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Data Interpretation

Data Interpretation

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Published by: rdany3437 on Sep 16, 2010
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09/16/2010

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Data Interpretation

y ALLOYS
PURE METALS

# Pure metal usually have high densities , high melting and boiling point # It is lustrous , malleable and ductile # The high malleability and ductility of metal can be explained by arrangement of their atoms # Metal are composed of identical atoms. The atoms are arranged orderly from one layer to another to form a 3-D lattice. # Pure metal also weak and soft. # Metallurgist can increase the strength of metal by alloying.

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Alloy

# Material that contain a mixture of element and have metallic properties. # Alloy may contain mixture of non-metal such as carbon steel. # Alloy have properties which are more useful than those of pure metal alone. # Presence of small quantity of second metal increase the strength of metal. # Plus, the different size of secondary metal disrupt the orderly arrangement of metal in lattice. This will make metal difficult to slide across one another when force is applied , making it more hard and stronger. 

Carbon steel System Fe-C-X Composition Fe, C 0.4, Mn 0.8 (wt%) Reaction Processing Normalised 800 ºC Applications Sample preparation Nital Technique Reflected light microscopy

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Microstructure of extruded tube in Magnesium alloy AZ91 in direction perpendicular to the direction of extrusion.
DoITPoMS, University of Cambridge System Mg-Al Composition Mg, Al 9.2, Zn 0.8 (wt %) Reaction Processing Applications Most commercially used Mg-based alloy, characterised by good mechanical properties and resistance to corrosion

Importance of alloy
~ to increase the strength and hardness of the pure metal
>The presence of second metal disrupt the formation of metal lattice. This prevent the metal to easy slide over or slipping and hence make the pure metal stronger and hard.

~ to improve the appearance of pure metal
>Alloying helps to prevent the oxide layer to form and keep the metal shiny.

~increase the resistance to corrosion of the pure metal
>Metal have lustrous surfaces. However the exposed metal surface quickly loses it shine due to formation of an oxide layer. Oxygen from the air reacts with the metal to form the metal oxide layer. Thus, impurities in metal can prevent too much oxidation.

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