Lxamplc Ol Tcchnical

Dcscrip|ion -Compu|cr Mousc
Par| dclini|ion and lunc|ion
Opcra|ina principlc
\hat is a computer mouse·
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!art Deíinition and lunction
Top Casing
%he top casing oí a computer mouse is a
hard. (ur·ed sheet oí plastic that is designed to
íit comíortablv in the palm oí the hand.
(an protects the inside parts oí the mouse.
#ightclick and Left-click cover
%he rightclick co·er is a small. (ur·ed piece
oí plastic on the top . lront oí a computer
mouse that can be depressed to transport a
signal to a recei·er on a circuit board inside
the mouse.
%his recei·er translates the mechanical
action oí clicking` into instructions íor the
%he leítclick co·er works eííecti·elv
because it is wide enough to be easilv depressed
bv the user.
$croll wheel
%he scroll wheel is a small wheel o·erlaid
with rubber .%hat is located between the
right and leítclick co·ers .
%hat connects to the internal circuit board
though a svstem oí tinv gears.
%he position so that it can be easilv turn bv
one íinger. %he scroll wheel allows the user
to na·igate up and down in a user interíace
ottom casing
%he bottom casing is a hard shell oí plastic
on the underside oí a computer mouse.
%he íunction is to protects the inner parts.
· 1rack ball
$mall rubber sphere
ball is captured through a svstem oí gears and
translated to an
electronic signal to control the motion oí the
pointer on the
computer screen.
· Internal circuit board
s an electronic component made oí a copper sheet
Ltched with conducti·e pathwavs which connect
diííerent kinds
oí electronic equipment.
loused inside the protecti·e co·ers oí the mouse.
collects and translates iníormation írom the user
· Connecting wire/cord
wires sealed in a plastic sheath
sends iníormation in electronic signals
%he cord is se·eral íeet long.
· Port
!lastic and metal connecting piece at the end

the cord with prongs.
%he round piece is made írom metal. with
pegs inside that ensure a correct and snug íit
in the proper port.
%he D$! detects patterns in
the images and examines how
the patterns ha·e mo·ed since
the pre·ious image.
Based on the change in patterns
o·er a sequence oí images. the D$!
determines how íar the mouse has
mo·ed and sends the corresponding
coordinates to the computer.
%he computer mo·es the
cursor on the screen based on
the coordinates recei·ed írom
the mouse.
%he (MO$ sensor sends each
image to a digital signal
processor D$! íor analvsis.
%his happens hundreds oí times each second.
making the cursor appear to mo·e ·erv smoothlv.
Operating !rinciple
the sensor on the bottom of the mouse.
Most optical mice use a small. red light-
emitting diode LLD that bounces light oíí
that suríace onto a complimentarv metal-
oxide semiconductor (MO$ sensor.
A mouse is a simple. easvtolearn. de·ice íor interacting with a computer
that translates actions oí the user directlv into mo·ement and actions
on the computer interíace. t does require some practice to learn the
coordination oí controlling the mouse. but once a person understands
the concept oí how the mouse works. it is easv to control.
Optical mice ha·e se·eral beneíits o·er track-ball mice:
· No mo·ing parts means less wear and a lower chance oí íailure.
· %here's no wav íor dirt to get inside the mouse and interíere with the
tracking sensors.
· ncreased tracking resolution means a smoother response.
· %hev don't require a special suríace. such as a mouse pad.