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soy bean

soy bean

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Published by: Ketiak Busuk on Sep 16, 2010
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The soybean (U.S.) or soya bean (UK) (Glycine max)[1] is a species of legume native to East Asia.

The plant is classed as an oilseedrather than a pulse. It is an annual plant that has been used in China for 5,000 years to primarily add nitrogen into the soil as part of crop rotation. Fat-free(defatted) soybean meal is a primary, low-cost, source of protein for animal feeds and most prepackaged meals; soy vegetable oil is another valuable product of processing the soybean crop. Soybean products such as TVP (textured vegetable protein), for example, are important ingredients in many meat and dairy analogues.[2] Traditional nonfermented food uses of soybeans include soymilk, and from the latter Tofu and tofu skin or yuba. Fermented foods includeshoyu or soy sauce, miso, natto, and tempeh, among others. The oil is used in many industrial applications. The main producers of soy are the United States (32%), Brazil (28%), Argentina (21%), China (7%) and India (4%).[3][4] The beans contain significant amounts of phytic acid, alpha-Linolenic acid, and the isoflavones genistein and daidzein. Soybeans can produce at least twice as much protein per acre than any other major vegetable or grain crop, 5 to 10 times more protein per acre than land set aside for grazing animals to make milk, and up to 15 times more protein per acre than land set aside for meat production.[5]

Soybean Nutrition
Nutritional and Health Benefits of Soybeans
Soybeans contain all three of the macro-nutrients required for good nutrition: complete protein, carbohydrate and fat, as well as vitamins and minerals, including calcium, folic acid and iron. Soybeans are the only common plant food that contain complete protein. Soybean protein provides all the essential amino acids in the amounts needed for human health. The amino acid profile of soy protein is nearly equivalent in quality to meat, milk and egg protein.

Traditional Asian Soybean Foods For centuries, soybean have been mainstays of healthy diets throughout Asia and the East. today, Asian whole soybean foods are slowly gaining acceptance in the West as a unique source of nutrition that can help reduce saturated fat in the diet. Whole soybean foods are high in protein, fiber and unsaturated fat, and rich in vitamins and minerals. They also show many anticarcinogenic properties related to the unique benefits of soy isoflavones, phytochemicals which exert biological effects in humans and other aminals

It is used as a spread or in soups. that is similar in taste and color to soy sauce. as well as vitamins andminerals. such as yeast. tofu is rich in minerals and is an excellent source of high-quality protein. polyunsaturated fats (including linoleic and linolenic acids) & B vitamins. Just one cup of soybeans provides 57.2% of the Daily Value (DV) for protein for less than 300 calories and only 2. Soybeans contain all three of the macro-nutrients required for good nutrition: complete protein. right from black. Soy sauce adds sodium and flavor to foods. pastries. B and C. potassium. They were introduced into Japan in the 8th century and many centuries later into other regions of Asia including Thailand. Versatile and nutritious. It is found in varied of sizes as well as seed coat colors. It can also be used as an alternative to yogurt or soft cheese. polyunsaturated fats and lecithin. cooked soybeans infused with a culture to form a dense.000 years ago where they were considered one of the most important crops in the area. Soybeans originated in China over 13. It is a good source of fiber protein. cooked whole soybeans. Sometimes a grain. The resulting liquid is extracted and processed. and some B vitamins. Soybeans (or Soya beans) is mostly found in Southeast Asia. Soy sauce is fermented for about 18 months as a mixture of whole soybeans. carbohydrate and fat. Soybeans are regarded as equal in protein quality to animal foods. tofu can be used in soups. is fermented with the soybeans for additional flavor. blue. sandwiches. Malaysia. and are eaten raw in salads or cooked. and yellow.2 grams of saturated fat. iron. In the past 15 years. While a complete review of all the benefits soybeans offer could easily fill a large book. Health Benefits of Soybean Classed under the plant legume. Soybean sprouts are rich in vitamins A. Depending on the coagulant used. and fermenting agents. here is a gist of what's in store for you: • Lowers Blood Pressure and Cholesterol in Men The researchers concluded that daily intake of at least 20 grams of soy protein including 80 mg of isoflavones for a minimum of 5 weeks would be effective in . soyfoods have attracted the attention of research scientists around the world for health properties beyond basic nutrition as well. salads. high-protein paste made from soybeans. Tempeh is made of whole. magnesium. salt and a fermenting agent (usually an Aspergillus oryzae mold culture). as well as useful amounts of calcium. and offers nutritional values similar to those found in miso. It has a sticky. chewy cake. wheat flour. including calcium. folic acid and iron.• • • • • • Tofu (soybean curd) is a bland. with a cheesy texture. such as rice and barley. cheese-like cake formed from soymilk by adding a coagulant (typically calcium sulfate) to the milk to form curds that are shaped and pressed into cakes. Natto is made of fermented. Miso is popular as a soup and breakfast drink in Japan. Miso is a thick. viscous coating and is strong-smelling. brown. Soy sauce is the most widely recognized soybean food. Korea and Vietnam. and spreads.

) Baked breads. However. delicious way to lower your blood pressure and bad (LDL) cholesterol. Some foods are packed in soybean oil (tuna. the fiber in soybeans binds to fats and cholesterol in food. crackers. • Special Benefits for Women Bones Enjoying soy foods daily for just 6 months can be enough to exert beneficial effects on bone in menopausal women. neither soy sauce nor soy oil contain isoflavones. tempeh and miso) provide 30 to 40 mg isoflavones per serving. and the rest is used for beef cattle. Divide your soy nuts into 3 or 4 handfuls and use as a snack or a crunchy topping for soups. both for home aquariums and for the fish .com/lifestyle/health-benefits-of-soybean2685183#ixzz0uaO0mYaw FOOD FOR HUMANS: Nearly all soybeans are processed for their oil. cookies and pies usually have soybean oil in them. • Decrease Menopausal Symptoms in Postmenopausal Women If you're postmenopausal or heading towards menopause. The processors bake the high-protein fiber that is left after the oil is removed and sell it for animal feed. a potent natural inhibitor of platelet aggregation and a powerful blood vessel wall dilator. middle-aged men. so less is absorbed. about one-quarter is fed to swine. soybeans also contain very good amounts of fiber. cakes. dairy cattle and petfood. pork. Salad dressings and mayonnaises are made with soybean oil. sardines. salads and steamed vegetables. while greatly reducing hot flashes and other menopausal symptoms. Margarine is a product made from soybean oil. The oil may be refined for cooking and other edible uses. Soybean oil is used in cooking and frying foods. other farm animals and pets. Roasted soybeans are an especially good source. Some studies have even shown that soy protein may be able to raise good (HDL) cholesterol levels. • Beneficial Effects on Platelets Yet another way in which soy provides cardiovascular protection is by promoting the production of prostacyclin. Soy protein is increasingly found in fish food. • Stabilize Blood Sugar Read more: http://www. just one-half cup contains 167 mg of isoflavones. All the traditional soyfoods (tofu. In addition. Over half of the soybeans processed for livestock feed are fed to poultry. or sold for biodiesel production or industrial uses. When eaten. etc. including a half-cup of unsalted soy nuts in your healthy way of eating is an easy. cattle.reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease in high-risk. soy milk. Soy processors (such as Cargill & ADM) take the raw soybeans and separate the oil from the meal. The poultry and swine industries are major consumers of soybean meal.lifemojo. The high-protein fiber(that which remains after processing has removed the oil) is toasted and prepared into animal feed for poultry.

The first soybeans arrived in America in the early 1800's as ballast aboard a ship! It wasn't until 1879 that a few brave farmers began to plant soybeans as forage for their livestock. Soy crayons made by the Dixon Ticonderoga Company replace the petroleum used in regular crayons with soy oil making them non-toxic and safer for children. History of Soybeans Soybeans originate from China. Soy oil produces an environmentally friendly solvent that safely and rapidly removes oil from creeks. renewable and environmentally friendly. Thailand. soy protein may be found in feed for most animals.fuel for diesel engines can be produced from soybean oil with simple processing. In 2853 BC. humid summer weather characteristic of the northeastern North Carolina. such as furniture. wheat. Soy products are also found in many popular brands of home and commercial carpet. flooring. Emperor Sheng-Nung of China named five sacred plants ? soybeans. Nepal and India. barley. The plants flourished in the hot. Biocomposites are building materials made from recycled newspaper and soybeans. rice. Around 1900 the US Department of Agriculture was conducting tests on soybeans and encouraging farmers to plant them as animal feed. Burma. Vietnam. soybeans were introduced into several countries such as Japan. and millet. Soybean plants were domesticated between 17th and 11th century BC in the eastern half of China where they were cultivated into a food crop. From about the first century AC to the Age of Discovery (15-16th century). and countertops. and its non-toxic. Indonesia. Most marine species were feed fish meal at one time. The earliest Japanese reference to the soybean is in the classic Kojiki (Records of Ancient Matters) which was completed in 712 AC. streams and shorelines without harming people. solvents. and in auto upholstery applications. Around the world. cleaners and paints. but the scarcity and increasing cost of fish meal has led producers to switch to high protein soymeal for a variety of marine species. . Soy biodiesel is cleaner burning than petroleum-based diesel oil. animals and the environment. the Philippines. Soy is an ingredient in many industrial lubricants. laminated plywood and finger-jointed lumber are made with soy-based wood adhesives. Particleboard. Its use reduces particulate emissions. The spread of the soybean was due to the establishment of sea and land trade routes. BIODIESEL -. They replace other products traditionally made from wood. Malaysia. Candles made with soybean oil burn longer but with less smoke and soot.grown for eating.

Carver discovered that soybeans are a valuable source of protein and oil. It wasn't until the 1940's that farming of soybeans really took off in America. and soybean oil. Present Uses. Brazil is expected to become the world's biggest soybean exporter in 2004. Brazil. and fourth largest international markets. W. Major export markets for soybean meal are the Philippines and Canada. soybeans with purchases totaling nearly $3 billion. G. To the surprise of farmers. more than half of the total value of the U. or about one-sixth of all agricultural exports. He encouraged farmers to rotate their crops with soybeans. Soy oil is also used in industrial paint. Other leading producers of soybeans are Argentina. displacing the United States from the top seat. green manure. soybean oil.S. Soybeans were not used to any great extent for forage in Asia.7 billion dollars. cooking oil. These were used in preparing a large variety of fresh. third. where he gathered more that 10. Uses of Soybean Early Uses. linoleum. this produced a better crop. and other products. and Japan are the second.S. fer mented and dried food products that were con sidered indispensable to oriental diets. soybean meal. Although soybeans are native to southeast Asia. About 40 percent of the world's soybean trade originates from the U. 55 percent of production is in the United States . caulking compounds. Mexico. the famous American chemist. the export value of soybeans was more than 9.S. Soybeans were grown for centuries in Asia mainly for their seeds. Mexico and Korea are large customers of U. Oil extracted from soybeans is made into shortening. and salad dressings. soybean crop comes from exports as whole soybeans. Normally.S. Soybeans account for 80 percent or more of the edible fats and oils consumed in the United States. varnishes.000 soybean varieties.In 1904. the European Union. Soybeans are the United States' second largest crop in cash sales and the number one export crop. respectively. Much of the US production is either fed to animals or exported. The majority of the soybean crop is processed into oil and meal. In 2003. . China has become the largest single country customer for U. It was not until 1941 that the acreage of' soybeans grown for grain first exceeded that grown for forage and other purposes in the United States. The US produced 75 million metric tons of soybeans in 2000 of which more than one-third was exported. In 1929 Morse spent two years researching soybeans in China. Early use of soybeans in the United States was for forage and to some extent. margarine. though US consumption of soy by people has been increasing. printing inks. Development efforts in recent years have resulted in several soy oil-based lubricant and fuel products that replace non-renewable petroleum products. China and India.

ranging form tropical Brazil to the snowy island Hokkaido in the north of Japan. However. Frozen edamame can be stored in the freezer for several months. improves the . Most people are aware of the use of soy proteins in baby formula. it helps keep the chocolate and cocoa butter in a candy bar from separating. or if the land were used to raise cattle. sport drinks. shoyu. and as a low-fat substitute for hamburger. The high protein meal remaining after extraction can be processed into soybean flour for human food or incorporated into animal feed. As soybeans mature in the pod. They have been an important protein source in the Orient for over five thousand years. They have excellent moisture-holding qualities that help retard staling in bakery products. they ripen into hard. Cooking soybeans . and industrial applications. lysine and tryptophan. which are low in the important amino acids. What are soybeans? Soybeans belong to the legume family and are native to East Asia. Soybean protein helps balance the nutrient deficiencies of such grains as corn and wheat. a product extracted from soybean oil.Soybeans are most often transformed in other foods such as tempeh. tofu. As an emulsifier. sauces and stews. are used in the commercial baking industry to aid in dough conditioning and bleaching. Soybeans grow on a variety of soils and a wide range of climates. soy milk or other food ingredients. or edamame. A given area of land planted with soybeans can produce much more protein than land planted with other crops. soak them in about six cups of water for about eight hours. Use of vegetable proteins for human consumption continues to expand in the United States. A 60-pound bushel of soybeans yields about 11 pounds of oil and about 48 pounds of meal. dry beans. cooked soybeans can also be used as an ingredient in soups. it can make fats and water compatible with each other. This soaking shortens the cooking time. is a natural emulsifier and lubricant used in many food. should be refrigerated and used within two days. For example. Storing soybeans . made from grinding whole soybeans. Dried soybeans can be kept in an airtight container for a very long period. miso. brown or green coloured.Lecithin. They can be used as meat and dairy substitutes in various items. To prepare two cups of soybeans for cooking.Fresh soybeans. It is also used in pharmaceuticals and protective coatings. Although most soybeans are yellow. Soybeans have only been introduced to the Western world since the 20th century. there are also rare varieties which are black. commercial. Soy flour and grits. weight-loss drinks.

When you cook soybeans. Pressure-cook the soaked soybeans for about 40 min.5 grams of soy protein per serving) may lower LDL cholesterol. The Food and Drug Administration approved the cholesterol-lowering health claim for soy.Whole soybeans are an excellent source of protein and dietary fibre. Soy protein has recently attracted a lot of attention because of its ability to lower LDL (bad cholesterol) levels. rinse and cook the soaked soybeans in about six cups of fresh water. indicating that daily consumption of 25 grams of soy protein (6. Protein source . make it worth your while by cooking two or three times what you need and freezing the rest for later use. Do not add salt at this point or it will delay the softening of the soybeans. Soy protein is the only vegetable with a complete protein. Results from research have prompted health professionals to request the government to officially give a stamp of approval for soy's cholesterol-lowering effects.texture and appearance of the beans and removes some of the indigestible sugars. . Drain.

50g  Iron 1. Soya is a good food for vegetarians as it compensates for the proteins and some of the nutrients that come with meat consumption. zinc. iron.7g  Total Fat: 5. Calcium 204mg. It is advisable to combine soya with a wide variety of other nutrient rich foods to ensure a balanced diet. increasing oestrogen levels when they are low and reducing them when they are high.6g  Fibre: 0.B. Magnesium 58mg. Note that these isoflavones must be converted to active compounds by the gut bacteria before the body can use them. Recent research has indicated that populations where soya is consumed regularly as part of the diet (in particular the Chinese and Japanese) have lower rates of cardiovascular disease. It also provides a significant amount of magnesium. . made from the whole soya bean and fermented. These naturally occurring plant compounds have been shown to have a balancing effect on hormones.8mg. Asian women consuming a traditional diet have fewer menopausal hot flashes and night sweats compared to Western women. Nutrition Information Soya is an excellent source of high quality protein as it contains all the essential amino acids. Tofu.8mcg. and vitamin B6 and is a good source of the natural antioxidants lecithin and vitamin E. riboflavin. The isoflavones genistein and diadzein present in soya beans are phytoestrogens. prostate and colon cancers. thiamine. Selenium 11.Soya Bean: Health Benefits and Nutrition Information Health Benefits and Nutrition Information provided by nutritionist Lucy Kelly Nutritional Therapist. Soya also contains other substances. There is a great deal of interest in the health benefits of soya. prepared with calcium sulphate and magnesium chloride)  Calories: 97  Protein: 10g  Carbohydrate: 3. (See KnowingFood's recipes) N. 1/2 cup (126g) (firm. England. which have cancer-fighting properties studies have shown that soya can lower cholesterol levels (especially the 'bad' cholesterol). The recommendation is to eat soya in its natural form. It is low in saturated fat. cholesterol free and whole soybeans are an excellent source of dietary fibre. Southampton. breast. some individuals are allergic to soya.

5mcg.Folic acid 41. The information here is intended for interest only and must not be used as a treatment for health problems. Please consult a qualified nutritional therapist for more information and recommendations. .

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