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Laser Guided Door Opener

Laser Guided Door Opener

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Published by sekhar469

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Published by: sekhar469 on Sep 19, 2010
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11/22/2012

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Overview

The block diagram: Laser Beam

Sensor Sensor

Controller Circuit

Alarm

O/P for driving other devices O/P for driving other devices

ARCHITECTURAL OVERVIEW
The block diagram will help you to understand the project in the simplest way. In the block diagram the components that are used play vital role for the development and building of the other circuit diagram and different internal architecture view of component successfully. The other circuit diagram and internal architecture views are also shown one by one carefully and by keeping in mind to show the entire significant components that are used in the project (Laser Guided control) is shown in the next part.

Transistor T5. When someone interrupts the laser beam. mount the laser diode and the phototransistors on opposite sides of the doorframe and align them such that the light beam from the laser diode falls on . By varying muliturn trimpot VR1. The combination of resistor R1 and diode D1 protects the laser diode from over-current flow. This makes the output of gate N1 go low. Alternatively. At the same time. At the same time. Instantly.LED3 glows to indicate that the door-opener motor is getting the supply. Thus ED-driver transistor T4 becomes reverse-biased and LED2 stops glowing. is used for driving the intermittent pi-ezobuzzer. The circuit works off 12V DC power supply. with light intervention in its electrical wiring. the low output of ate N1 makes the output of N2 high. whose base is connected to Q output of IC2.(Note that ambient light reflections may slightly degrade The performance of his unit.DESCRIPTION AND WORKING: This automatic door opener can be made using readily available components. is used for driving the relay. The rest of the circuit remains in standby state. Resistor R9. The electromagnetic relay at the output of this gadget can be used to control the DC/AC door-opener motor/solenoid of an electromechanical door opener assembly. you can adjust the sensitivity. After construction. it con-ducts to reverse-bias transistor T3 and the input to the first gate (N1) of IC1 (CCD4001) is low. The second monostable built around IC2 (CD4538)is enabled by the highgoing pulse at its input pin 12 through the output of gate N4 of the first monostable when the laser beam is interrupted. A laser diode (LLED1) is used here as the light transmitter. Transistor T6. variable resistor VR2 and capacitor C3 decide the time period of the second monostable and through it on time of RL1.‘On’ time of relay RL1 can be adjusted by varying trimpot VR2. photo-transistor T1 stops conducting and transistor T3 becomes forward-biased. relay RL1 energises and the door-opener motor starts operating. you can use any available laser pointer. this high level at pin 4 of gate 2 triggers the monostable multivibrator built around the remaining two gates of IC1 (N3 and 4).Values of resistor R8 and capacitor C1 determine the time period of the monostable. Assemble it on a generalpurpose PCB. when the laser beam is falling on photo-transistor T1. As a result. whose base is connected to Q output (pin10) of IC2. Piezobuzzer PZ1 sounds an alert.))Initially. The high output at pin 3 of gate N1 forward biases the ED-driver transistor (T4) and the green standby LED (LLED2) lights up continuously.

replace mains AC connection with a DC power supply. IMPLEMENTATION SENSOR CIRCUIT: R3 10k R4 100 R5 470 Stand by D1 LED1 C1 0. The motor connected to the pole of relay contacts is the one used in electromechanically door-opener assembly.1uF BC337 CD4001 R1 1k BC337 BC547 R7 10k R2 10k 40% R6 1k CD4001 .the phototransistor directly. If you want to use a DC motor.

Transistor BC-337. BC-547. Laser Diode 2.CIRCUIT DIAGRAM Component used in the circuit In the circuit following components are used 1. BC-557 4. IC2 CD-4538. Other passive components DESCRIPTION OF CD 4538: . Photo transistor L14F1 TI 3. IC3 LM-7805 5. IC1 CD4001.

The CD4538BC is a dual. The devices retrigger able and reset table. The reset inputs reactive LOW and prevent triggering while active. no external protection resistor is required in series with the timing pin. Precise Control of output pulsewidth has been achieved using linear CMOS techniques. and the control inputs are internally latched. Input protection from static discharge is provided on all pins. The device does not allow the timing capacitor to discharge through the timing pin on power-down condition. For this reason. Two trigger inputs are provided to allow either rising or falling edge triggering. The pulse duration and accuracy are determined by external components RX and CX. precision monostable multivibrator With independent trigger and reset controls. PIN diagram of CD-4538 Mode of Operation .

Truth table DESCRIPTION OF CD 4001: .

and in chip from (H suffix) Internal schematic of CD-4001 DESCRIPTION OF LM-7805: . 14 lead dual-in-line plasti9 packages (E suffix). The CD4001 are supplied in 14-lead harmonic dual-in-line ceramic package (D and F suffixes). All input and output are buffered.CD4001 NOR gate provided the system designer with direct implementation of NOR function and supplement the existing family of CMOS gate.

The LM7805 series of three terminal positive regulators are available in the TO220 package and with several fixed output voltages. Block diagram of LM-7805 Applications: . thermal shut down and safe operating area protection. making them useful in a wide range of applications. Each type employs internal current limiting. If adequate heat sinking is provided. making it essentially indestructible. they can deliver over 1A output current. these devices can be used with external components to obtain adjustable voltages and currents. Although designed primarily as fixed voltage regulators.

The laser is the low cost. It consumes low power thus it works on normal 12v battery. 4. better quality security (as it is only point to point) and very large bandwidth. It can be work as a security alarm. 2. It can be work as an automatic door opener.1. It can be used as a multi-appliance control. 2. Advantages: 1. . 3. It can be work as a bridge measuring instrument. 3. It has a separate circuit so it cannot be affected by an external interference.

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