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, intellectually as well as physically. At the end of the 19th century the United States took an imperialist track, because Americans believed their “Manifest Destiny” was to grow overseas. Americans believed that they were superior to people of other nations, but that is not the only reason that American imperialism grew. Imperialism was affected by social, strategic, and economic forces as well.
1. Population, income, and industrial production grew, meaning that American people needed more resources 2. An overseas market allowed the United States to use cheap labor and sell their surplus goods 3. Technology gave Americans the ability to produce more than they needed, hence the demand for an overseas market
1. 20th Century Americans relied more on foreign trade than they had before. 2. Many thinkers, like Alfred Thayer Mahan, advanced the idea that Imperialism was good for America and for Americans
1. The “White Man's Burden” was the idea that Americans had higher moral and intellectual powers, and must send their civilization out to the “inferior” less-developed countries. 2. Joseph Pulitzer and William Randolph Hearst used “yellow journalism” to inspire Americans towards overseas interests 3. Americans wanted their military to be the best on earth, and the American government agreed this was important. Alfred Thayer Mahan told the government that the greatest nations were always seagoing people with access to foreign trade for wealth and influence, and thus the American military needed to be greatly improved. He offered that the Navy
. and that American interests abroad could be protected by cruise ships and battleships.should use metal rather than wooden boats.