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The Logic of Symbolic Logic

# The Logic of Symbolic Logic

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11/13/2010

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# The Logic of Symbolic Logic By Anthony J. Fejfar, B.A., J.D., Esq., Coif ©Copyright 2010 by Anthony J.

Fejfar The starting, Foundational Principle for Symbolic Logic is the Concrete Logical Principle of Non-Contradiction. It is Self-Evident, and confirmed by sense experience,

that you cannot have (A)pple and not (A)pple at the same time. Thus, put more abstractly, you cannot have A and –A at the same time. This leads to the Corollary Principle that an idea cannot be both True and False at the same time. An idea is either True or False. This provides the basic test for all further logical syllogisms of Symbolic

Logic. The test for validity of a syllogism is whether or not it involves a logical contradiction, if it does not, then it is logically valid, or True. Put another way, it can be proven that there are logical syllogisms which are reasonably valid, and which provide the basis for reasonable rules. We can start by considering the logical syllogism: If A, then B, A, therefore, B. This is the causal syllogism. Putting this in a testing format, we start with the following: Assume that if A, then, B, A, therefore, B. Then, we logically analyze the foregoing to see if this syllogism results in a logical contradiction. 1. Assume that if A, then, B, A, therefore, B.

2. Assume that A is not B, and, that B is not A. 3. Assume A. 4. From A, derive B. 5. A is not B.

6. Derive A and B. 7. Thus, from the syllogism, derive the result A and B. If A, then B, A, therefore B, you can logically

Moreover, you can also logically analyze the syllogism A or B, to see if it is logically valid for Symbolic Logic. Thus, we start by assuming, A or B. 1. Assume A is not B, and B is not A. 2. 3. Assume A or B. Derive A and not B.

4. Derive A. Alternatively, 1. Assume A is not B, and B is not A. 2. Assume A or B. 3. Derive B and not A. 4. Derive B. Logical Conclusion 1. A or B is a logically valid syllogism.

2. From A or B you can alternatively derive A with one assumption, and B with another assumption. 3. You cannot logically derive A and B, from A or B. 4. Thus, you cannot logically have a conjunction and a disjunction in the same logical proof where each uses the same two variables, e.g., A B.

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