Pseudo-NMOS INVERTER SUMMARY

Static Operation

Parameter Equation Assumption
(Channel Length
Modulation always
neglected.)

Ratio
p
n
p
OX p
n
OX n
K
K
L
W
C
L
W
C
r =
|
.
|

\
|
|
.
|

\
|
=
u
u


Threshold Voltage
1 +

+ =
r
V V
V V
t DD
t M

tp tn t
V V V = =
Input Low Voltage
( ) 1 +

+ =
r r
V V
V V
t DD
t IL

tp tn t
V V V = =
Input High Voltage
( )
t DD t IH
V V
r
V V − + =
3
2

tp tn t
V V V = =
Output Low Voltage
( )

− − − =
r
V V V
t DD OL
1
1 1
tp tn t
V V V = =
Output High Voltage
DD OH
V V =

Low Noise Margin
( )
( )

+
− − − − − =
1
1 1
1 1
r r r
V V V NM
t DD t L
tp tn t
V V V = =
High Noise Margin
( )

− − =
r
V V NM
t DD H
3
2
1
tp tn t
V V V = =
Static Current
( )
2
2
1
t DD p Static
V V K I − =
Only flows when
NMOS is on.


Dynamic Operation

Parameter Equation Assumption
(NMOS & PMOS never
on at the same time.)

Dynamic Power
( )
2
OL DD L D
V V fC P − =

Propagation
Delay (Estimate)

DD p
L
PLH
V K
C
t
7 . 1
=
DD n
L
PHL
V
r
K
C
t
|
.
|

\
|

=
46 . 0
1
7 . 1

DD t
V V 2 . 0 ≅


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