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GIS based PAVEMENT MAINTENANCE & MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (GPMMS)

GIS based PAVEMENT MAINTENANCE & MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (GPMMS)

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Published by Niju Azhakesan
ABSTRACT
The road networks are capacity constraint and structurally deficient due to
lack of timely maintenance, rehabilitation and upgradation. This has adversely
affected the traffic movement, resulting into higher operating costs and delays.
Maintenance and upgradation of such a large network is a challenging task
because of the logistics and constraints of resources. There is a need to manage
the network more efficiently in a scientific manner; the most important aspect
lacking is the application of information system.
Therefore there is a need to establish a centralized facility where
information on road and road transportation can be utilized for the development
of effective and efficient maintenance and rehabilitation measures and for
planning upgradation strategies.
Aim of this work is to build a GIS based system that provides information
for use in implementing cost-effective reconstruction, rehabilitation, and
preventive maintenance programs and results in pavement design to
accommodate current & forecasted traffic and pavement deteriorations, in a safe,
durable, and a cost-effective manner.
A well-designed geographic information system (GIS) provides a platform
on which all aspects of the PMMS process can be built. The resulting system,
GPMMS, represents a significant enhancement of all aspects of the PMMS
process. A variety of spatially integrated data are important to pavement
management decision making. GIS technology is shown to be the most logical
way of relating these diverse, but relevant, data.
The GIS based pavement management system would eventually lead to
the development of the frame work for GIS based Pavement Maintenance &
Management System (GPMMS). Here I had reviewed the role of GIS (GeoMedia
environment) for pavement management system.
Looking at the PMMS process in its entirety leads to the enumeration of a
set of functions to be embedded in the GIS platform that is required for effective
GPMMS. These functions include thematic mapping, a flexible data base editor,
iii
Linear Referencing System, dynamic segmentation, statistics, charting, network
generation, and integration with external programs.
The most important pavement management tools in GeoMedia are Linear
Referencing System and Dynamic Segmentation. Dynamic segmentation is the
overlay and display of attributes describing a linear referenced road network.
Dynamic segmentation can accommodate multiple attribute tables, describing a
road network, without requiring duplication of network geometry or data. Only a
single, graphic representation of the highway network is required. The locations
of attribute records along the road network are identified using a linear
referencing method.
A comprehensive plug-in software, GeoMedia Pavement Maintenance and
Management Assistant (GPMMA) for GeoMedia has also been developed, which
provides no bounds for PMMS analysis in GeoMedia. Important features in
GPMMA are Deterioration prediction, Economic analysis, BBD overlay design,
Maintenance Prioritization, Overlay Cost Calculator, Maintenance scheduler etc
An exemplar GPMMS analysis was carried out on the whole of Calicut
district. A well scaled georeferred Calicut district road map was developed in
GeoMedia, GIS environment. Almost all the available data, including bridge
inventory details, culvert inventory details, and condition survey details had been
incorporated using dynamic segmentation for the analysis.
Altogether a concise and succinct approach for pavement maintenance
and management have been developed using GeoMedia in hand with GPMMA.
ABSTRACT
The road networks are capacity constraint and structurally deficient due to
lack of timely maintenance, rehabilitation and upgradation. This has adversely
affected the traffic movement, resulting into higher operating costs and delays.
Maintenance and upgradation of such a large network is a challenging task
because of the logistics and constraints of resources. There is a need to manage
the network more efficiently in a scientific manner; the most important aspect
lacking is the application of information system.
Therefore there is a need to establish a centralized facility where
information on road and road transportation can be utilized for the development
of effective and efficient maintenance and rehabilitation measures and for
planning upgradation strategies.
Aim of this work is to build a GIS based system that provides information
for use in implementing cost-effective reconstruction, rehabilitation, and
preventive maintenance programs and results in pavement design to
accommodate current & forecasted traffic and pavement deteriorations, in a safe,
durable, and a cost-effective manner.
A well-designed geographic information system (GIS) provides a platform
on which all aspects of the PMMS process can be built. The resulting system,
GPMMS, represents a significant enhancement of all aspects of the PMMS
process. A variety of spatially integrated data are important to pavement
management decision making. GIS technology is shown to be the most logical
way of relating these diverse, but relevant, data.
The GIS based pavement management system would eventually lead to
the development of the frame work for GIS based Pavement Maintenance &
Management System (GPMMS). Here I had reviewed the role of GIS (GeoMedia
environment) for pavement management system.
Looking at the PMMS process in its entirety leads to the enumeration of a
set of functions to be embedded in the GIS platform that is required for effective
GPMMS. These functions include thematic mapping, a flexible data base editor,
iii
Linear Referencing System, dynamic segmentation, statistics, charting, network
generation, and integration with external programs.
The most important pavement management tools in GeoMedia are Linear
Referencing System and Dynamic Segmentation. Dynamic segmentation is the
overlay and display of attributes describing a linear referenced road network.
Dynamic segmentation can accommodate multiple attribute tables, describing a
road network, without requiring duplication of network geometry or data. Only a
single, graphic representation of the highway network is required. The locations
of attribute records along the road network are identified using a linear
referencing method.
A comprehensive plug-in software, GeoMedia Pavement Maintenance and
Management Assistant (GPMMA) for GeoMedia has also been developed, which
provides no bounds for PMMS analysis in GeoMedia. Important features in
GPMMA are Deterioration prediction, Economic analysis, BBD overlay design,
Maintenance Prioritization, Overlay Cost Calculator, Maintenance scheduler etc
An exemplar GPMMS analysis was carried out on the whole of Calicut
district. A well scaled georeferred Calicut district road map was developed in
GeoMedia, GIS environment. Almost all the available data, including bridge
inventory details, culvert inventory details, and condition survey details had been
incorporated using dynamic segmentation for the analysis.
Altogether a concise and succinct approach for pavement maintenance
and management have been developed using GeoMedia in hand with GPMMA.

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Published by: Niju Azhakesan on Jul 02, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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03/28/2015

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This chapter gives a brief review about the software GeoMedia Professional and

GeoMedia Transportation Manager used for the work. Important terminologies associated

with GeoMedia are also briefly discussed. Besides this a brief description about the

functions of GeoMedia is also given.

35

Chapter 4

PAVEMENT MAINTENANCE & MANAGEMENT ASSISTANT

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