Now days, the pollution around us are getting worse and many bad things occur such as acid rain, deafness and many more. Even though technology is getting better and essential for our life, but still it also have negative feedback.

From Wikipedia, we know that pollution is the introduction of contaminants into a natural environment that causes instability, disorder, harm or discomfort to the ecosystem i.e. physical systems or living organisms. Pollution can take the form of chemical substances or energy, such as noise, heat, or light. Pollutants, the elements of pollution, can be foreign substances or energies, or naturally occurring; when naturally occurring, they are considered contaminants when they exceed natural levels. Pollution is often classed as point source or nonpoint source pollution. The Blacksmith Institute issues annually a list of the world's worst polluted places. In the 2007 issues the ten top nominees are located in Azerbaijan, China, India, Peru, Russia, Ukraine, and Zambia.

Human activities are the main cause of endanger an ecosystem. Logging, deforestation , release of dangerous chemical substances and many more. These shorten the life of ecosystem and our life for sure.

and loud people. including motor vehicle noise. water and thermal. Indoor and outdoor noise pollution sources include car alarms. fireworks. air . appliances. lighting hum. Poor urban planning may give rise to noise pollution. . mechanical equipment. Indoor air pollution and urban air quality are listed as two of the world's worst pollution problems in the 2008 Blacksmith Institute World's Worst Polluted Places report. particulate matter. animal or machine-created sound that disrupts the activity or balance of human or animal life. aircraft noise and rail noise. The atmosphere is a complex dynamic natural gaseous system that is essential to support life on planet Earth. The source of most outdoor noise worldwide is mainly construction and transportation systems. There are 4 type of pollution : noise . or biological materials that cause harm or discomfort to humans or other living organisms. ground keeping equipment. since side-by-side industrial and residential buildings can result in noise pollution in the residential area. emergency service sirens. barking dogs. compressed air horns. AIR POLLUTION : the introduction of chemicals. or damages the natural environment into the atmosphere. NOISE POLLUTION : Noise pollution (or environmental noise) is displeasing human. meaning seasickness. audio entertainment systems.Objective The main objective now is about pollution. The word noise comes from the Latin word nauseas. Stratospheric ozone depletion due to air pollution has long been recognized as a threat to human health as well as to the Earth's ecosystems. electric megaphones.

lakes. rivers. but also to the natural biological communities. When a power plant first opens or shuts down for repair or other causes.g. oceans and groundwater). • To study how these pollution can be prevent. A common cause of thermal pollution is the use of water as a coolant by power plants and industrial manufacturers. • To study what cause these pollution. Urban runoff--stormwater discharged to surface waters from roads and parking lots-can also be a source of elevated water temperatures. and (b) affects ecosystem composition. and. in almost all cases the effect is damaging not only to individual species and populations. the change in temperature (a) decreases oxygen supply. .WATER POLLUTION : is the contamination of water bodies (e. Water pollution occurs when pollutants are discharged directly or indirectly into water bodies without adequate treatment to remove harmful compounds. THERMAL POLLUTION : is the degradation of water quality by any process that changes ambient water temperature. fish and other organisms adapted to particular temperature range can be killed by the abrupt rise in water temperature known as 'thermal shock'. • To study the effect of these pollution to living things. When water used as a coolant is returned to the natural environment at a higher temperature. Water pollution affects plants and organisms living in these bodies of water.

Indonesia Water pollution: garbage thrown in the river .DATA COMMUNICATION Air pollution : haze caused by open burning in Sumatra .

Thermal pollution : heat is rising at Europe MATERIAL 1. Book  Memory mastery through mind maps and diagram Biology SPM : to refer my topic and main idea . Internet  Wikipedia : Searching about the main objective 2.

as well as furnaces and other types of fuel-burning heating devices "Mobile Sources" include motor vehicles. Effect: Can cause sleep disruption in humans and animals. automobile. in fact. Hybrid vehicles are so quite. hearing loss. heart disease (as a result of stress). thereby affecting the manner in which animals in areas around train tracks and airports hunt and mate. aircraft and the effect of sound etc. manufacturing facilities (factories) and waste incinerators. In rural areas. or hybridelectric. dust and controlled burn practices in agriculture and forestry management. train and airplane noise can disturb wildlife habits. that legislation is pending to actually make them louder. have been struck by such vehicles in parking lots and pedestrian crosswalks. marine vessels. Chemicals. How to overcome : Notable exception to the rule is the electric. In urban areas. and in severe cases even mental instability. and even entertainment noise.  AIR POLLUTION Cause: "Stationary Sources" include smoke stacks of power plants. motorcycle. . This is in response to numerous injuries in which pedestrians.DATA INTERPRITATION  NOISE POLLUTION Cause: The prevailing source of artificial noise pollution is from transportation. automobile. unaware of a hybrid vehicle's presence.

by forcing it through a pool of liquid. hair spray. or electrostatic air cleaner is a particulate collection device that removes particles from a flowing gas (such as air) using the force of an induced electrostatic charge. multi cyclones)Electrostatic precipitators An electrostatic precipitator (ESP). or by some other contact method. farming. thus renewing the forest. Asphyxia or suffocation may result if the oxygen concentration is reduced to below 19. disturbance of visibility and allergy. and can easily remove fine particulate matter such as dust and smoke from the air stream. it is highly flammable and may form explosive mixtures with air. Controlled burning stimulates the germination of some desirable forest trees. Haze. Methane is also an asphyxiant and may displace oxygen in an enclosed space. Fumes from paint.  THERMAL POLLUTION Cause: Discharged of heat and warm water power stations or industrial fields in excess heat in the environment. In a wet scrubber.Controlled or prescribed burning is a technique sometimes used in forest management. a filter-cleaning system. dust filter. How to overcome: Plant more trees and reflect the sunlight ray back to atmosphere. Effect: "Epidemiological studies suggest that more than 500. mutation . How to overcome : Mechanical collectors (dust cyclones. Methane is not toxic.000 Americans die each year from cardiopulmonary disease linked to breathing fine particle air pollution. Baghouses Designed to handle heavy dust loads. Effect: Aquatic organisms will die due to high temperature and less oxygen. Fire is a natural part of both forest and grassland ecology and controlled fire can be a tool for foresters. aerosol sprays and other solvents. which generate methane. by spraying it with the liquid. so as to remove the pollutants. Electrostatic precipitators are highly efficient filtration devices that minimally impede the flow of gases through the device. Waste deposition in landfills. a dust collector consists of a blower. the polluted gas stream is brought into contact with the scrubbing liquid. and a dust receptacle or dust removal system (distinguished from air cleaners which utilize disposable filters to remove the dust)Particulate scrubbers Wet scrubber is a form of pollution control technology. The term describes a variety of devices that use pollutants from a furnace flue gas or from other gas streams. however.5% by displacement. lung cancer . varnish. . prairie restoration or greenhouse gas abatement.

Effect: Increase bacteria in water. chemical in aerosol can and many more. Sungai Juru in Kedah is one of the dirtiest river in Malaysia. Bad things can happen to us such as respiratory diseases. Lastly water pollution is one of the common pollution we always heard. motorcycle and trucks are the example of noise pollution made by them. water and thermal. While thermal pollution mostly occurs at urban area. hot or warm water from the power station release to the environment can disturb the ecosystem especially aquatic creature. lung cancer allergy and disturb visibility. cholera. Plus. . Air pollution is cause by many factors such as open burning. industrial waste and agricultural waste. bad odour and High BOD How to overcome: Put the waste product at the right place. CONCLUSION The conclusion that can be made base on what have been done previously were there are 4 type of pollution that are noise. Human discard these things into the drain or river that run free. The garbage can make the water current slow or maybe block the river completely. Noise pollution can cause many injuries to living things and can lead us to deaf or death. air. The main factors are domestic waste. Sound made by aircraft. The place where many building were built. These building were made by concrete that absorb heat. WATER POLLUTON Cause: Domestic wastes and agricultural waste.

REFLECTION By doing this project. Maybe we got much money from deforestation. we should take care our environment seriously. I had finally realized that it is important to manage the development activities properly. The smoke. . the river that run free also run not freely. car fume. Not only that. various types of environmental problems will occur. The air that we breath now days are dirty than the first time we born. One wrong step can cause disaster to our ecosystem and environment. as the person who want to keep the earth clean from pollution. It is really important to ensure that the environment is safe for our future generations. dust and carbon monoxide can cause our life to end. We should think wisely before doing anythings. Lastly. If we mismanage the development activities. but in the end we lost our tree and animal.

PEKA BIOLOGY Chapter 9 : Endangered ecosystem ( Pollution) . Wilayah Persekutuan Labuan.Sekolah Menengah Sains Labuan Peti Surat 82206. 87032.

Mohd Fadhil bin Masrun Date : 24 SEPTEMBER 2010 .Name : Muhammad Ardany Bin Nazlim Class : 4 Sarjana IC No. : 940929-10-6681 Instructor : Mr.

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