Bluetooth Technology

"Automatic communication between various devices within a small area in a house or an office makes it possible to provide unique and innovative services to a professional worker or a small group of workers using portable devices. Bluetooth technology has this potential and is coming along fast and quick. It will replace clumsy wires, make information transfer automatic without synchronization cradles and introduce many new applications. Technology visionaries hope that it will do what infra red could not do over the past six years." - Editor

In an attempt to standardize data transfer and synchronization between disparate mobile devices in the short-distance range, Intel and Microsoft established in 1998 a major industry consortium that included IBM, Toshiba, Ericsson, Nokia, and Puma Technology. Code-named Blue Tooth for the 10th century Danish king who unified Denmark, the companies have created a single synchronization protocol to address end-user problems arising from the proliferation of various mobile devices -- including smart phones, smart pagers, PDAs, handheld PCs, copiers, printers, notebooks, and many future digital appliances at home -that need to keep data consistent from one device to another. The proposed Bluetooth solutions (hardware and software-based) would automatically synchronize mobile devices when end-users enter their offices or home. Intel and others are designing the sending and receiving radio frequency chip sets. Price point for hardware is in $5-20 range eventually. Since the start of this initiative in 1998, interest in Bluetooth has grown tremendously - signified by 1800 members of Bluetooth consortium by mid 2000.While Bluetooth consortium demonstrated prototype products in the 1999-2000, there are no production-quality enduser products using blue tooth

Bluetooth makes wireless communication and networking between devices in a small localized area of a room or a small office as easy as switching on the light. as far as we know. connections between devices. here is an opportunity for more start-up companies. So any two devices that follow the standard can . Your laptop could send information to a printer in the next room. unconscious.quite often proprietary to a specific device.Com technical staff.with Ericsson/Microsoft/Intel team behind it. Component products (radios and chips) that can be integrated into finished products have started becoming available from Ericsson and others. irDA is a competing technology and has been implemented in many products for over 6-7 years now but BlueTooth has a few distinct advantages . there are relative benefits with several competing technologies . However. He holds a degree in Electronics and Communications Engineering from the University of Delhi. or your microwave could send a message to your mobile phone telling you that your meal is ready. carry. or connect cables . automatically and transparently" Bluetooth technology eliminates the need for numerous and inconvenient cable attachments for connecting fixed computers. digital cameras and even new breed of digital appliances. In our opinion. handheld devices. mobile phones. He is presently working with Lucent Technologies in India in GSM/GPRS development. mobile computers. What is Bluetooth? "Think of a connected world of electronic devices and appliances around you! You click on an icon for a device and you are linked to it. In Bluetooth all the connections between devices are instantaneous and invisible and the devices can talk even if they are not in line of sight because Bluetooth utilizes a radio-based link. without the need to buy. The original content for this topic was provided by Puneet Gupta. The author specializes in the field of wireless communication. Bluetooth is actually a standard for wireless communications between devices in a personal area network (PAN) using radio frequency for a short range (around 10 meters). It creates the possibility of using mobile data in a variety of applications. This content was enhanced and edited by MobileInfo. a technology specialist in Radio networks and freelance technology writer based in Bangalore. Let competitive products thrive so that we the users get the best solutions.technology as of now.there is some overlap too. It will enable users to connect a wide range of computing and telecommunications devices easily and simply. India. It delivers opportunities for rapid ad hoc connections. and the possibility of automatic.

The protocols will handle both voice and data. from $20 initially to $5 in a year or two. They can then establish a 1 megabit/s link (up to 2 Mbps in the second generation of the technology) with security and error correction. and supports data speeds of up to 721 Kbps. with a much smaller single chip version in development.$10 to $20 today in large quantities . When one Bluetooth product comes within range of another.45 GHz (meaning there will be no hindrance for international travelers using Bluetooth-enabled equipment. Your refrigerator could be placing an order with the supermarket if your milk supply has been exhausted using your mobile phone. Bluetooth does not require line-of-sight positioning of connected units. A group of Bluetooth devices like a mobile phone. can instantly form a network with each other as soon as they are switched on. The current prototype circuits are contained on a circuit board 0. Unlike infra-red. no line of sight is required supports multipoint. a hand held device etc. with a very flexible network topography.9cm square. low-power microwave wireless link technology. This technology achieves its goal by embedding tiny.4 GHz band . designed to connect phones. not just point to point works in a small confined area . (this can be set to between 10cm and 100m) they automatically exchange address and capability details.communicate and exchange data between each other without the need of any connection to be made between them.10 to 15 meters apart is able to support speeds of 1-2 Mbps today but will offer higher speeds in future chip sets are relatively inexpensive (though more expensive than IrDA). 2. laptops. short-range transceivers into the electronic devices that are available today.). inexpensive. You could have a mobile phone in your pocket and you could be sending e-mails using your laptop without making any connection between your laptop and the mobile. Bluetooth technology • • • • • • uses radio waves in 2. The radio operates on the globally-available unlicensed radio band. It is envisioned that Bluetooth will be included within equipment rather than being an optional extra. a digital camera. PDAs and other portable equipment together with little or no work by the user. The cost of the device is expected to fall very fast.will go down in future has significant industry support with over 1800 members in the industry consortium How Bluetooth Technology Works "Connective convenience" Bluetooth is a high-speed. The technology uses modifications of existing wireless LAN techniques but is most notable for its small size and low cost. The bluetooth modules can be either built into electronic . to use as required.therefore. as well as three voice channels. Briefly.

Connections can be point-to-point or multipoint. Bluetooth devices are classified according to three different power classes. The chips also have excellent power-saving features.devices or used as an adaptor. Bluetooth devices won't drain precious battery life. Bluetooth radio technology provides a universal bridge to existing data networks. as shown in the following table. Bluetooth devices are protected from radio interference by changing their frequencies arbitrarily upto a maximum of 1600 times a second. which is less than 3 % of the power used by a standard mobile phone. . and a mechanism to form small private ad hoc groupings of connected devices away from fixed network infrastructures. The Bluetooth specification targets power consumption of the device from a "hold" mode consuming 30 micro amps to the active transmitting range of 8-30 milliamps (or less than 1/10th of a watt). Moreover. Designed to operate in a noisy radio frequency environment. Power Class Maximum Output 1 100 mW 2 2. The maximum range is 10 meters but can be extended to 100 meters by increasing the power. For instance in a PC they can be built in as a PC card or externally attached via the USB port. The radio chip consumers only 0.3mA in standby mode. a peripheral interface. They also use three different but complimentary error correction schemes. the Bluetooth radio uses a fast acknowledgment and frequency hopping scheme to make the link robust. a technique known as frequency hopping. Built-in encryption and verification is provided. as they will automatically shift to a low-power mode as soon as traffic volume lessens or stops. Each device has a unique 48-bit address from the IEEE 802 standard.5 mW 3 1 mW Power (20 dBm) (4 dBm) (0 dBm) But beyond untethering devices by replacing the cables.

Bluetooth radio modules avoid interference from other signals by hopping to a new frequency after transmitting or receiving a packet. The Bluetooth radio transmissions will conform to the safety standards required by the countries where the technology will be used with respect to the affects of radio transmissions on the human body. Each packet is transmitted in a different hop frequency. The Bluetooth system supports both point-to-point and point-to-multi-point connections. Multiple independent and non-synchronized piconets can form a scatternet. Several piconets can be established and linked together ad hoc. where each piconet is identified by a different frequency hopping sequence. Authentication is controlled by the user by using a 128 bit key. or a channel. Compared with other systems operating in the same frequency band. A piconet is a collection of devices connected via Bluetooth technology in an ad hoc fashion.e a device can be a part of more than one piconet by suitably sharing the time. Modes of operation An interesting aspect of the technology is the instant formation of networks once the bluetooth devices come in range to each other. The Bluetooth baseband protocol is a combination of circuit and packet switching. All users participating on the same piconet are synchronized to this hopping sequence. A packet nominally covers a single slot. This makes the Bluetooth radio more robust than other systems. which simultaneously supports asynchronous data and synchronous voice. but can be extended to cover up to five slots. Any of the devices in a piconet can also be a member of another by means of time multiplexing. If it is connected to more that one (upto 7 ) it is a point to multipoint connection. Emissions from Bluetooth enabled devices will be no greater than emissions from industry-standard cordless phones. Bluetooth guarantees security at the bit level. When a device is connected to another device it is a point to point connection. Use of Forward Error Correction (FEC) limits the impact of random noise on long-distance links. and may grow to eight connected . A Piconet can be a simple connection between two devices or more than two devices. Radio signals can be coded with 8 bits or anything upto 128 bits. The Bluetooth module will not interfere or cause harm to public or private telecommunications network. Each voice channel supports 64 kb/s synchronous (voice) link. Bluetooth can support an asynchronous data channel. The asynchronous channel can support an asymmetric link of maximally 721 kb/s in either direction while permitting 57. If a device is connected to more than one piconet it communicates in each piconet using a different hopping sequence.6 kb/s symmetric link. up to three simultaneous synchronous voice channels. such as a portable PC and cellular phone. A piconet starts with two connected devices. Short packages and fast hopping also limit the impact of domestic and professional microwave ovens. i.6 kb/s in the return direction. It is thus possible to transfer the date asynchronously whilst at the same time talking synchronously at the same time. the Bluetooth radio typically hops faster and uses shorter packets. or a 432. Slots can be reserved for synchronous packets. The encoding is optimized for an uncoordinated environment.

when establishing a piconet. Voice channels use either a 64 kbps log PCM or the Continuous Variable Slope Delta Modulation (CVSD) voice coding scheme. All the other devices in a piconet that are not the master are slave units. and never retransmit voice packets.devices.a MobileInfo.in future many more imaginative applications will come along: . the CVSD coded voice is quite audible. Devices synchronized to a piconet can enter power-saving modes called Sniff and hold mode. therefore there can be a maximum of 256 parked devices. Also there can be parked units which are synchronized but do not have a MAC addresses. In a piconet there is a master unit whose clock and hopping sequence are used to synchronize all other devices in the piconet. However.Com Technology Writer) Bluetooth has a tremendous potential in moving and synchronizing information in a localized setting. What are the Applications? (Major Portion of Content Provided by Puneet Gupta . because we transact business and communicate more with people who are close by than with those who are far away . Potential for Bluetooth applications is huge. The voice quality on the line interface should be better than or equal to the 64 kbps log PCM. Rising interference levels are experienced as increased background noise: even at bit error rates up 4%. A 3-bit MAC address is used to distinguish between units participating in the piconet. The following list represents only a small set of potential applications . in which device activity is lowered. The CVSD method was chosen for its robustness in handling dropped and damaged voice samples. These parked units have a 8 bit address. All Bluetooth devices are peer units and have identical implementations.a natural phenomenon of human interaction. one unit will act as a master and the other(s) as slave(s) for the duration of the piconet connection.

without any wired connections. Bluetooth allows us to have three way phones. mobile computer or any wired connection to keep your hands free for more important tasks when you're at the office or in your car. Automatic Message Delivery: Compose e-mails on your portable PC while you're on an airplane. your phone functions as a portable phone (fixed line charge). For instance. And when your phone comes within range of another mobile phone with built-in Bluetooth wireless technology it functions as a walkie-talkie (no telephony charge). Upon arriving at your home. as soon as you enter your office the address list and calendar in your notebook will automatically be updated to agree with the one in your desktop. yet have the power of connected devices. scanners and faxes without the ugly and trouble some cable attachments. mobile computer. and exchange electronic business cards automatically. No longer would you be bound to fixed locations where you can connect to the network. Since it supports both point to point and point to multipoint it will virtually make the maximum number of simultaneously linked devices unlimited.• By installing a Bluetooth network in your office you can do away with the complex and tedious task of networking between the computing devices. As soon as you've landed and switched on your mobile phone. the door automatically unlocks for you. notebook (PC-PDA and PC-HPC) and your mobile phone. or vice versa. When you're on the move. you can send still or video images from any location to any location without the hassle of connecting your camera to the mobile phone on the wireline phone. If your digital cameras in Bluetooth enabled. all messages are immediately sent. The Bluetooth technology connects all your office peripherals wirelessly. IBM researchers are working on a number of personal devices like a WatchPad that could be connected with other devices through • • • • • • • • • . In meetings and conferences you can transfer selected documents instantly with selected participants. Connect your PC or notebook to printers. it functions as a mobile phone (cellular charge). and the heat is adjusted to your pre-set preferences. Have automatic synchronization of your desktop. Connect your wireless headset to your mobile phone. Each Bluetooth device could be connected to 200 other devices making the connection of every device with every other possible. At home. the entry way lights come on. You can increase your freedom by connecting your mouse or the keyboard wirelessly to your computer.

-> Frequency bands in different countries. equipped with Bluetooth-enabled Internet ports. The CyberPhone can show as much information as a small PDA because of high resolution VGA screen.480 GHz. Via the ports. and a binary zero is represented by a negative frequency deviation. Spectrum spreading is accomplished by frequency hopping in 79 hops displaced by 1 MHz. Spectrum spreading has been added to facilitate optional operation at power levels up to 100 mW worldwide. early release of chip sets and a few demo products. The symbol timing shall be better than ±20 ppm.Bluetooth.35.that can project data onto a small mirror. The Watch Pad is very thin and contains 8MB of RAM. An internal software switch handles this. and other devices to access your office or home-based servers via the airline server. Nonetheless. but can be extended to more than 100 meters by increasing the transmit power. starting at 2. The maximum frequency hopping rate is 1600 hops/s. The nominal link range is 10 centimeters to 10 meters. you also make "free" Internet voice calls courtesy of your airline.28 and 0. The Modulation is GFSK (Gaussian Frequency Shift Keying) with a BT=0. The Modulation index must be between 0. you and other guests use Bluetooth-enabled laptops. Bluetooth SIG is working towards harmonization of frequencies The Current State of the Technology (circa mid 2000) Bluetooth technology has moved fast in terms of standards adoption. Using voice-over IP. The air interface complies with the FCC rules for the ISM band at power levels up to 0dBm.5. France and Spain. They are also working on a version of CyberPhone called CyberPhone . Due to local regulations the bandwidth is reduced in Japan.402 GHz and stopping at 2. Bluetooth is in early stages of development from the point of view of its adoption in enduser applications. PDAs. You enter the airport-waiting lounge. . A binary one is represented by a positive frequency deviation. The Air Interface & Frequency Band The Bluetooth air interface is based on a nominal antenna power of 0dBm.

The device looks like any ordinary Compact Flash card. The phone can be up to 10 meters (30 ft. Weighing a mere 20 grams (0. with the exception of a square plastic antenna attached to one end. the second level of developers like 3COM and extended Systems have got into the act to develop systems development tools that business application developers can use. When your phone rings. where it could be viewed. Some product demonstrations during 2000: • The Ericsson Bluetooth Headset is a lightweight.To be more specific. your coat pocket. Bluetooth technology is in a period where first release of specifications have been developed and adopted by the core members. Nokia displayed a Bluetooth headset that allows users wireless communication with their mobile phones over distances of up to 10 metres. with a built-in Bluetooth radio chip that acts as a connector between the headset and the Bluetooth plug on the Ericsson phone. Nokia and Fujifilm have been developing a prototype Mobile Imaging technology. The AutoPC is a Windows CE-based device that combines a computer with a car radio. A number of developers conferences have been held in Europe and North America. PDAs. or to the Fujifilm Web service. printed or saved on a CD-R. in a briefcase. you can answer by simply pressing a key on the headset. wireless mobile phone headset.75 oz. press the key on the headset and use voice recognition to initiate the call. • • • • Some Bluetooth enabled products in the market: . It uses voice recognition technology to enable handsfree communication for the driver and enables mobile devices such as phones.).) away. the user can send the received photograph to another Nokia Communicator. After adding a few lines of text. pagers and so on to be docked. allowing a modified Nokia 9110 Communicator containing a Bluetooth chip to receive images taken on a Bluetooth equipped Fujifilm digital camera. T28 WORLD and R320 cellular phones. Chips sets have been developed by several vendors and have been released to systems integrators. or even in another room while you speak and enjoy complete mobility without cables dangling about. Mobile Imaging is a clear indication of the potential of Bluetooth. Software development kits have also been released by major vendors. By combining the ease of SMS messaging with digital photography. If you want to make a call. Now. notebooks. the Bluetooth Headset sits comfortably on either ear and can be used with Ericsson T28. Xircom demonstrated the capabilities of its Compact Flash product by transferring voice data file between two Windows CE palm-sized PCs at a data rate of 721kB/sec.

The former is well-tested technology spanning much longer distances and higher speed.11 wireless LAN or HomeRF technologies. Bluetooth TDK Bluetooth Product Range Bluetooth-enabled Nokia 9110 linked to a FujiFilm digital camera Ericsson Bluetooth GSM Headset Ericsson Communicator MobileInfo's Advisory and Comments: There is significant hype about Bluetooth. 100 plus who will survive the rationalization that will follow in 2002-2003 time frame. Here is our assessment: • • • • • • • With the momentum going at this speed and R&D dollars committed. Reality is a little bit different than the glossy Powerpoint presentations and speeches by eloquent VPs of marketing for these vendors.from smart phones to laptops. may be. Otherwise you will have to say goodbye to your initial Bluetooth experimentation. The PR machinery of Bluetooth community. Also. .11 wireless LAN adapters to decrease in prices. From systems engineering perspective. Increased competition and production will bring the prices down in 2002. They may also not acknowledge any overlap with 802. Security standards for Bluetooth are still in a formative stage. Therefore. We advise the user organizations to apply a bit of caution to some of these claims. stay with vendors who have holding power or those who have great alliances.it is still being discussed at SIG level in 802. The prices of Bluetooth-enabled components will remain high during first part of 2001and this will delay widespread adoption. By December. Which devices talks to which and how do users allow or deny access to other Bluetooth devices as they approach them is still not clear . Distance limitation of Bluetooth in the first version will limit its use to close-range applications only. the prices had come down both as a result of ramp of production but also due to single chip implementations and general downturn in the economy. WAP. The number of 1000 plus vendors will shrink to. chip level and device adapter level that the systems integrators can utilize in the finished products for enduser devices . It is not unlike WAP. Let us not get into fruitless arguments and use appropriate technology where its core applications are. Bluetooth will inevitably go through a phase where real experience will fall short of the promise it held. we do not see much conflict with wireless LAN applications and Bluetooth. expect 802.15 subgroup of IEEE.• • • • • • • Ericsson R520 Bluetooth/WAP/GPRS/Triband Ericsson T36 Bluetooth/WAP/HSCSD/Triband Alcatel OneTouch 700 GPRS. we should expect during 2001 a reasonable set of products at silicon level. Therefore. vendors and developers would make you believe that Bluetooth is going to solve all the problems of short-distance connectivity without wires at a low cost and in the near future.

152Mb/s and CRC-32 at 4 Mb/s). Adapters now include the traditional upgrades to serial and parallel ports Features: • • • • Range: From contact to at least 1metre. Status of Bluetooth at the end of 2002 Competing Technologies (Major Portion of Content Provided by Puneet Gupta . This implementation affords 10 times less power consumption. [Feng99] [Williams00] IrDA DATA defines a standard for an interoperable universal two way cordless infrared light transmission data port. IrDA has a set of protocols covering all layers of data transfer and in addition has some network management and interoperability designs. A quick glance into their scope and properties would help putting all of these into perspective. recognition and performance.there is still a gap between the cup that holds Bluetooth Elixir and the lip that must sip it to reach short-distance connectivity salvation. non line of sight transmission through walls 10m to 100m range Low cost. Bi-directional communication is the basis of all specifications Data transmission from 9600 b/s with primary speed/cost steps of 115 kb/s and maximum speed up to 4 Mb/s Data packets are protected using a CRC (CRC-16 for speeds up to 1. These parameters are termed the required maximum ranges by certain classes of IrDA featured devices and sets the end user expectation for discovery. Lets look at the features of Bluetooth first (for the sake of comparison) • • • • • • • • Operates in the 2. IrDA protocols have IrDA DATA as the vehicle for data delivery and IrDA CONTROL for sending the control information. Can be extended to 2 meters. $20 1mW power Extended range with external power amplifier (100 meters) IrDA IrDA is an international organization that creates and promotes interoperable. low-cost infrared data interconnection standards. Home RF (SWAP) that provide similar or related services.a MobileInfo Technology Writer) Besides Bluetooth many other technologies exist like IrDA. A low power version relaxes the range objective for operation from contact through at least 20 cm between low power devices and 30 cm between low power and standard power devices. .56 GHZ ISM band which is globally available Uses FHSS Can support up to 8 devices in a piconet Omni-directional.

peripherals. SWAP is similar to the CSMA/CA protocol of IEEE 802. Each technology has advantages and drawbacks and neither can meet all users' needs. all stations are peers and control is distributed between the stations and supports only data. Currently. the HomeRF Working Group specification provides for wireless Ethernet transmission.IrDA vs Bluetooth If you examine the benefits of each technology. The application framework of Bluetooth is aimed to achieve interoperability with IrDA and WAP. The SWAP system can either operate as an adhoc network or as a infrastructure network under the control of a connection point. SWAP is a industry specification that permits PCs. In addition. APPLICATION PROGRAMS IrDA Interoperability Application Programs TCP / IP WAP Interoperability LOGICAL LINK CONTROL LINK MANAGER BASEBAND RADIO HOME RF The HomeRF is a subset of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) who is working on the development of a standard for inexpensive RF voice and data communication. For example. In an . cordless telephones and other devices to communicate voice and data without the usage of cables. a host of other applications will be able to use the Bluetooth technology and protocols. • • Range: Maximum 40 meters Data rates of 1. with Bluetooth a person could synchronize their phone with a PC without taking the phone out of their pocket or purse (this is not possible with IrDA). The omni-directional capability of Bluetooth allows synchronization to start when the phone is brought into range of the PC. you can see that Bluetooth and IrDA are both critical to the marketplace.2Mbps The HomeRF Working Group has also developed the Shared Wireless Access Protocol (SWAP).11 but with an extension to voice traffic. Bluetooth's ability to penetrate solid objects and its capability for maximum mobility within the piconet allows for data exchange applications that are very difficult or impossible with IrDA. The Bluetooth standard defines the layers 1 and 2 of the OSI model. In an adhoc network.

6 Mbps < 10m Medium 50m Medium . reliable and minimizes the impact of radio interference. Walls and floors don't cause any problem in its functionality and some security is also provided through the use of unique network IDs. The intended use is to provide short-range connections between mobile devices and to the Internet via bridging devices to different networks (wired and wireless) that provide Internet capability. Its primary use is to provide data networking and dial tones between devices such as PCs. cordless phones. Both technologies share the same frequency spectrum but do not interfere when operating in the same space.45 GHz range of the unlicensed ISM band Range: upto 150 feet employs frequency hopping at 50 hops per second It supports both a TDMA service to provide delivery of interactive voice and CSMA/CA service for delivery of high speed data packets The network is capable of supporting upto 127 nodes Transmission Power : 100mW Data Rate : 1Mbps using 2FSK modulation and 2 Mbps using 4 FSK modulation Voice connections : upto 6 full duplex conversations Data Security : Blowfish encryption algorithm (over 1 trillion codes) Data Compression : LZRW3-A algorithm SWAP vs Bluetooth Currently SWAP has more installed base compared to Bluetooth but it is believed that Bluetooth is eventually going to prevail.infrastructure network. Web Tablets and a broadband cable or DSL modem. HomeRF SWAP is a wireless technology optimized for the home environment. [Derfler00] A quick glance comparison between these technologies is presented below. Features: • • • • • • • • • • operates in the 2. a connection Point is required so as to coordinate the system and it provides the gateway to the PSTN (Public Switched Telephone Network). Peak Data Relative Range Rate Cost IEEE 802. Bluetooth is a technology to connect devices without cables. It is robust.11 IrDA 2 Mbps 16 Mbps 50m < 2m Medium Low Data Voice network network support support Via IP Via IP Via IP and cellular Via IP and PSTN TCP / IP Via PPP Via PPP TCP / IP Bluetooth 1 Mbps HomeRF 1.

there will be over 670 million Bluetooth enabled devices worldwide by 2005. Ericsson. The document is divided into two parts: Volume 1. Microsoft. Since the formation of the original group. blurring the boundaries between home. Bluetooth technology is expected to be built into over 100 millions devices before the end of 2002. Bluetooth technology adoption is expected to be widespread throughout the computer and telecommunications industry. Implementation of the Bluetooth technology is expected to grow the market for personal mobile devices and indirectly increase airtime usage for wireless data. The support for Bluetooth is not limited to companies developing Bluetooth enabled products only. including open. royalty-free availability of the specification and is playing an important role in spreading the technology. Bluetooth applications can have far reaching impacts on many other industries as well.11" as keywords to understand debate between Bluetooth and 802. The Bluetooth SIG has defined favorable adoption terms. service discovery protocol. adoption of smart phones and handheld devices. The Core part specifies components such as the radio. Bluetooth will have tremendous effects on everyday life. Nokia. Core. more than 1800 manufacturers worldwide have joined the initiative worldwide. base band. which is a very healthy sign for the acceptance of the technology. According to still another report from market research firm Cahners In-Stat Group. transport layer. . link manager. gaining economies at the production level. Over the long term. Do a keyword search on home page or this page using "Bluetooth and 802. The Profiles part specifies the protocols and procedures required for different types of Bluetooth applications. manufacturers will also benefit from the ability to replace multiple connection ports with a single Bluetooth module. Intel. Bluetooth is one of the key technologies that can make the mobile information society possible. Already many Bluetooth pilot products have rolled into the market backed by big vendors.11b page The Bluetooth Standard and Specifications The Bluetooth Specification is a de facto standard containing the information required to ensure that diverse devices supporting the Bluetooth wireless technology can communicate with each other worldwide. is the result of initiatives of nine leading communications and computer industry vendors including companies like 3COM. Also go to Bluetooth versus WLAN/802. Profiles. and Volume 2. and interoperability with different communication protocols. IBM.11. the office. According to one market research report. As a result of success of WAP (Wireless Application Protocol). and the outside world. The seamless connectivity promised by Bluetooth makes it possible to explore a range of interactive and highly transparent personalized services which were even difficult to dream of because of the complexity involved in making various devices talk to each other. Toshiba etc. Lucent.What’s the future for Bluetooth Bluetooth has a good future ahead because it meets a basic need of connectivity in close proximity.

SDK conforms to version 1. 4. Cambridge SiliconRadio's Development kit 5. Palm Inc. Melody . SDK has been approved by Bluetooth SIG.1 of Bluetooth specifications. is shipping Bluetooth SDK (for free ) and Bluetooth HDK (Hardware Development Kit (Two Palm SDIO cards. Rococo announced in January 2002 use of Extended Systems Bluetooth development stack with its own Java Developer kit. a serial cradle. 3. allowing developers to run simply test and configure applications before deploying them on Bluetooth devices. Socket Communications SPANWorks II Bluetooth SDK 8.Software Development Kits for Bluetooth 1. and SDIO drivers) for $199.Bluetooth hardware emulator . Impronto Simulator from Rococo Software runs Java applications in a simulated Bluetooth environment. RAPPORE Technology's SDK and protocol stack for Linux embedded syste .. Digianswer A/S Bluetooth Development PC Card for Windows CE 6. SDIO stands for Secure Digital Input Output card. Extended XTNDAccess Bluetooth SDK and protocol stack 2.Bluetooth over IP SDK to test Bluetooth applications without hardware 7.

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