MOCK TEST
FOR — ByAlokkumar. B.Tech, IITKanpur The Indian Statistical Institute (ISI), Kolkata, is considered as one of the foremost centres in the world for training and research in statistics and the related sciences. The B.Stat (Hons) degree program, the flagship programme of the institute, offers comprehensive instruction in the theory, method and application of statistics, in addition to several areas of Mathematics and some basic areas of computer science. Each candidate applying for admission to this programme has to take a selection test comprising Objective type and Shortanswer type questions in mathematics at the Higher Secondary level (10 + 2 year's programme). The selection tests consists of (1) A multiple choice type test having about 30 questions, and (2) A shortanswer type test having about 10 questions. Questions will be set on the following and related topics. Algebra : Sets, operations on sets, prime numbers, factorization of integers and divisibility, rational and irrational numbers, permutations and combinations, binomial theorem, logarithms, theory of quadratic equations, polynomial and remainder theorem, arithmetic and geometric progressions, inequalities involving A.M., G.M., and H.M., complex numbers. Geometry : Plane geometry of class X level. Geometry of 2 dimensions with cartesian and polar coordinates. Concept of a locus, equation of a line, angle between two lines, distance from a point to a line. Areas of a triangle, equations of a circle, parabola, ellipse and hyperbola and equations of their tangents and normals, mensuration. Trigonometry : Measures of angles, trigonometric and inverse trigonometric functions, trigonometric identities including addition formulae, solutions of trigonometric equations. Properties of triangles, heights and distances. Calculus : Functions, oneone functions, onto functions, limits and continuity, derivatives and methods of differentiation, slope and curve, tangents and normals, maxima and minima, use of calculus in sketching graph of functions, methods of integration, definite and indefinite integrals, evaluation of area using integrals. Logical Reasoning : Consistency of statements. In response to growing demand from students preparing for the ISI, we bring to you the first Mock ISI paper, which closely simulates the real exam. There is more to follow in the coming months. MULTIPLE CHOICE TEST 1. (a) (c) How many real solutions does the equation x4  10x2 + x + 20 = 0 have ? exactly one (b) exactly two exactly three (d) exactly four The roots of the equation z" = (z + 1)" = lie on a circle of radius ~ lie on a straight line lie on a regular polygon of n sides lie on a regular polygon of 2n sides. 3. Let A and B be two complex numbers such that A B u + 7 = 1, then the triangle OAB, O being the origin
D A
2.
(a) (b) (c)
(d)
is (a) (b) (c) (d) 4.
equilateral isosceles but not right angled right angled isosceles right angled. Let A = 4 = + ]=• + n v3 + , 1 . Then [A], V10000
56
MATHEMATICS TODAY FEBRUARY'07
where [•] denotes the greatest integer function, equals (a) 297 (b) 187 (c) 197 5. Sudhanshu and Geetika start at the point P on the circle, but Sudhanshu moves along the bigger circle whereas Geetika moves along the smaller circle that touches the bigger one at P, and also touches two of its radii OA and OB. ZAOB = 60°. If both travels at uniform speed, what is the rate of their speeds if both reach P at the same point after one round? (a) 6.
111
2468  sum of the digits appearing in the base 7 representation of 1234
6
^ ^
1234  sum of the digits appearing in the base 7 representation of 1234 2468  sum of the digits appearing in the base 6 representation of 1234
6
1234— sum of the digits appearing in the base 7 representation of 1234 12. and (a) (b) (c) (d) 13. has (a) (b) (c) (d) (a) Let the two numbers a and (3 be a = 4673 + 6734 p = 4929 + 929 4 then a and P are both composite. a and p are both prime. a is prime but p is composite. a is composite but p is prime. The equation (x2 + 3x + 4 f + 3(x2 + 3x + 4) + 4 = x all its solutions real but not all positive. only two of its solutions real. two of its solutions positive, two negative. none of its solutions real. V302 +31 2 + 830 2 = 931 V272 +28 2 +656 2 == 757 V322 +33 2 +1056 2 = 1057 /402 +41 2 +1340 2 = 1641 • 15. For a positive integer n, let Sn denote the sum of digits of n. The number of integers for which n  Sn= 1234, equals (a) infinite (b) 16 (c) 25 (d) no such integer is possible. 16. Consider the sequence of real numbers a,, a2, an. The sum of every 6 consecutive terms of this sequence is positive whereas the sum of every 13 consecutive terms is negative. Then the sequence can have maximum (a) 17 terms (b) 78 terms (c) 19 terms (d) 7 terms. 17. For how many positive integer values of n is 24 + 27 + 2" a perfect square?
MATHEMATICS TODAY FEBRUARY'07
73:2
11
(b) 2 : 1
(c)
73:1
(d) 3 : 1
What is the remainder when the 224 digit number
———' is divided by 41? 224 l'i(a) 18 (b) 23 (c) 4
(d) 0
7. Let f ( x ) be a function such that f ( x  1) +/(* + 1)•= V2 f ( x ) • Then for what value of p is the relation fix + p) =•/(*) necessarily true for every real xl (a)  8 (b)  6 (c) 4 (d) 2 8. 1
2 + 72
The sum to 168 terms of the series 1 273+372 1 6 + 473 475+10
14. Which of the following equations is true?
(b) (c)
1 5V6+6V5 12 (a) 13 (c) 9. n, n (a) (c) 741740 2742 + 743
equals (b) (d) 13 12 74T + 740 2743742
For how many values of n are the numbers + 4, n + 14 all primes? exactly on (b) finitely many infinitely many (d) none of these
10. Let av a2, , a ] 6 9 represent any arbitrary permutation of the numbers 1, 2, 3, ... 169. Then the product (a,  1) (a2  2) (a ]69  169) (a) never even, whatever be the permutation (b) always even, whatever be the permutation (c) even only for some permutation, not all (d) none of these 11. The highest power of 7 in the number 1234! is given by 58
(a) (c)
infinitely many exactly one
(b) finitely many (d) zero.
18. How many times does 8 occur when we list all the numbers from 1 to 1000? (a) 297 (b) 300 (c) 271 (d) 273 19. The difference between the greatest and least values of the function f i x ) = (3  V 4  * 2 f + (l + V 4  x 2 ) 3 is (a) 500 27 (b) 18 (c) 11 (d) 470 27
20. L e t / i x ) be a fourth degree polynomial with leading coefficient unity. A l s o / ( l ) = 2 , / ( 2 ) = 4 , / ( 3 ) = 6. Then the value o f / ( 1 0 ) + / (  6 ) . (a) is 8072 (b) is 8064 (c) is 2368 (d) cannot be determined 21. Consider the quadratic/^) = 90.x2 + 20jc + 1. The sum of the digits of the n u m b e r / ( l l 1111) is (a) 11 (b) 12 (c) 13 (d) 14 22. The cyclic octagon A]A2A3A4ASA6A7AS has sides a, a, a, a, 6, b, b, b respectively in that order. The radius of the circle that circumscribes A]A2A3A4ASA6 is (a) (c) b2 + ab \la2+b2 + abj2 (b) (d) 1 a2 +b2+absf2 b +ab
numbers, say, a and b among them and change them to 0.8a  0.66, and 0.6a + 0.86. Leave the third number unchanged. Starting with this new triplet again generate a triplet performing the same operation i.e. taking any two numbers, changing the 0.8a 0.66, 0.6a + 0.86 and leaving the third unchanged. Then of the following numbers which number can be arrived at after performing the operation described a finite number of times? (a) (3,4,5) (b) (5,12,3) (c) (3,4,13) (d) none of these. Directions for Q. 28 & 29 : Answer these questions on the basis of the information given below. Let P be an interior point of a triangle ABC and let BP and CP meet AC and AB in E and F respectively. Denote by [X] the area of figure X, whether triangle or quadrilateral, as the case may be. Area of the triangle BPF is 4 units, that of triangle BPC is 8 units. Also area of triangle CPE = 13 units. 28. What is the value in sq. units of [APF]? (a) 52 (b) 91 (c) 39 (d) 13 29. What is the value in sq. units, of [AEPF]1 (a) 52 (b) 39 (c) 137 (d) 143 30. How many ordered triplet solutions (jc, y, z) does the system x + y + z = 4, x2 + y2 + z2 = 14, jc3 + y3 + z3 = 34 have? (a) six (b) one (c) eighteen (d) thirty six Short Answer Type Test 31. Solve the system of equations for real x and y. 5* 1 + I ) . . . f, 2 2 = 12,5^1x + j/ 1 1 =4 +x2+y2
2
'
2
23. The number of positive integer that divide 10999 but not 10998 is (a) 1998 (b) 999 (c) 998 (d) 1999 24. How many solutions numbers does the system abed  27 + ab + ac (a) exactly one (c) exactly 4(4!) (a, b, c, d) in positive real a + b + c + d= 12 + ad + be + bd + cd have? (b) exactly 4! (d) none of these
25. Given that x, y, z satisfy 1 7 1 1 x + — = — v +  = 4, z + — = 1 the value of xyz is y 3 z x (a) 1 (b)  1
,35 z
32. In the triangle ABC, the altitude, angle bisector and median from C divide the angle C into four equal angles. Find the angles of the triangle. 33. Let {*„}„ be a sequence satisfying the recurrence y/3x„1 r,n> 1 n+1 —" Xn + yf3 ' Prove that the sequence is periodic having period 6.
x
(c)
,21 z
^
(d)
^
26. Let a = 2 + 1,6 = 2 +1 , then the greatest common divisor of a and b i.e. gcd(a, b) is (a) 2 2 ?  1 (b) if' +1 (c) 22'4  1 (d) 1 27. Start with the triplet (3, 4, 12), choose any two
MATHEMATICS TODAY FEBRUARY'07
34. Let a and 6 be two of the roots of the equation x4 + x3  1 = 0 . Prove that ab is a root of the equation xb+x4+xixkl= 0. 35. Find integer solutions for the equation 59
4x2 + 9 / = 72z 2 36. Find all real solutions to the system x3  3x = y f  3 y =z z3 — 3z = x 37. Prove that 99899 is composite. 38. A four digit number has the following properties (a) It is a perfect square. (b) The first two digits are equal. (c) The last two digits are equal. Find all such numbers. 39. Given a triangle ABC. Let 1 be the centre of the inscribing circle. The internal bisectors of angles A, B and C meet the opposite sides in A', B' and C" respectively. Ptove that 1 AI BI CI < 8 4 AA'' BB'' CC' ~ 27 40. What is the remainder when 256 + 39" + 14 is divided by 41? SOLI I IONS 1. (d): The equation x4  l(k 2 + * + 20 = 0 is a fourth degree one, so we can't factor it. Note that the equation doesn't have any integral root as no divisor of 20 satisfies it. Instead set a = 5 and rewrite the equation as x4  2ax2 + x + a2  a = 0 The beautiful thing about this equation is that while it's a fourth degree one in x, it's a quadratic in ' a ' parameter  that is a2  a(2x2 + 1) + x4 + x = 0 having discriminant = (2x2 + 1 )2  4(x4 + x) = 4;t4 + 4x2 + 1  4x"  4x = 4x24x + 1 =(2jc  l ) 2 (a perfect square) The roots then are 2x2 +1 ± (2x 1) _ 2x2 + 2x 2x2 +1  2x +1 a=2 2 ' 2 = x2 + x, x2  x + 1 Returning to a = 5, gives x2+X5 = 0 and x 2. (b) 4 = 0 : 2 l ± V l + 16 2 1 l±Vl7 =>
, 1 2kn 1 + — = cos z n
. 2kn + ;sin n
k = 0, 1,2, 3, But k = 0 => z=
n 1 = 0 , impossible. ;k = 1,2, («l)
. „ 2*71 . . 2kn —1 + cos  + »sin n n ,,„ 2/nt  1 + cos n
cos
.
. . 2kn /sin n
"(_ 1 +
2^)2+(sin2 2^)
2kn L 2kn\  ( 1  c o s — ) isin n 2kn\ 2^1  c o s n J . . 2k% ;sm——
_
, ' 2 1 2
j
kn „„„ kn 2sm—cos — n n_ „ „ siir kit .2 22 n / . kn 2 n
Thus, Re(z) = •=• orx =  i , showing that the roots of the equation (z +1)" = z" lie on the line x =  \ B A A2  AB + B2 = 0 5 ± V B 2  4 B2 A==
(a)
B±ij3B
2
( z + l)" = z" • i+—=(i)n z
KF60
_ l ± i S „ = I±/V3 D 2d  —^—B 2 B = (aB(o B Then \A\ = S Now AB = (oBB = (co + 1)5 = to 2B 2 2 or co £  B =  (co + l)B = coB \AB\ = co25 or co5 = \B\ implying A  B\ = \A\ = 5
MATHEMATICS TODAY FEBRUARY'07
(a) (c)
infinitely many exactly one
(b) (d)
finitely many zero.
18. How many times does 8 occur when we list all the numbers from 1 to 1000? (a) 297 (b) 300 (c) 271 (d) 273
19. The difference between the greatest and least values of the function / ( * ) = ( 3  V 4  J C 2 ) 2 + ( i + V 4  j c 2 ) 3 is (a) 500 27 (b) 18 (c) 11 (d) 470 27
20. L e t / ( x ) be a fourth degree polynomial with leading coefficient unity. A l s o / ( l ) = 2 , / ( 2 ) = 4 , / ( 3 ) = 6. Then the value o f / ( 1 0 ) + / (  6 ) . (a) is 8072 (b) is 8064 (c) is 2368 (d) cannot be determined 21. Consider the q u a d r a t i c / ^ ) = 90.x2 + 20x + 1. The sum of the digits of the n u m b e r / ( l l 1111) is (a) 11 (b) 12 (c) 13 (d) 14 22. The cyclic octagon A!A2A3A4ASA6A7AS has sides a, a, a, a, b, b, b, b respectively in that order. The radius of the circle that circumscribes AlA2A3A4AsA6 is (a) (c) a +b + ab yla2+b2
2
numbers, say, a and b among them and change them to 0.8a  0.66, and 0.6a + 0.86. Leave the third number unchanged. Starting with this new triplet again generate a triplet performing the same operation i.e. taking any two numbers, changing the 0.8a 0.66, 0.6a + 0.86 and leaving the third unchanged. Then of the following numbers which number can be arrived at after performing the operation described a finite number of times? (a) ( 3 , 4 , 5 ) (b) (5,12,3) (c) (3,4,13) (d) none of these. Directions for Q. 28 & 29 : Answer these questions on the basis of the information given below. Let P be an interior point of a triangle ABC and let BP and CP meet AC and AB in E and F respectively. Denote by [X] the area of figure X, whether triangle or quadrilateral, as the case may be. Area of the triangle BPF is 4 units, that of triangle BPC is 8 units. Also area of triangle CPE = 13 units. 28. What is the value in sq. units of [APF\1 (a) 52 (b) 91 (c) 39 (d) 13 29. What is the value in sq. units, of [AEPF\? (a) 52 (b) 39 (c) 137 (d) 143 30. How many ordered triplet solutions (x, y, z) does the system x + y + z = 4, x2 + y2 + z2 = 14, x3 +y3 +z3 = 34 have? (a) six (b) one (c) eighteen (d) thirty six Short Answer Type Test 31. Solve the system of equations for real x and y. 5x1 + 1 2 x+y )
2
(b) (d)
a2+b2+absl2 yja2 +b2 +ab
+ abj2
23. The number of positive integer that divide 10999 but not 10998 is (a) 1998 (b) 999 (c) 998 (d) 1999 24. How many solutions numbers does the system abed = 27 + ab + ac (a) exactly one (c) exactly 4(4!) (a, b, c, d) in positive real a + b + c + d= 12 + ad + be + bd + cd have? (b) exactly 4! (d) none of these
. . . f, = 12,5^1
1 =4 1 + jc2 + y 2
25. Given that x, y, z satisfy 1 7 1 1 x + — =—, _y + — = 4, z + — = 1 the value of xyz is y J z x (a) 1 (b)  1
,35
32. In the triangle ABC, the altitude, angle bisector and median from C divide the angle C into four equal angles. Find the angles of the triangle. 33. Let {*„}„ be a sequence satisfying the recurrence \l3x n  1 ',«> 1
XN + YF3
(c)
,21
^
(d)
±
Prove that the sequence is periodic having period 6. 34. Let a and 6 be two of the roots of the equation x4 + x3  1 = 0 . Prove that ab is a root of the equation xb. + x4 + x3  xi  1 = 0. 35. Find integer solutions for the equation 59
26. Let a = 2Z +1,6 = 2 + 1 , then the greatest common divisor of a and b i.e. gcd(a, b) is (a) 2 2 ?  l (b) 2 2 ? + l (C) 2 2 ' 4  l (d) 1 27. Start with the triplet (3, 4, 12), choose any two
MATHEMATICS TODAYFEBRUARY'07
4x2 + 9f = 72z2 36. Find all real solutions to the system x3  3x  y y33y = z z3 3z  x 37. Prove that 99899 is composite. 38. (a) (b) (c) Find A four digit number has the following properties It is a perfect square. The first two digits are equal. The last two digits are equal. all such numbers. =>
, , 1 2ku 1 + — = cos z n
. . 2kn + /sin n
k = 0, 1, 2, 3,
n 1
But k = 0 => j = 0 , impossible. ,k = 1,2, (»l)
, , „n2kn , . • 2kn 1 + cos — — f sin — h n n ,, 2kn — + cos 1 « t i , 2kn\2 J
. • 2kn /sin n • 2 2kn\
39. Given a triangle ABC. Let I be the centre of the inscribing circle. The internal bisectors of angles A, B and C meet the opposite sides in A', B' and C" respectively. Ptove that 1 AI BJ CI < 8 4 AA'' BB'' CC' ~ 27 40. What is the remainder when 256 + 39" + 14 is divided by 41? s o i l HONS 1. (d): The equation x4  I0x2 + x + 20 = 0 is a fourth degree one, so we can't factor it. Note that the equation doesn't have any integral root as no divisor of 20 satisfies it. Instead set a = 5 and rewrite the equation as x4  lax2 + x +a2 a = 0 The beautiful thing about this equation is that while it's a fourth degree one in x, it's a quadratic in ' a ' parameter  that is a2  a(2x2 + I) + x4 + x = 0 having discriminant = (2x2 + 1 )2  4(x4 + x) = 4x4 + 4x2 + 1  4x4  4x = 4x24x+ 1 = (2x  l ) 2 (a perfect square) The roots then are _ 2x2 +1 ± (2x  1 ) _ 2x2 + 2x 2x2 +1  2x +1 a 1 2 2 2 = X2 + X, X2  X + 1 Returning to a = 5, gives X*+x5=0 and 2.
x
=
(lcos—)/sin— n_l «_
2kn /sm
, 2 1 2
'
i
•„ kn kn 2 sin—cos — n n_ ^^ .2kn 22 sin' n /' .kn 2 n
?
Thus, Re(z) =  i orx =  ^ , showing that the roots 1 of the equation (z +1)" = z" lie on the line x =  — (a) A2AB A=
=
^ B
A
=1
+ B2 = 0 45"
B
=>x. f
= 0 =
l±
2_x_4
,
x =
l M H i
=
l±Vl7
(b)
(z + l)" = z n i => I+—=(i) n
B±isl3B 2 _ i±iS p  1 ±/'V3 D 2b  —^—# = 2 5 = co6CO5 Then = 6 Now A  B = — ©5  5 = (co + 1 )5 =  ® 2 5 or co 2 5  5 =  (co2 + 1)6 = co5 M  5 = cn25 or co6 = 5 implying M  5 = = \B\
60
MATHEMATICS TODAY FEBRUARY'07
i.e. \A  B\ = \A  0 = \B  0 Showing that the origin point A and point B form an equilateral triangle. 4. (c) All we need is to bound the sum
+ T
11111..1 = 1111.
224 L'J 220 L'J
1,0000+1111 = 104 x l l l l l . . 1 + 1111
220 r.v
..(A)
J = V2 V3 VlOOOO from above and from below by numbers that differ by unity. Note that 1 \[k y[k +y[k y[k 10000 successively and adding 1 .+(ViooooV9999)} => A <2 (VlOOOOVl) => A < 2 x 99 => A < 198 Similarly
J Now H Ur.v '220 "
= L L y i x 10000100001. ' 5 f' V ' .
.00001
= 41 x 271 x a natural number ... (B) From (A) and (B) when n is divided by 41, the remainder is the remainder obtained upon division of 1111 by 41, that is, remainder = 4. Note that we have made use of the prime factorisation of 11111, i.e. 11111 = 4 1 x 271. 7. (a) : f ( x  1) +f(x + 1) = V 2 / W •••• (A) Change the lowest argument, x + I to x. our equation reads/(x) +f(x + 2) = V 2 / ( * + 1) ••• O ) As there is a difference of 2 in the arguments of function on the left side, we change x to (x + 2) to obtain fix + 2) + / ( x + 4) = fix + 3)..... (2) Adding (1) and (2) fix) + 2/(x + 2) + / ( x + 4) = V2 {/(* + 1) + / ( * + 3)} = V2 • V 2 / ( x + 2) [from the parent relation (A)] =
Putting k = 2,3,
• d)
Putting k = 2, 3,
10000 successively and adding
1
V2
+
V 3 + " ' + V10000
2{(V3V2)+(V4V3)
+
....+(Vi 0001V10000)}
=> A>2 [VlOOOl  y/2] >197
•(2)
comparing (1) and (2) we get, 197 < A < 198 /. [/(] = 197 5. (d) : Let the radius of smaller circle be r and that of the bigger one be R, OP = OO' + O'P r R=:+ r " ~ sin 30° (In triangle ONA, O'N = OO' x sin 30°) => R = 2r + r = 3r R r = ^ l .. . , 2nR/t R 3 Ratio of their speeds = ^ n r f t ~ ~ ~ J
D
^ / ( x ) + / ( x + 4) = 0 Now once again instead of increasing the argument by 1, we recast the relation as f ( x ) =  f ( x + 4) We would have immediately found the period but for the negative sign ! Change x to (x + 4) to obtain fix + 4) = fix + 8) =>/(x + 8) = fix + 4) = {/(x)}(from the above relation) =>/(x + 8) = / ( x ) i.e./(x)  fix + 8) Thus the period of function is 8. But the problem doesn't say ip) has to be positive, so p can be of the form p = 8k, kel 8.
u
(a)
: Write the n'h term as
"
1 «Vw+7+(«+i)VM (w+l)Vw«V« + 1
{ ( « + i ) V « + W « + 1 } {(«+1) V«  W « + i } _ (/»+i)Vw«Vw+i nin+\)2 n2in+ \) 61
(c)
Write n =
MATHEMATICS TODAY FEBRUARY'07
(n +1 )4n  «%/« +1 _ (n +1 )yjn  «V« +1 «(h + 1){/I + 1  1 } 1 1 Vrt Vh +1 Putting « = 1, 2, 3.... 168 successively in the above relation and adding 1 W 1 1 «1 + "2 + + "168 = 1 f 1 V Vl68 1 Vl69 J
1234  sum of the digits appears in the js^Qyy base 7 representation of 1234 1234 (3 + 4 +1 + 2) = 123410 ^ 1224 204 6 6 6 In general we have the highest exponent of prime p in «! n  sum of digits of n in base p representation P~ 1 12. (a) : Rewrite a as a = 4673 + 673 4 = 44672 + 673 4 = 4(4 168 ) 4 + 673 4  4a 4 + bA (say) Where a = 4 168 , b = 673 Observe that 4a 4 + b4 can be factorised 4a 4 + b4 = (2a2)2 + (b2)2 + 2(2a 2 )(b 2 )  4a2b2 = (2a 2 + b2)2  (2ab)2 = (2a2 + 2ab + b2) (2a2  lab + b2) implying that a is composite, viz, a has a factor (say) b2 + 2ab + 2a 2 (i.e.) (673) 2 + 24168 • 673 + 2 • (4 168 ) 2 (3 can also be written in the form
p = 4929 +
929
6
1 = 1_J_=12 = 1Vl69 13 13 9. (a) : For n = 3, the numbers «, « + 4, w + 14 yield 3, 7, 17 and they are all prime. We claim that for no other value of n are n, n + 4, n + 14 all prime. Recall that any prime p > 5 can be written in the form 6k ±l,k>l. When n = 6k + 1 n, n + 4, n + 14 = 6k + 1, 6k + 5, 6k + 15, of which 6k + 15 = 3(2k + 5) is composite. When n = 6k  1 n, n + 4, n + 14 = 6k 1, 6k 3, 6k 13, of which 6k  3 = 3(2k  1) is composite. Hence only for n = 3 are the numbers n, n + 4, n + 14 all prime. 10. (b) : The idea behind the solution is to prove that at least one factor in the product is even. Of the numbers 1, 2, 3, 169, exactly 85 are odd. Again as the ajs consist of the numbers from 1 to 169 because a's are simply a permutation of 1,2, 3,.... 169, we have among a!s also 85 odd numbers. Both the sets {1,2, , 169} and { a v a 2 , . . . , a 168 } have together 170 odd numbers. Thus among the 169 factors (a,  1), (a 2  2), (a 3  3), ( a m  169) We have 170 odd numbers. Accordingly some factor say ak  k has both the numbers odd implying ak  k is even and so is the entire product. 11. (d) : Write 1234 in base 7 1234 = 3 x 343 + 4 x 49 + 7 + 2
= 3X73 + 4x72 + 7 + 2
4 = 4.(4232)4 +
929
4
Showing that p is composite too. 13. (d) : Look at the equation (x2 + 3x + 4)2 + 3(x2 + 3x + 4) + 4=x for a while and your powers of observation tell you that it can be written as f ( f (x)) = x ! where f ( x ) = x2 + 3x + 4 consider the equation f ( x ) = x, i.e. x2 + 3x + 4 = x => x2 + 2x +4 = 0 D= 224X4<O Showing that f ( x ) = x has no real solutions. So the binomial f ( x )  x is always +ve or always ve. Assume f ( x ) x > 0 v x e R. i.e. f ( x ) > x \/ x e R. Setting/(x) in place of x, as f ( x ) eR, we have / i f (•*)) > f(x)> x, from the above equation establishing that fif(x))>x Thus when f ( x ) = x has no real solution, / ( f (x)) = x doesn't have either. 14. (c) : We embed the problem in a more general one and look at the expression. f(h) = h2 + (h+ 1)2 + {h(h+ l)}2 = h2 + h2 + 2h + 1 + h2 (h2 + 2h + 1)
MATHEMATICS TODAY  MARCH '07
= (3412), Highest power of 7 in j 1234 is 1234 1234 1234 = 176 + 25 + 3 = 204 49 L 343
62
i.e. \A  B\ = \A  0 = \B  0 Showing that the origin point A and point B form an equilateral triangle. 4. (c) All we need is to bound the sum
+
11111..11111. 10000+1111 224 L'J 220 L'J
= 104 x 11111. .1 + 1111 220 r.v
Now
(A)
V2 V3 VlOOOO from above and from below by numbers that differ by unity. Note that TTvFTvT Putting k = 2,3, 1 <J2 + V3 +""
+
<
1111..1 =11111x10000100001 ^iiorr 'TrT
00001
^ W r ^
2
^ "
7
*
3
1
)
= 41 X 271 x a natural number ... (B) From (A) and (B) when n is divided by 41, the remainder is the remainder obtained upon division of 1111 by 41, that is, remainder = 4. Note that we have made use of the prime factorisation of 11111, i.e. 11111 = 4 1 x 271. 7. (a) : f ( x  I) +f(x + 1) = V 2 / W •••• (A)
10000 successively and adding
Change the lowest argument, x + 1 to x. our equation • + (Vl 0000  V9999 )} reads/(x) + / ( x + 2) = V 2 / ( * + D  O) As there is a difference of 2 in the arguments of function on the left side, we change x to (x + 2) to obtain fix + 2) + / ( * + 4) = f i f ( x + 3) (2) AMmg p ) aox) (2) fix) + 2 f ( x + 2) +f(x + 4) = V2 {fix + 1 )+fix + 3)}
=> A <2 (VlOOOO => A < 2 x 99 ^ < ^ Similarly VT=7T+VT Putting k = 2, 3,
>
•<tl{
7 k ^ 7 k = 2 ^  4 ~ k ) 10000 successively and adding
+
= V2 • V 2 / ( x + 2) [from the parent relation (A)] = 2fix + 2) ^ Ax)+fix + 4) = 0 Now once again instead of increasing the argument by 1, we recast the relation as f ( x ) = fix + 4) We would have immediately found the period but for the negative sign ! Change x to (x + 4) to obtain fix + 4) = fix + 8) =>/(x + 8) =  f i x + 4) = {/(x)}(from the above relation) =s>fix + 8) = / ( x ) i.e./(x) = / ( x + 8 ) Thus the period of function is 8. But the problem doesn't say ip) has to be positive, so p can be of the form p = 8k, kel 8.
u
' V2
+
' + ...+ * > 2 { ( V 3  V 2 ) + ( V 4  V 3 ) V3 Vioooo
....+(Vi A>2 [VlOOOl  V2} >197
oooiVioooo)}
•(2)
comparing (1) and (2) we get, 197 < A < 198 = 197 5. (d) : Let the radius of smaller circle be r and that of the bigger one be R. OP = OO' + O'P r R. :+ r sin 30° (In triangle ONA, O'N = OO' x sin 30°) => R = 2r + r = 3r R => r = T
D f U ' A Ratio of .their speeds =
2 7 l R / t
(a)
: Write the nth term as
"
1 W « + i + («+i)V« jn + \)Jn  « V « + 1 {(« +1 )4n + «V« + 1} {(« +1) Vn  «V« +1}
=— = j
R
3
_ jn + l)VwwVw+1 ~m(« + 1) 2 W 2 (« + 1) 61
6.
(c)
Write n =
MATHEMATICS TODAYFEBRUARY'07
= 2h2 + 2h + 1 + h4 + 2h3 + h2 = h4 + 2 h3 + 3h2 + 2h+\ = h4 + h2 + 1 + 2h2 • h + 2hl + 2h2l = (h2 + h+ l) 2 = {h(h+ 1 ) + l} 2 (a2 + b2 + c2 + 2 ab + 2 be + 2ca = (a + b + c)2) Now 40 x 41 = 1640, 27 x 28 = 756, 3 2 x 3 3 = 1056, 30 x 31 = 9 3 0 Thus the true equality is A/322 +33 2 +(32x33) 2 = 3 2 x 3 3 + 1 = 1057. 15. (d) : Let n = (a m am_x a,a0) 10 where a0, av am are digits of positive integer n be the decimal representation of n. nSn = (am • 10™ + a m _, (10—' + .... + • 10 + a0) iam+am, + .... + a , + a 0 ) = am (10"'  1) + «ra_, (10—  1)+..+£7,(101).... (1) As every number of the form 10*  1 is divisible by 10  1 (=9), we conclude from (1) that n  Sn is divisible by 9. But n  Sn is given to be 1234 which is not divisible by 9. Hence no such n exists. 16. (a) : We establish that the sequence can't have more than 17 terms. Assume to the contrary that the sequence has more than 17 terms. Consider the first 18 terms. al + a2 + a3 + aA + a5 + a6 > 0 a2 + a3 + + a7 > 0 ,3+ai4+ + «I8>0 Adding coloumnwise (a, + a2 + ... + a  3 ) + (a2 + ... + a, 4 ) + ... .... (a6 + ... + a 18 ) > 0 But since the sum of every 13 consecutive terms is negative, the sum on the left can't be positive. Impossible. Hence the sequence can have at the most 17 terms. 17. (c) : Let 2 4 + 2 7 + 2" = m2, m being an integer => 16+ 128 + 2" = m2 => 2" = m2  144 = (/w — 12) (m + 12) From the above it follows that m  12 and m + 12 are both powers of 2. A1SO(/M+ 1 2 )  ( M  12) = 24. So the problem amounts to finding two powers of 2 whose difference is 24. Observe 2' = 2, 2 2 = 4, 23 = 8, 2 4 = 16, 2 s = 32, 2 6 = 64, 27 = 128 We have 2 5  2 3 = 24 and as 2" grows rapidly, we can't
MATHEMATICS TODAY FEBRUARY'07
a
have a pair other than (2 5 /2 3 ) having a difference of 24. Consequently /«  12 = 8 and m + 12 = 32 giving w = 20 and 2" = 32 x 8 = 250 = 2 s n = 8. Accordingly there is just one value of n that makes 24 + 27 + 2" a perfect square. 18. (b) : As 8 doesn't appear in 1000, we have to count the number of times 8 occurs when we list the integers from 1 to 999. Now any number from 1 to 999 can be thought of as axa2a3 where 0 < a,, a 2 , a3 < 9. For example the numbers 81 and 4 will be written as 081 and 004 respectively in this system of representation. Let us first count the numbers in which 8 occurs exactly once. Since 8 can occur in any of the places, we have three ways for it corresponding to every occurrence of 8, other two places can be filled with the remaining numbers in 8 ways each. So number of such type of numbers = 3 x 9 x 9 = 243. Again 8 can occur in exactly two places in 3 c 2 = 3 ways. The remaining place can be filled in 9 ways. So there are 27 (= 9 x 3) such numbers. Finally, 8 can occur in all three places in just one way, viz 888. Number of times 8 occurs in all the numbers from 1 to 1000=243 + 2 x 27 + 3 x l = 243 + 54 + 3 = 300 19. (a) : First of all observe that the function is defined only when 4  x2 > 0 => x2 < 4 => \x\ < 2. Denoting V 4  x by t, we have t e [0, 2] Note that t has to be positive. so
The problem of finding the extreme values of f ( x ) amounts to finding the extreme values of g(l) where Sit) = (3  t)2 + (1 + t)3 for the closed interval [0, 2] g(t) = 2(3  f ) + 3(1 + 2t + t2) = 3/2 + 8/  3 = (/ + 3 ) ( 3 / .  l ) For extreme values g'{t) = 0 => (/ + 3) (3/  1) = 0 I 3 Also g"(t) = 6t + 8 = 2(3/ + 4) g"(3) =  10 < 0 =  3 is a point of maxima. = 10 > 0 / = j is a point of minima. g(t). 63 But / =  3 is not in the domain of • /=3
At the end points g(0) = 3 2 + 1 3 = 10 g{2) = (3  2)2 + (1 + 2)3 = 1 + 27 = 28
1013  1 0 + 9
1 3"  1 0
= 11111...1 = Rx 3
13 r.v
Hence the greatest value on the closed interval [0, 2] is g(2) = 28 256 and the least value is g 27 256 _500 Difference between extreme values = 28  : 27 27 20. (a) Our first reaction on seeing the problem is to w r i t e / ( x ) a s / ( x ) = x4 + atx3 + a^c2 + a3x + a4 and then attempt to find the constants with the help of f (1),/(2) etc. This idea, beside being unattractive, can't be put to use when the number of unknowns increases. Instead we construct an auxiliary function. g(x) =f(x)  2x So that g(l) = / ( l )  2 = 0 Similarly g(2) = g( 3) = 0 As g(x) is a polynomial of degree 4 having 1, 2, 3 as its three zeros. Assume the fourth zero to be a . Then we can write g(x) = (x  1) (x  2) (x  3) (x  a) =>/(*)  2x = (x  1) (x  2) (x  3) (x  ct) Let x = 10 and  6 successively to obtain /(10)20 = 9 x 8 x 7(10a) / (  6 ) + 12 = (—7)(—8)(—9)(—6  a ) = 9 x 8 x 7 (6 + a ) Adding/(10) + f(6)  8 = 9 x 8 x 7 x. 16 = 8064 .  . / ( 1 0 ) + / (  6 ) = 8072. 21. (c) : R6 = 111111, the number made up only of Is, called a repunit /? 6 = 111111 = ^ (99999) =   ( 1 0 6  1 ) /(111111) = 90 x 10(10  1 ) 9
10
6 6 2
 M SSL^'W G H
n digits Sum of digits of the n u m b e r / ( l l 1111)= 13 x l = 13 22. (b) : We have only shown the part of octagon that interests us. Let r be the radius of the circumcircle and 0, <> the j, angles subtended by the A4' sides of length a and b respectively at the centre of the circle. Then 40 + 4<j) = 2jc => 0 + < = j >  Using cosine rule in triangles OAlA2 and OA^Az 2 a2 = r2 + r2_ 2r cos0 = 2f (1  COS0) b2 = ^ + ^2r 2 QOsi> = 2 r 2 { \ sinG) (v<> =    e j Upon division q z _ 1 — cos 0 lsin0 a2 2sin.29
0 „ . 9 , „:„20 cos 20 + sin 7r2sin^cos^r
2 tan 2 0 l + tan22tan® It
0 , , t = ttan 
(10
2
a _ yflt b 1 /
aat=bj2t Giving t = lcosG = a + Jib 2r 1 + /2 a2+b2+absf2
10 9
6
6
2 2 Thus r = a + abyfl + b
+ 1
23. (cf)
:
10999 = (2 x 5)999 = 2 999 x 5999 has been
( 1 0  1) (10  1 + 2 ) + 1
written in prime factorisation form. Number of divisors of 10999 is (999 + 1) (999 + 1) =10002. Again 10998 = 2998 x 5998 So the number of divisors of 10 998 in
= y ( 1 0 f '  l ) ( 1 0 " + l) + l (10 — 1) + 1 64
12
MATHEMATICS TODAY FEBRUARY'07
(998 + 1) (998 + 1) = 9992. All the divisors of 10 10999 = 10002  999 2 = (1000+ 999) ( 1 0 0 0  9 9 9 ) = 1999 x l = 1999 24. (a) : Whenever you see the system is in complete, i.e. the number of unknowns exceed the number of equations it should suggest you to look for the possibility of an inequality turning into an equality. As positive numbers are involved, the stage is all set for an application of AM  GM theorem. ab + ac + ad + bc + bd + cd ^ ab + ac + ad + bc + bd + cd => ab + ac + ad + be+ bd + cd> 6j{ab){ac){ad){bc){bd){cd)
998
also divide 10 .
999
Hence the number of divisors that divide 10999 but not
eliminating two variables out of three and then arrive at an equation in just one variable. But the symmetry of the system can be exploited to observe some elegant decomposition.
= xyz+y
i + x++z++y
i
i i + xyz
Plugging the values,
^ 3 _j3 abed
3
f
3
+U V
+ J xyz
The equation abed = 27 + ab + ac + ad + be + bd + cd can now be written as abed > 27 + 6 sjabed => ( J a t e d ) 1 ~ Seabed  27 > 0 => (Jabed + 3){jabcd As Jabcd > °>
we have
=>xyz + — 2 xyz => (xyz)2  2 (xyz) (xyz  l) 2 = 0 xyz = 1 26. (d) form a 2= 2
,35
+1=0
: Let a2 + 1  2 = 2"
,35
,35
+ l a n d £ = 2z
,22,13
2
,21
+1
, ,22 X21:
1 = 2
1=(22
)
9)>0 Jabed  9 > 0 ....(A)
= ( 2 2 2 2 f  l , A = 2 13 But (2 2 2 2 )*  1 is divisible by 2 2 "  1 , so we can write a2= (t?22  1 ) , m e N
,22
=> fated * 9 The first equation is a + b + c + d ^12 Using AM  GM inequality we have
a + b+ c + A d
= (2222'  l ) / « = { ( 2 2 2 ! ) 2  l } m = (2 221  l ) ( 2 2 2 ' +1>« = (222'  l ) bm = bl, where / = m (2 2 2 ' 1) .(B) => a  W = 2 ... (A) The d be the gcd of a and b, then d divides a  bl, so from (A) d must divide 2. i.e. d = 1 or 2. But a and b are both odd, so gcd can't be even. Accordingly gcd (a, b) = 1. 27. (d) : This problem has at its heart the idea of invariance when things change, look for something that doesn't change. So understand the problem better, 65
4
>Vated
4
=> 3 > $labcd => 9 > Vabed (A) and (B) give J abed = 9 Equality holding when a=b=c=d= 3 Thus AM  GM inequality turns into an equality giving (3, 3, 3, 3) as the only solution. 25. (a) : A solution could be given consisting in
MATHEMATICS TODAY FEBRUARY'07
let's play by the rule. We choose 3, 4 as our a and b in the first move. Then the original set {3, 4, 12} transforms to {0.8 * 3  0.6 x 4, 0.6 x 3 + 0.8 x 4, 12} But we needn't evaluate them exactly. Instead observe that (0.8a  0.6bf + (0.6a + 0.8b) 2 = (0.8 2 + 0.6 2 ) (a 2 + b2) =a +b Thus at any stage of operation, sum of square of numbers of the triplet = constant = 3 2 + 4 2 + 122 = 5 2 + 122 = 132 = 169 That is, no matter how many times we perform the operation on the set {3, 4, 12}, the triplets generated will always have their sum of squares as 169. But 3 2 + 4 2 + 5 2 * 169 5 2 + 122 + 3 2 * 169 3 2 + 4 2 + 1 3 2 * 169 So none of these number can be reached by the operation described. 28. (a) 29. (d) Join AP. Let [AFP} = x and [AEP] = y Form the triangles AFC and BFC, : Let [BPF\ = u, [BPC] = v and [CPE] = w
2 2
x _ y _ 4x13 4 + 8 _ 8+13 _ g 2 —4x13 x _ y _ 52 12 21 6 4  5 2 .'. x = 52, y = 9\.
=
(putting the
values)
52 12
Area of triangle APF, i.e. [APF] = x = 52 sq. units. Area of quadrilateral AEPF, i.e. [AEPF] = jc+3^= 52 + 91 = 143 sq. units. 30. (a) : Consider the monic polynomial P(t) = t3 + at2 + bt + c with roots x, y, z x+y+z = a=>4 = a i.e. a = 4 Again x2 + y2 + z2 = (jc + y + z)2 2(xy + yz + zx) => 14 = 4 2  2 {xy + yz + zx) 1614 > xy + yz + zx = =1 =b The numbers x, y, z are roots of p implying x 3  4x2 + x + c = 0 fty+y+c^O z 3  4z2 + z + c = 0 Adding these equalities and using the equations of system (x3 + y3 + z3)  4(x2 + y2 + z2) + (x + y + z) + 3c = 0 3 4  4  1 4 + 4 + 3c = 0 =>  1 8 + 3c = 0 c = 6 Thus P{t) = t3  4/ 2 + t + 6 />(_!) = _ 1  4  1 + 6 = 0 Thus P factors as P(t) = (t + 1) (t2  5t + 6) = (/:+ 1) (/  2) (t  3) giving / =  1 , 2, 3 Thus the solution of the system are (1, 2, 3) and its permutations. So there are six solutions.
B
[.APF] _ x FP ^ [BPF] = u [APC] y + w PC [BPC] v x _ u _ vx  ny = uw (1) y +w v Again from the triangles AEB and CEB, [APE] _ y _ PE _ [CPE] _ w [APB] x + u PB [CPB] v y =w. • wx  vy = —uw
X+ U V
•(2)
solving the simultaneous linear equations vx — uy  uw = 0 wx — vy + uw = 0 by cross multiplication
=
31.
1 5xM + 2 2 = 12 2 X +}T 5J1
2 x+y 2
•(1)
• (2)
y
 W  V
=
ltw
_V + ICW
From the two equations on division 1+
1
•
u+v 66
y v+w
x2 + y2J 1 ^
12 4
v2  uw
MATHEMATICS TODAY  MARCH '07
(998 + 1) (998 + 1) = 9992. All the divisors of 10 10 999 = 1000 2 999 2 = (1000+ 999) ( 1 0 0 0  9 9 9 ) = 1999 x 1 = 1999 24. (a) : Whenever you see the system is in complete, i.e. the number of unknowns exceed the number of equations it should suggest you to look for the possibility of an inequality turning into an equality. As positive numbers are involved, the stage is all set for an application of AM  GM theorem. ab + ac + ad + bc + bd+cd> ab + ac + ad + be+ bd + cd ej{ab){ac){ad){bc)(bd){cd)
998
also divide 10 .
999
Hence the number of divisors that divide 10999 but not
eliminating two variables out of three and then arrive at an equation in just one variable. But the symmetry of the system can be exploited to observe some elegant decomposition. x+ = xyz+y i + x + +z
+
i i i +  + y + xyz
+
= (x+y
+ z) + ( l
7
7)+
+
xyz
1
J_
xyz
Plugging the values,
f4i=!+4+i+(^+ir
28 22 , I = —+ xyz + 3 3 v xyz > xyz + ^ = 2 xyz => (xyz)2  2 (xyz) 2 => (xyz  l) = 0 xyz = 1 26. (d)
>FA
3
bW
1
=> ab + ac + ad + be + bd + cd> 6Jabcd The equation abed = 27 + ab + ac + ad + be + bd + cd can now be written as abed >21 + 6Jabed => {yfatedf  bJabcd  27 > 0
+1=0
,35
,21
: Let a = 21
+\mdb
= 2A
+1
form ,35 ,35 , ,22 ^2''' ,22,13 a 2= 2 +12 = 2  1 = 2 2  1 = (2 2 ) 1
=> (yjabed + 3)(y/abcd 9) 2:0 As sjabed > 0. we have ^abcd  9> 0 ....(A) But ( 2 2 2 2 ) *  l is divisible by 2 2 2 2  l , so we can write a  2 = ( 2 2 ^  1 ) , me N = = (222,l _ l)m = j(2 22 ' f 1) • m = ^ \bm 1) +1 }m
=> Jabed * 9 The first equation is a + b + e + d=?\2 Using AM  GM inequality we have
a+b+ c+d >y^d A
4
4
3 > \jabcd 9 > jabed (A) and (B) give Jabcd = 9 Equality holding when a=b=c=d3 Thus AM  GM inequality turns into an equality giving (3, 3, 3, 3) as the only solution. 25. (a) : A solution could be given consisting in •(B)
= bl, where I = m (2 221 1) =>abl=2 ... (A) The d be the gcd of a and b, then d divides a  bl, so from (A) d must divide 2. i.e. d = 1 or 2. But a and b are both odd, so gcd can't be even. Accordingly gcd (a, b)  1. 27. (d) : This problem has at its heart the idea of invariance when things change, look for something that doesn't change. So understand the problem better, 14
MATHEMATICS TODAY FEBRUARY'07
Set — = t to obtain y X2+y2 _ 3 1 1 2 x+y 2 Using componendo and dividendo 1 _ 3t x2+y2 3+/
£
2 = a c ab b 2 a+6 .... . , a+6 which is equivalent to => b2 + 2ab(A) a2 = 0
a
—)2 + 2 —  1 = 0 ,al a From which we have — = >/2 — 1 • a lab cos 2 a Again b = CE =
Plugging this into 2nd equation
..(B)
_ a+6 1 , 1 6 1 1 / r0 =>cos2a = — — = —+ —— = _ + _ ( 2a 2 la 2 => 2 a • • 4 a = f = ZC .'. 33. Z C = 90°,
=
li) f
x
>/2 1 = jl_1 ^
_ 4 .(3 + t)2 3 —f 25 3+/ x +y From (A) and (B) 1 9r z 25 1+t 25 r2 = 4(1 + t2) (9  r2) => 25t 2 = 4(9 + 8t 2  t4) => 4/ 4  It2  36 = 0 => (/2  4) (4/ 2 + 9) = 0 Since t e R, t2 = 4 Giving t = ± 2
2 1 2 z
y2
= 67.5°, Z 5 = 22.5°
V3*„l JT X„ + yJ 3 73 • 
Changing n to n + 1
x
n+]
+
V3 x = ty = 2 If /   2 , x = ty ( y2/32 5 1 2 Changing « to « + 1 V3*„l ^ "+3
=
t
y^
2\[3xn + 2 y/3x„ +1
x„ + ^3
/2 1\ Thus the solutions are (2, 1) and I  j ,  j l 32. AE EB
>
' 2>H)f
y^
=
x
n + l
S
=
s„ + >/3
4 4*„
=
1 *„
is the altitude, the angular bisector and the median from the angular bisector theorem.
:
j2Sxn\ ^ Xn + yfi Changing n to n + 3 *7I+6 1 *n+3 1
V3x„ +1+ 1
AC CB
b_ a fa a+b be a+b
C VVers.
Showing that {xn} is periodic having period 6. 1 \ \ D E F \ 34. Let c and d be two other roots of x4 + x3 1 = 0 From the relation between roots and coefficients a+b+c+d=1 ab + ac + ad + be + bd + cd = 0 abc + abd + acd + bed = 0 abed = 1 We write these equalities in terms of 15
S0
FB FE
BC CE
=
a b =
But FB = ^,FE = AFAE 2 So that we obtain
2
~——=C}a a + b 2 (a + b)
MATHEMATICS TODAY FEBRUARY'07
S = a + b, S" = c + Q, p = ab and p' = cd to obtain S + S' =  \ p + p' + SS' = 0 pS' + p'S = 0 pp' = 1 Substituting p'=~—, equalities yields p =    5 2  5 =0 P and p (  l  S )   = 0 It follows from the second equality that P2+I Substituting this into the first equality gives „
P
x = 3k(2mn + m2  n2), y = 2k(2mn m2 z = k(m + n )
2 2
+ n2),
36. The presence of x3  3x brings to find the triple angle formula for cosine. Let's look for the solutions in the interval [  2 , 2], Set x = 2cos«,y = 2cosv, z = 2cosw with u, v, we[0, n] S* =  1  5 in the second and third The system becomes 8cos 3 u  6cosu = 2cosv =>
=>
2{4cos3w  3cos«} = 2cosv
COS3M
= cosv
....(i) „..(ii) ....(iii)
Similarly we have cos3v = cosve cos3iv = cos u cos3u = cosv Gives 4COS33M  3cosu = 4cos 3 v  3cosv
=>
COS9M
= cos3v = cosw
1
P*
~P~{p2+1)2
0
and as before
COS27M = c o s 3 w = c o s u
=> p1 (p 2 + l) 2  (p2 + l) 2  / 7 s +p2(p2+ 1 )p = 0 which reduces to p6 + p4 + p3  p2  1=0 Showing that p = ab is a root of the equation x6 + x* + x3  x2  \ = 0 35. 4JT + 5 / = 72z 2 We first observe that x must be divisible by 3 and that is an even integer. Setting x = 3u and y = 2v yields 36 u2 + 36v 2 = 72z2 => u «
2
The equality holds if and only if 27w = 2kn ± u for some integer k. The solutions in the interval [0, n] are u = k= 0, 1 , 2 , . . . 14 and " = k= 1, 2, .... 12 kiz —,
Consequently „ kn „ 3kn _ 5kn , , , . * = 2cosj^j, j = 2 c o s ^ j  , z = 2 c o s  ^  , k = A 0,1, ...14 and
J: = 2 C O S ^  _ = 2 C O S  ^  , z = 2 C O S  j y , ^ = 1 , 2 , . . . 12 V
„
kit
»
3kn
_
5 kn ,
, „
+ V
2
= 2z
2
and v are either both odd or both even, so that
are the solutions to the given system of equations. Since there are at most 3 x 3 x 3 = 27 solutions, which is obvious from the degree of the system, and we have already found 27 distinct ones, these are all the solutions. 37. 99899 is a palindromic number. Write 99899 = 9x4 + 9x3 + 8x2 + 9x + 9, x = 10 Above is a reciprocal equation that can be factorised by pairing off terms equidistant from the beginning and the end. 9x4 + 9x3+
4
u + v and u  v are both even integers. The equation now reads
_2
This is the wellknown Pythagorean equation, whose solutions are z= k(m +n ), '
2 2 2 }i
Last two equations yield
2
2
• 2kmn, '
V
2
 = k(m
2
H )
2 2
2
u = k{2mn + m  n ) i.e. x = 3k(2mn + m  n ) v = k (2mn  m2 + n2), y = 2k(2mn  m2 + «2) Thus the solution are 16
8x2 + 9x + 9
= 9(x + 1) + 9(x3 + x) i 8r
MATHEMATICS TODAYFEBRUARY'07
= = = =
9{(x2 + I)2  2x2} + 9x (x2 + 1) + 8x2 9(x2 + L ) 2  18A: 2 + 9x (x2 + 1 ) + Sx2 9(x2 + 1)2+ 9x(x2 + 1) 10x2 9(x2 + l)2 + 15x(x2 + 1)  6x(x2 + 1)  lOjt2
1) {3(JC2 + I ) + 5 x }  2 * { 3 ( x 2 + 1) + 5x}
2
x,
Now
AL ^
I L c / ... BB' CC~
Qa + b\b
{a+b+cf
+ c)(c + a)
= 3(JC2 t
= (3JC  2x + 3 ) ( 3 x 2 + 5 x + 3 )
Consider 4(a + b)(b + c)(c + a)  (a + b + c)3 = 2bca + a2(b + c  a) + b2(c + a  b) + c\a + b  c) As sum of two sides is greater than third, we have R.H.S. > 0 => 4(a + b) (b + c) (c + a) > (a + b + cf _ {a + b){b + c\c + a) {a+b + cf 1 4 ..(A)
Returning to x = 10 we obtain 99899 = (3102  2 • 10 + 3) (3 • 102 + 5 • 10 + 3) = 283 x 353 Showing that 99899 is composite. 38. Let N = aabb be the base 10 representation of such a number, 1 < a <9, 0 < b < 9 N = aaOO + bb = 11 x 100a + 116 = ll(100a + b) As A' is a perfect square and 11 is a factors of N 100a + b must be a multiple of 11. Thus b = 11  a The last two digits of a perfect square where both the digits are equal is only 44. It follows that b = 4 => a = 7. N = 7744 is the desired number 7744 = 11 x 704 = 11 x 11 x 64 = 882. There is only one such number. 39. Consider the triangle ABC. By angle bisector theorem (.'. AA' bisects angle A) BA' A'C • B'A = >+c
Again by the AM  GM inequality (b + c)(c + a) + { a + b ) > ^ a
+ b)(b + c){c + a )
=>2ia+3b
+ c)
>l](a
+ b)(b + c)(c + a)
Cubing both sides we get 8 (a + b + cY>{a + b)(b + c)(c + a) 27 giving (a + b)(b + c)(c + a) ^ 8 27 {a + b + c f ..(B)
combining (A) and (B) we get 1 4 AI BI AA'' BB''
CC'
CI ^ 8 ~ 27
ABI bisects angle ABA' BA' = A'l C A1
ac b +c C
=
40. Let m = 2 s6 + 39" + 14 (41) = 40, whose •)>(«) is Euler's coefficient function giving the number of positive integer less than 41 and prime to it. By Euler's theorem 240= 1 (mod 41) i.e. 2 40 when divided by 41 leaves a remainder 1. 2 s = 2256 = 10 (mod 41) => 216 = 100 s 18 (mod 41) 256 _ 2 » . 216 <0 = (1) (18) (mod 41) 256 = 18 (mod 41) Now 34 = 81 s  1 (mod 41)
3 .9n =
3
A'l AI
.... (A)
A'l = a AI b+c Which can be transformed to AI = b + c AA' a + b + c Similarly B1 _ c +a BB'~ a + b + c CI a+b and CC' {a + b + c)
MATHEMATICS TODAY FEBRUARY'07
. 322 „ 323
s
(3
4 ) 5 . 33 _ ( _ ] )5 2 7 ( m o d 4 1 )
=  2 7 (mod 41) Adding the two congruence
2 56
...(B)
+ 3 . 9 1 1 = 1 8  2 7 (mod 41).
256 + 3  9 " =  9 + 14 (mod 41) => 256 + 3 • 9 " + 14 =  9 + 14(mod 41) => 256 + 3 • 9 " + 14 = 5 (mod 41) Thus the remainder is 5.
• 17
Practice Paper for
Time: 2 hrs.
By : Vidyalankar
IITJEE 2007
Part I Max. Marks : 96 (a) (2,4) (c) ( 1 8 ,  1 2 ) 6. 7 Vl3 7. If f(x)= 1—sinx ("TC—2x)2 K
Max. Marks : 182
Mumbai
Institute*,
Time : 1 hr. (One correct option)
(b) ( 2 ,  4 ) (d) (8, 8)
Section I : (Q.l to 12) 1. The distance of point (3, 5) from the line 2x + 3y  14 = 0 measured parallel to line x — 2y  1 (a) (c) 7 Vl5 (b) (d)
Let A(x0, y 0 ) be any point on t h e curve a y = — (ex/a + e"'a). Let P denote the length of the normal to the curve at A. Then a, y(l, P are in (a) AP (b) GP (c) HP (d) none of these. log (sin x)
IX X——
2. The number of points (x, y, z) in space, whose each coordinate is a negative integer such that x+ y + z + 12 = 0, is (a) 385 (b) 55 (c) 110 (d) none of these If x" = e"\ log x—2 (a) (c) 4. (log x1) 2 xy2 ,, ,,T (log x  1 ) <fy. then dx log.y2 (b) (log x  1 ) 2 (d) none of these w
2
is continuous at x = TT/2, then k = 1 1 1 1 (d) (b) ( a ) 128 "16 32 8. If the system of equations ax by c = 0; bx + cy + a = 0; cx + ay + b = 0 has a solution, then the system of equations (b + c) x + (c + a) y + (a + b) z = 0 (c + a) x + (a + b) y + (b + c) z = 0 (a + b) x + (b + c) y + (c + a) z = 0 has (a) only one solution (b) no solution (c) infinite number of solutions (d) none of these 9. The angle between the a s y m p t o t e s of the X2 y 2 hyperbola — f _ 7 T = l i s a b (b) 2 cos" 1 11 (d) none of these
The value of p for which the function , x * 0 sin(x/ j p)log,{l + (x 2 /3)} : 12(log e 4) 3 ,x = 0 (4rl)3
may be continuous at x = 0 is (a) 6 (b) 3 (c) no real values (d) 4 5. The coordinates of a point on the parabola y1 = 8x whose distance from circle x2 + {y + 6)2 = 1 is minimum is
(a) cos
1 (c) sin 1 —
10
lim
—1
2 +3 +...+« 5n3 (b) 1/10
4(l3+2'+... + «') 1 + 2 + 3 + .... + «]_ + 3 n* 3 ri n2 J (c) 1/2 (d) 1/3
(a) 9/10
H.O.: Pearl Centre, Senapati Bapat Marg, Dadar (W), Mumbai400 028. Tel.: (022)2430 63 67, 2432 43 42
f a x : ( 0 2 2 ) 2 4 2 2 8 8 92, w e b s i t e : w w w . v i d y a l a n k a r . o r g , e  m a i l : iit@vidyalankar.org
MATHEMATICS TODAY  FEBRUARY '07
71
11. In a triangle ABC, let Z C = 7t/2. If r is the inradius and R is the circumradius of the triangle, then 2(r + R) is equal to (a) a + b (b) b + c (c) c + a (d) a + b + c 12. If a,b & c are noncoplanar unit vectors such — _ and b is (a) 3tc/4 b +c then the angle between a (c) n/2 (d) tt that a x(b x c) = —j=, (b) ti/4
balls and 5 black balls, and all the balls are identical except in colour. A ball is transferred from the first box to the second box, then a ball is transferred from the second box to the third, and finally a ball is transferred f r o m third box to the first box. The. probability that each box will contain 4 white balls and 5 black balls again is (a) 1/9 (b) 1/5 (c) 1/45 (d) 14/45
b
Section II : (Q.13 to 24) (May have one or more than one correct option) sin x 13: The determinant cos3x cos * if (a) x = y = z (b) (d) (c) x = y sin y cosy cos3 y sin z cos z vanishes cos 3 z
19. J*(sgn x)dx has the value equal to
a
(a) b  a, if 0 <a < b (c) a b, if a < b < 0
(b) a + b, if a < 0 < b (d) \b\  \a\
x +y +z = n x + y + z = n/2
14. For all X e R, the equation ax2 + {b  X) x + (a  b  A.) = 0, a * 0 has real roots. Then which of the following may be true? (a) a = b (b) b < a < 0 (c) b > a > 0 (d) a > b > 0 3 1 1 + 2+ — 1 + 2 + 3 7 2 l 2 2 l 2 + 22 upto n terms, n e N, then Sn is not greater than : (a) n (b) 2k (c) 3n (d) 1 15. Let 5 = where 2x + 5x + 2 x + 1 x + 1 * 0, and 2x + 5x + 2 * 0 is satisfied for x lying in the region
2
20. The equation to the line which intersects the lines z = 5x  6 = 4y + 3 and z = 2 x  4 = 3 y + 5 and it is x y z parallel to — = T = T IS 4 1 1 (a) 15x  16y + 16z + 75 = 0 (b) 4x  2 lj>  5z  43 = 0 (c) 4x  2\y + 5z  43 = 0 (d) 15x  76y + 1 6 z  7 5 = 0
X
21. If then (a) (b) (c) (d)
/ ( x ) = J{2(/ 1)(/  2)3 + 3(/  l)2(f  2) 2 } dt,
16. The
inequality
2x
1
f(x) attains maximum at x = +2 / ( x ) attains minimum at x = 1 / ( x ) has a point of inflection at x = 2 fix) attains maximum at x = 1 following functions are
(a)
1
22. Which of the homogeneous? (a) x + y cos (y/x) (c) x sin y + y sin x 23. The solution fix)
(b) xev/x + yexy (d) none of these where
, oo (b)
(oo,2)u,I (2,l)u(,ij
set of / ' ( x ) > g'(x),
(b)
(«,2)u(l,jJ(d)
= Q j 521+1 and g(x) = 5' + 4x In 5, is (Ib) (0, 1) (d) (0, oo) y/3i , then (/101 + z101)103 equals (b) z (d) none of these
MATHEMATICS TODAY  FEBRUARY '07
17. The number of ways in which 10 candidates At, A2, , Aw can be ranked so that ,4, is always above A2 is (a) (c)
10!
10
(a) (l,oo) (c) (0,oo) 24. If z = (a) iz (c) z
2
(b) 8! x "»C2 (d)
,U
P
C2
18. There are three boxes each containing 4 white 72
Part II Time : 1 hr. Passage1 Let ABC be a triangle. R be the circumradius of the triangle. Also given R2 =  ( a 2 + b2 + c2).
8
Passage3 Max. Marks : 86 Given a function 'g' which has a derivative g'(x) for every real 'x' and which satisfy g ' ( 0 ) = 2 and g(x + y) = eyg(x) + e'g(y) for all x and y. 30. The function g(x) is (a) x (2 + xex) (b) x(e" + 1) (c) 2x • e* (d) x + ln(x + 1) 31. The range of the function g(x) is (a) R (c) i,oo e (b) (d) [0,oo)
Section III : (Q. 25 to 34) (Comprehensions)
Then,
25. Which of the following is/are true? (a) £ (c) £
cos2A =
1
(b> S (d) £
c
?s2A
=
1
sin 2 ^ = 1
sin 2A =  1
26. Hence the triangle ABC can be (a) equilateral (b) isosceles (c) scalene (d) none of these 27. Further, we have (a) r + 2R = 2s (c) /• + 2R = s (b) r  2R = j (d) none of these
32. The value of X—>00 g(x) j s I'm (a) 0 (c) oo (b) 1 (d) does not exist
Passage2 A system of vectors a,, a 2 .... is said to be linearly d e p e n d e n t , if there exists a system of scalars cv c2, cn (not all zero) such that • c,5,+c2a2+ + c„fl„=0 That means a t , a 2 a n are linearly dependent if one can be expressed as the linear combination of others. Again a,,a 2 a n is said to be linearly independent, if there exists scalars cv c2 cn such that c,a, +c2a2+ c. = c,= + c„a„ = 0
= c =0
Passage4 Sometimes differential equations which are not linear can be reduced to the linear form by suitable transformations. For example an equation of the form cfy — + PyQy where P and O are functions of x only ax or constants and and 1) is a constant. ... ~f+Py ax y~"
+
= Qy"
=
Q ••• (1) [dividing by y both sides] (1 n)y cfy dz ~T = — ax ax
Lety = z
Put the value of y dz
n <fy — in (1) we get,
— + ( l  « ) Pz = (1  ri) Q which is linear in z. So, solutions is z. J™** i.e., yl"Jil'")rdI =C+ = C + J(1 fan)Qjll~*)"k n)Qj{l")Pd*
28. If a, b, c are nonzero noncoplanar vectors, then rt = 2a  3b + c,' r2 = 35  5b + 2c, r3=4a5b (c) H = a 7 y   3 ^ ; a , (3 e 29. If + c, are
(a) linearly independent(b) linearly dependent (d) none of these + 4k and
a = i+j + k,b=4i+3j
c = i + a j + (3k are linearly dependent vectors and  c  = a/3 then, (a) a = 1, p =  1 (c) a = 1, p = ± 1 (b) a = 1, P = ± 1 (d) a = ±1, p = 1
dy Bernoulli's 2equation. yy'(x)y This form is called _ 33. Solution of , where y ( x ) is a dx \/(x) function of x is (a) \/(x) = x + C (arbitrary constant) . \)/(x) (b) — = x + C (arbitrary constant) (c) yy(x) = x + C (arbitrary constant)
(d) y v W = x + C (arbitrary constant) 73
MATHEMATICS TODAY  FEBRUARY '07
34. Solution dy _ dx (a) (b) 1
of
the
1S
differential
equation
xy[x2 si n y2 +1 ] (cosy2
= k (a2  b2), then the value a b of k is Column II 39. Column I
x
y
 s i n 2 = C (C is constant) 1
(P) (1;(1 + sin x)(2 + sinx)• dx f
(Q)
cosx
(a) 2(1
1)
1 t ^  ( c o s y 2 + s • n y 2\ i
= C (C is constant)
41 /4 7 C cos x
0
<c)
v1
JI
\
(b) log4  log3 (c) 20 + 1 1 J2
^ (cosy sin
2
+
= C (C is constant) (R)
2 2 (d) e'" ^•(cosy +sin y ) +
= C (C is constant) (S)
i Jx 3 (lx) 4 c& 0
T *
Section IV : (Q.35 to 37) (Subjective Problems) 35. Find the value of 2 cos —  c o s — + cos — 1 I T 36. From a point, common tangents are drawn to the circle x2 + y 2 = 8 and parabola y 2 = 16x. Find the area of the quadrilateral formed by the common tangents, the chord of contact of the circle and the chord of contact of the parabola. 37. The line x + y = yaxis at B. A AAMN being the origin, with respectively on OB 0 meets the xaxis at A and is inscribed in the AOAB, O right angle at N; M and N lie and AB. If ratio of the
JlogxA l/c
40. Column I
Ymf(2h ( n +
Column II 2+
2
h2)f(2)
f(hh +\)f(l) If/'(2) = 6 & / ' ( l ) = 4 .
(a) 16
(Q)
!£? I j ^ * /'(1) = 2
; i f X l ) = 4 a n d (b)
~
(R) g(x) =
x2
){it2g,(t)}df,
'"(c) 3
then g'(2) is (S) HmANSWERS (d)
Area (AAMN) _ 3 AN 1 T77T7d7 IT, Area (AOAB) " 8 ' then find the value of ——7. BN Section V : (Q.38 to 40) Match the following 38. Column I (P) The small positive integer n for which (1 + if" = (1  if" is (Q)The value of x + y, if x and y satisfy the equation (1 + i)x  2i ( 2  3 i)y + i + — = 1 is ji 3+i (R)Ifz = 3  4 i , then z4  3z3 + 3z 2 + 99z  95 = (S) If z = x + iy, z"> = a  ib and 74 (d) (c) 4 Column II (a) 3 (b) 2
1. 5. 9. 13. 17. 21. 25. 29. 33. 35. 38. 39. 40.
(c) 2. (b) 3. (a) 4. (d) (b) 6. (b) 7. (c) 8. (c) (b) 10. (a) 11. (a) 12. (a) (a,c,d) 14. (a,b,c) 15. (b,c) 16. (d) (a,b) 18. (d) 19. (a,b,c,d) 20. (a,c) (c,d) 22. (a,b) 23. (d) 24. (b) (a) 26. (b,c) 27. (c) 28. (b.c) (d) 30. (c) 31. (b) 32. (a) (b) 34. (a) [0001] 36. [0060] 37. [0003] (P)  » (b); (Q) » (b); (R) ^ (d); (S)  4 (c) (P) > (b); (Q) > (c); (R) > (d); (S) (a) (P) (c); (Q) (a); (R) » (d); (S)  4 (b) For detail answers visit : www.vidyalankar.org
MATHEMATICS TODAY  FEBRUARY '07
PRACTICE PAPER
IITJEE 2007
PART 1
S E C T I O N  I : (Ql to 25) (One option correct)
371
(c) ( 0 , » )
(d) none of these
1.
If T < a < — and z = 2 tan a + 2i then arg (z) is C (b)
(a) 3K  a (c) a  2 7 t
fa
(d) none of these
7. In following series of three digit numbers, how many terms are common? 102,110,118,126, series first 108, 120, 132, 144, series second (a) zero (b) 37 (c) 41 (d) none of these 8. Value of b for which equation 2log j (bx + 28) + log 5 ( l 2  4 x  x 2 j = 0 has only 25 one solution is (a) 4 only (b)  1 2 only (c) 4 o r  1 2 (d) none of these 9. The sides of triangle are 3x + 4y = k, 4x + 3y = k and 5x + 5y = k units, where k > 0. The triangle is (a) right angled (b) equilateral (c) obtuse angled (d) none of these 10. ax + by + c = 0 is concurrent with x cos 0 + y sin 0 = 2 and x sin 0  y cos 0 = 0 then for all values of 0 locus of their point of intersection is x2 +y2 = 4, then relation of a, b, c is (a) \c c '2 < 4 •+bz yla2+b2 (b) ) c  < \la2 +b2
2. x,y, 0 e R, (x2 y2) sin 6 + 2xy cos 6 = x1 + f then tan 9 is equal to
*2 y2
(a) (c) 3. (a)
y 2 •* 2 (b) 2 xy
2 xy 2 xy 7 ^
l
(d) none of these
8 8 8
Value of sin' ( l 0 ° ) + s i n ( l 3 0 ° ) + s i n ( 2 5 0 ) is 93
128
(b)
93 256
11 (c) 64 4. n e N the value of . ( n ) . (2n) sin — sin I — yin) \2n) (a) (c) V2» + l
2"
(d) none of these
. (3n sin — U n (b)
.sin v ^ZT
(nl)n
2
"
,
(c)
(d) none of these
(d) none of these 2" 5. Number of solutions of x + y + z = 20, 20x + 4y + z = 80, where x, y, z are nonnegative integers is (a) one (b) two (c) zero (d) infinite
6
Vw+T
11. ax + by + ab = 0, cx + dy + cd = 0, y = 0 these three lines intersect to make triangle ABC whose area is not 0 then necessary and sufficient condition is (a) ac (ad be)* 0 (b) ac * 0 (c) ac (ad  be) (b  d) (d) none of these 12. 0.) represents integral part of X, then value of Lt j>0 sinx x is (b) 0 (d) none of these
neR+,(l
+ /)" = \ + nt+"^—^t
2
+
(a) 1 (c)  1
Expansion is convergent, largest interval for t is (a) [  1 , 1 ) (b)(l,l)
13. kx+y=3,2xy = 3, 4x + k y  9k are concurrent lines then value of k
Contributed by Prof. S.S. Dahiya (Director), QOON Ace Education Pvt. Ltd. 66
MATHEMATICS TODAY  FEBRUARY '07
(a)  2 or 1 (c)  2 14. ap a2, a,, a,1+2 L + A, + C 3
(b) 1 (d) none of these ak are nonnegative integers such that + a = n where n > k then value of k Vtf,\al! a2\ ak\, (b) (ky (d) none of these.
22. The common root is (a) 1 or 2 only (b) 3 or 4 only (c) 2 or 4 only (d) 1 or 2 or 3 or 4 23. (a + b + c) is maximum when common root is (a) 3 (b) 4 (c) I (d) none of these 24. (a + b + c) is minimum when common root is (a) 2 (b) 1 (c) 4 (d) none of these 25. b + c is maximum when common root is (a) 3 only (b) 4 only (c) 3 or 4 (d) none of these SECTION  II : (Q26 to 30) (More than one option correct) 26. a, b, c are sides of triangle if x y z then value of b + ca c + ab a + bc + z) + y (z + x) + z(x + y) r ; is equal to ax + by + cz ^ 2 ( x + . y + z) a+b+c y +z (b) x+y c z+x
(a) («)* (c) n\ k\
15. ii', x, y, z are nonnegative integers. l f w + jc + iy + z = 20 then from the solutions one s o l u t i o n is s e l e c t e d at r a n d o m , p r o b a b i l i t y that x <y is (a) 885/1771 (b) 825/1771 (c) 880/1771 (d) none of these 16. end (a) (c) Locus of point of intersection of normals drawn at points of focal chord of a parabola is « circle (b) parabola ellipse (d) none of these
17. Value of \2/2 — c o s e c f x  — j d x (a) 0 (c) 2 (b) does not exist (d) none of these (a)
18. The number of four digit numbers containing exactly three digits is (a) 3888 (b) 4464 (c) 4546 (d) none of these 271 471 7t 19. Value of s i n — + s i n — — s i n  j s 1 1 1 (b) 7 7 / 4 (a) V 7 / 8 (d) none of these (c) 7 7 / 2 20. If xcos8 = y c o s  0 + ^ • zcos
+
(c)
(d) a b 27. If 2 tan 10° + tan 50° = 2x tan 20° + tan 50° = 2 y 2 tan 10° + tan 70° = 2w tan 20° + tan 70° = 2z then value of the following is (are) true (a) z > w > y > x (b) w = x + y (c) 2y = z (d) z + x = w+y 28. a, b, c are non null vectors such that ax(b (c) xc) = ( a x i ) x c =0 then
47t
O'then
(a) cx(axb) which of the following is (are) true? (a) xy + yz + zx = 0 2 2 2 xy : 2 (b) xyz = — cos (39) 2 2 ^ yz zx x y
(b) a x e = 5 (d) none of these
a, b, c are parallel
(d) none of these
29. n e N, cCx+ b"y + c" = 0, for three distinct values of n we get three distinct lines, which are concurrent then (a) c = 0, a±b (b) b = c, a * 0 (c) a = c,b* 0 (d) none of these 30. An operation * is defined as x * y ~ Jx2 + y2 ~ xy where x & y are distinct real numbers, which of the following is(are) true (a) x * y > 0 (b) zero is identity of * operation (c) x * y = y * x (d) (x * y) * z = x * (y * z) 67
Direction  (Q.21 to 25) : a, b, c are natural numbers and equations x25x + a = 0,x26x + b = 0,x2Sx + c = 0 have exactly one root common and the common root is natural number. 21. Which of the following holds? (a) 3a = 6 + 2 c (b) 3b = c + 2a (c) 3c = a + 2b (d) none of these
MATHEMATICS TODAY  FEBRUARY '07
PART  II
SECTIONI : (Qlto20) Comprehensions Passage  1 a, b, c, d, e,f are nonzero distinct digits, number ab c d ef is six digit number and number d efabc is also six digit number in which first three digits and next three digits exchange their places preserving same order. Assume one of such numbers is NK so that (7  k). Nk = k. N7_k fork 1,2,3,4 V 5,6 using this rule we try to find numbers N{, NV NV A'4, JV,, and NS and name these as star numbers. 1. Which of the following is true (a) N6, NY N4 are possible and other star numbers are not possible (b) N2, NS, NF, N6 are possible and other star numbers are not possible (c) N N 6 are possible and other star numbers are not possible (d) NJ, N2, N3, NA, NS, N, all are possible. 2. For star numbers which are possible which" of the following is (are) true? (a) Nt <N2<N2<Ni<N5<N6 (b)
(c) N,
Passage — 2 <3(1, 0) is incentre of AABC, bisector of angle A is x  1 = 0, bisector of angle B is y  x  1, bisector of angle C is x + 3y  1 = 0 Equation of AQ is x  1 = 0 Equation of BQ is y = x  1 Equation of CQ is y = ~ 1)
If angle BAQ is 6 then angle CAQ is also 6 If slope of AB is m then slope of AC is m A
7.
• B' For A ABC which of the following is true (b) angle ACB = 2 (d) none of these
(a) AB = BC n (c) angle BAC = —
= constant for k e {l, 2,3,4,5,6}
2
8. Locus of centroid of triangle ABC is (a) x2y=l (b) 2xy=\ (c) 2* — 3_v = 1 (d) none of these 9. Slope of side BC is (a) 2 (c) 1/3 (b) 1/2 (d) none of these
NT , N
, N
3
, N
A
, N
5
, AT. a r e i n A . P .
(d) Nk = k Nt for k € {1, 2 , 3 , 4 , 5, 6} 3. For star numbers which are possible which of the following is (are) divisors of the star numbers? (a) 27 (b) 11 (c) 13 (d) 37 4. If X is H.C.F of star numbers which exist then product of star numbers is (a) 6 X2 (b) 72 X" (c) 60 X* (d) 720 X6 5. H.C.F of star numbers which exist is X then their L.C.M. is (a) 60 X (b) 12 X (c) 30 X (d) none of these 6. For star numbers which exist, which of the following is (are) true (a) any digit multiple of 3 is not there in some star numbers (b) any digit multiple of 3 is not there in some star numbers then even each of the star number is divisible by 27 (c) number of divisors of the smallest star number is 32 (d) none of these 68
10. If X is nonzero real number the coordinates of points A, B, C are respectively (a) { ( 1 , X ) , ( 1  X ,  X ) ,  1 + — ,
3X
j)}
X
(b) {(1,X),(1+X,X), 1
}
(c) {(1,5), (  4 ,  5 ) , (4, 1)} (d) none of these 11. (a) (b) (c) (d) 12. (a) (b) (c) (d) If inradius is <J5 then vertices of A A BC are {(1,5), (6,5), (2,1)} {(1,5), (4,5), (4,1)} {(1,4), (4,6), (4,2)} none of these If area of A ABC is 120 square units then vertices are {(1,10), (9,10), (7,2)} {(1,10), (11,10), (5,2)} {(1,8),(9,12),(7,4)} none of these
MATHEMATICS TODAY  FEBRUARY '07
13. Sides of A ABC are in (a) A.P. (b) GJP. (c) H.P. (d) none of these 14. (a) (b) (c) (d) In A ABC which of the following are in HJP. altitudes of the triangle radii of described circles median of the triangle lengths of angle bisectors
18. Which of the following is(are) true? (a) Area A AOB is minimum when it becomes isosceles (b) minimum area of A AOB is 100 units of area (c) minimum perimeter of A AOB is 20(\[2 +1) (d) perimeter and area both become minimum when 9
= 7T/4
Passage  3 0(0, 0) is origin, equation of line is 4.v + 3y = 50, points A and B lie on the line such that angle AOB is — point Q is foot of perpendicular from origin on the line, equation of OQ is 3x  4y = 0, solving equations of AB and OQ, point Q is (8,6) and OQ = 10. If angle OAB = 6 then 0 < 6 <  , lengths AQ = 10 cot 6 and 2 BO= 10 tan 9, area MOB = 50 (tan 9 + cot 9) = F(9). If 1 line OA is y  mx then OB is y x m 50 50m and Coordinate of A are 3m+ 4 3m+ 4 Coordinate of B are 50 m 4m—3 50 4m3 and area
71
19. For given area of A AOB area) number of such triangles (a) 2 (b) (c) infinite (d)
(more than 100 units of is 4 none of these
20. Which of the following is (are) true (a) If point B lies in II quadrant the point A lies in I quadrant (b) If point B lies in I V quadrant the point A lies in I quadrant (c) Points A and B lie on opposite sides of point Q (d) none of these SECTION  II (Q21 to 23) Assertion & Reason Two statements are given, one statement is Assertion (A), the other statements is Reason (R). Select the correct choice for these statements as per following. Choice (A) : Both Assertion (A) & Reason (R) are true and Reason (R) is feasible explanation of Assertion (A). Choice ( B ) : Both Assertion (A) & Reason (R) are true but Reason (R) is not proper explanation of Assertion (A). Choice ( C ) : Assertion (A) is true, Reason (R) is false. Choice ( D ) : Assertion (A) is false, Reason (R) is true. 21. Assertion (A): If 9 = tanthen value
1250(m2+l) MOB = (3m+ 4) B (4m3)
'0(0,0) 15. For which of the following area A AOB is minimum? 1 (b) « = (a) m = l (d) none of these (c) 9 = 4 16. Locus of centroid of A ABC is (a) an ellipse (b) 12x + 9 y = 1 0 0 (c) circle (d) none of these 17. (a) (b) (c) (d) Given that area A AOB is 125 units of area then value of m is 2 or 1/2 value of m is 2/11 or 11/2 value of tan 9 is 2 or 1/2 none of these
of 9 is either 0 or 7t where a, b, c are non zeroreal numbers and X = a + b + c Reason (R) : Because tan (9) = 0, t h e r e f o r e 9 = 0 when X  a + b + c = 0 w h e r e a s X = n when X  a + b + c 0 and a, b, c have same sign. 22. Assertion ( A ) : a,, a 2 , a 3 , a 4 are roots of 2x? 2x3 + 9x2 x + 12 = 0 then value of (3 + o ? ) (3 + a l ) (3 + a f ) (3 + a^) is 21 Reason (R): 2 (x  a,) (x  a 2 ) (x  a 3 ) (x  a 4 ) = 2x42x3 sides 2^(3 + o f )(3 + a22 )(3 + a f )(3 + a j ) = V9 + 75 + 3x2x+ 12 Put x = \/3 i on both sides and take modulus of both
MATHEMATICS TODAY  FEBRUARY '07
69
23. Assertion (A) : / x ) = x s + x 6 x 4 2x 3  x2  2x + 9 for x e /?./(x) is decreasing in ( 1) and increasing in (1, Reason (R) : — /'(jc) = 0 has only one real root which dx' d2
is 1 and
dx1
—/(1)>0
SectionIII (Q24to27) Statement & Conclusions I  Read the following statement  the given statement may or may not be derived using step (J), may or may not be derived using step (K). Select out the answer as per following : Choice (A) : Given statement can be derived using step (J) only and not by step (K). Choice (B) : Given statement can be derived using step (K) only and not by step (J). Choice (C) : Given statement can be derived using step (J) or step (K). Choice (D) : Given statement can be derived neither by step (J) nor by step (K). r i T > (1 + 0 " 24. Statement : « e JV, I 1 + —JI l ~l Step (J) : Sum of positive numbers is constant, the product of these numbers is maximum when the numbers are equal. Step (K) : a, = l +  , a 2 = l +  , n n and a„+l = 1, for at, a2, an+], Arithmetic mean > Geometric mean 25. Statement: J (
.
1
curves have common points O, A and B such that A AOB is right angled at point O where O is origin, then (o + 6 ) g I = (a, + 6 l ) g Conclusion I : The two curves C ; and C'u have two common points such that they touch each other at one point and intersect in other two points Conclusion I I Curve Cj and Cu both cannot be parabolic or both cannot be circles 27. Statement : a ,!' a „ a „> , V 3 ', aN are roots of an equation such that a =  a n K ] for k = 1,2, 3,...,« Conclusion 1 : = S} = Ss = =0 Conclusion n:x"S 1 x"'+S^ 2 S 3 x" 3 +....+(l)".S = 0 where S2, S4, S6 etc. are nonzero coefficients, such that sum of nonzero coefficients is  1 . 28. For (x, y) number of solutions of equations x1+y1= 4 and Jt4 +y* = 44 (where x, y may be real may be imaginary) is (a) 16 (b) 8 (c) 4 (d) none of these Answer given by the students is (a) Soln.: Step ( A ) : x4 + / = 48, substitute / = 4  x2 Step (B): x4 + (4  x2)2 = 48 x4  4x2  32 = 0 Step (C) : Solving x4  4x2  32 = 0, we get x2 = 8, x2 =  4 Hence x = ± 2^2, x = ± 2 i Step (D) : Number of value of x is 4 Number of value of y is 4 Total solution forx 8iy is 4 x 4 = 16 ANSWERS
PARTI 1. 5. 9. 13. 14 21. 25. 29. 1. 5. 9. 13. 17. 21. 25. (a) (b) (c) (b) (b) (b) (c) (a,b,c) (d) (a) (b) (a) (a,b,c) (a) (c) 2. 6. 10. 14. 18. 22. 26. 30. (a) (a) (a) (a) (a) (d) (a,b,c,d) (a,b,c) 3. 7. 11. 15. 19. 23. 27. (a) (a) (c) (b) (c) (a) (a,b,c,d) 4. 8. 12. 16. 20. 24. 28. (b) (a) (d) (b) (a) (b) (a,b,c)
t
1
,a„=l + n
,
1
x2+x , 58 , dx = — 4lx+1 5 Step ( J ) : Integrate by parts (x2 + x) as first function Step (K) : Put V2x + 1 = t il  Using given statement, conclusion I may or may not be derived, conclusion II may or may not be derived. Select the answer as per following Choice (A): Using the given statement only conclusion I can be derived. Choice ( B ) : Using the given statement only conclusion II can be derived. Choice ( C ) : Using the given statement both conclusion I and conclusion II can be derived. C h o i c e (D) : Using the given statement neither conclusion I nor conclusion II can be derived. 26. Statement: ax + 2hxy + by + 2gx = 0 is curve Cr and atx2 + 2hixy + bty2 + 2g^x = 0 is curve C ;/ . The two 70
2 2
PART1I 2. (a,b,c,d) 6. (a,b,c) 10. (a,b,c) 14. (a,b) 18. (a,b,c,d) 22. (a) 26. (b) 3. 7. 11. 15. 19. 23. 27. (a,b,c,d) (b) ( a ,b) (a,b,c) (a) (a) (c) 4. 8. 12. 16. 20. 24. 28. (d) (a) (a,b) (b) (a,b,c) (c) (d)
For any difficulty write to us or to the author at Jai Plaza, 2nd Floor, 56, Rajpur Road, Dehradun. Ph.: 01352740523 email : doonace_iitpmt@rediffmail.com
MATHEMATICS TODAY  FEBRUARY '07
1.
If P(At u A2) = 1 
where c stands
(a)
l/yfi
(b) J 2
(c)  1 / V 2
for complement, then the events At and A2 are (a) mutually exclusive (b) independent (c) equally likely (d) none of these. 2. In a single throw of two dice, the probability of getting more than 7 is (a) 7/36 . (b) 7/12 (c) 5/12 (d) 5/36. 3. Six cards are drawn simultaneously from a pack of playing cards. What is the probability that 3 will be red and 3 black? (a) 26 C 6 (b) 2 6 C 3 / « C 6 26 26 52 (c) C3 x C3/ C6 (d) 1/2. 4. If the odds in favour of an event be 3 : 5, then the probability of nonoccurrence of the event is (a) 3/5 (b) 5/3 (c) 3/8 (d) 5/8. 5. If P(A) = 1/2, P(B) = 1/3 and P(A n B) = 1/4, then P(B/A) = (a) 1 (b) 0 (c) 1/2 (d) 1/3. 6. In a box containing 100 eggs, 10 eggs are rotten. The probability that out of a sample of 5 eggs none is rotten if the sampling is with replacement is (a) (1/10) 5 (b) (1/5) 5 (c) (9/5) 5 (d) (9/10) 5 . 7. In a moderately asymmetrical distribution the mode and mean are 7 and 14 respectively. The median is (a) 4 (b) 5 (c) 6 (d) 7. 8. The quartile deviation for the following data is X 2 3 4 5 6
f
J
(d) 0.
10. If correlation coefficient be zero, then the lines of regression will be (a) parallel to axes (b) perpendicular to axes (c) inclined at any angle with axes (d) coincident. 11. Let A, B, C be three mutually independent events. Consider the two statements S{ and S2 5, : A and B u C are independent S2 : A and B n C are independent Then (a) both 5, and S2 are true (b) only Sl is true (c) only S2 is true (d) neither nor S2 is true. 12. If P(A) = 2/3, P(B) = 1/2 and P(A u B) = 5/6, then events A and B are (a) mutually exclusive (b) independent as well as mutually exhaustive (c) independent (d) dependent only on A. 13. A and B are two independent events such that P(A) = 1/2 and P(B) = 1 / 3 . Then P (neither A nor B) is equal to (a) 2/3 (b) 1/6 (c) 5/6 (d) 1/3. 14. Consider a circuit,
3
4
8
4
1
(a) 0 (b) 1/4 (c) 1/2 (d) 1. 9. Karl Pearson's coefficient of correlation between the h e i g h t s (in i n c h e s ) of t e a c h e r s and s t u d e n t s corresponding to the given data is Height of teachers (x) Height of students (y) 66 68 67 66 68 69 69 72 70 70
If the probability that each switch is closed is P, then find the probability of current flowing through AB (a) p2+p (b) (c) p i + p (d) 45
MATHEMATICS TODAY  FEBRUARY '07
15. Fifteen persons among whom are A and B, sit down at random at a round table. The probability that there are 4 persons between A and B, is (a) 1/3 (b) 2/3 (c) 2/7 (d) 1/7. 16. 5 boys and 5 girls are sitting in a row randomly. The probability that boys and girls sit alternatively is (a) 5/126 (b) 1/126 (c) 4/126 (d) 6/125. 17. Let S be a set containing n elements and we select 2 subsets A and B of S at random then the probability that A u B = S and A n B = < is j > (a) 2" (b) n2 (c) \ln (d) 1/2" 18. Let A and B are two events and P(A') = 0.3, P(B) = 0.4, P(A n B') = 0.5 then P(A u B') is (a) 0.5 (b) 0.8 (c) 1 (d) 0.1 19. If A and B are two events such that P(A) * 0 and P(B)* I, then P(AIB) (a) I  P(A/B) (c) I P(AKJB) P(B) = (b) 1 (d) P(A/B)
(a) 9
(b) 12
(c) 15 n21
(d) 18.
25. The variance of the first n natural numbers is (a) ^ (C)  r 0> (d)
6
«2+l
12
26. Consider any set of observations x,, x2, ... x, 0 , it being given that x ( < x 2 < x 3 .... < x, 0 0 < x I 0 1 , then the mean deviation of this set of observations about a point K is minimum when K equals (a) x, (0 (b) x 5I
(d)
*»•
27. If two random variables x and y of a bivariate distribution are connected by the relationship 3x+2y= 4, then correlation coefficient rxy equals (a) 1 (b)  1 (c) 2/3 (d) 2/3. 28. If the variances of two variables x and y are respectively 9 and 16 and their covariance is 8, then their coefficient of correlation is (a) 2/3 (b) 8 / 3 ^ 2 (c) 9/8V2 (d) 2/9. 29. The two lines of regression are given by 3x+2y=26 and 6x + y  31. The coefficient of correlation between x and y is (a) 1/3 (b) 1/3 (c)  1 / 2 (d) 1/2. 30. If the angle between the two lines of regression is 90°, then it represents (a) perfect correlation (b) perfect negative correlation (c) no linear correlation (d) none of these. 31. The standard deviation of a variate x is a . The standard deviation of the variate (ax + b)/c where a, b, c are constant, is (b)
P(A)
P(B)
20. In a single throw of two dice what is the probability of obtaining a number greater than 7, if 4 appears on the first dice (a) 1/3 (b) 1/2 (c) 1/12 (d) none of these. 21. A dice is thrown ten times. If getting even number is considered as a success, then the probability of four successes is (a) l 0 C 4 ( l / 2 ) 4 (b) 10C4 (1 /2) 6 l0 8 (c) C 4 (1/2) (d) 10C6 (1/2) 10 . 22. A dice is tossed thrice. If getting a four is considered a success, then the mean and variance of the probability distribution of the number of successes are (a) 1/2,1/12 (b) 1/6,5/12 (c) 5/6,1/2 (d) none of these. 23. The A.M. of n observation is M. If the sum of n  4 sbservations is a, then the mean of remaining 4 observations is nMa nM + a a) (b) 4 nM  A (d) nM + a. c) 14. Let x p x2 ... xn be n observations such that £ x 2 = 400 and ^ x , = 80. Then a possible value of n imong the following is 16
(c)
TP
(d) none of these.
standard deviation of a set of observations x,,7 x,,7 ...,7 xn 1 z then (a) s<r
n  1
n i 32. Let r be the range and S2 = — — V ( x ;  x ) 2 be the n — 1= 1 /
(b) s = r
n1
MATHEMATICS TODAY  FEBRUARY '07
(c)
s>r
n1
(d) none of these.
33. A pie chart is to be drawn for representing the following data Items of expenditure Education Food and clothing House rent Electricity Miscellaneous Number of families 150 400 40 250 160
then (a) sin0 > 1  r 2 (c) sine < 1  r2
(b) tan0 > 1  r 2 (d) tan6 < 1  r2.
40. The coefficient of correlation between x and y is 0.6, then covariance is 16. Standard deviation of x is 4, then the standard deviation o f y is (a) 5 (b) 10 (c) 20/3 (d) none of these. SOLUTIONS 1. (b) : P(AT u A2) = 1  [1  /X.4,)][l  P{A2)]
= P(AI) + P(A2)P(A1)P(A2) N A
2
The value of the central angle for food and clothing would be (a) 90° (b) 2.8° (c) 150° (d) 144° 34. The average of n numbers xv x2, x 3 , .. xn is M. If xn is replaced by x , then new average is , s nM x„+x' (a) Mxu + x (b) (c) (n\)M+x' n (d) M  x„ + x' n ... n having "C„ respectively
+
Also P(AT U A 2 ) = P(AL) + P(A2)P(A] => From (i) and (ii) we get,
P(ALNA2) = P(A,)P(A2).
)
...(i) ...(ii)
2. ( c ) : Required probability P (getting 8) + P(9) + P(10) + P(11) + P{\2) 36 3. 4.
5 5.
36
36
36
26
36
C3 x
36
26
12
35. The mean of values 0, 1 , 2 , corresponding weight "C 0 , " C p "C2,
2"
2" '
( c ) : Required probability is
52
C3
(d) : Required probability is = 1 — ^ = 8 o
FO (c ) .•PP(BIA) A ) ~ (BI
P { A N B )
(a) (c)
n +1 n+I
(b) (d)
n(n +1) H
p(A)

J / 2
I ^ I  2 I.
2
6.
( d ) : Let P (fresh egg) =
10 100
\5 / , \0
=
= ^
= P
36. In a series of 2 n observations, half of them equal to a and remaining half equal to a. If the standard deviation of the observations is 2, then  a \ equals (a) JI/n 0>) V2 (d) Mn. (c) 2
P (rotten egg)
1 10
/ 
q, n = 5, r — 5
n5
required probability that none egg is rotten ± f JJL)'
10/ \io/
37. If variance of x = 9 and regression equations are 4x5>' + 33 = 0 and 20x—9y—10 = 0, then the coefficient of correlation between A and y and the variance of y respectively are (a) 0.6; 16 (b) 0.16; 16 (c) 0.3; 4 (d) 0.6; 4 38. If bIA and b, are both • positive v(where b xy are regression coefficients), then (a) V
+
7. ( b ) : For a moderately skewed distribution, Mode = 3 median  2 mean =>7 = 3 median2>=4=> 15 = 3 median .'. mean = f 8. ( d ) : t f = ( Z / ) = 20
A =
A^ + l
observation = 
N +L
observation = 3
and bxy
Similarly, Q3 = 3
observation
V
<
(b) ''
—
+
—
byx
bXy
> r—
(f)" observation = 5
Now Q.D. = 1 ( ^  2 , ) = 1 ( 5  3 ) =1. 9. ( a ) : Here £ ( x  x ) O >  J ) = 10, ^ ( x  x )
2
(d) none of these. 39. If acute angle between the two regression line is 0,
MATHEMATICS TODAY  FEBRUARY '07
^ 29
and E ( j  J ) 2 = 20 Hence the coefficient of correlation is given by r = = IX**)^^)
10 =
10
2x5! 1 10x9x8x7x6 126' 17. (d) : Ways of selection of two subset of A = (2")2 Ways of selection A<J B and A n B are 2" . , ...... Favourable cases Required probability = — z r — : Total cases
2" (2"f P{B') = 0.6
=
1
10V2
V2'
J_
2"'
10. (a) : Regression line of y on x is ^  J = 0and regression line of x on y is x — x = 0. Hence lines of regression are parallel to axes. 11. ( a ) : B u C is independent to A, so S] is true. B n C is independent to A, so S2 is true. 12. ( a ) : P(A u « ) = P(A) + P{B)  P(A n B) => 5 = ± +1 z. 2 , ±P(AnB) => P(AnB) = 0 6 3 2 .". Events A and B are mutually exclusive. 13. ( d ) : / ' ( n e i t h e r n o r 5 ) = p(a n B) = P(A)
/>(/!) = 1 P(A) = 1
18. (b) : P(A') = 0.3 P(A) = 0.7 .. P(B) = 0.4 and P(A n B') = 0.5 P(A u B') = P(A) + P(B')  P(A n B') = 0.7 + 0 . 6  0 . 5 = 0.8
(cV P(A.'B) P { A
19
P(B)
B )
=
P ( A
^ B) P{B)
1
"
n A
y P(B)
B )
P(B)
20. (b) : Since 4 has appeared on the first, so we are required 4 or 5 or 6 on second dice. Hence required probability = 3/6 = 1/2. 21. (d) : Required probability =
10
C4ij
7>(5) = 1  / > ( 5 ) = 1  ± = z J 3

_ 10^ —
(If
6 6 12
22. (d) : We are given that n = 3, p = 1/6, q = 5/6 Mean = np  3 x — = — 6 2 Variance = npq = 3x — x — = — y 23. (a) : Let the mean of the remaining 4 observations be 5Ej — _ nM  a Then, M = X] («4) + 4 4 24. ( d ) : Since, root mean square > arithmetic mean
14. ( a ) : Current in the upper part will flow only if both the switches a and b are closed. Their probability = p x p= p1 Now current will flow in lower part of C, if C is closed, its probability is p. Thus current will flow from A to B if current flows either in upper part or flow in lower part, required probability = p 2 + p. 15. (d) : Let A occupy any seat at the round table. Then there are 14 seats available for B. If there are to be four persons between A and B. . Then B has only two ways to sit, as V J shown in the figure. J2_ = 1 Hence required probability 14 T 16. (b) : Let n = total number of ways = 10! m = favourable number of ways = 2 x 5! x 5! Since the boys and girls can sit alternately in 5! x 5! ways if we begin with a boy and similarly they can sit alternately in 5! x 51 ways if we begin with a girl. Hence, required probability
:
i = 1
n
n
400 > 80 v n
n> 16
Hence, possible value of n = 18. 25. ( a ) : Variance = (S.D) 2 = I •
Sf
n
. .• X = £ *
n
=
m _ 2x5!x5! n 10!
n(« + l)(2w + l) 6«
f h(h + 1) V 2n
n2l
12 '
26. (b) : Mean deviation is minimum when it is
MATHEMATICS TODAY  FEBRUARY '07
48
considered about the item, equidistant from the beginning and the end i.e. the median. In this case median is
101+1 th
 [(*/ 
) + (x,  x2) +..... •+ (x,  X, _ , )
^
i.e. 51 th item i.e. x5j. y=jx+2 (.x,x)2<r2 1
+ (*/*/+i)+ •••(*/^j] *  T K »  l > ] 2
27. ( b ) : Here,
[v x,xy
=> J>,*)2 /=1 < w S2<
wr
< r]
Since A and y are related linearly and slope of the relation is  v e , the two varibales are in perfect indirect correlation. Hence r =  1 . 28. (a) : Coefficient of correlation
r
=>
V /  \ 2 . AT2 7 I (*/"*)  7 n
n\
_
c o v ( x y) >ar(x)>ar.O/)
_
8 V9VT6
S < r,
\nY
8
3x4
2
3 y = *
+
33. (d) : Required angle for food and clothing 400 x360° = 144°. 1000 +
13
29. (c) i Here 3 a + 2y — 26 and
6A
34. (b) : M
A1+A2+A3+...A„
+ j> = 31 = > =
x =
1
31
n nM = x{ + x2 + .... xn _ j + xn nMxn = A, + x2 n J
30. (c): The angle between lines of regression is 6, then tanO = ± here 6 = 90° .\ r = 0
+ x' _ xx + x2 +... + xn_\ + x' n nM x„ + x' New average = n 35. (d) : The required mean is _ _ 0 • 1 + 1 • " Q +. 2 • " C2 + 3 • " C 3 +... n • n C„ 1 +"Cl + "C2+...nCn
nM xn
2 2 GX+GYJ
There is no linear correlation. 31. V b7) : L e t ^ = ^ (
C
i.e. J = >
C
+ *
C r =0 I r =0 "Cr r =a
i . e . y = Ax + B where A =—, B = — c c /. y = = ^ Z ( Y  y )
1 => /? • GY AY
2
Ax+B
r =0
r =0
I
n
cr
=> CP?)2 =
2 nG"X
=A2(xx)2
V*  1 M n •2 _ n_ 2" 2' 36. (c) : Let a, a .... n times and  a ,  a , ... n times i.e mean = 0 and S.D. = n(a0)2 + n(a0)2
A*£(XX?
2 2 => GY = = 2 2 A GX
= A
= \A\
GX
=> A;,
In
I na2 + na2 2~n
=
Thus new S.D.
0
Hi
=
,
32. (a) : We have r = m a x \ X j  X ; \
, , ^ TT Hence \a\ = 2.
37. (a) : var(x) = G2 = 9 (given) /=1 Now (x,x)2
= \ X , X I + X 2 +
The given lines of regression are 4JC5^ + 33 = 0, 20x9y10 = 0
" "
+ XH
i,.
y =j x
+
f
and
+
f
M A T H E M A T I C S TODAY
FEBRUARY '07
4(
F r o m here, w e obtain Now
b
y x
4 = ~ and b ^ =
9 —
39. (c) : t a n e = ± 
1=£
\
axOj, 2
x
2 y j of the same
Since A . M . of t w o quantities > G M . quantities Hence =>  f 9  M
=
<J G
X V
1
1 * ( => t a n 9 < ~  ^ — => t a n 2 0 < '
a
l
>' = y ' " Y y)
=
16
v a r ( ^ ) = 16 36 5x3x4
v s i n 2
2r
2 \2 ~r~
2r
N o w p(x,
cov(s, j ) a ^ • a
y
e =
0.6
 J a ^ f 1 + tan 9 1 r
4
H e n c e coefficient of correlation = 0.6 and variance of
16.
3 8 , ( b ) : W e k n o w t h a t byx+bxy
b
V sin2 8 < > 2^jb~bxy
I
2r 2\
=> s i n 2 8 ^ 1+ r2
1 + 1 r
2r
=> byx + bxy > b^+k
2 r
yx xy
+b
2
2
r
since 1  r 40. ( c ) :
2
< 1+ r
2
a n d s i n 2 9 < 1 => s i n 9 < . ^
1  r2.
1 xy 16
cov(x,j;) axG
y
0.6
.
16 4a,
^
r
J _
b
+
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b
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EXPLORER
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EE® H H H fiii €XPLOR€R : m 7wmv^km^f H P CB$£fl?
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50
MATHEMATICS TODAY  FEBRUARY '07
PRACTICE PAPER
IITJEE 2007
PAPER I
Section  1 (Q.No. 1 to 15) (Only one option correct) 1. If a, b, c are positive then minimum value of a+3  + b+3 + c +3 b+c c+a a+b (a) 6 (b) 3 (c) no conclusion can be drawn (d) none of these 2. ax + by + ab  0, cx + dy + cd = 0, y = 0 intersect each other to make triangle whose area is nonzero then necessary and sufficient condition is (a) ac (ad  be) * 0 (b) ac* 0 (c) ac (adbe) (bd)*0 (d) none of these 3. a , (3, Y, 5 are the smallest positive angles in ascending order which have their sines equal to k where  1 < k < 1 then 4sin^ + 3sin + 2sin^ + sin^ is equal to H 2 2 2 2 (a) 1 v r r * 2 (c) 2flk (b) 2VT7I (a) 30 (c) 120 (b) 60 (d) None of these 7. Two series of three digit numbers are 102, 110, 118, 126, and 108, 120, 132, 144, number of common terms in these series is (a) 37 (b) 41 (c) zero (d) None of these 8. a and b are distinct natural numbers such that a2 + b2 is divisible by ab+ 1 then (a) either a = 63 or bc? (b) either a  b3 or b = a3 and a > 1 (c) either a  b2 or b = a2 and a > 1 (d) none of these 9. (a) (c) In AABC, interval for a cos A + b cos B + c cos C a+b+c (b) (0,1]
i'i
(d) none of these
(d) none of these
10. a, b, c are nonzero real number line ax + by + c = 0 is concurrent with lines x cos 6 + y sin 9 = 2 and x sin 0 y cos 0 = 0 then locus oftheir point of intersection for all values of 0 is (a) x2+y2 = 4 and (b) x2+y* = 4 and (c) x +y
2 2
4. Six persons have alotted seats while they take seats at random. Probability that exactly two persons are found at allotted seats is _3_ 3 (a) 16 (b) i 5 (d) None of these (c) 12 5. If k = "»Cj0 then k is not divisible by which of the following (a) 8 (b) 29 (c) 31 (d) 23 6. Coefficient of a 4 bs cJ is expansion of (ab + be + caf is
< 2 ^ +b £ a i < AA +b <4Ja2+b2 and z = 2 tan a  2i then arg (z) is (b) —
3TI
= 4 and
3
n
(d) none of these 11. If 7 i < a < —
2
(a) 7 t  a 3n (c) a —— 12. n7 (a) (c)
a
(d) none of these
If n is odd natural number not multiple of 3, then n is divisible by 504 (b) 336 756 (d) none of these \
Contributed by Prof. S.S. Dahiya (Director), DOON Ace Education Pvt. Ltd. 72
MATHEMATICS TODAY JANUARY '07
13. 3ab (a) (b)
a, b, k are integers where a + b + k = 1 and = 2 + k2 then which of the following are true number of solution for a, b and k are infinite only solutions are a = 6 = 1, £ =  1 or a = b = 3, k = 5 (c) no conclusion can be drawn (d) none of these 14. Ten persons are divided into two groups of equal size, probability that two particular persons are in same group is 3 10 (a) " (b) 21 7 4 (d) None of these (0 ? 15. A vector equally inclined with vectors l + j2k,2i+j3k,ik (a) i + 3j + k (c) i+j + k is (b) 2i + 3j + 2k (d) None of these
(c)
P P P L a ' b. ' c
(d) none of these
g(x) = tan~ , (4x)+tan" 1 fJ then (a) X*) = g(*)for n e R (b) J[x) = g(x) for (c) /jc) = g(x)for (d) None of these 21. f i x ) = x" +alx"l+a2x"~2 where ax,a2, a3 + an_xx+1 = 0 x<
,an_x are positive and n > 7 is an
Section  II (Q.No. 16 to 28) (May be one or more than one option correct) 16. Which of the following exihibit symmetry about line x = a (a) fia x) + / a + x) for  a < x < a (b) fix) + f(2a  x) for 0<x<2 a
equation whose roots are real and distinct then (a) all the roots are negative (b) / 4 ) > 5 " (c) / 1 4 ) > ( 1 5 ) » (d) none of these 22. a, P, are real and distinct roots of x2 + ax + b = 0, a, P2 are real and distinct roots of x2 + cx + d = 0, and k2 are positive, then roots of ks(x? + ax + b) + k2 (x1 + cx + d) = 0 are A, and k2 are (a) real and distinct (b) aandy wherey e (p,, p2) (c) a and — ^ — ( d ) k^+k 2 ij + k2 none of these
«> / G  M H  f ^ f
(d) none of these 17. f' —^ ' —— dx is integerable when (a) (a + b) (p + 2q) = 0 and ax* + bx + c = 0 has no root in [0, 1] (b) (a + b)(p 2q) = 0 and ax1 + bx + c = 0 has no root in [0,1] (c) {a b)(p+2q) = 0 and ax2 + bx + c = 0 has no root in [0,1] (d) none of these i s . /_*, (a) 0 (c) does not exist (b) (  1 / (d) None of these Q,
23. Jq x/(sinx)a!»: is equal to (a) f(s'mx)dx (b) nj*'2 /(smx)dx
(c) rtJo'2 f(cosx)dx
(d) none of these
24. ABCD is cyclic quadrilateral, orthocentres of ABCD, AACD, AABD, AABC are respectively P, Q, R, Sthen (a) PQRS is cyclic quadrilateral (b) Area quad. PQRS = Area quad. ABCD (c) APQR=AABC (d) none of these 25. Triangle ABC is rightangled at point A, radii of described circles are r,, rv rv given that r2 = 2, r3 = 3 then which of the following hold (a) a = 5 (b) r, = 6 c) r = 1 (d) none of these 26. Three vectors of equal magnitude ^ 2 are equally
19. From origin O, normal is drawn to plane ax + by + cz  p2 and foot of normal is If OQ = p then coordinates of Q are given by (a) (ap, bp, cp) (b) (a, b, c)
MATHEMATICS TODAY  JANUARY '07
73
inclined with each other at angle 8, these vectors are adjoining edges of a parallelopied then (a) volume of parallelopied is 2Jl (l  cos 0}yll + 2 cos 0 (b) volume of parallelopied is <0 27. x* (a) (b) (c) (d) ee(o,f) jsecj^
(a) there exists J , e I 0, — such that fix) increases in C « w (b) there exists xl e 0, —  such that fix) decreases in 71 '
(d) none of these fix) > 0 for > 0 and fixy) = fix) . fiy) and for 1, fix) * 1 then which of the following hold fix) = x1 where k e real, k* 0 fix) is continuous for x > 0 fix) is bijective for x e (0, none of these 2 for xe\ 0 28. / ( * ) = then which of 2 2
l + x
(c) local minima exists at two points in (d) local maxima & global maxima coincide ANSWERS (c) 3. (d) (b) 7. (c) (a) 11. (c) (d) 15. (c) (b) 19. (b) (a,b,c) 23. (a,b,c) (a,c) 27. (a,b,c)
^
tan
(x)
the following holds
13. 17. 21. 25.
(b) (d) (a) (b) (a) (a,b,c) (a,b,c)
2. 6.
10.
14. 18. 22. 26.
4. 8. 12. 16. 20. 24. 28.
(a) (b) (a) (a,b,c) (c) (a,b,c) (d) •
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MATHEMATICS TODAY  J N A Y '07 AUR
PRACTICE PAPER
IITJEE 2007
PAPER  II
Section  1 Read the following passage carefully and give the answers. (Q.No. 1 to 20) Passage  1 : S = ax2 + 2hxy + by2 + 2gx + 2fy + c is general expression of second degree is x and y and S = 0 is general second degree equation is x and y. Solving quadratic equation : ax2 + 2(hy + g)x + by2 + 2fy + c = 0, a * 0 _{hy + g)±yl(h
2
4. x2 — 2xy + 4yi — 4x — Sy+l6 = 0 represents (a) pair of lines (b) point (c) ellipse (d) None of these 5. 3x2  6xy + 3 /  1 Ox + 1 Oy + 15 = 0 represents (a) pair of parallel line (b) parabola (c) point (d) None of these 6. Pair of lines Lv Z,2 is ax2 + 2hxy + by2 = 0 and Lv Lt is (a + k) x2 + 2hxy + (b + k) y2 = 0 for k 6 R  {0} are (a) angle bisector of each other (b) angle between Lv L3 is same as angle between Lv L4 (c) angle between Lv L4 is same as angle between Lv L3 (d) none of these 7. x3 + kx2y + kxy2 = 0 represents three distinct lines passing through origin then value of k is given by interval (a) [  1 , 3 ] (b) R — [—1,3] (c) R — {—1, 3} (d) none of these
 ab)y2
 l{af  gh)y + g 2 ~ ac
a Discriminent of expression within the square root is 4a(abc + 2fgh  af  bg2  ch2) Solving quadratic equation by2 + 2(hx +f)y + ax2 + 2gx + e = 0, b*0 (hx + f)+y](h2ab)x22{bghf)+ b f2bc
8. fgh * 0, 2hxy + 2gx + 2fy + c = 0 represents a Discriminent of expression within the square root is hyperbola then 2 2 4b(abc + 2fgh  a f  b g  ch ). (a) 2fg = ch If abe + 2 f g h — af — bg2 — ch2 = V and h2ab = \ then (b) 2 \ f g * e h values of V and A, determine the geometry of (c) no conclusion can be drawn
5 = 0
(d) none of these 9. fgh * 0,2hxy + 2gx + 2fy + e = 0 represent a hyperbola then equation of its conjugate hyperbola is 4Jg (a) 2hxy + 2gx + 2fy +  c = 0 h 2Jg_ (b) 2hxy + 2gx + 2fy + • c = 0 h 2 fg (c) hxy + gx +fy + — = 0 (d) none of these Passage  2 : ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral for ABCD, AACD, AABD, AABC the orthocentres are P, Q, R, S respectively and Gv Gv G}, G4 are their centroids respectively.
1. ax2 + 2hxy + by2 + 2gx + 2Jy + c = 0 represents pair of lines and its line members intersect at a point on j'axis other then origin, then (a) (b) (c) (d) bg = hf a n d / 2 = be bg = hf* 0 a n d / 2 = be * 0 h2<ab and f2 = be none of these
2. 2x2 — 4xy + Sy2 — 8x — 4y + 25 = 0 represents (a) pair of lines (b) point (c) ellipse (d) none of these 3. 4x2  12xy + 1 5 /  8x  12y + 28 = 0 represents (a) pair of lines (b) point (c) ellipse" (d) none of these
Contributed by Prof. S.S. Dahiya (Director), DOON Ace Education Pvt. Ltd.
M A T H E M A T I C S TODAY  JANUARY '0?
75
10. (a) (c) 11. (a) (c)
Quadrilateral PQRS is parallelogram (b) cyclic quadrilateral trapezium (d) none of these Quadrilateral G,G 2 G 3 G 4 is parallelogram (b) cyclic quadrilateral trapezium (d) none of these
(b) number of nuclei of element A will be less than number of nuclei of element B only for some time (c) no conclusion can be drawn (d) none of these 19. Ratio of rate of disintegeration of number of nuclei of A and B at any time t is (a)
X, F
12. Quadrilateral BCQR is (a) parallelogram (b) cyclic quadrilateral (c) trapezium (d) none of these 13. Radii of circumcircles of AABC, APQR, AG, G2 G3 are respectively Rt, R2, R} then which of the following is true (a) R^R^R, (b) R2>R >R} (c) Rt = R2 = 3R } (d) none of these
PQRS (a)
3
(b)
2 X,
(c) cannot be determined (d) none of these 2 20. At time ^ hours the percentage of number of nuclei left (for elements) is (a) 25% (c) 37% (b) 1 3 : 9 % (d) none of these
14. Area of quadrilateral ABCD i s / f p area of quadrilateral is A„ area of quadrilateral G, G2 G3 G4 is A3 then
AI>A2>A1 A{=A2 = 9A3 (b) A2>A,>A3
Section  II Match the following. (Q.No. 21 & 22) 21. ColumnI ColumnII (a) equation x3—3x+l=0 has (i) exactly two real roots (b) jc3—3x2+2x—1320 = 0 has(ii) three integeral roots (c) *3+3x2—4 = 0 has (d) (jc—4)4+(at—10)" = 162 22. ColumnI
(a) s i n  1 a/4—jc +
(c) 15. (a) (b) (c) (d)
(d) none of these
In quadrilateral ABCD if ZBCD = 90° then point P coincides with point C point R coincides with point A point Q coincides with point D none of these
(iii) three irrational roots (iv) only one real root ColumnII (i) 1<i<1
(e) (x2) 2 +3[x2+2 = 0 has (v) No real root
Passage  3 : Nuclei of elements A and B undergo radioactive decay with constants A., and X2 respectively. Initially number of their nuclei are in the ratio 2 : 1 and after an hour ratio of their nuclei are in the ratio 3 : 2, knowing that rate of disintegeration is proportional to the number of nuclei present there result differential equations of order one and degree one, and solution of the equation gives relation of number of nuclei present at that time. 16. Approximate time in which number of nuclei present for element A and B are equal is (a) 2 hours (c) 15 hours (a) (b) 24 hours (d) none of these
(ii)
(iii) * < 0 (d) cos" (8x  8* + ]) =2jt+4 cos'(x) f \ 1 1 (e) cos IVT+ x ' l tan"1 (x) = 0
1 4 2
(iv) 0 < * < 1
17. Which of the following hold
\>\
(v) none of these
13 (b) X, X, =—— approximately 2 150 (c) : \ cannot be determined (d) None of these 18. At an instance number of nuclei of elements A and B become equal then further a) number of nuclei of element A will be less than number of nuclei of element B. 76
Section • III Read the passage and a n s w e r Q. No. 23 and Q. No. 24. Two statements are given, one st* ta * ; c Assertion (A), the other statements is Reason (R). Select the correct choice for these statements as per following.
M A T H E M A T I C S T O D A Y FEBRUARY'07
Choice (A) and Reason Choice (B) but Reason (A). Choice (C) Choice (D)
: Both Assertion (A) & Reason (R) are true (R) is feasible explanation of Assertion (A). : Both Assertion (A) & Reason (R) are true (R) is not proper explanation of Assertion : Assertion (A) is true, Reason (R) is false. : Assertion (A) is false, Reason (R) is true.
, 15 15x21 15x21x27 T Conclusion I : 1 + — + . + „ , , — — = 3 2 8 8x16 8 x 16^x 24 Conclusion II : 0 < x < 1, in (l + jc)T , first negative term is 15th term of the expansion. Read the passage and answer Q. No. 27 to Q. No. 28. In the following statement is given, the given statement may or may not be derived using step (J), may or may not be derived using step (K). Select out the answer as per following: Choice (A) : Given statement can be derived using step (J) only and not by step (K). Choice (B) : Given statement can be derived using step (K) only and not by step (J). Choice (C) : Given statement can be derived using step (J) or step (K). Choice (D): Given statement can be derived neither by step (J) nor by step (K). 27. Statement: 2/J+I,^ 217+1/! . Step (J): k1c,r1 ' k\f . Step (K): (l +xfn+]
2 +]
23. Assertion (A): Function/!*) is given by determinant of order n whose elements a„ = \ 7 ' ~ { then roots [ 1 for i * j of equation J[x) = 0 are 1 , 1 , 1, ..., 1 , 1  n 1 is root repeated (n — 1) times and one root is 1 — n Reason (R) : In determinant of order n, for x = a all the rows or all the columns because identical then (x  a) is factor of the determinant (n  1) times 24. Assertion (A) : a > 0,
fm1
K] = \ l x m ~ x ( a  x ) ' ~ x d x ,
K2 = J "
(1 +
T—dt tf
then K, = a"'"'. K, at 1+/ or t = x ax
.+(y2"+ic0=2"c„ _ kfi
2n+1r c
Reason (R): Put x =
Read the passage and answer Q. No. 25 to Q. No. 26. Using given statement, conclusion I may or may not be derived, conclusion II may or may not be derived. Select the answer as per following Choice (A) : Using the given statement only conclusion i can be derived. Choice (B) : Using the given statement only conclusion II can be derived. Choice (C) : Using the given statement both conclusion I and conclusion II can be derived. Choice (D) : Using the given statement neither conclusion I nor conclusion II can be derived. 25. Statement: In AABC, tan A, tan B, tan C are distinct values in A.P. 7t Jt T Conclusion 1 :  ~ < D < — 3 2 Conclusion II : One angle less than — and other two Tt 71 3 angles lie between — and ~ 26. Statement: n G R,  1 < / < 1, (i+fy=i+„,+^?zi)f2+
' 2!
" C0 +
2 +l
" C]x+.
2.1+I
Put x = i where /' = VT 0, 28. Statement: X,,, \ A,, real and X} + X lie X,a + X2b+X3rO then points P(r), A(a) on a line Step (J) : Equation of line passing through point A(a) and B(b) is r=b + X(ba) Step (K): Point P(r) divides segment joining A(a) and B(b) in ratio p : q then ( pbr + qa p+q ANSWERS 2. (d) 4. (b) 3. (b) 6. (b,c) 7. (b) 8. (b) 10. (b) 11. (b) 12. (a) (a). 14. (c) 15. (a,b) 16. (b) (c) (a,b) 18. (a) 19. Cb) 20. (b) 21. (a)>(iii), (b)>(iv), (c)>(ii), (d)^(i), (e)>(v) 22. (a)>(v), (b)>(iv), (c)>(i), (d)^(ii), (e)>(iii) 5. 9. 13. 17. (b) (d) 23. (a) 27. (a) 24. (a) 28. (c) 25. (c) 26. (c) 1.
MATHEMATICS TODAY FEBRUARY'07
77
Solved Paper
1. If a = 2i + 3jk, b =i + 2j5k, c=3i + 5jk ,
then a vector perpendicular to a and in the plane containing b and c is (a)  1 7 / + 2 1 j91k (c) —17/ — 21 j + 91k 2. (b) 17? + 21 j\23k
8.
The conjugate of the complex number (b) 1 + / (d)  1  /
 is
(a) 1  / (c)  I + I
(d) —17/ — 21 ]91k
9. ABC is a triangle with jA = 30° , 5 C = 10 cms. Tlie area of the circumcircle of the triangle is
(a) IOOtt s q . c m s (b) 5 sq. c m s
OA and BO are two vectors of magnitudes 5 and (b) 15 (c) 15 (d) 15^3
6 respectively. If j BOA = 60°, then OA OB is equal to (a) 0 3. A vector perpendicular to the plane containing the points A( 1, 1, 2), B(2, 0, 1), C(0, 2, 1) is (a) 4/ + 8 j  4 k (c) 3 / + j + 2k
4
(c) 25 sq. cms
... 100* (d)   sq. cms
10. If sin 36 = sin 0, how many solutions exist such that 2n < 0 < 2n ? (a) 8 (b) 9 (c) 5 (d) 7 11. A graph G has 'in vertices of odd degree and '»' vertices of even degree. Then which of the following statements is necessarily true ? (a) m + n is an odd number (b) m + n is an even number (c) n + 1 is an even number (d) m + 1 is an odd number 12. If P is any point on the ellipse   + j ~ = 1, and S
x2 y2
(b) Si+4j + 4k (d) i+jk I
" ' ( 3 «  1 ) ( 3 k + 2)

2 • 5 + 5 • 8 + 8 • 11 +
6«4 n
(a)
<b> 6n + 3 (d) 6„T4 's
6n + 4 5.
1 The ninth term of the expansion \ ^ x " ' 2 x j 1 (b) 512x9 1 (d) 256•x"
1
l (a) 512x9 1 (c) 256x8 6. The solution of tan 1 (c) V3
and S' are the foci, then PS + PS' = (a) 4 (b) 8 (c) 10 13. The value of sin 2 cos V5 (a)
S
(d) 12
x + 2cot ' x I ( > 73
b
2n •
(b)
x2 V2
2JS
(c)
4V5
2V5 (d) ~
(d) V3
7. sin 2 17.5° + sin2 72.5° is equal to (a) cos2 90° (b) tan2 45° 2 (c) cos 30° (d) sin2 45°
MATHEMATICS TODAY FEBRUARY'07
14. If —  ~ = 1 is a hyperbola, then which of the 36 k~ following statements can be true ? (a) (3, 1) lies on the hyperbola (b) (3, 1) lies on the hyperbola (c) (10, 4) lies on the hyperbola (d) (5, 2) lies on the hyperbola 65
15. The focus of the parabola is (a) (c) 1 3 '2 J I 3 3'2 (13 (b) i 3' 2 W (d) 1 _1 3' 2 2 0 2 a and B is
(d) pq (x  p) (x  q) 21. The imaginary part of i' is (a) 0 (b) 1 (c) 2 22. The amplitude of (1 + if is 3C T 3n 57t (b) (C) (a) T ~4~ ~4~ (d)  1 5tt
l 1 1 " "4 16. If A = 2 1  3 ,10J? =  5 1 1 1 l
(d)
2 3
23. ABC is a triangle. G is the centroid. D is the mid point of BC. If A = (2, 3) and G = (7, 5), then the point D is (a) f,4j (b) l y , 6 1 (c) (b)J9
the inverse of A, then the value of a is (a) 2 (b)0 (c) 5 (d) 4
0
11 u
2'2
(d)
x
16
. . ,. t a n ( x '  l ) . . 24. lim— s —— is equal to Jt>i x  1 (a) 2 (c)  2 25. If
.V = 2 logx
17. If A= x 5 0 9 values of x are (a) 0, +12, 12 (c) 0 , 4 ,  4 1 2 If A = 0 2 _3  2 "5 l (a) f
1 is singular, then the possible x (b) 0, 1,  1 (d) 0, 5,  5 2  3 , then A adj (A) 4 "5 0 0" (b)
*
(b) (d) , then ax is (b) 2'0g rlog2 (d)
2 log* (a) fogs 2 i°g* (c) 26. 721"875 is equal to (a) log735 (b)5
1 5 1 1 1 5 "8 0 0" 0 8 0 0 0 8
0 5 0 0 0 5 "0 0 0" 0 0 0 0 0 0
(c) 25
(d) log725
(c)
(d)
27. In the group ( C , ® l 5 ) , where G = {3, 6, 9, 12}, ®15 is multiplication modulo 15, the identity element is (a) 3 (b) 6 (c) 12 (d) 9 28. A group (G, *) has 10 elements. The minimum number of elements of G, which are their own inverses is (a) 2 (b) 1 (c) 9 (d) 0 29. If a and b are vectors such that
19. I f f : R~>R is defined by f ( x ) = x, then, (a) f~](x) =  x (b) /""'(*) =
(c) the function /"'(x) does not exist 1 (d) / " ' ( * ) = ix p
p
q
\a + b\=\ab\, then the angle between a and b is (a) 120° (b) 60° (c) 90° (d) 30° 30. (a) ,3x2 + 1 is equal to x 6x+8
3
20. The value of \ p q x (a) x(xp)(xq) (b) (x p)(xq) (x + p + q) (c) (p  q) (x q) (x p) 66
l32(x  4 ) 2 ( x  2 ) 49 13_ b ( ) 2(x4) 2(x2) +
MATHEMATICS TODAY FEBRUARY'07
(c) (d)
49 2(jc4) 49 2(x4)
13 2(x2) 13 2(x2)
(c) (5,1)
(d) (1,5)
31. The number of common tangents to the circles x2 + / = 4 and x2 + y2  6x  8j>  24 = 0 is, (a) 3 (b) 4 (c) 2 (d) 1 32. If 3x + y + k = 0 is a tangent to the circle x2 + y2 = 10, the values of k are, (a) ± 7 (b) ± 5 (c) ± 10 (d) ± 9 33. The negation of the proposition "If 2 is prime, then 3 is odd" is (a) if 2 is not prime then 3 is not odd (b) 2 is prime and 3 is not odd (c) 2 is not prime and 3 is odd (d) if 2 is not prime then 3 is odd 34. The equation of two circles which touch the Faxis at (0, 3) and make an intercept of 8 units on Xaxis are (a) x2 + y 2 ± lOx  6y + 9 = 0 (b) x2 + y2 ± 6*  lOy + 9 = 0 (c) x2 + y28x ± )0y + 9 = 0 (d) x2 + y2 + lOx ± 6y + 9 = 0 35. The orthocentre of the triangle with vertices ,4(0,0), s f 0 ,  ] , C (  5 , 0 ) i s (a)
39. The area enclosed by the pair of lines xy = 0, the line x  4 = 0 and y + 5 = 0 is (a) 20 sq. units (b) 10 sq. units 5. (c) . sq. units (d) 0 sq. units 40. If the area of the auxiliary circle of the ellipse x2 v2  y +  j = K« > b) is twice the area of the ellipse, then a' b the eccentricity of the ellipse is (a) ^ 1 (b) J3 f
41. The range in which y = x2+ 6x3 is increasing is (a) x < 3 (b) x > 3 (c) 7 < x < 8 (d) 5 < x < 6 42. The value of the integral J (sin100 x  cos100 x)dx is J (a) 100 100! (b) ( 100 yoo (d) 0
/ \ n ^ Too
( I ' D ^ ( f ' ! ) < c > ( 5 >f) <dH°>°)
36. x 2  6x  6y + 4 = 0, x2 + y2 2x 4y + 3 = 0, 2 x + f + 2kx + 2y + 1 = 0. If the radical centre of the above three circles exists, then which of the following cannot be the value of k ? (a) 2 (b) 1 (c) 5 (d) 4 37. If the circles x 2 + y2  2x  2y  7 = 0 and x2 + y2 + 4x + 2y + k = 0 cut orthogonally, then the length of the common chord of the circles is (a) j f i (b)2 (c) 5 (d)8
43. OA and OB are two roads enclosing an angleof 120°. Zand y start from '£?' at the same time, ^travels along OA with a speed of 4km/hour and Y travels along OB with a speed of 3km/hour. The rate at which the shortest distance between X and Y is increasing after 1 hour is
(a) Jyf km/h (c) 13 km/h 44. If k jx.f(3x)dx 0 (a) 9 (c)  45. The value of
(b) 37 km/h (d) ^ 3 km/h = jt • f(t)dt, then the value o f * is 0 (b) 3 (d) 
38. The coordinates of the foot of the perpendicular drawn from the point (3, 4) on the line 2x.+ y  1 •= 0 is (a) 12 5 , (b) (1,5)
f n ^ g ^ i s 67
MATHEMATICS TODAY  AUR '07 JNAY
(a)
M
2
8
*
+ C
(b) (d)
ta 8 v
"  +C
O
(c) tan4x + C 46. If sec"' 
ta
"i^ +
c
7axis is (a) 16 sq. units , , 32 sq. units (c) y
(b) 32 sq. units ,.. 16 (d) y s q . units
j = a, then ^ is
54. The differential equation of the family of straight lines whose slope is equal to ^intercept is (a) ( x + l ) J 7
«
(c)
x\ yif
St
(d) y+Y
=0
(b) (x + l)~ x+i +1
+y =0
(c)
dy _ x  1 i
dx~y
47. If y  cos 2 —sin 2 then is 2 2. dx~ (a) (c) 9y (b) (d) 9y 3,/Ty
55. The order and degree of the differential equation
dx2 (a) 1,5 (b) 2, (c) 2 , 5
2
(d) 2, 3
1 —cosx for .r * 0 48. If the function / ( * ) H x is [ k for x = 0 continuous at x = 0, then the value of k is (a) 1 (b) 0 (c) \
2
56. The point on the curve j? = x, the tangent at which makes an angle 45° with Xaxis is (a)
J 1
4 '2
(b) (d)
1 L 2*4
(d)  1
49. If 1, (0, to are the cube roots of unity then (1 + C ) (1 + co2) (1 + C 4 (1 + C 8 is equal to O O) O) (a) 1 (b) 0 (c) co2 (d) co 50. If xx=yy, then ^ is (b) y 1 + logx (d) I + logy
, 1 1 (c) [ 2 ' 2
57. The length of the subtangent to the curve x2y2 = a4 at (  a, a) is (a)
2
(b) 2a LA
(c) U (V, a
(d) W
2
(a)
4
58. The number of positive divisors of 252 is (a) 9 (b) 5 (c) 18 (d) 10 59. The remainder obtained when 5124 is divided by 124 is (a) 5 (b) 0 (c) 2 (d) 1 60. Which of the following is not a group with respect to the given operation ? (a) the set of even integers under addition (b) the set of odd integers under addition (c) {0} under addition (d) {1, 1} under multiplication.* ANSWERS
(c) 1 + log
51. The value of \e"(x5 + 5x4 +\)dx is (a) e r • x5 (b) e* • x5 + e* + C x+] 5 (c) e •x +C (d) 5x4 • e* 52. The value of J]
+ ' dx is x21
w
(0
Iog
(fri)+c
x — 1+ J
C
o»
iog
fei)+c
*+
(d) log(x2  1) + c
53. The area bounded by the curve x = 4  y and the 68
1. (d) : Any vector perpendicular to a and in the plane containing ft and c is given by a x ( b x c )
MATHEMATICS TODAY FEBRUARY'07
i bxc
•
j
k
Tr +1
_ n(
~r x "
For (x + o f +1 256* 2n
1 2 5 = 2 3 /  1 4 /  * 3 5 1 ; k 3  1 1 . • 17/  2 1 j91k
Tq = 8 Q(3x)° 6.
» «x(6 xc) = 2
(d): tan ' x + 2cot ' x =
1
23  1 4 :. 2.
=> tan
x + 2tan
1
1
=
2n 2n "3
/
required vector is = 17/ 21 j91k (b) : OA • BO = jai50jcose
2(1/x) tan f x + tan
V \X/
(where 0 is the angle between OA and BO ) = OA OB cos 60° where OA and OB are magnitudes of the vectors = 5 x 6 x ^ = 15. 3. (b) : Vector perpendicular to plane containing AxB+BxC+CxA tan i .3(1,1,2),fj(2,0,l),C(0,2,1)is i
2
/ 2/x S o V x 2x x + 2x 2x x2l j 2tc T
271 T 2n T
2n 3 —x(x +1) (x +l) 2tc 3
2tc
2
j
0
k 2 = i+5j + 2k
1
Now AxB = 1  1 i BxC = 2 j k
0  1
tan i x + x
2
x T
tan
2n 3
= 2i2]
+ Ak
. 2n => tan (—x) = — => tan
_t
_i  tan x tan 
0 2 / Cx A = 0
1
1  k 1 = 5i+j + (A)k
2
271 x =  — =5
j 2
1
=> x = tan(120°) => x = tan(7t60) => x = tan60° => x = J l . 1. (b): sin2 17.5 +sin 2 72.5 = sin2 17.5 + sin2 ( 9 0  1 7 . 5 ) = sin2 17.5 + cos2 17.5= 1 = tan2 45 8.
2 i+r+2/ 11+2/ (d): (1 + 0 i/ iz 1/ 2/ 1 + i _ 2/(1 + /) _ 2/(1 + 0 1  / 1+/ l_(lf l(l)
AxB + BxC + CxA = Si+4j + 4k J_ < > 25
c :
J_ , JL , 58 811
+
1 (3«l)(3w + 2) .  L \3«l 3n + 2^
i_I + I  I 2 5/ V5 1 2 1 3w + 2
ILU V8 117
 U
2/(1 + /) (3«) 6(3n + 2)
_1_
=
l+l
i 1.
3« + 2  2 2(3w + 2) 5. (d): 3x
6n + 4
2x When we expand the given binomial, we get 9 terms, 9th term is the last term.
MATHEMATICS TODAY FEBRUARY'07
Required conjugate is  /  1 9. (a): In AABC, ZA = 30 therefore ZBOC = 60° OB = OC = radius of circle ZOBC = ZOCB = 60° AOBC is an equilateral
B^
69
triangle i.e. having all sides equal therefore radius of circle = 10 cm < so, area of the circle = nr2 = n (10) 2 = 100 n sq.cms. 10. ( d ) : sin30 = sin9 . sin36  sin0 = 0 ' 0
x 36 Now for x 2 > 0 => x 2 > 36 This is true only for point (10, 4) (10, 4) lies on given hyperbola. 15. Question is incomplete. "1  1 1 " 16. (c) : A = 2 1 and B = A~ (Given)
l
2 cos(20) sin(0) = 0 => cos20 • sin0 = 0 => cos20 = 0 or sin 9 = 0, n, 2n V cos20 = c o s ^  J or 0 = 0, n, 2n => => 2 0 =   or 0 = 0,71, 271 9 = ™ or 9 = 0 , 7 1 , 271
"4 1
2 0 2
2" a 3
1 1
 3 , 105 =  5 1
Cn Adj A =
^12
£21 C22
M3 £23 C13=l
C23 =
2
/. Total number of solutions = 7
11. fl>)
12. (d) : The sum of the focal distances of any point on an ellipse is constant and equal to the length of the major axis of the ellipse (i.e. 2a) PS+PS' = 2a (i.e. length of major axis) = 2 x 6 (Here a = 6) = 12. 13. (c) : sin 2 c o s  ' ^
Q l Q2 C 3 3 C!2 =  5 C„ = 4 C 22 = 0 C21 = +2 C 32 = +5 C31=2 4 Adj/4 = 5 1 4 10 5 1 2 0 2 2 0 2 2 0 2 2" a 3_
=
C 33 = 3
2 5 3_ 2' 5 3 "4 5 1 2 0 2 2" 5 3_
Ml = 1(1 + 3) + 1(2 + 3) + 1(2  1) = 4 + 5 + 1 = 10
sin cos  l
Jl
3
1 [ v 2 cos * x = cos >(2x2  1 ) ] "4 10JS = 5 1
sm cos '( 2    l sin • m M l  f l sin sin sin if x2 80 81

= sin cos  i f f [ v cos
1
x = sin ' V l  x 2 ~ \
Alternative Solution : AB = I => 10/15 = 10/ "1 1 1 1 1 " 3 1
X
J 81 V§0 _ 4^5 9 ~ 9 '
0B) = 10/ ' 4 5 1 2 0 2 2" a 3_
=
"10 0 0
0 10 0
0" 0 10
2 1
14. (c) : =>
>2 ~ y = 1 is a hyperbola
• 4 + a  9 = 0 => a = 5 0 17. ( a ) : A = x 0 Therefore \A\ = 0
MATHEMATICS TODAY  JULY '07
x 5 9
16" 7 x is singular matrix.
F>0
2 3 6 xt y 2 x2 1 Now — = —  1 = • * 36 36
70
Ml = 0(5x  63)  x(x2  0) + 16(9x  0) = 0 ~x3 + 144x = 0 => x(x 2  144) = 0 => x(x2  144)= 0 => x = 0 , (x2  144) = 0 => x = 0, x 2 = 144 => x = 0, x = ±12 => x = 0 , +12, 12. "1  2 18. (c) : A = 0 C„ = 8  6 C 2 1 =  (  8 + 4) C31 = +6  4 Qi Adj =
C
2" 3 4
2
3  2
C 12 = (0 + 9) C13 = 0  6 C 22 = 4  6 C 23 =  ( 2 + 6) C 32 =  {  3  0) C 33 = 2  0 C,3
iT
= (x?)[(x2jp2) + 9(xp)] = (x  ?)[(x  />)(x + />) + ?(x  />)] = (x  q)(xp)[x + p + q] = (x  q)(x  p)(x + p + q) 21. (a):A = t logA = log/' => logA = / log / log/f = / log(0 + 0 log/I = /[0 + m/2] log/! = n/2 A = e"7"2 Therefore imaginary part is 0. 22.(d):(l + 05=(V2j ^ = ( ^ ) 5 ( c o s f + /sinJ = (V2)5(cos^+/smf 1
.5
C]2
21 C22 Q>3 C32 Q3 r '2  9  6 2 4 2 2 4 3 2
 2
=
+
4 2 4 2 9 6 4 2 4
2 3 2 2 3 2
=
9
 6
A • Adj A = 0 3
"8 0 0
2
 2
.*. Amplitude =
^
23. (b) : Here (x„ yx) = (2, 3), (p, q) = (7, 5) As G is centroid (P, q) fh+*2+x3 V 3 X] + X2 Xg yi+yi+y?} 3 J 7,
s
= 0
0 8 0 0 8 AiAd[A[)
Alternative Solution: Adj A
Ml
I M = (Adj
AA"
Ml
"8 0 0
+^2 +>3 _ 3
= > 2 + x2 +X3 = 2 1 ,
5
3 + y2 + y3 = 15
= > x 2 + x 3 = 19,
i.f
x\
c
Now Ml = 8 => ,4(Adj
y,+y3=l2
= 8/ =
0
8 0 tan(x l) x—l
:
0 0 8 19. ( c ) : / ( x ) =  x  f ( x ) = x if x > 0 =  x if x < 0 Therefore the function f~\x) x p q
2
(I 4
fo")
1
24. (a) : Km does not exist. lim

2xsec 2_(x 2  l )
. lim 2xsec 2 (x 2 1) = 2 • 1 sec 2 (0)
X
= 2  1  1 = 2. 25. (d) : y = 2ios* ax
26. ( c ) :
20. (b) : P x 1 'p q x = x(x2  q2)  pipx  pq) + qipq  px) = x(x  q)(x + q)  p2(x  q) pq(x  q) = (x  g)[x(x + 4)  p 2  pq] = (x  <?)[x2 + xqp2 MATHEMATICS TODAY FEBRUARY'07
x
x
2
7 21og 7 (5) = 7 l o g 7 ( 5 )
[
v
«i°g a *
=
x
]
= (5)2 = 25. 71
27. (b) : 6 is an identity element of a given group because 3 x 6 = 18 s 3 (mod 15) 6 x 6 = 36 = 6 (mod 15) 9 x 6 = 54 = 9 (mod 15) 12 x 6 = 72 s 12 (mod 15). 28. (b): 1 is the inverse of its own as identiy element is its own inverse. 29. (c): If \a + b\ = \ab\ The a and b are perpendicular to each other Therefore, angle between a and b is 90°. Alternative Solution:  a + b  =  a ~ b j (given) Squaring both sides Ia +
2 2 \b\22ab I a\ + \b\ +2a b =\a\ + => 4 a • b = 0 => a • b = 0 Therefore a and b are perpendicular to each other. So, angle between them is 90°.
31. (b) :x2 + y2~ 4 Cl = centre (0, 0), a, = radius x2 + y2  6x  8y — 24 = 0 C2 = centre (3, 4) a 2 = radius
2 a
....(l) ....(2)
a/9 + 16 24 =
5 C,C2 = V< 3) +(4) 2 a/25 \ + a2 ~ 2 + 1 = 3 CjC 2 > a i + a j In this case, the two circles do not intersect with each other and four common tangents can be drawn to two circles. Two of them are direct common tangents and other two are transverse common tangents. 32. (c) : The line 3x + y + k = 0 touches the circle x2 + y 2 = 10 if the length of the intercept is zero, v = 3x  k where m = 3, c = k length of intercept = 2, io(i+9)r 1+9 0 a2(l + m2)c2 l +m 0
—t°
30. (a): Here the given function is an improper rational function. On dividing we get 18x23 = 3+2 ~2 x'  6x + 8   6x + 8 6x A 18x  23 _ 18a23 _ : x fa + 8 " 2)(.v 4) "" (,v 2) => 18*  23 = A(x  4) + B(x  2) => 1 8 x  2 3 = Ax4A + Bx2B Equating coefficients of x we get A + B= 18 Equating the constant term A 2B = 23 4A + 2 B = 23 Solving (ii) and (iii) 4A + 4B= 72 4^ + 2 5 = 23 2 B =49 B = 49/2 49 3649 13 2 2 2 Substitute the value of A and B in equation (1) . (13/2) (49/2) Thus the answer is i + ~(X~I~2)~ + (x4) A = 18 49 3 + 2(x4) 72 13 2(x  2)' 3x +1
2
...(1) V ' B
!
(.v 4)
V 100il: 2 = 0 => 100 = k2 :. k = ± 10. Alternative Solution: If the line 3x + y + k = 0 is a tangent to the circle ,v2 + y2 10 then the length of the perpendicular from the centre upon the line is equal to the radius of the circle Length of perpendicular from point (x b v,) to the line ax + by + c = 0 is axj +byl+c  TV ,?'' I yja +b !
....(ii)
Here a = 3, b = I, c = k, radius of the circle = ^/fo. Length of perpendicular from (0,0) to a line I 3xO+6xO + ii: 3x + y + k = 0 is
....(iii)
i s
I=^
(0,3)
k = Jioo = ±10.
33. (b): Let p = 2 is prime, q = 3 is odd Given proposition is p —> q and negation is p a ~ q i.e. 2 is prime and 3 is not odd. 34. (a) : From figure r = 5
MATHEMATICS TODAY FEBRUARY'07
of the given options the circle satisfying point (0,3) and having radius 5 is x 2 + y 2 ± lOx  6y + 9 = 0 35. (d) : Let ABC be a triangle whose vertices are ,4(0, 0), B(0, 3/2), C(5, 0) Then s l o p e o f S C Slope of AC =
0  0 0
=> 3x + 2y  3 = 0 ....(iii) Length of perpendicular from the centre C 2 (2,  1 ) of circle (ii) Upon the common chord (iii) is 3(2) + 2 (  l )  3  6  2  3 _  1 1 C7M: J9 4 V(3)2+(2? 1 ^+4 °J\3 Radius of circle (ii) C2P = 74 + 1  1 = ^ 4 = 2 So, the length of the common chord is given by PQ = 2PM = 2\jC',P2 C2M2
= = 5 =
0
= A
So, the equation of the line through A perpendicular to BC is
3y+ 1 Ox = 0 ....(i) and the equation of a line through B perpendcular to AC is ( y  0 ) = •'• Y =
0
••••(»)
The point of intersection of (i) and (ii) is orthocentre which is (0, 0). Therefore, (0, 0) is the orthocentre of a triangle. 36. (c):
2 2
: x2 + y2  6x  6y + 4 = 0
2
(i) (ii) (iii)
52121 = 2. 13 38. (a) : Let P be (x, y) and 2x + y  7 = 0 ...(1) As 1 is perpendicular on 2x+yl —0 (3, 4) and slope of / 2x+yl =Q is  2 r p 2i + j  7 = 0 {:.y =  2 * + 7) A [v /H,/m2 =  l ] therefore slope of line I is
 2
:x + y 2x  4y + 3 = 0 S 3 : x +y
2
1 Equation of line / is (.y  4) = — (x  3) 2>  8 = x  3 > x — 2y — — 5 Solving (i) and (ii) 2x + j = 7 2x  4y =  10 5y = 17=>y = 17/5 Substitute the value of v in x 17 we get, 2x + = 7 5 3517 17 2x = 7 => 2x 5 5 18 18 2x = 5x2 0 39. (a) : xy = 0 y= 0
(0,0)
+ 2kx+ 2y + 1 = 0
redical axis of circle (i) and (ii) is Si  S2 = 0 =>  Ax  2y + 1 = 0 4x + 2y = 1 radical axis of circle (ii) and (iii) is S2S3= 0 => (2  2k) x  6y + 2 = 0 (2 + 2k)x + 6y = 2 For radical centre to exist  4 2 h~2k o ! ^ 0 => 24  4 
....(ii)
(iv)
(v)
From equation (iv) and (v)
# 0 =>204£*0 =>k* 5 = 0 ...(i) ...(ii)
37. (b) : As two circles x2+y22x2yl and x2 + f + 4x + 2y + k = 0 Cut orthogonally Then, 2(g,g 2 +//2) = c, + c2 2((2) + (1)) =  7 + k => 2(3) =  7 + it  6 + 7 = * =» Jt= 1. Equation of common chord is Si~S2 = (x2 +y22x2y + 7)(x2+y2+4x+2y + 6 = 0=>6x + 4y6 = 0
9 17 5' 5 ..(1)
(4.0)
+ \) = 0
6x4y 74
(0,5) >—5
(•>,5)
MATHEMATICS TODAY FEBRUARY'07
Figure formed is a rectangle of length 5 units, breadth = 4 units. Area = 4 x 5 = 20 aq. units. 40. (b) : Theauxillarycircleoftheeliipse is x2 + y2 = a2 Area of this cricle = na 2 na2 = 2 x nab na2 = Eccentricity of ellipse = J 1 41. ( b ) : y ~ x2 + 6x  3 dy jx =  2 x + 6 / = —2x + 6 x > 3. x y + r;y = 1 a b
2 2
2 A /37^' = 237 = > A ' = 437 => rate at which shortest distance /I changes with time = # 7 km/hr. 1 44. (a) : k\xf{3x)dx o Consider l k Jx f (3x)dx o => k ) \ ~ f ( t ) d t o =» £ two = itAm = 9 =j> /t = 9 3 = o \tf{t)dt
.\ a ^ 2b
Let 3x = t dx = dt/3 x = 0 = > / = 0 ; x = l=>f=3
,2
f
4b 2
For v to be increasing y > 0 2x + 6 > 0 => 2x >  6 => * > 6/2 42. ( d ) : jt/2 J = 0 Jt/2 = J 0 It/2 J (sin100xcos!00x)£& o 7t/2 sin 1 0 0 * A  J c o s , 0 0 x < f e 0 it/2 (sinx) 100 A  J (cosx) w o dx 0
101
45. ( d ) : J
1 dx + cos8x 1 , 1 f v  dx = — ("sec" 4.v dx 9 2 J 2 cos 4x tan4x + £
1

1 tan 4x + C 2
46. (a) : sec
(
— = a  y )
1+x ; = sec a 1y
(sinx) cosx 101 = 0 + 0=0
(cosx) H»i
101
.
s , n
it/2 \
y = secalx sec a l+ x 1y
+ x = seca  v(seca) => v(seca) = seca — 1  x — dy _ — [  1 ] = dx sec a sec a — r iz> l+x "1+2 l+ x >;l x+T' 3x
43. (a) : Distance covered by x after time t = 4/ Similarly by 7 after time t = 3t Let shortest distance between x and y = A => v42 = I6/ 2 + 9?2  24/ 2 cos 120° (By cosine law) = 2 5 / 2  24/ 2 f y ) = 25/ 2 + 12^ = 37?2 A after / = lhr is /37 km O dy dx d2y dx

. 2 3x 47. (c) : y = cos   —
s.2 m
i 3x
2 3x cosT 3x1 . 3x\3 2 V Sln 2 / 2
= 2cos'
I,
3x . 3x T s i n T
=
 6
3x1 3x\3 . 3x1 . 3x\3 cosT(CosT)2+s.nT(_sl„_Ji 3x . o 3x cos"sm~
> 3x ? 3x  6 x 3 cos"    s m . — 2 2 9y.
COSX
 — W
48. (c) : S i n c e / ( x ) is continuous at x = 0. Therefore,
A B
l i m / ( x ) = / ( 0 ) =»
X>0
Now Differentiating w.r.t. to t we get 2AA' = 237 / After / = 1 hr
lim Vif _.i v^O
, ^
= k k
x>0
2x
,. sinx lim —— *>o 2x
M A T H E M A T I C S TODAY  JULY 07
75
1 smx ,m 2 x~*o x
k =>  1 = k => it = i 2 2
2

•
2
55. (d) : 1 +
49. (a) : If 1, oo, co are the cube root of unity. Then, 1 + (o + ft)2 = 0 and (o3 = 1.
(1 + 0))(1 + C02)(1 + C04)(1 + CO8)
dx2 (dx Order of above differential equation is 2. degree of above differential equation is 3. 56. (a) : v2 = x 2v  1 => * dx dx _ 1 slope 1 — (given)
, dV
li
d
2
(1 + C0)(<0)(] + (0)(C0) w H0)Ho )(<i>) (O3 • (D3 = 1 • 1 = 1. 50. (d): xv = / Applying log on both sides Differentiate w.r.t. to x
X
2
2
x log.* = y logy
Given slope of tangent = tan 45
1 , X '' 0g
Y=
dy. dx
S y +
1 dv ydx'y
2
A
t
J=
4'*=i
dv dv 1 + logx ) + logx =  O o g y + 1) => d x = y  j ^  51. (b): lex(x5 + 5x4 +1) dx
(i i required point is I j . j 57. (c) : We have x ¥ i a y = — x2 „ dv 2 Vj—
dx
2a4
jex (x5 + 5xi)dx + jex dx N ow since \ex ( / ( x ) + f'(x)dx = exf (x) + C
2a
=> required value is exx5 + ex + C => ex (x5 + 1) + C , x 2 +1 , .x2+ 11 + 1 , 52. (c) : / = j v dx = J dx 1—X  1 X  1
2x 3 v
(a. a)
x\<
= 1 3 4 a • a —a length of subtangent to the curve x 2 y 2 = « 4 at {a, a) is 58. (c) : If T~fjx = j = a.
2 1 1 = J 1 dx + J  r — d x => J — x + 2 J X 1 x 1 => / = x+2v x1 x+.
, !X  1 j + C = X + )Ogj + i X + 1!
c.
53. (c) : 2 x J > / 4  x dx
' 1 Then the total number of positive divisors of a is given by T(a) = (a, + l ) ( a , + I) ... Here a = 252 = 2 2 x 3 2 x 7' a , = 2, a , = 2, a 3 = l 7T(a) = (a, + l )(a 2 + l)(a 3 + 1) = 3 • 3 • 2 = 18.
59. ( a ) : 5 3 = 1 (mod 124) (53)41 = 1 (mod 124) 5 123 = 1 (mod 124) 5 124 = 5 (mod 124) 4 r— 4x8 32 = yV64 = —— =   sq. units. 54. (a) : Equation of line whose slope = y intercept is y = cx + c => v = c(x + 1) (i) Now differentiating w.r.t. x we get dy (ii) 60. (b) : The set of odd integers under addition is not a group as it does not contain an identity element O (under addition). •
FEEDBACK
is valuable t o us and will help us serve you better. Please send your views a t : i n f o @ m t g . i n
required diff. equation (By substituting (ii) in (i)
V dy , ^V , dy =  f v(x + 1n) => J  (( X dx " '' dx .. + 1 )
A  j =0
76
MATHEMATICS TODAY FEBRUARY'07
JIf i p HI
IP1 * I f f ^ ^
V
1. Let X = {n : n is a positive integer, w < 50}. If A = {« e X : « is even} and B = {n z X \ n a multiple of 7}, then what is the number of elements in the smallest subset of^f containing both A and £ ? (a) 28 (b) 29 (c) 32 (d) 35. 2. Let A = {t e N: 12 and / are relatively prime} and B — (t e N :t< 24}. What is ttie number of elements in A n B1 (c) 7 (d) 4. (a) 10 (b)
3. L e t z = COS(TC/8) + i s i n (rc/8) a n d ^ = {z" : n
e
(a) pq + 3 r (c) pq  3 r
(b) pq + r (d) q2lr
8. Let G be an infinite cyclic group and H is il subgroup. Which one of the following is correct? (a) H is not necessarily cyclic (b) H is finite (c) H is infinite (d) H is not necessarily abelian. 9. {e} (a) (b) (c) (d) Let G * {<?} be a group with no subgroup other tha and G. Then which one of the following is correct G is an infinite cyclic group G is a finite cyclic group G is an abelian noncyclic group G is neither abelian nor cyclic.
N}.
Which one of the following is correct? (a) A is not a finite set (b) A contains 12 nonreal complex numbers (c) The number of elements in is 16 (d) A contains no integers. Which one of the following is correct? The equation jc3  266x2  (266)2x + (266)3 = 0 (a) has no multiple roots (b) has exactly one real root (c) has no nonreal roots (d) has no integral roots. 5. What is the sum of the roots of the equation {(x  2)2 + 9} {(x  3)2 + 4} = 0? (a) 5 (b) 10 (c) 13 (d) 18. 6. Let m be a positive integer, m > 2. If a , , a 2 , . . . . a „ are the roots of the equation x  i = 0 , then what is the ™ equation whose roots are P, = a 2 +. a 3 + + a „  ( m  l)a, P2 = a, + a 3 + + a m  ( m  l)a 2 p, = a, +...+ a,_, + a, + , +...+ a m  (m  l)a, Pm = a, + .... + a„_y  { m  l)a„? (a) xm + mm = 0 (b) x*  (  rn)m = 0 m m (c) x + (rn l) = 0 (d) xm  (m  l) m = 0 7. If a , P, y a r e the roots of the equation x 3  p x 2 + qx  r = 0, then what is the value of £ a 2 P?
MATHEMATICS TODAY  JNAY '07 AUR
10. Which one of the following groups is cyclic? (a) Z, 2 x Z9 (b) Z,0 x Z85 (d) Z22 x Z21 x z65. (c) 11. (a) (b) (c) (d) Which one of the following is a group? (N, *), where a * b = a for all a, b e N (Z, *), where a * b = a  b for all a, b e Z (2> *)> where a * b  abll for all a, b e Q (R, *), where a * b = a + b + 1 for all a, b e R.
4.
12. Consider the group (R" and (a, b) G ( c , d ) = (ac, be + element and the inverse of (a, (a) (1, 0) and (a\ bal) (b) (c) (0, 1) and (cr\ bax) (d) 13. (a) (b) (c) (d)
Q), where R* = R\{ 0 d). What are the identit b) respectively? (0, 1) and (<r>, bal) (1, 0) and {cr\ ba~l).
Which one of the following statements is correct' Abelian groups may have nonabelian subgroups Nonabelian groups may have abelian subgroups Cyclic groups may have noncyclic subgroups Noncyclic groups cannot have cyclic subgroups.
14. Let a = (1 3 5 7 11) (2 4 6) 6 S,,. What is the smallest positive integer n such that o" = a 37 ? (a) 3 (b)5 (c) 7 (d) 11. 15. Let (R, +) be an abelian group. If multiplication '' 7
is defined on R by setting a • b = 0 for all a, b <= R, then which one of the following statements is correct? (a) (R, +, •) is not a ring (b) (R, +, •) is a ring, but not commutative (c) (R, +, •) is a commutative ring, but has no unity (d) (R, +, •) is a field. 16. Consider the following assertions : 1. The characteristic of the ring (Z, +, •) is zero 2. For every composite number n , Z„ , the ring of residue classes modulo n, is a field. 3. Z5, the ring of residue classes modulo 5, is an integral domain. 4. The ring of all complex numbers is a field. Which the above assertions are correct ? (a) 1,3 and 4 (b) 1, 2 and 3 (c) 1,2 and 4 (d) 2, 3 and 4. 17. Let F be a finite field with n elements. What is the possible value of N 7 (a) 1 (b) 36 (c) 37 (d) 125. 18. If R is a finite integral domain with n elements, then what is the number of invertible elements under multiplication in R ? (a) 1 (b) n (c) n 1 (d) [«/2] where [•] is the bracket function. 19. If Q, R, C are respectively the fields of rational numbers, real numbers and complex numbers then which one of the following algebraic structures is not a vector space ? (a) R over the field Q (b) R over the field R (c) Q over the field R (d) C over the field C. 20. Let x = (3, 2, 1), y = (2, 4, 1), z = (4, 0,  3 ) and w = (10, 4,  5 ) be vectors in R3, a real vector space. Which one of the following is correct ? (a) 2x + z = w, y + z = w (b) 2x  y = z, y + 2z = w (c) x + 2 = w, 2x + y = z (d) y + 2z = w, x —y = z. 21. If V is the real vector space of all mappings from R to R, V, = [f e V\ f (  x ) = / ( x ) } and V2 = {fcV j / (  x ) =  / ( * ) } , then which one of the following is correct ? (a) neither Vx nor V2 is a subspace of V (b) V, is a subspace of V, but V2 is not a subspace of V (c) Vx is not a subspace of V, but V2 is a subspace of V (d) Both V, and V2 are subspaces of V. 22. Let F[x\ be the ring of polynomials in one variable x over a field F with the relation x" = 0, for a fixed n e N . What is the dimension of F [x] over F ? 78
(a) 1 (c) n
(b) n  1 (d) infinite.
23. Which one of the following is correct ? The set S = {a + ib, c + id) is a basis for the vector space C over R iff (a) ad  be = 0 (b) ad+bc= 0 (c) ad+bc* 0 (d) adbc± 0. 24. Let Fbe the vector space of all 2 x 2 matrices over the field R of real numbers and B
"1 2
0 3
If
T : V —> V is a linear transformation defined by T(A) = AB BA, then what is the dimension of the kernel of r ? (a) 1 (b)2 (c) 3 (d)4. 25. What is the rank of the linear transformation T: R3 R3 defined by T(x, y, z) = (y, 0, z) ? (a) 3 (b) 2 (c) 1 (d)0. 26. Consider the vector space C over R and let T: C—>C be a linear transformation given by T(z) = z . Then which one of the following is correct ? (a) T is oneone, but not onto (b) T is onto, but not oneone (c) T is oneone as well as onto (d) T is neither oneone nor onto. 27. If T is a linear transformation from a real vector space R2 to a real vector space R3 such that T(x, y) = (x  y, y  x, x), then what i s the nullity of T ? (a) 0 (b) 1 (c) 2 (d) 3. 28. If n is a positive integer and A= cos0 sin 9 sinQ cos9 sin «8 cos«9 (c) sin«9 cos«9 sinnO cosn9 then what is A" equal to ? cosw0 (b) sin»0
COSH0
cos«9  s i n « 0 (a)
sin»0 cos«9
sin nQ
(d)  s i n « 9 cos«9
29. If A and B are symmetric matrices of the same order, then which one of the following is not correct ? (a) A + B is a symmetric matrix (b) AB  BA is a symmetric matrix (c) AB + BA is a symmetric matrix (d) A + AT and B + BT are symmetric matrices. 30. If A3 2 satisfies the matrix equation
4 2
MATHEMATICS TODAY  JULY 07
A2  kA + 21 = 0, then what is the value of k ? (a) 0 (b) 1 (c) 2 (d) 3. SOLUTIONS 1. (b) : The number of positive integers < n and divisible where [•] denotes the greatest integer = 25, n{B) = 7
by k is given by function. Accordingly
n
( x  2 ) 2 + 9 = 0 = > x 2  4 x + 13 = 0 Sum of its roots, Sx = 4 = negative of the coefficient of x. Similarly 2nd factor yields (x  3)2 + 4 = 0 =» x2  6x + 13 = 0 Sum of its roots, S2 = 6 = negative of the coefficient of x. Then sum of roots of the original equation = 5, + S2 = 4 + 6 = 10. (b): P(. = a, + otj + ... + a, _,+ a, + j + ... + a m  ( m  l)a,. Observe that in the expression of pf, a ; is missing between a,  i a n d a i + I Now p,. = a , + otj + ... + a , _ , + a i + , + ...+ a m  ma, + a , = (a, + a 2 + ... + a, _, + a ; + a, + , + ... + a j  ma i As a , , a 2 , .... a m are the roots of the equation x™ 1 = 0, we have oc, + o^ + ... + a m = 0 = negative of the coefficient of xm~So p,. = maj Thus the equation whose roots are (m) times the roots of the equation x  1 = 0 is given by replacing x by ™ i.e. 1 = 0.
1 = 0 x
6.
(A)
n(A n B) = 50" = 3. .14. from n(A u B) = n(A) + n(B)  n{A n B) we have n{A u B) = 25 + 7  3 = 29. Pictorially the situation can be described using Venn
diagram. Set of positive integers n < 50 and divisible by 2
,
Set of positive integers n < 50 and divisible by 7
(mr 7.
(m)m=0.
We have to calculate n(A u B) the shaded portion. 2. (b) : One can simply list all the natural numbers t such that 12 and t are relatively prime and t < 24. The possible values o f f are 1, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23 Clearly, they are 8 in number. 1 3. . 71 . . 71 'J (c) : z = cos —+/sin— = e 8
o 5 .71
(c) : Observe that (>P)(?a)=Ia2P
+
IaPy
....(1)
(using Euler's formula, e' e = cos0 + isinS) Now z = e M gives on raising the relation to the 8 th power z8 = e'K = COSTI + zsin7i =  1 . Again squaring we get z16 = 1 so we have z"+16 = z" z16 = z" V n s N Consequently the set A = {z" : n e N) has 16 elements in it. Remark : Another way to interpret the answer is to realize that z16 produces the identity element. 4. x3 => => (c) : Let's put a = 266. Our equation reads ax2  a2x + a3 = 0 => x\x a)  a\x  a) = 0 (x a)(x2  a2) = 0 => (x  a)(x  a)(x + a) = 0 (x  a)\x + a) = 0 :. x = a, a, a. x = 266, 266, 266 thus all the roots are real, the root 266 repeated twice. According the equation has multiple roots, (c) is truethat's just a restatement of the the statement  all roots of the given equation are real. 5. (b) : The equation is {(x2) 2 + 9}{(x3) 2 + 4} = 0 first factor yields
M A T H E M A T I C S TODAY  JULY 07
The above relation can be interpreted thus  when (aP + Py + y a j and (a + P + y) is multiplied, it produces two type of term, a 2 P type and aPy type. The number written below the £ indicate the number of terms of that typeNow a, P, y are the roots of x2  px2 + qx  r = 0 £a = p Sctp = q :. Zapy = aPy = y Now (1) becomes (?aP)(^a)=Sa2p
+
EaPy
(q)(p) = Ea 2 P + 3r :. Ea 2 p = pq  3r 8. (c) : As every subgroup of a cyclic is cyclic, H being a subgroup of the cyclic group G, is cyclic. Hence (a) is incorrect. (b) is also incorrect. To produce a counter example, we can take H = G in particular. As every cyclic group is abelian, H is abelian making (d) incorrect. (c) is correct. In fact the statement is  Every proper subgroup of an infinite cyclic group is infinite. 9. (b) : Recall the theorem that states  A group 79
G = {e} has no proper subgroups iff G is a finite cyclic group of prime order. 10. (c) : If A and B are cyclic group of order m and n respectively, then A x B is cyclic iff m and n are relatively prime. As (12, 9) * 1, (10, 85) * 1, where (a, b) denotes the gcd greatest common divisor of a and b, choice (a) and (b) are ruled out  zl2 x z 9 and z ] 0 x z 85 are not cyclic. (Recall that zn is always cyclic). Between (c) and (d), we rule out (c), for we have in (c) z 4 x z 6 and (4, 6) * 1. Thus z 4 x z25 x z 6 is not cyclic. But in (d) if we take any pair z m and zn, m and n are relatively prime viz., (22, 21) = 1, (22, 65) = 1, (21, 65) = 1 Thus z 22 x z21 x z65 is cyclic. 11. (c) : For a nonempty set G equipped with a binary operation to be group it must show closure and associativity. And there exist the identity element and inverse of each element of G. While (a), (b) and (d) are groups, (c) fails the test, for the inverse of the element 0 e Q doesn't exist. Every other element except 0 possesses an inverse. So the set of all rational numbers don't form a group under the composition a x b  ab!2 for want of invertibility of the element 0 e Q. 12. (d) : Let e = (a, p) be the identity element, then by definition (a, b)(a, p) = (a, b) (aa, ba + p) = (a, b) which on comparison gives aa = a and ba + P = b => a = 1 and b + P = b (Note that a * 0 and o <zR*) a = 1 and P = 0 Thus identity element is (1, 0). Let inverse of (<a, b) be (x, y) then (a, b) • (x, y) = e = (1, 0) (ax, bx + y) = (1, 0) which yields ax =. 1 , bx + y  0, x = arl, y = ba~l. 13. ( b ) : As every subgourp of an abelian group is abelian (a) is incorrect. Cyclic group can have only cyclic groups, thus (c) is incorrect. Also, noncyclic groups may have cyclic subgroup, making (d) incorrect. (b) is correct  S3, a nonabelian group, has a subgroup A 3 which is abelian. 14. (c) : 1st Solution a = (1 3 5.7'.11X2 4 6) € Sn a has been written as a product of two disjoint cycles. Order of cr = least common multiple of length of each disjoint cycle = lcm(5, 3) = 15 "Thus a 1 5 = I Now a 2nd
37
a 37
= (j33 . 04
=
(^11)3 . 0 4 (As cr"1 = a )
= (If  a 4 = a 4 = a 1 1 • a~ 7 = I • ( a  1 ) 7 = (a1)7 =
15. (c) : (R, +, •) is ring, with respect to addition it is abelian and w.r.t. multiplication it is a semigroup. Thus (a) is incorrect. (R, +, •) is commutative (abelian). (b) is also incorrect, (c) is correct  (R, +, •) don't have unity. As having unity element is a necessary condition for a ring to be a field. (Ry +,) is not a field. Thus (d) is also incorrect. 16. (a) : Assertion (1) is true. Assertion (3) is also true  zp is integral domain iff is a prime. Assertion (4) is also true. But assertion (2) is wrong  zn is a field iff n is prime. 17. (c), (d) : I f / i s a finite field with n elements then n is a power of prime. So n = 37 and n  125 = 5 3 both are true. Remark : (c) and (d) are both answers. 18. (c) : R is a finite field. In a field every nonzero element has a multiplicative inverse. Thus the number of invertible elements  n  1. 19. (c) : Every field is a vector space over its subfield. Then R(Q) is a vector space, as Q c R. Again R(R) and C(C) are vector space. But Q(R) is not a vector space. Take for counter example V5 e R, 5 G Q But 5 ^ 5 ss Q.
20. (b) : x = (3, 2,  1 ) , y = (2, 4, 1), z = ( 4 , 0,  3 ) , w  (10, 4,  5 ) 2x + z = 2(3, 2,  1 ) + (4, 0,  3 ) = (6, 4,  2 ) + (4, 0,  3 ) = (10, 4,  5 ) = w y + z  (2, 4, 1) + (4, 0,  3 ) = (6, 4,  2 ) * to 2xy=2(3, 2,  1 )  (2, 4, 1) = (6, 4,  2 )  (2, 4, 1) = (4, 0,  3 ) = z y+2z = (2, 4, 1) + 2(4, 0,  3 ) = ( 2 , 4 , l ) + (8, 0,  6 ) = (10, 4 ,  5 ) = w Thus 2 x  y = z and y + 2z = w. Hence choice (b). Others can be shown to be false. 21. (d) : Let / e Vl and g e Vx and oc, P e R ' Then fix) = fix) and g(x) = g(x) ( a / + Pg)(x) = afix) + Mx) = afix) + pg(x) = (a/+ pg)(x) Then af+ pg g Vl Hence, Vl is a subspace of V. Similarly V2 can be shown to be a subspace of V. 2 2 . (d) : F[x], the ring of polynomials is a vector space over F. Since x" = 0 for a fixed n e TV, general element of i^x] can't be written as a combination of finite polynomials. Thus dimension of is infinite.
M A T H E M A T I C S TODAY  JULY 07
= a
15
v 1 1 = (a ) x
2
15 2
a
7
= (I) x a = a .
2
7
7
Solution
80
23. (d) : C(R) is of dimension two. Thus a + ib and c + id must be linearly independent. i.e. a + ib = X(c + id), X e R But a + ib X(c + id) => a = Xc and b = Xd a c adbc = 0 Dividing we get r = — r b a Thus when adbc * 0, the set S = {a + ib, c + id) is linearly independent. Note that C(C) is of dimension 1. 24. (b) : T(A) = 0 => AB  BA = 0 'a c b "l d 0 2 3 "1 2 'a 0 3 c b d_
(x  y, y  x,  x ) = 0 => xy=0, y  x = 0 and x = 0 Thus x = 0 a n d y = 0, i.e. trivial solution (0, 0) is the only solution. Nullity, therefore, is zero. 28. (d) : A = cos6 sin0 sin6 cos0 sin «0
COSHO
The result is A" =
cos nQ sin«0
It can be proved by induction on n , ., , , A"+ ' = A" • A = cosn© sin«0 sin«0
COSH0
a 2a + 3£n \a + 2c br2d c 2c + 3d\ ~ _ 3c 3d which meansa = a +2c =^c0 ...(i) 2a+3b = b + 2d ...(ii) c = 3c c =0 ...(iii) 2c+3d = 3d ...(iv) In view of (iii), (iv) holds i.e. 3d = 3d (ii) gives 2a + 2b = 2d => a + b = d Our matrix is /. Nullity = 2 Thus dimension of kernel of T is 2. 25. (b) : T : R3 > R3 T(x, y, z) = (y, 0, z) = x(0, 0, 0) + ><1, 0, 0) + z(0, 0, 1) 0 1 Identifying T with, T = 0 0 X y
z
=
cos0 sin0
sin© cosG
cos«9 cos 6 — sin nGsin 0  s i n nQ cos 0  sin 0 cos «0 cos {n +1)0  sin(« +1)0 sin(« +1)0 cos(« + 1)0 cosnG
cosnGsinQ + sin «0 cos 0  sin n0 sin 0 + cos nQ cos 0
'a 0
b d
=
a 0
b a +b
=a
'l 0
0" 1_
+b
"0 1" 0 1_
Thus the truth of A" = truth of A n + 1
T
sin nQ cosnG sin(n +1)0 cos (« +1)0
sin«0
implies the
cos(n +1)0  s i n ( « +1)0
T T
0 0
we have y 0 z
y 0 z
"0 i.e. 0 0
1 0" X 0 0 0 y 1_ z
=
29. (b) : (A + B)  A + B = A + B Thus A + B is symmetric (AB + BA)t = (AB)T + (BA)T = BTAT + ArBT = BA + AB = AB + BA Thus AB + BA is symmetric (A + A7)1 = AT+ (AT)T= AT + A = A + AT Similarly (B + B7)7 = B + BT Thus A + AT and B + BT are symmetric (AB  BA)T = (AB)T  (BA)T = BTAT  ATBT = BA  AB = (AB  BA) Thus AB  BA is skewsymmetric. 30. (b) : A =
 2
Now rank T = rowrank of T = column rank of T Number of nonzero rows in the rowreduced echelon form of T= 2. 26. (c) : T(z) = z
"3 4
2 2
2  2
A2 =
1
324 4(32)
2(32) 22  2  4
Let z = x + iy e C; x, y e R Then T(x + iy) = x — iy Let z, = x, + iyv z 2 = x2 + iy2 Now T(zx)  T(z2) => x, + (Kj = x2 + iy2 => x, = x 2 and yY = y2 As T(z,) = T(Z2) z, = z. function is oneone. Again let a + i(3 a) e C; a, p eR c = z => m = (z) = > z = c = a  z p e C o o Hence every element o) e C has got a preimage in C. Thus / is onto. 27. (a) : Nullity implies T(x, y) = 0
2
2
4 Al + 21 = 1 4 2n 4
"1
4
 2 '
4
+
4 2 0
+2
"1 0 3 4
0" 1 2 2
= A
0 2
Thus A2  A + 21 = 0 on comparing we get k = 1.
Rest of the questions will be published in August 2007 issue
M A T H E M A T I C S TODAY  JULY 07
81
SOLVED PAPER
Max. Marks : 80 1. / If Q denotes the set of all rational numbers and = *Jp 2 " I 2 for any ^
e
Time : 1 1/2 hrs. 7. The number of ways of arranging 8 men and 4 women around a circular table such that no two women can sit together is (a) 8! (b) 4! (c) 8! 4! (d) 7! ?'P4 8. (a) Q If a polygon of n sides has 275 diagonals, then n = 25 (b) 35 (c) 20 (d) 15
Q, then observe the
following statements. 1II. f 17 is real for each — ^ Q
/ [ ^ j is a complex number for each
Which of the following is correct? (a) both I and II are true (b) I is true, II is false (c) I is false, II is true (d) both I and II are false. 2. If / : R R is defined by f i x ) = 1 2cos3x for
9. If ak is the coefficient of xk in the expansion of (1 + x + x 2 )" for k = 0, 1, 2, ...., In then a, + 2a 2 + 3a 3 + ...'+ In a2n = (a) a0 (b) 3" (c) n • 3" (d) n • 3" 10. The sum of the series 3 35 357 + , „ .^+ 48 4812 481216 (a) (c)
each x e R, then the range of / is (a) (1/3,1) (b) [1/3,1] (c) (1,2) (d) [1,2] 3. If / : R — » R and g:R»R are defined by f ( x ) = x [x] and g(x) = [x] for x e R, where [x] is the greatest integer not exceeding x, then for every xeR, /(g(x)) = (a) 4(a) 5. (a) (c) x (b) 0 (c) / ( x ) (d) g(x)
13
®
S  i
3x 1 11. If (x  d)(x b) xa xb then a : b = (a) 1 : 2 (b)  2 : 1 (c) 1 : 3 (d) 3 : 1 12. The c o e f f i c i e n t of xk in the e x p a n s i o n of *2**2 (a) (c) 1 is ,2 , , (b) k\
^ 2 + V5  1 ^ 6  3 ^ 5 +y/l4~6>/5 = 1 (b) 2 (c) 3 (d) 4.
If a* = bv = c2 = d" the value of xf — +  + 1  is Vy z w. log a(abc) (b) l o g a ( b c d ) log h(cda) (d) log c {dab)
kk 2 k\ 1 k k\ 1
 +
^
1
— 
T\
13. (a) (C) 4
6. If Sn = l 3 + 2 3 + .... + « 3 and Tn = 1 + 2 + ... + n then
\
(b) (d)
log3() log e [
(a)
S„=Tj = t2
.
(b) (d)
S„=T2 =
log, ( I )
(c)
48
Tl
14. If a and P are the roots of the a
ifpx2 + qx + r = 0 has roots (a) (c) a + 2b ab + be + ca
1p 1a and then i a p (b) a + b + c (d) ahc
(d)
D
B
22. The locus of the point z = x + iy satisfying z2i = 1 is z + 2i (a) xaxis (b) yaxis (c) y = 2 (d) x = 2 . + 11 =lis 2 2J (d) 1. (c) 2
15. The set of values of x for which the inequalities x2  3x  10 < 0, 1 Oxx 2  16 > 0 hold simultaneously, is (a) (2, 5) (b) (2, 8) .(c) (2, 8) (d) (2, 5). 16. If 1, 2, 3 and 4 are the roots of the equation x 4 + ax2 + bx2 + cx + d = 0, then a + 2b + c = 0 (a)  2 5 (b) 0 (c) 10 (d) 24. 17. If a , P, y are the roots o f x 3 T 2x2 + 3x  4 = 0, then the value of a 2 P 2 + P2y2 + y 2 a 2 is (a) 7 (b)  5 x^ 2 1 4 7 6 (c)  3 (d) 0.
23. A value of n such that (a) 12 (b) 3
24. If 0 lies in the first quadrant and 5tan0 = 4, then 5sin03cos0 sinG + 2cos0 (a) 14 (b) J3_ 14
^ Ya
(d) 0
18. If (a) 0 A
A) =
is a singular matrix, then x = •3 square 0^ 0 Aj (c) 64 (d) 256. then det (Adj A) matrix (d) 3. such that
25. If cos(^  B) = 3/5 and tanA tanB = 2, then which one of the following is true? (a) (c) sin(^ + 5 ) = i cos(^4  5 ) = — (b) sin(^ + S) = (d) cos(A + B) = 1
(b) 1 is
(A
19. If
AAdj
a 0 4 0
1
0 ,0
26. tan 8 0 °  t a n 10°
(a) 27. (a) 0 tan 70° (b) 1 (c) 2 (d) 3
(a)
4
(b) 16
20. The number of nontrivial solutions of the system x  y + z = 0, x + 2y  z = 0, 2x + y + 3z = 0 is (a) 0 (b) 1 (c) 2 (d) 3. 21. If
a
siny4 + s i n 5 = \/3(cos5cos^()=>sin3y4 + sin35 = 0 (b) 2 (c) 1 (d)  1
=
1/73
t h e n the correct m a t c h i n g of List II ( A ) f (B) z'V3 (C) 2//V3
28. If x € (7t, 7t) such that y = 1 + cos x\ + cos 2 x + cos 3 x +... and 8V = 64, t h e n y = (a) 1 (b) 2 (c) 3 (d) 4 29. The value of x where x > 0 and
ListI from ListII is List  1
(i) (ii)
aa arg aa *)
.if 1 tan sec
(a) (b)
= sin(tan (c) 1
1
2) is (d) 2/3.
A
3
(iii)
30. s e c / r ' ( s i n 8 ) =
fi
(a) (c) log tan
<iv> M (
(D) 1 (E) 71/3
2
(b) log s i n (d) log c o t 
0
'2 log cos
correct match is (i) (ii) (iii) (a) D E C (b) D A B (c) F E B
(iv) B F C
31. If two angles of AABC are 45° and 60°, then the ratio of the smallest and the greatest sides are (a) ( J l  l ) : 1 (b) 7 3 : V2 (c) 1 : V3 (d) 7 3 : 1
32. In AABC, (a + i + c ) ( t a n  + t a n  49
MATHEMATICS TODAY FEBRUARY'07
(a) (c)
2c cot 2b cot
(b) 2a cot' C (d) tan 
(b) (c) (d)
Both (A) and (R) are true but (R) is not the correct reason for (A) (A) is true, (R) is false (A) is false, (R) is true.
33. In AABC, with usual notation, observe the two statements given below: (I) r ri r2 r3 = A2 (II) rx r2 + r2 r, + r 3 r, = s2 Which of the following is correct? (a) both I and II are true (b) I is true, II is false (c) I is false, II is true (d) both I and II are false. 34. The angle of elevation of an object from a point P on the level ground is a . Moving d metres on the ground towards the object, the angle of elevation is found to be p. Then the height (in metres) of the object is (a) d t a n a (b) d cotp d d cot a f cotp cot a  c o t p 35. If the points w h o s e position vectors then the value of p is (a) 2 (b) 4 are 2 i + j + k, 6i  j + 2k and 14/  5 j + pk are collinear, (c) 6 (d) 8.
40. Four numbers are chosen at random from {1, 2, 3,..., 40}. The probability that they are not consecutive is 1 4 2469 , 7965 (a) (C) (d) 7969 2470 7969 2470 ( b ) ^ ^ ^ ^ 41. If A and B are mutually exclusive events with P(B) * 1, then P(A\B) = (Here B is the complement of the event B) 1 1 (a) P(B) P7m (b) 1 P(B) (c) PU) P(Bj (d) P(A) lP(B)
42. A bag contains 6 white and 4 black balls. Two balls are drawn at random. The probability that they are of the same colour is (a) 1/15 (b) 2/5 (c) 4/15 (d) 7/15. 43. The mean and standard deviation of a binomial variate X are 4 and ^ (a) (c) 1respectively. Then P(X > 1) = (b) 1
16
r
36. The ratio in which i +2 j + 3 k divides the join of 2i+3j + 5k and l\ k is (a) 1 : 2 (b) 2 : 3 (c) 3 : 4 (d) 1 : 4. 37. If a  i  ] k and b = +Xi3j
4 »
.  1 0
(d)
.fll • 0
+ k and the
A
orthogonal projection of b on a is y ( i  j  k ) , then X= (a) 0 (b) 2 (c) 12 (d)  1 .

44. The probability distribution of a random variable X is given by 0 0.4 1 0.3 2 3 4 0.1 (d) 4.8. P(X = x)
X
38. The volume (in cubic units) of the tetrahedron with edges i + j + k, I  j + k and j +2jk (a) 4 (b) 2/3 (c) 1/6 39. Let a = a^i + a2j + a^k Assertion (A) : The identity \axi\2+\axj\2+\axk\2 = 2\af holds for 5 a}ka3i, Reason (R) : axi = a3j  a2k, ax j = > is (d) 1/3.
The variance of X is (a) 1.76 (b) 2.45
45. In order to eliminate the first degree terms from the equation 2x2 + 4xy + 5y2  4x  22^ + 7 = 0, the point to which origin is to be shifted is (a) ( 1 ,  3 ) (b) (2,3) (c) (  2 , 3 ) (d) (1,3). 46. The angle between the line joining the points (1, 2), (3, 2) and the line x + 2y  7 = 0 is (a) 3i (b) 71/2 (c) ti/3 (d) n/6. 47. lfA(2,  1 ) and B(6, 5) are two points the ratio in which the foot of the perpendicular from (4, 1) to AB divides it, is (a) 8 : 15 (b) 5 : 8 (c)  5 : 8 (d)  8 : 5.
MATHEMATICS TODAY FEBRUARY'07
II
0.1 0.1
(c) 3.2
axk = a2i axj Which of the following is correct? (a) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct reason for (A) 50
48. In the triangle with vertices at A(6, 3), B(6, 3) and C(6, 3), the median through A meets BC at P, the line AC meets the xaxis at Q, while R and S respectively denote the orthocentre and centroid of the triangle. Then the correct matching of the coordinates of points in ListI to ListII is ListI ListII (i) P (ii) Q (iii) R (iv) S (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) (F) (iv) C C C C (0,0) (6, 0) (2, 1) (6, 0) (6,  3 ) (6, 3)
a constant, to have distinct limiting points is (a) c = 0 (b) c < 0 (c) c =  1 (d) c > 0 56. For the parabola y2 + 6y  2x + 5 = 0 (I) The vertex is (2,  3 ) (II) The directrix is y + 3 = 0 Which of the following is correct? (a) both I and II are true (b) I is true, II is false (c) I is false, II is true (d) both I and II are false 57. The value of k if (1, 2), (k  1) are conjugate points with respect to the ellipse 2x2 + 3y2 = 6 is (a) 2 (b) 4 (c) 6 (d) 8. 58. If the line Ix + my = 1 is a normal to the hyperbola 4 a (a) (c) 4 2 = 1 then 4 2  4 2 = b 1 m (b) a2 + b2 a2  b2 2 2 2 (d) (a2  b2)2. (a + b )
(a) (b) (c) (d)
(i) D D D B
(ii) A B A A
(iii) E E F F
49. The angle between formed by joining the x2 + y2 = 4 and y = 3x + c Then c2 = (a) 20 (b) 13
the pair of straight lines points of intersection of to the origin is a right angle. (c) 1/5 (d) 5.
59. The area (in square units) of the triangle formed 7 1 by the points with polar coordinates (1, 0), j f. 2n) and I 3, — I is (a) 60. lim (b) f (c) ^
50. If the lines x 2 + 2xy  35f  4x + 44y  12 = 0 and 5x + Xy  8 = 0 are concurrent, then the value of X is (a) 0 (b) 1 (c)  1 (d) 2. 51. The ratio in which yzplane divides the line segment joining (3, 4, 2), (2, 1, 3) is (a)  4 : 1 (b) 3 : 2 (c)  2 : 3 (d) 1 : 4. 52. The cosine of the angle A of the triangle with vertices ^(1,  1 , 2), B(6, 11, 2), C(l, 2, 6) is (a) 63/65 (b) 36/65 (c) 16/65 (d) 13/64. 53. The equation of the circle of radius 3 that lies in the fourth quadrant and touching the lines x = 0 and y = 0 is (a) x2 + y26x + 6y+ 9 = 0 (b) x 2 + y2  6x  6y + 9 = 0 (c) x 2 + y2 + 6x  6y + 9 = 0 (d) x2 + y2 + 6x + 6y + 9 = 0. 54. The inverse point of (1, 2) with respect to the circle x 2 + y2  4x  6y + 9 = 0 is (a) ( 0 , 0 ) ' (b) (1,0) (c) (0,1) (d)(l,l). 55. The condition for the coaxial system x 2 + y2 + 2Xx + c = 0, where X is a parameter and c is
MATHEMATICS TODAY FEBRUARY'07
x_>0
(a)  1 / 2
2(xsinx) (b) 1/2
(c) 1
(d) 3/2
fx5 for x < l 61. If f ( x ) = < U x 2  9 for 1 < x < 2 3x + 4 for x > 2 then / ' ( 2 + ) = (b) 2 (c) 3 (d) 4 fsin(l + [x]) for [x] * 0 62. If fix) = j>] [0 for [x] = 0 where [x] denotes the greatest integer not exceeding x, then (a)
x>0
(a)
0
lim fix) = (b) 0 (c) 1 (d) 2. dx
1
63. If 2x2  3xy + j 2 + x + 2 y  8 = 0 then (a) 3  4x  1 2^3x + 2 3y4x + l 2y3x2 3 j + 4x + l (b) 2y + 3x + 2 3y4x + l 2_y + 3x + 2
51
64. 2
(a) (b)
(b) (c)
(c)
^(xcos"'jc + V1jc2) + C (XSHT'XVIX2) + C
TT7
177 2 dx2
(d)
(d) = dx (d) 25y. ' (a) (b) (c) (d)
^(xsin~'xWlx2) + C r sinx + 8cosx ^ _ Msinx + 6cosx x + ^Tog(4sin x + 6cosx) + C 2x + log (2sinx + 3cosx)+C x + 2 log(2 sin x + 3cos x) + C  log (4 sin x + 6cosx) + C dx, then l i m / ( 0 = (c) 0 (d)  1
65. x = cosG, y = sin50 => (1 (a) Sy (b) 5y (c) 25y
66. The lengths of tangent, subtangent, normal and subnoramls for the curve y = x2 + x  1 at (1, 1) are A, B, C and D respectively, then their increasing order is (a) B, D, A, C (b) B, A, C, D (c) A, B, C, D (d) B, A, D, C. 67. The condition / ( x ) = x 3 + px2 +qx + r(x e 1 ) to have no extreme value, is (a) p2<3 q (b) 2 , ? < q (C) P2<\q (A)p2>3q.
74. If / ( , ) = (a) 75. 1
In
(b) \
68. The circumference of a circle is measured as 56 cm with an error 0.02 cm. The percentage error in its area is (a) 1/7 (b) 1/28 (c) 1/14 (d) 1/56. 69. Observe the statements given below: Assertion (A) : / ( x ) = xe x has the maximum at x = 1 Reason ( R ) : / ' ( 1 ) = 0 and/"(1) < 0 Which of the following is correct? (a) Both (A) and (R) are true; and (R) is the correct reason for (A) (b) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct reason for (A) (c) (A) is true, (R) is false (d) (A) is false, (R) is true. 70. If z = log (tan x + tan y), then (sin 2x) ~ + (sin2 j ) ^ = ox ay (b) 2 (c) 3 (d) 4
J x sin6 x cos5 x dx (b) Jt/2 (c) 0 (d)  n
(a) 2°Jt
76. The area (in square units) of the region enclosed by the curves y = x2 and y = x 3 is (a) £ (b)  (c) j (d) 1
77. The differential equation obtained by eliminating the arbitrary constants a and b from xy=ae* + be~x is
»
M
dv 78. The solution of (x + y +1)^ = 1 (a) y = (x + 2) + ce* (c) x = (y + 1) +cey (b) y = (* + 2) + ce* (d) x = (y + I f + ce'
(a)
1
71. If
dx = f ( x ) + c, then f ( x ) = e +1 (a) 2 log (e*+ 1) + C (b) log {e2x  1) + C (c) 2 log (e* +1 )  x + C (d) log (e2x + 1) + C
72. =
dy _ y2 79. The solution of ~r; — j is ax xyx (a) ey/x=kx (b) ey/x = ky /x (c) ey/x = kx (d) e~y = ky 80. The solution of ^ + 1= e'*" is dx (a) e<x + y) + x + c = 0 (b) e<*(c) e y
x+
x +c = 0
(a) 52
i(xcos'xVl  x ) + C
2
+ x + c = 0
(d) e
x +
y  x + c = 0
MATHEMATICS TODAY FEBRUARY'07
S O L U T I O N S
=
1+
iy"2
3
2 _3 3 4" _ 2 xa 1 xb 2:1.
q2 for For P < J ~
si y
3x 11. ( b ) : (x_a)(x_b)
V * /
is not real
Hence correct answer is (c). 2. (b) : We have  1 < cos3x <1 Vx e R
2(x  b) + x  a = 3x Constant term : lb  < 3 = 0 or a : b = 12. ( a ) : 1  2x  x = ( l  2 x  x 2 ) x e"
Hence  < f ( x ) < 1 Vx e R :. Range of / = 3. 4. (b) :/(g(x)) = / ( [ x ] ) = [x]  [x] = 0 V x 6 R. (b) : ^2 + V5  ^6  3^5 + ^14  6^5 = ^2 + V5V94,/5 (v V146V5 = 3  V 5 )
By expanding e? and then multiplying we get,
k x*"2 xk'x + —— + —— + x + — Itn2 lt=l ft i 1 1kk Coeff. of x* = I \k k \kjz2
1 + ^ + ^11 12
13. (c):
I_I._L + I._L_I._L 2 2 2 3 23 4 2 4 2
g e
5. = ^ = = => x = y log a A, x = z log a c, x = w loga c?
=iog/i4)=io
m. (i) 1a l^P ' p
14. ( b ) : a + P = — and aP = — a a The quadratic equation whose roots are a ' p is ^ I ' i z a + i ^ x + l z a M  o i t .  „ sz\ 2 , b + 2c , a+b+c n Using (l) x +———x + =0 c c 2 or cx + (b + 2c) x + (a + b + c) = 0 comparing with px2 + qx + r = 0 r— a+ b + c. 15. (d) : x 2  3x  10 < 0 (x + 2Xx  5) < 0 => x e (2, 5) lOx  x 2  1 6 > 0 = > x 2  lOx + 16 < 0 => (x  2 ) (x  8) < 0 => x e (2, 8) x e (  2 , 5 ) n (2, 8) Hence x € (2, 5) which is the given answer.
6.
(c): \ = I r 3 = r=l
S = R
2
3
w2(n + l) 2
_
A
r=1
«(« + !)
a
V N E W.
7. (d) : 8 men can sit round a table in 7 ways Now there are 8 places for 4 women to sit such that no two women can sit together is 8JP4 ways Total number of ways = [7 x g P 4 . 8.
is
(a) : Number of diagonals of polygon of n sides « ^
= 275=>«=25.
9.
(c) : (14x+x2)" = a 0 +a 1 x + fl2x2 + a 3 x 3
+ a2n x2n
Differentiating with respect to x, ax + 2 • a 2 x + 3 • a 3 x 2 + + 2« • a2„ x2"'1 16. ( c ) : x4 + ax3 + bx2 + cx + d = (1 + 2x)(l + x + x2)"~ 1 • n = (xl)(x2)(x3)(x4) Putting x = 1, aj + 2 • a2 + 3 • a3 +...+2n • a2n = 3" • n. = x 4  1 Ox3 + 35x2  50x + 24 a = 10, b = 35,c =  5 0 /. a + 2b + c = 10 35 + 357 10. ( b ) : S = Aliter :  a = 5, = 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 = 10 48 4812 4812 b — S2= 1  2 + 2 3 + 3 4 + 1  3 + 1  4 + 2  4 2 = 35 111 4 j + 12  c = S 3 = 1.2.3 + 1.2.4 + 1.3.4 + 2.3.4 = 50 l(l + 2)(l + 4)f 1 d= S4 S4= 1.2.3.4 = 24 13 and a + 2b + c = 10.
MATHEMATICS TODAY JANUARY'07
53
17. ( a ) : cc + P + y = 2, a p + Py + ya = 3, aPy = 4 a 2 P 2 + P Y + fa? = ( a p + Py + ya) 2  2 a P y ( a + p + y) = 7. 18. (c) : As A is singular matrix, \A\ — 0 Using this x =  3 . 19. ( b ) : \A • Adj A\ = 64 =e> \A\3 = 64 ( v Adj^( = M Ml = 4 and Adj A\ =  1 = 4 2 = 16. 1 1 20. ( a ) : 1 2 2 1 1 1 = 9 * 0 3 = 3)
or
tan 70° = t a n 8 0 °  t a n l 0 ° tan80°tanl0° = 2. tan 70°
27. (a) : siivl + sinB = ^3 (cos B  cos A) => :§cosA + \sinA 2 2 = 2 ^cosB\sinB 2
sin^ +j = s i n [   5 .'. A =  B is a solution Hence sin3^4 + sin3fi = 0. 28. ( b ) : If x G (Jt, 71) and y = 1 + cos x + cos x2 + .. Also 8^ = 64 => j; = 2. 29. ( b ) : => S
tan
.. The given homogeneous system has only one solution which is trivial solution only. 21. ( b ) : " 4  f * ' = lcis f  f } ••• (j) aa = cis^——Jcis— = cis 0 = 1 a = 1 • cis f + 
1 1  I cos
X
I
[sec
.i
~ j = sin(tan
A s x > 0
r
2)
x
2 ^5
,x = 4. ' 3
(iii)
a  a = cis^—^
„„3
3
30. ( d ) : sec// _1 sin0 = cosfc~'(cosec0) = log(cosec 0 + ^ c o s e c 2 0  l ) = log cot ^ 31. ( a ) : Let A = 45°, 5 = 60° Hence C = 105° Required ratio is a : c = sin 4 5 ° : sinl05° = 4 = : : ^ ^ = a/3  1 : 1 A/2 2V2 32. (a): (a + 6 + c)(^tany+ t a n y = 2 f 5 tan 4 + ^ t a n   l = 2 A f + 2 2 l^a s—b  2ccot^ = 2A •(sfl)(s5) 33. (a) : In A AZ?C, A2 = r r, r 2 is true and j 2 = ^ r 2 + r 2 r 3 + r 3 r b is also true Standard results may be proved using the formula for r, r„ r2, r3. 34. (d) : From A ABQ, x = h cot P From A ABP, x + d = h cot a
B
22. (a) : z = x + iy and \z2i\ = \z + 2 i => x2 + (y  2)2 = x2 + (y + 2)2 Locus of P(z) is y = 0 i.e. xaxis. 2 3 . ( a ) : ( 4 4 j = l ^
CW
• «Y
6j
=1
i
only 12 = n, satisfies in the given answers. 24. (a) : 0 lies in 1st quadrant and tan 0 = 4/5 4 5 sin 0 =  = • and cos 0 =  = = V41 V41 5 s i n 0  3 c o s 0 _ _5_ sin0 + 2cos0 14' . . . D , 25. (d) : tan A tan B = 2 v 7 sin A sing _ ^ =2 cosAcosB
cos(AB) _ 3 •'• cos(,4 + 5 ) ~  l (Using componendo and dividendo) since cos (A  B) = 3/5 => cosC4 + B) =  1 / 5 26. ( c ) : tan 70° = tan(80°  1 0 ° ) = tan 8 0 °  t a n 10° 1 +tan 80° tan 10° 54
A
x
Q
d
P
MATHEMATICS TODAY FEBRUARY'07
v d = h (cot a  cot (3) or d h =is the height of the object. cot a  c o t p
43. (b) : Mean = np = 4, variance = npq = 3 « = 16, q=3!4,p= 1/4 P ( x > l ) = l  P ( x = 0) = l   ^ 44. (a): X= x P(X=x) 0 1 0.4 0.3 .3 = l.2 = x = x,)lc2 = 3.201.44 = 1.76 2 0.1 .2 3 4 0.1 0.1 .3 .4
35. (b) : Assuming the given vector are the positive vectors of A, B, C, as A, B, C are collinear AB = XBC => 4i2j + k = X(8/ 4j + (p2)k)
a n d ( p  2 ) i = 1 =>p = 4. 36. (a) : Let the line joining the points with position vectors 2i + 3 j + 5k, li  k be divide in the ratio X : 1 by *i + 2j+3k X(7ik) is i+2 j + 3k
xP(X = x) 0 Mean = J^xlP(X=xl) Variance = ^xfP(X
45. (c): a  2, h = 2, b  5, g =  2 , /  11, c  7 To eliminate 1st degree terms origin is to be shifted to the point hfbg ghqf) _ abh*'abh> J"1 . ' 1 2
+ (2i + 3j + 5k) X+l
On equating the coefficients of ) , X = i Hence 1 : 1 = 1 : 2 . 37. (b) : Orthogonal projection of b on a is  a 2 3
46. (b) : Slopes of the lines are 2+2 » ~ 31 As mx m2 =  1 , the lines are perpendicular.
'
47. (b) : Let P(4, 1) and PD be a 1 r on AB A(2, 1), B(6, 5) Equation of PD is 2x + 3y  1 1 = 0 .'. D divides AB in the ratio Lu : L22 = 10 : 16 = 5 : 8 48. (c): A(6,3), B(6,3), C(6, 3) forms aright angled triangle with ZB = 90° Equation of AC is x = 2y P = Mid point of BC = (6, 0) Q = The point where AC meets xaxis is (0, 0) R = Orthocentre of A ABC = (6, 3) S = Centriod of A ABC = (2, 1) Correct answer is D, A, F, C. 49. (a) ; Homogenising, x2 + y2 = 4 *
( 3XN2 X
=> A, + 2 = 4orA = 2. 38. (b) : Volume of the tetrahedron 1
1
1
2
1 •
1
 i .  i
= — cu. units.
39. ( a ) : a = aj + a j + a3k Assertion : (a xi)2 = {axi){ax'i) Reason : 5 x i = a^j  a2k etc. Both A and R are true and R explain A. 40. (c) : Probability that four of the numbers are not consecutive = 1 37. _ 2469 C,
40
= a\ + a\ etc
or c\x2 + y2)  4(9x2 + y2  6xy) = 0 These lines are ± Coefficient of .x2 + coefficient of y2 = 0 i.e., c2 = 20. 50. (d) : As in problem 45 finding the point oi intersection '4 2 n 3 ' 3 and the lines are concurrent (fj8 = 0
C4
2470'
41. ( d
) :
P(A/B)—^
6
=» C, + C2
4
5
(j
+ X
=>X=2.
42. (d) : Required probability =
MATHEMATICS TODAY AUGUST '07
1_ 15'
51. (b) : KZplane divides the given points in the ratic 5E
x{ : x2 = 3 : 2. 52. (b): Dr's ofAB = 5,12,0 and Dr's of AC = 0 , 3 , 4 c o c 1 _ 5 ( 0 ) + 12(3) + 0 ( 4 ) ^ 3 6 V52 +12 2 V i ^ ^ l F 65" 53. (a) : As the circle touching both the coordinate axes in 4th quadrant of radius 3 units, (x  3)2 + (y + 3)2 = 3 2 or x2 + y2  6x + 6y + 9 = 0. 54. (c): Inverse point of / ^ l , 2) w.r.t. the circle is the foot of the 1 of P on the polar of P. Polar of P i s x + j ' — 1 = 0 Verifying inverse point of P is (0, 1). 55. (d) : For c > 0, the coaxial system of circles x2 + y2 + 2Ax + c = 0 represents a non intersecting coaxial system for which 2 distinct limiting points. 56. I II => ( b ) : j + 6y2x + 5 = 0 =>(y + 3) = 2(x + 3) : Vertex of the parabola is (2,  3 ) = (ft, k) : Equation of the directrix isxh +a = Q 2x + 5 = 0 I is true and II is false.
2 2 2
limf3x +
410^3 x2 ) 0, [x]=  1 ' ,imfl»iO±ML o x»0 ^ [jc] J 1
= 0
62. (b) : x . •• ,
i m / w =
63. (a) : 2x2  3xy + j 2 + x + 2 y  8 = 0 Differentiating with respect to x, 4x3x^3y +2 v ^ +l+2 ^ = 0 dx dx dx dy _ 3 y  4 x  l ~dx~ 2y'Sx + 2' 64. (b): >, = 1 ° g ( i r f ) = ^tan/f'xxtan" 1 x 2 2 <ty_ = \( J dx 2 l  x 2 «
w
tan'x
1 ^ l + x2J dy'dQ dx/dQ
=
x2 1x"' 5 cos 58 sinO
x . 57. (c): Polar of P(l, 2) with respect to ~ + /
_
'
& dx
=
lis dx2
5, = 0 i.e., x + 3y  1 = 0 (1, 2), and (k,  1 ) are conjugate one passes through the polar of the other k  3  1 = 0 or k = 4. 58. (c) : Ix + my + n = 0 is normal to the hyperbola *2 .. a2 b2 _(a2+b2)2 ~ j T  1 then J  rr2 J — nX Z m
2
dy)/dx _ 25sinesin595cos9cos56 d0{dx) </e sin 3 9 (lx
2
) ^  x ^ = 25sin5e =  2 5 j . dx2 dx
66. ( d ) : y = x2 + x  l , (*„;>>,) = 0 , 1) At ( 1 , 1 ) ^ = 3 = m yji+m m _ VTo _
Taking « = l , ^   ^ r I2 m' 59. (b) : Area of
, J.2 ) 2 = (a +Z> 2\2. the triangle formed by Length of tangent =
2 2
(1,0), 2 ,  ) a n d [ 3 , ^ ) i s
Length of subtangent =
= r
5
•2r,r 2 sin(e,e 2 )
= ^  2 s i n f   l + 6sin  s £ sq. units. = lim v 60. (b) : bm— . ' i»o2(xsinx) 1 xsinx
71
Length of normal = k V l + w2 = VTo = C  + 3sin~ Length of subnormal = [yj m\ = 3 = D Increasing order of these B, A, D, C. 67. (a) : / ' ( x ) = 3x2 + 2px + q clearly/'(x) > 0, 4p2 \2q < 0 => p2 < 3q 68. (c) : 5 = 2nr = 56, 85 = 2n8r = 0.02 (given) Area of the circle A = nr2 Percentage eiror in A = ^ j x l O O = 2 x ^ x 1 0 0 = 69. (a) : f(x) = xe~*
MATHEMATICS TODAY  AUGUST '07 63
Sl.(c): A 2 + ) = l i m f / < ^ Z ( 2 ) )
x —z
j
58
/'(*) = e~x xe~\ f"(x) = 2e~" + xe ' /'(1) = 0 and / " ( l ) < 0 A and /J are true and R is the correct reason of A. 70. (b) : z  log (tan x + tan y) sin2xf^ + sin ax dy
or
x^r 1 + 2 ^ = dx dx .
x
+fcf*) = jty *
^ + 2 £ dx2 :
+
x y = o. differential equation is
78. (c)
Given
_ sin 2xsec2 x + sin 2ysec2 y _ tanx + tan y 7M«>: i T T S ' i v k 1
^ + (  l ) x = y +1 is linear dy I.F is ery Solution is xe~" = \(y + \)e'ydy or x =  (y + 1) + cey. 79. (b) : Given differential equation is homogeneous v  1 ^ _ dx • dy dv Putting y = vx ^ =v+ x v x or v = log (vx • k) :. ey/x = ky, k being a constant. 80. (a) : Put x + y = z or dfc dx dz ^ = <" Solution is Je "cfe = fdx ? '
x + e _ ( j c +  v ) + c = 0
) * r.** *
= 21og(ex + l )x + C.
1 1
72. (a) : /tan" ( J j ^ f ) A = \ Jew" * dx (By putting x = cos 29)
= I [ x c o s  X  V l  x J + c,
2
(Integrating, using by parts). + By( 4sinx + 6cosx) dx
e<x + y)  x + c
73. (a) : Write sin x + 8 cos x = A (4 sin x + 6 cos x)
Rajasthan plarrsto set up IIT at Kota
The Rajasthan government has picked Kota to set up IIT for which it has sent a proposal to the Union human resources development ministry. The ministry had approved the setting up of NTs in Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh and Bihar. The Andhra Pradesh government has decided to set up the IIT at Medak while the Bihar government has suggested Patna as the location. A team of officials from the HRD ministry headed by joint secretary Ravi Mathur had visited the state and saw a few locations. The team found that location wise Kota was best suited and had distinct advantage over other contending cities like Jaipur, Udaipur, Ajmer and Jodhpur. The state government earlier had appointed a committee headed by additional chief secretary A.K. Pandey to recommend the location for setting up the IIT. Jaipur, Kota, Udaipur, Ajmer and Jodhpur were shortlisted. The committee found that Jaipur was ideally suited, but setting up the IIT would mean overcrowding the state capital which already has a good education infrastructure. Moreover, availability of 650 acres for the IIT was a problem in Jaipur apart from the drinking water. Bhawani Singh Rajawat, parliamentary secretary, told that Kota, besides the intellectual atmosphere, offers adequate infrastructure! facilities for setting up of I IT. "There is already an IIT connect with the city. Every yearthousands of students from across the country come here for IITJEE coaching."
Equating the coefficient of sin x and cosx, A = l, 8 = .*. Given integral is M (4sinx + 6cosx) + ^(4cosx  6sinx) dx 4sinx + 6cosx
= x + i l o g (4sinx+6cosx) + c. 74. ( a ) : = =
*
0 lim/(/) = 0+1 = 1.
IT.
75. (c): 21 = 2ji J sin6 xcos5 x dx 0
using ]f(x)dx=\f(ax)dx
0 0
= 2 r c x 2 } s i n 6 x c o s 5 x dx
0
2a
a
A
using
J /(*)
=
2
J / t o dx when f{x) = / ( 2 a  x)
o
o
 x).
7 = 0 when f ( x ) = f{2a
76. (a) : Required area J(x2 x>)dx =  4 ^ s q . u n i t s 77. (•) : xy = aex + be* Differentiating with respect to x, 2 times
MATHEMATICS TODAY AUGUST '07
57
Very Similar Practice Paper
By : Vidyalankar Institute*, Mumbai
Parti
Time : 1 hr. Max. Marks : 81 Section I : Straight Objective Type This section contains 9 multiple choice questions numbered 1 to 9. Each question has 4 choices (a), (b), (c) and (d), out of which ONLY ONE is correct. i lim *»« x"+! (n + \)x + n i= (x1)2 (b)
w (d)
(a) 35 cos x  42 cos x (b) 35 cos x + 42 cos5 x (c) 42 cos3 x  35 cos5 x (d)  3 5 cos3 x  42 cos5x 6. If 5 / ( x ) + 3 / f ~ l ~ x + 2 and y = xf(x), then
3
5
3
'
dy is equal to dx (a) 14 (c) 1 7.
(b)  1 (d) 7/8
(a) n(n + 1) (c) n + 1 lim *»o 
I
n(n +1)
2 %
tan^xln(l + 3x)
2. (a,
(C)
(b) 1 (d) 0
3.
Value of lim j n c o s  ^ J j is (b) sin x/x (d) 1 l*~3, T>X 13
+
(a) sin x (c) x/sin x
4. (a) (b) (c) (d) 5.
[ The function /('•*) = \X2
x>l
X<1
l T " T T'
is
:
continuous at x = 1 but not derivable at x = 1 continuous and derivable at x = 1 not derivable at x = 1 not continuous at x = 1 If y = sin x, then ^ ( c °s x)_ j s e q u a j dy
t0
If f i x ) • A— and g'(x) = — —where 0 < x < 1, sin x tanx then in this interval (a) both / ( x ) and g(x) are increasing functions (b) both / ( x ) and g(x) are decreasing functions (c) / ( x ) is an increasing function (d) none of these 8. A square piece of tin of side 18 cm is to be made into a box without top, by cutting a square frQm each corner and folding up the flaps to form the box. The maximum possible volume of the box is given by (in cm2) (a) 420 (b) 338 (c) 432 (d) none of these x has 9. The function / ( * ) = 1 + xtanx (a) one point of minimum in the interval (0, n/2) (b) one point of maximum in the interval (0, n\2) (c) no point of maximum, no point of minimum in the interval (0, n/2) (d) two points of maxima in the interval (0, n/2) Section II : AssertionReason Type This section contains 4 questions numbered 10 to 13. Each question contains STATEMENT1 (Assertion) and STATEMENT2 (Reason). Each question has
* H.O.: Pearl Centre, Senapati Bapat Marg, Dadar (W), Mumbai400 028. Tel.: (022)2430 63 67, 2432 43 42 fax : (022)2422 88 92, website : www.vidyalankar.org, email: iit@vidyalankar.org
58
MATHEMATICS TODAY  AUGUST '07 58
4 choices (a), (b), (c) and (d), out of which ONLY ONE is correct. Of these statement, mark correct choice. (a), Statement  1 and 2 are true and Statement  2 is a correct explanation for Statement 1. (b) Statement  1 and 2 are truer and Statement  2 is not a correct explanation for Statement  1. (c) Statement  1 is true, Statement 2 is false. (d) Statement  1 is false, Statement  2 is true. 10. Statement 1 : Domain of definition of the function f i x ) = e* + sin' 1   1 j + In Jx [x], {where [.]
lnx  1 (In x) 2 2x(lnx  1 ) (c) (lnx) 2 (a) 15. If function g(x) (a) 1 (c) 2
2x(lnxl) (lnx) 2x(lnxl) (d) (lnx) 3 (b) x*, then D ^ x ) ^ _ , is (b) 2ee (d) not defined.
16. The slope of tangent to the curve _ = xe~m at the v point is 
denotes the greatest integer function} is (0,4)  {1,2,3}. Statement 2 : Domain of sin 1 11. Statement 1 : f x(3ellx + 4) „, — —, fix)=j 2e1" [ 0 , x 0 is differentiable at x = 0 " 1 j is (0, 4). (c) 4e (d) can not be find out Mn I9 : Paragraph for Question Nos. 17 to 19 Given a function g which has a derivative g'(x) for every real x and which satisfy g'(0) = 2 and g(x + y) eyg(x) + e'giy) for all x and y 17. The function g(x) is (a) x(2 +xex) (b) x(e x + 1) x (c) 2xe (d) x + lnix+ 1) 18. The range of the function g(x) is (a) R (c) I,oo e (b)
2
x=0
Statement 2 : At x = 0 , / ( x ) is continuous. 12. Statement 1 : fix) = ax3 + bx2 + cx + d sin x, the condition that f i x ) is always oneone function is b2 < 3a(c  \d\). Statement 2 : fix) to be oneone either / is entirely increasing or entirely decreasing. 13. Statement 1 : sin x + cos ax periodic, for all a e R Statement 2 : sin x, cos ax are periodic functions. Section III : Linked Comprehension Type This section contains 2 paragraphs Mj4 l6 and Mi719. Based upon each paragraph, 3 multiple choice questions have to be answered. Each question has 4 choices (a), (b), (c) and (d), out of which one or more than one can be correct. M1416 : Paragraph for Question No. 14 to 16 In calculus the derivative of any function y = fix) is defined as £)/(x) = lim I ^ h l M
(d) [0.OO)
19. The value of Urn g(x) is (a) 0 (b) 1 (c) — o o (d) does not exist Section IV : MatricesMatch Type This section contains 3 questions. Each question contains statements given in two columns which have to be matched, statements (P, Q, R, S) in Column 1 have to be matched with statements (A, B, C, D) in Column II. 20. Column I (P) x + 2Jx x1 (Q) x + 1 (R) 2x3  9x2 + 12x + 6 Column II (A) 38 and 6 (B) 8 and 0 (C) j a n d  1 (D) 2 and  1 Column II (A) 71/2
Now instead of this usual definition of derivative D fix), define a new kind of derivative D*fix), which can be calculated by the formula D * / ( x ) = l i m / 2 ( * + * >  / 2 M , wheref \ x ) = if (x))2. (wo h 14. If f i x ) = j ^ p then D* fix) is
(S)
[x]
21. Column I (P) Period of the function fix) = sin (cos x) + cos (sin x)
58 MATHEMATICS TODAY  AUGUST '07
59
(Q) Period of the function (B) can't be determined / ( x ) = [sin (4.x)] + cos 4x ([.] denotes the greatest integer function) (R) If the function f : R —> R (C) 2 n be such that / ( x ) = nx [ftx], where [.] denotes the greatest function, then the period of the function / ' ( x ) (S) Period of the function f (x) = min {sin x, x} (D) n
(a) ± \ , ± 2 (c) 5. 2.A Let x < 1, then
(b) f , 8
(d)
1
9
,»
n*ca L
limflog(l + x) + log(l + x 2 ) + log(l + x 4 ) + + log(l + x2" )] =
(a) log (1  x) (c) log 6. 1
1—X
(b) log (d) 0
jr , ,. asinxfox + cx2 +x 3 > • c .. 22. If jL = h m — T a n d is finite, —o2x 2 log(l + x )  2 x 3 + x 4 then match the following (P) a + b (A) 0 (Q) c (B) 6 (R) 20 L (C) 12 (S) a (D) 1.5
1 1+x
lim(lcos<:c2j: +2 cosec21 +
+ «cosec!>
2
is
Part II
Section I : Straight Objective Type This section contains 9 multiple choice questions numbered 1 to 9. Each questions has 4 choices (a), (b), (c) and (d), out of which ONLY ONE is correct. f(2h + 2 + h2) /(2) I T / ( A ~ / * 2 + l ) '  / ( ! ) ' ' given that/'(2) = 6 and /'(I) = 4 (a) does not exist (c) is equal to 3/2 2. lim x>0 sinx (b) is equal to 3/2 (d) is equal to 3.
(a) n (b) n (c) 0 (d) 1 7. The values of x for which 2X4 < cos6x + sin4x 1 is / are (a) (o) 8. y= dx
(a
(b) (1, 1) jf) I f a + ^ + c = 0 and 1 x + x~c +1 1 xc+x"+\ 1 x'+x^ +X then (d) {0}
where [.] denotes the greatest integer
) (c) 1 9.
1 {x"+x*+xcf
1 (k) ( x  " + x " 6 + x  c ) 2 (d) 0
function is (a) 1 (c)  1
3.
(b) 0 (d) does not exist
=
lim(ln({x}+[x])) ( " i s
if
f
; x + A
2 + m
+
f { y )
(where [] is the greatest integer function and {} is the fractional part function) (a) 0 (b) 1 and (c) In 2 (d) I n f
v
x, y
/ ' ( 2 ) = 2 then the function y = / ( x ) is (a) y  2x (b) y = x (c) y = 2x +2 (d) y = ± + l
4. The solutions of the quadratic equation (3.r 3) 3 = x + 7, which belongs to the domain of definition of the function y = ^j(x4)x is 58
Section I I : Assertion  Reason Type This section contains 4 questions numbered 10 to 13. Each question contains STATEMENT1 (Assertion) and STATEMENT2 (Reason). Each question has 4 choices (a), (b), (c) and (d), out of which ONLY ONE is correct of these statement, mark correct choice.
MATHEMATICS TODAY  AUGUST '07 60
(a) Statement  1 and 2 are true and Statement  2 is a correct explanation for statement 1. (b) Statement  1 and 2 are true and Statement  2 is not a correct explanation for Statement  1. (c) Statement  1 is true, Statement  2 is false. (d) Statement  1 is false, Statement  2 is true. 10. Statement 1 : I f / : [1, «>) [2, x + Vx / ( x ) = x + —.Then / ' ( * ) = ,
X
(a)
tanfX 41
(b) tan"1 ( A (d) tan" 33
(c) tan
i s given by
15. The abscissae of points on curve y = g(x) where length of subtangent is an even integer (=2n) is (a) n + 1 (b) 2n + 1 (c) 3 n + 1 (d) 4n + 1 16. to y (a) (c) If tangent at x = 1/2 on curve y = / ( x ) is normal = g(x) at x = a , then a equals 12 (b) 14 16 (d) none of these
Statement
2 : f is bijective mapping.
11. Statement 1 : lim—does not exist.
*>0 X
Statement f(x)< [ Statement
2 : LHL and RHL do not exist. 1 x=2
jc>2
Mn _ ;p : Paragraph for question No. 17 to 19 as Consider a function defined in [2, 2] is f(x)={x}, 2 < x <  1 = sgn(x),  1 < x < 1 = {x}, 1 < x < 2 w h e r e {x} denotes the fractional part function 17. The function / ( x ) is continuous at (a) x =  2 (b) x = 3/2 (c) x =  1 (d) all of these 18. The total number of points of discontinuity of / ( x ) in x e [2, 2] are (a) 1 (b) 3 (c) 4 (d) infinite 19. The number of points in x 6 [2, 2], where/(x) is nondifferenti ab le (a) 1 (b) 3 (c) 4 (d) infinite Section IV : MatrixMatch Type This section contains 3 questions. Each question contains statements given in two columns which have to be matched, statements (P, Q, R, S) in Column I have to be matched with statements (A, B, C, D) in Column II. 20. Column I (P) The ratio of altitude to the Column II (A) 1 ^
12. Statement x2 4,
Function
is c o n t i n u o u s at
defined x = 2.
2 : l i m / ( x ) exists. 1 : x  1 1 ([x]{*}), for x * 1 0, for x = 1
13. Statement Let / ( * ) =
then / ( x ) is differentiable at x = 1 (where [.] denotes greatest integer function and {.} denotes fractional part function). Statement 2 : / ' ( 1 + ) = / ' ( 1") = 0 . Section III : Linked Comprehension Type This section contains 2 paragraphs M1416 and MIg /p. Based upon each paragraph, 3 multiple choice questions have to be answered. Each question has 4 choices (a), (b), (c) and (d), out of which ONLY ONE is correct. M]4 ]6: Paragraph for Question Nos. 14 to 16 Let y = f ( x ) be a fourth degree algebraic polynomial function such that
(ii) It cuts >>axis a point where slope of normal is 1/8. (iii) Tangent at x = 2 is parallel to y = 8x + 1. Consider y = g(x) be a quadratic curve touching and cutting y = / ( x ) on xaxis and vaxis respectively. 14. The angle of intersection between the two curves at point where they cut yaxis is
58 MATHEMATICS TODAY  AUGUST '07
radius of the cylinder of maximum value that can be in a given sphere is (Q) The ratio of radius to the (B) altitude of the cone of the greatest volume which can be inscribed in a given sphere is
J2
61
(R) The cone circumscribing of sphere of radius r has the minimum volume if its semi vertical angle is 9 is such that 33 sin 6 = (S) The greatest value of x 3 / if 2x + 3y = 7 and x > 0, y>0. 21. Column I (P) Range of J[sm2x] [cos2x] (Q) Domain of ^
32 (C)  j 
f t \ 2 + cosx (R) f { x ) = —r~. v ' x .smx
3 x
,n
v(C)
'
1 60
(D) 11
In .„,„. cos 3 x (S) / ( x ) =  = f f l ; ln si„3,COsf . T C x<£;x#0
(D) 3
Column II (A) {1, 2, 3} (B) {1} (C) {0,1} (D) {0,1}
(E) can not be continuous
ANSWERS
Part1 1. (b)
6.
(R) Range of ^log(cos(sinx)) (S) Range of [sin x + cos x]
22. Find the value o f / ( 0 ) so that the functions given in column I become continuous at x = 0 in their respective domain. Column I ln(e' ; +2Vx) (P) /(*) tanv/x
+ 2
11. 16. 20.
21.
22.
2. (c) 3. (b) 4. (b) 5. (a) 9. (b) 10. (c) 8. (c) 7 (c) 14. (d) 15. (c) (d) 13. (d) 12. (a) 19. (a) (a) 18. (b) 17. (c) (P) (B);(Q)>(C);(R) * (A); (S) —»(D) (P)  » (D); (Q) > (A); (R) > (B); (S)  » (C) (P) (C); (Q) > (A); (R) (D); (S) > (B)
(d)
Column II x*0 J_ (A) 12 (B) 2
(Q) / ( * ) = * ~ WW706?
^s^;x<0 .
; X >
_ sin x  ln(e* cos x)
PartII 1. (d) 6. (a) 11. (c) 16 (d) 20. (P) 21. (P) 22. (P)
(b) (d) 12. (b) 17. (d) (B); (Q) > (C); (Q) (B); (Q) 7.
2.
3. (c) 8. (d) 13. (a) 18. (b) (A); (R) (A); (R) (A); (R)
4. (c) 9. (d) 14. (b) 19. (c) (D); (S) (D); (S) (C); (S)
5. (c) 10. (d) 15. (d) (C) (B) (D)
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62
MATHEMATICS TODAY  AUGUST '07
SOLVED PAPER
Contd. from previous issue 31. What is the value of the determinant 1 b + c b2 + 1 c + a c2 + 1 a+b (c) abc a2+b2 (d) a + b + c. (a) (a  b)(b  c)(c  a) (b) (a + b)(b + c)(c + a) 32. Under which one of the following conditions does the system of equations x 1 6 ri 4 y _1 2 a4_ z i". have a unique solutions ? (a) for all a BR (b) a = 8 (c) for all a e Z (d) 2 1 2 "1 2 4
(b) if S, is not true, then S2 is also not true (c) S2 is always true and S{ implies S2 if c = 0 (d) both 5'j and S2 imply each other. 37. What is the angle between the two tangents drawn from (1, 0) to the curve y2 + 4x = 0? (a) 30° (b) 45° (c) 60° (d) 90°. 38. If a circle and the rectangular hyperbola xy = c 2 meet in four points th t2, h and ?4, then what is txt2hti equal to ? (a) 1 (b)l (c) 2 (d)2. 39. (2, PQ (a) I f ^ , Q, A, B are (1, 2, 5), (2, 1, 3), (4, 4, 2), 1,  4) respectively, then what is the projection of on AB ? 3 (b) 7/2 (c) 4 (d) 9/2. of the plane which bisects (3,  2 , 1) and (1, 4, 3) at (b) 3x  2y + z + 3 = 0 (d) x  3y + 2z + 2 = 0.
a * 8.
33. Consider the equations 2x + 2y = 1 and 2x—y = 1 over Z3. What is the solution (x, y) ? (a) (1, 1) but not (2, 0) (b) (2, 0) but not (1, 1) (c) both (1, 1) and (2, 0) (d) (1/2, 0). 34. Which one of the following is correct ? For different values of a and b, the straight line given by x(a + 2b) + y(a  3b) = a  b passes through (a) a conjugate point (b) a fixed point (c) the origin (d) none of the above. 35. The line 3x + 2y = 24 meets the vaxis at A and the xaxis at B, and perpendicular bisector of AB meets the line through (0,  1 ) parallel to the xaxis at C. What is the area of the triangle ABC ? (a) 91 square unit (b) 81 square unit (c) 61 square unit (d) 41 square unit. 36. Consider the following statements : 51 : The equation ax2 + 2hxy + by2 + 2gx + 2fy + c = 0 represents a pair of straight lines. 52 : The equation ax2 + 2hxy + by2 = 0 always represents a pair of straight lines passing through the origin. Which one of the following is correct ? (a) if .S'j is true, S2 is always true
58 MATHEMATICS TODAY  AUGUST '07
40. What is the equation the line joining the points right angles ? (a) x  3y + 2z + 3 = 0 (c) x + 4y  3z + 2 = 0
41. What is the equation of the plane which passes through the zaxis and is perpendicular to the line x1 = y +2 = z  3 ? cosQ sin0 0 (a) x + y tan 0 = 0 (b) y + x tan 0 = 0 (c) x cos 0  y sin 0 = 0 (d) x sin 0  y cos 0 = 0 42. A straight line L on the XTplane bisects the angle between OAT and OY. What are the direction cosines of LI (a) <1/^2, 1/72, 0> (c) < 0, 0, 1 > (b) < 1/V2, 1/^2, 0> (d) < 2/3, 2/3, 1/3 >.
43. What is the equation of the cone with vertex at origin and passing through the circle x 2 + y2 = 4, z = 2 ? (a) x2 + / + z2 = 4 (b) x 2 + j 2  z 2 = 0 2 2 2 (c) x + y  z = 2 (d) x 2 + / + z 2 = 2. 44. If a , b , c are nonzero vectors such that 63
(a yb) x c = a x (b x c), then which one of the following is correct ? (a) a and b are collinear (b) a and c are collinear (c) b and c are collinear (d) none of these. 45. Consider the following two statements : S1] : a, b ,c are nonzero, noncoplanar vectors :a bxc r, cxa axb b = —, c [a be] [a b c] [a b c] are noncoplanar. Which one of the following is correct ? (a) Sx implies S2 but S2 does not imply (b) 5] does not imply S2 but S2 implies Sj (c) 5", implies S2 and S2 implies S; (d) 5] does not imply S2 and S2 does not imply Sx. 46. What is the volume of the tetrahedron with vertices at(0, 0 , 0 ) , (1, 1, 1), (2, 1, 1) and (1,2, 1 ) ? (a) 1/6 (b) 1/3 (c) 1/2 (d) 1. 47. If r satisfies the equation r x(i + 2j + k) = i k, then for any scalar m, what is r equal to ? (a) / + m (i + 2j + k) (c) k + m (i + 2j + k) (b) j + m{i+2j (d) ik + k) k). + m (i+2j+
is continuous at x = 0, then what are the values of a and b respectively ? (a)  1 ,  1 (b) 1 ,  1 (c) 2, 1 (d)  2 , 1.
52. Let fix) = x"  x  for real x . / ( x ) is differentiable at the origin if n is equal to which one of the following? (a)  1 (b) 0 (c) any real number (d) any positive integer. 53. What is the maximum value of y = sin 3 x cos x, 0 < x < Jt• ? (a) 3V3/16 (c) 3/16 (b) 3V3/4 (d) 3V3/16.
48. For the triangle OBC, one vertex O is the origin and the position vectors of the other vertices B and C are b and c respectively and a, b, c are the lengths of the sides BC, OB and OC respectively. What is the position vector of the incentre of the triangle OBC ? (a) (c) bb+cc b+c cb + be a+b+c is the b+c a+b+c bb + cc (d) a + b + c' range of the function ,,. (b)
54. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the code given below the lists : List I List II A The function 1. x =  2 x 3  6x2  36x + 7 increases when B The function 2. x = 6 x 3  6x2  36x + 7 is maximum at C The function 3. x <  2 or 1 x> 6  6x2  36x + 7 is minimum at 4.  2 < x < 6 D The function x 3  6x2  36x + 7 decreases when Code : A B C D (a) 4 2 1 3 2 (b) 3 1 4 1 4 (c) 3 2 2 (d) 4 1 3. 55. If 4a + 2b + c  0, then the equation 3ax2 + 2bx + c  0, has at least one real root lying between which of the following ? (a) 0 and 1 (b) 1 and 2 (c) 0 and 2 (d) none of these. 56. Under which one of the following conditions does the functions fix) = {(x2)m sin(x~2)"} x 0, n > 0 and / ( 0 ) = 0 have a derivative at x = 0 ? (a) m > 1/2 (b) 7 > 0 M (c) m > 1/2 (d) m > 1/2. 57. If the tangent to the curve / (x) = x 2 at any point (c, / ( c ) ) is parallel to the line joining the points (a, / ( a ) ) and (6, / (b)) on the curve, then which one the
MATHEMATICS TODAY  AUGUST '07 64
49. What
f i x ) = log2 {(sin x  cos x + 3^2) / a/2 } ? (a) [1, 2] (b) [0, 1] (c) (1, 2)
(d) (0, 1).
3 </> yr i• hx 50. It lim (x + 3 s i n x  x  k s m — ) exists, then what I >0 ~ 1cosx + x"3x is the value of k ? (a)  1 (b) 2 (c) 3 (d)4.
{sin(a + 2)x + sinx}/x, 51. If f i x ) = b, {(x + 3x 2 )" 3  x " 3 } / x 4 58
x<0 x=0 x >0
following is correct ? (a) a, c, b are in A.P. (b) a, c, b are in G.P. (c) a, c, b, are in H.P. (d) a, c, b do not follow definite sequence. 58. What is the maximum area of the rectangle whose sides pass through the angular points of a given rectangle of sides a and b ? (a) (a + b)V2 (b) (a + bf (c) (a2 + b2)/2 (d) (a2 + b2). 59. What is the abscissa of the point at which the tangent to the curve y — e* is parallel to the chord joining the extremities of the curve in the interval [0, 1] ? (a) 1/2 (b) In (1/e) (c) In (e  1) (d) 1/e. 60. What is the subnormal at x = nil on the curve y  x sin x ~ (d)2. (b) 2/n (c) n/2 (a) 1 61. Which one of the following is correct ? The inclined asymptotes of the curve x3  xy2  2xy + 2x  y = 0 are themselves (a) perpendicular (b) parallel (c) inclined at angle ji/3 (d) inclined at an angle n/4. 62. Which one ofthe properties pertaining to the tangent at any point on the curve x2li + y213 = a2/3 is correct ? (a) sum of its intercepts made with the coordinate axes is constant (b) it encloses a triangle of constant area with the coordinate axes (c) length of its portion intercepted between the coordinate axes is constant (d) it always passes through the origin 63. What is the least absolute value of the radius of curvature for the curve y = In x ? (a) 3V3 (b) 2V3 (c) V3/V2 (d) 3^3/2.
? 0
66. What is the volume of solid generated, when the area of the ellipse (x2/9) + (y2/4) = 1 (in the first quadrant) is revolved about y  axis ? (a) 16ji (b) 1271 (c) 8ti (d) 6n. 67. If \xmi\x)"dx= equal to (a) 2 n (b)m Jx"(l  x)pdx, then what is p (c) m + n (d) m/n.
68. What is the area of the region bounded by the curve 2y = 2  3 x  2x2 and the xaxis ? (a) 125/48 square unit (b) 4 square unit (c) 3 square unit (d) 125/24 square unit. x P sinx P cosx where p is a constant, P '
J
69. If f i x ) = 6  1 0
then what is the value of  £ r l f i * ) } at x = 0 ? (a) P (c) p+p3 (b) p+p2 (d) independent of p.
70. What are the order and degree respectively of the differential equation of the family of curves y 2 = 2c (x + ./c ), where c is an arbitrary constant ? (a) 1,1 (b) 1 , 2 (c) 1 , 3 (d) 2, 1. 71. What is the solution of the differential equation + 2J + 2y = 0, with the given conditions v(0) = dx ax 0 and / ( 0 ) = 1 ? (a) y = e~x cos x (b) y = e~' sin x (c) y = (cos x + sin x) er*(d) y = sin x. 72. What is the solution of the differential equation * (1 + ex!y )dx + e ' J f l   V v = 0?
v y)
. „„ • , , *'t 5sinx + 3cosx , 64. What is the value of J ^ ^ (a) 0
X
(a) x + y <?'y = c (c) x  ye*/y = c
(b) y + xe?'y = c (d) none of these.
(b) n/2
(c) 4n
(d) 2n.
65. The maximum value o f / ( x ) , where f{x) = }sin{x(l  x)}dx occurs at which one of the 0 following points ? (b) x = 1 (a) x = 0 (d) none of these (c) x =  1
58 MATHEMATICS TODAY  AUGUST '07
73. The singular solution of the differential equation y=px+fip) will be obtained by eliminating p between the equation y=px +fip) and which one of the following equations ? df dy df n (a) * + ^ = 0 0» dp=x+dp dp dy df di ( d > ±c=P + ^p(c) dx = P 65
74. Consider the following statements in respect of the differential equation 2xy~ 1. 2. 3. =y
2
x
2
The differential equation is a homogeneous equation The curve represented by the differential equation is a family of circles The differential equation of its orthogonal dy _ 2 xy trajectories is
79. A heavy spherical ball of weight Wis on a smooth inclined plane ( a = angle of inclination of the plane to the horizontal). A force of magnitude P is applied through the centre of the ball in order to maintain the ball at rest. What is the value of P I (a) P = 0 ^ 1 +cos 2 cc (c) P = f T s i n a (b) P = W cos a (d) P = 0 ^ 1 +sin 2 a .
Which of the statements given above are correct ? (a) 1 and 2 only (b) 1 and 3 only (c) 2 and 3 only (d) 1, 2 and 3. 75. What are the orthogonal trajectories of the system of curves f f j =f
?
80. The weight of a triangular lamina ABC is 9 g. What is the additional weight to be placed at A so that the new centre of gravity divides the median through A in the ratio 3 : 4 ? (a) 2g (b) 3g (c) 4g (d) 5g 81. Two spheres of radii 6 cm, 3 cm are firmly united. The two spheres are solid and of the same material. What is the distance of the centre of gravity of the whole body from the centre of the larger sphere ? (a) 1 cm (b) 2 cm (c) 3 cm (d) 4 cm. 82. If the angle of friction is X, then what is the greatest height at which a particle can rest inside a hollow sphere of radius a ? (a) a sin A (b) a{\  cos X) (c) a tan X (d) a( 1  sin X). 83. Two points A and B have velocities ux and u2 as shown in the figure above. IfAB = d, what is the angular velocity of A relative to B ?
(a) 9a (y + c)2 = ± 2xm (c) 9a (y + c)3 = 4x2
(b) 9a (y + c)2 = ± 2x2n (d) 9a (y + c)2 = 4x\
76. From a square lamina ABCD whose diagonals meet at O, the triangle AOB is cut and the remaining part is hung up at D, In the position of equilibrium, how much angle does DC make with the vertical ? (a) tan""1 (7/9) (b) tan>(5/9) (c) 45° (d) 30°. 77. A pillar OD is to be pulled down by tying a rope of length / = AB to some point B of the pillar and then pulling the rope with a force F as shown in the figure. F will have maximum moment about O when OB equals to which one of the following ? A (a) Jll (c) 1/3/ (b) //V2 (d) //V3.
(a) (b) (c) (d)
(w, («, («! («,
cos a ,  u2 cos a 2 ) / d cos a ! + u2 cos a 2 y d sin a 1  u2 sin a 2 ) / d sin a , + u2 sin a 2 ) / d .
78. A force F, having magnitude of 10 dyne, is applied on the corner C of a rectangular plate ABCD, as shown in the figure. If AB = 8 cm, AD = 12 cm, then what is the moment of F about A ? (a) 20 (  2 + 3A/3 ) x 10~7 Nm (b) 20 (  2 + 3^3) x 10~5 Nm (c) 20 (2 + 3^3) x 10~7 Nm (d) 20(2 + 3V3)xl0" 5 Nm. 58
84. Two particles are projected vertically upwards from a place at an interval of 2 seconds. If the first and the second particle attain the respective greatest heights Hx and H2 simultaneously, then which one of the following is correct ? (a) ^ = + 72g) (b) ^ = =2. (c) ^HxH2 =2g (d) JHJH,
85. A particle of unit mass is constrained to move in a smooth circular path of radius a with constant speed. If now an additional radial force of magnitude P acts on the particle, how does the kinetic energy (E) of the
MATHEMATICS TODAY  AUGUST '07 66
particle change ? (a) E changes by Pa/2 (c) E changes by Pa/4 (b) E changes by JlPa (d) E changes by 2Pa.
(c) 1 + lny
1 + lny (d)
llny 1lny '
86. A smooth heavy bead moves along a wire, which is bent in a circle of radius a in a vertical plane. The bead starts from rest from the position where the radius to it makes an angle of 60° with the upward vertical. WMt is the velocity of the bead when it reaches the lowest point (the wire is fixed in space) ? (a) ^ (b) ^ a (c) 2 j g a (d)
91. A floppy with 1.44 MB capacity can store the information equivalent to which one of the following? (a) 1.44 x 2 6 bytes (b) 1.44 x 2 10 byte 20 (c) 1.44 x 2 bytes (d) 1.44 x 1024 bytes. 92. Under what conditions of the inputs A and B, will the output in the gates for operations OR and XOR be different ? (a) A = 1, B = 0 (b) A = 0, B = 1 (c) A = 0,B = 0 (d) A = I, B = I. 93. Stetp 1: get A, P Comment: A(i, j) a d B(i, j) are m x n and n x p matrices Step 2 : For i = 1 to m do For j = 1 to p do C (i,j) <— 0 For k = 1 to n do C (i,j) <— X Step 3 : Output C Comment : C = C(i, j) is the product matrix AB of the order m x p What is X in the above algorithm ? (a) C(i, j) + A(i, k) * B(k, j) (b) C(i, j) + A(i, k) * B(J, k) (c) A(i, k) * B(k, j) (d) C(i,j) + A(i,j) * B(i,j). 94. What is the decimal equivalent of the hexadecimal number FF ? (a) 225 (b) 245 (c) 255 (d) 256. 95. Which one is called "coincidence detector" ? (a) OR gate (b) NAND gate (c) NOT gate (d) AND gate. Directions : The following five items consist of two statements, one labelled as the 'Assertion (A), and the other as 'Reason (R)'. You are to examine these two statements carefully and select the answers to these items using the codes given below : Codes : (a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A (b) Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A (c) A is true but R is false (d) A is false but R is true 67
87. A particle is projected with velocity v at an angle (<45 °) to the horizontal and reaches a point on the horizontal distant R from the point of projection. What is the greatest height (h) attained during the path of the projectile ? (a) h = 1
4g
(b) h =
4g
1+
(c) A =
2g
1
(d) h =
2g
1+
88. A particle is executing simple harmonic motion and its displacement from its mean position is given by x = a cos (nt + k), where t denotes the time and a, n, k are positive constants. Under what condition will the speed of the particle be maximum? (a) t  (2p + 1) n/2 n, p being an integer (b) t = (2p + 1 ) ti/2n  (k/n), p being an integer (c) t = (2p + 1) %/2n + (k/n), p being an integer (d) t = pn/n  (k/n), p being an integer. 89. A particle whose weight on the surface of the earth is W, falls to the surface of the earth from a height equal to the diameter 2R of the earth. What is the work done by the earth's attraction ? (a) 2RW (b) 2RW/3 (c) 4RW/3 (d) 1RW/2. 90. What is the value of hm (a) 1 + ln y llny xy  v" ? v <•»; x y 1  In y C5) 1 + lnjy
58 MATHEMATICS TODAY  AUGUST '07
W \ iwr W 96. Let n > 3, n be odd. Assertion (A) : For any i = 1 , 2 , n  1; if (Xj, a 2 a„ are the roots of the equation x "  x'  1 = 0, then (1 + cc,)(l + a 2 ) (1 +a„) = 1. Reason (R) : If a] , a„ are the roots ofthe equation, x "  x  1 = 0, then (1 + a , ) ( l + a 2 ) (1 + a„) = 1. 97. Assertion (A) : There is at least one cyclic group of order 100 which has only 5 subgroups. Reason (R) : A finite cyclic group of order m has a unique subgroup of order n, where n is a divisor of m. reduce it to row echelon form to find the rank of the matrix. 1 2 0 3
0 0
4 6
fl8
a6
Performing R2 —> R2  2RX and R3R, Now if a * 8, p(A) = 3 and p(AB) = 3 Thus rank of the coefficient of matrix (A) and that of augment matrix (AB) is the same. Hence of a * 8, the system has unique solution. 33. (c) :
2x + 2y = \ ....(A). 2xy= 1 ....(B) Subtracting the 2nd from the 1st equation we have 98. Assertion (A) : The function / ( x ) = : is not 1+1 x 3y = 0 differentiable at x = 0. In z3 the solution of the above is y = 0, y = 1. Reason (R) : \ x ] and hence (1 +1 x J) is not differentiable (B) gives at x = 0. 2x = y + 1 y = 0 => 2x = 1 so in z3 we have x = 2 2 99. Assertion (A) : The function y  x /4 is a singular Thus solution is (2, 0) \2 I dv Again y = 1 => 2x = 2, so in z3 we have x = 1  x ^  + y = 0. solution of dx Thus solution is (1, 1). Hence both (1, 1) and (2, 0) are solution. Reason (R): The general solution of the given equation is y = cxc2 and the given solution cannot be obtained 34. (b) : x(a + 2b) + y(a  3b) = a  b by assigning a definite value to c in the general solution. a(x+y  1) + b(2x  3y + 1) = 0 K Jl/2 100. Assertion (A) : Jcos 4 xdx =2 j cos 4 xdx . 0 0 Reason (R) : The integrand is an even function. SOLUTIONS 1 b+c 31. (a): 1 c+ a b2+c2 c2+a2 1 b+c 0 ab 0 ac i?, U, b2 + c2 a2b2 a2c2 R}  R{) The above line represents a family of lines passing through the point of intersection of x + y  1 = 0 and 2x  3y + 1 = 0 _ x v 1 By cross multiplication, 13 21 32 1 x _ y y i 2 3 5 ^ 2 = 3 5 2 3 Thus the point is 5' 5 35. (a) : M is the A (0, 12) midpoint of AB \ 3 J C + 2y = 24 AB : 3x + 2y = 24 \M (4, 6) can be written in doubleintercept / \(8,0)_, B form yfri (13/2,1) mAB = 3/2 Equation of perpendicular bisector is 2x  3y = 2 • 4  3 • 6 = 8  18 = 10 The line 2x  3y + 10 = 0 meets the line y =  1 at 2x  3(l) + 10 = 0 => 2x = 13 i.e. x = 13/2 So the point is (13/2, 1)
8 12
1 a + b a2 + b2 (Applying R2
1 b + c b2 +c2 = (ab)(ac) a+b a+c Taking (a  b) and (a  c) common from 2nd and 3rd row respectively. => (ab)(ac){(a 1 2 32. (d): 2 1 1 2 4 2 a4 is the augmented matrix. Let's + c)(a + b)} = (a  b)(a  c)(c  b) = (a  b)(b  c)(c  a).
C
/
Area of triangle ABC = ~ x CH x AB
MATHEMATICS TODAY  AUGUST '07 68
58
n r
+
7
2
Equation of plane is x — 3y + 2z — 2 — 3(1) + 2 (  l ) = 2  3  2 =  3 . That is, x  3y + 2z + 3 = 0. i z l = 111 = £ Z 1 cos G sin 9 0 Direction of normal to the plane is cos9, sin8, 0. Equation of the required plane is xcos8 + ysine + 0 x z = k But (0, 0, y) lies on the plane => O x cos0 + 0 x sin0 + 0 • y = k :. k = 0 Thus the equation of plane is xcosG + y sinG = 0 => x + >^anG = 0. 41.
(a) :
Area of tvABC =  ( j V l 3 jx(
Wl3)
= 7 x 13 = 91 square units. 36. (a) : S, is not always true. The equation can represent a pair of straight lines if certain conditions are met. But if Sx is true, then S2 is true, for the only difference between the pair of lines given by Sl and S2 is that their point of intersection is different. They both have same slopes. 37. (d) : f = Ax = 4 (  l ) x Comparing with y2 = 4ax, we have a = 1 The equation of the directrix is x = a => x = 1 . We know that directrix is the director circle of the parabola, i.e., the locus of the point of intersection of the perpendicular tangents. /. Angle = 90°. 38. (a) : Let the circle be x2+f + 2gx + 2fy + k=Q A point on xy = c2 is (ct, clt) (ict, clt) lies on locus (1) => c2t2 + ~ f + 2get + 2 / y + k = 0 + 2 fct + c z = 0 . ...(1)
42.
(a) : The dire :ion cosines of the line are l l "
F
'
M ' v r °J
(Recall that cos 45° = " ! = ) .
^ xy plane
43. (b) : Homogenize x2 + y 2 = 4 with the help of z = 2 We have x2 + y2 = 4(z/2)2 = 4 x (22/4) = z2 0. Thus, the cone is x 2 v 2 44. (b) : (a x j ) x c = a x (b x c) (a • c)b  (b • c)a = (5 • c)b  (a • b)c => (bc)a =(ab)c => (a b)c = (ic)5 ...(1) If b is perpendiular to both a and c then the above equation holds for each side becomes zero. But if £ i s not perpendicular to either of them, then a and c are collinear. (1) can be recast in the form f t •c b ab a => c = Xa, X being a scalar.
=> c z r + 2get 3 +kt
c2 The product of roots = /,/2/3/4 = — = c2 39. (a) : Direction ratio of
(2,1,3)
AB = 4  2 , 4  1 , 2 + 4 = 2, 3, 6 Projection of P g on (2  1 ) • 2 + (1  2)3 + (3  5) • 6 AB 2 V2 + 3 + 6' 321326 21 = 3. 7
(4, 4, 2)
Q (1,2, 5 ) ^ ' Pf'
B
Hence a and c are collinear. 45. [5 (c) : a, b, c are nonzero, noncoplanar vectors b c] * 0 (a1, b', c') = bxc [5 be] 1 [3 b (bxc)x(c cxa [a b c] j[bxc cxa axb [a b c] axj]
(2,1,4)
40. ( a ) : (2, 1 ,  1 ) is J2,1,1) the midpoint of the join of (3,  2 , 1) and ( 3 ,  2 , 1) (1,4,  3 ) (1,4,3). Direction ratios of normal to the plane = 3  1 ,  2  4 , 1 + 3 = 2,  6 , 4 So the direction ratio of the normal to the plane is 1,  3 , 2
xa) = (bxc • a)c  (bxc • c)a = (b c a)c(b c c)a = (b c a)c (••• (b c c) = 0)
Now [ a x b
bxc
cxa] c
= (axb)[(b
xc) x
(cxa)]
= (a x b)[b
a]c = [b c a][a b c] 69
70 MATHEMATICS TODAY  AUGUST '07
=> [a' b' c f Thus from (1) and (2) [ 5 ' b' = [a b cf ^ [a b cf 1 [a b c]
and  J 2 •  y / l < sinx  COSX < yf2 =>  V2 + 3>/2 < sinx  cosx + 3V2 < V2 + 3yf2 => 2V2 < sinx  cosx + 3y[2 < 4 ^ 2
= > 2 < 
=5>[a' b' c'][a b c] = 1 As [a, b, c] * 0 [a' b' c'] * 0 a', b', cf are coplanar.
. ^ sinx  cosx 1 3\/2 ^ ,
7= < 4
Hence a, b, c are coplanar o 46.
(a) : Volume of the tetrahedron 0 2 1 2 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 _ 1 1 1 ~ fi0 ~u 0 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 0
50
=> log 2 2 < log 2
s m x  c o s x + 3V2
;iog 2 4
r s i n x  c o s x + 342)
a " " ) *
2
Thus the range is (1, 2) .. < > JS x+3 lim x>0
d !
= >(!)}
47.
4
...(1)
x + 3sinxx3  k s m h x 1  c o s x + x2  3 x 3 x3 k rx +
(b) : Let us write r xa = b where a  i + 2 j + k b = ik
M
H

H
x3 x5. . 1 r r
3
Multiplying (1) scalarley with a a • (r x a) = a • b => 0 = ab Thus for the solution to be exist a • b must be zero. a b = (i+2j + k ) { i  k ) = 1  1 =0 lim 2
]+*23*
(4A:)xx3[ 4 + 111 + [4
Again multiplying (1) vectorically with a , we have ax (r x a) = axb =>\a\r(ar)a => (a • a)r  (a • r) a = a x b = axb _ ax b => r ~ JZJ+
For limit to exist 4  & = 0 = > & = 4 _
(a • r)
Thus r = A a + * *!? where X is to be determined. * i^i Consider the vector r = ma + j then (ma + j)xa = ma x a + jxa = 0 + j x (i + 2 j + k) = i  k = b Thus r  ma + j = (i + 2 j + k) + j satisfies the given equation. Hence choice (b) is correct. 48. (c) : In center of the triangle is given by a • 0 + be + cb a +b+c be +cb a +b+c
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49.
B a c" ( a ) : The maximum and minimum value of the function sinx  cosx is y]\ + l
2 2
and y]l +1
2
2
i.e. V2
70
MATHEMATICS TODAY  AUGUST '07 70
=> [a' b' c'f Thus from (1) and (2) [a' b' c'] [a b cf 1 [a b c] [a b c]3
•(2)
and  J 2 . —v/2 < sinx  cosx < >/2 =>  V2 + 3V2 < sinx  cosx + 3V2 <yj2 + 3>/2 => 2V2 < sin x  cos x + 3>/2 < 4V2 _ , sinx  cosx 4V2 >log 2 2<log 2 sinx  cosx + 3V2 V2 ;log24
=>[*' b' c'][a b c] = 1 As [a, b, c] * 0 [a' b' c'] * 0 a\ b', c' are coplanar.
Hence a, b, c are coplanar o 46.
(a) : Volume of the tetrahedron 0 1 1 6 2 0 1 1 0 1 1 1 1
=
1 1
1 2
1 2 1 1 1 1 " 6 1 2 1 1 1 4
1 0 6 0
1
1 1
0 0
50.
1 1
^
,
g2f s i n x  c o s x + 3 ^ 2 ^ ^2.
Thus the range is (1, 2)
t
Ti
J"
= >(!)} 47.
.. x + 3 s i n x  x 3  ksmhx (d): h m —  3 2 ^ > x>0 1  c o s x + x  3 x x+3
x»0
(b) : Let us write r xa = b where a  i + 2 j + k b = a(r ik
x a ) = a • b ^>0 =
...(1) lim
Multiplying (1) scalarley with a ab
x»0
M H
2 [4
x k
3
3 r x+t5i x+ x t + H23*3
Thus for the solution to be exist a • b must be zero. a b = (i+2j +k)'(ik) = 1 1 = 0
lim
Again multiplying (1) vectorically with a , we have ax(r xa) = axb => (5 •  (a • r) a = a x b a x b (ar) IaI
2
For limit to exist _
4k=0=>k=4
\a\r  (a • r) a = a xb Thus r = X a + ^ *,f
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where X, is to be determined.
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= 0 + j x (i + 2 j + k) = i  k b Thus r  ma + j  (i + 2j + k) + j satisfies the given equation. Hence choice (b) is correct. 48. (c) : In center of the triangle is given by a • 0 + be + cb a+b+c be + cb a+b+c ^'
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49.
B a cL ( a ) : The maximum and minimum value of the function sinx  cosx is yjl 2 + \ 2 and  y j l 2 +1 2 , i.e. ^ 2
70
MATHEMATICS TODAY  AUGUST '07 70
51.
(d) : lim v 7 x>0
sin ( a + 2)x + s i n x
3  4sin 2 x = 0
sin 2 x = 4 4 2
sinx = ± *
=
_ . a + 3) [ a1 2sin I — « — I x cosl — ^ — i x lim x » —0 a+3 s i n — , „+ lim 2 \ x>o a+3 2 a +3 \ =a+3 = 21 (a + 3x2)2 I .
3
In 0 < x < n; we have sinx Also d2y
7 C 3
 sin 2 x {  8 sinx cosx} + (3  4sin 2 x)2sinxcosx
a1 cos  —
IX
= 2sinxcosx{3  4sin 2 x  4sin 2 x) = 2sinxcosx(3  8 sin 2 x) ' •2. ~ = 2sincos 38sin2y dx2 A = v
Again
lim x>0 = lim
x—>0
i x3 Thus y is max at x = n/3
(X + 3X2)X i I
ymax = 54.
Sin
•J IT
J
C0S
7C
r
3
r\2 V 1 . ! _ 3j3l_3j3 ~2 I 2 8
2
16
(x + 3 x 2 ) 3 + (x + 3 x 2 ) 3 x 3 + X: 3x' lim — — x>0 i 1 2 i X3 ' X3 (1 + 3x) 3 + {(1 + 3x) 3 +1} = lim 3x 2 x2[(l + 3X) 2 / 3 + {(1 + 3x) 1 / 3 +1}]
(b) : / ( x ) = x 3  6 x 2  3 6 x + 7
f i x ) = 3x 2  12x  36 = 3 (x2  4x  12) = 3(x  6) (x + 2) f i x ) = 0 => x = 2, 6 f i x ) = 3(2x  4) = 6(x  2) f" i2) = 6 (  2  2) =  2 4 < 0 f'i6) = 6(6  2) = 6 x 4 = 24 > 0 f i x ) is max at x =  2 and min at x = 6 The sign of f i x )  3(x  6) (x + 2) is as follows.
+
2
lim x+o [(1 + 3x)
+ {(1 + 3x) 1 / 3 +1}]
] 
= lim = 1 . r _>ol + l + l 3 As / ( x ) is continuous at x = 0 lim f ( x ) = / ( 0 ) = lim / ( x ) => a + 3 = b = 1 giving b = 1, a = 2. 52. (d) : For n =  1 we have fix) = *
6
1+
/ (x) is increasing when f i x ) > 0 i.e. x e (oo,  2) u (6, oo) / (x) is decreasing when f i x ) < 0 i.e. x e (  2 , 6 ) 55.
2
(c) : Let f i x ) = 3 ax2 + 2 bx + c
2
j f ( x ) d x = j(3 ax2 + 2 bx + c)dx 0 0 2 3ay
X3 + 2 b
fix) = iil, x * 0 This is not differentiable at origin For n  0, / ( x )   x , not differentiable at origin If n is a positive integer l i m * " 1 * 1 ' 0 = lim \h \ • hn~x = K m A °  *  f a > l = 0 h>o n o Then limit exists and so / ' ( 0 ) exists. Hence f i x ) is differentiable at x = 0. Thus f ( x ) = x"  x  is differentiable at the origin if n is any positive integer. 53. (d) : y = sin xcosx, 0 < x < 11
3
2
X2 + C X
= ax3 + bx2 + cx
L Jo o = 8a + 4b + 2c = 2(4 a + 2 b + c) = 0 T h u s the area bounded by f i x ) between x = 0 and x = 2 is zero, implying that the curve meets the xaxis atleast once in the interval (0, 2). Accordingly, the equation 3ax 2 + 2bx + c = 0 has a root lying between 0 and 2.
56.
(d): /(x) = {(x2r sin(x2r), 2n = x2m sinr x
JIM
1
x*0
dy . — = 51 x (  s i n x ) + 3sin x  c o s x c o s x = sin dx = sin 2 x {3cos 2 x  sin 2 x} = sin 2 x {3(1  sin 2 x)  sin 2 x}  sin 2 x {3  4sin 2 x}
M A T H E M A T I C S T O D A Y  AUGUST '07
sin
I 1
2n In lim x x>0
2m_1
.'. lim x>0
sin'
1
71
I Now the above limit will exist if 2m  1 > 0 i.e. m > 2 ' for then, lim x2m
x»0
1
• sin
1
61. (a) : The slope of the asymptotes of the given curve x 3  x>>2  2x;y + 2x  y = 0 are given by putting x  I, y = m in the highest degree term, viz., third degree here. =>lm2 =0
becomes zero, because lim x2m"' = 0 and 57. < 1. 3 c e (a, b)
:.m= +1
As mxm2 = (1) (1) =  1 , the inclined asymptotes of the curve are mutually perpendicular. 62. (c) : x2'3 + ^ = a2li Let x = acos 3 0 y = asin 0 dy _ dy!dQ _ 3asin 2 0cos0 = sin0 dx dx/dQ  3 a cos 2 0 sin 0 cos0 The equation of tangent at 0 is sin 9 yasin 0 = ( x  a c o s 0) COS0 > >>cos9  asin 3 9cos9 =  x sin© + asin0cos 3 0 > x sin 0 + y sin 0 = a cos 0 sin 0(cos2 0 + sin2 0) = a cos0sin0 acos0 y =1 asin0
(a): Lagrange's Mean Value theorem m _ f ( a ) b—a
such that
f { c ) =
As f(x) = x2 we have f \ x ) = 2x b 2  a2 Now 2 c  — . — — =>2c = b + a (,:b*a) ba a + b l hue si r* hi oro in a p ^ .'. c = Thus a, c, b are in A. P. 58. (a) : Let ABCD be the A given rectangle with sides a and / 3 b. Also let PQRS be the rectangle passing through the angular points of the given rectangle. PQ = acos0(9O°  0) + icos6 = asin0 + 6cos0 PS = acosB + Z>cos(90°  6) = acos0 + 6sin0 PQ • PS = (asinG + £>cos6) (acosG + 6sin6) = o2sin0cos0 + aZ>sin20 + abcos2Q + &2sin0cos0 = ab + (a + b ) sin0cosG = ab + (a + b ) Maximum area is obtained when sin20 = 1, and then the ic area is ab + ——2
2 2 2 = a + b + 2ab = (a + b) — 2 2 1 2 2 2
(a) is incorrect as  acos0  +  asin0  * constant (b) is incorrect as area = acos0 • asin0 # constant (d) is incorrect as (0, 0) does not lie on the equation of the tangent. (c) is correct  length of the portion of tangent intercepted between coordinate axes = Va 2 COS2 0 + a 2 sin 2 0 = Ja2 =  a I = constant.
^ + 1 dx S y dx2 For the given curve y = lnx dy=l dx x d2y dx 1
1+ 
63.
(d) : P =
59. (c) : We have f(x) = e* so that f'(x) = ex Applying Lagrange's Mean Value Theorem in [0, 1] We have / ' ( c ) = f'(c) =
10
f ( x 2 )  f ( xl) => P =
/(l)/(0)
j
>2+1)'
=> e° = e 1 60.
.'. c = In (e 1) dy dx
Ignoring the sign, the radius of curvature as a function of x is p(x) =
rfp_xJV
(c) : Length of subnormal
(x2+l)2 + l ) ^ 2 x  l  ( x 2 + l) 2 I (x2 + l) 2 {2x ? ' 1} x2
MATHEMATICS TODAY  AUGUST '07 72
dy y = x sinx, given j = x cosx + sinx dx
2
Length of subnormal = ( v ^ j
x
= ~
=
2
X ( x 2 + l ) 2 {3x2  1  x 2 }
2
~2
70
dx
=
0
2x2 = 1
JC =
±
1
VI
?w h e r e
= 2n ^
changes
j (3 cos 8) (2 sin 9) 3 sin 9d9 o
3 0
The least value is given at * =  = from  v e to +ve. 1 VI J_ >/2
.2
sign
+1 _1_ VI
T^
1
3 x £
2
=  36n Jsin 2 0 cos 6 d6 =  36tc J sin 2 9 d(sin 0) n/2 o Till 3 X = 3671 J sin 2 9 d(sin9)  36tt • sin 9 = 3671 •  = 127c b 67. a 1
=
\ 2 1
r 3^3
VI
VI
(1)
5 sin x + 3 cos x dx 64. (d) : / = J sin x + cosx o K £ 5 sin  x + 3 cos 2 T sin
(b): J/(x)dx= J / ( a  x ) d x a 0 1
1
On comparison with j*" 0 " * ) " 0 We have p  m 68. (a): y =
\x" (l~x)P 0
T"xJ
+C0,
l
2
(2  3x  2x 2 ) =  i ( 2 x  1 ) (x + 2)
Area of the required curve
=o Jcos x + s i n x
TC
5 c o s x + 3 sinx
dx
.(2)
1/2
1/2
= jydx
1/2
= J  i ( 2 x  l ) ( x + 2 )dx
Adding (1) and (2) _ 2r (5sinx + 3cosx) + (5cosx t 3sinx) J cosx + sinx 7t 0 J 65. cosx + sinx (b): » 2 ^ = i J (23x2x2)dx 3 2
X
—
x
3
x
2
3
2 3(1 2 V 8 2 2  3 2 + 135 125 ^ = square units.
/(*)=}sin{/(l0}<* o / ' ( x ) = sinx(l  x) => f \ x ) = 0 => sinx (1  x) = 0 = > x ( l  x ) = 0, i T i ,
2
f 
1

r 24 yl  fI 2 ' 2 , 45 3 "' 16 x
±2n
11 24
Thus x  x = nn => x2  x + nn = 0 1 +Vl4wu * = 2 69. 1 3x 6 P 6 f"(x) = 6 P (3,0) (0,2)
sin x 1
cos x! 0
(d) : / ( * ) = 6
For real roots to exist 1 > 4 wxc => n < 471 Thus «  0 or negative values. / " (x) = cos {x(l  x)} • (1  2x) /"(0) =1 > 0 > /"(I) =  1 < 0 But / (x) is maximum at x = 1.
2
cosx 1 P~ cosx P 1
2
.2
sinx 0 P sinx 0
3
66.
(b):f
+
^
Let x = 3cos9, y  2 sin9 Volume of solid generated (.gTo)
3
=
P 0
6  1 0 /"'(0) = 6  1 0
J 2 7ixydx
P P2 P" Thus / (x) is independent of x. 7
MATHEMATICS TODAY  AUGUST '07
70.
(C) : y2 = 2c(x +
Differentiating partially w.r.t. p f p = x + f'iP) —(2) => 0 = x + f ' ( p ) ....(2)
On differentiating w.r.t. x J r J  2 . From (1) and (2) y = 2 W {x + 4 m } => (y  2y,x)
2 2
The singular solution is given by eliminating p between (1) and (2). (2) is nothing but x + ^f = 0 dp 74. (d) : 2 x y ^ = y dx 2 \x
2
= yi {* +
2
=yyl =y
y2x2 1 Z_* 2 \x y
(A)
Thus the differential equation is yy2x
x 2 xy
i
2
order of the differential equation is 1 and degree 3. 71. •'• (b) : The auxiliary equation is m + 2m + 2 = 0 2 + ^ 4 ^ 8  2 + 2i ^
2
[x
m =
As the differential equation can be put in the form Ay)
Thus the general solutions is y = e~x (cjcosx + c2 sinx) , _y(0) = 0 => 1 (c, + 0) = 0 .. c, = 0 Now y = c2e"x sinx => / = c2{e~x cosx  e~x sinx} => y'(0) = c2{cosx  sinx} Then 1 = c 2 .'. c2 = 1 Hence the solution is y = e"x sinx
~ J l T j , the equation is homogeneous. Again, 2xy ~ = y2  x2 => 2xydy y=dx 2 2 x2e?x >' a'x xydy => x2dx = y2dx 2xydy => , J y
[ X
J
...(1) dy dx with

72. (a): (1 +
y
ef)dx
+ e \l~±\dy =0
y
=0
on integrating we have
.2
x + ? = k =>dx + e dy + e ( dx^dyj ^dx
+ y
x2+y2
=kx
=> x2 + y2 kx = 0 (1) is a family of circles.
eydy
+
eyI
Multiplying throughout by ~
Orthogonal trajectory is given by replacing in (A). The equation therefore becomes
^
i y
i y
£
£
.
dy _ 2xy ^ dx 2 2 • 2xy — = x  v Tx'JIy2 dy Statements (1), (2) and (3) are all correct. Hence choice is (d). 75.
/ \
I J
£
(d) : Given differential equation is x dx ~ dy • dv dx\2 dy)
= > dx+ ey dy + yd(ey) = 0 => </x + </l 5 jr on integrating we have x + ye = c ydx  xdy =
7
=0
dxj dy "dx
The trajectory orthogonal to the above is given by replacing
t len
^
get
Note : We have made use of xdy + ydx = d(xy) 73. 74 (a) : y = px
+f(p)
and
_ a ( dx x2 ~ x ^ y dy .
(1)
dx.  + Vq r r dy ~ ^ => ± Jxdx = y/a dy
MATHEMATICS TODAY AUGUST '07
on integrating ± => ± lx2 =
3/2
= 4a y + k
?>(4ay+k\,.
Then the centre of mass of the remaining portion of lamina is as shown. Mi
k being a constant squaring both sides ,2 4x3 = 9(4ay + kf = 9 a y + 4a  9a(y + c)2 , where c is another constant. 76. (a) : Let us first find out the centre of gravity of the square lamina ABCD when triangle AOB is cut from it. />rC is the original lamina.
When this is hung about D, the vertical passes through G2D.
D
Mis the midpoint of PC
OG2=f, Now,
G2M = OMOG2= ^:=2£Zi8 MD all
f  f = f i 9
9, the angle that PC makes with the vertical is given by
t a n 9 = =
 tan
77. (b) : Let Z OAB = 0
Lamina remaining after triangle AOB is removed. The remaining lamina is symmetric about an axis passing through O and perpendicular to side CD. According its centre of gravity lies on this line. Below is shown this line, we introduce the idea of negative mean to take care of the portion that is removed from square lamina.
• pA = mean of whole lamina
Use the geometry of the figure. Let AB = p then draw the triangle OAB and also the perpendicular from O on AB, denoted by ON.
A
O
/sine
/cos6
0,(G)
p = mean per unit area.
Area of triangle p 0
G l
= mass of triangular portion OAB. =fxf = f
OAB= ~ x ON x AB = j • (ON) x I Also, area of triangle OAB = j
2
w.r.t. the O as reference point and treating upwards as positive. The centre of mass of the remaining portion m,x, + m, jc, mx + m2 i'x* 3 4 ~ 3 1 9
OAOB = j
2
(/ cosff)(lsinff)
Hi
/ cos8sin8 _ I sin 29 2 4 Equating the two, we have I.(OAr)/
=
Z!s20
ON = /sin 29
(1)
Moment of F about 0=\Fx ON\ or F is constant, moment will be maximum, when ON is maximum, From (1) ON is maximum when 9 = 45° / And then OB = /sin9 = ^
MATHEMATICS TODAY  AUGUST '07
75
78. ( a ) : Moment of F about A = F sin60° y. ADF cos60° < CD F B 8 cm 4 12 cm D F sin 60° C F cos 60°
80. (d) : AD is the median through/!. The centre of gravity lies on the AD at a distance  of the AD from A.
Suppose the additional mass to be placed at A is m.
. F ( f
JDICD) The formula for centre of gravity gives 9a mg(0) + 9g • 14a (m+9jg
4
= 10 ( 4 10 (n/3
x
12 6  4)
X
x 8j x
10 " 5
x
10""2 Nm
X
10~7 = 20 (3>/3  2) x 10"7 Nm
=>
79. (c) : The freebody * A~ diagram of the ball has been shown. N = wcosa for vertical direction. Also P z= wsina, for horizontal direction. wcosa This is the magnitude of the force P applied through the centre of the ball in order to maintain the ball ^t rest.
914 (m +9)
~
14 = m + y 83. 87. 91. 95. 99. (c) (a) (c) (d) (a)
m =5g 84. 88. 92. 96. (b) (b) (d) (d)
81. 85. 89. 93. 97.
(a) (a) (b) (c) (d)
82. (b) 86. (a) 90. (b) 94. (c) 98. (d)
100. (b) •
30 Years (19782007) C h a p t e r w i s e IITJEE Q u e s t i o n s w i t h d e t a i l e d Solutions
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M A T H E M A T I C S T O D A Y  AUGUST '07 76
SOLVED PAPER
UPSEE2007
1. (a) (c) If y= f ^ 5  t d t , then value of 1^3 27273 (b)
2
dx
atjc= 7 2 is
(a) log43 (c) log 3 4
(b) 1 (d) none of these.
V3(2>/6l)
(d) none of these.
8. \ixy = e*~y then dyldx at x = 1 is equal to (a) 0 (b)  2 (c) 1 (d) none of these. 9. If in an ellipse, a focus is (6, 7), the directrix i s x + _ y + 2 = 0 and e = 1/2 then equation of ellipse is (a) 7x2 + Ixy + ly2  44x  108y + "684 = 0 (b) 7x2  Ixy + ly2  52x  U6y + 676 = 0 (c) 9x2  Ixy + 9y2  44x  108y + 684 = 0 (d) none of these. 10. The range of value of X for which the circles x2 + y2 = 4 and x2+y2 4 Ajc + 9 = 0 have two common tangents is (a) is  1 3 13 13 _ , (b) 13 . 13 — or X < —— 8 8
2K ^ 2. The value of j — — is J +1 0 e (a) * (b) 0 (c) 2 t i (d) nil.
a
3.
\ { f ( x ) + f(x)}dx 0
is equal to (b) ] a
a
(a) l]f(x)dx 0 (c) 0
f(x)dx f(~x)dx
(d)  J
4. / ( 0 ) = / ' ( 0 ) = 0 and /"(•*) = tan 2 *, then f{x) (a) logsecx: (b) log cosx + (d) none of these.
(c) 1 < X <
(d) none of these.
(c) log sec x5. has (a) (c) (d) 6. (a) (c) 7.
L e t / ( x ) = J f 3  6x2 + 12x  3. Then at x = 2 , / ( x ) a maxima (b) a minima both (a) and (b) neither a maxima nor a minima, r t2 If y = I 1 „ Ut2+\ 1/V2 lim . dy dt. Then — at x = 1 is dx ^ (b) 1/2 (d) none of these.
11. The value of 2tan ' i + tan is 3 7 (b) ti/2 (a) 71/4 (d) none of these. (c) TZ 1 1 12. I f ^ = (a) 5 (c) 1 1 1 2 3 1 0 0 (b) 0 (d) none of these. then Adj A\
41/n  1 . is equal to
13. The coefficient of the (m + l) t h term and the (m + 3)th term in the expansion of (1 + x) 20 are equal then value of m is (a) 10 (b) 8 (c) 9 (d) none of these.
11
58 MATHEMATICS TODAY  AUGUST '07
l+x
14.
1 l+x 1
1 1 l+x (b) 3 x 3 (d) x 3 .
= ?
1 1
2
24. x, 2y, 3z are in A.P. and x, y, z are in G.P. then common ratio of G.P. is (a) 3 (b) 1/3 (c) 2 (d) 1/2. 25. The coefficient of (x — l ) ( *  3 ) ... 0  9 9 ) (a)  9 9 2 (c)  2 5 0 0 x 49 in the product is (b) 1 (d) none of these. of
(a) x (x + 3) (c) 0
15. If "C,_ , = 56, "C r = 28 and "Cr+ , = 8 then r = ? (a) 8 (b) 6 (c) 5 (d) none of these. 16. If a , p be two complex number then a 2 + P2 is equal to (a) ™(a + p   a«p  ) (b) ~ ( \ a + p  +  a  p  ) (b) a + p + a  PI
2 2 2 2 2 2 2
26. If x = log 5 3 + log 7 5 + log,7 then 1 (a) x > 3/2 (c) x > 3 (d) none of these.
(d) none of these.
4
17. (1  co)(l  co )(l + co )(l + oo8) = (a) 0 (b) 3 (c) 1 (d) 2. 18. The value of (1 + /) 3 + (1  0 6 is (a) i (b) 2 (  l + Si) (c) 1  5 i (d) none of these. 19. If f i x ) ~ 1 the minimum value of /
27. 21'4 • 4 1/8 8 " 1 6 . . . to oc is equal to (a) 1 (b) 2 (c) 3/2 (d) none of these. 28. A vector of magnitude 4 which is equally inclined to the vector ! + j, j + k, k + i is (a) f ) tSf i '  j• k+
(b)
+
(c)  l z i i
J + k)
(d) none of these.
x" + i (b) is not attained (a) does not exist (d)  1 . (c) is equal to 1 2 2 20. If (X + X  2)x + (X + 2)x < 1 for all xe R. Then X belong to (a) (2, 1) (b) (2, 2/5) (c) (2/5, 1) (d) none of these. 21. The solution set of (a) (3,+oo) (c) [1, 1] u [3, +oo] x  3x + 4 , n . j — > 1 , x s R is (b) (1, 1) u (3, +oo) (d) none of these.
29. A and B are two event where P(A) = 0.25 and PiB) = 0.5. The probability of both happening together is 0.14. Then probability ofboth A and B not happening is (a) 0.39 (b) 1/6 (c) 0.11 (d) none of these.
it/2
30.
22. The equation 4 x + 1 — x — 1  \/4x — 1 has (a) no solution (b) one solution (c) two solution (d) more than one. 23. Let t,. denote the r th term of an A.P. If tm = ,*„= 1 —
(b) ti/4 (a) tc/2 (d) none of these. (c) 71 31. A man standing on a horizontal plane, observes the angle of elevation of the top of a tower to be a . After walking a distance equal to double the height of the tower, the angle of the elevation becomes 2a, then a is
( a ) tc/2 ( b ) 7t/6 ( c ) tc/12 (d) rc/18.
dx , , . dx is 0 1 + tan x
(a)
mn (c) 1
1 1 (b)  + ~ m n (d) none of these.
. 2pn . 2n7tV in I COS— — IS 32. The value of £ 2 sin — 7 J p=I V (a) 2i (b) 2i (c) 2 (d) 1. 33. From the top of a hill of height 150 m a ball is projected with a velocity of 10 m/s. It takes 6 seconds
MATHEMATICS TODAY  AUGUST '07
12
to reach the ground. The angle of projection of ball is (a) 15° (b) 30° (c) 45° (d) 60°. 34. The eccentricity of the curve represented by the equation x2 + 2>2  2x + 3y + 2 = 0 is (a) 0 (c) I/1/2 (b) 1/2 (d) V2 • curve
elements than the number of possible relations from A to B is (a) 2mn (b) 2m+r(c) rf 1 (d) mn then A + B is (d) ti/4
39. If tan A =  and t a n £ = a +1 2a +1 (c) 71/3 (a) 0 (b) TI/2
35. The a n g l e of i n t e r s e c t i o n of t h e y2 = 2x/n and y = s i n r is (a) t a n ' ^  l A i ) (b) c o r \ 7 i ) (c) tan" 1 (51) (d) cot  1 (l/it).
40. Unit vectors a, b and c coplanar. A unit vectors d is perpendicular to them. If U J 1 + K 6. 3 3 mgle bei and the angle between a and b is 30°, then c is (2 i + j  k ) (i2j + 2k) (b) (a) 3 (a x b) x (p x d) (e)
(2:
1
•
1
36. If the angle a between two forces of equal magnitude is reduced to a  (ji/3), then the magnitude of their resultant becomes times of the earlier one. The angle a is (a) ti/2 (b) 2«/3 (c) id4 (d) 4n/5 37. The slopes of the common tangent to the hyperbolas. t — = 1 and —— — = l a r e 16 16 9 (b)  1 (d) none of these.
+ 2j + k)
(d)
3. 8. 13. IS. 23. 28. 33. 38. (b) (a) (c) (b) (c) (c) (b) (a)
(i+2j2k) 3 4. (a) 9. (b) 14. ,(a; 19. (d) 24. (b) 29. (a) 34. (c) 39. (d)
3.
ANSWERS 1.
6.
11.
16.
9 (a) 1 (c) 2
21.
26.
38. If a set /4 has m elements and another set B has n
31. 36.
(c) (c) (a) (b) (b) (a) (c) (b)
2. 7. 12. 17. 22. 27. 32. 37.
(a) (c) (c) (b) (a) (a) (a) (d)
10. 15. 20. 25. 30. 35. 40.
(d) (b) (b) (b) (c) (b) (c) (a&d)
B
O
O
S
T
Y
O
U
R
ELQ
EQ (Emotional Quotient), what it means is to be able to manage emotions well, express ideas and thoughts appropriately and effectively, show empathy, become adept in handling interpersonal relationships, handle stress comfortably by being resilient, to be motivated and to be able to motivate. Many people have a wrong notion that to have high levels of EQ is to "always be nice", which is not right. Why is it important to boost your EQ ? Though IQ is essential for performance, it is EQ which determines who emerges as a leader. Human traits are very crucial, irrespective • of the field we work in. Adaptability, empathy, persuasive ability, intuitive ability, perseverance and good nature are as important as intellectual ability and technical knowhow, as they are the ingredients for excellence at work and more so for leadership. The results of a survey shows that the EQ in children is not developing on par with their IQ In fact the survey shows that it is on a decline. In the present times, children are found to be more lonely, depressed, angry, unruly and emotionally down. So a conscious effort should be made on the part of parents to nurture the EQ in children. One hard fact however is that nobody is perfect. Each one of us have a profile of weaknesses, strong points and limitations. Hence, it is very important to first know where we stand when it comes to EQ levels and then we could work to better ourselves.
Id
MATHEMATICS TODAY  AUGUST '07
ZQQ7
1. If + a n d / ( 4 ) = 65, then 1 9x (c)  c o s e c (d) none of these. / ( 6 ) is (a) 215 (c) 220 •(b) 217 (d) none of these. 9. 2. The decimal equivalent of the binary number 10110110 is (a) 9 (b) 30 (c) 32 (d) 182. n/2
3
lim :r>l (a) 1/e (c) e 2
X1 (b) e (d) 1/e.

dQ I 3(>/sine WcOsG)' = ^ (b) 71/6 (d) ti/4.
2n/cos6
(a) 71/2 (c) tx/3 4. is (a) (c) a + b 5. (a)
2 2
10. An urn contains 3 red and 5 blue balls. The p r o b a b i l i t y that 2 n d ball d r a w n is b l u e w i t h o u t replacement is (b) 8/5 (a) 5/8 (d) none of.these. (c) 3/8 11. Which is true? (a) A n <> = A (c) A n <> = U (b) A n <) = (j) (d) A n 0 = A'.
I f / ( 8 ) = osinB + &cos0, then the maximum value (b) + #
(d) none of these. j 2sinx3x
~ 4lxl
12. J[2 x + \]dx =
(a) l 1 (c) 1/2 (b) 3 (d) 3/2.
3/2
Value of
dx is dx
6
I 4 I x lo
.2
 dx : dx
2
(b) "
6
I Jo 4   x ,
(o
~
6
i lo 4 + !
(d) none of these.
13. If tan'x + tan'y + tan'z = n, then x + y + z = 1 (b) (xyz) (a) xyz 1 (c) xyz (d) none of these.
6.' Area bounded by y =x,y= 0, x = 1, x = 4 is (a) 28/3 (b) 28/5 (c) 3/28 (d) none of these. 7. The number of selecting at least 4 candidates from 8 candidates is (a) 185 (b) 163 (c) 160 (d) 63. 8. ^ l  s i n x + Vl + sinx . If y =  ; 1 , then dyidx is V l  s i n x  v l + smx 1 ?x 1 • 2X (b)  m  (a) 2 C 0 S 2
14. I f y = a logx + bx2+x has its extremum at x =  1 and x = 2 then (a) a = 1/2, b= 2 (c) a = 1/2, b = 1/2 (b) a = 2, b = 1/2 (d) a = 2, b = 1/2.
x y 15. The line  + — = 2 touches the curve +  z a a b at (b) (a, b) (a) (a,b) (d) none of these. (c) (  a , b ) 1 based on memory
R. K. Tyagi, H. O.D. (Maths) Samarth Shiksha Simiti, Delhi.
58 MATHEMATICS TODAY  SEPTEMBER '07
57
16. Coordinates of the foci of the ellipse 5x2 + 9y 2 + 1 Ox  36y  4 = 0 are (a) (1, 2) and (3, 2) (b) (1, 2) and (3, 2) (c) (1, 2) and (3,  2 ) (d) ( 1 ,  2 ) and ( 3 ,  2 ) . 17. The degree of the differential equation ,2 + 4y =x is (a) 2 (c) 1
(a) 5y  3z ~ 3  0 (c) 5y + 3z  3 = 0
(b) 5x  3 >  3 = 0 > (d) 5z  3y + 3 = 0.
25. Let [x] represent the greatest integer less than or equal to x, then the value of the determinant 2
[e]
[ti

6]
3M
[71] [k 6] (a) 8 (c)  8 ..oo is
2
[it 6] [e]
2
[e]
[71] (b) 1/8 (d) none of these.
(b) 3 (d) none of these.
18. The value of 71 . . 71 K . . K 7t . 71 cos—h zsm— cos — + zsm — cos—+ zsin— , 2 2 Jv 4 4 (a)  1 (b) 1 (c) 0 (d) none of these.
26. The straight line whose dcs are al+ bm + cn = 0, fmn + gnl + him = 0 are perpendicular if (a) Jqf+Jbg
2
+4ch=0
„„ „ , . „, . dy vcosx + s m y + y . 19. Solution of the equation — + is dx smx + xcosjy + x (a) ysinx + xsiny + xy = c (b) jysinx  xsiny + xy = c (c) xsinx + ysiny + xy  c (d) xsinx  jsiny + xy = c.
+ y 20. The differential equation — = ^ represent dx j ( l + x ) a family of (b) parabola (a) straight lines (d) ellipse. (c) hyperbola
(b) (allf) + 0b /g]) + (c 2 /h) = 0 (c) (f/a) + (g/b) + (h/c)= 0 (d) a2f+ b2g + c2h = 0. ab+c 27. a + b + 2c 3c (a) 12ab (c) ab ab+c a + b + 2c 3c • 3 (b) 12ab (d) 1/12ab. 1 2
28. In an Argand plane the inequality rc/4 < argZ < Jt/3 represent the region (a) y = x, y = 43x (c) y = %/3x, y = V3x (b) y = \l3x, y=x (d) y = x, y = V3x .
21. u=i x(axi) (a) 3 (c) 2a
+ j x (a x j) + kx(axk) = (b) 3 / 2 (d) none of these.
r 22. Value ofx at which 1 st derivative of Vx +1( —j= W* with respect to x is (3/4) is (a) ±1 (b) ±2 (c) 0 (d) 1/2.
23. Coordinates of foci (7, 3) and eccentricity is rectum is (a)  1 0 (c) 20 of hyperbola are (5, 3) and 3/2. Then length of its latus (b)  2 0 (d) none of these. line
r
1
29. Let a focal chord of parabola y2 = 16x cuts it at points ( f , g) and (h, k). The fh is (a)  8 (b)  1 6 (c) 16 (d) none of these. 30. Reciprocal vector of b is, if a, b, c are non coplaner and bxc cxa a =b'[a b c] [a be] [a be] cxa (c) 7T [a be] (a) axb
(b)
, bxc
axb [a b c]
(d) none of these.
24. Equation of plane through the x2 y —3 z4 ——  ——  —~— and parallel to xaxis is 58
31. The system of equation 2x +y  5 = 0, x  2y + 1 = 0, 2x  14v  a = 0 is consistent. Then a = (a) 1 (b) 2 (c) 5 (d) none of these.
MATHEMATICS TODAY  SEPTEMBER '07 57
32. f (x) = cos 2 * + sec2x. Then (a) f i x ) < 1 (b) / « = 1 (c) 1 <f(x) < 2 (d) f ( x ) > 2. 33. If for the parabola y2 = Ax, dy/dx =1 then the abscissa of the point is (a)  1 (b) 1 (c) 0 (d) none of these. 34. In the expansion of (2  3x3)20, if the ratio of 10th term to 11th term is 45/22, then x = (a) 2/3 (b) 3/2 (c) 2/3 (d) 3/2. 35. If 2sinx= (a) P = q (c) p> q —+ , then (b) p < q (d) purely imaginary.
(c) 1
4(n + \y
(d) 1 +
4(« + l) 2 •
42. The tangent at any point on the curve x2/3 + y 2 n = a2/3, cuts of intercepts p and q on coordinate axis, then length of the intercepts is (a) a2 (b) am m (c) a (d) none of these. 43. Let ABC be a triangle, two of whose vertices are (15, 0) and (0, 10). If the orthocentre is (6, 9) then the third vertex is (a) (10, 0) (b) (0, 0) (c) (10, 10) (d) none of these. 44. Let ABC be a triangle such that one of its sides is double the other and let the angles opposite to those sides differ by an angle of n/3 then the triangle is (a) obtuse triangle (b) isosceles triangle (c) right angled triangle (d) equilateral triangle. 45. Circle passing through the points (t, 1), (1, t) and (t, t) for all values of t passes through the point (a) (0, 0) (b) (1, 1) (c) (1,  1 ) (d) (1, 1). 46. The pair of lines V3x2  4 xy + Sy2 = 0 are rotated about the origin by n/6 in the anticlockwise sense. The equation of the pair in the new position is (a) V3x2 —xy = 0 (c) xy43x =0 (b) y/3x2+xy = 0 (d) none of these.
36. Let org z < 0 then arg(z)  orgz = (a) n (b) n/2 (c) 71/3 (d) none of these. 37. Let A be the square of natural numbers and x, y are any two elements of A. Then (a) x  y e A (b) xy e A (c) x + y e A (d) J €A
38. If sin'(x/5) + cosec'(5/4) = n/2 then x = (a)  3 (b) 3 (c) 1 (d) none of these. 39. The binary equivalent of 634.640625 is (a) 1001111010.101001 (b) 1110001001.101001 (c) 0111100101.110101 (d) none of these. 40. If fix) — cot
1  3x
2
J
and g(x) = cos"
Ax2) l l + x2J
47. The latus rectum of a parabola whose focal chord is PSQ such that SP = 3 and SQ = 2 is given by (a) 5/24 (b) 1/24 (c) 24/5 (d) 24/5. 48. The radius of the circular section of the sphere  r  = 5 by the plane r(i (a) 3 (c) 1/3 (b)  3 (d) V3is
1 then lim / ( x ) ~ / ( a ) 1 0 < " < x>a g(x)g(a) { (a) 3/2 (b) 3/2 (c) 1/2 (d) 2/3. 41. Find the value of the expression 2 1+ 1+ 1 + 3 2+ 2 H j" ' + —
49. If A = i+2j + 3k, B = i + 2] + k and C = 3i + j , evaluate t if the vector (A + tB) and C are mutually perpendicular. (a) 1/5 (c) 1 50. a[(b+c)x(a (a) 0 (c)  1 (b)  5 (d) 5. + b + c)] equals (b) 1 (d) none of these. 57
(a) n
n2{n +1)2
(b)
4(n + l)
58 MATHEMATICS TODAY  SEPTEMBER '07
51. Given the relation R = {(1, 2), (2, 3)} on the set A = (1, 2, 3), the minimum number of ordered pairs which when added to R make it an equivalence relation is (a)  7 (b) 1/7 (c) 1 (d) 7. 52. If a = cosa + isina, b = cosP + z'sinP, c = cosy + ' ' Y and — + — + — = 1, then c a b cos(3  y) + cos(y  a ) + cos(a  P) = (a) 1 (b)  1 (c) 0 (d) none of these. 1 + 1 53. If • , bc ba are in (a) A.P. (c) H.P. 1 1 = — +  and b * a + c, then a, b, c a c (b) G.P. (d) none of these.
s n
& 58. x y z 2 = c then dx 1logx (b) 1+logx 1+logz 1logz
(d) 1  l o g x ' d ,1cosx dx 59. lim — f dx ' (a)  1 / 2 (c) 1/2
(b) 1 (d)  1 . y1
60. The equation of the curve through the point ( 1 , 0 ) and whose slope is (a) (b) (c) (d) (y (y+ (y (y + l)(x + 1 )(x l)(x + 1 )(x x +x 1) + 2x = 0 1) + 2x = 0 1)  2x = 0 1)  2x = 0. SOLUTIONS 1. (b) : I f / ( x ) • / ( 1 / x ) = / ( x ) + / ( 1 / x ) Then / (x) = 1  x" or 1 + x" I f / ( x ) = 1  x" t h e n / ( 4 ) =  4" + 1 * 65 s o / ( x ) = 1 + x" / ( 4 ) = 1 + 4" = 65 ... 4K = 43 n = 3 .  . / ( 6 ) = 1 + 6 3 = 217 2. (d) : (10 11 0 11 0)2 = 1 27 + 026 + 1 2s + 1 24 + 023 + 1 22 + 121 + 02° = (2 7 + 2 5 + 2 4 + 2 2 + 2 ! )io = (128 + 32 + 16 + 4 + 2) 10 = (182) 10 = 182 (b) : let 7 = J 3 1 / =
it/2
is
54. In the binomial expansion of (a  b)", n> 5, the sum of the 5 th and 6 th terms is zero, then alb equals (a) (c) 55. and (a) (c) n4 5 n +1 (b) n+4
(d)
If A, B are two square matrices such that AB = A BA = B, then A, B are idempotent (b) A and B are equal A = B= 0 (d) none of these. 10* lCT* is
56. The inverse of the function y = (a)  l ° g i o " 2 1x lx (c) l°g io l+x 57. If y = f (a) 12 ^9+4x
' 12
v94x 2
1,
l
+x
10*+ 10"* 1, 1—x — (b) !ogio l + x 2 (d) none of these.
3.
2Vcos0 d& 3(Vsin0 + VcosOj  (A)
•
f r J ^ r — d Q ; VsinG + VcosG VsinO
2x + 3 32x ,coslog
and / (x) = sin(logx) find dyidx. 2x3 3 + 2*
3 j _ "f
(b)
(c)
.
J
2x3 sin log, \ 3 + 2x cos log 2x + 3 32x
12 , 9 ~ 4x
By adding (A) & (B) we get nil 31 = J <i0 = ti/2 /. I = T / C 6 0 (a) : / ( 0 ) = a sin0 + b cos0 = r (sin0 cosa + cos0 sina) a = r cosa, b = r sina ••• r = 4 a 2 + b2 = r sin (0 + a )
MATHEMATICS TODAY  SEPTEMBER'0757
(d) none of these. 58
now  1 < sin (0 + a ) < 1 =>  r < r sin (0 + a ) < r => Maximum value is r = Ja2 5. (b):let/=
+
tf
= PfRed n Blue or Blue n Blue) = P(R n B) + P(B n B) 3 5 5 4 35 5 8 7 8 7 7x8 8 .'. Probability of 2nd draw is blue = ^ 11. (b) : Intersection of two sets is empty if any one of them is empty. A n (j) = <> 3'2 J/2 /, 12. ( d ) : J[2* + 1 ] A =  3 3 x = 3   l 1 i 13. (a) : tan~'x + tan"1; + tan _1 z = n :. tan"1^ + tan~'z = n  tan _1 x y+z => YT^=x => x + y + z = xyz 14. (d) : y = a log x + bx2 + x . dy _ a + 2bx + 1 x dx dy_ = 0 a + 2b = 1 — (A) dx
and
) ^ d n  ) j ^ d x
i i =  J(odd function)dx  j(even function) dx l I _ i l 2 = 0  2 f^r dx =  6 f  V xr dx J „ 4M o l! 6. (a) : y2 = x => y = ^x Required area
"4 1
= 2 \xindx
\xvldx
2x[8l] = 7. (b) : Selection of atleast 4 out of 8 + + ^ = 8 C 4 + 8 C 3 + 8 C 2 + 8 C, + 8 C 0 = 70 + 56 + 28 + 8 + 1 = 163 (c) : Consider
=
= 0 a + Sb =  2 — (B) [fx Solving (A) & (B) we get = ~\ = 2 touches J + (jJ =2
a=2,b
8.
VT+ sinx = J  c o s  + s i n  Vlsinx =
= cos+sin
15. ( b ) : line  + 
y(cosfsinf)
ccf
=
cos
f s i n f
now — + j = 2 => a b dx
a n d
t
b"
m
x":'
(«)+jj
= 2 = >
Jx
/
...(ii)
now j = i = i . 2 sin; 9.
By (I) & (II) we have f = y Putting i n  + j = 2 = > ^ = A , x = .'. Required point (a, b) 16. ( b ) : 5x2 + 9f + lOx  3 6 j = 4 5x2 + lOx + 9y2  36y = 4 5(x2 + 2x) + 9(y*  4y) = 4 5(x + l) 2 + 9 0  2)2 = 4 + 36 + 5 (* + l) 2 , ( v  2 ) 2 _ . 9 5 = 1 => a = 3 b= ^5 9 + 5 Now b2 = a 2 (1  e 2 ) 2 , ^ , 5 4 2 3 e = 9 = 9 so imaginary Foci (± ae, 0) = (± 2, 0)
(0/0 form) (d) : lim Ml X1 Applying L  Hospital Rule
1 0 = lim ' »i 10 e 10. (a) : No. of red balls = 3, No. of blue balls = 5 .. Total Number of balls = 3 + 5 = 8 we need blue ball in second draw which means first draw may one of the red or blue so there are two case (1) first red & 2nd blue (2) first blue & 2nd also blue P (first red & 2nd blue or first blue and 2nd also blue)
58 MATHEMATICS TODAY  SEPTEMBER '07 57
57
Now x + 1 = ± 2, y 2 = 0 x =3,l, y=2 .". (  3, 2), (1 2) are real foci. 17. (c) : The degree of a differential equation is the (exponent) order of its highest order derivative. Here order of highest order derivative of
2
f' "
23. (d) : F, (5, 3) Given e =
1—L _ 3 •2 ~ 4 . F 2 (7, 3)
•x =± 2
Distance between two foci = 2ae .'. yj (5  7)2 + (3  3)2 = 2ae 2ae = 1 2 ae = 6
2
( $ ) + 3 ( S + V = *isl. .•. degree of given differential equation = 1. cos+mn
.71 .Jt
18. ( a ) :
cos + /sin , 2( 2 22 00= ~~ 1a i f 1a1 < 1) '
a = 6
2 2
a = 4
Now b = a (e  1) = 16 j f  l ) = 20 :. length of latus rectum = 24. (a) : Given line is
x
( v 1 + a+ a2 + v e 2*1 = era = 1
COSTT
^
=
2 h1 2x20 = 4 a z4
10
+ /'sinu
=
as simr = 0
19. (a) : Given
_  ( y c o s x + sin y + y) sinx + x c 0 s j + x
=> J(sinx + x cosy + x)dy =  \(y cosx + s i n j + y)dx => y sinx + x siny + xy = y sinx  x siny + yx + K => 2(y sinx + x siny + xy) = K (K is constant) => y sinx + x siny + xy = y => y sinx + x siny + xy = C (new constant) 1+/ " ' => 2 l o § ( ! . 1+ / l+x
+
equation of plane through line with DR's a, b, c is a(x  2) + b(y  3) + c(z  4) = 0 — (*) along with 2a + 3 b + 5c = 0 — (A) Again plane is parallel to xaxis so normal to the plane satisfies axa2 + blb2 + cxc2 = 0 => l a + 0Z> + Oc = 0 — (B) Solving (A) & (B) we get g =  = using a, b, c in (*) we get 0(x  2) + 5(y  3) + (3) (z  4) = 0 or 5y  3z  3 = 0 25. (c) : use n : 22 = 3.14 [«] = 3
~ l+ x
log c
2
r)
=
2 log
(1 +
+
K =5> 1 + /
= AT(1 + x 2 )
2
, 484 < 10 [n2] = 9 [7i2  6] = 3 49 1 = 2.7 [e] = 2 From given determinant we have 2 3 3 3 3 3 2 2 3
1 K K which represents hyperbola 21. (c) : jj = ix(dxi) = [(ii)a(ia)i] + jx(axj) +
Kx2 — y 2 = 1 — K
y
\K
26. (c) : Given al + bm + cn = 0 => n = ( kx(dxk) .'. fmn + gin + him = 0 = , lal+bm\ > J Ial + bm\  £ / ( — J +hlm = 0
+ [(/•• j ) a  ( j  a ) j ] + [(kk)a(ka)k]
= 35  [(? • 5)z' + ( J a ) j + (ic 5)&j let a = 35  [axi + a2j + 12. (b) : S a y y = 58 +
=
=> afml + bfm2 + agl2 + bglm  chlm = 0 => agl2 + (af+ bg  ch)lm + bfm2 = 0 => + (af+ bg + bf= 0 (A)
+ a2j + a^k
= 35  5 = 25 =x + ^ + 2
If the DC's of two lines are lh mh «,, & I2, m2, n2 then = roots of (A) are m, m2
MATHEMATICS TODAY  SEPTEMBER '07 57
now  1 < sin (0 + a ) < 1 =>  r < r sin (0 + a ) < r => Maximum value is r = fa2
+
_ , . r2sinx , f 3x 3x' (b) : let / = faudnljiu dx
i i
= /^Red n Blue or Blue n Blue) = P{R n B) + P(B n B) 3 5 5 4 35 = 5 8 7 8 7 7x8 8 Probability of 2nd draw is blue = 
=  j(odd function)dx
j ( e v e n function) dx
6 (——^—r
11. ( b ) : Intersection of two sets is empty if any one of them is empty A n (> = <)> 3/2 12. (d) : \[lx
+
=
0  2 M ^ t
• E o 4i lJ
dx
=
o i xl
dx
3/2 \]dx
/_
\ 
= J3dx = 3(l) =
6.
(a) : y2 = x => y = Required area )xvldxJxV2dx
^
13. (a) : tan _1 x + tan 1; + tan~!z = ic tan~ l y + tan _1 z = n  tan 'x y+z => i _ y Z =  x => x + y + z = xyz 14. (d) : y = a log x + bx2 + x
MAH
.
7.
2
. dy ,
dx
 + 2bx + 1 x = 0 • + 2b = 1 = 0
.  
M
. iZ = f
and
(A)
(b) : Selection of atleast 4 out of 8 = 8C4 + 8 C 5 + 8C6 + 8C7 + 8C8 = 8 C 4 + 8 C 3 + 8 C 2 + 8 C, + 8 C 0 = 70 + 56 + 28 + 8 + 1 = 163 (c) : Consider VI + sinx VT sinx 2 cos now y = cos ^ +sin ^ 2 2 cos 2 sin ^ 2 = cos ^ + sin ^ cos sin 
(dx
a + Sb =  2 — (B)
Solving (A) & (B) we get 1 a = 2,b =  z 15. ( b ) : line ~ + ^
x
8.
= 2 touches a
+ •a) ...(II
j. y i ^ dy now — +  t = 2 = >  3  = a b dx
 ( f M i )  '  *  ^
dx 2 By (I) & (II) we have f = £ x y Putting in — + y = 2 => y = b, x = a :. Required point (a, b) 16. (b) : 5x2 + 9y2 + lOx  36y = 4 5x2 + lOx + 9y 2  36y = 4 5(x2 + 2x) + 9(V  4y) = 4 5(x + l) 2 + 9(y  2) 2 = 4 + 36 + 5 (* + l) 2 . ( J  2 ) 2 1 9 5 2 2 y Y a = 3 6 = V5 Now b2 = a 2 (1  e 2 ) 2 , ^ 1 5 4 2
2sinf
9.
(d) : lim e ' f ' (0/0 form) v ' x1 Applying L  Hospital Rule = lim
0 = _ ,= _ 1 e 10 10. (a) : No. of red balls = 3, No. of blue balls = 5 .. Total Number of balls = 3 + 5 = 8 we need blue ball in second draw which means first draw may one of the red or blue so there are two case (1) first red & 2nd blue (2) first blue & 2nd also blue .'. P (first red & 2nd blue or first blue and 2nd also blue)
58 MATHEMATICS TODAY  SEPTEMBER '07 57
so imaginary Foci (± ae, 0) = (± 2, 0)
Now x + 1 = ± 2, y  2 = 0 x =  3, 1, y =2 .". (  3, 2), (1 2) are real foci. 17. (c) : The degree of a differential equation is the (exponent) order of its highest order derivative. Here order of highest order derivative of
2
= 1
23. (d) :
1  
L _ 3 2 " 4 . Fi (7, 3)
•x =± 2
Fl (5, 3)
e
Given ~ :.yj(57)2 2ae = 1 2 ae = 6
\ + ( 3  3 ) 2 = 2ae
=
Distance between two foci = 2ae
& ) + v  * i s i . '. degree of given differential equation = 1. oo 1 J
6
a = 4 20
18. ( a ) : ^cos+ /sin—jcos^ + / sin—j 30 — (v 1 ,2 1 1
:
Now ft2 = a 2 ( e 2  1 ) = 1 6 ^  1
2
„;ifl + 2+ U A I 2: 00=
if a[ < 1)
era = cos7i + /sinrt as sinru = 0
dy _ Ay cos x + sin y + y) 19. (a) : Given d x ~ ^ r ^ V x c o s y + x => J(sinx + x cosy + x)dy =  j(y cosx + siny + y)dx => y sinx + x siny + xy = y sinx  x siny + yx + => 2(y sinx + x siny + xy) = K (K is constant) => y sinx + x smy + xy = y => y sinx + x siny + xy = C 20. (c) : _ x(l + y ) y(l + x 2 ) ^
2
2h 2x20 10 4 a x2 _ y3  z4 24. (a) : Given line is 2 3 5 equation of plane through line with DR's a, b, c is a(x  2) + b(y  3) + c(z  4) = 0 — (*) along with 2a + 3 b + 5c = 0 — (A) Again plane is parallel to xaxis so normal to the plane satisfies ata2 + bxb2 + CjC2 = 0 => la + Ob + Oc = 0 — (B) :. length of latus rectum = Solving (A) & (B) we get f =  = ^ using a, b, c in (*) we get 0(x  2) + 5(y  3) + (3) (z  4) = 0 or 5y  3z  3 = 0 25. ( c ) : use it = ~ 7• = ^ T
2
(new constant) rdy 1 + y2 ' dx l + x2
= 3.14 [TT ] = 9
2
[jt] = 3 [TI2  6] = 3
i l o g ( l + y 2 ) =  l o g (1 + x 2 ) + l o g c 1+ v2 T^T = K => 1 + y2 = K{\ l+x lK K which represents hyperbola 21. (c) : Jj = ix(axi) = [(ii)a(ia)i] + jx(axj) + + Kx2y2 = 1 K +x )
y
2
< 10
I = 2.7 [e] = 2 From given determinant we have 2 3 3 3 3 3 2 2 3
1 K
26. ( c ) : Given al + bm + cn = 0 => n kx(axk) :. fmn + gin + him = 0 ~ , lal + m bm\ f
2 + 2
[0j)ZGa)J] + [(kk)a(ka)kj
Ial + bm\ h l m
=0
= 3a  [(J • a)i + ( j • a)j + {k • a)k~^ let a ~ = 3 5  [«jZ + a2j + !2. ( b ) : S a y y =
,2
=> afml + bfm + agl + bglm  chlm — 0 => agl2 + (af + bg  ch)lm + bfm2 = 0 => agfa) + («/+ bg  ch)(~) + bf= 0 (A)
+ a2j + a3k
= 3a  a = 2a + = x + ± + 2
If the DC's of two lines are /,, mh nu & l2, m2, n2 then = roots of (A) are A. A . m, m„
58 MATHEMATICS TODAY  SEPTEMBER '07 57
/
.". Product of the roots of (A) = J L . W, W2 => 1.1, m.m, n,n, _ f = g h (bysj™"1^^) ag g b
f(x)
>1 = > / ( x ) > 2
a b c the lines be 1 if lxl2 + m}m2 + nxn2 = 0 = > ^ + f +  = 0 a b c ab+c 27. (a) : a + b+lc 3c ab+c a + b + 2c 3c 2a using C1 > Cj  C 2 = 2a 0 \2a using ^2 ~ = 0 0 6a (2Z> + c  c) = 12aZ> K 28. (d) : The inequality j < argz represent the set of all points except the origin, lying between the lines through (0,0) & make angles 45° & 30° in the positive direction .". eqn. of lines through (0, 0) & slope tan 45° = 1 = m y  yl = m(x  Xj) =>  0 = l(x  0 ) => y = x & equation through (0, 0) & slope tan 60° = j 3 1.e. y  0 = V3 (*  0) => y = N /3x 29. (c) : 1. A chord of parabola is a focal chord if it passes through focus. 2. If («], b\) & (a2, b2) are end points of focal chord of the parabola y2 = 4ax then a, a2 = a2 :. y2 = 16x = 4(4x) :. fh = 4 2 = 16 r, 30. (c) : Given b' = cxa [56c] _ [c 3 b] _ ^ [a be]
so
33. (b) : Given y 2 = 4x — (*) => 2y y' = 4 2y = 4 as / = 1 y = 2 .". by (*) we have 4 = 4x => x = 1 34. (c) : Given expansion (2  3x3)20 T^ = 20Cr 220"'' (3x 3 )' .. putting r = 9, 10 f 10 = 20 C 9 2n (3x 3 ) 9 ^ — ' tiu / jviuu /„ = 20 C 10 2 10 (3x 3 ) 1 0 tn = ^^ 22 :o t
1 2 3 a —b + c a + b + 2c 3c ab 3c +c 1 1 3
n
10 12 1 l/3x3
45 22
 2
c
°C
10 11
=>x 3 = 2d?* .. x = 35. ( a ) : 2 sin x =
T
26 + c
t+S
< 2 (•.•  1 < sin x < 1)
2
^P + q <2 ^ q 0
= > 0 < ( V p + V ? ) 2 or (JpJq)2< => p> q or /?<<7 => p = q
v 36. (a) : arg z < 0 (Given) B( _ 2) .. arg z =  0 < 0 z = z (cos (  0) + i sin (  0)) jte = z (cos 0  i sin 8 ) n n  z = z (  cos 0 + 1 sin 0) = z (cos (tt  0) + 7 sin (71  0)) .. arg (  z) = 7t  0 = 7t + (  0) arg (  z) = 7t + arg z .'. arg (  z)  arg z = 7t
. p.
s=^xS)'b [a be]
37. (b) : Given A e {l 2 , 2 2 , 3 2 , , n2} 2 2 2 :. x e A => x e {l , 2 , 3 , , n2} y e A=>y e {l 2 , 2 2 , 3 2 , n2} xy = Product of the square of two numbers => xy is also the square of a natural number => xy e A 38. (b) : Given sin 1 1 j  + cosec 1
y j s reciprocal of b
:
31. (d) : Solution of equations 2x + y = 5, x  2y 9 7 x = j , y = j ;. 2x  14y = a => a =  1 6 32. (d) : / ( x ) = cos2x + sec : x using AM>GM => cos x + sec" x
• 11 sm~' [5 + sin"11 U] Tt . s • r 111 i 1 2~sln => cos
1
_ ,
15
sin" 3 5
= COS
> \ ' c o s " x sec 2 x
COS"
x ^ => x
MATHEMATICS TODAY  SEPTEMBER '07
57
39. (a) : (634.640625) 10 = ? (634)i 0 = (512 + 64 + 32 + 16 + 8 + 2) 10 = (29 + 2 6 + 2 5 + 2 4 + 2 3 + 2 2 + 21)io (using 2 9 = (1000000000) 2 26 = (1000000)2) = (1001111010.00) 2 Similary for others and .640625 = ? .640625 x 2 = 1.281250 .281250 x 2 = 0.562500 .562500 x 2 = 1.125 .125 x 2 = 0.250 .250 x 2 = 0.500 .500 x 2 = 1.000 (.640625) 10 = (.101001)2 Finally(634.640625) 10 = (1001111010.101001) 2 40. (a) : f ( x ) = cor 1 [ j Z ^ j j , g(x) = cos" as 0 < a < i :. f (a) & g(a) are fixed (constant) numbers. f \ a ) = g\a) = 0 Further/(x) = cot"1 ( j T ^ r 1x' l + x:
dy\ dx) *=*. = 1  l x J y~y\ y.
U iy=j>i)
y i
so equation of tangent at (x b y,) is yy yyi yr =>x x f 1 / 3 + y y~m = x, 2/3 + y, 2 ' 3 = a 2/3 using (*) .'. p = Intercept on xaxis = am xxm q = Intercept on yaxis = a213 y,1/3 .•. length of intercept between the axes is i= (x  x [ ) =>
7777
43. (d) : let third vertex be A{h, k) then AD 1 BC through (6, 9) => OA 1 BC (O is orthocentre) => mx x m2 =  1 (mx  slope of BC, m2 = slope of OA) 10Wft9 15/\ft6/ =  1 =>2k 18 = 3 h  18 2k = 3h — (I) Similarly BT1 AC =>BO L AC (I5,0)c\ =>«, xffl, =  l [mx = slope of BO, m2 = slope of AC)
 f — W J  I3'*
and g(x) = cos"
Now
1xj = 2 tan _1 x A + x' , fix)f(a) form 1™ g(x)g(d) (°/0 A*)  ^ / ( a ) and g(x) > g(a) Z M
=
=
Hm
iim
Id^i.
= > £ = 6 / z  9 0 — (II) By (I) & (II) .. h = 20, k = 30 44. (c) : let one angle a , other be a + n/3 let the side opposite to angle a be M so the side opposite to a + n/3 be 2M using sine formula B sin A sin B sin C 2M M = ^ sina sin (a + n/3) 2 sin a = sin ( a + ti/3) a i h =>2 sin a = ^si" 0 1 + —cosa rz 1 3  s i n a = ycosa=>tan a ^ => a = 30° So other angle a + n/3 = 90°or triangle is right angle triangle 45. (b) : let equation of circle be x 2 + y 2 + 2gx + 2fy + c = 0 using (t, 1), (1, t) & (t, t) we have 2gt + 2 / + c =  t2  1 — (I) 2g + 2ft + c =  t2  1 — (II) 2gt + 2ft + c =  2t2 — (III)
MATHEMATICS TODAY  SEPTEMBER '07 4
l + x2 41. (a) : We have (z + 1) (z + co) (z + or) = z 3 + 1 rn :. Given expression = £ ( r + l)(r + <»)(r + co2)
r=l
= 2>3+l) = I>3
r=I r=l
+
I l
r=l
=
4 12. x2/3 + let A{xx, 2/3) be any point on the curve (d) : yp./'i = a yx Now we need the equation of tangent to the curve at (*i y\) intercept of tangent on axis are the p & q respectively. As x 2/3 + y273 = am :. x, 2 ' 3 + y ^ 3 = a 2 ' 3 — (*)
10
from (I) & (II) on subtracting (I) & (II) we get (2g + 2/) (/  1) = 0 =*g=f, t= 1 c =  2 .'. equation of circle be x2 + y2 = 2 which passing through (1, 1)
46. (a) : V l r  4 x y + S y
2
= 0
y
=V3* =(i 2 say)
=>(43xy)(xSy) =0 => y = V3x (say Z,2 line) y = ~~=x(sa.yL} line)
(old position of lines)
=> Centre of Sphere (0, 0, 0) & OP = radius of sphere = 5 say M b e the foot of J_ from 0(0, 0, 0) to given plane r . (i+j + ic) =4^3 .•. OM= length of the ± from 0(0, 0, 0) to the plane r . (i+j + k)  4^3 = 0 is 6.(/+;+it)W3 / + j + k\ = <JOP2 OM2 49. (d) : A = 4 s/3 = 4 V3
=>/m„ m2 = 30°, 60° .'. In new position i 2 makes an angle 60 + j = 90° with the +ve direction of xaxis .'. Equation of line L2 is new position y  0 = tan 90 (x  0) x= 0 and In new position line Lx makes an angle 30° + = 60° this line passing through (0, 0) .'. equation of line Z,, is new position is y  0 = tan 60 (x  0) y = j.3x yy/3x=0 Joint equation be x(y  ,/3x) = 0 =>sl3x2xy = 0 47. (c) : Latus rectum of a parabola is a chord passing through the focus J. to the axis Note: If & l2 are the length of segment of focal chord of a parabola, then latus rectum is given by
( I , new position)
PM = radius of circular section = V2516 = 3 i+2j+3k :.Bt = it+2tj+ik
B =  i+2j+ic
:.A + tB = i(\t) + j(2 + 2t) + k(3 + t) Now C = 3/+ j+Ok is 1 A + tB C (A + tB) = 0 => 3 (1  0 + 2 + It = 0 =>t + 5 = 0 t= 5
yA
50. ( a ) : a . [ ( b + c ) y . ( a + b + c)] = a . [b
=
n
(L, in position)
x
(a + b + c)
+
c x (a
+ +
b + c)]
fi^b)]
a . \b x a
+ ]yi(Z + c x a
7
= a . [b x. a] + a . (c x. a) = 0 + 0 = 0 51. (d) = {1,2,3} &R = {(1,2), (2,3)} n(R) = 2 A x A = {1, 2, 3} x {l, 2, 3} n(A x A) = 9 {(1, 1) ( 1 , 2 ) (1,3), (2, 1) (2, 2) (2, 3) (3, 1) (3, 2) (3, 3)} Now equivalence relation is A x A .'. Remaining minimum number of ordered pairs are given by n(A x A)  n(R) = 9  2 = 7
V" = 4 ax
, . ^ .a cosa + / s i n a (cosa + /sina) 52. ( a ) : Count t = s—. . p o cos(3 + ismp (cos (3  z'sin(3) = £ = e'(Pr) = cos(Py) + /sin(Py) — = e'(T a) = cos(ya) + zsin(ya) " £ + b + c = j + Q. b c a => [cos(aP) + cos(Py) + cos(ya)] + i[sin(ap) + sin(py) + sin(ya)] = 1 + 0 / => cos(ap) + cos(Py) + cos(ya)] = 1 & sin(a~P) + sin(py) + sin(ya) = 0 « (c) : —+  = t / ^ 1 ,1 53. y +t ' a c ba bc 65
(Here /, = SP = 3 /2 = SQ = 2) 4.3.2 24 3+2 5 Fact: Semi latus rectum of parabola y2 = 4 ax is the harmonic mean of SP & SQ given by SP . SQ SP+SO 48. ( a ) : Given jr = 5
70 M A T H E M A T I C S T O D A Y  SEPTEMBER '07
a+c _ 2 b(a + c) ac b2b(a + c)+ac => 2ac(a + c) + A2(a + c)  6 (a + c) 2 = 2a6c =>2ac(<z + cb) + b(a + c)[a + cb] = 0 => (a + c  6) (2ac  6(a + c)) = 0 2ac =>b= —— as (a + c* b given) a, b, c, e H.P. v a+c 54. (a) : Given (a  6)" = "C r a 1  A' (1X Putting r = 4, 5 we get r 5 = "C 4 a" 4 A4 r 6 = "C5 a"~5 b5 (  1 ) ••• Ts + T6 = 0 =>"C4 a"4 b4 = "Cs a"5 b5 "C5 , . "Cr+1 n4 (using n "C, r+l)= c: 55. (a) : A square matrix is said to be idempotent if A2 = A Now AB = A, BA = B (given) AB = A =>A(BA) = A2 => = = yi2 i.e. 'A' is idempotent similarly B = B2 i.e. ' B ' is idempotent B both are idempotent matrices 56. ( a ) : S a y / ( x ) = y
58. (b) : Given xxyy zz = c =>x log x + y log y + z log z = k on differentiting (partially) w.r. to x assuming z is a function of y & z (x ^ + l o g x ) + 0 + ( z  i + l o g z ) g dz 1 + logx 1 + log z d rl — cos x fe 0
59 W : . lim
J
 —o \ 2 x j T »
feM
. lim « ' " . .
*>o
60. (a) : Given, slope of curve i.e. dy. ~ dx dy y1 dy_ y1 dy y =>log(y  1) = log
y
I 2 dy
is given
~~
l
+ X
dx x2 + x dx x(x + 1)
•'• * /~ (v) 10*+ 10" =>y(10* + 10*) = 1 0 *  10"* y(lQP* + 1 ) = 102*  1=> lO^fy 1) =  ( 1 +y)
•102l =
10*  1 0 "
=
1
1+y 1y
2x log 10 10 = log,,
1+2
1y
=>(y  1) (x + 1) = xc [using (1, 0)] =>(l)(2 ) = c c = 2 .•. Required curve (y  1) (x + 1) = 2x or (y  1) (x + 1) + 2x = 0
>x =
1+ y log io U
l+y = > / _ 1 0 0 = 4 log i o U  y
=>/  1 (*) =  logio ( x r f 57. (c) : / ( * ) = sin(log x) a n d y = / ( f z ^ f ) +3 ^ \32x , /2x+3 = cos log h " ^
^ ^ 2X
di dx 1 (2x + 3) 3  2x
2x+ 3 3  2x
Available a t leading bookshops in Bhubaneshwar, Behrampur, Cuttack, Rourkela, Sambafpur.
Send D.D/M.O in favour of MTG Books. Add Rs. 35 for postage.
(3  2x)(2)  (2x + 3)(2) (32x) , / 2x+ 3 cos log  3  r 2 x 12 94x2
C0sl0g
.
12 94x 2x + 3 \32x
MTG BOOKS
503, Taj Apt., Ring Road. Near Safdarjung Hospital New Oelhi  110 029 Tel : 26191601, 26194317
66
MATHEMATICS TODAY  SEPTEMBER '07
Very Similar Practice Paper
JEE 2008
By ; Vidyalankar Institute*, Mumbai
Part I
Time : 1 hr. Max. Marks : 81 Section I : Straight Objective Type This section contains 9 multiple choice questions numbered 1 to 9. Each question has 4 choices (a), (b), (c) and (d), out of which ONLY ONE is correct. 1. The area bounded by the curves / (x) = sin 1 (sinx) and g(x) = [sin _1 (sinx)] in the interval [0, ji], where [•] is a greatest integer function, is \2 (a) 2. /_ \2
7.
A solution of j = 2 x { ^ j + x 2 ^ J
is
(a) y = 2c !/2 x 1/4 + c (c) 8. y = l4c(x + \)
(b) y = 2 ^ x 2 + c 2 (d) y = 2Vcx + c1
If Jtan 1 xdx = / ( x ) + log  cosx  then
(a) / ( x ) is a polynomial of degree 8 in tanx (b) / ( x ) is a polynomial of degree 5 in tanx . tan6x 1 4 1 2 > 1 . — j ( (c) / ( x ) = — —tan x + — tan x + log  cosx j + C 6 4 2 (d) / ( x ) is a polynomial of degree 6 in tanx. 9. If Im „ = f c o s m x sinwx dx, then 7/ 4
3
(b) ( f  i )
(0 *
(d) ( l  i )
The value of J [x2  1 ]dx, where [x] denotes the o greatest integer function, is given by (a) (c) 3. 3V3V2 4 — ^/3—^/2 0>) 2V3 (d) none of these.
 4 /3
2
=
(a) c o n s t a n t (c) cos 4 x cos3x + C
(b) cos 2 x + C (d) cos7x  cos4x + C.
J 2 dx is equal to 0 (1 + * ) (b) 0 (a) 1 (d) none of these. (c) 2 I f / ( x ) = max {2  x, 2, 1 + x), then (b) 6 (c) 7 J f(x)dx
1
Section II : AssertionReason Type This section contains 4 questions numbered 10 to 13. Each question contains STATEMENT1 (Assertion) and STATEMENT2 (Reason). Each question has 4 choices (a), (b), (c) and (d), out of which ONLY ONE is correct. Of these statement, mark correct choice. = (a) Statement  1 and 2 are true and Statement  2 is a correct explanation for Statement 1. (b) Statement  1 and 2 are true and Statement  2 is not a correct explanation for Statement  1. (c) Statement  1 is true, Statement  2 is false. (d) Statement  1 is false, Statement  2 is true. 10. Statement 1 : 1 J : ;rdx „/ 6 1 + tan x
n/3 =
4
(a) 5
(d) 8.
5. The area bounded by the curves y = In x, xaxis and x = e is (a) e sq. units (c) 6. ( l + \ \ sq u If g(x) =
nits
(b) 1 sq. unit (d) (1  ~ )
units
K 7 0>
n e
R

{3/  2g'(t)}dt,
then g'(2) = (d) 3/2.
Statement 2~. \ f(x)dx
= \f(a+
bx)dx
(a)  2 / 3
(b)  3 / 2
(c) 2/3
* H.O.: Pear! Centre, Senapati Bapat Marg, Dadar (W), Mumbai400 028. Tel.: (022)2430 63 67, 2432 43 42
MATHEMATICS TODAY  SEPTEMBER '07
5
11. Statement 1 : •4 2x 7 + 3x 6  lOx5  7 x 3  1 2 x 2 +x + l , J ^— ax = (x 2 + 2) V2 V2/ i 2 J [ 3x 4  6x 2 +  2  <ix Statement 2 :
a
•>
1 + bx + c) +  (2ax + b)/(x) + D + bx + c)~ (2ax + b)f(x) + D
(a) (j)(x) = f'(x)(ax (b) 4>(jc) = f'(x)(ax2
[ f ( x ) is
an odd
function
1
12 \f(x)dx,
if / ( x ) is an even function
(c) <j)(x) =  f ' ( x ) ( a x 2 +bx+c) + (2ax + A)/(x) + £> (d) none of these. 15. Now apply this method to evaluate the given integral. j + v 5 + 6x^~v 2
= (Ax 2 + B x + C )V(5 +
12. Statement 1 : If / ' ( x ) = / ( x ) + J/(x)a!*:, given o / ( 0 ) = 1, then f ( x ) = — Statement 2 : / " ( x ) = / ' ( x ) => f ( x ) = Aex, \/xeR
6XX2)
+ £ > s i n " 1 ^ j   j , then (a) ^ = 1/3 (c) C = 227/6 (b) 5 = 9/2 (d) Z) =  1 3 9 .
13. Statement 1 : If / ( x ) = J — dt, x > 0, then
M M ;7; Paragraph for Question No. 16 and 17 An even function/is defined and integrable everywhere and is periodic with period 2.
X
Statement 2 :
J
l +a

e'dt dt = J I (t + a)
Section III : Linked Comprehension Type 77n's section contains 3 paragraphs M14 ; , M16 /7 and Mls Based upon each paragraph, 2 multiple choice questions have to be answered. Each question has 4 choices (a), (b), (c) and (d), out of which one or more than one can be correct. M : Paragraph for Question No. 14 and 15 Consider the integral J <j)(x) dx where (J) (x) is
Also function g(x) = \f(t)dt and g(l) = A. o 16. Function g(x) is (a) odd (b) even (c) neither even nor odd (d) can't be determined. 17. Value of g(2) in terms of A is (a) 2A (b) All (c) AA (d) A/A M]S
I9
: Paragraph for Question No. 18 and 19
Let 0(0, 0), A(2, 0) and B\ 1, ^
DJ be the vertices of
(ax + bx + c) a polynomial in x. If (j) (x) is a polynomial of degree n, then there exist* a polynomial / ( x ) of degree (n  1) and a constant such that
a triangle. Let R be the region consisting of all those points P inside A QAB which satisfy, d(P, OA) < min{d(P, OB), d(P, AB)}, where ' d ' denotes the perpendicular distance from the point to the corresponding line. 18. For any point P, the maximum value of d(P, OB) = (b) 1 (c) j j (d) VJ
J
<j>(x) dx
yj(ax2 + bx + c)
= / (x)V ax + bx + c + D\ v ax 2 +for+ c (a) 2
2
dx
14. Differentiating both sides with respect to x and multiply by J ^ + bx + c we get
19. Area of the region R is 1 (a) 2 + ^ 3 (b) (c) 4  7 3
(d)
2  S
10
MATHEMATICS TODAY  SEPTEMBER '07 6
Section IV : MatrixMatch Type This section contains 3 questions. Each question contains statements given in two columns which have to be matched, statements (P, Q, R, S) in Column 1 have to be matched with statements (A, B, C, D) in Column II. 20. Column I. Column II (F) The equation of curve (A) 4a 2 y2(a2 + x2) = x\ct  x2). The area of a loop of the above curve is (Q) The area of the curve a y = x (a  x ) is (R) Area contained between the curve ^(ax) = x2(a + x) and its asymptotes is (S) The area enclosed by the parabola ay= 3 (a 2 x 2 ) and the xaxis is 21. Column 1 (P) l dx sinxcosx
Sm(2x) 2 2 2 2 2
(S)
\
x2+l
dx
P)
+
C
Part II
Section I : Straight Objective Type This section contains 9 multiple choice questions numbered 1 to 9. Each questions has 4 choices (a), (b), (c) and (d), out of which ONLY ONE is correct. The / ( x ) is an even and differentiable function, l then the value of 1 0 3 / ( * ) + */"(*) + 3)dx = l (a) 6 2. (b) 2 xjc2x2 (c) 0
2
1.
(B) 2a 2 (l + (C)
,21
n
(d) 1. +b)2 dx is
The value of J
(ax2 (b) sin
4
(D) ^
a
(a) sin
b\ ax +  + k x c
Column II (A) tan"'(tan 2 x) + C (B) lnx  ln(l + x) + 1 +C T+x (C)^lntanf?_^l + C V2 (D)
1
(c) cos l ax + x + k I c j 3. The value of
,\
2 b ax + —r + k x c j
2
l ax (d) cos
b +j + k x
(Q)
dx xlnx 1) ln 1 +
J max(x[x], x[x\)dx is ([•] a denotes the greatest integer function) given by (a) a/2 (b) 3a/2 (c) 2a (d) none of these. 4. Let f : R R be a differentiable function at x = 1 such t h a t / ( 1 ) = 4 a n d / ' ( 1 ) = 2, then the value / « 21 of lim f —  d t is ; x1 (a) 8 5. (b) 4 (c) 16 (d) 2 If 71 , C f X dx = khi 3 + 2 ^ 1, then k is 3• — o  + 4smx v 3 J (a) 1/2 (b) 1/3 (c) 1/4 (d) 1/8. 6. The area bounded by the graph y = [x  3] the xaxis and the lines x =  2 and x = 3 is ([•] denotes the greatest integer function) (a) 7 sq. units. (b) 15 sq. units (c) 21 sq. units (d) 28 sq. units. 7. If f —  dt = a, then (b) ae~b
I
e>
(R)
2 1 X +7; lnx
dx
(S)
(l + xf
dx
V5
t a n ^ +C Xyfl
22. Column I (P) . [1 + (x +.2) x+2 ln(x + 2)]dx (Q) 2 1 sin xcos x dx
Column II (A,si
+
c
(B)
x4 x2 T " T + ^ln(x2+l) + C
b
(R)
dx 3x
f — ; —  dt is equal to (d) aeh. equation
e l
(C) e r ln(x + 2 ) + C
(a) ae1' 8.
(c) be"
The solution
of the differential
58 MATHEMATICS TODAY  SEPTEMBER '07
57
(l + y 2 ) + ( x  e t a n " ' o ~ = o is ax (a) 2xetan~ly (b) xe
tSDy
= e2tan~ly
1
+k
= tan' y + k =em~ly+k = ke~tm~ly dxKln(x2 (b) 1 4x + 8) + tan f ^ y ^ j + C (c) 2 (d) 3.
1
(C) xe2tan"ly (d) (x2)
9
f
Section III : Linked Comprehension Type This section Contains 2 paragraphs M1416 and MI7 I9. Based upon each paragraph 3 multiple choice questions have to be answered. Each question has 4 choices (a), (b), (c) and (d) out of which one or more than one can be correct. Mu16 • Paragraph for Question No. 14 to 16.
then the value of K is (a) 1/2 Section II : AssertionReason Type This section contains 4 questions numbered 10 to 13. Each question contains STATEMENT1 (Assertion) and STATEMENT2 (Reason). Each question has 4 choices (a), (b), (c) and (d), out of which ONLY ONE is correct. Of these statement, mark correct choice. (a) Statement  1 and 2 are true and Statement  2 is a correct explanation for Statement 1. (b) Statement  1 and 2 are true and Statement  2 is not a correct explanation for Statement  1. (c) Statement  1 is true, Statement  2 is false. (d) Statement  1 is false, Statement  2 is true. 10. Statement integral. Statement  1 : jVtan 6 dQ is an inexpressible Vsin0 dQ and jVcosG dQ are

Let there be a G.P. consisting of 5 terms, where first term is 'a' and common ratio is V . 14. If a is the value of x for which the function /(x) — 5 + 4x loge5  5*"1  5 2 _ x attains the maxima, then a = (a) 2 (b) 5 (c) 3 (d) 1. 15. If r = lim J ^ , then r = o * tan(7t  x) (a) 1/3 (c) 1/6 (b)  1 / 3 (d) 1/6.
16. The sum of the 5 terms of G.R is (a) 112/81 (b) 120/81 (c) 124/81 (d) none of these. M1?
lg:
Paragraph 2 for Question No. Q.17 to 19
Let / (x) = 
 2 :
inexpressible integrals. l 11. Statement 1 : J \ogex dx is defined and is equal o to1. Statement  2 : log x is continuous in the interval (0, 1] 12. Statement 1 : If /„ = J tan"x dx then 5(1 + Is) = tan 5 * Statement  2 : If /„ = Jtan" x dx then
17. Let J f(x)dx is equal to o (a) 3 ln3  5 In 2 (b) 5 ln2  3 In 3 (c) 5 ln2 + 3 ln3 (d) none of these. 18. Now suppose x is given only positive integral value, say n, then, / ( n ) = 1
(a)
n +1 1 n+1
L "r o
n+2 2 n+2
n+3 1 n+3
(b)
1 1 1 /7+T ~~n +2 n + 3
(c)
(d) none of these.
/„ =
tan"
l
x
• /„_ 2 where n e N
19. Further,/(«) is equal to (a) 3 "c "c ~  7 1 + —ZA.... to (h + 1) terms 4 5 4 5 .... to (« + l) terms
1 13. Statement  1 : If J j ^ d x = ln(/(x)) 2 + c then fix) = \x.
(b)
(c)
"Q
Statement  2 : When f ( x ) = 1 2 J . dx= J— dx = 21nx + c J \X) x
"r
3 4
"C, .... to (n +1) terms 5
(d) none of these.
58 MATHEMATICS TODAY  SEPTEMBER '07 57
Section IV : MatrixMatch Type This section contains 3 questions. Each question contains statements given in two columns which have to be matched, statements (P, Q, R, S) in Column 1 have to be matched with statements (A, B, C, D) in Column II. 20. Column I
n/ 2
(S) Consider the differential dy equation dx so its degree is 22. Column I >\2/3
2 1 + d y^  dx" \ V
(D) 3
Column II cosx dx (A) < i  i
Column II
( A ) In
(P)
(Q)
,
£ (1 + s i n x ) ( 2 + s i n x )
4bt/4
(P)
(Q)  ex(\cotx
2
lcot^j + C
J  cosx  dx o ' ln(l x) dx (R) X o (S) J  In x  dx l/e 21. Column I (P) Consider the differential equation dy , l1 + fdy * tx + dx degree is (Q) The differential equation representing the family of curve y2 =2c(x + y[c), where c is a parameter is of degree (R) Consider differential equation
y = X
(B) In 4  In 3 (C) 20 + (D) V 6 1
(B) secx  cosecx + c
+ cot x)dx = (R) J (S) dx= (C) sin si
1
• cos 2 xsm 2 x
x + Vlx2 + c
Column II (A) 1
dx j 1cosxsinx
(D) ex cotx + c ANSWERS
Parti
1. (b) 2. (a) 3. (b) 4. (c) 8. (d) 9. (c) 10. (d) 7. (d) 14.(a) 13.(a) 15. (a), (b), (c), ( d ) 1 6 . ( a ) 17. (a) 20. (P) (C), (Q) (D), (R) (B), 21. (P) (C), (Q) (A), (R) (D), 22. (P) (C), (Q) (D), (R) 5. (b) 11. (a) 6. (d) 12.(c)
(B) 4
18. (b) 1 9 . ( d ) (S) (A) (S)  > (B) (A), (S) (B) (c) (b) (b) 6. (b) 12.(c) 18.(a) (A) (B) (A)
Part II (C) 2
2. (a) 4. (c) 5. 1. (a) 3. (b) 11. 10. (d) 7. (b) 8. (a) 9. (a) 17. 14. (a) 16. (d) 13.(a) 15. (b) 19.(a) 2 0 . (P) (B), (Q) (C), (R) (D), (S) 21 • (P) — (C), (Q) > (D), (R) (A), (S) 22. (P) ^ (C), (Q) (D), (R) (B), (S)
dx)
2! ydx + ....00 = y
3!Ux then its degree is
^
30 Years (19782007) Chapterwise IITJEE Questions w i t h detailed Solutions
Chapters are categorized as • • • • • Rs. 200
Available at all leading bookshops throughout the country. Send D.D./M.O. in favour of MTG Books,
MCQs (only one option I more than one option correct) Fill in the blanks True and False Subjective problems Match the columns Comprehension
•
M T G BOOKS
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10
MATHEMATICS TODAY  SEPTEMBER '07 57
MBA • MCA • NDA • NTSE • GRE • SAT • CAT
I M I M t e ^ i M t e tea
real testlike
1.
The aim of this test is to acclimatize you with experience and give you the required competitive
Consider the
edge.
Let / ( x ) = x4  2j2x2 x+ 245.
following statements in connection with / ( x ) : I. /
(a) Lx + y + z\ = lx + yj + _z + {x + y} J (b) Lx + y + z j = Lx + y] + LzJ = LxJ +ly + z]
= Lx + z j + LyJ
(c) Lx + y + z j = LxJ + LyJ + LzJ (d) {x + y + z} = y + z  Ly + z j + {x} 6. If tn denotes the nth term of an A.P. and tp = l/q and tq = Up; then which of the following is necessarily a root of the equation (p + 2q  3r)x 2 + (q + 2r  3p)x + (r + 2p  3q) = 0 (Assume p * q) (a) tp (b) tpq (c) tp + q (d) tq 1. The remainder, when 2222 5555 + 55552222 is divided by 7, is (a) 1 (b) 2 (c) 0 (d) 5 Directions (Q. 810): Answer the questions on the basis of the information given below : Let ABC be an isosceles triangle with AB = AC. Consider the sequence of circles Ph P2, to infinity, having centres at C b C 2 , respectively. Constructed in the following manner, C, touches the three sides of triangle, C2 touches C] and arms of the angle A, C 3 touches C2 and arms of the angle A and so on. AC = 5 cm, BC = 6 cm (figure not drawn to scale). Designate by r„ in the radius is the circle with centre C„. 8. What is the value of r2 ? (b) 1.75 cm (c) 1.25 cm (d) 0.375 cm (a) 2 cm 9. The relation between r 3 , r 4 and r5 is ? n n (b) r< (a) 2 r, +r. (d) none of the preceding (c) 10. The area of the shaded portion is (in cm 2 )
(a)
III.
f
of the above statements, the number of correct one(s) is/are (a) 1 (b) 2 (c) 3 (d) 4. Directions (Q. 23) : Answer the questions on the basis of the information given below : Let n = 111 7, where number of sevens is 1001. That is, n is a number consisting of 1001 sevens. 2. When n is divided by 1001 the remainder is (a) 700 (b) 707 (c) 770 (d) 70 3. When n is divided by 1001 the quotient is (a) 777000777000 77700070, the block 777000 repeated 166 times (b) 777000777000 77700077 , the block 777000 repeated 166 times (c) 777000777000 77700077 , the block 777000 repeated 165 times (d) 777000777000 77700007 , the block 777000 * y ' ' v ' repeated 165 times. 4. I f / ( x ) is a rational integer function of x and a, b are unusual, then the remainder in the division of / ( x ) by (x  a)(x  b) is (a) [(x  a)f(b)  (x  b)f(a)]/(a  b) (b) [(x  a)f(a)  (x  b)f(b)V{a  b) (c) [(x  a)f(b)  (x  b)f(a)]Kb  a) (d) [(x  a)f(a)  (x  b)f(b)]/(b  a) 5. Suppose, for any real number x, LxJ denotes the greatest integer less than or equal to x, and {x} = x  LxJ, that is, the fractional part of x. For arbitrary real numbers x, y and z, 70
12fl~l
(b)
•71)
MATHEMATICS TODAY  S P E B R '07 70 ET M E
(c)
12 y(47t)
(d) 12^1 
37l"l
MJ
and they are choosen in such a manner that ad  be is never zero. The probability that the said event happens is W f6
,b)
11. Study carefully the graph of a certain function jky \ (1,4) 0,4) \ Z' N S 3 \ J y=f(x)
8
(C)
h 1
(d)
4
\/
3
19. If x + y . + z = 0 then 1 1 x +y (a)  1
2 2
1
0
1
3
A
/+z x (b) 1 (c) 2
2
2
2 is equal to y (d) o
the graph corresponds to (a) y = x2  \x\  6 (b) \y\ = x2  2x  3 2 (c) y  x  2\x\  3 (d) ly =   x  2  W  6  12. A number of the digit in scale 7 when expressed in scale 9 has its digits reversed in order. How many such numbers are possible ? (a) one (b) two (c) three (d) none 13. If a, b, c, x, y, z are real and a2 + b2 + c2 = 25, x2 + y2 + z2  36, ax + by + cz = 30, what is the value a+b+c of ^ ? x+y +z 3 6 5 2 (a) j (b)(c) (d) 14. log lg0 12, log 2160 12, log2S9201 2 are in (a) A.P (b) G.P (c) H.P (d) none of the above 15. For how many positive integers n less than 17, is [n + w + l + \n + 2 an integral multiple of 49 ? (a) 5 "(b) 4 (c) 6 (d) 8 16. Eleven persons number 1, 2, .... 11 paly a chess tournament, each player playing against every other exactly one game. Assume that each game results in a win for one of the players (there is no draw). Let /], / 2 ,... Iio be the numbers of games lost by players 1, 2, 3, .... 10 respectively and w u w 2 ,...w l0 be that won by players 1, 2, 3, 10 respectively. Then (a) I2 + I2 + l] + (b) /, + ll + ll +
2
Directions (Q. 2021): Answer the questions on the basis of the information given below : In a certain city, there are ten parks and n theatres. A group of tourists spent a few days in the city and visited the parks and theatres during their stay. At the end of the stay it turned out that in all, each park was visited exactly by 4 tourists and each theatre was visited exactly by 6 tourists. Given that each tourist visited exactly 5 parks and 3 theatres, 20. The number of theatres, n} is (a) 4 (b) 8 (c) 10 21. The number of tourists is (a) 4 (b) 6 (c) 8 (d) 6 (d) 10
22. 1993  1 3 " , when divided by 162, leaves a remainder (a) 11 (b) 0 (c) 17 (d) none of these 23. the (a) (b) (c) (d) Let x2 x 100 be hundred integers such that sum of any five consecutive of them is 30. Then the largest xt equals 6 the smallest x, equals 4 X 7 1 = x26 none of the above is true.
+ / 2 = 8 1 + (vf2 + w2 + + /,20 = 81  (>v, + w +
2 2
w20) wf0)
Directions (Q. 2426) : Answer the questions on the basis of the information given below : Define functions / and g recursively as follows f(x, y) =/(2x + 2y, 2y 2x) x,y> 0 g (x)=/(2\ 0) h (x) = g (log2x) 24. The smallest k such that / ( k x , ky) = /(x, y) is (a) 84 (b) 162 (c) 163 (d) 2" 25. Assume that g(12) = 12, then g(252) is (a) 12 (b) 212 (c) 122 (d) 212 26. The value of h( 16) is the same as that of (a) /(0,16 4 ) (b) / ( 1 6 4 , 0) 6 (c)/(16 ,0) (d) / ( 0 , 166) 27. Let A be the set of all numbers of the term 4"  3«  1, where n = 1, 2, 3, Let B be the set of
71
(c) 11+11+11+ + /,20 = w, 2 + w 2 + < (d) None of the preceeding is necessarily true 17. The least and greatest value of the function y = V289JC+ ^x  225 , 2 2 5 < x < 289, are (a) 8, 8V2 (c) 8, 8^3 (b) 16, 16V2 (d) 16,16V3
18. a, b, c, d are numbers belonging to the set {0, 1}
70 MATHEMATICS TODAY  S P E B R '07 ETME
all numbers of the form 9 (rt  1), where n = 1, 2, 3,.... only one of the following statements is correct. Which one is it ? (a) each number in A is also in B (b) each number in B is also in A (c) every number in A is in B and every number in B is in A. (d) there are numbers in A which are not in B and there are number in B which are not in A 28. The solution of the inequality 107* 1 + 6101 " 7 l  5 < 0 is covered by 2 + log3 3 + log 2 6 (a) <x< W 7 7 Z±l°g2<v<l±log3 7 7 41og32 < x < 91og23 w 7 7 3 + log2 4 + log3 (d) — <x< — W 7 ? Directions (Q. 2930): Answer the questions on the basis of the information given below : A group of 11 scientists are working on a secret project, the materials of which are kept in a safe. The CBI has put in place a system under which the scientists would be able to open the safe only when a majority of them is present. Therfore the safe is provided with a number of different locks, and each scientists is given the keys to certain of these locks. 29. What is the minimum number oflocks that we need ? (a) 462 (b) 231 (c) 426 (d) 213 30. What is the minimum number of keys that each scientist has ? (a) 126 (b) 252 (c) 64 (d) 128 31. The number of postive integers n for which n < 1993 and 6 is a factor of n1 + 3n + 2 is (a) 1331 (b) 1330 (c) 1329 (d) 1328 32. Let a and P are the roots of the equation x 2  p ( x + 1)  c = 0. D e f i n e / ( x , y ) = g(x) + g(y) x + 2x + 1 g(x) = . (Assume a , P * 1, a * P) x +2x + c Which one of the following is true ? (a) / ( a , P) is never 1 (a * P) (b) / ( a , P) is always negative ( a * P) (c) / ( a , p) is always 1 (a * P) (d) / ( a , P) is always  1 (a * P) 1 1 3 33. In a triangle ABC if a+c b+c a+b+c and 70 n,) K '
0 be the measure of angle Z C then, (a) 30° < 9 < 45° (b) 45° < 9 < 90° (c) 90° < 6 < 120° (d) none of the above 579632x580001369 34. The number 5 7 9 6 3 2 > < 5 8 o o o i x 579631 i s (a) 1 (b) 2 (c)  1 (d)  2 35. An alloy consists of two metals, zink and copper, which are in the ratio 1 : 2 and another alloy consists of the same metals in the ratio 2 : 3 . How many parts of each alloy must be taken to obtain third alloy which would contains the same metals in the ratio 5 : 8 ? (a) Three parts of first alloy and seven parts of the second (b) Three parts of first alloy and ten parts of the second (c) Four parts of the first alloy and nine parts of the second (d) Four parts of the first alloy and eleven parts of the second 36. The number of ordered pair (x, y) satisfying the equation x 8 + y8 = 8xy  6, where x and y are real is (a) 2 (b) 8 ' (c) 4 (d) 16 37. If the value of the angles of a convex pentagon form an arithmetic progression, then (a) each angle is larger than 36° (b) exactly two angles are larger than 36° (c) exactly three angles are larger than 36° (d) none of the above 38. In a triangle ABC the lengths of side satisfy a2 = b(b + c), measure of angle B is 37°. Then measure of angle A is (a) 53° (b) 23° (c) 74° (d) 83° 39. 7 2 + V3^2 + ^2 + 43 ^2^2 (a) 2 + ^2 + 7! (b) 1 is (c) 4 (d) Vg + + +
40. x, y are real numbers such tha 3* = y/3 x = 4y then one of following is true: (a) (2x + 1)(3y + 1) = 1 (b) (2x + l)(3y  1) = 1 (c) (2x  1)(3y + 1) = 1 (d) (2x  l)(3y  1) = 1 41. Consider the sequence of numbers a0, ah a2>... a „, where a0 = 1723. a, +a,,. 7+1 a, = 3323 and aJ+2 = , for j > 0. The difference in values of aw and a9 i.e a10  a9\ is 33 1 41 28 (a) (b) v 7 v(c) / w(d) 277 32 50 61 42. ABC in an acute angled triangle, /LA = 30°, H is the
MATHEMATICS TODAY  S P E B R '07 72 ET M E
orthocentre and M is the midpoint of BC. On the line HM a point T is taken such that HM= MT. If BC = 5 cm then the length of AT is (in cm) (a) 10 (b) ^ (c)  (d) ioV3
(a) 95°
(b) 60°
5 4
(c) 45°
3 2
(d) 30°
50. Calculatex  12X  12x  12x + 1 2 x  1 atx = 11. The result is (a)  1 (b) 10 (c) 12 (d) 11
Directions (Q. 4344): Answer the questions on the basis of the information given below : A book containing pages between 8000 and 9000 is divided into four parts, each part being divided into chapters. The total number of pages in each of the four parts is the same. Each chapter in the first part contains 150 pages, each chapter in the second 60 pages, each chapter in the third 50 pages and each chapter in the fourth 210 pages. 43. The total number of pages in the book is (a) 8400 (b) 8800 (c) 8600 (d) 8200 44. Total number of chapters in the book is (a) 103 (b) 102 (c) 101 (d) 104 45. A positive integer N has exactly 12 distinct (positive) divisions including itself and 1, but only 3 distinct prime factors. If the sum of these prime factors is 20, the smallest possible value of N is (a) 120 (b) 260 (c) 308 (d) none of the preceding 46. One of the legs of a right isosceles triangle lies in a plane and the other form an angle equal to 45° with it. The angle formed by hypotenuse and the plane is (a) 30° (b) 45° (c) 60° (d) 90° 47. The solution of the equation x 8  x 5 + x2  x + 1 > 0 is given by (a) 0 < x < 1 (b)  1 < x < 1 (c) x > 1 (d) x e R. 48. A = 1 +
SOLUTIONS
1. (d) : Obviously the CAT examiner doesn't expect you to solve a 4 th degree equation. So there must be some clever thing to it. Rewrite the equation setting Jl — a • Then / ( x ) = 0 reduces to
1

2
ax2  x + a2
0
Arrange this as a quadratic equation in a, to yield a2  a ( l + 2x2) + x4x = 0
=> a2  a( 1 + 2x2) + x(x3  1) = 0
=> a2  a ( l + 2x2) + (x2  x)(x2 + x + 1) = 0
=>
a 2  a( 1 + 2x 2 ) + x(x  l)(x 2 + x + 1) = 0 cr — a{(x 2  x) + (x2 + x + 1)} + (x 2  x)(x 2 + x + 1) = 0
=> a = x2  x or a = x 2 + x + 1
So we have factored / ( x ) = 0 in quadratic equations x 2  x  V2 = 0 ; x 2 + x + 1  V 2 = 0
1±
+ 4V2
1 ± yj\  4(1  V2) _  l ± V4V2  3
So all the four statements are correct. 2,3. (a), (b) : Observe that 777,777 = 1001 x 777. Write the number consisting of 1001 sevens as h = 777777 777777 77777700000 + 77777 (A) i.e 166 blocks of 777777 ending in 5 noughts. = 777777 77777700000 + 77077 + 700 Also note that 1001 = 166 x Thus n when divided by 1001 as the two other summands In determine quatient, make when divided by 1001 gives 777000777000 6 + 5 and 77 x 1001 = 77077 would yield a remainder of 700 are exactly divided by 1001. that the first summand in (A) a quotient. 77700000
1 1 1 3+4 +. 1 1+
_ B2 + 
1 1 1
4 +
i.e. 66 blocks of 777000 ending in 2 noughts and the second summand yields a quotient 77 thus the quotient is 777000777000 77700077 the block 7 7 7 0 0 0 repeated 166 times. 4. ( c ) : The remainder w h e n / ( x ) is divided by (x  a)(x  ti), a quadratic expressions is a linear function of x. / ( x ) = (x  a)(x  b)0(x) + a x + (3 Subtituting x = a and b in turn in the above identity.
3+
^
J _
+ 2005 2005 then A + B , when calculated, gives (a) 2 (b) 1 (c) 3 (d) 4
f(b)
aa + p afc + p
which gives a 
49. Let ABCD be a convex quadrilateral in which ZBAC= 50°, ZCAD = 60°, ZCBD = 30°, and ZBDC=25°. If E is the point of intersection of AC and BD, then angle ZAEB is
58 MATHEMATICS TODAY  S P E B R '07 ET M E
Remainder = a x + p :
m ~ f ( b ) a b bf(a)af(b) P ba bf(a)af(b) /(a)/(Z>)
57
=
m  K a ) ba
x
t
bf(a)af(b) ba b)f(a)
' „ = — + ( »  l ) pq = — (l + i  l ) — pq pq El = l pq
n PI
_ (x  a)f(b)
 (x 
ba 2nd solution (Elegant) As remainder is a linear function of x, take that to be A(x a) + B(x  b) Now, / ( x ) = (x  a)(x  b) 0(x) + A(x  a) + B(x  b) Substituting x = a and b is turn in the above identity. f(a)=B(ab)r f{b) = A(b  a)\ and the remainder is (.xa)f(b) (xb)f(a) ba ba before
A =
/(b) ~ba'
B
_  m ba
By observation the given equation has a root x = 1, for the sum of coefficients is zero. Here tpq satisfies the given equation. 7. (c) : The basic idea is to recast the expression in a form that would result in x"  y" or x 2 " + 1 + y2" +1. 2222 5555 + 5555^ 2 2 = (2222 5555 + 4 5555 ) + (5555 2222  4 2222 ) _ (45555 _ 42222) 2222 5555 + 4 5555 is divisible by 2222 + 4 = 2226 = 7 x 318 55552222 _ 42222 i s d i v i s ible by 5555  4 = 5551 = 7 x 793 45555 _ 42222 = 42222^43333 _ i ) = 42222^6666 _ j ) = 4 2 2 2 2 ( 6 4 m i  1) 5555 2222 and so 4  4 is divisible by 7, the number on the left in (A) is divisible by 7. 810:(d), (b), (b) :Let ZBAC = 26. Drop perpendicular from A to BC. centres of all the circles; C b C 2 ; must lie on this perendicular. ZCAD = e DC _ 3 ^ 4 cos0 = ~
S i n 6 =
[(xa)m{xb)f(b)] , as ba
5. ( a ) : Take z = 0 in (b), then Lx + y] = U J + LjJ obviously fails for example takes x = 2.1, y = 3.9 then x + y = 6, so Lx + y\ = _2.1 + 3.5J = L6j = 6 * LxJ + LyJ Take z = 0 in (c) the Lx + y\ = LxJ + LyJ fails Take x = 0.2, y + z = 0.8 in (4), then {x +>; + z} = {0.2 + 0.8} = {1.0} = 0 and y + z  ly + zj + {x} = {y + z) + {x} = 0.8 + 0.2 = 1 {x + y + z) * y + z  Vy + z j + {x}, so (4) is ruled out Only (a) survives and that is the correct choice. 2nd solution we offer independent proof of (a). For any two integers m and n and real x, we have lm + n + x j = LwJ + In + x j LHS = lm + n + .xj = m + n + LxJ = LmJ + n + LxJ = LmJ + In + x j we will prove L<* + P j = L a J + [P + { a ) J La + p j = [ ( « ) + { « } + LPJ + P J  . L L a j + [ B j + {a} + {p}J = LaJ + LPj + L W
+
5
=>
From A A C { X h sin8 From AAC2X2, sin0 = Equating the two 1 _ r2 sinq AC AC2
2 _ sin 6
qxL AQ C2X2 AQ n
=
j\_ AQ f*2
~ AC2
_
ACxAC2
C,C 2 rx +r2 (by ratio and proportion) l + sin0
<Wj
(by componendo or dividendo) 1  sin 0 \ l + sin6 r2 = krl9 k= 1  sin 0 1 + sin 0 1+
= Laj4LPJ+w+{P}J = [ a j + j j > ] + {p} + {a}j = LaJ + LpV{a}J Take a = x + y, p = z, we get \x + y + z] = [x + y] + [z + {x + y}  6. (b) : tp = a + (p  l)d = ^ a, d being the first term and
common difference of an A.P. 1 L = a+ (q 1 )d Subtracting we get then a = {p1) q for this A.P
{ p
Again r 3 = kr2, >4 = kr^ = then rx, r2, r 3 .... form a G.P with common ratio 1/4. rx = inradius of triangle ABC = A
A 1 —x^ x 4 6 ,
_
2
~
q ) d
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ = >
pq As r 3 , r 4 , r5 are in G.P 3 1 _x — r2 = krx = 2 4
2 24 _ 3
16 ~ 2
J
I (5 + 5 + 6)
cm rA = rt
x — = — [p  (p 1)] = pq — pq pq
= r5r3 cm =— 8 3
74
MATHEMATICS TODAY  OCTOBER '07
Area of the triangle =  x 6 x 4 = 12 cm z Area of all the circles = nj\ = n[i\ +(kr{) +(k r)
2 2 2
+ nr2
+.... to infinity
+ ....}
(V 1 < x < 6 , 0 < z < 6 ) The desired number is (503) 7 = 5 x 49 + 3 = 248 When y  4 => 6x  lOz = 1, which doesn't have any solution in integers. Thus there is just one solution. 13. ( c ) : b 2 — + + — 30 30 30
 I = 1  2 + 1
= nr2[\ + k2 +k4 + ....] 1it16 9 16 12tc 2 nx — x — = cm 4 15 5 Area of the shaded portion area of the triangle  area of all the circles 12tt 1 2 . 2 = 12 = — ( 5  7 i ) cm2 5 5 11. (c) : (1, 4) doesn't lie on the curve y = \\x\2  x  6 or y = \\x\2  \x\  6 hence (a) and (d) are ruled out. To decide between (b) and (c) we use transformation 2 of graphs. The graph of y \ 3 Jy = i!y=x 2x3 V_ ii 2 = x  2x  3 is as shown get the graph of y = /(x) from that of y — f (x) we neglect the curve for x < 0 and take the image of the curve for x > 0 abouty axis. v=x22x3 y = \x2\ 2\x\  3
a
x
2
,c
N2
+ l 5 6j 15 5 6 each term is seperately zero. a x b_y c_z 5 ~ 6' 5 ~ 6' 5 ~ 6 a _ b _ c _5 _ a + b + c By ratio and proportion x y z 6 x+y +z a+b+c _ 5 x+y +z 6 =
14. ( c ) :
log 180
log(12 x 15) log 12 log 15 _ log 12 + log 15 = 1 + log 12 log 12 log 12 _ 21ogl2 + log!5 log 12 2+ log 15 log 12
log12 2160 =
log 2160 _ log(12?~ x 15) log 12 ~
log12 25920 =
log 25920 _ log(123 x 15) log 12 ~ log 12 =3+ log 15 31ogl2 + logl5
And finally to get the graph o f y = / ( x )  from that ofjy = / ( x ) we simple reflect that part of the curve which is below xaxis, in the xaxis Then y = x2  2[x  31 corresponds to y=/(x) is composed of two graph y =fix) and 7 =  / ( x ) . 12. ( a ) : Let the number be (xj>z)7 so that x, y, z are integers 1 <x<6, 0<^,z<6. As (xyz)7 = (zyx)9 we have 49x + ly + z = 81z + 9y + x => 48x  2y  80z = 0 24x  y  40z = 0 => 4(6x  1 Oz) = y 41 y i.e. 4 divides y As 0 < j < 6 y = 0 or y = 4 when y = 0 =» 6x  lOz = 0 3x = 5z x = 5, z = 3
MATHEMATICS TODAY OCTOBER '07
log 12 log 12 So, log 12 180, log 12 2160 and log 12 25920 are in A.P. Hence their reciprocal, log 180 12, log 2160 12, log 25920 12 are in H.P. 15. ( a ) : Write the given expression as jj7 + [w + l + [« + 2 =  ^ + (« + l) + [w + (« + 2)(>7 + l)[w =  n {T+ (n~+l) + (n + 2) {n + 1)} = [w {1 + n + 1 + n2 + 3« + 2} = [n{n2 + 4n + 4} = \n(n + 2)2 As 49 divides (« + 2)2 , so either 7 divides n + 2 or 4< divides [w . /. n = 5, 12, 14, 15, 16. 16. (c) : Each player plays 9 games, as every player has t< play against every other player exactly once. Also, /, + w, = 9 I2 + w2 = 9 (0
L
+ w10 = 9
11
As a win for some player is a loss for some other, we have total no. of wins between players = total number of losses between them. =» w, + w 2 + ....+ w 10 = lx + /2 + + / 10 from system (i) h = k  W; for 1 < / < 10, k = 9 1} = (k  w,)2 = k2 2kWi + w2. Adding all of them JJ, 2 =  2kwt + w,2)
2
"
=
x2+y2z2 2 ^ xyz
y2+z2x2 xyz xyz)
=
z2+x2y2 J(^±y±i)= 2 ^ xyz J
0
(A)
= 10A:  IkLWi + Xw2 Integrated the role of /, & w,. Xw2 = 1 0 k 2  2k&, + I/,2 Subtracting (B) from (A) Ew 2  I / 2 = Z/ 2 + £ w 2 => 2Sw 2 = 2E/,2 => Zw? = U t 2
Wj 2 + w 2 2 + ... + W,o2 = /, 2 + / 2 2 + + / 10 2 .
(B)
20.21 (a), (c) : Let there be m tourists in all. Counting each visit of a tourist seprately, the total number of visit by all tourists to all parks = 10 x 4 But this number is the same as the number of tourists x number of parks visited by each tourists = 5 m. Equating the two, 1 0 x 4 = 5m m = 8 Now looking at the visits to theatres, the total number of visits by all tourists = 6n. But this number is the same as the number of tourists x number of theatres visited by each tourist = 8 x 3 . Equating the two 6n = 24 :. n  4. 22. ( b ) : 1993 = (1 + 18)93 = 1 + 9318 + a multiple of 182. = 1+ 54 + 1620 + a multiple of 182. = 55 + a multiple of 162 13"  (1 + 12)" = ,1 99'98"97 • 3 • (12) + • (12) 6 + a multiple of (12) 4 . = 1 + 216 + 8112 + 9 x 11 x 49 x 144 + 9 x 1 1 x 4 9 x 9 7 1A/I „ x 144x12 3 = 1 + 216 + 8112 + (11 x 49 x 8) x (9 x 18) + (11 x 45 x 97) x 9 x 18 x 8 x 2 x 2 = 1 + 216 + 8112 + (11 x 49 x 8) x 162 + (11 x 49 x 97 x 32) x 162 = 1 + 54 + 162 + 162 • 6 + (11 x 49 x 8) x 162 + (11 x 49 x 97 x 32) x 162 = 55 + a multiple of 162. Therefore, 1993  1 3 " = (55  55) + a multiple of 162. .*. 1993  13" is divisible by 162. 23. ( c ) : Consider any sequence of five consecutive integers, starting with x,. We have, since sum of any five of them is same (i.e. actually 20) Xj + Xj + 1 + Xj + 2 + X/ + 3 + Xj + 4 = X / + 1 + Xj + 2 + Xi + 3 + Xi+ 4 + Xj + 5 Xj — Xj + 5.
x
17. (a) : _ = ^289 " * + V* ~ y Squaring
225
y 2 = (289  x) + (x  225) + 2^/(289  x)(x  225) = 64 + 2V17 2 x 152 + (172 + 152)  x 2 = 64 + 2y]x2 x 514x  65025  257) 2 } + (257)2  65025
1 nnn 9998 1 + 9912 + 2
= 64 + 2^{(x
= 64 + 2V{(x  257) 2 } + (257)2  (255)2 = 64 + 2yJ{(x  257) 2 } + (257 + 255)(257  255) = 64 + 2 ^ 1 0 2 4  ( x  2 5 7 ) 2 ymin=64^^min= 8 (v ^>0) /max = 64 + 2V1024 = 64 + 2.x 32 = 128 => J>max = Vl28 = 8 ^ 2 Hence the least and the greatest value are 8 and 18. (b) : The total number of way of choosing a, c, d is 2 x 2 x 2 x 2 = 16, for each of numbers there are just two choices either they are chosen or they are not chosen. Now ad  be * 0 if and only if. either 1 > ad = 1, be = 0 or 2 > ad = 0, be = 1 But ad = 1, be = 0 iff a = d = 1 and at least one of b, c is zero. Therefore ad = 1, be = 0 in three cases. Similarly ad bc = 0 iff a d = 0, be = 1 and for that also there are three possibilities. 3+3 6 3 Therefore the probability of required event = = 77 = ~ 16 16 8 1 1 19. ( d ) : x 2 + y 2 . z 2  ( x + y ) 2 _ 2 x y _ z 2 1 (x + y)2  z2  2xy z 2 xyz 1 1 (x + y + z)(x + y  z)  2xy 2xy (as x + y + z = 0)
i
=
x
i+5
x
i + 5
=
x
i+
10
=
x
i+
15
Xj = Xj + 5 also implies x, = x, _ 5 , i > 6. But then x, = x 7 _ 5 = x,_ 10 = .... for possibile values of i. Hence Xj = xi + 5k = x ; _ 5 * for all the values that i can take, depending on k. Thus X 7 J = X 2 6 + 45 = X26+5.9 ~ x262426. (c), ( a ) : f ( x , y) = f(2x + ly, 2y  2x) = f(2(2x + 2y + ly  lx), 2(2y  lx  lx  2y)) =f$y,Sx) Thus f(x, y)  f ( 8 y , 8x) = / ( 8 (  & e ) , 8(8^)) = /(64x, 64y) ••• / ( x . y) = / (  6 4 x , 64y) = / (  6 4 (  6 4 x ) , 64(64y)) = /(64 2 x, 64 2 y) = f(lax, l'2y) = /(16 3 x, 16 3 y) the smallest k such that / ( x , y ) = f(kx, ky) isk=\63 Again g(x) = / ( 2 \ 0) = / ( 2 1 2 x 2*, 0)
M A T H E M A T I C S T O D A Y  OCTOBER '07
76
= / ( 2 1 2 + i , 0) (V fix, 0) = /(2 1 2 x, 0)) = g( 12 + x) = g( 12 + 12 + x) = g(x + 24).... etc g(252) = g(12 x 21) = g( 12 + 12 x 20) = g(12) = 12 h(x) = g (log*) = /(2 log2 *, 0 ) = / ( * , 0) /(x, 0) = /(2 12 x, 0) A ( 1 6 ) = / ( 1 6 , 0) = / ( 2 1 2 4 6 , 0) = /(2 1 2 .2 4 , 0) = / ( 2 1 6 , 0) = / ( 1 6 4 , 0) 27. (a) : 4"  3n  1 = (1 + 3)"  (1 + 3n) = 1 + 3n + a multiple of 9  (1 + 3n) = A multiple of 9 Thus every number in A is divisible by 9. B contains every multiple of 9, i.e. all positive integers divisible by 9. Hence A must be a subset of B. (b) is ruled out because B contains all the multiples of 9, but A doesn't contain all multiples of 9. (c) is ruled out for that statement in effect says A = B, which is obviously not true. (d) is ruled out for there are no numbers in A that are not in B. 28. (b) : Using the properties of the power, we rewrite the inequality as 6  5<0
1 0
(n + 1)(« + 2). (n + 1), (n + 2) are consecutive integers so one of them has to be even and thus divisible by 2. So we need to find those positive integers n for which (n + 1) (n + 2) is a multiple of 3. If n — 3m none of (n + 1), (n + 2) is multiple of 3. If n = 3m + 1 then (n + 2) is a multiple of 3. If n = 3m + 2 then (n + 1) is a multiple of 3. Then (n + \)(n + 2) is a multiple of 3 if n ^ 3n i.e if n is not a multiple of 3. As there are 664 positive integers divisible by 3 and not exceeding 1993, so the number of positive integers n for which n < 1993 and 6 is a factor of n2 + 3n + 2 is 1993  664 = 1329. 32. ( c ) : / ( a , P ) = g(a) + g(P) a 2 + 2a + 1 p2 + 2fJ +1
•(1) az+2a + c p2 + 2p + c Given a and p are roots of x 2  p(x + 1)  c = 0 i.e. x2  px  (p + c) = 0 we have a + P = p aP = p  c. 1 + a p + ( a + p) = 1  p c + p= 1 (ii) =» (1 + a ) ( l + P) = 1  c Using (ii) in (i) we have P + 2p +1 a +2a + l / ( a,p) = a + 2a +1  (a + l)(p + 1) p 2 +2p + l  ( a + l)(p + l)
/ *  i
set 10 7 * 1 = w, we have [a > 0
10'
<=> 2<u <3 i 6 \u + 5<0 5u + 6 < 0 I u Then the given inequality is equivalent to the two sided inequality 2 < 10 7 * 1 < 3 hence we find that log2 < lx  1 < log3. l + log2< l + log3 =» ? 7 2930. (a), (b) : Given any five numbers of the group, there must be a lock for which one of them has the key. But each of the other six members must have their key, since the addition of one more numbers to the five forms a majority. Therefore the number of locks must be at least equal to the number of ways in which 5 people can be selected out of 11 scientists. 11x10x9x8x7 11 = 462 C5 1x2x3x4x5 Now let A be one of the scientists, we have just seen that given any set of 5 scientist, selected from remaining 10, there is a lock which they cannot open, and that A has a key to this lock. 10x9x8x7x6 10. = 252 keys. So, A has at least Q> 1x2x3x4x5 The lower bounds just derived can actually be attained using 462 locks, one for each set of 5 scientists. 31. (c) : k2 + 3n + 2 = (n + 1)(» + 2) Now for 6 to divide (n + 1 )(n + 2), both 2 and 3 must divide
77 MATHEMATICS TODAY  OCTOBER '07
m>0
(a + 1 Y (P+i Y (a +1Y  (a + 1)(P + 1) (P +1)2  (a + 1)(P +1) (a + 1)' (a + l)(a  P) (P+l y (p + l ) ( p  a ) a+1 ap + p+l pa
=1 al (ap) 33. (b) : The given relation can be written as, 1 1 3 a+c b+c a+b+c a + b + 2c 3 (c + a)(c + b) a+b+c (a + b + 2c) • (a + b + c) = 3 (c + a)(c + b) (a + b)2 + 3 c(a + b) + 2c2 = 3(c2 + ca + cb + ab) (a + b)2 + 2 c2 = 3c2 + 3 ab a2 + b2 + 2 ab + 2c2 = 3 c2 + 3 ab a2 + b2  ab •• c + b2  c2 ab cos C a2 +y ab 2ab 2 ab c = 60° => 0 = 60°. Thus 0 satisfies 45° < 0 < 90°. 579632x580001369
34, (a):
(a+l)(p+l)_ap
+
579632 + 580001x579631
=
579632 x 580001  (580001  579632) 579632 + 580001(579632  1 ) 579632 x 580001  580001 + 579632 _ 579632 + 580001x579632580001 ~
J
35. (b) : Assume that we take x kg of the first alloy and y kg of the second. Then in the first alloy there is of zinc and ~*(kg) of copper. In the second alloy there is 2 3 of zinc and ~y(kg) of
In triangle ACB and BCD as a2 = b(b + c) a _b as t  b+c a BC _ AC
D
copper. The total amount of zinc in third alloy is ~ + ~ y and that of copper is By hypothesis, this ratio is 5 : 8
^ CD" BC a C B and ZC is common to both triangles. So the triangles are similar. ZCBA = ZCDB => ZBDC = ZABC = 0 Also AB = AD :. ZABD = ZADB = ZBDC = 0 Now ZBAC = ZBDA + ZABD = 0 + 0 = 20 ZBAC = 74° 39 • ( b )  % /2 + V3 .>/2 + V2 + V3 . ^ 2 + ^ 2 + ^ 2 + ^ 3
SL
=> => => =»
(5x + 6y): (lOx + = 5:8 8(5jc + 6y) : 5(1 Ox + 9y) 40x + 48y = 5 Ox + 45^ 3 y = I Ox x 3_
.1/2^2 + 72+^3 >/2 + V3 .V2 + V2 + V3 . ^ 2 2   V 2 + V 2 + W j
=
" y ~ 10 36. ( c ) : Obviously to be able to deal with the large powers we need some idea. We use A.M  G.M theorem between 8 numbers x 8 , y8, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1 ( v x = 0, y = 0 doesn't satisfy the equation) we have x, \y\ * 0 x + y +l + l + l + l + l + l x + +6
8 8
= V2 + V3 . ^ 2 + 7 2 + 7 3 . a / 2  V 2 + V3 = V2 + V3 . ^ 2 2 + ( V 2 + V3 j ' = V2 + V3 . V 2  V 3 = 3 = l
X V
=> x 8 + / + 6 > 8 ^ / x V = 8  x  i j ;  But equality holds only when all the 8 terms are equal So, x 8 = ys = 1. Hence x = ±1, y = ±1. So take an four solutions (1, 1), (1,  1 ) , (1, 1), (  1 ,  1 ) . 37. (a) : Assume that the smallest of the angles of the pentagon is 9, and the common difference of the progression is a . Sum of the angles of the pentagon = 180°(5  2) = 540° We have, 0 + (0 + a ) + (6 + 2 a ) + (9 + 3 a ) + (0 + 4 a ) = 540° => 5 0 + 10a = 540° => 0 + 2 a = 1 0 8 ° But 0 + 2 a is the third angle, then the second angle is 108°  a , fourth angle is 108° + a , first angle is 108°  2 a , and fifth the greatest angle is 108° + 2 a . Since an interior angle of a convex polygon is smaller than 180° we have 108° + 2 a < 180 => 2 a < 72 Hence 108°  2 a > 108°  72° = 36° As the smallest angle is greater than 36°, each angle is obviously larger than 36°. 38. ( c ) : a2 = b{b + c) Produce ZA to D such that AD = AB. Let ZABC = 0 78
40. ( d ) : 3* = V 3 x ^ / 4 = 4y write the above as 3* = 3 1/2 x 4 1/3 = 4y ^ 3X = (3 3 x 4 2 ) 1/6 = 4y => 3X = (27 x 16)1/6 = 4y => (27)*/3 = (27 x 16)1/6 = (16Y' 2 = k (say) 27 = k3/x 27 x 16 = ke 16 = k2!y From 1st and third equality on multiplication, 27 x 16 = k3/x. k?y = kx 3 2  + — = 6 (as k * 1) x y 2x + 3 v = 6xy 1  (2x + 3 y ) + 6xy = 1 (1  2x)(l  3y) = 1 (2x  l)(3y  1) = 1
+ 
y
=k6
=> => => =>
41. (b) : aj + 2 2aj+2 j+ 2 *j+1 Oj + lOj
=
7 +2
~aj.fl
=
r
+ 
yi Y
a
j 1 ~
j2
MATHEMATICS TODAY  OCTOBER '07
Ill general
a a
j+2 2
a
__nV j +1" W
+I
•
/+]
^
Changing j to j  2
2J
a
46. (a) : Let us call the triangle ABC, right angled at B. Drop the perpendicular from A on the plane, let the foot of the perpendicular be B'. Let AB = a = BC then hypotenuse AC = y/2a a
BB' = <3COS45° = JJ
)0
a
_ j a,  a 0  _ 33231723! 9 i  9
16
T In right angled triangle ABrB, AB' = asin 45° = AB' a/y[2 _ _1 0 = 30°. AC ajl ~ 2 8 (d): Let fix) = x  jr 47. (d): Let fix) = x8  x5 + x2  x + 1 where x = 0 or fix) > 0 as / ( 0 ) = / ( 1) = 1 Case I: x < 0 write x = u with u > 0 sin 9 =
a
6 the angle that hypotenuse makes with the plane is given by
42. ( a ) : The diagonal BC and TH of the quadrilateral BTCH are bisected at M. Hence BTCH is a parallelogram Since CH LAB and CH  TB, we have TB 1 AB. Similarly, TCI AC (v BH1 AC) Thus the circle on AT as diameter passes through B and C. This is circumcircle of triangle ABC. Let R be its radius, then AT = 2R, BC = 2Rs'mA = 2flsin30° = R. AT= 2BC= 10 cm.
y'c
f ( x ) = iis + w5 + u2 + u + 1 > 0 Case II: x > 1; / ( x ) = x 5 (x 3  1)+ x(x  1) + 1 > 0 Case III: 0 < x < I; f i x ) = x 8 + x 2 (l  x 3 ) + (1  x) > 0 Thus fix) > 0 for all real x Hence solution is x e R. 1 48. ( b ) : Let x = j 3+ 4+
4344 . (a), ( c ) : Let the number of chapters in first, second, third and fourth parts be respectivesy x b x2, x 3 , x 4 . Since each part has same number of pages We have 150x, = 60x2 = 50x 3 = 2\0x4. Now, LCM of 15, 6, 5, 21 i.e, 3 x 5, 2 x 3, 5, 3 x 7 is 2 x 3 x 5 x 7 = 210 /. LCM of 150, 60, 50, 210 is 2100 Total pages must be a multiple of the L.C.M i.e. a multiple of 2100. Since total pages number between 8000 and 9000, it must be 8400. Now 150*! = 60*2 = 50x3 = 210*4 = 2100 Xj + x2 + x 3 + x 4 = total number of chapters 2100 50 150 60 = 14 + 35 + 42 + 10
= 101
2005 then A 1+ l+x 1+x l+x 2+x
(1 + x) + 1 2 + X , „ l+x 1 2+x A+ B = + = =1 2+x 2+x 2+x ( v x *  2 , x is obviously positive) 49. (a) : Since the chords DC, CB subtend twice the angle at the circumference of the circumcircle ABCD, viz at B and D respect: ^ v A is the circumcentre of the ABCD. /. ZABE = 180°  (50° + 35°) = 95° 50. (b) : By the problem x = 11 x + 1 = 12. Replacing 12 by x + 1 in the given expression x — (x + l)x + (x + l)x  (x + 1 )x + (x + l)x  1 x5  x5  X 4 + X 4 + x 3  x3  X 2 + X 2 + x  1 X  1 = 11  1 = 10
+
2100
+
2100
2100
210
45. (b) : Let ph p2, p2 be the prime factors, given Pi + P2 + Pi ~ 20, so one must be even, (three odd numbers can not give the sum as even) Take p{ = 2 then (p 2 , p3) = (5, 13) or (7, 11) N= 2"5A13C or 2a lb l l c where a>b>c.{we are looking for the smallest possible value of AO (•a + 1)(6 + 1 )(c + 1) = 12 a = 2, b=\,c=\ :. N = 2 2 x I1 x 131 = 260 lx l 1 or N = 2 • l x 11 = 308.
79 M A T H E M A T I C S TODAY  OCTOBER '07
IITJEE 2008
This section contains 9 multiple choice numbered 1 to 9. Each question has 4 choices (a), (b), (c), (d) out of which ONLY ONE is correct. You will be awarded 3 marks corresponding to the correct answer and zero mark if no answer. In all other cases, minus one (1) mark will be awarded. If the circle x + y + Ax + 22y + 1 = 0 bisects the circumference of the circle x2 + y2 2x + 8ym = 0 , then I + m is equal to (a) 60 (b) 50 (c) 40 (d) 56 If x + px +1 is a factor of the expression ax3 +bx + c then (a) a2 —c2 = ab (b) a2 —c2 = — ab 2 2 (c) a + c = ab (d) a2+c2ab 11 J , where a < 0 < b is equal to: (b) (d) \a\\b\ \b\\a\
2 2 2
SAMPLE PAPER
(a) 3n/2 (c) 3n + 3  32 1 "
(b) n + 3  2 " (d) 3 n
For two continuous functions / and g, Let for some aeR,f(a) = A ,f'(a) = 6 ,g(a) = 2 ,g\a) Then the value of ^/f(x)g(a)y/g(x)f(a) limX—>£7 fI W g ( a ) ) + yj g(x)f(a)(x 1 (j (a) 0 (b) 1/4 (c) 2/3 (d) 3 Solution of x 
=1
 a)
y = Jx2 + y2 is given by (b) y x2 + y2 = kx2 (d) None of these
2 2 2 (a) y + J.x + y = kx (c) y = log(xy)
4
(a) \a\ + \b\ (c) \ab\ the are (a) (c)
How many numbers of n digits can be made with nonzero digits in which no two consecutive digits same? 9 x 8" _1 (b) 8 x 9" _1 8" x 9 " (d) None
For all curves y = e tcrl , r = I, 2, n, sum of the abscissas of all points of nonderivability is n(n +1) n(n — 1) (a) (b) 2 n(n + l)(2n + l) (d) None of these (c) lim n—t o o (a) nlogjjC (c) (7t2
1 + (*)V" + (ic 2 )V + (K3)VI. + ... +
This section contains 4 questions numbered 10 to 13. Each question contains STATEMENT1 (Assertion) and STATEMENT2 (Reason). Each question has 4 choices (a), (b), (c) and (d) out of which ONLY ONE is correct. (a) Statement1 is True, Statement2 is True; Statement2 is a correct explanation for Statement1 (b) Statement1 is True, Statement2 is True; Statement2 is NOT a correct explanation for Statement1 (c) Statement1 is True, Statement2 is False (d) Statement1 is False, Statement2 is True You will be awarded 3 marks to the correct answer and zero mark if no answer. In all other cases, minus one (1) mark will be awarded. Statement 1 : The circle x1 + y1 + 2ax + c = 0 and x2 + y2 + 2by + c = 0 touch if
+
\)(.nn
is equal to n (b) ( «  l ) l o g , e (d) (TZ2 1) log n e
W2
Statement 2 : Two circles will touch if their common chord is a tangent to either. Statement 1 : If / (JC) is differentiable increasing
function then Uq
f ( x )
9 15 27 The sum of the series 3 + ^ +  ^ + ^ + .... to n terms is
MATHEMATICS TODAY I NOVEMBER '07
_
f ( 0 )
~ 1
Contributed by : IITians Foundation, P r a n a v Commercial Plaza, M.G. Road, Mulund (W), Mumbai. Tel.: 67704856/57
Statement 2 : / ( x ) is an increasing function is + ive
f'(x)
by (a) ae"
(b) ae3
(c)
(d) a2e3
Statement 1 : \xx(\ + \ogx)dx = xx Statement 2 : If xx = t, then taking log and differentiating, x*(l + log x)dx = dt ™ » 4 sin* x + cos* x Statement 2 : ^ f(x)dx = f(a  x)dx Statement!: T
x xa x
1 + /IX+
The infinite series n(n — 1) 2, n ( n  l ) ( n  2 ) V J
2 
X
+ —
X +
,
00
... ( i ;
d x =£^ 32
This section contains 2 paragraphs M14_16 and M 1 7 19. Based upon each paragraph, 3 multiple choice questions have to be answered. Each question has 4 choices (a), (b), (c) and (d), out of which ONLY ONE is correct. You will be awarded 4 marks to the correct answer and zero mark if no answer. In all other cases, minus one (1) mark will be awarded. x2 y2 Any point P on the ellipse — + = 1(« > b) can be represented by (a cos 0, b sin 9). 0 is called the eccentric angle of P. The centre of the ellipse is at the origin. The double ordinate through a focus of the ellipse is called its latus rectum and its length is 2b2 . The circle centred
where n is a rational number, is knows as binomial series Let S represent the sum of the first r terms of (1) We say that Sr tends to (1 + x)" as r tends to infinity (ir other words, the difference between (1 + x) n and Sr car be made as small as we please by taking sufficiently large values for r provided x is numerically less than 1. We then write (1 +x)"= l+
+ + +
... (2; provided n is a rational number and Ixl < 1 We say that (1 + x)n has the series representation (1) foi rational values of n and Ixl < 1, or that (1 + x)n can be expanded in ascending powers of x yielding the series (T Changing x to  x in (2)
... o : where n is a rational number and Ixl < 1 Note that if n is a positive integer, (1) reduces to the well known finite series. C 0 + C,x + C2x2 + .... + Cnx" where Ck = "Ck and for positive integral values of n, the finite series sums up to (1 + x)n for all x. A number of finite series satisfying the restriction on x can therefore be summed up if they are of the form (1). Replace n by integers) in (3) x\ , p(p + q) 2!
+
at the centre of the ellipse and whose radius equals the semimajor axis is called the auxiliary circle of the ellipse. The equation of the auxiliary circle of the ellipse x2 y2 + p = 1 is given by x2 + y2 = a2
The equation of the normal to the ellipse x2 y2 — + rr = 1 at the point 0 is az bz (a) ax cos 0 +fey sin 9 = a2 —b2 ft* (c) fry — n2
2 + ,b
(where p and q are positive
u2 .2 (d) none of these
(fl
+
ax by _ cosfl — sinf} — a
p(p + q)(p + 2q)  V j
x 2 . y2 The tangent at any point P on the ellipse + =1 meets the tangents at A and A' (the extremities of the major axis) in M and N respectively, then, AM x A'N = (a) b2 (b) a2 (c) 2a 2 (d) 2b2 L is an end of a latus rectum of the ellipse x v2 —r + ^TT = 1. If the normal at L meets the major axis in a1 bl G, then, OG where O is the centre of the ellipse is given
2
A linear approximation to (1 + x)" when x is small can be obtained by taking the first two terms of (1) A second degree approximation or a quadratic approximation to (1 + x)" when x is small can be obtained by taking the first 3 terms of (1) The sum of the series , , 1 3 . 13/3\2 . 135/3\3 . 2*5 2^4(5) + 2 ^ 6 5 +
00 18
58 MATHEMATICS TODAY  SPE BR '07 57 ETME
(a)
>/5
(b)
I
(c)
(d)
I
The sum of the series 1 + 4 + ^ 4 + ?' 0 5 ' 1 1 +• 4 48 4812 (a) ^ (b) 2V2
r
Match the following Column I (A) If inequation ax2 ax + \<0\/xe then a belongs to (B) If x 3  3x + 1 = 0 has three real and
Column II R, (P) [0,4) (q) [0,3] (r) (0,4)
(c) 4V2
(d)
Coefficient of x in the expansion of   ^ *) where IjcI < 1 is (a) (c) 4r2 + 2 (s/+3r2) (b) (4r2 + 2r + 3) (d) ( 4 ^ + 2)
distinct root, then \a\ belongs to (C) If x 3 + ax2 + x + 1 = 0 has exactly one real root, then a 2 may belongs to (D) If quadratic equation x 2  3 ax + a2  9 = 0 has roots of opposite sign then a belongs to Match the following Column I (A) L e t / : be a periodic function such that / (T + x) = 1 + [13/(x) + 3 ( f ( x ) ) 2  </(x)) 3 ] 1/3 where T is fixed positive number, then period of / ( x ) is AT, where A = (B) The area between the curve y = 2X4  x2, the xaxis and the ordinates of two minima of the B curve is J^Q where B is (C) (D) f(x)
(s) (  3 , 3 )
Column II (P) 3
This section contains 3 questions. Each question contains statements given in two columns which have to be matched. Statements (A, B, C, D) in Column I have to be matched with Statements (p, q, r, s) in Column II. The answers to these questions have to be appropriately given. No negative mark will be awarded for an incorrect answer. Match the following Column I tan (A) Let f ( x ) Column II for x * ^ . 4 (p)
(q) 2
J /(x) + / (
f(x) dx = 4x) 1sinx (7t  2x) 2
(r) 7
cot 2x
( H
4
1
(s) 64 log sinx 2 log(l + 7T 4jtx + 4 x 2 ) ' X K
Then f o r / t o be continuous at must be equal to (B) Let ^Jl + px  jl  px f(x)=
X
(q) l<x<0
k, is continuous at x = equals to
*
X=
K 2
2
A then
1
~k
2x + l 0<x<l x—2 ' be continuous in the interval [1, 1], then the value of p is „ r , \ 1  cos px (C) Let f ( x ) = — r  f , where x * 0, x bin x and / ( 0 ) = i . I f / i s continuous in the interval at 0, then (p) is (D) If the function + 2)x+2A f(x)= x2 for x ^ 2; / ( x ) = 2 for x = 2; is continuous at x = 2, then A is
58 MATHEMATICS TODAY  SPE BR '07 57 ETME
(r) 0
Let 5, = x 2 + y2 + 4x + 22y + / = 0 S2 = x 2 + y2  2x + 8 >  m = 0 > Equation of Common chord is S1  s2 = 0 =?> 6x + \4y + I + m = 0 Now centre of S 2 (l,  4) lies on the line 6 x l + 1 4 x  4 + Z + m = 0=>Z + m = 50 ax2 + bx + c = 0 x + px + 1 = 0 Multiply (2) by ax, ax2 + apx2 + ax 0 Subtract (3) from (1), (bx + c)  (ap x2 + ax) = 0  ap x 2 + (b  a) x + c = 0 comparing (2) & (4)
2
(s)
x2(A
... (1) ... (2) ... (3) ... (4)
1 ap ba
=
P ba
=1
=_£
c
'
?
2
a i.e. a2  c2 = ab
b
Um
Rationalising the expression in the limit. f(x)g(a)g(x)f(a) (x  a)[yjf(x)g(a) + Jg(x)f(a)]2 + Jf(x)f(a)g(a)g(x)}
= — •'•<?• = ab  a c
h
r\X\, J—dx ax 0 b = \(Y)dx + a 0
°Ax\, = J—ax ax
+
o
x
r\X\, j—dx
Km f(x)g(a)g(x)f(a) x^a (xa)[f(x)g(a) + g(x)f(a) 2 = lim = lim = lim /(x)g(q)~g(x)/(a) (xa)
\\dx=\b\\a\
There are 9 nonzero digits, namely 1, 2, 3, ..., 9
[/(x)g(a) + ? W / ( « ) + 2 V/(*)/(a)s(*)g(a)] f(x)g(a)g(x)f(a) (x  a)
In order to make an ndigit number we have to fill n places by using the nine digits. As no two consecutive digits are to be the same, a digit used in a place can't be used in the next place but it can be used again in the place coming after the next place. So the first place can be filled in 9 ways; the second place can be filled in 8 ways. (Rejecting the digits used in first place) the third place can be filled in 7 + 1, i.e, 8 ways (Rejecting the digit used in the second place but including the digit used in the first place) and so on. .'. The required number of numbers = 9 x 8 x 8 x . . . x t o n factors = 9 x 8""1 For y = e ~ [ points non derivability are at x=l,2,... :. The abscissa are 1, 2, 3, ... n :. rr,, • • n(n + l) Their sum is —2n £ (n^" 1 2n = lim  £ (7i) r/n lim^5 n—>oo Tl r_Q n—>°o n
2
1 4/(a)g(a) / ( x ) g ( « )  / ( a ) g ( g )  g(.v)/(fl) + /(fl)g(fl) = lim (xa) 1 4x4x2 = limg(fl) g(x)g(a) f(x)~f(a) lim/(a) xa xa x—>a ~32 g(a)/,(a)/(fl)g/(«) _ 2 x 6  4 x 1 _ 8 _ 1 32 32 32 4 rfy = y + Jx2 + y2 dx x
Lx r
Put y = vx so that ^~ = v +
CtA
CUi
, dv vx + v x + v x = vUl + v z v + x~r = ax x dv dx dx Si + vIntegrating, log(v + Vl + v 2 ) = logx + log&  Vl + v2 — kx => — + 4 1 + => y + jx2 + y2 = kx2 C.C is ox  by = 0 = kx
2
2 2
7 C • \nxdx = inn o
1 in2 1) = (n2  l)inKe inn 9 2 15 27 —.—H 3 + . 4 o
Given series is 3 1+1+1+2+ 2 4 8
1+1+1 + 1+ 1 +1+ ^ + 2 4 8
1 1
+ 1 + —1 — —r 2""
Apply p = #•••.
L
2
4 1
. . 1 + ...+ 8
*Ja + b
1
fl2 2
2
2 = \Ja c
)n1
• J2 = I _ fe c
Apply L. Hospital rule the form being jj
J_
1: • 3(n + 1  •>ln\ _= 3w,+t 3_ Q.oln 21") 321
V
. , 2xf'(x2)f'(x);L L Z , Limit = Lt   = 1 *»o / U) because/'(0) * 0 a s / ( x ) is increasing.
T.
58 MATHEMATICS TODAY  SPE BR '07 57 ETME
1 ap
T
:
ba —
1 c
2
'
P =
c ~a
•'•  c = ab  a2 i.e. a 2  c 2 = ab rlxI . *rlxl . Ax\ , J —ax = J — d x + J — d x
b
lim • (x  a)[Jf(x)g(a)
= lim
Rationalising the expression in the limit. f(x)g(a)g(x)f(a) + Jg(x)f(a))2
f(x)g(a)g(x)f(a) x^a (x  a)[f(x)g(a) + g ( x ) / ( a ) + 2 Jf(x)f(a)g(a)g(x)] f(x)g(a)g(x)f(a) (x  a) [ / ( x ) g ( a ) + g(x)f(a) f(x)g(a) g(x)f(a) ' + 2 V/(x)/(fl)g(x)g(a)] 1 4f(a)g(a) + f(a)g(a)
0 b ' = \(—Y)dx + \l dx =
a 0
a
X
a
X
0
X
\b\\a\
= lim = lim
There are 9 nonzero digits, namely 1, 2, 3, ..., 9
In order to make an «digit number we have to fill n places by using the nine digits. As no two consecutive digits are to be the same, a digit used in a place can't be used in the next place but it can be used again in the place coming after the next place. So the first place can be filled in 9 ways; the second place can be filled in 8 ways. (Rejecting the digits used in first place) the third place can be filled in 7 + 1, i.e, 8 ways (Rejecting the digit used in the second place but including the digit used in the first place) and so on. The required number of numbers = 9 x 8 x 8 x . . . x t o n factors = 9 x 8""1 For y  ett~rl, points non derivability are at x = 1, 2, ... .•. The abscissa are 1, 2, 3, ... n . n(n +1) L Their sum ic i is 2
2n
= lim f(x)g(a) x>a
 f(a)g(a)
 g(x)f(a) (xa)
1 4x4x2 g(x)~g(a) f(x)~f(a)  lim f(a) = < lim g(a) xa xa 32 g(a)f'(a)f(a)g'(a) 32 _2x64xl_ 8 _ 1 32 32 4
dy _ y + ^x2 + y2 dx x T, t < dv dv Put y  vx so that — = v + x—j~ liA Ct*\
V + X~~~
d v
X <«')"" . 2„ lim 1=2 = lim J X ("irW« = lim  V (71)' 1 H »o — o ( n—»oo Yl, r=0
Q C/t / V
dx
_ v x + =
• ""
 J x
2
+
V
2
x dv
X 2 •"._ =
V +
\ / l +
V
2
dv 2 = Vl + v dx
VI + v
dx ~ —
1 (n2 1) = (n2  l)£nne (nn 9 2 i 4 ?7 +. 8
Integrating, log (v + Jl + v2) = log x + log k
>V + V l + V
2
Given series is 3
1 +
=
fcc=>^ X
+
J l v
+
^ r X z
=
fct
l + 5 + 9 + 2 4 8 + 1 + ——r 2" 1
• y + yjx2 + y2 = kx2 C.C is ax  by = 0 A p p l y p — r :. —, f \ja2+b2 = \la2c
1+1+1 +1+ 1 +1+ ^ + 2 4 8 I n+ 3
L
2
i + , + —^ r— + ... HI 1 1r 4 8 2" _
Square and you get ~ 2 + 4r = — a b2 c Apply L. Hospital rule the form being . . 2x/'(x 2 ) r Limit = Lt J v /
T
n+=> 3(n + 1  21") = 3n + 3  321""
x—>0
f
(X)
f'(x) v ' = 1
because/'(0) ^ 0 as f ( x ) is increasing.
58 MATHEMATICS TODAY  SPE BR '07 57 ETME
Put x* = t
:. x log x  log t
or
 l ] o g x + ~ x J r f x = jcfr I = hdt = t = x*
^(log x + l)dx = dt
Series is 1 + 3 identifying with the expansion of (l  x)~~, p = 3q = 2,*=^=*x < 7 Sum >iP=2V2. (j^)
3
= ^
Correct answer is 7t /16 (gof)x = ( g [ / ( x ) ] ) and (gofx x) = g [ / (  x)] = s i n [  / ( x ) ] = s i n [ / ( x ) ] =  (gof)x prop. V,I = 0 x = a cos 0, y = b sin 0 , , • «sin0 Slope of the normal is ^ c o s Q Equation of the normal at 0 is , . asinO .. y»sin0 = ^(xacos0)
&COS0
2
dy _ bcos© ^ " Z ^ e
= (l + x ) 3 d  x ),3
2
= (l + 3x + 3x2 + x3)[l + 3x + ^ j x
+3  i  ^ X 3 + < 3!
Coefficient of xr in the expansion = coefficient of xr in (1  x)~ 3 + 3 x coefficient of x r _ 1 in (1  x)~3 + 3 x coefficient of xr~2 in (1  x)~ 3 + coefficient ofx r ~ 3 in (1  x ) ~ 3 _ 3  4  5 . . . ( r + 2) , , w 3  4  5 . . . ( r + l) J r! (r1)! J
=> yb sin 0  b2 sin 0 cos 0 = ax sin 0  a2 cos 0 sin 0 cos© by sin0 b
2
345....r (r2)!
Tangent at any point P, whose eccentric angle 0, is given by xcosO  y s i n 8 =1 ...(1) a b The tangents at A and A', are given by xa and xa Putting x = a in (1) y sin 0 : 1COS0 K lcos0) •y = — sin0 fex 0 2sin 2 ^Q — = btan — 0 0 . 0 2sm—cos
(r + l)(r + 2)
3 r ( r + l)
3(rl)r
, 345...(?• —1) (r3)! (r2)(rl)
2
=\{(r
2
2
2
+ l)(r + 2) + 3 r(r +1) + 3 r(r 1) + (r  2 )(r  1 ) }
= !{8/ 2 + 4} = 4 r 2 + 2 7 T / i s continuous at x = r tanl^x So / ( • ? ) = lim / ( x ) = lim 4 4 v l  t a n x „ 2tanx = lim — x .2.1 + t a n x ltan2x '4 /(0) =  i ; / ( x ) = lim/(x) 2 hO 1   lim 2 x^>o =>l=lim
2. x>0 •
fc(l + cosQ) = *cotf sin0 0 0 It is easy to see that AM = b t a n y , AN = fecot — Putting x =  a in (1) we get y = AM x A'N = b2 ( b2\ L is I a e ' ~ • If 0 is the eccentric angle corresponding ax J2L. Normal at L is to L. „ a cos „ = ae =>2 cos 0 2e2. . 0 b = a = e cos0 sm0 2 2 1 Since b = a (l  e ) ax by = e 2„2 re (1) Normal at L is To get G, put y = 0 in (1) x = ae3 => OG = ae Identifying with the expansion of (1  x) p = \,q = 2, q 10
=> x
lim 4
2 tan; ,  „ (1 + tanx) 2 2
/ i s continuous at x = 0
.....fi+PXfi1 px 2 px + px + V >P = T 1 
Px~\
VT
2
"2
2
£
f is continuous at x = 0 , / ( 0 ) = lim / ( x )
x>0
^limlzgSg *>o x s i n x
l^limf ) = L 2 x c o s x + sinxJ 2 1 2 P_ 2 >p = ± 1
*HP(§ M
120 MATHEMATICS TODAY  SPE BR '07 ETME
pzcos px • lim *>() cos x  x s i n x + c o s x
f ( x ) is continuous at x = 2 / ( 2 ) = lim f i x ) x^>2 x 2  ( A + 2)x + 2A = y xjx2)Ajx2) = lim (x2) x—>2 x2 ixA)ix2) 2= lim(xA) = lim x—>2 (x2) x>2 2  2A => A = 0 ax2  ax + \ < 0 V I E R D < 0 => a2  4a < 0 a e (0, 4) Let / ( x ) = x 3  3x +  f'(x)  3x2  3 = 0 = > x = + l / a ) / (  l ) < 0 = » ( l  3 +  ) (  l + 3+  ] < 0
1  sin x lim ,K_(K  2x) 2
2
limlcosh 2
log(sinx) =k log(l + 7i 2 47tx + 4x 2 ) log COS h log(l + 4 h2) _u 4 h2 log(l + 4 h2) cos/z1 4h 2
„
4h
4h
1
cosh1
f sin 2 (ft/2) "l • lim /!» 0 ( 2h 2 J
X
r iogf 1 + cos /z — 1 j ) l cosh — \ ) 64 k
log(l + 4/j 2 ) J
(f
 2 ) (   + 2 ) < 0 = »  2 < y < 2 = > a e (4,4)
Study At Night Only If You Don't Feel Sleepy
n Australian scientist's claim that the human brain learns best it night as the cerebral cortex (that controls memory) functions better after sunset hasn't found many takers. There are lots of students, who prefer studying at night, Night birds argue that each one's study pattern is different and what might suit them may not be good for someone else. They say studying at night has nothing to do with their brains performing better. Prof. Vijayalakshmi Reddy, faculty, Osmania University, feels that the time of study that suits one best varies from person to person. "Since one can study without any noise and distractions at night, concentration is better and the student isn't anxious in the morning as he finished studying the previous night." she says. Sneha Mody, a student, too feels it's best to study at night, but says it won't work if you are dying to hit the bed. "Studying at night can be effective only if you don't feel sleepy or else you may forget everything in the examination hall. I stay up at night, finish my portion and then sleep in a relaxed state of mind," she says. Ravi K., a student also agrees that the amount of concentration matters more than the time of study. He says, "Actually, it's the fear of oversleeping that keeps students awake at night. But it's essential to get some sleep to calm the nerves, otherwise the mind may go blank while writing the exam." Neurologist Dr. Amrit Saxena of Care Hospital doesn't take the scientists findings seriously, but he advocates studying at night. "The effectiveness of one's study depends on their concentration and how refreshed the mind is at that time. Usually, night time or early mornings are considered the best time to study because the surrounding atmosphere is calm and quiet and thus chances of distraction are very little," he says. But on the other hand, neurologist at the Apollo Hospital Dr Sudhir Kumar believes that late night studying doesn't help at all especially if you are sleepy and tired. "Seven to eight hours of undisturbed sleep at night is required. You may occasionally stay awake and study at night during exams, but don't make it a habit," he warns. For better results, more than just studying at night, a right frame of mind and lack of distractions appear to be vital.
121 MATHEMATICS TODAY  SP E BR '07 ET M E
lal 6 [0, 4) L e t / ( x ) = x 3 + ax 2 + x + 1, / ' ( x ) = 3x2 + 2ax + 1 For exactly one real root / ' ( x ) > 0 => 4a 2  12 < 0 a2 < 3 x 2  3ax + a 2  9 = 0 Product of roots = a 2  9 < 0 = > a 2 < 9 = > « e (3, 3)
/(T + X)=1 + {1(/(x))
3
P
= 1 + (1  f ( x ) ) =>/(7" + x) +f(x) = 2 =>/(2r+x)+/(r+x) = 2 (2)  (1) =>f(2T + x)  f ( x ) = 0 =>f(2T + x) Also T is positive and least. .. Period o f / ( x ) = 2 7 = * A = 2 y  2x4  x 2 ^=8x32x, dx d2y = 24x 2  2 dx 2  ^ = 0 = > x = 0,x = ± * dx 2
...(1) ...(2) =f(x)
y is minimum for x = ± — 1/2 Thus the required area = J ydx 1/2 2 J (2x 4  x 2 ) d x o
4 1/2 =
1/2 J (2x 4 1/2 120
x2)dx
2l— [80
Ll 24 J
=> S = 7
M
1
0f(x)
/(x) clx + f(4x) 2/ = Jldx = 4 => / = 2
M
2
/(4x) dx / ( 4  x ) + /(x) lim f ( x ) = f
M
B
A
•
M C A
• N
D A •
N T S E
•1
G R IE
•
JS A T
•
C A T
Cuanti t i i l V I . M
real testlike
Let a, b, c be real numbers with 0 < a, b, c < 1 and a + b + c  2. Then for the expression
j
jid i i f i l l
edge.
By : Alok Kumar, B.Tech, l!T Kanpur
The aim of this test is to acclimatize you with experience and give you the required competitive
(a) is never 6/5 (b) has the greatest value 6/5 (c) is always 6/5 (d) has the least value 6/5.
(a) (b) (c) (d)
the least value is 1/8 the greatest value is 8 the greatest value is not attained none of the above.
aoaX;
1
1
Suppose that we agree to call a positive integer n good if there are n integers, positive or negative and not necessarily distinct, such that their sum and product both equal n. For sample 8 is good as 8  4 x 2 x l x l x l x l x (1) x (1) = 4 + 2 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + (1) + 1 Then of the numbers
22006
+
Directions (Q8  10) : Answer the questions on the basis of the information given below. In t h e a c c o m p a n y i n g d i a g r a m BD = DC, BE = ED, AP = PD and CF II DG Denote by [ABC] the area of triangle ABC, etc. 8. The ratio of AX to XE is (a) 2 : 3 (b) 2 : 5 (c) 1 : 3 [.ADH] The fraction TTDT^T is [ABC] (a) 2/5 (b) 1/5 (c) 1/3 (d) 1/4. (d) 1 : 4.
22005
+
22005;
22006
t h f i
n u m b e r
0
f
gOOd
numbers is (a) 1 (b) 2 (c) 3 (d) 4. • ; ort <Q3 Answer the questions on the basis of the information given below. A naughty child has torn a leaf from a paperback novel. The sum of the numbers on the remaining pages is 15,000. The number of pages in the book is (a) 174 (b) 173 (c) 175 (d) either (a) or (b). The numbers on the torn page are (a) 112 and 113 (b) 111 and 112 (c) 25 and 26 (d) either (a) or (c) The number of integers such that n < 2n and n satisfies In2 + 6n + 61 = In2 + 4M + 91 + 13  2n\ is (a) 2046 (b) 1023 (c) 2045 (d) 1022. The largest number in the sequence •Jl, \/3, \f4, ...., S n when raised to twelfth power is (a) 1491 (c) 81 7 If a + b + c = 0, then (b) 64 (d) none of these. (a3 +b3 + c 3 )(q 2 +b2 + c2) a5+b5+c5
[ABC] [EHD] . r^n r ,. [AFX] + r[ABC] equals (a)
188
33
(M (b)
312
, ,
(c)
~25
601 m
(d)
_
113 To"
V A / 2  1 ' s equivalent to (a) (o) 3/1 + ? / 2
? — (b) /
(d) W 9 ' V9 "V9 "V9 y 9 ' y 9' 12. Two persons A and B throw a coin alternatively till one of them gets 'head' and win the game. The probability that B wins if A starts the game is (a) 1/3 (b) 1/4 (c) 2/3 (d) 3/4. B o t h the r o o t s of the q u a d r a t i c e q u a t i o n (a + b — c)x2 + 2bx + c + b  a = 0, where a, b, c are real numbers, all different, and a + b  c 0, are rational.
58 MATHEMATICS TODAY  SPE BR '07 57 ETME
W1 + 3 / 2 _ 3/4
(abc * 0)
Then is rational, (b * c) bc b is rational, (c * a) (b) c —a c is rational, (a * b) (C) " a, (d) none of the above. (a) A flag of height h stands on the top of a hemispherical dome of radius 10 m. From a point on the ground, when the flag is just visible, the angle of elevation is 45°. The height of the flag is (in m) (a) 1 0 ( 7 2  1 ) (c) 5 ( 7 2  1 ) (b) 10(^2 + 1) (d) 5(72+1)
spectators cheer for both of them till the race is finished, (a) 18 (b) 19 (c) 17 (d) 16. The remainder when m is divided by 3 is 1 and the remainder when m + 1 is divided by 2 is 1. Then the remainder when (m  1) is divided by 6 is (a) 0 (b) 1 (c) 2 (d) 3. In a multiplechoice examination, there are n questions. It is known that in this exam 2" ~ k students gave wrong answers to at least k question (1 <k<n). If the total number of wrong answers given is 4095, the number of questions in the exam was (a) 10 (b) 11 (c) 12 (d) 13. 23. The value of the expression (1  ax)(l + ax)1 (1 + foc)1/2(l  bx)'m _ ( x = a~x f y 1 J
/2
at
The maximum value of x2 + y2 when x, y satisfy 2 x < y1 < 4(1  x) is (a) 12  8 ^ 2 (c) 24 + 16^2 2JC1 16 f{x)
+
, (0 < a <b < 2a), is
(b) 12 + 8>/2 (d) 24  16V2. then the value of
(a) dependent on both a and b (b) 1 (c)  1 (d) either (b) or (c). 24. If 1 • 1987 + 2 • 1986 + 3 • 1985 + + 1986 • 2 + 1987 • 1 = 1987 • 994 • x, then the value of x is (a) 663 (b) 662 (c) 331 (d) 332. 25 Let f ( x ) = 0 be the polynomial equation of the least possible degree with rational coefficients having +1/49 as a root. The product of all the roots of f ( x ) = 0 is (a) 28 (b)  2 8 (c)  5 6 (d) 56. 26. The sum (a) 7 4 g and — 1 1001 1 1002 1 lies between 3001
1 + e2xl
4 — )
f ( —
+ /
V1234/ V1234/ (a) 616 (b) 616.5 (c) 617 (d) 617.5 The wth term of an arithmetic progression is x and the nth term is y. Then the sum of the first (m + n) terms is (a) (b) (d)
(ii)is
2 [
[£±Z. Lm+n m+n
m + in] xy m —n x~y ] m —n J x+y m +n m n J
(x+y)
(b) 1 and ^ (d) None of the above
2903 501  803 501  464 501 + 261 501 when divided by 1897 leave, a reaminder (a) 0 (b) 1 (c) 2 (d) 3. How many ways are there to choose three suqares on a chessboard such that they are in a diagonal line? (a) 196 (b) 392 (c) 252 (d) 504. Ram and Shyam are competing against each other in a 100 m race. The length of the track is just 50 m and hence they have to run too and fro for completing 1 km. Ram covers every 50 m in 2 minutes whereas Shyam covers every 50 m in 2 minutes and 15 seconds. Every time they pass each other or cross each other, the spectators, cheer them. How many times shall the
58 MATHEMATICS TODAY  SEPTEMBER '07 57
(c) 1 and
2" On a rectangle PQRS a semicircle is drawn on the longer side PS of the rectangle as a diameter. The semicircle cuts the other parallel side of the rectangle QR in A and B. From B a perpendicular is let fall on PS at C. Given that PC = 16 cm, CS = 9 cm, the difference in the area of rectangle and that of semicircle is (in cm 2 ) (a) (c) 25
\
96
 7 t
(b)
/
^(9625jt) ^(968n)
^(9625tt)
(d)
The equation 3X • 8"l + 2 = 6 has for its, solution the number (a)  l o g 3 3 6 (b) log 3 36 (c) log 36 3 (d) log 3 6 3 Directions (Q 2930) Answer the questions on the basis of the information given below. \n / , \n _1_ _1_ Suppose an = 1 + 'li
b
If a 1 3 = 1 and a * 1, the quadratic equation whose roots are a + a 3 + a 4 + a ^ + a~3 + a  1 and a? + a 5 + a 6 + or 6 + a  5 + a  2 is i (b) x2x +3 =0 (a) x2 + x3 = 0 (c) X 2  3JC + 1 = 0 (d) + 3x  1 = 0 ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral with AC ± BD and AC meets BD at E. Let the radius of the circumscribed circle be 2 cm. The value of EA2 + EB2 + EC2 + ED2 is (in cm 2 ) (a) 4 (b) 16 (c) 8 (d) None of the above In any set of 181 square integers, if we can always find a subset of n numbers, sum of whose elements is divisible by 19 then a value of n can be (a) 17 (b) 18 (c) 19 (d) 20 The three sides of a right angled triangle are in G.P. The tangents of the two acute angles are + 1 (a) (c)
A/52
"
=
72
~
1
In relation connecting a7, a 4 , a3, at is (a) (c)
a a 7 = a 4 a 3  1X 6 a ^ (b) a 7 = a 4 a 3 + j l^
a7=a4a3+^
(d) None of the above
Which of the following is true ? (a) a7=b4b3 + f L (b) b 7 = a 4 b i + ^ 16 (c) a1=b 16 (d) Both (a) and (b)
and
4 75+1 \452 1 + ^5 (b)
V5+1
and
V5+1
and and
The real values of a f o r which the roots of x1  2x  a2 + 1 = 0 lie between the roots of x2  2(a + l)x + a{a  1) = 0 are given by
l + >/5 (d)
(a)
1
<a< 1 2
(b) (d)
4
~<a<l
The remainder when 1992 is divided by 92 is (a) 47 (b) 48 (c) 49 (d) 0 The expression ax2 +by2 +cz2 bc(y  z) + ca(z  x)2 + ab(x y)2 when ax + by + cz = 0, simplifies to 1 1 (a) a + b + c (b) x + y + z (c) 1 (d) None of the above 42. Aman buy some pens at the rate of Rs 10 for 3 and twice, these pens at the rate of Rs 13 for 4. He sells all of them at Rs 59 a dozen. He makes a profit (in %) of (a) 16.67 (b) 50 (c) 33.33 (d) 59 43.Thesumlr? [3 (a) 22^ .(b) 1 16
,17
+ 2
1 (c) ~j<a<
a > ~
Consider the two arithmetic progression 3, 7, 11, ...., 407 and 2, 9, 16, 709. The number of common terms of these two progression is (a) 12 (b) 13 (c) 14 (d) 15 In an examination, 51 % candidate failed in physics and 43 % failed in mathematics, 14 % failed in both the subjects. If the total number of candidates who passed in physics alone is 580, then the total number of candidates is (a) 2100 (b) 2000 (c) 2500 (d) None of the above The number of integral pairs (x, y) satisfying the equation (x  y)2 + 2y 2 = 27 is (a) 8 (b) 7 (c) 6 (d) 5 The number of integers n such that n ends with 1993 zeroes is (a) 0 (b) 1 (c) 2 (d) 5
l
7
^ 14
+
i ^ 15
+
15
2'5 lil
17
equals
16 • 2
LZ L
2 16
(c) 2
[17
(d) 1
117
58 MATHEMATICS TODAY  SEPTEMBER '07 57
4 4 . If x, y, z are arbitrary positive real numbers satisfying the equation 4 x y + 6yz + 8 z x = 9, then t h e m a x i m u m p o s s i b l e values of the p r o d u c t xyz is (a) (c)   (b) (d) N o n e of the a b o v e
— abc But a = 2  b  c = (1  b) + (1  c) = y + z Hence this further becomes i7
x yz ty + z)(z + x)(x+y)
E=
From A.M  G.M, theorem x+y Similarly > y[yz\ 
. 4: ; . ABCD is a quadrilateral a n d P, Q are m i d p o i n t s of CD, AB respectively. AP and DQ m e e t at X, and BP and CQ m e e t at Y. G i v e n [ADX] = 15 cm 2 , [.PXQY] = 4 0 cm 2 , ( w h e r e [ ] denotes the area of the figure). T h e n [BCY] is (a) 2 0 c m 2 (c) 12.5 c m 2 (b) 2 5 c m 2 (d) 3 2 . 5 c m 2
Multiplying them (.x + y)(y + z)(z + x) > xyz 1 xyz xyz 8 " (x + y)(y + z)(z + x) (x+ y)(y + z)(z + x) 8 Warning : When faced with such a problem students try to find the greatest/least value of the expression by taking variables to be all equal, i.e. a = b = c = 2/3 in our case. And then
T h e least L C M of 20 natural numbers not necessarily d i f f e r e n t w h o s e s u m is 801 is (a) 1640 (b) 4 0 (c) 41 (d) 8 2 0 o n s Q 47 49) A n s w e r the q u e s t i o n s on the basis of the i n f o r m a t i o n g i v e n below. F o r positive integers m and n d e f i n e a f u n c t i o n / ( m , n) as f o l l o w s f(m, n)  m + 1, if m > n = n + 1, if n > m = m + n + 1, if m = n W h i c h of the f o l l o w i n g is t h e value o f / ( m " , nm) if 1 < n < m (a) mn + 1 (b) nm + X n m (c) m + n + 1 (d) N o n e of the a b o v e 4K I f / ( 3 , 4) is t h e s a m e a s / ( m , n), then h o w m a n y d i f f e r e n t values c a n n take ? (1) 6 (b) 3 (c) 4 (d) 5 4 9 F o r / ( l , / ( 2 , / ( 3 , / ( 4 , k)))) = 8, k c a n take values (a) 1 (b) 2 (c) 3 (d) A n y of the a b o v e 5 0 T h e l a r g e s t 3  d i g i t p r i m e f a c t o r of t h e i n t e g e r 2000/"' 1S
WOOO
But the trouble is we don't know whether this extreme value is greatest or least. 2. (d) Consider the number of the form 4k + 1, k > 0 4k + 1 = (4k + 1) x (1) 2 *(1) 2 * = (4k +1) + (1 + 1 + 1 + +1) + [(1) + (1) +....(!)] 2k times 2k times So we have written 4k + las a sum of 4k + 1 integers and also as a product of 4k + 1 integers. As 2 2005 + 1 = 4(2 2003 ) + 1, 2 2006 + 1 = 4  (2 2004 ) + 1, they are both good. Again suppose 41 = 21 x 2 x (1)" x (  l ) v where I is even number. = 27 + 2 + Q + 1 + 1 +
w times
H(HH
1 1 1 1 becomes 2 X 2 X 2 = 8
+1)+ [(!) + (  1 ) + ....+ (  ! ) ]
v
...(A)
times
(a) 6 6 1
(b) 6 6 7
(c) 6 2 3
(d) 6 2 9
SOLUTIONS
We transform the given expression as
If 41 is to be a good integer, then 2 + w + v = 4/, as there are 2 + w + v factors. From (A) 41 = 21 + 2 + w  v => 21= 2 + w  v => w  v = 21  2 Solving this with w + v = 41  2 we have w = 3/  2 and v = / Thus for each 4/, we have w l ' s and v  l ' s such that 41 is capable of being written both as a sum of 41 integers and a product of 41 integers. Hence, 2 2005 = 4(2 2003 ) and 2 2006 = 4 • (2 2004 ) are both good. 3. (b), 4. (c) : Let the number of pages in the novel be n. Since the sum of numbers on the remaining pages after a leaf is torn is 15,000, the sum of numbers on all the pages must exceed 15,000 n(n +1) >15,000
_ ~ ^
f(\a)(\~b)(\~c) abc
...(1)
A s a + 6 + c = 2 w e have (1  a) + (1  b) + (1  c) = 1 Set I  a  x, 1  b = y, I  c = z, so that 0 < x, y, z < 1 then, our expression becomes from (1). MATHEMATICS TODAY I NOVEMBER '07
n(n + 1) > 30,000
(n + l ) 2 > n(n + 1) > 30,000 > 173 2 => n + 1 > 173 n> 172 (A) Again the sum of numbers on the page torn should be less than or equal to n + (n  1) = 2n  1 Hence (1 + 2 + .... + n)  (In  1) < 15,000 n{n + 1)  2(2n  1) < 30,000 => n23n + 2< 30,000 => (n  1 )(n  2) < 30,000 (n  2) 2 < (n  2 ) ( n  1) < 30,000 < 174 2 n2<174 => n < 176 ....(B) From (A) and (B) 172 < n < 176 n = 173, 174, 175 n(n +1) 173x174 ' = = 15,051 2 2 Thus the sum of numbers on the torn page = 15,051  15,000 = 51 and so the page numbers of the torn page are 25 and 26. for n = 174 For n = 173, n(n +1) 174x175
4KHHBK
< 1hlH
t
1 2
!
1 4
I
1 8
h
= 1 +
=1+2=3 i  i
2
i.e.
I f n > 3,
H)"<> +
i
» K )
nn + l> (n + l)w
I
JnOnl) >{(rt + i y }»(»+!) => n i/« > +
+1
where n > 3
2
2
= 15225
Among the first two values 1/3 is the greater. There after every term is less than ^ 3 Hence (3£) 1 2 7.
=
t h u s the sum of n u m b e r s of t h e torn page = 15,225  15,000 = 225 and so the page numbers on the torn page should be 112 and 113. But it is not the answer ! (open any book and convince yourself that the smaller number of the torn page should be odd) 175x176 = 15,400 2 2 Then the sum of numbers on the torn page = 15,400  15000 = 400, which is even and hence can't be written as a sum of two consecutive integers. Hence rejected. In summary, the numbers on the torn page are 25 and 26 and the number of pages is 173. For n = 175, Write the given equation as In + 6n + 6\ = In2 + 4n + 91 + 13  2n\ => I(n 2 + An + 9) + (2n  3)1 = In2 + An + 91 + 12n  31 ....(A) Now we use the fact that if \a + b\ = Ia\ + \b\ then both summands must have the same sign. Indeed I a + b\2 = \a\2 + \b\2 + lab = (Id + \b\)2 + 2(ab  \ab\) When a and b both have same sign ab > 0 \ab\  ab giving us la + b\ = \a\ + \b\ Let summand on the RHS of (A) is n2 + An + 9 = (n + 2) 2 + 5 > 0 Thus for the equality (A) to hold 2rc  3 > 0 = > « > 3/2. As n is the integer n > 3 But n < 2n Hence total number of solutions = (2 11  3) + 1 = 2 n  2 = 2(2 1 0  1) = 2 x 1023 = 2046
2
is the largest
3 4 = 81 A)
(c) If a + b + c = 0 then a3 + b3 + c3 = 3abc\*X
3 3 3 2
=> (a + b + c )(a
+ b + c ) = 3abc{a
2
2
2
+b + c)
2
2
=> a5 + b5 + c5 + a2b2(a + b) + a2c2(a + c) + b2c2(b + c) = 3 abc(a2 + b2 + c2) => a5 + b5 + c5 + a2b2c  b2c2a 2 2
n(n +1)
c2a2b
= 3abc(a + b + c2) ( v a + b + c = 0) => a5 + b5 + c5  abc(ab + be + ca) = 3abc(a2 + b2 + c2) ^ a5 + b5 + c5  abc •  { (a2 + b2 + c 2 )}
2
= 3 abc(a2 + b2 + c2) [a + b + c = 0 =» a + b + c
2 2 2
= 2(ab + be + ca)] ...(B)
=> a5 + b5 + c5 = — abc (a2 + b2 + c2) 2 From (A) and (B) • 5 ,5 5x 5 a3+b3+C3 (a5 +b +c ) = 2 3 . (a2+b2 + c2)(a3+b3+c3) a5+b5+c5 _ 6 ~ 5 . 2 72 2\ (a2+b2+cz)
8 (a); 9 (b); 10. (c To start with we derive an important result. In any triangle ABC. If E and F are points on AC and BC respectively then
(c)
= l +
1+ I
n
1
+
n(nl)
1
+ —
n(nl)(n2)
—— + . . .
1
P r o o f : Draw EF' parallel to XF f r o m AFC A. MATHEMATICS TODAY I NOVEMBER '07
BX n +1 =m XE n CX _ m +1 and XF~U m
FF'
From A P F F '
CE _ n F'A ~ EA~ 1 FF' _ CE FA ~ CA
FF' F F ' + F'A «+l
CF CF + FA .(I) = lx 1+
GB^i _
AG)
4H
[AHG] = [AHD]
...(B)
Triangle AHG and AHD have the same height.
BX XE
BF _ BF FA FF' ~ FA F F ' (BF\ (CA\ n +1 BF") CA = =m
[AHG] [AHD]
_ [GH] ~ [HD] AHG] =
_2 ~3
From (A) and (B)
UFAj'icE e J J't
~
•••• using(1)
Now consider our problem As C F II DG, in AAGD,
PX _ fBF} ( CA XE V FA J \CE
 x  x [ABC] 4 3 5 [APC] 1 = 30 (AFX) = —[ABC] [AFX] AEHD and AAHD have the same height [AFX] =
AF.FG = AX:XE = AP : PD
[EHD] _ [EH] _ 1/2 _ 1
[AHD] ~ [AH] [EHD] 2 ~ 4
x
=1:1
The numbers indicate ratios. Let EH : HX = A : 1 In triangle EC A, CX and AD meet at P. CD : DE = 2 : 1 , AX : XE = 1 : 1 + X, and AP : P D = 1 : 1 By our result => AX XF 1+ X =1 1+X, AP AX CF — =— x — A, = 1=
= ^[AHD] = ~
=
^ B C ] ,
So, 3 x 1+X 2 1
[EHD] J_ [ABC] ~ 2 0 [ABC] [EHD]
[AFX] [APC]
601 30 + — = 20 20
2
2
So for Q.No. 8 choice 'a'.
1+
AADH and ADE have the same height
[ADH] _ AH_ 2 _ 2 _ 4 [AFD] AE 2 + X 2 + — ~ 5
a3 = 2 11 .(d) Set yf2 = a 2 2 Now (1  a + a ) = 1 + a 2 + a 4 + 2 a 2  2 a 3  2 a aJ 2) = 1 + a2 + 2 a + 2a2  4  2 a 2 2 = 1 + 3 a  4 = 3 ( a  1) 2 (1  a + a 2 ) 3 = (1  a + a 2 ) 2 ( l  a • a ) 2 2 = 3 ( a  1)(1  a + a ) 3 = 3 ( a  1) ( a + 1) (1  a + a 2 ) = 3 ( a l ) ( a + 1) •••(A) = 3 ( a  1)(2 + 1) = 9 ( a  1) Set a = y/l in (A) to obtain + = 9(^/21) — 3li _ 3 — V9 V9
2
But [AFD] = i [ A 5 D ] = ^ [ A £ C ] Hence,
[ABC]
Taking cube roots 12. (a)
I——i = — =» [ADH] = — [AFD] = — x —[ABC]
[AFD] 5 5 5 4
The probability of head (or tail) in one throw of 1
[ADH] _ 1
[ABC] ~ 5
So for Q no. 9 choice 'b'
Again [AFX] = [AHG]
1 ( v X F II Gtf and X F = ~GH) In triangle PDA, DG and AE meet at H AH AG DB 2 AG ^ = x => = x 2 HE GB DE 1/2 GB and ^ HG
= =
•(A)
2 Let E1 = the event that A wins. F 2 = the event that B wins. Clearly only one of F x and F 2 will happen. .\ F 2 = Ex. For A to win, he must throw a head in 1st, 3rd, fifth., throws and P should not throw a head in second, 4th, 6th,.... throws.
the coin =
AG ^ =2 GB
A
 D H M '  i H i j i f i 2 \2) 2
to 00
EB
AG
AG + GB AG V
2 +
1
• (An infinite GP with common ratio 1/4)
MATHEMATICS TODAY I NOVEMBER '07
J_ 4
2
=
2
i  l
2
3~3
2 1 P(E2) = 1  — = — is the probability that 5 wins. (b ) Observe that x =  1 satisfies the equation for (.a + bc) + 2b(l) + (c + b  a) = 0 As  1 is a root other root is q (ap) (c+ba)/(a+bc) a t
4
eLXlex + e x e x
.2*
....(A)
\x
/ ( 1  * ) =  g" + g* lx Adding (A) and (B) ljt = 1 2 1234 V1234
....(B)
c + ba a + bc
1+
1+
b ca
His)+/(
(by componendo and dividendo) 616 + 
1233
1234
1
)M'(
2
1234
•'(H)}
'.1234 J
V / fU ^3  JV / f — 2 4 ^1234
H> =
1+ p
c—a 1 b_ ca +
1 + 1 + .... to 616 term + ( / f ^ j = ^ by direct evaluation) u
b ca
2
~ (31 ~
Rational
ca
is rational.
616.5 17. (d) Let the difference d. x = a + (m y = a + (n On subtraction, y  x = (n d = mn m+n [2a + (m + nY)d] (C) first term of the AP be a and common \)d \)d m)d (A) (B)
a • For the flag top to be just visible, FT touches the sphere OT = OTxJ2 sin 45£ => OL = OT42 AOFL is isosceles => OL = OF OL = =» h + 10 = 10V2 A =10(>/2l) I c) T h e g i v e n condition is satisfied by all x and y such that y2 and y2 < 4(1  x) The first is a pair of lines and the second a parabola. V4 y = x%
Sum to (m + n) terms From (A) and (B)
\
\ Ai
,0)
(n  \)x  (m l)y = a(n\m\) => (n  l)x  (m  l)_y = a(n  m) a = (n l)x(ml)y = (m_i)y_(„_\)x mn
l ) y
nm (C) gives sum
m + n [
The region is the curve x2 < y2 < 4(1  x) Points A, A\ B, B' are obtained by solving x 2 = 4(1  x) => x 2 + 4x  4 = 0 x=  4 ± Vl6 + 16 =  4 ±4>/2 = 2± / — 2v2
2
2
( m

( mn
n

l ) X
Hm+
nl
mn
m+n 2 m+n 2
„mynx
2 —
m —n
xy _ xy , +2  + (m+n) mn mn x—y xy mn —y m —n xy mn m+n (x + y) + xy mn] 1
2 (my — nx) + (m + n)(x — y)
2 2 Maximum values of x2 + y2 corresponds to OA2 or OA'2 OA2 =x2 + y2 = 2x2 = 2 (  2  2 V 2 ) 2 = 8(1 + V 2 ) 2 = 8(3 + 2>/2) = 2 4 + 1 6 ^ 2 Transform / (JC) as
2x
m + n 2 my  2 nx + mx  my + nx  ny ^ 2 m + n mynx mn + mx — ny^x m —n mn
2
m + n (mn)(x+y)
f(x)=
MATHEMATICS TODAY I NOVEMBER '07
18. (a) : Consider E = 2903"  803"  464" + 261" for n natural. Note 1897 = 7 x 271 E = (2903"  803")  (464"  261") 2903  803/2903"  803" => 2100/2903"  803" =» 7/2903"  803" Again, 464  261/464"  261" =» 203/464"  261" => 7/464"  261 "(203 = 7 x 29) So HE Now E = (2903"  464")  (803"  261") 2903  464/2903"  464" => 2439/2903"  464" => 271/2903"  464" (2439 = 271 x 9) Again 803  261/803"  261" => 542/803"  261" =» 271/803"  261" (542 = 271 x 2) So, 21 HE As 7 and 271 are coprime 7 x 21 \IE 1897/£. Thus the number is completely divisible by 1897. Xl X2 19. (b) ...(A)
the last two laps of Ram, first in the 1st lap, when the race starts and second in the 18th lap (beginning). Because the ratio of speeds of Ram and Shyam is 9 : 8, when Ram has completed 18 laps, Shyam would have completed 16 laps, thus they are both at starting point. So they will not meet in that lap of Ram. As Ram takes 20 laps (20 x 50 = 1000) to finish the 1 km race, they would meet 20  2 = 18 times. The spectactor would cheer 18 times. 21. (d) m  1 is divisible by 3, So (m  1) + 3 = m + 2 is also divisible by 3. Again (m + 1) when divisible by 2 leaves a remainder 1, So (m + 1) + 1 = m + 2 is divisible by 2 As (m + 2) is divisible by both 3 and 2 and 3 are coprime, (m + 2) is divisible by 6. m + 2 = 0 (mod 6) => (m  1) s  3 (mod 6) => m  1 = 3 (mod 6) (m  1) when divided by 6 leaves a remainder 3. 22. (c) Number of students giving wrong answer to at least k questions = 2" ~ * N u m b e r of s t u d e n t s g i v i n g w r o n g a n s w e r to at least (k + 1) questions = 2n~k~ 1 Number of students giving wrong answer to exactly k questions = 2" " k  2" ~ * ~ 1 Number of students giving wrong answer to exactly n questions = 2""" = 1 Total number of wrong answers = 1(2" ~ 1  2" ~ 2 ) + 2(2" ~ 2  2"~ 3 ) + (n  1)(2*  2°) + n( 1) = 2 " " 1 + (  2 " ~ 2 + 22" ~ 2 ) + (2"~ 3 x 2 + 32"~ 3 ) + ... + 2°. _1 2 . + 2 " " + .... + 1 = 2 "  1 = 2" 2 "  1 = 4095 => 2" = 4096 => 2" = 4 x 1024 = 2 12 /. 12.
....(B)
B
D
Along XxY\ the number of way of choosing 3 squares = 'C3 Along X2Y2 the number of way of choosing 3 squares = *c 3 Along BD the number of way of choosing 3 squares = 8C3 Same situation is reflected on the other side of the digonal BD Total no.of ways (when diagonal is II to BD) of choosing three squares = 2( 3 C 3 + 4 C 3 + 5 C 3 + 6 C 3 + 7 C 3 ) + 8 C 3 , , 54 654 765 A 8 x 7 x 6 1+ 4 + — + + +. 12 123 123; 1 x 2 x 3 = 2(1 + 4 + 10 + 20 + 35) + 56 = 2(70) + 56 = 140 + 56 = 196 But same situation is obtained for diagonal II to AC. Total no. of way = 2 x 196 = 392. Ram is the faster of the two. 20. (a Rate of speed of Ram and Shyam =
23.
(b):
"GHT
I >
12 ab I b 12 ab b 2 ab
2ab
1 ax l + ax
2ab '2ab+2a_ 2 (ba) .(A)
Similarly 2a b a V b 12 a b f1 b 12aI 12ab b 2a b
1 + bx 1 bx
1+
2 8 Ram and shyam will meet once in every lap of Ram except MATHEMATICS TODAY I NOVEMBER '07
a
V
a ,
b
Again S =
1001
1002
3001
f — llOOl
b 2ab a+b 2 ab As (Remember J x
2
1002
—W—•
1100J V1101 +...+ 2901 1 1
1200 1 3000; + 3001
1 + bx 1 bx b—a
= W
(B))
1001 1002 1 1 1101 1102
1000 1 1100 1100 2900 ....(A)
Multiplying (A) and (B) (1  ax)(\ + ax)1 (1 + &x) 1/2 (l ab 2ab ba . 12 ab a + b. ba (abY (baf
= 1
bx)~m
We have S c l O O x f  i U1000 0( i.e.
A •
o 1 1 1 S<— + — + ...+— 10 11 29
1 1 1
(bay 24. (a)
Again — + — + . . . + — 10 11 29 + ... + — 1 + 1 — + ... + — 14 15 19 < 5x — + 5x — 5x — 25 10 15 1 1 1 1 77 17 1 =  +  +  +  = — = 1—<12 3 4 5 60 60 3 From (A) and (B), S <13 (i) and (ii) yield, 1<5 < — + ... + — 25 29.
Let P = 11987 + 21986 + ....+ 19862 + 19871 = 1987994 x(given) Introduce Q = 19871987 + 19861986 + ...+ 11 = 198719883975 — = 19879941325 1987.1988
Adding P and Q, P + Q = 1988(1987 + 1986 +...+1) = 1988
....(B) v ' ....(ii)
= 19879941988 (A) But P + Q is also equal to 1987994* + 19879941325 (B) Equating (A) and (B) 19879941988 = 1987994x + 19879941325 => 1988 = x + 1325 => x = 1988  1325 = 663 25 (d) Let x = !fl+lf49 = 7 1/3 + 7 2/3 Cubing both sides x 3 = 7 + 7 2 + 37 1/3 7 2/3 (7 1/3 + 7 2/3 ) =» x 3 = 7 + 49 + 3  7 • x => x 3  2lx  56 = 0 Product of root = 56. w (c) 5=
1 1
1001
1002
3001 1 3000 1 10023000 2001 1 2001
=U 0r0 ^ + ^ i 1 3001; V1002
= 4002 1 10013001 +
r 1
27. (b) We h a v e in the triangle PBS, ZPBS = n/2 for it is angle substended by a diameter on the circumference of the circle. In right angled triangle PBS BC2 = PCCS S => BC2 = 1 6 x 9 Semicircle => BC = V l 6 x 9 = 12 cm RS = 12 cm PS = PC + CS = 16 + 9 = 25 cm Area of rectangle PQRS = 12 x 25 = 300 cm 2
1 625 • • i f25 area of semicircle = — n\ — Y = n 2 V 2 J 8
Difference in the area of rectangle and area of semicircle
=
For any n we have n2  4002n + 2001 2 > 0 i.e. n(4002  n) < 2001 2 . S > 4002 1 2001 1000 2001
2
3 0 0  ^ =
X
25(l2^l=
^(9625*)
+
1 200r
1000 terms
28. (a) 2oor 2000 2001 2001 (i)
3x8^2=6
2001
Taking log to base 10 log8 = log6 x+2 => 2x log3 + x2 log3 + x log8 xlog3 +
_ 4002
2
+
1 2001
x log6 + 2 log6
MATHEMATICS TODAY I NOVEMBER '07
=> * 2 l o g 3 + x(2 l o g 3 + l o g 8  log6)  2 l o g 6 = 0 => x2 log3 + x(2 log3 + 3 log2  log2  log3)  2 log6 = 0 :=> A:2 l o g 3 + x ( l o g 3 + 2 log2)  2 l o g 6 = 0 N o t e that 2 log6 = 2 ( l o g 3 + log2) So the e q u a t i o n r e d u c e s to jc 2 log3 + x ( l o g 3 + 2 log2)  2 l o g 3  2 l o g 2 = 0 B y o b s e r v a t i o n , s i n c e s u m of c o e f f i c i e n t is zero, O n e r o o t is x = 1. T h e o t h e r r o o t = P r o d u c t of roots 2 log 6 log 3 log 36 log 3 = log336
2 9 ( a ) , 3 0 . ( d ) : Set 1 + —!= = a , 1 — \ = = P t h e n an = an + P", bn = an  P n w i t h a p = 1/2 Consider a a m n a a
m rti — n = (/a m« +. pofn^^.n " + , p " ) „/ )(a 2n u
V2
V2
mn
m + n , am + n , „nan,„mn , amYi\ + p m ™ + a p (a " " + p m ~ n )
amn ^P In r.mn ,amn a "^P
T h e r o o t s of x 2  2x  a2 + 1 = 0 are ix  l ) 2 = a2 i.e x — \± a. R o o t s of x2  2(a + \)x + a(a  1) = 0 will b e real a n d distinct if 4(a + l ) 2  4 a ( a  1) > 0 =» a2 + 2a + 1  a2 + a > 0 => 3 a + 1> 0 => a >  1 / 3 ....(A) A g a i n / ( I + a) < 0 => (1 + a)2  2(a + 1)(1  a) + a(a  1) < 0 =>  ( 1 + a)2 + a(a  1) < 0 => 1  2a  a2 + a2  a < 0 l + 3 a > 0 = » f l > 1/3 ....(B) A l s o / ( I  a) < 0 => (1  a)2  2(a + 1)(1  a) +  1) < 0 1  2a + a2  2(1  a2) + a2  a < 0 => 4 a 2  3 a  1 < 0 => (4a + l ) ( a  1) < 0 1/4 < a < 1 ....(C) C o m b i n i n g (A), (B) and (C),  1 / 4 < a < 1 3 2 . (c) T h e general term of the 1st A P in am = 4 m  1, m > 1 and that of the 2nd A P isbn = ln5,n> 1. F o r t h e c o m m o n t e r m s , it they exist «m = 4 m  1 = In  5 => In  4 m = 4 => In = 4(m + 1) A s 7 a n d 4 are c o p r i m e , w e h a v e f o r a b o v e equality to h o l d rc = => rc = 4fc, £ > 1 m + 1 = Ik m = Ik  1, k > 1 T h u s alk_i = , > 1 4073 1 N u m b e r of t e r m in the first A P = +1 4 404 4 + 1 = 102 +1
a m + n + pm+n + a"P" (am~n + pm"") 
a m ~ n + p m ~" • ( a p ) n ap =
= am
+n
+ P w + " = am
+n
aAa 3 4"
Again consider KK am +
+n
16
m—n , am—n
(ampm)(a"p") +
a
amn
+
pmn
+ Pm + n  a m p "  p m a " + + p^n)
+
am +
n + pm + n _ a»p»(a«»
2n amn
+
pm«) .
a«p«
N u m b e r of t e r m in the s e c o n d A P =
7092
707 a" + » + p»+» = am Again, _ _ =
am am
+ 1 = 102
+n
a
m
b
n +
fytnn _ omn ,n q/i \ , u P ^ = (a* + p"Xa" P") + 2„
+ +
b4b3 + 7Z lo
=
c
h
A m o n g the b„ s those term f o r which n = 4k have their n u m b e r as
102"
= 25
+ n _ p/n +« _ a mp« + n _ pm + n _ ampn
pm a * j ^ n
+ +
( a m  n + p™*) a «p" ym^n _ an^m
A m o n g the am's t h o s e term f o r w h i c h m = Ik  1 h a v e their n u m b e r as 102 = 14
a ™ * "  p ™ + « = fcm AO
+ n
N u m b e r of c o m m o n t e r m = M i n ( 2 5 , 14) = 14 31 ( b ) : A s y = *2  2x  a2 + 1 a n d y = x2  2(a + \)x + a {a  X) are u p w a r d . Opening parabolas, the roots of 3 3 . ( b ) : (At the o u t s e t y o u m u s t u n d e r s t a n d that the data a b o u t c a n d i d a t e s failed in p h y s i c s is s u p e r f l o w s ) . N u m b e r of c a n d i d a t e s p a s s e d in p h y s i c s only = N u m b e r of c a n d i d a t e s f a i l e d in m a t h s only = ( 4 3  14) = 2 9 % B u t their n u m b e r is 5 8 0 N u m b e r of total c a n d i d a t e s jjl \ t l S I i ! 2 ( a + 1) X + a(a~l) 34. ( a ) : (x x (JC
jt2  2x  a2 + 1 = 0, a , p will lie between the roots o f f i x ) = x2  2 ( a + l)x + a(a1) = 0 if/(a) < 0 and/(P) < 0
;
=>
x 100 = 2000 25 ( x  y)2, 2y2 > 0 and since 2y 2 is even, f r o m y)2 + 2 y 2 = 21 = o d d ' y)2 should be o d d y should be odd. =
580
MATHEMATICS TODAY I NOVEMBER '07
So the different possibilities for (.x  y)2 and y2 are (xy)2=\,y2=\3 (Rejected for y2 = 13 doesn't give integers) (x  y)2 = 9, y2 = 9 (i) (x  y)2 = 25, y2 = 1 (ii) (i) gives, (x  y) = ±3, y = ±3 which yields 4 solutions (0, 3), (6, 3), (0,  3 ) , (  6 ,  3 ) (ii) gives, x  y = ±5, y = ±1 W h i c h again y i e l d s 4 s o l u t i o n s (6, 1), (  4 , 1), (  6 ,  1), (4,  1 ) So there are 8 integral solutions in all 35. id) Since 10 1993 is to be highest power of 10 dividing n we have in n an equation n _L n 1 .25. We have to solve for n Note that [x] < x gives for the RHS of (1), 1993
_5_
—
37. (b) Let O be the centre of the circumscribed circle. ZAOB + ZCOD = 2 (ZACB + ZCBD) = 2 x 90° = 180° c Let ZAOB = 0 then ZCOD = 7 1  0 Now, EA2 + EB2 = AB2 EA2 + ED2 = AD2 ' V S \ ED2 + EC2 = DC2 V*'' r ED2 + EB2 = BC2. E / I ' Adding, EA2 + EB2 + EC2 + ED2 = 2 (AB2 BC2 + AD2 + CD2)
....(1)
....(1) AB2 + CD2 = 2(R2  R2 cos 2 0) + 2[R 2  R2cos(n  0)] = 2R 2  2R2cos20 + 2R 2 + 2R 2 cos0 = 4R 2 ....(2) From (1) and (2) EA2 + EB2 + EC1 + ED2 = {(AB2 + CD2) + (BC2 + AD2)}
n
n f — + .. 5_ 25 5 25 n 1 n < n \i++ —1 + 5 25 1 "4 ~ 5 5 1 5 +
— ^ <
n
n
—
....
From (1), 1993 <  , Now 7972
n > 7972
7972 7972 7972 7972 + + + + 5 25 125 625 3125 = 1594 + 318 + 63 + 12 + 2 = 1989 So we have to account for more multiples is 5. [7975 will have one more multiple of 5 and one more multiple of 25 than 7972 and [7985 will have 3 more multiple of 5 and 1 more multiple of 25 than 7972 . Then [7985 is one such number. Also 17986, 7987, [7988, [7989 with requirement that they end with 1993 zeroes. Thus there are 5 such numbers in all. 36. (a) Let xx = a + a 3 + a 4 + or 4 + a  3 + a  1 = a + a 3 + a 4 + a 9 + a 1 0 + a 1 2 ( v a 1 3 = 1) and x2 = a 2 + a 5 + a 6 + a  6 + a  5 + a  2 = a 2 + a 5 + a 6 + a 7 + a 8 + a 1 1 ( v a 1 3 = 1) we have xi + x2 = a + a2 + a 3 + a 4 + a 5 + a 6 + a 7 + a 8 + a 9 + a10 + a11 + a12 = (1 + a + ....+ a 1 2 )  1 1 = 1 (a*l) a1 a1 xxx2 = ( a + a 3 + a 4 + a 5 + a 1 0 + a 1 2 ) (a2 + a 5 + a 6 + a 7 3 6 7 8 = (a + a + a + a + a 9 + a12 + a 5 + a 8 a 1 1 + a +....)36 terms = 3 ( a + a 2 + a 3 + a 4 + .... + a 1 2 ) = 3[(1 + a + ....+ a 1 2 )  1] = 3[0  1] = Hence the quadratic equation whose roots are x2 + x 3 = 0 a
= ~(4R2 + 4R2) 4R2 =4x2 = 16 cm" 2 38, (c) Consider the remainders obtained when the given 181 square integers are divided by 19. If m is any integer then m is congruent module 19 to one of the numbers 0, 1, 2, .... 18. And hence m2 is congruent to 0, 1, 4, 9, 16, 6, 17, 11, 7 or 5. i.e. in2 when divided by 19 can leave remainders only 0 , 1 , 4 , 9, 16, 6, 1 7 , 1 1 , 7 or 5. Thus there are 10 possible values for the remainders. Since there are 181 remainders at least one of them must repeat 19 times or more. Choose 19 numbers congruent to that remainder. The sum of those 19 numbers will be divisible by 19. 39. (d) Let the hypotenuse of the triangle be c and a and b be two legs of the right angled triangle. c2 ^ ab for c > a, b (c is the hypotenuse) So b2 = ac or a2 = be Take a2 = be This with c2 = a2 + b2 gives, c2 = be + b2 => b2 + be  c2 = 0
(0 +
b c
=>
.2
ii c " 2
0(v
c*0)
l±>/l + 4 1 + V5 (5 1) 2(V5+1)
b c
A/5+1 ( V 5 + 1y
COS0 =
>/5 + l
sinO
5+ 1+ 2^54 + a 8 + a11) + a 9 + a10 + tan0 = 3 JC, and x2 is (V5+l) ^2(1 + 7 5 )
:
V2(l + V5) V5+1
1 + V5
2
cotO = 1 + V5
tan<) = tan(7i/2  0)
MATHEMATICS TODAY I NOVEMBER '07
Taking b2 = ca will also yield the same value. Only 0 and (j) will get interchanged. 40. ic) : Since 19 is relatively prime to 92, we will make use of the Euler's theorem. 19<K92) = i ( m o d 92), where §(n) for any positive integer n denotes the number of integers less than n and prime to n <t>(92) = <t>(2223) = 9 2 ( 1   ) ( 1  — ) 23 = 92 x x = 44 2 23 /. 1944 = 1 (mod 92) => 1988 = 1 (mod 92) Now 19 92 = 19 4 (mod 92) = (361) 2 (mod 92) = (  7 ) 2 (mod 92) = 49 (mod 92) Hence the remainder is 49. 41. (a) bc(y  z)2 + ca(z  x)2 + ab(x  y)2 = bey2  Ibcyz + bcz2 + caz2  2cazx + cax2 + abx2  2abxy + aby2 2 2 2 = c(ax + by ) + b(ax + cz2) + a(cz2 + by2)  Ibcyz  lacxz  2abxy = (a + b + c)(ax2 + by2 + cz2)  a2x2  b2y2  cz2  2abxy  2bcyz  2acxz 2 2 = (a + b + c)(ax + by + cz2)  (ax + by + cz) = (a + b + c)(ax2 + by2 + cz2) ( v ax + by + cz = 0) the given expression ax2 +
2
14
15
16 Adding them
13
17
ax + a2 + ... + a15 = 1
216
—
44. (c) : 4xy + 6yz + 8zx = 9 From arithmeticgeometric mean theorem Axy + 6yz + ^>zx >H(4xy)(6yz)(Szx)  > ^ 4 x 6 x 8(xyz) 2 (xyz)2 < 21 4x6x8 3 D P C => 27 > 4 x 6 x 8 (xyz)2< 9
04
(xyz)2 3
o
xyz —
Hence (xyz)max =
45. (b) Let dh d2, d3 be perpendicular distances of the p o i n t s D, P, C respectively f r o m AB. Then d2 = di+d*
,
/ y \
/ Y"
by2+cz2 a+b+c
(a + b + c)(ax + by2 + cz2)
(careful calculation is all that there is to the problem) As Aman buy at the rate of 3 and 4 and sells in dozens. A s s u m e f o r simplicity, that he buys 12 at the rate of Rs 10 for 3 and 24 at the rate of Rs 13 for4. His CP = 40 + 78 = 118 Total 3 dozens he sells for 59 x 3 = 177 Profit % = 43. 59 1A. xlOO = 50 xlOO 118 118 : The general term of the series can be written as 17718
n2"
as P 2 is the midpoint of CD. A [P X QY] = [.DQC]  [DXP]  [PYC]
Q
=  x CD.d2  {[DAP]  [DAX]}  {[PBC]  [.BYC]} 1 11 11 «CD.d2rCD.d]rCD^ + [DAX] + [BCY] = }CD^d2^^ + [DAX]+[BCY]
=
\n + 2 Writting an as a difference of two term (;? + 2 — 2) • 2"
= [DAX] + [BCY] Given [DAX] = 15 cm 2 , [.PXQY] = 40 cm 2 So we have [BCY] = 40  15 = 25 cm 2 46.. (a)} . The LCM is least when all the factors are one and the same so that this number is the LCM. As the sum of the numbers is 801, the 20 numbers are not ail equal. So 19 numbers are equal to 40 and the 20th number is 41 yielding the sum 19 x 40 + 41 = 760 + 41 = 801. The LCM in this case is the least and that is 40 x 41 = 1640 47. (d) Of the two number m" and nm m> n> 1 we can't tell which one is greater. For m = 3, n = 2 mn (= 32) > nm (= 2 3 )
n+1 2" (n + 2)— 2
1/7
2n
/7 + l
+2 2
2
n+2
n>\
Substituting n = 1 , 2 , a, 2
=
. 15 in succession
12
[3
3
4
MATHEMATICS TODAY I NOVEMBER '07
Practice Pager for
IITJEE 2007
By: SanjayMishra, ITBHU (a) greater than 72r (c) greater than 2r (b) less than 7 2 r (d) less than r. 1 sc 5c 5. A line segment has its end points ,4(1, 1) and B(V3,3) the line OP through the origin O, turnsround O. The range of values of the inclination of the line OP with the xaxis so that OP cuts the line segment AB is (a) [it/ 4,7t/2] (b) [jt/2, 7t] (c) [7t/6, TC/2] (d) [tt/4, 7t/3]6. In a three dimensional coordinate system P, Q and R are images of a point A (a, b, c) in the x  y, the y  z and the z  x planes respectively. If G is the centroid of triangle PQR then area of triangle AOG is (O is the origin) (a) 0 (b) a2 + b2 + c1 (c) ~(a2 + b2+c2) (d) none of these.
Section  1 (Q.No. 1 to 10) (Only One correct option) 1. If A be the area of triangle ABC and suppose a small error occurs in measurement of c then A is given by (a) (b) (c)
—
1 s
+
sa
+
1 sb
A i + _L_+_l 2 s sa sb A 1 7 sc
—
1_ 5c sc 1 sb 5c
1 1 + s s
(d) none of these. 2. Let S be the set of all those solutions of the equation (1 + a) cos 0 cos(20  b) = (1+ a cos 26) cos(6  b) which are independent of a and b and S2 be the set of all such solutions which are dependent on a and b. Then conditions that should be imposed on a and b such that S, is nonempty: (a) —sin b < 1
2
(b)
sin b < 1
7. If A is a square matrix of order n such that adj (adj A) \ =  A 9, then the value of n can be (a) 4 (b) 2 (c) either 4 or 2 (d) none of these. 8. If the vertices of a triangle are (J5 , 0), ( ^ 3 , V2 ) and (2, 1) then the orthocentre of the triangle is (a) (yfs ,0) (b) (0,0)
(c) a sin b\ < 1
(d) none of these.
3. Let AX = B be a system of n linear nonhomogenous equations in n unknown variable then which of following is doubtful. (a) \f\A\ = 0 and {adj. A)(B) = 0, then system of equation has infinite solutions which can be obtained by choosing one or two variable arbitrarily. (b) If \A\ * 0 then system of equations has a unique solution and is given by X = A^B. (c) If \A\ = 0 and {adj. A) (B)* 0, then system of equations are inconsistent. (d) \A\ = 0 and (adj. A) (B) = 0, then system of equation are inconsistent. 4. If a circle having centre at ( a , p ) and radius r completely lies within two lines x + y = 2 and x+y=2 then min (a + p + 2, a + p + 2\) is.
(c) ( 7 5 + ^ + 2 , 7 2 + 1 ) (d) n o n e o f t h e s e 9. The area of the triangle formed by the tangent at
y
= 1 and its axes is
a minimum then P is given by (a) (c) a * '72 (b)
any point P on the ellipse
72'
72
(d) none of these.
10. The point (a, 3a) is an interior point of the region bounded by parabola>' 2 36j:=0 and the double ordinate through focus then a belongs to the open interval
Head Office : ICDI, SCO 7273, Sector 20 C, C h a r ^ — h . Ph. 01722700538, 2775646
MATHEMATICS TODAY  JANUARY'07
65
(a) a <9 (c) 0 < a < 4
(b) 0 <a<9 (d) a> 4
Section 2 : (Q. No. 11 to 16) May be one or more than one option correct 11. (a) (b) (c) (d) If p'(x) >p(x) for all JC3 1 and p( 1) = 0 then e~xp{x) is an increasing function exp(x) is a decreasing function p(x) > 0 for all x in [1, oo ) p(x) < 0 for all x in [1, oo )
16. The number of n letters word which can be made from the letters A, B,C,D,E such that each letter contains an even number of A's must be (a) 5" (b) 3" (c) 4" + "C • 4"2 + "C44""4 + ... 5"3" (d) —
Section 3 : (Q. No. 17 & 18) Assertion and Reason Each question given below consist of an assertion (A) 12. Two villages A and B are on the same side of a and the reason (R). Use the following key to choose the straight river. A pumpset is to be installed by the river appropriate answer. side at a point P. Then if the villages are situated at a (a) If both assertion and reason are correct and reason distance c then is the correct explanation of the assertion. (a) minimum value of PA + PB is 7c 2 + 2ab (b) If both assertion and reason are correct and reason 2 (b) maximum value of PA + PB is 7c + 2ab is not correct explanation of the assertion. ' (c) If assertion is correct, but reason is incorrect (c) minimum value of PA + PB is 7c 2 + ab (d) Assertion is false and reason is true. (d) The required location must lie on the imaginary line joining village A and image of village B in the river. 17. A: The range of the function 13. If inside a big circle exactly n(n > 3 ) small circles, each of radius r, can be drawn in such a way that each small circle touches the big circle and also touch both its adjacent small circles as shown in figure, then radius of big circle 1 + tan n/n cos nIn
. n 7t
J{x) = sin2* + p sin* + q where \p\>2 p2
will be
real numbers between ? —— and q + p + 1. 4 R: The function g(t) = fi + pt + 1 where t e [1,1] and \p\>2 will attain minimum and maximum values at  1 and 1. 18. A: If a and b are positive and [x] denotes a greatest integer <x, then lim — *>o a R: lim of*. Section 4 : (Q. No. 19 to 21) Subjective Questions
.2 i
r22
(a)  1 + cosec— n (c ) r I + cosec
2K
(b)
sin — + cos — 2n 2n (d)sin tdn
M
' 0 where {*} denotes fractional part
14. If n is the number of positive integral solution of xlx7x3xi = 210, then (a) n must be divisible by 3 distinct primes (b) n must be a perfect square (c) n must be a perfect 4th power (d) n must be a perfect 8th power. 15. Suppose xj:x2, ,xn (n >2) are real numbers such that x. = xn . f , for 1 < i < n. Consider the sum S ^ ]T xfxk (1 < i, j , k < n) (j, j, k are distinct) then which of the following is not true ? (a) 5 = n! xpx2 x (b) S=(n3)(n  4) (c) S = (n 3)(«  4)(n  5) (d) 5 = 0 for all n.
19. If
J
g
+1
dx+\x\ogxe
2
dx =
(^)e
then
X must be 20. Let f ( x ) be a function such that / ( x y ) = f ( x ) • f ( y ) for all x, y > 0. I f / ( 1 + x) = 1 + * ( 1 + g(jc)), where lim g(x) = 0 JT>0 '
then
r /(*) ,
=
xk
' , the numerical quantity k
should be equal to —
34 MATHEMATICS TODAYSEPTEMBER'07
135
21. Line L through A(2, 5) intersects the lines 2x2  5xy + 2y2 = 0 at P and Q such that for some (a) point R on L AP, AR, AQ are in H.P. If the locus of R is "kx  1 Oy = 0 then the numerical quantity X should be —
Section  5 (Q. No. 22 to 40) Read the following passages carefully and give the answers
~ 3
3
J
«(¥>¥
(d)
(c)
Comprehension  1 Just imagine how difficult it would be to solve the problems of Science and technology with the help of euclidian geometry without applying the concept of coordinates.That algebriac punch given by Great mathematician Rene de's carte has made life of mathematician much simpler who else than a mathematician can better appreciate this fact. Similarly while solving some problems of coordinate geometry, wise application of the concept of theory of equation may reduce the effort to a great extent. Just try how good you can apply the above suggestion to solve problems based on following two cases. Case 1. A circle of variable radius given by x2+y^ + 2gx + 2fy + c = 0 cuts the rectangular hyperbola x2 y2 = 9a2 in points P,Q,R and 5 at (xvyj,(xvyj,(xvy,) and (x4,>>4), then 22. Thecentriod of the APQR is : (a) 2gx„ If  y4 3 (b)
2 g + x4 2f + yA
Case 2. If the line x = 0 bisect the chord from a point (a,P) to the circle, x2 + y2  ax ~ fiy = 0, then 25. The condition for (a,P) is: (a) a 2 + PJ = 2ap (b) 7a 2 + 7p 2 + 18aP = 0 2 2 (c) a + P = 1 8 a P (d) none of these. 26. If y + x  0 bisects two chords drawn from a point (a,p) to the circle, then: (a) a 2 + P2 > 2 a p (b) 7a 2 + 7p 2 + 18ap < 0 (c) a 2 + p 2 >18ap (d) none of these. Comprehension  2 If we observe the expansion of a determinant a, i, c, then we conclude that A is a sum of 6 fb terms which are of the type apck (i * j * k).We will observe that each permutation of 1,2,3 will occur exactly once. Half the terms will be with positive sign, the other half will be negative sign.
+fl A = cifrc, + a2 3 V 2  (aAci+aAci Vj) Note that each term is a product of three entries of the determinant. Each entry appears once in positive zone and once in negative zone.
A=
3
'
3
J
<c> I  T " '
zq i i zr
(d) none of these.
The above theory can be generalised to determinants of order n x n(n>3) 27. The number of terms of the type ajbckd^ (i^tj^k^t in a 4th order determinants must be (a) 12 (b) 18 (c) 24 (d) 4 I).
23. The locus of centroid of APQR is : (a) l * + 
« RJKK « KfKM >
« K ) '  K B
24. The centre of the curve formed by locus of centriod of APOR is: 68
28. Given a n x n, matrix A with real entries such that A2Ithen det A must be equal to (a)  1 (b) 1 (c) 0 (d) none of these. Comprehension  3 Various problems in probability arise from geometric considerations or have geometric interpretations, e.g. suppose that we have a target in the form of a plane region of area K and a portion of it with area Kt, as in figure. Then it is reasonable to suppose that the probability of
MATHEMATICS TODAY  JANUARY '07
hitting the region of area Kl is proportional to Kr We thus define P (hitting region Kx of area K.) = — where it is assumed that the probability of hitting the target is 1. O/ther assumptions can of course be made. e.g. there could be less probability of hitting outer areas. The type of assumption used defines probability distribution function. A random experiment in which the outcomes cannot be identified discretely and so the sample space of such an experiment will not contain distinguishable elements. Such problems are termed as problems of continuous infinite sample space. An example of such a sample space can be an interval in the set of real numbers. Now, consider the following experiment. Let your pen drop, downwards into one of the pages of your notebook afid note the point on the paper that the pen first touches. Here the sample space S consists of all the points on the paper. Let R and C be the events that the pencil drops into a rectangle and a circle as illustrated in the adjacent figure. Clearly the sample space S and the event sets R and C contain a uniform distribution of points. We consider only those sample spaces which have some finite geometrical measurement such as length, area or volume and in which a point is selected at random. The probability of an event R, i .e. the selected point Length of R or Length of S volume of R P(E) = areao^ A or />(£) = area of S " ' volume of S Such a probability space is said to be uniform or continuous. belongs to R will be given by P(E) 29. A point is selected at random inside an equilateral triangle whose side length is 3. The probability that its distance from any corner is greater than 1 is
271
(a)
AB with mid point O. The probability that the line segment AX, XB and AO can form a triangle is (a) 1/2 (b) 1/3 (.c) 1/4 (d) 3/4 31. A coin of diameter 1/2 is tossed randomly onto the rectangular cartesian plane. The probability that the coin does not intersect any line whose equation is of the form x = k, k is integer, is (a) 1  } V 2 (c) 1/4 (b) yj" (d) 1/2
32. In the above problem the probability that the coin does not intersect any line whose equation is of the form x = k or y = k, k is an integer, is (a) 1/2 (b) 1/3 (c) 1/4 (d) 2/3 33. A person playing darts find that the probability of the dart striking between r and r + dr is P(r < R<r + dr) = k H i dr
Here R is the distance of the hit from the centre of the target, k is constant and the radius of the target is 2 units. The probability of hitting the bulls eye, which is assumed to have radius 1 unit is (a) 1/4 (b) 1/3 (c) 11/16 (d) none of these. 34. Two points are selected at random in the interval 0 < x < 1. The probability that the sum of their square is less than 1 is (b) 7t/2 (a) 1/2 (d) none of these. (c) 7t/4 Comprehension  4 As we are familiar with the fact for (2 dimensional coordinate geometry) that if two objects move along straight path their loci must intersect at some point unless they are parallel straight lines but in three dimensional geometry it is not exactly the same i.e. two point objects even moving on straight paths such that their paths are not parallel may not intersect each other's path. Such straight paths are termed as skew lines.Therefore skew lines may be defined as 'pair of lines in the space which are neither parallel nor intersecting'. Two skew lines can be intersected by an infinite number of lines as a
271
(b)
WT
9j3 —
< ^— (c)
,A\ 1 (d) 1 
30. A pointXis selected at random from a line segment
34 MATHEMATICS TODAY SEPTEMBER'07
137
variable point on one can be joined to a variable point on the other. Of these intersecting lines there is one and only one which is shortest and intersects both the skew lines perpendicularly. By the shortest distance between two lines we mean the join of a point in one with one point on the other so that the length of the segment so obtained is the smallest. If the equation of two straight lines are given one can always obtain the equation of shortest distance as well as the shortest distance between the given two straight lines using the following illustration.
(«*K,YJ)
38. State which of the following statements are true (a) Skew lines are non coplanar lines (b) Shortest distance between two non skew lines is zero because non skew lines are intersecting lines (c) Shortest distance between two non skew lines may not be zero. (d) Skew lines can be coplanar lines 39. If the coordinates of point A is given as (a, ,p, ,y,) and that of point C is ( a , , p 2 , y 2 ) and the lines I , and L2 to have direction cosines (/,,m t ,«,), (l 2 ,m 2 ,n 2 ) then which of the following statements are true for all the points lying on the shortest distance line (a) xa2 k I xa, (b) (c) k I
yP
2
c
S
^ (/„,»„«,)
m, m
yP,
"1 n zy, «2
= 0
"h m
= 0
[(?a)b (bxd)]=0 be direction co
(d) none of the above (where /, m, sines of ( b x d ) ) Given two skew lines r  a + Xb and r = c + \xd . Since SD is perpendicular to both the lines therefore it is normal to both the vectors b and d Vector along SD is parallel to bxd . Let SD = a(bxd) Equation of SD , r = a+ + a(bx d) 35. The value of a can be given as (a) (c) (ca)(bxd) \bxd\2 c(b xd) ibxd  2 (b) (ca)x(bxd) >xd\
40. If the vector CA = Kb where X is any non real scalar and [(c a) b <?] = 0 then which of the following statements is/are true (a) If b * \id where ^ is scalar then lines have unique point of intersection with position c = a 1 ; + P l j + y,A (b) If b=\id then lines L[L2 have infinitely many point of intersection. (c) If b ^ [id then lines have infinitely many points of intersection (d) If b = (id then lines tersection. have unique point of invector
(d) none of these
36. The shortest distance between above two lines is given as (a) (c — a)(b x d) \bxd\ \cx(bxd)\ \bxd\ (b) \bxd\
ANSWERS 1. 5. 9. 13. 17. 21. 25. 29. 33. '37. (a) (d) (c) (a)(d) (d) 0017 (b) (b) (o), (a)(c)(d) 2. 6. 10. 14. 18. 22. 26. 30. 34. 38. (c) (a) (b) (b)(c) (a) (d) (b) (a) (c) (a)(c) 3. 7. 11. 15. 19. 23. 27. 31. 35. 39. (d) (a) (a)(c) (a)(b)(c) 0002 (a) (c) (d) (b) (a)(b)(c) 4. 8. 12. 16. 20. 24. 28. 32. 36. 40. (a) (c) (b)(d) (c) 0002 (a) (b) (c) (b) <a)(b)
(c) 37. can (a) (b) (c) (d)
(d) none of these
Shortest distance between the above two skew lines also be described as scalar projection of AC on SD scalar projection of AD on SD scalar projection of CD on SD scalar projection of AS on SD
138
34 MATHEMATICS TODAY SEPTEMBER'07
V e r y Similar P r a c t i c e P a p e r
By: Vidyalankar Institute*, Mumbai Part  I Time : 1 hr. SECTION  1 Straight Objective Type This section contains 9 multiple choice questions numbered 1 to 9. Each question has 4 choices (a), (b), (c) and (d), out of which ONLY ONE is correct. The interval for ' a ' so that line ax + 4y  1 = 0 will intersect the circle x2 + y2  10* + 2y + 10 = 0 at two distinct points is (a)  3 < a < 0 (b) 0 < a < 1 (c)  3 < a < 77/9 (d) 0 < a < 77/9 If a circle of radius V is concentric with ellipse x y — + — = 1. then the common tangent is inclined to b2 major axis at an angle (a) (c) tan" tan  l
b
2
(a)
 +
(b)
(c)
1S
(d)
V3
6. The number of ways in which a bouquet can be found from 18 different flowers, so that it should not contain less than three flowers, is equal to : (a) 262144 (b) 261972 (c) 262312 (d) none of these 7. If Sn = n2P + j(n  l ) g , where Sn denotes the sum
to n terms of an A.P., the common difference is (a) P + 2Q (b) 2 P + Q (c) 8. P+Q (d) 2P + and/(n) > 0
2
2
If / ( n + l) = i { / ( n ) + y ^ J , « e / V
(b) (d)
a2 tan  l \ 2 b  r2
r
for all n e N, then lim / (n) is equal to (a) 3 (c) 1/2 9. (b) 3
2~b2
tan"
1 r2 a2 b2
(d) none of these
3 If A, B, C, D are the angles of a quadrilateral, then tan A + tan fi + tan C + tan D . t0 cot A + cot B + cot C + cot D 1S equal (a) tan A tan B tan C tan D (b) cot A cot B cot C cot D (c) tan 2 A + tan 2 B + tan 2 C + tan 2 D (d) 2 tan A tan B tan C 4. It the e q u a t i o n s x 3 + 5x2 + px + q = 0 and jt3 + lx2 + px + r = 0 have two roots in common, the product of non common roots of two equation is : (a) 35 (b)  35 (c) 35 + p  q (d) 35 + p + qr 5. If the tangents to the graph of the function y=f(x) forms angles of n/3 and n/4 with the xaxis at the points
b
a/an (a) complex number (c) imaginary number
If Izl = 1, then , , 2n + 1 * 0) will always be 1 + z2";(z (b) real number (d) integer
SECTION  II AssertionReason Type This section contains 4 questions numbered 10 to 13. Each question contains STATEMENT1 (Assertion) and STATEMENT2 (Reason). Each question has 4 choices (a), (b), (c) and (d), out of which ONLY ONE is correct. Of these statement, mark correct choice. (a) Statement  1 and 2 are true and Statement  2 is a correct explanation for Statement 1. (b) Statement  1 and 2 are true and Statement  2 is not a correct explanation for Statement  1. (c) Statement  1 is true, Statement  2 is false.
x = a and x = b r e s p e c t i v e l y , t h e n j f ( x ) d x = (Assume f"(x) is continuous)
a
* H.O.: Pearl Centre, Senapati Bapat Marg, Dadar (W), Mumbai400 028. Tel.: (022)2430 63 67, 2432 43 42
(d) Statement  1 is false, Statement  2 is true. 10. Statement  I : e > K Statement  2: The function x[lx(x > 0) has a local maximum at x = e. 11. If n > 1 then,
1 dx dx Statement  1 : Jf —— =1f lJ + x" o ( 1 — J C " ) 1 ' " 0 n e
5cot 4 0  lOcot 2 0 + 1 cot 5 0  lOcot 3 0 + 5cot 0 (d) none of these M17.19 : P a r a g r a p h for Question No. 17 to 19 L e t / ( x ) = a0 x" + a1 x"~' + ... + a„ be a polynomial of degree n with coefficients real or complex, where a 0 # 0. Let a j , a 2 , . . . , a„ be the roots of the equation/(x) = 0, then E O] = sum of the roots = ax/aQ 2 a 2 = sum of the product of the roots taken two at a time = a2/a0 Z oil a 2 a 3 = sum of the product of the roots taken three at a time = a3/a0 ocx a 2 a n = product of the roots = (1)" — a0
b
b
Statement  2 : j f (x)dx =j f (a + b  x)dx o o 12. Statement  1 : The equation of chord of circle x1 + y2  6x + lOy  9 = 0 which is bisected at (  2, 4) must be x + y  2 = 0. Statement  2 : In notations the equation of the chord of the circle 5 = 0 bisected at (x 1; yj) must be T = S\. 13. Statement  1 : Though (A, X + 1) there cannot be more than one normal to the parabola y2 = 4x, if X <2. Statement  2 : The point X + 1) lies outside the parabola for all X * 1. SECTION  III Linked Comprehension Type This section contains 2 paragraphs Mi4_16, M17_19. Based upon each paragraph, 3 multiple choice questions have to be answered. Each question has 4 choices (a), (b), (c) and (d), out of which one or more than one can be correct. M 14 . 16 : P a r a g r a p h for Question No. 14 to 16 When n is an integer and 0 is a real number then (cos 0 + i sin 0)" = cos «0 + i sin «0. When n is rational, positive or negative, and 0 is a real number, cos «0 + i sin nQ is one of the values of (cos0 + i sin0)". 14. (a) (b) (c) (d) The value of cos 50 16 cos 5 0 + 20 cos 3 0 16 cos 5 0  20 cos 3 0 16 cos 5 0 + 20 cos 3 0 none of these will be + 5 cos 0 + 5 cos 0  5 cos 0
Now, • if a , (}, y be the roots of the equation x 3 + qx + r = 0, then 17 The value of 2 a 5 is (a) 3 q (b) 3 qr The value of
v
(c) 5 r
(d) 5 qr
—7T~ is o r  Py (a)  3/q (b) 3/q (c) q/3 (d) none of these • if the equation x 4 + bx2 + cx + d = 0 has three same roots (say a), then 19. The value of a is . 8d 8d (a) (b) 3b ~3c 3b 8d _
(d)
_ _ l
(c)
3c M
SECTION  IV j MatrixMatch Type • j
15. The series of cos 7 0 in a series of cosines of multiples of 0 will be (a) (1 / 64)(cos 70 + 7 cos 50 + 21 cos 30 + 35cos 0) (b) (1 / 64)(cos 70  7 c o s 5 0  2 1 cos 30  35cos0) (c) (1 / 64)(cos 70  7 cos 50 + 21 cos 3 0  35cos 0) (d) (l/64)(cos70 + 7cos0  21cos30 + 35cos0) 16. Value of cot 50 will be (a) cot 5 0  1 Ocot3 0 + 5 cot 0 5cot 4 0 + lOcot 2 0 + 1 cot 5 0 + 1 Ocot3 0  5 cot 0 (b) 5cot40lOcot20 + l
This section contains 3 questions. Each question contains statements given in two columns which have to be matched. Statements (P, Q, R, S) in Column I have to be matched with Statements (A, B, C, D) in Column II. 20. Column I Column II (P) Ordinate of the centre of the circle (A) of minimum radius passing through (1, 3) and touching the circle 2x 2 + 2y2  9x  2y + 5 = 0 is (Q) Abscissa of the centre of the circle (B) in the same case is (R) Slope of a common tangent to (C) „2 •A and the ellipse x 2 + 4v 2 = 8 is (S) The value of k if the line x  1 = 0 (D) is the directrix of y2  8kx + 8 = 0 is
M A T H E M A T I C S T O D A Y j SEPTEMBER '07
5/4
1/2 5/2  1/2
55
21. Column I (P) A tangent to the parabola x2 + 4ay  0 cuts the parabola x2 = 4y at A and B. The locus of midpoint of AB is (Q) Locus of the midpoint of the chords of the hyperbola x2  y2 = k2 of slope 'a' (R) Locus of the points of intersection of tangents drawn at the ends of all normal chords of the parabola y2 = 4ax (S) Locus of the foot of perpendicular from the centre of the hyperbola
Column I I (A) y2(x + 2a) + 4a 3 = 0
xy = a2 on a variable tangent is 22. Column I (P) A coin whose faces are marked 2, 3 is thrown 5 times. The chance of Column I I (A)
12
(B) x = ay
obtaining a total of 12 is (Q) In throwing 3 dice, the probability that at least 2 of the three numbers obtained are same is (R) A and B throw a dice. The probability that A's throw is not greater than B's is (C) o 5_ (B) f ^ 16
(C) (a + 2)x2 = 4y
(D) (x + y )
2
2 2
= 4<r.\\
(S) The probability of obtaining more tails than heads in 6 tosses of a fair coins is
(D)
U_ 32
Part  II SECTION 1 Straight Objective Type This section contains 9 multiple choice questions numbered 1 to 9. Each question has 4 choices (a), (b), (c) and (d), out of which ONLY ONE is correct. 1. I f /  2 x + f,2x
y
(a) x ( ^ + 2V2) + y ( ^  3 > / 2 ) + ( V l 3  5 V 2 ) = 0 (b) x(\/l3  2 V 2 ) + y(J\3 + 3%/2) + (n/13 + 5 ^ 2 ) = 0 (c) x(Jl3 + 2 v 2 ) + y(Jl3 + 3v2) + (a/1~3 + 5v2) = 0 (d) none of these 5. The vector A satisfying the vector equation = b and A a = 1, where a and b are (axb) +a A + B = a,AxB given vectors, is (a) (c) (b xd) + a(a2 1) (b)
= xy, then/(m, ri) +f(n, m) = 0 (b) only when m & n (d) for all m and n
(a) only when m = n ,(c) only when m =  n
If IX] and {x} represent integral and fractional parts , x t 0, and 2[x] + {x} / ( 0 ) = log e a, where a > 0, a * 1, then (a) / ( x ) is continuous at x = 0 (b) / ( x ) has a removable discontinuity at x = 0 (c) lim f ( x ) does not exist x^o" (d) none of these of a real number x, and f ( x ) • 3 Let MN be the ordinate of any point M on the x2 v2 hyperbola — = ~ l = 1 and AB be its transverse axis. If a" b Q divides AM in the ratio a2 : b2, then NQ is (a) perpendicular to BM (b) perpendicular to AM (c) parallel to BM (d) parallel to AM 4 The equation of bisector of that angle between the lines x + y + 1 = 0 and 2x  3y  5 = 0 which contains the point (10,  20) is
34 MATHEMATICS TODAY  SEPTEMBER '07
d(a2 \) + b{b2 \) (d) none of these a2 +b2 6 If a e [  20, 0], then probability that the graph of the function y = 16x2 + 8(a + 5) x  la  5 is strictly above the xaxis is (a) 3/20 (b) 13/20 (c) 17/20 (d) 1/2 7. ABC is a triangle with incentre /. Let P and Q be the feet of perpendiculars from A and BI and CI AP . AQ _ respectively. Then ~jff + ~ CI (a) cot A (b) cot (A/2) (c) tan(A/2) (d) tan(B/2)tan(C/2) 8. The number of words that can be made by writing down the letters of the word CALCULATE such that each word starts and ends with a consonant, is 5(7!) 3(7!) (b) (a) 2 (d) none of these (c) 2(7!)
9.
If a , P(a < p) are the two roots of the equation l8(log 1 0 (.*)) 2 (P 3 K 2 +1) 2 • = 1 then the value of lo 2 2 or gio(*) 0°gio*) is : (a) 800 (b) 400 (c) 200 (d) none of these SECTION  II AssertionReason Type This section contains 4 questions numbered 10 to 13. Each question contains STATEMENT1 (Assertion) and STATEMENT2 (Reason). Each question has 4 choices (a), (b), (c) and(d), out of which ONLY ONE is correct. Of these statement, mark correct choice. (a) Statement  1 and 2 are true and Statement  2 is a correct explanation for Statement 1. (b) Statement  1 and 2 are true and Statement  2 is not a correct explanation for Statement  1. (c) Statement  1 is true, Statement  2 is false. (d) Statement  1 is false, Statement  2 is true. Q 10. Statement  1 : If 2 s i n  = Vl + sin0 + v l  s i n 9 , then ^ lies between 2nn + ~ and 2nn +
M 14 . 16 : P a r a g r a p h for Question No. 14 Suppose that an ellipse and a circle are resp given by the equation £ i + r 1 2 i 2 er b" and x2 + y2 + 2gx + 2fy + c = 0 The equation, 2 2 \ ^ + j ^  l \ + X(x2 + y2 + 2gx + 2fy + c) = 0 represents a curve which passes through the co points of the ellipse (1) and the circle (2). We can choose X so that the equation (3) repres pair of straight lines. In general we get three vali X, indicating three pair of straight lines can be c through the points. Also when (3). represents a p; straight lines they are parallel to the j + X(x2 + y2) = 0, which represents a pa b2 lines .squally inclined to axes (the term containing. absent). Hence two straight lines through the point intersection of an ellipse and any circle make equal an with the axes. Above description can be appl identically for a hyperbola and a circle.
,2
2
4
4
.
Statement  2 : If — run from — to , then sin^ > 0 . 14. Let the eccentric angles of three points P, Q am 2 4 4 2 x y n on the ellipse ~ + = 1 are a , T + a then 71 + a. T 11. Statement  1 : Two number of ways of writing 2 z l a b 1400 as a product of two positive integers is 12. circle through P, Q and R cuts the ellipse again at Statement  2 : 1400 is divisible by exactly three prime then the eccentric angle of S is numbers. (a) n — 3oc (b) 3TC/2  3 a 12. Statement  1 : If A is a skew symmetric of order 3, (c) n/2  3a (d) n/2 + 3 a then its determinant should be zero. 15. Suppose two lines are drawn through the commc Statement  2 : If A is square matrix, then r det. A = det. A' = det. (  A'). points of intersection of hyperbola  1 andcircl b2 13. Statement  1 : If z + i = 1 where z(z * 0) is a x2 + y2 + 2gx + 2 f y + c = 0. If these lines are inclinei z complex number then the maximum value of Izl is at angles a and P to xaxis then, (a) a = p (b) a + P = n/2 V5+1 (c) a + p = n (d) a + P = 2tan' l (b/a) Statement  2 : On the locus z +  = 1, the farthest 16. The number of pair of straight lines through points of intersection of rectangular hyperbola x2 y2 = 1 and circle x2 + y2  4x  5 = 0 is (a) 0 SECTION  I Linked Comprehension Type This section contains 2 paragraphs M/4 _l6 and M17_19. Based upon each paragraph, 3 multiple choice questions have to be answered. Each question has 4 choices (a), (b), (c) and (d), out of which one or more than one can be correct. (b) 1 (c) 2 x2+l , dx, x + kx2+l
4 r
distance from the origin is V5 + 1
(d) 3 x2~l dx, +kx2 + l
M 17 . 19 : P a r a g r a p h for Question No. 17 to 19 Integrals of the form J jl
dx where k e R KA+kx2+1' Working Method (i) Put x + (1/x) = t or x  (l/x) = t as required.
(S) If in a A ABC, ZC = 45°, then  a^ 1 dx, where A is a : J(1 + cot A) (1 + cot B) = ' >x4 + kx2+a4 constant, negative or zero. 21. Column I These integrals can be obtained by dividing numerator (P) If the coefficients of x 2 and x 3 in 2 a the expansion of (3 + kx)9 are and denominator by x2, then putting, x = t and equal, then the value of k is : a2 x\ = t respectively. (Q) If {x} denotes the fractional part
(ii) J
(D) 4 A Column II (A) 3/82
4
(B) 7/18
t— T dx is equal to — cos 0 x + sin 0 x (a) tan"1 (tan x  cot x) + C (b) cot"1 (2 cot (2x)) + c (c) t a r 1 (tan x + cot x) + C (d) cor 1 (tan x  cot x) + C x+2 dx = ^(x 2 + 3x + 3)Vx + l
J
f
82 (R) The term independent of x in the , (3x expansion of (1 + x + 2xz) ——
2
of x, then
"31001I
(C) 9/7 1 ^
(a) (b) (c)
2
s
J_
_2
Han tan l tan
3(x+1) 3(x+1) 2 x
+c •+c +c
(S) Let coefficient of x" in (1 + x)2" and (D) 27 (1 + x) 2 " 1 be P and Q respectively. Then 1P + Q r tj
>3
(d) none of these
J
cir
Column I K 2n 4% (P) cos—cos—cos — (Q) cos 2 —cos
Column II (A) tt/3
dQ sin 4 9 +cos 4 0
t a n _,f
(a)
(,, )> b
1 \Pl .a n t
,2 tan 2 9  1 +C \ V2tan0
4k (B) 0 5 c it, 1 2n I 37t , (R) S x = cos— + —cos — + 2 c o s — + ...<* (C)  ... „ . jc , 1 . 2JC , 1 . 3it , (S) So*, = sm—+—sin — +  s i n — + ...« (D) ANSWERS  i
tan29Q , ^ ftan29l1 ^
, ,
1 .
This section contains 3 questions. Each question contains statements given in two columns which have to be matched. Statements (P, Q, R, S) in Column I have to be matched with Statements (A, B, C, D) in Column II. The answers to these questions have to be appropriately bubbled as illustrated in the following example. Column I (P) In any A ABC, b2 sin 2 C + c 2 sin 2B = (Q) In a A ABC, ZB = jc/3 & Z C = n/4 Let D divide BC internally in the . , „ , sin Z BAD ratio 1 : 3 , then sin Z CAD (R) In a A ABC, if C= 90°, then : b2 2 sin(A  B) = Column II (A) y f i (B) 1
Part I 2. (a) 3. 1. (c) 6. (b) 7. 5. (c) 10. (a) 11. 9. (b) 14. (b) 15. 13. (b) 17. (d) 18. (a) 19. (C), (Q) > (A), (R) 20. (P) (B), (R) 21. (P) > (C), (Q) 22. (P) »• (B), (Q) > (C), (R) Part II 1. (d) 2. (c) 3. 5. (b) 6. (b) 7. 9. (b) 10. (b) 11. 13. (a) 14. (c) 15. 17. (a), (b) 18. (c) 19. 20. (P) > (D), (Q)  > (A), (R) 21. (P) (C), (Q) (A), (R) 22. (P) (D), (Q)  » (C), (R)
For detailed solution
4. (a) (d) 8. (b) 12. (a) 16. (b) (B)(D), (S) > (A), (S) (A), (S) (a) (b) (b) (c) (a) 4. 8. 12. 16.
(a) (a) (d) (d) (B) (D) (D) (a) (a) (c) (c)
(C) 2
(B), (S)  » (C) (B), (S)  » (D) (B), (S) (A)
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b
MATHEMATICS TODAY I DECEMBER '07
1
M ill tiple C h o i c e Q u e s t i o n s
The test is of 2 hours duration. The test series consists of total 60 questions and total max. marks is 270. Question No. 1 to 15 carry 3 marks each (45 marks) Question No. 16 to 45 carry 4.5 marks each (135 marks) Question No. 46 to 60 carry 6 marks each (90 marks) (a) (c) lav 2av}
~

~
1. The resultant of two forces 3P and 2P is R, if the first force is doubled, the resultant is also doubled. The angle between the forces is
(a) TI/3 (b) 2TI/3 (c) n/6 (d) 5TD/6.
(b) 2av2 (d) none of these.
2. Two forces of 13 N and 3^3 N act on a particle at an angle 0 and are equal to a resultant force of 14 N, then angle between the forces is (a) 30° (b) 60° (c) 45° (d) 90°. 3. Three forces P, Q, R act along the sides BC, CA, AB of triangle ABC, taken in order. If their resultant passes through the incentre of AABC, then (a) P + Q + R = 0 (c) aP + bO + cR = 0 + a b c (d) none of these. (b)
8. Two scooterists P and Q are moving due north at 48 km/hr and 36 km/hr respectively. The velocity of P relative to Q is (a) 12 km/hr due south (b) 12 km/hr due north (c) 84 km/hr due south (d) 84 km/hr due north. 9. A body starts from rest with a uniform acceleration of 8 m/sec 2 . Then the time it will take in traversing the second metre of its journey is (a) yfe sec (c)
V 2  1
0>) sec <d)
' sec j2 + \ 72 sec.
4. Three coplanar forces each of weight 100 kg are acting at a particle. If their line of actions make same angle, then their resultant force will be (a) zero (b) (c) 10V2 (d) 20. 5. A body is in equilibrium on a rough inclined plane of which the coefficient of friction is (1/^3). The angle of inclination of the plane is gradually increased. It will be on the point of sliding downwards, when the inclination of the plane reaches (a) 15° (b) 30° (c) 45° (d) 60°. 6. On the same base AB, and on opposite side of it, isosceles triangle CAB and DAB are described whose altitudes are 12 cm and 6 cm respectively. The distance of the centre of gravity of the quadrilateral CADB from AB, is (a) 0.5 cm (b) 1cm (c) 1.5 cm (d) 2 cm. 7. A particle is moving in a straightline such that the distance described s and time taken / are given by t = as2 + bs + c, a > 0. If v is the velocity of the particle at any time /, then its acceleration is
MATHEMATICS TODAYjSEPTEMBER'07 55
10. If a particle is thrown vertically upwards with a velocity of 11 cm/sec under gravity, then the time for the particle to come to earth again is (a) ti/g sec (b) 2n/g see (c) u/2gsec (d) none of these. 11. Two masses « , and m 1 are connected by a light inextensible string and suspended over a smooth fixed pulley then (a) pressure on the pulley = nt^g (b) pressure on the pulley = m2g (c) pressure < (m, + m,)g (d) pressure > (m, + m^)g. 12. A cricket ball of mass 20 gm moving with a velocity of 20 m/sec is brought to rest by a player in 0.1 sec. The average force applied by the player is (a) 4 x 103 dynes (b) 4 x 0 4 dynes 5 (c) 4 x 10 dynes (d) 4 * 106 dynes. 13. A sphere impinges directly on an equal sphere at rest. If the coefficient of restitution is c. their velocities after the impact are as
144
(a) 1 : e (c) 1 + e : 1 e
(b) e : 1 (d) 1  e : 1 + e.
14. A particle is projected down an inclined plane with a velocity of 21 m/sec at an angle is 60° with the horizontal. Its range on the inclined plane, inclined at an angle of 30° with the horizontal is (a) 2 1 d m (b) 2.1dm (c) 30 dm (d) 6 dm. 15. A body of 3 kg is projected upwards with such a velocity that it can reach the height 196 m only. The kinetic energy of the body at the time of projection is (a) 5000 J (b) 5762.4 J (c) 6000.) (d) none of these. 16. A glass marble, whose mass is (1/10) kg falls from a height of 2.5 m and rebounds to a height of 1.6 m,. Then the average force between the marbles and the floor, if the time during which they are in contact be onetenth of a second, is (a) 10.58 N (b) 11.58 N (c) 12.58 N (d) 13.58 N.
23. A ball is dropped from a height of 25 dm above a fixed horizontal plane. If it rebounds to a height of 16 dm, then the coefficient of restitution is (a) 16/25 (b) 0.8 (c) (16g)/25 (d) 0.8 g. 24. Two particles of masses m{ and m2 are connected by a light inextensible string m2 is placed on a smooth horizontal table and the string passes over a light pulley at the edge of the table and m, is hanging freely. If mx is replaced by m2 and is replaced by m y then the acceleration of the system remains unaltered if m p ;n ? . m3 are in (a) A.P. (b) G.P. (c) H.P (d) none of these. 25. A body of mass 5 gm is placed on a smooth table and is connected by a string passing over a light smooth pulley at the edge with a body of mass 10 gm. The common acceleration is (a) 2 g/3 (b) 3 g/2 (c) 2.5 g (d) 0.5 g.
26. In a rectilinear motion a particle of mass m changes . its velocity from n to v in describing a distance x. If F is 17. A fire engine lift 50 kg water up to 2 m height the constant force which produces the changes, then F per minutes and throws it out with the velocity of 19.62 m/sec. The horse power of engine will be (a) I ^ v 2  / / 2 ) (b) /«(v2  u ~ ) (a) 0.12 (b) 0.24 (c) 0.36 (d) 0.48. 2 2x 18. The maximum horizontal range of a ball projected with a velocity of 39.2 m/s is (take g = 9.8 m./s2) (a) 100 m (b) 127 m (c) 157 m (d) 177 m. 19. The ball is projected vertically upward with a velocity of 112 m/s. The time taken by it to return to the point of pro jection is ( g = 10 m/s 2 ) (a) II s (b) 33 s (c) 5.5 s (d) 22 s. 20. A particle is projected at an angle of 45° with a velocity of 9.8 m/s. The horizontal range will be (a) 9.8 m (b) 4.9 m (c) 9.8
m
(°)
~m(v2
+ u2).
(d) none of these.
27. A train whose mass is 16 metric tons, moves at the rate of 72 krn/hr. After applying breaks it stops in 500 m. What is the force exerted by breaks obtaining it to be uniform, (a) 800 N (b) 1600 N (c) 3200 N (d) 6400 N. 28. A mass of 8 kg is rolled a grass with a velocity of 28 m/sec. If the resistance be (l/10)th of the weight . then the body comes to rest after travelling (a) 200 m (b) 400 m (c) 600 m (d) 800 m. 29. If a particle is projected vertically upwards and is at a height h after seconds and again after seconds, then h =
(d) 9.8^2 m
21. A ball is dropped from a height of 22.5 in on a fixed horizontal plane. If e = 2/5, then if will stop rebounding after (a) 5 sec (b) 6 sec (c) 7 sec (d) 8 sec.
(a) gir,/2 (b) J g t f o (c) 2<,'/,/, (d) i g / f t 22. An elastic ball with coefficient of elasticity 1/2 is 30. From the top of a tower, 98 m high, a body is dropped from rest at a height h on a smooth floor. The • projected vertically upwards with a velocity of total distance covered by the ball is 39.2 m/sec. The velocity with which it strikes the ground (a) more than 2h is (b) less than 2h but more than (3/2)A (a) 58 m/sec (b) 60 m/sec (c) less than (3/2)/z but more than (4/3)6 j (c) 58.8 m/sec (d) 55 m/sec. (d) less than (4/3)/?
145
34 MATHEMATICS TODAY SEPTEMBER'07
31. If the acceleration of falling bodies on the moon is 1.6 m/sec2 and and t2 seconds are timings of free fall from equal altitude above the moon's and earth's surface, then / , : t2 = (a) 7:2^2 (c) y/2 : 7 (b) 2^2 : 7 (d) 2 : 7.
38. Ifthe resultant of two forces 2P and 4lP is VTo/», then the angle between them will be (a) tc (b) 7t/2 (c) ti/3 (d) tt/4. 39. If the square of the resultant of two equal forces is equal to ( 2  V3) times their product, then the angle between the forces is (a) 60° (b) 150° (c) 120° (d) 30°
32. A bullet of mass 0.05 kg travelling at 120 m/sec. Penetrates deeply into a fixed target and is bought to rest in 0.01 sec. The distance through which it penetrates the target is (a) 3 cm (b) 6 cm (c) 30 cm (d) 60 cm. 33. A person travelling on a straight line moves with uniform velocity v,, for some time and with uniform velocity v2 for the next equal time. The average velocity v is given by (a) v = (c) 2 (b) v = v, v2
1
v
40. Two like parallel forces P and 3P act on a rigid body at points A and B respectively. If the forces are interchanged in position, the resultant will be displaced through a distance of (a) \AB (b) \AB (c)  a A B (d)
~AB.
2.JL + ± V V, v2
'
V
_
1
V
^
1
v2
41. If the resultant of two unlike parallel forces of magnitudes 10 N and 16 N act along a line at a distance of 24 cm from the line of action of the smaller force, then the distance between the lines of action of the forces is (a) 12 cm (b) 8 cm (c) 9 cm (d) 18 cm. 42. A system of five forces whose directions and nonzero magnitude can be chosen arbitrarily, will never be in equilibrium if n of the forces are concurrent, where (a) n = 2 (b) « = 3 (d) n = 4 (d) n = 5. 43. A uniform rod of weight w and length 21 is resting in a smooth spherical bowl of radius r. The rod is inclined to the horizontal at an angle of (a) 0° (b) 71/4
. /O (c) tan  I —
34. If the law of motion of a particle moving in a straight line is given by fa = log—j, then its acceleration a is given by (a) a = kv (c) a = kv2
3 (b) a = kv (d) none of these.
35. A point moves rectilinearly with deceleration whose modulus depends on the velocity of the particle as a , where a is a positive constant. At the initial moment its velocity is equal to v0. The time it takes before it comes to rest is (a) h K ( b ) E . (c) (d) a a a yv0 36. If two particles, A and B, moves with speed u and 2u respectively in two straight lines inclined at an angle a , then the relative velocity of B with respect to A is (a) W 5 + 4 cosa (c) u 5cosa (b) (d) «V54cosa W4+5cosa.
I2) W 44. A body of weight 4 kg is kept in a plane inclined at an angle of 30° to the horizontal. It is in limiting equilibrium. The coefficient of friction is then equal to (a) 73
(b)
(d)
'
V3
(O ^
(d)
f .
45. A body is on the point of sliding down an inclined plane under its own weight. If the inclination of the plane to the horizontal be 30°, then angle of friction will be (a) 30° (b) 60° (c) 45° (d) 15°. 46. A body consists of a solid cylinder with radius a and height a together with a solid hemisphere of radius a placed on the base of the cy I inder. The centre of gravity of the complete body is (a) inside the cylinder (b) inside the hemisphere (c) on the interface between the two (d) outside both.
MATHEMATICS TODAY  JANUARY'07 65
37. A train A is moving towards east with a velocity of 30 km/hr and another train B is moving on parallel lines towards west with a speed of 40 km/hr. the velocity of train A relative to train B is (a) 10 km/hr (b) 70 km/hr towards east (c) 70 km/hr towards west (d) none of these.
68
47. The centre of gravity G of three particles of equal mass placed at the three vertices of a right angled isosceles triangle whose hypotenuse is equal to 8 cm is on the median through A such that AG is (a) 4/3 '(b) 5/3 (c) 8/3 (d) 10/3. 48. Two bodies of masses m and 4m are moving with equal momentum. The ratio of their kinetic energy is (a) 1 : 4 (b) 4 : 1 (c) 1 : 1 (d) 1 : 2. 49. A particle starts from rest and move with constant acceleration. Then the ratio of the increase in kinetic energy in mth and (m + l) t h second is (a) m : m (b) m + 1 : m + 1 (c) 2m  1 : 2m + 1 (d) none of these. 50. A mass m is acted upon by a constant forces P lb.wt, under which in t seconds it moves a distance x feet and acquires a velocity v ft/sec. Then * = (a) 2mt (b) mg 2 v2p (c) gt 2 pm (d) mv 2gp'
Qcosa P + Qsma.
P cosa 0 + Psina
55. A uniform rod AB, 17 m long whose mass in 120 kg rests with one end against a smooth vertical wall and the other end on a smooth horizontal floor, this end being tied by a chord 8 m long, to a peg at a bottom of the wall, then the tension of the chord as (a) 32 kg wt (b) 1 6 k g w t (c) 64 kg wt '(d) 8 kg wt. 56. A ladder 20 ft long is resting against a smooth vertical wall at an angle of 30° with it. Its foot lies on a rough ground with coefficient of friction 0.3. If the weight of the ladder is 30 kg, then a man of 60 kg weight can climb on the ladder upto the height of (a) (c) (9>/35)ft 9^3 ft (b) (9^3 + 5) ft (d) none of these.
51. If two forces P + Q and P  Q make an angle 2 a with each other and their resultant makes an angle 0 with the bisector of the angle between the two forces, then P/Q is equal to (a) tan 9 tana (b) tana tan© (c) sinQ sin a (d) sin a sin©
57. A square hole is punched out of a circular lamina of diameter a. The diagonal of the square is equal to the radius of the circle and one of the corners is at the centre of the circle. The distance of the C.G. of the remainder from the centre of the circle is (a) (c) 8tc + 4 a 57t4 (b) (d) 8tt4 a 5TI+4
52. Two men carry a weight of 240 Newtons between them by means of two ropes fixed to the weight. One rope is inclined at 60° to the vertical and the other at 30°. The tensions in the ropes are (a) 120 N, 120 N (c) (b) 120 N, 120V3 N
58. The speed v of a body moving on a straight track varies according to '2/+ 13, 0<t <5 g = 3? + 8, 4/ + 1, 5<t<7 t>7
120V3 N, 120a/3 N (d) none of these.
53. Three parallel forces P, Q, R act at three points A, B, C. of a rod at a distances of 2m, 8m and 6m respectively from one end. If the rod be in equilibrium, then P:Q:R = (a) 1 : 2 : 3 (b) 2 : 3 : 1 (c) 3 : 2 : 1 (d) none of these. 54. A rigid wire, without weight, in the form of the arc of a circle subtending an angle a at its centre and having two weights P and O at its extremities rests with its convexity downwards upon a horizontal plane. If 0 be the inclination to the vertical of the radius to the end at which P is suspended, then tan 0 (a) Qsina P + Ocosa (b) Psina
The distances are measured in metres and time 1 in seconds. The distance in metres moved by the particle at the end of 10 seconds is, (a) 127 (b) 247 (c) 186 (d) 313. 59. The speed of a boat in a river is u m/sec and that of the current is v m/sec. The boat traverses a distance of d metres down the stream and then comes back to its original position. The average speed of the boat for to and fro journey is , (a)
(C)
u~  v — — V~  V 11
(b) (d)
7/  v .——
V"
U~
V
g + ^cosa
60. A man in a lift ascendine with the acceleration
MATHEMATICS TODAY  JANUARY '07
33
/m/sec 2 , throws a ball vertically upwards with a velocity v and catches if after time /,. Afterward when the lift is descending with the same acceleration the man again throws a ball vertically upwards with the same velocity and catches it after time tr The value o f / i s
LG2 = ~DL = 2 cm The C.G. of the quadrilateral ABCD is at G, the midpoint of G,G 7 G,G 2 = G,G = 3 cm GL = GtL  GG, = (4  3) cm = i cm 7. (c) : We have t = as2 + bs + c dt „ , 1 => — = 2as + b or v = — ds 2 as + b dv ds 2a v or / = ds dt (2as + b):
2av\
1
(b) : R = 7(3/>) 2 +(2P)2 + 2(3.P)(2.P)cosa ...(i)
and 2R = V(6F) 2 + (2P) 2 + 2(6/>)(2/>)cosa ....(ii) so multiplying (i) by 2 and squaring and subtracting (ii) from (i) we get 4(9P 2 + AP2 + 1 IP2 cosa)  36P 2  4P 2  24F 2 cosa = 0 1 2n • cosa = — => 1 2 + 24 cosa = 0 2 2. (d) : (14)2 = (13)2 + (3y/3)2 + 2x (13)(3%/3)cos6 9 =  = 90°. 2
A
8. ( b ) : We have vr = 48 km/hr due north and v() = 36 km/hr due north vro= Resultant of velocity P and reverse velocity of O — [l'y, + (—>•,)] in the direction of velocity of P = (48  36) km/hr due north = 12 km/hr due north. 9. (c) : S = jat2, a = 8 m/s"
=> cos0 = 1 9 6  1 6 9  2 7 = 0
3. (a) : v Moment of the resultant about / = sum of the moments of the given force about I P • ID + Q  IE + R • IF = 0 P• r +Q • r +R • r=0 = > P + Q + R = 0. 4. ( a ) : R cosQ = 10 cos0° + 10 cos 120°+ 10 cos240° D 7? coso = ,n 10 9 10— 2 10 = 0 — 2
,0
Now time taken = L  t ,1 = —!=• — 2 42 2 10. (b) : y = ut + at
J2
sec.
as the particle come back to
2 2u t = — sec. g
F,
"
earth. So 0
nt — st
1
"'
11. ( d ) : We have u = initial velocity = 20 m/s v = final velocity = 0 m/s, t = 0.1 sec l e t / b e the retardation in the ball Then v = u  f t => 0 = 20  f x 0.1 sec = > / = 200 m/s2 Required force = " j f j j ^ 2 0 0 = 12. (c) 13. ( d ) : Let in be the mass of sphere, u the velocity of the sphere before impact and v, and v2 after impact. mu + m x 0 = wn> + mv, => t , + v, = it ...(i) and v2  v, = e(u  0) ....(ii) V 1e From (i) and (ii), — —• v is 1 +e 14. ( d ) : Range down the plane 2n~ cosasin(a + p) gcos (3
40 N
and R sin 0 = 10 sin 0° + 10° sin 120° + 10 sin 240° ine = M
= 40 x 105 dynes = 4 x ] o 6 dynes.
Hence /? 2 [cos 2 0 + sin 2 0] = 0 => R = 0. 5. (b) : The body will be on the point of sliding downwards when a = X, where a is inclination of plane. Hence tana = tanX = 6. a = 30°.
2

M
2
=
0
(b) : Let L be the mid point of AB,
then CL 1 AB and DL 1 AB Given CL = 12 cm and DL = 6 cm LG,1 = ~CL = 4 cm and 3
2 x 2 1 x 2 1 cos60°sin90° _ 2 x 4 4 1 x ( l / 2 ) 10x(3/4) 10 xcos 30° = 6 dm.
MATHEMATICS TODAYSEPTEMBER'07
34
15. (b) : According to principle of conservation of energy, loss of kinetic energy = gain in potential energy Kinetic energy = mgh = 3 x 9.8 x 196 = 5762.4 J. 16. ( d ) : If v, and v2 are the velocity before and after the marbles strikes the floor then v, = V2x9.8x2.5 = 7 m/s, V = V2x9.8x1.6 = 5.6 m/s, n •'• Fx. — = \10/ 10v
2
which is less than 2h but more than y—jh23. (b) : u2 = 2g * 25, v2 = 2g x 16 Also v = eu •'• e = v it 4  = 0.8.
24. ( b') : In the first case J\ v
m + m2
...(i)
 v1, ) =: F = 12.6 N
when mv m2 are replaced by m2, m , respectively then ...(ii) g m2 + m3 The acceleration of the system will remain unaltered if f r f i m2 mt g g = mj + m2 m2 + w 3 => mxm2 + mj/Wj = m2rri\ + m2 => m{, tn}, TK3 are in G.P. 25. ( a ) : 10/=10gr
2
Average force = F + mg = 12.6 + y ^ x 9.8 = 13.58 N. _ total energy 17. (b) : Power = time mgh + i ^ m v 2
m]m3 = m2
2
50 9 . 8 x 2 +
60
fl
= ^[212.0722] = 0.24.
6
=> 5 / = T :. 1 5 / = 1 0 * = > / =  * .
t
R
u (39 2) 18. ( c ) : Maximum horizontal range = — = ——— g 9.8 [.. u = 39.2 m/s (given)] 1536.64 = 156.8 « 157 m. 9.8 19. (d) : Given that the velocity of ball in upward direction = 1 1 2 m/s 2u 2x112 .•. Time taken t = = 22.4 g io 22 sec (approx.). 20. ( a ) : Since horizontal range R = For 0 = 45°, sin20 = sin90° = 1 R u g 9.8x9.8 = 9.8 m. 9.8 2h\t\ jLi) g )\ 1\e) u2 sin 20
c u t I
5 gm
r
>vr
V 10 gm
26. ( b ) : V F = ma ;. a = — v ' m From v2 = u2 + 2 ax => v2  M2 = 2ax = > v 2  m 2 = 2x — x x => F = i / w ( v 2  m 2 ) . m 2x 27. ( d ) : mass = 16 x 1000 kg 0, v,. = 20 m/s, J = 500 m ' . . .. 400 2 , 2 .'. Retardation = = — m/s 1000 5 Force exerted = ma = 1 6 x l 0 0 0 x  = 6400 N. 28. (b): Acceleration =  J L
2 m / s ; V/ .
= o,
V/
= 28 m/s
21. (a) : Required time =
•• s
let
=
^ m
= 4 0 0 m
(approx)
+ 2h = 0
2x22.5 \ 1 + 2 / 5 = 5 sec. 12/5 22. (b) : Required distance = u = 3*
M A T H E M A T I C S TODAY  JANUARY '07
5
29. ( d ) : h = wr^gr2
=> gt22ut
1 + e2 j le
1 + (1/4) ~ 1—7T7J\ 1 — ^1/4;
and t2 be the roots of equation ... 2M , .. 2h . 1 So, h +H = — and /,f 2 = — h = g,g2. z a s 30. (c) : v2 = w2 + 2ah v2 = 39.2 x 39.2 + 2 x (9.8) 2 => v = 58.8 m/s. 35
31. (a) : h = grf ,2 81 _ ' 2 f2
and h =
g2t\ M 16 7 or 7 : 2 7 1 . 2V2
Squaring both sides we get 10P2 = (6 + 4V2cos6)P 2 cos9 = ]= => Q = ~ . s!i 4 39. ( b ) : According to question, 2F 2 (1 + cos0) = (2S)F2 T3 5n = 150°.
32. (d) : I f / , is retardation then, 0 = 1 2 0  / , x (0.01) => / , = 12000 m/sec using v = z; + 2fs 0 = (120)2  2 x 12000 x j i = 60 cm. , . Total distance d,+d2 33. ( a ) : vm, = — — — = — a Total time tx +t2 _ v,/, + v2t2 l\+h •'• t\ = t2 = ' (given) 34. (c) : We have ks = log , => k =
V £1?
2 2 2 2
so, 2cos9 = —v/3 or cosG = 
40. (a) : In the first case, if the resultant acts at C, then AC = ( AB W \P+3PI In the second case, if the resultant acts at D, then  \AB 4 _B
24 cm 10N
[.• d = v]t] and
_
—
d2=v2t2\
/
i ion
R— * /
16N
Vi+V2
2
U' laV ^ A .  = > — =  fcv
fiW
ks = logv
AD = ( — )p = AB . \3P+P) 4 = \AB\AB = AB. 4 4 2 41. (c): Let the forces of magnitude 10 N and 16 N be acting at A and B respectively. Suppose the resultant act at C, then, AR AC => AB  9 cm. ( — ) 16 => 2A = ~x\6 .. CD = ACAD
=> v^=kv ds
^ a = kv . dv r~ = aw
2
35. ( a ) : We have
1/2 dV = flfift => 2\Jv = — at + C Initially / = 0, v = v0
\i6io;
6
•'• 2 7^o =
0 + c
=> C = 2\[vo
or
= ~at + 2yjv^
_ a 36. (b) : The relative velocity of B with respect to A is the resultant of the velocity of B and the reversed velocity of A. The angle between the velocities of A and B is a. So, the angle between the velocity of B and the reversed velocity of A is (n  a ) Hence vBA = ^v2H + v2A + 2vRvA cos(7t  a ) vBA = ,Ju + (2m) + 2«(2w)(cosa) = W 54cosa 37. ( b ) : We have vA = 30 km/hr towards east v„ = 40 km/hr towards west 'AH = Resultant of velocity of train A and reversed velocity of train B •ab = (v, + Vu) towards east = (30 + 40) = 70 km/hr towards east. 38. (d): VTop = yj(2P) 2 + (V2P) 2 + 2(2P)(72P)cos6
2 2
Putting v = 0 in this relation we get t 
42. (c) : Since, fifth force may or may not be equal and opposite to resultant of the first four forces. .'. Clearly n = 4. 43. (a): The surface is frictionless, so the rod is inclined to the horizontal at minimum inclination. So, the rod is inclined to the horizontal at an angle of 0°. 44. ( a ) : (i = tan0 (limiting equilibrium) u = tan 30° = 4 = 73 S' ' 45. (a): In the position of limiting equilibrium angle of inclination = angle of friction . angle of friction = 30°. % 46. ( a ) : CG, = CG2 = (C.G. of hemisphere)
/•
coefficient of friction =
J_
—
G, •G
(C.G. of cylinder) 3a 5a ^
and •'• OG2 = a + ^ =
34
MATHEMATICS TODAY SEPTEMBER'07
Let G be the C. G. of combined body, Then (2 OG =
3
\5a
2 t
1 2 , n3I3 •(Tta + a p g ) y
, 2
tan a  t a n 0 _ ( P  O ) s i n a c o s a 1 + tan a tan 0 P cos 2 a + O sin 2 a tan a  tan 0 _ ( / 3  0 t a n a 1 + tan a tan 0 p + q tan2a tan a  t a n 9 1 + tan a tan 9 >tan6 = — t a n a : P tana—tana 1 +tana^tana
7ia pg + na apg 47. (c): The centre of gravity of the given system is at the centroid G of AABC. Since BC = 8 cm and the mid point of the hypotenuse of a right angled triangle is equidistance from its vertices. Thus, AD = BD = CD = 4 cm
23 a > a 20
=> G is above C. Hence G lies inside the cylinder.
Q"
tana tan 9 '
52. (b) : Let Tt and 7", be the tensions in the ropes. By Lami's theorem, we have, iL sin 150° sin 120° 240 sin 90
AG = AD = f cm 3 3 48. (b) : Momentum of first body = mu, where u is the velocity of the first body. .. Momentum of 2nd body = 4mv where v is the velocity of 2 nd body. By given condition, mu = 4mv => u = 4v (4 vY Ratio of K.E. = { V 2 ) m U 1 = 4. (1/2) 4mv 4v 2 49. (c) : Required ratio increase in K.E. in m lh second increase in K.E. in (m +1)"' second work done against the force in m'
b
=> 7] = 240 x— and T, 1 2 2 ^ 7", = 120 N and T2 = 120^3 N.
240 N
53. ( a ) : Since the forces are in equilibrium. Therefore, one of the forces must be equal and opposite to the resultant of the remaining two. Thus, the resultant of P and Q is of magnitude equal to that of R and acts at C. Ra  b .
second
work done against the force in (m +1)''1 second Px Px
0 + 1/(27771) 0+ 1/(2(7*+ 1)) 1
2m 1 2m + 2\
_ 2m — 1 ~~ 2m + \
2m/ 6m <—4 p and AC = R=P+Q => R = P + Q and 4 = => => => =>
> AB P+Q
6
/ 4 O
50. ( d ) : Force = P lb ,wt = Pg poundals and mass = m lbs F = ft/sec2 m m Now initial velocity = 0, final velocity = v fit/sec Distance = x and time = t f Hence x = 2/ v2  0 2Pg/m mv 2Pg' Therefore, the resultant is PQ,
O P + Qj R = P+ g a n d 2 P + 2 g = 3 g R = P + Q and 2P = O 2P = Q and R = 3P P:Q:R = P:2P:3P=\:2:3.
51. (b) : Since P + Q>PQ.
closer to the force P + Q. Thus, the resultant makes an angle ( a  6) with P + Q and ( a + 6) with ( P  Q ) sin 2 a fl, •'• t a " ( a " e ) = ( P + 0 + ( P  0 c o s 2 a
54. (a) : Since the system is in equilibrium. So, the algebraic sum of the moments about O is zero. Taking moments about O, we get P • ALQBM= 0 => Pa sin0  Qa sin(a  0) = 0 P sin0  <2(sina cos0  c o s a sin0)
= 0
sin0(7> + Q cosa) = Q sina cos0 tan0 = P + Qcosa .
tan a  t a n 0 _ (P02sinacosa 1 + tan a tan 0 P(1 + cos 2 a ) + Q( 1  cos 2 a )
34 MATHEMATICS TODAY SEPTEMBER'07
55. (a) : Let T be the tension in the chord AC. Let R and S be the normal reactions at A and B respectively. Resolving the forces horizontally, we have T = S, R= 120 Taking moments about A, we have S • BC = 120° AG cos0 17 5 x l 7 s i n 0 = 12Ox^cos0 2 AC 5 = 60 x • S = 60 cot 0 BC
10
Required distance = J ~ d t 0 dt
5 7
10
= J ( 2 / + 13)df+ \{3t + i)dt+
0 5
\(4t + ])dt
7
T 8m C
= [t2
+
l3t\
h2+zt .2
l7
[2 t2+t]
= 90 +  ( 4 9  2 5 ) + 8 ( 7  5 ) + 2 ( 1 0 2  7 2 ) + ( 1 0  7 ) = 90 + 3 6 + 16+ 102 + 3 =247. 59. (c) : The resultant of the velocities of the current and the boat down the stream is (u + v) m/sec and up the stream is (u  v) m/sec. If the boat takes f, seconds to traverse a distance of d metres down the stream and 1 '22 seconds to traverse the same distance up the stream. Then, d h= u + v , . d and t~,  u + v
32 Hence, 7"= 32 kg wt. > S = 60 xVl782 56. (a) : Suppose the man climbs up to point C on the ladder. Resolving the forces horizontally and vertically, we get S=\iR and R = 30 + 60 = 90 =*S' = 90 ^ = p S = 9 0 x 0.3 = 27 Taking moments about B, we get  3 0 x AG cos60°  60 x BC cos60° + S x AB sin60° = 0 =>  3 0 x 10 x —  60 x BC x — + 27 x 20 x — = 0 2 2 2 => 15030BC + 270^3 = 0 3 5 0 = 27^3  15 => BC = {9^3  5) ft. 57. (b) : We have OA = a/2
2
Total time taken = f, + t2 =
'
2ud
and, Total distance traversed = 2d 2d :. Average speed of boat = „ ,, 2 2udtu 2 v 2\ 11 ~ m/sec. 60. (b) : When the lift is ascending : In this case the velocity of ball relative to the lift is v m/sec in upward direction and acceleration of the ball relative to the lift = {g+f) m/sec 2 in downward direction. The man catches the ball in time . Therefore the relative distance covered in time is zero. Hence 0 = v/,   ( g + / ) / f v = ^_(g + f)<  ....(i)
.•. Area of the circle = 7i— 4 /l Let be the side of the square Then, V2x~ => x = ar2 2V2 Let Gx be the centre of gravity of the square lamina and G 2 be the centre of gravity of the remaining portion. Then, Od,
=
(2V2]
iza2 « y na 2
2 p g x
p£x(OG,) j Pg
OG 2 =
Pg
a 4 a2
Pg
a/4 a 2K — 1 8 7 t  4 '
When the lift is descending. In this case the velocity of the ball relative to the lift is v m/sec in upward direction and acceleration of the ball relative to the lift is (g  f ) m/sec 2 in downward direction. Since the man catches the ball after t2 seconds. Therefore, the relative distance covered by the ball in seconds is zero. 1 Hence, 0 = vt2  ±(g  f)t2_ => v = i ( g  f)t2 ...(ii) From (i) and (ii), we get 1 t2t I gty+t,
58. ( b ) : We have ds_ dt 2 / + 13, 0 < / < 5 3t + 8, 4/ + 1, 5</< 7 t>l
• f(tl+t2)
=
g(t2t])
38
M A T H E M A T I C S TODAY  JANUARY '07
MBA MCA N DA
The aim of this test is to acclimatize you with real testlike experience and give you the required competitive edge.
(a) 1000 (c) 400 (b) 500 (d) none of these.
1. The equation of the straight line through (3, 5) and having equal positive intercepts is (a) 2x + y + 1 = 0 (b) x + .y  2 = 0 (c) x + 2y  7 = 0 (d) none of these.
2 + J
34
1 1+
f
.=9 1 (b) 1/7 (d) 8/7.
8. PQRS is the quadrilateral formed by joining the midpoints of adjacent sides of quadrilateral ABCD. The ratio of areas ABCD to PQRS is (a) 3 : 1 (b) 2 : 1 (c) 4 : 1 (d) can't be determined. 9. Given CB = CA= AD and ZDAE = 75°. The value ofyis / E (a) 45 (b) 50 (c) 60 (d) can't be determined. 10. PQRS is a trapezium with PS//QR and ZQPS = 90°. QS and PS cut at T. The ratio of area of ATPQ to MRS is n (a) 1 (b) 2 (c) 1/3 (d) can't be determined. ? $ 11. A cask contains 4 parts wine & 1 part water. How much of this mixture must be with drawn and substituted by water inorder that the resulting mixture be half wine and half water? (a) 3/8 (b) 5/8 (c) 7/8 (d) none of these. 12. The area of the triangle PQR, where P = (2, 6), Q = (4, 7), R = (6, 8) is (a) 6 sq. units (b) 6.2 sq. units (c) 8 sq. units (d) none of these. 13. If / (x, y, z) = x>y2 + xyz  yz* + 15y 2 , then / ( 4 , 3, 2) = ? (a) 641 (b) 711 (c) 982 (d) 563. 14. If log10 3 = 0.477 and log10 7 = 0.8457, the value of logic (21) 3 is
MATHEMATICS TODAY  SEPTEMBER '07
2 + 
3+ (a) 1 (c) 3/7 3. c= (a) (c)
Given triangle ABC where a = 17, b = 25, 28. The inradius of the.circle is cms. 4.5 (b) 6 8 (d) none of these.
4. The point (2,7) and (8,5) are the 2 opposite vertices of a rectangle. The other two vertices lie on the line y = 2x + c. Therefore, the value of c is (a)  4 (b)  1 (c) 0 (d) can't be determined. 5. The solution set (m, n) not satisfying the inequality, \.m \ g < ~ < 7 (m, n e I) is (a) (7, 55) (c) (16,116) (b) (3, 22) (d) none of these.
6. A fibonacci sequence is formed by adding the previous 2 numbers e.g. 1, 2, 3, 5, 8 etc. or 2, 5, 7, 12, 19, 31 .... The eighth term of the sequence 1, 2, 3, 5, ... is (a) 7 (b) 19 (c) 20 (d) 34. 7. A man borrowed Rs. 3000/ at 8% p.a. interest. At the end of the year he repaid Rs. 1200 partly as interest and partly to reduce the debt. At the end of 2nd year he paid Rs. 1300. The sum he should pay to meet interest and clear off debt at the end of 3rd year is
34
9. Iff:R+R,g:R»Rbe two given function, then 2 min {f (x)  g(x), 0} is equal to (a) f{x) + g(x)  g(x) ~f(x)\ (b) fix) + g(x)j + g(x)  f ( x ) \ (C) f i x )  g{x) + g(x) ~f(x)\ (d) f i x )  g(x)  jg(x)  f ( x ) \ 10. I f H x ) = x4+ax3+bx2 + cx + d where a, b, c, d e R. If P(l) = 10, P(2) = 20, P(3) = 30. Then the value of P(12)P(8) is equal to 10
(a)
1984
(b) 1992
(c)
2004
2
(d) 2007
11. If for x > 0 , / ( x ) = (a  x " f \ g(x) = x +px + q, p, q & R and the equation g(x)  x = 0 has imaginary roots, then number of real roots of equation g(g(x))  f i f (x)), is (a) 0 (b) 2 (c) 4 (d) n 12. If x 2 + y 2 = 1, then the maximum & minimum value of x + y are (a) (c) V2,V2 "V2'V2 (b)  1 , 1
(d)
 V2 M 
PART  I I : Multiple choice  one or more than one options may be correct
1. L e t / ( x ) = max {1 + sin x, 1  cos x}, x e [0, 2n] & g(x) = max {1,  1} x e R, then (a) gfi0)=1 (b) g / ( l ) = l (c) m i ) ) = 1 2. LetF: (d) / ( g ( 0 ) ) = sin 1 (b) Range R n R' => [0, 4] (c) Range R n R' = [0, 5] (d) R n R' defined as function 4. Let n be a positive integer with f(n) = 1! + 2! + 3! + .... + 77! and P(x) and Q{x) be polynomials in x such that f{n + 2) = P(n) • fin + 1) +
71 2 C T » 3 ' 3 — [0,4] be a function defined as is given by
Q(N)'F(N) for all n > 1, then
(a) (c) Pix) = (x + 3) Q(x) =  x  2 (b) P(x) =  x  2 (d) Q{x) = x + 3 ANSWERS PART  1 3. (d) 4. (a) 9. (d) 10. (a) PART  II 3. (a, b, c)
f{x) = ^ 3 sin x  cos x + 2, then f~\x) (a) (c) 3. ^ " ' ( V j  f
2 1
(b)
Sin
"
J
 COS" 1
~
)
(D)
None of these 1. (c) 7. (b) 1. (a, b) 2. (b) 8. (c)
Let R = {(x, y) : x, y e R, x2 + y2 < 25} and 4
5. (c) 11. (a)
6. (b) 12. (a)
R' = f(x, y) : x, y e R,y > gX1} then (a) dom R r ^ R ' = [3, 3]
2. (b, c)
4. (a, c)
A Complete Magazine on Current Affairs
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34 MATHEMATICS TODAY  SEPTEMBER '07
(a) 1.1158 (c) 1.1058
(b) 1.0158 (d) none of these.
15. Ramesh gets half of what Ram gets and Ram gets half of what Rajesh gets. If Rs. 1400 is to be divided among them in this manner then Ram's share is (a) Rs. 600 (b) Rs. 300 (c) Rs. 400 (d) Rs. 500. 16. If f i x ) = x  13x  2x  15, then f ( 5 ) = ? (a) 300 (b) 275 (c) 280 (d) 300. 17. The solution set of the equation x 2  8 x  153 < 0 is (a) 17 < x <  9 (b)  9 < x < 17 (c) x > 9, x > 17 (d) x <  9 , x > 17. 18. The least number to be subtracted from 1850, so that the remainder when divided by 8, 12, 15 will leave in each case the same remainder 5 is (a) 45 (b) 49 (c) 41 (d) none of these. 19. Zero is a (a) natural number (c) prime number (b) whole number (d) composite number.
4 2
24. Raju goes to Nasik to buy an article costing 15% less than that in Mumbai. He spends Rs. 150 on travelling and gains Rs. 150 after its sale in Mumbai. His profit % is (a) 8 (b) 7.5 (c) 7 (d) 6. 25. How many numbers greater than 1000 but less than 4992 can be formed with the digits 0, 1,2, 3, 4, 5, 6? (a) 1900 (b) 2880 (c) 1371 (d) 1372. SOLUTIONS 1. (b) : f + f  =
1
• Here a= b
x + y  a or —3 + 5 = a a — 2. .'. Equation is x + y  2 = 0. (a) (b) : a + b+ c 35
= Area of ABC = fs(s  a)(s  b)is  c) = % / 3 5 x l 8 x l 0 x 7 = VlOOx 9 x 4 9 = 210 Now inradius = 210/35 = 6 cm 4. (a) : Midpoint of (2, 7) and (8, 5) lies on y = 2x + c. Midpoint = (5, 6). 6 = 10 + c. c = 4. _ 5. :. 6. .. 7. , . 1 m. m 1 (c) : o < ~ , — < = 8/7 n 1 %m > n ; 7m < n Now just check each alternative. (d) : The required fibonacci sequence is 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34. r 8 = 34.
20. Two men together start on a journey in the same direction. They travel 9 and 15 km respectively daily. After travelling for 6 days the man travelling at 9 km/ day doubles his speed and both of them finish the distance in the same time. Find the time taken by them to reach their destinations. (a) 36 days (b) 21 days (c) 18 days (d) 12 days. 21. / (x) = x + 5 and g(x) = 2x + 4, then f\jg(x)]  g [/"Or)] = for any value of x. (a) x  3 (b) x  7 (c)  5 (d) none of these. 22. If the price of sugar falls by 2 \ % a person can buy 9 kgs more of sugar for Rs. 126 thari before. If the price had risen by 12 j % how much sugar would he have bought for the same sum? (a) 310 kg (b) 303 kg (c) 255 kg (d) 312 kg. 23. The interior angles of a polygon are in A.R The smallest angle is 114° and the common difference 6, how many sides does the polygon have? (a) 8 (b) 15 (c) 9 (d) 11.
34 MATHEMATICS TODAY  SEPTEMBER '07
(d) : Due at the end of 1 year = 1.08 x 3000 = 3240 Due at the end of 2 years = (3240  1200) x 1.08 = 2203.20 Due at the end of 3 years = (2203.20  1300) x 1.08 = 975.46 8. 9. (b) : PQRS is a parallelogram. (b) 10. (a)
11. (a) : Let total quantity = I lit. and x be amount removed. 4 1 j x Ht. wine and ^x lit. water removed.
.'.
Wine in remaining mixture = j ( l  * ) Water in remaining mixture =  x) + x
22. (d) : 2 ± % of Rs. 126 = Rs. 63/20 Reduced price of 9 kg of sugar = 63/20 Rs 7 Reduced price of 1 kg = ^g
But  ( 1  J C ) =  ( 1  J C ) + J C
(lX) = X
;
.'. •
3  3 A  = 5JC
or
3 = 8*.
x = 3/8.
12. (d) 13. (b) : / ( 4 , 3 , 2) = 4 3 x 3 2 + 4 x 3 x 2  3 x 2 3 + 15 x 3 2 = 64 x 9 + 24  24 + 15 x 9 = 79 x 9 = 711. 14. ( c ) : Iog(2)' , = l o g (  y 1 = 3 ( l o g 7  l o g 3 ) = 3 x (0.8457  0.4771) = 3 x 0.3686 = 1.1058. 15. (c) : If Rajesh gets Rs. 1 then Ram =  and Ramesh = j . 4:2:1.
1 0 0  2 ^ = 97^ = ^ 2 2 2 .'. If reduced price is Rs. 195/2, the original price = Rs. 100. .'. If reduced price is Rs. 7/20, then original price 100x2x7 195x20 100 + 1 2  14 39;
225 2 If original price is Rs. 100, then increased price = Rs. 225/2. If original price is Rs. 14/39, then increased price = f Sugar bought for Rs. 126
= 126 +
^
21
'52 "
Rajesh : Ram : Ramesh. Ram's share 16. (b)
 x 1400 = 4 0 0 . 17. (b)
2\ 52
1 2 6 x  ^ = 312kg.
18. (a) : L.C.M. of 8, 12, 15 = 120. Now (1850  5  x ) . i.e. (1845  x) must be exactly divisible by 120. i.e. 45  x = 0. x = 45. 19. (b) 20. (c) : Speed of 1st man = 9 km/day .'. Distance travelled by him in 6 days = 6 x 9 = 54 km. Speed of 2 nd man = 15 km/day Distance travelled by him in 6 days = 15 x 6 = 60 km Difference of distance covered = 36 km Speed of the 1 sl man after 6 days = 9 x 2 = 1 8 km/day Difference in speed now = 3 2 To gain 36 km = ^ x 3 6 = 12 days Hence total number of days = 12 + 6 = 18 days. 21. (c) : f ( x ) =x + 5 g(x) = 2x + 4 / [ g ( * ) ] = (2x + 4) + 5 = 2 x + 9 g [/"(*)] = 2(x + 5) + 4 = 2x + 14 /[*(*)]*[/(*)] =  5
23. (a) : Let n be the number of sides. The sum of all interior angles is (2n  4)90 a= 1 1 4 , ^ = 6 . (2n  4)90 =  [ 2 2 8 + ( «  l ) 6 ]
i.e. 4{n  2) x 90 = 228n + 6n 2  6n or, 6 « 2  1 3 8 « + 720 = 0 or, « 2  2 3 « + 1 2 0 = 0 or («  15)(«  8) = 0 If n = 15, the largest interior angle is 144 + 14 x 6 = 198 > 180. which is impossible as interior angle is always less than 180°. .. w = 8 . 24. (b) : Price in Mumbai = J C 150 + 150 + —  x ^ x . or, 300 = 0.15* 150 Profit » / o =   x , 0 0 = ^ 25. (c) : 0, 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 1000 4992 (i) 1 ... => 7 3 = 3 43 ways (ii) 2 ... => 7 3 = 3 43 ways (iii) 3 ... => 7 3 = 343 ways (iv) 4 ... => 7 3 = 343 ways Total = 1372 ways 1372  1 = 1371.
MATHEMATICS TODAY  SEPTEMBER '07
2000. =f = 7.50/0.
34
J & K GET 2006
1. If A and B are sets then A  (A  B) = (a) B (b) A u B (c) A n B (d) B  A. 2. For any real number y the greatest integer not exceeding y is denoted by [v]. If / : R > R is defined by f(x) = [2x]  2[x] for x e R, then the range o f / is: (a) { x e R : x > 0} (b) { x e R : x < 0} (c) {xe R : 0 < x < 1} (d) {0,1}. 3. (a) (c) 4. The argument of
471
I
Solved Pape
i
(b) l: 5 r , 2 (a) l 5 c „ l5 (d) (c)  Q 8. The term iindependent of x in the
f
[X (a) 7th term (c) 9th term
+
15
(b) 8th term (d) 10th term
1  j/3 (b) (d)
r  2
1S:
9. The orthocentre of the A OAB Where O is the origin, A (6, 0) and B (3, 3>/3 ) is
9 (a)  2 ' 2 1
(b) (3 V3) (d) (3,73)
3
71
—471
(c)
(73,3)
3 If S = {: e C : arg
3
(a) an ellipse (c) a circle
= !> then S is : + 2j 3 (b) a straight line (d) a parabola.
10. The distance between the pair of parallel lines given by x2  1005x + 2006 = 0 is (a) 1001 (b) 1000 (c) 1005 (d) 2006 11. The radical axis of the coaxial system of circles with limiting points (1, 2) and (2, 1) is (a) x + 3y = 0 (b) 3x+y = 0 (c) 2x + 3y 0 (d) 3x + 2y = 0. 12. The equation of the circle that can be inscribed in the square OABC where O is the origin, A (2, 0), B (2,2) and C (0, 2) is (a) x2+y2 + 2x2y=0 (b) x r +y 2 + 2x2y + 1 = 0 z (c) x +j/ + 2x2y1 = 0 (d) x2 2x + 2y + 1 = 0 13. x= (a) (c) The curve with parametric equation e' + eand y = e'  e ' is: a circle (b) an ellipse a hyperbola (d) a parabola
5. If ac * 0 and a , p are the roots of equation ax2+ bx + c = 0 then the quadratic equation with 1/a and 1/(3 a s ' t s roots, is r2 (a) £L + £ + I = 0 a b c (c) bx2 + cx + a = 0 (b) cx 2 + bx + a = 0 (d) ax2 + cx + b = 0
6. If {a„}" =0 is a sequence with aa = P and a„an_  = for n> 1, then the terms of the sequence are in (a) an arithmetic progression (b) a geometric progression (c) a harmonic progression (d) an arithemeticgeometric progression. 7. The Coefficient of x
\15
17
14. If (  l , + 2 7 2 ) is one extremity of a focal chord of the parabola v2 =  8x, then the other extremity is (a) ( 1 ,  2 / 2 ) (b) (272,1)
in the expansion of
is
(c) (4,4/2)
(d) (4, 4^2).
Contributed by : Rizwan Akbar, Mohd. Abass Padder, Jammu & Kashmir
MATHEMATICS TODAY  JANUARY'07
65
15. The e q u a t i o n of the pair of straight lines perpendicular to the pair 2x2 + 5xy + 2y2 + 1 Ox + 5y = 0 and passing through the origin is (a) 2x + 5xy + 2y2 = 0 (b) 2x2  3xy + y2 = 0 (c) 2x2 + 3xy + y2 = 0 (d) 2x2  5A>> + 2y2 = 0 16. the (a) (c) 17. If two angles of a triangle are 45° and t a n ( 2 ) then third angle is 60° (b) 75° tan'3 (d) 90° tan A
 +
2 (a) 0 0 0 (c) 0 2
0 2 0 0 2 0
0" 0 2 2 0 0 (d) (b)
"1/2 0 0 " 0 0 1/2
0 1/2 0 0 1/2 0
0 " 0 1/2 1/2" 0 0
1 + sec A

1 + sec A (a) 2 sin A (c) 2 cosec A
tan A (b) 2 cos A (d) 2 sec A
25. (a) 1 ! 2 ! 3 ! (c) 6 ! a 26. b a+b b ci + b a a+i a b (b)  (a3 + b3) (d)  2 (a3 + b3) b a 0 where a2 + / r = 1, then adj (A) : (b) 1 ! 3 ! 5 ! (d) 9 !
18. If sin9 + cosO = h then the quadratic equation having sin0 and cosO as its roots is (a) A2  hx + (h2\) •= 0 (b) 2x2  2hx + (h2  1) = 0 (c) x2hx + 2(H2\) = 0 (d) x22hx + (h2 1) = 0. 19. In a triangle if r, + /, = k • cos 2 — , then k = (a) R (c) 3 R 20. If tan (k + 1 ) 8 (a) {/?7t:«er} nn
(c) i r
: n e :
(a) a3 + b3 (c) 2 (a3 + b3) a 27. If A= b 0
(b) 2R (d) 4R. tan9; then 6 belongs to set: (b) nn {—:
(a) A~> (b) A T (c) A (d)  A . (Here AT is transpose of A) 28. If A is a nonsingular matrix such that A3 = A + 1 then the inverse of B = A"  A5 is (a) A (b) A~< (c) A (d) A'. 29. The value of X such that x + 3y + Xz = 0, 2x + 4y  s = 0, x + 5y  2z = 0 has a non trivial solution is (a)  1 (b) 0 (c) 1 (d) 2. 0 30. If A = (a) 0 (c) 2 3 4/3 3 0 1/4 4/3 1/4 0 (b) 1 (d) 3 position then det (A + A') =
(d)
2A
2k
21.
l 3x I 3x
tan
1x2 (b) 1 (d) tan"'(2x)
(a) 0 (c) tan"1 (x)
22. If sin A : sin B : sin C = 3 : 4 : 5 , then cos A : cos B = (a) 4 : 3 (b) 5 : 3 (c) 3 : 4 (d) 3 : 5 23. unit (a) [c) If A is a matrix such that A2 = A + /, Where / is the matrix, then A 5 = 5A + I (b) 5A + 21 5.4 + 3/ (d) 5/4 + 4/. 0 14. The inverse of 0 2 0 2 0 2 0 0
31. If the position vector of A with respect to O is 3 /  2 j + 4k and AB = 3i} + k then t h e vector of B with respect to O is (a)  j + 3k (b) 6/  3 / + 5k (c) j3k (d) 'i3j + 5k
.26
MATHEMATICS TODAY  JANUARY '07
32. If (a) 1 (c) 72 33. If the
=  o  6  = 1 then \a + b\ = (b) 2 (d) >/3. vectors 2i3j + 4k, i+2jk and
40. The line perpendicular to the plane. 2x y+5z passing through the point (  1 , 0, 1) is x+1 r— 1 x+l_ v,_l (b) (a) 2 5 x+1 x+1 y (c) (d) 2 5 2 =);= 5 41. The shortest distance between the lines x  2 _ y  3 _ z\ . x5 y  J _ 2 6 1 3 (b) 2 (a) 3 (d) 0 (c) 1
= 4
Xi  "j + 2k are coplanar then X = (a) 0 (0
?
(b)

(d) 1. 3i+j8k
34. If a = 2i +2j + k, ab = 14 and axb = then h = (a) (c) / + 5./+2/C 5/ + /' + 2/c (b) /  2 j + \6k (d) Si  j + 2k.
42. Angle between the line
x+ 1 ' 2
z1
and a
normal to plane x •y + z = 0 is (b) 30° (a) 0° (d) 90° (c) 45° 43. A Point on Xaxis which is equidistant from both the points (1, 2, 3) & (3, 5,  2 ) is (a) (  6 , 0 , 0 ) (b) ( 5 , 0 , 0 ) (c) (  5 , 0 , 0 ) (d) ( 6 , 0 , 0 ) 44. n is (a) (c) Foot of the perpendicular from (2, 1, 4) to a plane (3, 1, 2). Then the equation of the plane n is 4x  2y = 11 (b) 5x 2y= 10 5x 2z = 11 (d) 5x + 2. = l l 0
35. If (aXf>) (a) I (c) 0
are noncoplanar vectors and •(b2?)x(? + 2a) = 0, then X = (b) 1/4 (d)  1 / 4
36. If a , b , c are noncoplanar and b \a + t b+c (a) 0 (c) 2 37. If a + 2b + 4c = 0 and ( 5 x i )  + ( A x p ) . + ( c x a ) = X(bxc), (a) 4 (b) 7 (c) 8 (d) 9 then X = c + <jJ = /cj^tf b cJ then k = (b) 1 (d) 3
45. If 0 is angle between the planes 2x  y + . and x2y + : + 2 = 0 then cos0 = 2 b) (a) 3
<
!
(c)
(d)
38. The line segment joining the points A, B makes projection 1. 4, 3 on x, y, z axes respectively then the direction cosines of AB are:
(a) 1 4 3
46. If ax1 + bx2 + cx + d = 0 has a repeated root a , then a is also a root of (a) 3ax2 + 2bx + d = 0 (b) ax2 + bx + c = 0 2 (c) 3ax + 2bx + c = 0 (d) 6ax + 2b = 0 47. If the roots of x3  3x2  6x + 8= 0 are in arithmetic progression, then the roots of equation are (a) 3 , 4 , 5 (b) 4 , 7 , 10 (c)  2 , 1 , 4 (d) 1 , 4 , 7 48. If a , p , y a r e the roots of cubic equation
X3 
' '
1
fb)
vb'vfe'vii
1 4 3 V26'V26'726
4
3_
(d)
(C)
V26'V26'V26
39. The length of projection of the line segment joining (3  1 , 0) and (3, 5, J 2 ) on a line with 1 direction cosines ^ (a) 1 (c) 3 1 1 2' J i 's
X2 + x 
(a) 1 (c) 3
1 = 0 , then oT 3 + fT3 + y " 3 •(b) 2 (d) 4
(b) 2 (d) 4
49. If a,(3,y are the roots of x 3 + bx + c = 0 then a 2 p + a p 2 + p 2 y + py 2 + y 2 a + y a 2 =
MATHEMATICS TODAYjSEPTEMBER'07
55
(a) c (c) 3c 50. (a) (c) . lim x—>co 1 2 1 limf **\3X'3x2 1
(b) c (d) 3c
5 7 . The length o f the subtangent at any point (x,, y}) 011 the curve y = cf (a > 0) is (a) 2 log a (c) log a (b) (d) a2x\ log a
(b)
#
(d) 0 ' + 2x2 j (b) 2 (d) 2
5 8 . The set {x3  12x 2 ;  3 < x < 3} is equal to (a) { x :  1 6 < x < 1 6 } (b) { x :  1 2 < x < 1 2 } (c) {x :  9 < x < 9} (d) {x : 0 < x < 2}
51
5 9 . The set o f all m a x i m a f o r y = cos x is (a) (O {nn:n<=z} ( ? H (b) (d) { f {2nn:nez}
(a)
(c)  1 sin x>0 1/6
3
{
52.
xx
X cos* (b) (d) 1/3 1/12
6 0 . The absolute m a x i m u m o f A 4 0 * 2 " on the interval [0, 1] is
(a)
(a) 1/2
(c) 5 3 . I f / : R  + R given by 2 cos* fix) = tfsinx + 6 lfcos2x
T
(b) 0 (d) I
ifx<—
2
61.
](x\x\)dx
= (b) 2 id)
= constant
if—<x<—
2
2
(a) 0 (c) 4
if * >—
6 2
4 then/(x)
is a c o n t i n u o u s f u n c t i o n on R then < a b > (a) 2 2 (c) < 0 , 2 > 5 4 . 4 tan dx 
;a)
'
If
(b) < 0 ,  1 > (d)
2X
(a)
logx
X
(b) (d)
logx logx
<1,0>
(c) log log
.
, Vtan'ftoltan^ llx2 1 3A' 1  6x2 + x4
6 3 . If Jcosecxdx (a) tanlogsinx
= f ( x ) + constant then / ( x )
(b)
VTv
1
log «. 1— tan x logjcosxl
c)
r ^
(d)
1 l+x2
(c)
(d)
>5. If lx2  3 xy + y2 + x  ly  8=0, then dy_ dx 3 y  4* — 1 3y + 4 x  1 a) (b) 2y  3 *  2 2y + 3x + 2 3 y  4* +1
C)
6 4 . If 4 = / t a n " xdx f o r n > 2 then L + / (a) , , (c) tan"x tan"; (b) tan'71 x n 1
3>> + 4 * + 1 (d) 2j/3x2
2 v  3x + 2
(d) n tan"x
6. T h e equation o f t h e t a n g e n t at (1, 5) to the Airve y = 5x 4 is: 1) 2 0 *  y ~ 15 ;) 20x+y = 15 (b) x + 20y = 101 (d) x20y= 101
65. (a) (c)
jxs\nxdx = 0 0 1
(b) 1 (d) 2
6
MATHEMATICS TODAY  JANUARY '07
66. The area (in square units) of region bounded by the y  axis and the curve 2x = y2  1 is (a) (c) 1 (b) (d) 2^3 272
(c)
E(e«)
(d)
E(e'i,x)
67. The solution of differential equation (x2 + y2) dx = 2xy dy is 2 2 (a) x + y = cy (b) c (x2  y2) = x 2 2 (c) x  y = cy (d) x2 + y2  cx 68. A number n is chosen at random from the set {11, 12, 13, .... 30} The probablity that n is neither divisible by 3 nor divisible by 5 is (a) 7/20 (b) 9/20 (c) 11/20 (d) 13/20 69. The probability that a number n chosen at random from 1 to 30, to satisfy (a) 7/30 (c) 3/5
n +
75. If a is standard deviation of a random variable X, then the standard deviation of the random variable aX + b where a, b e R is (a) a a + b (b) a (d) a2 a (c) \a\ <5 + b SOLUTIONS
1.
(c)
(d)
~
> 2 7
is
(b) 3/10 (d) 1/5
70. If a random variable x has the distribution given below then the value of c is x =k P(x = k) (a) 1/5 (c) 1/10 ~2 1 10 1 0 1 2 1 5 3 c 1 . 3 2c 10 10 (b) 2/5 (d) 3/10
6. 11. 16. 21. 26. 31. 36. 41. 46. 51. 56. 61. 66. 71.
(b) (c) (c)
(d)
(b) (c)
(d)
(c) (a) (a)
(d)
(b) (b)
2. 7. 12. 17. 22. 27. 32. 37. 42. 47. 52. 57. 62. 67. 72.
(d)
(O (b) (c) (a) •(b)
(d)
(b)
(d)
(O (c) (b) (c) (b) (a)
3. 8. 13. 18. 23. 28. 33. 38. 43. 48. 53. 58. 63. 68. 73.
(a)
(d)
(c) (b) (c) (b) (c) (b) (c) (a) (a) (c) (b) (b) (b)
4. 9. 14. 19. 24. 29. 34. 39. 44. 49. 54. 59. 64. 69. 74.
(c) (a) (d)
(d) (d)
(a) (c) (a) (c)
(d)
(c) (b) (b) (d) (c)
5. 10. 15. 20. 25. 30. 35. 40. 45. 50. 55. 60. 65. 70. 75.
(b) (a)
(d)
(c) (c) (a)
(d)
(c) (d) (b) (a) (b) (b) (c) (b) •
WttG
71. A random variable x can attain only the values 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 with respective probablities k, 2k, 3k, 2k, k. If m is the mean of the probability distribution then (k, m) = 1 (a) (b) (c) ,4 (d) (1,3) is a probability
National Oaleiice Ccatfemy Complete Physics Chemistry Biology G.K.& English •> Solved Papers u theory. •> Mathematics
72. !f/(jc) = X e~"* (a > 0) for 0 < x • density function then X = (a) a (b) a2 (c) Ma (d) a~2
73. Two unbiased dice are thrown simultaneously. The probability to get a sum more than 8 is (a) 5/36 (b) 5/18 (c) 5/12 (d) 2/9 74. The moment generating function of a random variable is (a) E (e~' r ) (b) E (e te)
34 MATHEMATICS TODAY SEPTEMBER'07
2001  2006
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Very Similar Practice Paper
IITJEE 2008
By : Vidyalankar Institute*, Part I Time : 1 hi: Max. Marks : 81 ;
5
Mumbai
Section 1 : Straight Objective Type ; This section contains 9 multiple choice questions ! numbered 1 to 9. Each question has 4 choices (a), (b),  (c) and (d), out of which ONLY ONE is correct. j ah + pg 1. If ap + p/ « / + PY g / a P + hy ^P + Py ah + Pg a = £ a.p + p / (a) P h h p ,then K is equal to (d) 2.
, ,„ a + b , b + c , . . _ I !n n a,  ^ 1 ab 1 be ' ~b ,C are ln (a) G.P. (b) A.P. (c) H.P. (d) none of these. 6. If Jz, = I, b2! = 2, \z3\ = 3 and \zl + 2z1 + 3z3j = 6 then r2z3 + 8r 3 r, + 27z,z2( is equal to (a) 6 ^ (b) 36 (c) 216 (d) data insufficient. f ,200 1 j^ 1 7. If {.v} denotes the fractional part of x, then i g Ms (a)
(c)
Y gP + / Y
\
5
o
(b)
(d) none of these. 2r x y n(n +1) h (2/1 + 3) , n'\n + 1) is independent of
r\
a / + PY g f (b) a (c) y
2. The sum of the digits in tens place of all numbers formed with the digits 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 taken all at a time without repetition is (a) 360 (b) 120 (c) 24 (d) none of these. 3. X, Y and Z are positive numbers greater than 10 such that F a n d Z have respectively 1 and 0 at their unit's
8.
If Sr =
6r
2
1
4 r  2nr then the vaiue of
place and A is the determinant
• If (A + 1) is
divisible by 10 then A'has at its unit's place (a) 1 (b) 0 (c) 2 (d) none of these. 4. the 1 (a) (c) If x + 1 is a factor of ax + bx + cx + dx + e then real root of the ax4 + bx3 + cx2 + dx + e = 0 other than is e/a (b) e/a ale (d) ale.
3 4 3 1
(a) x only (b) y only (c) x, y, z, n (d) x, y and z only. 9. In a college examination, a candidate is required to attempt 6 out of 10 questions which are divided into two sections each containing 5 questions. Futher the candidate is not permitted to attempt more than 4 questions from either of the section. The number of ways in which he can make up a choice of 6 questions is (a) 15 (b) 200 (c) 100 (d) 50. Section II : AssertionReason Type This section contains 4 questions numbered 10 to 13. Each question contains STATEMENT1 (Assertion) and STATEMENT2 (Reason). Each question has 4 choices (a), (b), (c) and(d), out of which ONLY ONE is correct. Of these statement, mark correct choice.
H.O.: Pearl Centre, Senapati Bapat Marg, Dadar (W), Mumbai400 028. Tel.: (022)2430 63 67, 2432 43 42
fax : (022)2422 88 92, website : www.vidyalankar.org, email: iit@vidyalankar.org
MATHEMATICS TODAY APRIL'07
162
(a) Statement  1 and 2 are true and statement  2 is a correct explanation for statement 1. (b) Statement  1 and 2 are true and statement  2 is not a correct explanation for statement  1. (c) Statement  1 is true, statement 2 is false. (d) Statement  1 is false, statement  2 is true. 10. Statement 1 : The modulus of the complex number z=sinf Statement
+
... , ab , cd variable y = x + — = x + —. x x (iii) An equation of the form (x  a) 4 + (x  b)* = A can also be s o l v e d m a k i n g a s u b s t i t u t i o n , _(xa) + (xb)
y
/l 2
+
cosf)
i s
2cos^.
14. The number of real solutions of the equation, (.x4 + 1)  4x (x2 + 1) 3x = 0 is (a) 4 (b) 2 (c) 0 (d) 1. 15. The number of real solutions of the equation (x + 3)(x + l)(x  7){x  9) = 384 is (a) 4 (b) 2 (c) 0 (d) 1. 16. The v a l u e s of x, s a t i s f y i n g t h e (x + l) 4 + (x 5)5 + 46 = 0 are (a) (c) Mn 2+fi 2I/27
w
3n 3rc / 2 3rc z = 2sin—cos _ + 2 c o s 3nf • 3n , • 3ji : 0 cos—I s i n — + (cos— 2
11. Statement
1 : Given E., i = 1 , 2 ,
=
n are n
equation
r , l <i<n, 1+i the probability that none of the n events occur is n/(n+ 1). Statement 2 . Probability of independent events is equal to the product of the probabilities of these events. independent events, such that, P(Ei) 12. Statement 1 : Let a * b, c * 0. If the quadratic equations, x2 + ax + be  0 and x2 + bx + ca = 0, have a common root, then the other roots satisfy x2 + cx + ab
= 0.
(b)
2ii
(d) 2(1+/VT3).
: Paragraph for Question Nos. 17 to 19
Let A be a set containing n elements. A subset P of A is chosen and the set A is reconstruted by replacing the elements of P. A subset Q of A is chosen again. Find the number of ways of choosing P and Q. 17. If ' P ' and ' Q ' have equal number of elements (a)
(C)
Statement 2 : b is the common root. 13. Statement 1 : Equation of a circle in Argand plane can be given by \z  3/' = 2. Statement 2 : Circle is centred at (0,2) and its radius is 3. Section I I I : L i n k e d C o m p r e h e n s i o n Type This section contains 2 paragraphs Mu lg and M]7 v/ Based upon each paragraph, 3 multiple choice questions have to be answered. Each question has 4 choices (a), (b), (c) and (d), out of which ONLY ONE is correct. M, Paragraph for Question No. 14 to 16 Methods to solve some important forms into quadratic equations. (i) An equation of the form (x  a)(x  b)(x  c)(x  d) = A, w h e r e a + b = c + d= k (say), can be written as (x1(a + b) x + ab)(x2  (c + d) x + cd) = A => (x2  kx + ab)(x2  kx + cd) = a, then put x2  kx = / and proceed. (ii) An equation of the form (x  a)(x  b)(x  c) (x  d) = Ax2 where ab  cd can be reduced to a collection of two quadratic equation by a change of
i2 Z Q /0
2
(b) 4" (d) none of these. (b) X
"C
18. If ' 2 ' contains just one element more than (a) (c)
2
"C n1 X CrCr+!
r=0
(d) none of these.
19. If ' Q ' contains at least one element more than ' P ' (a) 2 2 " " ' (b) 2"C (c) 2
(d) 22"'+±(2"C,
2\
Section IV : M a t r i c e s  M a t c h Type This section contains 3 questions. Each question contains statements given in two columns which have to be matched, statements (P, Q, R, S) in Column I have to be matched with statements (A, B, C, D) in Column II. 20. Column I Column II 47 60
(P) Two numbers a and b are chosen (A) at random from the set of first 30 natural numbers. The probability that a2  b1 is divisible by 3 is
34
MATHEMATICS TODAYSEPTEMBER'07
(Q) A bag congtains 3 red, 4 white and 5 black balls. Three balls are drawn at random. The probability that all the three are of different colours is (R) Among 15 players, 8 are batsmen
47 (B) 87
2. If z is a complex number such that z & 0 and Re{z) = 0, then : (a) Re(z2) = 0 (b) lm (z2) = 0 2 2 (c) Re (z ) = lm (z ) (d) none of these. 3. If a , (3, y are the roots of the I + cr X3 + X2 + X  1 = 0 then 1 1 (c) 3 1 equation 1
(C)
28 gj
and 7 are bowlers. The probability that a team is chosen of 6 batsmen and 5 bowlers is (S) In a horse race, the odds in favour of three horses are 1 : 2, 1 : 3 and 1 : 4. The probability that one of them will win the race is 21. (P) (3 (Q) of Column I Column II One of the square roots of (A)2  10/ 4/) is If x is conjugate complex number (B) 248 (D) 11
1 + P2
1
1
1 + y2 (d) 4.
(a) 0
(b) 1
4.
11— A ! ! i  System of equations,  z  1 — 7 = 2 has j (b) one solution (d) none of these.
(a) no solution (c) two solutions
5. If a, b, c > 0 such that a + 2b + 3c = 4 then maximum value of a b V equals (a) 64 729 (b) 128 81 (c) 128 243
6 4 ^ (d) 243
2i , then 25x = ( 1  2 if (R) (1 + if + (1  if (S) The value of (  1 + /V3)
48
(C)  2  1 1  / is (D)2 + /
22. 20 identical balls have to be distributed among 4 jugglers. The number of ways in which these balls can be distributed such that Column I Column II (P) all the jugglers get at least one (A)885 ball is (Q) all the jugglers get at least one (B) 1 ball and no one gets more than 10 balls is (R) all the jugglers get odd number (C)969 of bans is (S) all of them get equal number (D) 165 of balls is. P a r t !! Section I : Straight Objective Type This section contains 9 multiple choice questions numbered 1 to 9. Each questions has 4 choices (a), (b), (c) and (d), out of which ONL Y ONE is correct. 1. If 'co' is a complex root of the equation z3 = 1, ]
1
6. If the roots of the equation x3  12x2 + 39x  28 = 0 are in A.P., then their common difference is (a) ± 1 (b) ± 2 (c) ± 3 (d) ± 4. 7. If the imaginary part of (2z + 1) / (iz + 1) is  2 , then the locus of the point representing z in the complex plane is (a) a circle (b) a straight line (c) a parabola (d) none of these. 8. There are n different books having m copies. If the total number of ways of making a selection from them is 255 and m n + 1 = 0, then distance of point (m, n) from the origin is (a) 3 (b) 4 (c) 5 (d) none of these. 9. In a sequence of (4n + 1) terms the first (2n + 1) terms are in AP whose common difference is 2, and the last (2n + 1) terms are in GP whose common ratio is 0.5. If the middle terms of the AP and GP are equal then the middle term of the sequence is (a) n2"
2"  1
(I+2+A+2I+ then co + co 8 32 128 (a) (b) 0
(b)
n2"
is equals to (c) 9 (d) /.
(c) n2"
(d) none of these.
34 MATHEMATICS TODAY SEPTEMBER'07
Section II : Assertion  Reason Type This section contains 4 questions numbered 10 to 13. Each question contains STATEMENT1 (Assertion) and STATEMENT2 (Reason). Each question has 4 choices (a), (b), (c) and (d), out of which ONLY ONE is correct of these statement, mark correct choice. (a) Statement  1 and 2 are true and statement  2 is a correct explanation for statement 1. (b) Statement  1 and 2 are true and statement  2 is not a correct explanation for statement  1. (c) Statement  I is true, statement  2 is false. (d) Statement  1 is false, statement  2 is true. 10. Statement 1 : Let f ( x ) = 6.v4 + 5x3  38x2 + 5* + 6. Then all the four roots of f ( x ) = 0 are real and distinct. Statement 2 : f ( x ) changes its sign two or more than two times. 11. Statement 1 : The inverse of the 0 cos0 sin© 0 cos0 Statement 2 . Adj. A =  s i n 0 0 sin0 cos0 0 sin© 0 0 1 cos0 0 0 0 1 matrix
14. (a) (c) 15. PR (a)
The area of the quadrilateral is 10 (b) 20 25 (d) none of these. The angle between the side PQ and the diagonal is (b)
tatl
~'ff
(c) f
(d) none of these.
16. The quadrilateral PQRS is a (a) trapezium (b) rhombus (c) square (d) none of these. Mn
i9
Paragraph
for question
No. 17 to 19
j " c o s 0 sin0 /) = (sin0 0 cos0 0 0 1
Consider n G.Ps. say GP1, GP2, GPn whose first terms are a,,' a,2 a n and the common ratios I are r,, r „ r n. Further,' let 1 > r,1>2r > > rn . Let 1' 2' Sv S2, Sn stand for the sum of n terms of GP 1, GP2, GPn. And X,X 2 , S^denote the sum to (n + 1) terms of GP I, GP2 GPn. 17. (a) (b) (c) (d) S., X, are given (respectively) by S. =.ai (1  r"+ ')/(!  r ) , £,= a. (1  r")/( 1  r.) St = at (1  r" +')/(1  r ), 1= a, (1  r"2)/(l  r) S, = a, (1  /,")/(1  r ) , S, = a, (1  r" + ')/( 1  r ) none of these.
12. Statement I : In any binomial (x + a)", the sum of all the coefficients is 2", a being a fixed constant. n V n C — Statement 2 : L. W  z
r=0
18. Which of the following is/are true ? (a) 2,/S, > 12/S2 > S,/S 3 > > ZjSn (b) <12/S2 < E A < < E„/S (c) E,/5,, ~Z2/S2, E„/5n. is neither increasing nor decreasing (d) none of these. 19. Let all of the n G.Ps be infinite G.Ps and aM2k  1 and rk = 2l(2k + 1) for k = 1, 2, 3 7. Then L'
STTT;
"
13. Statement 1 : In the binomial (1 + x)", the sum of odd coefficients is equal to the sum of even coefficients. Statement 2 : Substitute, x =  1 and transfer all  v e ' terms on the R.H.S. Section III : Linked Comprehension Type This section contains 2 paragraphs Mu I6 and M/s v Based upon each paragraph, 3 multiple choice questions have to be answered. Each question has 4 choices (a), (b), (c) and (d), out of which ONLY ONE is correct. M, Paragraph for Question Nos. 14 to 16 The vertices P, Q, R, S of a quadrilateral represent the complex numbers (2 + /'), (5 + 5/'), (1 + Si) and (  2 + 4/) respectively.
1
^
is equal to (b) 1/60 (d) none of these.
(a) 1/120 (c) 1/30
Section IV : M a t r i x  M a t c h Type This section contains 3 questions. Each question contains statements given in two columns which have to be matched. Statements (P, Q, R, S) in Column I have to be matched with statements (A, B. C, D) in Column II. The answers to these questions have to be appropriately bubbled as illustrated in the following example.
34
MATHEMATICS TODAY SEPTEMBER'07
20. Column I (p)
If
Column II (A) 1 2,: u[2,oo)
P(A'nB)
= ~Ahen
P(A) = (C)
(x3)(3xl) (  x  2 ) ( 5 x + 2)
(R) If two dice are thrown
then x lies in the interval (Q) (3x  l) 3 (x  2)(5x  2) 2 (x + 2) 7 >0
simultaneously, then the probability of obtaining a total score of seven is (S) On a toss of dice, Ram (D) 10
then x lies in the interval
(B)
 2 , f , u r.2
throws a total of 5. Then the probability that he will throw another 5 before he throws 7 is ANSWERS PartI 2. (a) 1 (b) 7. (a) 6. (b) 12. (c) 11. (d) 16. (c, d) 17. (a, c) 20. (P) (B); (Q) > 21. (P) — (D) > 22. (P) —»(C) 3. 8. 13. 18. (D); 4. (a) (c) 9. (b) (c) 14. (b) (a, c) 19. (c) (R) (C); (S)
(R) The value of k for which (C) (x  3k)(x  k  3) < 0 for x e [1, 3] is (S) The value of x for which 15x + x  2 (x24) (15x + x  2) (X24) (D) o,
(c)
5 (c) 10. (d) 15. (a) (A)
21. Column I Column II f 21og 6 3 n ,.2 , 1 (P) 4 ^ + (l0g 6 2) +  (A) 11 66 Iog 2 6 (log3 6) is (Q) If 1, co, (d2 are cube roots of unit, (B)  1
/l 3, 9 ,
PartII I. (a) 2. (b) 3. (d) 6. (c) 7. (b) 8. (c) II. (a) 12. (d) 13. (a) 16. (c) 17. (c) 18. (a) 20. (P) — (C); (Q) — (A); (R) » > 21. ( P )  ^ ( C ) 22. (P)>(D) WctGr
4. (a) 5. (a) 9. (a) 10, (b) 14. (c) 15. (c) 19. (b) (D);(S)>(B)
then <o + ov 2
8 32
'is
(R) In the expansion of (C) 4 (1 + x)"'( 1  x)" the coefficients of x and x2 are 3 and  6 respectively, then the value of m is (S) A polygon has 44 diagonals, (D) 12 then the number of its sides are 22. Column I (P) 3 out of 6 vertices of a regular hexagon are chosen at random. The probability that the triangle with these vertices is equilateral is (Q) If A and B are two independent events such that P(AnB) = — and
3
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MATHEMATICS TODAY  JUNE 07
31
20. Column I (x3)(3xl) (P) If (  x  2 ) ( 5 x + 2) then x lies in the interval
Column II (A) 1 2, u [ 2 , » ) '3
P(A'r\B)
=
then P(A) = (C)
(R) If two dice are thrown
simultaneously, then the probability of obtaining a total score of seven is >0 (S) On a toss of dice, Ram _1_ (D) 10
(Q)
(3xl)3(x2)(5x2)2 (x + 2) 7
then x lies in the interval
(B)
2,
u
3'"
throws a total of 5. Then the probability that he will throw another 5 before he throws 7 is ANSWERS PartI 2. 1. (b) 7. 6 (b) 12. 11. (d) 16. (c, d) 17. 20. (P) (B); 21. (P)>(D) 22. (P) —»(C) PartII I. (a) 2. 6. (c) 7. II. (a) 12. 16. (c) 17. 20. (P)  » (C); 21. ( P )  * ( C ) 22. ( P )  > ( D ) (a) 3. (a) 8. (c) 13. (a, c) 18. (Q) (D); (c) 4. (c) 9. (c) 14. (a, c) 19. (R) (C); (a) (b) (b) (c) (S) 5. (c) 10. fd) 15. (a) (A)
(R) The value of k for which (C) (.x  3k)(x  k  3) < 0 for x e [1, 3] is (S) The value of x for which \5xl+x2 (x  4 )
2
2,f]uI,3
P)
4
(15x2+x2)
(X 4)
2
21. Column I Column II f (P) 4 (A) 11 66 log 2 6 (log3 6) is (Q) If 1, to, oo2 are cube roots of unit, (B)  1
(b) (b) (d) (c) (Q)
3. 8. 13. 18. (A);
(d) (c) (a) (a) (R) >
4. 9. 14. 19. (D);
(a) (a) (c) (b) (S)
5. (a) 10. (b) 15. (c) (B)
WlfcG
( s 32 then co+ffl uH N r
* 'is •
(R) In the expansion of (C) 4 (1 + x)"'( 1  xf the coefficients of x and x2 are 3 and  6 respectively, then the value of m is (S) A polygon has 44 diagonals, (D) 12 then the number of its sides are 22. Column I (P) 3 out of 6 vertices of a regular hexagon are chosen at random. The probability that the triangle with these vertices is equilateral is (Q) If A and B are two independent events such that P( AnB) 3 = — and Column II
Guide
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MATHEMATICS TODAY SEPTEMBER'07
167
SOLVED PAPER
1. If a 1 + 2a + 3a
2
3Qm? ©@(
(Second Stage)
7 13. Evaluate 1 0 y2 = 2yx
lQ
is the wth root of unity, then determine + to n terms.
i
g*
2
,
2. Let x = e2n'n be a primitive 7 th root of unity. Find a cubic polynomial with integer coefficients having a = x + x~i as a root. 3. If the first two terms of a harmonic progression are 2/5 and 12/13 respectively, then find the value of the largest term. 4.
(2 
14. Find the area of the region bounded by the curve and the>axis.
15. Show that the vectors i + j + k, 2i + 3jk and  i  2 j + 2k are linearly dependent. 16. Solve the v e c t o r equation f x a + kr = b,
Find the general term in the expansion of
3X )~ .
2 2/3
where a, b are two given vectors and k is a given scalar. 17. Two persons each make a single throw with a pair of dice. Determine the probability that the sum of the numbers on two dice is same. 18. Find the value of tan9° tan 27°  tan 63° + tan 81° 19. If in a triangle.4 BC, (sin A + sin B + s i n Q (sin A + sin B  sin C) = 3 sin.4 siixB, then which of the an gles is 60°? 20. A tree is broken by wind, its upper part touches the ground at a point 10 rn from the root of the tree and makes an angle of 45° with the ground. Determine the entire length of the tree. SOLUTION 1. Let S = 1 + 2a + 3a2 +
2 3
5. Find the area of the triangle with vertices A(5, 4), B(2,4) and C(2, 6). 6. If the axes be turned through an angle tan 1 2, what does the equation 4xy  3x2 = a2 become? 7. Find the equation of the circle passing through the origin and cutting the circles x2 + y2  4x + 6y + 10 = 0 and x2+y2+ 12y + 6 = 0 at right angles. 8. Determine the length of the chord of contact of tangents drawn from (xuy{) to the parabola_y2 = 4ax. 9. Find the equation of the tangents to the ellipse x2 + 16y2 = 1 6 each one of which makes an angle of 60° with the xaxis. 10. Find the equation of hyperbola whose foci are (8,3), (0, 3) and eccentricity is 4/3. si In 11. Determine lim. n\
to n terms
=> 5(1  a ) = [1 + a + a 5(1  a ) 1 a" 1a
11
+ a + ..: to n terms]  na"
no,
12. Determine the difference between the greatest and least values of the function f (x) = sin 2x  x on
Contributed by : Paradise
since i^l = a => a " = 1 .v(la) = 2. 1a • n =}• s = 1a
7t u 2' 2
Institute,
.471 . 6C T 7/7 , . 2n .471 bit = V1 = 1 , CIS—, CIS—, CIS—,
Arya Kumar Road, Near Railway Over Bridge, Rajendera Nagar, Patna  800 016. MATHEMATICS TODAY M Y 07 A
12
CIS — , CIS —
. 8ft .271
. 10ft .471
, C I S — = 1,
. 1271
,
CIS — , CIS —
.671
. (
6n\
4.
(
r+1 
l(H(3r — 1 3 _ 22/3
 2
•I,2/3
CIS
4tO
~ )
C1S
. (2ft
l~J
4 f t ) , . . 471 T ) + l s i n T
\( 2 n V . • 2ti \\ x => (x !)•{[ x  cos~^j  i ' s i n ^ jj y x  cco ss^  jl + / /sin — o y + sm ? 4tt 1 17 4ft , x  c o s — I/sinT \ \ ( x 6ft . • 67t xcos—J/sin— ( 2ft V = > ( x  l ) I x. c o s — J
471Y , . . 2
2 5 8 11 _ 3 ' 3 3' 3 r\ 258 5.
„2/
c o s
5 n V .  67:1 x  c o s — + 7Sin—> = 7 7 J
Jlr z T r\ 1, , A =  [5 • (4 + 6)  2(  6  4) + 2(4  4)]  ^
(3r — 1)
J
+ 7 sin
2
271
= ^  5 0 + 2 0  = 35 B(2,4) C (2, 6) 6. ft l« ^ h — < tan 1 2 = 6 < tan0 = 2
COS0 =
(
4ft x  c o s — j +/sin — 2
6ft ^ ,  2 6TC x  c o s — J + sin — = 0 x 2 „ 4ft, 2xcos^=+l
1 V5
„ 2xcos^ + , l
> sin0 = y/5 y' V5
2 * 6ft , x 2xcos—+ 1 271 1 x2cos—+— 7 x. „ 6ft 1 r „ 4ti r x  2 c o s — + — x2cos= + — 7 x. L 7 x.
x' 2/ „ 2x' Let x = —t= —7= & y = V5 V5 V5
=>  l ( x '  2 / )  L (2x' + y )  3 X I (x'  2 y f = a 2 0
0
4 ( 2 x ' 2  2 / z  x y )  3 ( x ' 2 + 4 / 2  4 x ' / ) = 5a2 => 5 x ' 2  2 0 y ' 2 + 8x'y' = 5 a 2 Hence new equation of curve is 5x2 — 20y 2 + 8xy = 5a2 7. Let the required circle passing through origin be x2 + y2+ 2gx + 2fy = 0 (1) Since (1) cuts the given circles
x
4ft 1 6ft 1 r 2ft i a2cos— a2cos— a2cos— = 7_ 7 . L 7 . ,3 2ft 4ft 6ft ^ =>/  2 / I c o s — + c o s — + COS—J( 2ft 4/ I COS —
COS —
4ft
+ C O S — COS —
4ft
6ft
+ COS —
6ft
COS
2ft
7
2
+ y
2 _ 4
x
+
6
y
+
1 0
=
0
(2)
2ft 4ft 6ft „  8 c o s — • cos — • cos — = 0 7 7 7 =>/3+/2 + 2 /  l = 0 Required cubic polynomial is t3 + t2 + 2/  1. 3. First t w o t e r m s of H.P. are 2/5 and 12/13
and x2+y2 + 12y + 6 = 0 (3) orthogonally => 2gg + 2 f f ' = c + c' 2g(2) + 2/(3) = 0 + 1 0 i.e. 2g + 3 / = 5 (4) and 2g(0) + 2/(6) = 0 + 6, i . e . /  1/2 From (4),  2 g + 3/2 = 5 => 2g =  7 / 2 => g =  7/4 the required circle is x 2 + y2  (7/2)x + y = 0 8." First method: Let P = (x,,y) Given parabola is y 2 = 4ax
2c
U.11
(1)
1 12
2 ' 12'
_I 3''
are in A.P. are in H.P.
Let the tangents from P touch the parabola at Q(at{, 2a/,)
2
"<j
2 12 => —, < — , >  3,
and
=> Largest term = 12/13.
MATHEMATICS TODAYjSEPTEMBER'07
R(at2 , 2at2) then P is the point of intersection of tangents.
55
J J = atxt2 and yx = a(tl + t2) C or, uu  — and u + u = * a a 2at2f
= r~j ^ 2  4 a x , ) ( j , 2 + 4 a 2 )
{from equation (2)}
,.(2)
9. x2
We know that the equation of tangents to the ellipse +b2 X2
+
Now QR = ^(a/, 2  a / f ) 2 +(2a/, = Ja2(tlt2f \a\ [{t.+hff 1 + / 2 ) 2 + 4} 4]
2 , ^ 2 + ^ T  1 is given by y= mx±yja2m2
the given equation is x 2 + \6y2 = 16 i.e., => a = 4, b = 1 therefore, w = tan 60° = equation of 1
y2
a
I f , t.
required
tangents
:
[4+4]
y = V 3 x ± V l 6 x 3 + l i.e., y = j3x±
hi
 4 a x , ) ^(y\ + 4a 2 ) \a\ 1
2 2
10. The centre of the hyperbola is the mid point of the line joining the two foci (from equation 2) n(h»k>) —
(*i.
= r~y ^'(y, 4<xc,)(>'1 + 4 a ) Second Method : The equation of QR is
2
f 8 + 0 3+3^ So the coordinates of the centre are I ~ T ~ I i.e. (4, 3) Let 2a & 2b be the lengths of transverse and conjugate axes and let e be the eccentricity. Then equation of hyperbola is ^ ^ — ^ =1
„ / s .Wi _ 2 ax, L = 2a(x + x,) or, x = • •' • —
yd a b*
The ordinates of Q and R are the roots of the equation Since distance between the foci = 2ae / = 4a 2a y =
1
2(yyx2axx)
= yj{82)2+(33)2 =8 = 2 a x j ^ a = 3
y2  2yyx + 4axx = 0 (*2 k,) = yj(kx +k2)
2
kx + k2 = 2yx and kxk2 = 4ax, 4kxk2 ....(1) ••••(2) Thus the equation of the hyperbola (x41 (y3)2 9 7 i.e., 7x2  9/  56x + 54y  32 = 0
,xl/»
s](4y2 16ax,) = V ( j f  4 f l « i )
Since A:,) and /?(/»2, &2) He on the parabola;/2 = 4ax, therefore A,2 = 4a/!, and £22 = 4a/?2
=» k22  k2 = 4 a(h2  hi) (k2 + *,•) (A2  A,) = 4a(h2  hi) 11. => 2j,(&2  kx) = 4a(ft2  hx) y\{k2~k\)
2a
Let L = lim  — n + logn
....(3)
n n = lim — l o g  + l o g  + /j>oo Yl 1 I
QR =
J(k2kx)2+(h2hxf
y 2 2
= J(k2k,f
+
^
 ^ 4az
JAzK> 2\a\
IL.2,.^
1 " n => logeL = lim  X l ° g h—>00 rn= 1 1 r • =   l o g x dx . —=x n = [  x l o g x + xjJ, = l + l i m x l o g x ,
+
1
— w n = dx
=
2 J(yi  4ax1)
VV
r. J y , 2 + 4a 2 ) {from equation (3)}
,. logx HO "T^T l/«
=
,
+
.. 1 In x>0~7 7« = 1  0 = 1 ]/ T
=»I=c
74
MATHEMATICS TODAY  MAY 07
12. f ( x ) = sin 2x  x => / ' ( * ) = 2cos2x  1 For max. and min. f'(x) => *
=
15. Let /j = i +j + k => r2 = 2i + 3jk r3 =  /'  2j + 2k
and
= 0 => cos 2x = 1/2
It
7t
6 •'
T mm +ve it/6 7t/2
For rx, r 2 , to be linearly dependent iff one can be expressed as the linear combination of other two. Consider, r3=xi{+ yr2

—it/2
it/6
i

2
j + 2k = x (/' +j + k) + y(2i +3 j , A we get
jk) (xy)k
==>  J  2 j + 2k = (x + 2y) i +{x + 3y)j + Equating coefficients of
/ ()
and /
=
l"l(maX'ValUe)
6 J
2 6 (min. value)
• difference = 1 13. Let / = 
0
log* x2 + a2 0 = ft/2
dx
2
x + 2y =  l (1) x + 3y =  2 (2) xy =2 (3) ( 2 )  ( l ) => y =  1 from (1), x = 1 which satisfy the equation (3), => x and y are unique => F3 = t\  ?2 • Hence proved 16. vectors, Since 5, 6 and a x 6 are two noncoplanar r = xa + yb + z(a x b) ....(1)
Put x = a tan 0 => dx = a sec 0 dQ when x = °°
n/ 2 f
, log(atan0) 2 q j q =» / = J — ^ — Y  ^ x a s e c ' d d d o a sec 0
ft/2
(where x, y, z scalars) Putting ? in r x a + kr = b we g e t ; \xr + yb + z(a x £)} x a + k {xa + y£ + z{a x 6)} = b .(1) y(£ x a) +  {(a • 3)6  (a • b )a J + /cjxaxyft + z[axb^ =b
/ =
a
/ log(a tan Q)dB o
i ft/2 / =  J Iog(acot0)rf0 a o As \f(x)dx o Adding equation (1) and (2), we get 1 l 21 = — • Jlog(a )<f0 a o log a ~a~)
..(2) = J / ( a  x ) dx o =$kxz(a 6) = 0,
+ {yzA:}(a x £ ) = Z > + z(a • a ) = 1,  y + 2£ = 0
Solving these equations, we get 1 <3 • b and y =
£ 2 +  a  2 ' / c ( j a  2 + £2) 2
(0,2)
k2+\a\2
Putting these values in (1), we get the solutions (0,1) KM) »x (a • b) k(k + 1 k2+\a\2 = 2
1  
14. y 2 = 2y  x => x = 2 y  y 2 (yl)2= 1x if * = 0 => y = 0, 2 1 Required area = 2 \x o = 2\(2yy2)dy =2 dy
k \a\2)+k2+\a\2
2
W+,
(0,0)
k
2
1
+\a\
(axb)
(ab)< + (k)b +
(axb)
y
3
3 4"
is required solution. 17. n(S) = 6 4 , n(E) = 1 1 0
M A T H E M A T I C S T O D A YjSEPTEMBER'07
55
Discussion:
For sum 2 :
Person I
(1,1) ~
No, of favourable Person II cases
•(1,2) 1
1
j
"
* ( * ) " 64
" 648
18. tan9°  tan27°  tan 63° + tan81° = (tan 9° + cot9°)~(tan27° + cot27°) 2 cos 36°  sin 18° sin 180° sin 54° sin" 18° • sin 54° 4 cos 36° = 4. cos36c 19. (sin A + sin B + sin C)(sin A + sin B  sin C) = 3 sin A  sin# sin A sin B sin C Applying sine rule, k(say)
=> (ak + M + ck)(ak => (a + b + c){a + a b c + bk  ck) = 3ak • bk lab
c )
For sum 3 :
(1,2)
(1,2)
(2, i) 0, ) (2,32)
^ ( 3 , 1)
(2, 1)
22
For sum 4 :
(1,3)
32
^(1,4) For sum 5 : (1,4) >(2, 3) (3,2) (4, 1) and so on: For sum 10 : (4, 6) (4,6) >(5,5) (6,4) ^(5,6)  ( 6 , 5) 3
2
42
bc)
=> 25 .(2s  2c) = 3ab => 4 ^
= 3
Taking positive square root on both sides, we get
i
s(s c) ab
yfe 2
c 2
•v/3
2
c/2 = 30° => c = 60°
For sum 11 : (5, 6) For sum 12 : (6, 6)
2 2 2
(6, 6) «(£)= I + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5 + 52 + 4 2 + 32 + 22 + I 2
2 2
20. Since ^ 5 = 10 m & £ C = 10 m ^ AC 10V2 entire length of tree =AB+AC
10 m
B
= 2 ( 1 + 4 + 9 + 16 + 25)= 110
= ( 1 0 + 10V2) m  100/2 + 1) m
Challenge your preparation for C o m p e t i t i v e E x a m s with these exceptional practice tools.
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CHALLENGE • S< S is K n w a n m
..
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76
MATHEMATICS TODAY  MAY 07
12. f{x) = sin 2xx
=> f'(x)
= 2cos2x  1
15. Let
= i+j
+ k => r2=2i
+3jk
and
For max. and min. f'{x) _ 7t — 1 7 * " 6' T
= 0 => cos 2x = 1/2
= — i  2 j + 2k For r\, r 2 , r3 to be linearly dependent iff one can be expressed as the linear combination of other two. Consider, ?3 = xrx + yf2
+ve —jt/2
—n/6
jr/6
7t/2
=> i  2 j + 2k = x{i + j + k) + y{2i
+3jk) y)k
=>  7'  2j + 2k = (x + 2y)i + (x + 3y)j + (x
and • difference = 1 — 13. Let 1 = \
o
value)
log* x
2
+a
2
dx
Equating coefficients of i, j, k we get x + 2y =  l (1) x + 3y = 2 (2) xy = 2 (3) (2) ~ 0 ) => y = — i from (1), x = 1 which satisfy the equation (3), => x and y are unique => r3 = i\  r 2 . Hence proved 16. Since a, b and a x b are two noncoplanar x £) ....(1)
Put x = a tan 0 => dx = a sec 2 0 dQ when x  •» => 0 = n/2
n/ 2 , , log(atan0) => / = J — ^ — j — x a sec 01/0 a2 sec20
jc/2
vectors. .•. r  xa + yb+z(a
(where x, y, z scalars) Putting r in r x a + kr = b we g e t ; \xr + yb + z(axb)}xa + k{xa + yb + z{a xb)} = b .(1) y{b x a) + z {(a • a)b  {a • b)a} + k^xaxyb {ky + z(a + z(axb^ a)b} xb)  b =b
=> / =  j log(a tan 0)^0 a Q
i it/2
=>/ =  { o
log(acot0)c?0
•(2)
= \ f { a  x ) dx o =t>kxz{a
L © Jo
As \fix)dx o Adding equation (1) and (2), we get =>27 = — • Jlog(a )c?0 => a o
+ {yzk}(a
• b) = 0, ky + z{a a) = 1,  y + 2k = 0
logo r f t 1 n / 2
Solving these equations, we get 1 k2+\a\2'k(\a\2 a •b yr and y =  2 + k2) k +\a\2
 '  M?14. y2 = 2y — x => x = 2>> => iy1) = 1 x dy
y
2
Putting these values in (1), we get the solutions, y2 (0,2) (0,1) ^ ( 1 , 1 ) >x (0,0) (a
2
b)
2
1 k +\a {ab)a + {k)b
2
k{k, + a j 1 k2+\a\2
k + \a\2 +{axb)
2
(axb)
i f x = 0 = > y = 0, 2 l Required area = 2jx
2 J ( 2 j >  / ) ^ = 2 ..2
= 2
3 4"
is required solution. 17. n(S) = 6 4 , n(E) = 1 1 0
M A T H E M A T I C S TODAYjSEPTEMBER'0755
173
MOCK TEST
ISI 2 0 0 7
By Alok kumar, B.Tech, IITKanpur The Indian Statistical Institute (ISI), Kolkata, is considered as one of the foremost centres in the world for training and research in statistics and the related sciences. The B.Stat (Hons) degree program, the flagship programme of the institute, offers comprehensive instruction in the theory, method and application of statistics, in addition to several areas of Mathematics and some basic areas of computer science. Each candidate applying for admission to this programme has to take a selection test comprising Objective type and Shortanswer type questions in mathematics at the Higher Secondary level (10 + 2 year's programme). The selection tests consists of (1) A multiple choice type test having about 30 questions, and (2) A shortanswer type test having about 10 questions. Questions will be set on the following and related topics. Algebra : Sets, operations on sets, prime numbers, factorization of integers and divisibility, rational and irrational numbers, permutations and combinations, binomial theorem, logarithms, theory of quadratic equations, polynomial and remainder theorem, arithmetic and geometric progressions, inequalities involving A.M., G.M., and H.M., complex numbers. Geometry : Plane geometry of class X level. Geometry of 2 dimensions with cartesian and polar coordinates. Concept of a locus, equation of a line, angle between two lines, distance from a point to a line. Areas of a triangle, equations of a circle, parabola, ellipse and hyperbola and equations of their tangents and normals, mensuration. Trigonometry : Measures of angles, trigonometric and inverse trigonometric functions, trigonometric identities including addition formulae, solutions of trigonometric equations. Properties of triangles, heights and distances. Calculus : Functions, oneone functions, onto functions, limits and continuity, derivatives and methods of differentiation, slope and curve, tangents and normals, maxima and minima, use of calculus in sketching graph of functions, methods of integration, definite and indefinite integrals, evaluation of area using integrals. Logical Reasoning : Consistency of statements. In response to growing demand from students preparing for the ISI, we bring to you the first Mock ISI paper, which closely simulates the real exam. There is more to follow in the coming months. MULTIPLE CHOICE TEST 1. Among the following pairs of quadratic equations which has the same nature of their roots? 2 2 (a) 5x + 11* 4 17 and 33x + 2lx + 5 2 2 (b) 2\x + 25x + 13 and 59x + 67x + 21 3\x2 + 14* + 7 and 52x2 + 76x + 31 (c) (d) all of the above. 2. Given that /V=2"(2" + 1  1 ) and 2" + 1  l is a prime number. Which of the following is true? (a) Sum of divisors of N is 2N (b) Sum of reciprocals of the divisors of N is 1 (c) (d) 3. p of (a) (c) 4. Sum of the reciprocals of the divisors of N is 4 Sum of divisors of N is 47V. A fair coin is tossed 10,000 times. The probability obtaining at least 3 heads in a row satisfies \I4 < p < 1/2 (b) 3/4 < p < 1 0 < p < 1/4 (d) \/2 < p < 3/4. a, a2
, 2
a
FOR
are distinct positive real numbers. a3

+
Let S
£2006
a
a
2007
Then S satisfies
2007
18
MATHEMATICS TODAY
APRIL '07
(a) (c)
5 > 2007 S <1
(b) (d)
S < 2007 S> 1.
5. Each number from 1,2,3,... 100 (decimal system) is written in base 6 and their product is also written in base 6. The number of zeroes at the end of this product is (a) 97 (b) 48 (c) 24 (d) 16. 6. Let S = {1, 2,..., 100}. The number of unordered pairs (A, B) of subsets of S such that A and B have no elements in common, where A or B or both may be empty, is (a) 31 (b) 3 100  1 (c) 2 3 100 +1 2
,100
w
12. The number of solutions of the following system of equations {x}+y+[z] = 2.3 ; x+\y] + {z}= 4.5 [x] + {y} + z = 6.2 is (a) none (b) exactly one (c) exactly two (d) infinite. 13. Consider a sequence of numbers generated by the recursive relation v n + 3 = vn v„, n > 1. Let v, = 1 = v2 and v3 =  1 . Then v446 is (b)  1 (a) 1 (c) 1 or  1 (d) none of the foregoing numbers. 14. If
2 xL +y~2 •
(d)
2
y
2 z+w
2
then of the
7. The largest positive integer that cannot be written in a form 5a + lb, where a and b are positive integers is (a) 25 (b) 26 (c) 33 (d) 35. 8. For how many positive integers n is rr + 96 a perfect square? (a) exactly three (b) four (c) none (d) infinite. 9. Three straight lines are drawn through a point P, lying in the interior of a triangle ABC, parallel to its sides. The areas of the resulting three triangles are 1,2 and 4 cm. The area of the triangle ABC is (in sq. cm) (a) 21 (b) 3 + ^ 2 (c) 11 + 6 ^ 2 (d) 14.
xy+zw x+y+z+w following equalities which one is correct? xyzw _ 2{yz  xw) x —y+zw zw (a) (b) (c) yz xw x + y zw 2(xy zw) xy + z — w xy zw xy+zw z(xy  zw) xy+zw yzxw x+y+z+w yz  xw x+y+z+w
10. The altitude CN is drawn from the vertex C of the right angled triangle ABC. The radii of the circles inscribed into the triangles ACN and BCN are respectively 16 cm and 63 cm. The radius of the circle inscribed in the triangle ABC is (in cm) (a) 79/2 (b) 65 (c) 47 (d) 56. 11. Triangle PQR and P'Q'R' have side lengths as x, y, z and x',y', z' respectively, satisfying the relation yj(x + y + z)(x'+y' + z') = Jxx7 + + Vzz7.
(d) Let N = 2 1 2 2 4  1, a = 2 1 5 3 + 2 77 + 1 and 15. p = 2408 _ 2204 + i T h e n w h i c h G f t h e following statements is correct? (a) a divides N but j3 doesn't (b) (3 divides N but a doesn't (c) a and (3 both divide N (d) neither a nor P divides N. 16. The sum to the series (2 2 1 )(62—1) + (4 2 1 )(8 2 1)+...+(1 OO 2 1)(104 2  1 ) is (a) (b)
1 1001 [101103105107 109 + 13 579]
Then of the following statements only one is true. Which one is it? (a) triangle PQR and P'Q'R' are similar (b) triangle PQR and P'O'R' are congruent (c) exactly one of the two triangles is right angled (d) exactly one of the two triangles is isosceles.
[99101103105107 + 13 57] 10 1 (c) To [99101103105107 — 13 57] 1 [101 103 • 105 107 109  13 5  7  9 ] (d) UK) 17. What is the remainder when the repunit 111 ... 1!
670 l's
is divided by 1221? (A repunit is a number made up entirely of l's) (a) 1111 (b) 1213 (c) 11 (d) 121.
MATHEMATICS TODAY SEPTEMBER'07
175
18. In a certain city all licence plates are of five characters that is, a sequence of three digits followed by a sequence of two letters. Each licenceplate uses only the digits 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 and only the first thirteen letters of the English alphabet, i.e. A to M. Also, no licenceplate can have simultaneously the letter A and the digit 3. The maximum possible number of licenceplates that can be issued is (a) 19600 (b) 43 x 123 3 2 3 2 (c) 4 x 13 + 5 x !2 (d) none of the above. 19. In the inequality T ~ r  + r —  + , ° , ^ k. What
^ 1 + bc 1 + ca l + ab
25. How many ordered solution (x, y) does the system of equations 3x(x + y  2) = 2y, y(x + y  1) = 9x have (a) none (b) infinite (c) exactly six (d) exactly three. 26. The number of isosceles triangles with integer sides if no side exceeds 1994 is (a) 994009 (b) 1988018 (c) 949009 (d) 2982027. 27. The number of integer solutions of a + b + c = 24 subject to the condition 1 < a < 5, 12 < b < 18,  1 < c < 12 is (a) 34 (b) 35 (c) 53 (d) 43. 28. The number of geometric progressions of three terms comprising unequal natural numbers less than or equal to 100 is (a) 106 (b) 53 (c) 52 (d) 104. 29. How many times is the digit 0 written when listing all numbers from 1 to 3333? (a) 936 (b) 365 (c) 963 (d) 356. 30. The set of points (x, y) in the plane satisfying  x  + i x  y  = 4 enclose (a) a rhombus (b) a square (c) a trapezium (d) a parallelogram. SHORT ANSWER TYPE TEST 31. Suppose that  1 < ax" +bx + c < 1 V i e [1, 1] where a, b, c are real numbers. Show that  4 < lax + 6 < 4 V x e [1, 1], 32. If a and p are positive numbers, show that the 1 1 1 equation x , x _ a . x + p = 0 has real roots, one between a/3 and 2a/3, and one between 2P/3 and p/3. 33. Let f(x) be a function satisfying
V x<=R
is the least number k that can be substituted so that the inequality holds for all nonnegative real numbers a, b, c statisfying a + b + c = 1 (a) 9/10 (b) 10/9 (c) 1 (d) the least k doesn't exist. 20. The value of a and (3 for which the equation ^Jx + aJx + $ + *Jx = 4 has infinitely many real solution are (a) a =  8 , (3 =  1 6 (b) a =  8 , (3=16 (c) a = 8, P =  1 6 (d) a = 8, P = 16. 21. There is an internal tangency between two circles at a point P. A circle passing through the centre O of the smaller circle meets the larger circle at A and D and smaller circles at B and C. Also let AB: BC: CD:: 2 : 4 :1. The sum of the squares of radii equals 10 cm2, what is the diameter of the smaller circle? (a) 6 cm (b) 4 cm (c) 2 cm (d) 3 cm 22. The two adjacent sides of a cyclic quadrilateral are 2 and 5 and the angle between them is 60°. If the area of a quadrilateral is 4^/3, the sum of remaining two sides is (in cm) (a) 5 (b) 4 (c) 10 (d) 6. 23. The sum of real roots of the equation jc2 _ 22006x + x  22005 + 2 • (24009  1) = 0 is (a) (c) 22005 + 2 2004 22007 (b) 22006 (d) 22006 + 22007.
then show that f ( x + 2) +f(x)
= 2f(x + 1).
24. Triangle ABC has one of its angle ZABC = 45°. A point D is taken on the side BC such that CD = 2DB. If ZDAB = 15°, then the measure of angle ACB is (a) 45° (b) 60° (c) 75° (d) cannot be determined.
34. Evaluate the product
I)K ) K
35. Find all three digit numbers that when divided by 11 are equal to the sum of the squares of their digits.
MATHEMATICS TODAY APRIL '07
18
36. Find all integral values of X for which the quadratic expressions (x + X)(x + 1991) + 1 can be factored as (x + a)(x + (3), when a and p are integers. 37. Let / be a f u n c t i o n d e f i n e d on are positive
! + p)(2"
+ +1
n+\ 1)(2" + I  1 ) 1) = (1 + 2 1) = 2N 1
2«
 in* ( I "  1) = 2 • 2"(2" 2 Sum of reciprocal of divisors of N
\
1
1 2")
{(/, /'): / and j are positive integers} satisfying (i) (ii) / ( / , i + \) = \ Vi j)  2f(i, k)f(k, j)
1 1 1
+
+ — T +  +  S  + ...
1 ( 1 1 3
2
/>U ' 1 +
2
2
/(»', j ) = / ( / , k) + f{k,
+ —H +...+ 2 2" 1  ( 1 / 2 ) n+1 p + 1 ' 1 10/2) 2" + 1  1 2" 2" + I
2 "+
1
1
1
1 p +1
2"+1l 2"
+ I
V k such that i < k <j Evaluate
Hm
p
x(l/2)
n—
/ 0 » ")
= 2.
1
38. L e t / be a function from {1, 2, 3} into {1, 2, 3, 4, 5}. find the number of functions satisfying .AO < ./(./) v i < j. 39. Let x = by + cz + du, y = cz + ax + du, z = ax + by + du and u = ax + by + cz. Prove that a b e 1 + a + t — r + i 1+c + \+b 40. Solve for real x, the equation
</l A = 2A2
Second Solution : The first result could also be had by the formula for the sum of divisorsCT(iof a positive integers n given by o„ = i p\ /
Pr
1 "I
)
ft"'
d +d
where n = p\x, p^, of n for our problem 2
=
.... pkrr is the prime factorization

1+
2 X V T ^
21
p
= ( 2 " + 1  l ) ( p + l) : 2 2"(2" + 1  1 ) = 2N.
SOLUTIONS
1. ( d ) : It is at once apparent that nobody in his right mind is going to calculate the discriminant of each equation. Observe the pattern of the equations 5x2 + 1 1A + 17 and 33x 2 + 21A + 5 33A2 + 21A + 5 = (5 + 11 + 17)x2 + (11 + 2 • 5)x + 5 Every pair of equations is of the forms ax2 + bx + c and {a + b + c)x2 + (b + 2a)x + a Discriminant of second equation = (b + 2a)2  4a(a +.b + c ) . = b2 + 4ab + 4a2  4a2  4ab  4ac = b2  4ac = Discriminant of first equation We have shown that both equations of any pair exhibit the same nature of roots. 2. (a) : 1st Solution : N = 2"(2" + 1  1) As 2" + '  1 is a prime number, call it p then N = 2"p Divisors of N are 1, 2, 2 2 , ..., 2", p, 2p, 2 2 p, 23p ... 2"p sum of divisors of N, aN = 1 + 2 + 2 2 + ... + 2" + p + 2p + 22p + ... + 2 "p = (1 + 2 + ... + 2") + p(\ + 2 + ... + In) (1 + / ; ) ( ! + 2 • ... + 2") = (1 + p)
2"+
1
= (2" +1 1)2"'
3. ( c ) : Let the probability of getting a head in a single trial be PH and that of getting a tail be Pr For a fair coin PH = PT = 1/2 Suppose we get tails in first r trials and then get in a row 3 heads. All cases are covered by varying r from r = 0 to r = 9997.
9997
The desired probability p = X ^r P~h r0
9997 n3 9997
l+l ' '
I 
MJ4T
^ ,9998
>$)997 
= ^ 1
4 ^ 2
9 9 9 9 8
1
,9998
X2
1 <4 a„ «+i
Thus p < 1/4 we also have p> 0. Thus 0 < p < 1/4. 4. (a) : Let u n = n = 1,2,3,. ..2006
 1
21
34
MATHEMATICS TODAY SEPTEMBER'07
1 Then E2ML = a \ "l»2—"2006 Applying AMGM inequality between i «,, « 2 , ... « 2006 and "l "2 "2006
But we have to count the number unordered pairs. Every unordered pair is counted twice in the number 310°, except for the case when both A and B are empty. For example (0, 0) gives one selection. Hence number of unordered pairs = —
,100
,0 2
11
We have
"l +»2 +
+ "2006 2007
"i • "2 ••• "2006 >
11/2007
3 ° +l (d) : The number 26 can be written as 26 = 5 x 1 + 7 x 3 Also note that 33 = 5 x 1 + 7 x 4 and 34 = 5 x 4 + 7 x 2 Hence the number required is greater than 34 Every number greater than 35 can be written as 5a + 7b for suitable values of a and b. For example 103 can be written as 103 = 7 x 9 + 5 x 8 But 3 5 = 5 m + In, representation in positive integers is not possible. 5m is 5, 10, 15, 20, 15  none of which is a multiple of 7. For m = 7, n becomes zero. But n has to be a positive integer. Thus it follows that 35 can't represented in the form 5m + In. 8. (b) : Let n2 + 96 = k2, k eN => k2  n2 = 96 => (k  n)(k f n) = 96 (kn) + (k+ n) = 26 = even. It follows that (k  n) and (,k + n) are either both odd or both even. But if both are odd, product can be even. Thus both must be even. Now k + n>kn and 96 can be factored in the following way as a product of even numbers] 96 = 2 x 48 = 4 x 24 = 6 x 16 = 8 x 12 We have k n = 2, k + n = 48 (k, n) = (25, 23) kn = 4, k + n = 24 => (k, n) = (14, 10) k n = 6, k + n = 16 => (k, n) = (11, 5) k  n = 8, k + n = 12 (k, n) = (10, 2) Thus there are four positive integers n such that n 2 + 96 is a perfect square. A 9. (c): Observe that the triangle LPK, PNM and RSP are similar to A ABC. Let A be the area of triangle ABC LP2 2_ PN 4_ 2 1 A A A BC BC Now LP ' BC. KJ 7.
"l • "2 ••• "2006 ' U, +M2 + ...+ «2006 +
"l '"2 '••••"2006 > 2007
"2006
« r «2'
a
a 2006 , 2 0 0 7 > 2007 5 > 2007 <2 " 3 3 tfj 7 2007 For equality to hold all terms must be equal to 1.
a
^ = ... = 1 a 2 3 But that means a, = a , = ... = a 2007 . A contradiction, because we are given that the numbers are all distinct. This same result could also be obtained by straightaway multiplying all the numbers involved..
a
i.e.
5. (b) : The problem amounts to finding out the highest power of 6 in j 100 Power of 3 in [100 = 100
100
100 27
100 81
= 33 + 1 1 + 3 + 1 = 48 Power of 2 in [100 > 48 So power of 6 in 1100 = min(power of 2 in [100, power of 3 in [100) = 48 Thus there are 48 zeroes in the end when the product is written in base 6. 6. (c) : In this problem, it is easier to calculate first the ordered pairs, (A, B). To each element x of s assign the numbers 1, 2 or 0 according as x is in A, or in B or in neither of them. Each way of disposing of the numbers of S can be associated with a 100digit string made up of 1,2 or 0. For instance, 0121012... 1 means element' 1' is in neither of^l and B, element '2' is in A, element '3' is in B, i.e., first number tells where first element is, second number tells where 2nd element is, etc. Any selection of A and B corresponds to the number of 100 digit number which can be made using digits 0, 1 or 2 with leading zeros allowed. There are obviously 3 100 such number.
34 M A T H E M A T I C S T O D A Y SEPTEMBER'07
A
Ja
BC
^
Adding them all LP + PN+RS BC 77 " BC BR + SC+RS BC BC (Note that LP  BR and LP = BR, PN  SC and 3 + V2
I i
12.
1 + 72 + 2
Y' Z' establishing that triangles POR and P'Q'R are similar. {x}+y+[z] x + [V] + PN=SQ [x] + {v} Adding all of them we X+ [X] + M + J + >] =23 ...(1) {2}. = 4  5 ...(2) + z = 6 •2 ...(3) obtain, + (y} + 2 + [2] + {2} = 2.3+4.5+6.2 => 2x + 2y + 2z = 13 => * + y + z = 6.5 ...(4) From (1) and (4) on subtraction x {xj +z~ [z] = 6.5  2.3 => [jc] + {2} = 4.2 (Recall that x = [x] + {*}, etc.) implying that [x] = 4, {z} = 0.2 Similarly from (4) and (2) on subtraction M + [z] = 2 =» M = 0, z = 2 And from (4) and (3) on subtraction {*} + ly]  0.3 =1 {x} = 0.3 and [y] = 0 Now x=[x] + {x} =4 + 0.3 = 4.3 (b):
2
2
x7
X
7
y
77
7 7 = 3+V2
=> ,4 = (3 + V2) 2 = 11 + 6 7 2 . 10. (b) : Denote by r, the radius of circle inscribed in triangle ACB. From similarity of triangle ACN and ABC
r — c
A
uhr = — ^ 16c ...(A) 16 b Again from similarity of triangles CBN and ABC, we /• c have — = — => ar = 63c ...(B) 63 a Squaring and adding we obtain r\a2 + b2)  (16 2 + 63 2 )c 2 => r c 2 = 652c~ :. r = 65 cm. 11. (a) : Recall the identity for a, b, c, x, y, z e R (a2 + b2 + c2)(x2 + y2 + z2) = (ax + by + cz)2 + (ay  bx)2 + (as  cx)2 + (bz  cy)2 From the above equality it follows that (a2 + b2 + c2)(x2 + y2 + z2) > (ax + by + cz)2 Because square of a real number is non negative Equality hold iff a ay  bbx = az  cx = bz  cy = 0 ay bx = 0 => — = — x y = 0 y
y =M + M = 0 + 0 = 0 z = [z] + {z} = 2 + 0.2 = 2.2 thus (4.3, 0, 2.2) is the only solution. 13. ( b ) : vn + 3 = v„ + 2 . v „ , « > 1 Let's compute a few terms of the series. The idea is to see the sequence repeats itself.
V4 = V 3  V, =  1 , V5 = V 4  V2 = L
y6 = v 5  v 3 = H ) (  i ) = 1 v7 = v 6  V 4 = ( 1 ) H ) =  1
v
s=;
v
r "5
V
=
H K  i ) = 1 = v,
(])(l) 1 = V2
1 1
V,,
V
VS • VFT
= V =
Similarly bzcy
a b c Hence — = — = — is the condition for the equality to hold. ...(A) The given relation is 7(.y + y + z)(x' + y + z ) = ^jxx' + yy' + zz' Recasting the above as \j(X2 + )'2 + Z2)(X'2 + Y'2 + Z'2) = XX'+YY' + ZZ' where X2 = x, i'2 = y, Z2 = s etc. on squaring (x2 + R2 + z 2 ) ( . r 2 + R 2 + z' 2 ) = (xr + IT' + z z ' ) 2 Thus for (B) to hold X_ _ Y_ _ Z_ X' ~ Y' ~ Z' (using (A))
I0 9 • 7 I ) !  ) = "3 From v8 it's like a fresh beginning. The sequence repeats itself after every 7 terms. Accordingly the period is 7. The sequence goes like 1, 1,  1 ,  1 ,  1 , 1 ,  1 , v p v 2 ,... Now 446 = 7 x 63 + 5 so v446 = v5 =  1 . 14. (d) : Observe that 2(xy  zw) = 2xy  2zw = {(x2 + f )  (x  y)2}  {(z2 + w2)  (z  ii') 2 } = (x2 + y2  z2  w2)  (x  y + z  w)(x  y  z + it') ...(A) Again ' ' i l l 2 ( x y  zw) X + y  z  w (xy w) xy+zw y2 2  2 , 2 x  y z +u' •{(X+U')(J+Z)} x+y+z+w Contd. on page no. 68
M A T H E M A T I C S T O D A Y JANUARY'07
.26
Contd. from page no. 26 (From the hypothesis of the problem)  x2y2:2
=
Now
1111...1 = 111111 ...10000 + 1111
6 7 0 l.v 666~U
+ w2{(x + w)2(y + z)2} x+y +z+w (x2 +w2)(x + w)2 {(y2 + z2) ~(y + z)2} x+y +z+w 2 xw + 2yz _ 2 (yz  xw) x+y+z+w x+y+z+w
=
As 666 is a multiple of 6, the number 1111... 10000 i s divisible by 1221
666 l ' s
Hence the remainder is 1111. 18. (a): Denote by boxes the letters and digits to be I., _
3 digits
1
!_
. _J
2 letters
2 (xyzw) xy+zw ^ xyzw xy+zw
2
(yzxw) x+y+z+w yzx\v x+y+z+w'
_
15. ( c ) : The solution rests on being able to factorize the number N, using elementary identities. ,224  l = (2153)8  1 N = 2 8 Now x  1 = (x4  l)(x 4 + 1) = (x2  l)(x 2 + l)(x4 + 1) = (x  l)(x + l)(x 2 + l)(x 4 + 1) 153 8 (2 )  1 = (2 1 5 3  1)(2153 + 1)[(2153)2 + 1][(2153)4 + 1] Consider (2153)2 + 1 = (2153)2 + (I) 2 + 2 • 2153 • 1  2' 54 = (2 153 + l) 2  (277)2 = (2 153 + 2 77 + 1)(2153  277 + 1) = a(2 153  277 + 1) Also (2153)4 + 1 = 2153 x 4 + 1 = 2612 + 1 = (2204)3 + 1 = (2204 + 1 )(2408  2204 + 1) = (2204 + 1)P Thus a and P both divide N. 16. ( b ) : We will express the series as a telescopic sum >„ = ( ( 2 « ) 2  l ) [ ( 2 « + 4 ) 2  l ) ] = (2n  1)(2n + 1)(2n + 3)(2n + 5) Now = 1 • 3 • 5  7 , l2 = 3 • 5 • 7 • 9, etc Note that 13 5  7 = ^ [ l 3 5• 7• 9  (  1 ) 1 3 57] 3 • 5 • 7 • 9 = ^[3 • 5 • 7 • 9 • 11  1 • 3 • 5 • 7 • 9]
filled up. Number of licence plates that don't use the digit '3' = 43 = 132 Because each of the place of digits can be filled in 4 ways, but each letter place can be filled in 13 ways. Number of licenceplates that don't use the letter 'A' = 53 x 122 Because each of the places of digits can be filled in 5 ways, but each letter place can be filled in 12 ways But these two categories  'Not 3' and 'Not A' have some overlap  namely, those licence  plates that used neither '3' n o r ' A ' . Number of such licence plates = 43 x 122, because now digit 3 is not available and also the letter^ is not available. Thus the desired number of licenceplates = 4 3 x 132 + 53 x 122  4 3 xl2 2 = 19600. 19. (d) : Assume none of a, b, c is zero. That is a, b, c are all positive. By AMGM inequality
a +b + C 3
> &
^
l[ab~c => 1 > 21abc
3 abc < ^ => 1 + 3 abc < 1 + ^ y 7 1 9 => 1 + 3 abc < ^ => 1 + 3 abc > —
Now by weighted mean inequality 1 , 1 1 a.—r~ + b1c, r 5 7 9  11 =  7 9 1 1 1 3  3 5 7 911] 1 + be 1 + ca 1 + ab a+b + c 34 a+b+c 99 101 103105 = ^ [ 9 9 101 103 105 107 a\\ + bc) + b(y + ca) + c(\ + ab)  9 7 99 101 103 105] (In notation M,(x) > M ,(x)) The sum telescopes yielding a b c 1 1 • 3 • 5 • 7 + 3 • 5 • 7 • 9 + ... + 99 • 101 • 103 • 105 1 + bc 1 +ca 1 + ab ~ (a + b + c) + 3abc a b c 1 9 = j—• [99 • 101 103 105 • 107 + 1357] 1 + bc 1 + ca l + ab ~ 1 + 3 abc ~~ 10 17. ( a ) : The trick lies in being able to find the factors a b c 9 of the given repunit " 1 +bc 1 + ca 1 + ab ~ T O 111111 = 33 x 37 x 91 = 1221 x 91 Note that 9/10 is the greatest number that can be
MATHEMATICS TODAY SEPTEMBER'07
substituted in place of k. For any k smaller than 9/10 the inequality , v^—— h . ° >  k holds so there is 1 ' 1 + bc 1 + ca 1 + ab no least k. 20. (b) : The equation is yjx + ajx + fi + s/x = 4 ...(A) We have on the left two positive quantities, whose sum is 4 hence Jx < 4 => x < 16 Again for yfx to be defined, x > 0 (A) can be transformed to ^x+aJx => x + v.\[x + P = ( 4  4xf + fi = 44x = 16  8\/x + x
=> 4y[3 = jX 2 x 5 x sin 60° + ^xxyx 1 i n J3 1 V3 => 2 1 0 x _ r + 2Xy~T => 10 = 10 + xy :. xy = 6 From APQR,
=
sin 120°
. 1 ,  1 4Xl0+4^ ....(A) (cosine rule)
PR2 = PQ2 + QR2  2PQ QR cos 60° = 4 + 25  20 x From A PSR, PR2 = x2 + y
2
= 19
(by cosine rule)  2 ( N o t e that cosl20° = 1/2) ...(B) ...(C)
=> ( a + &)\[x = 16 —P ....(B) Since the problem asks us to find a and (3 such that the equation has infinite solutions. From (B) we must have a =  8 and p = 16 Also 0 < * < 16 C h e c k : ^jx + ajx = y](yfx4)2 = 44X + fi +Jx = yjx8jx + l6 +4x
= x2 + y2 + xy = x2 + f + 6 But PR2 = 19 x2 + y2 = 1 9  6 = 13 From (A) and (C) x2y2 = J(x2 + y2)22
4x2y2 = Vl69  1 4 4 = V<5  ( D ) * = 3 cm.
(C) and (D) yield, 2x = 18 => JC2 = 9 Then y = 2, Sum x+yy3+2=5
+yfx = j V x  4  + 4x
+ 4X = 4
Thus for a =  8 , P = 16, the equation has infinite number of solutions. v. A 21. (c): Draw a diameter PN. The / diameter drawn to the point of N \~F—7 P tangency is perpendicular to the V N4—y tangent line and so the point O lies on PN. From the result on intersecting chords ON x OP = OA x OD (1) We have OP = 2Rr, R and r being the radii of larger and smaller circles respectively. From the given ratio AB = r, CD = r/2 OA = OB + BA = 2r , OP = OC + CD = (5/2)r then (1) reads r(2R  r) = 5r 2 =>2Rr=5r=*2R = 6r :. R = 3r => K : r : : 3 : 1 R2 + r2= 10 R2 + (#79) = 10 => 1  ( # 7 9 ) = ]0=>R2 = 9 :. R = 3 c m = > r = 1 cm. 22. (a) : Let PQRS be a cyclic quadrilateral in which PQ = 2 , Q R = 5, ZPQR = 60° ZPSR = 180°  160° = 120° Area of cyclic quadrilateral = ar (PQR) + ar(PSR)
23. (b) : The equation is x2  22006x • \x  2 2005  + 2(24cro9  1) = 0 ...(A) We could do the problem by method of intervals. But before we proceed, it is advisable to see if the equation is a quadratic in \x  2 2005  Note that x 2  22006x + 2 • 2 4009 = x 2  2 • 2200Sx + 2 4010 = ( j c  2 2005 ) 2 The equation (A) now reads (x  2 2005 ) 2 + \x  22005  2 = 0 Let \x  22005 = ?=>? 2 + ?  2 = 0 = » ( ? + 2 ) ( /  1) = 0 As / > 0 .. t = 1 Now  2200S[ = 1 * = 2 2005 ± 1 2005 2005 Sum of roots = (2 + 1) + (2  1) = 2 2006 24. (c): Let fall a perpendicular from Con AD meeting AD in N. Join NB ZADP = ZDAB + ZDBA = 15° + 45° = 60° In right angled triangle CND, ZNCD = 90°  60° = 30° So ND/DC = sin30° = 1/2 => DC = 2ND Given CD = 2BD => 2ND = 2BD ND = BD. ZNDB = ZDBN = ^ZCDN = 1 x 6 0 ° = 30°
/ /
\ \
y\2 J X ^ / ^ / Q
ZNDA = 45°  ZNDB = 45°  3 0 ° = 15° So triangle NAB is isosceles with NA = NB ....(1) But NC = NB (:. ZNCD = ZNBD = 30°) ....(2) From (1) and (2), => NA = NC :. ACNA is an isosceles right angled triangle. ZNCA = ZNAC = 45° ZACB = ZACN + ZNCD = 45° + 30° = 75°
MATHEMATICS TODAY SEPTEMBER'07
34
25. v : (d) '
3x(x + y 2) = , y(x + yl) = 9xJ
3 + 12 I f
12
— 14f
12
=
14f
u
14x13
9
91
2
Multiplying both the equations we obtain 3xy(x + y 2)(x + y  1) = \&xy => 3xy{(x + y2){x +y l )  6 } = 0 => 3xy{(x + y)2  3(x + .y) + 2  6} = 0 3xy{(x + y)2  3(x + y)  4} = 0 xy{(x +y 4)(x + y + 1)} = 0 The equation now breaks into x = 0 o r } ' = 0 o r j c + ; y  4 = 0 or x + y + 1 = 0 Set x + y = 4 in both equations, we have 6x = 2y y = 3JC which yields x = 1, y = 3 Set x + y =  1 in both equations, we have y = 9x12 7 9 = 2 ~x = l Thus y> y 1 So there are three solutions (0, 0), (1, 3), (2/7, 9/7). 26. (d) : Let the sides of isosceles triangle be x, x, y. There will exist such a unique triangle iff 2 x > y . Hence for a fixed x, y can vary from 1 to 2x  1. Also * and y must satisfy x, y < 1994. 1994 Case I: x <  y  = 997 As y varies from 1 to 2x  1, i.e. y can be take 2x  1 values. Hence the number of isosceles triangles obtained is the sum of first 997 odd natural numbers, i.e. it equals (997) 2 . Case II : 99$ <x< 1994 Now y can take any value between 1 and 1994 and x has 997 possibilities. So number of isosceles triangles in this case = 997 x 1994= 2 * (997) 2 Total number of isosceles triangles = 997 2 + 2 x (997) 2 = 3 x (997) 2 = 3 x (103  3) 2 = 3[10 6  6 x 103 + 9] = 3 x 994009 = 2982027. 27. (b) : Let a' = a  1, b' = b  12, c' = c + 1, then the equation a + b + c = 24 becomes {a' + 1) + (b' + 12) + (c'  1) = 24 => a' + b' + c' = 12 We want nonnegative integral solutions satisfying the conditions a' < 4, b' < 6, c ' < 1 3 Let s2 and s2 be respectively the set of solutions (a', b\ c') such that a' > 4, b' > 6, c' > 13. s, n s2 is the set of all solutions such that a' > 4 and b' > 6. Number of nonnegative integral solutions of a + b' + c' = 12 is
Again k2l =
3+ 71,
C2 = ^
2
= 36
3+ 5
 ' CJ,5 —
7 5 ~ C, ~
7x6 ~Y
= 21
 j 3  = 0 ('.' c' < 13) In the same way s, n j J = 1, j, n s 3  = j 2 n s 3  = 0 s, n s2 n j 3  = 0 By InclusionExclusion principle the number of solutions = 91  (36 + 21 + 0) + 1  0 = 91  57 + 1 = 92  57 = 35. 28. ( a ) : Let the GP of three unequal numbers be given by a, ar, ar2, r # 1 suppose r > 1, i.e. it is an increasing G.P. 100 ar~ < 100 => a < 2
10
The number of geometric progressions = 100 100 100 10 + 100 100 + 25 100 36
£
r=2
100
100 100 + 64 J L 81 49 = 2 5 + 1 1 + 6 + 4 + 2 + 2 + 1 + 1 + 1 = 53 As many G.P's are decreasing. Hence number G.P's 2 x 53 = 106.
100 100
29. (c) : Let us write each integer n, 1 < n < 3333 for different cases. I : numbers having zero in the units place we describe all such numbers as t = xo, where x is any one of 1, 2, ... 333. Thus there are 333 such numbers. II : Numbers having zero in the tens place we describe all such numbers as t = xoy Here x can be any of 1, 2, ... 33 and y can be any of 0, 1 , 2 , ... 9 Thus there are 33 x 10 = 330 such numbers III : Numbers having zero in the hundreds place we describe all such numbers as xoyz where 1 < * < 3, 0 <y, z < 10 Thus there are 3 x 102 = 300 such numbers. Hence total number of times '0' is written = 333 + 330 + 300 = 963 30. ( d ) : We deal with the modulus sign by considering four possible cases. I : * > 0 and x > y, Then our equation becomes x+xy = 4=>2xy =4
MATHEMATICS TODAY SEPTEMBER'07
34
II : x > 0 and * < y Then our equation becomes x(xy) =4 =4 III : * < 0 and x>y Then our equation becomes x + x y = 4=>y = 4. IV : x < 0 and x < y y Then our equation becomes (0, (4,4) x  ( x  y ) = 4 2'xy=4. 2 xy = 4 => 2x + y = 4 2x y = 4 ("2'°), The set of points is made up of four line segments. ( ' Note that the figure is a parallelogram. The curve is symmetric about origin. 31. The function g(x) = lax + b is a linear function. As x varies over the interval [1, 1], g(x) assumes its minimum and maximum values at the endpoints of that interval. Hence it is enough to prove that the value of g(x) at x =  1 and x = 1, i.e. the numbers g (  l ) =  2 a + b and g(l) = la + b are neither less than  4 nor greater than 4. For an estimation of these number let us set x =  1 , 0, 1 in fix) = ax2 + bx + c. 1 < / (  l ) = a  6 + c < 1 ...(1) 1 </(0) = c < 1 ...(2) 1 S / ( l ) = a + 4 + c < l ...(3) (1) and (2) added yields 2<ab<2 ...(4) (2) and (3) added yield  2 < a + b < 1 ...(5) (4) and (5) =>  4 < la < 4 =>  2 < la < 1 ...(6) Now (4) and (6); (5) and (6) give  4 < 2a  6 < 4 or A<2a + b<4 and  4 < la + b < 4 which establishes that the extrema of g(x) in the interval [1, 1] lie within the given range. Remark : we have not made use of derivative o f / ( x ) .
= 3a 2  2a 2 + 2 a p  a P = a 2 + a p = a ( a + P) > 0 A s / (  P ) > 0 a n d / ( 0 ) < 0 => f ( x ) = 0 has a root lying in the interval (P, 0). Similarly/(a) > 0 a n d / ( 0 ) < 0 =*f(x) = 0 has a root lying in the interval (0, a ) These two roots satisfy the original equation. Remember that clearing the fractions could have only introduced the roots P, 0, a . Hence the given equation has two real roots. Let x0 be the positive roots. Then from the original equation
—
1
+
1
1 1 .n 1 1 1 1 o = 0 => — + n *0 + P *0 ^0+P
1
0 •••(A)
Denominators are all positive. Hence 1 1 ' x0> ax0 => x0 > a x0 ~x0 . a a As > y we have x0 Again => x ~ x0+ft o 1 i 1 1 —> — From (A), — + *o a x0 a —x0 la  lx0 > x0 => 2 a > 3x( 2a
Xn <
...d)
+
From (1) and (2)
fa
T
..(2)
la \ yJ
on the similar terms the negative root can be treated. 33. /fx+  ) +/ W =/fx+ i V / f * +:
Let a = 1/2 and b = 1/3 so that 2a = 1 and 3b = 1 Note that a + b = (1/2) + (1/3) = 5/6 Our equation becomes f{x + a + b) + fix) — fix + a) +/(x + b) =>/(* + a + b)fix + a) = fix + b)  f i x ) ...(1) Changing x to x + b again in the above equation fix + a + 2b)  f i x + a + b)=fix + 2b)  f i x + b) ...(2) 1 1 1 _ ( *  a ) ( * + P) + *(jr + 3) + * ( x  a ) Changing x to x + b again in the above equation 32. —x +  xa " x + p fix + a + 3b)f{x + a + 2b)=fix + 3b)fix + 2b)...(3) x(x  a)(x + (3) adding (1), (2) and (3), we obtain 2 2 2 _ x + ([3  a)x + x + (3* + x  oct  aft fix + a + 3b)  f i x + a)  f i x + 3b)  f ( x ) x(x  a)(x + ft) =>/(* + a + 1)fix + a) =fix + 1)fix) (V 3b = 1) _ 3s 2  2(a  ft)x  aft Now recasting the above equation in the form * ( *  a ) ( x + ft) fix + a + 1 )  f i x + 1) = / ( x + a)  f i x ) ...(4) Now the given equation takes the form changing * to x + a we have f{x) = 3x2  l ( a  (3)JC  aft = 0 fix+2a+\)fix + a+l)=fix + 2a)fix + a) ...(5) / (  f t ) = 3ft2  2(a  ft)(ft)  aft Adding (4) and (5) we obtain = 3ft2 + 2 a p  2ft2  a p = p2 + aP = P(P + a ) > 0 fix + 2a+\)fix + 1) = / ( x + 2a)  f i x ) / ( 0 ) =  a f t < 0 , / ( a ) = 3a 2  2(a  P)a  a p
MATHEMATICS TODAY  APRIL '07
73
=> f ( x + 2)f(x+\)=fix+\)f{x) => fix 4 1 + 2) + f ( x ) = 2 \ f ( x + 1). ( 1 34. Note the factorization
2
('.' 2a = 1)
(x2+x
+
V{
x 2

x +
2) i
Consider
2
?4 +
1
2z + 2 +
iA
•+1+
w

2 +
i
1 1 +
I
2 + 2 +7
222 + I
22 + 2 +4
...(1)
we have  8 < a  6 + c < 1 8 So there are two possibilities a  6 + c = 0 o r a  6 + c = ll In the first case ab + c = 0=>b=a +c by substitution on the equation (1) a2 + {a + c)2 + c 2  99  (a + c) = 0, => 2a 2 + (2c  10)a + 2c 2  c = 0 For the equation to have a solution D > 0 => (2c  10)2  8 (2c 2  c) > 0 => 4c 2  40c + 100  16c2 + 8c > 0 =>  3 c 2  8c + 25 > 0 => 3c 2 + 8c  25 < 0 This gives c < 1. because for c > 2 3c2 + 8c > 3 • 4 + 8 • 2 = 28 > 25 If c = 0, then 2a 2  10a = 0, which gives a = b = 5. (Recall a * 0) If c = 1, then 2a 2  8a + 1 = 0 but this equation has no integer solutions. Let us now examine the other possibility b = a + c  11. By substituting this into (1) we have a2 + (a + c  l l ) 2 + c 2  9a  (a + c  11) = 1 ...(2) which as a quadratic in ' a ' yields 2a 2 + (2c  32)a + 2c 2  23c + 1 3 1 = 0 For it to have real solution, D > 0 => 4(c16) 2 8(2c 2 23c+131 )>0 =>4(3c 2 +14c6) > 0 the above yields c < 4. Because for c > 5 the L.H.S. is negative. Accordingly c can only be 2, 3 or 4. c can't be even. c  3 Now substituting it into (2) and solving we get a = 8 It gives b = 0 . the other pair of values a = 5, b =  3 is not accpetable. (Because b is negative). The given conditions are therefore satsified only by the numbers 550 and 803. One can verify that they are indeed the solutions. 36. From hypothesis (x + X)(x + 1991) + 1 = (JC + a)(x + (3) Let / (x) = (x + X){x + 1991) + 1 It means t h a t / ( x ) has integral roots. Let x0 the integral root, then (x0 +A,)(JC0+ 1991)+ 1 = 0 = > {x0 + A.)(JC0 + 1991) =  1 either x0 + X = 1, x0 + 1991 =  1 on x0 + X =  1 , x0 + 1991 = 1 First system yield x0 =  1992 giving X = 1 x0 = 1  (1992) = 1993 Second system yields x0 = 1990 giving X = \ — Xq = —  (  1 9 9 0 ) = 1989 1 Thus there are two integral values of X, viz 1989 ad 1993 for which the expression {x + + 1991)+ 1 can be factored as (x + a)(x + P); a and P being integers. 37. To arrive at the solution we must make use of the
M A T H E M A T I C S TODAY SEPTEMBER'07
1 2 + 1 + I = 22  2 + Again, '4 1 3 +
4
i)
_ 1 33+2
3
+ 3_
1 + 2 1 2
3
„+ 1 3 2 (2)
.4 + 1 4
.2 1 .1 4+4+^ 4
4 +
.
4<+4 + I
3 2  3 + ^ = 42 + 4 + m 2 +m + 1 2 Observe that (/?/ +1) — (/tz +1) + 49"+ 4 49  4 9 + ^
i)
In the same way
...(3)
504 + l 502 + 5 0 +  4 2 Multiplying these all we obtain product = l2l +i 323 + I 49  49 + 50 2 + 50 + 1 z
22 + 2 + 4 4 2 + 4 + i 2 2 ]
, 2 _ , + 5O 2
4
5
2 5 2
2_
5101 ' ° +250+1 ' 2 35. Let the three digit number x be represented as x = 100a + 10b + c whose digits a 0), b, c satisfy 100a + 106 + c = 1 l(a 2 + b2 + c2) a b + c = l l ( a 2 + b2 + c2) ...(1) => a  b + c is divisible by 11. As 1 < a < 9, 0 < b, c < 9
+ 50 + I 2
34
1st relation. Observe that f(m, n) is known only for consecutive integers m and «that's the key to the solution. From the second relation f ( i j ) = f ( i , k )+f ( k , j )  3 f ( i , k ) f ( k , j ) V k such that i <j < k on substituing i = \,j = n, k = n  1, we have / ( ] , « ) = / ( l , «  l ) + / ( «  1,«)  3/(1, «  l ) + / ( «  ! , « ) = /(l, „  ] ) + 1  3 / ( 1 , n\)X(Note t h a t / ( «  1, «) = 1/4) = 1/(1, „ l l ) Thus / ( I , „) = 1 + 1 / ( 1 , „  l ) = ! + ! { ' + 1 / ( 1 , „2)}
+
Case Case Case Total
(III) : / ( 3 ) = 3, Number of functions = 3 + 2 + 1 = 6 (IV) : / ( 3 ) = 2, Number of functions = 2 + 1 = 3 (V) : / ( 3 ) = 1, Number of function = 1 number of functions = I + 3 + 6 + 10 + 15 = 35.
I = I
+
I/(l,„l)
39. Let us denote the expression ax + by + cz + du by s. Now x + ax = ax + by + cz + du = s x(l + a) = s :. x = s/'l + a Again y + by = ax + by + cz + du = =>X' + 6) = ^ y = si 1 + A V 5 " Similarly 2 = — and uT J 1+c 1 + t/ Finally 5 = ax + by + cr + t/jf c 1 + a 1 + b"T+7+ l+d. 1+a 1+b
1
1+c
1+d
40. VTTx = lx  1 + 2W1 Squaring both sides we obtain
1  1 I I + + ~ 4 4 4"  2 ' 4 w i t h / ( 1 , 2) = 1/4 we have 1 1 1 1 r \ 1 1 / ( I , n) — — H—T+...+ , J ' 4 42 4«2 4 4 42
1  x = (2x 2  1 ) 2 + 4x(2x 2  l)v 1  x 2 + 4x 2 (l  x 1 ) => 1  x = 4x4  4x 2 + I + 4x(2x 2  l)7l  x 2 + 4x 2  4x4 >71 .. V4 =>  x = 4 x ( 2 x 2  l ) 7 l  x 2 As x = 0 is not a solution, so we obtain from above 1 = 4(2x z • l ) V l  x 2
2 2 1 2
(A)
On taking limit as n l i m / ( I , „) = 1 ( 1  0 } = !
we obtain
38. We must h a v e / ( 3 ) > / ( 2 ) > / ( l ) Case / : / ( 3 ) = 5 W h e n / ( 2 ) = 5 , / ( l ) can take 5 values viz. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 => 5 functions W h e n / ( 2 ) = 4 , / ( l ) can take 4 values viz. 1, 2, 3, 4 => 4 functions W h e n / ( 2 ) = 3 , / ( l ) can take 3 values viz. 1, 2, 3 => 3 functions W h e n / ( 2 ) = 2 , / ( 1 ) can take 2 values viz. 1, 2 => 2 functions W h e n / ( 2 ) = 1 , / ( 1 ) can take 1 values viz. 1 => 1 function Total = 15 functions Case II: / ( 3 ) = 4 When / ( 2 ) = 4 , / ( l ) can take 4 values => 4 functions W h e n / ( 4 ) = 3 , / ( l ) can take 3 values => 3 functions W h e n / ( 2 ) = 2 , / ( l ) can take 2 values 2 functions W h e n / ( 2 ) = 1 , / ( 1 ) can take 1 values => 1 function Total = 10 functions
MATHEMATICS TODAY  JANUARY'07
A Set Vl  x = so that 1  x = i => x = 1  t2 Now (A) becomes  1 = 4(2(1  l 2 )  1}/ =>  1 = 8t(l  i1)  4t =>  1 = 8/  813  41 => 8/3  4/  I = 0 => (2t + 1 )(4/2  2t  1) = 0 As / > 0 => 4/ 2  2t  1 = 0 gives t = 2±V4+16 24 2 ± 2 V5 l±V5 So t1 +7 5
= 1  ^ = 1  l + V? 6 + 2v'5
10
10  2^5
10
5  V5
!±
1575
V:
are
Now for x =
both 2x2  1 and 2x7l  x 2
negative. So it is not a solution. For 0 < x < 1 the function 7 T ^  (2x 2  1 ) + 2x7l  x 2 is positive when x = 0 and negative when x = 1. Thus the function vanishes at least once in the interval [0, 1]. So the only solution of the equation is x = 575
65
IIT'JEE 2007
Part I Time : 1 hr. Section I : ( Q . l to Max. Marks : 96 12) are M u l t i p l e Choice Questions with (one correct answer). Each question carries +3 marks for correct answer and  1 mark for wrong answer. 1. The point (6,  5 ) lies with respect to the curve
2
2
for
By: Vidyalankar Institute*, Mumbai
6. If cos x = cos y and sin x =  s i n y then the value of sin 2006.x + sin 2006 y is (a) 1 (b) 2006 (c) 0 (d) 2007.
7. If a, b and c are each positive, and a + b + c = 6 then the minimum value of
y2  x  = l is 9 25 (a) inside (c) on the curve
(b) outside (d) none of these.
O a+— + (u b+ ^ +  c +  is b) { c 75 75 (a) (b) 4 2 65 65 (d) (c) 4 2
8. Given positive real numbers a, b and c such that a+b + c  1 then maximum value of cfbh<f + dbcc° + acb"ch is (a) 1 (b) 2 (c) 3 9. If p= (d) 4. jA(x) dx, where cosx A(*) = e sinx (a) 1 x4 0 sin x 1 x (b) 27t +  (d) 0. 3 and axb=c , then the value of p is
2. In d e f i n i n g m u t u a l i n d e p e n d e n c e of n events (n > 2) number of relations are required (a) 2" (b) 2"  1 (c) 2" + n~ 1 (d) 2"  n  1. 3. The number of nonzero diagonal matrices of order 3 satisfying A2  A is (a) 8 (c) 6 4. (b) 7 (d) none of these. +k , 10 along a vector
P r o j e c t i o n o f a = 2i 3j
perpendicular to b = i + 3j k (a) (0 ^
is given by
(d) none of these.
(c)
i27T
5. A cube C = {(x, y, z) \ 0 < x, y, z < 1} is cut by a sharp knife along the plane x = y, y = z, z = x. If no piece is moved until all three cuts are made, the number of pieces is (a) 6 (c) 8 (b) 7 (d) 27.
10. If a = i+ j + k,c = jk,ab= then b is equal to (a) (c) ^(5i+2j 5i+3j + 2k) + 2k (b)
l
{5i2j2k)
(d) none of these.
* H.O.: Pearl Centre, Senapati Bapat Marg, Dadar (W), M u m b a i  4 0 0 028. Tel.: ( 0 2 2 ) 2 4 3 0 6 3 67, 2 4 3 2 4 3 4 2 fax : ( 0 2 2 ) 2 4 2 2 88 92, website : www.vidyalankar.org, email: iit@vidyalankar.org
34 MATHEMATICS TODAY SEPTEMBER'07
11. If I m„
, m > 0, i = 1, 2, 3, 4 are four distinct
=
(a) c (ag2  bf1) (c) c(bfag2)
(b)c(af2bg2) (d)  c (of2  bg2).
points on any circle with radius r, then Y\m> (a) 4 (c) 1 12. If (a) (c)
17. The equation(s) of the line(s) making an angle of 45° with the line (2  i)z + (2 + /') z  3 = 0 and passing through (1, 4) is (are): (a) (3 + i)z + (3  i)z + (b) (3 + i)z + (2 + i)z + (c) (1 + 3/')z + (1  6 i ) z (d) (1  3/')z + (1 + 3 i ) z 14 = 14 = +22 22 0 0 = 0 = 0.
.
f ^ 3  c o s 2 t dt + J[sin / dt = 0, then — = J dx 1 (b) 2ysm(y )
/
(b) r1 (d) none of these.
,
JT+ COS X
2sin(y )
%/3cos 2 x (d) 2ysm(y2) '
18. I f f ( x ) satisfies the relation/(x +y) = fix) + f i y ) for all x, y e R a n d / ( 1 ) = 5, then:
Section II : ( Q . 1 3 to 24) a r e M u l t i p l e C h o i c e Question with (one or more than one correct answers). Each question carries +5 marks if all correct choices are indicated and  1 m a r k for wrong answer. 13. If, for a square matrix A [a ], a = i2  j2 of even order then (a) A is a skewsymmetric (b)  A  is a perfect square (c) A is symmetric and  A \ = 0 (d) A is neither symmetric nor skew symmetric. (1 + x)" 14. If / ( * ) = 1 (l + 2x)* (l + 2x)ft (l + x)° 1 1 {\ + 2x)h (i+xy
(a) f ( r ) = 5r
(c) f{r) = Sr
2
(b)
A ,, ,
=
5m(m +1)
j
(d) f{Q) = 0.
19. Consider the parabola y1 = 4ax and x2 = 4by. The straight line bm y + amx + a2/3 bm = 0. (a) Touches y2 = 4ax (b) Touches x2 = 4by (c) Intersects both parabolas in real points (d) Touches first and intersects other. 20. The equation(s) to the tangent(s) to the conic x2 + 4xy + 3 /  5x  6y + 3 = 0, which are parallel to x + 4y = 0 are (a) x + 4y  1 = 0 (b) x + 4y  3 = 0 (c) x + 4y — 5 — 0 (d) x + 4y  8 = 0. 21. If Av A2 An be any n events connected to a random experiment E, then P (At, A2,...AJ is greater than or equal to
a, b being positive integers, then (a) constant term of f{x) is 0 (b) coefficient of x in f ( x ) is 0 (c) constant term in / ( x ) is a  b (d) constant term in f ( x ) is a + b. aA + Pg 15. If a p + p /
a
(a) £ p ( 4 )  ( « ~ 1 )
/=1 n (c) X ^ W O + ^  l )
W
11 =
(d) none of these.
g /
y
a p + 6y
a g + pg «/+PY
a h g f
^rCOS t 22. Let f{x) = j dt, x > 0 then / ( x ) has 0 ' (a) maxima when * =  — , — , 2 2 ... , 71 (b) maxima when x = — , 77t
/,p + py = K a p + p /
/ + PY
gP +
/y
then K is equal to (a) P (c) y
2 2
(b) a (d) 2.
2
2
,
1 lTt
2
16. If ax + 2hxy + by + 2gx + 2fy + c = 0 represents two lines equidistance from the origin, then value o f / 4  g4 will be 34
7t 57t 9n (c) minima when x = — , — , —
2 2
2
. . , 371 77t ll7t (d) minima when x = — , — , 2 2 2
MATHEMATICS TODAYSEPTEMBER'07
23. In a M 5 C , tan^ and tanB satisfy the inequation Sx2  4x + v/3 < 0 then (a) a2 + b1 + ab > c 2 (c) a1 + b2 > c2 (b) a2 + b2  ab < c2 (d) none of these.
25. Polar equation of left branch of the hyperbola 9 * 2  1 6 / = 144 is (a) (c) — = 4 + 5 cos9  = 45cos0 (b) — = 4  5 c o s 9 9 (d) — = 4 + 5 cos9.
24. The solution of the equation v 6  c o s x  7 s i n 2 x + cosx = 0 is/are (a) (c) (2«±1)TC + COS^1 2 (2m± 1 ) t i  c o s " 1 (b) (2n±l)Ncos_1j
2 (d) ( 2 « ± l ) n +cos" 1 j .
1 26. The equation  = 8 + 5 cos9 represents r (a) circle (b) hyperbola (c) parabola (d) ellipse. 27. In any conic the sum of the reciprocals of two _Lr focal chords is
Part
Time : 1 hr. Max. Marks : 86
Section I I I : (Q. 25 to 34) Comprehensions containing total 10 questions. Each question carries +5 m a r k s f o r all c o r r e c t a n s w e r s a n d  2 m a r k s f o r w r o n g answer. E a c h question m a y have one or m o r e t h a n one correct a n s w e r : Passage  1 Using t h e following p a r a g r a p h , solve Q.25 to 28 Let S be a focus, SX be the axis and RQ the directrix of the conic. Let P (r, 9) be a point on the conic with respect to the pole 5 and initial line is SX. PQ is IS to the directrix. LSL' is the latus rectum. PN and LM are perpendicular to the initial line and the directrix respectively. P(r, e T SP So, e :. SP = e • RN = e • {ML + SN) = e • f — + SN^j = SL + ercosQ If I is the semilatus rectum then I  = lecos9 r It is the equation of conic, (where 9 is called vertorial angle of P) Now, if the initial line is taken in the direction SR then r  I + e • r cos I equation of conic will be — = l  e c o s ( 7 i  0 ) r => — = l + ecos9 r This is called Polar equation of a conic with the focus as the pole.
M A T H E M A T I C S T O D A Y  JANUARY'07
(a) (c)
2e I 2 + e1 /
(b)
2  e
21 2 + e2 21 = 1 is
(d)
28. The latus rectum of the conic rsin 2 (a) 2 (c) 4 Passage  2
(b) 1 (d) none of these.
Using the following data solve Q. 29 a n d Q. 31. Given that, (1 + x)" = C 0 + C,x + Cjc2 + ... + constants. Then, 29. The value of C, + C 4 + C 7 + ... will be Cx\ where x is complex number and C 0 , C p . . . , Cn are
PQ
N
X
(a) 3
(b)
2" +
2COS(M2)
2" + 2 c o s ( n  2 ) —
2"  2 C O S ( M  2 ) —
(c)
(d)
J 2"  2 c o s ( «  2 ) — C i + C o+ ... will be
30. The value of C,0 1 M1 7 (a) 3 l 2 » + 2 c o s y
(c)  [ 2 " +
(b)  ^ 2 "  2 c o s —
m 1 („„ ^ (d)  \ 2  2cos —
1 (n„
„
2 C O S
n%
t
31. The value of C 2 + C 5 + C„ + .... will be
65
(a)
(b)
2" + 22 cos(«  2) 2"  2 c o s ( «  2 ) 2"•22COS(«2)
(c) a =  2
(d) all values of a.
(c)
(d)
2" + 2 cos(« + 2) 
34. Reduced the equation 3x6 +x5 27x4 + 27x2  x  3 = 0 in standard reciprocal form is (a) 3x4 + x3 24x2 + J + 3 = 0 C (b) 3x4 + x3 + 24x2 + x + 3 = 0 (c) 3x4  x3 + 24x2  J + 3 = 0 C (d) none of these. Section IV : (Q. 35 to 37) This section consists of 3 questions. Answers are to be given in between 0000 to 9999 in the form of nearest integer. Each question carries +6 marks and no negative marks. 35. Find the value of 2 a + p+y + 5 a p + y6 a+p +y+5 2(a + P)(y+5) aP(y + 5) + y8(a + P) a p + y5 aP(y + S) + y6(a + P) 2aPy8
Passage  3 Using the following data solve Q.32 to Q.34 A polynomial equation is said to be a reciprocal equation if the reciprocal of each of its roots is also a root of it. Therefore a necessary condition for f ( x ) = 0 to be a reciprocal equation is that 0 is not a root of it i.e.f{0) * 0. Letfix) = 0 be a reciprocal equation of degree n having roots a , , a 2 , ..., a n , none of these zero. Let {x) = 0 1 1 1 be the equation whose roots are —  Then a, a . ;he equations f{x) = 0 and \/ (x) = 0 are identical, ^et a„x" + a,*"' 1 + ... + an = 0, an * 0 be a reciprocal jquation. Then it is identical with the equation jx" + a n1 ,x"~' + ••• + a, = 0 n l) .et a0 * 0 •. (a0, av ...,an) = K {an, an l, ..., a0) for some K± 0 •. a.0 = Ka,a,=Ka ..... n' 1 nV a n = K a. 0 "his implies K = ±1. f K = 1 then a 0 = an, a, = an..., an = a(1 'his equation is said to be a reciprocal equation of le First type. 'K 1 then a„ = a his equation is said to be a reciprocal equation of le Second type. reciprocal equation is said to be of the standard >rm if it is of the first type and of even degree. Then., /I J. / (x) be a polynomial of degree n and / {x) = x"f \ — en f{x) = 0 is ) a reciprocal equation of second type ) not a reciprocal equation ) a reciprocal equation of first type ) nothing can be say. . The equation {x + l) 4 = a (x4 + 1) is a reciprocal uation for a = 1 (b) a * 1
36. Let the incircle of the AABC touches its sides BC, CA and AB at Av 6, and C, respectively. If r , r2 and r2 are the circum radii of the triangles. BJCp C'JA ] and A1IB] respectively, then find the value of (where R is circumradius and r is the in radius \V.3 of the AABC).
r
Rr2
37. The sides of a triangle ABC, inscribed in a hyperbola xy = c2, makes angles a , p, y with an asymptote. If the normals at A, B, C will meet in a point then find the value of cot 2a + cot 2P + cot 2y. Section V : (Q. 38 to 40) This section consists of 3 questions having two columns with 4 entries in each column. Entries of column I are to be matched with column II. One entry of column I may have one or more than one matching in column II. Each question carries +6 marks if all correct matching are indicated. Match the following : 38. Column I (a) The area of the region (P) bounded by the curves y = x2,y~ 2  x2\ and y = 2 which lies to the right of the line J = 1 is C (b) The area bounded by the curves x2 = y, x2 = y and y2 + 3 = 4x is (Q) Column II 4
J
9

M A T H E M A T I C S TODAY  JANUARY'07
(c) The area bounded by the curve x2 = 4y and straight line x  4y  2 is and the slope of tangent at points P (x, y) equals (x + l)2 + y3 — • The area x+l enclosed by the curve and the xaxis in the fourth quadrant is 39. Column I (a) The value of tan'flX]) + tan'dn] + 1) =, where [ ] is the greatest integer. (b) The number of solutions of the equation tan x + sec x  2 cos x in the interval [0, 2ri] is (c) The number of roots of the equation x + 2 tan x = n/2 in the interval [0, 2TI] is (d) The number of solution of the equation Xs + x2+ 4x+ 2sin x = 0 in 0 < x < 2n is 40. Column I (a) A directed line makes angle 60° and 45° with the axes x and y respectively. The angle it make with the axis of z is (b) The angle (9) of line of intersection of the planes r.(i +2j + 3k) = 0 and r.(3i +3j + k) = 0 with j then cos 9 is (c) The acute angle between the lines whose direction cosine are given by the relations I + m + n 0 and I2 + m2  n2 = 0 is
(R) 1 ( 2 0  1 2 7 2 )
(d) Unit vectors a and b are l r (S) to each other and the unit vector c = m(a + b) + n{ax.b) is inclined at an angle 9 to both a and b then maximum value of 9 is i 1. 5. 9. 13. 17. 21. 25. 29. 33. 36. 38. 39. 40. ANSWERS
271
T
(d) A curve passes through (2, 0) (S)
Column II (P) 2
(Q)
2. (d) 4. 3. (a) (b) 6. 8. (c) 7. (b) (a) 10. (a) 12. 11. (c) (d) 14. (a,b) 15. (b) 16. (a,b) (a,d) 18. (a,b,d) 19. (a,b) 20. 22. (b,d) 23. (a,b) (a,b) 24. 26. (d) 28. 27. (b) (d) 30. (a) 31. (d) 32. (b) 34. (a) 35. [0000] (b,c) [0002] 37. [0000] (a) ». (R); (b)  » (S); (c) (Q); (d)  > (a) (R); (b) (P); (c)  » (Q); (d)  4 (a)  » (Q,S); (b)  » (R); (c) (Q); (d)
For detail answers
(b) (a) (d) (c) (c,d) (a,b) (c) (c)
(P) (S) (P)
(R)
0
visit : www.vidyalankar.org
(S)
WlfcG
Column II (P) ^
(Q)
71
3
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(R)
34 MATHEMATICS TODAY SEPTEMBER'07
Time : 1 hr_
1. 2.
A I E E E 2007
If sinjt cosx • tanjc c equal to (a) k\a + J_
Practice Paper for
E x a m on \ % 29 ,h A p r i l 2007
.Max. Marks: 180
Question no. 1 to 10 carry 3 marks each, question no. 11 to 30 carry 4.5 marks each, Question no. 31 to 40 carry 6 marks each. For each incorrect response, onethird o f the total marks alloted to the question would be deducted from the total score. N o deduction from the total score for unattempted questions
1. The set (A n Bc)c u ( 5 n C) is equal to (a) AcuBuC (b) AcvB c (c) A u C° (d) none of these. 2. The number of words that can be formed by using the letters of the word MATHEMATICS that start as well as end with T is (a) 80720 (b) 90720 (c) 20860 (d) 37528. \ + \ogxx equals 3. lim i»o ]. 2x + x (b) 0 (a) 1 (d) 1/2. (c)  1 4. at The function/(JC) = sin 1 (tan JC) is not differentiate
( b ) x — —TI/6
The probability of B getting selected cannot exceed (a) 0.6 (b) 0.7 (c) 0.8 (d) 0.9. . . . 1 ak = k, then bc + — \ is ck l + bk
(b) (d)
(c) k2
k\a+ a ^
a
10. The angle at which two forces of magnitude P + Q and P  Q(P * Q) must act so that their resultant is of magnitude <JP2 + Q2 is (a) cos"1 P2 + Q2 2(P Q )]
2 2
( a ) JC = 0
(c) x = n/6
(d). x = 7i/4.
5. The equations to the sides of a triangle are x  hy = 0, 4JC + 3y  5 and 3JC + y = 0. The line 3x  Ay = 0 passes through the (a) incentre (b) centroid (c) circumcentre (d) orthocentre of the triangle. 6. the (a) (c) A line is drawn through the point P (3, 11) to cut circle JC2 +y2 = 9 zXA and B. Then PA • PB is equal to 9 (b) 121 205 (d) 139.
(c) 71/2 sin(wi) A= cosxsinx log cot x (a) 0 (c) tan (TI/4  JC)
2 (P2 + Q2) (b) cos — L 2P2+AQ2 (d) none of these.
11. If * £ R and n € I, then the determinant sin J  cosx C cos[(2« + l)7t/2] log tan x log tan x logcotx tan (rm) equals
(b) log tan x  log cot x (d) none of these.
12. Let co, co2 be complex cube roots of unity. Then the determinant
CO
7. The lines f = + H 2 i + k) and r = 2 i  j + ]x(J + jk) (a) intersect each other (b) do not intersect (c) intersect at r = 3i  j + k (d) are parallel. 8. A and B are two candidates seeking admission in IIT. The probability that A is selected is 0.5 and the probability that both A and B are selected is at most 0.3. 44
(x1)2
JC(X 2)
A= (a) 0 (c) 1 — co
CO 1 + CO
CO CO
is equal to
CO + 1
(b) 1 (d) 2 ( 1  c o 2 )
13. Sum of the last 20 coefficients in the expansion of (1 + JC)39, when expanded in ascending powers of x, is (a) 2 19 (b) 2 18 40 1( (c) C 20 2 (d) 238.
MATHEMATICS TODAY  APRIL '07
14. Let a,, a2,..., a 10 be in A.P. mid /?„ h2,.,., hxo be in H.P. I f « , = hx = 2 and a 10 = AI0 = 3, then a 4 hn is (a) 2 (b) 3 (c) 5 (d) 6. 15. The value of Jf S i n * dx is sin 4x sinx1 >/2sinxl 1 +C (a)  l o g sinx + 1 ^sinx +1 (b) glog cosxl cosx + 1 2V2 1
4s/2
22. Let a = 2a + j2kandb such that a  c = \ c \ , \ c  a \
=i +j. If c is a vector and the angle between
axb and c is 30°, then  ( a x £ ) x c  = (a) 2/3 (b) 3/2 (c) 2 (d) 3. 23. A unit tangent vector at t = 2 on the curve x = t2 + 2,y = 4ti5,z = 2t26t is 1 (b) X(2i+2j + k) (a)  f z ( i + J + k ) (c) j^(2i+j + k) (d) none of these.
log log
>/2cosxl V2 cosx + 1 V2sin;c1 >/2 sinx + 1
+C
sinx  1 (c) i l o g sinx + 1 (d) none of these.
+C
16. The degree of the differential equation satisfying yfl[ + 7 + yjl+ y2 =A(xj\ +x + (a) 2 (c) 4 + y2 yJl + x2) is (b) 3 (d) none of these.
24. The mean of two samples of sizes 200 and 300 were found 25,10 respectively. Their standard deviations were 3 and 4 respectively. The variance of combined sample of size 500 is (a) 64 (b) 65.2 (c) 67.2 (d) 64.2. 25. A pair of unbiased dice is rolled together till a sum of either 5 or 7 is obtained. The probability that 5 pomes before 7 is (a) 2/5 (b) 3/5 (c) 4/5 (d) none of these. 26. the (a) (c) If shr'x + cos"'(l  x ) = sin~'(x), then x satisfies equation 2x2  x + 2 = 0 (b) 2x2  3x = 0 2x2 + x  1 = 0 (d) none of these,
17. For x > 0, sum of the series „2 1 1 x2l 1 1 ..3 1 x1 1 x4 1 + " T + 3 + — 2 x + l 2 (x + l) ' 3 (x + l) ' 4 (x + l)4 1S (a) l o g e ( x  1) (b) log e x (c) Ioge ( x + l ) (d) none of these. 18. If pv p2, p3 denote the distances of the plane 2x3y + 4z + 2 = 0 from the planes 2x  3y + 4z + 6 = 0, 4x  6y + 8z + 3 = 0 and 2 x  3 j > + 4 z  6 = 0 respectively, then (a) px + Sp2p3 (c) 8 p\=p] =0 (b) p]=\6p\ (d) p] + 2p2+3p3 = y/29.
19. If two vertices of a triangle are (2, 3) and (5,  l ) , orthocentre lies at the origin and centroid on the line x+y=l, then the third vertex lies at (a) (7, 4) (b) (8, 14) (c) (12,21) (d) none of these. 20. If one of the lines given by 6x 2 +xy y2 = 0 coincides with one of the lines given by 3x2 — axy + y2 = 0 then the value of a is given by (a) a2 3a + 2 8 = 0 (b) 2a2a2S =0 2 (c) 2a  1 5 a + 28 = 0 (d) none of these. 21. Equation of the directrix of the parabola whose focus is (0,0) and the tangent at the vertex i s x  j > + l = 0 i s (a) xy=Q (b) xyl =0 (c) x — y + 2 = 0 (d) x + y— I = 0.
27. If d]y d2, d2 are the diameters of the three escribed circles of a triangle ABC, then dxd2 + d2d3 + dydx a b c (a) ab + he +ca (b) T +  + " b c a (c) {a + b+c)2 (d) none of these. 28. If each side of length a of an equilateral triangle subtends an angle of 60° at the top of tower h metre high situated at the centre of the triangle, then (a) 3a 2 = 2h2 (b) 2a 2 = 3h2 2 2 (c) a = 3h (d) 3a 2 = h2. 29. A uniform rod 2 m long and weighing 30 N is laid on a table (1/2) m projecting over the edge. The weight that can be hung on the end of the rod before it will be pulled over is (a) 20 N (b) 25 N (c) 30 N (d) 35 N. 30. A passenger walks at 10 m/s in the eastern direction across the deck of a ship which is sailing 20 V2 m/s in
MATHEMATICS TODAY  APRIL '07
46
the northeast direction. There is a tide in the direction 30° east of north running at 30 m/s. The wind is blowing at the rate of 15 V3 m/s in the southern direction, magnitude of the velocity of the passenger in space is (a) 5^91 m/s (c) 5A/95 m/s 3  3 31. If A= (a) A (c) A3 (a) / h a s no critical point (b) / h a s minimum at x = cos 1 ( V l O  l ) / 4 (c) / h a s minimum at x = cos 1 (VlO  V2)/4 (d) / h a s maximum at x = cos"1 ( V l O  V 2 ) / 4 33. The sum of the squares of the perpendiculars on any tangent to the ellipse x2la2 +y1/b2  1 from two points on the minor axis each at a distance Vo 2  b 2 from the centre is (a) 2a2 (c) a2 + b2 (b) 2b2 (d) a2  b2 3 _0  1
2
37. A vertical tower CP subtends the same angle 8, at point B on the horizontal plane through C, the foot of the tower, and at point A in the vertical plane. It the triangle ABC is equilateral with length of each side equal to 4 m, the height of the tower is (a) 8^3 m (b) 4 ^ 3 / 3 m (d) 8/V3 m (c) 4 ^ 3 m
(b) 7 m/s (d) 5^103 m/s 4
4
lj
then A' 1 is (b) A2 (d) A4
38. The number of solutions of the equation 1 .5 5 1 (sin J * cosx) is C sin x  c o s x = cosx sinx (a) 0 (b) 1 (d) none of these (c) infinite 39. Cyclists P and Q are respectively at points A and B which are (V3 +1) km apart on a field. P rides away with a uniform velocity of 5V2 km/h in a direction making an angle 45° with AB. Q starts at the same instant to move with a uniform velocity of 10 km/h and catches P. The time that elapses from start before Q catches P is (a) 10 min (b) 11 min (c) 12 min (d) 15 min 40. Two men are carrying a straight uniform bar 16 m long weighing 88 N. One man supports it at a distance of 2 m from one end and the other at a distance of 3 m from the other end. The weights men are bearing are (a) 45 N, 43 N (b) 4 0 N , 4 8 N (c) 32 N, 56 N (d) none of these SOLUTION 1. (b) : (A n B°) u (B n G) = (Ac u (Bc')c) u(BnQ = ( i c u f i ) u ( 5 n C ) = ^ u ( £ u ( f i n C ) ) = Ac u B. 2. (b) : The word MATHEMATICS contains 11 letters viz. M, M, A, A T, T, H, E, I, C, S. The number of words that begin with T and end with T is 9! — = 90720. 2!2! .. 1 + l o g x  x 1/xl 3. ( d ) : lim 2 r = hm *>• 1  2x + x « '  2 + 2x (Using L'H optial Rule)
c
32. L e t / O ) = tan J  tan 2JC. Then C
34. An equation of the line passing through 3 i  51 + 7 k and perpendicular to the plane 3x  4y + 5z = 8 is
, ,
JC3
Y
+5
z7
JC3
y+4_
z5
(c) r = 3i +5j + 7k + (d) r = 3i4]5k
X(3i4j5k) + 7k)
+ \x(3i+5j
(X., i are parameter) 35. If a, b, c are noncoplanar unit vectors such that ax.(b xc) = y+c (a) 371/4 (c) rt/2 then the angle between a and b is (b) 7t/4 (d) 7t
=Iim_IilziL
36. The mean deviation from, mean of the observations a, a + d, a + 2d,..., a + 2nd is
,2
( a)
2 x(l  x)
=
1
_iiimi
2
x
=
_I
2
a ^ M . 3 a+ n(n+\)d2
(b)
n(n +1) di 2
4. (d) : The function/(x) = sin (tan x) (n/4 <x<7t/4) is not differentiate for those x for which tan x = 1 or  1 . This happens if x = 7t/4 or n/4. 5. (d) : Two sides x  3y = 0 and 3x + y = 0 of the triangle being perpendicular to each other, the triangle
(c)
(d) none of these
MATHEMATICS TODAY  APRIL '07
47
is right angled at the origin, the point of intersection of these sides. So that origin is the orthocentre of the triangle and the line 3x  4y = 0 passes through this orthocentre. 6. • (b): From geometry we know PA PB = (PT)2 where PT is the length of the tangent from P to the circle. Hence PA • PB = (3)2 + ( l l ) 2  9 = l l 2 = 121. Alternately Equation of any line through (3, 11) is x  3 >11 , . == r (say) cos 9 sin 9 Then the coordinates of a point on this line at a distance r from (3, II) are (3 + r cos 9, LL +_r sin 9) and if this lies on the given circle x2 + y2 = 9 => 9 + 121 + 2 r ( 3 cos 9 + 11 sin 9) + r 2 = 9 => r2 + 2r (3 cos 9 + 11 sin 9 ) + 121 = 0 which is quadratic in r, gives two values of r say r, and r2 and hence the distances of the points A and B from P. Thus, PA • PB r, r2= 121. 7. ( b ) : Writing a, = i  j, 21 0 0 = 2i + k,a2 = 2i  j , b2=i+jk. 1 0 0 0 1 = 2 0 1 = 1*0 [(«2 — «i) b b2] = 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 So the given lines do not intersect. Clearly they are not parallel as A, and b2 are not parallel. 8. (c): We are given P (A) = 0.5 and P(AnB)< 0.3 We have P(A) + P (B)  P (Au B) = P (A n B) < 1 => P ( ^ ) + P ( f i ) < l + F ( / ( u B ) < l + 0 . 3 = 1.3 => 0.5 + P (B) < 1.3 => (B) < 0.8 Thus, probability of B getting selected cannot exceed
0.8.
11. (a) : We can write A as 0 (sinxcosx)  l o g tanx 0 = (l) 3 s i n x  c o s x sinxcosx 0 log tanx (sinxcosx) 0 log tanx  l o g cot x 0  l o g tanx logtanx
log tanx logtanx 0 [taking  1 common from i?,, R2 and / y =  A [using reflection property] 2A = 0 => A = 0. 12. (c): Applying 1 A= co* Applying C2  1 0
co2
1 + CO
R2, we get 1 x(x2) co +1 0 [ v o) + 0)z =  l ] C3  C,, we get
1 co
1 + co co*
C2  C v C3
coco 2
X(X2)CQ 2 = 0 [ v l +co + co2 = 0]
0
0
13. (d) : There are 40 terms in the expansion of (1 +x) 3 9 : Sum of last 20 coefficients is S= 3 9 C 2 0 + 39C21 + ... + «C 3 8 + «C 3 , => S = 39C19 + 39C1S + ... + 39C, + 39C0 [using "Cr = "C„J Adding the above two expansions, we get 2S = 39C0 + 39C, + + 39C39 = 2 39
5= 2 .
38
9.
(b) : The given expression is equal to cosx  tan x 1 k2 sinx
14. ( d ) : Let d be the common difference of the A.P., then 3 =al0 = 2 + 9d d= 1/9 a4 = 2 + 3d= 7/3 Next, let D be the common difference of Mhv l/h2,..., 1 lh l 0 , then 1 1 7 1 9 1 1 1 =  + — => n = D .. — = — + 6 D = — 3 hmn 2D h, 2D 54 54 h, h, 18 = 18/7 Hence, a A h n = (7/3) (18/7) = 6. IS. (c) : The given integrand can be written as 1 cosx = —5 5—, hence 4cosx cos2x 4(1  sin x) (1  2sin x) rsinx 1 r dt , J sm4x 4 J(l/2)(l2f2)
tan * 1 + cos x cos x(l + cosx) + sin2 x sinx(l + cosx) 1 a 1 a If 1) = —+ —— = _ + — = — a + —\. k sinx k ak k\ aj 10. (d) : Let a be the angle between the forces P+Q and P  Q . Then P2 + Q2 = (P+Q)2 + (PQ)2 + 2(P + Q)(PQ) cosa 2 2  (P + Q ) = 2 ( P 2  Q 2 ) cos a a = cos 48
p2 + q 2 2 (P Q )
2 2
4 1
1 1 llog
1 r 1/2
dt /  1/V2 t + MJl
t1 t +1
log
+ C
MATHEMATICS TODAY  APRIL '07
sinx1 1, /fclog sinx + 1
4A/2
log
>/2 s i n x  1 \/2sinx+1
+ C.
16. (d): Put* = tan Band y = tan
Then Vl + x 2 = sec0,
+ y2 = sec 0, and the equation becomes sec 0 + sec 0 = A (tan 9 sec <  tan <) sec 0) ) > ) cos<> + cos0 cos9cos<j) ( 2 cos 0<!> cos/ sinQ — sin<j ^cos0cos<j> „ > 04  = 2A sin——cos2
third vertex; and B (  2 , 3) and C (5,  1 ) the other two vertices. Then the slope of the line through A and O is klh, while the line through B and C has the slope (1  3) / (5 + 2) = 4/7. By the property of the orthocentre, these two lines must be perpendicular, so we have 1L_1=>*=Z ...(i) 7; h 4 5  2 + /;  1 + 3 + zc „ f + =7 Also 3 3 => h + k= ...(ii) Which is not satisfied by the points given in (a), (b) or (c). *)
hA
cos (j) + cos Q = A (sin 0  sin
2
2
cot
e—cj>
= A => Qd) = 2 cot  ' A 1 \ + x2 1 1,1 + / dy
=> tan~'x  tan~ l y = 2 cot 1 A. Differentiating this, we get = 0, Jdx
which is a differential equation of degree 1. 17. (b) : We first split the given series into two series. We have xl x+T
X
1 x2l 2 (x + 1)2

1 J (x + 1)
.2
 + ...
20. ( b ) : 6x2 + xy y2 = 0 => ( 3 x  y ) (2x +y) = 0 =i> y/x =  2 or y/x = 3 If y/x =  2 coincides with 3x2  axy + y2 = 0 then 3  a (2) + 4 = 0 => a =  7 / 2 If y/x = 3 coincides with 3x2  axy + y 2 = 0 then 3  3 a + 9 => a = 4 So the values of a are given by (a + 7/2) (a  4) = 0 or 2a 2  a — 28 = 0 21. (c) : Since the directrix is parallel to the tangent at the vertex, let the equation of the directrix be. xy+X=0 But the distance between the focus and directrix is twice the distance between the focus and the tangent at the vertex. Therefore 0 + 0 + A. „ 0  0 + 1  = 2xVT+T %/r+T v focus lies on the same side of the directrix and the tangent at the vertex of the parabola. => A. = 2 and the required equation is xy+2=0 i 22. (b) : a x b = 2 1 j
1
1
1 _ 3U +1
4 l
x+1
2^x + l
+ ... 1
1 1  + 1 x + 1 2 (x +1)
3 Vx + 1
,' x + l  x ) ,
(x + 11 x/(x + 1) l/(x + l)
= log, x
18. ( a ) : Since the planes are all parallel planes, 26l
P]
k
2
_
4
4
= 2i + 2] + k Also\ca\2
~ y/22 + 32 + 42 ~ V4 + 9 + 16 ~ V29 Equation of the plane 4x  6y + 8z + 3 = 0 can be written as 2x  3y + 4z + 3/2 = 0 [23/2
S
1
0
 a x i  = V4 + 4 + l = 3 . so
 c  2 +  5  2  2 a  c = 8 =>  c  2 +  a  2  2  c  = c2 + 9  2c = 8 => c2  2c + 1 = 0 (  c   l ) 2 =>'c = l
_
2 =
1 2V29 V ^
° /
=
yjl + 3 + 4
2
2
]2 + 6
a n d 3 =
_ 8
=
Now  ( a x 6 ) x c  =  a x i  x  c  sin30° = 3 • 1
12
2~ 2
V22 +3 2 + 4 2
23. (d) : The position vector of any point at t is r = (2 +1 2 ) i + (4/3  5) j + (2t2  6t) k 49
19. (d) : Let 0 ( 0 , 0) be the orthocentre; A (h, k) the
MATHEMATICS TODAY  APRIL '07
• 4/ + 48y + 2k —r = 2ti + 1 2t2j + (At  6)k, ~ dt dt dr_ = Vl6 +2304 + 4 = ^ 2 3 2 0 . dt Hence the required unit tangent vector at / = 2 is 1/V580 (2i + 24j + k). 24. (c) : Combined mean x = "i*' + n i x i _ 200x25 + 300x10 _
:16
ABC and OP be the tower of height h. Then each of the triangles PAB, PBC and PCA are equilateral and thus PA = PB = AB = a. In triangle ABC, OA is the bisector of the angle A, OA 2 a So —— = sec30 • OA = — —j= —j= a/2 2 43 43 Now from right angled triangle POA. PA2 = OP2 + 042 a2 2« 2 l a =h + •=h 3 3 2 2 => 2a = 3h . 29. (c) : Let x be the weight AR at the end A of the rod and AC M be part of the rod projecting 'A C 'A out of the table. As the rod is \fX *30 uniform, its weight acts at M, the mid point of AB. Let R be the reaction at C. Taking moments about C we get
P 60°
Let
"500 " = 2 5  1 6 = 9 and d^ — x2—x = 10 — 16 = —6
C =JAI T
Now we know that
2
2 nXo] + d1 ) + n2(o\ + di)
^
—
33600 = 67.2 500 500 25. ( a ) : Let A denote the event that a sum of 5 occurs, B the event that a sum of 7 occurs and C the event that neither a sum of 5 nor a sum of 7 occurs. We have = ± = 1 , ^ ) ^ = 1 and P t Q ^ J l 36 9 36 6 36 18 Thus, P (A occurs before B) = P [A ot (CnA) or ( C n CnA) or ...] = P (A) + P (C n A) + P (C n C n A) +... = P(A) + P(C)P(A) + P (Cf P (A) + ... 9 U8j 1/9 9 V18J 9 ^
200(9+ 81)+ 300(16+ 36)
Thus, the weight that can be hung aXA is 30 N. 30. (a) : We take xaxis along east, yaxis along north. Velocity acting on the man are (a) 10/ (velocity of man) (b) 20V2 f  J = f + 4 = j) = 20(/ + j)
 M i
•x = 30
W2
Vr
(velocity of ship) (c) 30 (cos 60° i + sin 60° j )
[sum of aninfinite G.P.] 113/18 5 26. ( b ) : sin 1 * + cos"1 (1  x ) = sin 1 (x) => cos 1 (1 x) = sin 1 (x)  sin 1 * cos 1 (1  x ) =  2 sin~!jc => 1 —x = cos (  2 sin 1 *) = cos (2 sin~'x) = 1  2 sin2 (sin'x) = 1  2x2 => Either x = 0 or x = 1/2 Butx = 1/2 does not satisfy the given equation so x = 0. which satisfies (b). 27. (c) : dxd2 + d2d3 + d3dx = 4 (rxr2+ r2r3 + r 3 r,) A sa (sa) sb (sb) sb (sc) 4A 2 [s  c + sa + sb] sc A + A s c (sa) sa
(velocity of tide) (d)  1 5 4 3 ) (velocity of wind) Resultant velocity is
4A*[3s2.s] (sb) (sc)
0,
'15vT3
4AV 4AV , 2 , , 2 = 45" = (a + b + c). s(s — a ) ( s — b ) ( s — c) A 28. (b) : Let O be the centre of the equilateral triangle 50
10/ + 20 ( j +j) + 15 (i +j) 43 15 ( j ) = 45/ + 20 j Magnitude of the resultant velocity is V45 2 +20 2 =5>/97m/s
MATHEMATICS TODAY  APRIL '07
31. (c) : To show that A~'=B
a2 =
<=> AB = I. We have
=
"3 2 0
3 3 1
4' "3 4 2 1 0 4' * 3 4 0 1 2
* *
 3 1' 3 4 1 1 4 1 2
"3 0 2
4 1 2
4 0 3
The equation of the tangent at any point (a cos 0, b sin 0) on the ellipse is cos0 + ^sin0 = l a b So the required sum is aesin© •1 aesin©  1 cos 8
2
A(A2)
=
"3  3 2 3 0 1 "1 8
*
*
4" 0 3
—
*
*
V«
3 0 2 4 1 2 4' " 3 0 0 3 2 4 1 2 4 0 3
cos 2 f , sin 2 8 2 2
' *
sin 8
2
[need not evaluate the remaining terms as A3 * /3] Next
A4=(A2)(A2) =
_ ( a e s i n 0  6 ) +(qesinQ + 6) (& 2 cos 2 0 + a 2 s i n 2 0 )
x
2
_ 2a 2 (a 2 e 2 sin 2 0 + 6 2 ) ^ 2 a 2 [ ( a 2  6 2 ) s i n 2 Q + ft2] _ 2 j 2 b2 cos2 0 + a2 sin 2 8 b2 cos2 0 + a2 sin 2 8 34. (a) : Equation of the given plane can be written as (3/  4] + 5k) • (xi +yj + zk) = 8 So that the normal to the given plane is 3i  4j + 5k and the required line being perpendicular to the plane is parallel to this normal and since it passes through 3i  5 j + Ik, its equation is r = 3i  5j + Ik + X(3i  4j + 5k) where X is a parameters. Since this lines passes through the vector 3i  5j + lk i.e. the point (3,  5, 7) and is parallel to 3i  4 j + 5k, its direction ratios are 3, — 4, 5 its cartesian equation is JC3 _ y + 5 = z  7 3 — 4 5 35. (a) : The given equality implies = Jb+c
1 0 0
Thus,
0 0 1 0 0 1
A~ 'A .
] 3
32. (c) : The period of the function is n . It is sufficient to consider it on the interval (  n 12, n 12). Now
cos 2 2JC2CQS
2 2
2
x
cos 2x cos x f (*) = 0 < > cos2 2x  2 cos 2 x = 0 = cos 2x = ± J2 cos x < > 2cos2 x  1 = ± V2 cos x =
so cos x =
±V2±Vio
. On (71/2,
,
..
71/2), COS x > 0
...
. „
therefore we are left with cos x = x= ——; 4 cos . cos
1
yfi0+^2 ;
but cos and* =
x <
(ac)b (ab)c
> 1 so we have cos J = C =  cos' M z A .
4
Also i f
ac  I—1= \b = ' y/2
J _ + ab \c
b and c are collinear thus a, b, c are coplanar if
4
then /'(JC) < 0 and J > cos"1 C
4
then /'(JC) > 0 so / h a s minimum at cos
N/TO72
33. ( a ) : The eccentricity e of the given ellipse is given by e 2 = 1  b2la2 => a1 b2 = a 2 e2. So the points on the minor axis, ;.e. _vaxis at a distance \ja ~ b centre (0,0) of the ellipse are (0, + ae). from the
 ab=—,= r 1 u ence H V2 v2 => cos8 =  1 / V2, where 0 is the angle between a and b So 0 = 37t/4. 1 [a + (a + d) + ... + (a + 2nd)] 36. ( d ) : x 2 n + Y
 f t
1
a n d,
a b *. —p. r 1
1 [(2n + l)a + d(l + 2 + ... + 2n)] 2/7 + 1 , ,2n (1 + 2/7) , , = a + d—1= a + nd 2 2n + l 51
MATHEMATICS TODAY  APRIL '07
M.D. from mean =
2n + \ E h 
4a 2 = BC2 = 2a 2  2 ( 1 + V 3 ) a + (1 + 2a2 + 2 (1 + J 3 ) a — (1 + a/3)2 = 0
S f [using (1)]
37. (b) : Since ZCBP = ZCAP = 0 (angles in the same segment are equal) PCBA is a cyclic quadrilateral. ZBAP + ZBCP = 180° => ZBAP = 90° [ v ZBCP = 90°] => ZPBC = 6 = ZBAP  ZBAC = 90°  60° = 30° It h is the height of the tower CP, — then § § = tan9 = tan30° Ln =>* = 1 = > A = 4 m 4 a/3 73 38. (a) : The given equation can be written as . , sinxcosx 5 sin x  cos x = sinx cosx sinxcosx (1/2) sin 2x [sin4x + sin3x cos x + sin2x cos2x + sin x cos3x + cos4x] = 1 2 2 2 sin2x [(sin x + cos x)  2 sin2x cos2x + sinx cosx (sin2x + cos2x) + sin2x cos2x] = 2 sin 2x [1  sin2x cos2x + sinx cosx] = 2 sin2x 1  — s i n 2 2 x + —sin2x = 2 . 4 2 J sin3 2x  2 sin 2 2x  4 sin 2x + 8 0 => (sin 2x  2)2 (sin 2x + 2) = 0 => sin 2x = ±2, which is not possible for any x. 39. (c) : Suppose the two cyclists meet at point C A s ZCAB = 45°, C AD = DC = a (say) 10 knVh AC = s/2a 5V2km/h Let t be the time taken by the cyclist P to reach C. Then Dtt+laB
t
2(1 + A/3) ± ^4(1 + A/3)2 + 8(1 + 7 3 )2 4 2(1 + A/3) + (1 + 73)712 2(1 + a/3)+ 2(1 +A/3 )73
= 1 [••• a > 0]
r = (l/5)hr=12min 40. (b) : As the bar is uniform, the weight of the bar acts at M, the mid point of the bar. Therefore, M is at a distance of 6m from A and at a distance of 5 m from B. Let P and Q be the weights at A and B. We have P + Q = 88 ...(1) 2m j 6m ¥ 5m B 3m P 5 5 and — =  or P = Q...(2) 0 6 6 From ( l ) and (2) we get 6 6 ^ v
88 N
> sinx cosx
sin x  c o s x
5
5
=1
p 11
= 48 =^»/> = 40.
AIEEE
6XPLOR6R
Based on Latest Pattern
• 10 Very Similar Practice Test Papers 20022006 Expert's Solved Papers • • 2000+ MCQ's with detailed Solutions • Frequently Asked Questions Available at all lea ___ bookshops all over the country
MATHEMATICS TODAY  APRIL 07
WlfcG
_ ~j2a _ a ~ 5V2 ~~5 BC1 = CD1 + BD2 = a 2 + ( ^ 3 + 1  a)2 = a2 + (3 + 1 + a1 + 2 S  2a  2 VJ a) = 2a 2 — 2 ( 1 + V3)a + 2 ( 2 + VJ) = 2 a 2  2 ( 1 + V3)a + ( 1 + V3)2 ...(1)
Also,
As the two cyclist meet at C, the time taken by B to reach C must be t. Thus, BC t =10 52 a BC 10 • 2a = BC
•~.Pagos.4i7
kidsMlD
SAMPLE PAPER F R D
Max. Marks: 200
Time: 2 hr
INSTRUCTIONS :
• • • In Q No. 1 to Q. No. 45, select most appropriate choice. In Q. No. 46 to Q. No. 50 select all the choices which are correct For correct answer +3 marks and for incorrect answer  1 marks.
4. The minimum speed of the train is (a) 20 kmph (b) 30 kmph (c) zero (d) None of these. During the journey the time at which speed of the train becomes equal to the average speed during its retarding motion is
Read the passage and answer Q. No. 1 to Q. No. 5 In Japan the train services during the day on country's ring track are such that the train keeps running without any stoppage, for boarding the train on some Railway station, the railway platform moves with the speed of the train, board the train from left side of the platform and step down the train on right side platform. The train does not stop but slows down its speed at station platform, the station platform also moves compatiable to speed of the train. After crossing the platform the train accelerates up and for the next railways platform retards to slow down its speed for the coming platform & so on. Such one train leaves a platform, we affix time t = 0 hours, the study reveals that at any time t (in hours) the speed of train v (in km per hour) is governed by the relation v = 480 (t 12) + 20 gives the mathematics of the system of the train from station to station s2, when the train is at station s,, its speed is minimum and throughout its journey its speed cannot reach below this minimum speed mark. 1. The time duration in which the train retards its speed during journey from.?, to s2 is (a) after half an hour from leaving Station upto time it reaches s2 (b) no conclusion can be drawn (c) independent of time factor (d) none of these During the journey from J, to s2, maximum speed mark is (a) 120 kmph (b) 140kmph (c) 50 kmph (d) None of these. For the journey from 5, to s2, the average speed is (a) 120 kmph (b) 100 kmph (c) 80 kmph (d) None of these.
5.
(a)
(c)
73+1 hours 2V3  j hours
(b) [d]
S .  1
2V3 None
hours
2.
3.
Read the passage and answer Q. No. 6 to Q. No. 9 ax2 + bx + c = 0, a* 0 is quadratic y ax* + bx + c equation, If a, b, c are real then it is quadratic equation with real coefficients. The roots are imaginary when b2  4ac < 0. In graph of y = ax2 + bx + c where a > 0 ax2 + bx + c > 0 <=> a > 0 and b2  4ac < 0 ax2 + bx + c > 0 <=> a > 0 and b2  4ac < 0 In graph of y = ax2 + bx + c where a < 0 ax2 + bx + c< 0 O a < 0 and b2  4 ac < 0 y  ox1 + bx + c ax2 + bx + c < 0 <=> a < 0 and b2  4ac < 0 The graph of y = ax2 + bx + c touches the xaxis (y = 0) at one point when b2  4ac = 0, Here y = ax2 + bx + c = a(x  a)2 because b2  4ac = 0 gives equal roots in ax2 + bx + c = 0 For two curves y =f(x) and y = g(x), for finding their common points, we solve equations y  f ( x ) and y = g(x) the resulting equation in x is f ( x ) = g(x) ....(i) If x, is root of equation (i) and x, is root repeated even
MATHEMATICS TODAY  FEBRUARY '06
Contributed by Prof. S.S. Dahiya (Director), DOON Ace Education Pvt. Ltd.
number of times then curves y =/(*), y = g(x) touch each other at x = xx. If x2 is root of equation (i) and x2 is root repeated odd number of times then curves y=f (x), y = g(x) intersect each other at x = x2. Conversely if curves y = / ( J C ) , y = g(x) touch each other at point (JCP yx) then in equation f i x ) = g(x), JCJ is root repeated even number of times and the curves intersect in point (JC2, y2) then JC2 is root repeated odd number of times. Further if a is root of equation F(x) = 0 repeated k times. Then a is r o o t of equation F'(x)= 0 repeated (k  1) times. 6. The graph of function f(x)=x3 hx + k is one to one then its range is (a) [k2,k+2] (b) (oo, k  2) u (A: + 2, oo) (c) (co, oo) (d) none of these. 7. The curve xy = 1 intersects a circle in points (x.,y,),i= 1,2, 3, 4 then (a) x, x2=y3y4 (b) xxx^c3 = x4 (c) yxy^>3= y4 (d) none of these. a*0 a, b, c are real, b2  4 ac < 0 and a < 0 then ax2 + bx + c > 0, then (a) the statement is true for some values of x (b) the statement is false (c) No conclusion can be drawn (d) none of these. a, b, c are non zero distinct numbers if x + ay + a2z = a 3 , x + by + b2z = b3, z x + cy + c2z = c3, then value of — is « be (c) K ' b +~ +~ c a (d) '
+
that the coordinates of points A(xvyx), B(x2, y2),C(xv y3), O(x0, y0) where O is centre of circumscribing circle of AABC whose Orthocentre is H, centroid is G 10. Coordinates of orthocentre H are given as (a) (x1+x2+x32x0,yl+y2 + y32y0) (b) 2x„ y, 3 +y2+y3y0) 2%
(c) (*! +x2 + x3x0,y1 (d) none of these. 11. Area of AAYZ is (a) A sin A (c) A sin 2 1 ^ (b) (d)
A cos 2 none of these.
12. In the figure point Q } is orthocentre of (a) AX,XX2 (b) AQQ 2 Q 3 (c) AZ 2 AQ 2 (d) none of these. 13. If R, is c i r c u m r a d i u s of AQQ^Q, a n d R2 is circumradius of AQ X Q 2 Q 3 then
(a) (c) R2>RX R2<RX (b) R2 = RX
(d) no conclusion can be drawn 14. Which of the following is true? (a) XYx=X2Y=a (b) XYx=X2Y=b (c) XYx=X2Y=c (d) none of these. Read the passage a n d answer Q.No. 15 to Q.No. 20. Point O is a fixed point in the border area of country Cx. From point O two perpendicular roads one of which is in NorthSouth direction and the other is in the EastWest direction. In the North direction from point O two check posts A and B are such that OA=y and AB = h where h > 0, y > 0. In the West direction of point O the road leads to the border and reaches the territory of country C 2 . An army vehicle 0 of country C 2 is leading towards point O from the West direction, when distance of the vehicle from fixed point O is J (say OQ = x) then angle C subtended at the vehicle Q by check posts A and B is 6. It has been decided that the vehicle Q will be targeted at the instance when angle 0 becomes maximum, say 0 m a x = a. The mathematics of the problem reveals that y and h are known values whereas 0 and J are variables, C therefore all the answers and conclusions are to be computed in terms o f y and h. At the instance when vehicle O is fired at by the two check posts A and B then 15. Distance AQ is (a) (c) Jy(2y + h) (b) (d) Jy(y + h) none of these.
8.
9.
ca
none of these.
Read the passage a n d answer Q.No. 10 to Q.No. 14 Area AABC is denoted by A In A ABC, angles are A, B, C, sides are BC = a, CA = b, AB = c, and a + b + c = 2s. Further R is circumradius of AABC and r is radius of incircle with centre Q, whereas rx, r2, r3 are radii of escribed circles whose centres are 2 P Q v Q3 respectively. The escribed circles touch the sides of AABC in points X, Xt, X2, Y, Y\, \2, Z, Z p Z 2 shown in the figure. Also known
12 MATHEMATICS TODAY  FEBRUARY '06
Jy(y + 2h)
13
16. Distance BO is (a) (c) VO> + h)(2y + h) y +2hy + h h 2 Jy2+yh h
2 2
are many methods of find area of a triangle. In AABC (b) (d) J(y + 2h)(y + h) none of these. altitudes are AD2, BM.„ CN2 and H is orthocentre, / is incentre and anglebisectors are ADV BMV (b)
d
17. Angle a is (a) (c) tan
1
CN3 and DVMV
tan"
Jy2 + 2 yh
incircle touches the sides BC, CA, AB in points
tan" 1
Jy(y + ti) j ( )
+ h) (b) (d)
none of these

18. Value of x is (a) (c) Jy(2y Jy(y + h) none of these. h2x sec a none of these.
2ZC (b)   A , ^  B , 3 3 3 Nx respectively 7 t  A 71— B 71 — C 21. (c) figure (i)' angles ' of triangle (d) ]Nl are these. In D}M none of 2 2 2 (a) t c  A n2B, 22. In figure 2(i) ,sides of A D ]n2C ] are MlN (a) (b) (c)
rcos
Jy(y + 2h)
19. Relation of h, x and a is (a) h — 2 x tan ct (b) (c) A = 2 x cot a (d) 20. Relation of x, y and a is (a) y = 2x (sec a + tan a )
(b
( 4 Ircosfylrcos'
C
2 ( s  a ) s i n ^ , 2(ii.)sin^j, 2 ( j  c ) s i n ^ j 2rsin — 2rsin 2rsinl y
(d) none of these. 23. In figure (i) area ADlM}Nl is (sa) •A 2a (a + b)(b + c)(c + a)A 16 abc rA 2R
Area AD,MLNL
)
y= 2xtanf .4 2
(c) > = 2 x t a n ( f + f
(d) none of these. Read the passage and answer Q.No. 21 to Q.No. 25
/
(a)
(b)
(c)
24. If is (a) (c)
(a)
(d) none of these.
,v, jLr
Area 1/4 3/4
MBC
= k then maximum value of k
A
Figure (i)
B
A
Figure (ii)
(b) 1/2 (d) none of these.
AAHB a r e A, B,
In figure (ii) triangle ABC is an Acuteangled triangle. In f i g u r e (i) and (iii) triangle ABC is general t r i a n g l e (may be rightangled, acuteangled or A obtuseangled) BC = a, Figure (Hi) CA = b,AB = c are sides of AABC and A, B, C are its angles, 2s = a + b + c where s is semiperimeter, r and R are respectively inradius and circumradius of AABC, whereas A represents area of AABC, knowing that A = ~£csin,4 or A = we can find area of AABC and further there
25. In figure (ii) which of the following is false
o r t h o c e n t r e s o f A B H C , ACRFA,
C respectively
(b) AD2BN2,
AAHB
AD2M2C,
is R
AAMZN2
are similar triangles
(c) circumradius of each of triangles ABHC, A CHA, (d) none of these. Read the passage a n d answer Q. No. 26 to Q. No. 29. \n = 1  2  3 . . . . n and [0 = 1, "CR denotes ways of s e l e c t i n g r t h i n g s f r o m n d i f f e r e n t t h i n g s and Is r \nr for 0 < r < n . If "C, is abbrevated as Cr, binomial expansion for n e N is "C. (a + xf = C0a" + Cia"]x+
12
+ Cltx". Total number
MATHEMATICS TODAY  FEBRUARY '06
of terms in the expansion = n + 1, general terms of the expansion is Tr+,, Tr+, = Cr a" ~r x", r  G, 1, 2,...., n 26. Largest two digit prime number which divides 20UC100 is (a) (c) 97 61 Vj.1r=1 \n + \  \ \n + \\n qual to (b) lw+22 (d) none of these. (b) 83 (d) none of these.
by (1 + 2), (1 + 2 2 ), (1 + 2 4 ) (1 + 2 128 ) Conclusion I I : Largest factor of 1 + 2 + 22 + 23 + 2 255 is (1 + 2 128 ) 32. S t a t e m e n t : a, b, c are distinct natural numbers such that a + b + c = abc Conclusion I : t a n  ' a + tan" 1 6 + tan 'c = it Conclusion I I : In three dimensional space point is P(a, b, c), six point can be there in which a, b, c are natural numbers and a + b + c = abc. 33. S t a t e m e n t : Point A (JC,, J/,) is a point on y =f(x) and point B (Y,, JC,) is point on y = / " ' ( J C ) Conclusion I : w, is slope of tangent line at p o i n t s and m2 is slope of tangent line at point B then m ] m 2 = 1 where w, * ± 1 Conclusion I I : common tangent of the curves y =f(x), y =/'(v) has slope  1 (in some cases slope is +1) In the following Q.No. 34 to Q.No. 37 the statement is given, the given statement may or may not be derived using step (J), may or may not be derived using step (K). Select out the answer as per following : Choice ( A ) : Given statement can be derived using step (J) only and not by ctep (K). Choice ( B ) : Given statement can be derived using step (K) only and not by step (J). Choice ( C ) : Given statement can be derived using step (J) or step (K). Choice ( D ) : Given statement can be derived neither by step (J) nor by step (K). 34. S t a t e m e n t : A(atx2,2at]), B(at2, lat2) is focal chord of parabola y2 = 4ax, 0(0, 0) is vertex then angle A OB is obtuse Step (J) : Product of slope of OA & OB is  4 Step (K) : txt2 =  1 35. S t a t e m e n t : From point I drawn to y = 4ax,
2
27. Value of (a) (c)
28. In binomial expansion in all the cases Tr + , is numerically largest term then (a) (b) r < (» + l ) l * l r >
(» + l )  g 
1 a+* n\x\\a\< (« + l ) W W  a  +1 JC    o  +  x  (d) none of these. 29. C0C, + C 2  C 3 + ..„ (iycr=28 then values of n, r are respectively (a) 9 and 6 only (b) 9 and 2 only (c) 9 and 6 or 9 and 2 (d) none of these. Read the passage and answer Q. No. 30 to Q. No. 33. Using given statement, conclusion I may or may not be derived, conclusion II may or may not be derived. Select the answer as per following Choice ( A ) : Using the given statement only conclusion I can be derived. Choice ( B ) : Using the given statement only conclusion II can be derived. Choice ( C ) : Using the given statement both conclusion I and conclusion II can be derived. Choice (D): Using the given statement neither conclusion I nor conclusion II can be derived. 30. S t a t e m e n t : A. is odd natural number having three digits or more, if X =p2  q2 where p*q+\,p and q are natural numbers then X is not prime Conclusion I : Integeral part of Jx is k, if X is not divisible by prime numbers which are < k then X is a prime number. Conclusion II : Number of divisors of X can be determined. 31. S t a t e m e n t : (1 + x ) ( l + x 2 ) ( l + x 4 ) (1 + x 2 ") = 1 +x + x2 + x'....+x2" + l] Conclusion 1 : 1 + 2 + 22 + 23 + 2 255 is divisible 12
(
a
> ~
j tangent lines are
these tangent lines meet the
parabola in point (4a, 4a) and ! 4 Step (J) : Point A(at2, 2at), AB as
diameter, a circle drawn touches x + a = 0 at a, a\ 1
Step ( K ) : Tangent lines at ,, „ A(at2, ^ 2at), d(
a _
2a — to J
y2
4ax
are
MATHEMATICS TODAY  FEBRUARY '06
perpendicular and intersect at point I ~ a >
a
y ~y
and with line L, which is contained in the plane, then equation cf line L,. is r = a + n(nx m)x n . 39. Assertion ( A ) : Line Z., is F = 20 (i+j + k) + X(iJ), line L2 is r = 4(4i+3j) + \i(i+j + k), line L is parallel toraxis and intersects Lx and Ln in points^ and B then AB = 8 Reason (R) : r = a, + Xmt and r = a 2 + \im2 are two skew lines then there exists a unique line L parallel to A«3 such that line L intersects'the given skew lines where m l , m 2 , m3 are pairwise linearly independent 40. n e Nand n > 5, set A = {e,, e 2 , e 3 , , ej Bv B2, B3 are three subsets of set A. Assertion (A) : Event E is that 5 , , 5 „ 5 3 have no common element then probability of event E is '7n Reason (R) : An element is common in Bv B2,53 considered success, P = q =
r "C r 7\" (l
36. S t a t e m e n t : a, b, c, d are rational, ax3 + bx2 + cx + d = 0 has three distinct real roots then one root is rational, two roots are irrational or all the three roots are rational or all the three roots are irrational Step (J) : a , 3, y are three real distinct roots of ax3 + bx2 + cx + d~ 0 then factors of ax3 + bx2 + cx + d are a(x  a)(x  p)(x  y) or a(x  a)(x2 + px + q), Roots of x2+ px + q = 0 are p±Jp24q where p2 > 4q
Step ( K ) : If ( p 1  4q is rational, all the three roots are rational, if are irrational 37. S t a t e m e n t : In A ABC, 2 s = a + b + c
a
A\p
2
 4 q is irrational then two roots then
sa sb sc Step ( J ) : xv x2, x3 , ..., xn are positive then f 1 1 S t e +(x: ) : +....+x: 0 , 1 ) X1 "I" XJ p K aw g ( then is applied for m =  1 Read the passage and answer Q. No. 38 to Q. No. 43. Two statements are given, one statement is Assertion (A), the other statements is Reason (R). Select the correct choice for these statements as per following. Choice ( A ) : Both Assertion (A) & Reason (R) are true and Reason (R) is feasible explanation of Assertion (A). Choice (B) : Both Assertion (A) & Reason (R) are true but Reason (R) is not proper explanation of Assertion (A). Choice (C) : Assertion (A) is true, Reason (R) is false. Choice (D) : Assertion (A) is false, Reason (R) is true. 38. Assertion (A) : Line r = a + Xini makes an angle e ^where 0 < 9 <  j
with plane
H
—
>
6
1
is
I
• « * "j" Xy,
Probability of r successes is where r  0, 1, 2, 3, ,n
41. Assertion ( A ) : Given points A(4, 2), B(2, 4) line L passes through point 0(7, 5) and is equidistant from points A and B whereas L is not parallel to AB, equation of line L is x3y + S = 0 Reason (R) : Two fixed points A and B are given, line L is equidistant from points A and B in the following cases Case (i) : L is perpendicular bisector of AB Case (ii) : L is parallel to AB Case (iii) : L is line passing through midpoint of AB dx — 47. Assertion ( A ) : {" 2 „(* + l ) ( x " + l ) Reason dx = sin"(x) + cos"(x) sin" (x) for n & R.
7n = dn
m • A? then I sin 9 I is numerical value of ,  ,,  . ' \m\\n\ Reason (R) : r =a + Xm is line L which makes angle 9 12 where 0 < 0 <  with plane r n = an
43. Assertion (A) : Vector equally inclined with two linearly independent vectors a and b is a + b. Reason (R) : Two linearly independent vectors are of equal magnitudes, their resultant bisects angle between these vectors.
M A T H E M A T I C S T O D A Y  FEBRUARY '06
Read the passage and answer Q. No. 44 to Q. No. 45. In question 44 and 45 there are four choices for each question, student gives answer to these questions and the releated answer is wrong. The student gives solution of these question in four steps, step (A), step (B), step (C), step (D) from these four steps select out the step which makes the solution wrong. 44,
(a) 2k{ +k2 = 0 (c) =
(b) 2£, + =0 (d) None of these.
47. j(,/tan(x)+7cot(x))<stt is equal to (a) (b) (c) (d) 48. , V2 sin" 1 1V2 sinfjc  ^ H + C ^
4/
• I(axy+x"
tc J aH where a*0 & n e R then value(s) of a is(are) (a) 2 only (b)  2 only (c) 2 o r  2 (d) None of these. Answer given by the student is (c) Solution : h b Step (A) : Using jf(x)dx = \ f ( a + bx)dx, we 3n/4 f cil 4 (ax)" + x" dx = dx = — 2a
dx
(x2 x2+a nJ(+a 2)
dx
—\/2 cos"'(sin x  c o s x) + C  . 4 T/2 cos  1 IV2 sin if x  7 11 + C V2 sin""1 (sinx  cosx) + C. Un(l + x) , , "'f4, ,, t . , • — j ^  d x , k2 = j ln(l + tanx)£& 0 (1 + x ) 0
k/2
get
1 rdx *3= 0 1 + V COt X which of the following is(are) true ? (a) 4/fc,+* 2 = 0 (b) 2*,+/t 3 ln(2) = 0 (c) k2 = £3 In (4) (d) none of these. 49. An operation * is defined as x*y = Jx2 +y2  xy where x&y are distinct real
Step ( B ) : I 2 2 l,(x +a )
2(jk Step ( C ) : We get j = f 7i I 2a Step (D) : Therefore  = 1 or a = ± 2 4 a 45. i = VT, value of (;)', is (a) e~n/2 (b) e~n e (c) 7T (d) None Answer given by the student is (a) Solution : Step ( A ) : Using e'B = cos0 + isin9 we get 71  7t 'T i = cos—+/sin— = e 2 2 2 S t e p ( B ) : (/)' = ( e 2 ) ' Step ( C ) :
(iy =
numbers, which of the following is(are) true (a) x * y > 0 (b) zero is identity of * operation (c) x * y =y * x (d) (x*y)*z = x*(y*z) 50. Relation of x and y is given by 2x2 + 4xy + y2  12x  8y + 15 = 0 then which of the following is(are) correct (a) xeR1 4 . 1 +  1 V2' V2,
(b) ^ e i ?  ( l , 3 ) (c) the given relation represents a hyperbola (d) none of these.
ANSWERS
1. 6. 11. 16. 21. 26. 31. 36. 41. 46. 51. 55. (b) (a) (b) (c) (a) (c) (c) (c) (d) (a) (a, b, c) (a, b, c) 2. 7. 12. 17. 22. 27. 32. 37. 42. 47. 52. (b) (b) (a) (b) (a) (b) (a) (c) (C) (a) (a, b, c, 3. 8. 13. 18. 23. 28. 33. 38. 43. 48. d) (a) (b) (b) (b) (b) (c) (c) (a) (b) (a) 53. 4. 9. 14. 19. 24. 29. 34. 39. 44. 49. (d) (b) (a) (b) (c) (a) (a) (c) (c) (a) (d) 54. 5. (d) 10. (a) 15. (a) 20. (a) 25. (d) 30. (d) 35. (c) 40. (c) 45. (a) 50. (a) (a, b, c) OO
/ !
Step (D) : (;)< = e "f In question 46 to 50 select all choices which are correct. „ 46. j. ln(jc) *,=J
;
°ln(l + x 2 ) ,
*3 = f
 t a K, ) ' r i t , V
o ( l + x2)
which of the following is(are) true ?
12 MATHEMATICS TODAY  FEBRUARY '06
Practice Paper
for
West Bengal J E E 2006
1.
1
W
Exam on 22 and 23" April
2.
The value of sin 10° + sin 20° + sin 30° + ... + sin 360° is equal to (a) 0 (b) 1/2 (c) 1 (d) 2 The value of sin 0 + sin (6 + 120°) + sin (0 + 240°) is equal to (a) 0 (b) 1 (c) VJ (d) 2
(c) Only when b * 0 (d) Only when atleast one of a and b is nonzero. 9. The perpendicular segment from the origin to a line is of length 4 units and is inclined to the positive direction of xaxis at an angle of 30°. The equation of the line is V3 (b) ^  x + y = 4 (a) S x + y=t (c) x + V3y = 8 (d) x+A
y = 4.
If A + B + C = 37i/2, then the value of cos 2A + cos 2B + cos 2C is equal to (a) 1  4 cos A • cos B • cos C (b) 4 sin A • sin B • sin C (c) 1 + 2 cos A • cos B • cos C (d) 1  4 sin A  sin B • sin C 4. If 2 tan A 3 tan B, then tan (A  B) is equal to 2 sin IB sin 2 B 3 + 2 cos 2B sin 2 B
10. The equation of the line passing through (1, —2) and having a slope of 4/7 is (a) ly + 10 = 4x 4 10 (c) * =  y + —
4 10
(b)
(a) 3  2 cos 2 B (c) 5 + cos 2 5
5. sin 2 3 A The value of 2 sin A (a) cos 2A 1
(c)
y = x + — 7 7
(b)
(d) 4x + ly= 10
sin 2 B
(d) 5  cos 2 B
cos 2 3A is equal to
11. The angle between the lines x cos a + y sin a = a and x sin p  ; y c o s ( 3 = a is (a) ( 3  a (b) (c)  + a + P (d)
TX
+ (3  a
8 cos 2A 2a + sin
cos 2 A .(b) 8 cos 2A cos 2A (d) I 2b : +b
2
 " P + a
12. The perpendicular distance between two parallel lines 3x + 4y  6 = 0 and 6x + 8y + 7 = 0 is (in units) x then (a) (b) — (c) 5 5 13. The coordinates of the centre circle x2 + y2 + 4x  6y  36 given by (a) (4, 6) and 6 (b) (c) ( 2 ,  3 ) and 6 (d) — (d) 10 2 and the radius of the = 0 are respectively ( 4 ,  6 ) and 7 (2, 3) and 7
6.
1+ a x is equal to ab 1 + ab
If sin"
= 2 tan
(b) (d)
(c)
7.
1 + ab a +b 1 — ab
— ab
The points (a, b), (0, 0), (a, b) and (ab, b2) are (a) Vertices of a parallelogram (b) Vertices of a rectangle (c) Vertices of a square (d) Collinear The equation ax + by + c = 0 represents a straight line (a) For all real numbers a, b and c (b) Only when a * 0
14. The equation x2+y2 + 2gx + 2fy + c = 0 represents a circle of nonzero radius if (a) g2+f2>c (b) g2+f2<c (c) g2>f2 +c (d) g2<f2
2
+c
8.
15. The focus of the parabola (y  3 ) = 4x is (a) ( 1 ,  3 ) (b) (  1 , 3 ) (c) (  1 ,  3 ) (d) (1,3) 16. The length of the latus rectum of the ellipse 25x2 + 4y2= 100 is
12 MATHEMATICS TODAY  FEBRUARY '06
(a)
25
(b)
16 y
(0
?
f
2 1
lim * ( * ) • / ( « >  * ( * ) • / ( * )
X — A
isequalt0
17. The standard equation of the hyperbola having the distance between foci as 32 and eccentricity 2 ^ 2 is (a) lx y = (c) lx2 y22 2
(a)  5
(b) 0
(c) 1/5
(d) 5
56 224
(b) x ly
= 56 = 224
26. The derivative of tan to tan 1 x is (a) 1/4 (b) 1/3 27. T h e v a l u e sin y = (a)  2 of dx
Vl + x 2  1
with respect
(d) x1~ly2
x2 v2 18. The eccentricity of the ellipse — + — = 1 is
(c) 1/2 when
(d) 1 cosx = and
(a)
Te
7
(b)
16
9
(c)
T
Jl
(d)
T
jl
19. The points A (5,9,9), B (0,  1 ,  6 ) and C (5, 11,  1 ) form the vertices of (a) An acuteangled triangle (b) A rightangled triangle with unequal sides (c) An isosceles rightangled triangle (d) An obtuseangled triangle 20. If the angle between the lines, whose direction ratios are (2,  1 , 2) and (x, 3, 5), is TT/4, then the smallest value of x is (a) 52 (b) 4 .(c) 2 (d) 1 21. The point of intersection of the lines x + l y+3 z+5 y4 a X  2 and 1 3 « i f ± .  § z6. 5
r, IS
VT
+ r (b)  1 (c) 1 (d) 2
28. If y = a cos 2x + b sin 2x, then d2y (a) ^ (c) d2y
+
. =0
(b) (d) d2y
+ 2y = 0 + 4y = 0
, „ + 3y = 0.
29. In which one of the following intervals, the function x 2  5x + 6 is decreasing ?
(a) (—oo, 2 ] (b) [3, co) (C) (00,00) (d) (2,3)
(,
Bfi
2 ' 2 ' 2 ,
(c)
I _ I1)
,2' 2' 2)
( d )
f_I I 1
(
30. A wire of length 20 cm is to be bent into a rectangle. For the area of rectangle to be the largest, (a) One side should be twice the other (b) One side should be 25 times the other (c) One side should be 15 times the other (d) The two sides should be equal 31. If /, = — (e s i M ) , U = lim dx /!>• 0 h = je (a) /,
1 T sin* d sin(jc+/7) _ sinx
22. If a real valued function of a real variable is defined as / (x) = cos  1 (3x  1), then the domain of the f u n c t i o n / i s given by (a) x: 0 < x < (b) {x : 1 < x < 2}
h
and
cos x dx, then (b)
2
~(h) = h /2=/3
1
(c) j x : 0 < x < —
(x + 4)
(d)
is equal to
x: 0 < x < — (c)
J/3 dx = l
(d) je
tan
23.
lim
X —>CO
X + 1
32. The value of the integral (c) e 5 (d) 7 is equal to (a) e
, . „tan~' x + c
x
(1 + X + X 2 )
(l + x 2 )
:
dx
(a) 5
(b) e
24. If the function/(x) = 4 x 5* for x < 0 , / ( x ) = 8a + x for x > 0 is continuous, then the value of a is (a) 1/2 (b) 2 (c) 3 (d) 4 25. I f / ( a ) = 2 , / ' (a) = 1, g (a) =  1 and gf (a) = 2, then 74
(b) x 2 e ,a +c dx
+c
(c) (1 + x) e t a n
(d) X e t a ' r l ^ + c is equal to
J x ( l + log x)
33. The value of the integral I
MATHEMATICS TODAY I FEBRUARY '06
(b)
I
1 1 + log x 1 1+ x
41.
The differential equation of the family of curves, for which the length of the normal is equal to a constant k, is given by dy _ 7 (a) y 2 j = k2  ..2 y dx
t u
•(c) 1 + log x
(d)
J ±)2 (b) vy dx
= ki
..2
34. If " = je* cos x dx, v = Je* sin x dx, then (u + v) is equal to du dx du dx dv dx
(d) (b)
dv
*
dv
«
parabola when
k2 + y2 dy _ ax + h
(c)
+
du
•42. The general solution of (a) a = 0 , 6 = 0 (c) a = 0, b * 0 43.
~
+
^ represents a =2 2,b=\
dx 35. The value of the integral f — J 1 sin hx + 5 cos foe 3 equal to (b) tan 1 (2e I ) + c (a) tan" 1 (e*) + c (c) ~ t a n 1 (ex) + c (d) ~ tan' (2ex) + c
(b) a=\,b (d) a =
The solution of the d i f f e r e n t i a l equation 4 dy 3 x — + x y + cosec (xy) = 0 is equal to dxcos (xy) + x~==cc (a) 2 (b) 2 cos (xy) +y2 = c
.2. c (c) 2 sin (x.y) + x"
(d) 2 sin (xy)+y~2 = c differential equation given by (b) (y + x) x = Ay (d) (y + x)y + Ax2 = 0,
dc 36. The value of the integral f is equal to J 1 + i (a) l o g ( l + e*) + c
V \
(b)  l o g (1 +e*) + c (d) l o g ( l +ex) + x + c 7 Z W
(c)  l o g
ex+l
+c
44. The solution of t h e (y2 + 2xy) dx  x2dy = 0 is (a) A(y + x) = xy (c) (y + x)y = Ax where A is a constant
37. T h e v a l u e of the integral jjcos x  sin JC dx is equal to (a) 2 ( V 2  l ) (c) ( 2 V 2 + 1 ) w 38. The value of (x  [x]) dx, where [x] is the greatest 0 integer < x, is equal to (a) 4 [x] (b) 2 [x] (c) (d) ^[x] (b) (d)
0
45. The rate of increase of bacteria in a certain culture is proportional to the number present. If it doubles in 5 hours, then in 25 hours, its number would be (a) 8 times the original (b) 16 times the original (c) 32 times the original (d) 64 times the original 46. The roots of the equation (q  r)x2 + (r  p) x + (p  q) = 0 are (a) (rp) / (q  r), 1/2 (b) (pq)/(qr), (c) (qr)/(pq), 1 (d) (rp)/(pq),
(2V21) 2(V2+l)
1 1/2
47. If the equation (x + m)2  (x + n)2 = (m  n)2, where
m, n are nonzero constants and m2 * n2, is satisfied by x = pm + qn, then t h e o r d e r e d pair (p, q) is equal to (a) ( 0 ,  1 ) (b) (  1 , 0 ) (c) (1,0) (d) (0, 1) 48 49. The number of diagonals of an octagon is (a) 48 (b) 40 (c) 28 (d) 20 If a man and his wife enter in a bus in which five seats are vacant, then the number of different ways in which they can be seated is (a) 2 (b) 5 (c) 20 (d) 40
39. The area of the region bounded by the curve V = x x, xaxis, the ordinates x = 1 and x =  1 is given by (a) 0 (b) 1/3 (c) 2/3 (d) 1 40. The degree of the differential dy_ dx1 (b) (d) is 2 None of these equation
sHfl"' 1 (a) 1
(c) 3
76 M A T H E M A T I C S T O D A Y I FEBRUARY'I13
13
50.
The expression of (1 + 2x) is valid when (a) x > 1/2 (c)  1 / 2 < x < 1/2
I/2
, by binomial theorem,
63. The value of log 10 4 0 0 0 0 — log ]0 4 is equal to (a) 4 (b) 10000
(c) log10 39996 (d) 39996
(b) x < 1/2 (d)  2 < x < 2
51.
If (1  x + x 2 ) n = a 0 + a,x + a ^ r + ... a2Mx2", then a0 + a2 + a4 + ... + a 2 n equals
64. The value of e (log 10 lan l ° Iog 10 tan 2 ° + + log io tan 89°) j s equal to «(a) 0 (b) 1 (c) e (d) 1/e. 65. If 1 + sinx + sin 2 x + sin3 x +... + oo = 4 + 2 JJ for 0 < x < 7t; then the value of x is equal to
N 2K
(a) (c)
52.
3" + 1
2
13"
(b)
3"
(d)
3"+
(a)
W
 o r y
6
,, (b) (d)
71 271 — or —
71
4
If log 2 = 03010 and log 3 = 04771, then the value of log 48 is
(a) 16731 (b) 16811 (c) 16911 (d) 18611
7t 71 (c) — or —
3
271
5
 or — 3 3
53.
If log 4 7 = x, then Iog 7 16 is equal to (a) 2/x (b) x 2 (c) x (d) 2x
66. If tan 0 + sin 8 = m and tan 0  sin 8 = n, then (a) m2 — rr = 16 mn (b) m2 + n2 = 16 mn (c) ,   n2)2 = \6 mn 67. If p (a) 1 +p + (b) 1/4 ^2 + (c) (d) (m2 + n2)2 = 16mn ...oo = cosec 0, then the
Vy/2
54. The principle argument o f  1  / is (a) ti/4 (b)  7t/4 (c)  371/4 (d) 57t/4 55. The value of z1000 + i 1001 + iml (a) 0 (b) i (c)  / + / 1003 is equal to (d) 1
value of sin 0 is equal to (d) 1/2 68. If a + p + y = 271, then the value of
a Y . tan — + tan — h tan — is equal to 2 2 2
56. The positive value of m, for which the roots of the equation 12x2 + mx + 5 = 0 are in the ratio 3 : 2, is (a) 5VTO (b)
5 A / 1 0 / 1 2 (C) 5/12
(d)
12/5
P
57. If x 2 px + 1 > 0 for all real values o f x , then  P\ (a) Is less than 2 (c) Is greater than 2 (b) Is greater than 1 (d) Can have any value
(a) t a n — tan — • tan — w 2 2 2
a
P
y
58. x + 2 is a c o m m o n factor of the expressions (x2 + ax + b) and (x2 + bx + a). The ratio alb is equal to (a) 1 (b) 2 (c) 3 (d) 4 59. The number of triangles that can be formed by choosing the vertices from a set of 12 points, seven of which lie on the same straight line, is (a) 1 8 5 (b) 1 7 5 (c) 1 1 5 (d) 1 0 5 60. The value of "C n  »r r "r . • "C3 + + (1)" "CN O, + is equal to (a) 0 61. (b) 2"l (c) 2" (d) 2""
1
(b) tan — • tan — + tan — • tan — + tan — . tan — 2 2 2 2 2 2 a P y (ct 1  tan — • tan — • tan — y
' 2 2 2
.
a
P
P
Y
y
a
(d) 1 + t a n — • tan — • tan— K ' 2 2 2 69. The value of sin (a) 7i (b)
1
a
P
v
(3/5) + tan" 1 (1/7) is equal to (d) ti/8 is equal to
n/2 (c) tt/4
70. The value of tan —cos 2
L
1 3 JJ
(b) (d)
—
If x is so small that its square and higher powers may be neglected, then (a) 1  x J +x (b) 1 + x (c) 2  x equal to (d) 1  (l/2)x is 6,
(a) 2 / ( 5  7 5 ) (c) (3 + 7 5 ) / 2
2/(5 + 7 5 ) (3 — 75)/2
62. If the logarithm of a number to the base j s then the number is (a) V S " 76 (b) 7 8 7 6 (c) 6V8 (d) 512
71. If the vertices B and D of a square ABCD be (2,3) and (4,1) respectively, then the length ofits side is (in units) (a) 1 (b) 2 (c) 3 (d) 4 72. The xintercept and the ^intercept of the line 5x  7 = 6y respectively are (a) 7/5 and 7/6 (b) 7/5 a n d  7 / 6 (c) 5/7 and 6/7 (d)  5 / 7 and 6/7
MATHEMATICS TODAY I FEBRUARY'I13
73.The p e r p e n d i c u l a r form of the straight line V5x + 2y = 7 is (a) y = i ; y
(c) x 2 — 8x — 4 > + 20 = 0 >
2
(d) y = 3
2
^
2
x h— 2
2
^
1
(b)
7/^3
7/2
83. The equation ax + 2hxy + by = 0 represents a pair of real and distinct straight lines passing through the origin if (a) h2>ab (c) h = ab
1
V3 2 ^ + R (c) —j= x H—j= jv = V 7 (d) x + T ? 7 i y = 7 V7 V7 2 74. If the points with coordinates (a, 0); (op , lap) and (op, 2 , 2ap,) are collinear, then the value o f p p ] is (a) 3 (b) 2 (c) 1 (d)  1 75. If (3 is an acute angle between the lines px+qy=p + q; and p (x y) + q (x+y) = 2q, then the value of sin (3 is (a) S t 2 (b) 3/4 (c) 1/2 (d) i / ^ 76. The Cartesian equation of the curve x = 5 + 3 cos a y = 7 + 3 sin a is represented by (a) (x  3) 2 + ( y  5)2 = 6 (b) (x  5) 2 + (y — 7)2 = 9 (c).y = 3x + 7 (d) ( y  2 ) + ( x  7 ) = 5 77. If r. r2 and r3 are the radii of the circles x 2 + /  4x + 6 j = 5, x2 + v2 + 6x  4y = 3 and x2+y22x + 4y=8 respectively then (a) r,>r2> r3 (b) r2>r3>ri r (c) r3> rx> r2 (d) ri>rs> i 78. The equation of the parabola with focus (  3 , 0 ) and directrix x + 5 = 0 is (a) y2 = — 4(x + 4) (b) y2 = 4(x + 4) (c) y2 = 4(x4) (d) y2 = 4(x4) 79. The equation of the ellipse with foci at (± 5, 0) and x = — as one directrix is 5
2 2
(b) h2 > ab (d) h2<ab
84. The inverse/"' (x) of the function /: /?!{1} R \{ 1}, defined byf(x) = (x+ 1 )/(x  1 ) , is (a) ( x + l ) / ( x  l ) (b) ( x  l ) / ( x + l ) (c) 1/x (d) x 85. lim  x  3 1 = (b) 0 (c)l (d) does not exist
(a) 1 o^ 86.
J1COS0 's equal. . . hm — to e>o 6
(a) 72
(b) 2V2 (c) 7 J
(d)
j j ;
87. For the parabola y 2  8_y  x + 19 = 0; the focus and the directrix are (a) I > 41 and
x =
(b)
f^,s)and^ = 7
(c)   , 3 j a n d ^ = 9
(d) (6, 3) and x = 7
88. / ( x ) = cos j x  is a continuous function because (a) Composition of continuous functions is a continuous function (b) Product of continuous functions is a continuous function (c) Cosine is an even function (d) Sum of continuous functions is continuous 89. If Jx+\ y = cosec" 1 —= —7= + cos
VX 1
2
2
(a) (c)
80,
3 x'
(b) (d)
36
11
Vx  1 Vx + 1 2
36 9 11 36 The equation 2x2  3y 2  6 = 0 represents a (a) Circle (b) Parabola (c) Ellipse (d) Hyperbola
dy ,then — is dx
equal to
(a) (c) x — 1
90. The derivative of sin tan 2x 1x2 (a)  2 (b)  1
(b) (d) 0 2x
yl + X ,
81. The equation of the axis of the parabola x2  4y + 8 = 0 is (a) y=0 (b) y = 2 (c) x = 0 (d)
JC
=2
82. The equation of the set of all points equidistant from the point (4, 2) and the xaxis is (a) x 2  6x + 4_y + 10 = 0  6x  4 y  10 = 0 (b)
76 MATHEMATICS TODAY I FEBRUARY 'I
with respect to
(6) 1
(d) 2
13
91. I f / ( x ) = sin (cos x), then f'(x) is (a) cos (cos x) (b) sin (sin x) (c)  sin (cos x) (d)  sin x • cos (cos x) 92. The second derivative oifie") with respect to x, where / i s a polynomial, is (a) / " (ex) e* + / ' (e*) (b) / " (C) e* + / " (e')e* (c ) f ( e ) (a)  V 2 (b) V2 (c) 2
n x
100. Which one of the following differential equations is lx satisfied by the family of curves y = 2 + c • e dy o (b) (d) — + <\xy=?>x dx f ^ = 0
(d)
/ " ( e ^ + Z V K (d) ^ 1. 6. 11. 16. 21. 26. 31. 36. 41. 46. 51. 56. 61. 66. 71. 76. 81. 86. 91. 96.
(c) ~ + 4xy = 0 dx
93. The maximum value of sin x + cos x is equal to 94. The value of k for which the integral of 3x 3 + lx1  2 3fcc + l , (x 0) may be a rational x x function, is 3 2 3  2 (a) ^ (b) j (c) — (d) 3 2 + sin2x x 95. The value of the integral J  y e dx is equal + cos2x to (b) e* cos x (a) e x sin x (c) e* tan x 96. The value of (a) x fx 6 '" 1 + ex J xe + ex
x1
ANSWERS (a) (a) (d) 2. 7. 12. 17. 22. 27. 32. 37. 42. 47. 52. 57. 62. 67. 72. 77. 82. 87. 92. 97. (a) (d) 3. 8. 13. 18. 23. 28. 33. 38. 43. 48. 53. 58. 63. 68. 73. 78. 83. 88. 93. 98. (d) (d) (d) (d) 4. 9. 14. 19. 24. 29. 34. 39. 44. 49. 54. 59. 64. 69. 74. 79. 84. 89. 94. 99. (d) (a) (a) (b) (a) (d) (b) 5. (b) 10. (a) 15. (d) 20. (b) 25. (d) 30. (d) 35. (d) 40. (d) 45. (c) 50. (c) 55. (a) 60. (a) 65. (d) 70. (d) 75. (d) 80. (d) 85. (d) 90. (c) 95. (c) 100 . ( b )
(c)
(C)
(c) (c) (c)
(b) (b) (b) (b) (a) (a) (a)
(c) (c)
(d) (a)
(c)
(d) (b)
(c)
(a) (d) (a) (a) (a) (a)
(c)
(b)
(c)
(a) (b) (a) (d) (d) (b) (a)
(c) (c)
(b) (b)
(d) e x cot x  dx is equal to (b) log (x + e) (d) log [(xc + ^ ) l / c ]
(c)
(b) (b)
(c)
(b) (a) (a) (b) (a)
(c) (c)
(b) (a) (d) (b) (b)
(c) log (ex + x c
(c) (c)
(d) (d)
(c)
(a) (d) (d)
97. The value of the integral f J dx is equal to J x ( x 7 +1) 1 x7l +c (b) — log — +c (a)  l o g 7 x +1 x7 + 1 (c) log x7 + 1 7x +c (d) 7 log x7 + 1 +c
ri 98. The value of the integral J [ x 2 ] dx, where [x] is the greatest integer < x, is given by (a)
V21
(b) (d)
1V2
2(V2l)
99. The area b o u n d e d by the curves y = x 2 and y = 2  x  is equal to 4 I 8 3
(C)
(a)
76
2 I ^
1 3
M A T H E M A T I C S T O D A Y I FEBRUARY'I13
International Math Olympiad
PROBLEMS & SOLUTIONS
1. Let ABC be a triangle with incentre /. A point P in the interior of the triangle satisfies Z PBA + Z PCA = Z PBC + Z PCB Show that AP>AI, and that equality holds if and only if P = I. 2. Let P be a regular 2006gon. A diagonal of P is called good if its endpoints divide the boundary of P into two parts, each composed of an odd number of sides of P. The sides of P are also called good. Suppose P has been dissected into triangles by 2003 diagonals, no two of which have a common point in the interior of P. Find the maximum number of isosceles triangles having two good sides that could appear in such a configuration. 3. Determine the least real number M such that the inequality ab(a2  b2) + bc(b2  c2) + ca(c2  a2)\ < M(a2 + b2 + c2)2 holds for all real numbers a, b and c. 4. Determine all pairs (x, y) of integers such that 1 + 2X + 22r + 1 =y2. 5. Let P(x) be a polynomial of degree n > 1 with integer coefficients and let k be a positive integer. Consider the polynomial Q(x) = P(P(.... P(P(x)) )), where P occurs k times. Prove that there are at most n integers t such that Q(') = t. Therefore, AP > AI. Equality holds if and only if P lies on the line s e g m e n t s / , which occurs if and only if P = I. 2. Call an isosceles triangle good if it has two odd sides. Suppose we are given a dissection as in the problem statement. A triangle in the dissection which is good and isosceles will be called isogoocl for brevity. Lemma. Let AB be one of dissecting diagonals and let L be the shorter part of the boundary of the 2006gon with endpoints A, B. Suppose that L consists of n segments. Then the number if isogood triangles with vertices on L does not exceed w/2. Proof: This is obvious for n = 2. Take n with 2 < n < 1003 and assume the claim to be true for every L of length less than n. Let now L (endpoints A, B) consists of n segments. Let PQ be the longest diagonal which is a side of an isogood triangle PQS with all vertices on L if there is no such triangle, there is nothing to prove). Every triangle whose vertices lie on L is obtuse or rightangled;
MATHEMATICS TODAYDECEMBER'05
other words, P lies on the circumcircle co of triangle BCI. Let Q be the circumcircle of triangle ABC. It is a wellknown fact that the centre of co is the midpoint M of the arc BC of Q. This is also the point where the angle bisector AI intersects Q.
SOLUTIONS
1. L e t Z ^ = a , Z 5 = ( 3 , Z C = y. Since Z PBA + Z PCA + Z PBC + Z PCB = (3 + y, the condition from the problem statement is equivalent to ZPBC + ZPCB=~,
2
i.e.ZBPC=
90° +  .
2
On the other hand Z BIC = 1 8 0 °   ^ ± ^ = 90° + 2
2 '
Hence Z BPC = Z BIC and since P and I are on the same side of BC, the points B, C, 1 and P are concyclic. In
76
thus S is the summit of PQS. We may assume that the five points A, P, S, Q, B lie on L in this order and partition L into four pieces LAP, Lps, Lso, L0H (the outer ones possibly reducing to a point). By the definition of PO, an isogood triangle cannot have vertices on both LAP and Log. Therefore every isogood triangle within L has all its vertices on just one of the four pieces. Applying to each of these pieces the induction hypothesis and adding the four inequalities we get that the number ofisogood triangles within L other than PQS does not exceed n/2. And since each of Lps, Lso consists of an odd number of sides, the inequalities for these two pieces are actually strict, leaving a 1/2 + 1/2 in excess. Hence the triangle PSQ is also covered by the estimate n/2. This concludes the induction step and proves the lemma. The remaining part of the solution in fact repeats the argument from the above proof. Consider the longest dissecting diagonal XY. Let Lyy be the shorter of the two parts of the boundary with endpointsA, Y and letATZbe the triangle in the dissection with vertex Z not on Lxy. Notice that XYZ is acute or rightangled, otherwise one of the segments A'Z, YZ would be longer than AT. Denoting by Lxz, LY7 the two pieces defined by Z and applying the lemma to each of LXY, L^, Lyz we infer that there are no more than 2006/2 isogood triangles in all, unless ATZ is one of them. But in that case XZ and YZ are good diagonals and the corresponding inequalities are strict. This shows that also in this case the total number of isogood triangles inthe dissection, including XYZ, is not greater than 1003. This bound can be achieved. For this to happen, it just suffices to select a vertex of the 2006gon and draw a broken line joining every second vertex, starting from the selected one. Since 2006 is even, the line closes. This already gives us the required 1003 isogood triangles. Then we can complete the triangulation in an arbitrary fashion. We first consider the cubic polynomial P(t) = tb(t2  b2) + bc(b2  c2) + ct(c2  t2) It is easy to check that P(b) = P(c) = P(b  c) = 0, and therefore, Pit) = (b c)(t  b)(t  c)(t + b + c), since the cubic coefficient is b  c. The lefthand side of the proposed inequality can therefore be written in the form \ab(a2  b2) + bc(b2  c2) + ca(c2  a2) = P(a) = \(b  c)(a  b)(a  c)(a + b + c)\
76
The problem comes down to finding the smallest number A/that satisfies the inequality (6  c)(a  b)(a  c)(a + b + c) < M(a2 + b2 + c2)2 ...(i) Note that this expression is symmetric, and we can therefore assume a < b < c without loss of generality. With this assumption, (cr6)(/>c)! = (ba){cb)< (caf
4
(b  a) + (c — b) \
...(ii)
with equality if and only if b  a = c  b, i.e. 2b = a + c.  (<l>) Hb a))2 <(c b)2>(/> a) 2 J 2 or equivalently, 3 (c a)2 <2 [(b  a)2 + (c  b)2 + (c  a) 2 ] ... (iii) Again with equality only for 2b = a + c. From (ii) and (iii) we get (b  c)(a  b)(a  c){a + b + c)\
Also
< •(ea)3(a 4
<J_
+ /> + c) =
4
J(ca)6(a
+ b + c)2
2  [ ( 6  t f ) 2 + (c/>) 2 + ( c  t f ) V
•(a + b + c)'
\ba)2
+ (c~b)2
+(ca)2
•(a + b + c)1
By the weighted A M  G M inequality this estimate continues as follows: (b  c)(a  b)(a  c)(a + b + c) M
: e
(ba)2
+(cb)2
+(ca)2
+(a + b + c)2^
2
V
3.
9^2
(a2 + b2
+c2)2.
y r~ We see that the inequality (1) is satisfied for M = —V2 32 with equality if and only if 2b = a + c and (ba)2+(cb)2+(ca)2 = (a + b + c).
Plugging b = (a + c)/2 into the last equation, we bring it to the equivalent form
MATHEMATICS TODAYDECEMBER'05
5. The claim is obvious if every integer fixed point of O is a fixed point of P itself. For the sequel assume that Setting b = 1 yields a = and c = \+Jl We this is not the case. Take any integer JC0 such that 2 2 0(JC0) = JC0, P(x0) and define inductively J + , = P(Xj) C 9 r for i = 0, 1, 2, ..., then xk = JC0. see that M = — V 2 is indeed the smallest constant 32 It is evident that P(u)  P(v) is divisible by u  v for distinct integers u, v. (i) satisfying the inequality, with equality for any triple (Indeed, if P(x) = Z then each a;. (m(. v) is divisible (a, b, c) proportional to f 1 ——V2, 1, 1 +  V 2 j up to by u  v). Therefore each term in the chain of (nonzero) V 2 2 ) differences permutation. X X o" \' X[ 1 _ Xk' Xk~Xk+t ••• (") C o m m e n t : With the notation x m b  a, y  c  b , 2 2 2 2 is a divisor of the next one; and since xtxk+ \ = JC0AP z = ac,s = a + b + c and r  a + b + c , the inequality (i) becomes just \sxyz\ < Mr4 (with suitable constraints all these differences have equal absolute values. m on s and r). The original asymmetric inequality turns into F o r xX = min(x,,..., xk) this means that m  1 ~ Xm ~ ~ (xm ~ Xm + 1 )• a standard symmetric one; from this point on the solution Thus xm _ ( = xm + , (^ xm). It follows that consecutive can be completed in many ways. One can e.g. use the differences in the sequence (ii) have opposite signs. 2 fact that, for fixed values of £ J and Z.v , the product C Consequently, x 0 , JC,, JC,, .... is an alternating sequence of xyz is a maximum/minimum only if some of JC, y, z are two distinct values. In other words, every integer fixed equal, thus reducing one degree of freedom, etc. A point of O is a fixed point of the polynomial P(P(x)). specific attraction of the problem is that the maximum is Out task is to prove that there are at most n such points. attained at a point (a, b, c) with all coordinates Let a be one of them so that b = P(a) * a (we have distinct. assumed that such an a exists); then a = P(b). Take any 4. If (x,y) is a solution then obviously x > 0 and (x, y) other integer fixed point a of P(P(x)) and let P(d) = P, is a solution too. For x = 0, we get the two solutions so that /'(P) = a ; the numbers a and P need not be distinct (0, 2) and (0,  2 ) . ( a can be a fixed point of P), but each of a , P is different Now let (JC, y) be a solution with J > 0; without loss of from each of a, b. Applying property (1) to the four pairs C generality confine attention to y > 0. The equation of integers (a, a), (P, b), (a, b), (P, a) we get that the rewritten as numbers a  a and P  b divide each other, and also 2 r ( l + 2 r + ' ) = (y — l)(y + 1) a  b and P  a divide each other. Consequently, shows that the factors y  1 and y + 1 are even, exactly ab = ±($a), a — a = ±(p  b) ... (iii) one of them divisible by 4. Hence x > 3 and one of these Suppose we have a plus in both instances : a  b = P  a factors is divisible by 2X~ 1 but not by 2V. So and a  a = P  b. Subtraction yields a  b = b  a, a y = 2*~ ]m + e, m odd, e = ±1 ... (i) contradiction, as a * b; therefore at least one equality in Plugging this into the original equation we obtain (iii) holds with a minus sign. For each of them this means 2"r(l + 2X+ ') = ( 2 J  xm + e)2  1 = 22x'2m2 + 2xme, that a + P = a + b\ equivalently a + ba  P(a) = 0. or, equivalently, 1 + 2X +1 = 2 x ~ 2 m 2 + me Denote a + b by C. We have shows that every integer Therefore, 1 — em = 2"~ 2 {m 2 — 8) ... (ii) fixed point of O other that a and b is a root of the For e = 1 this yields m2  8 < 0, i.e. m= 1, which fails to polynomial F(x) = C—x — P{x). This is of course true for a and b as well. And since P has degree n > 1, the satisfy (ii). polynomial F has the same degree, so it cannot have more For e =] equation (ii) gives us than n roots. Hence the result. 1 + m = 2*~2(m2  8) > 2(m2  8), implying 2m2  m  17 < 0. Hence m < 3; on the other For more Problems and Solutions r e f e r hand m cannot be 1 by (ii). Because m is odd, we obtain MTG Mathematical Olympiad Problems & Solutions m = 3, leading to x = 4. From (i) we get y = 23. These values indeed satisfy the given equation. Recall that then
76 MATHEMATICS TODAYDECEMBER'05
2(c  a)2 = 9(a + c) 2 . The conditions for equality can now be restated as 2b = a + c and (c a)2= 18b 2 .
y =  2 3 is also good. Thus we have the complete list of solutions (x, y) : (0, 2), (0,  2 ) , (4, 23), (4,  2 3 ) .
By: Vidyalankar Institute*, Mumbai Section I : Q . l to 12 a r e M u l t i p l e Choice Questions w i t h o n e c o r r e c t a n s w e r . E a c h q u e s t i o n c a r r i e s +3 marks for correct answer and  1 mark for wrong answer. 1. If x + ky = 1 and x = a are the equations of the hypotenuse and a side of aright angled isosceles triangle, then k = ±(d) k = ± 2 a 2. Given two points A = (  2 , 0) and B = (0, 4). The c o  o r d i n a t e s of a point M lying on the line x = y so that the perimeter of the AAMB is least, is (a) (1, 1) (b) (0, 0) (c) ( 2 , 2 ) (d) (3, 3) 3. A ray of light travels along the line 2x 3y + 5 = 0 and strikes a plane mirror lying along the line x + y = 2. The equation of the straight line containing the reflected ray is (a) 2x  3^ + 3 = 0 (b) 3x  2y + 3 = 0 (b) 21x  ly + 1 = 0 (d) 21* + ly  1 = 0 If the inclination of the diameter PP' of the ellipse 2 2 ~ + = l to the major axis is 9 and PP'1 is the A.M. a b of squares of m a j o r and minor axis, then tan 9 is equal to : b a 71 (a) a (b) (d) <» f C 5. The diagonals of a square are along the pair of lines w h o s e equation is 2x2  3xy  2y 2 = 0. If (2, 1) is a vertex of the square, then another vertex consecutive can be : (a) ( 1 ,  2 ) (b) ( 1 , 4 ) (c) ( 2 ,  1 ) (d) (  1 ,  2 ) 6. All the chords of curve 3x2  y2  2x + 4y = 0 which subtend a right angle at the origin pass through (a) ( 1 , 2 ) (b) ( 1 ,  2 ) (c) (2, 1) (d) ( 0 , 0 ) 7. A circle passing through origin O cuts two straight lines x  y = 0 a n d x + ^ = 0 in points and B respectively. 4. (a) jfc = ± 1 (b) k = ±a (c) If abscissae of A and B are roots of the equation x2 + ax + b = 0, then the equation of the given circle in terms of a and b is (a) x2 + y2 + ax  by = 0 (b) (c) (d) 8. x2 + y2x\l4b~a2 x + y + ax±ifyja 4b x + y ax±\jsIa 4.b
1 1 1 1 2 i
+ yb = 0 =0 =Q
The locus of the midpoints of the chords of the x2 a + V2 b = 1 which are tangent to the ellipse
ellipse
x2 V2 ^ + 4 = 1 is V 1
{a)
x 2 . y2 1 . 7 V
r
. q y a* b4
2
x
2
2
2
v if 4 ]
2
(C) 9.
*2 a1
y 2 1 _ pb2
w
17f
V2 Y 0 0 0 0
=
V
= JL+iL
The equations of the tangents drawn from the point ^
are
x2 (  2 ,  1 ) to the hyperbola — (a) (b) (c) (d)
3x+y+l = Q,xy + 1= 3x  y + 5 = 0, .x  y + 1 = 3x + y  7 = 0, x  y + 1 = 3x  y  5 = 0, x  y  1 =
10. If a circle of radius V is concentric with ellipse x2 y2 , + t t = 1 , then the c common tangent is inclined to a b major axis at an angle (a) (c) tan
r 2 V a2r
2
 b
2
(b) (d)
t a n " I"' 2 tan"
Jfc
a2 r2
 a
2
b t a n " lr2 \r2 a2
lT2 2 lb2  r
* H.O. : Pearl Centre, Senapati Bapat Marg, Dadar (W), Mumbai400 028. Tel.: (022)2430 63 67, 2432 43 42 Fax : (022)2422 88 92, website : www.vidyalankar.org, email: iit@vidyalankar.org
MATHEMATICS TODAY  OCTOBER '06 65
11. The angle between the straight lines x+1 y2 z+3 , x — 1 y+ 2 z3 . == and == is 2 5 4 1 2 3 (a) 45° (b) 30° (c) 60° (d) 90° 12. T h e d i s t a n c e of t h e p o i n t w h e r e the
X +
18. The median AD and BE of the triangle with vertices A (0, b), B (0, 0) and C (a, 0) are mutually perpendicular if (a) b = 7 2 a (b) (i = 7 2 6 (c) 6=72a (d)
fl
= 726
line
== 2 3 4 from the origin is (a) 7 l 5 (b) 7 l 4 (c) 7 (d) 7 7 Section II : Q.13 to 24 are Multiple Choice Questions with one or m o r e t h a n one correct answer. Each question carries +5 m a r k s if all correct choices are indicated a n d  1 m a r k f o r w r o n g answer. 13. Which of the following can represent the equation of a hyperbola parametrically?
1
1/ + 1
2 +
1
^ , ,„ meets the plane x + 2v + 3z = 14,
19. The coordinates of the points at unit distance from the lines 3x  4y + 1 = 0 and 8x + 6y + 1 = 0 are
« (14) v ( f ' f )
<•> (°f)
<d> ( f ' i
20. Consider a circle with centre as focus of parabola y2 = 2px such that it touches the directrix of the parabola. Then a point of intersection of the circle and the parabola
(a)
(a) * = T^A. + i j ; y = A.  i j
;
\\.V
(b) (d)
where A. is a parameter
2' \ ~  P
x y x y 1 (b) —  r = m;— + — = —
v
(c)
where m is a parameter ^ is parameter

'
a
b
a
b
m
(c)
7 * = t a n a ; 7 y = s e c a , where a
(d) x = e' + e~'; y = e' — e ', where / is a parameter 14. If ax + by + c = 0 is a normal to hyperbola xy = 1 then (a) a > 0, b > 0 (b) a > 0, b < 0 (c) a < 0, b > 0 (d) a < 0, b < 0 15. If PQR is a right angled isosceles triangle, right angled at P (2,1). If line QR has the equation 2x+y=3, then equation of pair of lines PQ and PR is (a) 3x2  3 / + 8 x y + 20x + lOy + 25 = 0 (b) 3x2  3 y + 8xy  20x  lOy + 25 = 0 (c) 3x2  3y2 + 8xy + lOx + 15y  60 = 0 (d) 3x2  3y2  8xy  lOx  15y  20 = 0 16. If a circle cut off an intercept of 2 7 5 units on the xaxis and its tangent at (3, 2) is parallel toyaxis, then the equation of circle is/are (a) x 2 + y2  4y  5 = 0 (b) x 2 + y2 12x — 4y + 31 = 0 (c) x2 + y2  2x + 4y  3 = 0 (d) x 2 +y2 + 3x  8y + 2 = 0 17. and (a) (c) Equation of a common tangent to parabola y = 8x hyperbola 3x2  y2 = 3 is 2x  y + 1 = 0 (b) 2x  y  1 = 0 2x + y + 1 = 0 (d) 2x + y  1 = 0
2
21. If the planes x = cy + bz, y = az + cx and z = bx + ay pass through one line, then a2 + b2 + c2 + 2abc = (a) ab (b) 1 (c) be (d) 0 22. The length of perpendicula from (0, 0, 0) to the plane ax + by + cz + d = 0, where a, b, c, d are in AP, (a, b, c, d> 0) is 1 unit then the value of (a) 2(721) (b) 2 ( 7 2 + 1) ca
(c) ( T ^ T )
(d) 1
Section III :This section consist of 3 comprehensions containing total 8 questions. E a c h question c a r r i e s +5 m a r k s f o r all correct a n s w e r s a n d  2 m a r k s f o r w r o n g answer. Each question m a y have one or m o r e t h a n one correct answer. Comprehension  (Q. 23 a n d 24) The the distance d (P, Q) between two points P (xvyl) and Q (x2, y2) be defined as d(P, Q) = x,  x 2  + [y, y21. Let O (0, 0) and A (3, 2) be two fixed points. Let R (x, y) x > 0, y > 0 be a variable point. 23. If R (x,y) is equidistant from points 'O' and 'A' in the sense of new direction, then locus of R consists of (a) Line segment of finite length (b) Hyperbolic curve (c) Infinite ray (d) circle
MATHEMATICS TODAY DECEMBER'05
76
24. If d (R, O) = 2 in the sense of new direction, then locus of R is a (a) square (b) circle (c) trapezium (d) triangle Comprehension  2(Question 25 to 27) Equation of a straight line L (in three dimensions) is A _ y2 _ z—3 and let X be a parameter. 2~ 3 25. Any point on the line L can be represented as: (a) (21, 3X  2, 4X + 3) (b) (2X, 3X + 2, 4X  3) (c) (2A,  3, 3X + 2,4X + 3) (d) None of these 26. Let N be the foot of the perpendicular from the point P (3,  1 , 11) on the line L. Then N is the point (a) (2, 5, 7) (b) (2,  5 , 7) (c) ( 2 , 5 ,  7 ) (d) None of these 27. Hence, the equations to the perpendicular PN are , . x3 y + 1 z  1 1 . . . x3_y + l_zll
i.e., and T=xx{
S = x2 +f
+ 2gx + 2fy + c + c, in a circle
S, = xl + y\ + 2gxt + 2fij, + c +yyt + g (x + x t ) +f(y+y1) x2 + y2 + 2gx + 2fy + c = 0 The value of S, is obtained by substituting the coordinates of the point P (xI,iy1) in the given equation of the circle and the equation T = 0 is obtained by replacing x1 —> x xp y2 —> yyv 2x —» x + xt and 2y —» y + yt Equations which can be expressed in terms of S, St and T are : i) Equation of tangent at P (x , y^ = T= 0 ii) Equation of chord of contact of tangents from P (x,, yx) s T = 0 iii) Equation of chord with midpoint as P (x , = T iv) Equation of pair of tangents from P (x p >•,) = SS} = T1 31. The locus of the mid points of the chords of the parabola y2 = 4ax which subtend a right angle at the vertex of the parabola is: (a) y2  4ax + 8a 2 = 0 (b) y2  2ax  8a 2 = 0 2 (c) /  4ax  8a = 0 (d) y2  2ax + 8a 2 = 0 32. If the straight line x  2y + 1 = 0 intersects the circle x2 +y2 = 25 in points P and Q, then the coordinates of the point of intersection of tangents drawn at P and Q to the circle x2 + y2 = 25 are (a) (25, 50) (c) (25, 50) (b) (25, 50)(d) (25,  5 0 )
(a) —
=—
=—
(b) —
^6"
—
x — 3 y + 1 z —11 (c) —— = = ^g (d) None of these Comprehension  3 (Question 28 to 30) Consider two circles C,, C 2 with centres , E2 whose equations are A C =x2 + y2 + 3x + 5y + 4 = 0, C2 = x2 + >>2 + 5x + 3j> + 4 = 0 Let C, and C2 intersect in the points A and D. Let a straight line BC pass through the points A and B be terminated by the circles C, and C2. 28. The length of the common chord is (a) 2 (b) 4 (c) 6 (d) None of these 29. The ZBDC is (a) always constant (c) always obtuse 30. (a) (b) (c) (b) always a right angle (d) None of these
Section IV : This section consists of 4 questions. Answers are to be given in between 0000 to 9999 in the f o r m of nearest integer. Each question carries +6 m a r k s and no negative marks. 33. From a point, common tangents are drawn to the circle x2 + y2 = 8 and parabola y2 = 16x. Find the area of the quadrilateral formed by the common tangents, the chord of contact of the circle and the chord of contact of the parabola. 34. Find the value of 100R if R is the radius of the smallest circle which touches the straight line 3x  y = 6 at (1,  3 ) and also touches the line y = x. (Take =1.41 and S =2.24). 35. One of the diameter of the circle circumscribing the rectangle PQRS, 4y = x + 7. If P and Q are the points (  3 , 4 ) and (5,4) respectively, then find the area of rectangle.
MATHEMATICS TODAY DECEMBER'05
The length of BC is a maximum when CD is perpendicular to AB CD makes an angle of 60° with AB CD passes through the centre of the circle through the points B, C and D (d) None of these Comprehension  4(Question 31 & 32) Most of the formulae related to circle, parabola, ellipse and hyperbola are expressed in terms of three usual notations,
76
36. A triangle ABC, the length of whose sides are a (4 cm), b (8 cm), c (6 cm) is placed so that the middle points of the sides are on the axes. If equation of the plane is — + — + —= T , then what will be the value of a (3 y 2a 2 ? Section V : This section consists of 4 questions has two columns with 4 entries in each column. Entries of column I a r e to be matched with column II. O n e entry of column I have exactly one m a t c h i n g in column II. Each question carries +6 m a r k s if all correct m a t c h i n g a r e indicated. Match of following: 37. Column I (P) The number of common tangents to the circles x + y  x = 0 and x2 + y2 + x = 0 is (Q) The length of the chord cut off by y = 2x + 1 from the circle x2 + y2 = 2 is (R) If a circle passes through the points of intersection of the coordinate axes with the lines hey + 1 = 0 and *  2y + 3 = 0, then the value of X is (S) For the circle x2 + y2 = 36, the length of the chord lying along the line 3x + Ay  15 = 0 is 38. Column I (P) The normal chord at a point ' / ' on the parabola y2 = Ax subtends a right angle at the vertex. Then t2 is equal to (Q) The area of the triangle inscribed in the curve y2 = Ax, the parameter of coordinates of whose vertices are 1, 2 and 4 is: (R) The number of distinct normal possible from
2 2 2
39.
Column I
C o l u m n II (A) 4
(P) The radius of the circle passing through the foci of the ellipse x2 f — + — = 1 and having centre at 16 9 (0, 3) is (Q) If the length of the major axis of an ellipse is three times the length of its minor axis, then its eccentricity is (R) The eccentricity of hyperbola whose latusrectum is 8 and conjugate axis is half the distance between foci, is (S) The value of m for which y = mx + 6 is a tangent to the hyperbola x 100
49
(B)
2>/2
(C)
>/l7 20
Column II
(D)
4
^
(B) 3
6 IE
= 1 is
(C)
2
40. Consider the general equation of second degree ax2 + by2 + 2hxy + 2gx + 2fy + c = 0. If this represents a pair of straight lines, map the two columns in the most accurate sense. Column I Column I I c (P) If ( j t , , ^ ) is the point of (A) 1 yj(ab) +41r intersection of the two lines then (ox, + h{) (hxx + byt) = (Q) af + bg2 + ch2 = (R) The lines are parallel if h*= (S) Product of perpendiculars (B) (C) (D) ab gf abc + 2gh
(D)
6^3
Column II (A) 4 1. 5. 9. 13. 17. 21. 25. 29. 33. 37. 38. 39. 40.
ANSWERS
(a) 2. (b) 3. (a) 6. (b) 7. (b) 10. (a) 11. (a,b,d) 14. (b,c) 15. (a,c) 18. (b,d) 19. (b) 22. (a) 23. (d) 26. (a) 27. (a) 30. (c) 31. 34. 0147 35. 0060 (B); (Q) (P) (A); (R) (B); (Q) (P) (D); (R) (P) (D); (Q) (B); (R) (P) > (C); (Q) (D); (R) (b) (c) 4. 8. 12. 16. 20. 24. 28. 32. 36. (S)» (S) > (S) (S) (a) (a) (b) (a,b) (a,b) (a) (b) (c) 0021 (D) (A) (C) (A)
(B)
2
(d)
(b) (a,b,c) (a,c) (b) (d) 0032 »(C); >(C); •(A); •(B);
(C)
3
/II
U
1
'4.
to the (D)
parabola y = Ax is (S) If the normal at (a, 2a) on y2 = Aax meets the curve again at (at2, 2at), then the value of \t  1 is :
76 MATHEMATICS TODAY DECEMBER'05
75
(a) (c)
meso product laevo product
(b) (d)
dextro product racemic product
114.
! Q I ,H


7

4
> O . What is O ?
118. The ionisation constant of a weak electrolyte is 25 x 10"6 while equivalent conductance of its 0.01 M solution is 19.6 S cm 2 eq~'. The equivalent conductance at infinite dilution will be (a) 384 (b) 196 (c) 392 (d) 250 119. In the following reaction, FeS 2 + 0 2  > F e 2 0 3 + S 0 2 if x equivalents of Oz are taken then find out the equivalents of F e 2 0 , and S O : with respect to FeS 2 respectively. , I Ox x (a) x; x (b) 11 II X , X 1 Ox (d) yy. (c) X, 2 120. The number of unpaired electrons in [Cr(CN) 6 ] 3 is (a) 5 (b) 7 (c) 6 (d) 3
Oil
MATHEMATICS
(d) none of these 121. If a system of linear equations x + ay + a2: = 0. x + by + b2z = 0, x + cy + c2: has a non zero solution, then (a) a + b + c =• 0 (b) either a  b or b  c or a = c (c) a, b, c are in A.P. (d) none of these 122. If z, (/ = 1 to 6) represent the vertices of a regular hexagon, centered at origin with side 1 unit which has one of its vertices on +ve xaxis then zlz2z3z4zsz6 = (a)  1 (b) 1 (c) 0 (d) oo .. log(2 + x 2 )  l o g ( 2  x 2 ) . , 123. hm —— , = k , the value of k is .v>0 x2 (a)  1 (b) 2 (c) 1 (d) 0 124. Let T„ denote the number of triangles that can be formed using N vertices of a regular polygon of N sides. If Tn+lT„ = 21 then value of n is (a)
OH
115. NH, (a) (c)
A nitrile on hydrolysis followed by treatment with and then on heating gives an amine (b) an amide a nitrile (d) a carboxylic acid
r,
116. Ethyl ester H,C 2 (a) H,C.
,
,
CH.MgBr excess
'
> (/•>. The product (P) will be C„H, (b)
C2H5
OH
II3C
OH OC,H,
H,C
2
OC,H, (d)
H
3
C
7
(b) 6
(c)
5
(d) 4
(c) H,C
OH
H5C2
117. H.C  CH  CH,C = CC0 2 H OH O i
125. I f w is one of the roots of the equation ax2 + bx + c, where co is complex cube root of unity then the other root of the equation is (a) c/a (b) 0Mc/a) (c) da (d) 1 o2(c/a). 126. If NCR denotes the number of combinations of N t h j n a s t a k e n r at a t i m e , t h e n t h e e x p r e s s i o n "L f (a) o
+
Reagents are (at Li/NH,; H , 0 ' (b) N a / E t O H <c) Pt/H,; H , 0 ' (d) H : /Lindlar's catalyst; H.O
46
X"1 "+*/"• ' i+i equals, k=0 2 "C„ . , (b) 2"C„, 1 . (c)
^C,,
(d) "(.'„_ ,.
127. The number of integral terms in the expansion of
MATHEMATICS TODAY  JANUARY '06
( V 7 + 6 ^ ) 7 8 is (a) 15 (b) 14 (c) 16 (d) 0
(a)
100 I
L00
100
Q ( X  4 ) I 0 0 _ a 5 k
(b)
,00
is
100
128. The sum of the series 3 . 5 , 7 (a) l 2 2 2 2 2 3 2 1 (b) 0
C53
C5Q , 1
(c)
C49
(d)
+ ...+00 is equal to 32 • 42 (c)  1 (d) 2
129. I f / ( x + y)  f (x) • f (y) for a function defined as f:R—>R and i f / is not identically zero, then / (0) = (a) 0 (b) 1 (c)  1 (d) not defined s i n ( a + l)x + sinx 130. If / ( * ) = (x + b x 2 f
2
x sin— x * 0 137. I f / ( x ) = ! x , then / ( x ) is [ 0, x=0 (a) continuous as well as differentiable for all x (b) continuous for all x but not differentiable at x = 0 (c) (d) neither differentiable nor continuous at x = 0 discontinuous everywhere
2
for x < 0 for x = 0
1/2
bx is continuous at x = 0 then a = (a) 3/2 (b)  3/2 (c) 1/4 131. In a triangle PQR, (a) (c) p2 + q2 ,.2 q2  r2  p2 2pqsin(^(P (b) (d)
312
for
x>0
M J {/} dt is (i (where [ ]  greatest integer, { } fractional part) (a) [x] (b) 2[x] (c) l/(2[x]) (d) [x]/2 138. The value of  1/4 139. Let ^ F ( x ) = ex. If j sec2 x eanxdx then value of k is (a) 1/V3 (b) V3 (c) V3 (d)  1 / V 3 = F{k)  F(. 1) •
(d)
+ O R)j =
r 2 + p 2 — q2 r2  p2 <72I f / ( 1 ) = 1, then
132. I f / : R k=\ (a) n (c) 1
R,f(x+y)=f(xyf(y).
140. The degree and order of the differential equation of the family of all concentric circles, centered at origin is (a) 1, 1 (b) 1, 2 (c) 2, 1 (d) 2, 2 141. The solution to the differential equation
(b) (d)
n
0 n(n + l)/2
dy
=
y
.
133. I f / ( x ) = x , then the value of /"(l)f, (a)
2
Jf"( I ) ' ' is given by
2
ls dx ycosyx (a) xy = y sin y + cos y + C (b) y = x sin y + cos y + C (c) x = y sin x + cos x + C (d) xy = x sin x + cos x + C
"Cn
(b)
2n
C„_l
(c)
"C„ + 1
(d)
2
"C,
l2 + 22 + 3 2 + , . . + n2 134. lim n—>oo 5n3
4(1 + 2 3 + . . . + » J ) 3« 4 , 1 + 2 + 3 + ... + « n (d) 1/3
142. If the circle x 2 + y2 = a2 intersects the hyperbola xy = c2 in four points P(xh yx), Q(x2, y2), R(x}, y3), S(x 4 , ^4), then (a) x, + x 2 + x 3 + x 4 = 10 (b) y, + y2 + y3 + y4 = 10 (c) JV] JC2 (d) y, y3 y4 = c* 143. The eccentric angles of the extremities of a chord
2 x" V 2 o f a n ellipse — + = 1 are 9,, 0 : . If this chord passes a' through the focus,ft" then
(a)
9/10
(b) 1/10
(c)
1/2
135. Domain of definition of the function  + I o g 1 0 ( x  6 x + 8) 9x' (   3 ) u (  3 , 2) u (4, (00, 2 ) u ( 4 , 00) ( C ) (2, 3) u (4, 00) (  c o , _3) u (  3 , 2 ) u (2, 3)
2
(a) (b) (d)
(a) (c)
e=
sin(0,  0 , sinO, sin0 2 sinO,  s i n 0 . sin(0, + 0 2 )
(b) (d)
sin(0, + 0 , ) sin Gj i all of these
MI\!)
136. The coefficient of x 47 in the expansion
76 MATHEMATICS TODAYIFEBRUARY'I13
13
144. If
+ M = 6, then ^ = Y j.L Y v ayi
)
(b) 17i + v u17v i + 17v (d) 17nv (c)
<)
a
I7iv H ^ ( b
(i17v TTjl  v 1 2
7 = xb  ^ ( f l x i ) bb 7 = xaxb
(d)
7 = xbx a
'
145. Let /! = 1 (a) 0 1 (c) 0 2n 1 2"' I
0 1
, then A" =
(b)
2
n
152. Let E and F be two independent events. The probability that both E and F happen is 1/12 and the probability that neither E nor F happens is 1/2. Then (a) P(E) = 1/3, P(F) = 1/4 (b) P(E) = 1/2, P(F) = 1/6 (c) P(E) = 1/6, P(F] = 1/2 (d) P(E) = 1/8, P(F) = 1/3 153. The resultant of two forces when both of them act in the same direction is 14 N and when two forces act perpendicular to each other, resultant makes an angle of tan~'(4/3) with smaller force. The two forces are (a) 8 N and 7 N (b) 9 N and 5 N (c) 8 N and 4 N (d) 8 N and 6 N 154. Two cars start off to race with velocities 4 m/s and 2 m/s and travel in straight line with uniform accelerations 1 m/s 2 and 2 m/s 2 respectively. If they reach the final point at the same instant, then the length of the path is (a) 30 m (b) 32 m (c) 20 m (d) 24 m 155. A particle is released from rest from a tower of height 3h. The ratio of times to fall equal heights h i.e., tx : U : / 3 is : (a) (c) t/3 : v2 :1 9:4:1 (b) (d) 3:2:1 \:(j2l) :
0 1 1 n 0 2
(d)
146. Shortest distance between the two lines .y5 (a) (c) 1 1/2 1/^3 27 and (b) (d) r —4 y — 3 _ z9 . is
1/V2
1/5.
147. For any integer the integral it fecos'x cos 3 (2« + l) x dx has the value n (a) 7i (b) 1 (c) 0 (d) none of these 148. The vector c directed along the bisectors of the angle b e t w e e n t h e v e c t o r s al'i  4j4k and h =  2 /  j + 2k , where  c \ = 3^6 is given by (a) (c) i  l j + 2k 1 +lj + 2k (b) (d) /" + 7j 2k
i  I j —2k
149. The area of a parallelogram whose diagonals coincide with the following pair of vectors is 5^3 • The vectors are (a) 3i+2jk, 3 i  j + 4k (b) (c)  2 i 6 j + U (d) none of these
156. A particle is projected from the ground with an initial velocity of 20 m/s at an angle of 30° with horizontal. The magnitude of change in velocity in 0.5 second is ( g = 10 m/s 2 ) (a) 5 m/s (b) 2.5 m/s (c) 2 m/s (d) 4 m/s 157. Let for ali real values of x, h(x) =/(x)  {f{x)Y + {f(x)}\ x e R. Then (a) when / is increasing then h is increasing (b) w h e n / i s decreasing then h is increasing (c) when / is increasing then h is decreasing (d) in general nothing can be said about this. 158. If a, b, c are real, then x + a•2 ab ab ac (a) (b) (~(a +b +c ), (0. i ( „2+b2
2 2 2
3i+j2k,
l + 3j + Ak
t
150. If ^ —i j = Re'6 (a, f + tan'l 7 . I 3 T .tan 
then principal value of 0 is (b) (d) ftan1
(c)
•.2 x + bz be 0
2 +c ))
be x+c
is decreasing in
151. If the nonzero vectors a and b are perpendicular to each other, then the solution of the equation r x . a = b is (a) r = xa + rj^(axb) aa •r ( where.t = ^i aa
46
M A T H E M A T I C S T O D A Y  JANUARY '06
(c)
a2 + b2 +c2
(d)
no where
then
159. If/(jc) = f C ° " S i n ' X ' f 0 r i ' T   2 ,
]f(x)dx =
[ 2, otherwise 2 (a) 0 (b) 1 (c) 2 (d) 3 160. The area of the smaller region bounded by the curves x2 + y2 = 5 and y2 = 4x is
165. A body travelling along a straight line traversed one third of the total distance with a velocity 4 m/s. The remaining part of the distance was covered with a velocity 2 m/s for half the time and with velocity 6 m/s for the other half of time. The mean velocity averaged over the whole time of motion is (a) 5 m/s (b) 4 m/s (c) 4.5 m/s (d) 3.5 m/s 166. In a triangle ABC, let Z C = n/2. If r is the inradius and R is the circumradius of the triangle, then 2(r + R) is equal to (a) a + b (b) b + c (c) c + a (d) a + b + c 167. P( A (a) (c) If A and B are two events such that P{A u B ) = 5/6, ) = 1/4, P(B) = 1/3 then A and B are mutually exclusive (b) dependent independent (d) none of these
(a)
4
+
6
(b)
4
6
161. Let / (x) be a function satisfying the condition f ' ( x ) = Jl{f(x)}2 the integral je f (a) (c) ex cos x + C e" sin' 1 x + C.
x
w i t h / ( 0 ) = 0 then the value of
X
(x)dx+
Jj==dx (b) (d)
is
e* sin x + C ex c o s 1 x + C.
168. A particle subjected to three forces 4 N, 6 N and 8 N is at rest. The angle between the first two forces is (a) 71/4 (b) cos"'(l/4)(c) 7t/6 (d) cos'(l/3). x—1 2 coplanar if 169. (a) (b) (c) (d) I 3 k a n d ^
y
162. If the two lines represented by x2 + xy  2y2 = 0 makes an isosceles triangle with the third line with equal sides being along the given straight lines. The positive slope of the third line is
(3)
k = J10 or £ = V10 k = S or k = S k = 4 or k =  4 k = 2 or k =  2 .
(i/fo'3) Vio3
(b)
(7HT+3) vTo+3
(c)
(d)
163. Line y = 2x + 2 cuts the circle x2 + y2 = 1 in two distinct points. Equation of circle with these points as end of its diameter is (a) 5x2 + 5y28x4y3 =0 (b) 5x2 + 5y2 + 8x  4y + 3 = 0 (c) 5x2 + 5y2  8x + 4y  3 = 0 (d) 5x2 + 5 / + 8x + 4y + 3 = 0. 164. For the three events A, B and C., P (exactly one of the events A or B occurs) = P (exactly one of the events B or C occurs) = /'(exactly one of the events C or A o c c u r s ) = p and /'(all the t h r e e events o c c u r s simultaneously) = p2, where 0 < p < 1/2. Then the probability of at least one of the three events A, B and C occurring is
170. If 3, b and c are non coplanar unit vectors such that ax(bxc)(a) 37t/4 b+c , then the angle between a and b is V2 (b) 7t/4 (c) 7t/2 (d) n.
171. The number of words that can be formed using al l the following given letters aaaa bbb cc d e f is given by 12! (a) 12 C 4 (b) 12! (c) 4J3J2! ( d ) ' 2 / V 172. The number of real solutions of the equation x 2 + 5[x + 6 = 0 is (a) 1 (b) 2 (c) 0 (d) none of these. 173. The range of values of a for which roots of the quadratic equation x2 + x + a2  3a + 2 = 0, are of opposite sign is given by (a) a < 1 (b) a > 2 (c) 1 < a < 2 (d) 0 < a <
(a) (c)
3p + 2p2 P + 3P
(b) (d)
P
+ 3P2
3p + 2p2
76 M A T H E M A T I C S T O D A YIFEBRUARY'I13
13
74. If 1. a), o r are the cube roots of unity, then
A= is equal to (a) 0
1 •to"
co" co "
2
co2"
where h = 3k + I, k e N
179. If the function / ( x ) = x3  ax2  5a2x + 1 where a > 0, attains its maximum and minimum at I and m respectively such that / + m = 273, then a equals (a)  1 (b) 1 (c) 0 (d) 2/3. 180. Equation of the locus of point z = x + iy such that
(b) 1
(c)
 I
(d) 0)". x2 2 (b) x 2 (c) x 2 (d) x (a) + + + +
= y2 y2 y2 y2
is given by + 2x  2x + 2y  2y + + 1 1 1 1 =0 = 0 = 0 = 0.
175. The value of (V2 + I) 5 — (72  1 ) 5 is (a) 82 (b) 80 (c) 40 (d) 0.
176. If x is a positive real number then the minimum value of X+— + J5 is .r (a)  2 + V3 •(c) i/3
ANSWERS
(b) (d) 2 + 73 0 is 1. 6. 11. 16. 21. 26. 31. 36. 41. 46. 51. 56. 61. 66. 71. 76. 81. 86. 91. 96. 101. 106. 111. 116. 121. 126. 131. 136. 141. 146. 151. 156. 161. 166. 171. 176. c) a) c) c) a) b) c) b) c) b) b) c) b) a) c) c) c) a) b) b) a) d) d) b) b) c) a) a) a) b) a) a) c) a) c) b) 2. (b) 7. (d) 12. (c) 17. (a) 22. (d) 27. (d) 32. (d) 37. (a) 42. (c) 47. (b) 52. (c) 57. (P.) 62. (c) 67. (b) 72. (c) 77. (c) 82. (c) 87. (d) 92. (c) 97. (c) 102 •(d) 107.(b) '12.(c) 117.(d) 122.(a) 127.(b) 132.(a) 13 7. (a) 142.(d) 147.(c) 152.(a) 157.(c) 162. (a) 167.(c) 172.(c) 177.(b) 3. 8. 13. 18. 23. 28. 33. 38. 43. 48. 53. 58. 63. 68. 73. 78. 83. 88. 93. 98. 103. 108. 113. 118. 123. 128. 133. 138. 143. 148. 153. 158. 163. 168. 173. 178. c) b) b) d) c) b) a) a) a) b) d) b) b) b) c) a) d) d) c) c) b) c) a) c) c) a) a) d) c) a) d) a) b) b) c) b) 4. 9. 14. 19. 24. 29. 34. 39. 44. 49. 54. 59. 64. 69. 74. 79. 84. 89. 94. 99. 104. 109. 114. 119. 124. 129. 134. 139. 144. 149. 154. 159. 164. 169. 174. 179. c) c) c) d) a) a) b) a) b) c) b) c) b) c) c) d) c) d) a) d) a) b) d) d) a) b) a) b) b) b) d) c) a) a) a) b) 5. (b) 10. (c) 15. (b) 20. (b) 25. (b) 30. (d) 35. (b) 40. (d) 45. (c) 50. (a) 55. (c) 60. (c) 65. (b) 70. (c) 75. (c) 80. (a) 85. (a) 90. (b) 95. (a) 100.(a) 105.(c) 110 (c) I15.(c) 120.(d) 125.(d) 130.(b) 135.(a) 140.(a) 145.(a) 150.(c) 155.(d) 160.(d) 165.(b) 170.(a) 175.(a) 180.(c)
177. Coefficient of x 4 in I 3x 2 (a) (c)
7 7
2x
7 7
C(, C 4 3 4 21
(b) (d)
C 2 3 5 2~2 C2.
,. (1  c o s 2 x ) ( 2 + cos2x) . 178. lim is » < •> > xtan .i.x (a) 172 (b) 2 (c) 0
(d)  1
The 2.95% interest on credit card is actually 46.7%
So far, though not for long, banks have been advertising a monthly interest rate for their cards like, say, 2.95 per cent. If you rolled over your clues, that's the interest you would pay in a month. If you didn't pay, you would think that you would pay an interest rate of 35.4 per cent (2.95 • 12). Well, it's about 11 percentage points m o r e for two reasons. ()ne. in what is a littleknown fact, you also have to pay a 10.2 per cent service tax. So. the 2.95 per cent monthly rate becomes 3.25 per cent. On an outstanding of Rs. 100. your interest cost in the first month will be Rs 3.25. Two. the interest gets compounded monthly. So. in the second month, interest will be calculated not on the original amount of Rs. 100. but on the previous month's balance of Rs. 103.25. So. for month two your interest cost will be Rs. 3.35, not Rs. 3.25. If you rolled o\ cr credit, your total annual cost because of the service tax and the compounding effect: 46.7 per cent. Mighty expensive, no?
46
MATHEMATICS TODAY  JANUARY '06
PRACTICE PAPER far I IIIPiM l l U k 1 f t l k i t IUI
West Bengal
I I I INM a M M H OW im i I M H I HH M O N a N mMS ^ g l Time : 1 hr 1. ^2 + ^2 +V2 + ...oo is equal to: (b) V2 (c) 2 (d) 1/2.
detailed information see prospectus for JEE 2006 or visit at http://jexab.becs.ac.in
JEE 2006
Marks : 1 for each correct,34 for each wrong 8. The angle between a pair of tangents drawn from a point P to the circle x 2 + y 2 + 4 x  6 j > + 9 s i n 2 a + 1 3 c o s 2 a = 0 is 2 a . The equation of the locus of the point P is (a) x 2 + y2 + 4x — Sy + 4 = 0 (b) x 2 + y2 + 4x — 6y — 9 = 0 (c) x 2 + y2 + 4x — 6y — 4 = 0 (d) x 2 + y2 + 4x — Sy + 9 = 0. 9. The equation 2x 2 + 4xy  ky2 + 4x + 2y  1 = 0 represents a pair of lines. The value of k is : (a)  5 / 3 (b) +5/3 (c) .1/3 (d)  1 / 3 . 10. The angle between the lines x 2 + 4 x y + y2 = 0 is: (a) 60° (b) 15° (c) 30° (d) 45°. 11. The radius of the circle x 2 + y2 + 4 x  6 j >  12 = 0 is: (a) 9 (b) 5 (c)  3 (d)  6 . cos(2x )  1 h is equal to: sin ( 2 x ) (a) 1/16 (b)  1 / 1 6 (c) 1/32 12.
llm
N o t e : Actual paper will consist 100 questions. 1 mark will be awarded for each correct answer and  A for each wrong answer. For
(a)  1 2.
/, m, n are _pth, qth and rth term of G.P. are all log/ P 1 q r 1 1 (c) 1 •
2
positive, then (a)  1 1 3. (a) (c) C fU
logw log n (b)2
equals: (d) 0.
80
4 8 4 2 6 + 9 27 (b) (d)
4
. " to « t e r m s is:
Sum of the series 'J »•£(3"l) #1+1(13"")
"jj
3"l) »+i(3"l).
4.
In the expansion of
the term independent (b) 9 C 2 (d) 2268. 1 0 *  7.
..
of x is: (a) non existent (c)  2 2 6 8
(d)  1 / 3 2 .
5. / : R — R is a function defined by f(x)= > If g = / " ' then gfx) is equal to: (a)
13. l i m x>0 (a) 0 (c) n
(1+ * ) "  ! • is x (b)  1 (d) non existent.
1 (b) 1 Ox — 7 10x + 7 x+ y x7 (c) 10 (d) 10 v ' 6. If the two pairs of line x2  2mxy  y2 = 0 and x2  2nxy y2 = 0 are such that one of them represents the bisector of the angles between the other, then: (a) mn + 1 = 0 (b) mn  1 = 0
14. E q u a t i o n of the h y p e r b o l a w h o s e vertices are (±3, 0) and foci (±5, 0) is : (a) 16x 2  9y2 = 144 (b) 9x 2  \6f = 144 (c) 25x 2  9y 2 = 225 (d) 9x 2  2 5 / = 81. 15. The angle between the asymptotes of all hyperbola 27x 2  9y2 = 24 is: (a) 30° (b) 120° (c) 60° (d) 240°. 16. What is the equation of the tangent to the parabola y2 = 8x and perpendicular to the line x  3y + 8 = 0 (a) 9x + 3y + 2 = 0 (b) 3x + y + 2 = 0 (c) 3x  y  1 = 0 (d) 9x  3y + 2 = 0. 17. The equation of a chord of a contact of tangents
(c) 7. Ax2 (a) (c)
 +  = 0 m n
(d)
1
 1 = 0.
The lines represented by t h e equation + 2Bxy + Hy2 = 0 are perpendicular i f : A + H = 0 (b) B + H = 0 AH =  1 (d) A + 5 = 0. '
12
76 MATHEMATICS TODAYIF E B R U A R Y'I13
from (1, 2) of the hyperbola 3x 2  4y 2 = 3 is: (a) 3x I6y = 3 (b) 3x  3 = 0 (C H "
dx 24 . I 0 e~ +e
• tan ' (p)
then p is equal to : (b) (d) e1 e+1 e1 2 1—e "
(a)
e2\
2
e +1 \e
,
t o . Ti, equation x = 2o9—, y  ——— where a •• a(l8 ) , 1 8 The 1+6 1+9 is a constant, is the parametric equation of the curve : (a) x2  y2 = a2 (b) x 2  4y2 = 4a2 2 2 2 (c) x + y = a (d) x2y = a2 19. The orthocentre of the triangle formed by xy = 0 and x + y = 1 is :
(c) l + e
25. fJl + secx dx is equal to: (a) (b) 2sin"'^V2sin(i)j + e 2sin"
(a, (A A)
(C)
L 1 ) 1' 4 / ltaa n n
(b, 13' 3/ » '
(d) none of these.  '1f^ 1 + ltan" 1 m1 ij + an (c) n/4 is (d) 5/6.
 xV j + c — .21,
(x\ b r ll + c \ 2/'J
20. The value of (a) 71/2
(d) V2cos ' ^ V 2 c o s ( i j j + c. 26. Find the integral factor of expansion (x 2 + 1 ~ + 2xy = X2  1 dx 2x (b)  r r r (d) none of these.
00
(b) 271/2
21. If log^ s j n ; i : (l + cosA) = 2 then x equals to: (a)  + 2«ti (c) tan
_,
(b) j + 2nn (d) none of these.
(a) x 2 + 1 (c) x2] 7— x +1
  j + «7t
j 22. The conjugate of —I—7—, in the form of a + ib is: 3+7 . N 13 ./l 5 (b) 10 ^ (a) Y + l [ 2
27. If y = e x + a X + c X (a) 1—x
,
dy
is equal to :
y (b) — y
(c) — y
y
<<»
1y
— •
1+/ 28. The modulus and amplitude of j — are : 1 23. The real part of , is equal to: K n ,. • n l  c o s O + ismS ^ (a) 1 and s , . (c) 1 and 71
71
. 7 T (b) 72 and j (d)  1 and
(a)
(b)
(c)
tan :
(d)
cosO'
VTOBG
CkA,
WB JEE'06
H
Complete Book for
New Patter f l
witeitplete
WB JEE
jig®
76 M A T H E M A T I C S T O D A Y  DECEMBER '05
29. If 1, co, co2 are the cube roots of unity then their product is: (a) 0 (b) co (c)  1 (d) 1.
jt/2
41. The
solution
of t h e
differential
equation
1dy 2 x   y = 3 represents: (a) straight line (c) parabolas (b) circles (d) ellipse.
/ 2 1\9
30.
{ \ s i n x  cosx dx equal to:
(a) 22Jl (c) 2
(b) 2V22
(d) none of these. (a) 1 (c) 48
42. The term independent o f x in lx  — I
is :
31. The value of 1 I 1 \ + xah+xac ' l + x*a+xAc l + xc4+xcfl is equal to: (a) 1 (b) 0 (c) x (d) x~a + x"h + x~c. 32. If the roots of (a + b )x  2b(a + c)x + (b + c ) = 0 are equal then a, b, c are in : (a) A.P. (b)G.P. (c) H.P. (d) A.G.P. 33. tan5° tan25° tan45° tan65° tan85° is equal to: (a) 1 (b) 1/2 (c) 3/4 (d) 1/4. 34. If sinG + cosccO = 2 then sin 2 0 + cosec 2 0 is equal to: (a) 1 (b) 4 (c) 2 (d) 3. 35. The domain of / ( * ) = ,/[cos(sin x)] + (1  x)~l + sin" is equal to (a) i?  {1} (b) {—1, 1} (c) {1,°°} (d) none of these. (a)  1 (c) 4abc (b) 2jabc +
2 2 2 2 2
(b)  1 (d) none of these.
43. If 9P5 + 5 9P4 = wPr then r is equal to: (a) 4 (b) 5 (c) 9 (d) 10. 44. y2  2x2 = y, then ^ (a) —4/3 (b) 4/3 at the point (1,  1 ) is:
(c> 3/4
(d) 3/4.
45. The distance moved by a particle in time t is given by S 1212 + 6/ + 8. At the instant when the acceleration is zero velocity is: (a) 42 (b)  42 (c) 48 (d)  4 8 . 46. The angle between the curves x 2 =4y and x 2 + / = 5 at the point (  2 , 1) is : (a) 30° (b) 60° (c) tan" 1 3 (d) none of these.
47
?
2x
•
J
r dx x(iogxy 1 (logx)
2
isec
iual 1 (b) 2(logx) (d) none of these.
36. If am + bm + cm = 0 then a + b + c is equal to: (d) 2(4ab
(a)
(c) (log*)" 2
37. If the circles x2+y2 + 2gx + 2 f y + c = 0 is touched by the line y = x at P where OP = 6^2 then c is equal to: (a) 36 (b) 72 (c) 144 (d) 64. 38. T h e following consecutive terms
48. If x + 1 = 2cos^ then x5 +  ! • equal to: x 10 x (a) 2 (b)0 (c) 32 (d) 6 + 8i. 49. If t h e circles x 2 + y2 + 2x + 6y = 0 and x 2 + y2  2x = k cut orthogonally the k is equal to : (a)  2 (b)2 (c) 1 (d)  1 . ,.
50
1 1 1 of a series are in : 1 + Vx' I — *' 1  V x (a) H.P. (b)G.P. (c) A.P. (d) A.P., G.P. 39. If one root of x 2  x  k = 0 is square of the other then k is equal to: (a) (c) 2±V3 2±V5
a b
"
1 + 2 + 3 + .. . + n (« + 2)(2« + 3) 's equal t o : (b) 4
2. 9. 16. 23. 30. 37. 44. (d) (a) (a) (b) (b) (b) (d) 3. 10. 17. 24. 31. 38. 45. (d) (a) (b) (b) (a) (C) (a) 4. 11. 18. 25. 32. 39. 46.
(a) 1/4
1. 8. 15. 22. 29. 36. 43. 50. (c) (d) (b) (c) (a) (d) (b) (b)
(c) 1/2
(d) 2.
(c) (a) (d) (b) (a) (a) (d) 6. 13. 20. 27. 34. 41. 48. (a) (c) (c) (c) (c) (c) (c) 7. 14. 21. 28. 35. 42. 49. (a) (a) (d) (c) (d) (d) (c)
(b) 3 + V2 (d) 5 + V2. j is equal to :
ANSWERS
(C) (b) (c) (a) (b) (c) (d) 5. 12. 19. 26. 33. 40. 47.
40. l o g ^ l o g a A a +
(a) 0
(c) logab 76
(b) 1
(d) none of these.
•
M A T H E M A T I C S T O D A Y  DECEMBER '05
SOLVED PAPER 2005
—2 (a) (c) (e) 2. (a) (c) (e) e2 e2  1 e2 + 1. n=1
nP„ (b) (d)
2. is
e e 1
(a) (c) (e) 8. then (a) (c) (e)
33 21 54.
(b) (d)
22 33
If P(n, r)= 1680 and C(n, r) = 70, then 69n + r\ 128 (b) 576 256 . (d) 625 1152. C, 1+^ 1 n +1 n\ (nl)" n\ n1 »! ' C, +^  1 + C, C2 (b) 1+
Let A be a square matrix of order 3. If  A \ =  2 , the value of determinant of \A\ adj A is 8 (b)  8 1 (d) 32 32. x3 2x2  1 8 2x2  5 0 2 (b) (d) 3jc381 4x3  5 0 0 3 f(3) /(l)+/(5) then
3. (a) (c) (e)
c,  l n
C„
9.
If f i x ) = x  5 ' l
/(l)/(3) + /(3)/(5) + /(5)/(l) = («l)! (a) / ( l ) (c) / ( l ) + / ( 3 ) (e) f ( l ) + / ( 3 ) + / ( 5 ) .
(d)
4. In the expansion of (1 + 3x + 2x2)6 the coefficient of x " is (a) 144 (b) 288 (c) 216 (d) 576 (e) (2")(3). 5. (a) (c) (e) 6. 10" + 3(4" + 2 ) + 5 is divisible by (n e N) 7 (b) 5 9 13.
1
10. The set of equation 4 6 x y =214 * y *3 has a unique solution if
X — '
r\ 3
(a)
(0 k*=g
(b) (d) k * = g
(e)
1 1 3 0 and B = (adj A), and C = 5A,
(d)
X
17
x + \
11. If A =
I adj then V  r (a) 5 (c) 1 (e) 125.
2 1
f{x)
=
2x
*(*l)
(x + l)x (x + l)x(jcl)
3x(xl) x(.xl)(x2) t h e n / ( 1 0 0 ) is equal to (a) (c) (e) 0 100 1. (b) (d) 1 100
(b) (d)
x
25 1
X^+3X 7. If pX +qX +rX +sX
4 2 2
Xl 2X X+4
?i + 3 X3 3X
+t
X+\ X3
then t =
42
12. The output s as a B o o l e a n expression in the inputs xux2 and x3
<
AND
>OR) *
*>
AND
MATHEMATICS TODAY  AUGUST '05
for the logic circuit in the given figure is (a)
(C)
xxx'2 +x'2+x3
( x ^ ) ' + *I*2*3
(b)
(d)
+ X2X3 + X Xj + + X3
20.
(a) (c) (e) 21. (a) (c) (e)
(e)
+ x^x 3 .
cos 9° +sin 9° cos9°sin9° tan26° tan51° tan46°. cos i/3 + 5cosx\ . \ 5 + 3cosx) 18
(b) (d)
tan81° tan54°
13. The feasible region for the following constraints L{ < 0, L2 > 0 , 1 3 = 0, X > 0, >• > 0 in the diagram shown is (a) area DHF (b) area AHC (c) line segment EG (d) line segment GI (e) line segment IC. 14. Let D10 = {1, 2, 5, 7, 10, 14, 35, 70}. Define '+', '•' and "' by a + b = L.C.M. (a, b),ab = gcd (a, b) and a = 70/a respectively for all a, b e D10. The value of (2 + 7)(14 • 10)' is (a) 7 (b) 14 (c) 35 (d) 5 (e) 1. 15. a + (a) (c) (e) Let a be any element in a Boolean Algebra B. If x = 1 and ax = 0, then x = 1 (b) x = 0 x = a (d) x = a' x = a + a'.
ec ual
I
t0
tan!(itan ^tan"'(2tan tan""11 tan ^
(b) (d)
2 tan  1 l^tan^2tan1(itan
22. If A = a2  (b  cf where A is the area of the triangle ABC, then tan/f is equal to (a) 15/16 (b) 8/17 (c) 8/15 (d) 1/2 (e) 11/15. 23. If 0 < 0 < y , and 1 (a) (c) (e) z= co co x = ^ cos 2 " <), y = ^ sin 2 " <) n= 0
then the greatest angle is (a) n/2 (b)
(c) 2TI/3 (d)
J
2
+ q 2 + pq,
2 2 y , cos " <t>sin " 4>, then 1 =0 , 7 (b) xyz — xy + z xyz = xz + y (d) xyz = yz + x xyz = x + y + z xyz = x + yz.
24. If in a triangle (a) (c) then 5 = (d) is tan
1
a=5, 6=4, ^ =   + 5 t h e n C (b) is tan
1 1
5rc/4
771/4
(e)
57t/3.
cannot be evaluated is 2 tan" 1 (e) is 2 tan
1 J _
(I)
40
17. (a) (c) (e) x • ( / + z) x • O + z) x • y + z. (b) x(y' + z ) (d) ( x + y )  z
40'
25. ABC is a right angled isosceles triangle with ZB = 90°. If D is a point on AB so that ZDCB = 15° and if AD = 35 cm, then CD = (a) (c) (e) 3572 cm 35i/3 cm 2 35V2 cm. = 90° in the triangle ABC, then tan a+b + tan (b) (d) \a + c 1
71/6
(b) (d)
70^2 cm 35V6 cm
18. If s i n  s i n " 1   + c o s " 1 x j = 1 then the value of x is (a) (c) (e) 19. (a) (c) (e) 1 1/3 1/5. sin 3 s i n  ' ( I 71/125 3/5 3/5. 74/125 (d) 1/2 (b) (b) (d) 2/5 1
26. If
(a) (c) (e)
0 71/4 7t/8.
MATHEMATICS TODAY  AUGUST '05
43
27. The shadow of a tower is found to be 60 meter shorter when the sun's altitude changes from 30° to 60°. The height of the tower from the ground is approximately equal to (a) 62 m (b) 301 m (c) 101 m (d) 75 m (e) 52 m. 28. ABCD is a rectangular field. A vertical lamp post of height 12 m stands at the corner A. If the angle of elevation of its top from B is 60° and from C is 45°, then the area of the field is (a) (c) (e) 48^2 sq.m. 48 sq.m 12A/3 sq.m. (b) (d) 4873 sq.m. 12V2 sq.m.
2x —y = 1 and the vertex is (1, 2), then the length of the side of the triangle is M
(c)
(e)
fe V5.
<> 15 » <« #
35. The image of the origin with reference to the line 4x + 3y  25 = 0 is (a) (  8 , 6 ) (b) ( 8 , 6 ) (c) (  3 , 4 ) (d) ( 8 ,  6 ) (e) (  4 ,  3 ) . 36. of a tion (a) (c) (e) The lines 2x  3y = 5 and 3x  4y = 7 are diameters circle having area as 154 sq. units. Then the equaof the circle is x2+y2 + 2x2y=62 (b) x2+y2 + 2x2y=41 x2+y22x + 2y=41 (d) x2+y22x + 2y=62 2 2 x +y 2x2y = 47. chord of length 2a units Taxis. The locus of the x2  y2 = a2 x2  y2 = 4cz2
29. If the points (k, 3), (2, k), (k, 3) are collinear, then the values of k are (a) 2 , 3 (b) 1 , 0 (c) 1 , 2 (d) 1 ,  1 / 2 (e) 0 , 3 . 30. If ,4(3, 5), B(5,  4 ) , C(7, 10) are the vertices of a parallelogram, taken in the order, then the coordinates of the fourth vertex are (a) (10, 19) (b) (15, 10) (c) (19, 10) (d) ( 1 9 , 1 5 ) (e) (15, 19). 31. ABC is a triangle with vertices A(1, 4), 5(6,  2 ) and C(2, 4). D, E and F are the points which divide each AB, BC and CA respectively in the ratio 3 : 1 internally. Then the centroid of the triangle DEF is (a) . ( 3 , 6 ) (b) ( 1 , 2 ) (c) ( 4 , 8 ) (d) (  3 , 6 ) (e) (  1 , 2 ) . 32. If the pair of lines x2  2 n x y  y2 = 0 and x2  2mxy  y2 = 0 are such that one of them represents the bisectors of the angles between the other, then (a) v (c) 1+1 = 0 nm  1 = 0
77/77
37. A circle is drawn to cut a along .Yaxis and to touch the center of the circle is (a) x2+y2 = a2 (b) (c) x + y = a2 (dj (e) x2 + y2 = 4a 2 .
38. If the e q u a t i o n of the t a n g e n t to the circle x2+y22x + 6y6 = 0 parallel to 3x  4y + 7 = 0 is 3x  4y + k = 0, then the values of k are (a) 5,  3 5 (b)  5 , 35 (c) 7 ,  3 2 (d)  7 , 3 2 (e) 3 ,  1 3 . 39. The locus of a point which moves so that the ratio of the length of the tangents to the circles x 2 +/ + 4x + 3 = 0 and * 2 + y2  6x + 5 = 0 is 2 : 3 is (a) 5x2 + 5y2  60x + 7 = 0 (b) 5*2 + 5y2 + 60x  1 = 0 (c) 5x2 + 5y2  60x  7 = 0 (d) 5x2 + 5y2 + 60x + 1 = 0 (e) 5x2 + 5y2 + 60x + 1 2 = 0. x2 v2 40. The foci of the ellipse y^"+ 7 3 = 1 and the hyperbola —— y_ 81 144 2 b is (a) 1 (c) 7 (e) 36.
(b) v ' (d)
   = 0 n m nm + 1 = 0
(e)  1  1 = 0. v ' m n 33. The angle between the pair of straight lines y2 sin 2 6  xy sin 2 0 + x 2 (cos 2 6  1) = 0 is (a) ti/3 (b) jt/4 (c) T I / 6 (d) 7T/2 (e) 71. 34. If the equation of base of an equilateral triangle is 42
J_
25
coincide. Then the value of (b)
(d)
MATHEMATICS TODAY  AUGUST '05
41. (a) (c) (e) 42.
The eccentricity of the ellipse 25x2 + 16y 2  150.x 175 = 0 is 2/5 (b) 2/3 4/5 (d) 3/4 3/5. S u p p o s e S and S' are foci of the ellipse
[2ab, (a) (c) 1  S
26 c,
2ca]
= (b) (d) 0 S
(e) . 6. 48. If u, v, w be vectors such that u + v + w = 0, and  M =3, v =4, w =5 then (a) (c) (e) 47 0 25. (d) u  v + v w + wu =
x2 v2 h — = 1. If P is a variable point on the ellipse and 25 16 if A is area of the triangle PSS' then the maximum value of A is (a) 8 (b) 12 (c) 16 (d) 20 (e) 24. 43. The equation of the hyperbola in the standard form (with transverse axis along the xaxis) having the length of the latus rectum = 9 units and eccentricity = 5/4 is (a) (c) (e) X2 16
X
?
(b)  4 7 25
49. If a is perpendicular to 6 and c ,  5  = 2, 6 = 3 , \c  = 4 and the angle between 6 and c is 2ti/3, then [5 6 c ] is equal to (a) (c) (e) 4 A/3
12A/3
18
= 1
(b) (d)
x2 36 x2 36
(b) (d)
6 A/3
18A/3
27
= 1
64 x 16
2
y2 = 1 36 9 1=6 = 1.
y2 = 1 64
8 A/3. a, 6 and c are perpendicular to b +c,c+a
50. If
and 5 + 6 respectively and if  a + 6  = 6,16 + c \ = 8 and  c + a \ = 10 then 15 + 6 + c = (a) (c) (e) 10V2 20. (b) (d) 50 10
44. If
(a) (c) (e) 21 21 59/2.
= 1 and \ a + 6 = S , then the value (b) (d) 21/2 21/2
of ( 3 5  4 6 ) • ( 2 5 + 56) is
45. If 151 = 3, 16 I = 4,  c  = 5 and a, b,c are such that each is perpendicular to the sum of other two, then a + 6 + c  is (a) (c) (e) 46. 5^2 101/2 5 a/3. A unit vector in the plane of 1+2j+k and (b) (d) 7f 10J3
51. If (2, 3, 5) is one end of a diameter of the sphere x2 +y2 + z26xI2y2z +20 = 0 then coordinates of the other end of the diameter are (a) ( 4 , 3 , 5 ) (b) ( 4 , 9 ,  3 ) (c) ( 4 , 9 , 3 ) (d) ( 4 , 3 ,  3 ) (e) ( 4 , 9 , 5 ) . 52. The equation of the plane through the point x1 y +2 z (2,  1 ,  3 ) and parallel to the lines —— = = — , x y1 and  = — (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) Sx+ 8JC 8x + 8x + 8x z—2 . = — is
i+j+2k (a) jk j+k I T (e) 47.
are perpendicular to 2 i + j + k is (b) (d) H I ^ j~k V2
14y+ 13z + 37 = 0 14y + 13z + 37 = 0 14_y  13z + 37 = 0 14y + 13z  37 = 0 14y  13z  3 7 = 0.
5( j  k ) . If 5, 6, c are u n i t c o p l a n a r vectors then
53. If a line makes angles a , p, y with the coordinate axes, then cos2a + cos2P + cos2y is (a) 3 (b)  2 (c) 2 (d)  3 (e)  1 .
42 MATHEMATICS TODAY  AUGUST '05
54. If for a plane, the intercepts on the coordinate axes are 8, 4, 4 then the length of the perpendicular from the origin on to the plane is (a) 8/3 (b) 3/8 (c) 3 (d) 4/3 (e) 4/5. 55. The equation of the sphere concentric with the sphere 2x 2 + 2y2 + 2z2Sx + 2y4z=\ and double its radius is (a) X 2 + y2 + z 2  JC + y  z = 1 (b) JC2 + y2 + z2  6JC + 2y  4z = 1 (c) 2x2 + 2y 2 + 2z2  6x + 2y  4z  15 = 0 (d) JC2 + y2 + z 2  3JC + y . 2z = 1 (e) 2x2 + 2y 2 + 2z 2  6x + 2y  4z  25 = 0. 56. If a plane meets the coordinate axes at A, B and C such that the centroid of the triangle is (1, 2, 4) then the equation of the plane is (a) JC + 2y + 4z = 12 (b) 4JC + 2y + z = 12 (c) JC + 2y + 4z = 3 (d) 4x + 2y + z = 3 (e) JC + y + z = 12. 57. The position vector of the point where the line r = i  j + k + t(i+j r  0 + j + k)  5 is (a) (c) (e) 5 i+jk 2i+j + 2k 4i+2j2k. (b) (d) Si+3 j3k — k) meets the plane
and females are Rs. 210 and Rs. 190 respectively, the percentage of female employed in the factory is (a) 10 (b) 50 (c) 30 (d) 40 (e) 20. 62. The (a) (c) (e) 5 boys and 5 girls are sitting in a row randomly. probability that boys and girls sit alternatively is 5/126 (b) 1/126 4/126 (d) 6/126 1/63. x + 59)
JC1
63. The function / satisfies the functional equation 3/W + 2/ = lQjc + 30 for all real J * 1. The C (b) (d) 4 11
value o f / ( 7 ) is (a) 8 (c)  8 (e) 44.
64. The value of / at J = 0 so that the function C f { x ) = ———, (a) (c) (e) 0 4 log 4. x * 0, is continuous at J = 0, is C (b) (d) log 2 e4
5 i+j + k
65. The domain of sin1(log3Jc) is (a) [  1 , 1 ] (b) [ 0 , 1 ] (c) [0, °°] (d) R (e) [1/3,3], ' 1 + tan jc)° osecx 66. _ lim{: : — } is equal to ' x>o.l + sinjcj (a) Me (b) 1 (c) e (d) e 2 (e) 1/e2. 67. If y = sec" 1 (a) (c) 1 xl x+1 xl • l + sin xl , , then is x+1 dx (b) 0 x+1
58. If the distance of the point (1, 1, 1) from the origin is half its distance from the plane x + y + z + k = 0, then k = (a) ±3 (b) ±6 (c)  3 , 9 (d) 3 ,  9 (e) 3 , 9 . 59. Two persons A and B throw a die alternately till one of them gets 3 and wins the game. Find the respective probabilities of winning, if A begins (a) 7/11,4/11 (b) 6/11,5/11 (c) 5/6, 1/6 (d) 4/7, 3/7 (e) 1/2, 1/2. 60. If three natural numbers from 1 to 100 are selected randomly then probability that all are divisible by both 2 and 3 is (a) 4/105 (b) 4/33 (c) 4/35 (d) 4/1155 (e) 3/1155. 61. The average monthly salary of workers in a factory is Rs. 206. If the average monthly salary of males 42
(d)
*2+l z , x 1 68. If = a" • b2x~ (a) y2 • log ab2 (c) / (e) y • (log ab2)2.
(e)
then cPyldx2 is (b) y • log ab2 (d) y • (log a2b)2 Vx(3x) l3x
69. The value of
dx
tan
MATHEMATICS TODAY  AUGUST '05
(a)
1 2(l + x)Vx 2 (\ + x)Jx 3 (1 + x)^c 3
(e)
4.
78. The function f{x) = tan"'(sinx + cosx), x > 0 is always an increasing function on the interval
(a) (0,7I) (b) (0, TI/2)
^
2(1
^ 70. x = (a) (c) (e)
2{l + x)Jx' The derivative of y = (1  x)(2  x) ... (n  x) at 1 is equal to 0 (b) (  1 ) ( «  1)! n\  1 (d) (  1 ) " " 1 ( «  1)! (1)" (n  1)!.
(c) (e)
(0,71/4) (0, 57t/4).
(d)
(0, 3ti/4)
71. L e t / ( x + y) = / ( x ) / ( y ) a n d / ( x ) = 1 + sin(3x)g(x) where g(x) is continuous then f i x ) is (a) / ( x ) g(0) (b) 3g(0) (c) f ( x ) cos3x (d) 3 / ( x ) g ( 0 ) (e) 3f(x)g(x). 72. If siny = x sin(a + y), then dy/dx is (a) sin(a + y) sin ( a + y) sina cos (a + y). (b) (d) sin 2 (a + y) sin {a + y) sina
79. The radius of a cylinder is increasing at the rate of 3 m/sec and its altitude is decreasing at the rate of 4 m/sec. The rate of change of volume when radius is 4 metres and altitude is 6 metres is (a) 80 7i cu m/sec (b) 144 T cu m/sec X (c) 80 cu m/sec (d) 64 cu m/sec (e)  8 0 n cu m/sec. 80. A ladder 10 m long rests against a vertical wall with the lower end on the horizontal ground. The lower end of the ladder is pulled along the ground away from the wall at the rate of 3 cm/sec. The height of the upper end while it is descending at the rate of 4 cm/sec is (a) (c) (e) 81. 4a/3 m 5V2 m 6 m. dx J ls i n ( x  a ) s i n ( x  6 ) T is (b) (d) 5^3 m 8 m
(c)
(e) 73. (a) (c) (e)
If y = t ^ l « c o s x  b s i n x ) then & = \bcosx+ asmxj dx 2 (b)  1 alb (d) 0 bla.
(a)
•(b) (c) (d) (e)
sin(x  a) 1 log +c sin(a6) sin(x  b) s i n ( x  a) 1 log +c sin(x  b) {ab) log sin(x  a) sin(x  b) + c sin , sin(xa) log —v s'm(xb) 1 logsin(x  a)sin(x  b) + c. sin { x  a )
74. L e t / b e continuous on [1, 5] and differentiable in (1, 5). I f / ( 1 ) =  3 and f'{x) > 9 for all x e (1, 5), then (a) / ( 5 ) > 3 3 (b) / ( 5 ) > 3 6 (c) / ( 5 ) < 3 6 (d) / ( 5 ) > 9 (e) / ( 5 ) < 9 . 75. then (a) (c) (e) If 4x + py = 45 and x  4y = 5 cut orthogonally, the value of p is 1/9 (b) 1/3 3 (d) 18 9.
2 1 2 2
82. If an antiderivative o f / ( x ) is e* and that of g(x) is cosx, then J f {x)cosx dx + jg{x)exdx = (a) f{x)g{x) +C (b) / ( x ) + g(x) + C (c) e* cosx + C (d) f{x)  g(x) + C (e) e* cosx + f ( x ) g{x) + C. 83. f ex,osaex +c log ae {ae)x + c dx = (b) (d) v ' 1 + logc, a +c
76. If a particle moves such that the displacement is proportional to the square of the velocity acquired, then its acceleration is (a) proportional to s2 (b) proportional to 1 Is2 (c) proportional to s (d) proportional to 1/s (e) a constant. 77. The maximum value of xy when x + 2y = 8 is (a) 20 (b) 16 (c) 24 (d) 8
42 MATHEMATICS TODAY  AUGUST '05
(a)
(c)
(6j
{ae)x r—— + c log c ae
loge a
84. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e)
j V e '  l dx = 2[i/e"v  1  tan  1 Je x  l ] + c ^Il_
t a n
it/2
90. The value of (a) (c) (e) 2 71/4 7t/2.
1 1+c
dx J 0 osmx , tCOSX Z +1 (b) n (d) 27t
is
Jex 1 + tan  1 \ex l\Jex
Jt
91. I f / i s continuous function, then (a)
(b)
2
 1 + tan~' \ex  l ] + c
1
J /(*)<&= }[/(x)/(x)]<fe f
6 4
2[^e  1  tan
1
^e
x
+ l ] + c.
• 5
j 2/(x)dx=
3 5
/(xl)dx
85. If /, = Jsin
®
x dx and / 2 = jsin" 1 i / l  x 2 dx then
J
(c) h+h=j
(d)
J /(•*)dx = \
3 5 4 6
f(xl)dx f{xl)dx f(x/2)dx.
(a) (c) (e) 86. (a) (c) (e) 87. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e)
/, = h h+h= f*
(b) (d)
h = \h
J f(x)dx
3 5
= J
2 10
(e)
 f(x)dx
3
= j
6
J cos~
3/7
x sm~
nn
x dx = (b) (d) ytan
4/7
logsin
4/7
x + C
x+ C
92. The area of the region bounded by y 2 = 4ax and x 2 = 4ay, a > 0 in sq. units is (a) (0 (e) 16^13^ 4a .'
2
^ t a n "4/7x + C l t a n " 4 / 7 x + C.
f
log cos 3 ' 7 x + C
(b) (d)
14^ 16a 2
(sin0 + cos0) „ —dQ Vsin20
=
93. An integrating factor of the differential equation dy tog* x x ^  + ylogx = xe x 2 , (x > 0) is dx (b) (ic) X o & x (a) (c) (e) (a) (b) (b) n/2 (d) 7t/4 (c) (d) (e) x /2. y(0) = 3 is y = xlogxx + 2 y = (x + l)log x +11  x + 3 y = (x + l)log x + l  + x + 3 y = xlogx + x + 3 y =  (x +1) log x +1 + x + 3. of the differential equation
2
log cos 0  sin 0 + Vsin 201 log (sin 0  cos 0 + Vsin 201 sin'^sinO  cosO) + c sin~'(sin0 + cos0) + c sin~'(cos0  sin0) + c
n/3
(d)
94. The solution of e J y / J x = (x +1),
88

k/6
dx J" 1 + Vtanx c
(a) TI/12 (c) 71/6 (e) 2tc/3.
it. . 4
89. (a) (c) (e) 42
I
sin x • dx = sin x + cos x (b) 7i/2 (d) 2tc
95. Solution
Jt/4 3tc/2 7i.
dy tany = sin(x + y) + s i n ( x  y ) is dx (a) secy + 2cosx = c (b) secy  2cosx = c (c) cosy  2sinx = c (d) tany  2secy = c (e) secy + 2sinx = c.
MATHEMATICS TODAY  AUGUST '05
96. is (a) (b) (c) (d) (e)
Solution of the differential equation x(y x(y x(y x(y x(y + cosx) = sinx + c  cosx) = sinx + c • cosx) = sinx + c  cosx) = cosx + c + cosx) = cosx + c.
dy
y + — = sinx x
the anticlockwise direction about the origin, then the coordinates of its new position are (a) (c) (e) (2, 0) (72,  7 2 ) (4,0). (b) (d) (72, V2) (72, 0)
105. If z — (a) (c) 27 2 14 /
97. If Na = {an : ne N}, then Ns n N, = (Here N is the set of natural numbers) (a) N7 (b) N (c) N35 (d) Ns (e) Nu. 98. If f ( x ) = f x+l o r what value of a is
— T then z 14 = T 34; (b) (d) 2H 27i
(e) 2 14 .
106. If ( ^ + /) 5 0 = 3 4 9 ( a + i6) then a 2 + b2 is (a) (c) (e) 3 9 4. (b) (d) 8 78
/(/(*))=*
(a) (c) (e) ^ 1 1. (b) (d) V2 2
99. If n (A) = 4, n(B) = 3, n(A x B x C) = 24 then,
«(C) =
(a) (c) (e)
288 12 2.
(b) (d)
1 17
107. If 3p 2 = 5p + 2 and 3q 2 = 5q + 2 where p * q, then the equation whose roots are 3p  2q and 3q  2p is (a) 3 x 2  5 x  1 0 0 = 0 (b) 5x2 + 3x + 100 = 0 (c) 3 x 2  5 x + 1 0 0 = 0 (d) 3x2 + 5 x  1 0 0 = 0 (e) 5 x 2  3 x  1 0 0 = 0. 108. If x = 8 + 377 and xy=l,
1S
100. Two finite sets have m and n elements respectively. The total number of subsets of first set is 56 more than the total number of subsets of the second set. The values of m and n respectively are (a) 7, 6 (b) 6, 3 (c) 5, 1 (d) 7, 8 (e) 3 , 6 . 101. The number of elements in the set {{a, b) : Za2 + 3b 2 = 35, a, b 6 Z}, where Z is the set of all integers, is (a) 2 (b) 4 (c) 8 (d) 12 (e) 16. 102. If z = rem then \e'z\ = (a) 1 (b) e2r sin9 (d) res' (c) rsin0 (e) e~ . 103. (a) (c) (e) i2 + z4 + i6 + .... upto (2k + 1) terms, k e N is 0 (b) 1 1 (d) k k + 1.
then the value of 4 +  ^ x y
(a) 254 (b) 192 (c) 292 (d) 66 (e) 62. 109. If a and (3, a and y and a and 5 are the roots of the equations ax2 + 2bx + c = 0, 2bx 2 + cx + a == 0 and cx2 + ax + 2b = 0 respectively, where a, b and c are positive real numbers, then a + a 2 = (a)  1 (b) 0 (c) 1 (d) a + 2b + c (e) abc. 110. The solution set of the equation pqx2 — (p + q)2x + (p + q)2 = 0 is
(a)
(c)
'f
® {»• f
(d)
p+q p '
i p p q pq pc
p+q q
(e)
104. If z = ^2  iV2 is rotated through an angle 45° in
42 M A T H E M A T I C S TODAY  AUGUST '05
111. If the roots a , p of the equation
x~  bx axc
X 1 X+l
117. The coefficient of x 3 in the expansion of 3* is (a) (c) 3J l°g(3 ) (b) (d) 0 ° g 3) (log3) j
are such that a + (3 = 0, then the value of A. is (a) (0 ^ a+b ^ 1 ib(b) id) c a+b ab
(e)
3 118. The sum of the series 1 +
+
7
+
15
+
112. If x, y, z are in A.P., then 1 + (a) (c) (e) A.P. H.P. A.P. and G.P. a b> J ] det ( 4 ) i=i (a) (c)
(e)
••• to
1 i/s+A/X' (b) (d)
1 Jy+Jz
are in
G.P. A.P. and H.P.
is (a) (c) (e) (a) (c) (e)
e(e + 1) 3e  1 e(e\). (1, 2) (1,~) (0.09, 0.3)
(b) (d)
e(le) 3e
119. If log 0 3 (x  1) < log 0 09^  1) then x ^ 1 lies in (b) (d) (0, 1) (2, co)
113. If 4 =
6' a'
and
if a < 1, \b\ < 1, then
is equal to a
2
2
(1a) a 
1
(1b)
 + 
1
(b)
,2 b
2
120. A student is to answer 10 out of 13 questions in an examination such that he must choose at least 4 from the first five questions. The number of choices available to him is (a) (c) (e) 140 280 265. (b) (d) 196 346
(la )(lb ) (1 + a ) (1 + b)2
a
y
(iby b 1 + b'
(d)
ANSWERS
1. 7. 13. 19. 25. 31. 37. (c) (c) (C) (a) (a) (b) (b) (c) (c) (e) (e) (b) (b) 2. 8. 14. 20. 26. 32. 38. 44. 50. 56. 62. 68. 74. (b) (e) (a) (d) (c) (d) (a) (b) (d) (b) (b) (e) (a) 3. (d) 9. (b) 15. (d) 21. (d) 27. (e) 33. (d) 39. (d) 45. (a) 51. (b) 57. (b) 63. (b) 69. (e) 75. (e) 81. (a) 87. (c) 93. (b) 99. (e) 105. (d) 111.(a) 117.(d) 4. 10. 16. 22. 28. 34. 40. 46. 52. (d) (b) (c) (c) (a) (a) 5. 11. 17. 23. 29. 35. 41. 47. 53. 59. 65. 71. (c) (d) (a) (b) (e) (b) (e) (b) (e) (b) (e) (d) (d) (d) 6. 12. 18. 24. 30. 36. 42. 48. 54. 60. 66. 72. 78. 84. (a) (e) (e) (d) (e) (c) (d) (e) (a) (d) (b) (c) (c) (a)
a 1+a
114. (a) (c) (e)
The product (32)(32) , / 6 (32) 1 / 3 6 ... to 16 (b) 32 64 (d) 0 62.
js
115. If A.M. and G.M. of x and y are in the ratio p : q, then x : y is (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) 116. also (a) (c) (e) pl p + ijp2 —q2 p:q p + q +J
p
P  1 7 ^ 7
lp2+q2
2
p\p2+q2 ;

q
2
Ifx, y, z are in A.P. and tan~'x, tan~ l y and tan~'z are in A.P. then x =y =z (b) x = y = z x=l;y = 2;z = 3 (d) x = 2; y = 4; z = 6 x = 2y= 3 z.
43. 49. 55. 61. 67. 73. 79. (a) 85. (c) 91. (d) 97. (c) 103. (c) 109. (a) 115. (b)
80. (e) 86. (c) 92. (a) 98. (e) 104. (a) 110. (d) 116.(a)
(c) (d) (a) 58. (d) 64. (e) 70. (e) 76. (e) 82. (c) 88. (a) 94. (b) 100. (b) 106. (c) 112. (a) 118. (e)
77. 83. 89. (e) 95. (a) 101.(c) 107. (a) 113.(b) 119. (d)
90. (c) 96. (a) 102. (e) 108. (a) 114. (c) 120. (b)
42
MATHEMATICS TODAY  AUGUST '05
KITJEE 2006
By : Vidyalankar Institute*
Practice Problems for
1. Nick has 3 children by his first wife. Amby has x children by her first husband. They marry and have children of their own. The whole family has 12 children. Assume that two children of same parents do not fight and the fight is always between exactly two children. The value of x for which the maximum number of fights occur is/are (a) 6 (b) 4 (c) 8 (d) 5 2. A mathematical minded scientist researched on the heart diseases of frogs and recorded his finding in the coded language as "Maximum number of heart attacks a frog can survive is equal to rz I~2a/x +3y[x +5>/x lim v 3 ,. — V3x2 + v2x3 The minimum number of heart attacks that will definitely result in the death of a frog are (a) 2 (b) 3 (c) 4 (d) 5 3. The number of points of nondifferentiability in the curve sin x + cosx sin x  c o s x (0 < x < 2n) is/are /(*) 2 2 (a) 2 4. (b) 3
2
(a) 1 7.
(b) 1/2
(c)  1 / 2
(d) 0
If x satisfies the equation
f
dt
_X j r s i n 3 r ^ _ 2 3 ( +1 8 cos a 712a ± cosa a
= ()
o 7' + 27sina + l sin a 8 sin a 712a
(0 < a < n/2), then the value of x is (a) ±4, (b) (d)
(c)
8. For point P = (x, y) of the coordinate plane, a new distance d(P) from the origin (0, 0) is defined by d(P) =  x  +1 y . The locus of the point P if d(P) = 2 is a (a) square (b) circle (c) trapezium (d) triangle Use the following d a t a solve Q.9 a n d Q.10 / 1 x>0 x<0 p(x): (tan(x 5 ))e x 3 s i n x . Then, Let fix) — 0 x = 0, g(x) =  x   t a n x > \  l
3
(c) 4
(d) 6
h(x) = x cot x and
If the roots of ax + bx + c = 0 are of the form
m and, m + l then the value of (a + b + c)2 m 1 m (b) 2b2 ac (a) b22ac 2 (d) 2{b22ac) (c) b  4ac 1+2 =••  + — • + 7 . 1 + 2 + 3 + .... " 2 j2 2 j2 + 2 2 2 l 2 + 2 2 + 32 upto n terms, n e N, then S„ is not greater than : (c) 3n (b) In (a) n (d) 1
5.
9.(a) / (x) and g(x) are odd functions (b) / (x) and p(x) are odd functions (c) h(x) and g(x) are even functions (d) g(x) is neither even nor odd function 10.(a) g(x) + g(x) (b) p(x) + / (x) is (c) p(x) + h(x) is (d) p(x) + / (x) is is an even function an odd function an even function neither even nor odd function
Let S
1 6. If the matrix A 2 3 4
0 0 2 1
0 1 0 0 then det(/L>) 1. 6. (b. d) 2. (c) 7. (b) (b)
ANSWERS
3. 8. (a) (a) 4. 9. (c) 5. (b, c) (b, d) 10. (a, b)
visit website H
For detailed solutions www. vidyalankar. org
to the above questions
' H.O. : Pearl Centre, Senapati BapatMarg, Dadar (W), Mumbai400 028. Tel.: (022)2430 63 67, 2432 43 42 Fax : (022)2422 88 92, website : www.vidyalankar.org, email: iit@vidyalankar.org
76
76 MATHEMATICS TODAY 
DCME E E BR
'05
IITJEE 2007
Section I : Q. 1 to 12 are Multiple Choice Questions •with one correct answer. Each question carries +3 marks for correct answer and —1 mark for wrong answer. 1. If x3 + 1 is a factor of ax4 + bx3 + cx2 + dx + e, then the real root of the ax4 + bx3 + cx2 + dx + e = 0 other than  1 is (a)  e / a (b) e/a (c) a/e (d) a/e. 2. System of equations, has (a) a circle (c) a parabola 2r x y z
Practice Paper for
By: VidyalankarInstitute* (b) a straight line (d) none of these. n(n +1) n (2n + 3) n (n + l)
2
Mumbai
9.
If Sr =
6r —1 4 r 2nr
3
2
then the value
of
Yj
r=1
is independent of
= 2J
(a) no solution (c) two solutions
(b) one solution (d) none of these.
3.
in
If
1 a+b b+c c are are in A.P., then a, b, 1 ab' 1 be
(b) A.P. (a) G.P. H.P. (d) none of these. (c) 4. If a, b, c > 0 such that a + 2b + 3c = 4, then maximum value of ab2c3 equals
(a) x only (b) y only (c) x, y, z and n (d) x, y and z only. 10. There are n different books having m copies. If the total number of ways of maki'g a selection from them is 255 and m  n + 1 = 0, then distance of point (m, n) from the origin is (a) 3 (b) 4 (c) 5 (d) none of these. 11. In a college examination, a candidate is required to attempt 6 out of 10 questions which are divided into two sections each containing 5 questions. Further the candidate is not permitted to attempt more than 4 questions from either of the section. The number of ways in which he can make up a choice of 6 questions is (a) 15 (b) 200 (c) 100 (d) 50. 12. In a sequence of (4n + 1) terms the first (2n + 1 ) terms are in A.P. whose common difference is 2, and the last (2n + 1) terms are in G.P. whose common ratio is 0.5. If the middle terms of the A.P. and G.P. are equal then the middle term of the sequence is ,« +1
(a)
128 729
81
(C>
, .
128 243
1
'
_64_ 243
5. If  z, = 1,  z 2 = 2,  z 3 3 and I z, + 2z2 + 3z3 = 6 then  z 2 z 3 + 8z 3 zj + 27zjz 2  is equal to (a) 6 (c) 216 (b) 36 (d) data insufficient.
6. If the roots of the equation x 3  1 2 x 2 + 3 9 x  2 8 = 0 are in A.P., then their common difference is (a) ±1 (b) ±2 (c) ±3 (d) ±4. ,' ,200 7. If {A} denotes the fractional part of x, then (b) 3/8 (d) none of these.
is (a) 1/8 (c) 5/8
(a)
(c). n • 2"
(b)
211
^
8. If the imaginary part of (2z + 1 )/(iz + 1) is  2 , then the locus of the point representing z in the complex plane is
' H.O
(d) none of these.
Section I I : Q. 13 to 22 are Multiple Choice Questions with one or more than one correct answer(s). Each
Pearl Centre, Senapati Bapat Marg, Dadar (W), Mumbai400 028. Tel.: (022)2430 63 67, 2432 43 42 Fax : (022)2422 88 92, website : www.vidyalankar.org, email: iit@vidyalankar.org
MATHEMATICS TODAY JUNE '06
38
question carries + 5 marks if all correct choices are indicated and —1 mark for wrong answer. 13. If a, b. c e R, a * o and the quadratic equation ax2 + bx + c = 0 has no real roots, then (a) a + b + c > 0 (b) a(a + b + c) > 0 (c) b(a + b + c) > 0 (d) c(a + b + c) > 0. 14. If the roots of the equation x* + bx2 + cx  1 = 0 form an increasing G.P., then (a) b + c = 0 (b) b e (*>,  3 ) (c) one of the roots is 1 (d) one roots is smaller than 1 and one root is more than 1. 15. AOB is a straight line through O. Let A and B represent the complex numbers a + ib and c + id respectively and OA = OB. Then (a) a + c = b + d= 0 (b) a2 + b2 = c2 + d2
( c)
l/x 22. Let / ( * ) = (a) (b) (c) (d) 1 1
log* 1 In a
x"
(1)"
then
a2
/ " ( 1 ) is independent of a / " ( 1 ) is independent of n / " ( 1 ) depends on a and n y = a[x  / " ( l ) ] represents a straight line through the origin.
imiLL§ = o c + id * , llx 1x ' (c) 2/13 g are greater (d) 5/13
13
Section I I I : This section consist of 5 comprehensions containing total 10 questions. Each question carries +5 marks for all correct answers and —2 marks for wrong answer. Each question may have one or more than one correct answer. Using the following d a t a , solve Q.23 a n d 24 There are n students in a class and probability that exactly X out of n pass the examination is directly proportional to X2, (0 < X < n). 23. Probability that a student selected at random passed the examination is
16. The roots of the than (a) 3/13 (b) 4/13
(a)
3 ( 2 / 7 + 1) 2 (w + 1)
+
(b) (d) v
2(2w + l) 3 (w+1) 2 (n + 1) 3(2/J + 1)
17. The equation whose roots are n'h powers of the roots of the equation x 2  2xcos8 + 1 = 0, is given by (a) (A + cos/70)2 + sin2w9 = 0 (b) (x  cos/70)2 + sin 2 «9 = 0 (c) x 2 + 2x cosnQ + 1 = 0 (d) JC2  2x cos «0 + 1 = 0. 18. If a, b. c, d are the sides of a quadrilateral then the minimum value of (a) 1 (b) 1/2 a2 +b2 + c2 ct~ (c) 1/3 is greater than (d) 1/6.
(c)
2 ( 2 « + l)
24. If selected candidate has passed the examination, then the probability that he is only student to have passed the exam is:
(a) (c)
4 [1.(1. +1)] 2 1 [«(»+\)f
... (b) (d)
2 [»(» +1)] 2 1 2K«+or
19. If a2 + b2 = 1, then the matrix/matrices which satisfy the condition that A7' = A~[ is/are a b a b (a) (b) b a b a a (c) b b a (d) a b b a
Using the following d a t a , solve Q.25 a n d 26
X2 +x
x+1 3x 2xl
x2 3 x  3 = xA + B, then 2xl (c) 36 (c)  2 4 (d) 4. (d)  1 2 . .
Let 2x + 3 x  l x 2 + 2x + 3 25. A equals (a) 12 (b) 24 26. B equals (a) 12 (b) 24
20. If log x 21og^ I6 j2 = log W64) 2, then x equals (a) 2 (b) 4 (c) 6 (d) 8. 21. I f S = ( l ) ( l ! ) + (2)(2!) + (3)(3!) + .... + («)(«!), then (S + 1) is divisible by (a) n (b) (n + 1) (c) (n + 1)! (d) none of these.
Using t h e following d a t a , solve Q.27 to 29. Let A be a set containing n elements. A subset P of A is chosen and the set A is reconstructed by replacing the elements of P. A subset O of A is chosen again.
40
M A T H E M A T I C S T O D A YIMARCH'06
Find the number of ways of choosing P and Q. 27. \i_P and O have equal number of elements (a) (c)
r= 0
Then
lim
«>•<»
k
£
=
1
,
S
k k+l
S
S
£
c
2 r
(b) 4" (d) none of these.
2n
(a) 1/120 (c) 1/30
is equal to k+2 (b) 1/60 (d) none of these.
Cn
28. If Q contains just one element more than P 2 ( a ( b ) »C n1 (c) £ Cr Cr + 1 (d) none of these.
r=0
29. If 2 contains at least one element more than P (a) 2 2 "" 1 (b) 2»C ,2nl I/2» 2«l (d) 2 r c „ ) (c) 4{2"c) Using the following data, solve Q.30 to 32 Consider n G.Ps say GPV GPV ..., GPn whose first terms are a,, a 2 , ..., a n and the common ratios are r,, r2,..., rn. Further, let 1 > r , > r > ... > r . Let Sr S2 Sn stands for the sum to n terms of GPp GP2, ..., GPn. And 2 , , X2, ..., S„ denote the sum to (n + 1) terms of GPt, GP2,..., GP". 30. S., E, are given (respectively) by (a) S, = a, 1— r, " l 01) w n+l a,(lrr2) (11)
Section IV : This section consists of 4 questions. Answers are to be given in between 0000 to 9999 in the form of nearest integer. Each question carries +6 marks and no negative marks. 33. Find the number of different words that can be formed using all the letters of the word "MAHAVEER" if two of the vowels are together and the other two are also together but separated from the first two. 34. Let fix) = (1 + x) + (1 + xf + (1 + xf +...+(1 + j)""'. What is the coefficient of x"* in fix)? 35. For greatest integer function f ( x ) = [r], x e R; it can be easily proved that this formula, find the value of n+1 2 for w = 50. 36. Find the sum of the coefficients of even powers of x in the expansion of (1 + x + x2 + x3)\ Section V : This section consists of 4 questions each has two columns with 4 entries in each column. Entries of column I are to be matched with column II. One entry of column I have exactly one match in column II. Each question carries +6 marks if all correct match are indicated. 37. (P) 4 Column I 2 log 6 3 + o 1 0 §6 2) + log 2 6 (log 3 6) 2 Column II (A) 11 (B)  I
' is t
2 2
= [*]. Using
n+2 4
w+ 4 8
n +2
+ ...00
(b)
= a,
(c) 5, = a,(d) none of these.
(if)
31. Which of the following is/are true?
(a)
Si c S] Si
>
Si S3 Sn c c e 07 > S3 > — > S„ S? S3 S„
(Q) If 1, co, U2 are cube roots of A unit, then co + cov2
8 32
"...
(c)
s,
^
5] ' S 2 ' S3 ' "
S^ is neither increasing nor s„ •
decreasing (d) none of these. 32. Let all the G.Ps. be infinite G.Ps. and ak = 2k  1 and r. = 2/(2k + 1) for k = 1, 2, 3, ....
(R) In the expansion of (1 +*)"'( 1 *)", (C) 4 the coefficients of x and x2 are 3 and  6 respectively, then the value of m is (S) A polygon has 44 diagonals, (D) 12 then the number of its sides are 41
M A T H E M A T I C S TODAY  JUNE 06
38. C o l u m n I (P) One of the square roots of (3  4 0 is
Column II ( A )  2  10/
(Q) If x is conjugate complex number (B) 248 of 2 ( 1  2 / ') 2 then 25x equals (C)  2  11/ (R) (1 + if + (1  if (S) The value of (~1 + / ^ ) 4 8 is (D)  2 + i Column II 39. C o l u m n I (A) 3/11 (P) 3 out of 6 vertices of a regular hexagon are chosen at random. The probability that the triangle with these vertices is equilateral is (Q) If A and B are two independent (B) 1/6 events such that P(A n B) = 3/25 and P{A' n B) = 8/25, then P(A) = (R) If two dice are thrown (C) 2/5 simultaneously, then the probability of obtaining a total score of seven is (S) On a toss of two dice, Ram (D) 1/10 throws a total of 5. Then the probability that he will throw another 5 before he throws 7 is 40. 20 identical balls have to be distributed among 4 jugglers. The number of ways in which these balls can be distributed such that Column I (P) all the jugglers get at least one ball is (Q) all the jugglers get at least one ball and no one gets more than 10 balls is (R) all the jugglers get odd number of balls is (S) all of them get equal number of balls is Column I I (A) 885 (B) 1
MTGMCQ's Memory Contest
1. The exams: National Mathematics Olympiad / International Mathematics Olympiads / AIEEE / WB JEE /Orissa JEE/EAMCET/DCE / Karnataka CET/ UP SEE / Bihar CECE /Haryana CEET / Punj ab PET / IAS Prelims / NDA /UGC  JRF . . . . 2. The requirements: Plenty of grey cells, photographic memory, neat handwriting, eagerness to do something different and of course, taking exams. 3. The task: Take the exam, come home and write down as many questions (with all choices and their answers) you can remember, neatly on a paper with your lame, your address, age, which exam you sat for, your photo and mail them to us. 4. The benefits: Plenty ! Each complete question with answer will make you richer iy Rs. 5*/. More the questions, the merrier it will be. We will make you famous by publishing your name (photo if possible). Also you can derive psychological satisfaction from the fact that your questions will benefit thousands of readers. 5. and lastly the pit falls: Don't send incomplete questions or incorrect answers. Our panel of experts will crosscheck your questions. You have to send it within a month of giving the 3articular exam.
Mail t o : The Editor, MTG 406, Taj Apartment, Ring Road, New Delhi29. P h : 26194317
(C) 969 (D) 165
ANSWERS
3. (o) 4. (a) 2. (a) 6. (b) 9. (c) 7. (a) II. (b) 12. (a) 13. (b),(d) 14. 15. (a),(b), (c), (d) 16. (a),(c) 17. 19. (a), (b) 20. (b), (d) 2 1 . (a), (b), (c) 22. 23. (c) 24. (a) 25. (b) 26. 2 8 . (a),(c) 29. <o) 30. (c) 31. 33. 1440 34. 5050 35. 50 36. 37.(P)>(C), (Q) (B), (R) — (D), (S) —»(A) > 38 (P) (D), (Q) (C), (R) (A), (S) > (B) 39 (P) > (D), (Q) (A), (R) > (B), (S) > (C) 40. (P) (C), (Q) > (A), (R) > (D), (S) ^ (B)
i.
(a) 5. (b) (c) 10. (c) (a), (b), (c), (d) (b),(d) 18. (c),(d) (a),(b),(d) (d) 27. (a), (c) (a) 32. (b) 511
*Conditions
apply
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Payment will be made after the MCO 's are published. Kindly note that each question should be complete with the answers. Payment will be made only for complete questions. Preference will be given to the reader sending the maximum complete and correct questions. Other conditions apply. The decision of the editor, MTG shall be final and binding.
12
76 MATHEMATICS TODAYIFEBRUARY'I13
Solved by: R.K, Tyagi, HOD Mathematics, Samarth Shiksha Samiti.
1. The equation to a parabola which passes through the intersection of a straight line x +y = 0 and the circle x2 + y2 + 4y = 0 is (b) y 2 = x (a) y2 = 4x 2 (d) none of these. (c) y = 2x 2. The point (4,  3 ) with respect to the ellipse 4x2 + 5y2 = 1 (a) lies on the curve (b) is inside the curve (c) is outside the curve (d) is focus of the curve. 3. Let a circle tangent to the directrix of a parabola y2 = lax has its center coinciding with the focus of the parabola. Then the point of intersection of the parabola and circle is (a) {a, a) (b) (a/2, a/2) (c) (a/2, ± a) (d) (± a, all). 4. If a = i+2j3k and b=3ij + 2k then the
(a)
(1, 1)
(b) (  1 , 1) (c)
(1,  1 )
(d) (0, 1).
9. Let the homogeneous system of linear equations px + y + z = 0, x + qy + z = 0, x + y + rz = 0 where ( p , q , r l = 1) have a nonzero solution then the value of 1 . 1 . 1 . —+is 1  p 1 q 1 — r (b) 0 (d) 1. (a)  1 (c) 2 10. Let the eleven letters^, B,..., K denote an arbitrary p e r m u t a t i o n of t h e integers (1, 2, ..., 11), then (A 1)(B2)(C  3 ) ... (K 11) (a) necessarily zero (b) always odd (c) always even (d) none of these. 11. A point (a, P ) l i e o n a c i r c l e x 2 + j ' 2 = 1, then locus of the point ( 3 a + 2, P) is a/an (a) straight line (b) ellipse (c) parabola (d) none of these. 12. If 8 is an acute angle and s i n 0 / 2 = tan6 is equal to (a) (c) x2  1
(b) (d)
angle between the vectors a+b and ab is (a) 60° (b) 90° (c) 45° (d) 45°. 5. Let 5 be a set containing n elements and we select 2 subsets A and B of S at random then the probability that A (J B = S and ^ n 5 = <) is ( (a) 2" (b) n2 (c) Mn (d) 1/2". 1 + sin 9 cos W 4sin49 equal to (a) 7. 1/2 4sin46 (b) 1 sin 2 6 sin" 8 „2Q l + 4sin48 (c) 1/2 (d)  1 .
X1 lx
then
x2 + 1.
= 0 then sin40
13. Which of the following equations can represent a triangle? (a) \z  l\ = \z  1\ (b) \z\\ = \zl\ = \zi\ (c) \z — 1\  \z — 2\ = la (d) \zl\2 + \zl\2 = 4. 14. The value of is equal to (a) 7i 15. (a) (c) sin2 9 cos? 9 1 j sin ^of<t>+  cos  1 o o (c) 71/3 (d) 71/4.
If a system of the equation ( a + l) 3 x + ( a + 2 f y  ( a + 3) 3 = 0 and ( a + \)x + ( a + 2)y  (a + 3) = 0, X + y  1 = 0 is constant. What is the value of a ? (a) 1 (b) 0 (c)  3 (d)  2 . 8. The value of the constant a and 3 such that ax  = 0 are respectively
2 lim x +1 X—>00x + l _
(b) 7t/2
2 UK   sin JC  o n In
 s m x dx equals (b) (d) In none of these. * Based on memory
76 MATHEMATICS TODAY DECEMBER'05
76
16. (a) 17. (a) (c) 18. x2 + (a) (c)
Range of the function / ( * ) = (  1 , 0) (b) (  1 , 1) (c) [0, 1)
JC +1
2
is (d) (1, 1).
line. Another point on this line is (a) (3a, 2b) (b) (a 2 , ab) (c) (  3 a , 2b) (d) (a,b). 27. (a) (c) Area bounded by curves y = x2 and y = 2  x2 is 8/3 (b) 3/8 3/2 (d) none of these. lim 4 6 ( t a n 6  2 8 t a n 8 ) e>° (a) (c) l/,/2 1
2
If s i i r ' ( l  x)  2sin~'jc = n/2, then * equals (0,1/2) (b) ( 1 / 2 , 0 ) {0} (d) (  1 , 0 ) . s i n ^ , s m B , cos,4 are in G.P. R o o t s 2x cotB + 1 = 0 are always real (b) imaginary greater than 1 (d) equal. of
28.
,g 1/2 2. P = a P , then (d)  2 .
( 1  c o s 28) (b) (d)
(a) 20. (a) (c)
1 What 1 1
(b) 2 is
1)"?
(c) sum of (b) (d)
4 the
(d) 1. coefficients of
29. 2x (p+\)x + ( p  1) = 0. If a what is the value of pi (a) 1 (b) 2 (c) 3
the
(JC2JC
0 none of these.
30. L e t / : (2, 3)  > (0, 1) be defined by /(JC) = J  [JC] C then /"'(JC) equals (a) JC  2 (b) JC + 1 (c) JC  1 (d) JC + 2. 31. T h e largest value of 2JC3  3JC2  12JC + 5 f o r  2 < J < 4 occurs at x equal to C (a)  4 (b) 0 (c) 1 (d) 4. 32. T h e n u m b e r of s o l u t i o n s f o r t h e e q u a t i o n s \z 1'=  z  2 = \z — /[ is (a) one solution (b) 3 solutions (c) 2 solutions (d) no solution. 33. If 1, a), co2 are t h e c u b e r o o t s o f u n i t y t h e n co2(l + to) 3  (1 + co2)co = (a) 1 (b)  1 (c) / (d) 0. ] _ ("101" If lim —r = "T7T> then give the value of a 5 «  + « l + (10)" + l 10 0 (b)  1 (c) 1
21. Total number of books is 2n + 1. One is allowed to select a minimum of the one book and a maximum of n books. If total number of selections is 63, then value of n is (a) 3 (b) 6 (c) 2 (d) none of these. 22. x2 = xy is a relation which is (a) symmetric (b) reflexive (c) transitive (d) none of these. 23. B is (a) (c) Let the determinant of a 3 x 3 matrix A be 6 then a matrix defined by B = 5A 2 . Then det of B is 180 (b) 100 80 (d) none of these. , 1 Letf(x) = i [1 + s i n * V *<0 V 0<x<n/2
34. is
24.
thenwhatis
(a) 35. in (a) 36.
(d) 2.
the value of /'(JC) at x = 0?
(a)
(c)
1
»
(b)  1
(d) does not exist.
The equation tan8 = 8 has its smallest root lying quadrant. 1st (b) 2nd (c) 3rd (d) 4th. In any triangle if 3a = b + c, then cot
cot
25. The length intercepted by the curve y2 = 4JC on the line satisfying dy/dx = 1 and passing through point (0, 1) is given by
('o")
(a)
(c) 26.
1
0
(b) 2
(d) none of these.
(a)
1
(b) 2
(c)
4
(d) 0.
Two points (a, 0) and (0, b) are joined by a straight
37. Let A and B are t w o events and P(A') = 0.3, P{B) = 0.4, P(A n B') = 0.5, then P ( A u B') is (a) 0.5 (b) 0.8 (c) 1 (d) 0.1
76 MATHEMATICS TODAY  DECEMBER '05
76
38. (10101101) 2 = (., (a) 137 (c) 170
(b) (d)
)io 173 none of these. 1 is
point (1/a, l/p) lies on a/an (a) straight line (b) (c) parabola (d) 49. The point of x\_ y + 2_z3 3 4 2 (a) ( 1 0 ,  1 0 , 3 ) (c) (10, 10, 3)
circle ellipse. of the , „ line
39. Given function / O ) = (a) (c) increasing even
\e +1. (b) decreasing (d) none of these. = 0 is dx 2 x +y none of these.
2
intersection ^ , ^ (b) (d)
(10,10,3) none of these.
40. The solution of x2 + y2  2.xy (a) (c) x — y = cx 2(x2y2) = cx
2 2
(b) (d)
50. The tangents from a point (2V2, 2) to the hyperbola \6x2  25y 2 = 400 include an angle equal to (a) 71/2 (b) 7t/4 (c) 7t (d) 7t/3. 51. Let a , P, y and 8 are four positive real number such that their product is unity, then the value of (1 + a ) ( l + P)(l + y)(l + 5) is (a) 6 (b) 16 (c) 0 (d) 32. 52. Value of I sin ( ^ j  7 c o s (  ^  j is equal to A=1 (a) (b) 1 (d) none of these. (c) 0 53. What is the degree of the differential equation J (dy \23\dx + ... = ?
41. Let Ch C2, C3 are the usual binomial coefficients. Let S = C, + 2C2 + 3C 3 + ... + nC„, then 5" equals (a) n2" (b) 2"'1 (c) n 2"  1 (d) 2 " + 1 . 42. / (x) = ax2 + bx + c and S O ) = / ( D , g(2)  / ( 2 ) = 1, g ( 4 )  / ( 4 ) is (a) 0 (b) (c) 6 (d) 43. If the vector g(x) = px2 + qx with g(3)  / ( 3 ) = 4, then 5 none of these. + k, i + j+ yk
ai + j+ k, i
( a , P, y * 1) are coplanar then the value of 1 is la 1p 1y (d) 1/2. (c) 1 (a)  1 (b) 0 44. If A and B are two fixed points, then the locus of a point which moves in such a way that the angle APB is a right angle is (a) circle (b) parabola (c) ellipse (d) none of these. 45. For the equation cos 1 * + cos~'2x + 71 = 0, the number of real solution is (a) 1 (b) 2 (c) 0 (d) 46. The circumcentre of a triangle formed by the line xy + 2x + 2y + 4 = 0 and JC + y + 2 = 0 is (a) (  1 ,  1 ) (b) ( 0 ,  1 ) (c) ( 1 , 1 ) (d) (  1 , 0 ) . 47. Give the number of common tangents to circle x2 + y2 + 2x + 8y  23 = 0 and x2 + y2  4x  lOy + 9 = 0. (a) 1 (b) 3 (c) 2 (d) none of these. x y 48. If —H 7 = 1 touches the circle x2 + y2 = a 2 , then a P
76 M A T H E M A T I C S T O D A Y DECEMBER'05
(a) (c)
(b) (d)
none of these.
54. Let P{xx,y{) and Q{x2, y2) are two points such that their abscissa x, and x2 are the roots of the equation x2 + 2x3=0 while the ordinate y{ a n d y 2 are the roots of the equation y1 + 4y  12 = 0. The center of the circle with PQ as diameter is (a) (c) (1,2) (1,2) (b) (d) (1,2) (1,2).
55. The equation of plane passing through a point A (2,  1 , 3) and parallel to the vectors a = (3, 0,  1 ) and b = {  3 , 2, 2) is (a) 2x  3y + 6z  25 = 0 (b) 2x  3y + 62 + 25 = 0 (c) 3x  2y + 6z  25 = 0 (d) 3x  2y + 6z + 25 = 0. 56. The equation of a straight line drawn through the focus of the parabola y2 = 4x at an angle of 120° to the jraxis is (a) (c) y + j3(x1) =0 (b) (d) >73(^1) = 0 /  V 3 ( x + l) = 0 . y + V3(jc + 1) = 0
57. Let jc = a + (3, iy = aco + pco2, z = aw 2 + Pa), co is an imaginary cube root of unity. Product of xyz is (a) a 2 + P 2 (b) a 2  P2 (c) cx3 + P 3 (d) a 3  P3. 58. If r = [2(J> + cos 2 (20 + 7i/4)] ,/2 then what is the value of the derivative of dr!d§ at < = Jt/4? > 
.•. Radius of circle = distance from the point (a/2, 0) to the line x = —a/2. a 2 a 2
(a/2, 0) S
(a), (c)
1 1,71 + 1 I 71 + 1
1/2
.•. equation of circle be (b) (d) 71 + 1
1/2
x2
also
1/2
y • = 2 ax
2
+ y 2 = a2
...(1) ...(2)
71 + 1
Solving (1) and (2) we get x = Putting these values in y2 = 2ax we get y = ±a and x =  3 a / 2 gives imaginary values of y. :. required points are (a/2, ±a). 4. :. ab (b) : a = i+2j3k, a + b = z"(4) + j ( l ) + = /(2) + j(3) b = 3fj2k k{\)
59. If a vector a lie in the plane of p and y then which is correct? (a) [ a p y] = 0 (b) [ a p y] = 1 (c) [ a p y] = 3 (d) [p y a ] = 1. 60. If d = 2i+3jk, (a) (c) 47 74 $ = i+2j4k, (b) (d) y =i+j+k
then what is the value of ( a x p )  ( c i x y ) ? 74 none of these.
+k(~5)
(a + b)(ab) =  8 + 3 + 5 = 0 => a + b _L ab angle 0 = 7i/2 = 90°. 5. (d) : Ways of selection two subset of A = (2") 2 ways of selection A u B and A n B are 2" , , .,. favourable cases .'. Required rprobability = ———: n J total cases
2" , 1
SOLUTION
x+y = 0 ...(1) x2+y2 + 4y = 0 ...(2) Solving (1) and (2), x = Q,y = 0 ; x = 2, y = 2 which means parabola pass through (0, 0) and (2,  2 ) these points satisfies the parabola y2 = 2x. 1. (c) : Given 2. (i) (c) : Using the condition the point (x,, yx) lies on the ellipse x2  + a"
2
(2" )2 1 +siir 9 6. (c) : cos 2 0 4sin«9
„:_2 a
2" '
sin 9 1 + cos 2 9 4sin40
sin 2 9 = 0 cos 2 8 l + 4sin«0
/ —  1 = 0 if b
2
%2 + 4 2 1 = 0
a b
2 2
Using CJ > C,  C 2 , C2 1 >
0
C2  C 3
0 1
(ii)
Outside the ellipse if 4 + a" b
2 2
1 0
cos 2 9
= 0
 1 l + 4sin29
(iii) Inside the ellipse if — + — x y Given ellipse is —— +r— = 1 1/4 1/5
2 2
<
0
2(1 + 2sin49) = 0 = > sin40 =  1 / 2 7. (d) : For constant solution [ A \ = 0 ( a + 1)3 a +1 1 ( a + 2) 3 a +2 1  ( a + 3) 3  ( a + 3) = 0 1
••• ^ T 7 5 Point (4,  3 ) lies outside the ellipse. 3. (c) : Given parabola is y2 = lax :. Focus (a/2, 0) and directrix is given by x =  a / 2 , as circle touches the directrix. 8.
+
1
= 64 + 4 5
1
> 0
6 a + 12 = 0 => a =  2 . (c) : lim x 2 +1  ( a x + P) = 0 (given) X+ l
76 M A T H E M A T I C S T O D A Y  DECEMBER '05
76
(x +1)  ( a x + PX* +1) . => hm is (%) form X—>00 X+ 1 ( 2 x  2 a x )  ( a + P) . => lim u given
T—>00 1
13. (d): \zl\
=>\zl\ =
= \z2\ \zi\
=
\zi\
represent a straight line through origin i.e. y = x (ii) \zl\ =\z2\=> x = 
=> 2 x ( l  a )  ( a + p) = 0 => 1  a = 0 a = l 9. , a +p = 0 P = l. <P \A\ = 0 where A = 1 P 1 1 p 1 1 1 q 1 1 r 1 p 0 0 1 q (1r)
=0
= 0
(d) : For non zero solution of homogenous equation i r A = 0 1 q 1 1 r/
which (iii) i which z  1
is a striaght line.  2 = z  i\ => 4x  2y = 3 is a straight line = \z — 2 = \z  i can represent a triangle. J cos2 8 cos o
 1
sin2 6 14. ( d ) : / ( 0 ) = j s o
^^
..(A)
Using C 2  » C 2  C , 3Q
^/'(e)=^(sin29)[sini^2^] +
4  ( c o s 2 0)X cos1 A / C O S 2 9
a0
1 (1 q)
= (2sin9 cos9)9  (2sin9 cos0)(0) = 0 = > / ( 0 ) = constant = k (say)
1/2 1/2
=» p{ 1  <7X1  r)  (1  / O K I  r)  (1  q)] = 0 = M 1  q)( 1  r) + (1 p)( 1  r) + (l  p)( 1  q) = 0 1 p 1 q 1r = 0 => 1p 1q 1r = 1.
(*)
/(•) = k
=> J sin" 1 $ di) + J cos  1 $ d§ = k o o
1/2
10. ( c ) : Given set of numbers is {1, 2, ...11} in which 5 are even six are odd, which demands that in the given product it is not possible to arrange to subtract only even number from odd numbers. There must be at least one factor involving subtraction of an odd number form another odd number. => at least one of the factors is even => product is always even.
=> j (sin  1 $ + cos o 2 2
1
^ )
= k
4
By (A) we have / ( 6 ) = t 2mt / 15. ( b ) : = 2
2
.
\
2 mi j 2mt
J (sinxsinxJ = J sinxatc = o
2M(COSX)JI/2
11
I sin^c&c \
0
11. (b)
12. (b) : t a n e = tan0 = „ . 9 0 2sincos2tan^ 2 2 _. l2sin2 2 ltan2
o
= 2M.
2
16. (c) : Let y =  5 — x+1 =>• (y  l)x2 + Ox + y = 1 , y * 1 for real values of x we have D > 0 =>  4 X y  1) > 0 =>y(y 1) < 0 =>ye
2
[0, 1)
Usi„g s i „ 
cos

g
0 <
x2+l
< 1.
17. (c) : sin 1 (1  x)  2 s i n ' x = => sin  ' O  x ) = (   2 s i n  ' x ) in 1 —x — sin2sin_1xj
and t a n ^ = J^LEI 2 r m :. tan 9 = Jx21.
76
76 M A T H E M A T I C S T O D A Y DECEMBER'05
= > l  x = sin—cos(2sin
x)cos—sin(2sin
!
x)
5 = 5\A2\ = 5^ 2 = 5 x 36 = 180. 1 24L ( d ) : / W = j V x < 0 0<x<
=> 1  x = cos(2sin~' x) => 1  x = c o s c o s _ 1 ( l  2 x 2 ) => 2x 2  x = 0 x = 0, x = 1/2 which does not satisfies the equation x = 0 is only the solution. 18. (a) : Given sin 5 = siiL4cos,4 => cos2B = l'  sin2^ > 0 Now for x 2 + 2x cotS + 1 = 0 consider D = 4(cot 2 5  1) = 4cos2£ cosec 2 5 > 0 => roots are always real. 19. ( c ) : V1 du \ «_nI/2 log2 (e  1 ) 21
1 2
+ sinx V
••• / ' ( x ) =
0 , V x < 0 (LHD) cosx, 0 < x < 7 t / 2 , (RHD) 0 , x<0 •'• / ' ( ° )
does not exist
" f
=
i COSO = 1 1 :
25. (c) : Let equation of line is y = ax + b . dy :. — = a  1 given dx Also y = ax + b passing through (0, 1) :. b = 1 so required line be y = x + 1 Now point of intersection of the line and parabola gives x 2 + 2x + 1 = 4x x 2  2x + 1 => x = 1 y = 2 .•. line touch that parabola. .". length intercepted equals 0. x 26. (a): Equation of the line is ~
+
6
1+t > 2 (tan
dt = ~ 6
as e" —1 = t2
l.o/el '0
n => tan" => ]e 1 = Ji 1\ 2 5 " l ) 4
99
= x
4 ?
99 = 4.
12
y
=
<]e*  I = tan j
*
20. ( C ) : ( x 2  x  l ) 9 9 =
99
c
o 
xIfq(xi)
9 8
f+...
99
+ C99i Putting x = 1 both sides we get the sum of the line coefficient of (x2  x  l) 9 9 = (12  1  1)99 = 1. 21. (a) : Consider (l + x ) 2 " + 1 = C 0 + CjX + C 2 x 2 +... + C„x" + C n + \Xn + ^ ... (1 + x f n + 1 = 2(C0 + c , + .. + C X ) (1 + x) 2 " = C 0 + C,x + C 2 x 2 + ... + C X (1 + x) 2 "  1 = C,x + C 2 x 2 + ... + C X Put x = 1 and using given fact 2 2n  1 = 63 , 2 2n = 64 3 4" = 4 n = 3. 22. (b) (••• C 0 = 1)
+ +
(3a, 2b) lies on it. 27. (a) : y = x 2 ...(1) y = 2  x2 ...(2) .'. by equation (1) and (2), (1 we get <• x = ± 1, /. y = ±1 Required area = 2 . 1\(2x 0 = 2 2x28. CM : W 2x_ 3
llm
y = 2x1
1
.
)dx 1
\x2dx
0 = 4f).
= 4 x —:
49(tan9  s i n 9 ) 49sin9(lcos9) T~ = llm ± '(1cos29) e^o 4sin 9cos0
2sin 0 / 2 e>o\sin8/ s i n ^ 0 cos9 sin 2 2sin 2 9 / 2 1 = lim 2 0 ^ o ( 2 s i n 9 / 2 c o s 6 / 2 ) cos8 1 = lim 4 eM> 2 c o s 2 ( 9 / 2 )  c o s 9
2
1 "
29. (b) : 2x 2  (p + l)x + (p  1) = 0 Given a  p = ccP => ( a + P) 2  4a3 = a 2 P 2 (p1)2 ^ ( p + l) 2 A(p\) 4 2(p\)=p=$p 4 = 2. Contd. on page no. 67 2
23. (a) : Given \A\ = 6 and 5 = 5 ^ 2 26
MATHEMATICS TODAY  OCTOBER '05
Practice Paper t r o
v/ ,, . /(*) sin2x
= 
IIT JEE 2006
(A) 76350 „ 7t 0 'I is (B) 76250 1 s f If f ( x ) = 8.J 2x 3x(xl) x (D) then/(100) = (A) 0 (B) 1 he value of sin sin (A) n/2 (C) 1 10. line (A) (B) (C) (D)
f \
N e w Pattern
'"I I
i By; Vidyalankar, Mumbai
Q. 1 to 30 (Single answer correct) 1. /The greatest value of the function in the interval sin x + ^ (A) ^ (B) V2 (Q 1 (C) 76150 x(x\) x(xl)(x2) (C) 100
1
(D) 76050 l+x (l+x)x (l+x)x(xl) (D)  100
2. The maximum value of a positive integer n for which n2 + 2 divides f(n) = (« + 1)(w4 + 2n) + 3(« 3 + 57) is (A) 11 (B) 12 (C) 13 (D) 14 3. X pcr n —m
I
=
— ;is
(B)  (it/2) (D) none of these
(A) (C) " "C
(B) "Cr mCr (D) " + "C,  2 holds for x lying
The inequality 1 in the interval (A) [0, 2]
The reflection of the line ax + by + c = 0 in the x + y + l = 0is ax + by + (b + a  c) = 0 bx + ay + (b + a  c) = 0 ax + by + (a + b + c) = 0 bx + ay  (a  b + c) = 0
1 + lxl
11. If a > 2b > 0, then the positive value of m for which y = mx2 2 2 2b
(B) [2, 4]
(D) [  1, 1]
+ m2
is a common tangent to
(C) [2, 1]
x + y = b and (x  a)2 + y 2 •= b2 is (A) (C) 2b a2b (B)
5. If B is a symmetric matrix, then ABAr is a (A) symmetric matrix (B) skew symmetric matrix (C) diagonal matrix (D) scalar matrix 6. If the line y = 2Jlx cuts the curve / + y 3 + 6xy + 6x2 + 2y2 + 5x + 5y + 1 = 0 at the points A, B, C then OA • OB • OC is equal to (O is the origin) (A) (C) 27(16 V2l> 511 3(16721) 511 (B) (D) v 7 27 (16 V 2  1 ) 511 3(16^21) 511
2b a2b
(D)
12. Let f ( x ) = a0 + X a , c o s ( i x ) + ^ s ' n ( 7 * ) then j f ( x ) coskxdx is equal to jt (A) ak (B) bk (C) tcak
7=1
(D)7t b. is (D) 2e
7. Certain n u m b e r s appear in both arithmetic progressions 18,21,24, and 16,21,26, The sum of first hundred numbers appearing in both progressions is
3 13. The sum of the series 1 + — + — + 2! (A) e (B) e/2 14. If z, z ,  2 and  z 3! (C) 3e/2
* H.O. : Pearl Centre, Senapati Bapat Marg, Dadar (W), Mumbai400 028. Tel.: (022)2430 63 67, 2432 43 42 Fax : (022)2422 88 92, website : www.vidyalankar.org, emaii: iit@vidyalankar.org
form a square, then
42
M A T H E M A T I C S T O D A Y I MARCH '06
(A)  z  = 1
( B ) arg z = (TI/2) a n d  z \ = 1 ( C ) a r g z = (TT/4) ( D ) a r g z = (TI/2)
and g(x) = [sin _l (siiu:)] in the interval [0, 7t], where [•] is a greatest integer function, is .2
15. If
1 V4x + 1
1 + V4x + 1Y'
f 1  J4x + 1 Y 1 _
5
(A) j
(C) 71
(B)
[f1
(D) I >  1
(A) n = 11 (C) n = 10
+ a5x a0 + atx + (B) n = 9 (D) None of these
then 23. Value of L _ i m  n c o s ^ j  (A) s i n x (C) x /sin x
is
16. The total number o f w a y s 5 X ' s can be placed in a square of the figure given below so that no row remains empty is (A) 96 (B) 98 (C) 86 (D) 84 17. If a , b , c are noncoplanar unit vectors such that ax{bxc) = ^  j t E , b and c are n o n  p a r a l l e l then
(B) sinx/x (D) 1
24. A particle starts from origin and moves m units along positive xaxis to reach Pr Then it moves m!2 units parallel to positive y  a x i s to reach P2 and then again ml4 units parallel to positive xaxis to reach P, and so on. If Pn = (x , yn) then LimP„ is (A) (C) 2m 2m . 3 ' 5 , 2m m) 5 ' (B) (D) (4m 2m
V2 angle between a and b is (A) ti/4 (B) 3TT/4 (C) ti/2 (D) None of these. 18. T h e s o l u t i o n s of t h e q u a d r a t i c e q u a t i o n (3 x   3)2 =  x  + 7, which belongs to the domain of definition of the function y = J(x4)x is (A) ± 1/9, ± 2 (B) 1/9, 8 (C)  2,  1 / 9 (D)  1 / 9 , 8 19. If f(x)= "hx" , x>0 then on its d o m a i n / ( x ) is
(2m 4m —> —
25. The fundamental period of cos(sin x) + sin (cos x) is (A) 0 (B) 7t (C) 2TT (D) 7t/2
(A) only injective function (B) only surjective function (C) bijective function (D) None of these
2
20. The value of J[* 2 where [x] denotes the o greatest integer function, is given by (A) 3  &  a / 2 (C) 1 21. The value of I xjc x
2 2
(B) 2 (D) None of these ax2 b •dx j is  (ax2 +b): (B) sin i (D) cos ax2+ x 4 +k
i ax + — x_ + k \ c ' ax + — (C) cos x +k (A) sin
Assertion  Reason Type In each of the following questions two statements are given as Assertion A and Reason R. Examine the statements carefully and answer the questions according to the instructions given below : • Mark (A) if both A and R are correct and R is the proper reason of A. • Mark (B) if both A and R are correct and R is not the proper reason of A. Mark (C) if A is correct and R is wrong. • Mark (D) if A is wrong and R is correct. 26. Assertion (A) : Let the direction ratios of a line L be 3, 2,  2 and L passes through the point A(6, 7, 7). Then the magnitude of the perpendicular distance of P from L is 7. Reason (R) rPerpendicular distance of P from a line L is equal to the projection of PA on L. 27. Assertion (A) : Given £ , i = 1 , 2 , ..., n are n independent events, such that, P ( £ , ) =  p  r , 1 < i < n, the probability that none of the n events occur is n+]
>
ax2 + 4 + k. x
V
C
22. The area bounded by the curves f ( x ) = sin _l (sinx)
76 M A T H E M A T I C S T O D A Y DECEMBER'05
75
Reason (R) : Probability of independent events is equal to the product of the probabilities of these events. 28. Assertion (A) : Let a * b, c * 0. If the quadratic equations, x2 + ax + be = 0 and x2 + bx + ca = 0, have a common root, then the other roots satisfy x2+cx+ab = 0. Reason (R) : b is the common root. 29. Assertion (A): If sin{2cos"' [cot(2tan _1 x)]} = 0 then x = ± 1, +(1 + V2). Reason (R) : We can solve the above equation by proceeding as sin 9 = 0 => 0 = mi. 30. Assertion (A) : Let / ( * ) = x  l  { [ x ]  [  x ] } , for x ^ l 0,
+
(A) (n  I) 2 or (C) n2 or
n(3«l)
_ , (B) n2 or
nCin2)
«(3«2)
(D) None of these
35. If sum of first n terms of G.P. equals the sum of n terms of A.P., then n = (A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 3 (D)4 Using the following data, solve Q. 36 and 37 : r §(x)dx Consider the integral J , 7 where <j>(x) is a J(ax +bx + c) polynomial in x. If <>(x) is a polynomial of degree n, then there exists a polynomial f ( x ) of degree (n  1) and a constant D such that j <!>(•*) i](ax2 + bx + c) dx = f (x)Vax 2 +bx + c + D\dx Vox 2 +bx + c 36. Differentiating both sides with respect to x and multiply by ^ a x 2 + b x + c we get (A) ti>(x) = f'(x)(ax2 +bx + c) + l(2ax + c)l(2ax +b)f(x)+D +b)f(x)+D + b)f(x) +D
for x = 1 = 0.
t h e n / ( x ) is differentiable at x = 1. Reason (R) : / ' ( 1 ) = f'(V)
Q. 31 to 50 (One or more than one answer correct) Using the following data, solve Q. 31 and 32 : For each natural number k, let Ck denote the circle with radius k units and the centre at the origin. On the circle Ck, a particle moves k units in the anticlockwise direction. After completing its motion of Ck, the particle moves to Ck + , in the radial direction. The motion of the particle continues in this manner. The particle starts at (1, 0). 31. If the particle crosses the positive direction of xaxis for the first time on the circle Cn, then n = (A) 6 (B) 7 (C) 8 " (D) 9 32. If the particle moves (k + 1) units on the circle Ck, rest of the data remaining same, then n = (A) 4 (B) 5 (C) 6 (D) 7 Using the following d a t a , solve Q. 33  35 : The first three terms of a geometric progression are given, such that if four is subtracted from the third term, then those numbers become the first three terms of an A.P. If we subtract unity from the second term and five from the third term of the given G.P, we get the numbers x, y, z such that l o g ( ^ 2 ) z 2 , l o g ^ 2 ) z 2 a n d 1 form a H.P. 33. Sum of first n terms of G.P. may be 3" _ 1 (A) V 1 54 3" _1 7"_1 i (C) ^ r 1 or ' 3 27
or
(B) <s>(x) = f'(x)(ax1+bx (C) <t>(*) = \f'(x)(ax2 (D) None of these
+bx + c) + l(2ax
37. Now apply this method to evaluate the given integral. If ! ( x 3 + * x 2  6 x + 3 ) d x = ( A x > + B X V5 + 6 x  x 2
+
C)J(5 + 6 x  x 2 ) I, then
+ DsuT 1 ( (A) A = 1/3 ( C ) C = 227/6 (B) B = 9/2 (D) D =  1 3 9 .
Using the following data, solve Q.38 and 39 : A circle S, cuts a rectangular hyperbola xy = c2x in points A, B, C, D whose parameters are /,, t2, t3 and t4 respectively. 38. The value of t2, tv 74 using the above conditions, are (A) 0 (B) 1 (C) c (D) c2. 39. Centre of circle through A, B, C is (A) c  f, + / , + * : 3 + , 2 * 1 W \'2'3
J
7" _ 1
(B)
3" _ 1 7" _ 1 1 ^ r 1 or ' 2 " 27
(D) None of these.
c/1
^V'l
1
'2
1
h
34. Sum of first n terms of A.P. =
12
76 MATHEMATICS TODAYIFEBRUARY'I13
(B)
C ,
t2
+txt2t3
\A\tl+t2
+ h+
1
t, uu
(A)
2c? xy ~ (y2 2a3 axf
(B)
2aixy (y
2
 ax)3
(C)
2 + 1 2I +1; +
I
—
2
c / 2 2
2
t,u,
M
2
' ( 2 + t\ + t 2 + f , f f ) 3 2 3 2 ^ + / 2 + /J + 
(C) (y2~ax)3
(D) None of these
46. The solutions of the equation 9 ,og3 l o 8 c " = log, x  (log, x) 2 +1 (A) x = 0 (C) x = 1 (B) (D) x = e is/are
(D)
(/f+*!+/?+W:
40. A square piece of tin of side 18 cm. is to be made into a box without top, by cutting a square from each corner and folding up the flaps to form the box. The side of the square, so that the volume of the box is the maximum possible is given by (A) 9 (B) 6 (C) 3 (D) None of these 41. If / ( * ) = 1 +x 3 x 0 <x <2 2 < x <3 , then / ( f (x)) is not
47. Consider straight lines Lt=x + 2y + 4 = 0 and L2 = 4x + 2y  1 = 0. The line 6x + 6y + 7 = 0 is (A) b i s e c t o r of angle i n c l u d i n g origin b e t w e e n L, and L2 (B) bisector of acute angle between L, and L2 (C) bisector of obtuse angle between L j and Z2 (D) None of these 48. Equation of circle with centre (4,3) touching circle x2 + y2 = 1 is (A) x 2 + y2  8x  6y  9 = 0 (B) x 2 8 x  6y + 11 = 0 (C) x2+y28x6y11 = 0 (D) x2 + y2  8x  6y + 9 = 0. 49. E q u a t i o n of a c o m m o n y2 = 8x and hyperbola 3x2  y2 (A) 2x y + 1 = 0 (B) (C) 2x + y + 1 = 0 (D) t a n g e n t to p a r a b o l a = 3 is 2x  y  1 = 0 2x + y  I = 0
differentiable at (A) x = 1 (B) x = 3
(C) x = 2.5
(D)x=2 = 4/5,
42. If in a AABC, a = 4, b = 2 and cos (A B) then the area of the triangle will be (A) 8 sq. units (B) 18 sq. units (C) 9 sq. units (D) 4 sq. units. 43. Let a = axi + a2j + a3k,
b = bxi + b2j + b3k and
c = cj + Ct) + c3k be three nonzero vectors such that c is a unit vector perpendicular to both the vectors a and b. If the angle between a and b is JI/6 then
2
b,
b, c3
is equal to (B) 1 (a2+a2+a2)(b2+b2+b2) 2 1
50. If ax + by + c = 0 is a normal to hyperbola xy = 1 then (A) a > 0, b > 0 (B) a > 0, b < 0 (C) a < 0, b > 0 (D) a < 0, b < 0.
c, c2 (A) 0 (C) 1 4
ANSWERS
l. 6. 11. 16. 21. 26. 31. 36. 40. 44. 47. (C) (D) (A) (B) (A) (C) (B) (A) (C) (A),(B) (A),(B) 2. 7. 12. 17. 22. 27. 32. 37. 41. 3. (A) (C) 8. (A) (A) 13. (D) (C) 18. (C) (B) 23. (B) (B) 28.(C) (D) 33. (A) (B) (A),(B),(C),(D) (A),(D) 42. (D) 45. (A) 48. (C),(D) 49. (A),(C) 4. 9. 14. 19. 24. 29. 34. 38. 43. 46. 50. (D) (D) (C) (C) (B) (D) (B) (B) (C) (D) (B),(C) 5. 10. 15. 20. 25. 30. 35. 39. (A) (B) (A) (A) (C) (A) (B) (A)
2 (D)  (a, 2 + a\ + a2 ) (b 2 + b2 + bj ) ( C, +
<?I + C ,
44. Let y = P(x) = ax1 + bx +c. Then, the differential equation for the function is of (A) 3rd order and linear (B) degree one (C) 3rd order but not linear (D) not of 3 rd order 45. If f + x 3 3axy = 0, then ^j cbc~
Dear Readers, W e w a n t y o u r v a l u a b l e f e e d b a c k on this article. Your f e e d b a c k will help us to i m p r o v e the c o n t e n t of this test. T h e entire s t u d e n t c o m m u n i t y will reap benefit f r o m y o u r suggestions.
MATHEMATICS TODAY I MARCH'08267
Solved Pape • S a
J & K GET 2 0 0 6
1. If A and B are sets then A  (A  B) = (a) B (b) A u B (c) A n S (d) B  A. 2. For any real number y the greatest integer not exceedingy is denoted by [y]. I f / : R R is defined by fix) = [2x]  2[x] for x e R, then the range o f f is: (a) {xeR:x> 0} (b) { i £ f l : x < 0 } (c) {xe 3. R : 0<x< 1} (d) {0, 1}. is: 7t 3" 471 3 (a) 8.
l5
C„
(b) (d)
15
l5
(c)  C 4
IS
C1 2 5 Q
The term independent of x in the expansion of
IS
(a) 7th term (c) 9th term
(b) 8"'term (d) 10th term
The argument of 471
9. The orthocentre of the A OAB Where O is the origin, A (6, 0) and B (3, 3^3 ) is (a) (c) 9 373^1 2 2 (>/3,3) / r~\ (b) (3,V3) (d) (3,^/3)
+ /V3 (b) (d)
(a)
7T
— 3 z eC : arg
U
(c) 4. If S =
(a) an ellipse (c) a circle
1   4 \ then S is + 2 ,J 3} (b) a straight line (d) a parabola.
10. The distance between the pair of parallel lines given by x2  1005JC + 2006 = 0 is (a) 1001 (b) 1000 (c) 1005 (d) 2006 11. The radical axis of the coaxial system of circles with limiting points (1, 2) and (2, 1) is (a) x+3y=0 (b) 3.v + y = 0 (c) 2x + 3y = 0 (d) 3x + 2y = Q. 12. The equation of the circle that can be inscribed in the square OABC, where O is the origin, A (2, 0), B (2,2) and C (0, 2) is (a) x2 + y2 + 2x  2y = 0 (b) x2 + 2x2y + 1 = 0 (c) x2+j/ + 2x2y1 = 0 (d) x2+y12x + 2y+ I = 0
5. If ac ^ 0 and a, (3 are the roots of equation ax2+ bx + c = 0 then the quadratic equation with 1/a and 1/p a s i t s r o o t s > i s / \ (a) x x 1=0 (b) cx1 +bx + a = 0 (d) ax2 + cx + b = 0
(c) bx2 + cx + a = 0
6. If {a„}" = 0 is a sequence with a0 = P and a n~an1 = ran1 f ° r n  1, then the terms of the sequence 13. The curve with parametric equation are in x = e' + e~' and y = e'  e~' is: (a) an arithmetic progression . (a) a circle (b) an ellipse (b) a geometric progression (c) a hyperbola (d) a parabola (c) a harmonic progression (d) an arithemeticgeometric progression. 14. If (1,+ 2V2) is one extremitv of a focal chord of 7. The C o  e f f i c i e n t of JT17 in the expansion of 15 x4is the parabola y 2 =  8A\ then the other extremity is (a) ( 1 ,  2 ^ 2 ) (c) (  4 ,  4 7 2 ) (b) (2^2,1) (d) (4, 4x/2).
Contributed by : Rizwan Akbar, Mohd. Abass Padder, Jammu & Kashmir
76 MATHEMATICS TODAYIFEBRUARY'I13
13
15. The equation of the pair of straight lines perpendicular to the pair 2x2 + 5xy + 2y2 + 10x + 5y = 0 and passing through the origin is (a) 2x2 + 5xy + 2y2 = 0 (b) 2A2  3xy + y2 = 0 (c) 2A2 + 3xy + y 2 = 0 (d) 2x2  ixy + 2y 2 = 0 16. the (a) (c) 17. If two angles of a triangle are 45° and tan third angle is 60° (b) 75° tan~'3 (d) 90°
1
2 (a) 0 0 0
0 2 0 0 2 0 2
0" 0 2 2 0 0 (d) (b)
"1/2 0 0 " 0 0 1/2
0 1/2 0 0 1/2 0
0 0 1/2 1/2 0 0
(2) then
(c)
0 2
1 + sec A tan A 1 + sec A tan A (a) 2 sin A (c) 2 cosec A
25. (b) 2 cos A (d) 2 sec A
23 3: (b) 1 ! 3 1 5 ! (d) 9 ! b a+b a
3
(a) i ! 2 ! 3 ! (c) 6 ! a b a+b
3
18. If sinO + cos0 = h then the quadratic equation having sinQ and cos9 as its roots is (a) jr2  hx + (h2\) = 0 (b) 2A2  2hx + {h2  1) = 0 26 (c) A2 — hx+2 ( f f — 1) = 0 (d) x22hx + (h2 1) = 0. 19. In a triangle if /", + /, = k (a) R (c) 3R 20. If tan (k + I.) 0 (a) (c) {im:ne.}
:
a+b a b (b)  (a3 + b3) (d)  2 (a3 + b3) b a 0 0" 0 1 where a2 + b2 . then adj (A) •
(a) a 3 + b3 cos2 , then k = (c) 2 (a + Z> ) a 27. If.4= b 0 (b) 2R (d) 4R. tan9; then 9 belongs to set: (b) I 77 1T
k
tan
Her
(d) 2a
 A
nn
(b) A T (a) A~> (c) A (d) A. (Here A ' is transpose of A) 28. If A is a nonsingular matrix such that A3 = A + I then the inverse of B = Ab  A5 is (a) A (b) A~' (c) A (d) A'. 29. The value of X such that x + 3y + Xz= 0, 2x + 4y  r = 0, x + 5y  2r = 0 has a non trivial solution is (a)  1 (b) 0 (c) 1 (d) 2. 0 30. If A = (a) 0 (c) 2 3 4/3 3 0 1/4 4/3 1/4 0 (b) 1 (d) 3 then det (A + Ar) =
fane.
21.
I 3*
, j
3A
2
 tan
2
(a) 0 (c) tan' 1
(A)
(b) 1 (d) tan _l (2x)
22. If sin A : sin B : sin C = 3 : 4 : 5, then cos A : cos B = (a) 4 : 3 (b) 5 : 3 (c) 3 : 4 (d) 3 : 5 23. unit (a) (c) if A is a matrix such that A2 = A + I, Where I is the matrix, then A5 = 5A + / (b) 5A + 21 5,4 + 3/ (d) 5A + 41. 0 24. The inverse of 0 2 0 2 0 2 0 0
31. If the position vector of A with respect to O is 3i 2j + 4k and AB = 3i  j + k then the position vector of B with respect to O is (a)  j + 3k (b) 6 /  3 . / + 5A (c) j3k (d) i3j + 5k
MATHEMATICS TODAYIFEBRUARY'I13
54
32. If (a) ! (c) J 2 33. If
= \h  =  ab
 = 1 then  d + b  (b) 2 (d) 7 3 .
the
vectors
2Z3./ + 4&, i+2jk
and
40. The line perpendicular to the plare 1 passing through the point (  1 , 0, 1) is x+1 _ _z\ x+1 (a) (b) y 2 5 2 x+1 z1 x+1 y (d) (c) 2 5 2
 5
Xi  / + 2/c are coplanar then A. = 5 (a) 0 (b) 8 8 (d) 1. (C) T 34. If 5 = 2 i + 2 . / + A, ab = 14 and axb=3i then h = (a) / + 5 / + 2k (c) 5/ +./' + 2/i (b) i  2 j + \6k (d) 5ij + 2k. + )Sk
41. The shortest distance between the lines x2_y3_£land£_5__yl z6 3 (a) 3 (b) 2 (d) 0 (c) 1 42. Angle between the line x+1 ' 2' and a
normal to plane x  y + z = 0 is (a) 0° (b) 30° (c) 45° (d) 90°
35. If d,b,c are noncoplanar vectors and (dXb) (a) 1 (c) 0 • (/>  2c) x (c + 25) = 0, then (b) 1/4 (d)  1 / 4
43. A Point on Xaxis which is equidistant from both the points (1, 2, 3) & (3, 5,  2 ) is (a) (  6 , 0 , 0 ) (b) ( 5 , 0 , 0 ) (c) (  5 , 0 , 0 ) (d) ( 6 , 0 , 0 ) 44. Foot of the perpendicular from (2, I, 4) to a plane 71 is (3, 1, 2). Then the equation of the plane 7 is 1 (a) 4x  2y = 11 (b) 5x  2y = 10 (c) 5x  2z = 11 (d) 5x + 2 _ = l l 45. If 0 is angle between the planes 2x  y + r and x  2y + z + 2 = 0 then cos0 = 0 2 (a) 7 (b) 7 0
36. If a , b , c are noncoplanar and + 6 b+c (a) 0 (c) 2 37. If « + 2/i + 4c = 0 and (dxb) + (b x c ) + ( c x 5 ) = X(bxc), (a) 4 (b) 7 (c) 8 (d) 9 then X~ c + a ] = /<[^5 A c ] then k = (b) 1 (d) 3
(c)
(d)
38. The line segment joining the points A, B makes projection 1, 4, 3 on x, y, z axes respectively then the direction cosines of AB are:
46. If ax 3 + bx2 + cx + d = 0 has a repeated root a , then a is also a root of (a) 3ax 2 + 2bx + d=0 (b) ax2 + bx + c = 0 2 (c) 3ax + 2bx + c = 0 (d) 6ax + 2b = 0 47. If the roots of x3  3x2  6x + 8= 0 are in arithmetic progression, then the roots of equation are (a) 3 , 4 , 5 (b) 4 , 7 , 10 (c)  2 , 1, 4 (d) 1,4, 7 48. If a,j3,y are the roots of cubic equation
X — X"
,a) ] 4 3
' '
I
(b)
4 3_
(d)
i r i r i e
I 4 3 V26'726'726
a
(C)
V26'V26'V26
39. The length of projection of the line segment joining (3  1 , 0) and (3, 5, ^ 2 ) o n 1 1 direction cosines 2 ' 2 ' (a) 1 (c) 3 1 /o 's ! ' n e with
(a) 1 (c) 3
0, then a  3 + (b) 2 (d) 4
+Y
(b) 2 (d) 4
49. If a,p,y are the roots of x 3 + bx + c — 0 then a 2 P + af3 2 + 32y + py 2 + y 2 a + ycr = 55
M VrilEMATlCS TODAY JANUARY 07
(a) c (c)  3 c
(b)  c (d) 3c /
50. lim (yjx + 4 x  4 x ] =
X>co \ y (a) (c) 1 lim 51 j>1 (a) 1 (c)  I
CT
57. The length of the subtangent at any point (x,, y,) on the curve y = ax (a > 0) is 1 (a) 2 log a (b) , o g a (c) log a (d) a2xi log a 58. The set {x3  12x2;  3 < x < 3} is equal to (a) {x :  1 6 < x < 16} (b) { x :  1 2 < x < 1 2 } (c) {x :  9 < x < 9} (d) {x : 0 < x < 2} 59. The set of all maxima for y = cosx is (a) {n 7t: « e z} (b) {2n n : n e z) nn rm (c) (d) y : » « 60. The absolute maximum of x 4 0  x : o on the interval [0, 1] is
(b)
^
(d) 0 2x2+x3 3x  3x +2x2) (b) 2 (d)  2 sin 'xx (b) 1/3 (d) 1/12
lim *»o
x' cosx
(a) 1/2 (c) 1/6 53. I f / : / ?  > / ? given by 2 cosx
(a) (c)
y j_ 4
2
(b) 0 (d) 2
ifx<if—<x<: 2 2 if x Si
61. j ( x   x  ) < & = (a) 0 (c) 4 62. If J (a) (b) 2 (d)  4 dx = / ( x ) + constant then / (x) = xlogx (b) l o g x (d) x logx
/(*) =
asmx + b 1 + cos:x
is a continuous function on R then < a, b > = 11 <—, —> 2 2 (c) < 0 , 2 > (a) (b) < 0,  1 > (d) < 1 , 0 > Jxx*
1 3x
(a)
2
logx
(c) log log x
Ax 4x 3
tan
if
63. If Jcosecxc£t = / ( x ) + constant then / ( x ) (a) (c) tanlogsin (b) (d)
Io
1
(C)
^
(d)
1
vr:
1+X dy dx
S tan
logcosx :
l + x
55. If 2x2  3xy + y2 + x  2y  8=0, then (a) (c) 3y4x] 2y  3x  2 3 y  4x +1 2y3x + 2 (b) (d) 3 y + 4x  1 2y + 3x + 2 3 y + 4x +1 2 j  3x  2
64. If /,, = j tan" xdx for n > 2 then /„ + /„. (a) tan"x (c) tan"x — (b) tan"" 1 x n 1
(d) n tan"x
56. The equation of the tangent at (1, 5) to the Curve y = 5x4 is: (a) 2 0 x  y = 15 (b) x + 2 0 y = 101 (c) 20x + y = 15 (d) x  20y = 101 7
65. jxsinxc&t: = o (a) 0 (c)  1
(b) 1 (d) 2
MATHEMATICS TODAYIFEBRUARY'I13
66. The area (in square units) of region bounded by the y — axis and the curve 2x = y2  1 is (a) (c) 1 J2 (b) 2>/3 (d) 272
(c) E ( e a )
(d) E (e '")
67. The solution of differential equation (x2 + y2) dx = 2xy dy is 2 2 (a) x + y  cy (b) c (x2  y2) = x 2 2 (c) x  y = cy (d) x2 + y2 = cx 68. A number n is chosen at random from the set {11, 12, 13, .... 30} The probablity that n is neither divisible by 3 nor divisible by 5 is (a) 7/20 (b) 9/20 (c) 11/20 (d) 13/20 69. The probability that a number n chosen at random from 1 to 30, to satisfy (a) 7/30 (c) 3/5
n +
75. If o is standard deviation of a random variable X, then the standard deviation of the random variable aX + b where a, b e R is (a) a a + b (b) o o (c) \a\ o + b (d) a2 a
SOLUTIONS
1.
~
> 2 7
is
(b) 3/10 (d) 1/5
70. If a random variable x has the distribution given below then the value of c is x =k 2
1 P{x = k) 10
(a) 1/5 (c) 1/10
1 0 1 2c 10
1 3 10
2 3 5
c
6. 11. 16. 21. 26. 31. 36. 41. 46. 51. 56. 61. 66. 71.
(c) (d) (b) (c) (c) (d) (b) (c) (d) (c) (a) (a) (d) (b) (b)
2. 7. 12. 17. 22. 27. 32. 37. 42. 47. 52. 57. 62. 67. 72.
(d) (c) (b) (c) (a) •(b) (d) (b) (d) (c) (c) (b) (e) (b) (a)
3. 8. 13. 18, 23. 28. 33. 38. 43. 48. 53. 58. 63. 68. 73.
(a) (d) (c) (b) (c) (b) (c) (b) (c) (a) (a) (c) (b) (b) (b)
4. 9. 14. 19. 24. 29. 34. 39. 44. 49. 54. 59. 64. 69. 74.
(c) (a) (d) (d) (d) (a) (c) (a) (c) (d) (c) (b) (b) (d) (c)
5. 15. 20. 25. 30. 35. 40. 45. 50. 55. 60. 65. 70. 75.
(b) (d) (c) (c) (a) (d) (c) (d) (b) (a) (b) (b) (c) (b) •
10. (a)
(b) 2/5 (d) 3/10
WfcG
71. A random variable x can attain only the values 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 with respective probablities k, 2k, 3k, 2k, k. If m is the mean of the probability distribution then (k, m) =
jiatianal Oalencs tcailgmv Complete theory:
•> Mathematics Physics Chemistry Biology G.K. & English •> Solved Papers : W
(a)
(c)
3,
(b) ! 9 ,3 (d) (1,3)
72. I f / ( j c ) = X (a > 0) for 0 < x < <> is a probability * density function then X = (a) a (b) a2 (c) Ma (d) a~2 73. Two unbiased dice are thrown simultaneously. The probability to get a sum more than 8 is (a) 5/36 (b) 5/18 (c) 5/12 (d) 2/9 74. The moment generating function of a random variable is (a) E(e~'x) (b) E (e '")
254 MATHEMATICS TODAYIFEBRUARY'I
2001  2006
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13
Practice Paper for
Time : 2 hrs.
By : Vidyalankar
IITJEE 2007
Part I (a) (2,4)
Max. Marks : 96 (c) 6.
y
Max. Marks : 182
Mumbai
Institute*,
Time : I hr.
(18,12)
(b) (2,4) (d) (8, 8)
Section I : (Q.l to 12) (One correct option)
1. T h e d i s t a n c e of p o i n t (3, 5) f r o m t h e line 2x + 3 y  14 = 0 measured parallel to line x2y= 1
Let A(x0, y (l ) be any p o i n t on t h e c u r v e a = — (ex,a + e'xia). Let P denote the length of the normal
to the curve at A. Then a, yg, P are in (a) AP (b) GP (c) HP (d) none of these. 1sinx 7. If/(x)= (it2x) k, is continuous at x = n/2, then k = 1 1 1 (a) (b) ~ (c)
2
(a)
(c)
vn
V5 (d) 713
7
log (sin x) log(l+it —4itx 4 4 x
2 2
^IT ) ' ~2 " •K
2. The number of points (x, y, z) in space, whose each c o o r d i n a t e is a n e g a t i v e integer such that x+y + z+ 12 = 0, is (a) 385 (c) 110 3. dy !f xJ = ex'y, then — = dx log x2 xy — 2
(log x  1 ) 2
(b) 55 (d) none of these
16
32
64
(d)
1
128
(a) (log x1) 2 (c)
4.
(b) (log x  1 ) 2
(d) none of these
logy2
The value of p for which the function .fix) 7,X* 0 sin(x/j3)log e {] + (x 2 /3)}' 12(log t 4) 3 ,x= 0 (4*l)3
8. If the system of equations ax + by + c = 0; bx + cy + a = 0; cx + ay + b = 0 has a solution, then the system of equations {b + c) x + (c + a) y + (a + b) z = 0 (c + a) x + (a + b) y + (b + c) z = 0 (a + b) x + (b + c) y + (c + a) z = 0 has (a) only one solution (b) no solution (c) infinite number of solutions (d) none of these 9. T h e a n g l e b e t w e e n the a s y m p t o t e s of t h e *2 / , hyperbola " T _ 7 j = l i s a b (a) (c)
10.
cos
may be continuous at x = 0 is (a) 6 (b) 3 (c) no real values (d) 4 5. The c o  o r d i n a t e s of a point on the parabola y1 = 8x whose distance from circle x 2 + (y + 6)2 = 1 is minimum is
~'(j
(b)
2 c o s r
'[j
sin"1
I™ l2 + 23 +32 +... + n2
(d) none of these Sn' (b) 1/10
+
4(l' + 23 + ... + »3) + 3 n4
1+2 + 3 + ....+ « ] _
n2
J"
(a) 9/10
(c) 1/2
(d) 1/3
* H.O.: Pearl Centre, Senapati Bapat Marg, Dadar (W), Mumbai400 028. Tel.: (022)2430 63 67, 2432 43 42 fax : (022)2422 88 92, website : www.vidyalankar.org, email: iit@vidyalankar.org 71 MATHEMATICS TODAY I FEBRUARY 'I 13
11. In a triangle ABC, let Z C = n/2. If r is the inradius and R is t h e c i r c u m r a d i u s of t h e t r i a n g l e , then 2(r + R) is equal to (a) a + b (b) b + c (c) c + a (d) a + b + c 12. If a, b 8lc are noncoplanar unit vectors such that ax(bxc) and b is (a) 3tc/4 = b +c then the angle between a (c) n/2 (d) 7t
balls and 5 black balls, and all the balls are identical except in colour. A ball is transferred from the first box to the second box, then a ball is transferred from the second box to the third, and finally a ball is transferred f r o m third box to the first box. T h e probability that each box will contain 4 white balls and 5 black balls again is (a) 1/9 (b) 1/5 (c) 1/45 (d) 14/45 h 19. J(sgn x)dx has the value equal to a (a) b  a, if 0 <,a < b (b) a + b, if a < 0 < b
(b) ti/4
Section I I : (Q.13 to 24) (May have one or more than one correct option) sinx 13; The determinant cosx 3 if
(a) x = y = 2 (c) x = y (b) x + y + z  7i (d) x + y + z = n/2
sin y cos y
COS A c o s ' y T
COS *
cos z vanishes 3
sin z
(c) a  b , \ f a < b < , 0
(d) 6  a
20. The equation to the line which intersects the lines z = 5 x  6 = 4 y + 3 and * = 2x4 B ! 3 i )>+5 and it is _ parallel to  = —=  is 4 1 1 (a) 15x  16y + 16z + 75 = 0
(b) 4x  2 ly  5r  43 = 0 (c) 4x  2 ly + 5z  43 = 0 (d) 15x  76y + 1 6 z  7 5 = 0
£
x
y
z
14. For all X e R, the equation ax2 + (b  X) x + (a  b  X) = 0, a * 0 has real roots. Then which of the following may be true? (a) a = b (b) b < a < 0 (c) b > a > 0 (d) a > b > 0 3 1 5 1+2 7 1+2+3 S=~L++ ——  + .... 2 \L 2 l 2 + 2 2 2 l 2 + 2 2 + 3 2 upto n terms, n e N, then Sn is not greater than (a) n (b)" 2n (c) 3n (d) 1 15. Let 2x 1 where 2x + 5x + 2 x + l x + 1 * 0, and 2x2 + 5x + 2 # 0 is satisfied for x lying in the region 16. T h e inequality (a)
(b)
21. If then (a) (b) (c) (d)
f ( x ) = J { 2 ( /  1 ) ( /  2) 3 + 3 ( /  1 ) 2 ( /  2) 2 } dt,
f(x) attains maximum at x = +2 / ( x ) attains minimum at x = 1 / ( x ) has a point of inflection at x  2 J(x) attains maximum at x = 1 following functions are
1  1 .  2 U — , co 2 3J .(»,2)u
22. Which of t h e homogeneous? (a) x + y cos (y/x) (c) x sin y + y sin x 23. T h e s o l u t i o n
(b) xeyx + yexy (d) none of these > g'(x), where
(b) (d)
(°°,2)u[,I (2,l)u(,l
set of / ' ( x )
f ( x ) = Q j 521+1 and g(x) = 5X + 4x In 5, is (a) (l.,oo) (c) (0,oo) S  i (b) (0, 1) (d) (0, oo) , then (/101 + z101)103 equals (b) z (d) none of these
17. The number of ways in which 10 candidates ArA2, ,AW can be ranked so that Ax is always above A2 is 10! (b) 8! x i«r (a) — (c) (d) »'C2
24. If r = (a) iz
18. There are three boxes each containing 4 white 72
(c) z
MATHEMATICS TODAY I FEBRUARY'I13
Part II
Time : 1 hr. Max. Marks : 86
Passage3
Given a function ' g ' which has a derivative g'(x) for every real 'x' and w h i c h s a t i s f y ]g'(0) = 2 a n d g(x + y) = eyg(x) + exg(y) for all x and y. i ' 30. The function g(x) is (a) jc(2 + xe*) (b)*(er+l) (c) 2x • e* (d) x + ln(x + 1) 31. The range of the function g(x) is 2 , 00 (a) R (b) (c) ,00 (d) [0,co)
Section I I I : (Q. 25 to 34) (Comprehensions) Passage1
Let ABC be a triangle. R be the circumradius of the triangle. Also given R1 =(a2
8
+b2 +c2).
Then,
25. Which of the following is/are true? (a) (c) Yj £
cos2A =
(b)
X
cos2^4 = 1
sin 2A
sin 2A = 1
(d) £
=
26. Hence the triangle ABC can be (a) equilateral (b) isosceles (c) scalene (d) none of these 27. Further, we have
(a) r + 2R = 2s (c) /• + 2 R = s
32. The value of lim g(x) is (a) 0 (b) 1 (c) oo (d) does not exist Passage4
Sometimes differential equations which are not linear can be r e d u c e d to t h e l i n e a r f o r m by s u i t a b l e transformations. For example an equation of the form dy — + Py = Qy" v
>where
(b) r  2R = s
(d) none of these
Passage2
A system of vectors 5,, a 2 . . . . a n is said to be linearly d e p e n d e n t , if t h e r e e x i s t s a s y s t e m of s c a l a r s cr c2, cn (not all zero) such that c,5, + c2a2 + + cnan = 0 That means a t , a 2 a„ are linearly dependent if one can be expressed as the linear combination of others. Again a „ a 2 a n is said t o be l i n e a r l y independent, if there exists scalars cv c2, ... cn such that c.a. + c , a , + c, = c, = + c„a = 0 = c =0
P and Q are functions of x only 0 and 1) is a constant.
or constants and dx rh) ^+Py=Qy"
+
y"
=Q ••• (1) [dividing by y both sides]
Lety'" = z
dy dz (1  n ) y " ~ = — dx dx _„ dy Put the value of y — in (1) we get, dz dx +(1m) PZ = (1  N) Q which is linear in z.
So , solutions is z. e ^ ' " ) / < / l = C + J(1 n)Q.e„ f0n)PUx — C+ i.e., y ' oJ e j(]n)0.e J(1 n)M
28. If a, b,c are nonzero noncoplanar vectors, then /; = 2 5  3 6 +c, r2 3a5b (c) 29. If = a = i+) + 2c, r3=4a5b+c, are
(a) linearly independent (b) linearly dependent (3 e 7? (d) none of these + k,b=4i+3j + 4k and
This form is called Bernoulli's equation. 33. Solution of function of x is (a) ... (b) (c) (d) \  i ( x ) = x + C (arbitrary constant) \)/(x) = x + C (arbitrary constant) dy _yy'(x)y2 ^ ^ , where V)/(x) is a
c = /' + cv / + Qk are linearly dependent vectors and \ c \ = S then, (a) a = 1, P =  1 (c) a = 1, p = ± 1
(b) a = 1, P = ± 1 (d) a = ±1, P = 1
yv/(x) = x + C (arbitrary constant) = x + C (arbitrary constant)
13
73 MATHEMATICS TODAY I FEBRUARY 'I
34. S o l u t i o n dy _ dx (a) 1
of
the is
differential
equation
x a
y b
= k ( a 2  b 2 ), then the value
xy[x2siny2+1] ^(cosy sin
2
of k is
39. Column I
= C (C is constant) 1 dx / (1 + sin x) (2 + s i n x ) (b) 1/ . n 2  ( c o s y +sin y = C (C is constant) (Q) 4llt/4 J Icos ii
x
Column I I
cos
X
«
2
\
1 
t)
I dx
(b) log4  log3
(c)
(d)
* ^ • ( c o s y  sin y ) + p  = C ( C is constant)
(R)
1 ( 1 • i\ (cosy +siny ) + x
2
2
1 Jx3(lx)*dx
(0 20 + ±
= C (C is constant) (S)
\/c
Jl log x  dx
Section IV : (Q.35 to 37) (Subjective Problems)
3 5 . Find the value of 21 cos —  c o s — + cos —
40. Column I 7/p^ ,._ f(2h + 2 + h )lim r f(hh2+\)f(\)
2
Column I I
f(2)
7
7
(a) 16
36. From a point, common tangents are drawn to the circle x 2 + y 2 = 8 and parabola y 2 = 16x. Find the area of the quadrilateral formed by the common tangents, the chord of contact of the circle and the chord of contact of the parabola. 3 7 . T h e line x + y = 0 meets the xaxis at A and yaxis at B. A AAMN is inscribed in the A OAB, O being the origin, with right angle at N; M and N lie r e s p e c t i v e l y on OB a n d AB. If r a t i o o f t h e Area (AAMN) _ 3 AN — 7777777 ~ 7» then find the value of —77. Area ( A O A B ) 8 ' BN
I f / ' ( 2 ) = 6 & / ' ( l ) = 4. \ j 7 ~ Y } d t ; i f A D = 4 and (b)
(Q) ^
/'(1) = 2 (R) g(x) = \{3t2gl(t)}dr, then g'(2) (S) is 3 (d)T (c) 3
,. tan" 1 x  sin" 1 x ™ 3
ANSWERS Section V : (Q.38 to 40) Match the following 38. Column I
(P) The small positive integer n for which (1 + if" = (1  if" is (Q)The value of x + y, if x and y s a t i s f y the e q u a t i o n (1 + i)x  2i (23i)y + i  + ———; = 1 is 31 3+i (R) If z = 3  4/, then z 4  3z 3 + 3z 2 + 99z  95 = (S) If z = x + iy, zm = aib 74 and I. 5. 9. 13. 17. 21. 25. 29. 33. 35. 38. 39. 40. (c) 2. (b) 3. (a) 4. (d) (b) 6. (b) 7. (c) 8. (c) (b) 10. (a) 11. (a) 12. (a) (a,c,d) 14. (a,b,c) 15. (b,c) 16. (d) (a,b) 18. (d) 19. (a,b,c,d) 20. (a,c) (c,d) 22. (a,b) 23. (d) (b) (a) 26. (b,c) 27. (c) 28. (b,c) (d) 30. (c) 31. ( r . 32. (a) (b) 34. (a) [0001] 36. [0060] 37. [0003] (P) (b); (Q) (b); (R) (d); (S)  > (c) (P) ^ (b); (Q) (c); (R) (d); (S)  > (a) (P) (c); (Q) (a); (R) ^ (d); (S) (b) For detail answers visit : vvww.vidyalankar.org
Column II
(a) (b) 3 2
(c)
(d)
4
5
MATHEMATICS TODAY I FEBRUARY'I13
Sample Paper for
IITJEE 2007
By: Vidyalankar Institute*, Mumbai
Part I Time : 1 hr. Max. Marks : 96
coefficient of x in A (x) is ; (a)  4 (b) (c)  6
2 + 8)4. Then the greatest
(d) 0.
Section I : ( Q . l to 12) are M u l t i p l e Choice Questions with (one correct answer). Each question carries +3 marks for correct answer and  1 mark for wrong answer. 1. The perimeter of a sector is S. The area of the sector is maximum when its radius is 1 (a) Js
6. Let n e N and n <( 5^3 value of n is (a) 77040 (c) 77041
(b) 77042 (d) none of these.
7. The angle between the lines whose direction cosines are given by the equations I1 + m2  n2 = 0, I + m + n = 0 is (a) 7t/6 (b) 7t/4 (c) 7t/3 8. is (d) 7t/2.
o f »"»
S t
(a) a straight line (b) a circle
(d)
Js.
', then z represents a point on
The number of solutions of  cos x = sinx, 0 < x < 47t (b) 2 (d) 1.
(c) a pair of straight lines (d) none of these. 3. lim xx is equal to
(a) 4 (c) 3
9. The sum of two positive real numbers is 2a. The probability that product of these two numbers is not less than (3/4) times the greatest possible product, is (a) (c) (b) (d) a ) = a and sin (0 P) = b 
(a) 1 (b) 0 (c) e~' (d) doesn't exist. 4. For any n > 1, the value of the integral J dx
1S
o ( x + Vl + x 2 ) " (a) An 2n (c) 1
n 1
' (b) 6n
y
10. If c o s (8 ( a  P) is equal to (a) 4a2Z>2 (c) a + b (x+2 y
2 2 2
( O < 0  a , 0  P < 7t/2), then cos 2 ( a  P) + 2 ab sin (b) (d) a
2
(d) (xl 2 (x + 1) r
n 1
1
a2b2 b2.
x2 5. If A(x) =
XL X
then
(x+2)
3
11. Value of {cot '(l + x 2  x ) dx is : o
* H.O.: Pearl Centre, Senapati Bapat Marg, Dadar (W), Mumbai400 028. Tel.: (022)2430 63 67, 2432 43 42 fax : (022)2422 88 92, website : www.vidyaiankar.org, email: iit@vidyalankar.org
43 MATHEMATICS TODAYIFEBRUARY'I
13
(a)
log2
(b) — + log2 (d) none of these.
17. A solution of the equation (1  tan 8) (1 + tan 0) sec 2 9 + 2 t a " 2 9 = 0 where 0 lies in the interval (n/2, n/2) is given by : (a) 0 = 0 (b) 0 = n/3 + (c) 0 = n/3 (d) 0 = n/6.
(c) ^ + log3
12. The set of all values of a for which the function
/(*) =
real x is
/
Ja+4
1 a
1
x5  3x + log 5 decreases for all
18. Let a„ (a) a > 2
. Then for each n e N (c) a < 4 (d) a < 2.
(b) an <3
(a)
3,
5V27
19. Which of the following functions (is) are injective U(2,w)(b) 4, u(l,®) (a) f ( x ) = I* + 1, jt e [1, (b) g ( x ) = * +  , * € (0, 00) x (c) h (x) = X2 + 4x  5, x € (0, «.) (d) k(x) = e',xe 20. L e t y = g(x) (a)g(l) = 3 * [0, <*>). then ( b ) * = g(y)
(c) (  00, 0=)
(d) [1,  )
Section I I : (Q.13 to 24) are Multiple Choice Question with (one or more than one correct answers). Each question carries +5 marks if all correct choices are indicated and —1 mark for wrong answer.
13. If n objects are arranged in a row, then the number of ways of selecting three of these objects so that no two of them are next to each other is (»2)(«3)(«4)
(c) y increases with x for x > 1 (d) g is a rational function of x. 21. If b and S S ± £ l are in A.P., then (1 ab) (1 be) (a) a, b'\ c are in H.P (b) or1, b, c~' are in A.P (c) c, abc, a are in A.P 22. If S,, Sv S 3 differences are 1, 3, 5, S.1 +25, + 5, + .... + S q = 3 (a) ^nq(nq •(c) nq +1) (d) a, b, c are in G.P. are the sums of n terms of q q and common is 1 (b) — nq (nq 1) (d) nq (2q  1), respectively, then
(a)
0 (c) " 3 C + "~3C,
<b)
 2c,
(d)  C 3 .
14. If a, b, c are in H.P., then the value of 1 c a) 1 2
Ic

a
is
„ 1f 3 2 n o>) 7 U — + — a1 2 4 2 ca (d) none of these.
A.P's whose first terms are 1,2, 3,
(a) (c)
be' ~b2 3 2 b2' ' ab
15. I f ( *  a)cos 9 +y sin 0 = ( x  a ) c o s (Ji+y sin 0 = a a n d tan (8/2)  tan (<>/2) = 2b, then (a) y2 = 2ax(l (c) y2 = 2bx(\b2)x2 (b) t a n  =  ( y + te) 2 x
23. Let z, and z2 be complex numbers such that z, * z2 and z, = z2. If z, has positive real part and z2 has negative imaginary part, then ——— may be : z,z2 (a) zero (b) real and positive (c) real and negative (d) purely imaginary. 24. If E and F are independent events such that 0 < P (E) < 1 and 0 < P (F) < 1, then : (a) E and F are mutually exclusive (b) E and Fc (the complement of the event F) are
MATHEMATICS TODAY  MARCH '07
Zj + z
2
a 2 )* 2 (d) tan ^ =  ( y  foe) • 2 x
16. Let a, b, c be real numbers with a* 0 and let a , P be the roots of the equation ax2 + bx + c = 0. Then the roots of the equation a2x2 + abcx + c 3 = 0 in terms of a , P are : (a) ct2P (c) p3 44 (b) a 3 (d) ap 2 .
independent (c) E " and F (d) P(E/F)
c
function 3 s i n x  4sin 3 x is increasing is = 1. Part (a) £ 6 (b) £ 4
4
are independent (c) " 2 . (d) " ' 3
+ P(ECIF)
29. Let / ( x ) = (x  l) (x  2)", n e N. T h e n / ( x ) has Max. Marks : 86 (a) maximum at x = 1 if n is even (b) minimum at x = 1 if n is odd (c) maximum at x = 1 if n is odd (d) minimum at x = 1 if n is even. Passage  2 Using the following data solve Q. 30 and Q. 31. Let f u n c t i o n Im] Im
n i
Time : 1 hr.
Section I I I : (Q. 25 to 34) Comprehensions containing total 10 questions. Each question carries +5 marks for all correct answers and  2 marks for wrong answer. Each question may have one or more than one correct answer: Passage  1 Using the following paragraph, solve Q.25 to 29 Suppose for the function f (x) if there exists f'(a) and has a maximum value at x = a, then f'(a) is equal to zero. Similarly, i f f (x) has a minimum value at x = b and f'(b) exist, then f'(b) must be zero. If c is a point in the domain of f i x ) such that f'(c) = 0 a n d / " ( c ) * 0, then ( i ) / ( c ) is
= fx""' (a + bx")'' dx and
= lx""' (a + bx"Y dx be define over all x.
30. Relation in I ml, and Imnl. is U\
W 'ml=x
,
..mAa
+ bx")P+]
—T,
a(mn)
T.
b(np + m) + bxn)p
;
7
b(np + m) a(mn)
1
:
T
7'mn1
(b) (c)
Im\=x /mi = Jml~
nn(a
a maximum i f f " { c ) < 0, (ii)/(c) is minimum i f / " ( c ) > 0. 25. The maximum value of (1/x)" is (a) l n x
2
b(np + m) b(np + m) + bx")p+] — • r b(np + m) above
b(np + m) xna(m — n) b(np + m)
mn—\
xm(a + bxn)p
mn—\
(b) e
(c) e
l,c 2
(d) 1/e.
26. Let A (p , p), B (cf, q) and C (r , r) be the vertices of a AABC. A parallelogram AFDE is drawn with D, E, F on the line segments BC, CA and AB respectively. The maximum area of parallelogram AFDE is (a) ^(p + q)(q + r)(p + r) (b)  ( p + q)(q + 4 (c) r)(pr)
... W
_xm(a
x"a(mn) , — Jmn1b(np+m) relation, the x3D value of
31. U s i n g 8 f _ (a)
3 W3
the
dx is, (Take, y = (1 19 40 9 40 y +C y +C
7 6 13 3 —x y x y 8 20 1 3 (b) — x 6 y x3y W 8 20
](pq){qr){rq)
(d) insufficient data. 27. The circle x2 + y2 = 1 cuts the xaxis at P and Q. Another circle with centre at Q and variable radius intersects to first circle at R above the Xaxis and the line segment PQ at S. The maximum area of the triangle QSR is (a) 9 (b) 5^2 7 (c) 4V3 9 (d) A . 13
(c)  x 6 y  — x3y + — y + C w 8 20 40 1 6 13 3 9 (d) — x ° y + —x y + —y + C. 8 20 40 Passage  3 Using the following data solve Q.32 to Q.34 Given that, (1 + x f = C0 + C,x + Cjc2 + ... + constants. Then, 32. The value of C,1 + 4C i + C, + .. will be 7
13
Cx",
where x is complex number and C n , C,, ..., Cn are
28. The length of the longest interval in which the
7 MATHEMATICS TODAYIFEBRUARY'I
(a)
I 3 l
2 " + 2 c o s ( «  2 ) i (b)
2" + 2 c o s ( «  2 ) j
Match the following : 38. Column I Column I I + m2 (p) a x
2
+
e
2"2cos(«2)^
(d) 3 2"  2 c o s ( «  2 ) ^
(a) y = mx + J(a2 + b2)Jl
1T b y
2
?
= 1
,
33. The value of C 0 + C 3 + C 6 + (a) (c) ^2"
+
will be
(b) y = mx + \la2m2
2 2 (c) y = mx +^Va m
+b2  b2
2cos^j
(b) (d) I
i(V2cos^ 2"2cos^
(R) b y = 4ax (S) x2+y2 . + akx~ . + bjX
m+k
—\ 2" + 2 c o s — 3v 4
(d) y = rwc + 2 bm 39. Let m+1 <Kx)=a°X n+1 fyjx" + blx'
= a2 + b 2
34. The value of C2+ C} + C 8 + ... will be (a) (b) (c) (d) i —^2"+2 cos(n2) ^ ^2"2cos(n2)j ^2"2 cos(«2)^ 2"+2cos(« + 2 ) 
2
n+l
•, w h e r e
a0 * 0, ba * 0 then lim <j>(x). jc»0 Column I (a) m > n (b) m = n (c) m < n and n  m is even, ajb0 (d) m < n and n  m is even, ajb0 > 0 <0 Column I I (P) oo (Q)  oo (R) a j b n (S) 0
Section I V : (Q. 35 to 37) This section consists of 3 questions. Answers are to be given in between 0000 to 9999 in the form of nearest integer. Each question carries +6 marks and no negative marks. x s i n 2 x s i n —cosx \dx U J 35. E v a l u t e t h e i n t e g r a l J o (2*  it) where a e (0,7t). Write the answer of the order 10~2. 36. Find the sum of the series + [Take e = 2.8] 2! 3! 37. A pack of playing cards was found to contain only 51 cards. If the first 13 cards which are examined are all red, what is probability that the missing card is black? Write the answer of the order 10~2. Section V : (Q. 38 to 40) This section consists of 3 questions having two columns with 4 entries in each column. Entries of column I are to be matched with column I I . One entry of column I may have one or more than one matching in column I I . Each question carries +6 marks if all correct matching are indicated. 46 1+ l +2
2 2
40. In a triangle ABC, AD is perpendicular to BC and DE is perpendicular to AB. Column I (a) Area of AADB (b) Area of AADC (c) Area of AADE (d) Area of ABDE j Column
2
II
(P) (b /4) sin 2 C (Q) (c 2 /4) cos 2 B sin IB (R) (c 2 /4) sin 2B (S) (c 2 /4) sin 2 B sin 2B ANSWERS
l + 2 +3
2
2
2
1. 2. 4. (c) (b) 3. (a) (d) 5. 6. 8. (b) (c) 7. (c) (a) 9. 10. (c) 12. (b) (a) 11. (a) 13. (a,b,c) 14. (a,b,c) 15. (a,b,d) 16. (a,d) 17. (b,c) 18. (a,b,c) 19. (a,c,d) 20. (b,d) 21. (a,b,c) 22. (a) 24. (b,c,d) 23. (a,d) 25. (c) 26. (b) 28. (d) 27. (c) 29. fed) 30. (a) 32. (b) 31. (b) 33. (d) 34. (b) 35. [0081] 36. [0007] 37. [0001] 38. (a)  4 (S); (b) (P); (c) (Q); (d) (R) 39. (a) (S); (b) (R); (c) (P); (d) (Q)_ 40. (a) (R); (b)  > (P); (c)  > (S); (d) (Q) For detail answers visit: www.vidyalankar.org I
MATHEMATICS TODAY  MARCH '07
MOCK TEST
FOR
151 2 D D 7
By Alok kumar, B.Tech, IIX Kanpur The Indian Statistical Institute (ISI), Kolkata, is considered as one of the foremost centres in the world for training and research in statistics and the related sciences. The B.Stat (Hons) degree program, the flagship programme of the institute, offers comprehensive instruction in the theory, method and application of statistics, in addition to several areas of Mathematics and some basic areas of computer science. Each candidate applying for admission to this programme has to take a selection test comprising Objective type and Shortanswer type questions in mathematics at the Higher Secondary level (10 + 2 year's programme). The selection tests consists of (1) A multiple choice type test having about 30 questions, and (2) A shortanswer type test having about 10 questions. Questions will be set on the following and related topics. Algebra : Sets, operations on sets, prime numbers, factorization of integers and divisibility, rational and irrational numbers, permutations and combinations, binomial theorem, logarithms, theory of quadratic equations, polynomial and remainder theorem, arithmetic and geometric progressions, inequalities involving A.M., G.M., and H.M., complex numbers. Geometry : Plane geometry of class X level. Geometry of 2 dimensions with cartesian and polar coordinates. Concept of a locus, equation of a line, angle between two lines, distance from a point to a line. Areas of a triangle, equations of a circle, parabola, ellipse and hyperbola and equations of their tangents and normals, mensuration. Trigonometry : Measures of angles, trigonometric and inverse trigonometric functions, trigonometric identities including addition formulae, solutions of trigonometric equations. Properties of triangles, heights and distances. Calculus : Functions, oneone functions, onto functions, limits and continuity, derivatives and methods of differentiation, slope and curve, tangents and normals, maxima and minima, use of calculus in sketching graph of functions, methods of integration, definite and indefinite integrals, evaluation of area using integrals. Logical Reasoning : Consistency of statements. In response to growing demand from students preparing for the ISI, we bring to you the first Mock ISI paper, which closely simulates the real exam. There is more to follow in the coming months.
MULTIPLE CHOICE TEST
1. How many real solutions does the equation \0x2 + x + 20 = 0 have ? exactly one (b) exactly two exactly three (d) exactly four The roots of the equation z" = (z + 1)" lie on a circle of radius 3. Let A and B be two complex numbers such that A B g + — = 1, then the triangle OAB, O being the origin r is (a) (b) (c) (d) 4. equilateral isosceles but not right angled right angled isosceles right angled. Let A = ~
(a) (c)
2.
(a)
(b)
lie on a straight iine lie on a regular polygon of n sides (c) (d) lie on a regular polygon of 2n sides. 263
V2
+ ~\= +
v3
+
VlOOOO
.
1
Then
[A],
MATHEMATICS TODAY  MARCH '07
where [•] denotes the greatest integer function, equals (a) 297 (b) 187 (c) 197 5. Sudhanshu and Geetika start at the point P on the circle, but Sudhanshu moves along the bigger circle whereas Geetika moves along the smaller circle that touches the bigger one at P, and also t o u c h e s t w o of its radii OA and OB. ZAOB = 60°. If both travels at uniform speed, what is the rate of their speeds if both reach P at the same point after one round? (a) V3:2 (b) 2 : 1 (c) S'A (d) 3 : 1
(a)
2 4 6 8  sum of the digits appearing in the base 7 representation of 1234
6
1234  sum of the digits appearing in the base 7 representation of 1234 7 2468  sum of the digits appearing in the base 6 representation of 1234
6
1234  sum of the digits appearing in the base 7 representation of 1234 12. and (a) (b) (c) (d) 13. has (a) (b) (c) (d) Let the two numbers ct and p be cc = 4 673 + 673 4 p = 4 929 + 929 4 then a and P are both composite. a and p are both prime. a is prime but P is composite. a is composite but p is prime. The equation (x2 + 3x + 4)2 + 3(x2 + 3x + 4) + 4 = x all its solutions real but not all positive. only two of its solutions real. two of its solutions positive, two negative. none of its solutions real.
6. What is the remainder when the 224 digit number 111 11 1 . ' is divided by 41? J
224 l ' s
(a) 7.
18
(b) 23
(c)
4
(d) 0
Let f ( x ) be a function such that
f ( x  1) +f(x + 1) = sfl f ( x ) • Then for what value of p is the relation f(x+p)=f (x) necessarily true for every real x? (a)  8 (b)  6 (c) 4 (d) 2 8. 1 2 + V2 1 The sum to 168 terms of the series 1 2 ^ + 3^2 1 6 + 4>/3 1 475+10
14. Which of the following equations is true?
(a) (b) (c)
W
hi2 + 282 +656 2 =
+ 312 +830 2 ='
5V6+6V5 12 (a) 13
equals (b)
^32 2 + 332 +10562 =
V402 + 41 2 +1340 2 =1641
11
12 V4T+V40
2 V 4 3  A/42
(c)
9. n, n (a) (c)
Jlisfw 2V42+>/43
(d)
For how many values of n are the n u m b e r s + 4, n + 14 all primes? exactly on (b) finitely many infinitely many (d) none of these
15. For a positive integer n, let Sn denote the sum of digits of n. The n u m b e r of integers f o r w h i c h n  Sn= 1234, equals (a) infinite (b) (d) 16 no such integer is possible.
(c) 25
16. C o n s i d e r the s e q u e n c e of real n u m b e r s a,, a 2 , an. The sum of every 6 consecutive terms of this sequence is positive whereas the sum of every 13 consecutive terms is negative. Then the sequence can have maximum (a) 17 terms (b) 78 terms (c) 19 terms (d) 7 terms. 17. For how many positive integer values of n is 2 4 + 2 7 + 2" a perfect square?
MATHEMATICS TODAY  MARCH '07
10. Let a , , a 2 , , a ] 6 9 represent any arbitrary permutation of the numbers 1, 2, 3, ... 169. Then the product (fl,  1) (a 2  2) (a 169  169) (a) never even, whatever be the permutation (b) always even, whatever be the permutation (c) even only for some permutation, not all (d) none of these 11. The highest power of 7 in the number 1234! is given by 58
(a) (c)
infinitely many exactly one
(b) (d)
finitely many zero.
numbers, say, a and b among them and changethem to 0.8a  0.6b, and 0.6a + 0.8b. Leave the third number unchanged. Starting with this new triplet again generate a triplet performing the same operation i.e. taking any two numbers, changing the 0.8a 0.6 b,
18. How many times does 8 occur when we list all the numbers from 1 to 1000? (a) 297 (b) 300 (c) 271 (d) 273
19. The difference between the greatest and least values of the function / ( * ) = (3  V 4  * 2 ) + ( l + V 4  x 2 )
\2 / I
0.6a + 0.8b and leaving the third unchanged. Then of the following numbers which number can be arrived
is /j, 470 (d)
at after performing the operation described a finite number of times? (a) ( 3 , 4 , 5 ) (b) ( 5 , 1 2 , 3 ) (c) ( 3 , 4 , 1 3 ) (d) none of these. Directions for Q. 28 & 29 : Answer these questions on the basis of the information given below. Let P be an interior point of a triangle ABC and let BP and CP meet AC and AB in £ and F respectively. Denote by [X] the area of figure X, whether triangle or quadrilateral, as the case may be. Area of the triangle BPF is 4 units, that of triangle BPC is 8 units. Also area of triangle CPE = 13 units. 28. What is the value in sq. units of [APF]1 (a) 52 (b) 91 (c) 39 (d) 13 29. What is the value in sq. units, of [AEPF]? (a) 52 (b) 39 (c) 137 (d) 143 30. How many ordered triplet solutions (x, y, z) does the system x + y + z  4, x2 + y2 + z = 14, x3 +y3 +z3 = 34 have? (a) six (b) one (c) eighteen (d) thirty six
(a)
500
(b) 18
(c)
11
20. Let/(x) be a fourth degree polynomial with leading coefficient unity. A l s o / ( 1 ) = 2 , / ( 2 ) = 4 , / ( 3 ) = 6. Then the value o f / ( 1 0 ) + / (  6 ) . (a) is 8072 (b) is 8064 (c) is 2368 (d) cannot be determined 21. Consider the q u a d r a t i c / 0 ) = 90x2 + 20x+\. The sum of the digits of the number / ( l l 1111) is (a) 11 (b) 12 (c) 13 (d) 14 22. The cyclic octagon AIA2A3A4A5A6A7AS has sides a, a, a, a, b, b, b, b respectively in that order. The radius of the circle that circumscribes A]A2A3A4A5A6 is
(a) (c)
a2+b2+ab Va2+62 + «W2 2
(b)
(d) *
a2+b2+abj2 Ja2+b2 2 + ab
23. The number of positive integer that divide 10999 but not 10998 is (a) 1998 (b) 999 (c) 998 (d) 1999 24. How many solutions numbers does the system abed = 27 + ab + ac (a) exactly one (c) exactly 4(4!) (a, b, c, d) in positive real a+b+c+d= 12 + ad + be + bd + cd have? (b) exactly 4! (d) none of these
Short Answer Type Test
31. Solve the system of equations for real x and y. 5x 1 + 2 2 = 12,5 y 1 x+y1 1 +x2+y2 32. In the triangle ABC, the altitude, angle bisector and median from C divide the angle C into four equal angles. Find the angles of the triangle. 33. Let {xn}n be a sequence satisfying the recurrence S x n 1 1 2 ST'' :! *„ + V3 Prove that the sequence is periodic having period 6.
x
25. Given that x, y, z satisfy 1 7 1 1 x + — = —,y + — = 4, z + — = 1 the value of xyz is y 3 z x
(a)
n+1 =
(b)  1 (c) ^ (d) ~ ,35 ,21 26. Let a = 2 Z + 1 , 6 = 2^ + 1 , then the greatest common divisor of a and b i.e. gcd{a, b) is
1
(a)
22?l
(b) 2 2 ? + l (C) 2 2 ' 4  l
(d) 1
34. Let a and b be two of the roots of the equation x4 + x3  1 = 0 . Pr^vc that ab is a root of the equation X 6 + X 4 + JC3 1 = 0. 35. Find integer solutions for the equation
13
27. Start with the triplet (3, 4, 12), choose any two
59 MATHEMATICS TODAYIFEBRUARY'I
4x 2 + V
= 72z 2 =>
36. Find all real solutions to the system x3 — 3x = y f 3y = z z3  3z = x 37. Prove that 99899 is composite. 38. A four digit number has the following properties (a) It is a perfect square. (b) The first two digits are equal. (c) The last two digits are equal. Find all such numbers. 39. Given a triangle ABC. Let 1 be the centre of the inscribing circle. The internal bisectors of angles A, B and C meet the opposite sides in A', B' and C' respectively. P^ove that 1 Al BI CI < 8 4 AA'' BB'' CC' ~ 27 40. What is the remainder when 2 5 6 + 3  9 " + 14 is divided by 41? SOLUTIONS 1. ( d ) : The equation x4  10x2 + x + 20 = 0 is a fourth degree one, so we can't factor it. Note that the equation doesn't have any integral root as no divisor of 20 satisfies it. Instead set a  5 and rewrite the equation as x"  lax2 + x + a2  a = 0 The beautiful thing about this equation is that while it's a fourth degree one in x, it's a quadratic in ' a ' parameter  that is a2  a{lx2 + 1) + x4 + x = 0 having discriminant = (lx2 + 1 ) 2  4(x 4 + x) = 4A4 + 4A 2 + 1  4A4  4A = 4 x 2  4 x + 1 =(2x  l) 2 (a perfect square) The roots then are a= 2A + 1 + ( 2 x  1 ) 2A + lx 2x + l  2 x + l
. 1 Ikn 1 + — = cos z n
. Ikn + /sin n
k = 0, 1, 2, 3,
n  1
But k = 0 => — = 0 , impossible. z ,k = \,2, («1)
Ikn Ikn  l + cos : = : : i : i + ;sin n n , , Ikn  1 + cos n
+ c o s
.
• Ikn «sin—n
2 +
'(_1
2 ^ )
(
s i n
^
flcos^)/sin^ _V n_[ n
2(lcos
1 '2 1 sin 2kn
=
~ • kn kn 2sm — cos — n n kn 22 siir n 1 / . kn  ^r  z cot — 2 2 n , ' 2 j
Thus, Re(z) =  \ r orA =  ^ , showing that the roots 1 of the equation (z +1)" = z" lie on the line x =  — (a)
B
A
A2  AB + B2 = 0 A= B 4 B
= A 2 + A, A 2  A + 1
Returning to a = 5, gives 2
and X
2
B±iy/3B 2 l±Vl7 _ l±iV3
p
 A  4 = 0=>X =
1± Vl + 16
2
=
l±i>/3 B = <J)B<£>B 2~~
2.
(b)
: ( z + l ) " = z" .i+i=(i)" z
Then \A\ = B Now A  B =  cofi  B = (co + 1)B = co 2B or co 2 B  B =  (co2 + \)B = coB \AB\= co2B or coB = \B\ implying \A  B\ = \A\ = \B\
60
MATHEMATICS TODAY  MARCH '07
i.e. \A  B\ = \A  0 = \B  0 Showing that the origin point A and point B form an equilateral triangle. 4.
A
(c)
+
All we need is to bound the sum
+ +
111111 = 1111. 10000+1111 224 l'i 220 i ' j = 1 0 4 x l l l l l . . 1 + 1111 220 l'j» 1111..1 =11111x10000100001 Now 220 l'.v 5 1' v 00001
••(A)
~ V2 V 3 V10000 from above and from below by numbers that differ by unity. Note that 1 •Jk
=
2 4k+4k Jk 10000 successively and adding
= 41 x 271 x a natural number ...(B) From (A) and (B) when n is divided by 41, the remainder is the remainder obtained upon division of 1111 by 41, that is, remainder = 4. Note that we have made use of the prime factorisation of 11111,i.e. 11111 = 4 1 x 271. 7. (a) : /(xl)+/(*+!) ^f(x) ....(A) Change the lowest argument, x + 1 to x. our equation r e a d s / ( x ) + / ( x + 2) = ^ / ( x + 1) ... (1) As there is a difference of 2 in the arguments of function on the left side, we change x to (x + 2) to obtain / ( x + 2) + / ( x + 4) = 4 i f ( x + 3) Adding (1) and (2) (2)
Putting k = 2 , 3 ,
+ (^10000 n/9999)} => A <2 (V10000  >/l) => A <2x99 => /I < 1 9 8 Similarly 1 2 2 v r = v r w r Putting k = 2,3,
>
(1)
f i x ) + 2 f i x + 2) + / ( x + 4) = V J { f i x + 1) + / ( x + 3)} = >/2 • V 2 / ( x + 2) [from the parent relation (A)] = 2 / ( x + 2)
V*TT+>/*"2(v*ttv*) 10000 successively and adding
•... + => 4 > 2 {VlOOOl  V2} > 197
comparing (1) and (2) we get, \91 < A < 198 .. [A] = 197 5. (d) : Let the radius of smaller circle be r and that of the bigger one be R.
OP = OO' + O'P r R=:+r sin 30° (In triangle ONA, O'N = OO' x sin 30°) => R = 2r + r = 3r R 2nR! t Ratio of their speeds = ^ n r / t
D • ^
=> / ( x ) + / ( x + 4) = 0 Now once again instead of increasing the argument by 1, we recast the relation as f i x ) =  f i x + 4) We would have immediately found the period but for (Vi 0 0 0 1  V i 0000)} the negative sign ! Change x to (x + 4) to obtain f i x + 4) =  f i x + 8) •(2) =>fix + 8) =  f i x + 4) =  {  / ( x ) } ( f r o m the above relation) = > / ( * + 8) = / ( x ) i . e . / ( x ) = / ( x + 8) Thus the period of function is 8. But the problem doesn't say (p) has to be positive, so p can be of the form p = 8k, kel 8. " (a) Write the « ,h term as 1 njn + l +in + \)\fn in + ])yfn  W« + 1 {(« +1)VK + nyjn + l\{(;; +1)yjn  W « + l}
=
R 3 ~ = J
(w + l ) V w  nsJn+\ nin + \)2n2in + l)
6.
(c)
Write n =
M A T H E M A T I C S T O D A Y I MARCH'08267
_(n +1
 njn + l _ (n + \)4n njn
N(N + 1 )
+l
« ( » + 1){IJ + 1  1 }
1 1 yfn *Jn+1 Putting n = 1, 2, 3.... 168 successively in the above relation and adding
mi+m2+
1 2 3 4  sum of the digits appears in the J n J o w base 7 representation of 1234 6 1234  (3 + 4 +1 + 2) _ 1234  1 0 _ 1224 _ 6 6 6 ~ In general we have the highest exponent of prime p in n\
=
n  sum of digits of n in base p representation
"
P^
Vl68 = 11 •=1 J_ 12 13
69 J
1
12. (a)
:
Rewrite a as
a = 4 6 7 3 + 673 4 = 44 672 + 673 4 = 4(4' 6 8 ) 4 + 673 4 = 4a 4 + b 4 (say) Where a = 4 1 6 8 , b = 673 Observe that 4 a 4 + b4 can be factorised 4a 4 + b* = (2a 2 ) 2 + (b2)2 + 2(2a2)(b2)  4a2b2 = (2a2 + b2)2  (2ab) 2 = (2a 2 + 2ab + b2) (2a2  2ab + b2) implying that a is composite, viz, a has a factor (say) b2 + 2ab + 2a 2 (i.e.) (673) 2 + 24 168 • 673 + 2 • (4 1 5 8 ) 2 P can also be written in the form P = 4»9 + 9294 = 4.(4232)4 + 9294 Showing that P is composite too. 13. (d) : Look at the equation (x2 + 3* + 4) 2 + 3(x 2 + lx + 4) + 4 = x for a while and your powers of observation tell you that it can be written as f ( f ( x ) ) = x ! where f ( x ) = x2 + 3x + 4 consider the equation f ( x ) = x, i.e. x2 + 3x + 4 = x => x2 + 2x + 4 = 0 D = 224X4<O Showing that f ( x ) = x has no real solutions. So the binomial f ( x )  x is always +ve or always  v e . Assume f ( x ) x > 0 v x e R. i.e. f ( x ) > x v x e R. Setting f ( x ) in place of x, as f ( x ) eR, we have / ( f (*)) > f ( x ) > x, from the above equation establishing that f(f(x))>x Thus when f ( x ) = x has no real solution, / ( f (x)) = x d o e s n ' t have either. 14. (c) : We embed the problem in a more general one and look at the expression. f(h) = h2 + (h+ 1 ) 2 + {h(h + l)} 2 = h2 + h2 + 2h + 1 + h2 (h2 + 2h + 1)
13 Vl69 9. (a) : For n = 3, the numbers w, « + 4, n + 14 yield 3, 7, 17 and they are all prime. We claim that for no other value of n are n, n + 4, n + 14 all prime. Recall that any prime p > 5 can be written in the form 6k + 1, k> 1. When n = 6k + 1 n, n + 4, n + 14 = 6k + 1, 6k + 5, 6k + 15, of which 6k + 15 = 3(2k + 5) is composite. When n = 6 k  \ n, n + 4, n + 14 = 6k  1, 6k  3, 6k  13, of which 6k  3 = 3(2k  1) is composite. Hence only for n = 3 are the numbers n, n + 4, n + 14 all prime. 10. (b) : The idea behind the solution is to prove that at least one factor in the product is even. Of the numbers 1, 2, 3, 169, exactly 85 are odd. Again as the a/s consist of the numbers from 1 to 169 because a's are simply a permutation of 1,2, 3,.... 169, we have a m o n g a/s also 85 odd numbers. Both the sets { 1 , 2 , , 169} and { a , , a 2 , . . . , a I 6 8 } have together 170 odd numbers. Thus among the 169 factors ( a ,  l ) , (a2 — 2), (a3  3), (a 1 6 9  169) We have 170 odd numbers. Accordingly some factor say ak  k h a s b o t h the n u m b e r s o d d i m p l y i n g ak  k is even and so is the entire product. 11. (d) : Write 1234 in base 7 1234 = 3 x 343 + 4 x 49 + 7 + 2 = 3x73 + 4x72 + 7 + 2 = (3412) 7 Highest power of 7 in 1234 is 1234 1234 1234 : 176 + 25 + 3 = 204 49 . 343 62
MATHEMATICS TODAY  MARCH '07
= 2h2 + 2h + 1 + h4 + 2 h3 + h2 = h4 + 2 h3 +3h2 + 2h+l = h4 + h2+l+ 2h2 • h + 2h l + 2h2\ 2 2 = {h + h + l) = {A(A + 1 ) + 1 } 2 (a 2 + b2 + c2 + 2 ab + 2 be + 2ca = (a + b + c)2) Now 40 x 41 = 1640, 27 x 28 = 756, 32 x 33 = 1056, 30 x 31 = 9 3 0 Thus the true equality is ^ 3 2 2 + 3 3 2 + ( 3 2 x 3 3 ) 2 = 3 2 x 3 3 + 1 = 1057. 15. (d) : Let n = (am am_, a,a 0 ) 10 where a0, a,, am are digits of positive integer n be the decimal representation of n. nSn=(am • 10m + a m _, ( 1 0  1 + .... + a, • 10 + a 0 ) ia,n+am, + ... +a, + a0) = am (10'"  1) + a m _, (10 m_1  1)+..+«,(101) .... (1) As every number of the form 10*  1 is divisible by 1 0  1 (=9), we conclude from (1) that n  Sn is divisible by 9. But n  Sn is given to be 1234 which is not divisible by 9. Hence no such n exists. 16. (a) : We establish that the sequence can't have more than 17 terms. Assume to the contrary that the sequence has more than 17 terms. Consider the first 18 terms. a, + a2 + a3 + a 4 + a} + a6 > 0 a2 + a3 + + an > 0 «13 «U + «18 Adding coloumnwise (a, + a2 + ... + an) + (a 2 + ... + a ] 4 ) + ... .... (a6 + ... + a 1 8 ) > 0 But since the sum of every 13 consecutive terms is n e g a t i v e , t h e sum on the left c a n ' t be positive. Impossible. Hence the sequence can have at the most 17 terms. 17. (c) : Let 2 4 + 2 7 + 2" = m2, m being an integer => 16 + 1 2 8 + 2" = w 2 => 2" = m 2  144 = (m  12) (m + 12) From the above it follows that m  12 and m + 12 are both powers of 2. Also (m + 1 2 )  (m 12) = 24. So the problem amounts to finding two powers of 2 whose difference is 24. Observe 2' = 2, 2 2 = 4, 2 3 = 8, 2 4 = 16, 2 s = 32, 2 6 = 64, 2 7 = 128 We have 2 s  2 3 = 24 and as 2" grows rapidly, we can't
63 MATHEMATICS TODAYIFEBRUARY'I
+ + >0
have a pair other than (2 5 /2 3 ) having a difference of 24. Consequently m  12 = 8 and m + 12 = 32 giving m = 20 and 2" = 32 x 8 = 250 = 2 s .. n = 8. Accordingly there is just one value of n that makes 2 4 + 2 7 + 2" a perfect square. 18. (b) : As 8 doesn't appear in 1000, we have to count the number of times 8 occurs when we list the integers from 1 to 999. Now any number from 1 to 999 can be thought of as ata2a3 where 0 < a,, a2, a3 < 9. For example the numbers 81 and 4 will be written as 081 and 004 respectively in this system of representation. Let us first count the numbers in which 8 occurs exactly once. Since 8 can occur in,any of the places, we have three ways for it corresponding to every occurrence of 8, other two places can be filled with the remaining numbers in 8 ways each. So number of such type of numbers = 3 x 9 x 9 = 243. Again 8 can occur in exactly two places in 3 C2 = 3 ways. The remaining place can be filled in 9 ways. So there are 27 (= 9 x 3) such numbers. Finally, 8 can occur in all three places in just one way, viz 888. Number of times 8 occurs in all the numbers from 1 to 1000 = 243+ 2 x 2 7 + 3 x 1 = 2 4 3 + 54 + 3 = 300 19. (a) : First of all observe that the function is defined only when 4  x2 > 0 => x2 < 4 => x < 2. Denoting V4x by t, we have t= so t e [0, 2] Note that t has to be positive. The problem of finding the extreme values of f ( x ) amounts to finding the extreme values of g(t) where g(t) = (3  t)2 + (1 + t)3 for the closed interval [0, 2] g»(/) =  2 ( 3  0 + 3(1 +2t+t2) 2 = 3f + St  3 = (f + 3 ) ( 3 /  l ) For extreme values g'(t) = 0 => (t + 3) (3t  1) = 0 , .  3 . }
Also g"(t) = 6t + 8 = 2(31 + 4) g"(3) =  10 < 0 :.t =  3 is a point of maxima. ^ ' ( j ) = 10 > 0 / = is a point of minima. g(t).
13
But t =  3 is not in the domain of
At the end points g{0) = 3 2 + 1 3 = 10 g{2) = (3  2) 2 + (1 + 2) 3 = 1 + 27 = 28
1013  1 0 + 9
1013 — 1 = 11111... 1 = R, 13
13 r.v
Where fl, = 1 1 1 1 1  1
n digits
64 64 6 4 , , n 256 j 9 27 2 7 1 27 Hence the greatest value on the closed interval [0, 2] is g(2) = 28
Sum of digits of the n u m b e r / ( l l 1111) = 13 x l = 13 22. (b) : We have only shown the part of octagon that interests us. Let r be the radius of the circumcircle and 6, (j), the angles subtended by the sides of length a and b respectively at the centre of the circle. Then 40 + 4 ( = 2ti => G + < = <> ) >  Using cosine rule in triangles OA,A2 and OA^A3 a2 = r2 + r2  2r 2 cos0 = 2 / ^ ( 1  cos0) b2 — r2 r2 — 2r2cosit) = 2r 2 (1  sin0) ( v < =   0) » t
=(f)Mf)
3

and the least value is g
256 27
;256
_500 Difference between extreme values = 28 27 27 20. (a) : Our first reaction on seeing the problem is to w r i t e / ( x ) a s / ( x ) = x4 + a,* 3 + a^r + a 3 x + a4 and then attempt to find the constants with the help of / ( I ) , / ( 2 ) etc. This idea, beside being unattractive, can't be put to use when the number of unknowns increases. Instead we construct an auxiliary function. g(x) =/(*)  2x So that g ( l ) = / ( l )  2 = 0 Similarly g( 2) = g(3) = 0 As g(x) is a polynomial of degree 4 having 1, 2, 3 as its three zeros. Assume the fourth zero to be a . Then we can write g(x) = ( x  l ) ( x  2 ) ( x  3 ) ( x  a ) =>/(x)  2 x = ( x  l ) ( x  2 ) ( x  3 ) ( x  a ) Let x = 10 and  6 successively to obtain /(10)20 = 9 x 8 x 7(10a) / (  6 ) + 12 = (7)(8)(9)(6  a ) = 9 x 8 x 7 (6 + a ) A d d i n g / ( 1 0 ) + / (  6 )  8 = 9 x 8 x 7 x 16 = 8064 .  . / ( 1 0 ) + / (  6 ) = 8072. 21. (c) : R6= 111111, the number made up only of Is, called a repunit R6= 111111 = ^ (99999) =  ( 1 0 6  1 ) /(limi)=90x [ ° 10(106  l ) 2 9 = y
6 2 1 6 9
Upon division a2 b2 lcos0 lsin0 2sin2f cos2 + sin22sincosI 2 tan 20
l+ tan22tan , 0 j , t =t t a n (10' => aat = byf2t 0 + sj2b 2t 1 + /2 a2+b2 + abj2 2t a _sp2t b \t
Giving 7 = 1  COS0 =
" j +
1
2 0 1 + I Thus r
a2+abj2+b2
1061 9
6
• (10  1)(10  1 + 2)+ 1
23. (d) : 10"" = (2 x 5) 999 = 2 999 x 5 999 has been written in prime factorisation form. Number of divisors of 10999 is (999 + 1) (999 + 1) =1000 2 . Again 10998 = 2 " 8 x 5 " s So the number of divisors of 1 0998 in
= y(106l)(106+l) + l
(10 12  1) + 1 64
MATHEMATICS TODAY  MARCH '07
(998 + 1) (998 + 1) = 999 2 . AH the divisors of 10 10 9 9 9 = 1000 2  999 2 = ( 1 0 0 0 + 999) ( 1 0 0 0  9 9 9 ) = 1999 x 1 = 1999 24. (a) : W h e n e v e r you see the system is in complete, i.e. the number of unknowns exceed the number of equations it should suggest you to look for the possibility of an inequality turning into an equality. As positive numbers are involved, the stage is all set for an application of AM  GM theorem. ab + ac + ad + be + bd + cd
& 998
also divide 10
999
.
Hence the number of divisors that divide 10 999 but not
eliminating two variables out of three and then arrive at an equation in just one variable. But the symmetry of the system can be exploited to observe some elegant decomposition.
= XyZ+y
+ X+
1
+ Z+
1 1 + +
1 — xyz \ xyz
Plugging the values f 4  , 4 + 4+l + U z + ±3 3 \ xyz 28 22 f 1 =>r = ^+ xyz + 3 3 v. xyz =>~xyz + — = 2 xyz => (xyz)2  2 (xyz) => (xyz  l) 2 = 0 xyz = 1
^ab){ac){ad)(bc){bd){cd)
ab + ac + ad + bc + bd + cd . 6/ 3.3 3.3 > Va b c d => ab + ac + ad + be + bd + cd> 6Jabcd The equation abed = 27 + ab + ac + ad + be + bd + cd can now be written as abed >21 + abed
+1=0
,35
,21
26. (d)
:
Let a = 2A
+1 and b = 2l
+1
form ,35 ,35 ,22,13 , ,22 , ,13' 2L a 2= 2 +1 — 2 = 2  1 = 2 2  1 = (2 2 ) 1 >(Vabed +3)(Vabed As 4abed 9)SO  9 > 0 ....(A) = ( 2 2 2 2 ) A  U = 2 13 But (2 2 2 2 ) A  1 is divisible by 2 2 ^  1 , so we can write a  2 = ( 2 2 " 1)» = ( 2 " '  \)m = {{2^ = (222'l )bm
2
> 0, we have ^abed
=> V ^ r f S 9. The first equation is a + b + c + d = 12 Using AM  GM inequality we have
a + b+ C + A d
me N
f  1 j • « = (2 22 ' 1) (2221 +1 )m
4
>$lated
4
=> 3 >4abed => 9 > siabed (A) and (B) give fabed = 9
= bl, where I = m ( 2 j 2 '  l )
(B)
Equality holding when a = b= c = d= 3 Thus AM  GM inequality turns into an equality giving (3, 3, 3, 3) as the only solution. 25. (a) : A solution could be given consisting in
=> abl =2 ... (A) The d be the gcd of a and b, then d divides a  bl, so from (A) d must divide 2. i.e. d = 1 or 2. But a and b are both odd, so gcd c a n ' t be even. Accordingly gcd (a, b) = 1. 27. (d) : This problem has at its heart the idea of invariance when things change, look for something that doesn't change. So understand the problem better,
13
65 MATHEMATICS TODAYIFEBRUARY'I
mmmwenrnmi
fit.
let's play by the rule. We choose 3, 4 as our a and b in the first move. Then the original set {3, 4, 12} transforms to {0.8 x 3  0.6 * 4, 0.6 x 3 + 0.8 x 4, 12} But we needn't evaluate them exactly. Instead observe that (0.8a  0.6b) 2 + (0.6a + 0 . 8 b f = (0.8 2 + 0.6 2 ) (a 2 + b2) = a 2 + b2 Thus at any stage of operation, sum of square of numbers of the triplet = constant = 3 2 + 4 2 + 122 = 5 2 + 122 = 132 = 169 That is, no matter how many times we perform the operation on the set {3, 4, 12}, the triplets generated will always have their sum of squares as 169. But 3 2 + 4 2 + 5 2 * 169 5 2 + 122 + 3 2 * 169 3 2 + 4 2 + 132 * 169 So none of these n u m b e r can be reached by the operation described.
x _ y _ 4x13 4 + 8 8 + 13 8 2  4 x 1 3 (putting the values) x _ y _ 52 = 52 ^ 12 21 6 4  5 2 12 x = 52,y = 9\. Area of triangle APF, i.e. [APF] = x = 52 sq. units. Area of quadrilateral AEPF, i.e. [AEPF] = x + y = 52 + 91 = 143 sq. units. 30. (a) : Consider the monic polynomial P(t) = t3 + at2 + bt + c with roots x, y, z x + _ y + z =  a = > 4 =  a i.e. a =  4 Again x2 + y2 + z 2 = (JC + y + z) 2  2 ( x y + yz + zx) => 14 = 4 2  2 (xy + yz + zx) 1614 • xy + yz + zx = =1 =b The numbers x, y, z are roots of p implying x34x2 y 4y +y
i 2
+x + c = 0 +c =0
28. (a)
29. (d) Join AP. Let [AFP] = x and [AEP] = y Form the triangles AFC and BFC, : Let [BPF] = u, [BPC] = v and [CPE] = w
z3 — 4z2 + z + c = 0 Adding these equalities and using the equations of system (x3 +y3 + z 3 )  4(x 2 + y2 + z 2 ) + (x + y + z) + 3c = 0 => 34  414 + 4 + 3c = 0  1 8 + 3c = 0 c =6 Thus P(t) = t34t2 +t +6 P(1) =  1  4  1 + 6 = 0 Thus P factors as P(t) = (t + 1) (t2  5f + 6) = (t+ 1) (t 2) (t  3) giving t =  1 , 2, 3 Thus the solution of the system are (  1 , 2, 3) and its permutations. So there are six solutions. ...(2)
[}
[APF] _ x _ FP __ [BPF] _ u y + w PC [BPC] [APC] x u => = — => vxuy = uw.. ..(1) y+w v Again from the triangles AEB and CEB, [APE] = y _ PE _ [CPE] = w [APB] x + u PB [CPB] v v w => —— = — => wx  vy = uw x+u V solving the simultaneous linear equations vx  uy  uw = 0 wx  vy + uw = 0 by cross multiplication y uv wv _v2 + UW
31. 5x 1 +
5* 1
1 x 2 + y2
2 2
= 12
• 0)
jr+
=4
•(2)
From the two equations on division ' 1+ 2
JT
1 + yz
2
_
H + V
y
V + W
_
V
uw
2 _
M V
J l 1 " x2 + y
MATHEMATICS TODAY  MARCH '07
66
Set — = t to obtain y 1 1+ 12 2
£
ab
b
x +v Using componendo and dividendo __1 3t = x2+y2 °+ t Plugging this into 2nd equation
2 'a+b a + b _a which is equivalent to ab" b => b2 + 2aba2 =0 (A) —)2 + 2 —  1 = 0 al a From which we have — = V 2  1 a Again b = CE = ....(B) cos 2 a
From (A) and (B)
~ w , J 1 10 1 1 / i— \ v z _iL •cos2a = — — =  +  — = ^r +  ( J 2  \) = A r = —i= ^ 2a 2 2 a 2 2^ ' " > ^ 2 72
(3+o 2 3  7
25 _4_ 9 : . 1 25 ' l+r r => 25? = 4(1 + 72) (9  ?2) => 2572 = 4(9 + 872  / 4 ) => 4/ 4  It2  36 = 0 => ( f  4) (4/2 + 9) = o Since t e R, fi = 4 Giving t = ± 2 If t •• x = ty = 2 If/ = 2, x = ty = { 2) Thus the solutions are (2, 1) and 32. /JP is the altitude, the angular bisector and ^Z 7 the median from the angular bisector theorem. AE AC EB ' CB ' AE AB' • AE =
Also x
x2+^2
3+7
i> 2 a = — 4 . 4 a = f = ZC Z C = 90°, ZA = 67.5°, Z 5 = 22.5° 33.
x
n+1=
yl2x„l TT X„+V3 Jri • " ~ _l + V3 _ 2x„  2 y 3 ~j3x„\ xn + y/3
+
Changing n to n + 1 _ V3x„ + i  1 _ " + V3
^
2>/3x„ + 2 _ xn 73 Sxn + l
2/32 Changing « to « + 1 _xn+}yl3= n+3 ~ V3x„ +1 +1 x„ + ^/3
t l
_ 4 '4x„
x„ + V3 Changing « to « + 3 *n+6 — 1 *«+3 1 1
C Ax \ V £ \ aVa\ 1 \ D E
=
a+b be
=
Showing that {xn} is periodic having period 6. \ 34. Let c and d be two other roots of x4 + x3 1 = 0 From the relation between roots and coefficients a + b + c + d = 1 ab + ac + ad + be + bd + cd = 0 abc + abd + acd + bed = 0 abed = 1 We write these equalities in terms of
13
t\ibo
FB
f E
BC
c £
a
b
But FB =
FE = AF  AE =
So that we obtain
c 2
be _c(ab) a + b~2(a + b)
67 MATHEMATICS TODAYIFEBRUARY'I
S = a + b, S = c + 8, p = ab and p' = cd to obtain S + S' = 1 p + p'+SS' =0 pS' + p'S = 0 pp' = 1 Substituting p = — , S * =  1  5 in the second and third equalities yields p=S S=
2
x = 3*(2m« + m2  n2), y = 2k(2mn  m2 + n 2 ), z = ifc(w2 + n2) 36. The presence of x3  3x brings to find the triple angle formula for cosine. Let's look for the solutions in the interval [  2 , 2]. Set x = 2cosu,y = 2cosv, z = 2cosw with u, v, w e [ 0 , Jt]
The system becomes 8cos 3 u  6cosw = 2cosv
=> => 2{4COS 3 M COS3M 3COSM} = 2cosv
P
0
= cosy
....(i) ,...(ii) ....(iii)
and p (  \  S )  — = Q It follows f r o m the second equality that
Similarly we have cos3v = cosw cos3w = cos u
COS3M
P +I
Substituting this into the first equality gives 1 P A (P2+1)' P2 = 0 l)p = o
2
= cosv
Gives 4cos 3 3u  3cosu = 4cos 3 v  3cosv => cos9 u = cos3v = cosiv and as before cos27« = cos3iv = cos u The equality holds if and only if 27u = 2kit ± u for some integer k. The solutions in the interval [0, n] are u = k = 0, 1, 2 , . . . 14 and « = / t = 1, 2 , . . , . 12 ,
=> p2 (p 2 + l ) 2  (p 2 + I ) 2  p 5 +p2(p2+
p +p
which 4 reduces to 6 + p3  p2  1 =0  \ =0 Showing that p = ab is a root of the equation
x6 + x* + x3 x2
35. 4x 2 + 5 f = 72z 2 We first observe that x must be divisible by 3 and that y is an even integer. Setting x = 3 a and y  2v yields 36M2 + 36v 2 = 72z 2 => u u + v = 2z
2 2 2
Consequently x = 2cos Y J , ,y = 2 c o s  ^ p z = 2 c o s ^ ^ , A : = 0,1, ...14 and
x = 2cos —

kn
Y = 2cosJY, Z = 2cOSJY,
«
3kn
_
5kn
,
1 , 2 , . . . 12
, ^
and v are either both odd or both even, so that
are the solutions to the given system of equations. Since there are at most 3 * 3 * 3 = 27 solutions, which is obvious f r o m the degree of the system, and we have already found 27 distinct ones, these are all the solutions.
u + v and u  v are both even integers. The equation now reads
This is the wellknown Pythagorean equation, whose solutions are / / 2 , 2i W + V MV . . 2 z = k(m +n ),^— = 2kmn,^— = k(m n Last two equations yield « = k(2mn + m  n ) i.e. x = 3k(2mn + m  n ) v = k (2mn  m2 + n2), y = 2k(2mn  m2 + n2) Thus the solution are 68
2 2 2 2
37. 99899 is a palindromic number. Write 99899 = 9x4 + 9x3 + 8x2 + 9x + 9, x = 10 Above is a reciprocal equation that can be factorised by pairing off terms equidistant from the beginning and the end. 9x4 + 9x3+
A
2\ )
Bx2 + 9x + 9
= 9(x + 1) + 9(x3 + x) + 8x 2
MATHEMATICS TODAY  MARCH '07
= 9{(JC2 + l ) 2  2x2}
2 2 2
+ 9x (x2 + 1) + 8x 2
= 9 (x + l)  18x + 9x (x2 + 1) + 8x2 = 9(x 2 + 1 f + 9x(x2 + 1 )  10x2 = 9(x2 + l) 2 + 15x(x2 + 1)  6x(x2 + 1)  10x2 = 3(x 2 + 1) {3(x2 + 1) + 5x}  2x{3(x2 + 1) + 5x} = (3x2  2x + 3) (3x2 + 5x + 3) Returning to x = 10 we obtain 99 899 = (310 2  2 • 10 + 3) (3 • 102 + 5 • 10 + 3) = 283 x 353 Showing that 99899 is composite. 38. Let 1V = aabb be the base 10 representation of such a number, 1 <a<9,0<b<9 N = aaOO + bb = 11 x 100a + 11 b = l l ( 1 0 0 a + b) As N is a perfect square and 11 is a factors of N 100a + b must be a multiple of 11. Thus b = 11  a The last two digits of a perfect square where both the digits are equal is only 44. It follows that b = 4 => a = 7. N = 7744 is the desired number 7744 = 11 x 704 = 11 x 11 x 64 = 882. There is only one such number. 39. Consider the triangle ABC. By angle bisector theorem (.". A A' bisects angle A) BA' A'C • B'A = b+c
Now
AI Bl CI ^(a + b)(b + c)(c + a) AA'' BB'' CC' (a + b + cy
Consider 4(a + b)(b + c)(c + a)  (a + b + c) 3 = 2bca + a2(b + c  a) + b2(c + a  b) + c2(a + b  c) As sum of two sides is greater than third, we have R.H.S. > 0 4 (a + b) (b + c) (c + a)> (a + b + cf (a + b)(b + c)(c + a) ^ 1 (a + b + cf 4 Again by the AM  GM inequality (b + c)(c + a) + (a + b ) ^
{ a + b){b + c){c + a)
(A)
b + c)
>l)(a
+ b)(b + c)(c + a)
Cubing both sides we get 8 (a + b+cY>(a+ 27 giving b)(b + c)(c+ a)
(a + b)(b + c)(c + a) 8 27 {a + b + c f
•(B)
combining (A) and (B) we get Bl 1<JL 4 AA' BB' CI < 8 CC 27
ABI bisects angle ABA' A'I A1 ac b + c = A' 1 C A/ A'I = a ^ AI b+c Which can be transformed to AI = b + c AA' a + b + c Similarly Bl ^ c + a BB' ~ a + b + c a+b CI and CC (a + b + c)
=
BA' C
40. Let m = 2 56 + 39" + 14 ij) (41) = 40, whose <j>(n) is Euler's coefficient function giving the number of positive integer less than 41 and prime to it. By Euler's theorem 2 40 = 1 (mod 41) i.e. 2 40 when divided by 41 leaves a remainder 1. 2 s = 2 256 = 10 (mod 41) 2' 6 = 100= 18 (mod 41) 256 = 2 40 • 2' 6 = (1) (18) (mod 41) 2 56 = 18 (mod 41) ....(A) Now 3 4 = 81 =  1 (mod 41) 3 • 9 " = 3 • 3 22 = 3 23 = (3 4 ) 5 • 3 3 = (1) 5 27(mod 41) =  2 7 (mod 41) ...(B) Adding the two congruence 256 + 3.911 = 1 8  2 7 (mod 41). => 2 56 + 3 • 9 " = — 9 + 14 (mod 41) 2 56 + 3 • 9 " + 14 =  9 + 14(mod 41) => 2S6 + 3 • 9 " + 14 = 5 (mod 41) Thus the remainder is 5.
• 69
MATHEMATICS TODAY I MARCH '08
nmm
Very Similar Practice Paper
Time : 1 hr.
NTJEE 2008
Part  I
SECTiONl If
By: Vidyalankar
Institute*,
Mumbai
Straight Objective Type (Only one correct option)
This section contains 9 multiple choice questions numbered 1 to 9. Each question has 4 choices (a), (b), (c) and (d), out of which ONLY ONE is correct. In defining mutual independence of n events (n > 2) number of relations required are : (a) 2" (b) 2"  1 (c) 2" + nl (d) 2  «  1 ™ '•salsss&sta&i. • The number of nonzero diagonal matrices of order 3 satisfying A 2 = A is (a) 8 (b) 7 (c) 6 (d) 5. A cube C= {(x,y, z) I 0<x,y, z < 1} is cut by a sharp knife along the plane x = y, y = z, z = x. If no piece is moved until all three cuts are made, the number of pieces is (a) 6 (b) 7 (c) 8 (d) 27 If cos x = cos y and sin x =  sin y then the value of sin 2006 x + sin 2006 y is (a) 1 (b) 2006 (c) 0 (d) 2007 Given positive real numbers a, b and c such that a + b + c = 1, then maximum value of aabbcc + abbCc° + aWc* is (a) 1 (d) 4 (b) 2 (c) 3 2k 6. = J A i x ) d x , where
0 X2
(a)
(C)
j V 3  c o s 2 f dt + "J sinf dt = 0, then ^ 71/3 0 "X 1 (b) & •cos 2 x 2ysin(y 2 ) + coszx 2sin(y 2 )
(d)
 S COS2X 2ysin(y 2 )
If 2 / ( x ) + / (  x ) =  ^ s i n ^ x  ^ j, then the value of
e
J f(x)dx
is (b) 2e  1 (c) e  1 (d) 2e + 1
lie
(a) 0
SECTIONII
Straight Objective Type (One or more than one correct option)
This section contains 6 multiple choice questions numbered 10 to 15. Each question has 4 choices (a), (b), (c) and (d), out of which ONE OR MORE THAN ONE ANSWER may be correct. If, for a square matrix A[atj\, ay = i2  j2 of even order then (a) A is a skewsymmetric (b) IAI is a perfect square (c) A is symmetric and IAI = 0 (d) A is neither symmetric nor skew symmetric (l + x) a If/(x)= 1 (1 + 2x)b (1 + 2x)h (l + x) a 1 1 (1 + 2x)b a, b being (l + x) a
.cosx
X4
sin
2
A(x) = sinx
1
X
then the value of p is
0
(a) 2 * 4
If
(b) 2n + \
(c) f  2 *
(d) 0 axb=c
a=i + j + k,c = jk,ab
= 3 and
positive integers, then (a) constant term o f f (x) is 0 (b) coefficient of x in f i x ) is 0 (c) constant term i n / ( x ) is a  b (d) constant term i n / ( x ) is a + b Iffix) satisfies the relation/(x + y) = fix) +fiy) for all x,y e R a n d / ( l ) = 5, then : 5mjm + l) (a) f i r ) = 5r (b) ! / ( « ) = n=1 (c) f j r ) = 5r2 (d) / ( 0 ) = 0
then b is equal to (a) (c) 1 ^(5i+2j + 2k) (b) 1, j(5i2j2k)
5i + 3] + 2k
(d) none of these
H.O.: Pearl Centre, Senapati Bapat Marg, Dadar (W), Mumbai400 028. Tel.: (022)2430 63 67, 2432 43 42
MATHEMATICS TODAY I JANUARY '08
If A], A2,..., An be any n events connected to a random experiment E, then P(Ah A2, ..., A„) is greater than or equal to (a) (c) XP(A)(«l) !=1 £p(Ai) ;=1 + (n1) (b) 1IF(4) i—1
Statement 1 : sin x + cos ax periodic, for all a& R. Statement  2 : sin x, cos ax are periodic functions. SECTIONIV
Subjective Type
Find the value of 2 a +P+Y +S a p + y5
(d) none of these x > 0 then f ( x ) has • ••
Let f ( x ) = )—dt, o 1
(a) Maxima when x =  ^ , (b) Maxima when x = — 5 ,   —
a + P+ y+8 2(a + j3)(y + 8) a P ( y + 8 ) + y5(a + [i) a p + y8 ap(y + 8) + yS(a + p) 2aPy8 Let the incircle of the A ABC touches its sides BC, CA and AB at Aj, B{ and C, respectively. If rx, r2 and r3 are the circum radii of the triangles. BxICi, CfAx and (where W3 R is circumradius and r is the inradius of the A ABC). The sides of a triangle ABC, inscribed in a hyperbola = c 2 , makes angles a , P, y with an asymptote. If the xy normals at A, B, C will meet in a point then find the value of cot 2a + cot 2P + cot 2y. AlIB[ respectively, then find the value of P a r t  II Time : 1 hr. SECTIONI Rrl
2
2
2
(c) Minima when * = § > Y ' T " " (d) Minima when
jc
= M)^Ei1E>...
If point P(x, y) is called a lattice point of x,ye I (set of integers). Then the total number of lattice points in the interior of the circle x2 + y2 = a2, a ± 0 cannot be (a) 1996 (b) 1998 (c) 1999 (d) 2001 SECTIONIII
AssertionReason Type
This section contains 4 questions numbered 16 to 19. Each question contains STATEMENT1 (Assertion) and STATEMENT2 (Reason). Each question has 4 choices (a), (b), (c) and (d), out of which ONLY ONE is correct. Of these statement, mark correct choice. (a) Statement  1 and 2 are true and Statement  2 is a correct explanation for Statement 1. (b) Statement 1 and 2 are true and Statement12 is not a correct explanation for Statement  1. (c) Statement 1 is true, Statement  2 is false. (d) Statement  1 is false, Statement  2 is true. Statement  1 : Any positive integral power of (yfl  1 ) can be expressed as ^ N _ f j y _ j for some natural number N > 1. Statement  2 : Any positive integral power of ( J l  1 ) can be expressed as P + QJ2 where P and Q are integers. Statement  1 : The equation to the pair of straight lines through the origin perpendicular to the straight lines 2x2 + 5xy + 2y2 + lOx + 5y = 0 is 2x2  5xy + 2y2 = 0. Statement  2 : If m is the slope of a given line then the slope of a line perpendicular to it is  — . Statement  1 : f ( x ) = ax3 + bx2 + cx + d sin x, the condition that f (x) is always oneone function is b2 < 3a(c  \d\). Statement  2 : f ( x ) to be oneone either / i s entirely increasing or entirely decreasing.
Straight Objective Type
This section contains 8 multiple choice questions numbered 1 to 8. Each question has 4 choices (a), (b), (c) and (d), out of which ONLY ONE is correct. The angle between the lines (x2 + y2) sin2cc = (x cos P  y sin P)2 is (a) a (b) 2 a (c) (3/2)a (d) (2/3)a If a, b and c are unit vectors, then \ab\2+\bc\2+\ca\2 does not exceed (a) 4 (b) 9 (c) 8 (d) 6 If a, b and c are each positive, and a + b+ c = 6 then the \2 \2 1 a c+• IS minimum value of \ + b + ~c (a) 75/2 (b) 75/4 (c) 65/4 (d) 65/2
if u , • — , »!,• > 0,i = 1, 2 , 3 , 4 are four distinct m, 7 4 points on any circle with radius r, then II mi = i=t (b) r2 (a) 4 (c) 1 (d) none of these The equation(s) of the line(s) making an angle of 45° with the line (2  i)z + (2 + i) z + 3 = 0 and passing through (  1 , 4 ) is (are) : (a) (3 + i)z + d  i ) z + 14 = 0 (b) (3  i)z + (2 + i) z + 14 = 0 (c) (1 + 3i)z 4 (1  6i) z + 22 = 0 (d) (1  30z + (1 + 30 z + 22 = 0
MATHEMATICS TODAY I JANUARY '08
EBMiHti
If the equation ax 3 + 3bx2 + 3cx + d = 0 has two equal roots say a , the value of a will be be ad be ad (a) (b) z 2(b  ac) 2 (bz + ac) (c) be  ad 2(ac  b2) (d) none of these
<) b
( C , I
<"
5
I
2"
+ 2
2
C O S ( «  2 ) 
2"  2 c o s ( n  2 ) 
2"  2 2 c o s ( n  2 ) ^
The solution of the equation cosx7sin (a) (c) (2n±l)jt + sin_1i (2n±l)7tcos_1 x+cosx = 0is (b) (d) (In ± l ) n  c o s _ 1 i (2n±l)7t + c o s ' 1  W 3 2" + 2 c o s ( n + 2)—
M12.14 : Paragraph for Question No. 12 to 14
A polynomial equation is said to be a reciprocal equation if the reciprocal of each of its roots is also a root of it. Therefore a necessary condition for f (x) = 0 to be a reciprocal equation is that 0 is not a root of it i.e. / ( 0 ) t 0. L e t / ( x ) = 0 be a reciprocal equation of degree n having roots a , , a 2 , ..., a„, none of these zero. Let \/(x) = 0 be the equation whose roots are — , — , . . . , — .
0C] (X2 (X N
If z is a complex number and 0;, i = 0, 1, ..., 2n are real, then roots of the equation sin 0 o z 2 " + cos dp2"'1 + sin 02z2n~2 + ... + cos 02„_iZ + sin 0 2 n = b lies in the region 1 (a) lzl<l1 (b) Zl>1+ lbl (c) l z l < l + ]i (d) none of these
SECTIONII Linked Comprehension Type
This section contains 3 paragraphs M9_n, MI2_i4, and M1517 Based upon each paragraph, 3 multiple choice questions have to be answered. Each question has 4 choices (a), (b), (c) and (d), out of which one or more than one can be correct.
Then the e q u a t i o n s / ( x ) = 0 and \/(x) = 0 are identical. Let OqX" + a j x "  1 + ... + a„ = 0, an * 0 be a reciprocal equation. T h e n it is identical with the equation a„xn + an_ jx"1 + ... + a0 = 0 Let a0 * 0 .'. (a0, a.], ..., an) = K (an, an_u ..., a0) for some K Z 0. a^ — K an, a\ = K an_\, ... an = K Oq This implies K = ± 1. If K = 1 then ao = an, a\ = an_x, ... an = a0 This equation is said to be a reciprocal equation of First
type.
If K =  1 then ag = —an, a\ = —an_j, ..., an = —ag This equation is said to be reciprocal equation of the
M 9 .H : Paragraph for Question No. 9 to 11
Given that, (1 + x) = C 0 + Cxx + C2x + ... + Crtx", w h e r e x is c o m p l e x n u m b e r and C 0 , C , , ..., Cn are constants. Then, 9. (a) (b) (c) (d) The value of C j + C 4 + C 7 + ... will be 2" + 2 c o s ( n  2 ) ^ 2" + 2 c o s ( n  2 )  2"  2 c o s ( n  2 ) ~ 2"2cos(«2) The value of C 0 + C 3 + C 6 + ... will be (a) (c) 2" + 2 c o s
Ml
n 2
Second type.
A reciprocal equation is said to be of the standard f o r m if it is of the first type and of even degree. Then, f ( x ) be a polynomial of degree n and f(x)= xnf\ \ (a) (b) (c) (d) t h e n / ( x ) = 0 is
a reciprocal equation of second type not a reciprocal equation a reciprocal equation of first type nothing can be say.
The equation (x + l ) 4 = a(x* + 1) is a reciprocal equation for (a) a = 1 (b) a * 1 (c) a = 2 (d) all values of a Reduced the equation 3x 6 + x 5  2 7 x 4 +27x 2  x  3 = 0 in standard reciprocal f o r m is (a) 3X4 + x 3  24x 2 + x + 3 = 0 (b) 3x 4 + x 3 + 24x 2 + x + 3 = 0 (c) 3 x 4  x 3 + 2 4 x 2  x + 3 = 0 Contd (d) none of these • o n Pa8e n a 9 0
(b)
3 2"
•2cos^
I[2"+2cos^
(d) U 2"  2 c o s ^
The value of C7 + C< + C s + ... will be
MATHEMATICS TODAY 1 JANUARY '08
Very Similar Practice Paper
Time : 1 hr.
IITJEE 2008
Part  I
7. If 1sinx f(x)=
(712x)
2
By: Vidyalankar
Institute*
Mumbai
SECTIONI Straight Objective Type (Only one correct option)
This section contains 12 multiple choice questions numbered 1 to 12. Each question has 4 choices (a), (b), (c) and(d), out of which ONLY ONE is correct. T h e d i s t a n c e of p o i n t (3, 5) f r o m t h e l i n e 2x + 3y  14 = 0 measured parallel to line x  2y = 1 is (a) 7 = (b) (c) J5 (d) V l 3
normal to the curve at A, then a, y0, P arc in : (a) A P (b) GP (c) HP (d) none of these. log(sinx)
log(l + 7I
2
n K 2
4nx + 4x )
X =
k, is continuous at x =TC/2,then k = (a)  1 / 1 6 (b)  1 / 3 2 (c)  1 / 6 4
2. The number of point (x, y, z) in space, whose each coordinate is a negative integer such that x+y+z+12=0, is (a) 385 (b) 55 (c) 110 (d) none of these. 3. (a) If ^ = e * + y, then % dx logx — 2 (logx1)2 xy — 2 (logx1)2 = (b) logy2 (logxl)z
(d)1/128
(c)
4.
(d) none of these.
8. If t h e s y s t e m of e q u a t i o n ax + by + c = 0, bx + cy + a = 0; cx + ay + b = 0 has a solution, then the system of equation (b + c)x + (c + a)y + (a + b)z = 0 (c + a)x + (a + b)y + (b + c)z = 0 (a + b)x + (b + c)y + (c + a)z = 0 (a) only one solution (b) no solution (c) infinite number of solutions (d) none of these. 9. The angle between the asymptotes of the hyperbola = lis
The value of p for which the function : (4X  1 y f(x) = sin
1 +
p.
x2l T x = 0
(a) cos (c)
if 1 \e
(b)
2cos
'Q
12(loge4) may be continuous at x = 0 is : (a) 6 (b) 3 (c) no real values (d) 4.
(d) none of these. I + 2 + 3 + ... + « 2 5« 3
2 2 2
10. lim
4(1 3 + 2 3 + .... + m3) 3 n4 1 + 2 + 3 + ... + «'
The coordinates of a point on the parabola y1 = 8x whose distance f r o m the circle x2 + (y + 6) 2 = 1 is minimum is: (a) ( 2 , 4 ) (b) ( 2 , ^ ) (c) ( 1 8 ,  1 2 ) (d) ( 8 , 8 ) 6. y = L e t A (x 0 , y0)
:(e xla
(a) 9/10
(b) 1/10
(c) 1/2
(d) 1/3.
b e a n y p o i n t o n the
curve
+ e~xla).
Let P denote the length of the
11. In a triangle ABC, let ZC = n/2. If r is the inradius and R is the circumradius of the triangle, then 2(r + R) is equal to (a) a + b (b) b + c (c) c + a (d) a + b + c.
H.O.: Pearl Centre, Senapati Bapat Marg, Dadar (W), Mumbai400 028. Tel.: (022)2430 63 67, 2432 43 42
MATHEMATICS TODAY I FEBRUARY '08
12. If a, b and c are non coplanar unit vectors such b +c , t h e n the a n g l e b e t w e e n that a x ( b x c ) = a and b is (a) 3n/4 (b) 71/4 (c) 71/2 (d) 71.
18. The equation to the line which intersects the line z = 5x 6 = 4y+ 3 and z = 2x 4 = 3y+ 5 and it is x y z parallel to — = — = y is (a) (b) (c) (d) 15*  16y + 16z + 75 = 0 4x  2ly  5z  43 = 0 4x  21y + 5z  43 = 0 \5x16y + 1 6 z  7 5 = 0.
X
SECTIONI Straight Objective Type (One or more than one correct option)
This section contains 6 multiple choice questions numbered 13 to 22. Each question has 4 choices (a), (b), (c) and (d), out of which ONE OR MORE THAN ONE ANSWER may be correct. sin* 13. The determinant if (a) x = y = z (c) x = y cos *
3
19. If f ( x ) = J j 2 ( f  l)(f  2) 3 + 3(t  l)2(t  2 ) 2 ] d t , then (a) f ( x ) attains maximum at x = +2 (b) f ( x ) attains minimum at x = 1 (c) / ( x ) hs a point of inflection at x = 2 (d) f ( x ) attains maximum at x = 1. 20. Which of the following functions are homogeneous? (a) x + y cos (y/x) (b) xe>',x + ye*'y (c) x siny + y siru (d) none of these. 21. T h e solution set of f ' ( x ) > g'(x), where
siny cosy cos y
3
smz cosz cos z
3
vanishes
(b) x + y + z = n (d) x + y + z = n/2.
14. For all Xe R, the equation ax2 + (b X)x + (abX) = 0,a*0 has real roots. Then which of the following may be true? (a) a = b (b) b <a<0 (c) b > a > 0 (d) a> b>0. 3 _1_ 5 1 + 2 7 1+2+3 + ... n ~ 2 " 1 2 + 2 ' l 2 + 2 2 + 2 ' l 2 + 2 2 + 32 upto n terms, n € N, then Sn is not greater than : (a) n (b) 2n (c) 3n (d) 1. 16. T h e 2x 1 when 2x2 +5x + 2 x +V 2 x + 1 * 0 and 2x + 5x + 2 * 0, is satisfied for x lying in the region inequality
(a) (  1 ,  f M  H
f i x ) = ( ^ ) s 2 j : + I and g(x) = 5x + 4x In 5, is (a) ( l . o o ) 22. I f z = (a) iz (b)(0,l) V3(c) [0, (d) (0,
, then 0' 101 + z 101 ) 103 equals (b) z (d) none of these.
(c) z
Linked Comprehension Type Using the following data, solve Question No. 1 to 3
Let ABC be a triangle, R be the circumradius of the triangle. Also given R2 = ^(a2 o + b2 + c 2 ). Then,
(b) (c)
(  » ,  2 ) u ( 4  i (— •2)u
1. Which of the following is/are true? (a) Ecos2A =  l (b) X c o s 2 A = l (c) X sin2A = 1 (d) £ sin2A =  1 2. Hence the triangle ABC can be (a) equilateral (b) isosceles (c) scalene (d) none of these. 3. Further, we have (a) r + 2R = 2s (c) r + 2R = s (b) r2R = s (d) none of these.
(d) (  2 ,  l ) u (   ,  I 17. There are thre boxes each containing 4 white ball and 5 black balls, and all the balls are identical except in colour. A ball is transferred from the first box to the second box, then a balls transferred from the second box to the third, and finally a ball is transferred from third box to the first box. The probability that each box will contain 4 white ball and 5 black balls again is (a) 1/9 (b) 1/5 (c) 1/45 (d) 14/45.
Using the following data, solve Question No. 4 to 5
A system of vectors a l , a 2 , ...., a n is said to be linearly d e p e n d e n t , if there exists a s y s t e m of scalars ci, c 2 , ... c„ (not all zero) such that
C
A
+c
2°2
+•••• + cnan = 0
280 MATHEMATICS TODAY I FEBRUARY 'I 13
That means a x , a 2 , , a n are linearly dependent iff one can be expressed as the linear combination of others Again a x , a 2 , ...., a n is said to be linearly independent, if there exists scalars ch c 2 , ..., cn such that cA + cza2 + ... + cnan = 0 => c, = c2 = = c„ = 0.
j(l~n)Pdx Z •e
_
C + J(1  n)Q • e
\(\n)Pdx
i.e. y 
Ja~n)Pdx
= C + J(1  n)Q •
Ja~n)Pdx
This form is called Bernoulli's equation. 9. Solution of dy yY(x)  y1 =  — j , where \/(x) is a
If a, b, c f r e nonzero noncoplanar vectors, then /j = 2a  3b + c, r2 = 3a5b + 2c, r3 = 4a  5b + c are • (a) linearly independent (b) linearly dependent (c) ?3 = ar x 13r 2 ; a , P e R (d) none of these. If a = i +] + k, b = 41 +3] + 4k and are linearly dependent vectors and I c I = V3 then, (a) a = 1, P =  1 (b) a = 1, P = ±1 (c) a =  1 , P = +1 (d) a = ±1, P = 1.
function of x is (a) \/(x) = x + C (arbitrary constant) (b) y(x) = x + C (arbitrary constant)
(c) y \/(x) = x + C (arbitrary constant) (d) y \/(x) = x + C (arbitrary constant) 10. Solution of the differential equation dy
dx 2
1 xy[x sin y2 +1] ^•(cosy 2  s i n y 2 ) — j = C (C is constant) 2 1 . 2 • 2\ 1  ( c o s y + siny )   r = C (C is constant) 1 K c o s y 2  s i•n y 2^ +   = C (C is constant) ( ) K c o s y 2 + s • n y 2\ +  1  = C (C is constant) ( i ) r
Using the following data, solve Q.6 to Q.8
Given a function 'g' which has a derivative g'(x) for every real 'x' and which satisfy g'(0) = 2 and g(x + y) = eyg(x) + e? g(y) for all x and y. The function g(x) is (a) x(2+xex) (b) x(e* + 1) (c) 2xex (d) x + l n ( x + l ) The range of the function g(x) is (a) R (b) [2/e, (c) [1/e, 8. The value lim g(x) is (b) 1 (d) does not exist. (d) [0,
„2
(a) (b) (c)< (d)
(a) 0 (c) oo
SECTIONII Subjective Type
11. Find the value of l ( c o s ?  c o s ^ 4 c o s ^ l 7 7 7 12. From a point, common tangents are drawn to the circle x2 + y2 = 8 and parabola y 2 = I6x. Find the area of the
Using the following data, solve Question No. 9 to 10
Sometimes differential equations which are not linear can be r e d u c e d to t h e l i n e a r f o r m by s u i t a b l e transformation. For example an equation of the form dy + Py = Qy , where P and Q are function of x only or constants and n(J= 0 and 1) is a constant. • • • f r n  a f ...(1) [dividing by y" both sides] Letyl~" = z Put the value of y dz + (1  n)Pz = (1  ri)Q which is linear in z. So, solution is
281 MATHEMATICS TODAY I FEBRUARY'I13
n
EXAM DATES
CBSE PMT(Prelims) IITJEE WBJEE MGIMS CBSE AIEEE AFMC BHU Screening BITSAT CBSE PMT (Mains) DPMT DCE BHU Mains 6 t h April 13 th April 20 th April 2 0 * April 27 th April 4 th May 7 th May 9 th May t o 12th June 11 th May 18 th May 31 st May 15 th June
ndy_ = dz = £ dx dx in (1) we get,
quadrilateral f o r m e d by the c o m m o n tangents, the chord of contact of the circle and the chord of contact of the parabola. 1 3 . T h e l i n e x + y = 0 m e e t s t h a t x  a x i s at A a n d vaxis at B. A AAMN is i n s c r i b e d in the A O A B , O b e i n g t h e o r i g i n , A r e a (AAMN) Area (AOAB) 3 o > then f i n d the v a l u e 8 w i t h r i g h t a n g l e at N; M a n d N lie r e s p e c t i v e l y o n OB a n d AB. If ratio of the of AN BN" SECTIONIII Matrix Match Type This section statements matched. matched contains given Statements 3 questions. in two Each question which have contains to II. 3 2 be columns (R)
(Q)
fix) lim J
It
•dt\
(B)  1 / 2
if/(l) = 4and/'(l) = 2 8(x) = J(31 2
2g'(t))dt;
(C) 3
t h e n g'(2) (S) lim x»0 tan
1
is xsin
l
x
(D) 3/2
ANSWERS
Part I 1. (c) 5. (b) 9. (b) 13. (a, c, d) 17. (d) 21. (d) 2. 6. 10. 14. 18. 22. (b) (b) (a) (a, b, c) (a,c) (b) 3. (a) 7. (c) 11. (a) 15. (b, c) 19. (c,d) 4. 8. 12. 16. 20. (d) (c) (a) (d) (a,b)
(P, Q, R, S) in Column
I have to be
with Statements
(A, B, C, D) in Column (A) (B)
14 Column I
(P) T h e small positive integer n f o r w h i c h ( 1 + i)2n = (1  i)2n is ( Q ) T h e v a l u e o f x + y, if x a n d y s a t i s f y the equation (1 + i)x  2i (2  3i)y + i ' . +  — = I is 3 + ( 3i ( R ) If z = 3  4 i , t h e n z 4  3 z 3 + 99z95
x
Column I I
Part 11 4. (b, c) 1. (a) 2. 3. (c) (b, c) 6. 7. 8. (a) 5. (<i) (b) (c) 11. [0001] 12. [0060] 9. b) 10. (a) 13. [0003] 14. (P) (B), (Q) • • (B), (R)  • (D), (S) (C) (B), (Q)  • (C), (R)  • (D), (S) —» (A) 15. (P) 16. (P) > (C), (Q)  • (A), (R)  • (D), (S) ^ (B) For detailed solution visit website : www.vidyalankar.org
(C) = (D)
4 5
( S ) If z = x + iy, z 1 / 3  a  ib t h e n y 7k(a2 a b a n d t h e v a l u e of k is
a and
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b2),
15. Column I
n/2
Column I I
dx ( A ) 2  l  _
(P)
J
(1 + s i n x ) ( 2 + s i n x )
4171/4
(Q)
1
0
[cosx] dx
(B)log4log3
(R) o e (S)
\x3(\x)Adx
( C ) 2 0
+
7 2
I logxdx lie
(D)
1/280
16 Column I
(P)
lim f(2h + 2 + h1)
z
Column I I
 f ( 2 ) +1)/(1) (A) 16
f ( h  h
M T G BOOKS
503, Taj Apt., Ring Road. Near Safdarjung Hospital New Delhi  110 029 Tel.: 26191601, 26194317
if/'(2) = 6 a n d / ' ( l ) = 4
28 MATHEMATICS TODAY I F B U R 'I13 ERAY
I
ft.
SL
MODEl TEST PAPER
interchanged in position, the resultant is displaced through a distance d along AB. Where d = (a) (c)
P+ Q PQ PQ P + Q
aft 
<3b6M&
ioi.
RatRt.
(life.
The locus of a point equidistant from two given points a and b is given by (a) (b) (c) (d) r  j ( a + b) r(ab) r(a r^iab) + b) (ab) =0
AB AB x — sinx x + cos2* (b) 1
(b) (d)
2P + Q AB 2 PQ
PQ
(a+b) = 0 (a + b) = 0 (ab) =0
2P + Q
AB
9.
lim
(a) 0
(c) 2 (lcos2x)
(d)
1
/
a
If (1  x + x2)n = a0 + a x x + a2x2 + ... + a2„x2", then o + a2 + a4 + ••• + a2n equals 3" + 1 3"  1 13" 1 (a) (b) ^ (c) (d) 3"
The value of lim x>0
(a) 1 (c) 0
is x (b)  1 (d) None of these
Ten different letters of an alphabet are given. Words with 5 letters are formed from these given letters. Then the number of words which have at least one letter repeated is (a) 69760 (b) 30240 (c) 99748 (d) None of these A given force F is resolved into two components P and Q along directions equally inclined to the direction of F, then (a) P = 2Q (b) 2P = Q (c) P = Q (d) None of these A boat takes t\ to travel a distance 'd' up a river and a time t2 to return. The speed of boat in still water is (a) (c) d(tj+t2) hh diht2) hh (b) (d) d(h+t2) 2f,f 2 d(ht2) ltxt2
If a particle moves with uniform acceleration, the distances covered by it in consecutive seconds are in (b) G.P (a) A.P. (d) None of these (c) H.P. If A = tan"'x, then the value of sin 2A is 2x 2x (a) (b) 1x2 Vd*2) 2x (d) None of these (c) l + x2
/
13. F r o m a balloon rising vertically with u n i f o r m
acceleration / , a ball is dropped. 4 seconds after this another ball is dropped from the balloon. The distance between the two balls, 2 seconds after the second ball is dropped is (a) 16(g + / ) (b) 10(g + / ) (c) 8 ( g + f ) (d) None of these Z + Z = 0 if and only if (a) R(z) = 0 (b) /(z) = 0 (c) z = 0 (d) None of these , 1 1 — + 1 = — +  , then a, b, c are in c a c (a) A.P. (b) G.P. (c) H.P. (d) H.P. and G.P. both 16. Both the roots of the equation ( x  • b) (x  c) + (x  c) (x  a) + (x  a) (x  b) = 0 are (a) positive (b) negative (c) real (d) None of these 1
A fivedigit number divisible by 3 is to be formed using the numbers of 0,1, 2, 3 , 4 and 5 without repitition. The total number of ways this can be done is (a) 216 (b) 240 (c) 600 (d) 3125 If A, B, C are in A.P., then the straight line Ax + By + C = 0 will always pass through a fixed point whose coordinates are (a) (2,1) (b) ( 1 ,  2 ) (c) (3,2) (d) (1,1) Two like parallel forces P and Q (P > Q) act on a 'gid body at points A and B respectively. If P and Q be
MATHEMATICS TODAY283JANUARY'08
The value of cot (a) nx (b) 2nx
2
7(1  sin x) + (c) x/2
1 + sin x) (d)
7(1  sin x)  7(1 + sin x)
is
n(l/2)x
+ x k respectively are 5 (a) (c) ^  , 2
and
If J
dx = a l n + c, the value of a and x +1 2 , 5 g and ^
The equation z  z has (a) no solution (b) 2 solutions (c) four solutions (d) an infinite number of solutions. If the sum of the series 2, 5, 8, 11,... is 60100, then n is (a) 100 (b) 200 (c) 150 (d) 250 Let / (x) = x3 + 3x2 + 6x + 9, then the equation 1 2 3  = 0 has x  / ( 1) x f (2) *  / ( 3) (a) no real roots (b) 1 real root (c) 2 real roots (d) more than 2 real roots. The number of integral solutions of the equation (1  if = 2* are (a) 0 (b) 1 (c) 2 (d) 3. 2sinx
. • r, Let / ( * ) = A s m x + 5
(b)
5
(d) None of these
and 2
In a three storey building there are 4 rooms on ground floor, 2 on the first floor and 2 on the 2nd floor. Rooms have to be alloted to six (6) persons one person occupying one room only. Then the number of ways of doing this so that no floor is empty is (a) 8 P 6  2 ( 6 ! ) (b) sp 6 33! (c) (in)33! (d) None of these
K to t \ cotr'2 + cot '8 + c o r 1 1 8 + ... I oo equal (a) (b,
(C
f
(d) None of these
if
r if
X
K
~~2
71
— <x< — —
X
n
cosx
if
2
The values of A and B so t h a t / ( x ) is continuous every where are (a) A = 0 , 5 = 1 (b) A = 1 , B = 1 (c) A = — 1, 5 = 1 (d) A =  1 , 5 = 0 Solutions of the differential equation + «"*) + ! = 0 are given by dx J\ dx x (a) y + e~ =C (b) y — erx=C (c) y + ex = C (d) y — = C Area bounded by (x2 + y 2 ) 2 = x 2 y 2 is (a) 1 (b) 2 (c) 3 (d) 4 The probabilities of 3 mutually exclusive events are 3p + l 1 p 12p •. Then (a) (c) 0 < p <^ \ < p < 1 1 1 (b) j < p < ^ (d) 0 < p < i
Let a, b and c be three noncoplanar vectors, and let p, q and r be the vectors defined by the relations bxc cxa , axb P = the value 0f Wbc\'q = [abc\anAr=[abc\^ the expression (a + b) • p + (b + c) • q + (c + a) • r is equal to (a) 0 (b) 1 (c) 2 (d) 3 (xa)2 If (;ya)2 (za) X=(x ,x,
2 2 2
(xb)2 (yb)2 (zb)
2
(xc)2 (yc)2 = 0 and the vector (zc)2
1), Y=(y ,y, l)andZ=(z 2 ,z, 1), are noncoplanar, (b) non coplaner (d) non collinear
then the vectors (a2, a, 1), (b2, b, 1) and (c2, c, 1) are (a) coplaner (c) collinear
/ ( x ) = cos(/x)  7sin(z'x) (i = 7  1 ) . T h e value of / ( f i x ) + f(2x)
3
+ / ( 3 x ) . . . °°)dx is (b) In (1 + e"1 + e~2) (d) In (1 + e1 + e~l)
(a) In (1 + e + e~l) (c) In (1 + e + e2)
If tan(7tcos0) = cot(7tsin0), 0 e  0 ,   then cosl 0  ^ 372 4 3 572
Foot of the the perpendicular drawn from origin to a plane is (  3, 5,  8). Equation of plane is (a) 3x  5y + 8z + 48 = 0 (b) 3 x  5 y + 8z = 48 (c) 3x  5y + 8z = 40 (d) 3x  5y + 8z =  4 0 .
(a)
(b)
472
(c)
(d)
MATHEMATICS TODAY283JANUARY'08
An urn contains 2 white and 2 black balls. A ball is drawn at random. If it is white, it is not replaced, otherwise it is replaced with another ball of same color. The process is repeated. The probability that third drawn ball is black is (a) 19/30 (b) 17/30 (c) 23/30 (d) 7/30
IIT dream comes true for Bihar, AP
Enrollment to start from next academic year in temporary campuses
Bihar and Andhra Pradesh have got an edge over Rajasthan. The prestigious Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) will start functioning in both states
Solution of the differential equation
x c o s x ^ ^ j + y ( x s i n x 4  c o s x ) = l is
(a) xy — sin x + c cos x (c) xy + sin x + c cos x = 0
(b) (d)
xy sec x = tan x + c None of these + x(y')2 (d) = 2xy',
36 A c u r v e y = f ( x ) s a t i s f i e s y"x2
/ ( 0 ) = 0 a n d / ' ( l ) = 1, t h e n / ( l ) = 4 — 71 4 — 71 (a)  f (b) ^ f . (c) 2 — 71
from the next academic year The HRD Ministry has informed Bihar and Andhra Pradesh that admissions to the two new IITs will start in temporary campuses, while the ministry sets up new campuses. The new campus w i l l be build around 100 kilometers from Patna in Bihar and Isnapur in Medak district of Andhra Pradesh. The campuses will be build in an area of 500600 acres at a cost of Rs. 1,800 crore. In a letter to the chief secretaries of the two state governments, the HRD ministry has asked for makeshift campuses so t h a t enrolment of students can start. "Only a few students for limited disciplines will be admitted in the first year and temporary campuses will be linked to an existing IIT," a ministry official said. However, IIT aspirants in Rajasthan might not be as fortunate. "No final decision has been taken as to where an IIT will come up in Rajasthan," a senior ministry official said. The ministry had announced new IITs for Bihar, Andhra Pradesh and Rajasthan in 200607. There is a debate over whether an IIT should come up in the education city of Kota or somewhere near Jaipur. Since the location of the proposed IIT in Rajasthan has not yet been decided, the Centre has held back its final decision, a ministry official said. A committee headed by the ministry's joint secretary Ravi Mathur had visited the proposed sites in Rajasthan but no final decision has been taken. Human Resource Development minister Arjun Singh had received a number of
71 — 2
Two numbers x and y are chosen at random (without replacement) from amongst the numbers 1, 2, 3,... 2004. The probability thatx 3 + y 3 is divisible by 3 is (a) 1/3 (b) 2/3 (c) 1/6 (d) 1/4. If the line y = V 3 x  3 cuts parabola y = x + 2 a t A and B then PAPB = [p.(J3,0)] (b) (d) 3(273)
? 2
(a) (c)
4(V3 + 2) 3 4^3 2
( 2 + V3).
A line meets the coordinate axes in A and B. A circle is circumscribed about the triangle OAB. If the distances from A and B of the tangent to the circle at the origin be m and n, then the diameter of the circle is (a) m(m + ri) (b) m + n (c) n(m + n) (d) m2 + n2. x2 y2 A point on the ellipse ,  — = 1 at a distance equal to the
16 9
mean of the lengths of the semimajor axis and semiminor axis from the centre is
(a)
(c)
f 2791 3>/l0jO 7 ' 14
I
J
(b) (d)
f 2s/91 7 '
3Jl05) 14 J
2yT05 7 '
3^91 14
2^105 3 ^ 9 1 7 ' 14
2
J
2
If the normal at P to the rectangular hyperbola x  y = 4 meets the axes in G and g and C is the centre of the hyperbola, then (a) PG = PC (b) Pg = PC(c) PG = Pg (d) Gg = 2PC.
1. 7. 13. 19. 25. 31. 37.
(a) (b) (a) (b) (b) (a) (a)
2. 8. 14. 20. 26. 32. 38.
(a) (c) (a) (c) (a) (b) (a)
3. 9. 15. 21. 27. 33. 39.
(a) (a) (c) (b) (b) (a) (b)
4. 10. 16. 22. 28. 34. 40.
(c) (d) <c) (c) (a) (c) (a, b, c,
5. 11. 17. 23. 29. 35. d)
(b) (a) (d) (a, d) (d) (a, b)
6. 12. 18. 24. 30. 36. 41.
(a) (c) (c) (a) (d) (b) (a, b, c, d)
representations from state politicians to the people for IIT at both the sites. "In this confusion we are not sure whether IIT admissions can start in Rajasthan from the next academic year," a ministry official said.
M O D E L T E S T PAPER W B JEE Integra Calculus
1. (a) (c) 2.
71
r dx Jx1/5(1 + X4/5)I/2 (l + x 4 / 5 ) 1 / 2 + c x (l
4,5 +
ec uals
l
(c) §(1 + x 4 / 5 ) 1 / 2 + c
1. Jl + x" 1 log , n Vl + x " + l
log4
(d) none of these.
(b)
x 'Y +c
4
2
(d) none of these
»J .
«
<0
equals
log 2
T h e p r i m i t i v e of the f u n c t i o n x l c o s x\, w h e n
. .
— < x < it is given by (a) cos x + x sin x (c) x sin x  cos x (b)  cos x  x sin x (d) none of these
I
f
(b)
J
(d) none of these
3. J x*(l + log x) dx equals (a) x 1 log x + c (b) e*x + c (c) X? + c (d) none of these 4. If rllcosx16sinx dx = Ax + £ l o g ( 2 c o s x + 5 s i n x ) + c J 2cosx + 5sinx then (a) A =  2, B = 3 (b) A = 3,B = 2 (c) A = 2, B =  3 (d) A=3,B = 2 5. If J g(x) = g(x) then J [ f i x ) +f'(x) g(x)]dx equals (a) f ( x ) g(x) + c (b) f i x ) g(x) + c (c) { f i x ) f'ix)}gix) f + c (d) f i x ) • g\x) + c f(xM'(x) + Mx)f'(x) ; equals J [fix)(f,ix) + l ] ^ i x ) f i x )  l (a) (b) cos^lfix)} Wix)} t a n { / ( x ) <>(x)} + c
1 2 2
B+l 10. If for every integer n, J fix)dx
n
= n2 then J
2
fix)dx
equals (a) 16 (c) 19
nn
(b) 14 (d) none of these
5JC
11. Let /[ = j / ( I c o s x I)dx and I2 = J / ( I c o s x I)dx then (a) 7 i : / 2 = 5 :n (c) I1+I2 = n + 5 12.
(b) / , : / 2 = n : 5 (d) h  I 2 = n5
J c o t ' ( l  x + x 2 ) ^ equals o (b) (d) log2  + log 2
(a) n  log 2 (c) n + l o g 2
c
+c sin IZj£+
l
(c)
Jt 13.
(d) none of these 7. (a) (c) I f / ( 0 ) = / ' ( 0 ) = 0 and f i x ) = tan 2 *, t h e n / ( x ) is 1 2 log(secx)x 1 2 log(secx) + — x f
8
71 ' (a) n
J1+ a
cos
2
X
J
dx,a
> 0 equals (d) 271
(b)
1 2 log(cosx) +  x
(b) A7i
(C)
2 is
(d) none of these
14.
F(x) = j l o g t + yfl +
dx

J
WT77
equals Vi + x" + 1 Vl + x"  ]
(a) an even function (c) a periodic function
z
(b) an odd function (d) none of these f'{gix)}g'ix)dx, where
(a)
log
Vl + x"  1 Vl + x" + 1
(b)
log
15. The value of jifigix)}]'1
By : Debjit Banerjee 65, Manik Bandyopadhyay Path, Sail Coop, City Centre Durgapur, Mobile : 9832161574 62
MATHEMATICS TODAY I MARCH '08
g(l) = g(2) is (a) 1 (c) 0
71/2
(b) 2 (d) none of these
 fix)dx it/2 (a) 0 24.  1 logx
is (b) f
(c) 71
If f ( x ) is a quadratic such t h a t / ( 0 ) = 5 , / ' ( 0 ) =  4, / " ( 0 ) = 6, then jf(x)dx o (a) 2 (b) 4
2
:
(d) e2
is equal to (c) 8 equals (c) 5 (d) 3 (d) 10
dx equals (b) 3 (c) 2
"
J (I x I + I x 11)dx
 2
(a) 5
(a)
2
(b) 7
25. J25 l 0 g 5 ( 2 * + 3 ) rfx equals (a) ^(x2+3x) + c (b) 4 jx +6x +9 x + c
• 11 x + x  2 I dx equals o (a) 9 (b) 8 (d) none of thes (c) 6 19. Let / ( x ) and g(x) be continuous functions over the closed interval [0, a] such t h a t / ( x ) = / (a  x) and
a
(c) 2(x2 + 3x) + c
2
(d) 5(x2 + 3x) + c
26. J — — dx equals (x 2 + l ) V x 4 + l ( x +1 2 + c (b) (a) 4= sec 1 4~2 V2 (c) sec x'+l Xyf2 +c
 1
1
/ 2 ,^ 2 x +1 XJ2
+c
g{x) + g(a  x) = 2 then J f(x)g(x)dx o (a) o (c) 2a
x •
equals,
(d) none of these
jf(x)dx
a
(b)
jg(x)dx 0 (d) none of these
27. J—
(x 1 )dx 1
X
equals y tan 1
V
(x 4 + 3x 2 + l ) t a n ~ 1 x + v (a) (c) cot
1
20. If f ( x ) = Jf—dt t (a)  1 (c) 1 21. If f(x)= f ^Hdt _jl + r
then l i m / ' ( x ) equals (b) 0 (d) none of these then / ' 3 v y equals
fx +
+c
(b)
x+— +c
X
1 log x +  + c X
13
2
(d) none of these
28. J x (a,
(l + x 5 / 2 ) 1 / 2 r f x equals
+ + + +
« ?
(d) none of these K 22. If / j = J x • / { x ( l  x)}dx 1 K and
f
+c +c
(c)
K i ^ m ^ f ^ u / " )  ! '
+c
12 = J / { x ( l  x) }dx where 2K1 > 0 then : I2 equals 1 K (a) 2 : 1 (b) K: 1 (c) 1 : 2 (d) 1 : 1 x 23. If fix): sinx tanx cosx x
2
(d) none of these 29 , ,
(a)
J
1 w f
1
dx
equals l *  1 1, w r + 4 l o
1X2
e
2
X x + l
g
a n
secx then the value of 2
(b)
x +x +l x2  x + l
+c
1
ivf
a n
1 1, w r + 4 l o
g
X +x +l
+c
MATHEMATICS TODAY I MARCH '08

z x x + 1 1 _1 x + 1 1 +c —7= tan w r  4 l o s X +x +1 2V3 (d) none of these
, , (c)
37. \f(z)dz 0 2 (a) log^ 1 lim _ (c) log 3 38. (a) (c)
i = x + \zf(z)dz (b) n2
£ then, j f(x)dx log
equals
30. (a)
rsin!20  sin96 dd equals 1 2cos79  1 sin 50 sin 20 .20 .50 — — +c (b) s i n  — sin — + c cos50 5 x2l x V 2x 4  2x2 + 1
hc
(d) none of these
+.
nA (n +1) 3
, N cos20 (c) — 2 31.
n—
(n + 2)
equals
W none of these dx equals 2x +1
3 s Q o (d) none of these + x 2 m + xm) (2x 6m + lxm + U)1,mdx equals
(a) (c)
V2x 4  2 x 2 + 1 V2x  2x + 1
4 2
+c +c
(b) (d)
•+c
39. j(x7m (a)
4^
2x 2x
+1 • +c
(a) (c)
dx equals [a < 0] 2 x +a 1 _l x  7 = tan —j= + c (b) \la yja 1 2^a log x  sja
1
tan
 7 =
x
+
c
m+1 (2x 7m + l x 2 m + 1 4 x f f l ) ~ (b) 14(m +1) m+1 (c) (2x 7m + l x 2 m + x m ) m (d) none of these 40. J(x*) 2 (l + logx)c?x equals (a) (0
T +
(.xlm + xlm + x m ) m + 1 m+1
(d) none of these
f n 1 . 5 i  s i n X — dx equals J X X / 1/5
+ c . x y + i (b) 371 
(b) x* + k (d) none of these _i x 4 + l A dx equals x
V
(a) 0 (c) 5 J sin e logl/5 v (a) 2 cos15JC/2
k / 2
(b)
5 41.
(d) none of these dx equals y (b) 2 cos—
j tan  1
4
+ tan
(a) 27t +1
(c) 4n J cos l4tdt 0 (c) n
(d) 7i equals (d) 7t/4
(c) 0
J sin l4tdt+ 0 (a) tc/3 (b) ti/2
(d) none of these [I sinx I + I cosx I]dx equals (b) 56
3
J
(a) 0 If 1 J f (x)dx 2 (a) 3
(c) 60
3
(d) 58 then
I f / ( x ) = 3[x] + 5 and / ( x ) = 5[x  2] + 7 then 2 Jx[x + f(x)]dx equals, [ ] represents greatest integer 1 function, (a) 63 (c) 126 lim — ]esin2'dt j (b) ^
J f(x)dx 2 equals
= 5
and
j[2  f(x)]dx
(d) none of these e^'dt
equals
(b)  3
(c) 7
(d)
 7
64
MATHEMATICS TODAY I MARCH '08
(a) (c)
esin " sin 2u • e
3
(b) 0 (d) none of these dx
(c) m = 3, n = 5
(d) m = 3, n = 1
53. If p and q are order and degree of the differential
2 dy 3d y equation v  f  + x —r2 + xy = c o s x then dx dx
45. f 2 \ x + [x]2 + 1  2x[x] equals, [ ] represent greatest integer function
(a)
(c)
p<q p>q
(b) P = q (d) none of these
(a)
371 T
(b)
f
/ ^
(C)
71
4
w
¥
54. The solution of differential equation (l + x 2 ) ^ + l + y 2 = 0 is (a) tan _1 x  tan _1 y = tan _1 c (b) tan _1 y  tan _1 x  tan" (c) tan~'y ± tan^'x = tan _1 c (d) tan _1 y + t a n ' x = tan 55. The degree of the differential equation £ y dx2
\2
46. The degree of the differential equation 5/3 dy' 5 d2y . 5 + x —— is dx dx2 (a) 4 (b) 2 (c) 5 (d) 3
47. The order of the differential equation, where general solution is given by y = CjC0s(2x + c2)  (c 3 + c4)ax+cs + c 6 sin(x  c 7 ) is (a) 3 (b) 4 (c) 5 (d) 2 48. The solution of the differential equation yxy3 = y22 is (a) x = Ci&y + c3 (b) y = cxe°ix + c3 c (c) 2x = C\e iy + c3 (d) none of these 49. The general solution of the differential equation ^ (a) (b) (c) (d) + yg'(x) = g(x)g'(x) is
+ sin
dy dx
= 0 is
(a) 2 (b) 1 (c) can not be determined (d) none of these 56. If the tangent at any point P of a curve meets the axis of X in T such that OP = PT, then the equation of the curve is (a) x cy (b) xy = c (c) x = cy or xy = c (d) none of these 57. The equation of the curve passing through the pt (1,1) so that the segment of any tangent drawn to the curve between its point of tangency and the y axis is bisected at the x axis is (a) circle (b) parabola (c) ellipse (d) hyperbola 58. The slope of the tangent at each point of a curve is equal to the sum of the coordinates of the point. The curve passing through the origin will be (a)x + y = e*l ( b ) x  y = exl (c) x + y = e* + 1 (d) none of these 59. The curve for which the portion of the tangent at any pt. of it included between the coordinate axes is bisected at the point of contact will be (a) circle (b) parabola (c) rectangular hyperbola (d) none of these 60. f"(x) (a) = tan 2 x, / ( 0 ) = / ' ( 0 ) = 0 then
g(x) + log{l + y + g(x)} =c g(x) + log{ 1+y g(x)} = c g(x)  log{ 1 + y  g{x)} = c none of these
50. The solution of differential equation dy_ 1 + x + y~ + xy , y(0) = 0 is dx (a) y = exp
v
1(b) y
2
y = 1 + c exp x + —
V X2 ^ ~2 2
(c) y = tan (c + x + x )
(d)
y = tan
51. Which of the following transformations reduce the differential equation dx + — l o g z = ^r(logz) 2 into x x
du — + P(x)u = Q(x) form? (a) u = log x (c) i< = (logz) 1 (b) u = ez (d) u ~ (log z)2
x2 / ( x ) = log I secx I + — f ( x ) = log I s e c x I + x 2 + 1 x2 f i x ) = log I s e c x I  —
(b) (c)
52. If m and n are order and degree of the differential , (y,) 3 , equation (y 2 ) + \ + y3 = x 1 then
>3
(d) none of these 61. J5 5 dx equals
(a) m = 3,n = 3
(b) m = 3, n = 2
MATHEMATICS TODAY I MARCH 08
65
(a) 4 (a) (log 5) (b) 5 (log 5)
(b) 5
(c) 7
(d) 3
The area of the region bounded by the curve y = x 5 , x axis and x = l & x =  l i s given by (a) 0 ^ (b) 
(c) 62 (a)
(log 5)
(d) none of these dx
J (x
2
= A t a n ~ ' x + fitan1^ + c then + l)(x + 4 ) " ' 2
2 (b)
1
 (b) i
(d) none of these
A = L
5 = 
(C)
A= i
(d) B =
"72. The area of the region bounded by the curve y = x  x2 and x = 0 & x = l i s given by (a) (c)i (d) g
63. If f { x ) = . and g(x) = sin x then 2 l+x \fog(x) cos x dx equals (a) sin x  tan _1 (sin x) + c (b) cos x tan _1 (sin x) + c (c) cos x + tan _1 (sin x) + c (d) sin x  tan _1 (cos x) + c 64. f"(x)=xr , (a) (c) 3x + 4 4 x 2x + 3\fx
•fx
2 3/2
3. The area of the region bounded by the curve y = ax2 and x = ay2 (a > 0) is 1 sq. unit, then a equals (a) S (b)I (c) 1 (d) i
/ ' ( 4 ) = 2 a n d / ( 0 ) = 0 then/(x) equals (b) 3x4yfx (d) 2x  3\[x
74. The area of the region bounded by the curve y = xlxl, x axis and x = l & x =  l i s given by (a) (0   (b) 3
65. If (jjf.v) = J sin t dt then ()'(1) equals (a) sin 1 (c)  sin 1
:
(d) none of these
(b) 2 sin 1 (d) none of these — x
75. The area of the region bounded by the curve y = lx  11 and y = 1 is given by (a) 1 (b) 2 <c,I (d) none of these
d 66. Let  H F ( x ) ] = dx if j——^—dx (a) 4
67
W
7
= F(k)  F(l) then X equals (b) (c) 16 equals [a > 0 , f c > 0 ] (c) 1 (d) 0 (d) 32
76. The area of the region bounded by the curve (y  l)(y  5) = 4x and y axis is given by (a) 32 
00??
(d) none of these
„ *
2
? sin29d0 J flfrcose (b) dx
8 (0 3
(a) n It/2n 68.
' 7  The slope of the tangent to a curve is (2x + 1) and it passes through the point (1, 2). The area of the region bounded by the curve, x axis and x = 1 is given by (a) \ 5 2 (b) 5
I t
+ cot nx
equals (c) (d)
(a) 0
®
(c)
(d) none of these
I
2n
nil 69. The m10 = J x 1 0 sin xdx then « l 0 + 90m8 equal
78. The area bounded by the lines Ixl + lyl = 1 is (a) 15 (b) 2 (c) 3 (d) 4 The area of the region bounded by the curve y = sin x, y = cos x, x = 0 and x = n/4 is given by (a) (c) V2 + 1 2V2 (b) V21 (d) none of these
„
70.
rit
w i o . f i i (d>
J [ x  2 I + [x\]dx equals
80. The area of the region bounded by the curve y = e*,
MATHEMATICS TODAY283JANUARY'08
y = erx and x = 0 & x = 2 i s given by (a)
\
e
1 — e
(b)
2 e
2
1  
(c)
(e + g
(d) none of these
Hint:  1 0 1 2 3 4 j fix) +\f(x)dx +J fix)dx + jfix)dx +J/(x)rfx +J/(x)rfx  2  1 0 1 2 3 = (  2)2 + (  l) 2 + 02 + l 2 + 2 2 + 3 2 = 19 11. (b) Hint : cot  1 (1  x + x 2 ) = tan" = tan~'x  tan~'(x  1) i l I = Jtan_1xrfxjtan_1(xl)iix 0 o 1 1 1 + x(x 1)
SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTION Is the following statement true? Give reason.
T
d J f ( x ) d x= \
dx
= Jtan 1 xdx  Jtan~'{ (1  x)  1 }dx
= Jtan ' x r f x + J t a n 1 xdx = 2j"tan 1 xdx o o o 7 1 2 K 2 C cos x , r cos (0  ; Hint: / = I dx = — dx •L1 + ax I 1+a
If ^ ( / U ) } = dx
then/(x) =
g(x)justify.
If u = \eax cos bx dx and v = Je a r sin bx dx then prove that (a2 + b2) (u2 + v 2 ) = e2ax
2 2
If j f ( x ) d x = Jg(x)dx t h e n / ( x ) = g(x). Examine the l l validity of the statement with examples. b b Prove that j f ( x ) d x = j f (a + ba a
I + 1 = J cos 2 X
x)dx
1 •+ 1 dx =  cos 2 xdx 1 + ax 1 + aTx b use jfix)dx = j f(a + b
x)dx
If (Kx) = / ( x ) + xf'ix)
then find \§(x)dx g(x)]dx
Hint: By Newton Leibnitz formula we have d_ J dx fit)dt = /{<t>(x)}^{<))(x)}/{e(x)}^{e(x)}
n/2 Evaluate J [ f ( x ) + f(x)][g(x)
it/2
6(.v)
What is differential equation? Solve the differential equation
=
f (ax + by + c)
•'• F'(x) = log[x + Vl + xL ] Now F'( x) =  F'(x) ;. F\x) is an odd function We know that the derivative of an even function is an odd function. Therefore Fix) must be even. 15. (c) 16. (d)
a
17.
(a)
18.
a
(d)
What is represented by the solution of the differential equation (ax + hy + g)dx + (hx + by +f)dy = 0 ANSWER Hint: Put 1 + X ' = z 71 Hint : for — < x < n, \ cosx I =  c o s x reqd. primitive J  x cos x dx. 3. (c) 4. (a) Hint : Let / = J/(x) g{x)dx + \f'{x)g(x)dx = f(x) lg(x)  \[f'(x)\g(x)dx\dx + \f'(x)g{x)dx = / ( x ) g(x)  J/'(x) g(x)dx + \f'{x)g(x)dx Hint : Put M>(x)/(x)  1] = z2 x dx Hint: Jf — Put 1 + X" = t2 n \l 1 + x" :.
45
a
Hint: / = \f{x)gix)dx 0
a
= j f ( a  x)gia  x)dx 0
a
= J / ( x ) { 2  gix)}dx = l\fix)dx 0 0 a :. 21 = 2\,fix)dx 0
\f(x)g(x)dx 0
Hint: Use Newton Leibnitz theorem [see answer 14] b Hint: \fix)dx
a
b = j f i a +ba
x)dx I2Il
K I, = J (lx)f[(lx)x}dx 1 K 2f =I2 ;. : I2 = 1 : 2 Hint: / (  x ) =  / ( x )
=
71/2 oddfunction J f(x)dx
=0
MATHEMATICS TODAY I MARCH '08
67
(bl
Hint: The differential equation cannot be expressed as the polynomial of differential coefficient, so that its degree can not be determined.
XH
Hint: Jf
X
— f
1
X.
X +
= Put X +  = z 1 X
The equation of the tangent to the curve y = / ( x ) at (x, y) is y  y = £ ( X  x ) Putting y = 0. y = ^(Xx) dx :. 0(0,0) X=xy^' dy
(d) Hint: Put 1 + x512 = z2 (b) 30. (c) 31. (d)
12.
(c)
T\xy^,0
, P(x,y),
Hint: Put x = z
I M t  K  I M '  T H
Hint: sin v ex 1 ex +1
/
Hint: Y  y = + dx "dy By the problem 0+ X Y dy dx xy * dy
dx
^f(Xx)
is an odd function
Hint: From Answer 14. By Newton Leibnitz
f(x) = 1  x / ( x ) 1 f(x). 1+x 60. (e) 65. 66.
Hint: J x(x7m' + x2m] + x" M )(2x 6m + lxm + \A)Vmdx = I (x7m"' + x2m~' + xm~1)(2x7"' + lxlm + I4xm)l,mdx Put 2xlm + 7x2m + 14x"! = z Hint: Newton Leibnitz [Ans. 14] lb) f esin2! at + fj esin2 t dt t, . I Hint: lim i>0 u+x J e si " 2 ' = lim
61. Hint
62. (d)
63. la)
64. (b)
Hint Fix) = int:
£sinx 2
j
dx 16 gSinz j^rdz = F(16)F(l)
4
2
J
1 67. (d) 69.
X
dx =\^7rd(x1)= 68 Hint
70. (b)
l
f r 0 m = lim
gsin
(u+x) 1
Hint: Reqd. area JI x5 I dx
x > —0
[By Newton Leibnitz Ans. 14] x= 1 Hint : 5 + t ,2 N3 d y dx2
N
M x=  l or — = c, yi Hint: y = x( x) =  x 2 when x < 0 = x(x) = x2 when x > 0 o 1 Reqd. area = j x2dx +jx2dx 1 o 75. (a)
in Hintt :
y2
= 0
or — ( 1 = 0 dx[y! )
y
Hint: ^ = (1 + x)(l + y 2 ) dx dy 1+y • (1 + x)dx 52. (b> 53. (a) 54. (d)
y = x'J x= 1
Q
x
=1
O
\
A
M
MATHEMATICS TODAY283JANUARY'08
76.
Hint:
X
0
0 5
y
l
3 3  1 4 4 2 3 4 y=S
Bengal students best at maths: NCERT survey
New Delhi: One of the country's most stringent surveys of learning abilities of class V students by NCERT has found that West Bengal is on top, followed by Karnataka, Gujarat, Jharkhand and Tripura, Uttar Pradesh has also made rapid strides making it to the sixth position. The survey, which was conducted in 6,828 schools, 79% of them in rural areas, across 266 districts of 33 states and which tested 84,322 students in environment science, maths and language, found that there was a small overall increase (60.31 % from 58.87%) in language ability and mathematics (46.51% to 48.46%) in the learning abilities in 2007 from the baseline survey carried out in 200102. Bihar and Lakshadweep did not participate in the survey. While students in many states had increased learning achievement, among the performing states, the story ofTamil Nadu needed to be singled out. Due to poor performance of students in three districts—Karur, Thrivanamalai and Vellore—the state's mean average came down significantly from the baseline survey of 200102. The survey gave 40 questions in each subject. In mathematics, the students were asked questions on highest common factor/lowest common factor, average, profit and loss, simple interest, measurement, fraction and decimal, percent and geometry. In language, questions on structure of sentence, spelling, comprehension of informative passage and story were asked. In EVS, 20 questions each were on social science and science. In mathematics, the mean average of West Bengal students was 60% to 70%. In fact, Bengal was the only state in this category. Class V students of Gujarat, Jharkhand, Karnataka, TN, Tripura and UPhad a mean average of 50% to 60%. Students of most of the other states had a mean average of 40% to 50%. These included states like Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Rajasthan, Maharashtra, J&K, Kerala, Punjab and Delhi. In Chhatisgarh, Goa and Andaman, class V students had a mean average of less than 40%. However, in EVS, Karnataka was on top with a mean average of 60% to 70%. West Bengal students had a mean average of 50% to 60%. Students of class V seemed to have a flair for language. The survey showed that students in 14 states had a mean average of 60% to 70%. Delhi students, lower down in other subjects, were in this category along with West Bengal, Gujarat, UP, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Kerala, Orissa, Jharkhand, Himachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Manipur and Chandigarh. Other states had a mean average of 50% to 60%. SCORE CARD
Reqd. area i 77. (c)
jxdy
Hint: 4 2 * 1 x 1 Hint: y  sin x)dx O M \
X =
y = cos x „ y — sin x
\
\ 4 \
71
/ V y V
/ /
x
Hint:
81.
d x[F(x)
+ c] = f ( x ) /. jf(x)dx
= F{x) + c
d dx[\fix)dx]
Again
d [fix)} dx
dx = \f'ix)dx {fix)}
= fix)+ dx
c
dx
or or
( g (x)} or \dif(x)) = \digix)) Tx[fix)] dx fix) + c, = gix) + c2 or fix)  gix) = c2  c, fix)gix) = c [c = c2  Cj = constant]
2 2 2x 3x2 L e t / O ) =  j andg(x) = ? then J / ( x ) d x = \gix)dx i l but fix) * gix)
86 or
d 01 d dxlxf(x)] J <Sfix)dx = xf ix) + c
<t>U) =
{xfix)]
=
In mathematics, the mean average of West Bengal students If y is a function of x, then an equation involving the derivatives of y was 60% to 70%. Students of Gujarat, Jharkhand, with respect to x or the differentials of y and x with or without the variables Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Tripura and Uttar Pradesh had mean x & y is called differential equation. average of 50% to 60% dz In EVS, Karnataka was on top with a mean average of 60% Putting ax + by + c = z, the equation becomes ^ = a + bfiz). Now to 70%. West Bengal students had a mean average of 50% to 60% the equation can be solved by method of seperation of variables. In language, West Bengal, Gujarat, UP, Maharashtra, a ! xdx + bS ydy + h I dixy) + gidx+fjdy + c =0 Karnataka, Kerala, Orissa, Jharkhand, HP, Mizoram had a ax2 + by2 + 2 hxy + 2gx + 2fy + c = 0 mean average of 60% to 70% It represents a conic.
Let Fix) = [fix) + / (  x)][g(x)  gi x)] or F( x) =  Fix) i.e. Fix) is an odd function Value will be zero.
SOLVED PAPER
K E R A L A P E T  2008
Let n be a natural number. Then the range of the function f(n) = s" P„_4, 4 < n < 6, is (a) { 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 } (b) { 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 } (c) {1,2,3} (d) { 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 } (e) 0 2 zl + 3z 2 IS 2z]  3 Z 2 37 (c) 1 (d) 3 (a) ^ (b) 2 33 33 I f f ( x ) = ax + b and g(x) = cx + d, then/[g(x)]  g\J(x)} (d) 37 is equivalent to 8. If 2a =  l  z \ / 3 and 2p =  1 + /V3, then (a) f{a)g(c) (b)f(c) + g(a) _1 _1 4 is equal to 5a ' + 5 P ' + 7a p (c) f(d)+g(b) (d) f(b)g{b) 1 (c) 0 (d) I (b) (a) (e) f{d)~g(b) 2 (e) Which one of the following functions is onetoz4+i9+/16 = a + ib, then (a, b) is 9. If one? 10 3 2 — i + i +i (a) fix) = sin x, x e  n, n) (b) (  1 , 2 ) (c) (2,1) (d) (  2 ,  1 ) (a) (L2) 3n —k (b) fix) = sin x, x E (e) ( L  2 ) (c) fix) = cos x, x E — 71 K ^ T ' l 31 K ~4~' 4 10. If ( V 5 + V 3 r ) 3 3 = 2 4 9 z , then modulus of the complex number z is equal to (a) 1 (b) >/2 (C) 2A/2 (d) 4 (e) 8 If a is positive and if and G are the arithmetic mean and the geometric mean of the roots, of x 2  2ax + a2 = 0 respectively, then (a) A = G (b) A = 2G (c) 2AG (d) A2 = G 2 (e) A = G 12. Suppose that two persons A and B solve the equation x 2 + ax + b = 0. While solving A commits a mistake in constant term and finds the roots as 6 and 3 and B commits a mistake in the coefficient of x and finds the roots as  7 and  2. Then the equation is (a) x 2 + 9x + 14 = 0 (b) x 2  9x + 14 = 0 x 2 + 9 x  14 = 0 (d) x 2  9 x  14 = 0 (c) 2 (e) x + 9x + 4 = 0. If x 2 + 2x + n > 10 for all real .number x, then which of the following conditions is true? (a) « < 1 1 (b) n = 10 (c) « = 1 1  (d) « > 1 1 (e) H <  11 If a , P are the roots of the equation x 2 + x + 1 = 0, then the equation whose roots are a 2 2 and P 19 , is +x+ 1= 0 x+ 1 = 0 (a) (b) 2 (d) x  x  1 — 0  x  1 =0 (c)
(e) 2x2+x + 1= 0
(d) fix) = cos x, x £ n, 2n) (e) / ( x ) = cos x, x E
In a certain town 25% families own a cell phone, 15% families own a scooter and 65% families own neither a cell phone nor a scooter. If 1500 families own both a cell phone and a scooter, then the total number of families in the town is (a) 10,000 (b) 20,000 (c) 30,000 (d) 40,000 (e) 50,000 If / ( x ) = log ( J,  1 < x < 1, then 2x
 /
/
v
3x + x 3 1 + 3x
z
l + x2
is (b) L/C*)]2 (d) fix)
(a) L/WP
(C)  f i x ) (e) 3 fix)
Let an = i("+1>2, where i = Ji and n = 1, 2, 3, ... . Then the value of ax + a 3 + a5 + ... + a2s is (a) 13 (b) 13 + i (c) 13 — f (d) 12 (e) 12  i 5 z. If —— is purely imaginary, then the value of 1 lZi
MATHEMATICS TODAY  JUNE 08
15. If sec 6 and tan 8 are the roots of ax2 + bx + c = 0 (a, b 0), then the value of sec 9  tan 0 is
a / N (a)  b.
b (b)  a
a2 (c) — b
... . a2 (d) 1 + 2T b
23. The sum of the series log 9 3 + log 27 3  log 81 3 + log 243 3  ... is (a) 1  log e 2 (b) 1 + loge 2 (c) log, 2 (d) log, 3 (e) 1 + log e 3 24. The number of ways in which 5 ladies and 7 gentlemen can be seated in a round table so that no two ladies sit together, is (a)  ( 7 2 0 ) 2 (b) 7(360) 2 (c) 7(720) 2 (d) 720
c, ! 6. If the sum of 12th and 22 nd terms of an A.P. is 100, then the sum of the first 33 terms of the A.P. is (a) 1700 (b) 1650 (c) 3300 (d) 3400 (e) 3500 17. The coefficient of x in the expansion of (a) 5050 (e) 1100 (b) 10100 (c) 5151
(e) 360 The number of fourletter words that can be formed (the words need not be meaningful) using the letters of the word MEDITERRANEAN such that the first letter is E and the last letter is R, is
( + J ) ( + 2C ( + 3C ... ( + I OC is 1 C 1 J) 1 J) 1 O J ) 25.
(d) 4950
Let a, b, c be in A.P. If 0 < a, b, c < 1, y = £ b" and z = £ c", then
n=0 n=0
x=^a", n=0
(a) (e)
111 \im y
^ (b) 59
^ (c) c , 56
^ (d)
Hi 1302
332
(a) 2y = x+z (c) , \ (e) J =— 2 xy z = —— x+y
(b) 2 x  y + z 2xz . (d) y x+z
26. All the words that can be formed using alphabets A, H, L, U, R are written as in a dictionary (no alphabet is repeated). Then the rank of the word RAHUL is (a) 70 (b) 71 (c) 72 (d) 73 (e) 74 27. (be (a) (e) The coefficient of a5 b6 c1 in the expansion of + ca + ab)9 is 100 (b) 120 (c) 720 (d) 1260 1440
The sum of the first n terms of the series 1 1 1 V2+V5 V5+V8
+ 7=
vs+vn
; = + ... IS
(a) i(V3« + 2  V 2 )
(c) V3« + 2 + V 2
(b) V3« + 2  V 2
(d)  ( V 2  V 3 K + 2 )
(e)
l(V3^+2+V2)
28. The value of ( 7 C 0 + 7 Q ) + ( 7 Q + 7 C 2 ) +... + ( 7 C 6 + 7 C 7 ) is (a) 2 8  1 (b) 2 8 + 1 (c) 2 s (d) i  2 8 (e) 2 8  2
/„ r. \13n
20. The H.M. of two numbers is 4. Their A.M. is ^ and G.M. is G. If 2A + G 2  27 then .4 is equal to
29. If the expansion of
(a) 9 27 (e) abx
(b) 
(c) 18
(d) 27
contains a 7 2xJx j term independent of x, then n should be a multiple of (a) 10 (b) 5 (c) 6 (d) 4 (e) 11
x
21. The coefficient of JC101 in (abx)2 •+  — — 12 1 1 eb
a m 1
(abx)3   — + ... is equal to 13 (c) w ^ 1101 (d) e°bm HOI
30. If the matrix Mr is given by M = r= det (a) (e) 1, 2, 3,..., then the value of (Mj) + det (M2) + ... + det (M 2008 ) is 2007 (b) 2008 (c) (2008) 2 2009 a 5 5 a and (c) 3
r r—1 > —1 r
(a) (e)
HOI e b 1100
(b)
e b 1100
(d) (2007) 2
31. Let A = (a) 2
= 1024, then a = (d)  3
The value of log220 log280  log25 log2320 is equal to (a) 5 (b) 6 (c) 7 (d) 8 .(e) 10
(b)  2
(e)  5
MATHEMATICS TODAY  JUNE '08
If co t  1 is a cube root of unity, then the value of l + 2co
100
+co
200
co 1+©
100
2
1
200
(e) It is not true that Ravi does not race and Ravi does not win 39, Let B be a Boolean algebra. If a, b e B, then (a + b)'(a' + b') is equal to (a) ab (b) ab (c) ab' (d) ad (e) a'b' 40. The output of the circuit is •—
1 C O is equal to (a) 0 (e) 1 + co (b) 1
• >
+ 2 co
2 +co
C O
11 0 0 (
co
co
200
(c)
(d) co2 a a3 a5 a a5 a a3
x,
*—
If a 3 * 1 and a 9 = 1, then the value of a 3 a5 is equal to (a) 3 a 3 (c) 3 ( a + a 2 + a 3 ) (e) 3 1 If / ( a ) = a (a) 1 (e)  2 "3 If A= 3 3 (a) 27A (e) 3A a (b)
2
(b) 3 ( a 3 + a 6 + a 9 ) (d) 3 a 4 a a2 1 4 a2 1 , then / ( 1 / 3 ) is equal to a (c) 4 (d) 2
(a) (c) (e) 41. 0 is (a) (e)
x3(x; + x2) x'3(xl+x2) (x[ + x'2)x3
(b) (d)
(x3+x2)x1 (xl+x2)x3
If sin 0 = sin 15° + sin 45°, where 0° < 6 < 90°, then equal to 45° (b) 54° (c) 60° (d) 72° 75° If (tan  1 x)2 + (cot  1 x) 2 = 5 — , then x is equal to
7T 2
3 3~ 3 3 , then A 4 is equal to 3 3 (b) 8L4 (c) 243A (d) 729A
(a) 0 (e) 2V2
(b)
2 V 2  1 (c) 1
(d)
1
Suppose a, b and c are real numbers such that j > 1 b and — < 0. Which one of the following is true? c (a) a+bc>0 (b) a>b (c) (ac)(bc)> 0 (d) a + b + c> 0 (e) abc > 0 2x + 3 The set of admissible values o f x such that — <0 2 *"9 oo 0 (b) <d) (10, 0)u
43. If O is at the origin, OA is along the xaxis and (  40, 9) is point on OB, then the value of s'm\A OB is 13 (c) (a) ' (b) 41 41 ^ To 40 13 (e) 41 I f x = h + a sec 0 a n d y = k+b cosec 0, then (a) (.x + h)2 (.xh)2 ( y + k)2 {ykf 1
(b) (c) (d)
•= 1
is
(£ZA)1+(Z_1)1
= 1
(a)
(=) (.,
(I)
a b (e) x 2 +y2 = a2 + b2 45. If 5 cos 1x2 l+ x
2
( 4  .
Let P be the statement 'Ravi races' and let Q be the statement 'Ravi wins'. Then the verbal translation of ~(P v Q)) is (a) Ravi does not race and Ravi does not win (b) It is not true that Ravi races and that Ravi does not win (c) Ravi does not race or Ravi wins (d) It is not true that Ravi races or that Ravi does not win
MATHEMATICS TODAY  JUNE '08
+ 7 sin 4tan '
2x l + x2 " x ^   t a n lx = 5n,
then x is equal to (a) 3 (e) V3 (b) 3
(c)
V3
(d) 1
46. If cos a + cos P = 0 = sin a + sin P, then cos 2 a + cos 2(J is equal to (a)  . 2 sin ( a + P) (b) 2 cos ( a + p) (c) 2 s i n ( a + P ) (d)  2 c o s ( a + p) (e)  2 cos ( a  P) 2k 47. In a triangle with one angle — , the lengths of the sides form an A.P. If the length of the greatest side is 7 cm, then the radius of the circumcircle of the triangle is (a) (c) (e) 7a/3 cm 3 2^3 —— cm 3 5%/3 cm (b) (d) 5V3 cm
units, is (a) 58 (e) 63
(b) 60
54. If the line segment joining the points P(a, b) and Q(c, d) subtends an angle 0 at the origin, then the value of cos 9 is ab + cd „, ac bd (a) (b) 4 7 7 7 4 7 V 7 7a 4 7 ^ 7 (c) ac + bd 7 7 + 7 ) 7 7 7 7 ] ac — bd 77774> c'+d
£
7>/3
(d)
(e)
ab — cd 4 7 7 7 4 7 7 c f 
48. The area of the triangle whose sides are 6,5, 713 (in square units) is (a) 5V2 (b) 9 (c) 6>/2 (d) 11 (e) 13 49. In a triangle ABC, cos/4 cos B cos C = —— = a b c If
55. The equation of a line through the point (1, 2) whose distance from the point (3, 1) has the greatest value, is (a) y = 2x (b) y = .v + 1 (c) x + 2y = 5 (d) y = 3x  1 (e) y = x+1 56. line (a) (e) 57. and (a) (c) (e) If a line with ^intercept 2, is perpendicular to the 3t  2y = 6, then its jcintercept is 1 (b) 2 (c)  4 (d) 4 3 If the lines ax + ky + 10 = 0, bx + (k. + 1 )y + 1 0 = 0 cx + (k + 2)y + 1 0 = 0 are concurrent, then a, b, c are in G.P. (b) a, b, c are in H.P. a, b, c are in A.P. (d) (a+ b)2 = c • a+b=c
a = —p, then the area of the triangle (in square units) is
V6
—
(a) (e)
24
12V3
(b)
8y/3
(C) B
(d)
24^3
50. In A ABC, a = 13 cm, b = 12 cm and c = 5 cm. Then the distance of A from BC is 25 60 , 65 , 144 (a) — c m (b) y j c m (c) — cm (d) — c m , , (e) 65 — cm
51. In any triangle ABC, c1 sin 2B + h2 sin 2C is equal to (a) f (b) A (c) 2 A (d) 3 A
58. The lines (a + 2b)x + (a  3b)y = ab for different values of a and b pass through die fixed point whose coordinates are 1 r 3 2^ (a) (d) (C) 5' 5 5' 57
(!•!) (I'D
(e) 4 A 52. A flagpole stands 011 a building and an observer on a level ground is 300 feet from the base of the building. The angle of elevation of the bottom of the flagpole is 30° and the height of the flagpole is 50 feet. If 6 is the angle of elevation of the top of the flagpole, then tan 9 is equal to (a) (e) 2V3 + 1
59. A line passes through the point of intersection of the lines 100a + 50y  1 = 0 and 15x + 25_y + 3 = 0 and makes equal intercepts on the axes. Its equation is (a) 25x + 25j>  1 = 0 (b) 5x5y+3=0 (c) 25x + 2 5 ^  4 = 0 (d) 25x  25y + 6 = 0 (e) 5x5y + 70 60. The circumcentre of tlie triangle with vertices (0, 30), (4, 0) and (30, 0) is (a) (10, 10) (b) (10, 12) (c) (12, 12) (d) (15, 15) (e) (17,17) 61. The lines 2x + 3y + 6 = 0 and 3x  2y  18 = 0 are tangents respectively at the points (0,  2) and (6, 0) on a circle. Then the centre of the circle is
MATHEMATICS TODAY JUNE •08
6
4\H> +1
(b)
A 2
(c) 1
(d)
6>/3+l
53. If A(0, 0), fi(12, 0), C(12, 2), D(6, 7) and £(0, 5) are vertices of the pentagon ABCDE, then its area in square
(a) (c)
(e) 62. is a (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) 63. and (a) (c) (e)
V 13 f 74.  2 8 " v 13' 13 13 (14 28^)
(b) (d)
72
13 (36 28
,28
68. If a , b , c are position vectors of the vertices of the triangle ABC, then (a) cot A (e) tan A \(ac)x(ba)\ ——=—— is equal to (ca)(ba) (b) cot C (c)  t a n C (d) tan C are such that the projection of
113'13J
l l 3 ' 13J
If (3,  2) is the centre of a circle and 4x + 3y+ 19 = 0 tangent to the circle, then the equation of the circle is x2 + y26x + 4y + 25 = 0 x2 + y2  6x + 4y + 12 = 0 x2 + y2  6x + 4y  1 2 = 0 x2 + y26x + 4y+ 13 = 0 x2 + y26x + 4y + 9 = 0 The circles x2+y24x6y12 = 0 x2+y2 + 4x + 6y + 4 = 0 touch externally (b) do not intersect touch internally (d) intersect at two points are concentric
69. The vectors a , b , c
c on a is equal to the projection of c on b. If  a  = 2,  b  = 1,  c  = 3 and a b = 1, then  a  2b  c j is equal to (a) 3 (e) 7T4 (b) 7T0 (c) 7T2 (d) flJ
70. If the volume of parallelopiped with a x b , b x c , c x a as coterminus edges is 9 cu. units, then the volume of the parallelopiped with (axb)x(b xc), (fcxc)x(cxa), (cxa)x(axb) as coterminus edges is (a) 9 (b) 729 (c) 81 (d) 27 (e) 243 71. Let aaxi + a2j + a3k, If c b = b{i + b2 j +b}k.
64. A conic section is defined by the equations x =  1 + sec t, y = 2 + 3 tan t. The coordinates of the foci are (a) (b) (c) (d) (e)
c = q i + c2 j + Cj k a and b,\c\
is perpendicular to both
(1  7To, 2) and (  1 + %/To, 2)
(  1  V8, 2) and (  1 + 7 8 , 2 ) (—1,2A/8) and (  l , 2 + %/8) (  1 , 2  V l O ) and (  1 , 2 + VTo) ( 7 T 0 , 0 ) and (  V T o , 0) the foci of the ellipse x y — +— = 1 9 16
2 2
= \ and the angle between a and b is \a\2\b .2 \d\2\b\
then [ a , b , c ] ~ =
(a)
(c) (e) are (ab) \d\2 + \ b \ 2
(b) (d)
65. If
72. If a = p i  j + Sk (a + 3b)x(3a
and b = 2i + 4j + qk
and if
( 0 , 7 7 ) and ( 0 ,  7 7 ) , then the foci of the ellipse ,2 „2 — ] , t e R , are 9+r i6+r (a) (c) (e) (0,77), ( 0 ,  7 7 ) (0,277), ( 0 ,  2 7 7 ) (b) (0,7), ( 0 ,  7 ) (d) ( 7 7 , o), (  7 7 , 0 )
2 2
— b) = 0, t h e n p — q is equal to (b)
(a) (e)
63  11
63
<o  f
32 lie in a
73. Let x, y and 2 be distinct nonnegative numbers. If the vectors i + k, xi + x j + zk, zi + z j + yk plane, then z is (a) zero (b) the harmonic mean of x and y (c) the geometric mean of x and y (d) the arithmetic mean of x and y (e) 1 74. If G is the centroid of the triangle POR,
(77,277), ( 7 7 ,  2 7 7 )
x v 66. I f t h e l i n e s j o i n i n g t h e f o c i o f t h e e l l i p s e — + — = 1, a b where a > b, and an extremity of its minor axis are inclined at an angle 60°, then the eccentricity of the ellipse is (a) (e)
1
73
where
7
67. Equation of the directrix of the conic x2 + 4y + 4 = 0 is (a) y = 1 (b) >' =  1 (c) y = 0 (d) x = 0 (e) x = i
G P = 2/ + j + 3k, GQ = i  j + 2k, then the area of the triangle PQR is 3735 735 _ 5735 (a) 7 3 5 (b) — (c) — (d) (e)
7T7
2
44
MATHEMATICS TODAY  JUNE '08
75. The equation of the plane through the point (1, 0,  1) ,. , .. x+1 y+3 z+7 . and perpendicular to the line —— = — = — i s
84. If A and B are any two events, then P(A r\ B') = (a) P(A) + P(B') (c) P(B)  P(A n B) (e) 1  P{A n B) (b) P(A) + P(A n B) (d) P(A)  P(A n B)
(a) 2x + 4y3z
=0
(c) x + 3y + 7z =  6 (e) x + 3y + 7z = 6
(b) 2x + 4y  3z =  1 (d) 2x + 4y  3z = 5
85. A die has four blank faces and two faces marked 3. The chance of getting a total of 12 in 5 throws is
.4
76. Suppose that a line makes the same angle 6 with each of the x and z axes. If 3 is the angle made by the line with the axis and if sin2(3 = 3sin 2 0, then cos 2 0 is equal to 7 2 1 2 (a) r, (b) (c) (d) (e)
(b) (c)
5
=C4
3
C4(I
(d)
C4
86. The standard deviation for the scores and 7 is 2. Then the standard deviation of F = (  5 ; + 2 j + 3/c) + ( 1 ( 9 i  5 j + 3k)l 56, 67 and 78 is (a) ( 4 , 3 , 5 ) (b) (  4 1 , 2 2 ,  8 ) (a) 2 (b) 4 (c) 22 (c) (  1 4 ,  7 , 0 ) (d) ( 1 3 ,  8 , 8 ) (e) 44 (e) (  5 0 , 2 7 ,  12) 2xl 87. lim = 78. If the planes f • ( 2 /  X j + 3k) = 0 and Vx + 2 x + l r • (Xi + 5 j — k)  5 are perpendicular to each other (a) 2 (b)  2 (c) 1 then the value of X2 + X is (e) 0 xl (a) 0 (b)  2 (c)  1 (d) 2 for 8 8 . I f / ( x ; = 2x + 1 and g(x) = (e) 1 79. The cartesian form of the plane is equal to (/ 77. Which of the following is a point on the line
J, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 12, 23, 34, 45, (d) 11
(d)
1
all real x, then
r = (s 2t)i + (3 t)j + (2.? + t)k is (a) 2x  5y  z  15 = 0 (b) 2 x  5 j + z  1 5 = 0 (c) 2 x  5 > >  z + 15 = 0 (d) 2x + 5yz+ 15 = 0 (e) 2x + 5y + z + 15 = 0
80. Let P( 7, 1,  5) be a point on a plane and let O be the origin. If OP is normal to the plane, then the equation of the plane is (a) 7 x  y + 5z + 75 = 0 (b) 7 x  y + 5z + 73 = 0
(a) x (e) x
2
(b)
x
(c)
 X
(d)
—
X
2x — 3 sin x 89. If / ( x ) = 0 " — , i s 3x + 4tanx then/(0): (a) 3 (e) 1 V4 + ax — 7 4 — i 90. If / ( x ) = (c)
continuous a t x = 0,
(d)
(c) 7x + y + 5z + 73 = 0
(e) 7x _>•> 5z + 73 = 0
(d) 7xy5z
+ 75 = 0
81. The values of X for which the plane x + y + z= ~J3X touches the sphere x 2 + y2 + z2  2x  2y  2z  6 = 0 are (a) (e) 82. the (a) (c) (e) ±73 s/3±3 The point in the x_yplane which is equidistant from points (2, 0, 3), (0, 3, 2) and (0, 0, 1) is (1,2,3) (b) (  3 , 2 , 0 ) (3,2,0) (d) ( 3 , 2 , 0 ) (3,2,1) (b) ± 3 (c) 3 ±73 (d) 7 3 ±1
•1<x<0
3x + 2 0<x<1 x—t is continuous in the interval [  1, 1], then the value of a is equal to (a) 1 <e, 91 . i f / ( x ) = V 7 7 T , g ( x ) =  A2 ' + 1 and h{x) = 2x  3, x +l then f'(h'(g'(x))) = (a) 0 (e) 1 75
MATHEMATICS TODAY JUNE •08
(b)  1
(c)
\
(d)
 
83. The average of the fourdigit numbers that can be formed using each of the digits 3 , 5 , 7 and 9 exactly once in each number is (a) 4444 '(b) 5555 (c) 6666 (d) 7777 (e)
(b)
Ix
1
+1
(O
75
4
(d)
x ' +1
92. If y = tan equal to 5 (a) I + 25x
4x 1 + 5x
 i ( 2 + 3x) . dy .  t tan I — , then — is dx 32x (b) (d) 2 1 + 4x 7 1 + 49 x
2
second, then the rate at which the length of his shadow on the wall is decreasing at the instant when he is 8 m from the wall is (a) (e) ' 3 — m/s 4 — m/s 2 5 (b) — m/s 4 (c) 3 — m/s 8 5 (d) — m/s 8
(c) 0
(e) 1 + 9x
93. If cp(x) = log 5 log 3 x, then cp'(e) = (a)  l o g 5 e (b) 1 (e) 0 94. If y = sin~'(3x  4x3) + cos~'(4x 3  3x) + tan'(e), dy then dx 3 3 (a) (b) 0 2 2 7 1x 7x  1
(c)
99. The area of the triangle formed by the coordinate axes and the normal to the curve y = <?Zt + x 2 at the point (0, 1) is (d) Iog5e (i) 0 (e) 72 (b) 1 (c) i (d) 2
(c) e log e 5
100.The greatest distance from the point ( 7 7 , 0) to the curve 9x 2 + 1 6 y 2 =144 is (a) 4 (e) 4 + 77 (b) 77 (c) 2 + 77 (d) 3 + 7 7
K
(d)
~r=r 4 \  x 2 7 x 2 +1
3\lx
2
1
(e)
7lx2
A x ) =
101. A spherical iron ball of radius 10 cm, coated with a layer of ice of uniform thickness, melts at a rate of 1007tcm3/min. The rate at which the thickness of ice decreases when the thickness of ice is 5 cm, is 1 (a) rr cm/min (b) 9JC cm/min 54 (c) 36 cm/min (d) — cm/min 18
95. if
£zl+(£zI^+(£zl>l+l£z2)L+...> 4 12 20 28 where 0 < x < 2, then/'(x)= ' (a) 4x(2 —x) I 2 x
(e) —
(e) — cm/min
102.1f ax2 + bx + 4 attains its minimum value 1 at x = 1, then the values of a and b are respectively (a) 5 ,  1 0 (b) 5 ,  5 (c) 5 , 5 (d) 1 0 ,  5 (e) 10, 10 103.The function/(x) =: (9  x 2 ) 2 increases in (a) (  3, 0) u (3, oo) (b) (  oo,  3) u (3, oo) (d) (oo,3) (c) (  co,  3) u (0, 3) (e) (3,®) 104.Let g(x) = the (a) (c) (e) e2x ifx<l The equation of [ l o g ( x  l ) if x > 1 normal to y = g(x) at the point (3, log 2) is y  2x = 6 + log 2 (b) y +.2x = 6 + log 2 y + 2x = 6  log 2 (d) y + 2x =  6 + log 2 ^  2x =  6 + log 2 secx cosecx
(b) (d)
4(xt2) xl
(x4)2
7
96. I f / ( x ) = sin x, the derivative o f / ( l o g x) with respect to x is (a) cosx (c) cos(logx) (e) X
(b) / ' ( l o g x ) (d)
X
97. I f / ( x + y ) = 2/(x)/(y), / ' ( 5 ) = 1024(log 2) and/(2) = 8, then the value o f / ' ( 3 ) is (a) 64(log 2) (b) 128(log 2) (c) 256 (d) 256(log 2) (e) 1024(log 2) 98. A spotlight on the ground shines on a wall 12 m away from the light. If a man of 2 m height walks from the spotlight towards the wall at a speed of 1 m per
105. J , dx = 2 cot x — sec x cosec x (a) log  secx + tanx  + c (b) log  secx + cosecx  + c (c) —logsec2x + t a n 2 x  + c (d) —log  s e c 2 x + c o s e c 2 x  + c
46
MATHEMATICS TODAY  JUNE '08
(e)
— log  sec2x cosec2x  +c
2
K 2 R COS X , 113.The value of I" C ° S x—dx, a > C is dx. a> 0 (a) an (e) n (b)
TT
106.1f j / ( x ) c o s x r f x = ^ f (a) x (e) x sin x (b) sinx
( x ) + c, then f(x) can be (c) 1 (d) cosx
(C)
. .
71
j
(d) 2n
107. J tan(sin  1 x)dx = (a) (C) (e) J —+c VT^2
sj 1  X 2
1
114. The area of the region bounded by the curves (b) . l l xr + c (d) +c
2
7 = c o s (  x ) and y = x 2  1 between x = 0 and x = 2 is (a) 2 n (e) n (b) —+ 2 K
log 2
(c)
^
,
+c
71
(d)
 V1  x 2 + c
115. The value of (sinxcosx) 5 ~
J log(x + %/l + x 2 )dx is loul (d) 0
108. J(sin x  cosx) 4 (sinx + cosx)<£c = (a) , , (c) (e) sm x  cos x cosx —sinx • 4 sin x +c +c (b) ,„ (d)
+ C
(a) 2 log 2 (b) 1  log 2 (c) log 2 (e) 1 + log 2 h 116.1f x 3 i/x = 0 and a and b respectively are (a) 1 ,  1 (b)  1 , (e) 1,0
(cosx —sinx) 5  +c
c
+
4 2 2 cos x + sm x + cos x+ ^ ^
h 2 Jx2dx = —, then the value of a a 1 (c) 1, 1 (d)  1 ,  1
109. J e s i n e [logsin 0 + cosec 2 0]cos0 dQ is equal to (a) (c) (e) f s i " e [logsin 0 + cosec 2 0] + c e5'110 [logsin 0 — cosccO] + c e si ' 10 [logsin0 + cos 2 0] + c (b) tf s i n e [logsin0 + cosecO] + c (d) « s i n 9 [logsin 0 — cosec 2 0] + c
117. The differential equation representing the family of curves y2 = 2 c ( x + l f c ) , where c is a positive parameter, is of (a) order 1, degree 1 (b) order 1, degree 2 (c) order 1, degree 3 (d) order 1, degree 4 (e) order 2, degree 1 118. The differential equation representing the family of curves y = xecx (c is a constant) is
110. J V ' ° S I ( x 4 +1)" 1 dx is equal to (a) (c) (e) e3,ogx + c 1l o g ( x ,4 + l ) + c
i
(b) i l o g ( x + l ) + c e 31ogx + c (d) — x+l
4
s x +l
4
A 111.If J . dx = Ax + Blog [ sin(x — oc) [ + K then dy o n sin(xa) 119.The solution of = = 1 + y + y + x + xv + xy is n dx ' the value of A  B at a = — is 2 2 2y + l 2 j = X + •X + c x (a) — t a n 2 (d) 0 s (e)  2 V3 1 (2X + X 2 ) + C (b) 4 tan
< « > »M M « HKf
® « =
t

H
^
Vx + 7t
(c) 3 (d) 4
\/3 tan"
= 4(1 + X +
X2) + C
2
(e)
^
(d) •Jl tan
MATHEMATICS TODAY JUNE '08
47
(e)
4 t a n
_ 1
( ^ ^ j = V3(2xlx2) + c
120. T h e integrating factor of the differential equation dx . , (a) , (e) + — t = = 1 six (lx)y/x 1 six : — r l + sjx six 7= l + slx A N S W E R KEY 1. 7. (c) (c) 2. 8. (e) (e) 3. 9. (d) 4. (c) 5. (d) 6. 12. 18. 24. 30. 36. 42. 48. 54. 60. 66. 72. 78. 84. 90. 96. (a) (b) (d) (a) (c) (c) (d) (b) (c) (e) (b) (a) (a) (d) (d) (d) . 10. (b) 16. (b) 2 2 . (d) 28. (e) 34. (b) 4 0 . (c) 4 6 . (d) 52. 58. (a) (e) 11. (a) 17. (a) 2 3 . (c) 29. (d) 35. 41. 47. 53. (d) (e) (a) ... (b) l+X T~T l ~ x is l+sfc T — r 1 f x sfc 1 — r 1 six
VICQ
1. Who can participate ,,««.
Memory
Contest
(c
)
(d)
If youhave taken any of the exams given below and possess plenty of grey cells, photographic memorythenyouaretherightcandidateforthis contest. All you have to do is w r i t e d o w n as many questions (with all choices) you can remember, neatly on a paper w i t h name of the exam, your name, address, age, your photograph and mail t h e m to us.
13. (d) 19. (a) 25. 31. 37. 43. 49. 55. 61. 67. (b) (d) (e) (c) (b) (a) (d) (c)
14. (b) 20. (b) 26. (e) (a) 38. ( d ) 44. (b) 50. 56. (b) (e) 32.
(b) 15. (a) 21. ( d ) 27. 33. 39. 45. (d) (e) (e)
2.
The exams
~>
—.
(e) 51. (e) 57. (c) 63. 69. 75. (d) (d)
P M T : AFMC, BHU, AIIMS, JIPMER, Delhi PMT, W.P., WB JEE, Punjab, Haryana CET, Safdarjung V M M C , CMC Vellore, Maharashtra CET, U.P. C PMT, Orissa J EE, M. P. PMT E n g i n e e r i n g : DCE, UPSEE, Haryana CEE, MP PET, J & K CET, AMU, WB JEE, Bihar CECE, Jharkhand CECE, Orissa JEE, Maharashtra CET, PunjabPET,....
(e) 59. (c) 65. (a) 71. (d) 77. (e) 83. (c) 89. (e) (a) 101.(e) 107. (e) 113. (c) 119. (e)
62. (c) 68. (e) 74. (b) 80. (a) 86. (c)
6 4 . (a) 70. (c) 7 6 . (e) 82. (d) 88. (b) 94. (b) 100. (e) 106. (b) 112. (e) 118. (c)
7 3 . (c) 7 9 . (c) 85. 91. 97. (a) (c)
(d) 81. (e) 87. ( b )
(a) 103. (a) 109. (c) 115.(d)
92. (a) 98. (a) 104. ( b ) 110. (b) 116. (b)
93. (a) 99. (b) 105. (c) 111.(a) 117.(d)
95.
102. (a) 108. (b) 114. ( b ) 120. (c)
3.
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MATHEMATICS TODAY JUNE •08
SOLVED PAPER
(Vellore Institute of Technology Engineering Entrance Examination)
MATHEMATICS
If g(x) is a polynomial satisfying g(x) g(y) = g(x) + g(y) + g(xy)  2 for all real x and y and g(2) = 5 then lim g(x) is (a) 9 (b) 10 (c) 25 (d) 20 may be (a) 7i (b) 2 (c) 3n (d) 4
The value of J J—— ck is
2. The value of / ( 0 ) so that continuous at x = 0 is (a) logQj (b) 0
(~ex + 2X)
(a)
a
J
a
(B) 7
(c)
7la
T
(d)
na T
(c) 4
(d)  1 + log 2
Let [•] denote the greatest integer function and / ( x ) = [tan2x], Then (a) lim / (x) does not exist x > —0 (b) / ( x ) is continuous at x = 0 (c) / ( x ) is not differentiable at x = 0 (d)7(x)=l A spherical balloon is expanding. If the radius is increasing at the rate of 2 centimetres per minute, the rate at which the volume increases (in cubic centimetres per minute) when the radius is 5 centimetres is
(a) IOTT (b) 10071 (c) 200TI (d) 5071
Let y be the number of people in a village at time t. Assume that the rate of change of the population is proportional to the number of people in the village at any time and further assume that the population never increases in time. Then the population of the village at any fixed time t is given by (a) y = ek' + c, for some constants c < 0 and k>0 (b) y = ce k', for some constants c > 0 and k< 0 (c) y = ec' + k, for some constants c < 0 and k> 0 (d) y = kect, for some constants c > 0 and k < 0 The differential equation of all straight lines touching the circle x 2 + y2 = a2 is
5. The length of the parabola y1 = 12x cut off by the latusrectum is (a) 6(V2 + log(l + >/2)) (b) 3 ( V 2 + l o g ( l + V 2 ) ) (c) 6(\/2  log(l + A/2)) (d) 3 ( V 2  l o g ( l + >/2)) I f / = J  7 = = c & , t h e n / is equal to 'VI + x (a) —(l + x 3 ) 2 + j ( l + x 3 ) 2 + C
2 2 
(c)

yx
dx. dx
f
*5
The differential equation
+ 1^1+3 = 0 admits
(b) l o g  V x + Vl + x 3  + C (c) log  Vx Vl + x 3  + C t 2  2 (d) —(l + x 3 ) 2  j ( l + x 3 ) 2 + C Area enclosed by the curve
TT[4(X 
(a) infinite number of solutions (b) no solution (c) a unique solution (d) many solutions Solution of the differential equation xdy  ydx  yjxz + y2 dx = 0 is (a) \[2)
2
yJx2+y2 x+yjx2+y2
=Cx2 =Cy2
(b) .y + ^x^+y2 (d) xyjx2
=Cx2
+y ]=
2
8
(c)
+ y2 = Cy2
MATHEMATICS TODAY JUNE •08
13. Let P, Q, R and S be statements and suppose that .P — Q > R P. If ~S—>R, then (a) S>~Q (b) ~Q*S (c) (d) Q>~S In how many number of ways can 10 students be divided into three teams, one containing four students and the other three? (a) 400 (b) 700 (c) 1050 (d) 2100 If R be a relation defined as aRb iff \a — b\> 0, then the relation is (a) reflexive (b) symmetric (c) transitive (d) symmetric and transitive Let S be a finite set containing n elements. Then the total number of commutative binary operation on S is (a) K1 (c) ri
(a) a = l = 2b (c) a = b2
(b) a = b (d) ab= 1
If D = diag(<7], d2,..., dn) where dt * 0, for i= 1,2,..., n, then D 1 is equal to (a) DT (b) D (c) Adj(£>) (d) d i a g ( d l  \ d 2  l , . . . , d „ 1 ) If x, y, z are different from zero and a b—y cz A = a x b cz = 0, ax by c a b c A then the value of the expression — + 1J + — is " V — T y (c) 1 (b)  1 (d) 2 (a) 0 Probability of getting positive integral roots of the e q u a t i o n x 2  n = 0 for the integer n, 1 < n < 40 is (a)
m
(b) (d)
m
2("2)
i
The
« number
£ of
c <> h
real roots of
(d)
the
h
equation
A manufacturer of cotter pins knows that 5% of his product is defective. He sells pins in boxes of 100 and guarantees that not more than one pin will be defective in a box. In order to find the probability that a box will fail to meet the guaranteed quality, the probability distribution one has to employ is (a) Binomial (b) Poisson (c) Normal (d) Exponential The probability that a certain kind of component
3
x4 + Vx 4 + 20 = 22 is (a) 4 (b) 2
(c) 0
(d) 1
Let a , (3 be the roots of the equation x 2  ax + b = 0 and A„ = a" + 3". Then An+X  aA„ + bAn__x is equal to
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r
will survive a given shock test is —. The probability that exactly 2 of the next 4 components tested survive is 9 25 1 27 (a) 41 <"> 128 <C> 5 <d> 128 Mean and standard deviation of marks obtained in some particular subject by four classes are given below. Report the class with best performance (a) 80,18 (b) 7 5 , 5 (c) 80,21 (d) 7 6 , 7 A random variable X follows binomial distribution with mean a and variance (3. Then (a) 0 < a < P (b) 0 < P < a (c) a < 0 < P (d) P < 0 < a x+y (a) (b) (c) (d) The system of equations + z = 0,2x + 3y+.z=0,x + 2y = 0 has a unique solution; x = 0, y = 0, z = 0 infinite solutions no solution finite number of nonzero solutions
• the truth about IQ, tests, and Simriwa! testing (and four reasons why tests can't be trusted) • how to take charge of your life (including expectations, perfectionism, multipotential, mistakes, goal setting, time management, assertiveness, gender issues, ethnic issues, and stress) • how to take charge of your education (knowing your rights as a student, exploring the options available to you, changing the system, choosing a college and alternatives to college) • how to find friends who are right for you (and "friends" you can do without) • how to talk to parents (and six reasons why parents are the way they are) • how to handle teen angst • how to be "net smart" and have safe, fun online relationships • additional resources an references including books, publications, associations, programs, and Websites) • and much more,
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MATHEMATICS TODAY  JUNE '08
(a)
(b) b
(c) 0
(d)
ab
(a) 1098
(b) 1096
(c) 1097
(d) 1095
If the sides of a rightangle triangle form an A.P., the ' Sin' of the acute angles are (a) (c) The plane through the point (  1 ,  1 ,  1 ) and containing the line of intersection of the planes
(M)
w
A
.
The shortest distance between the straight lines through the points A x = (6, 2, 2) and A2 = (  4, 0 ,  1 ) , in the directions of (1,  2, 2) and ( 3 ,  2 ,  2 ) is (a) 6 (b) 8 (c) 12 (d) 9 x2 (a) The center and radius of the sphere + z 2 + 3x  4z + 1 = 0 are ( 4 0 ,  2 ) ^ (b) ( f , 0 , 2 ) V 2 T
( d)
r (i + 3 j  k ) = 0 and r(j + 2k) = 0
(a) r(i + 2j —3k) = 0 (b) r (i+4j + k) = 0
(
3 „ J l V21
('
2
'°)T
(c) r(i + 5j5k)
Let A and B are two fixed points in a plane then locus of another point C on the same plane such that CA + CB = constant, (> AB) is a = i  j + k and b = 2i + 4j + 3k are one of the (a) circle (b) ellipse (c) parabola (d) hyperbola sides and medians respectively, of a triangle through the The directrix of the parabola y2 + 4x + 3 = 0 is same vertex, then area of the triangle is
=0
(d) r(i + j + 3k) = 0
(a) ^ 7 8 3 31. If a,b,c
(b) V83 be three
(c) unit
(d) vectors
M such that
(a) *   = 0 (c) x   = 0
(b) x + ^ = 0 (d) * ™ = 0
ax(bxc)
= ^b,b
and c being nonparallel. If 6] is r (b) 7. .(d) 13. (b) 19. (b) 25. (c) 31. (c) 37. (d) 2. 8. 14. 20. 26. 32. 38. (d) (c) (d) (b) (b) (d) (c)
the angle between a and b and 0 2 is the angle between a and c , then (a) 0
1 =
,0
2
=
(b)
(d)
e
i
=
f' 71
02
0
2=f n
=
(c) e i = ? , e 2L = "
2' ~
3
9l =
3'
2
The equation r 2rc circle (b) ellipse
2
+ h = 0\c\> 4h, represents (c) cone (d) sphere
3. 9. 15. 21. 27. 33. 39.
ANSWER KEY
(b) (b) (d) (b) (c) (b) (b) 4. 10. 16. 22. 28. 34. 40.
(c) (b) (b) (d) (a) (c) (d)
5. 11. 17. 23. 29. 35.
(a) (b) (b) (d) (a) (c)
67 12. 18. 24. 30. 36.
(d) (b) (d) (d) (d) (c) •
The simplified expression of sin(tan~'x), for any real number x is given by (a)  r = Vl + x2 (0
1 .2  yfl + x
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z25 = 5, the value of z is 34. z—1 (a) 3 (b) 4 (c) 5
If
 1  3i Argument of the complex number . . (a) 45° (b) 135° (c) 225°
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(d) 240°
In a triangle ABC, the sides b and c are the roots of the equation x2  61x + 820 = 0 and A = tan  1 Q j , then a 2 is equal to
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MATHEMATICS TODAY  JUNE '08
P^
Karnataka CET2008
(a) 4 , 5 , 6 (b) 2 , 4 , 6 (c) 1 , 3 , 6 (d)
Solved Paper
A
1,2,4
On the set Z, of all integers * is defined by a*b = a + b 5. If 2 * (x * 3) = 5 then x = (a) 5 (b) 10 (c) 0 (d) 3 (a) (b) (c) (d) 3. (a) Which of the following is false? If a * beft for all a, be A'then * is commutative in N. Addition is associative in N. Addition is commutative in N. Multiplication is associative in N. If a• i = a•(i + j ) = a(i + j + k) = 1 then a = i (b) (d) i+ jic ik
If f{x) is an even function and / '(x) exists, then f \ e ) + f \  e ) is (a) > 0 (b) < 0 (c) > 0 (d) 0 If a is a complex number satisfying the equation a 2 + a + 1 = 0 then a 3 1 is equal to (a) 1 (b) i (c) a (d) a 2 The derivative of sin(x 3 ) w.r.t. cos(x 3 ) is (a)  c o t ( x 3 ) (b) cot(x 3 ) (c)  t a n ( x 3 ) (d) tan(x 3 ) A unit vector perpendicular to both the vectors i + j and j + k is (a) i+j + k (b) >J7 i+ 3 jk
(c) i + j 4. (a)
If a and b are unit vectors and  a + b \ = 1 then V5 (b) V3 (c) V2 (d) 1
 a  b  is equal to
The projection of a = 3i  j + 5 k on b = 2i + 3j + k is (a) VTf
(b) M (c)
(c)
 i  j + k V3 h b2 C\
c
(d)
7!?
(d)
8
739
15. If A = "2 (a) B = 0
The locus of a point which moves such that the sum of its distances from two fixed points is a constant is (a) an ellipse (b) a hyperbola (c) a circle (d) a parabola The centroid of the triangle ABC where A = (2, 3), B = (8, 10) and C= (5, 5) is (a) ( 6 , 6 ) (b) ( 1 5 , 1 8 ) (c) ( 5 , 6 ) (d) ( 6 , 5 ) If 3x 2 + xyy23x of lines, then K = (a) 1 (b)  9 the (a) (b) (c) (d) + 6y + K= 0 represents a pair (c) 0 (d) 9
C\ c2 c 3 and B = ai a2 «3 then 2 c h «3 h 3 b2 (b) B = A2 (c) A=B (d) A = B is defined b y / ( x ) = x 3 t h e n /  ' ( 8 ) = (b) {2,2} (d) {2, 2(0, 2co2}
I f / : R+R (a) { 2 ,  2 } (c) {2}
if is a relation on Ngiven by R = {(x, >>)4x + 3y = 20}. Which of the following belongs to R? (a) ( 3 , 4 ) (b) ( 2 , 4 ) (c) (  4 , 1 2 ) (d) ( 5 , 0 ) If log 1 0 7 = 0.8451 then the position of the first significant figure of 7  2 0 is (a) 20 (b) 15 (c) 16 (d) 17 1 1 1 19 + ... upto n terms = 2  5 + 5 8 + 8 11 n n (a) 6« + 4 (b) 3n + l n 1 (c) 4 « + 6 (d) 6n + 4 2! The ten's digit in 1! + 4! + 7! + 10! + 12! + 13! + 15! + 16! + 17! is divisible by (a) 5 (b) 7 (c) 4 (d) 3!
MATHEMATICS TODAY JUNE •08
The equation of the smallest circle passing through points (2, 2) and (3, 3) is x2+y1 + 5x5y+ 12 = 0 x2 + y2  5x + 5y  12 = 0 x2+y2+5x+5y+ 12 = 0 x2 +y25x5y+ 12 = 0 The characteristic roots of the matrix
21. If A(a) 2 1 4 3
' 3
2 4
then A l
=
(c) intersect on x = 0 (d) intersect on the line x + 4 = 0 2 4 3 4 3 2 1 The equation ellipse if (a) 2 < X < 5 (c) A > 5 x — 2—A • 1 = 0 represents an A, — 5 (b) 2 > A > 5 (d) X<2
(b) 2 1
y
4 C O ? 3
(d)
\
1
The set {  1, 0, 1} is not a multiplicative group because of the failure of (a) Identity law (b) Inverse law (c) Closure law (d) Associative law The angle of elevation of the top of a TV tower from three points A, B and C in a straight line through the foot of the tower are a , 2a and 3 a respectively. If AB = a, the height of the tower is (a) a sin 2 a (b) a sin 3 a (c) a tan a (d) a sin a The angles A, B and C of a triangle ABC are in A.P. If Z>:c = V 3 : V 2 , then the angle A is (a) 75° (b) 45° (c) 30° (d) 15° sm (a) 8763 65 sin i 163 65,
(b)
The equation to the normal to the hyperbola
T6~T
= 1 at
(4'°)is
(b) y = 0 (d) x = 0
(a) x=\ (c) 2 x  3 j ; = l
The converse of the contrapositive of the conditional p —> ~ q is (a) ~q+p (b) ~ p ^ q (c) p q (d) ~p^>~q The perimeter of a certain sector of a circle is equal to the length of the arc of the semicircle. Then the angle at the centre of the sector in radians is (a) f
(b) 271
3
(c) 7 1  2
(d) 71 + 2
The value of tan67  ' ° + cot67 j ° is (a) 242 (b) 2  7 2 (c) 72 (d) 372
763 2y/l26 4765 (c) (d) 65 65 65 x 26 A variable line — + v = 1 is such that a + b = 4. The rr a b locus of the midpoint of the portion of the line intercepted between the axes is (a) x+y= 1 (b) x+y = 2 (c) x+y = 4 (d) x + y = 8 The point (5,  7) lies outside the circle (a) x2+y25x + 7y~l=0 (b) x2+y28x + 7y2 = 0 (c) x2 +y2 8x = 0 (d) x2+y25x+7y
If e\ and e 2 are the eccentricities of a hyperbola 3x2  3J 2 = 25 and its conjugate, then (a) (c) el+e2= 4 (b) ex + e 2 = 7 2 (d) ef +e\= 4 e\+e\=2
I f p and q are prime numbers satisfying the condition p2  2q 2 = 1, then the value o f p 2 + 2q 2 is (a) 16' (b) 17 (c) 5 (d) 15 If A(adj A) = 51 where I is the identity matrix of order 3, then \adj A\ is equal to (a) 5 (b) 10 (c) 125 (d) 25 The number of sin 2x + cos 4x = 2 is (a) 2
4,1 x
=0
If the circles x2+y2 = 9 and x2+y2 + 2ax + 2y+ 1 = 0 touch each other internally, then a = 4 4 4 (a) j (b) — (c) ± (d) 1 The locus of the midpoints of the line joining the focus and any point on the parabola y2 = 4ax is a parabola with the equation of directrix as (a) x = 0 (c) x + a = 0 (b) x = § (d) 2x + a = 0
solutions (c) 0
for
the
equation
(b) Infinite
5
(d) 1
(a)
je x dxis e* [x5 5X4 + 20X3  60x 2 + 120x  1 2 0 ] + C
2 +20x3 •60x 120x + 120] + C
.(b) ex[x5 +5x4 (c) (d) ex[x5 5x4
ex [x5 + 5x 4 + 20JC3 + 60x 2 + 120x +120] + C 20X3 60X2 120x120] + C
The tangents drawn at the extremeties of a focal chord of the parabola ^ = 16x (a) intersect at an angle of 60° (b) intersect at an angle of 45°
MATHEMATICS TODAY JUNE •08
The maximum area of a rectangle that can be inscribed in a circle of radius 2 units is (in square untis) (a) 8 (b) 5 (c) 4 (d) 871
If Z is a complex number such that Z =  Z , then (a) Z is any complex number (b) Real part of Z is the same as its imaginary part (c) Z is purely real (d) Z is purely imaginary
6
(c) t a n x  s e c x + C
(d) log(l + sinx) + C
I f f / ( x ) d x = g(x), then J / ( x ) g(x)dx = (a) 2 Is'Mf
2
(b) (d)
f\x)g{x) \g\x)
The value of (a)  i
^ sin— 1 cos— is 7 K=1 (b)  1 (c) i (d) 0
(c) \ f
(x)
56. The value of J (ax 3 +bx + c)dx depends on the
 2
lim xsin — is equal to \x J (a) 2 (b) \ (c) (d) 0
(a) value of a (c) value of b
(b) values of a and b (d) value of c
A stone is thrown vertically upwards and the height x ft. reached by the stone in t seconds is given by x = 80/  16/2. The stone reaches the maximum height in (a) 3 seconds (b) 1.5 seconds (c) 2 seconds (d) 2.5 seconds The genergal solution of sin x = cos x is (when n e Z) given by , 71 X 71 ,• N ft , K (a) n n + — (b) n n  — (c) + (d) „ 2nn± — The real root of the equation x 3  6x + 9 = 0 is (a) 6 (b)  3 (c)  6 (d)  9 The digit in the unit's place of 5 (a) 3 (b) 5 (c) 0
834
The area of the region bounded by y = 2x  x 2 and the xaxis is (a) (c) — sq. units  sq. units (b) — sq. units 4' (d) — sq. units
dy The differential equation v — + x = c represents dx (a) a family of parabolas (b) a family of circles whose centres are on the xaxis (c) a family of hyperbolas (d) a family of circles whose centres are on the yaxis
is (d) 1
< I " >
I f / ( x 5 ) = 5x3, then f \ x ) = (b) Sfc (c) (d)
The remainder when 3 100 x 2 50 is divided by 5 is (a) 3 (b) 4 (c) 1 (d) 2 dx = x (a) tan 1 ( s i n 2 x ) + C 1 , , (c)  s i n (sin x) + C
4
JV lsin
smxcosx
(b) tan ' ( 2 s i n x ) + C (d) ^ c o s _ 1 ( s i n 2 x ) + C
fix) = 2a  x in  a < x < a = 3x  2a in a < x. Then which of the following is true? (a) / ( x ) is differentiable at all x > a (b) / ( x ) is continuous at all x < a (c) / ( x ) is discontinuous at x = a (d) / ( x ) is not differentiable at x = a
A N S W E R KEY
logx . The maximum value of in (2, oo) is x I (a) e (c) 1 (b) (4,f e I f / ( x ) = beax + aeh\ t h e n / " ( 0 ) = (a) ab{a + b) (b) ab (c) 0 (d) lab 11 + cos A x If \liI  c o s A7 ~ ~ > tben the value of tan ,4 = V y 2 Xy , 2xy x2 + v2 2xy (a)  j  ^  j (b)  y ^ y (c)  y — y (d) ~y 2 x+y 2 y secx dx = secx + tanx (a) sec x + tan x + C
J
1. 7.
(b) (c)
2. 8.
(a) (b)
3. 9.
(a) (d)
4.
(b)
5.
(a)
6.
(a)
10. (c) 16. (c) 22. (b) 28. (c) 34. (c) 40. (a) 46. (d) 52. (a) 58. (b)
11. (d) 17. (b) 23. (a) 29. (a) 35. (a) 41. (a) 47. (b) 53. (a) 59. (c)
12. (c) 18. (d) 24. (a) 30. (d) 36. (d) 42. (d) 48. (b) 54. (c) 60. (d)
13. (a) 19. (a) 25. (c) 31. (d) 37. (b) 43. (c) 49. (b) 55. (d)
1.4. (b) 20. (d) 26. (b) 32. (b) 38. (d) 44. (a) 50. (c) 56. (d)
15. (d) 21. (c) 27. (c) 33. (b) 39. (c) 45. (d) 51. (b) 57. (d)
(b) log sinx +log c o s x + C
MATHEMATICS TODAY JUNE •08
IITJEE 2009
(Trigonometry and Vectors) PAPER  I
(a) 1
Sample Paper
By: VidyalankarInstitute', Mumbai (c)l (d)2
SECTION 1 Straight Objective Type
This section contains 10 multiple choice questions numbered 1 to 10. Each question has 4 choices (a), (b), (c) and (d), out of which ONLY ONE is correct. At x = — , J (x) = 2sin3 x + 3 cos3 x is 6 (a) maximum (b) minimum (c) zero (d) none of these If a triangle ABC satisfies (a + b)2 = c 2 + ab and sin A + sin B + sin C = 1 + (>/3 / 2), then the angles of the triangle are (a) 120°, 30°, 30° (b) 108°, 36°, 36° (c) 60°,.60°, 60° (d) 30°, 75°, 75°
In
(b)2
If a , b , c are noncoplanar nonzero vectors and r is any vector in space then, [b c F] a + [c a r] b +[abr\c (a) 2 [ a b c ] r (c) [b c a]r The value of tan" 1 nn n (a) — + ' 2 4 „ , nn (b ) 2 n 4 is equal to
5n
(b) 3 [ c a b ] ? (d) [ a b c ] 7 j is equal to 0 2
i . (n in tan 2 v4
If ^ sin" {xt) = nn then ^ xi equals i=1 i=l (a) 2n + 1 (c) (b) In (d) n x (2n + 1)
1
In
i , (n 0 in tan  + 2 U 2 0 2
. . nn 7i i . (n (c) — H y —in tan 2 4 2 V4 ,,, nn n (d) — + 2 4
i . (n 0 In tan  + 2 V4 2
If .K r + ? xa =b. where K is a non zero scalar and a, b are two given vectors. Then ? will be (a) 1 K
2
In a AABC, the least value of A B C . cosec — + cosec — + cosec — is 2 2 2 (a) 6 If i=l I 13, 1 <i<j<n (a)  n/2 (b)5 (c) 4 (d)3
+ a 1
2
ab _ _ r Kb + a + axb K Kb „r a •b _ a+ K a b _ _ aaxb K > axb 7 *
at = 0 where  at \ = 1, V i then the value of
(b)
K 2 + a2 1
(b)  n
(c) n/2
(d)
(c)
K +a
2
2
371 If n < a < — , then the expression
A
A
(d) none of these If the vectors a i+ j+ k, i+ b j+ k and /+ j+ c k (a t b, c ^ 1) are coplanar, then the value of 1 1 1  + .—r + is 1a 1 b 1—c
:
A A
A
A
A
A
A
^ 4 s i n 4 a + sin 2 2 a + 4 cos 2 j ^  ^  is equal to 4 2 (a) 2 + 4 sin a (b) 2  4sin a (c) 2
(d) none of these
H.O.: Pearl Centre, Senapati Bapat Marg, Dadar (W), Mumbai400 028. Tel.: (022)2430 63 67, 2432 43 42
MATHEMATICS TODAY283JNAY'08 AUR
SECTION  II Assertion  Reason type
This section contains 3 questions numbered 11 to 13. Each question contains STATEMENT1 (Assertion) and STATEMENT2 (Reason). Each question has 4 choice (a), (b) (c) and (d), out of which ONLY ONE is correct. (a) if both A and R are correct and R is the proper reason ofA. (b) if both A and R are correct and R is not the proper reason of A. (c) if A is correct and R is wrong. (d) is A is wrong and R is correct. Assertion ( A ) : If sin x + sin2 x = 1, then value of the expression cos 12 x + 3 cos 10 x + 3 cos 8 x + cos 6 x  1 is  1. Reason (R) : cos 2 x = Assertion (A)
2
4sin 3 x + 2sin 2 x  2sinx  1 = 0 possess (a) only one real root (b) three real roots (c) four real roots (d) six real roots In the interval [  n/4, Jt/2], the equation 10 tanx „ , 1 + tan x (a) no solution (c) two solutions 2x
= 3 has
COS4XH
(b) one solution (d) three solutions 1 X 1+ x
2
Let 0 < x < 1. Then the equation 3 sin 1
T77
 4 cos
+ 2 tan
7
2x
7
= — possesses (a) no solution (c) two solutions (b) one solution (d) three solutions
—. and c are two =4 where nonand x
M17_19 : P a r a g r a p h for question No. 17 to 19 A system of vectors a u a 2 , , a n is said to be linearly dependent, if there exists a system of scalars cu c2, c„ (not all zero) such that: qd { + c 2 a 2 + + c„ a n = 0 That means , a n are linearly dependent iff one can be expressed as the linear combination of others. Again a x , a 2 , , a n is said to be linearly independent, if there exists scalars cl,c2, ,cn such that clal+c2a2+ => c, =c2 = If a,b,c are (a) (b) (c) (d) + cnd„ = 0 = cn = 0 are nonzero noncoplanar vectors, then
:
b
collinear vectors, such that
a(b+c)
a x (b x c) = (x  2x + 6) b + (sin y)c, x=i.
and v are real. Then point (x, v) lies on straight line Reason (R): The vector a lies in the plane of b and c Assertion (A) : In any AABC, if Z A is obtuse, then tail B tan C < 1. Reason (R): tan A + tan B + tan C = tan A tan B tan C
in any A A B C .
SECTION  III Linked Comprehension
This section contains 2 paragraphs M 14 . If; and M I7 . 19 . Based upon each paragraph, 3 multiple choice questions have to be answered. Each question has 4 choice (a), (b), (c) and (d), out of which one or more than one can be correct.
i\ = 2a  3b + c, r2 = 3a  5b + 2c,
linearly independent linearly dependent r} = a rx  (3 ?2 ; P none of these
= 4a  5b + c
e
R
M14.16 : Paragraph for question No. 14 to 16
Let a, b, c, d ER. Then the cubic equation of the type ax 3 + bx2 + cx + d = 0 has either one root real or all three roots are real. But in case of trigonometric equation of the type a sin3x + b sin2x + c sinx + d = 0 can possess several solutions depending upon the domain of x. To solve an equation of the type a cos 8 + b sin 8 = c, the equation can be written as cos(6 a) = c / <J{a* + b2) The solution is 8 = 2 f i n + a ± (3, where tana = b!a, cos3 =cl \J{a2 +b2).
If a = i + j + k,b = 4i +3 j + 4k and
c = i + a j + $k are linearly dependent vectors and  c  = V3 then, (a) a = 1, P =  1 (c) a =  l , ( 3 = ± l The vectors are i3j (b) a = 1, (3 = ± 1 (d) a = ± 1,(3=1 + 2k,2i4j4k,3i + 2jk
On the domain [  n, n] the equation
(a) linearly independent (b) linearly dependent (c) nothing can be said
(d) collinear
20
MATHEMATICS TODAY JUNE'08
SECTION  IV MatrixMatch type This section contains 3 question. Each question contains statements given in two columns which have to be matched. Statements (p, q, r, s) in Columns II have to be matched with statements (A, B, C, D) in Column I. 20. Column I (A) (B) The value of tan!([7t]) + tan1 ([ n] + 1) = Column II (p) 2
22. Column I (A)
•
Column II
(B)
(P)0 If in a AABC, a = 6,b = 3 and 4 cos (AB) = —, then area of 5 AABC= 3 (q) 2 If a = 5, b = 7, sin A = — then the 4 number of triangles possible is/are In a AABC, b + c = 3a, then (r)3
(C)
The number of solutions of the (q) W equation tanx + secx = 2 cosx in the interval [0, 2tt] is The number of roots of the (r)0 equation x + 2 tan x = n/2 in the interval [0, 2ti] is The number of solutions of the (8)1 equation x 3 + x 2 + 4x + 2 sin x = 0 in 0 < x < 27t is
c o t
j (D)
(fMf)=
+ a2) (s)9 +b2)cosC abc
a(b2 +c2) cos A+b(c2 cos B + c(a2
(C)
(D)
• • • • • H & S S S I l i l ^ ^ ^ ^ H SECTION  1
• .  : :
Column I a,b,c (A) (B) noncoplanar vectors, then
Column II (P) jaV
Straight Objective type This section contains 10 multiple choice questions numbered 1 to 10. Each question has 4 choices (a), (b) (c) and (d), out of which ONLY ONE is correct. If sin2x + cos2v = 2 sec2 z, then value of x, y, z are respectively (where m,n,r€ I) (a) (c) n n + — 71, mn, rn I (b)  2) (n\)—,mn,m
(a + b + c) • [(a + b) x (2a + b)
4
If b and c are any two non (q) collinear unit vectors and a is any [abc] vector, then (ab)b + (ac)c +—^ \b x c  (bxc)
 1 ) " , mn, r ^ j (d) none of these
If a , P and y are the altitudes of the AABC from the vertices A, B and C respectively, then the value of 1 a2 1 3 1
Y2
(C) (D)
If a, b, c are noncoplanar vectors, (r) a then [a + b+c a — c ab] Let a = at i + a2j + a 3 k,
A A
A
A
A
A
A
(s)  3 [abc]
(a) — (cot A + cot B + cot C) A (b) cot/I + cotB + cotC ( c ) cotA + cotB + cotC 3
b = l\i + b2 j + b3k,c = q i+ c2 j + c3k nonzero vectors such that c is a unit vector perpendicular to both a and b (and angle between a and b is (n/6), then «1 h
c
If in a triangle ABC, cos A cos B + sin A sin B sin2 C = 1, n e N then the sides are in the ratio (a) 1 : 1 : 7 2 (c) 7 2 : 7 2 : 1 (b) 7 2 : 1 : 2 (d) none of these
«2
b c
a
3
2
c
h 3
\
2
A nonzero vector a is parallel to the line of
MATHEMATICS TODAYFEBRUARY'08
intersection .of the plane determined by the vectors
A A A A
i, i + j and the plane determined by the vectors
A A
A
Reason (R): cot(2 tan be)
1—x
i  j, i + k • The acute angle between i  2 j + 2k is (a) 71/3 (b) 71/2 (c) 71/6 xb)c\
a
and
2x Assertion (A) : If a , b , c are unit coplanar vectors, then [2a  b 2b —c 2c  a] = 0 Reason (R) : [a b c] = 0 Assertion (A): 2 cot" AB cos .4 + cosi? sin A  sin B sin A + sin B cos A  cos B
(d) n/4 = \a\b\\c =0
For nonzero vectors a,b,c,\(a holds if and only if, (a) a • b =0,b • c = 0 (c) c • a = 0, a • b = 0 (d) a b =b The number y = sinx,y = (a) 2
S ft „„
( b ) bc=0,ca
if n is odd
• c=c • a = 0 of real solutions of (x, y), where cos"1 (cosx), 2n< x < 2n, is (b) 1 (c) 3 (d) 4
4 ft „„ 2 ft
0 if n is even „ cos^4 + c o s 5 Reason (R): = cot sin A  sinJS ffl S E C T I O N  III Linked Comprehension This section contains 2 paragraphs M 14 . 16 and M17_]9. Based upon each paragraph, 3 multiple choice questions have to be answered. Each question has 4 choice (a), (b), (c) and (d), out of which one or more than one can be correct. Mi4. )6 : P a r a g r a p h for question No. 14 to 16 Let a, b, c are three noncoplanar t' = [a be]
Z
tan 6   33 tan 4  + 27 tan^  = 9 9 9 (b) tan" (a) tan — 3 , , ft (d) t a n 2 (c) tan — 6 6 Let the unit vectors a and b be perpendicular and the unit vector c be inclined at an angle 0 to both a and b . If c = a a + (a) a = p (c) y2 =  cos 20 If equation of r xb =a.xb, (a) parallel (c) coplanar + y(a x b), then (b) Y2 = 1  2 a 2 (d) all of these are r xa = b xa and
, N
vectors ,c'
i.e.,
[a, b,c]¥= 0. Then three new vectors a', b', c' defined by the equations
=
[ab c]
[a b c]
lines
are called reciprocal system to the vectors a , b , c . If a, b, c and a, b', c' are reciprocal system of vectors then the value of a xa' + b xb' + c xc' (a) 2 {axbx (c) c) (b) 2(3' xb'x
(d)
these lines are (b) not intersecting (d) none of these
is c')
Let V = 2i + jkand W = i+3k. If (7is a unit vector, then the maximum value of the scalar triple product [U V W ] is (a) — 1 (c) V59 (b) VlO + 7 6 (d) V60
2
5
The reciprocal set of vectors of 2i + 3 j  k , i  j — 2k,— i + 2j+2k . , 2i +k 3 ' (a) 2i + k (b) 3 ' (c) (d) 2i +k 3 2i+ k ' are
S E C T I O N  II Assertion  Reason This section contains 3 questions numbered 11 to 13. Each question contains STATEMENT1 (Assertion) and STATEMENT2 (Reason). Each question has 4 choice (a), (b), (c) and (d), out of which ONLY ONE is correct. (a) if both A and R are correct and R is the proper reason of A. (b) if both A and R are correct and R is not the proper reason of A. (c) if A is correct and R is wrong. (d) if A is wrong and R is correct. Assertion (A) : If sin {2 cos _1 [cot(2 tan~'x)]} = 0 then x = ± 1,± (1 + yfe). 22
MATHEMATICS TODAYOCTOBER'08
Si + 3 j 7 k 7i + 3j + 5k 3 3 %i + 3j + 7k 7i3j 3 Si+ 3 j7
A
3 3 + 5k 3 k 7/+3/5Aaxb [a b c] ,  . then a is
A A
Si + 3 j + 7 k 7i + 3 j + 5k
» _ b xc If a =—^,b [a be]
cxa ^ =——=;— [ab c]
equal to b'xc' [a' b' c'] (A) (c) b'xc' [a'b'c'f (b) b'xc' [a b' c'] (B)
a Let /„(0) = tan — (1 + sec 0) 2 (1 + sec 20) (1 + sec 40)... (1 + sec 2"0)
( q )
S
(d) none of these (C) If cot (0  a), 3 cot 0, cot(0 + a ) ( r ) l are in A.P. and 0 is not an integral multiple of TC/2, then sin0 cosec a is equal to Number of ordered pairs (a, x) satisyfing the equation (8) sec2 (a + 2)x+a 2 —l=0,7t<x< n is Column I (A) If a, b,c are non coplanar unit vectors such that d x (b x c) b + c then the angle between " V2 J a and b is (B) 37t Four vectors a , b , c , d such that (q) 4 (axb)x(c xd) = 0. Let P , and P2 be planes determined by the pairs of vectors a, b and c, d respectively, then the angles between Px and P 2 is If a and b are two unit vectors such that a + 2b and 5a  Ab are perpendicular to each other then the angles between a and b is (D) If  a  = 3,16  = 5,  c  = 7 and (8)0 (r)
Let ABC be a triangle. R be the circumradius of the triangle. Also given R2 = I (a2 +b2 + c2). Then, 8 Which of the following is/are true? (a) Z cos 2A=—1 (b) 2 cos 2A = 1 (c) S sin 2A = I (d) X sin 2A = 1 18. Hence the triangle ABC can be (a) equilateral (b) isosceles (c) scalene (d) none of these S 9. Further, we have (a) r+2R = 2s (b)r2R =s (c) r + 2R = s (d) none of these SECTION  IV MatrixMatch type This section contains 3 question. Each question contains statements given in two columns which have to be matched. Statements (p, q, r, s) in Columns II have to be matched with statements (A, B, C, D) in Column I. 20. Column I (A) (B) Column II The no. of solutions of the equation (P)8 sin (e*) = 5X + 5x is The number of solutions of the (q)6 equation tanx + secx = 2 cosx lying in the interval [0,7t] is The no. of values o f x in the interval (r)2 [0, 5tc] satisfying the equation 3 sin2x  7 sinx + 2 = 0 is The number of integral values ( s ) 0 of K, for which the equation 7 cosx + 5 sinx = 2K + 1 has a solution is Column II + ! } + cosx (P)3
M17_I9 : Paragraph for question No. 17 to 19
(D)
V 2I
22. Column II ^
(C)
(C)
(D)
a + b + c = 0. The angle between a and b is I
Paper I (d) (a) (c) (A) . (A) (A) P a p e r II (a) (d) (d) (A) (A)  > (A)
ANSWER
(a) 6. (a) (b) (a) 5 . (a) (c) (d) > (c) 13. (b) (b), (c) (d) 19. (r), (B)  > (p), (C) (q), (D) (s) (q), (B)  4 (r), (C) (s), (D) + (P) (s), (B)  > (p), (C.) ^ (q), (D)  H O
•
•
(d) (a) (a)
m
(a) (d)
21. Column I (A) If fix)=sin2x+sin2j^
"(f)
cos  x + j j and g  ^ j = 1 then
(a) (a) (d) (c) (d) 6. (c) (c) (a) ' (a) 13. (d) (a) (a) (b), (c) (c) (s), (B)  > (r), (C) (q), (D) > (p) (r), (B) — (r), (C) > (q), (s), (D) ^ (p) (q), (B) (s), (C) ^ (p), (D) > (p) MATHEMATICS TODAYFEBRUARY'08
(b) (d)
• •
Solved Paper 2008
INSTRUCTIONS  Question paper consists of two sections : Section A contains multiple choice questions. Each question carries 1 mark. Section B contains short answer type questions. Each question carries 2 marks. For each incorrect answer onethird (1/3) mark will be deducted. SECTION A One possible condition for the three points (a, b), (b, a) and (a2,  b2) to be collinear is (a) a  b = 2 (b) a + b = 2 (c) a = 1 + b (d) a = 1  b If the mlh term and the « lh term of an A.P. are respectively — and —, then the (mn)* term of the A.P. n m is (a) r r mn
n/2
9
WB JEE
(a) 1 (b) 5 (a) (c) d3y dx3 A dx2 =0
, ,
(c)
10
y
(d) 3
9. The differential equation of all parabolas whose axes are parallel tojaxis is = (b) 4 2 0 dx (d) of the d2y dy =0 equation
(b) ~
5
(c) 1
(d)
^ m
dx solution +e ~
y x
10. The
=e
y+x
differential
J sin xcos x dx equals
n/2
( a )
is
2*0
(b) 20 function
(c) 0 f ( x ), = l 0 g
(d) + x
1 330 the
4.
The
equation (a) f ( x + 2)  2 / ( x +1) + / ( x ) = 0 (b) / ( x ) + / ( x + l) = / ( x ( x + l)) CO /(x)
+
(l
satisfies
dx (a) (b) (c) (d)
e~y = e* — e x + c,c integrating constant e~y = e~x  e* + c, c integrating constant ery = ex + e x + c,c integrating constant e~y + ex + e x = c, c integrating constant
2
/o">=/(£*)
11. The value of the integral J x 2  1 1 dx is o (a) 0 (b) 2 (c) 4 (d)  2 12. I f x = e'sint, y = e'cost then d^y dx2 le 1 1 at x = 7i is (d)
(d) f ( x + y) = f ( x ) f ( y ) If / = f — J  sin / x
( a )
dx,
then/equals (d) J
(a) 2eK
(b)
(c)
2

2
n
(b) 2n
(c) n
dy k 13. The value of ^ r at x = —, j = x s i n x + Vx is 1 (a) 1 + yf2n 1 (C) V27C
n
where y is given by
6. (a) (c)
If h(x) = ^sm' tdt, then h(x + n) equals h(n) h(x)h(K) (b) h(x)h(n)
(b) 1 (d) 1. * V27t
(d) k(x) + h(n)
2 5 2 5
The value of (1  a> + co ) + (1 + co  co ) , where co and co2 are the complex cube roots of unity is (a) 0 (b) 32 co (c)  3 2 (d) 32 8. The degree of the differential equation
i5/3
14. The value of Jcosx3x is o (a) 2it (b) 2 (c) 2/TI
3
(d)
TI
dx
dx
1
is
15. The value of J (ax5 + bx2 +cx + k)dx, c, k are constants, depends only on
3
where a, b,
MATHEMATICS TODAYFEBRUARY'09 37
(a) a and k (c) a, b and c
(b) a and b (d) k
of conjugate diameters of an ellipse, then the eccentricity of the ellipse is
v2 xe The value of the integral J dx is • al + x ^ , , _ (a) e"'2 (b) 0 (c) e (_ „ 2 (d) a 17. The value of the limit lim is (a) log 2 (b) log 6
5/2
(a)
I
(b)
,/j
1 1 H n+1 n+2 (d) log 3
6H
The area enclosed between the curve y = 1 + x 2 , the yaxis, and the straight line y = 5 is given by 14 . 7 (a) y square units (b) — square units (c) 5 square units 16 (d) y square units
(c) 1
The order and degree of the following differential equation (a) 3, 2 1+ (b) 3, 10 d'y = —— are respectively dx (c) 2, 3 (d) 3, 5
If t is a parameter, then x = a j f + jj,>> = £ > [ /  represents (a) An ellipse (b) A circle (c) A pair of straight lines (d) A hyperbola The line which is parallel to xaxis and crosses the curve v = ~Jx at an angle 45° is (a) v= i (b) y = j (c) y = 1 (d) y = 4
The differential equation of the family of circles passing through the fixed points {a, 0) and (  a, 0) is (a) yi (y2  x2) + 2xy + a2 = 0 (b) yjy2 + xy + a2x2 = 0 (c) yj(y2~x2 + a2) + 2xy = 0 (d) yx(y2 + x2)  2xy + a2 = 0 The differential equation of the family of curves y = e^iacosx + b sinx), where a and b are arbitrary constants, is given by (a) y2  4>>! + 5y = 0 (b) 2y2yl + 5y = 0 (c) + 4vj  5y = 0 (d) y2  2yx + 5y = 0 21. ^cot.r _ ^ cos V lim . a> 0 7t c o t x  c o s x =loge(b) = log e 2 (d) =
a
28 The distance between the lines 5x  1 2 j + 65 = 0 and 5x 1 2 ^  3 9 = 0 is (a) 4 (b) 16 (c) 2 (d) 8 The coordinates of the foot of perpendicular from (a, 0) on the line y = mx + — are m
(a)
(c)
0,m .o
(b)  0 ,  — (d) ,0 m
=
'
(a)
(c) = l o g ea
The equation (x  x0(x  x2) + (y  y\)(y ~ y2) represents a circle whose centre is
0
Rolle's theorem is not applicable to the function / ( x ) = x for  2 < x < 2 because (a) / is continuous for  2 < x < 2 (b) / i s not derivable for x = 0 (c) / (  2) = / ( 2 ) (d) / is not a constant function The equation of the circle which passes through the points of intersection of the circles x2 +y2 6x= 0 and
(a)
x
i  x2
> ' i yi
_
(b) (d)
*1
+ x2
>'l +>"2
(c) (xhy i)
2 2
(x2,y2)
The circles x + y + 6x + 6y = 0 and x 2 f y2 — 12x — 12y = 0 (a) cut orthogonally (b) touch each other internally (c) intersect in two points (d) touch each other externally The two parabolas x 2 = 4y and y 2 = 4x meet in two distinct points. One of these is the origin and the other is (a) (2,2) (b) ( 4 ,  4 ) (c) (4,4)
2
(3 3^1 x 2 + y2  6y = 0, and has its centre at I —, — I is
(a) (b) (c) (d) x 2 + / + 3x + 3y + 9 = 0 x 2 + y 2 + 3x + 3j; = 0 x 2 + v2  3x  3v = 0 x 2 + >'2  3x  3 j + 9 = 0 If 2y = x and 3y + 4x = 0 are the equations of a pair
MATHEMATICS TODAYFEBRUARY'08
(d) (  2 , 2 )
The vertex of the parabola x + 2y = 8x  7 is (a) ff.o] (b) ( 4 , f ) (c) (2,f) (d) (4,1
34. If P(at2, 2at) be one end of a focal chord of the parabola v2 = 4ax, then the length of the chord is
\2
(a) 26
(b) 28
(c) 27
(d) 25
(a) (c) a\t +
(b)
a\t 
X
(d) a\t + 
44. How many odd numbers of six significant digits can be formed with the digits 0, 1,2, 5, 6, 7 when no digit is repeated? (a) 120 (b) 96 (c) 360 (d) 288 45. Let a , P be the roots of x 2  2xcos<) + 1 = 0 , then the equation whose roots are a", P" is (a) x 2  2xcos«(j)  1 = 0 (b) x 2  2xcos«<) + 1 = 0 2 (c) x  2xsin/;(j) + 1 = 0 (d) x 2 + Zxsinnt))  1 = 0 46. The latus rectum of an ellipse is equal to onehalf of its minor axis. The eccentricity of the ellipse is 1 . . . V3 , , V3 (a) (b) (c) (d) 47. A particle is projected vertically upwards and is at a height h after tx seconds and again after t2 seconds then (a) (c) h=gtxt2 h = 7 l1'2 t (b) h = (d) h = 1
— x )
35, The length of the common chord of the parabolas y2  x and x2 = y is (a) 2V2 (b) 1 (c) V2 (d) j=
36. The equation of the ellipse having vertices at (± 5,0) and foci (± 4, 0) is
2 2
( ) (C)
Y
a
77 + 77 = ! 25 16
2
+
(b) 9x2 + 25J 2 = 225 (d) 4x 2 + 5y2 = 20
,2
^
=l
37. The area included between the parabolas y2 = 4x and x 2 = 4j> is (a) — sq. units (b) 8 sq. units (d) 12 sq. units
^gt]t2
, x 16 (c) — sq. units
eix~6 48. The value of the limit lim 1—
x—>2 s m ( 2
is (d)  1
38. The locus of the centres of the circles which touch both the axes is given by (a) x 2  y 2 = 0 (b) x 2 + v2 = 0 2 2 (c) x —y = 1 (d) x 2 + y 2 = 1 39. The sum of the series (1 + 2) + (1 + 2 + 2 2 ) + (1 + 2 + 2 2 + 2 3 ) + ... up to n terms is (a) 2 " + 2  n  4 (b) 2(2" 1)n (c) 2"+1  n (d) 2 H+I  1 40. The 5th term of the series (b) 1 .41 (a) (b) (d) 10 1 [20 2
(a)

(b) 3
(c)  3
49. The limit lim _  _ is x>2 V2  Vx (a) 10V2 (b) + 0 0 (c) — oo (d) does not exist 50. The range of the function / ( x ) = log e \ l 4  x 2 given by (a) (0, 00) (b) (  0 0 , oo) (c) (  co, log e 2) (d) (log e 2, co) is
o f
M)
VJ
51. The number of ways four boys can be seated around a roundtable in four chairs of different colours is (a) 24 (b) 12 (c) 23 (d) 64 52. If one root of the equation x 2 + ( 1  3i)x  2(1 + i ) = 0 is — 1 + i, then the other root is (a)  1 i (b) ^ (O / (d) 2 i
The equation y/3 sinx + cosx = 4 has infinitely many solutions no solution (c) two solutions only one solution
42, The value of tana + 2tan(2a) + 4tan(4a) +... + 2""Itan(2"1 a) + 2"cot(2"a) is (a) cot(2"a) (b) 2"tan(2"a) (c) 0 (d) cota 43 Out of 8 given points, 3 are collinear. How many different straight lines can be drawn by joining any two points from those 8 points?
53. Three sets A, B, C are such that A = B n C and B = CnA, then (a) AczB (b) A =>3 (c) A =B (d) AaB' 54. The sum of the infinite series
1)
(a) ^ log, 2
4 GT(b) 2log«2
is
MATHEMATICS TODAY JULY 0 HHPI I
(C)  l o g , 2
(d)
3
for n e N. Then/is (a) (b) (c) (d) Surjective but not injective Injective but not suijective Bijective Neither injective nor surjective If the magnitude of the coefficient of x 7 in the expansion of j ax
+
The values of x for which the given matrix — x x 2 will be nonsingular are (a)  2 < x < 2 (b) for all x other than 2 and  2 (c) x > 2 (d) x< — 2 Iftan[^J = cot^]then (a) a + p = 0 (b) a + p = 2n (c) a + P = 2n + 1 (d) a + p = 2(2n + 1), n is an integer.
1 sin •i tan  T J 18 71 (d) (c) •2
1
> where a, b are positive
numbers, is equal to the magnitude of the coefficient of xr1 in the expansion of connected by the relation (a) ab= 1 (b) ab2 n e (a) (b) (c) (d) ax 1 bx1 then a and b are (d) ab2 = 2
(
(c) a2b= 1
(a)
n 4
(b) e of cos — c
!
2k 471 871 . cos— c o s — is T5 15 15 (c) 1 (d) 0
(a)
J_ 16
The mapping / : N —> N given by f(n) = 1 + n2, N where A^ is the set of natural numbers, is One to one and onto Onto but not onetoone Onetoone but not onto Neither onetoone nor onto
59. If a, b, c be in Arithmetic progression, then, the value of {a + 2b c)(2b + c a)(a + 2 b + c) is (a) 16 abc (b) 4 abc (c) 8 abc (d) 3 abc The equation x23\x\ (a) No real root (c) Two real roots +2 = 0 has (b) One real root (d) Four real roots
68. A and B are two points on the Argand plane such that the segment AB is bisected at the point (0, 0). If the point A, which is in the third quadrant has principal amplitude 0, then the principal amplitude of the point B is (a)  0 (b) 7i — 0 (c) 0  T i (d) Ti + 0 A function / : A —> B, where A = {x/l < x < 1} and B = (y/1 <y<2} is defined by the rule y = / ( x ) = 1 + x 2 . Which of the following statement is then true? (a) / i s injective but not surjective (b) / i s surjective but not injective (c) / i s both injective and suijective (d) / i s neither injective nor suijective The function/(x) which satisfies /O) = /(*)= (a) (c) f(x)=le? f ( x ) = x2ex
12
The principal amplitude of (sin 40° + z'cos 40°) 5 is (a) 70° (b)  1 1 0 ° (c) 110° (d)  7 0 ° If log 5 log 5 log 2 x = 0 then value of x is (a) 32 (b) 125 (c) 625 (d) 25 A person draws out two balls successively from a bag containing 6 red and 4 white balls. The probability that at least one of them will be red is 48 f \ 78 ™ 30 ^ / 12 (a) (b) (C) (d) 90 90 90 90 If three real numbers a, b, c are in Harmonic Progression, then which of the following is true? (a) — ,b,  are in A.P. a c (b) (d) — , — are in H.P. — — b c a are in H.P.
fix)
is given by
1 (b) f ( x ) = e (d) / ( x ) = /2
71. A function/(x) is defined as follows for real x 0 1 + xz for x < 1 for x = 1
(c) ab, be, ca are in H.P.
A m a p p i n g / : N —» N where N is the set of natural numbers is defined as fin) = n2 for n odd f(n) = 2;2 + l for n even
Q^vi
, for x > 1 Then (a) / ( x ) is not continuous at x = 1 (b) / ( x ) is continuous but not differentiable at x = 1 (c) fix) is both continuous and differentiable at x = 1
MATHEMATICS TODAYMARCH'095
(d) f{x) is continuous everywhere but differentiable nowhere. 72. Select the correct statement from (a), (b), (c), (d). The function/(x) = xe'~ v (a) strictly increases in the interval 2
SECTION B 1. If an unbiased coin is tossed n times. Find the probability that head appears an odd number of times. If the tangent to the parabola y = x (2  x ) at the point (1,1) intersects the parabola at P. Find the coordinate of P. 3. then by the principle of mathematical 0 1 1 2 n\ induction, prove that A" 0 1 Evaluate ——7dx x(l + x ) If A =
1 2"
(b) increases in the interval (0, oo) (c) decreases in the interval (0, 2) (d) strictly decreases in the interval (1, oo) The equation ex + x  1 = 0 has, apart from x = 0 (a) One other real root (b) Two real roots (c) No other real root (d) Infinite number of real roots 74. The function/(x) = e increasing for (a) — 1 < x < 1 (c) x >  l
ax
4. 5. 6.
Find the general solution of secB + 1 = ( 2 + >/3)tan0. Prove that for all values of m, except zero the st. line
+ e~ , a > 0 is monotonically (b) x <  l (d) x > 0
ax
y = rnx + — touches the parabola j 2 = 4ax m
SOLUTIONS
75. For two complex numbers z b z 2 the relation  z 1 + z 2  = z1 + z2 holds if K (a) arg(zj) = arg(z 2 ) (b) arg(z!) + arg(z 2 ) = (c)
Zlz2= 16
SECTION A 1. 8. 15. 22. 29. 36. 43. 50. 57. 64. 71. (c) 2. (c) 3 (c) 4. (c) 5. (c) 6. (d) (d) (d) 9 (a) 10. (b) 11. (b) 12. (d) 13. (a) 14. (b) (d) 16. (b) 17. (b) 18. (a) 19. (c) 20. (a) 21. (c) (b) 28. (d) (b) 23. (c) 24. (c) 25. (d) 26. (d) (a) 30. (b) 31. (d) 32. (c) 33. (b) 34. (d) 35. (c) (b) 37. (c) 38. (a) 39. (a) 40. (c) 41. (b) 42. (d) (a) 44. (d) 45. (b) 46. (b) 47. (b) 48. (c) 49. (d) (c) 5' (a) 52. (d) 53. (c) 54. (c) 55. (b) 56. (d) (d) 58. (b) 59. (a) 60. (d) 61. (b) 62. (a) 63. (a) (b) 65. (b) 66. (a) 67. (c) 68. (d) 69. (b) 70. (d) (a) 72. (d) 73. (c) 74. (d) 75. (a) No option due to r = 7.5 (not possible) 77. No option since coefficient = 210 Only option (c) satisfies commutativity o n multiplication 79. (a) 80. (c) SECTION B 1. Let P = Probability of getting a head in a single trial 1 = ~ . Number of trials = n 2 and x = number of heads in n trials.
1
16
(d) z, = r 2 .
If C,. = Cr+1 then the value of rPr_3 is (a) 31 (b) 120 (c) 210 (d) 840 The coefficient of x~ 10 in  ^ x 2 — r r ) (a)  2 5 2 (b)  2 1 0 (c)  ( 5 ! ) is (d)  1 2 0
If the matrix 1 1 then 0 1 (a) a = 0,b = c (c) c = 0, d = a 79
is commutative with the matrix
(b) b = 0,c = d (d) d = 0, a = b
If 1, co, co2 are cube roots of unity, then
1 CO 2 " CO" CO" 1 CO "
2
CO 2 " CO"
has value
1 (c) co2
(d) co + co2
We have P (x = r) = nCr pr q" r \nr = "C, Now,
(a) 0
(b) co
Let A = {1,2,3} and B = {2, 3,4}, then which of the following relations is a function from A to B1 (a) {(1,2), (2, 3), (3, 4), (2, 2)} (b) {(1,2), (2, 3), (1,3)} (c) {(1,3), (2, 3), (3, 3)} (d) {(1,1), (2, 3), (3, 4)}
P(x = odd) = P{x = 1) + P(x = 3) + (x = 5) + ...
= (2 C 1 x "± 3= " I 5 + . . . ) ( ^ "  + C + C
2"
2
MATHEMATICS TODAY FEBRUARY'09 41
P(head appears an odd number of times) = — '•' y = x( 2x) dy d 2 — = —(2xx )= 22x dx dx Slope of tangent at (1, 1) ...(i)
P(n) is true for n = k + 1 P(n) is true for all n e N
2
;dxJ—~~~Y~dx=j J J x(l + x z ) Wl J y J 1+ xz l
1 2
J
r
2x l+x
dx
>
= ilogl + x2+^,. k is constant of integration 5. s e c Q + 1 = (2 + n/3 ) tan 9 Squaring both sides, we get (secQ+1) 2 (secO+1) 2 =(2 + V3)2tan20 = ( 4 + W 3 + 3 ) (sec 2 0  1 )
=22x1=0
^>(1,1) equation of tangent at (1, 1) is
yy\=\T\
dy*
o*i)
=>:yl=0(xl) => y= I ...(ii) To find the coordinates of P, we solve (i) and (ii) .'. 2x  x 2 = 1 => x 2  2x + 1 = 0 => ( x  1)2 = 0 => x = 1, 1 '•' both values of x are same both points coincide. So, coordinates of P are (1, 1), i.e. given point (1, 1) is point P. Note: If tangent is drawn at any point on parabola, it will never intersect the parabola again at other point, so given point (1,1) is the point P. .V Let given statement is denoted by P(n) "1 In so, P{ri): A" = ...(i) 0 1 Putting n = 1 P(l): A1 = 1 0 21" 1 "l 0 2" 1
(sec 0 +1) 2  (7 + 4 ^ 5 ) (sec 2 0  l ) = O =i> (sec 0 +1) 2  (7 + 4 V3) (sec 0 + 1) (sec 0  1 ) = 0 (sec 0 + l)[sec 0 +1  (7 + 4 ^ 3 ) (sec 0  1 ) ] = 0 => => (sec 0 +1 )[(8 + 4\f3) — (6 + 4>/3) sec 0] = 0 sec 0 + 1 = 0 or (8 + 4 V 3 )  ( 6 + 4>/3)sec0 = O
If secO + 1 = 0 => cos© =
1 = COSTI => 0 =
2nn ± 7t
If (8 + 4 ^ 3 )  (6 + 4V3) sec 0 = 0 secO = 8 + 4>/3 i + 4n/3
=> COS0 = —
4(2 + a/3) 2V3(2 + V3) K 6
2 A/3
V3 2
= cos —
=> = A (given)
0 = 2?7 7t ± —
:. P(n) is true for n = 1 Let P(n) is true for n = k k n k Ak = Lo i Now, we prove for n = k + 1 i.e. i.e. P{k): P(k+ 1): Ak+l = Ak+i = A x A
k 1
K '•' angles obtained from 0 = 2n n  — is not satisfying the given equation 0 =2nn±n, ...(ii) 6. y
= TMX
2 nn +—, 6
nel
Find the point of intersection of + — and y2 = 4ax m 4a I y =— ym y~ 2a =0 y
"1 0 "1 0
2{k +1) 1 2k 1 x "1 0 2 1
...(iii)
— y + = 0 m m" 2a m 2a m
from (ii)
lxl + 2£x0 Ox+lxO 1 0
Ak+1
1 x 2 + 2A: x 1 0x2+1x1 1 0 2(k + l) 1 1
2 + 2k 1 = 1 0
2(* + l)
both values o f y are same, so there is only one point of intersection. But in case of parabola y2 = 4ax if line intersects at one point whose slope is not zero, then the a line touches the parabola. So, v =mx + — touches the m parabola y2 = 4 ax.
42
MATHEMATICS TODAYOCTOBER'08
IITJEE 2009
(Differential Calculus) PAPER  I SECTION I Straight Objective Type [3 marks for correct answer and  1 for wrong answer] This section contains 9 multiple choice questions numbered 1 to 9. Each question has 4 choices (a), (b), (c) and (d), out of which ONLY ONE is correct, n + 1  (n + l)x + n lim; (xl)2 . . . ,. . n(n +1) 3n (a) n(n + 1) (b) (c) n + 1 (d) 2. lim tan \[x ln(l + 3x) (tan
1
Sample Paper
By: Vidyalankar Institute*, Mumbai
(c) / ( x ) is an increasing function (d) none of these 8 A square piece of tin of side 18 cm is to be made into a box without top, by cutting a square from each corner and folding up the flaps to form the box. The maximum possible volume of the box is given by (in cm 2 ) (a) 420 (b) 338 (c) 432 (d) none of these has 1 + x tan x one point of minimum in the interval (0, Jt/2) one point of maximum in the interval (0, n/2) no point of maximum, no point of minimum in the interval (0, n/2) two points of maxima in the interval (0, jt/2) The function Jf w = (x)
Vx) (e ^*  1 ) (c)  (d) 0
2
5
(a) (b) (c) (d)
(a) y Value of
(b) 1
lim i r f cos ( ^ 11 is U'Jj (a) sin x (b) sin x/x (c) x/sin x (d) 1  x — 31, x > 1 The f u n c t i o n / ( x ) = 1 3
• + —, X<1
is
S E C T I O N  II Assertion  Reason type [3 marks for correct answer and  1 for wrong answer] This section contains 4 questions numbered 10 to 13. Each question contains STATEMENT1 (Assertion) and STATEMENT2 (Reason). Each question has 4 choices (a), (b) (c) and (d), out of which ONLY ONE is correct. (a) if both A and R are correct and R is the proper reason of A. (b) if both A and R are correct and R is not the proper reason ofA. (c) if A is .correct and R is wrong. (d) if A is wrong and R is correct. Domain of definition of the function / ( x ) = e + sin
x 1
.4 2 4 (a) continuous at x = 1 but not derivable at x = 1 (b) continuous and derivable at x = 1 (c) not derivable at x = 1 (d) not continuous at x = 1 . , d2( c o s 7 x ) . It y = s m x , then is equal to 5 dv 2 5 (a) 35cos x  42cos x (b) 35cos 3 x + 42cos 5 x 3 5 (d)  3 5 c o s 3 x  4 2 c o s 5 x (c) 42cos x  35cos x 1 If 5 / ( x ) + 3 / ^   = x + 2 a n d y = x / ( x ) ; then
T.
  1 j + In yjx  [x], {where [•] denotes
the greatest integer function} is (0,4)  {1,2, 3} Domain of sin  i is (0, 4)
(c) 1 (d) 7/8 x If/(x) =  — a n d g ( x ) where 0 < x < 1, then smx tan x in this interval (a) b o t h / ( x ) and g(x) are increasing functions (b) b o t h / ( x ) and g(x) are decreasing functions
dv , — is equal to dx x = l (b)  1 (a) 14
11. Assertion (A) : x(3e 1/x + 4) x & 0 is differentiable at x = 0 m = J ix 0 ,x = 0 / ( x ) = ax3 + bx2 + cx + d sin x, At x = 0 , / ( x ) is continuous.
' H.O.: Pearl Centre, Senapati Bapat Marg, Dadar (W), Mumbai400 028. Tel.: (022)2430 63 67, 2432 43 42
MATHEMATICS TODAYFEBRUARY'08
the condition that / (x) is always oneone function is b2<3a(c\d\). f (x) to be oneone either / is entirely increasing or entirely decreasing. sin x + cos ax is periodic, for all a £ R sin x, cos ax are periodic functions. S E C T I O N III Linked comprehension [4 marks for correct answer and  1 for wrong answer] This section contains 2 paragraphs M14.16 and M17.19. Based upon each paragraph, 3 multiple choice questions have to be answered. Each question has 4 choice (a), (b), (c) and (d), out of which ONLY ONE is correct. Mij., 6 : Paragraph for Questions No. 14 to 16 In calculus the derivative of any function y = f (x) is defined as f i x + h)  f ( x ) Dfix) • lim h> 0 Now instead of this usual definition of derivative Dfix), define a new kind of derivative D*f (x), which can be calculated by the formula f i x + h) f i x ) D * f i x ) = lim h— 0 ^ where / 2 ( x ) = (fix))2. If f i x ) = — ; then D * f i x ) is lnx lnx  1 2x(ln x  1 ) (a) (b) 2 (lnx) (lnx) 2x(ln x  1) 2x(ln x  1 ) (c) (d) (lnx) (lnx) 3
The value of (a) 0 (d)
W
lim
g(x) is (b) 1 (d) does not exist
SECTION  IV MatrixMatch type [6 marks for correct answer and no negative marking forwrong answer]. This section contains 3 questions. Each question contains statements given in two columns which have to be matched. Statements (p, q, r, s) in Column II have to be matched with statements (A, B, C, D) in Column I. The greatest and least value of functions in column I on [0, 4] are respectively Column I (A) (B) (C) (D) x + 2Vx x1 x+ l 2x 3  9x 2 + 12x + 6 Column I I (P) (q) (r) (s) 38 and 6 8 and 0 3  and  1 5 2 and  1
N]
Column I
Column I I (P) (q)
TI/2
(A) Period of the function / (x) = sin(cos x) + cos(sin x) (B) Period of the function fix) = [sin(4x)] + ]cos 4x ([•] denotes the greatest integer function) If the function f : R R be such that fix) = TLX  [TIX], integer where [•] denotes the greatest integer function, then the period of the function f\x) (D) Period of the function f (x)  min {sin x, x}
, —
; —
can't be determined
If function g(x) = x*, then D*gix)\x = ( i s (a) 1 (b) 2e€ (c) 2 (d) not defined The slope of tangent to the curve y = x e " 1 ^ at the point e w (c) 4e 1 e (d) can not be found out
(C)
W
2u
(s)
71
Mi7_,g: Paragraph for Question No. 17 to 19. Given a function g which has a derivative g\x) for every real x and which satisfy g'(0) = 2 and gix + y) = ey g(x) + e*g(y) for all x and y. The function g(x) is (a)x(2+xe*) (b) x ( e M  l ) (c) 2x• e* (d) x + l n ( x + l ) The range of the function gix) is (a) R (b)
— —
a sm x • bx + cx2 + x 3 If L = lim and is finite, o 2x 2 log(l + x)  2x 3 + x 4 then match the following : Column I (A) (B) (C) (D) a+b c 20 L a Column I I (P) (q) (r) (s) o 6 12 1.5
2
e
CO
(c)
(d)
[0,)
321
MATHEMATICS TODAY MARCH'095
PAPERII SECTION Straight Objective type [3 marks for correct answer and  1 fo wrong answer] This section contains 9 multiple choice questions numbered 1 to 9. Each question has 4 choices (a), (b) (c) and (d), out of which ONLY ONE is correct. f(2h + 2 + h2)  /(2) . lim r , given that f (2) = 6, 2 A»0 f(h  h + 1)  / ( l ) and/'(l) = 4 (a) does not exist (b) is equal to  3 / 2 (c) is equal to 3/2 (d) is equal to 3 [sinx] lim , where [•] denotes the greatest integer JC  » o x J function is (a) 1 (b) 0 (c)  1 (d) does not exist V x, y and / ' ( 2 ) = 2 3 ) 3 then the function y =f (x) is (a) v = 2x (b) y = x If/ (c)y = 2x + 2 (d) y =  + 'x + / \ 2+f(x) + f(y)
lim_(ln({x} +  [x] )){jc> is (where [ ] is the greatest i—>o integer function and { } is the fractional part function), (a) 0 (b) 1 (c) In 2 (d) ln(l/2) S E C T I O N  II Assertion  Reason [3 marks for correct answer and  1 for wrong answer] This section contains 4 questions numbered 10 to 13. Each question contains STATEMENT1 (Assertion) and STATEMENT2 (Reason). Each question has 4 choices (a), (b), (c) and (d), out of which ONLY ONE is correct. (a) if both A and R are correct and R is the proper reason of A. (b) if both A and R are correct and R is not the proper reason ofA. (c) if A is correct and R is wrong. (d) if A is wrong and R is correct. 10. Assertion (A) If / : [1, —» [2, is given by
•.J7 / ( x ) = x +  . Then f'(x) = — x 2 / i s bijective mapping. 11. Assertion (A) lim — does not exist. x LHL and RHL do not exist. A Function defined as x
2
The solutions of the quadratic equation (3x  3) 2 = x + 7, which belongs to the domain of definition of the function y = y](x  4)x is (a) ± i ± 2 (b) 1,8 (c) 2,i (d)  , 8
1
/«=
Reason (R)
 4
x  2
x*2
is continuous at x = 2.
Let x] < 1, then
4
lim[log(l + x) + log(l + x 2 ) +
?
x = 2 4, lim / ( x ) exists.
X
> 2
log(l + x ) +.... + log(l + x" )] = (a) log(l  x ) (c) log
1
(b) '
log
1 + X
13. Assertion (A) : Let/W = j l  1 l ( W  W ) [ 0
>
,
for x * 1 forx = 1
1—x
(d) 0 2 ism x
o s e c 1S 1 (d) 1
f 2 2 lim < i c o s c c x __ 2 c o s e c x ++ ( .Tot' ~ c (a) n (b) n2 (c) 0
t h e n / ( x ) is differentiable at x = 1. (where [•] denotes the greatest integer function and {•} denotes fractional part function) Reason /'(1+) = / ' ( ! ) = 0 S E C T I O N III Linked comprehension [4 marks for correct answer and  1 for wrong answer] This section contains 2 paragraphs M14.16 and M17.19. Based upon each paragraph, 3 multiple choice questions have to be answered. Each question has 4 choices (a), (b), (c) and (d), out of which ONLY ONE is correct. Mu.I6 : Paragraph for Questions No. 14 to 16 Let y  f (x) be a fourth degree algebraic polynomial function such that /(*) (i) lim•= 2 •i(xiy (ii) It cuts vaxis at a point where slope of normal is 1/8. (iii) Tangent at x = 2 is parallel to v = 8x + 1.
MATHEMATICS TODAY  AUGUST '08
The values of x for which 2X4 < cos 6 x + sin 4 x  1 is/are (a)jj,0j (b) (  1 , 1 ) (c)   (d) {0}
If a + b + c = 0 and 1 1 y = —e :— + e c x +x" + l x +x~fl+l , dy then — = dx (x (c) 1 (a)
a
x^+x^+l 1
a
+x
b
+ x)
c 2
(b)
(x (d) 0
+ x~b + x " e ) 2
51
Consider y = g(x) be a quadratic curve touching and cutting j = / ( x ) on xaxis a n d j  a x i s respectively. The angle of intersection between the two curves at point where they cut yaxis is(a) tan'(l/57) (b) t a n ~ \ 2 / 4 9 ) (c) tan~'(3/41) (d) tan 1 (4/33) The abscissae of points on curve y = g(x), where length of subtangent is an even integer (= 2n) is (a) n + 1 (b) 2/2 + 1 (c) 3n + 1 (d) 4n + 1 If tangent at x = 1/2 on curve y =f (x) is normal to y = s(x) at x = a , then a equals to (a) 12 (b) 14 (c) 16 (d) none M )7 .,9 : Paragraph for Questions No. 17 to 19. Consider a function defined in [  2 , 2] is /(*)={*},  2 <x<— 1 = sgn(x),l<x<l = {x}, 1 < x < 2, where {x} denotes the fractional part function. The f u n c t i o n / ( x ) is continuous at (a) x =  2 (b) x =  3 / 2 (c) x "  l (d) all of these The total number of points of discontinuity o f / ( x ) in x e [  2 , 2] are (a) 1 (b) 3 (c) 4 (d) infinite The number of points in x e [  2 , 2], where / (x) is nondifferentiable. (a) 1 (b) 3 (c) 4 (d) infinite. SECTION  IV MatrixMatch type [6 marks for correct answer and no negative marking for wrong answer]. This section contains 3 questions. Each question contains statements given in two columns which have to be matched. Statements (p, q, r, s) in Columns II have to be matched with statements (A, B, C, D) in Column i. 20. Column I (A) Column II 1 42 The ratio of altitude to the (P) radius of the cylinder of maximum volume that can be inscribed in a given sphere is The ratio of radius to the (q) altitude of the cone of the greatest volume which can be inscribed in a given sphere is The cone circumscribing of sphere of radius r has the minimum volume if its semi vertical angle is 8 is such that 33 sin 0 = (r)
(D) 21.
The greatest value of x3y4 if 2x + 3y = 7 and x > 0, y > 0. Column I
(s)
11
Column II (P) (q) (r) (s) {1,2,3} {1} {0,1} {0,1}
(A) (B) (C) (D)
Range of ^/[sin 2x]  [cos 2x] Domain of Jx2 ]/
+ 4x
C„
„ 2 2xz + 3
Range of A/log(cos(sin x)) Range of [sin x + cos x[]
Find the value o f / ( 0 ) so that the functions given in Column I become continuous at x = 0 in their respective domain. Column I In / f(x) = ^ + 2Vx (P) tan v x (q)
x<o
Column U 1 12 2
(A) (B)
,, ^ x2 + 2cosx  2 /(*) = r
X
sin x  \a(ex cos x) \ 6x (C) /(x) = 2 + cos x x sinx 3 x
\x>0 1 60
;x * 0
(r)
(D)
ln
(s) sinx COSX^0 (t)
3
cannot be continuous
(B)
4~2
(C)
32 3
SOLUTIONS Paper I (b) (c) (b) (b) (a) (b). (c) (c) (d) (a) (a) (c) (c) (b) (a) (A) • (q),(B)*(r),(C) >(P).(D)»(s) (A) *(s), (B) —> (p), ( 0  >(q).(D)»W (A) • (r).(B)»(p).(C) >(s),(D)+(q) Paper II (d) (b) <c> . (c) (c) (d) (d) (d) (c) (b) (d) (d) (d) (b) (c) (A)  .(q),(B)>(p).(C)»(s), (D) —> (r) (A) . (r). (B) (p), (C)  > (s). (D)»(q) (A) ' (l). (B) (p), (C) (r), (D)  > (s)
(d) (d)
(c) (d)
(a) (a)
(d) (b)
Q^vi
MATHEMATICS TODAYMARCH'095
I ITJEE 2009
(Integral Calculus) PAPER  I SECTION  I Straight Objective Type [3 marks for correct answer and  1 for wrong answer] This section contains 9 multiple choice questions numbered 1 to 9. Each question has 4 choices (a), (b), (c) and (d), out of which ONLY ONE is correct. The area bounded by the curves f (x) — sin '(sin x) andg(x) = [ s i n 1 (sin x)] in the interval [0, xc], where [.] is a greatest integer function, is (a) (b) 1 (c) 71
By: Vidyalankar Institute*, Mumbai
8. If J t a n 1 xdx/(x) + l o g  c o s x  then (a) / ( x ) is a polynomial of degree 8 in tan x (b) / ( x ) is a polynomial of degeree 5 in tan x / , ... . t a n 6 x 1 a 1 9 , 1 1 ^ (c) / ( x ) = tan x +  t a n x + log c o s x + C 6 4 2 (d) / ( x ) is a polynomial of degree 6 in tan x. If Im „ = J cos m x sin nx dx, then 7 / 4j3  4 7 3 i 2 = (a) constant (c)  c o s 4 x cos 3x + C (b)  c o s 2 x + C (d) cos 7x  cos 4x + C
(d)
S E C T I O N  II The value of j[x  X\dx, where [x] denotes the o greatest integer function, is given by (a) 3  V 3  V 2 (c) 4  V 3  v / 2 (b) 2y/3 (d) None of these.
2
Assertion  Reason type [3 marks for correct answer and  1 for wrong answer] This section contains 4 questions numbered 10 to 13. Each question contains STATEMENT1 (Assertion) and STATEMENT2 (Reason). Each question has 4 choices (a), (b) (c) and (d), out of which ONLY ONE is correct. (a) if both A and R are correct and R is the proper reason of A. (b) if both A and R are correct and R is not the proper reason of A. (c) if A is correct and R is wrong. (d) if A is wrong and R is correct. jc/3 , ( • 1 J 6 l + tan"x b b ^f(x)dx =\ f { a+ a a 11. Assertion (A) : ^ 2x 7 + 3x 6  1 Ox5  7x 3  1 2 x 2 + x + 1 J " 0 + 2 ) —2 V 2 [ U Reason ( R ) : a J a 0, i f f (x) is an odd function a f(x)dx2 J / ( x ) d x , i f f (x)is an even function 0 3x
4 J
x log x dx j o " is equal to J 0 (i + * T (a) 1 (b) 0 (c) 2 (d) None of these.
J
2
I f / (x) = max {2  x, 2, 1 + x}, then J / ( x ) d x = (a) 5 (b) 6 (c) 7 '(d) 8
dx =
7t 6
—,neR
The area bounded by the curves y = In x, x  axis and x = e is (a) e sq. units (c)  l +  J s q . units 1 r If g(x) ~\{ht VJ (a)(2/3) (b) 1 sq. unit (d) f l  sq. units
bx)dx.
 2 g \ t ) } d t , then g'(2) = (c) 2/3 dy} dx
+
6x
2
+  ^  dx x +2
(b)  ( 3 / 2 )
(d) 3/2. \4  ^ dx /
IS
A solution of y = 2x (a) y = 2c 1/2 x 1/4 + c (c) y = 2*Jc(x+l)
x
2
(b) y = 2 Vex2 + c 2
(d) y = 2y[cx + c2 * H.O.: Pearl Centre, Senapati Bapat Marg, Dadar (W), Mumbai400 028. Tel.: (022)2430 63 67, 2432 43 42
MATHEMATICS TODAY  SEPTEMBER '08
MI6_i7 : Paragraph for Question No. 16 and 17. I f / ' ( x ) = f ( x ) + \f(x)dx, 0 /(0)=l,then f e + l 3e /'(x) = /'(x) /(x) =
( x ) = 2 e X
given
An even f u n c t i o n / i s defined and integrable everywhere and is periodic with period 2.
X
Aex,\/xeR.
13. Assertion (A
x e' If / ( x ) = f — dt, x > 0, then * t
X x
Also function g(x) = j f (t)dt and g ( l ) = A. o Function g(x) is (a) odd (b) even (c) neither even nor odd (d) can't be determined. ! 7. Value of g( 2) in terms of A is (a) 2A (b) A/2 (c) 4A
/ x
e'dt
I;
Reason  e lla ta '
\(t + a)
= e  ° ( / ( x + a )  / ( ! + «))
(d) A/4
M18_19: Paragraph for Question No. 18 and 19. Let 0 ( 0 , 0), A(2, 0) and B 1, 1 7 be the vertices of a
'
{<' + «)
S E C T I O N III Linked comprehension [4 marks for correct answer and  1 for wrong answer] This section contains 3 paragraphs M14.15, M 16 . 17 and M18.19. Based upon each paragraph, 2 multiple choice questions have to be answered. Each question has 4 choices (a), (b), (c) and (d), out of which ONLY ONE is correct. M14_15 : Paragraph for Question No. 14 and 15 <i(x)dx where <)(x) is a Consider the integral j \J (ax2 + bx + c) polynomial in x. If <>(x) is a polynomial of degree n, then there exists a polynomial <)(x) of degree (n 1) and a constant such that §(x)dx „, „ / 2 . , . „r dx . = / (x)\lax2 +bx + c 1 2 2 sj (ax + bx + c) \jax +bx + c Differentiating both sides with respect to x and multiply by Jax2+bx (a) <)(x) = f'(x)(ax2 (b) (f)(x) = f'(x)(ax
2
triangle. Let J? be the region consisting of all those points P inside AOAB which satisfy, d(P, OA) < min {d(P, OB), d(P, AB)}, where '<f denotes the perpendicular distance from the point to the corresponding line. 18. For any point P, the maximum value oid(P, (a) 2 (b) 1 (c) (d) OB) = S
i 9. Area of region R is (a) 2 + ^ 3 (b) J j (c) 4^3 (d) 2^3
SECTION  IV MatrixMatch type [6 marks for correct answer and no negative marking for wrong answer]. This section contains 3 questions. Each question contains statements given in two columns which have to' be matched. Statements (p, q, r, s) in Column II have to be matched with statements (A, B, C, D) in Column I. 20. Column I (A) The equation of curve ^(a2 + x 2 ) = x2(a2  x 2 ). The area of a loop of the above curve is The area of the a2}/2 =x2(a2  x 2 ) is curve Column II (P) 4a 2
+ c w e get + bx + c) + ~(2ax + b)f(x) +bx + c)^(2ax 9 1 +bx + c) + (2ax + b)f(x) + b)f(x) +D +D +D
1 (c) 0 W =  f'(x)(ax (d) none of these.
N o w apply this method to evaluate the integral. If + + 6xx
= (Ax2 + Bx +
/> \
given
(B)
(q)
2fl2
(1+4)
(C)
1
+ D sin (a) (c) A=j C ^ (b) B = 2
Vl4
then CD)
Area contained between the curve > 2 (a  x) = x2(a + x) and its asymptotes is The area enclosed by the parabola ay = 3 (a2  x2) and the xaxis is
(r)
(s) 3
6
(d) D =  1 3 9 .
71
MATHEMATICS TODAYF E B R U A R Y'08
21. Column I (A)
1
Column II dx (P) tan" 1 (tan 2 x) + C
t
(c)
v
b ax + — _ x + k
c
(d) cos
ax
2
b +j x
J sinxcosx rsin(2x)& J xlnx f j )
(B)
(q)
l n x  ln(l + x) H — — + C l+x
J max(x[x],x[x])cfc a denotes the greatest integer function) given by , , a . 3a (a) ^ W T (c) 2a (d) none of these.
The value of
is ([.]
(C)
j
(r)
1 , (n —j= In tan {2
x\ s J
„ +C
(D) 22.
lnx , Jr ( l + x / X
• .
(S)
. . .
7= tan 42
1
_ ! X
2
—t= + C X42
 1
^
Let / : R —> R be a differentiable function at x = 1 such t h a t / ( l ) = 4 a n d / ' ( I ) = 2. then the value of /(*) l t lim JI — dt *>! , x  1 is (b) 4 (c) 16 (d) 2 (a)
7C/3
Column I J ^  [ ( l + (x + 2) J x+ 2 \n(x + 2)]dx (B)
2 3 .. j „
Column II sm l
y
If +c (a) 1/2
I
U
dx = k In 3 + 4sinx (b) 1/3
COSX
'3+2V3'
V
3
, then k is
•
(A)
(p)
2x + 3 4 f f ,
(c) 1/4
(d) 1/8
4
2
+
 sin 2 x c o s J x dx
(q)
1 •? —ln(x + l) + c e x ln(x + 2) + c sin 3 __ x sin 5 _ _ x+
The area bounded by the and the lines x =  2 and x = integer function) (a) 7 sq. units (c) 21 sq. units • If \e'dt
J
graph y = [x  3], the xaxis 3 is ([.] denotes the greatest (b) 15 sq. units (d) 28 sq. units.
(C)
J
c/x
V 2  3 X  J
«
(s)
0 (a) ae~b The
c
t +1
, f e 'dt = a, than J is equal to b1 tbl (b) ae h (c) be " (d) ae 4 of the differential equation
(D)
solution
x
+1 PAPERll SECTION 1
(l + >' 2 ) + ( x  e t a n ~ 1  ' ' ) — = 0 is dx (a) 2xe t a n _ 1 * = e 2 t a n _ 1 y + k (b) (c) xe 2 t a n ~'^ = etan~'y+k: (d) xeXwy (x2) = tan" 1 y + k = ke~tw~ly
Straight Objective type [3 marks for correct answer and  1 fo wrong answer] This section contains 9 multiple choice questions numbered 1 to 9. Each question has 4 choices (a), (b) (c) and (d), out of which ONLY ONE is correct. I f / ( x ) is an even and differentiable function, then the l value of J ( x 3 / ( x ) + x / ' ( x ) + 3 ) d x = (a) 6 * (b) 2 (c) 0 (d) 1
if x2 + C If f , X — d x = K ln(x 2  4x + 8) + tan" x  4x + 8 then the value of K is (b) 1 (a) 1/2 (c)2 (d) None of these. S E C T I O N  II Assertion  Reason [3 marks for correct answer and  1 for wrong answer] This section contains 4 questions numbered 10 to 13. Each question contains STATEMENT1 (Assertion) and STATEMENT2 (Reason). Each question has 4 choices (a), (b), (c) and (d), out of which ONLY ONE is correct. (a) if both A and R are correct and R is the proper reason of A. (b) if both A and R are correct and R is not the proper reason ofA.
The value of
(a) sin
(c) if A is correct and R is wrong. (d) if A is wrong and R is correct. JVtanQ dQ is an inexpressible integral. J VsirTe dQ and JVcosO dQ inexpressible integrals. ssertion (A)
1.
M,7_,9 : Paragraph for Question No. 17 to 19 Let f i x ) 2 x + 6x +1 lx + 6 is equal to (b) 5 In 2  3 In 3 (d) none of these.
3 2
are
Then J f(x)dx (a) 3 In 3  5 In 2 (c) 5 In 2 + 3 In 3
1  l o g e x dx is defined and is equal to o
Now suppose x is given only positive integral value, say n, then,/(n) = 1 (a) „ +1 2 n+2 2 n+2
n
Reason (R) log e x is continuous in the interval (0, 1], ! 2. Assertion (A) 5(I4 + I 6 ) = tan5x : If = [tan" x dx then
1 n+3 1 n+3
0>)
1
1
1
r tan"  1 x Reason (R) if In = JI tan" x dx then /„ = • n where n e N 13. assertion ( \ If r 1 fix) 9 dx = ln(/(x)) + c then
In_2
(c)
1 n +1
n
(d) none of these.
19. Further,/in) is equal to (V) — w 3 (b) " 3
c
4 n(
n c^ + —c 
5
to (« + l) terms
Reason (R): When f ( x ) = •dx = 21n I x I +c
2 4

nl
3 5
. to in +1) terms
J
fix)
J
n C rc\ —
n
C
4
J
W
3
"C +—^ 5
to {n +1) terms
SECTION III Linked comprehension [4 marks for correct answer and 1 for wrong answer] This section contains 2 paragraphs M14.16 and M17_19. Based upon each paragraph, 3 multiple choice questions have to be answered. Each question has 4 choices (a), (b), (c) and (d), out of which ONLY ONE is correct. M,4_)6: Paragraph for Question No. 14 to 16 Let there be a G.R consisting of 5 terms, where first term is ' a ' and common ratio is V . If ' a ' is the value of x for which the function / (x) = 5 + 4x log,. 5  5 I_1  52~x attains the maxima, then a = (a) 2 (b) 5 (c) 3 (d) doesn't exist 15. If r = lim f  y (a) 1/3 t2dt , then r (c) 1/6 (d) 1/6
(d) none of these. SECTION MatrixMatch type [6 marks for correct answer and no negative marking for wrong answer]. This section contains 3 questions. Each question contains statements given in two columns which have to be matched. Statements (p, q, r, s) in Column II have to be matched with statements (A, B, C, D) in Column I.
20.
•
Column I COSX , —— dx (1 + sinx)(2 +sinx)
Column I I (P) 2
(A)
(B)
71/2 r
J Q
H)
4171/4 J  COSJC J ia6c 0
(q) (r)
In 4  In 3
x tan(jt  x) (b) 1/3
(C)
" 0
m
X x
20 + 4 = V2 7C2
6
5 6. The sum of the 5 terms of G.R is i .. 112 (b) M ~8f 81 124 (d) none of these. 81
(c)
e J  lnx  dx Ve
(s)
MATHEMATICS TODAY DECEMBER '08 71
21.
Column I (A) Consider the
Column II differential (P) [dx] ' 4
(B)
jex(l
cot
X
(q)
sec x  cosec x + c
+ cot x)dx (C) sin 3 x + cos 3 x cos xsm x dx
2 • 2
dy equation, y = x~ + Jl + degree is (B)
(r) dx (s)
J
(D) .
sm
x + Vlx
+c
The differential equation (q) representing the family of curves y2 = 2c(x + Vc), where c is a parameter is of degree Consider differential equation (r) 1+ + is dx J 2!v dx J 3! °° = y, then its degree the f differential (s)
2
—e1 cot x + c.
•'1 cosxsmx SOLUTIONS
Paper I
(C)
(D) Consider
3
f ,2 \ d_y_ equation — = 1 + dx dx2 so its degree is
8, 15. 20. 21. 22.
(b) 2 (a) 3. (b) 4, (c) 5. (b) 6. (d) 7 (d) (d) 9 (c) 10, (d) 11. (a) 12. (c) 13. (a) 14. (a) (a, b, c, d) 16. (a) 17. (a) 18. (b) 19. (d) (A) —»(r), (B) (s), (C) —> (q), (D) —> (p) (A) (r), (B) (p), (C) (s), (D)  > (q) (A) —»(r), (B) —> (s), (C) —> (p), (D) (q) (b) (a)
Column I (A) (P)
Column II In 1 — cot
Ji
—dx 1+ x
Paper II 1. (a) 2. (a) 3. (b) 4, (c) 5. (c) 6 (b) 8 (a) 9. (a) 10. (d) 11. (b) 12. (c) 13. (a) 1' 15. (b) 16. (d) 1 (b) 18, (a) 19. (a) 0. (A) —> (q), (B) (r), (C) (s), ( D )  » ( p ) 2 (A) —> (r), (B) (s), (C) —> (p), (D) —> (q) 22. ( A )  > ( r ) , (B) —> (s), ( C )  > ( q ) , (D) —> (p)
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PAPER O
JEE 2009
(c) 6/7 + 4 (d)
77
West Bengal
The entire syllabus of Mathematics of WB JEE is being divided into six modules, on each module there will be a Mock Test Paper (MTP) and two MTP on the whole syllabus which will be published in subsequent issues. The syllabus for module breakup is given below : Module I : Algebra 1, Module • I I : Trigonometry, Module  III: Coordinate geometry of two dimensions, Module  IV : Differential Calculus and its applications, Module  V : Algebra  II, Module  V I : Integral calculus and its application, Differential equations. Algebra  1 : CONTENTS : Progressions, Logarithm, Complex Numbers, Quadratic Equations, Permutations and Combinations, Set, Relation and Mapping. MODULI I Algebra I SECTION  1 : This section contains 80 multiple choice questions numbered 1 to 80. Each question has 4 choices out of which one is correct. The number of selecting at least 4 candidates from 8 candidates is (a) 185 (b] 3 (d) 63. (c) : n n t— + cos— 8 8 n n i— + cos— (b) 0 (c) 1 (d) 2 8 . 8. +1
677 + 4 ' (1 + if
The conjugate of the complex number (a) 1  i (c)  1 + 7 I f f :R>R (b) 1 + 7 (d)  1  7 is defined by fix) = x then cb) r (d)
1
The value of
(a)  1
If arg z < 0, then arg (z)  arg z = (a) n (b) TC/2 (c) n/3 (d) none of these. Given the relation R = {(1, 2), (2, 3)} on the set A = {1, 2, 3}, the minimum number of ordered pairs which when added to R make it an equivalence relation is (a)  7 (b) 1/7 (c) 1 (d) 7.
11.
(a)/»(*)=* (c) f\x) 1 does not exist
w
= j
/~'(x) =  .
The amplitude of (1 + i)5 is 3n (a) (c) 5n
^
(d)
 4T 5n T
If x = c o s a + i sina, y = cosp + 7'sin(3, C = cosy + /siny v z x and — + — + — = 1, then cos((3  y) + cos(y  a ) z x y + cos(a 13) = (b)  1 (a) 1 (d) none of these. (c) 0 1 1 1 1 If + — I — and b*a + c, then a,, ba bc a c are in (b) G.P. (a) A.P. (c) H.P. (d) none of these. 1 1 1 1 25 (a) 5^8 6n4 801 "" (3n  l)(3n + 2) (b) 6n + 3
721°S75 =
(a) log 7 35 (c) 25
(b) 5 (d) log 7 25.
6.
12. On the set N of all natural numbers define the relation R by aRb if and only if the GCD of a and b is 2, then R\s (a) reflexive but not symmetric (b) symmetric only (c) reflexive and transitive (d) reflexive, symmetric and transitive. 13. Let z = 11 — 3/ , If k is a real number such that z  ik 1+7 is real, then the value of A: is (d)  7 . (a) 4 (b) A (c) 7 71
1.
T h i s p a p e r is useful for A I E E E [ I I T  J E E a n d o t h e r E n g i n e e r i n g E n t r a n c e E x a m s . MATHEMATICS TODAY DECEMBER '08
14. Let Z] and z 2 be the roots of the equation z2 + pz + q = 0 where p, q are real. The point represented by zu z2 and origin form an equilateral triangle if (a) p2 = 3q (b) p2>3q (c) p < 3q (d) p2 = 2q. If a , P, y are cube roots of a negative number p, then for any three real numbers x, y, z the value of x a + v(3 + zy . is xp + yy + za  i  iS , s 1  iV3 (b) (a) 2
, ,
(a)
A
...
2A
A
2A
(b) (C) (d) ~G G" 2G2 If a, b, c are in A.P., a, mb, c are in G.P. then a, m2b, c are in (a) A.P. (b) G.P (c) H.P. (d) none of these.
Let R  {(x, y) :x2+y2= R. The relation R is (a) reflexive (c) transitive
l,x,ye
R} be a relation in
(b) symmetric (d) antisymmetric.
2
(C)
(X
hy • z)i
(d)
x +y +z
Pi
1
The magnitude and amplitude of are respectively (a) (c) 2, 371 4 (b) 4, (d)
(1 + z>/3)(2 + 2i)
25. The value of a so that the sum of the squares of the roots of the equation x2(a2)x  a + 1 = 0 assume the least value is (a) 2 (b) 0 (c) 3 (d) 1. The set {x : x * x} may be equal to (a) {0} (b) {1} (c) {3}
2
371
(d) { }
4 If a and P are the roots of the equation ax2 + bx + c = 0, a P =  3 and a, b, c are in A.P., then a +P= (C) 4 (d)  2 . ( a ) _4 (b)  l If one root of the equation x2 + px + 12 = 0 is 4, while the equation x 2 + px + q = 0 has equal roots, then the value of q is (a) 4 (b) 12 (c) 29/4 (d) 49/4. Given tanA and tan8 are the roots of x 2  ax + b = 0, then the value of sin2(^4 + B) is „2 , (a) (b) „2 , ,2 a2 +{\b)1 a +b (c) (a + by (d) a2 + {lb)2'
2V2,
2^2,
27, If 1, co, co are the three cube roots of unity, then (1  co + co2)5 + (1 + co  co2)5 is equal to (a) 4 (b) 8 (c) 16 (d) 32.
28.
(cos 9 + /sin 9) (sin9 + /cos9) 5 (a) cos6  i sin8 (c) sin9  i cos9
(b) cos90  i sin90 (d) sin90  i cos96.
If A = {1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13, 15, 17} and B = {2, 4, ...18} and N is the universal set, then Acu((AuB)nBc) is (a) A (b) N (c) B (d) none of these. The relation = {(1, 1), (2, 2), (3, 3), (1, 2), (2, 3), (1,3)} on set A = {1,2, 3} is (a) reflexive but not transitive (b) reflexive but not symmetric (c) symmetric and transitive (d) neither symmetric nor transitive. I f / : A —> B is bijection and g : B —> A is the inverse o f / then fog is equal to (a) h (b) IB (c) / (d) g. . If n objects are arranged in a row, then the number of ways of selecting three of these objects so that two of them are next to each other is (a) «  3 C 3 (b) »" 3 C 2 _2 (c) " C 3 (d) none of these. If x 2 + px + q = 0 and x 2 + qx + p = 0 have only one common root, then p + q (a)  1 (b) 0 (c) 1 (d) none of these.
0. The first term of an A.P. of consecutive integers is p2 + 1. The sum of (2p + 1 ) terms of the series can be expressed as (a) (p+ l) 2 (b) (2p + l)(p + l)2 3 (c) (p + 1 ) (d) pi + ip + iy. a b c If , , r are in A.P., then b+c c + a a+b (a) a, b, c are in A.P. (b) c, a, b are in A.P. (c) a2, b2, c2 are in A.P. (d) a, b, c are in G.P. If Hh H2 are two harmonic means between two positive numbers a and b (a * b), A and G are the arithmetic and geometric means between a and b then HXH2 — jc
MATHEMATICS TODAYFEBRUARY'08
34. In a group of 52 persons, 16 drink tea but not coffee and 33 drink tea. Then the number of persons who take coffee but not tea is given by (a) 19 (b) 36 (c) cannot be found by the given data (d) none of these. 35. If the roots of ax2 + bx + c = 0 are in the ratio m : n, then (a) mna2 = (m + ri)c2 (b) mna2 = {m + n)ac 2 (c) mnb = (m + n)ac (d) none of these. If A and B have N elements in common, then the number of elements common to A x B and B x A is (a) n (b) 2n (c) n2 (d) 0. 37. Which one of the following is oneone? (a) f{x) =x2 (b) f i x ) = (c) fix) = 2x + 5 (d) fix) — cosx, (0 < x < 2ji)
I f X = LOG 5 3^
46. If Sn = nP+
(a) P + Q
n
^
^
where S„ denotes the sum of
(b) 2P+1Q Q
n terms of an A.P., the common difference is (c) 2 Q (d)
47. The interior angles of a polygon are in A.P. The smallest angle is 120° and the common difference is 5°. The number of sides of the polygon is (a) 9 (b) 10 (c) 16 (d) 5. The function/: X+ 7 defined b y / ( x ) = sinx is oneone but not onto if X and 7 are respectively equal to (a) IR and IR (b) [0, rt] and [0, 1] (c) [0, TC/2] and [1, 1] (d) [71/2,71/2] and [  1 ,  1 ] 49. Eight different letters of an alphabet are given. Words of four letters form these are formed. The number of such words with at least one letter repeated is (a) HC4  *PA (b) 8 4 + 8 C 4 4 (c) 8  S p 4 (d) 8 4  8 C 4 50. Digits 1,2, 3, 4, 5 are wirttern in random with out repetition to form a five digit number. How many of these are divisible by 4? (a) 12 (b) 16 (c) 24 (d) 48. 51. In an examination of 9 papers, a candidate has to pass in more papers than the number of papers in which he fails in order to be successful. The number of ways in which he can be unsuccessful is (a) 112 (b) 256 (c) 264 (d) 656. 52. The number of arrangements which can be made using all the letters of the word 'LAUGH' if the vowels are adjacent is (a) 10 (b) 24 (c) 48 (d) 120. If "P5 = 20 • (a) 8 then n = (b) 9 (c) 10 (d) 11.
x2l
(a) 3
1 then x = 625 (c)  3 '(b) 1/3
(d) 1/3. (d) 26/3. q = 0 then
If log 10 a = b then log 1000 a 2 is (a) b2 (b) 2b (c) 3fc/2 If a and (3 are the roots of x  px p  ipq = (a) a 3 + (33 (c) a 3 + (33 + a P
2
(b) a 3  P3 (d) a 3  p 3 + ccp.
If one root of x 2  x  fc = 0 is square of the other then k equals (a)
(C)
2±V5
2 ± yfl
(b) (d)
2
2±j3
2±vn
Let a , P are the roots of px + qx + r = 0 are real and of opposite sign then roots of the equation a(x  P)2 + P(x  a) 2 = 0 are (a) irrrational conjugate of each other (b) opposite in sign (c) equal (d) none of these. The 6th term of of a G.P. is 8, the product of its first 11 terms is (a) 2 18 (b) 2 11 (c) 2 33 (d) 2 14 . The sum of 15 terms of the series 1 + (1 + 3) + (1 + 3 + 5) + (1 + 3 + 5 + 7) + ... is 10 x k. Then k = (a) 124 (b) 240 (c) 220 (d) 142. The product of 6 geometric means inserted between 81 and 1/27 is (a) 243 (b) 27 (c) 3 (d) 9.
54. The number of 5 digit telephone numbers having at least one of their digits repeated is (a) 9 x 104 (b) 1 x 104 (c) 3024 x 10 (d) 6976 x 10: 55. The letters of the word 'BAZAR' are arranged in dictionary, then what is the 50th word? (a) ZAABR (b) ZBAAR (c) ZBRAA (d) ZAARB / 56. j V27 J2 (a) — w 27 /UA 2V2 (b) — 27 (c) w 4 — 27 (d) 4V2 ~27~ \2 • Iog5 i 6
21og 5 9
MATHEMATICS TODAYFEBRUARY'08
If Iog I715 875 = b and a = log2451 75 then (a) 2 (b) 3 (c) 5
1 ab _ ab ~ (d) 7.
If l o g ^ 5 = a and l o g ^ 2 = b, then l o g ^ 300 = (a) 2(a + b) (b) 2(a + b+ 2) (c) 2(a + b + 2) (d) a + b+ 4. If a, b, c are distinct positive numbers each being different form 1 such that (logba • log c a — log fl a) + (logaZ> • log c 6  log h b) + (log a c • logAc  logcc) = 0. Then abc is (a) 0 (b) e (c) 1 (d) 2. If (log 3 x)(log r 2x)(log 2x y) = logjpX2. Theny = (a) 9/2 (b) 9 (c) 18 (d) 81. If x € A u B, state which of the following is true? (a) xe A (b) xe B (c) xeAVxeB (d) xeAAxeB If A = (2, 4, 6, 8}, state which of the following is true: (a) { 2 , 4 } e A (b) {2, 4} e B (c) {2,4} czA (d) {2, 4} e Ac If "Pr = x • n~lPr_ i thenx is equal to (a) n (b) n(n 1) , , n  r n (0 (d) • n n  r (»4. If [6Cr = 16 C 2r + 1, then which of the following is the value o f r ? (a) 6 (b) 5 (c) 4 (d) 3. The number of ways three girls and nine boys can be seated in two vans, each having numbered seats, 3 in front and 4 at the back are (a) 91 x (12)! (b) (12)! 19 n 7 2 (c) C7x( P6) (d) none of these. Out of 18 points in a plane, no three are in the same straight line except five points which are collinear. The number of straight lines can be formed joining them is (a) 143 (b) 144 (c) 153 (d) none of these. Every body in a room shakes hand with every body else. The total number of hand shakes is 66. The total number of persons in the room is (a) 11 (b) 12 (c) 13 (d) 14 The number of arrangements of the letters of the word BANANA in which the two N's do not appear adjacently is (a) 40 (b) 60 (c) 80 (d) 100.
MATHEMATICS TODAYMARCH'095
If a of (a) (c) If a
+ (3 = 3, a 3 + p 3 = 7, then a and P are the roots 3x2 + 9x + 7 = 0 (b) 9 x 2  2 7 x + 20 = 0 3x2  9x + 20 = 0 (d) 2x2  6x + 15 = 0. and P are the roots of ax2 + bx + c = 0, then the
equation whose roots are — and — is a P (a) ax2bx + c = 0 (b) bx2ax + c = 0 (c) cy2 + by + a = 0 (d) by2 + cy+a = 0 The equation x + 2 1x = 1+ has 1x (b) one root 2
(a) no root (c) two equal roots (d) infinitely many roots.
72. If a, b, c are in A.P. and the roots of ax2 + bx + c = 0 m n are in the ratio m : n then . — + . — equals V n vm (a) 1 (b)  1 (c)  yfb (d) none of these. 73. a , P are the roots of ax2 + 2bx + c = 0, y, 5 are the roots of px2 + 2qx + r = 0. If a , P, y, 8 are in G.P., b ac then — equals q2pr
a2
(a) (c) c r z2 7
2
(b)
bz
?
(d) none of these. = 2 represents a circle. The (c) 2/3 + ' where (d) 1 i = 41, (d) 128.
74. The locus of
radius is equal to (a) 1/3 (b) 3/4 The value of 1i is (a) 128 (b) 2
1+f
(c)  2
76. Let S„ denote the sum of first n terms of an A.P. if S2n = 3S„, the ratio is (a) 4 (b) 6 (c) 8 (d) none of these. If /?th, qXh. and rth terms of a G.P. are x, y, z, then yflr .yp . zP1 (a) 0 (c) xyz 78. If a2 + b2=\lab,
is
(b) 1 (d) none of these. then the value of l o g 1 0 1  ( a  b ) \
13 J
(a) log c a + logcb
(b)
i(log10alog10ZO
Q^vi
(c) \ogca  \ogcb
(d)
l/2(log 1 0 alog 1 0 Z))
If log 1 0 a = 0.70, then the value of log a 10 correct to two decimal places is (a) 1.43 (b) 0.30 (c) 0.70 (d) 1.40.
If x = log a (bc), y = log b (ca), z = log c (ab), then x y z r + r + 7 equals X+l y1,11 z^i.1 +l +1 i (a) 1 (b) 2 (c) 1/2 (d) abc
SECTION 11: This section contains 20 questions number 81 to 100. All are subjective type. The sum of first n terms of an A.P. is n2, find its common difference. The sum of the areas of n squares is n2. If the areas of the squares can be put in A.P. What is the length of the side of the largest square? If x, y, z are in G.P., then show that 1 1 1 1 + logx l + log_y 1 + logz are inH.P., w h e r e x > 1 , y > 1, z > 1. and + — V4 y V4 B„= 1 A„, then find the smallest value of n0, where «0 e N, Bn> A„y n> n0. If Find the value of log 2 log 2 log 2 256 + 2 1 o g ^ 2 Show that log 2 o3 lies between 1/2 and 1/3. Solve :  x  1110©*2  210^9 = (x  l) 7 . Find the square root of  5 + 12>/T. Let z is a complex number. Find the locus of j z  3  4 \ /  l  = 5 in complex plane? If the sum of the roots of ax 2 + bx + c = 0 is equal to sum of square of their reciprocal, then show that be2, ca2, ab2 are in A.P. 'J 100. Functions / / : R defined as follows : ,, , x2  1 {1}  > R, where f { x ) = — and and g are f3> 2 f 3 s) n1 .... + (  ! > 95. A polygon has 44 diagonals. Find the number of sides. There are 10 electric bulbs in a hall. Each of them can be lightened