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LEC -- Societal Impactf09 [Compatibility Mode]

LEC -- Societal Impactf09 [Compatibility Mode]

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Societal Impact of Engineering p g g

Electrical & Computer Engineering

Societal Impact of Engineering I

– Many impacts are desired and anticipated – Many times this impact is unanticipated Engineers have a responsibility to: – Inform society of the positive and negative implications of particular technological solutions – Obtain societal approval before implementing a solution Electrical & Computer Engineering Societal Impact of Engineering I . implementing… implementing has an extensive impact on society society. designing.Engineering Solutions Impact Society What Engineers do in creating. building.

Examples of Engineering Solutions with Significant Societal Impact • • • • • • • • • Power Automobile A bil Airplanes Radio Television Microwave oven Computers Internet Video/DVD Societal Impact of Engineering I Electrical & Computer Engineering .

Engineering Solutions that are more emerging… • Cell phones Electrical & Computer Engineering Societal Impact of Engineering I .

The Sport Utility Vehicle Industry identified a need for a rugged vehicle with seating space similar to g p a minivan and built on a truck chassis • Proposed Solution: SUV • Unintended Consequences – Low Fuel Efficiency – Pollution – Safety • Potential Solution: Compact Crossover SUV Electrical & Computer Engineering Societal Impact of Engineering I .

Examples of Engineering Solutions with Unintended Consequences • • • • • • • • • • Automobile Internet Cell Phones Nuclear Power Plants Microwaves Power lines Nanoparticles Asbestos Chlorofluorocarbons Fossil Fuels Societal Impact of Engineering I Electrical & Computer Engineering .

regulations.Activities to Minimize Unintended Consequences 1. Employ formal design methodology throughout the process • • This i Thi is especially important in testing and validation. examine their societal impacts 4. 3 Identify comparable solutions (and technologies) that have already been implemented. and laws and make sure you are complying with them in letter and intent • Look at the history behind the regulations to better understand the problems they are attempting to prevent. 3. Societal Impact of Engineering I . Research standards. 2. i ll i t t i t ti d lid ti Consider a trial release Electrical & Computer Engineering . Fully investigate solutions before making design decision • Carefully assess all potential solutions and their societal and environmental y p impacts as well as their technical effectiveness.

Examine costs versus benefits for your solution • Be B sure to examine from both a company’s perspective and from society’s i f b h ’ i df i ’ perspective 6. in a global marketplace we need to i t i l b l k t l dt also consider impact on other societies 9. Don’t j t l k t 8 D ’t just look at our society. Have non-engineers look at solution and assess impact 8. Use an independent group of experts or consultants to review your decisions and to offer ideas 7.Activities (continued) 5. Think both short-term and long-term bot s o t te a d o g te • Develop contingency plans – how might you handle problems from unintended consequences Electrical & Computer Engineering Societal Impact of Engineering I .

previous solutions. newspapers (NY Times: Science section). and their societal impact • Internet • Technology media – Trade journals (IEEE Spectrum). and other technical journals • IEEE Society on Social Implications of Technology – also publishes Technology and Society Magazine • Patent office • Talk to senior engineers Electrical & Computer Engineering Societal Impact of Engineering I .Resources to help study similar problems.

Societal Impact Report (due 9/21/09. by 5 pm) Write a review of a paper from IEEE Spectrum or IEEE Technology & Society magazine that discusses a technology and its impact. Cite any other references if you consult them to understand more about this technology) Problem the Technology is attempting to solve (Briefly describe the technical problem) Societal Impact (Discuss the impact to society by this technology) Consequences (Discuss any intended/unintended consequences of the technology) Message (Describe the main message that this paper is trying to deliver) Summary (Make a strong summary statement of 1-2 sentences) 1 2 sentences). and publication date) Technology of Interest (Briefly describe the technology in your own words. Use the following format: Title (give the title of your paper. page numbers. Electrical & Computer Engineering Societal Impact of Engineering I .

concise. and use your own words •Please cite and reference any additional material that y you use. •Be sure to treat any direct quotes in the proper way.Societal Impact Report Note: •Please be organized. Electrical & Computer Engineering Societal Impact of Engineering I .

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