Climatic Zone: Hot and Dry
Climatic Zone: Hot and Dry
Solar passive hostel, Jodhpur
A solar passive building for the hot and dry climate
The solar hostel was put up as part of the research project undertaken by the Centre of Energy Studies, Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi. Although energy conservation was stated as the objective, the design attempted to test and demonstrate suitable methods of providing thermal comfort in the hot and dry climate of Rajasthan.
The building had to be designed to house 14 double room suites for married students. The two-storeyed building has seven suites on the ground floor and seven suites on the first floor. Each suite is provided with a toilet (about 4 m² floor area), one lobby, and a small courtyard. The ground floor that has seven double rooms is partially sunk into the ground to take advantage of the earth’s thermal storage and insulation effect. The wind tower, erected over the lobby of the first floor, is connected to the ground floor through the staircase and supplies cool air to the seven units. The hot room air exits by means of smaller chimneys over each room.
Materials and methods of construction
The protection of the roof and its treatment is important because it is a major source of summer heat gain. The roof has been insulated by providing small inverted terracotta pots over the stone slabs and filling up the intervening spaces with lime concrete.
Solar passive hostel, Jodhpur
The design of the building has a set of rooms partially underground.30 m to 0. Toilets were also placed at the same level as these can be drained to the sewage system or decomposition tank/pit as the case may be. an improved design of wind tower was made with built-in evaporative cooling to lower temperatures. For this building.45 m. and finally a wind tower for making use of the cool winds. This did not pose any major construction problems in Jodhpur because of its low water level. The wall thickness varies from 0.
Solar passive hostel. uses a favourable orientation.
Passive solar design
The air being very dry. as water is a scarce commodity in summer in Jodhpur. The partially underground configuration has a moderating influence on the temperatures.Climatic Zone: Hot and Dry Stone masonry has been used for walls because it is a local material and can provide good thermal mass to balance out diurnal temperature variations. The design. evaporative cooling in summer can prove to be very effective in Jodhpur. a massive structure. any system that depends upon water for cooling is bound to fail. as it is the least favourable from the point of view of solar radiation. The higher rates of airflow and the evaporative capacity of the new wind tower can be fully utilized at night in summer to cool the building mass to lower temperatures. Wind tower The prevailing direction for cool winds in Jodhpur is the south-west. reducing the solar heat gain on the walls and cooling like a basement. therefore. and an air gap in the roof for insulation. Jodhpur
. Window apertures are difficult to provide in this orientation. reflective external finishes. The wind tower helps to ventilate the heat out of the room during late evenings and nights. deep sunshades. An experimental evaporative cooling system using wires for water distribution has also been installed on the wind tower. Unfortunately.
The tower catches only the cool wind from the south-west. Blocks of this light-coloured stone have been used for walls in the building. To prevent heat loss during night. staircases. Roof insulation The most commonly used building material in Jodhpur is stone sourced locally.Climatic Zone: Hot and Dry To overcome this problem. Jodhpur
. The tower facing the wind direction has been located over the staircase.
Solar passive hostel. and lintels over windows. Since very few manufactured materials have been used. Cool air is provided to each room from this tower and normal windows or smaller shafts (towers) facing the lee of the wind have been provided to distribute the cool air throughout the building. while the ambient temperature has a large diurnal variation. winter comfort is as important as summer comfort. a wind tower concept was used. partitions. The roof has been insulated by providing small inverted terracotta pots over the stone slabs and filling up the intervening spaces with lime concrete. thus minimizing costs. South-facing windows have been provided in most of the rooms. avoiding warmer air from other directions. Window design Since the university is normally on vacation during the worst summer months.
Performance The results of monitoring in various rooms of the hostel show that internal temperature remains nearly constant around the day without much fluctuation on a typical summer and winter day. Large slabs of stone have been used for the roofing. solid timber shutters have been provided in addition to glass ones. this is a low embodied energy building.
.Climatic Zone: Hot and Dry
At a glance Project details
Project description Hostel containing 14 suites for married students. located at Jodhpur Architect Vinod Gupta Space Design Consultants K-38 Jungpura Extension New Delhi – 110 014 Energy consultants N K Bansal and M S Sodha Project completion 1984 Client/owner University of Jodhpur Installed renewable energy system A common bank of solar water heaters has been installed to meet all hot water requirements.
o o Favourable orientation Low embodied energy by making minimal use of manufactured materials o o o o o o Heavy construction to balance out diurnal temperature variation Roof insulation by air gap Light-coloured building to reflect heat Wind tower with evaporative cooling for summer cooling Building partially sunken to moderate internal temperature South-facing window with deep sunshades to cut off summer sun and to let in winter sun o Solid timber shutters in addition to glass shutters to prevent heat loss during winter nights.
Solar passive hostel.