Selecting and Measuring Pipe Fittings & Pipe

Thread Type Compatibility
In order for two components to fit properly, thread types must be compatible. See the list below for thread types that can be used together.

Compatibility Female NPT can be used with Male NPT and Male NPTF threads Male NPT can be used with the following Female threads: NPT, NPTF, NPSM, NPSH, NPSL, and NPSC Female NPTF can be used with Male NPTF and Male NPT threads Male NPTF can be used with the following Female threads: NPTF, NPT, NPSM and NPSH Female BSPT can be used with Male BSPT threads Male BSPT can be used with Female BSPT and Female BSPP threads Compatibility Female NPSM can be used with Male NPSM, Male NPT, and Male NPTF threads NPSM—National Pipe Straight Mechanical Male NPSM can be used with Female NPSM and Female NPSH threads Female NPSH can be used with the following Male threads: NPSH, NPT, NPTF, and NPSM NPSH—National Pipe Straight Hose Male NPSH can be used with Female NPSH threads NPSL—National Pipe Straight Locknut Female NPSL can be used with Male NPT threads NPSC—National Pipe Straight Coupling Female NPSC can be used with Male NPT threads Female BSPP can be used with Male BSPP and Male BSPT threads BSPP—British Standard Pipe Parallel (also known as G threads) Male BSPP can be used with Female BSPP threads NH/NST—National Hose/National Standard Thread NH/NST threads can only be used with other NH/NST threads GHT—Garden Hose Thread GHT threads can only be used with other GHT threads UN/UNF—Unified UN/UNF threads can only be used with other UN/UNF threads Metric Thread DIN 3852 DIN 3852 threads can only be used with other DIN 3852 threads Metric Thread DIN 3901/3902 DIN 3901/3902 threads can only be used with other DIN 3901/3902 threads

Tapered Threads NPT—National Pipe Taper (Note: MPT and FPT are NPT threads; the “M” indicates male and the “F” indicates female) NPTF—National Pipe Tapered Fine (Note: NPTF threads are also known as Dryseal) BSPT—British Standard Pipe Taper (also known as R threads) Straight (Parallel) Threads

NPT vs. BSP (British Standard Pipe)
While NPT threads are common in the United States, BSP threads are widely used in many other countries. There are two types of BSP threads: BSPT (British Standard Pipe Taper) and BSPP (British Standard Pipe Parallel). Both styles have the same thread angle, shape, and pitch (threads per inch), however, BSPT threads are tapered and BSPP threads are straight (parallel). NPT and BSP threads are not compatible due to the differences in their threads. NPT threads are set at a 60° angle and have flattened peaks and valleys; BSP threads are set at a 55° angle and have rounded peaks and valleys. Most NPT and BSP threads also have different pitches (threads per inch), which are listed below. To determine pitch, either count the number of threads that fall into a 1 span or use a thread gauge for a precise measurement.
1

8 Threads per Inch

NPT
60°

BSPT/BSPP
55°

Flattened Peaks and Valleys

Rounded Peaks and Valleys

Pitch Pipe (Threads/Inch) NPT BSP Size 1⁄16 27 1⁄8 27 28 1⁄4 18 19 3⁄8 18 19 1⁄2 14 14 5⁄8 14

Pitch Pipe (Threads/Inch) NPT BSP Size 3⁄ 4 14 14 11 1 111⁄2 111⁄2 11 1 1⁄ 4 111⁄2 11 1 1⁄ 2 11 2 111⁄2 8 11 2 1⁄ 2

Pitch Pipe (Threads/Inch) NPT BSP Size 3 8 11 8 11 3 1⁄ 2 4 8 11 5 8 11 6 8 11 8 8

Unthreaded Pipe Dimensions and Schedule
Metal pipe, plastic pipe, and plastic pipe fittings are generally rated by schedule, which refers to the wall thickness. Metal pipe fittings, however, are generally rated by psi (pounds per square inch), which refers to the amount of pressure a fitting can endure. The following information applies to both metal and plastic pipe, as well as plastic pipe fittings. Thin wall (Schedule 10) is our lightest weight pipe. Standard wall (Schedule 40) is a popular choice because it’s great for all-around use. Thick wall (Schedule 80) is perfect for high-pressure applications where greater mechanical strength is required. Extra-thick wall (Schedule 160) is designed for your most demanding applications where pressures are high. Note: Due to different manufacturing methods and tolerances, the pipe ID and wall thickness specifications on your pipe may vary slightly from what’s shown below.

Pipe Size 1⁄ 8 1⁄ 4 3⁄ 8 1⁄ 2 3⁄ 4 1 1 1⁄ 4 1 1⁄ 2 2 2 1⁄ 2 3 4 5 6 8

Actual Unthreaded Pipe OD 0.405 0.540 0.675 0.840 1.050 1.315 1.660 1.900 2.375 2.875 3.500 4.500 5.563 6.625 8.625

Thin Wall (Schedule 10) Pipe ID Wall Thick. 0.307 0.049 0.410 0.065 0.545 0.065 0.674 0.083 0.884 0.083 1.097 0.109 1.442 0.109 1.682 0.109 2.157 0.109 2.635 0.120 3.260 0.120 4.260 0.120 5.295 0.134 6.357 0.134 8.329 0.148

Standard Wall (Schedule 40) Pipe ID Wall Thick. 0.269 0.068 0.364 0.088 0.493 0.091 0.622 0.109 0.824 0.113 1.049 0.133 1.380 0.140 1.610 0.145 2.067 0.154 2.469 0.203 3.068 0.216 4.026 0.237 5.047 0.258 6.065 0.280 7.981 0.322

Thick Wall (Schedule 80) Pipe ID Wall Thick. 0.215 0.095 0.302 0.119 0.423 0.126 0.546 0.147 0.742 0.154 0.957 0.179 1.278 0.191 1.500 0.200 1.939 0.218 2.323 0.276 2.900 0.300 3.826 0.337 4.813 0.375 5.761 0.432 7.625 0.500

Extra-Thick Wall (Schedule 160) Pipe ID Wall Thick.

0.466 0.614 0.815 1.160 1.338 1.689 2.125 2.626 3.438 4.313 5.189 6.813

0.187 0.218 0.250 0.250 0.281 0.343 0.375 0.437 0.531 0.625 0.718 0.906

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