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Scholastica s College of Tacloban City Manlurip, San Jose College of Nursing

In partial fulfilment of the requirements in Related Learning Experience:

Written Output on Diagnostic Tests
Submitted to: Mr. Bernard Lego, RN, MAN Clinical Instructor

Submitted to: Aborque, Jovencio Bacarro, Nenieta Borromeo, Christian Joy Chavez, Glenn Gibb dela Peña, Mike Daven Garado, Marywin Gloria, Dahren Lirom, Ma. Haide Malate, Rodora Ann Ocoy, Louella Anne Sibayan, Sarah Tolentino, Mae Alyssa A. Group 2 July 24, 2010

Stool Examination Description: y y y also known as stool analysis or fecalysis a test done on a sample of stool (feces) stool analysis test results usually take at least 1 to 3 days. white blood cells (leukocytes). Bedridden patient The specimen should be collected in a bedpan lined with plastic wrap. volume. consistency. A urine bag can be attached to the child to ensure that the stool specimen is not contaminated with urine. and the presence of mucus. *Remember specimen must be sent for laboratory analysis immediately for not more than one hour. Mae Alyssa A.Tolentino. and the nurse can transfer a portion of the feces into the appropriate container. or cancer. poor absorption. o pH of the stool. Nurses s Role: y Nursing personnel should instruct patient on the right collection of stool specimen. o Identification of organisms (such as bacteria. A stool test kit can also be used. Do not take stool samples from the toilet bowl water. y complete stool analysis includes o examination of the physical characteristics of the stool  color. hidden (occult) blood. and sugars (called reducing substances). shape. virus or parasite) that may be causing an infection. A portion of the sample is then transferred into the supplied container. Young children and infants The diaper should be lined with plastic wrap. including infection. fat. Purpose: To help diagnose certain conditions affecting the digestive tract. Stool collection: Adult Collect the specimen by passing feces into plastic wrap stretched loosely over the toilet bowl. in which it supplies a special toilet tissue that one can use to collect the sample. meat fibers or undigested food. make sure it is without contamination of urine or toilet tissue. .

and wellformed in consistency. reflecting its passage through the colon. Low levels of certain enzymes (such as trypsin or elastase) may be present. Normal pH of stool is about 6. Less than 2 milligrams per gram (mg/g) of certain sugars called reducing factors are present in the stool. Abnormal: Increased volume of stool may indicate poor absorption of fats.y Nursing personnel should consider the patient's diet and medications when assessing and documenting the character of a patient's stool. y y y The presence of undigested meat fibers in the stool may indicate pancreatitis. Reducing factors levels between 2 and 5 mg/g are considered borderline. Abnormal values may mean y y Parasites or eggs present in the stool indicate a parasitic infestation. Levels greater than 5 mg/g are abnormal. amebiasis High levels of fat in the stool may indicate chronic pancreatitis. No blood. The presence of white blood cells in the stool may indicate bacterial diarrhea. A specific organism may be identified. An abnormal pH may indicate poor absorption of carbohydrates or fat. bacteria. . pus. The shape of the stool is tubular. such as. pus. y y The presence of blood in the stool indicates bleeding in the digestive tract. viruses. viruses. or parasites are present in the stool. Low levels of certain enzymes (such as trypsin or elastase) may indicate digestive complications of cystic fibrosis or pancreatic insufficiency. or cystic fibrosis. If diarrhea is present. Blood. mucus. y Rotaviruses are a common cause of diarrhea in young children. Crohn's disease. soft. mucus. or parasites are present in the stool. testing may be done to determine the presence of rotaviruses in the stool. bacteria. Stool analysis Normal: The stool appears brown (varies from light brown-dark brown). y High levels of reducing factors in the stool may indicate a problem digesting certain sugars (especially sucrase and lactase).

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