change in the input immediately reflected in the output Change in the output occurs when the state of the master is affected Change in the output occurs when the state of the slave is affected Both the master and the slave states are affected at the same time Ans.
The bandgap of Germanium at room temperature is (a) (b) (c) (d) 1.1 eV 1. Colpitts oscillator is an electrical dual of (a) (b) (c) (d) Hartley Oscillator Clapp Oscillator Pierce Oscillator Armstrong Oscillator Ans.7 eV 1. the signal to quantization noise ratio improves by the factor (a) (b) (c) (d) 8/6 12 16 8 Ans.3 eV 0.6.: (c) 7. In a PCM system. Ans. To allow a number of signals to make use of a single communications channel. respectively.: (d) 8. is (a) (b) (c) (d) SPHL 2050H SPHL2051H SHLD 2050H STAX 2050H Ans. if the code word length is increased from 6 to 8 bits.4 eV Ans. To reduce the bandwidth of a signal.: (b) 10. The 8085 assembly language instruction that stores the content of H and L registers into the memory locations 2050H and 2051H.: (c) . To select one radio channel from a wide range of transmitted channels. : (a) 9. What is the primary function of multiplexing? (a) (b) (c) (d) To match the frequency range of a signal to a particular channel.
: (b) . Which of the following is not included in the process of reception (a) (b) (c) (d) Decoding Encoding Storage Interpretation Ans. The total modulation index will be (a) (b) (c) (d) 1 Cannot be calculated unless phase relation is known 0. A carrier wave is simultaneously modulated by two sine wave with modulation indices of 0.3 and 0.: (c) 14.: (d) 13. One of the following types of noise becomes of great importance at high frequencies beyond GHz ranges.5 0.: (d) 15.11. Indicate which one of the following is not an advantage of FM over AM (a) (b) (c) (d) Better noise immunity is provided Lower bandwidth is required The transmitted power is more useful Less modulating power is required Ans.: (b) 12. It is (a) (b) (c) (d) Filter method Phase-shift method Third method Balanced modulator Ans.4. It is the (a) (b) (c) (d) Shot noise Impulse noise Random noise Transit–time noise Ans.7 Ans. the One of the following cannot be used to remove the unwanted sideband in SSB modulation.
10) and (F3.6 Ans. G2) = (11. s3 . (F2.: (c) 20. A super heterodyne receiver with an IF of 450 kHz is tuned to a signal at 1200 kHz. The overall noise figure of the amplifier will be (a) (b) (c) (d) 4. the line is terminated in (a) (b) (c) (d) a short circuit a complex impedance an open circuit a pure reactance Ans. G3) = (101. If the noise figure and gain of the three stages of a three stage amplifier are (F1. : (c) 19.: (b) 18.: (d) 17. The SWR on a transmission line is infinity. The noise voltage across a resistor maintained at an absolute temperature T (a) (b) (c) (d) is directly proportional to the Resistance is directly proportional to the square of the resistance is directly proportional to the square root of the resistance is directly proportional to the bandwidth of measurement Ans.4s2 + s + 6 = 0 . Indicate the false statement. the number of roots in the left half of s-plane will be (a) (b) (c) (d) 0 1 2 3 Ans.: (b) . 10).6 11.16. 10) respectively. For the equation.6 6 6. G1) = (4. The image frequency in this case would be (a) (b) (c) (d) 750 kHz 900 kHz 1650 kHz 2100 kHz Ans.
It is easier to excite than the other modes propagation of it without any spurious generation can be ensured Ans.fi Ans. The primary purpose of the helix in a Travelling Wave Tube (TWT) is to: (a) (b) (c) (d) Prevent the electron beam from spreading in the long tube Reduce the axial velocity of the RF field Ensure broadband operation Reduce the Noise Figure Ans.: (a) 22.fp fp . Indicate which of the systems is digital: (a) pulse position modulation (b) pulse code modulation (c) pulse width modulation (d) pulse frequency modulation Ans. The Shannon-Hartley law: (a) (b) (c) (d) refers to distortion defines bandwidth describes signaling rates refers to noise Ans. A non degenerate parametric amplifier has an input frequency fi and a pump frequency fp.: (b) 24.: (d) 25.: (b) . The dominant mode of propagation is preferred with rectangular waveguides because (indicate the false statement) (a) (b) (c) (d) It leads to smallest waveguide dimensions The resulting impedance can be matched directly to coaxial lines.: (c) 23.21. The idler frequency is: (a) (b) (c) (d) fi 2fi fi .
The maximum power that may be handled by a ferrite component at microwave frequencies is limited by the: (a) (b) (c) (d) Curie Temperature Saturation Magnetisation Line Width Gyrometric Resonance Ans.: (d) 28. The Field Effect Transistors has following characteristics: (a) (b) (c) (d) Its operation depends on flow of majority carriers only. Telephone traffic is measured: (a) (b) (c) (d) With echo cancellers By the relative congestion In terms of the grade of service In Erlangs Ans. : (a) .: (a) 29. Full duplex operation: (a) (b) (c) (d) requires two pairs of cables can transfer data in both directions at once requires modems at both ends of the circuit all of the above Ans. Biggest disadvantage of PCM is: (a) (b) (c) (d) Its inability to handle analog signals the higher error rate which its quantizing noise introduces its incompatibility with TDM the large bandwidth that are required for it Ans.: (d) 27. It exhibits low input resistance It is more noisy than a BJT All of the above Ans.: (d) 30.26.
: (d) 33. equipment. : (c) 35. connecters. : (c) . and installation loss of power due to defective components Total power available minus the attenuation losses comparative costs of fiber and copper installations Ans. The code which provides for parity checks is: (a) (b) (c) (d) Baudot EBCDIC ASCII CCITT-2 Ans. The terms single mode and multi mode in optical fiber are best described as: (a) (b) (c) (d) The number of fibers placed into a fiber optic cable number of voice channels each fiber can support number of wavelengths each fiber can support the index number Ans. and installation loss of power due to defective components Total power available minus the attenuation losses comparative costs of fiber and copper installations Ans. equipment.31.: (c) 34. connecters. The term power budgeting in optical communication refers to: (a) (b) (c) (d) The cost of cable. not nearly the alternate ones simplify the vertical sink pulse train avoid flicker Ans. The term power budgeting in optical communication refers to: (a) (b) (c) (d) The cost of cable. Interlacing is used in television to: (a) (b) (c) (d) produce the illusion of motion ensures that all the lines on the screen are scanned.: (c) 32.
(a). .79 kA (c) 23.25 kA (d) 27. the number of poles required in the generator are: (a) (b) (c) (d) 6 12 16 24 Ans. 2. (c). (b). The following motor definitely has a permanent magnet rotor (a) (b) (c) (d) DC commutator motor Brushless dc motor Stepper motor Reluctance motor Ans. 3. The line current when operating at full load rated conditions will be (a) 13.43 kA (b) 15.5 kV at 0. The basic requirement of a dc armature winding is that it must be (a) (b) (c) (d) Closed one Lap winding Wave winding Either (b) or (c) Ans. In order to produce power at 50 Hz. 4.EKT SAMPLE PAPER ELECTRICAL AND INSTRUMENTATION ENGINEERING 1. (d). A hydraulic turbine having rated speed of 250 rpm is connected to a synchronous generator.36 kA Ans. A 500 MW 3-phase Y-connected synchronous generator has a rated voltage of 21.85pf.
(c). In relation to the synchronous machines. (c) . and the base-collector junction is reverse biased.5. (c)The base-emitter junction is forward biased. (d) 9. (b) The base-emitter junction is reverse biased. and the base-collector junction is forward biased. (c) Short circuit ratio is the ratio of the field current required to produce the rated voltage on open circuit to the rated armature current. A bipolar junction transistor (BJT) is used as a power control switch by biasing it in the cut-off region (OFF state) or in the saturation region (ON state). (d) Both the base-emitter and base-collector junctions are forward biased. Ans. which one of the following statements is false? (a) In salient pole machines.meter works on the principle of (a) (b) (c) (d) Mutual inductance Self inductance Series resonance Parallel resonance Ans. (c) 8.4s2 + s + 6 = 0. (b) 6. Total instantaneous power supplied by a 3-phase ac supply to a balanced R-L load is (a) (b) (c) (d) Zero Constant Pulsating with zero average Pulsating with non-zero average Ans. (b) The damper bars help the synchronous motor self-start. Ans. the direct-axis synchronous reactance is greater than the quadrature-axis synchronous reactance. for the BJT (a) Both the base-emitter and base-collector junctions are reverse biased. (d) The V-curve of a synchronous motor represents the variation in the armature current with field excitation. the number of roots in the left half of s-plane will be (a) (b) (c) (d) 0 1 2 3 Ans. at a given output power. In the ON state. The Q . For the equation. s3. 7.
13. In dc generators. Its bit size is (a) 4 (b) 8 (c) 16 (d) 32 Ans. 14. . The series field of a short shunt dc generator is excited by __________ currents. (a) 12.10. (a) (b) (c) (d) shunt armature load external Ans. A digital-to-analog converter with a full-scale output voltage of 3. the effect of armature reaction on the main pole flux is to (a) (b) (c) (d) Reduce it Distort it Reverse it Both a & b Ans. (d). (b). The conduction loss versus device current characteristic of a power MOSFET is best approximated by (a) (b) (c) (d) a parabola a straight line a rectangular hyperbola an exponentially decaying function Ans. The output voltage waveform of a three-phase square-wave inverter contains (a) (b) (c) (d) Only even harmonics Both odd and even harmonics Only odd harmonics Only triple harmonics Ans.5 V has a resolution close to 14 mV. (c) 11. (c).
(c). Minimum value of the input from the true value T. 17. 2-Q. 2-Q. Ans.15. 16. 3-P. 4-T 1-R... Repeatability of readings on successive observations Q.. 4-Q 1-T.. 3-P. The following terms used in the context of an instrument are numbered as shown: (i) accuracy. 2-T. 2-Q. (a) (b) (c) (d) 9 and 0 0 and 1 1 and 2 None of the above Ans.. 4-S 1-S. (b). An amplifier of gain 10. (ii) sensitivity. Its output will be (a) (b) (c) (d) ± 10 V amplitude square wave ± 2.1 V/s is fed with a10 KHz symmetrical square wave of ± 1 V amplitude. 3-P. 3-R.5 V amplitude triangular wave Ans. with a gain-bandwidth product of 1 MHz and slew rate of 0. (a) (b) (c) (d) 1-P. Ratio of the change in the instrument reading to the change in the measured variable. (a) (b) (c) (d) Three Four Two None of the above... . Smallest perceptible change in the output R. (c) 18. 4-R Ans. Binary means. Deviation of the output from the true value S.and …. (iii) precision and (iv) resolution Match these with their possible definitions listed below P. (c).5 V amplitude square wave ± 10 V amplitude triangular wave ± 2. The digits used in a binary number system are ….
Ans. Consider the following systems: System 2: G(s) = = 1 2 ( 5S + 1) 1 2 ( 2S + 1) System 1: G(s) The true statement regarding the system is (a) (b) (c) (d) Bandwidth of system 1 is greater than Bandwidth of system 1 is lower than Bandwidth of both the systems are the same. 21. (b).19. 20. (a). c the The 3-dB cut-off frequency of a first analog high pas filter is output will have a phase shift (a) (b) (c) (d) -π/2 -π/4 π/2 π/4 Ans. If the meter reads 2.00 mA on a full scale of 20mA. the worst-case error is (a) (b) (c) (d) 0.5% of reading ± 5 counts). of To tell the time of the day To tell how much time has elapsed since the system was turned on To synchronize events in various parts of a system None of the above. (c). the the bandwidth bandwidth of of system system 2. Bandwidth of both the systems are infinite.5% 3. 2. 22. (c).0% 5. A 3 ½ digit multimeter has an accuracy specification of (± 0.5% Ans. The clock signals are used in sequential logic circuits (a) (b) (c) (d) Ans. .5% 2.
A twisted pair of wires is used for connecting the signal source with the instrumentation amplifier.23. (c). As compared to oscillators. Ans. (c). (a). One of the thermocouple junctions is immersed in a flask containing ice and water in equal proportion. (d) Time required for the output signal to reaches 5% of the final value.25°C 50°C Ans. (b) Two times the time constant. . The error due to bias currents in the amplifier.5°C 51. as it helps reducing (a) (b) (c) (d) The effect of external interference. 26. Ans. 25. The loading of the source by the amplifier. The other thermocouple is at a temperature T. the temperature T is (a) (b) (c) (d) 205°C 102. 24. inverters provide (a) (b) (c) (d) Distorted o/p Highly stabilized o/p Low freq o/p None of the above Ans. For a first order instrument a 5% settling time is equal to (a) Three times the time constant. The two copper wires are connected to the input of a low noise chopper stabilized differential amplifier having a gain of 1000. 27. I2 and I3 meet at a node with I1entering and I2 and I3 leaving the node. If the output of the amplifier is 2. (d).050V. (c) The time constant. Three DC currents I1. Then the value of I3 and the accuracy of I3 are (a) (b) (c) (d) 1 mA ± 20% 199 mA ± 2% 1 mA ± 2% 1 mA ± 199% Ans. Two copper-constantan thermocouples are connected such that the two constantan wires are joined together. (c). I1 and I2 are measured as 100mA and 99 mA with a ± 1% accuracy. The common mode voltage.
(c). 31. 29. The oscillations (a) (b) (c) (d) Can be reduced by increasing Can be reduced by increasing the integral action. A second order feedback system is found to be oscillating with a high frequency. if the code word length is increased from 6 to 8 bits. Can be reduced by increasing the derivative action. The cascade amplifier is a multistage configuration of (a) (b) (c) (d) CC-CB CE-CB CB-CC CE-CC Ans. the proportional action. (b).28. Change in the output occurs when the state of the master is affected. In a PCM system. (c). (b). Ans. (c). the signal to quantization noise ratio improves by the factor (a) (b) (c) (d) 8/6 12 16 8 Ans. Both the master and the slave states are affected at the same time. . Cannot be reduced. Ans. 30. A master-slave flip-flop has the characteristic that (a) (b) (c) (d) Change in the input immediately reflected in the output. Change in the output occurs when the state of the slave is affected. A phase lag compensation coil (a) (b) (c) (d) Improves relative stability Increases bandwidth Increases overshoot None of the above Ans. 32.
(c). The bandwidth of the output signal is (a) (b) (c) (d) 370 kHz 190 kHz 380kHz 95kHz Ans. Meggar is an instrument used for measuring (a) (b) (c) (d) current voltage insulation resistance power Ans. An ideal op-amp is an ideal (a) (b) (c) (d) voltage controlled current source voltage controlled voltage source current controlled current source current controlled voltage source Ans. 34.33. A device with input x (t) and output y (t) is characterized by: y (t) = x2 (t). 35. An FM signal with frequency deviation of 90 kHz and modulating signal bandwidth of 5 kHz is applied to this device. (c). (b). .
Which of the following is a scalar quantity (a) (b) (c) (d) velocity of a gear acceleration of a car force in friction area of a triangle Ans: (d) 2. The Bernoulli’s equation talks about (a) (b) (c) (d) Energy transfer from one form to another Energy and mass transfer Mass transfer of fluids None of the above Ans: (a) 5.SAMPLE QUESTION PAPER AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING 1. Separation of flow is caused by (a) (b) (c) I (d) reduction of pressure in the direction flow decrease in the boundary layer thickness ncrease of velocity in the direction of flow adverse pressure gradient Ans: (d) 3. A pitot tube senses (a) (b) (c) (d) stagnation pressure average pressure maximum pressure velocity head pressure Ans: (a) 4. The process in which pressure & density decrease where as the velocity increase are known as following regions : (a) (b) (c) (d) Expansion Compression Neutral None of these Ans: (a) .
In case of a rocket engine the mixture of fuel and oxidiser is called (a) (b) (c) (d) Oxygen fuel Oxidiser Propellent ATF Ans: (c) . Diffuser must provide minimum (a) (b) (c) (d) Pressure loss Velocity loss Density loss None of these Ans: (a) 8. Free turbine is used in (a) (b) (c) (d) Turbo jet and Turboprop Turbofan and Turboprop Turboprop and Reciprocating Turboprop and Turboshaft Ans: (d) 10. A closed cycle gas turbine works on (a) (b) (c) (d) Carnot cycle Rankine cycle Brayton cycle Joule cycle Ans: (c) 7. Best suited Gas turbine engine for aircraft is (a) (b) (c) (d) Constant Pressure Constant volume Combination of a & b None of the above Ans: (a) 9.6.
Aircraft thrust is generated based on principle of (a) (b) (c) (d) Newtons first law Charles Law Newtons Third law None of the above. In a gas turbine. Ans: (a) 15. The combustion is initiated in a gas turbine engine by (a) (b) (c) (d) Igniter Plug Spark Plug Torch Igniters both (a) and (c) Ans: (d) 14. Ans: (a) .11. The maximum temperature in combustion chamber of a typical aircraft engine is (a) 850 deg to 1700 deg C (b) 100 deg to 200 deg C (c) 300 deg to 500 deg K (d) None of these. the combustion of fuel and air is carried out in (a) (b) (c) (d) Combustion chamber Compressor Turbine None of these. Ans: (c) 13. Turbojet engine produces thrust by (a) (b) (c) (d) acclerating large mass of gas through small velocities acclerating small mass of gas through small velocities acclerating small mass of gas through large velocities none of the above Ans: (c) 12.
The combination of rotors and stators is found in (a) (b) (c) (d) Axial flow compressors Centrifugal flow compressors Reciprocating compressors None of these Ans: (a) 18. In centrifugal flow compressor inlet flow is taking place in (a) (b) (c) (d) Axial direction Radial direction None of these Both (a) and (b) Ans: (b) 17. Which of the following forces are called axial forces? (a) (b) (c) (d) Shear and compression Torsion and shear Tension and shear Tension and compression Ans: (d) 19.16. Stress is a (a) (b) (c) (d) Vector Scalar Tensor Special scalar Ans: (c) . The free turbine configuration is used in (a) (b) (c) (d) Turbo prop and turbo shaft Turbo jet Pulse jet Ram jet Ans: (d) 20.
In Jet engine the compression ratio (a) (b) (c) (d) Varies with altitude Varies with square of speed Varies as cube of speed remains constant Ans: (b) . In multistage turbines by introducing reheating (a) Thermal efficiency improves (b) The output of turbine increases (c) Work done by compressor reduces (d) The ratio compressor work/turbine decreases Ans: (a) 25.21. Aerofoil shape is imparted to the aircraft wing by structures known as (a) (b) (c) (d) Longerons Stringers Ribs Spars Ans: (d) 24. Reynolds No. may be defined as the ratio of (a) (b) (c) (d) Inertial forces to Viscous forces Elastic forces to pressure forces Viscous forces to gravity forces None of the above Ans: (a) 23. The mechanism used in petrol engine is (a) (b) (c) (d) Crank mechanism Slider mechanism Slider crank mechanism Natural lines and circular Ans: (c) 22.
In simple harmonic motion the acceleration is proportional to (a) (b) (c) (d) Displacement Linear velocity Angular velocity Rate of change of angular velocity Ans: (a) . Stress concentration occurs when (a) (b) (c) (d) A body is subjected to excessive stress A body is subjected to unidirectional stress A body is subjected to fluctuating stress A body is subjected to non uniform stress distribution Ans: (d) 28.26. A material subjected to reversal of stresses does not fail at a stress known as (a) (b) (c) (d) fatigue stress Proof stress Safe stress Endurance stress Ans: (d) 30. regeneration and intercooling Ans: (a) 27. The inability of a body to change its state of rest or uniform motion along a straight line is called its (a) (b) (c) (d) Momentum Velocity Acceleration Inertia Ans: (d) 29. Gas turbine used in aircraft is of (a) (b) (c) (d) Open cycle type Closed cycle type with reheating Closed cycle type with reheating and regeneration Open cycle type with reheating.
LP and HP compressors are coupled (a) (b) (c) (d) Rigidly by shaft Thermodynamically Aerodynamically None of the above Ans: (b) . Resistance offered by a body against external distorting force is called (a) (b) (c) (d) strain stress shear strain modulas Ans: (a) 33.31. In a structure bending moment is maximum when (a) (b) (c) (d) Shear force is maximum Shear force is zero Axial force is zero Axial force is maximum Ans: (b) 35. Inviscid and incompressible flow means (a) (b) (c) (d) Viscosity and pressure are constant Viscosity is zero and density is constant Viscosity is constant and density is zero None of the above Ans: (b) 34. The relation Stress/Strain is called as (a) (b) (c) (d) Youngs modulus Rigidity modulus Shear modulus Poisson's ratio Ans: (a) 32.
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