This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
it occurs more frequently in females. Among the over 100 different types of arthritis conditions. feet. and Southern Chinese have lower rates. osteoarthritis occurs more frequently in males. such as the hips and knees. . spine. affecting over 20 million people in the United States. Osteoarthritis is also known as degenerative arthritis. A higher incidence of osteoarthritis exists in the Japanese population. After age 55 years. East Indians. while South African blacks. y Osteoarthritis commonly affects the hands. all races appear equally affected. and large weight-bearing joints. Cartilage is a protein substance that serves as a "cushion" between the bones of the joints. Before age 45. Osteoarthritis occurs more frequently as we age.What is Osteoarthritis y Osteoarthritis is a type of arthritis that is caused by the breakdown and eventual loss of the cartilage of one or more joints. In the United States. osteoarthritis is the most common. Most cases of osteoarthritis have no known cause and are referred to as primary osteoarthritis.
Symptoms y Pain y Tenderness y Stiffness y Loss of flexibility y Grating Sensation y Bone Spurs .
Causes y The aging process y Joint injury or stress y Muscle weakness y Obesity .
Comprehensive Metabolic Panel this is a group of tests that may be used to help evaluate and monitor the patient s kidney and liver function. Erythrocyte Sedimentation rate this test shows the presence of inflammation in the body. . It may be ordered to monitor the side effects of some OA treatments.Laboratory y Rheumatoid Factor and Cyclic Citrullinated Peptide Antibody (CCP) used y y y y y to help diagnose rheumatoid arthritis and differentiate it from osteoarthritis. Complete Blood Count this is a group of tests that are used to help evaluate the patient s red and white blood cells and hemoglobin. ESR will be increased in RA but not in osteoarthritis. C-reactive protein test this test also indicates inflammation and tests for the activity of the disease. Synovial Fluid Analysis to detect crystals that may be present in the joint and to look for signs of joint infection. It may be used to help differentiate osteoarthritis and RA. An increased level of CRP occurs in RA but not in osteoarthritis.
Normal and Arthritic Joints .