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Manojlo Milovanovic svedocenje 1

Manojlo Milovanovic svedocenje 1

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svedočenje generala Manojla Milovanovića, načelnika GŠ VRS u Hagu
svedočenje generala Manojla Milovanovića, načelnika GŠ VRS u Hagu

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Published by: lbaturan on Sep 17, 2010
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19 Q. Go ahead, General.

20 A. To make a long story short, let me put it this way: At the

21 beginning of the war, we all called each other names. The Muslims and the

22 Croats called us Chetniks. We called Muslims the Turks. And we called

23 the Croats Ustasha. That is the way it was. I can't see the initials

24 here. I don't know who drafted this document. But I suppose that the

25 document was drafted by somebody who just continued that practice.

Tuesday, 29 May 2007

Case No. IT-05-88-T

Witness: Manojlo Milovanovic (Open Session)

Page 160

Examination by Mr. McCloskey

1 However, my experience tells me that Muslims who are of Slav

2 origin were not offended if they were called Turks because they identified

3 themselves with Muslims of Islamic origin, whereas the Serbs were insulted

4 by the term Chetniks, and let me not go into explaining why. And Croats

5 equally were offended by the term Ustasha.

6 I do not have an explanation as to how this word could find its

7 way to the report. I suppose that one of the authors, somebody who

8 drafted the letter -- I'm sure it wasn't Miletic, I don't know actually --

9 used this word "Turks," I don't know why. But there is another side to

10 this coin and that is why somebody from the leadership or the military

11 command did not react or maybe they did but I don't know about that. This

12 is just my opinion, the only thing I can share with you as to how this

13 word came into the report.

14 Q. All right. And let's go to another series of documents. I'll

15 just ask you about one and they are called directives, something that I

16 know we have talked about before. Can you tell us what these directives

17 were that came from the president or General Mladic? Just generally tell

18 us and then we'll get to a couple of them.

19 A. These directives are documents issued by the Supreme Command.

20 They are political documents, war policy documents, rather than anything

21 else. They are recommendations or requests by the Supreme Command to the

22 armed forces. And they are documents that define the axes of activities

23 of the armed forces in a long run and they usually apply to the armed

24 forces as the biggest part of the armed -- or of the army or of the

25 military.

Tuesday, 29 May 2007

Case No. IT-05-88-T

Witness: Manojlo Milovanovic (Open Session)

Page 161

Examination by Mr. McCloskey

1 The directives were drafted in the following way: The Supreme

2 Command, through the Supreme Commander, talks to the team that is going to

3 be in charge of the directive and gives the team guidelines, either in the

4 written form, featuring some tasks or prospects for the army activities,

5 or this can be orally conveyed to the commander or to the person who will

6 be the directive team leader. That person jots down the guidelines and

7 then drafts the directive as a document.

8 Since our Supreme Command was not technically or in any other way

9 equipped to deal with military issues, they did not have the necessary

10 personnel which the Ministry of Defence had, and they were supposed to do

11 that, this job was handed down to the Main Staff. And the authors of all

12 these directives, maybe with one or two exceptions, the authors of all

13 these directives were members of the Main Staff. When an author using his

14 knowledge and capabilities drafts a directive, he sends it back to the

15 Supreme Command as a draft. The Supreme Command then analyses it, takes

16 out what is not necessary, adds what they deem necessary, and with certain

17 remarks and notes, they return it to the author.

18 The author then enters all the corrections, as ordered, comes up

19 with a final version. That is again returned to the Supreme Commander for

20 his signature. It is not up to me to say this, but I believe that the

21 Supreme Command should have met before any directive is signed and agree

22 with it by a show of hands, by voting, and then give it to the commander

23 to sign. When the Supreme Commander signs it, the responsibility for the

24 validity of the directive lies in the hands of the Supreme Command. The

25 Supreme Command can then send the directive to the Main Staff in its

Tuesday, 29 May 2007

Case No. IT-05-88-T

Witness: Manojlo Milovanovic (Open Session)

Page 162

Examination by Mr. McCloskey

1 entirety or he can send only its part to the Main Staff.

2 Pursuant to what they receive from the Supreme Command, the Main

3 Staff then issues their order, not directives but orders, and an order of

4 the Main Staff goes for execution to the corps command. It is the Main

5 Staff order rather than the directive that was signed by the Supreme

6 Commander.

7 Q. Okay. Let's go to one of these directives that you and I have

8 talked about before. It's number 65 ter 29. It's dated 19 November

9 1992. It's known as directive operational number 4, and if we could go

10 to -- let's just show you the first page of that so it --

11 JUDGE AGIUS: In the meantime, Madam Fauveau?

12 MS. FAUVEAU: [Interpretation] Mr. President, I don't know why the

13 Prosecution refers to the directive dated 19 November 1992. This is

14 beyond the scope of the indictment. I believe that there are other

15 directives that are more pertinent, more relevant for this case.

16 JUDGE AGIUS: Yes, Mr. McCloskey? Unless you're going to offer

17 Madam Fauveau to exchange seats.

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