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BY: ANN GRETHEL R. TAN, RN
The fields of Nursing may be classified according to 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.
the following: Institutional Nursing Public Health Nursing or Community Health Nursing Private Duty Industrial or Occupational Health Nursing Nursing Education Military Nursing School Nursing Clinic Nursing Independent Nursing Practice
comprises all of the basic components of comprehensive patient care and family health. The concept of the modern hospital as a community health center where in patient and out patient are continuous describes the goal of medical care in most general hospital . and neighborhood clinics.y Nursing in hospitals and related health facilities such as extended care facilities. nursing homes.
4.1. 3. There is always a supervisor whom one can consult if problem exist. They have a chance to be promoted if they are qualified. 6. Salary increases are given periodically according to merit system They are considered an important member of the health team More staff development programs are available in the hospital. 5. 2. 7. They undergo rotation to different units and have a chance to determine their special area of choice before they are assigned permanently in one area. 8. They have an eight hour day and forty-hour week duty which provide for two days of rest away from duty. . Nurses are updated with new trends in medicine and in the nursing care of patients.
some nurses do not find time to improve their skills through continuing education programs. 1. Because of the bulk of work. 3. . Administrative problems and overwork may tend to dissatisfy the staff nurse.There is a great possibility of understaffing which may require nurses to put in overtime work. 2.
social workers. . sanitary inspector. nurses. nutritionist. epidemiologist. health educators. sanitary engineers. dentists. The National Health Program of the Philippines gives as much emphasis on the promotion of health and prevention of diseases rather than care of the sick. community and barangay leaders. It needs a deeper involvement and close supervision with all members of the health team such as physicians.
Focus of care is more on educational and preventive aspects. The focus of nursing care is on family and community health rather than on an individual basis. supplies and equipment. . 2. 5. 4. families and communities are motivated to assume responsibility for their own health care. It enables the nurse to utilize various community resources and maximize coordination with other members of the health team.1. 3. It maximizes efforts to improvise where there are no sufficient facilities. Individuals. It gives the nurse a better perspective of the health conditions of the community and the health programs conceived by the government. 6.
Some claim that it is not as exciting nor as glamorous as hospital work. 7. It is not a place for introverts. There is no immediate supervisor to consult in case of emergency. 5. 3.1. Cases found in public health nursing are limited mostly to chronic and communicable diseases. There are more hazards in public health than in hospital nursing. . 4. 2. There are no fixed hours of work. 6. The PHN may not be immediately aware of changes or trends in the field of nursing. Facilities for care of the sick are limited so that practice are also limited. 8.
Private Nurse Practitioner. y A registered nurse who undertakes to give comprehensive nursing care to a client on a one on one ratio. They use the title Private Duty Nurse.y Nurses in private practice are expected to be expert clinicians as well as expert generalist in nursing. . Special Duty Nurse or Private Duty Nurse Specialist.
1.providing basic nursing care to any type of patient. 2. . interpreting. Private Duty Nurse Specialist. observing signs and symptoms. General Private Duty Nurse.skills in complicated devices.
Chance to see life as it really is. adjust work and private life. 6. 4. direct off duty. The opportunity to make real friends Chance to travel and see the world The ability to own time.1. The chance to keep abreast with the new knowledge and procedures. to study human nature and to know close range interesting people of different nationalities. The challenges of giving his best in providing care . 5. 2. 3. .
holiday. 3. 4. insurance and medicare benefits unless he provide these for himself. week-ends. . Little assistance is given by the Head Nurse when the patient is critically ill. 5. There are no retirement. There are not enough nurses for evening and night shift. Many private duty nurses graduated so long ago and have not upgraded their knowledge and skills. Some patients become totally dependent on the nurse.1. 2.
. Occupational health nursing is the specialty practice that provides and delivers health care services of workers. experience. The practice focuses on promotion. and supervision of workers health within the context of a safe and healthy environment. protection. and wise judgment. and must therefore possess maturity. This is because they often work alone. Few nurses go into occupational health nursing.
Have at least one year of clinical practice in a field of specialization 3. Be a member of good standing in the accredited professional organization of nurses 4. Qualifications of the Faculty: 1. Be a registered nurse in the Philippines 2. education . Be a holder of masters degree in nursing.
. Three broad areas: 1. To prepare each Nurse Corps Officer for future assignments at a higher level of responsibility in the different stations and general hospital in time of peace and war 3. To meet the nursing needs of today s patient in AFP medical facilities 2. To teach and train enlisted personnel who perform nursing functions under supervision.
6. for Females: minimum of 60 in. making sound/ rational judgment Be interested and willing to work in both peaceful and wartime conditions Height requirements: for Males: minimum of 62 in. 8. 5. 2. 3.1. 4. communicating with others. . 9. Have a BSN from duly recognized university/college Be licensed to practice nursing Be a natural born Filipino citizen Be single or has never been married Be mentally and physically fit and cleared by appropriate security agencies Have a pleasing personality and good moral character Be skillful in applying nursing process. 7.
y School health nurses often work alone. . the hospital and all professional supports they have known. out of touch with other nurse. They are responsible for the school activities in the areas of health service. health education and environmental health and safety.
1. 4. 2. Organizing and implementing the school health program Coordinating school health programs Undertaking functions directly related to pupils health Evaluating school health program Carrying out functions related to the health of school personnel . 5. 3.
y School nursing affords one the opportunity to watch children advance from grade to grade in school health. . y Hours are usually good and there is no shift duty.
y Many school nurses do not update themselves on the current issues in nursing making them unaware of changes in the nursing practice. .
y Clinic nursing requires that a nurse possess general skills. and ECG. It is with him that the nurse acts as a receptionist. give injection and assist in physical examination. does the billing. Usually a doctor has been in general practice for a number of years. takes xrays. . answers phone. Teaching patients and their families has become an important function of the clinic nurse. change dressing.
exhibit organizational and leadership ability.y Nurses in this field must have excellent teaching and communication skills. and have good insight in order to anticipate and interpret the needs of their patient. . possess good assessment skills.
2. 1. Efficient clinic nurses are trusted in their judgment and share in planning the care of the patient. .Favorable working hours.
. independent means the nurse is self employed and provides professional nursing services to the clients and their families. The nurses reach out and offer their services rather than expect clients to seek their help. While some independent nursing practitioners set up their clinics near a hospital.y As the term implies. most of them are community based.
Make a self evaluation They need to consider their capacities. qualifications and goals . interests.
Kind of work to be performed Availability of the work Hours of works Qualifications Opportunities for advancement Method of entering .
residence certificate. Make an appointment either by mail or telephone Be at place at the appointment Know something about the institution where you will apply so that you can answer questions intelligently Be at your best Know before you enter Bring credentials such as your registration card. . tax account number and the like.
you may write a follow up letter stating your interest in the position . Ask question about the job Thank the interviewer for giving some of his or her time Give yourself time to think about the position If the prospective employer does not answer.
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