420KV SF6 CIRCUIT BREAKER OPERATION AND TESTING

CONTENT: Introduction Classification of circuit breakers Advantages of SF6 circuit breaker Technical data Constructional details Arc phenomenon Operating principle Conclusion .

arc extinction and modes of operation of 420 KV SF6 circuit breaker. . its disadvantages. The second part covers introduction to IEC 62271-100 standards and various types of tests. arc phenomenon. types of circuit breaker.The operation of 420KV SF6 circuit breakers was explained. The various routine tests recommended by IEC 62271-100 standard is described and the results of the test are compared with the specified values. constructional features of the breaker in which various parts of the circuit breaker are explained.ABSTRACT: This project is titled ³420 KV SF6 CIRCUIT BREAKER OPERATION AND TESTING ³. A list of various types and routine test is also included. the properties and advantages of SF6 circuit breaker. technical data. It also deals with the basic working principle. The first deals with the basic introduction to a circuit breaker.

The circuit breaker serves two basic purposes: 1. . transmission and distribution have become very important and circuit breaker is a vital component in the transmission system achieves greater significance. power generation.INTRODUCTION: With the ever-increasing demand for energy.Switching during abnormal conditions such as short circuit and interrupting fault currents. Switching during normal operating conditions for the purpose of operation and maintenance. A circuit breaker is a device which can make or break a circuit manually or by remote control under normal conditions. 2. break a circuit automatically under fault conditions and make a circuit either manually or by remote control after fault cleared.

CLASSIFICATION OF CIRCUIT BREAKERS: .

Medium and low voltage switchgear and high voltage as Insulated Switchgear ( IS) are categorised as indoor type Where as the out.CLASSIFICATION BY LOCATION: Switchgear based on where it is located is classi ied as indoor and out-door type.door switchgear which has air as an external insulating medium is categorised as air insulated switchgear ( IS) .

CLASSIFICATION BY EXTERNAL DESIGN: Out-door circuit breakers can be identified as either dead-tank or live-tank type circuit breakers. . the switching device is located with suitable insulator supports inside a metallic vessel(s) at ground potential and filled with insulating medium. The live tank circuit breakers are cheaper and they require less mounting space. In Dead tank circuit breaker. In Live tank circuit breaker the interrupter(s) is/are located in an insulator bushing/s and are at a potential above the ground´. from the point of view of their physical structural design.

CLASSIFICATION BY INTERRUPTING MEDIA: Depending upon the interrupting media the circuit breakers are classified into Air Blast Circuit Breaker Oil circuit breakers Vacuum circuit breaker SF6 gas circuit breaker .

g coal mines. .ADVANTAGES OF SF6 GAS CIRCUIT BREAKERS: SF6 is an electro-negative gas and has a strong tendency to absorb free electrons . such breakers can interrupt much larger currents. they are particularly suitable where explosion hazard exists e. The dielectric strength of SF6 gas is 2 to 3 times that of air. Since SF6 breakers are totally enclosed and sealed from atmosphere . There is no risk of fire because SF6 gas is non-flammable. so it has very short arcing time. The SF6 circuit breakers requires low maintenance .

One minute power frequency withstand voltage Rated frequency Rated normal current Rated short -circuit breaking current Rated short-circuit making current Rated short.3sec-CO-3mins-CO KA Sec -- .circuit current duration Rated duty cycle KV 420 KVp KV HZ A KA 1425 520-610 50 3150 40 2.0.TECHNICAL DATA: Electrical data: Rated voltage Rated insulation level .Lightening impulse withstand voltage(1.5 times rated short-circuit breaking current 3 O.2/250us) .

OPERATI TI I : Closing time Opening time Arcing time Break time ms ms ms Cycles 100 max 22 max 18 max 2 .

CONSTRUCTIONAL ETAILS: The main parts of the SF6 circuit breaker are: Interrupt assembly Bell-crank mechanism Support insulator Hydraulic mechanism Control cabinet .

The ionised air or vapour acts as conductor and an arc is struck between the contacts. The heat produced in the medium between contacts is sufficient to ionise the air or vaporize and ionise the oil. At the instant when the contacts begin to separate.ARC PHENOMENON: When short circuit occurs. the contact area decreases rapidly and large fault currents causes increased current density and hence rise in temperature. The p. The arc provides a low resistance path and consequently the current in the circuit remains uninterrupted so long as the arc persists. a heavy current flows through the contacts of the circuit breaker before they are opened by the protective system. .d between the contacts is quite small and is just sufficient to maintain the arc.

OPERATING PRINCIPLE: .

. constructional features circuit breaker. advantages of SF6 circuit breaker. classification of circuit breakers depending upon different consideration.CONCLUSION: Thus in our presentation we are explained about basic introduction of circuit breaker. Arc phenomenon operating principle of SF6 circuit breaker and the process of arc extinction. technical data .

HYD.REFERENCES: TEXT OOKS: 1.GOOGLE.BHEL.COM. WEBSITES: 1. WWW.PRINCIPLES OF POWER SYSTEM .WWW.MEHTA ROHIT MEHTA 2.OPERATION & MAINTANCE OF SF6 CIRCUIT BREAKER ± BHEL.V.ABB. .COM 2. WWW.COM 3.K.

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