This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
motor Instruments used s.no Instruments 1 ammeter(0-10A, MI) 2 Voltmeter(0-250V,MI) 3 Wattmeter(250V,10A,UPF) 4 Tachometer
Quantity 1 1 1
Theory Single phase induction motor is self starting. To make it self start a rotating magnetic field has to be produced in the stator. This is achieved by converting a single phase supply by us of a auxiliary windingin series with the capacitor. Procedure Connection are made as in the figure. Keeping the load minimum supply is given and start the motor. Load is gradually increased till the rated current and reading are noted. Sample calculation Input w Torque (s1-s2)Rxg where R= radius of breadrum And g=9.8m/s2 Output 2 nt/60 Efficiency output/input %slip (ns-n)x100/ns Power factor w/vi Result Load test was conducted and the performance characterstics have been plotted.
The load test on single phase step down transformer Aim To determine the efficiency and regulation of single phase phase transformer(3 KVA,400,220V) by conducting load test. Instruments used Sl.no 1 2 3 4 5 6 Instruments ammeter ammeter Voltmeter Voltmeter Wattmeter DPST switch Specification 0-10 a, mi 0-20 a, mi 0-500 v, mi 0-250 v, mi 500 v,10 a, upf Quantity 1 1 1 1 1 1
upf and full load 2. %regulation+ (no load voltage full load voltage)x 100/no load voltage.full load voltage)x100/no load voltage . With primary supply on .Theory When the transformer is loaded with a constant primary voltage the secondary terminal voltage decreases because of its internal resistance and leakage reactance. 0.8 pf(lead) and half full load 4. upf and half load = = = = = = = = V2I2 W outputx100/input (no load voltage. Change in secondary voltage from no load to full load divided by no load voltage in regulation down and divided by full load voltage is regulation up.8 pf(lag) and half full load 3. Procedure Connections are made as in figure. 0.secondary is loaded till rated current and reading are noted Sample calculation Primary current I1 Primary voltage V1 Secondary current I2 Secondary voltage Output Input Efficiency %regulation Result Load test was conducted and the performance characteristics have been plotted Open circuited and short circuited test on transformer Aim To determine the regulation and n of the given transformer 1.
10 a.no 1 2 3 4 5 6 Instruments Ammeter Ammeter Voltmeter Voltmeter Wattmeter Wattmeter Specifications 0-2. mi 2.mi 0-250 v. UPF Quantity 1 1 1 1 1 1 Theory From open circuited and short circuited test we can determine value of core losses Wo=voiocos$ From the observation values of voio is obtained No load pf cos $ = wo/voio Eddy loss components iw = io cos $ Magnetic components im= io sin$ From the sc test we will get the value of .mi 0-50 v.Instruments used s. mi 0-10 a. LPF 150 v.5 a. 250 v.5 a.