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Network Proposal for NIFT HYDERABAD

Network Proposal for NIFT HYDERABAD

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01/25/2013

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NETWORK ANALYSIS & PROPOSAL FOR NIFT ,HYDERABAD

INTRODUCTION

ABSTRACT 

Networking is the practice of linking two or more computing devices together for the purpose of sharing data. 

A computer network, often simply referred to as a network, is a collection of computers and devices connected by communications channels among that facilitates and allows communications users to share

users

resources with other users. 

Networks may be classified according to a wide variety of characteristics, i.e.

Lan/WAN.

Objective:Objective is to develop a network to galvanize communication and improve the traditional on the premises of a reputed organization(NIFT ,Hyderabad).

An Insight into the Objective 
NIFT,

Hyderabad

is

a

professional

skill

imparting

institution with several departments catering to the purpose in different categories 
There are 10 functional departments on campus.  The

works

to

be

performed

require

frequent

communication in various one or the other form. 
The existing network in the institute is native and raw

in

nature

consisting

of

only

simple

and

direct

connections of lan group to the network switches located at various locations. 
The network has also been expanded to meet the rising

requirement of service with establishment of an annex

TRADITIONAL METHOD OF DATA COMMUNICATION U ED AT NIFT ,HYDERABAD 

The traditional data communication techniques used

in

the institute

may

be prove to be inefficient,

insufficient, inaccurate and unreliable keeping in mind the heavy bulk of data that needs to be communicated consisting of wide range of data ranging from images, videos to text. 

The

communications done through these traditional

channels also hold the same level of priority of been delivered and received irrespective of any attached priority to the data . 

The institute houses more than 10 departments among

which data communication happen on a frequent basis.

The

communications

and

networking

between

the

departments of the institute are basically two types of communication : 
Inter departmental communication  Intra departmental communication

Inter-Departmental communication
a. V . . I . C . . I ti s mal C mmuni ati n l s al C i C C i ati i ati i ati i ati Via Emails

VERBAL COMMUNICATION
‡ The message is generally passed by a higher authority of a particular department to other department(s) or to the head of the institute.

‡ The messages passed by verbal communication are authentic but unreliable too as it have any future referential doesn't for

proof

verification of facts.

All

the

departments

use

this

type

of

communication mode.

TELEPHONIC COMMUNICATION 

Messages that are transferred from one department telephone. to the other by use of 

The institute has an integrated strong intercom system installed in every

department. 

The

only

limitation carry

that is

telephonic of the

communications

that

presence of the receiver is a necessity at the other end.

IN-PERSON COMMUNICATION 

This is also a verbal communication but in this, a junior employee of a department goes to the other department personally to deliver the message that has been sent by his/her senior. 

irculars or official announcements or requisitions are passed from one department to the other in this way. 

ertain circulars which require personal attention of each member of the department are also communicated by the institute head in this particular way

COMMUNICATION BY EMAILS 

Transferring information by the help of e mails is also a one of the most authentic mode of communication used in the institute. 

Some important data or letter that has to be forwarded to other department is sent via email. Internet facility is available via Lan spread throughout the campus. 

Presently the institute members are using a third party email services such as G mail ,Yahoo, Rediff..etc, hence there is no dedicated mail service on campus for the institute.

NOTICES/CIRCULARS 

This communication mode is used when a higher authority wants to give an announcement sort of a message to all the institute members or to a particular department. 

ery serious, urgent matters, mass official announcements also communicated through this tool.

are 

Feedback is not possible for this kind of a communication system.

INFORMAL COMMUNICATION 

This type of communication includes informal talks between employees of the factory. 

A casual discussion, a verbal exchange, small talks and grapevine comes under informal communication. Informal communication unclear data. contains facts, deceptions, rumors and 

The informal channels of communication may transmit completely imprecise information that may harm rather than help the organization .

TRADITIONAL NETWORK LAYOUT AT NIFT 

Present network layout in the NIFT campus is a wired Local Area Network 



No network topology exists There are 4 main network switches on the campus located at 4 main locations Main switch in the Main server room Under the DFT dept IT lab. Girls hostel switch Switch 1 Resource centre switch in Resource centre Switch 2 New building switch Switch 3 

Main switch is connected to Switch 1,Switch 2 ,Switch 3 .Switch 1& 2 are connected. No connection exists between switch 2 & 3 . 

All

departments have nodes that connect to the nodes in these

switches. 

No server based services are provided on campus.

CAT-6 CABLES

NETWORK SWITCH

MULTI-MODE FIBER OPTIC

REQUIREMENT ANALYSIS

The various analyzed and

concluded requirements for

better communication are: 
The

need of

a backbone/backup in the case of

the

connections to the new

building which is presently

connected only to the main switch no other switch. Thus loss of connection is always probable. 

A Large amount of traffic load due to intra and inter

dept communication raises the demand of easing loads on switches for faster switching. 

A faster communication is desirable by standardization using

high speed connecting and transmission devices and replace the present switches. 

Services like mail, file and information storage facilities are

desirable for

a

customized communication and creating

common platform for Knowledge base to facilitate institute wide customized services for information and communication.

PROPOSAL FOR IMPROVEMENTS IN NETWORK

Objective 1
To provide all connection type topology between switches in order to order to make a backbone network

Present setup 

The new building switch remains to have a single connection from the main switch which keeps it vulnerable for loss connection in cases of breakdown of the connection between the main switch and the new building

Proposed setup 

It is proposed to setup an all connected topology by introducing an additional connection based on fiber optic between the switch stationed at the Resource entre and the new building.

Reasons for proposal 

The additional connection provides a backup connection at the new building as well as a new route/path to any other switch in cases of breakdown /malfunction.

Benefits of proposal 

This proposal aims at providing a backbone connection for the whole

TRADITIONAL NETWORK DIAGRAM WAN

ROUTER

PROPOSED NETWORK DIAGRAM WAN

ROUTER

Objective 2
To create sub networks within departments for enhancing traffic flow within the department and free the traffic loads going directly to the main switch.

Present setup 

The workstation in each department connects to the nodes which connect direct to the switches in their vicinity, thus for a intra department communication all the communication from various departments get accumulated and thus congestion is created

Proposed setup 

It is proposed to setup a fiber optic layer 2 switch of store and forward type within departments which is in turn connected to the nearest switch in the vicinity

Reasons for proposal 

The layer 2 switch only engages

line between the start and

end

stations thus leaving other lines free for communication 


The layer 2 switch is full duplex in operation . This isolates the department communication with that of the ongoing network communication .

Benefits of proposal ‡ No change in hardware and software required in the connecting devices when converting from a bus LAN / Hub Lan to a switch Lan. ‡ Lower traffic load on the network switch located in the vicinity with the help of the layer 2 directing within department request. ‡ Better speeds and bandwidths are possible for communication. ‡ The main network switches doesn't need to serve each and every request for intra departmental communication. ‡ Involvement of hardware that ensures that multiple switching paths inside the switch can be active at the same time

PRESENT NETWORK DIAGRAM

NODE1 NODE2

NODE3 DEPARTMENT NODE4 NODE 5

PROPOSED NETWORK DIAGRAM

NODE1

DEPARTMENT

NODE2

NODE3

NODE4

Objective 3
Establishing Layer 3 switches with flow based scheme present in exchange of the switches for

network

optimizing the communication across the network. 

Present setup

The present setup has switches across the campus that route communication to various nodes and switches on the campus. The nodes communicate directly with the switches for any

type of communication. 
Proposed setup

It is proposed to setup a Fiber optic layer 3 switches of flow based schemes in exchange of the network switches already present. 
Reason for proposal

The layer 3 switches can accommodate high loads of packet requests and provide better speeds for IP level processing and IP forwarding.The fiber optic technology also provides a add on advantage of higher speed and throughput

Benefits for proposal 1. Request from several layer 2 switches can be handled efficiently 2. Layer 3 switches are at the local networks core forming a local backbone. 3. Hardware based packet forwarding provides high and optimized performance 4. High speed scalability, extension of network possible with

addition of more devices . 5. Low latency . 6. Flow accounting as well the Secure and reliable communication 7. Quality of service (QoS) for different users can be determined

PROPOSED NETWORK DIAGRAM WAN

ROUTER

Objective 4
Standardization of network technology and equipments used as per IEEE

standards 

Present setup The present network setup only consists of switches and directly connected nodes which are connected via cat 6 cables and multi mode fiber optics that connect between network switches at different location. 

Proposed setup Establish infrastructure for the network on the basis of Ethernet technology (IEEE 802.3) Switched Ethernet type with connection between layer 3 switches and layer 2 switch is proposed to be of 100 mbit/sec using fiber optic cable(62/125µm or larger) standard The connection between various layer 2 switch and to the various workstations is proposed to be of 10Mbit/sec using fiber in line with the 100Base SX

optics(62.5/125µm) in line with the 10Base FL

Reason for proposal The network shall conform to the international standards of IEEE 802.3 which makes it reliable, secure, faster and give high

performance . The fiber optic network proposed shall provide high bandwidths with less lead times possible

Benefits of proposal ‡ Low attenuation and superior signal integrity ‡ Large Bandwidth, Light Weight, and Small Diameter ‡ Long, continuous lengths also provide advantages for installers and end users. ‡ The transmitted signals in optical fiber cannot be remotely detected within the cable. The only way to detect is by accessing the optical fiber itself requiring intervention which is detectable by security surveillance .

PROPOSED NETWORK DIAGRAM

Objective 5
To establish servers to facilitate

different functions of FTP , DH P, E mail . 

Present setup

The present setup in the campus doesnÑt have any of the service providing servers for the network. Proposed setup Physical setup 

FTP server

An FTP server is proposed to be setup at the resource centre for the purpose of creating a knowledge base. 

2. Email server

The email server would help in providing institute wide corporate email service for the authorized organizational members, to facilitate email communications in a secure, fast and reliable way. The E-mail server is proposed to be established on the main switch.

DH P server The Dynamic Host retrieve IP onfiguration Protocol (DH P) is a protocol to assignments and other configuration

address

information. The DH P server is proposed to be established on the main switch. Logical setup ‡ In the Logic setup of the network it is proposed to follow IP addressing scheme to identify different workstations and sub networks. ‡ The port to be configured for communication from client to server is 67/udp for sending data to the server, and data to the client on the server. ‡ The port to be configured for FTP communications for connection purpose is T P/IP port 20 and for data connection the port used is 68/udp for

Reasons for proposal:

1. DH P SER ER helps in dynamic allocation of IP address and eliminating the need of manual configuration. 2. Ftp server acts as a common platform for the entire organization containing a large pool of knowledge base ,updates, public notices etc.

Benefits of proposal ‡ orporate email service provides distinguished and customized

services. ‡ The DH P server automates configuration of each workstation on the network. ‡ The ftp server provides a secure location for the creation of a common knowledge bank for the purpose of instant references.

OVERALL PROPOSAL BENEFITS 

Conformance to International standards of IEEE 802.3 helps drive high performance, reliability, accuracy, integrity authenticity . & 

 

High bandwidths can be achieved Higher through puts are possible. The backbone network ensures backup for the communication in case of malfunctioning. 

Different layer switches help in faster switching techniques and prioritize communication. 

Public notice ,announcements etc can be done via ftp server where the messages and important notices can be stored thereby elimination manual notice making. 

Corporate email services with client side software can be configured keep the members active during working hours.

Proposed security measures
1.

Installation of fire wall services at each work station /at servers .

2.

Administrator controlled access to ftp server for filtering uploads downloads . to the server and authorizing

3.

Installation of web filter applications that filter as well as restrict access to any unauthorized 3rd party material.

COMPLETE NETWORK

INFRASTRUCTURE REQUIREMENTS

Switches
There are two type of fiber optic switches required i.e. Layer 3 switch of flow based scheme and layer 2 switch of store and forward type. Thus the desired quantity is as follows: 
Fiber 3 layer switches 4 nos.  Fiber 2 layer switches 10 nos ( 1 for each department)

Optical fiber cables 
The optical fiber cables required must be of multi-mode type

and 62/125µm diameter for 10BaseFL connections and for the 100BASESX connections it can be of larger diameter. 
The lengths of the cable can be calculated by measuring the

required distance.

Server Machines 
Server machines with high storage and processing

capabilties is required to cater to the needs of the E mail services, FTP services and DHCP services

Software requirements 
       

Server side operating systems Client side email service application Server side email service application FTP Client side application FTP Server side application Firewall software Anti virus software for servers Web filter application for server Network and element management

softwares for servers.

Conclusion 
NIFT

is

a

reputed

organisation

with

several

departments and vast pool of resources which require to be utilised optimally. 
Our proposed network will overcome all the loopholes

and limitations of present communication facilities, thereby making the entire , smooth and speedy. 
The

network

development

process

was

very

advantageous in enhancing the subject concepts.

Bibliography 
Books
‡ Business Data Communication(4th edition) by William

Stallings. ‡ Chapter 14(Lan Area Technology) ‡ Page No.: 367 397 ‚ Business Data Communication by Behrouz Fourouzwan ‚ ‚ Page No. : 199 215 Lan Area Technology

Bibliography 
Websites  en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ieee802.3  standards.ieee.org/getieee802/802.3.htm  en.wikipedia.org/wiki/fast-ethernet

Presented by Ashish kumar (5) Purnima(21) Rajani kant gautam (22)

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