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MANUAL Bio Rational Treatment 11 Pages

MANUAL Bio Rational Treatment 11 Pages

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BIORATIONAL TREATMENT FOR BAMBOO IN THE 21ST CENTURY

By Opah Ibrahim Ricardo

Powder Post Beetle, D. Minutus

Dry wood termites, Isoptera

Powder Post Beetle, M. Regiculis

(How to kill bamboo pests/bugs without killing yourself.. ... Or the Earth.)

Guide to Bulk Treatment of small batches (500 to 1000 poles)in one 7-day cycle, using;

An environmentally Earth-friendly pesticide designed for manufacturing facilities of Bamboo housing and components (knock-down walling, roof, stairs etc.)

Table of Contents
“Biorational Treatment for Bamboo in the 21st Century” by Opah Ibrahim Ricardo

Chapter I.
Introduction ..................................................... page 1 a. Why the increased demand for Bamboo? b. A new kind of Bamboo Producer and Buyer (foreign) c. The Treatment formulation and its characteristics. 1. LongLife Bamboo 2. Technical Description 2.a Odour 3. Safety and Quality

Chapter II. - THE TREATMENT and Delivery Methods

1. 2. 3. 4.

Treatment by immersion/ soaking Vertical Soak Diffusion Horizontal Soak Diffusion Treatment by injection/impregnation using compressed air. 5. Injection by water pressure (elevated tank)

page 01

Chapter I. Increased demand for Bamboo as Building Material. A fast emerging market in the21st century---the market for organically treated bamboo.
a. In the previous century, Bamboo was often referred to as “poor mans’ wood”. Not anymore. Technology for Treatment and preservation has lenghtened its service life. While untreated bamboo may last only for 2 years. Properly treated bamboo can last 15-30 years. With this increased longevity, Bamboo has become a a choice material for construction. b. A Tool to mitigate the effects of global warming.-Today, it is the scientists’ tool to mitigate or lessen the building up of Carbon Dioxide (Co2) in the atmosphere. (Some bamboo species grow up to 80 cm every night!) This phenomenal growth rate has earned bamboo the reputation, “ the fastest co2 sequestor in all of the plant world”.

As of this writing, one can find in Bali (Indonesia), the biggest bamboo structure in East Asia, “The Heart of School Building” built by PT Bambu (www. Greenschool, 2. A new Buyers’ mindset needs an equally new approach to the manufacture and Treatment of Bamboo.
One important criteria that the foreign Buyer looks for in choosing a factory/supplier is: Is the factory supporting the Sustainability of Bamboo? In the choosing of factory-suppliers, he is more prone to buy from companies that practice “stewardship principles”.--factories that support the continuance of the Earths natural resources, and applying eco-friendly practices----including the minimum use of toxic synthetic chemicals, or none at all. (further reference, the internet, browse on “Neem”)

3. Treating Bamboo with plant based extracts and organic protectants. “LongLife Bambu” (LLB). Due to health and environmental concerns over the use of synthetic pesticides, we are forced to look into the past for an effective traditiona way of controlling pests. “Neem” ( Indian word for “Mimbao” (Java), “Intaran” (Balinese), was planted in Indonesia during the 12-19 century Majapahit Empire. The plant, a cousin of Mahogany, is endemic to India and Ceylon.

and when this plant based extracts are combined with organic minerals, the effect is a very potent insect inhibitor and wood fiber protector.

The active ingredients in LLB, Azedaractin from the Neem tree (local name Intaran(Bali) or Mimbao (Java), and the organic crystal salt, Borax (Disodium Tetraborate)---could satisfy the Buyers’ demand for an”earth-friendly pesticide”. Among the benefits, are as follows: 1, Azedarachtin works directly on the insect larvae. by inhibiting its growth.(It stops eating, and practically starves itself to death) The larvae stays in the bamboo for 54 days, causing more damage (eating the starch in the bamboo) than the adult (mature) insect.

The adult D. minutus powder post beetle, makes the exit hole, ( a job which require about 2 days) When in contact with Azedarachtin, the adult cannot reproduce (rendered impotent). Borax (disodium tetraborate) is an effective block mainly for termites. It wrecks the digestive tract of the insect. In normal dry condition, the 2 ingredients, Azedarachtin and Borax when already inside the bamboo remain inside indefinitely. Both are deemed “permanent”, as they do not evaporate... providing a long lasting protection for the bamboo.

3. Technical description of the LLB Emulsion.
The formulation comes in an emulsion form, an Emulsifiable Concentrate (EC) The formulation (mix ratio) can be adjusted to fit the required soaking time. It is a nanoemulsion, with the oil broken up into very small particles and well balanced not to settle or float on the water surface. The balanced condition is due to the addition of surfactants and spreaders These surfactants are described as non-ionic linear alcohol ethoxylated based, amine reacted tall fatty acids. In laymans terms, the emulsion uses “food grade” type of spreaders. The reason why, the formulation has been tested safely for cow and dog lice (Kuto) page 03

3.a. Safety and Quality claims: - Helps to nourish and condition the soil. - environmentally safe. No harmful residue. - Insects do not develop resistance. - Acts as reproduction controller. The adults become impotent. - Safe for human handling. 3.b. ODOUR During the soaking/immersion process odour may develop. This is due to the bacteria in the water releasing sulfur during decomposition of the starch in the bamboo. The odour should not be taken as a cause for concern as it will go away when the material will dry. To minimise the odour, a small percent of chlorine is added.

CHAPTER 2- Process Guide/ Standard Operating Procedures
The treatment and delivery methods used for injecting the solids into the bamboo are as follows; 1. Treatment by immersion/ soaking 2. Treatment by Diffussion A. Vertical Soak Diffusion B. Horizontal Soak Diffusion 3. Treatment by injection/impregnation A. using compressed air. B. Injection by water pressure (elevated tank)

All methods are effective up certain criteria of maximum impregnation of active materials and the economics involved. Some methods may require construction of dipping pools, compressors, agitators and pumps.

page 04

1. Treatment by immersion/ soaking

2. Vertical Soak Diffusion

page 05

3. By Diffusion Method

4. Injection/Impregnation

5. Injection by water pressure (elevated tank)

(ALL PROCEDURES WILL BE EXPLAINED IN FULL DURING TRAINING OF THE TREATMENT WORKERS)

Certificate
AZEDARACHTA INDICA (NEEM) PENTAHYDRATED BORATE SALTS A CRYSTAL OF SODIUM BORATE

T his is to certify that this batch of Bamboo materials/building components, under Export Pro-Forma
Invoice num. ___________ dated ______________, for Buyer: ___________________________ _____________ has.

passed
the Bamboo Treatment Protocol, “ Total Protective Application” of this company,

T his certificate is not a guarrantee of longevity of the Bamboo materials but an Assurance that
the correct dosage of the following natural earth-friendly materials;

NEEM AND BORAX CRYSTAL SALTS
were impregnated into the materials as a protective block against powder post beetles and termites. Done this ___________day of ___________,year Two Thousand and Ten. Signed: __________________________ Ibrahim Ricardo Inventor/Formulator of Emulsion “LongLifeBambu”, Researcher. Document Tracer: Ref Number ___________ Treatment Applicator Third Party QC Buyer Representative:

End of Manual

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