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2006 Structural Seismic Design Manual 1

# 2006 Structural Seismic Design Manual 1

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11/02/2015

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## Sections

Example 9
Verticallrregulaljty Type Sa

§12.3.3.1

A five-story building has a steel special moment-resisting frame (SMRF). The frame
consists ofW24 beams and W14 columns with the following member strength
properties.

5

4

. -.

3

~ ..

-' .. .

2

1

..

......

// "/ / / / // . /

///

Beams at Levels I and 2:

Mllb=ZF."=250 kip-ft
Columns on lines Band C at
both levels:

M"c=250 kip-ft at

Jvf"GB=100 kip-ft
In addition, assume for the purposes
of illustration only, that the columns
have been designed such that a
strong beam-weak column condition
is permitted.

12'

12'

12"

12'

14'

Level

A

o

Determine if a Type 5 vertical irregularity (discontinuity in capacity-weak story)
condition exists in the first story.

[!J Determine first-story strength
[!J Determine second-story strength
~ Determine if weak-story exists at first story

Calculations andDiscussion

Code Reference

A Type 5 weak-story discontinuity in capacity exists when the story strength is less than 80
percent of that ofthe story above (where it is less than 65 percent, an extreme weak story
exists). The story strength is considered to be the total strength of all seismic-foree-resisting
elements that share the story shear for the direction under consideration.

To determine ifa weak story exists in the first story, the sums ofthe column shears
in the first and second stories-when the member moment capacities are developed

In this example, it is assumed that the beam moments at a beam-column joint are

54 2006 IBC Structural/Seismic Design Manual, Vol. I

Example 9 • Vertical Irregularity Type Sa §12.3.3.1

distributed equally to the sections ofthe columns directly above and below the joint.
Given below are the calculations for first and second stories.

[!J Determine first story strength

Columns A and D must be checked for strong column-weak beam considerations

200

2Mc=400 >M; =250

:. Strong column-weak beam condition exists.

....

~ ) 250

--... FOR MOMENT

200

v

Next, the shear in each column must be determined.
Note moment capacity ofbeam (25012) governs over
moment capacity ofcolumn (200) to determine shear

a M./2 =125kip-ft

1 2 5 ~

L) 250

125 I'-'

Clear height =14 ft - 2 ft =12 ft

125+100 187-k'

- --- = .) "iPS

12

v

o Mf=100kip·ft

FOR SHEAR

Checking columns Band C forstrong column-weak beam
considerations

2Mc = 400 < 2Jvfb =500

200.........

250(+)250

200"-

:. Strong beam-weak column condition exists.

Next, the shear in each column must be determined.
Note moment capacity ofcolumn governs over v
moment capacity ofbeam to determine shear.

Clear height = 14 ft - 2 ft =12 ft

FOR MOMENT

200..........
a 200(+)200

Me =200 kip-ft

200'-'

200r'

VB= Vc= 200 + 100 = 25.0 kips
12

V

4

M =100klp-ft

G

100 .....J

FOR SHEAR

First story strength = VA + VB+ VD =2(18.75) +2(25.0) =87.5 kips

2006 IBC Structural/Seismic Design Manual, Vol. I 55

§12.3.3.1

Example 9 • Vertical Irregularity Type 5a

~ Determine second story strength

Columns A and D must be checked for strong column-weak beam at Level 2

:. strong column-weak beam condition exists.

FOR MOMENT

'-'

125

Mb I 2= 125 kip-ft

v

""""

200

Clear height = 12 ft - 2 ft = 10ft

125

r--

V - tr - 125+125 -?5 0 k'

" - " D -

- _. IpS

.

10

-J

125

FOR SHEAR

v

Mb I 2= 125 kip-ft

125" J

Checking columns B and C for strong column-weak beam considerations

2Mc =400 < 2Mb=500

:. Strong beam-weak column condition exists.

v

FOR MOMENT

Me =200 kip-ft

Clear height = 12ft- 2 ft = IOft

10'

200........

200(+

)200

200........

VB = Vc= 200 +200 = 40.0 kips
10

200 J1"""'

FOR SHEAR

v

Me=200 klp-ft

200 '-"

Second story strength

= V-I + VB + Vc+ VD +2(25.0)+2(40.0) = 130.0 kips

56 2006 IBC Structural/Seismic Design Manual, Vol. I

Example 9 ~ Vertical Irregularity Type Sa §12.3.3.1

~ Determine if weak story exists at first story

First story strength = 87.5 kips

Second story strength = 130.0 kips

I

I

I

,

87.5 < 0.80(130) = 104

:. Weak story condition in first story exists.

(T 12.3-2, Item 5a)

I

I

\

I

I

I

I

I
I

2006 IBC Structural/Seismic Design Manual, Vol. I 57

§12.3.2.1

Introduction 10 Hor/zonla/lrregularitles

Horizontal structural irregularities are identified in Table 12.3-1. There are five types of
horizontal irregularities:

la. Torsional Irregularity - to be considered when diaphragms are not flexible as
determined in §12.3.1.2

lb. Extreme Torsional Irregularity - to be considered when diaphragms are not
flexible as determined in §12.3.1.2

2. Re-entrant Comer Irregularity.

3. Diaphragm Discontinuity Irregularity.

4. Out-of-plane Offsets Irregularity.

5. Nonparallel Systems - Irregularity.

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