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53 A G and. 178.394 Ase and. 74 specific. 210 formation.256 Alkylchlorosulphites. CC6 S W . TAFT.289 hydrolysis.394 effect of solvent.51. 394 ~ AWand. 226 reversibility. 31. 194 cation. 55. 59. 115. 58.). 241 Aad~ty anion stability and. 178-198 nucleophilic. 188 to (+C. 289 dimerisation. (Eds) W.203 Adsorption.64 hybridisation and. 93 Alkyl shifts. 225 crossed.273. 39 free energy. P. E. 30 1. 113.). 31. ( B ) . 311 rearrangement. 31. P. 1.2 pathway. 182 +. 57. AS*. C . 275 Br0nsted and. 74 AA. SG6 lHN. 103. Audio cassettes The following titles in the 'Chemistry Cassette' series are published by. 85. C=C. 144. 62 catalysis and. 192. 54.244 to C+0. 207-245 radical. 54 origin in organic comps. CC7 S W . (Interscience. 379 Acyloin condensation.293. 38 Acyl cations. C .271 aromaticity and.C 200 to ckc-c==O. AG*.l pathway. CC9 S-. WLD.244. I.384 A ? . 74 dicarboxylic acids. W. 272. Reactive Molecules: The Neutral Reactive Intermediate in Organic Chemistry (Wiley. Some Reaction Pathways of Carboxylic Acid Denvatives (1979).. 1966. A. 220 Aldol reaction. 199 Activated complex. P.270 kinetic control of. (Eds) (Academic Press. 63. 68 nitroalkanes. AH+.313-323 to +C. 53 constant K.351 electrophilic.61 triphenylmethane. Blackhorse Road. 191 Aldehyde ammonias. v. (Eds) (Wiley-Interscience. 223. and W A ~ . R. 55. 1963.. 218 Addition.60.50.. Vol. 270. Aeetals cyclic. CC11 SYKES. 38 entropy.240. 23.271 alkenes. and.3-dipolar.283 phenols. 198. 313-323 relative stability. ( B ) . 58. 56 effect of temperature. 54.). Letchworth. 196 radical. A. Eliminatibn. 113. 23. Aromatic Substitution (1975). 58. 59 alkanes. 55 steric effects in.271 definitions of.) (Interscience. 56. 251. 103. Organic Reaction Mechanisms. 38 enthalpy. and are available from.223 alkylation. 224 acid catalysed. JONES. 265 radical addition. 226 intramolecular. Herts. Some Organic Reaction Pathways: ( A ) . 224 Alkenes cycloaddition. (Ed. 348 polar addition. C=O (1977).. 195 to . 56 aliphatic acids. Vol.B D.289. 194. 64 H-bonding in. 55. decomp. and MOSS. Reactive Intermediates-A Serial Publication.242. Linear Free Energy Relationships (1980). The Chemical Society.273 in C-H comps.294 aromatic acids.280 Lewis and. 242. M. 241. Vol.. 102. E. 75. Index Review series Advances in Physical Organic Chemistry. to e N .398 Select bibliography WENIRUP. 209. 272 alkynes.280. 178-195 protection in. 271 Acrylonitrile. 74. 109 . 38 Activation parameters energy. P.210 Acid catalysis general. KNIPE.. 63 imides. 1978. R. 50. 294 ozonolysis. Vol. I.337 Alkynes acidity. pathway. 26.). England: CC3 S W .61. 223. 31. 105.243 AA. 58 Acid strength alcohols.55. P. 111. Some Reaction Pathways of Double Bonds: ( A ) . 1963. 31. Progress in Physical Organic Chemistry. 1984). I. Radicals and their Reaction Pathways (1979).272 addition to -0.

252 Biradicals. 271. 290 intermediates. 329 benzaldehyde. 181.229. 1% benzylic. 214 Amidines basicity. 271 in carbonation.1 pathway.m. 21. 148 Anionic polymerisation. 159 cyclopropenyl. 130 delocalisation in. 68. 20. 17 photodimer. 83.257. 306.225 allylic. 239.s of. 194 Azoalkanes photolysis. 21 dichlorocarbene. 122 hydrolysis. 72. 96 steric effects in. 75 Basicity aromaticity and. 78. 75 conjugate acids. 275 deuterium exchange. 221-236. 342 Aufbau principle. 276 tautomerism and. 251.C+C Ambident nucleophiles. 105. 14 n. 54 multiply bonded N and.299 homolytic fission. 19. 66 ortho effects in.289. 272 enolate anions. 104. 102. 3 Autoxidation. cyclic.129. 176 structure. 67 Beckmann rearrangement. l69 propyl. 71 softness. 126 stereoselectivity.50. 330 Antiperiplanar conformation. 108. 127 Barton reaction. 241 Atactic polymers.330 cumene. l05 phenyl.m. 83. 131 Arenonium ions.107.216 intramolecular. 4 energy. 286 triphenylmethyl.98. 107.400 Index BAc2 pathway. 332 Aryne intermediates. 68 amidines. 87 Brensted acids.330 stable. spectrum and. 67 inductive effect and.266 Carbinolamine intermediates. 18 ozonolysis. 47. 104.295 in Wurtz reaction. 83. 101-119 acyl. 84. 331-335 Arrhenius equation.253 Arenium ions.277 200 addition to addition to C=O.'80 125 in. 120 hydride shifts in. 141. 232 Benzoin condensation. 276 cyclooctatetraenyl dianion. 45 .83. 14.380 formation. 248. 105. 294. 144.200. 322 Atomic orbitals. 18.r.261 in Friedel-Crafts. 102. 290 in decarboxylation. 248.107. 97 Amides from Beckmann. 1. 6 h i d e s . 285 in Favorskii reaction. 14. 15 Benzilic acid rearrangement. 96 origin in organic comps. 72 nucleophilicity and. 6 Branching. 175 mass spec. 175 Biosynthetic pathways. 289 oxidation. 291 in Michael reaction.109 rearrangement. 47. 83. 119.290.67 H-bonding in.380 2-methylpropyl. 279. 305 Anti-Markownikov addition. 7 hybridisation and. 78. 106 cyclohexadienyl. 226 specific. 4. 231 thiazolium ylids in.242.384 Baeyer-Villiger oxidation.251 dimerisation. 104. 288 displacement reactions. 315. 381 nucleophilic. 66 amides. 19 Arylation. 66. 6. 200 in Reimer-Tiemann reaction.118. signal. 295 in Kolbe-Schmidt reaction.270-298 acetylide anion. 174 Associative process.217 crossed. 126 solvent polarity and.328 alkenes. 213 Bond angles. 123 acid catalysis. 69. 17 Aromatic substitution. 337 Base catalysis general. 102. 108.r. 118. 284 in Danens reaction. 334. 104 n. 189 Index 401 .371 bridged. 216 Canonical structures. 16 KekulC structures. 81. 287 ElcB elimination and. 124 Benzene aromaticity and. 18. 20. 102 ethyl. 53 Butyl rubber. 69 catalysis and. 317 Anti-oxidants. 337 oxygen.. 14 stability. 223. 337 transannular peroxide.285 electronic effects in. l9 double-headed. 53 bases. 111 methyl. 109 in E l pathway. l 4 cycloheptatrienyl cation. 45 stabilisation. 105. 70.377 Bromodealkylation. 239. 104. 106 n. 106 cyclopentadienyl anion. 14 bond lengths. 188.284 alkylation of. 292 Anti-knock agents. 388 reduction.371 loss of H@. 244 Aminoazo comps. 181 l-Bromotriptycene. 122 Carbanions. 102. 292 solvation. 331 Anti-bonding orbitals. 238 Cannizzaro reaction.226 Antarafacial shifts.393 phenonium.273. 65 AP 66 and. l28 ethers. 194 m. 69 aromatic bases. 38 Bond lengths.294 acidity and. 275 cyclopentadienyl anion. 200. 315. 53 cation stability and. 85.335. 9. 18. 166 tetraakyhmm~~~m hydroxides. 353 Anthracene. 15.377 cycloheptatrienyl. 275 cyclopropenyl cation. 232 Benzotriazoles. 162 Bromonium ions. 306. 112. 338 Bisulphite addition comps. 105.109-119 reduction. 124 ~. 299 Bond-breaking AH+ and. 119 Aromaticity.72 Brensted and. 18 requirements for. and.272 Carbenes. 167-177 radical. 49.304 heterolytic fission. 21. 181 isolation. 81.m. 38 Arrows curved.379 addition to 113. 148.66 Lewis and. 194 planarity.262. 329 tetralin. 73 constant.91. 239.118.71 Basic strength aliphatic amines.173. 41.102.295 formation. 15 charge cloud.219 Carbocations. 18. 123 Hofmann reaction. 288 configuration. 65 effect of solvent on. 21. 277 trapping of. 152 Carbamic acids. 321 Bredt's rule.0. 75 ion exchange resins. 68 heterocyclic bases. 305 Cadmium Alkyls. 176 Benzyne. 267. 106 decomposition. intramolecularity. 41 electrophilic. 67. 176 isolation.290 intermediates.r. 259 Bridged species. 18.129. 272. 101. 7 Bonding orbitals. 306 solvation. 304 thermolysis. 217 isotopic labels in. 131 Arndt-Eistert reaction.2% steric effects in. 176 Bipolar non-protic solvents.307 rearrangement. 107.104. 207. 123. 32. 288 as nucleophiles. 130-167 internal. 329 Axial overlap. guanidine. 145 in S. 22. 318.272. 48 Biphenylene. 231 cyanide ion in. 175. 72. 130 heat of hydrogenation..331. 50.. 294 in halogenation of ketones. 69 formation.90.245. 180 detection.

148 p H and. 110 carbonyl a m p s . 108 Carbonyl group. 341 stereoselectivity in. 381 tropylium. 146 decomposition.235.288 kinetic isotope effect.205.394 h p . 322 Copolymerisation. 264 Decarbonylation. 16. 18.211 protonation. 276 carbocations. 200. 148 kinetics. 58.247. 103. 126 Crowding. phenol from.. 333 Diazoamino cornps. 23. 270 Carbonation. 368 Conrotation.269 tram diaxial. 146 Diazotisation aliphatic amines. 219 nucleophilic addition.350 symmetry control in. 341. 268 Cope rearrangement. 21. 79. 197. 175 zwitterion intermediate. 107. 75 cyanide ion. 230 Diels-Alder reaction. 350 eclipsed. 275 n. 238 electronic effects in.r. 337 Cyclopropanone hydration. 119.203 hydrates. 198. 204.349 symmetry allowed. 349 reversibility. 12. 86.239. 119 aromatic amines. 104 Carbon acids. 83.139. 136. 268 Cisoid conformation. 200. 37 Chain length.209 i. 155 steric effects in. 116. 146 nucleophilic substitution.s in. 106 Index in a complexes. 348. 236 Catalysts acid. 12 Competition experiments.344.162. 116. 236244 acid hydrolysis.285 cyclic T. rearrangement. 119 Diazonium cations. 16 dianion. 331 Cyclooctatetraene. 348 4ne + 2 n e . 335 Decarboxylation. 322 Cope reaction. 261. 238 leaving groups and. electron-deficient migration to. 87. 199 Cyanohydrins. 11 Conjugation. 53 Conjugate addition. 284 Carbon. 300.. 42.262 Delocalisation. 121. synthesis. 189 metal.165. 350 4 n e 2 n e . 148 intramolecular.342. 147 electron density in. 147. 380 base-catalysed. 68 hyperconjugation and. 34 AG+. 14. 394 403 Carbocations (contd.288 Diamagnetism. 341 symmetry allowed. 148 Diazo coupling. 103. 348 Cycloheptatrienyl cation. 146 phenols. 13.87. 26. 345 Coordination polymerisation. 94 carbanions. 351 secondary orbital interaction. 201 Conjugated carbonyl cornps.253 chair. 7. 197. 146 Dichlorocarbenes. 308 Diaryls.55. 286 electronic effects on. 104. 87. 104. 7. 212 Deuterium exchange. 350 Claisen ester condensation. 120. 323 Crossover experiments. 290 Dealkylation. 258 Danens reaction. 146 akyl. 311 Cumene.204 reactivity. 11 characterisation. 13 amidines. . 146 Colour conjugation and. 194 energy. 225. 326 Conformation antiperiplanar. 314 Chain transfer agents.) stabilisation. 350 Conjugate acids. 191. 99 reaction pathway and. 212. 53. 286 Dehydration acid-catalysed. 13. 197 electronic effects in.205 carboxylate anions. 391 Combustion. 19 carbanions. 16 guanidine. 104 structure. spectrum. 209 intermediates.225. signal. 31. 191 nucleophilic.66. 215 steric effects in. 351 Cyclopentadienyl anion. 27. 351 + . heat of. 190 oximes. 147 rearrangement. 146 coupling by. 219 conjugated.220. 226 Clemmensen reduction.290 Dieckmann reaction. 107. 382 stereochemistry of. 106 6 steric parameter. 355 cisoid. 235 Cross-linking. 207 hydrogen bonding. 164 steric inhibition of. 309 retention. 120 aryl.229. 107. 104. 26. 203244 protection. 89. 128 Curtius rearrangement. 205 reduction. 121. 147. 240 base hydrolysis. 152. 41 thiazolium ylids.267. 88. 90 inversion.274 carbocations. 21. 145. 84. 197. 232 Cationic polymerisation. 275 in Diels-Alder. 210. 88 apparent retention. 25 Desulphurisation.275 Cyclopropanes from carbenes. 38. 143 Debromination. 305 Cram's rule. 71. 189 Cellulose oxidation.r. 93.254 staggered.211. 169.S.66. 321 Chair conformation.206. 278. 131. 131 Chelation.203 Carboxylic derivs. 122. 229 Claisen rearrangement.. 349 endo v. 294 Cyclopropenyl cation. 212 Cyclic bromonium ions.394 AH. 18. 104 determination of relative.254. 104.183. 348. 349 cyclopentadiene in.235. reactions. 208 Chromatography. 74 base. 172 tropylium cation. 35 AH+. 109. 349 symmetry forbidden. 324 Chain reactions. 43.50. 23. 104 triphenylmethyl. 12.266 thermolysis. 180 Cycloadditions. 255 transoid. 132. 386 AG. 19.exo addition. 340.23. 87. l7 Cyclopentadiene acidity. 271. 36. 348 trapping in. 198. 18 dienes.223 dipole.371. 237 Grignard reagents. 84. 87. 124 racemisation.264 Lewis acid. 342. 175. 46. 197. 104. 394 AGe.158. 333 stability of. 291 Chirality. 26.214-219 structure. 118.130 canonical structures and.58. 146 amines. 38. 238 tetrahedral intermediates in.200. 13. 271.241. 106 Cyclohexadienyl cation. 23.285 carbanions in. 27.110. 223 Conjugated dienes. 21. 50. 131. 253. 18.28. 69 benzene. 355 Charge transfer complexes. 244 Cyanoethylation. 102. 65 bases. 301. 197. 231 heterogeneous. 4. addition to. 103.402 Index Chugaev reaction. 120. 158. 326 radicals. 19 Cyanides. 357 Configuration. 348 symmetry forbidden. 203-244 bond length. 350 stereoselectivity in. 348-352 2ne + 2ze.34 bond energy and. 84.331. 355 Claisen-Schmidt reaction.23.254 synperiplanar. 350 tricyclic dimer. 38. 349 steric effects in. 157 Complexes. 237 reduction. 90. 11. 122 Curved arrows. 326 Chloral hydrate. 306 Diazotate anions. 18. 151. 259. 143. 354 Cracking. 27 Concerted reactions. 198. dissociation. 18 shape. 90. 27 Diazoketones. 286 trapping in. 8. 314.57 conditions necessary for. 344.84.m. 159 Cyclohexadienyl radical. 112.174. 23.

351 Dipole moments. 130-167. 187 hydrogenation.239 alkyl-oxygen fission. 253. 151.381 alkene stability and. 37 Energy profiles. 153.256 base strength and. 35 E. 36. 12 polymerisation. 307 Electrolytic reduction.144. 161 steric effects in. 268. 159 energetics of. 256 in cyclic comps. 197.C+C Index o-/p-ratios. 261 structure and.257 electron-withdrawal and. 22. 187 solvent and. 290. 252. 11 addition to. 257 variable T. 184. 159. 165 substituent effects. 260 entropy and. 250 carbanions and.305.4-addition.79 rotational.404 Index Dienes. 309 splitting in. 152. 188.254 . 54 basicity and. 346 cycloaddition to. paired.61.295 Enolisation. 36 translational. 136 field effect in. 340 Cope reaction. 354 cyclisation. 159 n complexes in. 163. 183.95 Electrons. 253. 251-260 alkene stability and. 135. 46. 181 mesomeric effect in.206 aromatic substitution and. 51. 23. 248. 205. 171. 189 cyclic bromonium ions.251 in benzyne formation. 11 m. 184 proton. 257 Hofmann mode. 150-163 thermodynamic control. 251 E2 elimination.s of. 3 Electron density. 268. U$-. 391 Y and. 262 Electrophiles. 187 hydroboration. 221 End group analysis. 253. 172 Endo addition. 160 intermediates. 315. 58. 185 Electrophilic addition to C=Ca. lone pair. 239. 184.203 Diradicals. 180. 89. 158.l-Diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl.262 structure and. 3 V C Electromeric effect. 163. 252 conformation and. 338 Displacement.349 excited state. 187. 172 1. 262 leaving group and. 182 orientation. 195 entropy and.151. 351 effect of added nucleophiles. 391 solvatochromic shifts.379 . 323 Dienone intermediates. 21. 202 Dimroth's E. 94.350 Digonal hybridisation.255 stereoselectivity in. 330. 239. 151. 198. 164 . 239 Epoxides. 225 cationic polymerisation. 131 partial rate factors. 41. 185 Lewis acids. 162. 34 cyclisation and. 29. 192. 37 Enolate anions. 250 leaving group and. 189 inductive effect in.254. 2.226 aromatic substitution and. 36 temperature and.249. 141. 47. 197. 131.280. 184 ozone. 16. 290 E. 156. 179 carbocations. 163. 205. 341. 153.. 165. 131. 249 activation energy. 251.356 Enthalpy. 38 .261 temperature and.r.266 isotopic labelling in. 180. 29 31. 256 Saytzev mode.3-Dipolar addition. 38 Entropy.260 steric effects in. parameter. aromatic. 178Electrophilic addition to 194 bromine. 165.201 hydroxylation. 308 Electron-withdrawing groups. 113 1. 36 energy partition and. 39.70 elimination and. 391 solvent polarity.264 steric effects in. 156. in. K.3-dipolar. 252 bond strength and. 10.3-Elimination. 249 Saytzev mode. 30 Disproportionation.2-Diols formation. 189 rearrangement. 185. 344-348 Electrolytic oxidation. 350 Energetics of reaction. 251 isotopic exchange and. 182 stereoselectivity. 262 change of pathway.S. 183 addition to C=O and. 153. 158 pinacol change and. 115 Dienophiles. E2.248 orientation in.22. 252 leaving group and. 43.297. 260 E2/SN2ratio.361. substitution. 260. 337 stable. 261 basicitylnucleophilicity in.252 ElcB elimination. 132. 47. 256 SN2and. 301 Diphenylpolyenes. 36 of activation. 158. 266 Ei elimination. 158 electronic effects in. 190 Epoxyesters. 279. 194.189. 260 steric effects in.241 BAC2pathway.26. 308 E. 47.269 Elimination v. ~le~troc~clic reactions. 179 hydration. 133 complexing with substituent.257 orientation in.159 solvent and. 139 kinetic control. 164 transition states. 158 1. 182. 242. 148.194 isolated. 34 of activation. 164 Lewis acids in. 183 addition to C===C addition to C=O and. 249 v. 308 spin trapping in. 131.321 Disrotation. spectroscopy. 201. 7. 240 acyl-oxygen fission. 113. 103. 251 in aldol dehydration. 238 steric effects in. isolation. 142 internal. steric parameter.385 Esterification AAC1pathway.255 electronic effects in. 187 rate. Ecli~sed conformation. 151. 50. 260 405 alkene stability and. 161 isotope effects. l . 192. 367. 247.0. 251 structure and. 24 Electron configuration. 268 stereoselectivity. 194 Electrophilic substitution. 252. 184. 381 ipso. 216. 261. 156 selectivity in. 31. 22.225. 5 Dimedone. 248. 252.2-v. 266 carbenes in.366. 51. 13 heat of hydrogenation. 35 hydrogen bonding and.62.350 conjugated.s. 136. 373 Eauilibrium acidity and. 261 base size and. 59.272 - and. 194. 13 1. 185 rearrangements in. 345 Dissociative process. 195 as additionlelimination.l-)elimination. 249 SN1and. 181 vinyl halides. 255 kinetic isotope effect. 260 E1/SN1ratio. 356 Dienonelphenol rearrangement. 266 bases and. 100. 348 Diels-Alder reaction. 138.249. 115 Electronegativity. 23 acidity and. 191 hydrogen bromide. 153 inductive effect in. 163 mesomeric effect in. 33 Energy barriers. 293 E l elimination.26 addition to and. 192 peroxy acids. 158 a complexes in. 188.381 1. 190 n complexes in. 158 basicity and. 72 Electron spin.(1 . 256 E.260 solvent and. 261 solvent and. 241. 36 free energy and. 386 Ester hydrolysis acid-catalysed. 65 constant. 21. 225. 180.374 isotopic labels in. 191 steric effects. 186.384 base-catalysed. pyrolytic.219. 241 E. 155. as intermediates. 248. 152 hyperconjugation in. 180 1. 194-198 cisoid conformation. 249.256 carbocations and. 160 deuterium exchange. 392 Dinitrofluorobenzene proteins and. 67. 154. 35 control.393 Electron-donating groups. 262 Enamines. 11 Cope rearrangement. 190 hydrolysis. 258 strength of base and.

215. 2 2 1 .214. 374 Hammond's principle. 41. 142.281 solvation and. 163 solvent and. 141. 344 f.136. in. 204. 24 Insertion reactions. 388 steric effects and. 208 Gibbs free energy. 389 diagnostic use of. 108. 58 solvent and. 175. 121.286 intermolecular. 229 hydrolysis. 152. 192 stereoselectivity in. 141 carbocations in. 388. 144 thermodynamic control in. 134 Friedel-Crafts reaction acylation. 26 aromatic substitution and. 354 1.316 ketones. 16. 389 standard reaction for. 355 Inversion in SN1. 190 Iodoform.313 benzene.237 study of. 141. 88. 171. 153 carbocation stability and. 34 change and K. 301 Haloform reaction. 49. alkyl. 2 3 8 structure. 331 Hofmann elimination.291 Intramolecular rearrangements. 145 intermediates in.7-photochemical.144 polyalkylation. 359 standard.395 steric effects and. 238-244. 108. 297 General base catalysis. 3. 42 criteria for. 96 Heat of combustion. 394 Hammett plots. 256 reaction of amides. 207 heat of. 128. 389 compound parameter. 179. 152. 116. 17. 108.227 isolation. 356 Wheland. 156. 323 alkenes. 122 HOMO. 137 Hard bases. l28 Hydroxamic acids. 391 solvent parameter. 186 Ionisation AG* and.279. rancidity. 143.S. 362. 236 trapping.383 upward deviations in. 63. 328 Favorskii rearrangement. 309. 375 empirical nature of. 191 M 191 . 359 change in rate-limiting step and. 392 standard reaction for. 3 dienes.335. 97 Hydride transfer. 48. 156 Grunwald-Winstein equation. 35.275 Imino-ethers. in. 170.377 catalysts and. 327 Hiickel's rule. 34 1.) AAc2 pathway. 362 additional parameters. 108. 388 temperature and. 83 Hypochlorites. 241. 364 Flash photolysis.2-Glycols c k . 244 addition to 6 0 . C==O. 187 ~ i d r o ~ abstiaction. 201 addition to C%N. 296 Halogenation alkanes. 144 alkylation. 374 halides. m.252. 16 dienes. 143. 108.299 Hexacene. 2 Hemi-acetals. 123 Hydroxylation. 218 Claisen condensation. 375 solvent effects and.241 steric effects in.102.383 thermodynamic implications of. 240 isotope labels in. 171. 151 spectroswpic detection. 362 deviations from. cyclic.209. 97 Heat of hydrogenation.365. 159. 103 mesitoic acid. l l 3 tram. 145 Gegen ions.217. 2 3 5 . 34 Heisenberg principle.64.129. 16 homogeneous catalysis in. 140. 35 Freezing point depression benzoic acid. 295 Hammett equation. 383 change in reaction pathway and.249. 90 in SN2.326 Free energy. 374. 127 Hydrogen shifts 1. 384 reduction.242 alkyl-oxygen fission.216 Hvdroboration. 145 dealkylation in. 74.137. 378 esters. 391 Ethanoate anion. 143. 221 Ground state carbon. 38. 240. 56. 238. 361. 190 Gomberg reaction. 64 Ion pairs. 141 . 66 electronegativity and. 57. 354 1.333 downward deviations in. 91 General acid catalysis. 245 Inductive effect. 179. 138.240. 390 derivation of. 391 limitations of. 50. 375 uses of. 36. and. 2 Exo addition.232. 242 ketones. 191 Hydrogen bonding acidity and. 126. 395 implications of. 323 Half-life. 51. 19 Excited state carbon.208.316.290 models for T.286. 4 dienes. 304 Fluorination. 50. 49 cyclic. 50. 215 E. 146 Frontier orbital approach. 88. 333 Grignard reagents addition to 6 C + 0 . 77 Hydroperoxides formation. 144 intramolecular. 143 acylium ions in. 129.151 Intermolecular rearrangements. 141. 143 formylation.64 C==O and. 12. 141. 144 polarised complexes in.l pathway..57. 91. 75. 20. Gibbs. 122. 143 rearrangements in. 297 Iodonium ions. l 6 cyclooctatetraene. 181.209. 13 halogenobenzenes.16 benzene.45. 275 Field effects. 243 nitric acid. 41.282 Hydrogen peroxide Fenton's reagent.186. 394 reaction pathway. 149.359 of activation. 189 rearrangement. 42. 21 acidity and. 234 Fats. 12 Heat of hydration.378. 142 with alkenes. 344 Homolysis. 241.267 Intermediates bridged. 49 tetrahedral. 163 with alcohols. 209 Heterolysis. 328 rearrangement.67.109. 194 Heat of reaction. 242 Esters acyloin condensation. oxidation of ketones.367. 16 cyclooctene.278 Intimate ion pairs. 142 Gatterman-Koch reaction.384 AA. Index 407 Esterification (contd. 306 189 hydroxylation of *C.321 en Hydrogenation *C. solvent parameter.131. 4 Hydration C=C. 189 Hyperconjugation.3-photochemical. 106 Hund's rule. 328 in autoxidation. 361. 378 acyl-oxygen fission.187 C==O. 294 Fenton's reagent.282 intramolecular.219. 353 1.189. 354 Hydrolysis. 300. 20.89. 136. 20.88. 214 heat of.s-thermal.7-thermal.118. 22. Lossen degradation. 180. 156. G. 237. 25 alkene stability and.299 Hybridisation. 389 standard solvent for.102. 273 basicity and. 127. 243 Lewis acids in.380 acid-catalysed. 144. 395 derivation of. 380 solvent effects and. l 6 cyclohexene. 13 Exclusion principle. Y. 389 Gutta percha. 178.315. 388 spectroscopic correlations. 306 Ferrocene. 350 Exocyclic methylenes.78.266.160 Inductomeric effect. 105. 22 electrophilic substitution and.129.220. 142.208.406 Index with cyclic anhydrides.. 36.79.

126. kinetic.305 protonated.78.278. 308 Markownikov addition. 103. halogenation. 223 acid catalysis. and. 44. 164 sulphonation. 251. 2 Nodes.123. cis +tram. 36 isotope effects in. 108. l68 hydrogen bonding and.S. 97 Nucleophilic addition to = . 151 addition to C=0. 297 general base catalysis. 390 diagnostic use of.253 internal.125. 137 primary aliphatic amines. 161. 47 deuterium. 46 measurement of. 98 Levelling effect.225 additionlelimination.89 nitrogen. 123 LUMO. 277 equilibrium and structure.295 primary. 170 oxygen. 3. 324 Leaving groups. 215 Meisenheimer complexes.99. in. 100. 43 protonation. 122 carbonyl. 41. 119 Nitrosation phenol.233. 375 cyanide ion.104.51.83. 247. 201 Nucleophilic addition to 31. 141 carbon. 79 Molecular orbitals. 217. 134.237 ability of.343 Molozonides. 293 aryls. 281 mechanism of..219. 390 solvent separated. 194 ox and. 94 protonated..216. 41. 122-126 to electron-deficient 0 .48. 251 bromobenzene sulphonate ion.220. 201 Grignard reagents. 123 Ketyls.288 iodine. 169. 150 Metal alkyls carbonation. 108. 223. 391 Mechanistic borderline.295 secondary.181. 238. 195 Diels-Alder. 164 nitronium Buoroborate in. 280 addition to C=O. 162 Nitrodehalogenation. 213 Michael reaction. 229 hydride ion.264. 47 bromide.83. 162 Isocyanate intermediates. 96 Naphthalene. 225. 295 bromination.65 AGe and. protonated. compound parameter. 201 Me. l99 cyanoethylation. 165 K.207. 46. 283 Nitrodealkylation. 120 secondary amines. 286 Keto-enol tautomerism. 54. 199 Michael reaction.189. 199 hydrogen cyanide.295 Isotopic labels. 301 anti-knock.233..100. 193. 253 tosylate. 218 Kinetic acidity. 17 nitration. 49. 46 kinetics of. 162 Nitroeen. 114. 39 Knocking. 13 Lindlar catalyst. 228 Lateral overlap. 35. decarboxylation.103 Ion pairs (contd. l22 Nitriles.209. 181. 18. 99. 194. 106. 176 m. 121 tertiary amines.139.297 electronic effects in. 158 Isomerisation. 29 ambident. 305 Knoevenagel reaction. 120 N. 249. 137 isotope effects in. 58 K*. 103. 78 Kinetic isotope effects. 171 Mesomeric effect. 374 K.89 rate-limiting step in. 133 Nitrenes. 31. 209 aldol reaction.169 sulphur. 301. 118 Mixed SN1/SN2 pathway. 46 carbon. 2%. 47 chlorine.219 aromaticity and. 29 Light absorption.114. 291 solvation. 21.207. 232 ethanoate anion. 98. 291 LaetPms.297 hydrogen bonding and.m. 65 AGe and. 282 Ketones.252.107. 305 thermolysis.) intimate. 116 terminus. 184 Mass spectrometry.224. 126 Lactone intermediates. 321 Mustard gas. 45. 327 Neighbouring group participation.251.137. 244 Nitroalkanes acidity. 156. 240 Grignard reagents and.253 triflate. 120. 193 Monomers. 280 Kinetic control. 7 Nucleophiles. 10. 49. electron-deficient.359 k.293 Lithium aluminium hydride. 38. 129 conformation of T. 201. 57. 164 N-brornosuccinimide. 199 methanol. 343 Non-bonded interaction. 307 Kolbe-Schmidt reaction. 55 Lewis acids. 278 Meta (m)-directing groups. 89 monitoring.89.2%. 2% enolisation in. 47. 134 Nitrating mixture. 289 Michael reaction.235 Nitration. 295. 42. 129. 111. 7. 91 Ipso substitution. 252 hydroxyl ion. 127. 122 Isomer distribution. water. 121. 5. 47.408 Index nitration. 224 . 297 rate of. 344 Magnetic moment. 98. 393 triphenylmethyl dimer. electronic. 9 Lead alkyls.288. migration t.254 Molecularity. 107. 139. 278 catalysis of. 223.106. 358395 Lithium alkyls.134 Nitrosating agents. 323 Isotope effects. 304. 48.SiCN.288.238.S. 214 Localised orbitals. 9396. 117. 169 steric effects in. 200 Migration origin. 235 addition to dienes. 92 Models for T. 39. 280.239 scrambling of. 252.225 carbanions in.45. 221 ozonolvsis and. 121 Nodal plane. 174. 206 conjugate addition. 44. 219 alcohols. 133-138 dilute HNO. 127. 278 solvent and. 284 thermolysis. 204. orbitals. 127-129 Migratory aptitude.98.343 surface.223 Linear free energy relationships. 40. Beckmann rearrangement. 48. 228 Kolbe electrolytic synthesis. 18 13c.203244 a&tylide ions.151. 191. 91. 127. spectroscopy. 198 carbanions in. 76. 76 orientation in. 283 Kinetic data. 159. 111. 297 general acid catalysis. 202 steric effects in. 125 relative ability. 83 Kinetics of reaction. 350 k 84 X Lossen rearrangement.250. 131. reactions. 304 Wurtz reaction and. 98. 44. 154.393 carboxyl protonation and.233. 66 Ketenes. 172. 44.252. 359. 272. interpretation.141. 109.301 N-nitroso comwunds. 121 Nitrosoniurn ion.r. 94. 119 B-Keto-acids.253 in elimination. 116 to electron-deficient C. 226 tautomerism. 315 Isoprene. 23. 102. 135 NO? in. 110-119 to electron-deficient N.72 in neighbouring groups. 119 ~rimary aromatic amines. 110 Newman projections. 6 Lone pairs. 121 Nitrous acid. 355 deuterium. 81. 89.377 Neopentyl rearrangements. 297 Ketoximes. 91 Meerwein-Ponndorf reaction. 200 Nucleo~hilic addition to =m. colour and. 29 Lewis bases.51. 100 nitrogen. 228 ethoxide ion. l20 Nitroniurn ion. 137 Nitro~otrialk~lammonium cation. 135 naphthalene. 288. 45.

5 sp2. 173 as additionlelimination. in. 2 phase of.89. 217 Grignard reagents. 233 Oximes configuration.288 Oleum. 205. 9.86. 7 8 . 134.276.159 ratios. 129. l 7 frontier.308 structure determination. 85 ~ u c l ~ o ~ h s"bstitution.235 halide ion. 213 nitroalkanes. 6 LUMO. 216 Orbitals anti-bonding. 354 2ne + 2ne. aliphatic. 236-244 intermediates in. cyclic. 333 in ozonolysis. 78 2-bromopropanoate.91 bridgehead halides.304. 184 n-deficient heterocycles. 342 Order of reaction. 2 Pericyclic reactions. 79. 174 diazonium salts. 90 S ~ 2 . 3 symmetry. 344 hybridisation of. 193 Index 411 Nucleophilic addition to C==O (contd. 80. 231 bisulphite anion. 96 Nucleophilic substitution.222 Meerwein-Ponndorf reaction. 45. 50. ilic 167-177 activated aryl halides. 170. 211 rate-limiting step. 78 SNl. 5 nodal planes and.207. orbital. 89 triphenylmethyl halides.226 electrons. 82. 102. 93 neopentyl halides.181.208. 137 oxidation. structure.219 stereoselectivity.90. 96.330 Peroxy radicals. 171 aryne intermediates. 9 Oxaphosphetanes. 216. 190.S. 260 vinvl halides. 207. 342 Phenanthrene.) ammonia derivs. 168 steric inhibition of delocalisation. 211 T. 1 axial overlap. 211 basicity and.84.341 Perkin reaction. 341. 169 ipso. 80.342 lateral. 219 rearrangement. 111.92. 8 793 .7-hydrogenshifts. 6. 193 Petroleum cracking.213 cyanide ion.221. 221-234 Claisen ester condensation. 39 mixed. 334 Phenonium ion. 342 A. 96 soft bases and. 226 benzoin condensation. 334 diazo coupling. 98 list of reactions. 328 Partial rate factors. l27 thermolysis. 317 heterolysis. 219 base catalysis. 180. 204. 128 nitration. 207. 2 shape. 98 isotopic label (I) in. 123 Oxygen diradical. 131.2-chlorohydrins. 88. solvation in. 6 U*. elimination. 200.209 in carboxylic derivs. 189 Overlap axial. tautomerism. 155 from cumene. 84 entering group and. 315. 207 hydride ion. 78. 121. 84 v. 144. 308 Paint. 214 hydrogen bonding in. 79 second. 39.213. 99 mechanistic borderline. 106. 87-96 structure and. 228 thiols. 9 lobes. 100.f. 147. 332 Phosphine oxides. 99 Nucleophilicity. 170 anionic intermediates. 82. 315 migration to electron-deficient.94 electronic effects in. 80.328. 126 filled. 192 Ozonolysis. 206. 227 pH and.219 protection. 178 n complexes. 90.212. 332 Phenylnitromethane. 304 trans-annular. 344 HOMO.96 neighbouring group participation. 227 Peroxide effect. 84. 105. 168 pyridine. 9 localised. 82.193. 124.83. 221. 4 spatial orientation. 171. 215. 100. 192 stereochemistry. 303 Photo-oxidation. 109 stereochemistry of. 86 bromomethane.212. 306 homolysis. 198. 79. 89 leaving group and. 226 conjugate. 129. 1. 292 atomic.94 2-chloro-2-methylpropane. 337 Photolysis. 165 . 205.240 n bond.61. 17 Pschorr synthesis. 31.343 overlap integral. 330 Physical methods analysis of products.410 Index charge distribution in T. 91.232 irreversible. 84 1. 6 bonding.. 50. 86 rate1li&ting step. 168. 317 Peroxides as initiators.156.S. 99 I~ catalysis. 337 S.248. aromatic.159. 216 carbanions. 2. 4 lasral overlap. 2 secondary interaction. 173 Nylon-6. 172 as eliminationladdition.91 molecularity and. 193 photolysis.333 Pauli principle..219. 222 Knoevenagel reaction.85. 342 P. 82.90 tosylates. 217. 5 sp3. 204. 234 Phosphonium ylids. 50. 205. 45. 169 nitrobenzene. 140 Oppenauer oxidation.337 Peroxy zwitterions.208. 83. 96 He catalysis. 344 molecular. 175 deuterium exchange.219 intramolecular. 233 Nucleophilic catalysis. 97 benzyl halides. 89 kinetics of.376 Phenylation. 205 Wittig reaction.3-hydrogen shifts. 233 Photochemical concerted reactions. 94 l-bromotriptycene. 214 hydration.220 formation.370 coupling.289 hydrolysis. 350 spl.93. 77. 78 configuration in. 300. 233 Phosphorus-oxygen bond. 13 dumb-bell. 212 Dieckmann reaction. 204. 304 rearrangement.293 Orthoesters acetals from. 331 Peroxyacids. 159 Osmic esters. 91 mechanistic changeover. 204. 229 Claisen-Schmidt reaction. 230 electronic effects in.77-100 Aga catalysis. 226 Perkin reaction.305 Phase. 300 Photo-dimerisation. 45. 43. 346 1. 91 steric effects in. 9. 39 Organometallic compounds. 6 size.281 detection of intermediates. 85 ambident nucleophiles. 5. 75 Ortholpara (0-lp-) directing groups.243 Stobbe reaction. 354 1. 233 Phosphoranes. 334 Phenol acidity.222. 210. 82-87.337 S * . 228 Lewis acids in. 23.. 283 Phenyl radicals.210. 176. 234 steric effects in. 215 Me3SiCN. 150. 224 size of nucleophile in. 87 carbanions in. 97 ally1 halides. 84. 221. 3 0. 9. 3 delocalised. 213 spectroscopy and. 97 solvolysis.213 Cannizzaro reaction.212.216.220 reversibility. 349 Photochemical initiation. 6 integral. hardening. 112.. 127 Ozonides. 79 first. 5. 6 degenerate. 189 Osmium tetroxide. 3 Paramagnetism. 156.

115 Favorskii.340 carbocationic character T. 72 delocalisation in. 320. in Barton reaction.334 peroxy. 73 electrophilic substitution.Zndex n-excessive heterocycles.127. 381 Rate of reaction activation energy and. 323 in hydroxylation. 292 carbocations. 109 aryl. 212 Rate constant. 28 Rearrangements. 308 cyclohexadienyl. 155.112. 134. 306 in acyloxylation.37 energy profile of.305.161 Proton transfer catalysed.s. 34 intermediates. 341 energetics of.s.328. 30. 4 1 measurement of. 112 allylic. investigation. 311. 334 in polymerisation. 312-323 carbon tetrachloride. 116. 388 physical significance of. 321 chain transfer. l22 diazoamino comps.334 in arylation. 321 cationic. l13 pK. 116. 322.211.321 initiators. 313 hydrogen bromide.306. 329 biradicals. 323 Polymerisation anionic. 30 Reaction constant. 108 Protecting groups.l-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl. 65 P~B*. 330 benzylic.29 Polarised complexes. 310 chain reactions. 43.144 Polar non-protic solvents.312. 330 phenoxy. 368 values of. 354 Curtius. 38 Reaction collisions in. 2 Quinuclidine basicity. l23 benzilic acid.123 conformation in. 355 configuration in. 334 Pyridine basicity. 140.313. 331 detection. 311. 320 vinyl polymerisation.333 terminators.171. 64 P&. 149. 36 molecularity. 316 sulphenyl halides. 303 half-life. spectroscopy and.319 trapping. 326 in S. 73 Quantum numbers principal. 39 mixed order. 115. 267. 111 Wittig.324 stereoselectivity and.91 T. 117.340 Cope. 323-335 aromatic. classification. 314 perbenzoate. 333 in halogenation.116 Prototropy. 323 induction period. 109-129. nature of. 41 Rate-limiting step. 108. 218 rearrangement. 108 alkenes. 301. 302. 5 Polarisability.148.161 Protodesulphonylation. 113. 22. 320 Products. 293 Wolff. 166 Pinacolinic deamination.323 termination. 304 Raman spectra. 322 copolymerisation.325. 321 coordination. 168 Pyrolytic elimination.311 Radical substitution. 116. 332 inhibitors.142. 122 hydroperoxides.145. 268 chugaev.321 in phenol oxidation. 378 sign of.1. 302 hydroxyl.118 Cope. 306.49 kinetics of.40. 318. l and m. 37 heat of. 315. 306. 119 dienone-phenol.332 e. 148 diazoketones. 300.314. 82. 331 autoxidation. 333 in aromatic substitution. 321 propagation.326 solvent and. 232 carbanions. 303 alkyl.320 in Pschorr reaction.352- 357 alkanes.337 polar effects in.226 branching. 24. 108. 54. 300 paramagnetic.311.117.381 reaction centre and.328 . 322 cross-linking.303. 268 Ei. 119 Redox reactions. 43.r. 39 a and. 269.313.309.299-339 acyl. 324 allylic. 302.327. 331. 335 Schmidt. 81 Polyenes hydrogen shifts in.38. 299 conformational equilibrium.265 requirements. 300. 113 migratory aptitude in. 166 protonation. 367 rate-limiting step and. 368.326. 315. 320 hetero. 267 Pyrrole basicity. 305. 314. 319 cycloheptatrienyl. 79 order. 38 concerted. 352 Polyisoprenes. 109-119 Claisen. 113 radical.270. types of. 334 oxygen and. 103 to lone pairs. 368 reaction pathway and.318.321 thiyl. 323 Radiolysis.39 Rate equation.334 l . 39.335 addition to C=c.278 intramolecular. 308 pentachloroethyl.210.126. rearrangement. n. 352 stereochemistry of.163 intermolecular.362 temperature and. 302.. 364 variation with solvent. 38.318. 2 subsidiary. 293 Wagner-Meemein. 320 Radical anions. 218 Radical rearrangements.328 combustion and. 302 triphenylmethyl. 37 catalysts and. 308.330.165 electrophilic substitution.316.330. 308.300. 294 Hofmam.304. 2 spin. 28 413 RaeemisPtion. 300. 189 chain length. 320 radical. 337 in Gomberg reaction. 366 temperature and.30. 122 migratory aptitude in. 325 shape. 115 Stevens. 211 Protodesilylation. 300.324 stability. p. 290 320. 43 Propane. 39. 301. 313-323 alkoxyl.332. 309.141. 110 pinacol-pinacolone. 329 benzoyl. 165 nucleophilic substitution. 89 deuterium exchange and. 308 formation. 20.337 bridged. 72 complex with Me.122. 114 Pinacols formation. 388 Reaction mechanism.119 steric effects in. 90 Radical addition. 288 in radical reactions. 288 Reagents. 261 SYN. and.B. 332 in autoxidation. 38 rate-limiting step.143. 314.. Plane trigonal hybridisation. k.301 disproportionation. 134 Raney nickel catalyst. 363 effect of solvent on.149. 308 dimerisation.355 Lossen. 122 sigmatropic.S.% Polarisation.305 halomethyl. 375 Reactive methylenes.79 rate constant. 325 rearrangement.32. 335 Radicals. 200. 74 to C=c. 321 initiation. l28 in Friedel-Crafts.320 stereochemistry.118 Pinacollpinacolone rearrangement. 18. 103. 114 neopentyl. 368 determination of.. 39 279. 320 halogens.313. 128 Beckmann. 309. 277 Pschorr reaction. 33. 363 attenuation of. 328 halogenation. 306 Reimer-Tiemann reaction.

. 351 Retro pinacol rearrangement. 80.219.256. 95.252 Solvatochromicshifts. 388 Substitution electrophilic. 353 carbon shifts. 228 Substituent constant. 232 Thioacetals. 92 Through-conjugation. in chlorination.388 H-bonded.322 vulcanisation. l63 napthalene sulphonation. thermodynamic.243. 340-357 activation parameters. 162.389 SN2pathway. 249.m. 152. 38 bridged.349 in elimination.256 Tetrahedral hybridisation. 78. 391 Solvent bipolar non-protic. 109. orbital. a and i. 278 nitroalkanes. 278. 354 hydrogen shifts.235 crowding in. 345 electrocyclic. 368. 24. 110. 393 .206. 26.362 'constancy' of. 95 elimination from. 80. and. 162. 81.83. second law. 350 sigmatropic rearrangements. 387 Sterigrnatocystin.235. 261 in ester hydrolysis. Y.253 AS^ and.287. 182.268.372 a.388 E.292.269 Zndex 415 Relative configuration. 256 Schiff bases. 12 hyperconjugation and. 165 in diazo coupling.283 rate and structure. 387 E. 264. 353 thermal. 31.241 Transoid conformation. 26 keto-enol forms. 173.48 Stevens rearrangements. 353 Symmetry... 239 Transition state. 39 residual bonding in. 58 in addition to C=C. 221 Schmidt rearrangement.414 Index parameter. 36 Rotation frequency. in sulphonation. 43. 57. 342 secondary orbital interaction. 385 o bonds. 170 SNipathway. 212 Thiols. 361 isolation. 41. 253. 99 cyclic. 352-357 antarafacial. 43.260. 392 .239. 41 conformation and. 328 synthetic. 51. addition to C==O.301. 352 photochemical.. 392 values of.257 Translational entropy. 140. 26 dienes. 300. 363 Substituent effects. 92 Sodium borohydride. 368 r and. 354 4xe 2xe. 181 in addition to 205. 352 orbital symmetry in. 254. 12 alkenes. 345 Cope rearrangement.299. 215 Soft bases. 393 .r.320 Tetraalkylammonium salts basicity. 27. 211 Thionyl chloride. 51 Stereoselectivity. 386 6 parameter in. 58. 364 spectroscopic shifts and. 349 disrotation. 26. 7 Steric hindrance. 385 Rotational entropy. 211 desulphurisation. 161. 344 'forbidden'. 156.235 addition to dienes. 150. 27. 390 Taft equation. 342 solvation of. 29. 341 Claisen rearrangement. C a and 'H n. 253. 362 polar effects and.312. 41.283 models for. 275 Sawhorse projections. 390 ion-solvating ability. 124 in concerted reactions. electronic. 151 orbital interaction in. 27.252. 355 concerted v. 364 pK. 90 Solvolysis. 352. 130-167 nucleophilic.209 Specific base catalysis. 12 Staggered conformation. 96 Solvation.393 Transesterification. 193 in rearrangements. 115 non-bonded interaction. 222. 75 Spectrosco ic correlations.71. 216. 92. 129. 306 Sandwich comoounds. aromatic. and.318 in addition to in addition to C==0. 45. 259. 197 Trapping of intermediates arynes.r. 354 1.301. 189. 323 perishing of. 366 sign of.260. 163 addition to C==0. determination. 278 intramolecular. 363 p*..356 Steric parameters.66 polar non-protic. 348 Thermodynamic control. 326 a.235 in aromatic substitution. 352 suprafacial shifts. 373 a and. 115 P.235. 52 in acetolysis. 79. 7 Saytzev elimination. aliphatic. 277 equilibrium and structure.370 a+.370. 159. 195 Diels-Alder . 2 Stabilisation energy. 320 Sulphonation. 323-335 Sulphenyl compounds. 237 Thermal concerted reactions. 277 catalysis of. 372.252 effect of.225. 386 E. 388 derivation of. 91. stepwise. 341 in Diels-Alder. 15 delocalisation and. 342 Stereochemicalcriteria. 348 residual bonding in. 385 Tautomerism. 8 Rubber natural.80. 384 polar effects in. 389 Solvent separated ion pair.77-100 nucleophilic. 377 . 45. 198. 40. 283 Thermodynamics. 122 Selectivity. 181 Suprafacial shifts. Spin.58.335 composition of. 17 Retro Diels-Alder reaction. 277. 385 standard substituent in. 386 6.222.385 cyclic. 293 Stobbe reaction. 348 Diels-Alder reaction. 176 + . 41. 327 Super acids. 348 antarafacial shifts. 131 Sigmatropic rearrangements.372 determination of. 27 in elimination. 26 crowding. 118. 356 energy level of. shifts. 35. 6 U complexes. 81.350 delocalisation and. 249 benzene. 344 Synperiplanar conformation. electronic. 354 suprafacial. 353 Claisen rearrangement.67.115. 354 cycloaddition. 353 Symmetry controlled reactions. 88 Resonance energy. 350 organisation in. 67 elimination from. 4 Tetrahedral intermediates. 385 p* in. 280 intermolecular. 167-177 radical. 159. 355 Cope rearrangement. 342. 384 amide hydrolysis and. 140 Sulphuryl chloride.79. 282 Thiazolium ylids. 118. 74. 164 nitroalkane formation. 353 Silicon-oxygen bond.Shydrogen shifts. 164 Sulphonium salts. 342 'allowed'. 279 Terminators. 110 SN2(aromatic) pathway.277 mechanisms of. 34 Thermodynamic stability. 183. 137.351 conrotation.253. 173. 323 ' Sandmeyer reaction. 389 Specific acid catalysis. 118 Steric effects. 13 Stability.254. 267 in ozonolysis.235. 353 1.81. 236.49. in chlorination.295 SN1pathway. 385 a& in. 201.63. aromatic.362 a-. 386 ester hydrolysis and.79. 363 physical significance of. 241 in rearrangements. 288. 253 variable. 258 Sulphur trioxide. 7 Standing waves.234 in Beckmann.7-hydrogenshifts.r. 169.. parameter in. 370 a+ and. 102.235. 129.60.279 keto-enol. 86. 392 a and P n. paired.376 SN2' pathway.m. a.56.98. 137.180. 172 in acidity. 279 rate-limiting step. 350 Friedel-Crafts. 391 ionising power. 213 SE1 pathway.

342 Vinyl ethers. 193 Trichloromethane hydrolysis. 41. 221 Meisenheimer complexes.) carbenes. 106 Tschitschibabin reaction. 171 triphenylmethyl radicals.311 shape. 8 Vibrational modes. 320 branching in.267 dienones. 55 polarisability. 289 Xanthates.267 Triphenylmethane acidity. 293 Wolff rearrangement. 18. 102. 321 chain length in. 320. 43. 104.solvent parameter. 336 Triphenylmethyl radical. 132. 106 stability. 111 Water .381 reduction. 344 Wurtz reaction. 207 autolysis of. 321 propagation.58. 168 Notes Wngner-Meerwein rearrangements. 356 internal. from Perkin reaction. 42. r. 44. addition to.301. 251 Van der Wads radii. 19 Grignard reagents. 343 Wheland intermediates.233. 268 X-ray crystallography ethanoate anion. cub-. 193 .342 Wave nodes. synthesis. 320. 50. 266 peroxynvitterions. 57. 103. 390 Yukawa-Tsuno equation. 43. 271 carbanion from. 306 Triphenylmethyl peroxide. 389 values of. 84. 223 Zwitterions. 87.272 radical from.321 Vulcanisation. 13. 2. 189 Vinyl polymerisation. polymerisation. 131. 322 induction period in. 321 coordination. 372 parameter. 232. 187 addition to --l addition to &-C. 211 Unsaturated acids L$-. 343 Wave functions. 311 Ylids.218 Umpolung. 321 1 Y. 227 By-.287 Ultra-violet absorption. 311 Tropylium cation. 320 termination. 200 formation of. 373 Zinc alkyls. 271. pyrolysis. 300 dimer.300 Triphenylmethyl cation.60 levelling effect in. 234 Unsaturated carbonyl compounds. 176 diazoanthranilate anion. 151 Wittig reaction. 233 Wittig rearrangement. 54 ion solvation and.'V' 416 Index initiation. 323 Trapping of intermediates (contd. and. 176 peroxy. 94. 119 Woodward-Hoffmam rules. 57 Wave amplitude. 300 rearrangement.

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