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CP4001

Practice Questions for CA2

Equilibrium, Ke

1. Consider the reaction: 2HI (g)  H2 (g) + I2 (g). The equilibrium constant Ke for
this reaction is 10. If the reaction is started with 2 moles of HI, how many moles of
HI (g), H2 (g) and I2 (g) are there in the equilibrium mixture?

pH of Weak Acid

2. (a) Calculate the pH of a 0.015 M acetic acid CH3COOH. Given Ka = 1.74 x 10-5.

(b) Predict whether the following salts will produce an acidic, basic or neutral
solution
(i) MgCl2 (ii) NH4Cl (iii) CH3COONa

pH and Buffer

3. What is the pH of a solution containing 0.05M acetic acid (CH3COOH) and 0.05M
sodium acetate (CH3COONa)? Given pKa = 4.76

pH and Acids and Ka

4. (a) Calculate the pH of a 0.05M H2SO4 solution.

(b) Hypobromous acid (HOBr) in a 0.025 M solution is 2.25% ionized.

(i) Write the reaction of HOBr in water and identify the two pairs of conjugate
acid-base.

(ii) Calculate the value of Ka for HOBr.

Hydrolysis of Salt

5 Write down the two hydrolysis reactions you would expect to occur in an aqueous
solution of NH4CN.
Calculate the hydrolysis constant (Kh) for each of the hydrolysis reactions you have
written and predict whether the NH4CN solution is acidic, basic or neutral.

[ Kb for NH3 = 1.74 x 10-5; Ka for HCN = 4.0 x 10-10 ; Kw = 1.0 x 10-14 ]

01 February 2010 Page 1 of 2 Dr CS Lim


CP4001
Practice Questions for CA2

Buffer Solution

6. (a) What is a buffer solution?

(b) Write down the equation for calculating the pH of an acidic buffer solution.

(c) 10.65 g of potassium acetate and 10.25 g acetic acid are placed in a volumetric
flask and made up to 500 mL with water. Calculate the pH of this solution.
Ka for acetic acid = 1.8 x 10-5.

Titration

7. 25.00 mL of 0.10 M NH3 were titrated with 0.10 M HCl. Calculate the pH at the
following stages in the titration. [ Kb for NH3 = 1.8 x 10-5 ]

(a) Initially

(b) After 10.00 mL of 0.10 M HCl have been added.

(c) At the equivalence point.

(d) After the addition of 40.00 mL of the acid.

(e) What is a suitable indicator for use in this titration?

H = 1 C = 12 N = 14 O = 16 Na = 23 Mg = 24
S = 32 Cl = 35.5 K = 39 I = 127

Avogadro’s Number = 6.02 x 1023 ( particles per mole)

01 February 2010 Page 2 of 2 Dr CS Lim