Elaboration of Methodology and Action Plan for EU Biodiversity Protection Standards Scientific Coordination

- FINAL DRAFTHD WG members: Ms. Senka Barudanović, Ms. Vildana Đonko and Mr. Vladimir Stupar

Sarajevo, October 2007.

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Background As a part of Balkan Peninsula, BiH is characterized by outstanding heterogeneity that is reflected through geomorphological, hydrological, climatic and biological diversity. Flora, fauna and fungi of BiH are amongst the most diverse in Europe, and high percentages of endemic and relict species emphasize its significance on the global level of biological diversity. In the centers of endemism development, processes of the new species evolvement are still being in progress. The factors that made these processes happening in BiH for millions of years are:

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diversity of terrestrial habitats as: presence of the different types and different oldness of rocks, diversity of soil types, diverse and unique forms of relief, and diversity of climate conditions diversity of water habitats as: dense and diverse hydrological network (mountain lakes, springs, mountain creeks, brooks, rivers, underground rivers, streams and lakes, bogs, mires, fens, spas and sea). long-term processes of anthropogenesis, diverse processes of ethno genesis.

Although BiH geographically covers small area, it is consisted of the system of globally valuable habitats, whose conservation is necessary due to halting biodiversity loss until 2010. Specific feature of BiH are numerous river canyons and gorges (Canyons of river Una, Neretva, Drina, Tara, Vrbas and canyons and gorges of upper stream tributaries of Bosna and others, as well as very interesting canyon of river Ugar among Vlašić, Čemernica and Manjača mountains). Underneath the highest peaks of BiH mountains, in the cirque areas, there are development centers of glacial flora and fauna, as particular proofs of postglacial processes on Balkan Peninsula. Over 450 species and subspecies of vascular plants are characterized by certain degree of endemism, what makes flora of BiH one of the most unique and distinctive in Europe. Remarkable diversity of insects (especially water insects), diversity of Ichthyofauna and mamals makes the BiH fauna recognizable in European scale, while some groups (cave organisms and underground water fishes and amphibians) are important in the world scale. However processes of managing bio and geodiversity of BiH do not satisfy the needs of the present world tendencies and movements. Though relevant laws (Law on nature protection in FBiH and Law on nature protection in RS) basically rely on Habits directive and Birds directive, the implementation of those laws in institutional and social framework is not satisfactory. The lack of institutions, mechanisms and human capacities is obvious, and problem of intersectoral disconnectedness and fragmentation at the and results with degradation of important habitat types, and vanishing of species populations which are, as endangered, already on the lists of mentioned Directives and other documents of relevant international legislative. Particularly important disadvantage is very slow establishment of relevant databases, as well as systems for data processing.

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Collection of information Relevant national institutions and experts that could contribute by providing input or information Table 1. Relevant National institutions Institution City Sarajevo Sarajevo Sarajevo Sarajevo Sarajevo Sarajevo Sarajevo Banja Luka Banja Luka Banja Luka Banja Luka Banja Luka Banja Luka Banja Luka Banja Luka Mostar Mostar Mostar Mostar Mostar

Faculty of Science, University of Sarajevo Land Museum of BiH Faculty of Forestry, University of Sarajevo Center for ecology and natural resources Hydro Engineering Institute, Sarajevo Hydro Meteorological Institute of FBiH Federal bureau for land surveying The agricultural institute of RS Faculty of Forestry, University of Banja Luka Faculty of Agriculture, University of Banja Luka Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Banja Luka Museum of RS Institute for cultural, historical and natural heritage of RS The Institute for Urbanism of the Republic of Srpska Hydro Meteorological Institute of RS Faculty of Civil engineering, University of Mostar Faculty of Civil engineering, University Džemal Bijedić, Mostar Agrarian Mediterranean institute of Federation BiH Faculty of agronomy, University of Mostar Faculty of Science and Education, University of Mostar

Contact +387 (0) 33 649 196, +387 (0) 33 250 510 +387 (0) 33 668 027 +387 (0) 33 614 003 +387 (0) 33 649 196 +387 (0) 33 212 466 +387 (0) 33 276 700 +387 (0) 33 472 469 +387 (0) 51 303 112 +387 (0) 51 464 628 +387 (0) 51 312 390 +387 (0) 51 319 142 +387 (0) 51 215 973 +387 (0) 51 215 474 +387 (0) 51 216 614 +387 (0) 51 789 456 +387 (0) 36 355 011, +387 (0) 36 355 000 +387 (0) 36 570 730, +387 (0) 36 570 032 +387 (0) 36 314 393 +387 (0) 36 325 015 +387 (0) 36 355 458

Table 2. Relevant experts that could contribute by providing input or information Field of Name expertise Institution Contact PhD Sulejman Faculty of Science, University of 033/649Phytocoenology Sarajevo Redžić 196 PhD Dubravka Faculty of Science, University of 061/173Botany Šoljan Sarajevo 240

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Name PhD Rifat Škrijelj PhD Senka Barudanović PhD Sadbera Trožić- Borovac PhD Suvad Lelo BSc Sabaheta Abadžić MSc Dražen Kotrošan PhD Jakov Pehar PhD Milenko Radević PhD Nada Šumatić PhD Ljiljana TopalićTrivunović BSc Stjepan Matić BSc Sabina Trakić PhD Dubravka Hafner MSc Jugoslav Brujić PhD Čedomil Šilić MSc Brane Gašić MSc Boris Marković BSc Vladimir Stupar PhD Mihajlo Marković MSc Zoran Stanivuković MSc Tihomir Predić

Field of expertise Ichtyology Conservation Hydrology Zoology Botany Ornithology Agriculture Zoology Botany Botany Zoology

Institution Faculty of Science, University of Sarajevo Faculty of Science, University of Sarajevo Faculty of Science, University of Sarajevo Faculty of Science, University of Sarajevo Land Museum of B&H, Sarajevo Land Museum of B&H, Sarajevo Agricultural institute, Mostar Faculty of Science, University of Banja Luka Faculty of Forestry, University of Banja Luka Faculty of Technology, University of Banja Luka

Contact 033/250445 033/250489 033/250454 033/250453 061/534306 033 453 158 036/314393 +387 (0) 51 319 142 051/464628 065/897604 +387 36 814 716 033/649196 +387 (0) 36 355 458 051/464628 Searching +387 (0) 51 215 973 065/926008 065/692006 +387 (0) 51 312 390 051/464628 +387 51 321 490

Nature Park Hutovo Blato Faculty of Science, University of Phytocoenology Sarajevo Lower plants Faculty of Science and Education, University of Mostar Faculty of Forestry, University of Phytocoenology Banja Luka Flora expert Retired Ornithology Physical planning Museum of RS, Banja Luka

“Projekt” a.d., Banja Luka Faculty of Forestry, University of Phytocoenology Banja Luka Pedology Entomology Agroecology Faculty of Agronomy, University of Banja Luka Faculty of Forestry, University of Banja Luka Institute for Agriculture, Banja Luka

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Relevant scientific publications1

Literature is available mainly in national and University libraries in Sarajevo, Mostar and Banja Luka, as well as in libraries of Land Museum of BiH and Museum of RS. There are also a great number of herbarium collections and analogue maps available in these institutions. Digital maps as well as satellite images of terrain are mainly property of institutions which perform land surveying. Birds • • • • • • • • BirdLife International, 2004: Birds in Europe: population estimates, trends and conservation status. BirdLife International (BirdLife Conservation Series No.12), Cembridge. DROCIĆ, N. 2005: Prilog poznavanju faune ptica srednje Bosne. Bilten Mreže posmatrača ptica u Bosni i Hercegovini, 1(1): 18-25. GAŠIĆ, B., 2001: Rezultati novih istraživanja faune ptica Republike Srpske. Ciconia, 10: 108-127. GAŠIĆ, B., 2004: Istraživanja ornitofaune u nacionalnom parku Sutjeska, 2001. godine. Glasnik Udruženja muzejskih radnika Republike Srpske 2: 155159. GAŠIĆ, B. 2005: Prvi rezultati novijih istraživanja faune ptica na planini Lisini kod Mrkonjić Grada. Bilten Mreže posmatrača ptica u Bosni i Hercegovini, 1(1): 3-11. GRUBAČ, B., GAŠIĆ, B., 2001: Savremeni podaci o fauni ptica istočne Hercegovine i susednih područja (Bosna i Hercegovina). Ciconia, 13: 59-76. KOTROŠAN, D., 2004: Dvogodišnja studija ptica u vinogradu "Željuša" (Bosna i Hercegovina). Ciconia 13: 49-58. KOTROŠAN, D., 2005: Sistematski prijegled ptica Bosne i Hercegovine. Unutar: S. Lelo (urednik), Fauna Bosne i Hercegovine – Biosistematski prijegledi. Interno izdanje Udruženja za inventarizaciju i zaštitu životinja, Ilijaš, Kanton Sarajevo. KOTROŠAN, D., 2005: Ekološka diferencijacija faune ptica hercegovačkog vinograda "Željuša". Radovi poljoprivrednog fakulteta Univerziteta u Sarajevu, 50(55/2): 5-17. KOTROŠAN, D., PAPES, M. 2000: Popis ptica Bosne i Hercegovine. (manuscript) KOTROŠAN, D., OBRATIL, S., GAŠIĆ, B., 2005: Prvi rezultati savremenih istraživanja ornitofaune srednjebosanske planine Ozren. I Simpozij biologa Republike Srpske, Banja Luka, knjiga sažetaka, pp: 13-14. KOTROŠAN, D., MULAOMEROVIĆ, J., HABUL, A., 2004: Ornithology and bird protection in Bosnia and Herzegovina: situation and perspectives. Acrocephalus, 25(122): 149-152. MATVEJEV, S., VASIĆ, V., 1973: Aves, Catalogus faunae Jugoslaviae, IV/3 MULAOMEROVIĆ, J., 2005: Troprsti djetlić (Picoides tridactylus) na Zvijezdi. Bilten Mreže posmatrača ptica u Bosni i Hercegovini, 1(1): 47-48. MULAOMEROVIĆ, J., 2005: Dva opažanja pupavca (Upupa epops) u 2005. godini, Bilten Mreže posmatrača ptica u Bosni i Hercegovini, 1(1): 49-50. OBRATIL, S., 1974: Ornitofauna ribnjaka Bardača kod Srbca. GZM BiH (PN) NS 11-12: 153-193. OBRATIL, S., 1978: Gniježđenje vranca velikog - Phalacrocorax carbo (L., 1758) u Bosni i Hercegovini. GZM BiH (PN) NS 18: 343-347.

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Publications relevant for Neretva river catchment are given in bold

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OBRATIL, S., 1980: Avifauna Bosne i Hercegovine. Naučni skup "Problemi inventarizacije životinjskog svijeta Bosne i Hercegovine", ANU BiH knj. 47, Odjeljenje za prirodnih nauka knj. 8: 131-144. OBRATIL, S., 1983: Struktura i dinamika populacija ptica (Aves) nekih ekosistema na planini Vranici. GZM BiH (PN) NS 22: 95-114. OBRATIL, S., 1983: Avifauna sjeverne Bosne. GZM BiH (PN) NS 22: 115176. OBRATIL, S., 1984: Naselja ptica (Aves) u kopnenim biocenozama kraških polja Hercegovine. GZM BiH (PN) NS 23: 147-184. OBRATIL, S., 1984: Gniježđenje vranca velikog , Phalacrocorax carbo (L.) na Hutovu blatu. GZM BiH (PN) NS 23: 185-189. OBRATIL, S., 1985: Ornitofauna Hutovog blata do izgradnje akumulacionog jezera PHE “Čapljina”. GZM BiH (PN) NS 24: 175-209. OBRATIL, S., 1987: Naselja ptica (Aves) u životnim zajednicama na trajnim plohama nacionalnog parka "Sutjeska". Godiš. biol. instit., 40: 73-87. OBRATIL, S. , MATVEJEV, S., 1989: Predlog “Crvene liste” ugroženih ptica SR Bosne i Hercegovine. Naše starine, 18-19:227-235. OBRATIL, S., 1992: Prilog poznavanju avifaune Buškog jezera (Bosna) i užeg priobalnog područja. GZM BiH (PN) NS 30, 155-168. OBRATIL, S., 1996: Prva istraživanja ornitofaune Hutova blata poslije izgradnje akumulacionog jezera PHE "Čapljina". GZM BiH (PN) NS 31: 403429. OBRATIL, S., 2000: Istraživanja faune ptica na Hutovu blatu u periodu siječanj – prosinac 2000 god. Nepublikovan izvještaj za projekat “Nova politika gospodarenja močvarom Hutovo blato”. OBRATIL, S., 2005: Ptice parka Blidinje i bližeg okruženja. Prvi međunarodni znanstveni simpozij Blidinje 2005. Zbornik radova, pp: 271-292. RUCNER, D., OBRATIL, S., 1973: Prilog poznavanju avifaune planinskog područja Maglića, Volujka i Zelengore. Larus 25: 61-94. Fish

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HADŽISELIMOVIĆ, R., HAMZIĆ, A., 1999: Biodiverzitet i biogeografija riba Bosne i Hercegovine. Soroš fondacija – Fond Otvoreno društvo Bosne i Hercegovine, Sarajevo. SOFRADŽIJA, A., 1999: Slatkovodne ribe i kolouste Bosne i Hercegovine. Svjetlost, Sarajevo (u štampi). STEINDACHNER, F., 1882: Salmo (Trutta) obtusirostris var. oxyrhynchus. Ichthyologische Beitrage (XII), Sitzungsberichte der k., Akad. Der Wissenschaften, 86: 1. ŠKRIJELJ, R., 2002: Populacije riba neretvanskih jezera: ihtiološka monografija. Prirodno-matematički fakultet Univerziteta u Sarajevu, Sarajevo. ŠOLJAN, T., 1980: Morska fauna Bosne i Hercegovine. U: Savjetovanje Problemi inventarizacije životinjskog svijeta Bosne i Hercegovine: stanje i perspektive. Akademija nauka i umjetnosti, Sarajevo, 1980, Posebna izdanja, knj. XLVII, Odjeljenje prirodnih i matematičkih nauka, knj. 8, 21-31. VUKOVIĆ, T., 1977: Ribe Bosne i Hercegovine. Svjetlost, sarajevo. VUKOVIĆ, T., 1980: Fauna slatkovodnih riba Bosne i Hercegovine. Akademija nauka i umjetnosti Bosne i Hercegovine, Sarajevo, 115-120, Posebna izdanja ANU BiH, knjiga 47, Odjeljenje prirodnih i matematičkih nauka, knjiga 8.

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VUKOVIĆ, T., IVANOVIĆ, B., 1971: Slatkovodne ribe Jugoslavije. Zemaljski muzej Bosne i Hercegovine, Sarajevo. Mammals

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BJEDOV, V., KOTROŠAN, D., 2000: Popis sisara u Bosni i Hercegovini. (rukopis). ĆUTUK, R., IBROVIĆ, M., KUNOVAC, S., HASANBEGOVIĆ, A., 2000: Divlja fauna Bosne i Hercegovine, Sisari-Mammalia. Veterinaria, 49: 453-463. ĐULIĆ, B., MIRIĆ, D., 1967: Catalogus faune Jugoslaviae, IV/4 Mammalia. Cons. Acad. Sci. et. Art. RSFY. MITCHELL-JONES, A. J., AMORI, G., BOGDANOWICZ, W., KRYŠTUFEK, B., REIJNDERS, P. J. H., SPITZENBERGER, F., STUBBE, M., THISSEN, J.B., VOHRALIK, V., ZIMA, J., 1999: The Atlas of European Mammals. T & J Poiser, London. KOTROŠAN, D, 2005: Istorijski pregled pročavanja faune Bosne i Hercegovine u 19. i 20. vijeku. Unutar: S. Lelo (urednik), Fauna Bosne i Hercegovine – Biosistematski prijegledi. Interno izdanje Udruženja za inventarizaciju i zaštitu životinja, Ilijaš, Kanton Sarajevo. LELO, S., 2005: Sistematski prijegled sisara Bosne i Hercegovine. Unutar: S. Lelo (urednik), Fauna Bosne i Hercegovine – Biosistematski prijegledi. Interno izdanje Udruženja za inventarizaciju i zaštitu životinja, Ilijaš, Kanton Sarajevo. SOFRADŽIJA, A., MUZAFEROVIĆ, Š., 1999: Biodiverzitet sisara Bosne i Hercegovine (katalog). Soroš Fondacija - Fonda Otvoreno društvo Bosne i Hercegovine, Sarajevo. Other groups of animals

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APFELBECK, V., 1896: Karakteristike faune beskičmenjaka u Bosni i Hercegovini, GZM, Sarajevo. BRELIH, S., DŽUKIĆ, G., 1974: Reptilia, Catalogus faunae Jugoslaviae, IV/2. ĆURČIĆ, B., 1974: Arachnoidea, Pseudoscorpiones, Catalogus faunae Jugoslaviae, III/3. MIKŠIĆ, R., 1962: Scarabaeidae Jugoslavije, I i III dio, Građa Naučnog društva BiH, 1958, knj. VI, 1965, knj. XXV i II dio, Posebna izdanja SANU, CCCXLVIII MIKŠIĆ, R., 1971: Katalog der Bockkäfer (Cerambycidae) Jugoslawiens, Sarajevo. MIKŠIĆ, S.1983: Fauna kraškog područja: U: Socijalistička Republika Bosna i Hercegovina, separat iz II izdanja Enciklopedija Jugoslavije (ed. Filipović, M., Benac, A.), str. 46. Jugoslavenski leksikografski zavod, Zagreb. MIKŠIĆ, S., 1967: Fauna Orthoptera Bosne i Hercegovine , I, Tettigonioidea, GZM, Sarajevo. PRETNER, E., 1968: Coleoptera, Catopidae, Bathysciinae, Catalogus faunae Jugoslaviae, III/6. RADOVANOVIĆ, M., 1951: Vodozemci i gmizavci naše zemlje. Naučna knjiga, Beograd.

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Flora and vegetation2 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • ADAMOVIĆ, L. 1907. Pflanzengeographische tellung und Gliederung der Balkanhalbinsel. Aus der Kaiserlich-Koniglichen hof – und Staatsdruckerel, Wien, 91 pgs. + 3 pflancengeographishen Karten. BATINICA, D. (1950): Planinski pašnjaci biljne zajednice "Nardetum strictae". Godišnjak Biološkog instituta Univerziteta u Sarajevu, III, Fasc. 1-2, 93-114. BECK-MANNAGETTA, G., 1886-1898: Flora von Sudbosnien und der angrenzenden Hercegovina. Ann. Naturh. Mus. 1,2,4,5,6,10,13, Wien. BECK-MANNAGETTA, G. 1888. Die alpine Vegetation der sudbosnisch – herecgovinischen Hochgebirge. Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien. BECK-MANNAGETTA, G., 1901: Die Vegetationsverhältnisse der illyrischen Länder. Verl. von W. Engelmann, Leipzig. BECK-MANNAGETTA, G. 1903: Flora Bosne, Hercegovine i Novopazarskog Sandžaka, Gymnospermae i Monocotyledones, I dio Državna štamparija, Sarajevo. BECK-MANNAGETTA, G., 1916: Flora Bosne, Hercegovine i Novopazarskog Sandžaka, II , Sarajevo. BECK-MANNAGETTA, G., 1927: Flora Bosne i Hercegovine i oblasti Novog Pazara, III -Horipetalae. Beograd – Sarajevo. BECK, G. M. & MALY, K., 1950: Flora Bosnae et Hercegovinae, IV Sympetalae, pars I, 1-72, Svjetlost, Sarajevo. BECK, G. M, MALY, K. & Ž. BJELČIĆ, 1967: Flora Bosnae et Hercegovinae, IV Sympetalae, 2, Zemaljski muzej BiH, Sarajevo. BECK, G., MALY, K. et BJELČIĆ, Ž., 1974: Flora Bosne i Hercegovine IV – Sympetalae 3. Sarajevo. BECK, G., MALY, K. et BJELČIĆ, Ž., 1983: Flora Bosne i Hercegovine IV – Sympetalae 4. Sarajevo. BEUS, V. 1997: Fitocenologija, Sarajevo BEUS, V., VOJNIKOVIĆ, S.: (2006): “Zaštićena i specifična područja šuma i šumskih zemljišta u Bosni i Hercegovini – teritorij F BiH” – PROJEKAT/ Šumarski fakultet Univerziteta u Sarajevu. BJELČIĆ, Ž., 1987: Endemi u biljnom svijetu Bosne i Hercegovine i problem zaštite. ANUBiH, posebna izdanja, knjiga LXXXII, Odjeljenje prirodnih i matematičkih nauka, knjiga 14: 95-102, naučni skup “Zaštita endema u živom svijetu Jugoslavije”, Sarajevo. BJELČIĆ, Ž. & ŠILIĆ, Č.: 1971: Karakteristične cvjetnice za hercegovački endemni centar pl. Prenj, Čvrsnica i Čabulja. Glas. Zem. Muz. Bosne i Herc., (NS) (PN), 10: 39-57. Sarajevo. BLAGOJEVIĆ, S.(1976): Prilog poznavanju cijanoficeja (Cyanophyceae) krških izvorišta.Acta Bot.Croat. 35,207-215. BLAGOJEVIĆ, S.(1976): Prilog poznavanju algi krških izvorišta u Bosni i Hercegovini. I. Chrysophyceae, Xanthophyceae, Bacillariophyceae. Godišnjak Biol.in-ta Univ.u Sarajevu. 29, 5-21. BLAGOJEVIĆ, S.(1979): Prilog poznavanju algi krških izvorišta u Bosni i Hercegovini. II Kloroficeje (Chlorophyceae). Acta Bot.Croat. 38,125-132. BLAGOJEVIĆ, S. HAFNER, D., KRIVOKAPIĆ, K., KAĆANSKI, D.(1986).Neke hidrobiološke karakteristike akumulacionih jezera na Neretvi i Trebišnjici. Prirodno – Matematički fakultet .Univerzitet u Sarajevu

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Only publications relevant for Neretva river catchment were given

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BRAUN-BLANQUET, J. 1964. Pflanzensoziologie. Springer Verlag, Wien New York. BRENNAN, S., WITHGOTT, J. (2005): Biodiversity and Conservation Biology. (In: Environment; The Science behind the Stories. Pearson, Bewamin Cummings, San Francisco. DOKO, A. (2005 ): Epifite Hutova Blata. Diplomski rad. Sveučilište u Mostaru. DZWONKO, Z. & LOSTER, S. 2000. Syntaxonomy and phytogeographical differentiation of the Fagus woods in the Southwest Balkan Peninsula. Journal of Vegetation Science, 11.5 ELLENBERG, H. 1986. Vegetation Mitteleuropas mit den Alpen in oekologischer Sicht. Eugen Ulmer, Stuttgart. FIALA, F. 1889. Studije o nekojim biljevnim odnošajima u posjednutim zemljama. Glasnik. Zem. muzeja BiH, 85-88. FORMANEK, E., 1888: Beitrag zur Flora von Bosnien und der Hercegovina. Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 38: 419-423. FUKAREK, P., 1957: Fitocenološka raspodjela bosanskog i hercegovačkog krša, Zbornik "Krš BiH" Split, br.3, str. 139-143. FUKAREK, P., 1958: Prilog poznavanju granica krša u BiH, Geografski pregled Sarajevo, br.2, str. 11-18 FUKAREK, P., 1962: Granice raširenja izrazitih flornih elemenata u vegetaciji Hercegovine, G.P. Sarajevo, str 73-76. FUKAREK, P., 1962: Modro lasinje – Moltkea petraea (Trat.) Gris. rijetki endemni grmić našeg hercegovačkog i crnogorskog krša i njegova zaštita. Naše starine, 8: 205-209, Sarajevo. FUKAREK, P., 1962: Pionirska vegetacija točila u brdskom pojasu dinarskih planina i njena zaštita, Naše starine Sarajevo, br. 8, str. 199-204. FUKAREK, P., 1966: Zajednice endemne Munike na planini Prenju u Hercegovini. Acta Bot. Croat., 25:61-63, Zagreb. FUKAREK, P., 1970: Fitocenološka istraživanja i kartiranje šumskih i šibljačkih zajednica na hercegovačkim planinama: Orjen, Prejn i Čvrsnica, zbornik radova ANUBIH, Sarajevo, br. 11, str. 175-229. FUKAREK, P., 1971: Šume borova na jugoalvenskom kršu, Separat JAZU, str.145-162. FUKAREK, P., 1979: Šumske biljne zajednice Jugoslavije. Zbornik radova II kongresa ekologa Jugoslavije, knjiga I, 55-69, Zadar-Plitvice. GRUPA AUTORA, 1975: Hercegovački razvojni endemni centar u sklopu planina Prenj, Čvrsnica, Čabulja i Velež. Elaborat Zemaljskog muzeja BiH (Prirodnjačko odjeljenje), Sarajevo. HAYEK, A. 1924-1933. Prodromus florae peninsulae Balcanicae.Band I, II,III,Berlin-Dahlem - Berlin. HORVAT, I., 1933: Istraživanje vegetacije hercegovačkih i crnogorskih planina, Ljetop. Jugosl. akd., 46:110-113, Zagreb. HORVAT, I., GLAVAČ, V. & ELLENBERG, H. 1974. Vegetation of Sudosteuropas. Geobotanica Selecta, IV. Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart. HORVATIĆ S., 1967: Analitička flora Jugoslavije, 1(1). Institut za Botaniku Sveučilista u Zagrebu, Grafički zavod Hrvatske, Zagreb HORVATIĆ S., TRINAJSTIĆ I., eds. 1973: Analitička flora Jugoslavije, 1 (2). Institut za Botaniku Sveučilista u Zagrebu, Grafički zavod Hrvatske, Zagreb. ISAJEV, V., BEUS, V., MATARUGA, M. (2006): Biodiverzitet zaštićenih područja u Bosni i Hercegovini i njihov značaj za konzervaciju. Zbornik radova. Naučna konferencija: "Gazdovanje šumskim ekosistemima nacionalnih parkova i drugih zaštićenih područja". Jahorina. 11-24. IUCN Conservation Monitoring Centre, Threatened Plants Unit (1997): List of

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rare, threatened and endemic plants in Europe (1997 edition). European Committee for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, Strasbourg. The Committe for Mapping the Flora of Europe. JANCHEN, E., 1906: Ein Beitrag zur Kenntis der Flora der Herzegowina. Mitt. Naturw. Ver. Univers, 4, 3:23-25;4, 4-6:29-36, Wien. JERKOVIĆ, L. (1978): Dijatomeje sliva gornjeg toka rijeke Neretve, God. Biol. inst. Sarajevo 30, 5-49. JERKOVIĆ, L. (1978): Studija sadašnjeg stanja ekosistema Hutova blata, God. Biol. inst. Sarajevo. JOVANČEVIĆ, M., 1964: Drveće i grmlje mediteranskog zimzelenog područja Hercegovine, Radovi Š.F.I. Sarajevo, br. 9, str. 1-48 JOVANOVIĆ, B., LAKUŠIĆ, R., RIZOVSKI, R., TRINAJSTIĆ, I. & ZUPANČIČ, M. 1986. Prodromus phytocoenosum Jugoslaviae ad mappam vegetation M 1: 200 000. Naucno vijece vegetac. karte Jugoslavije, Bribir Ilok. KORICA, B., 1950: Prilog poznavanju flore Veleži (Hercegovina). God. Biol. inst. (Sarajevo), 3 1-2: 9-36. LAKUŠIĆ, R. 1969. Fitogeografsko raščlanjenje visokih Dinarida. Acta Botanica Croatica 28: 221-226. LAKUŠIĆ, R. 1970. Die Vegetation der sudostlichen Dinariden. Vegetatio 21: 321-373. LAKUŠIĆ, R. 1973: Prirodni sistem populacija i vrsta roda Edraianthus DC., Godišnjak Biol. Inst. Univ., 26: 1-130, Sarajevo. LAKUŠIĆ, R. 1975. Prirodni sistem geobiocenoza na planinama Dinaridima. God. Biol. inst. Univ. u Sarajevu, 28: 175-191. LAKUŠIĆ, R., 1982: Planinske biljke. „Svjetlost“, OOUR Zavod za udžbenike i nastavna sredstva, Sarajevo. LAKUŠIĆ, R., PAVLOVIĆ, D., ABADŽIĆ, S., GRGIĆ, P. (1978): Prodromus biljnih zajednica Bosne i Hercegovine. Godišnjak Biološkog instituta Univerziteta u Sarajevu, Posebno izdanje, XXX. LAKUŠIĆ, R., PAVLOVIĆ-MURATSPAHIĆ, D., REDŽIĆ, S. (1982): Vegetacija ekosistema kraških polja Hercegovine. Godišnjak Biološkog instituta, XXXV, 81-92. LAKUŠIĆ, R., GRGIĆ, P., KUTLEŠA, L., MURATSPAHIĆ, D., REDŽIĆ, S., VUKOREP, OMEROVIĆ, S. (1991): Struktura i dinamika fitocenoza u ekosistemima tresetišta na planinama Bosne. Bilten društva ekologa BiH, ser. A, Vol 7: 35-84, Sarajevo MAGURRAN, A.E. 1988. Ecological diversity and its measurement. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey. MALY, K., 1907: Beitr*ge zur illyrischen Flora. *ster. Bot. Zeitschr 57(45): 178185. MALY, K., 1919: Prilozi za floru Bosne i Hercegovine. Glas. Zem. Muz. Bosne. Herceg. 31: 68. Sarajevo. MALY, K., 1920: Prilozi za floru Bosne i Hercegovine. Glas. Zem. Muz. Bosne. Herceg. 32: 129-139. Sarajevo. MALY, K., 1928: Prilozi za floru Bosne i Hercegovine. Glas. Zem. Muz. Bosne. Herceg. 40: 107-166. Sarajevo. MALY, K., 1940: Notizen zur Flora von Bosnien-Hercegovina. Glas. Zem. Muz. Bosne. Herceg. 52: 21- 46. Sarajevo. MALY, K., 1936: Notizen zur Flora von Jugoslavien. Glasnik Zemalj. muzeja u Bill 68. Sarajevo, Sv. za prirodne nauke 27-43.

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MARINČEK, L., MUCINA, L., ZUPANČIČ, M., POLDINI, L., DAKSKOBLER, I., ACCETTO, M. 1992. Nomenklaturishe revision der Illyrischen Buchenwalder (Verband Aremonio-Fagion). Studia Geobotanica, 12: 121135. MIŠIĆ, Lj., LAKUŠIĆ, R. (1990): Livadske biljke. IP "Svjetlost", Zavod za udžbenike i nastavna sredstva, Sarajevo. Zavod za udžbenike i nastavna sredstva Beograd. MURBECK, S., 1891: Beitrage zur Kenntnis der Flora von Sudbosnien und der Hercegovina. Lunds Universitets Arsskrift, 27: 1-182, Lund. OBERDORFER, E., 1983: Pflanzensoziologische Excursions Flora. Verlag Eugen Ulmer. Stuttgart. PANTOCSEK, J., 1873: Plantae novae, quas aestat anni 1872, per Hercegovinam et Montenegro “collexit et descripsit” I,II,III. Osterr. Bot. Zeitschr., 23, 1: 4-6; 3: 79-81; 9: 265-268, Wien. PANTOCSEK, J., 1874: Adnotationes ad Floram et Faunam Hercegovinae, Crnagorae et Dalmatiae, Verh. des Ver. Naturkunde in Presburg, N. Folge, 2: 1-143, Presburg. PANTOCSEK, J., 1881: Ueber bosnisch-hercegovinische Pflanzen und aus dem Comitate Neutra in Ungarn. Osterr. Bot. Zeitschr., 31: 347-351, Wien. PAVLETIĆ, Z., 1968: Flora mahovina Jugoslavije. Inst. za botaniku Sveučilišta. Zagreb. PETROVIĆ, B. (2005):Bacillariophyceae Hutova Blata. Diplomski rad, Sveučilište u Mostaru PRODAN, J., 1910: Beitrage zur Flora von Bosnien, der Herzegovina und von Suddalmatien, Ungarische Botanische Blater, 9, 3-4: 93-110, Budapest. PRODAN, J., 1912: Beitrage zur Flora von Bosnia und der Herzegovina, insbesondere der Čabulja planina, Ungarische Botanische Blater, 11, 1-4: 7179, Budapest. PRODAN, J., 1918: Neue beitrag zur Flora von Bosnia und der Herzegovina, Ungarische Botanische Blater, 17: 719-82, Budapest. REDŽIĆ, S. 2006. The syntaxonomy of vegetation of Continetal dinaric Alps (W. Balkan). MANU, Skopje (in press). REDŽIĆ, s. & D. ŠOLJAN, 1988: Adenophora liliifolia (L.) Ledeb ex A. DC. rijetka biljka u flori Bosne i Hercegovine. Glas. Muz. Bosni Herceg. PN, 27: 74-84. REDŽIĆ, S., DIZDAREVIĆ, M. 1998. Biogeografska karta Bosne i Hercegovine. Geografski atlas BiH, “Sejtarija”. Sarajevo REDŽIĆ, S., ĐUG, S., BARUDANOVIĆ, S. & VELIĆ, S.1998. Ekološki informacioni sistem u funkciji rekonstrukcije i prostornog uređenja (sa posebnim naglaskom na upravljanje senzitivnim zonama). Simpozij o uspostavi planske upotrebe prostora u poslijeratnoj rekonstrukciji/razvoju. Zbornik radova 121-126. REDŽIĆ, S., LAKUŠIĆ, R., MURATSPAHIĆ, D. & BARUDANOVIĆ, S.199295. Phytocoenoses of subalpine and alpine belt of the mountain Crvanj in Herzegovina. GZM (PS), N.S. 31: 285-310. RITER-STUDNIČKA, H 1954: Flora i vegetacija livada kraških polja: God. Biol. inst. Sarajevu (Sarajevo), 7, 1-2: 25-110. RODWELL, J.S., SCHAMINEE, J.H.J, MUCINA, L., PIGNATTI, S., DRING, J. & MOSS, D. 2002. The Diversity of European Vegetation. An overview of phytosociological alliances and their relationships to EUNIS habitats. Wageningen, NL.EC-LNV. Report EC-LNV nr. 2002/054. ROHLENA, J., 1938: Beitrag zur Flora der Hercegovina, Vestn. Kral. Čes. Spol. Nauk, Tr. matemat.-pripoved.: 1-19, Praha.

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SLAVNIĆ, Ž. (1954): O vegetaciji planinskih torova u Bosni. Godišnjak Biološkog instituta Univerziteta u Sarajevu, 1-2, 169-180. STEFANOVIĆ, V. 1986: Fitocenologija sa pregledom šumskih fitocenoza Jugoslavije, Svjetlost Sarajevo, STEFANOVIĆ, V., BEUS, V., BURLICA, Č., DIZDAREVIĆ, H. & VUKOREP, I. 1983. Ekološko-vegetacijska rejonizacija Bosne i Hercegovine. Šumarski fakultet, Posebna izdanja 17: 1-49. SUKOPP, H., WURZEL, A. (2003): The Effects of Climate Change on the Vegatation of Central Eropean Cities. Urban Habitats, Urban floras, Vol. 1, No. 1, 3-11. SURINA, B., DAKSKOBLER, I. 2005. Delimitation of the alliances Caricion firmae ( Seslerietalia albicantis ) and Seslerion juncifoliae ( Seslerietalia juncifoliae ) in the southeastern Alps and Dinaric mountains. Plant Biosystems, 139 (3) 399-410. ŠILIĆ, Č., 1990: Endemične biljke. III izdanje, IP „Svjetlost“; Zavod za udžbenike i nastavna sredstva, Sarajevo; Zavod za udžbenike i nastavna sredstva, Beograd. ŠILIĆ, Č., 1990: Atlas drveća i grmlja. IV izdanje, IP „Svjetlost“; Zavod za udžbenike i nastavna sredstva, Sarajevo; Zavod za udžbenike i nastavna sredstva, Beograd. ŠILIĆ, Č., 1990: Šumske zeljaste biljke. IV izdanje, IP „Svjetlost“; Zavod za udžbenike i nastavna sredstva, Sarajevo; Zavod za udžbenike i nastavna sredstva, Beograd. ŠILIĆ, Č., 1990: Ukrasno drveće i grmlje. IP „Svjetlost“; Zavod za udžbenike i nastavna sredstva, Sarajevo; Zavod za udžbenike i nastavna sredstva, Beograd. ŠILIĆ, Č., 1996: Spisak biljnih vrsta (Pteridophyta i Spermatophyta) za Crvenu knjigu Bosne i Hercegovine. Glas. Zem. Muz. Bosne. Herceg. (PN) (NS), sv.31: 1992-1995: 323-367. Sarajevo. ŠUMATIĆ, N., TOPALIĆ, Lj., PAVLOVIĆ-MURATSPAHIĆ D. (2001): Zajednica Polygono-Bidentetum tripartitae (W. Koch. 26) Lohm. 50 na Bardači. Zbornik radova Naučnog skupa "Zasavica 2001". Sremska Mitrovica, 122-128. TRINAJSTIĆ, I., 1975: Supplementum ad floram anallyticam Jugoslaviae. 3:1-8, Zagreb. TRINAJSTIĆ, I., 1976: Analitička flora Jugoslavije. Sv. II, br.2: 129-256. Zagreb TUTIN, T.G., HEYWOOD, V.H., BURGES, N. A., MOORE, D. M., VALENTINE, D. H, WALTERS, S. & WEEB, D. A. (eds.) et al. 1964 – 1980. Flora Europea. Vol. I -V. Cambridge University Pres, Cambridge, London, New York, New Rochelle, Melbourne, Sydney. USČUPLIĆ, M. (2005): Plural use of the protected areas and threats to forest ecosystems, The International Scientific Conference on “Management of forest ecosystems in national parks and other protected areas”, Proceedings, pp. 1-10. USČUPLIĆ, M. (2006): Management with forests in the protected areas, The First International Scientific Symposium BLIDINJE 2005, Proceedings, pp.195-205. VANDAS, K., 1889: Beitrage zur Kenntniss der Flora von Sud-Hercegovina. Osterr. Bot. Zeitschr., 39, 5: 179-181; 6: 219-222; 7: 266-269; 8: VANDAS, K., 1889: Beitrage zur Kenntniss der Flora von Sud-Hercegovina. Osterr. Bot. Zeitschr., 39, 5: 179-181; 6: 219-222; 7: 266-269; 8: 295-297, Wien.

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VANDAS, K., 1890: Neue Beitrage zur Kenntniss der Flora Bosniens und der Hercegovina. Sitz.- Ber. bohm. Ges. Wiss.: 249-285, Prag. VANDAS, K., 1895: Dalšai prispevki k poznani floristickych pomeru a Hercegoviny. Zprava cis. kral. realneho a vyššiho gymnasia v Koline za školni rok 1895: 1-25, v Koline. VISIANI, R., 1842-1852: Flora Dalmatica, 1-3, Lipsiae. WEBER, H.E., MORAVEC, J. & THEURILLAT, J.-P. (2000): International Code of Phytosociological Nomenclature, 3rd edition. J. Veg. Sci. 11 (5): 739768. WILLNER, W. 2002. Syntaxonomische Revision der südmitteleuropäischen Buchenwälder Syntaxonomical revision of the beech forests of southern Central Europe. Phytocoenologia, 32 (3) 337-453. Nature protection

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AVDIBEGOVIĆ M., SRNDOVIĆ R., 2006: Zakonska regulativa o zaštićenim područjima u Bosni i Hercegovini, Međunarodna naučna konferencija – Gazdovanje šumskim ekosistemima Nacionalnih parkova i drugih zaštićenih područja, Jahorina, Zbornik radova 553-559. BALOTIĆ, P., STOJANOVIĆ, N., 2006: Zakonske osnove o zaštićenim područjima u Bosni i Hercegovini, Međunarodna naučna konferencija – Gazdovanje šumskim ekosistemima Nacionalnih parkova i drugih zaštićenih područja, Jahorina, Zbornik radova 533-539. BALOTIĆ, P., STOJANOVIĆ, N., 2006: Zakonodavni okvir upravljanja zaštićenim područjima, Međunarodna naučna konferencija – Gazdovanje šumskim ekosistemima Nacionalnih parkova i drugih zaštićenih područja, Jahorina, Zbornik radova 541-551. BUCALO, V., BRUJIĆ, J., 2007: Mreža zaštićenih područja u Republici Srpkoj, Glasnik Šumarskog fakulteta u Banjoj Luci, br. 7, 11-22. KRAJČIĆ D., GRUJIČIĆ I., NONIĆ D., 2006: Proces uspostavljanja i organizovanja Evropske ekološke mreže Natura 2000, Međunarodna naučna konferencija – Gazdovanje šumskim ekosistemima Nacionalnih parkova i drugih zaštićenih područja, Jahorina, Zbornik radova 517-524 KRASIĆ, S.P., 2000: Park prirode Blidinje, 1-38 (s preglednom mapom), Ministarstvo gradit. i zaštite okoliša Hercegovačko-neretvanske županije, Mostar MARILOVIĆ S., VELJANČIĆ V., 2006: Analiza propisa značajnih za gazdovanje šumskim ekosistemima, Nacionalnim parkovima i drugim zaštićenim područjima, Međunarodna naučna konferencija – Gazdovanje šumskim ekosistemima Nacionalnih parkova i drugih zaštićenih područja, Jahorina, Zbornik radova 501-515. Other related documents, publications and data sources

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2005/a: A data overview of the network of Special Protected Areas in EU25. A working paper from the European Topic Center on Biological Diversity, ETC/BD ECNC- European centre for nature conservation, 2006: Indicative map of the Pan-European ecological network in south-eastern Europe. European Environment Agency, Copenhagen, 2007: Indicative Map of Biogeographical Regions EUR 15 + 12. NEAP 2003: Akcioni plan za zaštitu okoliša BiH, Sarajevo. Institute for land surveying, Sarajevo - Corine land cover map of Bosnia and Herzegovina, 1:100 000, 2000

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(1992): Council Directive 92/43/EEC of 21 May 1992 on the conservation of Natural Habitats and of Wild Fauna and Flora. Official Journal of the European Communities, No. L 206, European Commission, Environment DG. UNEP, 1992. Convention on Biological Diversity. United Nations Environment Programme. Nairobi. Kenya EEA. 2005. EUNIS – European Nature Information System. Habitat Classification. European Topic Centre for Nature Protection and Biodiversity. Šumsko privredne karte, 1:25000. Vlada Republike Srpske, Ministarstvo urbanizam, građevinarstva prostornog planiranja i ekologije, Prostorni plan RS do 2015 Zakon o zaštiti prirode RS, Službeni glasnik RS, 50/2002. Pravilnik o načinu uspostavljanja i upravljanja informativnim sistemom za zaštitu prirode i sistemu praćenja, Službeni glasnik RS, 85/2005 Zakon o zaštiti životne sredine RS, Službeni glasnik RS, 53/2002 i 109/2005 Zakon o nacionalnim parkovima RS, Službeni glasnik RS, 21/1996 Zakon o izmjenama i dopunama zakona o nacionalnim parkovima RS, Službeni glasnik RS, 74/2005 Zakon o šumama RS, Službeni glasnik RS, 66/2003 Zakon o lovstvu RS, Službeni glasnik RS, 4/2002 Zakon o uređenju prostora RS, Službeni glasnik RS, 84/2002 Zakon o šumama FBiH, Službene novine FBiH, 20/2002 Zakon o zaštiti prirode FBiH, Službene novine FBiH, 33/2003 Zakon o zaštiti okoliša FBiH, Službene novine FBiH, 33/2003 Zakon o fondu za zaštitu okoliša FBiH, Službene novine FBiH, 33/2003 World Database on Protected Areas, 2005, United Nations Environment Programme, World Conservation monitoring Centre, IUCN World Commission on Protected areas. European commission DG environment, 2003: Interpretation Manual of European Union habitats Relevant national projects and studies:

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National Strategy for Protection of Biological and Landscape Diversity of BiH, Proposal of Network of Protected Areas of RS, Faculty of forestry, Banja Luka CDDA base – National common data base of designated areas, CDDA database Project of Establishment of the National Clearing House Mechanism, CBD Project of Establishment of National Park Igman – Bjelašnica, List of plants for the Red Book of BiH, Šilić Č, Glas. Zem. Muz. Bosne. Herceg. (PN) (NS), sv.31: 1992-1995: 323-367. Sarajevo. National diagnostical analysis of mediterranean region of BiH, Hydroenginering Institute, Sarajevo Project “Gornji horizonti“ – regulation of water regime at the Trebišnjica catchment area, Public Enterprise „Elektroprivreda RS“ Physical Plan for RS, RS Government, Ministry of urbanism, construction, communal issues and ecology of RS, Institute for urbanism of RS. Physical Plan for FBiH (under development).

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1.4 BiH •

Relevant international processes that can be relevant to the process in Emerald network project BiH - project had an objective to recognize Areas of Special Conservation Interest (ASCI) on the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina and to develop limited database containing both abiotic and biotic parameters for the chosen sites. Total of 28 areas were identified with coverage of 114 120 ha. GIS database was not established. WWF - Protected Areas For a Living Planet - Dinaric Arc Ecoregion-Factsheet on WWF’s Protected Areas for a Living Planet Dinaric Arc Ecoregion Project, which aims to help governments from the ecoregion achieve the 2012/2012 targets of the CBD Programme of Work on Protected Areas - an historic commitment by 190 governments to create a global network of comprehensive, well-managed, and representative terrestrial and marine protected areas. Neretva and Trebišnjica River Basin Management Project - the objective of the project is to improve the effectiveness of institutions for the regulation, control and management of water resources within the NTRB. The project objective and activities are fully consistent with the European Union (EU) Water Framework Directive (WFD) . The project will have substantial benefits with a direct impact on the populations of the Project area (300,000) Croatian Ministry of Environment, FB&H Ministry of Environment and RS Ministry of Environment LIFE-Third Countries project “ Development of a new management policy for the Hutovo Blato wetlands, Bosnia-Herzegovina”. Comprehensive scientific research on biodiversity of Hutovo blato was realised through two years period. The Study on Sustainable Development through Eco-tourism in Bosnia and Hezegovina - In 2004 year, IURS took part at international project -The Study on Sustainable Development through Eco-tourism in Bosnia and Hezegovina. Within this project, it had been worked on preparation of digital models of terrains, ecology maps and the outline of potential tourist destinations with resources. Study area included the region of mountain Velež and catchment of river Plive. Lower Neretva valley transboundary wetland – RAMSAR - the project's specific objectives were 1) to provide the most comprehensive inventory data base for the Lower Neretva Valley using the new MedWet Database 2000; 2) to prepare a project aiming at elaboration of a comprehensive transboundary management plan for both Ramsar sites; and 3) to involve local communities in the process of wetland evaluation, planning and decision making. WWF’s Living Neretva project - This project aims to use EU standards to support the administrative bodies responsible for water and natural resources management of the Neretva basin in BiH. The project will set the ground for both mapping biodiversity values and hotspots in the Neretva basin in accordance with the Habitat Directive, and promoting the equitable use of water resources according to the Water Framework Directive.

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1.5

Legislative framework

Pursuant to the provisions of the Dayton Peace Accord, environmental management is the responsibility of the entities, and in the FBiH some competences are even devolved to the cantons. Nature protection is under the jurisdiction of Ministry for urbanism, construction, communal issues and ecology in RS, and Ministry of environment and tourism in FBiH. This subject is treated through several legal acts in both entities (Law on nature protection, Law on environmental protection and Law on physical planning, Law on forests). Those acts indicate that there should be a Strategy for nature protection on entity level. Strategy should determine tasks and policy for protection of natural and biological diversity, and ensure the establishing of information system for monitoring and nature protection. Strategies should comply with inter-entity program of nature protection. On the municipality level there are plans for nature protection that must comply with this act. Those ministries are responsible for establishing the Red book. Maintenance of species in Red book as well as their natural habitats should be accomplished through announcements of protected areas, and their incorporation in “protected areas in Europe”. “Protected area” is a part of the land that is designated for the protection and maintenance of biological diversity, of natural and cultural resources. Protected areas are: • natural protected areas, designated for science purpose or for wilderness protection; they include: • area of land with extraordinary or representative ecosystems, geological or physiological characteristics and species, which use is mainly scientific and for environment monitoring purpose. • unchanged or slightly changed large area of land that sustained its natural characteristics and influence, without significant habitat, established in order to preserve natural conditions • area of land exposed to active interventions of management in order to preserve habitats and specific species needs; • national parks, natural inland and/or shoreline area designated for: • protection of ecological integrity of one or more ecosystems for present or future generations. • excluding exploitations and visits that can cause changes and degradation of nature. • insuring the baselines for spiritual, scientific, educational, recreational and visitors purposes; • natural monuments, are areas with one or more specific natural/cultural characteristics with extraordinary or unique value because of its natural, representative or aesthetic attributes or cultural importance; • protected landscapes are areas of land or shoreline developed by interaction of nature and man with extraordinary aesthetic, ecological and/or cultural values, and often with high value of biological diversity. Proposal for designation of protected areas of all categories is given by Ministry for urbanism, construction, communal issues and ecology in RS. In FBiH proposal for designation of Natural protected area and National park is given by Federal Ministry of environment. Proposals for designation of protected areas and natural monuments are given by Cantonal Ministry.

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Proposal for designation of protected areas that are in the area of both entities are given by Federal Ministry of environment and Ministry for urbanism, construction, communal issues and ecology of RS. RS entity government is in charge for adoption of measures for management of all categories of protected areas. In FBiH is the same situation as with Protected areas designation. Financing funds are ensured through state budget and Environment protection fund. Possible areas can be designated for Natura 2000 throughout special act of Government of RS and FBiH (article 37 of Low on nature protection of RS, and article 33 of Low on nature protection of FBiH). Sites that can be designated are National parks, protected natural areas, natural monuments if there are species or habitats of common interest by international criteria. Any plan or project which is likely to affect the natural values of a site shall be subject to appropriate assessment of its implications for the site. However the only document where Natura 2000 and other international instruments of nature protection are mentioned is Law on Nature protection. There is no mentioning of those issues in other relevant documents such as Law on Forests, Law on Hunting, Law on Physical planning and others. Entity legislatives are rather confused concerning this matter and concrete definitions differ from law to law. 1.6 Biogeographical Regions

According to “Indicative Map of Biogeographical Regions EUR 15 + 12” (European Environment Agency, Copenhagen, 2007) there are three biogeographical regions present in BiH: • Continental, in the northern part of the country, with lowlands and hills and with high influence of Pannonic plane. Climate is continental with hot summers and cold winters. It is mainly sessile oak-hornbeam forests region. • Mediterranean, in the southern part of the country. With hot summers and mild winters, this is area with the highest annual rainfall in Europe (over 5000mm). Majority of rain falls in winter season. Land is mainly calcareous and dry (Dinaric carst) with lots of underground water flows, caves etc. Main vegetation is submediterranean with downy oak forests and scrubs with dry calcareous grassland. • Alpine, covers the central part of BiH with high mountains of Dinaric range (up to 2368 m). Climate is hard with mild summers and very cold and long winters. There is a very high precipitation during the year. Main vegetation is high forests of beech, fir and spruce, and at the high altitudes alpine grassland. This map generally matches with the actual biogeographical zoning of BiH, but there are obviously slight divergences of region borders according to “Biogeographical zoning of BiH” (STEFANOVIĆ, V., BEUS, V., BURLICA, Č., DIZDAREVIĆ, H. & VUKOREP, I. 1983, Šumarski fakultet, Sarajevo).

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Map 1. Biogeographical regions in BiH

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Map 2. Biogeographical regions in Neretva river basin

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1.7

Habitats of Annex I of the HD, and species of Annex II, IV and V of the HD from wich there is evidence of presence in BiH Table 3. Habitats of Annex I of Habitats directive which are present in BiH Habitats of Annex I of the Habitats Directive in BiH Reference list Biogeographical regions Alpine AL X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X SR3 X X X X X X X Conti nental CO X X X X X X Mediter ranean ME X

Code

Code description Oligotrophic to mesotrophic standing waters with vegetation of the Littorelletea uniflorae and/or of the Isoëto-Nanojuncetea Hard oligo-mesotrophic waters with benthic vegetation of Chara spp. Natural eutrophic lakes with Magnopotamion or Hydrocharition - type vegetation Natural dystrophic lakes and ponds * Turloughs Alpine rivers and the herbaceous vegetation along their banks Alpine rivers and their ligneous vegetation with Salix elaeagnos Water courses of plain to montane levels with the Ranunculion fluitantis and Callitricho-Batrachion vegetation Rivers with muddy banks with Chenopodion rubri p.p. and Bidention p.p. vegetation Constantly flowing Mediterranean rivers with Paspalo-Agrostidion species and hanging curtains of Salix and Populus alba Intermittently flowing Mediterranean rivers of the Paspalo-Agrostidion Alpine and Boreal heaths * Bushes with Pinus mugo and Rhododendron hirsutum (Mugo-Rhododendretum hirsuti) Stable xerothermophilous formations with Buxus sempervirens on rock slopes (Berberidion p.p.) Juniperus communis formations on heaths or calcareous grasslands Arborescent matorral with Juniperus spp. * Rupicolous calcareous or basophilic grasslands of the Alysso-Sedion albi Siliceous alpine and boreal grasslands Alpine and subalpine calcareous grasslands Semi-natural dry grasslands and scrubland facies on calcareous substrates (Festuco-Brometalia) (* important orchid sites) * Pseudo-steppe with grasses and annuals of the Thero-Brachypodietea

3130 3140 3150 3160 3180 3220 3240 3260 3270 3280 3290 4060 4070 5110 5130 5210 6110 6150 6170 6210 6220
3

SR-scientific reserve-it should be investigated.

20

Habitats of Annex I of the Habitats Directive in BiH Reference list Code Code description * Species-rich Nardus grasslands, on silicious substrates in mountain areas (and submountain areas in Continental Europe) Eastern sub-Mediterranean dry grasslands (Scorzoneratalia villosae) Molinia meadows on calcareous, peaty or clayey-siltladen soils (Molinion caeruleae) Hydrophilous tall herb fringe communities of plains and of the montane to alpine levels Lowland hay meadows (Alopecurus pratensis, Sanguisorba officinalis) Mountain hay meadows * Active raised bogs *Calcareous fens with Cladium mariscus and species of the Caricion davallianae * Petrifying springs with tufa formation (Cratoneurion) Alkaline fens Siliceous scree of the montane to snow levels (Androsacetalia alpinae and Galeopsietalia ladani) Calcareous and calcshist screes of the montane to alpine levels (Thlaspietea rotundifolii) * Medio-European calcareous scree of hill and montane levels Calcareous rocky slopes with chasmophytic vegetation Siliceous rocky slopes with chasmophytic vegetation Siliceous rock with pioneer vegetation of the SedoScleranthion or of the Sedo albi-Veronicion dillenii * Limestone pavements Caves not open to the public Luzulo-Fagetum beech forests Atlantic acidophilous beech forests with Ilex and sometimes also Taxus in the shrublayer (Quercion robori-petraeae or Ilici-Fagenion) Asperulo-Fagetum beech forests Medio-European subalpine beech woods with Acer and Rumex arifolius Medio-European limestone beech forests of the Cephalanthero-Fagion Sub-Atlantic and medio-European oak or oakhornbeam forests of the Carpinion betuli Galio-Carpinetum oak-hornbeam forests * Tilio-Acerion forests of slopes, screes and ravines Thermophilous Fraxinus angustifolia woods Biogeographical regions Alpine AL X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X Conti nental CO X X Mediter ranean ME

6230 62A0 6410 6430 6510 6520 7110 7210 7220 7230 8110 8120 8160 8210 8220 8230 8240 8310 9110 9120 9130 9140 9150 9160 9170 9180 91B0

21

Habitats of Annex I of the Habitats Directive in BiH Reference list Code Code description * Alluvial forests with Alnus glutinosa and Fraxinus excelsior (Alno-Padion, Alnion incanae, Salicion albae) Riparian mixed forests of Quercus robur, Ulmus laevis and Ulmus minor, Fraxinus excelsior or Fraxinus angustifolia, along the great rivers (Ulmenion minoris) * Pannonic woods with Quercus petraea and Carpinus betulus * Pannonian woods with Quercus pubescens Illyrian Fagus sylvatica forests (Aremonio-Fagion) Illyrian oak-hornbeam forests (Erythronio-carpinion) Pannonian-Balkanic turkey oak –sessile oak forests Dinaric dolomite Scots pine forests (Genisto januensis-Pinetum) Quercus trojana woods Castanea sativa woods Quercus frainetto woods Salix alba and Populus alba galleries Quercus ilex and Quercus rotundifolia forests Acidophilous Picea forests of the montane to alpine levels (Vaccinio-Piceetea) * (Sub-) Mediterranean pine forests with endemic black pines High oro-Mediterranean pine forests Biogeographical regions Alpine AL X Conti nental CO X Mediter ranean ME

91E0

X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X

91F0 91G0 91H0 91K0 91L0 91M0 91R0 9250 9260 9280 92A0 9340 9410 9530 95A0

X X X X X

X X

Sixty-four Annex I habitat types are present in BiH, 15 of which are priority. The distribution by biogeographical regions is: Alpine region 50 (11 priority), Continental 38 (9 priority), Mediterranean 32 (9 priority).

22

N o. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34

Table 4. Species of Annexes II, III and IV which are present in BiH Species of Annex II, IV and V of the Habitats Directive in BiH Biogeographical Reference list By Annexes regions Presenc Medi Cont e in terra Alpi inen Neretva nea ne tal river n AL CO catchm ME ent II IV V Scientific name Group Mammals X X X X X Rhinolophus euryale Rhinolophus Mammals X X X X X ferrumequinum Rhinolophus Mammals X X X X X hipposideros Mammals X X X X Rhinolophus mehelyi Barbastella Mammals X X X X barbastellus Miniopterus Mammals X X X X X schreibersi Myotis bechsteini Mammals X X X X Mammals X X X X X Myotis capaccinii Mammals X X X X X Myotis emarginatus Mammals X X X X X X Canis lupus * Mammals X X X X X X Ursus arctos * Mammals X X X X X X Lutra lutra Mammals X X X X X Martes martes Mammals X X X X X Mustela putorius Mammals X X X Lynx lynx Mammals X X X X X Felis silvestris Rupicapra rupicapra Mammals X X X balcanica Reptiles X X X X Testudo hermanni Reptiles X X X X X X Emys orbicularis Reptiles X X X X X Lacerta agilis Reptiles X X X X X Lacerta viridis Podarcis muralis Reptiles X X X X X Reptiles X X X Ophisaurus apodus Reptiles X X X X Elaphe situla Elaphe Reptiles X X X X quatuorlineata Reptiles X X X X X Elaphe longissima Reptiles X X X Coluber jugularis Reptiles X X X Coluber najadum Reptiles X X X X Coronella austriaca Reptiles X X X X X Natrix tessellata Reptiles X X X Telescopus falax Reptiles X X X Vipera ursinii Reptiles X X X X X Vipera amodites Amphibians X X X X X Triturus carnifex

23

N o. 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67

Species of Annex II, IV and V of the Habitats Directive in BiH Biogeographical Reference list By Annexes regions Presenc Medi Cont e in terra Alpi inen Neretva nea ne tal river n AL CO catchm ME ent II IV V Scientific name Group Amphibians X X Triturus dobrogicus Amphibians X X X Salamandra atra Amphibians X X X X X Proteus anguinus * Amphibians X X X Bombina bombina Amphibians X X X X X X Bombina variegata Amphibians MD X MD Rana dalmatina Amphibians X X X X X Rana graeca Amphibians MD X MD Rana latastei Amphibians MD X MD Rana lessonae Rana esculenta Amphibians MD X MD Amphibians X X X X X Rana ridibunda Amphibians MD X MD Rana temporaria Amphibians X X X X X Bufo viridis Amphibians X X X X X Hyla arborea Eudontomyzon Fish X X danfordi (o) Lethenteron Fish X X X zanandreai (V) Petromyzon marinus Fish MD X MD (o) Fish MD X MD Lampetra fluviatilis Fish MD X MD Acipenser naccarii * Fish X X X X Acipenser sturio * Fish MD X MD Alosa fallax nilotica Hucho hucho (natural Fish X X X X populations) V Salmo marmoratus Fish X X X X (o) Fish X X X X X Thymallus thymallus Fish X X X Umbra krameri (o) Fish X X X Alburnus albidus (o) Fish X X X Aspius aspius (V) Barbus meridionalis Fish X X X (V) Chalcalburnus Fish X X X chalcoides(o) Gobio albipinnatus Fish X X X (o) Fish X X X Gobio kessleri (o) Gobio uranoscopus Fish X X X (o) Phoxinellus Fish X X X adspersus (o)

24

N o. 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91

Species of Annex II, IV and V of the Habitats Directive in BiH Biogeographical Reference list By Annexes regions Presenc Medi Cont e in terra Alpi inen Neretva nea ne tal river n AL CO catchm ME ent II IV V Scientific name Group Phoxinellus Fish X X alepidotus (o) Phoxinellus ghetaldi Fish X X X (o) Phoxinellus Fish X X X metohiensis(o) Phoxinellus Fish X X X pstrossi(o) Rhodeus sericeus Fish X X X amarus (o) Rutilus pigus virgo Fish X X X (V) Fish X X Cobitis elongata (o) Fish X X Misgurnus fossilis (o) Sabanejewia aurata Fish X X (o) Aphanius fasciatus Fish X X X (o) Gymnocephalus Fish X X schraetzer Fish X X Zingel streber (o) Fish X X Zingel zingel (V) Knipowitschia Fish X X X panizzae (o) Pomatoschistus Fish X X X canestrini (o) Fish X X X Cottus gobio (o) Invertebrate X X X X X Helix pomatia s Lithophaga Invertebrate X X X lithophaga s Invertebrate X X X Pinna nobilis s Invertebrate X X X Congeria kusceri s Invertebrate X X X X X Astacus astacus s Austropotamobius Invertebrate X X X torrentium* s Bolbelasmus Invertebrate X X MD MD unicornis s Invertebrate X X X X X Buprestis splendens s

25

N o. 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 10 0 10 1 10 2 10 3 10 4 10 5 10 6 10 7 10 8 10 9 11 0 11 1 11 2

Species of Annex II, IV and V of the Habitats Directive in BiH Biogeographical Reference list By Annexes regions Presenc Medi Cont e in terra Alpi inen Neretva nea ne tal river n AL CO catchm ME ent II IV V Scientific name Group Invertebrate X X X X X X Cerambyx cerdo s Graphoderus Invertebrate X X X X X X bilineatus s Invertebrate X X X X X Lucanus cervus s Invertebrate X X X X X Morimus funereus s Osmoderma eremita Invertebrate X X X X X X * s Invertebrate X X X X Rosalia alpina * s Callimorpha Invertebrate X X quadripunctaria (o) * s Euphydryas aurinia Invertebrate X X X X X (o) s Invertebrate X X X X X X Hypodryas maturna s Invertebrate X X X X Leptidea morsei s Invertebrate X X X X X X Lycaena dispar s Nymphalis vaualbum Invertebrate MD X X MD MD * s Invertebrate X X X Parnassius apolo s Invertebrate X X X X X Zerynthia polyxena s Sphagnum L. spp Asplenium adulterinum Milde (R) Botrychium simplex Hitchc. (V) Marsilea quadrifolia L. (V) Lycopodium spp. Echium russicum J.F.Gemlin Adenophora lilifolia (L.) Ledeb. ex A. DC. (V) Plants Plants Plants Plants Plants Plants Plants X X X X X X X X X X X MD MD X X X MD X X X X

26

N o. 11 3 11 4 11 5 11 6 11 7 11 8 11 9 12 0 12 1 12 2 12 3 12 4 12 5

Species of Annex II, IV and V of the Habitats Directive in BiH Biogeographical Reference list By Annexes regions Presenc Medi Cont e in terra Alpi inen Neretva nea ne tal river n AL CO catchm ME ent II IV V Scientific name Group Cerastium dinaricum Plants X X X G. Beck et Szysz. (V) Thlaspi jankae A. Plants X X Kern. (R) Aquilegia kitaibelii Plants X X Schott (E) Pulsatilla grandis Plants X X X Wenderoth (R) Arnica montana L. Eryngium alpinum L. (V) Gentiana lutea L Gladiolus palustris Gaud. (V) Scilla litardierei Breistr. (V) Ruscus aculeatus L. Galanthus nivalis L. Cypripedium calceolus L. (E) Liparis loeselii (L.) Rich. (Syn.: Pseudorchis loeselii (L.) S.F.Gray) (Ex) Plants Plants Plants Plants Plants Plants Plants Plants Plants X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X MD X X X X X X X

27

Table 5. Number of species by species groups Groups of species Mammals Reptiles Amphibians Fish Invertebrate s Plants TOTAL Pres ence in BiH 17 16 15 35 22 20 125 Prese nce in Neret va RCA 14 16 13 18 18 9 88 Ann ex II 14 5 5 33 15 14 86 Annex IV 4 15 11 1 15 0 46 Annex V 2 0 3 3 2 6 16 Alpi ne 17 8 9 11 18 17 80 Cont inen tal 15 8 6 17 15 6 67 Medit errane an 15 15 12 19 16 6 83

Priority 2 0 1 2 5 0 10

Table 6. Species of Annex II of HD by biogeographical regions, priority status and species group (species relevant for Natura2000) Groups of Prior Alpin Prior Contine Priorit Mediterrane Priorit Annex II species ity e ity ntal y an y Mammals 14 2 14 2 12 2 12 2 Reptiles 5 0 2 0 1 0 4 0 Amphibians 5 1 4 1 2 0 3 1 Fish 33 2 10 0 16 0 17 2 Invertebrate s 15 5 14 5 12 2 10 2 Plants 14 0 12 0 2 0 3 0 TOTAL 86 10 56 8 45 4 49 7

1.8

Existing capacities and facilities

GIS facilities were established in: • • • • • • • • • The Institute for Urbanism of the Republic of Srpska, Banja Luka, digital maps of land use in RS Cantonal Institute for Urbanism, Sarajevo Institute for land surveying, Sarajevo - Corine land cover map of Bosnia and Herzegovina, 1:100 000, 2000 Agro-pedology Institute, Sarajevo Municipality offices for spatial planning in Mostar and Trebinje Hydro Engineering Institute, Sarajevo, water management maps Public enterprise “BH Šume”- digital forestry maps (under development) Public Enterprise for forestry of RS “Šume RS”- digital forestry maps (under development) Faculty of Forestry, University of Banja Luka – forestry maps (under development), GIS database of network of protection areas - BUCALO, V. et al., 2006: Projekat mreže zaštićenih objekata prirode (fazni izvještaj za 2006. godinu), Šumarski fakultet u Banjoj Luci., GIS database of habitat types and endangered plant species of RS (under development).

28

• • • • • • • • • • • • •

Faculty of Agronomy, University of Banja Luka Institute for Agriculture, Banja Luka – FAO land use maps 1:200000, ECNC maps. Institute for Agriculture, Sarajevo – FAO agriculture maps Institute for Agriculture, Mostar – FAO agriculture maps State office for land surveying, Banja Luka – Development of digital topographic maps, 1:25000 – JICA (under development) Public enterprise for water management “Sava”, Sarajevo - water management maps Public Enterprise “Vodno područje slivova Jadranskog mora”, Mostar - water management maps Public enterprise for water management of RS “Vode RS” - water management maps Institute for water management of RS, Bjeljina – Water management maps “Projekt” a.d., Banja Luka “Gisdata” Sarajevo, DEM 1:25000 “Geocentar” Banja Luka “Infomap” Novi Grad

Other relevant layers that could be found are: hydrology, geology, pedology, climatology, but all in low scale, or they are limited to local areas.

2 2.1

Identification of stakeholders Responsible authorities in the different levels, and their roles and responsibilities in the process

Authorities at the state level

Ministry of foreign affairs – negotiation of international agreements tel: +387 33 281-125, 281-126, 281-289, fax: +387 33 281-335 e-mail: Nebojsa.Regoje@mvp.gov.ba web site: www.mvp.gov.ba

Directorate for European integrations – coordination of integration processes of BiH to EU Tel: +387 33 264-330, Fax: +387 33 220-157 e-mail: press@dei.gov.ba web site: www.dei.gov.ba

29

Entity level RS

Ministry of urbanism, construction, communal issues and ecology of RS - responsible for the application of environmental protection strategy, physical planning, monitoring natural resources. tel: +381 51 348-600, 348-611 faks: +381 51 316-174 E-mail: mgr@mgr.vladars.net

Ministry of education and culture of RS – Responsible for National parks management tel: 051/331-422 faks: 051/331-423 E-mail: mp@mp.vladars.net Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Water Management of RS – responsible for managing of natural resources Bijeljina office Tel: 055/209-412 Faks: 055/210-353 Banja Luka office T el: 051/331-634 Faks: 051/331-631 E-mail: mps@mps.vladars.net

Ministry of Science and Technology of RS – responsible for development of scientific, technical and other resources tel: 051/331-542 faks: 051/331-548 E-mail: mnk@mnk.vladars.net

FBiH

Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Water Management of FBiH responsible for managing of forest, agricultural and water resources, sustainable development and integral protection of forest ecosystems. Tel: +387 33 443-338 Fax: +387 33 663-659 i 206-638 E-mail: info@fmpvs.gov.ba web site: www.fmpvs.gov.ba

Ministry of Finance – responsible for environmental protection funds Tel: +387 33 203 147;203-148 Fax: +387 33 203 152 web site: www.fmf.gov.ba e-mail: info@fmf.gov.ba

30

Ministry of Education and Science of FBiH - development of scientific activity, coordination of scientific-researching activities, development of the scientific-researching institutions, encouragement of fundamental applied researches, development of investment technologies and human resources in scientific-researching field, Mostar office Tel: +387 36 355-700 Fax: +387 36 355-742 Sarajevo office Tel /fax: +387 33 276-380 E-mail: fmonks@bih.net.ba, fmon@bih.net.ba

Ministry of environment and tourism of FBiH - environmental protection, drafting environmental strategy and policy, overseeing the activities of the cantonal ministries of environment Tel: +387 33 562 870 Fax:+ 387 33 201 602

Ministry for Physical planning of FBiH - planning and improvement of space; policy of land utilization at the Federal level; drafting, enforcing and applying the Physical Plan of the Federation BiH, directing a long-term development in utilization of natural resources; Tel /fax: + 387 33 473 124 Tel /fax: + 387 33 663 548 e-mail: salko.obhodas@fmpu.gov.ba web site: http://www.fmpu.gov.ba/

Inter-entity level • Inter-entity environmental steering body – their task is to provide the expert counseling to authority ministries, making of Red List for BiH, coordination of inter-entity strategy for nature protection in BiH and making the directions for coordination and cooperation in trans-boundary protected areas. Cantonal level (Hercegovačko-Neretvanski canton)

Ministry of Constructions, Regional Planning and Environmental Protection – responsible for cantonal level of protection

Municipality level FBiH

• • • • •

Municipality of Konjic - ++387 (0)36 712 200 Municipality of Jablanica - ++387 (0)36 751 300 Municipality of Stolac - ++387 (0)36 853 103 Municipality of Ljubuški - ++387 (0)39 833 420 Municipality of Široki brijeg - ++387 (0)39 706 370

31

• • • •
RS

City of Mostar - ++387 (0)36 500 637 Municipality of Čapljina - ++387 (0)36 805 052 Municipality of Čitluk - ++387 (0)36 640 120 Municipality of Neum - ++387 (0)36 880 185

• • • • • • •

Municipality of Trebinje - ++387 (0)59 260 123 Municipality of Bileća - ++387 (0)59 372 233 Municipality of Gacko - ++387 (0)59 464 433 Municipality of Ljubinje - ++387 (0)59 621 250 Municipality of Nevesinje - ++ 387 (0)59 601 611 Municipality of Berkovići - ++ 387 (0)59 860 111 Municipality of Kalinovik - ++387 (0)57 623 191

2.2

Related relevant administrative bodies

Public Enterprise “Vodno područje slivova Jadranskog mora” Tel: +387 36 397881 Fax: +387 36 397883 web site: www.jadran.ba

Republic Water Agency of RS Tel: +387 55 201 784, fax: 211-517, 220-363 email: rdv@rstel.net ; rdvt@rstel.net ; bijeljina@voders.org web: www.voders.org

Public Enterprise “Elektroprivreda RS” Tel: +387 59 277 101, Faks: +387 59 277 120 web site: www.ers.ba

Public Enterprise “Elektroprivreda BiH” Tel: +387 33 751 000 Tel/fax: +387 33 751 008 web site: www.elektroprivreda.ba

Public Enterprise “Elektroprivreda” HZHB d.d. tel. +387 36 310 847, 327 116 fax.+387 36 317 157 email: ephzhb@ephzhb.ba

32

web site: www.ephzhb.ba

Public Enterprise of Forestry „BH Šume“ Tel/fax: +387 33 668 249

Public Enterprise of Forestry „Šume RS“ Tel : +387 57 405-303; +387 51 214-794 email: uprava@sumers.org; upravabl@sumers.org web site: www.sumers.org

Public Enterprise „Hercegbosanske Šume“ Tel: +387 34 274 801

Public Enterprise Natural park „Hutovo blato“ tel./fax: +387 36 814 716, 814 715 E-mail: nikola.zovko.karaotok@tel.net.ba web site: www.hutovo-blato.ba

Public Enterprise Natural park „Blidinje“ tel/faks + 387 39 718 514 tel. + 387 39 718 515 E-mail: park.prirode.blidinje@tel.net.ba web site: www.tel.net.ba/blidinje

2.3 • • • • • • 2.4

Relevant stakeholders for the process other then governmental Urban and rural population of Neretva catchment area Land owners in Neretva catchment area Hunting association of BiH Sports fishing association of BiH Tourist community of HNK/Ž Farmers asotiations Relevant stakeholders in the EU institutions

• • • • • •

European environment agency European Commission's Environment Directorate-General for Environment The European Commission's Directorate-General for Agriculture and Rural Development Europe aid – Co-operation office DG Enlargement EC Delegation in Sarajevo

33

2.5

NGO’s that are relevant for the process Table 7. Relevant NGO’s Contact Field of activity person Amir Variščić Dražen Kotrošan Environment protection Research and protection of birds and their habitats in BiH Environment protection

Name of organization Udruženje za zaštitu okoline „Zeleni-Neretva“ Ornitološko društvo “Naše ptice” Omladinska ekoloska organizacija ''Juznjacko plavo nebo'' Ekološka Udruga «Bura» Mostar Udruga prijatelja prirode «Močvara» Čapljina EKO Neretva NVO Solidarnost za jug Humanitarna org. „IZVOR“ MOSTAR HRVATSKA EKOLOSKA UDRUGA BUNA Centar za razvoj Hercegovine Ekoloska sekcija Klub skakaca ''Mostari'' Ekološka udruga Eko-Jasenica

Adress Omladinska 4, 88400 Konjic Semira Frašte 6/14, Sarajevo, 71000 Dubrovacki put br.4; Trebinje 89101 Kralja Tvrtka 5, 88000 Mostar Ul. Gojka Šuška 36, 88300 Čapljina Zgrada Muzeja, 88420 Jablanica Kninska 1, Trebinje, 89101 Rudarska 93, 88000 Mostar BUNA bb MOSTAR 88202 Ložiona bb, Trebinje, 89101 Stari Most Mostar 88000 Jasenica bb, Mostara, 88000 Mjesni ured

Phone 036 728 470

033 453 158

059-260-542

Dusan Toholj

036 313228

Dražan Rosić

Environment protection Environment protection and education Environment protection Environment protection Environment protection Environment protection Podizanje nivoa kvaliteta življenja harmonizacijom prirodnih resursa i kapaciteta lokalne zajednice i regiona Environment protection Environment protection

036 809040

Zdenka Jelčić

036/ 753-656 Zekija Begović

059/274-000 036/347 007 036 480 380

Dr Stanko Buha Sonja Karacic Damir Brljević

059/260-375

Slobodan Vulešević

0038761683Elvis Redzic 445

063/349876

Lazo Rajič

34

Name of organization ArborMagnaBanjaluka Ekomreža BiH

Adress

Phone

Contact person Jugoslav Brujić

Field of activity Nature protection

Stepe Stepanovića 065/714143 75a, Banja Luka Cara Lazara 24, Banja 051 433 142 Luka Sarajevo Jablanica Mostar Mostar Jablanica Sarajevo

Fondeko Moja Neretva Ecological organization “Lijepa Naša Neretva” Oaza Eko Jablanica REC

033/ 211-354 Edin Abadžić 036/ 325-018 Danijela Petrović

Abetment of sustainable development and quality of life

036/ 317-080 Milka Markota 036/ 551-479 Zarema Obradović 036/ 753-656 Idriz Čilić 033/ 209-130 Jasna Draganić Environment protection Providing assistance for solving of environmental problems

2.6
• •

Other relevant stakeholders The Global Environment Facility (GEF), helps developing countries fund projects and programs that protect the global environment - www.gefweb.org United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), supports the development of projects in the environmental focal areas of biodiversity, climate change, international waters, land degradation, persistent organic Pollutants and ozone depletion – GEF Implementing agency - www.undp.org United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), their mission is to provide leadership and encourage partnership in caring for the environment by inspiring, informing, and enabling nations and peoples to improve their quality of life without compromising that of future generations - GEF Implementing agency - www.unep.org The World Bank, a vital source of financial and technical assistance to developing countries around the world - GEF Implementing agency www.worldbank.org Norway government - The Norwegian Government has stated that Norway shall be a leading nation in environmental policy - www.regjeringen.no Government & Aid Agency (GAA) Funding www.panda.org/about_wwf/how_we_work/gaa DAI – development alternatives, inc. – their mission is to make a difference in the world by helping societies and economies become more prosperous, fairer and more just, safer, more stable, more efficient, and better governed www.dai.com

• • •

35

3

Identification and selection of first set of possible pilot areas in the Neretva river basin

Aiming to identify and select possible pilot areas to which European standards for biodiversity protection would be applied, it is necessary to highlight: 1. This first selection of areas can not be done following strictly the criteria given in the Annex III-stage 1 of the Habitats Directive; 2. Choosing the criteria for selection of the areas is conditioned by existing quality and quantity of data for the given area, i.e. for Neretva river basin. This is the result of the variety of circumstances:

• • • •

In despite of very large number of scientific papers that regard to flora, fauna, habitats and ecosystems diversity at the Neretva river catchment area, BiH does not posses enough information that can be used in appliance of the criteria given. BiH does not possess databases and modern inventories of flora, fauna, habitat tipes and ecosystems BiH did not realize projects of creating of Red lists of species and habitats The majority of BiH endangered, specific or endemic species and habitat types are not listed in the Annexes of Habitats Directive. There is no professional institution either on entity or on state level that can manage activities in the field of biodiversity protection according to European standards. Definition of selection criteria

3.1

Neretva river catchment area is known as one of the most interesting from the aspect of diversity of flora, fauna, fungi, habitat types, and ecosystems in whole region as well as in Europe. There are numerous scientific publications about specific features in bio- and ecological sense (see Scientific publications). However BiH did not realize projects which would identify species and habitat types on its territory, or projects that would assess level of vulnerability of those. 1. Following the European standards as the first criteria for selection of pilot areas, the first step would be to identify the presence of species from the Annexes II, of the Habitats Directive, and Annex I of the Birds Directive. According to results of the project “Emerald network BiH” in the areas of the river Rama (BA0000008), Doljanka (BA0000007), canyon of river Bijela (BA0000006), Diva Grabovica (BA0000005), Zlatar (BA0000004), canyon of the river Idbar (BA0000003), canyon of the river Rakitnica (BA0000001) and upper stream of Neretva (BA0000002), the following species which require the conservation of habitat are as following: Mammals: Rhinolophus ferrumequinum, Rhinolopus hipposideros, Rhinolopus euryale, Miniopterus schreibersi, Myotis emarginatus, Myotis capaccini, Lynx lynx, Canis lupus; Amphibians/Reptiles: Testudo hermanni, Triturus carnifex, Emys orbicularis, Bombina variegata, Vipera ursini, Elaphe quatuorlineata; Fishes: Salmo marmoratus, Rhodeus sericeus amarus, Cottus gobio, Barbarus meridionalis;

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Invertebrates: Cerambyx cerdo, Lucanus cervus, Morimus funereus, Osmoderma eremita, Rosalia alpina, Lycaena dispar, Euphydryas aurinia. 2. The next criteria in the selection of the pilot area has been the diversity of habitat types from Annex I of Habitats directive on the area proposed for protection. For the Neretva river catchment area the next habitat types which are of community interest and which require establishment of Special areas of conservation (SAC’s): 3220 Alpine rivers and the herbaceous vegetation along their banks 4060 Alpine and Boreal heaths 6170 Alpine and subalpine calcareous grasslands 6210 Semi-natural dry grasslands and scrubland facies on calcareous substrates (Festuco-Brometalia) (* important orchid sites) 62A0 Eastern sub-Mediterranean dry grasslands (Scorzoneratalia villosae) 7220 * Petrifying springs with tufa formation (Cratoneurion) 8120 Calcareous and calcshist screes of the montane to alpine levels (Thlaspietea rotundifolii) 8160 * Medio-European calcareous scree of hill and montane levels 8210 Calcareous rocky slopes with chasmophytic vegetation 8240 * Limestone pavements 8310 Caves not open to the public 9180 * Tilio-Acerion forests of slopes, screes and ravines 91E0 * Alluvial forests with Alnus glutinosa and Fraxinus excelsior (Alno-Padion, Alnion incanae, Salicion albae) 91R0 Dinaric dolomite Scots pine forests (Genisto januensis-Pinetum) 9530 * (Sub-) Mediterranean pine forests with endemic black pines 3. Unavoidable criteria in actions of biodiversity protection in general level, so in this case too, are general characteristics of biodiversity of area identified. According to results of the several relevant projects (First national report on implementation of CBD in BiH, Emerald Network BiH, LIFE-Third Countries project “ Development of a new management policy for the Hutovo Blato wetlands, BosniaHerzegovina”, Lower Neretva valley transboundary wetland – RAMSAR, National diagnostical analysis of mediterranean region of BiH, Proposal of Network of Protected Areas of RS), Neretva river catchment area is characterized with extremely high level of diversity of habitats from the spring till the estuary entering the Adriatic sea. Particular ecological and global value is in relict-refugial habitats Iin the canyons of Neretva and its tributaries in which biologically very old species of plants and animals have lived till today. Terrestrial Canyon communities are usually very interesting polydominant forest communities, relict pine forests on dolomite and limestone, communities on rocky slopes, screes etc. “Refuges of the Neretva river catchment area possess unrepeatable geomorphologic forms, diversity of soil types, hydrology networks and eco-climate that generated highest levels of species and ecological diversity in BiH, and in Dinarics as well. Canyons of the upper stream of Neretva comprise ancient forms of nature, and richness of steno-endemic and relict plant and animal species gives the important place to this area in global biodiversity.” (Draft of the first national report on implementation of CBD in BiH: BiH – Land of diversity). Localities of extraordinary relevance from the aspect of maintenance of biological and ecological diversity at the Neretva river catchment area are:
o

spring basin in the Borač mountain area, downstream to Ulog – gorge between Zelengora to the east and Crvanj mountain to the west

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o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o

Canyon downstream from Ulog to Glavatičevo, one of the most preserved, and most natural parts of environment of Bosnia i Herzegovina Canyon from Glavatičevo to Đajići, upstream from Konjic Canyon of Ljuta river Canyon of river Rakitnica Gorge - canyon of river Trešanica Canyon of river Neretvica Canyon of river Idbar Canyon of river Bijele Gorge and canyon of river Rama with few tributaries (Klek, Here, Krupić and waterfall in village Duge) Canyon of river Doljanka near Jablanica Canyon of river Grabovica Gorge of Glogošnica Canyon from lower Jablanica to the Mostar plane (Salakovac) Canyon of river Drežnica Spring front of river Buna near Blagaj Gorge and canyon of river Bregava upstream from Stolac Gorge and canyon of river Neretva with wild stream from Blagaj to Čapljina Gorge and canyon of river Trebižat from Gabela to Vrlika Valley of river Krupa

On the basis of settled criteria, it is clear that upper stream of river Neretva distinguishes as particularly important in the frame of local, regional, and global needs of biodiversity protection.

3.2

Identification and selection of the possible area(s)

On the basis of settled criteria, wide area of Glavatičevo with upstream and downstream canyon on Neretva was selected as adequate pilot area for engagement of the first steps in implementation of European standards for biodiversity protection 4 Selection of methodology for the identification and selection of areas following the EU HD approach

The selection process for areas to be protected under the EU Habitats Directive provisions (Natura 2000 network) has followed very different approaches in the different EU Member States, so the selection of the most suitable methodology to be applied is a very complex task. Based on possible opportunities and constraints of every methodology analyzed we came to next conclusions. Since the main task is to select sites according to the representation of habitats and species listed in the Annexes I and II of the Habitats Directive, keeping in mind that information about percentage of the habitat/species present in the site related with the total national should be included in the standard data form for each site; a proper selection process should start with adequate information in terms of presence and distribution of habitats and species in the whole country. Since each EU Member State must compile a list of the best wildlife areas containing the habitats and species listed in the Habitats Directive and the Birds Directive, a possible similar process in BiH would best start carrying out complete inventories for relevant habitats and species (central database). Such an exercise would be very useful for the protection of the nature in BiH in any case.

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Methodology 1. Identification of a) habitat types of Annex I of Habitats Directive in wide area of Glavatičevo with upstream and downstream canyon of Neretva river (pilot area). b) Habitat types of Annex I of Habitat Directive in Neretva catchment area 2. Creation of GIS maps of all habitat types : a) on pilot area. b) in Neretva catchment area 3. establishment of database of identified habitat types. Established database could serve as base for future national database with all relevant informations about habitat types that need protection in BiH. 4. assessment of the presence and national level of endangerment of species from Annex II ofthe Habitats directive and Annex I of the Wild birds directive a) at the pilot area. b) in Neretva catchment area 5. Assesment of the distribution and size of populations of species from Annex II of the Habitats directive and Annex I of the Wild birds directive in the habitats defined in Annex I of Habitas directive in BiH a) at the pilot area. b) in Neretva catchment area 6. establishment of database of species identified. Established database could serve as base for future national database with all relevant informations about identified species whose conservation requires conservation of habitat, that require strict protection or their taking in the wild and exploitation may be subject to management measures in BiH. 7. Selection of areas with priority in Neretva cachment area in the goal of ecological network setup. As far as possible, the criteria of the Annex III of the Habitats Directive should be used at this stage. 8. Identification of specific BiH habitat types whose conservation requires establishment of national protected areas in BiH and species with conservation needs in Neretva cachment area. 9. Identification of habitats and species with conservation needs specific in BiH, not present in the Habitats and Birds Directives Annexes. 10. Identification of necessary legal modifications for harmonisation of environmental laws in BiH and harmonisation of sectoral laws (forests, spatial planing, land use etc.) 11. Identification of potential financing sources for the conservation needs of the identified areas. 12. Involvement of the different sector stakeholders (water management, forestry, agriculture, private sector) in the processes, including the site identification and designation and the possible proposal for legal modifications.

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5

Identification of gaps

• • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
6

In despite of very large number of scientific papers that regard to flora, fauna, habitats and ecosystems diversity at the Neretva river catchment area, BiH does not posses enough that can be used in appliance of the criteria given. BiH does not possess databases and modern inventories of flora, fauna, habitat tipes and ecosystems There is a lack of digitized maps, satellite images, GIS layers of relevant data in appropriate scales BiH did not realize projects of creating of Red lists of species and habitats The majority of BiH endangered, specific or endemic species and habitat types are not listed in the Annexes of Habitats directive. There is no professional institution either on entity or on state level that can manage activities in the field of biodiversity protection according to European standards. The current state of environment protection in BiH is characterized by an extremely complicated and ill-defined division of competences, and consequently by an inadequate institutional structure. The present environmental legislative is not harmonised between different sectors. The present environmental legislative is not harmonised with EU regulations and standards. There is a lack of legal regulations and documents that would support practical implementation of the legal provisions. Public awareness on environmental issues is at very low level. There is a lack of environmental issues treatment in education process, media, politics etc. Historical factor and traditionally bad attitude to environmental issues Very high influence of different socio-economic lobbies on the state environmental policies (e.g. energetic, forestry, tourism) Small percent of protected areas Lack of longterm strategy for environmental protection Definition of basic lines of a possible Action Plan

a) Overall goal. The main goal of the action plan would be to ensure the conservation and sustainable use of the diversity of species, habitats and ecosystems in the area upstream and downstream of Glavatičevo, as well as in whole Neretva river basin,using European standards for selection and designation of priority areas, and their management to ensure their conservation in the long term. Protection of species and habitat types on the Neretva river basin will represent the base of the future work related to establishment of network of protected areas in BiH. b) Main objective: Maintaining or restoring on favorable conservation status the natural habitats and species of Community Importance4 in part of Neretva river basin.
4

Habitats of Annex I and Species of Annex II of the EU Habitats Directive.

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Table 8: Action plan for establishing pilot protected areas according EU standards in Neretva river basin
main actions and activities Identification and digital mapping of the distribution of habitat types a)in the pilot area b) in Neretva basin Identification and digital mapping of the distribution of species from Annex II of HD a)in the pilot area b)in Neretva basin description In order to accede to biodiversity protection according to European standards, first necessary step would be to research existance, distribution and size of habitat types, as well as existance and eventual population density of species from Annex II of HD, including the mapping in Neretva river basin schedule 2008. responsibility Ministry of environment and tourism of FBiH and Ministry of Urban Planning, Civil Engineering and Ecology of RS in cooperation with experts assumptions • Decision on the government level • Identification of the expert team • Preparation of the TOR and contract activities budget. 30.000 E

2008.

30.000 E

Establishment of digital database

Data collected would be stored in database which will represent the base for future database for all areas in the future network of protected areas in BiH. Database would include relevant information according to local legal acts regarding Natura2000.

2009.

Filling in of the Standard Data Form for the pilot areas

2009

Ministry of environment and tourism of FBiH and Ministry of Urban Planning, Civil Engineering and Ecology of RS in cooperation with experts and IT Ministry of environment and tourism of FBiH and Ministry of Urban Planning, Civil Engineering and Ecology of RS in cooperation with experts and IT

• Establishment of central databases of Natura2000 areas, based on the decisions of entity governments • Data input

20.000 E

• There should be enough information from the previous inventories

1.000 E per site

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main actions and activities Campaign with stakeholders

description According to relevant standards it is necessary to involve all relevant stakeholders in the biodiversity protection process. It is clear that lager number of participants from different parts of process is required

schedule

responsibility Ministry of environment and tourism of FBiH and Ministry of Urban Planning, Civil Engineering and Ecology of RS in cooperation with NGOs

assumptions • Producing of the breaf booklets containing research results achieved • Creation of presentations with results and goals of protection • Organization of round tables • Organization of workshops • Poll • Public discussion o Preparing of report about research results for the entity governments o Preparing of report about campaign with stakeholders for the entity governments

budget.

2009.

60.000 E

Reching the decision

In order of establishment protected area according to European standards, it is necessary to reach the decision at the entity governments level

2010

Ministry of environment and tourism of FBiH and Ministry of Urban Planning, Civil Engineering and Ecology of RS in cooperation with interentity body for environment

10.000 E

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main actions and activities Preparing of guidelines about nature management and protected areas use at the background of intersectoral approach

description In order to develop the mechanism of intersectoral approach in biodiversity management, it is crucial to prepare the guidelines, with the power of legal regulation, which would serve to related sectors as the guide through the management possibilities of the natural resources Coincident with the 2010 goal, BiH could present their work towards the biodiversity protection according to EU standards in relevant forums to international audience, especially the EC and EU Member States.

schedule 2010

responsibility Federal ministry of environment and tourism and Ministry of Urban Planning, Civil Engineering and Ecology of RS in cooperation with interentity body for environment Ministry of environment and tourism of FBiH and Ministry of Urban Planning, Civil Engineering and Ecology of RS in cooperation with NGOs

assumptions o Preparing of the guidelines for different sectors Approving and accepting of the guidelines by the Entity governments

budget. 30.000 E

o

Presentation of results internationally

2010

o

The project has achieved its results satisfactorily

20.000 €

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