99 Aspen Plus | Distillation | Phases Of Matter

Introduction to Aspen Plus I t d ti t A Pl

Short Courses on Computer Applications for ChE Students

Speaker: JianKai Cheng (程建凱) p g (程建凱) d95524021@ntu.edu.tw
PSE Laboratory Department of Chemical Engineering Department of Chemical Engineering Nation Taiwan University

What is Aspen Plus What is Aspen Plus
• Aspen Plus is a market‐leading process modeling tool  for conceptual design, optimization, and  performance monitoring for the chemical, polymer,  specialty chemical, metals and minerals, and coal  power industries.

Ref: http://www.aspentech.com/products/aspen-plus.cfm

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What Aspen Plus provides What Aspen Plus provides
• Physical Property Models
– World’s largest database of pure component and phase equilibrium  data for conventional chemicals, electrolytes, solids, and polymers data for conventional chemicals electrolytes solids and polymers – Regularly updated with data from U. S. National Institute of Standards  and Technology (NIST)

• Comprehensive Library of Unit Operation Models
– Addresses a wide range of solid, liquid, and gas processing equipment – Extends steady‐state simulation to dynamic simulation for safety and  d d l d l f f d controllability studies, sizing relief valves, and optimizing transition,  startup, and shutdown policies – Enables you build your own libraries using Aspen Custom Modeler  or  programming languages (User‐defined models)

Ref: Aspen Plus® Product Brochure

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More Detailed More Detailed
• Properties analysis
– Properties of pure component and mixtures (Enthalpy,  density, viscosity, heat capacity,…etc) – Phase equilibrium (VLE, VLLE, azeotrope calculation…etc) – Parameters estimation for properties models (UNIFAC  method for binary parameters, Joback method for boiling  points…etc) points etc) – Data regression from experimental deta

• P Process simulation i l ti
– pump, compressor, valve, tank, heat exchanger, CSTR, PFR,  distillation column, extraction column, absorber, filter,  di till ti l t ti l b b filt crystallizer…etc 4

What course Aspen Plus  can be employed for • • • • • • • MASS AND ENERGY BALANCES PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY CHEMICAL ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS  CHEMICAL REACTION ENGINEERING CHEMICAL REACTION ENGINEERING UNIT OPERATIONS PROCESS DESIGN PROCESS CONTROL 5 .

Lesson Objectives Lesson Objectives • Familiar with the interface of Aspen Plus • Learn how to use properties analysis • Learn how to setup a basic process simulation 6 .

Problem Formulation 1: Calculation  the mixing properties of two stream  1 Mole Flow kmol/hr WATER BUOH BUAC Total Flow kmol/hr Temperature C Pressure bar Enthalpy kcal/mol Entropy cal/mol-K E t l/ l K Density kmol/cum 10 0 0 10 50 0 1 ? ? ? 2 0 9 6 15 80 1 ? ? ? 3 ? ? ? ? ? 1 ? ? ? 4 ? ? ? ? ? 10 ? ? ? Mass Balance Energy B l E Balance Enthalpy Entropy… 7 .

8 1.Problem Formulation 2:  Flash Separation 120 T-x T T-y 115 Saturated Feed P=1atm F=100 kmol/hr zwater=0.5 T=105 C P=1atm T ( C) o 110 105 100 0.0 xWater and yWater What are flowrates and compositions of the two outlets? .2 0.0 0.6 0.5 zHAc=0.4 0.

4 0.2 0.4 0.8 0.0 Duty ? xWater .Problem Formulation 3: Dehydration of  Acetic Acid by Distillation Column  ( p (Optional) ) 1.0 10 yWater Reflux ratio ? 0.6 0.0 00 0.6 0.8 1.0 0.2 0.

• Properties Analysis (1 hour) – Pure Component – Mixtures (phase equilibrium) • Running Simulation (1 hour) – Blocks (Unit Operations) – Streams (flow streams) – Results 10 . Components. Properties.Outline • Startup in Aspen Plus (Basic Input) (45 min) – User Interface – Basic Input: Setup.

Introduction to Aspen Plus – Part 1 Startup in Aspen Plus 11 .

Start with Aspen Plus Start with Aspen Plus Aspen Pl User I t f A Plus U Interface 12 .

Aspen Plus Startup Aspen Plus Startup 13 .

Interface of Aspen Plus Interface of Aspen Plus Process Flowsheet Windows Process Flowsheet Windows Model Library ( y | y) Model Library (View| Model Libraryy ) y (View|| Model Library Stream Status message 14 .

More Information More Information Help for Commands for Controlling Simulations 15 .

 results.Data Browser Data Browser • The Data Browser is a sheet and form viewer with a  hierarchical tree view of the available simulation  input. and objects that have been defined 16 .

Status Indicators Status Indicators 17 .

Basic Input Basic Input • The minimum required inputs to run a simulation  are: – – – – – Setup Components Properties Streams Blocks Property Analysis Process Simulation 18 .

Setup  – Setup   Setup – Specification Run Type Input mode 19 .

  Prepare a property package for use with Aspen  Custom Modeler.Setup  – Setup   Run Type Setup – Run Type Run Type Assay Data Analysis Description A standalone assay data  A t d l d t analysis/pseudocomponents generation run Use to Analyze assay data when you do not want to  A l d t h d t tt perform a flowsheet simulation in the same run.  You must be licensed to use Properties Plus. Assay data  analysis and Property analysis Flowsheet Perform process simulations 20 . cannot perform data regression in a Flowsheet  run. Perform property analysis by generating tables  P f l i b i bl A standalone property analysis run. or with your company's  Properties Plus A Properties Plus setup run in house programs. LLE and other mixture data.  Fit physical property model parameters required  by Aspen Plus to measured pure component. with third party commercial  C M d l i h hi d i l engineering programs.  A Flowsheet run (including sensitivity studies and  ( g y optimization). also include the following  calculations: Property estimation. Can contain  of physical property values when you do not  Property Analysis property constant estimation and assay data  want to perform a flowsheet simulation in the  analysis calculations. same run Estimate property parameters when you do not  E i h d want to perform a flowsheet simulation in the  Property Estimation A standalone property constant estimation run same run. Aspen Pl i t d t A Plus  calculations.  A standalone data regression run. Can contain  Data Regression D t R i property constant estimation and property analysis  VLE LLE d th t t t ti ti d t l i VLE.

Components  – Components   Components – Specification Input components I t t with Component name or Formula 21 .

Input components Input components Remark: If available. are 22 .

) property parameters from databanks ) Click this button Find User Defined Elec Wizard Reorder Review 23 .Specification To do this Find components in the databanks Define a custom component that is not in  a databank Generate electrolyte components and  reactions from components you entered Reorder the components you have  specified Review databank data for components  you have specified (Retrieved physical  property parameters from databanks.

Find Components Find Components Click “Find” 24 .

Find Components (cont d) Find Components (cont’d) Input Component name or Formula or CAS number p p 25 .

NIST Chemistry WebBook NIST Chemistry  NIST Chemistry WebBook 26 .

 UNIQAC.Properties Process type(narrow the number of Process type(narrow the number of methods available) Base method: IDEAL. NRTL. UNIFAC… Base method: IDEAL NRTL UNIQAC UNIFAC 27 .

Property Method Selection – Assistant Property Method Selection  – Property Method Selection   Interactive help in choosing a property method 28 .

Assistant Wizard Assistant Wizard Specify Component type Chemical Systems Is the system at high pressure? (NO) Two liquid phases 29 .

byu.Reference: http://www.et.edu/groups/uolab/files/aspentech/ 30 .

Thermodynamic Model – Thermodynamic Model  Thermodynamic Model – NRTL NRTL Vapor EOS Liquid gamma Liquid enthalpy Liquid volume Liquid volume 31 .

Modify Property Model Modify Property Model Check “Modify Property Model” y p y Specify New Method Name p y 32 .

NRTL – NRTL  Binary Parameters NRTL – Binary Parameters Click Cli k “NRTL” and th b ilt i binary parameters d then built-in bi t appear automatically if available. 33 .

Access Properties Models and  Parameters Review Databank Data 34 .

15 K Heat of vaporization at TB Normal boiling point Standard liquid volume at 60°F 60 F ….15 K g Ideal gas Gibbs free energy of formation at 298. Description of each parameter 35 .Review Databank Data Review Databank Data Including: Ideal gas heat of formation at 298.

Pure Component Databank Parameters Pure Component Databank Parameters Help for Pure Component Databank Parameters 36 .

Pure Component  Temperature‐ Temperature‐Dependent Properties CPIGDP‐1 CPSDIP‐1 DNLDIP‐1 DHVLDP‐1 PLXANT‐1 PLXANT 1 MULDIP KLDIP SIGDIP UFGRP ideal gas heat capacity Solid heat capacity Liquid density Heat of vaporization  Extended Antoine Equation Extended Antoine Equation Liquid viscosity Liquid thermal conductivity q y Liquid surface tension UNIFAC functional group 37 .

Example: PLXANT‐1  Example: PLXANT‐ (Extended Antoine Equation) Corresponding Model Click “↖?” and then click where you don’t know ? 38 .

Example: CPIGDP‐1  Example: CPIGDP‐ (Ideal Gas Heat Capacity Equation) Corresponding Model ? 39 .

This is enough to perform properties analysis. and properties.Summary So far. l i 40 . we have finished the basic settings including setup. components.

bkp *.File Formats in Aspen Plus File Formats in Aspen Plus File Type Document Backup History Problem  Problem Description Extension *.appdf appdf Format Binary ASCII Text Binary Description File containing simulation input and results and intermediate convergence information i t di t i f ti Archive file containing simulation input and results Detailed calculation history and diagnostic messages File containing arrays and intermediate File containing arrays and intermediate convergence information used in the simulation 41 calculations .apw *.his *.

File Type Characteristics File Type Characteristics • Binary files fl – Operating system and version specific – Not readable not printable Not readable. “readable” – N i Not intended to be printed d d b i d Text files – Transferable between operating systems Transferable between operating systems – Upwardly compatible – Readable. can be edited – Intended to be printed 42 • • . not printable ASCII files – Transferable between operating systems – Upwardly compatible – Contain no control characters.

Properties Analysis in Aspen Plus 43 Introduction to Aspen Plus – Part 2 .

 Isovolatility curves. Pxy. Boiling point Ti li V B ili i Tables and plots of properties of either multi‐phase mixtures (for example.  Ternary Maps Distillation boundary. LLE) resulting from flash calculations.  Tie lines. tie lines.  VLE. or Gibbs energy of mixing curves for a binary system Residue curve maps Ternary maps showing phase envelope. and azeotropes of ternary  Ternary maps showing phase envelope tie lines and azeotropes of ternary systems This feature locates all the azeotropes that exist among a specified set of  components. Properties analysis of multi‐components  (more  ( than three) is  also included. or single‐phase mixtures  Generic without flash calculations.Overview of Property Analysis Overview of Property Analysis Use this form Use this form Pure Binary Residue Ternary Azeotrope To generate To generate Tables and plots of pure component properties as a function of temperature  and pressure Txy. Residue curves or distillation curves. VLLE. 44 . Vapor curve.  components Ternary diagrams in Aspen Distillation Synthesis feature: Azeotropes.

 (Refer to  Part I) Part I) 45 . and  corresponding model parameters.Reminding • When you start properties analysis. properties model. you MUST  p y p p p specify components .

  Ternary diagrams in Aspen Distillation Synthesis feature: Azeotropes. Residue curves or distillation curves. Properties analysis of multi‐components  (more  than three) is  also included. Pxy. LLE) resulting from flash calculations. Vapor curve. tie lines.  VLE. or single‐phase mixtures  Generic without flash calculations. and azeotropes of ternary  systems This feature locates all the azeotropes that exist among a specified set of  components.  Ternary Maps Distillation boundary. Boiling point Tables and plots of properties of either multi‐phase mixtures (for example.  Tie lines. 46 . or Gibbs energy of mixing curves for a binary system Residue curve maps Ternary maps showing phase envelope. Isovolatility curves. VLLE.Properties Analysis – Properties Analysis  Pure Component  Properties Analysis – Pure Component Use this form Pure Binary Residue Ternary y Azeotrope To generate Tables and plots of pure component properties as a function of temperature  and pressure Txy.

Properties Analysis – Properties Analysis  Pure Component  Properties Analysis – Pure Component 47 .

Available Properties Available Properties Property (thermodynamic) Availability Free energy Constant pressure  Constant pressure Enthalpy heat capacity Heat capacity ratio Fugacity coefficient Constant volume heat  Fugacity coefficient  Constant volume heat Fugacity coefficient capacity pressure correction Free energy departure Vapor pressure  Free energy departure  Density pressure correction Enthalpy departure Entropy Enthalpy departure  Volume pressure correction py Enthalpy of  Sonic velocity Sonic velocity vaporization  Entropy departure Property (transport) Thermal conductivity Surface tension Viscosity 48 .

Example1: CP (Heat Capacity) Example1: CP (Heat Capacity) 1. Select property method 7. Specify pressure 5 S if Add “N-butyl-acetate” 3. Select component 6. Select property (CP) 4. Specify range of temperature p y g p 2. Select phase 5. click Go to generate the results 49 .

Example1: Calculation Results of CP Example1: Calculation Results of CP Data results 50 .

Example2: H (Enthalpy) Example2: H (Enthalpy) 1. Specify pressure 3. click Go to generate the results 51 . Select phase 5. Select 6 S l t property method t th d 7. Specify range of temperature 2. Select property (H) 4. Select component 6.

Example: Calculation Results of H Example: Calculation Results of H Data results 52 .

 tie lines. VLLE.Properties Analysis – Properties Analysis  Binary Components Properties Analysis – Binary Components Use this form Pure Binary Residue Ternary y Azeotrope To generate Tables and plots of pure component properties as a function of temperature  and pressure Txy. and azeotropes of ternary  systems This feature locates all the azeotropes that exist among a specified set of  components. or single‐phase mixtures  Generic without flash calculations.  Ternary Maps Distillation boundary. Properties analysis of multi‐components  (more  than three) is  also included. 53 .  VLE. Pxy.  Tie lines. Isovolatility curves. or Gibbs energy of mixing curves for a binary system Residue curve maps Ternary maps showing phase envelope. LLE) resulting from flash calculations. Boiling point Tables and plots of properties of either multi‐phase mixtures (for example. Vapor curve.  Ternary diagrams in Aspen Distillation Synthesis feature: Azeotropes. Residue curves or distillation curves.

Properties Analysis – Properties Analysis  Binary Components Properties Analysis – Binary Components .

Binary Component Properties Analysis Binary Component Properties Analysis Use this Analysis type To generate Temperature‐compositions diagram at  Txy constant pressure Pressure‐compositions diagram at  Pxy constant temperature Gibbs energy of mixing diagram as a  function of liquid compositions. The  Aspen Physical Property System uses this  A Ph i l P S hi Gibbs energy of mixing diagram to determine whether the  binary system will form two liquid phases  at a given temperature and pressure. at a given temperature and pressure .

Example: T‐XY Example: T Example: T‐ 1. Select two component 5. VLLE) 2. Select compositions basis 6. 6 Select property method 4. click Go to generate the results . Specify pressure 3. Select phase (VLE. Select analysis type ( y) y yp (Txy) 2. Specify composition range 7.

Example: calculation result of T‐XY Example: calculation result of T Example: calculation result of T‐ Data results .

Example: Generate XY plot Example: Generate XY plot Click “plot wizard” to generate XY plot .

Example: Generate XY plot (cont d) Example: Generate XY plot (cont’d) .

Bi Analysis t t d t b l t .8 1.2 0.Shortcoming of Binary Analysis Shortcoming of Binary Analysis Water-BuOH 120 110 100 T ( C) o 90 80 70 0.4 0.0 Mole Fraction (Water) Binary A l i cannot generate LLE data below azeotrope.6 0.0 ? 0.

 and azeotropes of ternary  systems This feature locates all the azeotropes that exist among a specified set of  components.  Ternary diagrams in Aspen Distillation Synthesis feature: Azeotropes. 61 .  VLE. tie lines.  Ternary Maps Distillation boundary. or single‐phase mixtures  Generic without flash calculations. LLE) resulting from flash calculations. Boiling point Tables and plots of properties of either multi‐phase mixtures (for example. Pxy. Residue curves or distillation curves. Isovolatility curves. VLLE.Property Analysis – Property Analysis  Property Analysis – Generic Use this form Pure Binary Residue Ternary y Azeotrope To generate Tables and plots of pure component properties as a function of temperature  and pressure Txy.  Tie lines. Properties analysis of multi‐components  (more  than three) is  also included. or Gibbs energy of mixing curves for a binary system Residue curve maps Ternary maps showing phase envelope. Vapor curve.

Properties Analysis – Properties Analysis  Properties Analysis – Ternary .

LLE) 2. Specify temperature (if LLE is slected) 7. Specify pressure 6. Select phase (VLE.Ternary Map Ternary Map 1. Specify number of tie line 5. Select property method . click Go to generate the results 3. 1 Select three component 4.

Calculation Result of Ternary Map (LLE) Calculation Result of Ternary Map (LLE) Data D t results lt .

 and azeotropes of ternary  systems This feature locates all the azeotropes that exist among a specified set of  components.  Ternary diagrams in Aspen Distillation Synthesis feature: Azeotropes.Property Analysis – Property Analysis  Property Analysis – Generic Use this form Pure Binary Residue Ternary y Azeotrope To generate Tables and plots of pure component properties as a function of temperature  and pressure Txy.  VLE. or single‐phase mixtures  Generic without flash calculations.  Tie lines. or Gibbs energy of mixing curves for a binary system Residue curve maps Ternary maps showing phase envelope. 65 Generic analysis is used if properties analysis of mixture is performed. LLE) resulting from flash calculations. Properties analysis of multi‐components  (more  than three) is  also included. Isovolatility curves. VLLE. Pxy. Residue curves or distillation curves. Boiling point Tables and plots of properties of either multi‐phase mixtures (for example. tie lines.  Ternary Maps Distillation boundary. Vapor curve. .

0 .2 0.4 0.0 Specific composition ? 66 70 0.6 Mole Fraction (Water) ? 0.When to Use Generic Analysis  When to Use Generic Analysis Enthalpy of Mixtures ? Water-BuOH 120 110 100 T ( C) o 90 80 LLE 0.8 1.

Property Analysis – Property Analysis  Property Analysis – Generic Select Property analysis 67 .

Add New Analysis Add New Analysis Select Generic 68 .

LLE) 4. Select “flash calculation” or not 3. Select phase (VLE. Specify component flow 2. Specify the corresponding composition 4 S if th di iti 69 .Specification of System Specification of System .

Determine Adjusted Variables Determine Adjusted Variables Specify feed condition Temperature Pressure Vapor fraction Mole flow Mass flow StdVol flow Mole fraction Mass fraction StdVol fraction Specify range of adjusted variables 70 .

Specify Property‐Sets for  Specify Property‐ Calculation Results 71 .

Add New Property‐Set (User‐Defined) Add New Property Set (User Add New Property‐Set (User‐ Select Physical Property Description 72 .

Add New Property‐Set (cont d) Add New Property Add New Property‐Set (cont’d) If the system requires VLLE calculation… calculation Select “Vapor” “1st liquid” “2nd liquid” 73 .

Specify Property‐Sets Specify Property Specify Property‐ 74 .

75 .Run Properties Analysis Run Properties Analysis Click ► to generate the results Check “simulation status” “Results Available” means convergency convergency.

8 1.2 0.6 0.Example1: Calculation of Enthalpy  Change for binary mixtures Change for binary mixtures Molar ratio of Butanol/Water=1:1 -60000 -62000 Enthalpy (cal/ /mol) -64000 -66000 66000 -68000 -70000 -72000 -74000 40 50 60 70 o Temperature = 50 C -56000 -58000 Liquid Vapor E Enthalpy (cal/m mol) -60000 -62000 -64000 -66000 -68000 -70000 -72000 -74000 -76000 -78000 0.0 Liquid Vapor o 80 90 100 0.0 Temperature ( C) Mole fraction of Water in BuOH and Water 76 .4 0.

Add Property-Set 77 .Search Physical Properties for  Enthalpy of Mixtures (HMX)  Select HMX. Others are optimal.

Calculate of Enthalpy Change As  Calculate of Enthalpy Change As  Temperature Varies Temperature Varies 1 2 3 4 78 .

Read Calculation Results Read Calculation Results Read Calculation Results 79 .

4 0.Exercise Temperature = 50 C -56000 -58000 -60000 -62000 Enthalpy (c cal/mol) -64000 -66000 -68000 -70000 -72000 -74000 -76000 -78000 0.0 0.6 0.2 0.0 Liquid Vapor o Mole fraction of Water in BuOH and Water 80 .8 1.

0 Mole Fraction (Water) 81 .Example 2: Calculation of LLE  Example 2: Calculation of LLE  for Binary system for Binary system Water-BuOH 120 110 100 T ( C) o 90 80 70 0.6 0.0 0.8 1.4 0.2 0.

Add New Property‐Set (cont’d) Add New Property Set (cont d) Add New Property‐ Select “Vapor” “1st liquid” “2nd liquid” .

 Variable and Property 1 2 Select Vapor-liquid-liquid 3 4 .Specify System. Variable and Property‐Set Specify System Variable and Property‐ Specify System.

2 0.4 0.6 0.0 0.0 Mole Fraction (Water) .Calculation Results Calculation Results Water-BuOH 120 110 100 T ( C) o 90 80 70 0.8 1.

 or single‐phase mixtures  Generic without flash calculations. 85 . tie lines.Property Analysis – Property Analysis  Conceptual Design Property Analysis – Conceptual Design (Optional) Use this form Pure Binary Residue Ternary Azeotrope To generate Tables and plots of pure component properties as a function of temperature  and pressure Txy. and azeotropes of ternary  y p gp p . Vapor curve. Properties analysis of multi‐components  (more  without flash calculations Properties analysis of multi‐components (more than three) is  also included. . VLLE. Pxy. or Gibbs energy of mixing curves for a binary system Txy Pxy or Gibbs energy of mixing curves for a binary system Residue curve maps Ternary maps showing phase envelope.  Ternary Maps Distillation boundary.  Ternary diagrams in Aspen Distillation Synthesis feature: Azeotropes. p y systems This feature locates all the azeotropes that exist among a specified set of  p components. Boiling point Tie lines Vapor curve Boiling point Tables and plots of properties of either multi‐phase mixtures (for example. LLE) resulting from flash calculations. Residue curves or distillation curves.  Tie lines.  VLE. Isovolatility curves.

Conceptual Design Conceptual Design .

Compute multiple liquid phase envelopes (liquid‐liquid  and vapor‐liquid‐liquid) for ternary mixtures and vapor liquid liquid) for ternary mixtures 4. Locate all the azeotropes (homogeneous and  heterogeneous) present in any multicomponent mixture 2. Determine the feasibility of splits for distillation columns .Conceptual Design Conceptual Design • Conceptual design enables the user to: 1. Automatically compute distillation boundaries and  residue curve maps for ternary mixtures id f t i t 3.

Azeotrope Analysis Azeotrope Analysis .

Select components (at least two) 2. Select property method 6. Specify pressure 3. 4 Select phase (VLE LLE) (VLE. Select report Unit . click Report to generate the results 4.Azeotrope Analysis Azeotrope Analysis 1. 5.

Error Message Error Message Close analysis input dialog box (pure or binary analysis) .

Azeotrope Analysis Report Azeotrope Analysis Report .

Ternary Maps Ternary Maps .

Select three components 4. LLE) 2. 3 Select property method 1.Ternary Maps Ternary Maps 3. Select report Unit 6. Click Ternary Plot to generate the results 5. Specify temperature of LLE (If liquid-liquid envelope is selected) . Select phase (VLE. Specify pressure 6.

Ternary Maps Ternary Maps Change pressure or temperature Ternary Plot Toolbar: Add Tie line. Marker… . . Curve. .

Running Simulation in Aspen Plus 95 Introduction to Aspen Plus – Part 3 .

Example 1: Calculate the mixing  properties of two stream  1 Mole Flow kmol/hr WATER BUOH BUAC Total Flow kmol/hr Temperature C Pressure bar Enthalpy kcal/mol Entropy cal/mol-K E t l/ l K Density kmol/cum 10 0 0 10 50 0 1 ? ? ? 2 0 9 6 15 80 1 ? ? ? 3 ? ? ? ? ? 1 ? ? ? 4 ? ? ? ? ? 10 ? ? ? 96 .

0 xWater and yWater What are flowrates and compositions of the two outlets? .6 0.4 0.2 0.0 0.5 zHAc=0.Example 2: Flash Separation Example 2: Flash Separation 120 T-x T T-y 115 Saturated Feed P=1atm F=100 kmol/hr zwater=0.8 1.5 T=105 C P=1atm T ( C) o 110 105 100 0.

Example 3: Dehydration of Acetic  Acid by Distillation Column (Optional) 1.2 0.0 10 yWater Reflux ratio ? 0.4 0.0 00 0.8 1.6 0.8 0.0 Duty ? xWater .4 0.2 0.6 0.0 0.

Setup  – Setup   Setup – Specification Select Flowsheet 99 .

Reveal Model Library Reveal Model Library View|| Model Library or press F10 100 .

 Bleed  Stream splitters Bleed valves Stream splitters.  g p Adding heat streams. Stream  mixing operations.Model Library: Mixer/Splitter Model Library: Mixer/Splitter Model Mixer Description Stream mixer Purpose Combines multiple streams  into one stream Use for Mixing tees.  Adding work streams Stream splitters. Perfect  Stream splitters Perfect fluid‐solid separators 101 FSplit Stream splitter Stream splitter Divides feed based on splits  Divides feed based on splits specified for outlet streams Divides feed based on splits  Divides feed based on splits specified for each substream SSplit Substream splitter .

Model Library: Pressure Changers Model Library: Pressure Changers

102

Description Purpose Use for Pump or hydraulic  Ch P h d li Changes stream pressure when the P t h th Pumps and hydraulic  d h d li Pump turbine power requirement is needed or  turbines known Compressor or  C Changes stream pressure when  Ch t h Polytropic P l t i compressors,  Compr turbine power requirement is needed or  polytropic positive  known displacement compressors,  isentropic compressors,  isentropic compressors isentropic turbines Changes stream pressure across  Multistage polytropic Mcompr Multistage  compressor or  compressor or multiple stages with intercoolers.  compressors, polytropic multiple stages with intercoolers compressors polytropic turbine Allows for liquid knockout streams  positive displacement  from intercoolers compressors, isentropic  compressors, isentropic  compressors isentropic turbines Valve pressure  Models pressure drop through a  Control valves and pressure  Valve drop valve changers Single segment  Models pressure drop through a  Pipe with constant diameter  Pipe pipe single segment of pipe (may include fittings) Multiple segment  Models pressure drop through a  Pipeline with multiple Pipeline with multiple  Pipeline Multiple segment Models pressure drop through a pipeline pipe or annular space lengths of different  diameter or elevation103

Model

Adding a Mixer Adding a Mixer

Click “one of icons” and then click again on the flowsheet window d th li k i th fl h t i d Remark: The shape of the icons are meaningless

104

Adding Material Streams Adding Material Streams

Click “Materials” and then click again on the flowsheet window

105

arrows (blue and red) appear.Adding Material Streams (cont d) Adding Material Streams (cont’d) When clicking the mouse on the flowsheet window window. 106 .

water Red arrow(Left) Feed (Required. one ore more if mixing material streams) Red arrow(Right): Product (Required.Adding Material Streams (cont d) Adding Material Streams (cont’d) When moving the mouse on the arrows. if mixing material streams) 107 . some description appears. Blue arrow: Water decant for Free water of dirty water.

click and pull a stream line. Repeat it three times to generate three stream lines lines. 108 .Adding Material Streams (cont d) Adding Material Streams (cont’d) After selecting “Material Streams”.

Reconnecting Material Streams  (Feed Stream) Right Click on the stream and select Reconnect Destination 109 .

Reconnecting Material Streams  (Product Stream) Right Click on the stream and select Reconnect Source B1 1 3 2 110 .

Specifying Feed Condition Specifying Feed Condition Right Click on the stream and select Input 111 .

you must specify the total mole. or concentrations. fractions. mass. 112 . or standard liquid volume flow.Specifying Feed Condition Specifying Feed Condition You must specify two of the following conditions: Temperature p Pressure Vapor fraction  You can enter stream composition in terms of component flows.  If you specify component fractions.

Specifying Feed Condition (cont d) Specifying Feed Condition (cont’d) 1 2 113 .

Specifying Input of Mixer Specifying Input of Mixer Right Click on the block and select Input 114 .

Specifying Input of Mixer (cont d) Specifying Input of Mixer (cont’d) Specify Pressure and valid phase The corresponding description about this blank: Outlet pressure if value > 0 Pressure drop if value ≦ 0 115 .

Run Simulation Run Simulation Click ► to run the simulation Run Step Stop Reinitialize Start or continue calculations Step through the flowsheet one block at a time Pause simulation calculations Purge simulation results Check “simulation status” “Required Input Complete” means the input is ready to run simualtion q p p p y 116 .

 Warning  messages were generated during the  esu ts t a gs Results with warnings  calculations. Results for the run are present. Error messages  were generated during the calculations. but you have  p . The results may be inconsistent with  the current input. present Results for the run are present.Status of Simulation Results Status of Simulation Results  Message Results available Means The run has completed normally.  Results with errors  Results for the run are present. and results are  present. View the  Control Panel or History for messages. View the Control Panel or History  l l i Vi h C l P l Hi for messages. 117 Input Changed . y changed the input since the results were  generated.

A status area showing the hierarchy and order of simulation blocks and convergence loops executed 118 .A message window showing the progress of the simulation by displaying the most recent messages from the calculations 2.Control Pannel Control Pannel Click here 1.

Stream Results Stream Results Right Click on the block and select Stream Results 119 .

77 ‐1.7476 ‐1355.619647 783.0816 53.41559 ‐134.6176 ‐1.48395 8.18582 50 2 0 1 0 ‐67.81 ‐3764.3726 ‐1037. Enthalpy and Entropy 10 0 0 10 180.617386 10 9 6 25 1544.81 67.1805 0 9 6 15 1364.066 1.09369 ‐95.81564 969.76874 61 76874 1.6781 ‐37.218 1.1528 0.870509 70.797886 120 .54799 13.5038 18.7476 83.82 ‐2.01528 18 01528 0.74021 80 1 0 1 0 ‐94.5007 ‐2.947 ‐1.36534 825.08758 1 0 1 0 ‐83.93771 90 93771 1.851 90.3726 94.5604 61.1 Substream: MIXED Mole Flow kmol/hr WATER BUOH BUAC Total Flow kmol/hr Total Flow kg/hr Total Flow cum/hr Temperature C Pressure bar Vapor Frac V F Liquid Frac Solid Frac Enthalpy kcal/mol Enthalpy kcal/mol Enthalpy kcal/kg Enthalpy Gcal/hr Entropy cal/mol‐K Entropy cal/gm‐K Density kmol/cum Density kg/cum Average MW Average MW Liq Vol 60F cum/hr 2 3 Pull down the list and select “Full” to show more properties results.03 ‐0.

Change Units of Calculation Results Change Units of Calculation Results 121 .

Setup – Setup  Defining Your Own Units Set  Setup – Defining Your Own Units Set

122

Setup – Setup  Report Options Setup – Report Options

123

Stream Results with Format of  Mole Fraction

124

Add Pump Block Add Pump Block

125

Add A Material Stream Add A Material Stream

126

Connect Streams Connect Streams 127 .

Specify pump outlet specificati (pressure. power) 3. Efficiencies (Default: 1) 128 . Select “Pump” or “turbine” 2.Pump – Pump  Specification  Pump – Specification 1.

Run Simulation Run Simulation Click ► to generate the results Check “simulation status” “Required Input Complete” q p p 129 .

Block Results (Pump) Block Results (Pump) Right Click on the block and select Results 130 .

131 .

Streams Results Streams Results 132 .

50 783.20 1 20 10 -83.62 E t l/ l K 37 50 134 95 95 62 Density kmol/cum 969.75 Entropy cal/mol-K -37.95 -95.37 -83.69 -95.81 -94.29 Mole Flow kmol/hr WATER 10 0 10 BUOH 0 9 9 BUAC 0 6 6 Total Flow kmol/hr 10 15 25 Temperature C 50 0 80 70.Calculation Results  (Mass and Energy Balances) 1 2 3 4 10 9 6 25 71.50 -134.46 95 46 824.56 133 .85 825.09 0 09 Pressure bar 1 1 1 Enthalpy kcal/mol -67.

.Exercise 1 Mole Flow kmol/hr Water Ethanol Methanol Total Flow kmol/hr Temperature C Pressure ba essu e bar Enthalpy kcal/mol Entropy cal/mol-K Density kmol/cum y 10 0 0 10 50 1 ? ? ? 2 0 5 0 15 70 1 ? ? ? 3 0 0 15 15 40 1 ? ? ? 4 ? ? ? ? ? 1 ? ? ? 5 ? ? ? ? ? 4 ? ? ? 6 ? ? ? ? ? 2 ? ? ? 134 Please use Peng-Robinson EOS to solve this problem.

8 1.5 zHAc=0.Example 2: Flash Separation Example 2: Flash Separation 120 T-x T T-y 115 Saturated Feed P=1atm F=100 kmol/hr zwater=0.5 T=105 C P=1atm T ( C) o 110 105 100 0.4 0.0 xWater and yWater What are flowrates and compositions of the two outlets? .0 0.2 0.6 0.

Input Components Input Components .

Thermodynamic Model: NRTL Thermodynamic Model: NRTL‐HOC Thermodynamic Model: NRTL‐ Vapor ESHOC Liquid gamma q g Liquid enthalpy Liquid volume .

Check Binary Parameters Check Binary Parameters .

Association parameters of HOC Association parameters of HOC .

Binary Parameters of NRTL Binary Parameters of NRTL .

Binary Analysis Binary Analysis .

T‐xy plot 1. Specify pressure 6. Select phase (VLE. Specify composition range 7. VLLE) p ( . 3 Select compositions basis 5. ) 2. Select analysis type (Txy) 2. Select two component 3. Select property method 4. click Go to generate the results .

Calculation Result of T Calculation Result of T‐xy Calculation Result of T‐ Data results .

Generate xy Generate  Generate xy plot .

Generate xy Generate  plot (cont d) Generate xy plot (cont’d) .

5 zHAc=0.5 T=105 C P=1atm T ( C) o 110 105 100 0.4 0.0 0.6 0.8 1.2 0.0 xWater and yWater What are flowrates and compositions of the two outlets? .Flash Separation Flash Separation 120 T-x T T-y 115 Saturated Feed P=1atm F=100 kmol/hr zwater=0.

Add Block: Flash2 Add Block: Flash2 .

Add Material Stream Add Material Stream .

5 zHAc=0.Specify Feed Condition Specify Feed Condition Saturated Feed (Vapor fraction=0) P=1atm F=100 kmol/hr zwater=0.5 .

Block Input: Flash2 Block Input: Flash2 .

Flash2: Specification Flash2: Specification T=105 C P=1atm P 1 t .

Required Input Incomplete Required Input Incomplete Connot click ► to run simulation Close binary analysis window .

Required Input Complete Required Input Complete Click ► to run simulation .

Stream Results Stream Results .

501 zHAc=0.409 Saturated Feed P=1atm F=100 kmol/hr zwater=0.342 kmol/hr zwater=0.Stream Results (cont d) Stream Results (cont’d) 42.568 .5 T=105 C P=1atm 57.432 zHAc=0.5 zHAc=0.658 kmol/hr zwater=0.

4 0.8 08 1 .6 06 0.2 02 0 0 yn  LR D xn 1  xD VR VR Stripping section: pp g LS B yn  xn 1  xB VS VS 0.4 04 x 0.2 02 0.6 y 0.Thiele Graphical Method 1 Rectifying section: 0.8 0.Review Distillation Separation Review Distillation Separation McCabe.

2×RRmin NT ≈ 2×NTmin .Trade‐ Trade‐off Between  Capital Cost and Operating Cost Shortcut Design: RR≈1.

  how much of RR and QR are  required to achieve the  specification.  RR ? QR ? .  • If the feed condition and the If the feed condition and the  number of stages are given.Distillation Separation Distillation Separation • There are two degrees of  freedom to manipulate  distillate composition and  d ll d bottoms composition to  manipulate the distillate and  manipulate the distillate and bottoms compositions.

Add Block: Radfrac Add Block:  Add Block: Radfrac .

Add Material Stream Add Material Stream .

.Flowsheet Connectivity for RadFrac Connectivity for RadFrac Connectivity for  RadFrac numbers stages from the top down. starting with the condenser (or starting with the top stage if there is no condenser).

Connect Material Stream Connect Material Stream .

5 zHAc=0.2atm F=100 kmol/hr zwater=0.5 .Specify Feed Condition Specify Feed Condition Saturated Feed (Vapor fraction=0) P=1.

Block Input: Radfrac Block Input:  Block Input: Radfrac .

Radfrac: Configuration Radfrac: Configuration Radfrac: Configuration : .

Radfrac: Streams (Feed Location) Radfrac: Radfrac: Streams (Feed Location) : Streams (Feed Location) .

Types of Feed Stage Types of Feed Stage Use this convention To introduce a feed g Between stages. g g Above‐stage On‐stage On the designated stage On the designated stage. above the designated stage g . all‐vapor feed  On‐stage‐vapor g p which is never flashed which is never flashed To the decanter attached to the designated  Decanter stage . all‐liquid feed  On stage liquid On‐stage‐liquid which is never flashed On the designated stage.

Radfrac: Column Pressure Radfrac: Column Pressure Radfrac: Column Pressure : .

Run Simulation Run Simulation Click ► to run simulation .

Check Convergence Status Check Convergence Status .

Stream Results Stream Results .

D B .

5 .Change Reflux Ratio Change Reflux Ratio Click ► to run simulation Increase RR from 2 to 2.

D B .

.Again… Again You can iterate RR until the specification is achieved achieved.

.Smarter Way Smarter Way Aspen Plus provides a convenient function (Design Specs/Vary) which can iterate operating variables to meet the specification.

Add New Design Specs Add New Design Specs .

Design Specs: Specification Design Specs: Specification Input current mole purity first .

Design Specs: Components Design Specs: Components .

Design Specs: Feed/Product Streams Design Specs: Feed/Product Streams .

Add New Very Add New Very .

. In this case.Very: Specifications Very: Specifications Specify the range of the adjusted variable Not all variables cane be selected selected. only reflux ratio and reboiler duty can be used.

Selection of Adjusted Variables Selection of Adjusted Variables The options of adjusted variables must correspond to the operating specification. .

Run Simulation Run Simulation Click ► to run simulation .

Check Convergence Status Check Convergence Status .

Change Target of Mole Purity Change Target of Mole Purity Click ► to run simulation Increase Target from 0.95229424 to 0.99 .

Check Convergence Status Check Convergence Status .

D B .

Column Performance Summary Column Performance Summary .

Summary of Condenser Summary of Condenser Include I l d condenser duty. reflux rate. distillate rate. reflux ratio d d t di till t t fl t fl ti .

boilup rate.Summary of Reboiler Summary of  Summary of Reboiler Include b il d t b tt I l d reboiler duty. boilup ratio t b il t b il ti . bottoms rate.

Column Profile: TPFQ Column Profile: TPFQ .

Column Profile: Vapor Composition Column Profile: Vapor Composition .

Column Profile: Liquid Composition Column Profile: Liquid Composition .

Plot Wizard for Column Profile Plot Wizard for Column Profile .

Plot Wizard for Column Profile (cont d) Plot Wizard for Column Profile (cont’d) After entering the block. “Plot” appears. pp . g .

Plot Wizard Plot Wizard .

Plot Types Plot Types

Steps for Composition Plot Steps for Composition Plot

Composition Profiles Composition Profiles

Temperature Profiles Temperature Profiles

INTRODUCTION TO ASPEN PLUS INTRODUCTION TO ASPEN PLUS Some Tips and Others 202 .

 click  the Next button in the toolbar. To find out why. and to go to sheets that are incomplete. 203 .Tips: Next Tips: Next Invokes the Aspen Plus expert system. Click Next  on the toolbar to find out how to complete the input  h lb fi d h l h i specifications. Guides you through the p q p y steps required to complete your simulation. Status message Flowsheet Not  Complete Required Input Not  Complete C l Meaning Flowsheet connectivity is incomplete. Input specifications for the run are incomplete.

Example: “NEXT” Example: NEXT 204 .

Tips:  What s this Tips: “What’s this” Click Cli k “↖?” and then click where you don’t know d th li k h d ’t k ? 205 .

Tips:  What s this Tips: “What’s this” ? 206 .

Tips: Window Tips: Window If you are using Workbook mode Flowsheet as Wallpaper p p Normal View You should Click the Process Flowsheet tab Click the flowsheet in the background g Select the Process Flowsheet window 207 .

Help Topics Help Topics Go to “Help” p Select “Help Topics” 208 .

Help Topics Help Topics Unit Operation M d l Reference Manual U it O ti Model R f M l Physical Property Methods and Models Physical Property Data Reference Manual 209 .

Help Topics Help Topics Calculation of Properties Using an Equation-of-State Property Method 210 .

apw *.bkp *.his *.File Formats in Aspen Plus File Formats in Aspen Plus File Type Document Backup History Problem  Problem Description Extension *.appdf appdf Format Binary ASCII Text Binary Description File containing simulation input and results and intermediate convergence information i t di t i f ti Archive file containing simulation input and results Detailed calculation history and diagnostic messages File containing arrays and intermediate File containing arrays and intermediate convergence information used in the simulation 211 calculations .

 not printable ASCII files – Transferable between operating systems – Upwardly compatible – Contain no control characters. “readable” – N i Not intended to be printed d d b i d Text files – Transferable between operating systems Transferable between operating systems – Upwardly compatible – Readable. can be edited – Intended to be printed 212 • • .File Type Characteristics File Type Characteristics • Binary files fl – Operating system and version specific – Not readable not printable Not readable.

edu.tw Email: chemeng@ntu edu tw Office: 101 電腦教室 213 .Access Aspen Plus Software Access Aspen Plus Software • Please contact  PC Teaching Assistant: Name: 侯冠宇 Phone: 02‐3366‐3005 Email: chemeng@ntu.

如何進入講義下載及填寫問卷 .

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