# Formule trigonometrice a b a b 1. sin α = ; cos α = ; tg α = ; ctg α = ; c c b a (a, b - catetele, c - ipotenuza triunghiului dreptunghic, α - unghiul, opus catetei a). 2.

tg α = sin α ; cos α ctg α = cos α . sin α

3. tg α ctg α = 1. 4. sin 5. cos 6. tg 7. sec π ± α = cos α; 2 π ±α = 2 π ±α = 2 π ±α = 2 sin α; ctg α; sin(π ± α) = sin α.

cos(π ± α) = − cos α. ctg π ±α = 2 tg α.

cosec α;

cosec

π ± α = sec α. 2

8. sin2 α + cos2 α = 1. 9. 1 + tg2 α = sec2 α. 10. 1 + ctg2 α = cosec2 α. 11. sin(α ± β) = sin α cos β ± sin β cos α. 12. cos(α ± β) = cos α cos β 13. tg(α ± β) = tg α ± tg β . 1 tg α tg β ctg α ctg β 1 . ctg β ± ctg α sin α sin β.

14. ctg(α ± β) =

15. sin 2α = 2 sin α cos α. 16. cos 2α = cos2 α − sin2 α. 17. tg 2α = 2 tg α . 1 − tg2 α

18. ctg 2α =

ctg2 α − 1 . 2 ctg α

19. sin 3α = 3 sin α − 4 sin3 α. 20. cos 3α = 4 cos3 α − 3 cos α.
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Copyright c 1999 ONG TCV Scoala Virtuala a Tanarului Matematician

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tg α = 2 α sin α 1 − cos α = = . cos α − cos β = −2 sin 32.21.md 2 . cos 23. 2 1 + cos α sin α α = 2 1 + cos α . 2 1 + cos α . 2 2 α−β α+β cos . ctg 26. 1 + cos α 22. 2 29. 1 − cos α = 2 sin2 . 2 1 − cos α sin α α 27. 2 1 35. tg α ± tg β = sin(α ± β) . cos α + cos β = 2 cos 31. 2 2 α+β α−β sin . 2 α 28. cos α cos β sin(β ± α) . sin α = 2 α = 2 1 − cos α . sin α ± sin β = 2 sin α±β α β cos . ctg α sin α 1 + cos α = = . 1 − cos α 25. tg 24. sin α sin β 33. 2 1 − cos α . 2 0 Copyright c 1999 ONG TCV Scoala Virtuala a Tanarului Matematician http://math. sin α cos β = [sin(α + β) + sin(α − β)]. sin α sin β = [cos(α − β) − cos(α + β)]. 1 + cos α = 2 cos2 . 2 1 36. 2 2 30. ctg α ± ctg β = 1 34.ournet. cos α cos β = [cos(α + β) + cos(α − β)].

x 1 − x2 x 1 1 51. y > 0 si x2 + y 2 > 1.ournet. +1]. arccos x = arcsin 1 − x = arcctg √ . x = (−1)n arcsin a + πn. 0 Copyright c 1999 ONG TCV Scoala Virtuala a Tanarului Matematician http://math.md 3 . 0 < x < +∞.       cos x = a. 47. arcsin x + arccos x = 41. ctg(arcctg x) = x. arcctg(ctg x) = x. π π x∈ − . arcctg x = arcsin √ 0 < x < 1. x ∈ [−1. x = ± arccos a + 2πn. arccos(cos x) = x. arcsin x+arcsin y =  π − arcsin(x 1 − y 2 + y 1 − x2 ). |x| ≥ 1.  √ √ −π − arcsin(x 1 − y 2 + y 1 − x2 ). √ √ 1 − x2 x 2 = arctg √ 49.37. arcsec x + arccosec x = . 42.  √ √ 53. 0 < x < 1. 48. π]. y < 0 si x2 + y 2 > 1. |x| ≤ 1. Ecuatii trigonometrice elementare: sin x = a. . 46. +1]. x ∈ [0. arcsin x = arccos 1 − x = arcctg . 2 38.          tg x = a. 2 π 40. x = arcctg a + πn π . . 43. arctg(tg x) = x. 2 2 x ∈ [−1. daca x < 0. |a| ≤ 1. n ∈ Z. 44. 2 2 x 1+x 1+x √ √  daca xy ≤ 0 sau x2 + y 2 ≤ 1. arctg x + arcctg x = . arctg x = arcsin √ = arccos √ = arcctg . ctg x = a. x ∈ (0. 45. x ∈ R. arcsin(x 1 − y 2 + y 1 − x2 ). π). x 1 − x2 √ √ 1 − x2 x 2 = arctg 50. tg(arctg x) = x. cos(arccos x) = x. arcsin(sin x) = x. 1 x 1 = arccos √ = arctg . π π x∈ − . 0 < x < +∞. 2 2 x 1+x 1+x 52. 2 π 39. x = arctg a + πn. 2 2 x ∈ R. |a| ≤ 1. sin(arcsin x) = x.  daca x > 0.

(1 − x2 )(1 − y 2 )). daca − 1 ≤ x < − . y < 0 si x2 + y 2 > 1.ournet. daca x ≥ y. daca xy ≥ 0 sau x2 + y 2 ≤ 1. √ √ π − arcsin(x 1 − y 2 − y 1 − x2 ).md 4 . cand 0 ≤ x ≤ 1. daca x + y ≥ 0. arctg x − arctg y = π + arctg 1 + xy x−y −π + arctg . y > 0 si x2 + y 2 > 1. arccos x − arccos y =              2π − arccos(xy − − arccos(xy + arccos(xy + (1 − x2 )(1 − y 2 )). (1 − x2 )(1 − y 2 )). daca x > 0 si xy < −1. 1 − xy x+y −π + arctg . 2           x+y . −π + arctg 1 − x2 http://math.  daca < x ≤ 1. daca x > 1. daca x < −1. daca xy > −1. 2 arccos x =   arccos(2x2 − 1)  2π − arccos(2x2 − 1) cand − 1 ≤ x < 0.  arcsin(2x 1 − x daca |x| ≤ . 1 − xy x+y π + arctg . arctg x + arctg y = x−y . daca x < 0 si xy > 1. 2 arcsin x =  π − arcsin(2x 1 − x2 ). 1 − x2 2x π + arctg . daca x + y < 0.54. daca x > 0. daca x > 0 si xy > 1.  2  √  √  2 −π − arcsin(2x 1 − x2 ). 1 − x2 2x . 61. arccos(xy − (1 − x2 )(1 − y 2 )). arcsin x−arcsin y =      55. arccos x + arccos y =    √ √ arcsin(x 1 − y 2 − y 1 − x2 ). 57. daca x < y. 1 + xy x−y . daca x < 0. daca x < 0 si xy < −1. daca |x| < 1.  2  √  √ 2 59. 56. 1 + xy  √ √ 2 2 ). √ √ −π − arcsin(x 1 − y 2 − y 1 − x2 ). 1 − xy arctg arctg 60. 58. daca xy < 1. 2 arctg x = 0 Copyright c 1999 ONG TCV Scoala Virtuala a Tanarului Matematician          arctg 2x .

2 √ 1 + x2 − 1 arctg . 1 62. daca − 1 ≤ x ≤ 1.md 5 . 1+x .ournet. arcsin x =    2    arcsin − arcsin 1− √ 1 − x2 . daca − 1 ≤ x < 0. daca x = 0. 2 63. 2 √ 1 − 1 − x2 . x 0. 1 arccos x = arccos 2  1 arctg x =   2  64. daca 0 ≤ x ≤ 1. daca x = 0. 0 Copyright c 1999 ONG TCV Scoala Virtuala a Tanarului Matematician http://math.