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Death of An Airliner: The Appalling Truth About Saudia Airlines Flight 163

Michael Busby ©2010

Michael Busby ©2010
http://www.scribd.com/doc/38040625/Death-of-An-Airplane-The-Appalling-Truth-About-Saudia-Airlines-Flight-163

“Tell Them, Tell Them To Not Evacuate” michael_busby at yahoo dot com Author: Solving The 1897 Airship Mystery Available at www.amazon.com

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Michael Busby ©2010
http://www.scribd.com/doc/38040625/Death-of-An-Airplane-The-Appalling-Truth-About-Saudia-Airlines-Flight-163

Flight 163 With Engines Removed In August 1980 I was working in Saudi Arabia for Rockwell International, Inc. Rockwell contracted with the NSA, CIA, DoD and other foreign government organizations (FGOs) to provide various technical services in the pursuit of mutual defense. I lived in a villa at the northern end of Riyadh’s airport off Uthman ibn affan Road 1 . From the villa’s second floor balcony, I could see the airport with a clear view of the runway. And it was from this second floor balcony that I photographed SA Flight 163 as it landed and taxied to the northern end of the runway, before rolling onto the adjacent taxiway where it stopped. I watched in horror as the plane sat there, minute after minute, as the smoke poured from the rear of the aircraft and no emergency vehicles came to Flight 163’s rescue. Nor was there any visible attempt to evacuate the aircraft. Suddenly, there was a flash as fire swept from the rear to forward of the aircraft in seemingly an instant 2 . It was obvious at that moment no one was going to leave the ill-fated aircraft alive. At the time, I was dating a Saudia Airlines flight attendant (we later married 3 ). My villa with its large swimming pool had become a magnet for flight crews who wanted a more Western environment while laying over in Riyadh. Some of the information I present here comes from my own direct observation and some comes from the ‘dinner
1 2

This was the original commercial airport in Riyadh, now a military base. Perhaps, the fire hit the overhead oxygen system and flashed through the aircraft which would account for such a rapid movement from the rear cargo area. 3 See http://www.scribd.com/doc/34907642/Saawariya-Book-1.

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Michael Busby ©2010
http://www.scribd.com/doc/38040625/Death-of-An-Airplane-The-Appalling-Truth-About-Saudia-Airlines-Flight-163

conversation’ with Saudia Airlines crewmembers. I cannot give names as several individuals are retired from Saudia Airlines and I will not jeopardize their retirement. A search on the Internet regarding this unfortunate mishap reveals there is great confusion and even misinformation regarding the events of that fateful day. It was a fateful day for 301 individuals as all aboard Flight 163 perished in the fire. The sad and appalling truth is, no one should have died, but die they did and for a reason that will shock Western individuals unaccustomed with Saudi Arabian customs and protocol. Saudia Airlines Flight 163 had recently arrived in Riyadh from Karachi, Pakistan. It was on-ground for awhile before taking off for its continuing flight to Jeddah. As I recall, either Hadj had already started, or it was about to start. In any case, the aircraft passengers were mainly Pakistani pilgrims on their way to Mecca. These pilgrims were mostly uneducated villagers and Bedouins. Table talk with Saudia crewmembers over the previous months revealed a need for Saudia crewmembers to be trained to engage these primitive desert and mountain dwellers 4 when they pulled out their little cook stove and tried to light a fire to prepare a meal on the aircraft. It was common knowledge these pilgrims to Mecca carried flammable liquids in their luggage 5 for they had to be prepared to cook their own food from the time they arrived in Jeddah until they returned home, usually at least a ten day sojourn. There were numerous accounts related around the swimming pool and the dinner table of flight attendants and cockpit crews engaged in forcibly removing cooking

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One may ask how these Bedouins and poor people could afford to fly to Mecca for Hadj. The simple explanation is, the oil-exporting Gulf countries paid their airfare, fulfilling an Islamic requirement to help their fellow Muslims with Hadj, i.e. doing good deeds for their fellow Muslims. 5 I use the term luggage for brevity. Actually, pilgrim’s ‘luggage’ consisted of everything packed in cloth bundles, sometimes of such huge proportion as to defy belief. It was common sight to see Mecca pilgrims outside Jeddah airport sitting on these huge bundles as they waited for the buses to take them to Mecca. It was also a common sight to see bare-chested African women breast feeding their babies while reclining on these comfortable looking packages. It was a stark contrast to the Saudi Arabian women who were dressed head to foot in the burqua and wearing both the niqab and the hijab.

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Michael Busby ©2010
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apparatus from pilgrims on flights to Jeddah . It was rumored at the time the Flight 163 fire was caused by such an unfortunate event. Flight 163 departed Riyadh's airport shortly after 6:00pm the night of August 19, 1980. The L-1011 aircraft carried 287 passengers and 14 crew members bound for Jeddah. About seven minutes into the flight, while climbing through 15,000 feet, the crew was alerted by aural and visual indicators there was smoke in the aft cargo compartment area. Perhaps, some pilgrim’s flammable liquid ignited in the cargo compartment. The crew spent the next four minutes trying to confirm the warnings while looking for the smoke alert procedure in the aircraft's flight manual. Finally, the Captain decided to return to Riyadh airport. During the return flight the number two engine thrust lever became stuck so the flight engineer shut the engine down. The remaining two engines were sufficient to fly the aircraft. The aircraft landed safely at Riyadh. Instead of immediately stopping the aircraft, which would be standard operating procedure at any Western airport, the aircraft continued to roll out and did not stop until on an adjacent taxiway, some 2 minutes and 40 seconds after touchdown. These two minutes and 40 seconds were crucial. If the aircraft had come to an immediate stop and an evacuation initiated, it is most likely all aboard the aircraft would have survived. Unfortunately, Saudi Arabian protocol required the aircraft to continue taxing until it was clear of the runway.

All 301 people aboard the aircraft died. According to autopsy results of the few Westerners on board, the cause of death was determined to be suffocation 7 , the crew and passengers poisoned by the fumes from the burning interior. I have included the cockpit voice recorder transcript below. I would like to call your attention to two items in the transcript:

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From Jeddah, the government of Saudi Arabia operated (free) buses to move the pilgrims from the airport to the massive tent city erected just outside Mecca where the pilgrims stayed for their ten day sojourn. 7 It was said all passengers and crew were found huddled as far forward in the cabin as possible, indicating they tried to move away from the burning rear of the aircraft. Jeez! All for a King!

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Michael Busby ©2010
http://www.scribd.com/doc/38040625/Death-of-An-Airplane-The-Appalling-Truth-About-Saudia-Airlines-Flight-163

18:35:57 CAM-1 Tell them, tell them to not evacuate 18:36:30 approximate time of landing

CAM-1 is the transcript’s designation for the pilot. At 6:35:57pm local time on 19 August 1980, the pilot said they would not evacuate the aircraft. This seems incredulous. An aircraft is on fire and the pilot tells someone – it is not clear from the transcript who the pilot is speaking with – 33 seconds before landing that they were not going to evacuate the aircraft. This is just incredible! Well, I know why the pilot said they were not going to evacuate the aircraft. I watched from my second floor balcony overlooking the runway and I knew they were not going to evacuate the aircraft. The reason the L-1011 aircraft rolled to the end of the runway then moved to the adjacent taxiway then stopped with everyone still on board was because the King's 747 was rolling on the taxiway. Saudi protocol required everything at the airport to stop moving while the King’s 747 was rolling. The standard operating procedure/protocol in the kingdom regardless of airport, or necessity, is when the King is on-board his 747 aircraft 8 , all other aircraft and ground support equipment must remain motionless, regardless of the circumstance. Severe prison sentences were dispensed to pilots 9 and equipment drivers/operators who disobeyed this protocol. Only after the King's 747 aircraft was "wheels up" were other aircraft and ground support equipment allowed to move. This delay to allow the King to taxi and take-off was the reason the crew and passengers on the luckless L-1011 were not allowed to disembark on the runway, or even on the taxiway. The shocking result is, 301 people went to their gruesome death for the convenience of the King of Saudi Arabia. Not even rescue equipment could move toward the mishap until the King's aircraft was 'wheels up.' Several expatriates, including myself, observed these events from the hill overlooking the airport, even photographing the scene as the drama unfolded. Unfortunately, Saudi Arabian security forces confiscated my film.

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At the time, the King owned five 747’s for the royal family’s use. That is, a severe prison sentence would be meted out to an Arab pilot. An American pilot would be fined and forced to leave the kingdom.

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Michael Busby ©2010
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The King announced several days after the mishap he would give 100,000 rials (about $33,333 at the time) to the families of each person who perished in the mishap. To this day, according to my acquaintances in the kingdom, the money has never been paid to the families. I am told by my Saudia Airlines friends the pilot was a Saudi. If this were an American pilot, I think he would have disobeyed protocol and evacuated the plane as soon as he could stop it on the runway. However, a Saudi pilot was not going to risk a beheading due to the King’s ire. So, he allowed himself, crew and passengers to be roasted. I hope this document serves its intended purpose – negative international attention of Saudi Arabia’s protocol that it might be changed. Regardless of whose aircraft is on a runway, never can it be said 301 people deserve to die for the convenience of one person. The following is the cockpit voice recorder transcript of the August 19, 1980 mishap of Saudia Airlines Lockheed L-1011 TriStar 200 (Flight 163) at Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. (Source: ICAO Circular 178-AN/111) I have highlighted in red several key communications. Legend CAM-1 = Voice identified as Captain CAM-2 = Voice identified as First Officer CAM-3 = Voice identified as Flight Engineer CAM-4 = Voice identified as Flight Attendant RDO-2 = Radio transmission by First Officer PA = Public address system TMACC = Riyadh Terminal Area Control Center TWR = Riyadh Tower (T) = translated part

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Time Local Speaker Comment Before Time Landing 28:41 18:07:49 Takeoff ((Hostess call signal followed by an alternating tone at 18:14:53 CAM 14.54) 21:32 18:14:58 CAM-3 "B" aft cargo CAM-1 What? 18:15:01 CAM-3 "B" aft cargo 18:15:04 CAM-2 What's going on? 18:15:10 CAM-3 Smoke detection "B" aft cargo 18:15:14 CAM-1 Stop ventilation 18:15:16 CAM-3 Smoke detection CAM-3 Smoke detection "B" aft cargo 21:10 18:15:20 CAM-1 In "B" aft cargo CAM-3 Yes 18:15:32 CAM-1 Did you turn it to the other one? 18:15:37 CAM-3 Just in "B". CAM-1 What? 18:15:39 CAM-3 Not in "A". CAM-3 Just in "B". CAM-1 Just "B". 18:15:42 CAM-3 Yeah, "A" is okay. CAM-1 Okay, so we can go on CAM-3 Yes 18:15:51 CAM-1 The ventilation is not working at all in that one CAM-3 Yeah CAM ((Alternating tone)) 18:15:55 CAM-3 There is "A" CAM-1 What? CAM-3 Now it is "A", both of them 20:31 18:15:59 CAM-1 So we got to be returning back right? CAM-3 Both "A" and "B" aft cargo smoke detection 18:16:06 CAM-1 So we have smoke there 18:16:07 CAM-3 I would say so, yeah 18:16:18 CAM-1 What's the procedure for it in the checklist? 20:10 18:16:20 CAM-1 Yeah I am looking for it now

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Michael Busby ©2010
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18:04

17:30

18:17:10 CAM-1 CAM-1 18:17:16 (T) 18:17:17 CAM-2 CAM-1 18:17:19 (T) 18:18:26 CAM-3 CAM-3 CAM-3 CAM-1 18:18:34 CAM-3 CAM-1 CAM-3 CAM-1 18:18:54 CAM-3 CAM-1 CAM-3 18:19:00 CAM-1 18:19:17 CAM-1 18:19:20 CAM-3 18:19:25 CAM-1 18:19:26 CAM-3 CAM-1 CAM-3 CAM 18:19:30 CAM-1 CAM-3 18:19:35 CAM-1 CAM-3 18:19:40 CAM CAM-2 18:19:41 (T) CAM-1 18:19:44 CAM-1 CAM-2 18:19:48 CAM-1 18:19:58 CAM-1

((Singing in Arabic)) See that, what's it's name Abnormal No, no checklist abnormal Both "A" and "B" Yeah. Both "A" and "B" Shall I test it again and see if it will test? Yeah It doesn't test Doesn't test? Both off So that's actual isn't it? That would ah --- I would say actual, yeah Uh I would say so, yeah both of them went We have cleared the situation There isn't anything about it in the abnormal procedures, huh. Nothing about it, should I just go back there and see if I can find anything or smell anything? What? Shall I go back there and see if I can smell anything? Okay, sure. Yeah ((Sound of cockpit door opening)) Have they seen it If I can see, smell something I'm think we better go back Surely check it We'll see ((Sound similar to cockpit door slamming)) Strange no procedure for it No procedure for it? Tell them we're returning back To Riyadh We are 60 miles out ah --We better go, go back to Riyadh

17:00

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Michael Busby ©2010
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18:20:16 18:20:18

16:00

18:20:25 18:20:25 18:20:27 18:20:30 18:20:33 18:20:36 18:20:37

CAM-1 (T) CAM-1 (T) CAM-3 CAM CAM-1 CAM-3 CAM-1 CAM-1 TMACC RDO-2 CAM-3 CAM-1 TMACC CAM-2 CAM CAM-?

Look in the abnormal By the way he's a jackass, in the abnormal it is in the checklist We've got a fire back there ((Sound similar to door slamming)) We do? Yes we do It's okay call please Tell him we're coming back Go ahead 18:1-6-3, we're coming back to Riyadh I would declare an emergency Yeah Cleared to reverse course to Riyadh and request reason Declare emergency? ((Door slams)) Fire, fire in the cabin Saudia one six three, we've got fire in the cabin and please alert the fire trucks ((Noise similar to door slamming)) Okay and cleared back and if you'd like to descend, you can descend to any altitude you like Okay I already asked, I already asked // page from transcript missing // We definitely want We definitely, we definitely want preference to land Huh? We definitely want preference to land, that's for sure Yeah Pressurization set? --((cabin announcement - unintelligible)) Okay No smoking sign on Okay, no smoking sign Landing preliminary Okay landing preliminary 18:1-42 on the bug

18:20:37 RDO-2 CAM 18:20:45 TMACC 18:20:50 CAM-1 CAM-2 18:23:07 CAM-3 18:23:10 CAM-3 CAM-1 18:23:13 CAM-3 CAM-1 18:23:22 CAM-1 CAM 18:23:27 CAM-1 18:23:32 CAM-2 CAM-1 18:23:36 CAM-1 18:23:40 CAM-3 18:23:41 CAM-3

13:03

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Michael Busby ©2010
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18:23:42

18:23:50 18:23:51

18:23:55 12:32 18:23:58

CAM-1 CAM-2 CAM-3 CAM-1 CAM-3 CAM-1 CAM-3 CAM-1 CAM-3 CAM-3 CAM-1 CAM-3 CAM-1 CAM-3 CAM-1 CAM-1

18:24:03 CAM-3 18:24:16 CAM-3 18:24:16 CAM 18:24:21 CAM-3 18:24:22 CAM-1 CAM-3 CAM-1 18:24:25 CAM-2 CAM-3 CAM-1 CAM-2 CAM-3 18:24:40 CAM-1 18:24:41 CAM-3 CAM-3 PA (T) 18:24:49 CAM-1 18:24:59 PA 18:25:04 CAM-2

12:05

11:31

one forty-two one forty-two Anti-ice Off HSI heading Set Seatbelt sign On Ah Logo light It's okay Logo light Checked Altimeters Altimeters is gonna be what it is It was 1-0-0-2 setting Okay, and airspeed, groundspeed, airspeed and EPR bugs Gross weight estimates ((Sound of alternating tone)) ((Smoke detector aural warning)) What can I say Okay I think it's all right now Okay one one zero Gross weight airspeed and EPR bugs Set and cross checked, one forty two set here two and one five five check One five five Check Keep the oxygen to be prepared ((Sound of alternating tone three times simultaneously with above)) There goes "A" !!!! ((Singing in Arabic)) Would passengers please remain seated Six point eight

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Michael Busby ©2010
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CAM-1 CAM-2 CAM-2 CAM-? 18:25:12 CAM-1 11:04 18:25:26 CAM-1 18:25:32 18:25:36 CAM-3 CAM-1 CAM-3 CAM CAM-1 CAM-3 CAM-1 CAM-4 CAM-3 CAM-4 CAM-3

18:25:40 18:25:41

18:25:45 TMACC 18:25:47 18:25:50 18:25:54 18:25:55 10:31 CAM-4 CAM-3 CAM-4 CAM-3 CAM-1 CAM CAM-1

18:25:59 RDO-2 18:26:07 CAM-3 CAM-1 18:26:10 TMACC CAM-3 CAM-1 18:26:17 RDO-2 18:26:18 PA

Huh? Six point eight on the QNH One zero zero six decimal eight ((Continuous talk by female voice in background)) Okay zero six decimal eight Okay the throttle in engine number two, it's not returning back --- stuck Stuck? Stuck I would leave it the way it is, Sir ((Sound of knocking)) Huh? Just leave it the way it is. I'm going to shut it down We tried to, we tried to put it off, at L4 there is a fire There’s a fire? Yeah Well go put it out One six three, did you get the message to get us the passengers on board and fuel endurance How In the ah, --- the fire extinguisher I know I said we will do it There is a fire back there Okay ((Sound similar to door slamming)) Tell them we have actual fire in the cabin Riyadh Saudi Arabia one six three, we have an actual fire in the cabin now Shall I let Jeddah know on HF? 10 No Saudi one six three roger, the fire are in the standby position and they are ready No? Not with our situation One six three L4 and R4 get the fire extinguishers from the galley ---

10

This is a reference to letting Saudia Airlines headquarters know of the emergency.

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Michael Busby ©2010
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10:01

18:26:29 CAM-3 18:26:31 CAM-1 CAM-3 18:26:34 CAM-1 18:26:39 CAM 18:26:40 CAM-3 18:26:42 CAM-4 CAM-3 18:26:53 CAM-4

9:28

9:00

18:27:02 CAM-3 CAM-1 CAM-1 18:27:16 PA (T) 18:27:21 CAM-3 CAM-1 18:27:30 CAM-3 18:27:32 CAM-1 18:27:39 CAM-2 18:27:40 PA

PA (T) 8:27 18:28:03 CAM-3 18:28:10 CAM-3 18:28:14 CAM-1 CAM-3 CAM-1 18:28:17 CAM-3 CAM-1 18:28:22 CAM-1

((repeated)) Jeez, lets go on as fast as we can till we can get to approach That's it, this is the maximum Yeah Now engine number two is stuck there so something is wrong in it, I'm gonna shut it down ((Sound similar to cockpit call chime)) Well not yet, not yet, not yet There is no way I can go to the back * * after L2 R2 because the people are fighting in the aisles Okay find a way if you can L4 R4 L3 R3 * * open the cabinet and use all your fire extinguishers and the CO2 I'll keep your speed up as long as possible Okay As soon as possible we're gonna be down (All passengers remain in your seats, etc.) And your target speed is one forty one Huh one forty one is set Here's the bug card Thank you Set on mine Please, everybody sit down, move out of the way, everybody sit down, move out of the aisle, there is no danger from the airplane, everybody should stay in their seats Sit on your seat, sit on your seat, ladies and gentlemen take your seat --- nothing will happen to aircraft, ladies and gentlemen fasten your seatbelt, don't stand like this sit on your seats -- sit down, sit down [in Urdu] Piece of cake, piece of cake As soon as we land, sir, I suggest that we turn off all fuel valves Okay As soon as we land Okay As soon as we touch down Okay Where is the runway?

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Michael Busby ©2010
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8:01

CAM-1 18:28:27 CAM-2 18:28:29 CAM-2 CAM-? 18:28:40 CAM-3 CAM-2 CAM-1 PA (T) CAM-1 CAM-1 CAM-2 CAM-1 18:28:50 (T) 18:28:50 RDO-2 CAM-2 18:28:52 TWR CAM CAM-1 18:28:54 RDO-2

Can you see the runway? No not yet, not yet Twenty eight miles ### Did you tell the fire trucks to go to the back of the airplane as soon as possible Yeah Huh Will all passengers remain seated, will all passengers remain seated, ((Urdu)) --- ladies and gentlemen sit down, sit down (repeated) Advise them Huh Advise them? How? Riyadh one six three Advise them Go ahead ((Sound of two knocks)) Yeah, yeah Please advise fire trucks to be at tail of the airplane after touch, please. Yes, will do Where is the airport, I don't see it? Captain there is too much smoke in the back There is the airport road, the yellow lamps are the airport road. Huh The yellow lamps are the airport road That Yeah ### Are there too much smoke there? Okay, I am going to test the system again ((Sound of alternating tone)) ((Smoke detector)) Okay, there's both "A" and "B" loops working again

7:31

6:56

18:28:59 TWR CAM-1 18:29:01 (T) CAM-4 CAM-2 (T) CAM-1 CAM-2 (T) CAM-1 CAM-2 CAM-4 CAM-1 18:29:34 CAM-3 18:29:36 CAM 18:29:38 CAM-3

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Michael Busby ©2010
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6:31

6:03

5:30

18:29:44 CAM-3 And no indication of smoke 18:29:46 CAM-1 Huh No ah indication of smoke, however, the cabin is filled 18:29:47 CAM-3 with smoke in the back CAM-1 Okay 18:29:53 CAM-1 Now the number two is stuck there the engine CAM-1 Okay 18:29:56 CAM-3 I suggest we shut it down on short final 18:29:59 CAM ((Sound of alternating tone)) 18:29:59 CAM-1 Yeah, on short final 18:30:01 CAM-3 Okay, there is "A" again 18:30:03 CAM-3 And "A" is going out 18:30:20 CAM ((Sound similar to door movement)) 18:30:27 PA (T) ((Passenger exhorting passengers to sit down)) 18:30:35 CAM-3 What is he saying? CAM-2 Trying to keep them calm, keep the down 18:30:41 CAM-1 Okay flaps four please 18:30:45 CAM-1 Okay, final to the box 18:30:47 CAM-2 Final to the box please 18:30:52 CAM ((Sound similar to seat movement)) 18:30:56 PA Everybody sit down please, all passengers 18:31:00 CAM-1 Okay flaps ten please, correction, it's okay CAM ((Sound of cough)) CAM-? * CAM-2 They are the first people (T) CAM-1 What? (T) CAM-2 They are the first people (T) CAM-1 Who are they? (T) CAM-2 18:31:13 They are the people we were talking about (T) CAM-1 Huh CAM-2 They are the people we were talking about CAM-1 Where is the airport I don't see it 18:31:18 (T) CAM-2 You see those lights over there, that's the stadium

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18:31:22 18:31:25 5:00 18:31:30 18:31:31

18:31:34

18:31:38 18:31:40 18:31:41 18:31:42

18:31:48 18:31:49

18:31:51 18:31:54

(T) CAM-2 CAM-1 CAM-2 CAM-4 CAM-1 CAM-4 CAM-1 CAM-4 CAM-3 CAM-4 CAM-1 CAM-3 CAM-4 CAM-2 CAM-1 CAM-1 CAM-2 CAM-3 CAM-3 CAM-2 CAM-3 CAM-2 CAM-3 CAM-2 CAM-3 CAM-2 CAM-3 CAM-2 CAM-3 CAM-2 CAM-3

18:31:58 CAM-3 4:28 18:32:02 CAM-1 CAM-3 18:32:05 CAM-1 18:32:10 CAM-4

I got the field in sight I am just trying to intercept this (radial) Okay Shall we evacuate? What? Did you say we should evacuate --Okay The passengers Say again Can we evacuate all the passengers? Flaps ten please When we're on the ground yes Okay after we are on the ground yes Flaps ten Yeah Final to the box! Final to the box please Final to the box Okay ignition On No smoking sign Say again No smoking sign On Altimeters Set, cross checked Brake pressure Checked Radio and R NAV selector Check Okay complete to the box Okay, right after landing sir do you want me to turn off all fuel valves? No after we have stopped the aircraft Okay Okay, I'll tell you Do you want us to evacuate passengers Captain?

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18:32:16 18:32:19

18:32:23 18:32:25 3:59 18:32:31 18:32:33

18:32:36 18:32:42 18:32:44 18:32:48 18:32:48 18:32:52 18:32:53

18:32:58 18:32:59 3:29 18:33:01

CAM-1 What? Do you want us to evacuate the passengers as soon as CAM-4 we stop CAM-1 Take your position CAM-4 Okay CAM-3 The area duct overheat CAM ((Sound similar to door shutting)) CAM-1 Okay CAM-1 Flaps eighteen please CAM-2 One eight PA Flight attendants please take your position CAM-4 Flight attendants please take your positions CAM-2 Got runway in sight? Riyadh, one six three, we got the runway in sight, are RDO-2 we cleared to land? CAM-1 Oh yeah, I see it PA Please take your positions Affirmative, you are number one cleared for approach TMACC and you can continue tower one eighteen one RDO-2 Eighteen one, one six three Riyadh, Saudia one six three ten miles final runway in RDO-2 sight, cleared to land? CAM-4 All of you sit down TWR One six three cleared to land, wind three two zero at five CAM-1 Okay I'm shutting PA (T) Fasten seatbelts all of you sit down [in Urdu] CAM-1 Okay, I'm shutting down engine number two CAM-1 It's stuck, present EPR One six three, cleared to land, confirm you have RDO-2 alerted the fire trucks CAM-3 Okay CAM-1 Okay CAM-3 Okay TWR Affirmative, they are ready CAM-1 Okay, it is coming down RDO-2 Thank you (T) CAM-3 All right CAM-1 Okay

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3:01

2:30

18:33:06 CAM-2 Flaps in eighteen 18:33:08 CAM-3 I'll keep our speed up as much as possible CAM-1 Okay, flaps twenty two CAM-2 Flaps twenty two Give me your attention please, be seated ladies and CAM-4 gentlemen, we are about to land there's no reason to panic 18:33:22 CAM-3 I'll give you a hundred and fifty down, okay CAM-1 What? 18:22:23 CAM-3 A hundred and fifty on down CAM-1 Yeah sure We're about to land ladies and gentlemen place your 18:33:29 PA hands behind your head for impact, girls demonstrate impact position, girls demonstrate impact position 18:33:31 CAM-1 Gear down please CAM-2 Gear is coming down 18:33:35 CAM-3 Okay, you can go one ninety CAM-1 Good There is no, any procedure for the two engine, it's the 18:33:40 CAM-1 same as three CAM-2 Okay CAM-3 Yeah 18:33:45 CAM-1 I just want to confirm it, I know it God damn it Tell him that engine number two is should be shut down 18:33:52 CAM-1 --- it's stuck 18:33:57 CAM-2 Okay 18:33:58 CAM-1 Tell the tower CAM-2 Yeah 18:34:00 CAM-1 Yeah, we just have engine number one 18:34:02 RDO-2 Tower Saudia one six three The girls have demonstrated impact position, please go 18:34:04 PA down half a minute before touchdown, it's half a minute before touchdown, hands behind your head 18:34:06 TWR Go ahead one six three, wind three two zero at five CAM-1 Number one and number three One six three is cleared to land, we have engine number 18:34:10 RDO-2 two shut down, we have only one and three 18:34:17 TWR Copied today Everybody, please sit down, everything's under control, PA we are landing back at Riyadh, please it down and fasten

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Michael Busby ©2010
http://www.scribd.com/doc/38040625/Death-of-An-Airplane-The-Appalling-Truth-About-Saudia-Airlines-Flight-163

CAM-1 18:34:20 RDO-2 18:34:25 CAM-1 CAM-2 2:04 18:34:26 CAM-3 18:34:39 CAM-1 18:34:44 CAM-3 CAM-1 1:37 18:34:53 PA (T) 18:35:06 CAM-3 18:35:11 CAM-1 CAM-3 PA 18:35:56 CAM-3 18:35:57 CAM-1 0:30 18:36:01 PA CAM 18:36:07 CAM-3 18:36:12 GPWS 18:36:12 CAM-1 CAM-3 18:36:15 CAM 18:36:18 18:36:19 18:36:21 18:36:22 0:00 18:36:30 CAM-3 CAM-3 CAM-3 CAM

your seatbelts, sit down and fasten your seatbelts, please Okay Okay Complete the final checklist Complete, flaps Okay, your altimeters are one zero zero seven, set and cross checked three ways, gear and anti-skid is down and checked and your flaps are at thir- twenty two Yeah, I know it Both loops "A" and "B" are out Thank you Ladies and gentlemen, no need to panic, place your hands behind your head for impact position [Urdu] Aft cargo door is opened sir Check No problem Now ladies and gentlemen, may I ask you to please put your hands behind your heads for the impact position Looking good Tell them, tell them to not evacuate Put your hand behind your head and head between your knees, hands behind your head ((Sound similar to door opening)) No need for that, we are okay, no problem, no problem Minimum --- minimum One hundred One hundred ((Loud squeal begins and continues until end of CVR tape)) Fifty Forty Thirty ((Loud squeal)) ((End of CVR tape)) approximate time of landing

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