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ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه : ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻬﺰادي Mohammad Behzadi
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ﺗﻘﺪﻳﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺮادرم ﺳﻌﻴﺪ رادﭘﻮر ﮐﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺨﺸﺶ ﻋﻠﻤﻲ ﺑﻴﺪرﻳﻎ ﺧﻮد اﺳﺘﺎد و ﻗﻄﺐ ﻧﻤﺎي ﻋﻠﻤﻲ در ﻣﺴﻴﺮ زﻧﺪﮔﻴﻢ ﺑﻮد
ﺗﺬﮐﺮ: ﺑﺮاي دﻳﺪن راﻫﻨﻤﺎي ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺐ ﻻزم اﺳﺖ ﺗﺎ از آﮐﺮوﺑﺎت7 ﻳﺎ ﺑﺎﻻﺗﺮ اﺳﺘﻔﺎده ﺷﻮد !Acrobat 7.0 or higher is needed for view commenting
Produced by:Mohammad Behzadi ﺗﻬﯿﻪ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه : ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻬﺰادي
ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻬﺰادی
ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻬﺰادی 3 .
Standards IPS IGS ASME ANSI API ISO GPSA ISA BSI (IRANIAN PETROLEUM STANDARDS) (IRANIAN GAS STANDARDS) (AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD INSTITUTE) (AMERICAN PETROLEUM INSTITUTE) (INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION FOR STANDARDIZATION) IRANIAN (AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS) (Gas Process System Association) (INSTRUMENT SOCIETY OF AMERICA) (BRITIHSH STANDARD INSTITUTE) ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻬﺰادی 4 .
ﮐﺪ ﺗﻮﺻﯿﻪ ﻫﺎﯾﯽ ﺑﺮاي ﻃﺮاﺣﯽ و ﻋﻤﻠﯿﺎت اﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪارد ﺷﺎﻣﻞ اﻧﺪازه ﻫﺎ و اﺟﺰا Design factor اﯾﻤﻨﯽ)ﻣﺜﻼ ﺑﺮاي دﺑﯽ 01 درﺻﺪ( ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻬﺰادی 5 .
اﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪاردﻫﺎي ﻣﻌﺮوف ﺑﺮاي دﯾﺴﯿﭙﻠﯿﻦ ﻫﺎي ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻬﺰادی 6 .
اﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪاردﻫﺎي ﻣﻌﺮوف ﺑﺮاي دﯾﺴﯿﭙﻠﯿﻦ ﻫﺎي ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻬﺰادی 7 .
اﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪاردﻫﺎي ﻣﻌﺮوف ﺑﺮاي دﯾﺴﯿﭙﻠﯿﻦ ﻫﺎي ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻬﺰادی 8 .
g o m ww m .اﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪاردﻫﺎي ﻣﻌﺮوف ﺑﺮاي دﯾﺴﯿﭙﻠﯿﻦ ﻫﺎي ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ .m ior v ih b an l co .w b ts la s a ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻬﺰادی 9 .
or mi ha nb l og .m b la s ts a vi .c o m ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻬﺰادی 01 .اﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪاردﻫﺎي ﻣﻌﺮوف ﺑﺮاي دﯾﺴﯿﭙﻠﯿﻦ ﻫﺎي ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ww w .
اﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪاردﻫﺎي ﻣﻌﺮوف ﺑﺮاي دﯾﺴﯿﭙﻠﯿﻦ ﻫﺎي ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻬﺰادی 11 .
ﻣﺤﺪودﯾﺖ ﺧﺎرﺟﯽ: وﯾﮋﮔﯽ ﻣﺤﺼﻮل ﺷﺮاﯾﻂ اﯾﻤﻨﯽ وﯾﮋﮔﯽ ﻓﺎﺿﻼب داﺧﻠﯽ: اﺳﺘﻮﮐﯿﻮﻣﺘﺮي ﻣﻌﺎدﻻت ﺷﯿﻤﯿﺎﯾﯽ ﻣﻌﺎدﻻت ﻓﯿﺰﯾﮑﯽ ﺟﺪاﺳﺎزي آزﺋﻮﺗﺮوپ ﻗﯿﺪﻫﺎي ﻋﻤﻮﻣﯽ ﻣﻮازﻧﻪ اﻧﺮژي ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻬﺰادی 21 .
EPC – Engineering – Procurement – Construction ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻬﺰادی 13 .
Flowsheets Basic Design – BFD (BLOCK FLOW DIAGRAM) – PFD (PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAM) Detailed Design – P&ID (PROCESS & INSTRUMENTATION DIAGRAM) – UFD (UTILITY FLOW DIAGRAM) – UHD (UTILITY HEADER DIAGRAM) ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻬﺰادی 14 .
ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻬﺰادی 51 .
com ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻬﺰادی 16 .mblastsavior.www.mihanblog.
mblastsavior.mihanblog.com ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻬﺰادی 17 .www.
ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻬﺰادی 81 .
ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻬﺰادی 91 .
Quantities are in lb/hr BFD ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻬﺰادی (BLOCK FLOW DIAGRAM) ﺑﻠﻮﮐﻬﺎ ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻻ از داﻳﺮه و ﻣﺮﺑﻊ 20 .m w w w Coal carbonization block flowsheet.m co . io av s st a bl . fa g lo b r.
ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻬﺰادی 12 .
ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻬﺰادی 22 .
PFD ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻬﺰادی 32 .
اﻟﮕﻮﻫﺎي ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻣﻮرد اﺳﺘﻔﺎده در رﺳﻢ ﻧﻤﻮدار ﺟﺮﯾﺎن ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻬﺰادی 42 .
mihanblog.اﻟﮕﻮﻫﺎي ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻣﻮرد اﺳﺘﻔﺎده در رﺳﻢ ﻧﻤﻮدار ﺟﺮﯾﺎن www.mblastsavior.com ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻬﺰادی 52 .
اﻟﮕﻮﻫﺎي ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻣﻮرد اﺳﺘﻔﺎده در رﺳﻢ ﻧﻤﻮدار ﺟﺮﯾﺎن
ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻬﺰادی
اﻟﮕﻮﻫﺎي ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻣﻮرد اﺳﺘﻔﺎده در رﺳﻢ ﻧﻤﻮدار ﺟﺮﯾﺎن
ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻬﺰادی
ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻬﺰادی
ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻬﺰادی 29 .UTILITY FLOWSHEETS UFD (UTILITY FLOW DIAGRAM) UHD (UTILITY HEADER DIAGRAM) These are P&I diagrams for individual utilities such as steam. cooling water. compressed air. fuel. refrigerants. and inert blanketing gases. steam condensate. heat transfer media in general.
mblastsavior.com ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻬﺰادی 30 .mihanblog.P&ID ENGINEERING FLOWSHEET OR ENGINEERING LINE DIAGRAM BS1646 www.
mblastsavior.com ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻬﺰادی 31 .www.mihanblog.
mblastsavior.www.mihanblog.com ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻬﺰادی 32 .
ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻬﺰادی
ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻬﺰادی
but not be limited to: Phase I: Basic Design Stages (containing seven Standards) Phase II: Detailed Design.These preparation stages describe the following three main phases which can be distinguished in every project & include. Engineering and Procurement Stages (containing two Standards) Phase III: Start-Up Sequence and General Commissioning Procedures (containing two Standards) ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻬﺰادی Process Flow Diagram 36 .
7) IPS-E-PR-150 "Basic Design Package" IPS-E-PR-170 "Process Flow Diagram" IPS-E-PR-190 "Layout and Spacing" IPS-E-PR-200 "Basic Engineering Design Data" IPS-E-PR-230 "Piping & Instrumentation Diagrams (P&IDs)" IPS-E-PR-250 "Performance Guarantee" IPS-E-PR-308 "Numbering System" ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻬﺰادی 37 .Phase I: Basic Design Stages (containing 7 Standards) STANDARD CODE STANDARD TITLE I) Manuals of Phase I (Numbers 1 .
PR- ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻬﺰادی 38 .PRIPS-E-PR-300 "Plant Technical and Equipment Manuals (Engineering Dossiers)“ IPS.PRDossiers)“ Phase III: Start-Up Sequence and General Commissioning Procedures (containing two Standards) III) Manuals of Phase III (Numbers10&11) IPS-E-PR-280 "Start-Up Sequence and General Commissioning Procedures" IPS. Engineering and Procurement Stages (containing 2 Standards) I) Manuals of Phase II (Numbers 8&9) IPS-E-PR-260 "Detailed Design. Engineering and Procurement" IPS.PR"StartIPS-E-PR-290 "Plant Operating Manuals" IPS.Phase II: Detailed Design.
Scope This Standard is also intended to establish uniform symbols for equipment. Gas and Petrochemical (OGP) projects. ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻬﺰادی 39 . piping and instrumentation on P&IDs and UDFDs throughout the Oil.
UFD) Process flow diagram(PFD) ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻬﺰادی 40 .Flowsheets the Piping and Instrumentation Diagrams (P&IDs) Utility Distribution Flow Diagrams (UDFDs.UHD.
. Ed.REFERENCES ASME (AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS) ASME Code.INIPS-D-AR-010 "Abbreviations & Symbols for HVAC&R Drawings" IPS. ANSI (AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD INSTITUTE) ANSI B 16.PRIPS-E-PR-725 "Process Design of Plant Waste Sewer Systems" IPS.AR- ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻬﺰادی 41 . 250 and 800" 1st.1 "Cast Iron Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings. 1989 IPS (IRANIAN PETROLEUM STANDARDS) IPS-E-PR-200 "Basic Engineering Design Data" IPS.ARIPS-D-AR-011 "General Notes for HVAC & R System" IPS.PRIPS-E-PR-308 "Numbering System" IPS. 125. Class 25.PRIPS-G-IN-160 "Control Valves" IPS.
.. 1981 ( ISAReaffirmed 1992 ) ISA-S5.5 "Graphic Symbols for Process Displays" 1st. 1991 ISAISA-S5. Ed. Ed.1983 ISA-S5..1 "Compatibility of analogue signals for electronic industrial process ISAprocess instruments” 1st.. 1985 ISAISA-S18.. 1979 ISA- ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻬﺰادی 42 . Ed.REFERENCES ISA (INSTRUMENT SOCIETY OF AMERICA) ISA-S5. logic and computer systems “Ed. 1975 ( Reaffirmed 1995) instruments” ISA-S51.1 "Process Instrumentation Terminology" 1st.1 "Instrumentation Symbols and Identification" 1st. Ed.1 "Annunciator Sequences and Specifications" 1st. 1979 ISA(Reaffirmed 1992) ISA-S50..2 "Binary Logic Diagrams for Process Operations" 2nd.4 "Instrument Loop Diagrams" Ed. Ed. 1984 ISAISA-S5. Ed...3 "Graphic symbols for distributed control / shared display ISAinstrumentation.
.. API (AMERICAN PETROLEUM INSTITUTE) API Standard 602 "Compact steel gate valves-flanged.. Part 1: Currently Used Characters" Drawings1st. representationfor Interface. 1984 ISO 6708 "Pipe component definition of nominal size" Ed. 1977. 1985 1st. Ed. threaded. 1995. and shared display/control functions" Ed. 1995 GPSA (Gas Process System Analysis) ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻬﺰادی 43 . welding and extended body ends “nine valvesEd.Part 4: Basic symbols for process computer.REFERENCES ISO (INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION FOR STANDARDIZATION) ISO 3098: Part 1 "Technical Drawings-Lettering. Ed. 1st. 1974 ISO 3511: Part 1 & Part 4 "Process measurement control functions and instrumentation-symbolic instrumentationrepresentation-Part 1: Basic requirements.Ed.
TERMINOLOGY: Company or Employer/Owner : – affiliated companies of the Iranian ministry of petroleum : National Iranian Oil Company (NIOC) National Iranian Gas Company (NIGC) National Petrochemical Company (NPC) ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻬﺰادی 44 .
SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS .
MDEA) Caustic Sewer(NAOH) Concrete Drain Box Chemical Sewer Chemical Drain Pit Drain Connection Desalter Waste Water Non Oily Water Sewer Open Drain Oily Water Sewer Sanitary Water Sewer Stripped Sour Water Toxic Drain Funnel Drain Funnel (General) ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی 46 .MDEA) Amine Drain Funnel (MEA.Drain / Sewer Symbols n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n AMN AY CAU CDB CSW CY DC DWW NSW OPD OSW SSW SWA TY Y Amine Drains (MEA.
Letters at Individual Valves Designations n n n n n n n n n n n B BV CAO CC CO CHV D FB FC FO FD Monel Valve (grease sealed seat and packing) Ball Valve Close-Automatic-Open Cable Control Chain Operated Check Valve Drain Full Bore Fail Close (closes on minimum signal to valve actuator) Fail Open (opens on minimum signal to valve actuator) Flex Disc Valve (Diapheragm Valve) اﻟﻴﺎژى از ﻧﻴﮑﻞ و ﮐﺒﺎﻟﺖ ﮐﻪ در ﺑﺮاﺑﺮ ﺧﻮردﮔﻰ ﻣﻘﺎوم اﺳﺖMonel ﺧﻢ ﺷﻮFlex ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی 47 .
Letters at Individual Valves Designations n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n MOV NC NO NV OV PIVA PSE PSV P SR SSV T V WP(J) XCV Motorized Valve Normally Closed Normally Open Needle Valve (Plug valve) Operating Valve Post Indicator Valve(if it is Closed or open) Rupture Disk Assembly (Pressure Safety Equipment) Pressure Safety Relief Valve Plugged Split Range Stainless Steel Valve Trap Vent Jacketed Plug Valve Steam Trap with Integral Strainer ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی 48 .
Piping Abbreviations n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n CS DN FF FS LJ MI PN RF RS SF SB SO SS ST(H) SW WN Carbon Steel Diameter Nominal Flat Face Forged Steel Lap Joint Mallable Iron Pressure Nominal Raised Face Removable Spool Socket Weld Line Blind with Flexitallic Gaskets Spectacle Blind Slip on Stainless Steel Steam Trap (Heat Conservation) Socket Weld Weld Neck ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی 49 .
Miscellaneous Designations n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n AG BL DCS HCB HCH HHLL HLL LG LLL LLLL MW NLL P PB PFD PG PI Above Ground Battery Limit Distributed Control System Hydrocarbon Hydrocarbon with Hydrogen High High Liquid Level High Liquid Level Level Gage Low Liquid Level Low Low Liquid Level Manway Normal Liquid Level Pressure Push Bottom Process Flow Diagram Pressure Gage Pressure Indicator ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی 50 .
Miscellaneous Designations n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n P&ID PO PT RES RG RL RTD RVP SC SCL SG SP SP.GR. STO TI T/T UFD UG VB Piping & Instrumentation Diagram Pump Out Pressure Test Connection Residue Refrigerant Gas Refrigerant Liquid Resistance Temperature Detector Reid Vapor Pressure Sample Connection Sample Cooler Sight Glass Set Point Relative Mass Density (Specific Gravity) Steam Out Temperature Indicator Tangent to Tangent Utility Flow Diagram Under Ground Vortex Breaker ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی 51 .
Utility Services Abbreviations n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n BFW CLW CW CWR CWS DMW DSW DWA FLG FLR FOR FOS FWA HBW HPC HPS Boiler Feed Water Chlorinated Water Cooling Water Cooling Water Return Cooling Water Supply Demineralized Water Desalinated Water Drinking Water Fuel Gas Flare Discharge Fuel Oil Return Fuel Oil Supply Fire Water High Pressure Boiler Feed Water High Pressure Condensate High Pressure Steam ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی 52 .
Utility Services Abbreviations n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n ISA LLPS LPC LPS MBW MPC MPS NG NIT PLA PWA RFO RFW RWA SWA TWA WAT Instrument Air Low Low Pressure Steam Low Pressure Condensate Low Pressure Steam Medium Pressure Boiler Feed Water Medium Pressure Condensate Medium Pressure Steam Natural Gas Nitrogen Plant Air Plant Water(service water) Refinery Fuel Oil Refrigerated water Raw Water Sour Water Treated Water Water ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی 53 .
power supply n AS n n Air Supply ISA PLA Instrument Air Plant Air n n n n n ES GS HS NS SS Electric Supply Gas Supply Hydraulic Supply(Water) Nitrogen Supply Steam Supply 54 ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی .
SYMBOL DESCRIPTION Main process line (arrow of 30indicates Direction of fluid flow ) Heat traced pipe line Underground pipeline Existing line Future line Vendor package Jackated or double containment pipeline Line crossing (connected) ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی 55 .
n n Line crossing (nconnected) Lines junction n n n n n n n n Dripe funnel Platform Removable spoolpice Minimum distance Indication of point of change: a)change in sloop b) change in piping class c)change in responsibility ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی 56 .
n n n n n n n n n n n Outlet to the atmosphere for steam / gas Flow / motion in diraction of arrow Arrow for inlet or outlet of essential substances Slope Level reference Limit . general Contractor/ vendor Battery limit Hood . spray nozzle Siphon with dip length ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی 57 . general (Furnace) Distribution device for fluids .
closed Butsting disc Sight glass Level gage Level gage on standpipe (vertical pipe) ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی 58 .n n n n n n n n Open vent Syphon drain( seal leg) Liquid seal. oen Liquid seal .
Interlock logic symbols ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی 59 .
n n n n n n n n n n n Butt welded joint Flanged joint Screwed joint (arrow : 90) Socket welded joint Socket and spigot joint Compression joint Swivel joint End cap .fillet welded (socket) End cap .screwed (arrow:90) ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی 60 .but welded End flanged and bolted End cap .
Symbols for manually operated and miscellaneous valves and monitors n n n n n n n n n n n n n Gate valve (basic symbol) Globe valve Check valve (general) Gate valve behind off Angle valve Ball valve Fourway valve Gate valve with body bleed Butterfly valve Hydraulic control (water force) Metering cock Needle valve Plug valve n n S=solenoid valve R= Manual reset when indicated n Diaphragm valve ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی 61 .
column.mihanblog. vessel and reactor www.mblastsavior.Equipment:Tower.com ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی 62 .
m bl as ts a vi o r.com ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی ww w.www.c om 63 .mihanblog. b lo g fa .mblastsavior.
Note: All tanks and spheres on each flow diagram are to be shown in Approximate relative size to each other ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی 64 .
mihanblog.www.mblastsavior.com ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی 65 .
com ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی 66 .mblastsavior.mihanblog.blogfa.com www.mblastsavior.www.
ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی 76 .
Air coolers ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی 86 .
Pumps ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی 96 .
REACTORS AND TOWERS n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n NOZZLE A.A2 B C D E* F G H J K* L M N P R S T V IDENTIFICATION SYMBOL Inlets Outlet Condensate Drain or Draw-off Feed Level gage or gage glass Handhold Pumpout Level instrument (also LT. X. U. TW) Vapor or vent Relief valve connection (Oversize unless actual size known) *Use E or K when non of the other symbols apply. W ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی 70 . O. or Z. LI) Manhole Reboiler connection Pressure connection (also PT. TE. Q. PI) Reflux Steam or sample connection Temperature connection (also TI. Y. Do not use I.NOZZLES IDENTIFICATIONS ON VESSELS.
com ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻬﺰادی 17 .mblastsavior.اﺻﻄﻼﺣﺎت ﻣﺘﻔﺎوت ﺑﺎ ﻣﻌﺎﻧﯽ ﯾﮑﺴﺎن در زﺑﺎﻧﻬﺎي اﻧﮕﻠﯿﺴﯽ و آﻣﺮﯾﮑﺎﯾﯽ www.mihanblog.
اﺻﻄﻼﺣﺎت ﻣﺘﻔﺎوت ﺑﺎ ﻣﻌﺎﻧﯽ ﯾﮑﺴﺎن در زﺑﺎﻧﻬﺎي اﻧﮕﻠﯿﺴﯽ و آﻣﺮﯾﮑﺎﯾﯽ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻬﺰادی 27 .
اﺻﻄﻼﺣﺎت ﻣﺘﻔﺎوت ﺑﺎ ﻣﻌﺎﻧﯽ ﯾﮑﺴﺎن در زﺑﺎﻧﻬﺎي اﻧﮕﻠﯿﺴﯽ و آﻣﺮﯾﮑﺎﯾﯽ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻬﺰادی 37 .
اﺻﻄﻼﺣﺎت ﻣﺘﻔﺎوت ﺑﺎ ﻣﻌﺎﻧﯽ ﯾﮑﺴﺎن در زﺑﺎﻧﻬﺎي اﻧﮕﻠﯿﺴﯽ و آﻣﺮﯾﮑﺎﯾﯽ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻬﺰادی 47 .
mblastsavior.mihanblog.اﺻﻄﻼﺣﺎت ﻣﺘﻔﺎوت ﺑﺎ ﻣﻌﺎﻧﯽ ﯾﮑﺴﺎن در زﺑﺎﻧﻬﺎي اﻧﮕﻠﯿﺴﯽ و آﻣﺮﯾﮑﺎﯾﯽ www.com ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻬﺰادی 57 .
IPS ﺑﺮ ﻣﺒﻨﺎی
l l l l
instrumentation identifications equipment abbreviations (codes) fluid abbreviations painting, insulation and heat tracing designations.
ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی
numbering for instrument and electrical equipment, piping line and engineering documents such as specifications, purchase orders, and other facilities.
ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی
1-1984. 1989 “Instrumentations Symbol and Identification l ISO (INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION FOR STANDARDIZATION) l 6708-1995 (E) "Pipe Components Definition and Selection of Nominal Size". 1995. Ed. ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی 79 . 2nd. Ed..REFERENCES l ISA (INSTRUMENT SOCIETY OF AMERICA) l S 5. Formerly”.
EQUIPMENT NUMBERING SYSTEM .
blogfa.com ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی www.com 81 .mihanblog.mblastsavior.mblastsavior.Main Equipment & Package Unit www.
crude and vacuum distillation unit.l l l Notes: 1) Unit number for the equipment shall start from 1 (not from 01). etc. from 01 t0 50 and from 50 to 99 to crude distillation and vacuum distillation sections respectively). The numbering of instruments and control equipment should be from 001 to 999.. buildings. ancillary facilities.g. For the units with more than one section (e. equipment serial number to be utilized for each section shall be determined by the Contractor (e.). etc. 2) Serial number for equipment including mechanical. For a typical refinery units see Appendix A. general items. electrical. shall be from 01 to 99 unless otherwise specified.. machinery..g. 82 ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی .
BOX COOLER.mihanblog. MECHANICAL OR PNEUMATIC COOLING TOWER CRANE CRUSHER CRYSTALLIZER CUTTER CYCLONE AND HYDROCLONE DESALTER EVAPORATOR EXCHANGER. DOUBLE PIPE. PLASTICS CONTROL PANEL CONVEYOR. PLATE. SURFACE CONDENSER EXTRUDER AG AC BR C CM CPL CV CT CN CR CS CU CY DE EV E www.APPENDIX B EQUIPMENT CATEGORY SYMBOL l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l AGITATOR AIR CONDITIONER BLENDER COMPRESSOR CONTINUOUS MIXER.mblastsavior. REBOILER. COILS. AIR COOLED.com EX 83 ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی . CASCADE COOLER. SHELL-AND TUBE.
PRESSURE (COLUMN. MOTORIZED MOV VESSEL. SLIDE) SG VALVE. SILO. SNOW REMOVAL) SM STACK. ROTARY RV VALVE. FIRED H LOADING ARM LA MILL MI PUMP P REACTOR R SAMPLER SA SEPARATOR. HOPPER TK VALVE. API. DRUM SPHERE. ATMOSPHERIC SE SPECIALITY MOBILE EQUIPMENT. SLIDE (SEE GATE. CHIMNEY S STEAM TRAP STP STRAINER STR SUMP SU TANK. BULLET) V 84 ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی .APPENDIX B EQUIPMENT CATEGORY SYMBOL l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l FAN FA FILTER F FLARE STACK FST HEATER. K. ACCUMULATOR.O. (FIRE TRUCK.
Appendix A UNIT IDENTIFICATION NUMBER l for a typical refinery ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی 85 .
com ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی 86 .www.mihanblog.mblastsavior.
Drivers for Main Equipment l Drivers for main equipment shall be numbered as follows: www.com l l l l l l l l l Note: Type of drivers shall be as follows: DE : Diesel Engine GE : Gas Engine GT : Gas Turbine HT : Hydraulic Turbine M : Electric Motor ST : Steam Turbine TEX: Turbo Expander.blogfa. 87 ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی .mblastsavior.
mihanblog.PIPING LINE NUMBERING SYSTEM l l Piping lines shall be numbered in the following manner: Numbering of All Lines Excluding Steam Tracing Spools www.com ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی 88 .mblastsavior.
. f) All firewater and sewer branches serving a specific unit shall be numbered. and not covered by the piping material specification. All branches serving a specific unit will be numbered with that unit. b) All utility headers (systems) shall be numbered with their respective units. split of piping serial numbers to be assigned for each section of the unit shall be determined by the Contractor. etc. 3) Piping components not identified by instrument or mechanical equipment numbers. exchanger. pump. Special number 7001 : 9999 shall be used for all drains. For assigning the piping serial number. 2) Piping class code shall be in accordance with the line classes utilized in project piping material specification. an other number is required for the line downstream of the equipment. 4) Unit number of the plant shall start from 1 (not from 01). 89 ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی . are identified by a special item number. For a typical refinery units see Appendix A. in general is started from 0001 and Up except for the units which are characterized by more than one section such as crude and vacuum distillation unit. In such cases.. relief headers and utility services including fuel oil and fuel gas for all units except for the units which are producing the subject utility services.Notes: l l l l l l l l l 1) Piping serial number. etc. the following items should be taken into consideration: a) The individual line number shall be held up to the point where the line ends at the inlet of equipment such as a vessel.
ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی 90 . the contractor can use his own system.Steam Tracing Spools l For steam tracing numbering and material take off.
l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l APPENDIX I FLUID ABBREVIATION SYMBOLS l a) Air Systems ISA PLA l Instrument Air Plant Air b) Blowdown and Pump Out Systems BDN CBD IBD l Blowdown Continuous Blowdown Intermittent Blowdown c) Condensate Systems COC HPC LPC MPC l Cold Condensate High Pressure Condensate Low Pressure Condensate Medium Pressure Condensate d) Drain (Sewer) Systems CDH CSW NSW OSW SSW l Closed Drain Header Chemical Sewer Non Oily Sewer Oily Sewer Sanitary Sewer Flare (Normal) High Pressure Flare Low Pressure Flare e) Flare Systems FL HFL LFL l f) Fuels FLG FLO NG RFO Fuel Gas Fuel Oil Natural Gas Refinery Fuel Oil 91 ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی .
l l APPENDIX I FLUID ABBREVIATION SYMBOLS l g) Special Gas Systems l l l l l l l l l l ACG AIR CHL HEL HYD NIT NOX OXY UTA l Acid Gas Air (Drying Service) Chlorine Helium Hydrogen Nitrogen Nitrous Oxide Oxygen Utility Air Amine Ammonia Caustic Soda Chemicals di-Ethanol Amine di-Glycole Amine Flushing Solvent mono-Ethanol Amine Methyl Ethyl Ketone Toluene h) Special Chemical and Solvent Systems AMN l AMO l CAU l CHM l DEA l DGA l FS l MEA l MEK ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی l TOL 92 .
l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l APPENDIX I FLUID ABBREVIATION SYMBOLS i) Oil Utility Systems INO LBO SLO j) Steam systems DKS DLS HOR HOS HPS LLS LPS MPS l) Water Systems BFW CLW CWR CWS DIW HWS HWR TWR TWS DMW DWA FWA HBW HCW MBW PHW PRW PWA PTW QHW RWA SWA TWA WAT Injection Oil Lubricating Oil Seal Oil Decoking Steam Dilution Steam Hot Oil Return Hot Oil Supply High Pressure Steam Low Low Pressure Steam Low Pressure Steam Medium Pressure Steam Boiler Feed Water Chlorinated Water Cooling Water Return Cooling Water Supply Distilled Water Hot Water Supply Hot Water Return Tempered Water Return Tempered Water Supply Demineralized Water Drinking Water Fire Water High Pressure Boiler Feed Water Hot and Chilled Water Medium Pressure Boiler Feed Water Phenol Water Process Water Plant Water Potable Water Quench Water Raw Water Sour Water Treated Water Water ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی 93 .
Appendix I:Process Services l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l ACE ALC ASP BZN BUT CAT CRD CRG ETA ETN FOP GAS GHS GSL GSO HRG HCB HCH HSR HNA JP4 JTA KER NGH Acetylene Alchohol Asphalt Benzene Butane Catalyst Crude Cracked Gas Ethane Ethylene Fuel Oil Product Gas Natural Gas with Hydrogen and Steam Gasoline ﺑﻨﺰﻳﻦ Gas oilﻧﻔﺖ ﮔﺎز Hydrogen Rich Gas Hydrocarbon Hydrocarbon with Hydrogen Heavy Straight Run Naphtha Heavy Naphtha Jet Fuel (JP-4) Jet A-1 Kerosene Natural Gas with Hydrogen ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی 94 .
Appendix I:Process Services l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l LNA LPG MEL MET NAP PNT PRP PPN PRA PRO RAF REG RES SLG SLP SUL Light Naphtha Liquefied Petroleum Gas Methanol Methane Naphtha Pentane Propane Propylene Process Air Process Fluid Raffinate Recycle Gas Residue Sludge ﻟﺠﻦ ﻏﻠﻴﻆ رﺳﻮب ﻣﺨﺎزن ﺳﻮﺧﺖ Slop ﻟﺠﻦ Sulfur 95 ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی .
3) The nominal size DN cannot be subject to measurement and shall not be used for purposes of calculation.APPENDIX L DEFINITION OF NOMINAL SIZE l l l l l l 1) Definition Nominal size (DN): A numerical designation of size which is common to all components in a piping system other than components designed by outside diameters or by thread size. for example steel tubes are designated and ordered by outside diameter and thickness. ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی 96 . It is a convenient round number for reference purposes and is only loosely related to manufacturing dimensions. Notes: 1) It is designated by DN followed by a number. 2) It should be noted that not all piping components are designated by nominal size.
mblastsavior.mihanblog.com ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی 97 .www.
mblastsavior.mihanblog.com ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی 98 .ATM www.
APPENDIX E PAINTING.mihanblog.com l ET ETT IS SJ ST STS STT TB PT NP UW Electrical Traced and Insulated Electrical Traced With Heat Transfer Cement and insulated Insulation for Personnel Protection Steam Jacketed and Insulated Steam Traced and Insulated Steam Traced With Spacers and Insulated Steam Traced with Heat Transfer Cement and Insulated Trace Body and Insulate Painting NO Painting.mblastsavior. No Insulation Underground Wrapping 99 . INSULATION AND HEAT TRACING DESIGNATION INSULATION OR HEAT l TRACING TYPE SERVICE l l l l l l l l l l ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی www.
Numbering for Structure l l l l l l l l l l Structure and pipe rack shall be numbered in the following manner: Notes: 1) Structure Identification AT = Antenna Tower CPS = Concrete Pipe Sleeper MP = Miscellaneous Platform PS = Pipe Support SL = Stiles ﻧﺮدﺑﺎن SS = Steel Structure 2) Structure numbering shall be South to North and West to East. ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی 100 .
101 .mblastsavior.com ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی Note: The final (As Built) isometric drawings shall include the material take off table and should be in A3 size.mihanblog.drawings www.
Drawing Scales l l l l l l l l l l l Drawings scales shall be any of the following: 1: 10 1 : 20 1: 25 1 : 33-1/3 1 : 50 1 : 100 1 : 250 1 : 500 1 : 1000 1 : 2500 (Overall Plot Plan Only) 102 ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی .
Certificates .Others 103 ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی .Procedures .Fabrication Schedule .Welding Specification .Manuals .Inspection Record .Calculations .Data Sheets .Performance Curves .NUMBERING OF PROJECT SPECIFICATIONS AND DATA SHEETS l l l l l l l l l l l l SP DW PC FS DS PR CE WS IR CA MU OT .Drawings .Specification .
Vessels Engineering) RE and/or Rotating Equipment and/or (Process Machineries) Engineering (PM) SF Safety. Fire Fighting & Environmental Control Engineering ST Structural Engineering TC Telecommunication Engineering TP Technical Protection Engineering ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی 104 . Air conditioning & Refrigeration Engineering CI Civil Engineering (General) including Architectural EL Electrical Engineering GM General Machineries GN General HM and/or Heat and Mass Transfer Engineering (Thermal Equipment Engineering) IN Instrumentation Engineering ME Fixed Mechanical Equipment Engineering (Non Rotating Equipment Engineering) PI Piping Engineering (General Mechanical and Interconnection Engineering) PR Process and Chemicals Engineering PV Pressure Vessel Engineering (Generally.Engineering Disciplines Coding l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l AC Heating. Ventilation.
Miscellaneous Mechanical .Package Units . coils.Vessels.Electrical .Management .Commodity Account No. plate heat exchangers.: l l l l l l . coolers.) 06 l l l l l l l l ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی 105 .Instrumentation .Tanks and Spheres .Piping . Towers or Drums .Site Construction . etc.Civil .Machinery .Miscellaneous 01 02 03 04 05 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 .Heat Exchangers (including reboilers.Heaters . double pipe heat exchangers.
com .mihanblog.Project Sections Coding l l l l l l l l l l l l l AC CC CN DC FN GN PC PE PN PM PQ QA QC Accounting Cost Control Construction Document Center Finance General Project Coordination Project Engineering Planning Project Management Procurement Quality Assurance Quality Control 106 ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی www.mblastsavior.
mblastsavior. ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی 107 .com Notes: 1) Two drawings may have the same serial number but different unit number. they shall have the same serial number and shall be identified by using Sequential No./Total No. 2) When drawings have same title and function.Numbering of Drawings www.mihanblog.
mihanblog.Numbering of Isometric Drawings Numbering of Isometric Drawings shall be the same as the piping line number which is shown on the Isometric Drawing.com ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی 108 . www.mblastsavior.
in (mm) Heating Ventilation and Cooling Level Gage Distribution Panel Board Process Flow Diagram Piping and Instrument Diagrams Purchase Order Pipe Support Pressure Safety Valve System International Tetra Ethyl Lead ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی www.mihanblog.mblastsavior.SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l SYMBOL/ABBREVIATION AK BD CRD DN HVAC LG PDB PFD P & IDs PO PS PSV SI TEL DESCRIPTION Arak Building Crude Diameter Nominal.com 109 .
0199 0200 .5999 6000 .DRAWING SERIAL NUMBER l l l l l l l l l l l l l TYPE OF DRAWING .PIPING .INSTRUMENT .INSULATION .PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAM .8999 9000 .9999 ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی 110 .0599 1000 .6999 7000 .MECHANICAL FLOW DIAGRAMS (P & IDs) .4999 5000 .ELECTRICAL .2999 4000 .1999 2000 .7999 8000 .0099 0100 .0399 0500 .STRUCTURAL STEEL .PLOT PLAN .UTILITY FLOW DIAGRAM .CONCRETE .MISCELLANEOUS SERIAL NUMBER (4 Digits) 0001 .VESSEL .
com .mihanblog.Special Chemical and Solvent Systems l l l l l l l l l AMN AMO CAU CHM DEA DGA MEA MEK TOL Amine Ammonia Caustic Soda Chemicals di-Ethanol Amine di-Glycole Amine mono-Ethanol Amine Methyl Ethyl Ketone Toluene 111 ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی www.mblastsavior.
FLUID ABBREVIATION SYMBOLS l a) Air Systems l l ISA PLA BDN CBD IBD COC HPC LPC MPC Instrument Air Plant Air Blowdown Continuous Blowdown Intermittent Blowdown Cold Condensate High Pressure Condensate Low Pressure Condensate Medium Pressure Condensate Chemical Sewer Non Oily Sewer Oily Sewer Sanitary Sewer l b) Blowdown and Pump Out Systems l l l l c) Condensate Systems l l l l l d) Drain (Sewer) Systems l CSW l NSW l OSW l SSW ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی 112 .
FLUID ABBREVIATION SYMBOLS l e) Flare Systems l l l FL HFL LFL FLG FLO NG RFO ACG CHL HEL HYD NIT OXY UTA Flare (Normal) High Pressure Flare Low Pressure Flare Fuel Gas Fuel Oil Natural Gas Refinery Fuel Oil Acid Gas Chlorine Helium Hydrogen Nitrogen Oxygen Utility Air l f) Fuels l l l l l g) Special Gas Systems l l l l l l l ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی 113 .
FLUID ABBREVIATION SYMBOLS l i) Oil Utility Systems l l l LBO SLO FGO DLS HOR HOS HPS LLS LPS MPS Lubricating Oil Seal Oil Flushing Oil Dilution Steam Hot Oil Return Hot Oil Supply High Pressure Steam Low Low Pressure Steam Low Pressure Steam Medium Pressure Steam l j) Steam systems l l l l l l l ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی 114 .
com 115 .mblastsavior.mihanblog.FLUID ABBREVIATION SYMBOLS l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی l) Water Systems BFW Boiler Feed Water CLW Chlorinated Water CWR Cooling Water Return CWS Cooling Water Supply DIW Distilled Water HWS Hot Water Supply HWR Hot Water Return TWR Tempered Water Return TWS Tempered Water Supply DMW Demineralized Water DWA Drinking Water FWA Fire Water HBW High Pressure Boiler Feed Water HCW Hot and Chilled Water MBW Medium Pressure Boiler Feed Water PRW Process Water PWA Plant Water RWA Raw Water SWA Sour Water TWA Treated Water WAT Water www.
FLUID ABBREVIATION SYMBOLS k) Process Services l ACE Acetylene l ALC Alchohol l ASP Asphalt l BZN Benzene l BUT Butane l CAT Catalyst l ETA Ethane l ETN Ethylene l FOP Fuel Oil Product l GAS Gas l GSL Gasoline l GSO Gas oil l HRG Hydrogen Rich Gas l HCB Hydrocarbon l HCH Hydrocarbon with Hydrogen l JP4 Jet Fuel (JP-4) (JPl JTA Jet A-1 Al KER Kerosene l NGH Natural Gas with Hydrogen l RGH Reformed Gas with Hydrogen ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی l 116 .
FLUID ABBREVIATION SYMBOLS LNA l LPG l MEL l MET l NAP l PNT l PRP l PPN l PRA l PRO l RAF l REF l REG l RES l SLG l SLP ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی l SUL l Light Naphtha Liquefied Petroleum Gas Methanol Methane Naphtha Pentane Propane Propylene Process Air Process Fluid Raffinate Reformate Recycle Gas Residue Sludge Slop Sulfur 117 .
ENGINEERING STANDARD FOR LAYOUT AND SPACING .
petrochemical and similar chemical plants to ensure safety and fire prevention together with ease of operation and maintenance.l This Standard Specification covers the basic requirements of the plant layout and spacing of oil & gas refineries. ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی 119 .
Welded. Low Pressure Storage Tanks" l API Std.PIl IPS-D-PI-103 "Pipeline Spacing" IPS.PIl IPS-E-PR-360 “ Process design of liquid & gas transfer & IPS. 650 "On Welded Steel Tanks for Oil Storage" l ASME (AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS) l "Boilers and Pressure Vessel Codes": l .SFl IPS-C-SF-550 "Safety Boundary Limits" IPS. Jan. Pressure Vessels l ASCE (AMERICAN SOCIETY OF CIVIL ENGINEERS) l "Minimum Design Loads for Structures" l IPS (IRANIAN PETROLEUM STANDARDS) l IPS-C-ME-100 "Atmospheric Above Ground Welded Steel Storage Tanks" IPS. Power Boilers l .MEl IPS-E-EL-110 "Electrical Area Classification & Extent" IPS.MEl IPS-C-ME-120 "Aviation Turbine Fuel Storage Tanks" IPS.Section I. 1982 l API Std.ME"Pressure Storage & Spheres (for LPG)" l IPS-C-ME-130 IPS.PRstorage “ "Fire Fighting Sprinkler Systems" l IPS-E-SF-200 IPS.API (AMERICAN PETROLEUM INSTITUTE) l RP-500 A "Recommended Practice for Classification of Location for Electrical RPElectrical Installation in Petroleum Refineries".MEl IPS-E-CE-160 "Geometric Design of Roads" IPS. 620 "On Large.SFl IPS-D-PI-102 "Typical Unit Plot Arrangement & Pipeway Layout" IPS.PIﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی l 120 .CEl IPS-G-PI-280 "Pipe Supports" IPS. Edition Fourth.Section VIII.ELl IPS-C-ME-110 "Large Welded Low Pressure Storage Tanks" IPS.
STANDARD) l Uniform Building "From International Conference of Building Office". (UBC) l 121 .ANSI (AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD INSTITUTE) l ANSI-MSS Standards. ASSN. 1985 l IRI (INDUSTRIAL RISK INSURANCE ) l "Requirement on Spacing of Flare" l TEMA (TUBULAR EXCHANGER MFRS. ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی l Code. "Piping Hanger and Supports". 251 "Standard Methods of Fire Tests of Building. 1989 l NFPA. Ed. 1969 Edition l NFPA (NATIONAL FIRE PROTECTION ASSOCIATION) l NFPA "Recommendation Codes and Standards" (See Table A-1 in Appendix A) l NFPA. Ed. 59 "Standard for the Storage and Handling of Liquefied Petroleum Gases". 1991 Ed. Construction and Materials".
DEFINITIONS AND TERMINOLOGY .
l . l Fire Resistive Fire resistance rating.Dike ﺑﻨﺪ Is an earth or concrete wall providing a specified liquid L3 retention capacity. as the time in minutes or hours. that materials or assemblies have withstand a fire exposure as established in accordance with the test ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی 123 of NFPA 251. l Diversion Wall Is an earth or concrete wall which directs spills to a safe disposal area.
Slide 123 L3 ﻧﮕﮫﺪاری Lastsavior. 2007/08/23 .
l ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی 124 .High Flash Stock Are those having a closed up flash point of 55°C or over (such as heavy fuel oil. This category does not include any stock that may be stored at temperatures above or within 8°C of its flash point. lubricating oils. some heating oils.). l Low-Flash Stocks Are those having a closed up flash point under 55°C such as gasoline. diesel fuels and any other stock that may be stored at temperatures above or within 8°C of it’s flash point. kerosene. etc. jet fuels. l Non-Combustible Material incapable of igniting or supporting combustion.
tank farm or other remote areas.l Pipe Rack The pipe rack is the elevated supporting structure used to convey piping between equipment. This structure is also utilized for cable trays associated with electricpower distribution and for instrument tray.g. 125 ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی . l Plot Plan The plot plan is the scaled plan drawing of the processing facility. l Sleepers The sleepers comprise the grade-level supporting structure for piping between equipment for facilities.. e.
l Vessel Diameter Where vessel spacing is expressed in terms of vessel diameter. or masonery unit curb without capacity requirements for the retention of small leaks or spills. concrete. or buildings. the diameter of the largest vessel is used.Toe Wall Is a low earth. property lines. l . For spheroids. the diameter at the maximum equator is used. l Vessel Spacing Is the unobstructed distance between vessel shells or between vessel shells and nearest edge of adjacent ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی 126 equipment.
SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS BP = HVAC Conditioning IC IRI = LPG = NFPA = OD = OGP = OIA = SIC = TEMA ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی Association Boiling Point = Heating. Ventilation and Air = Incombustibles Industrial Risk Insurance Liquefied Petroleum Gas National Fire Protection Association Outside Diameter Oil. Gas and Petrochemical Oil Insurance Association Sheathed Incombustible = Thermal Exchargers Manufacturers 127 .
electrical and other codes. ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی plumbing.Safety and Environment l Familiarization with pertinent Environmental Regulations. piping. including health and welfare needs. Security requirements may require special layout design when the plant produces a highvalue product. Hazardous and flammable materials require special handling. National and International). l If a plant site is governed by particular building. l SOME KEY ISSUES RELATED TO LAYOUT . (Local. l Attention shall be given to the pertinent safety regulations. l If the process fluids are especially toxic. which can take up layout space. these can affect 128 plant layout. Similar governing standards and regulation in plant site affects the layout concept. and how they might change is essential perior to conclusion of pre-project studies. layout is affected by the need for close chemical sewers and other protection measures.
l . are often required for the plant. as well as how likely the process technology is to be modernized. Thesewww. l b) The need that the outlet sides of two lines of equipment ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی 129 (pumps. But the mirror image approach is sometimes preferable for layout reasons.mblastsavior. Two such reasons are: l a) For operator access via a central aisle.Throughput It is important not only to know the initial capacity but also to have a good feel for how much the plant might be expanded in the future. Pairs of trains can either be identical or be mirror images. l Multiple processing lines (trains). for instance) point toward each other so that they can be readily hooked to one common line. The former option is less expensive.com much space factors indicate how should be left for additional equipment.mihanblog.
c) maintenance consistent with economical design and future expansion.BASIC CONSIDERATIONS General The plant layout shall be arranged for: a) maximization of safety. b) prevention of the spread of fire and also ease of operation. 130 . Location and Weather The plant layout shall be arranged in consideration of ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی geographic location and weather in the region of the site. Blocking The plant site shall be blocked in consideration of hazards attendant to plant operation in the area. All blocked areas shall be formed as square as possible by divided access roads and/or boundary lines.
ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی 131 All sample systems shall be indicated . ladders. lighting pannels shall be indicated.Prevailing Wind Where the prevailing wind is defined.mihanblog. the administration and service facilities and directly fired equipment.. structures.com Layout Indication The basic requirements to be met in the appropriate diagram when making a piping and equipment layout are: All equipment. shall be located windward of process Units and storage tanks. etc. All electrical switch grears.mblastsavior. shall be indicated. All instrument shall be located and indicated. All valving and handwheel orientations shall be indicated. etc. Drip funnel locations for underground drains shall be indicated. www.
ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی 132 PLANT LAYOUT . center. but should be located near the process area for ready operation of the feed stocks and product run-downs. 5) The administration and service area shall be located at a safe place on the site in order to protect personnel from hazards. 9) The process Unit from which the final product(s) is (are) withdrawn. tanks. shall be located on the side product(s) near the products tanks to minimize the length of the product run-down line. feed stock tanks. seaside or riverside in the plant site. such as process areas. 6) Flare and burn pit shall be located at the end of the site with sufficient distance to prevent personnel hazard. the area shall be located on the traffics. transportation. It shall preferably be located near the main gate alongside the main road of the plant. run 10) Process Units in which large quantities of utilities are consumed. run3) The utilities area shall be located beside the process area for ready supply of utilities. to minimize the length of the feed line. shall be located on the side near the first. 2) The storage area shall be located as far as possible from buildings occupied by personnel at the site. storage areas. 7) Waste water treating Unit shall be located near at the lowest point of the site so as to collect all of effluent streams from the processing Unit. areas. areas. for inland traffics. 4) Loading and unloading area shall be located on a corner of the site with capable connection to public road directly. 1) The process area shall be located in the most convenient place for operating the process Unit. should be preferably located on the side near the utility center. utilities areas.l l l l l l l l l l l l Area Arrangement Classified blocked areas. administration and areas. 8) The process Unit to which the feed stock is charged first. administration service areas. and other areas shall be arranged as follows: areas. For marine transportation.
"Geometric Design of Roads". fire fighting and emergency escape in a fire situation. l 2) Unless otherwise specified by the Company.Roadways 1) Road and access ways shall offer easy access for mobile equipment during construction and maintenance. l . the defined roads shall be made as stated in IPS-E-CE160. l 3) Access roads shall be at least 3 m from processing equipment between road edges to ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی 133 prevent vehicle collisions.
Piperacks and Sleepers l piperack for process Units and pipe sleeps for the off-site facilities shall be considered as the principals support of the pipe way l Single level pipe racks are preferred. if more than one level is required. the distance between levels oriented in the same direction shall be adequate for maintenance but not less than 1.25 meters 134 ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی .
l Maximum piperack widths shall be 10 m. If widths larger than 10 m are required. the piperack widths shall be adjusted based on the length of the air coolers. Actual widths shall be 110% of the required widths or the required widths plus 1m. 135 ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی . the piperack shall be designed to be of two stage. In cases where air fin coolers are to be placed on the piperacks.
7 meters above top of rail. l ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی 136 .Allow ample space for routing instrument lines and electrical conduit. Provide 25% additional space for future instrument lines and electrical l Provide 20% additional space on the pipe rack for future piping l Pipe racks outside process areas shall have the following minimum overhead refinery/plant clearances: main roadway -5 meters .5 meters. access roads -4. railroads -6.
is suitable for small scale process complex consisting of two-three process Units.l l Typical layout of piperack. It is economical without requiring any large area. 1 through 4 with reference descriptions as follow: a) "Single Rack Type" layout. ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی 137 . for process plants depending on the number of process Units incorporated and the process complexities are given in Figs.
"Single Rack Type" in this case will not be suitable since separate maintenance and utility administration in normal operation will be difficult because of the utility and flare line which are placed on the common rack. 2.l "Comb Type" layout shown in Fig. is recommended for use in process. complex consisting of three or more process Units. ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی 138 .
can be conveniently utilized. 3. This layout as shown below in Fig.l "Double Comb Type" layout is an expansion of the "Comb Type" which is recommended for the use in largescale process complexes where five to ten process Units are to be arranged. ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی 139 .
mblastsavior. is recommended to be used in case of process Units whose maintenance cannot be conducted separately. This type can be regarded as an expansion of the "Singl e Rack Type".mihanblog. Even process complexes of this nature. within the complex. 4. www. can be regarded as one process Unit in the planning of their layout.com ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی 140 .l "U Type" layout shown in Fig.
l 141 .ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی The control room and substation shall be located from an economical standpoint so as to minimize the length of electrical and instrument cables entering and leaving therefrom l The control room shall be positioned so that the operator can command a view of the whole system which is under control. Large buildings. or equipment shall not be placed in front of the control room.
ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی 241 .
ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی 341 .
ﺗﮭﯿﮫ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه:ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﮭﺰادی 441 .
com . و ﺑﺎ ﺗﺸﮑﺮ از ﺗﻤﺎم ﮐﺴﺎﻧﯽ ﮐﻪ ﺻﻤﯿﻤﺎﻧﻪ در اﯾﻦ راه ﯾﺎورم ﺑﻮدﻧﺪ از ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ دوﺳﺘﺎن ﺑﺎ ﺗﺸﮑﺮ ﻓﺮاوان از زﺣﻤﺎت اﯾﻦ ﻋﺰﯾﺰان در ﺟﺰوات اﺳﺘﻔﺎده ﺷﺪه اﺳﺖ: ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻪ رﺿﺎ درﺳﺘﯽ-ﻏﻼﻣﺮﺿﺎ ﺑﺎﻏﻤﯿﺸﻪ اﻣﻮزش Hysys ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻪ رﺿﺎ درﺳﺘﯽ-ﻏﻼﻣﺮﺿﺎ ﺑﺎﻏﻤﯿﺸﻪ اﻣﻮزش Aspen Plus ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻪ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﭘﻮرﺑﺎﻓﺮاﻧﯽ اﻣﻮزش Aspen Plus Rules of thumb for chemical engineers Carl Branan Applied process design ernest ludwig Chemical process equipment Stanley walas ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮر ﻗﻄﻊ اﯾﻦ ﺟﺰوه ﺧﺎﻟﯽ از اﺷﮑﺎل ﻧﻤﯽ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ.com www.com www. ﻣﻄﻤﺌﻦ ﺑﺎﺷﯿﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺨﺸﺶ ﻋﻠﻤﯽ ﺑﻪ اﻃﺮاﻓﯿﺎن درﻫﺎي ﭘﻨﻬﺎن و ﻧﺎﮔﺸﻮده ﻋﻠﻢ را ﺑﺮ روي ﺧﻮد ﮔﺸﻮده ﺧﻮاﻫﯿﺪ دﯾﺪ! اﯾﻦ درﺳﯽ اﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ از ﻃﺒﯿﻌﺖ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻢ . اﯾﻦ ﺟﺰوه ﺗﻘﺪﯾﻢ ﻣﯽ ﺷﻮد ﺑﻪ ﭘﺪر و ﻣﺎدرم ﮐﻪ ﭘﺸﺘﻮاﻧﻪ اي ﺑﯽ ﺑﺪﯾﻞ ﺑﺮاي اﯾﻦ ﺣﻘﯿﺮ ﺑﻮدﻧﺪ. :Email :Weblog firstname.lastname@example.org.ﻗﺪرﺗﻤﻨﺪي و وﯾﺮان ﮐﻨﻨﺪﮔﯽ ﯾﮏ ﮔﺮدﺑﺎد ﺑﻪ ﻣﯿﺰان ﺧﻼ درون آن ﺑﺴﺘﮕﯽ دارد. ﺧﻮاﻫﺸﻤﻨﺪ اﺳﺖ در ﺗﺼﺤﯿﺢ و ﺑﻬﺘﺮ ﻧﻤﻮدن آن اﯾﻨﺠﺎﻧﺐ را ﯾﺎري ﻧﻤﺎﯾﯿﺪ.mihanblog.در ﺟﺰوات اﺧﯿﺮ ﺳﻌﯽ ﺷﺪه اﺳﺖ ﺑﺮ اﺳﺎس ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ و ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﻪ ﭼﻨﺪﯾﻦ ﻣﻨﺒﻊ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺑﻬﺘﺮﯾﻦ ﺳﯿﺴﺘﻢ آﻣﻮزﺷﯽ ﺑﺮاي ﺳﺮﯾﻌﺘﺮﯾﻦ ﻧﺘﯿﺠﻪ ﮔﯿﺮي اراﺋﻪ ﺷﻮد.ﺳﺨﻦ ﭘﺎﯾﺎﻧﯽ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﯽ رﺳﺪ در ﻋﺼﺮي ﮐﻪ آن را ﻋﺼﺮاﻧﻔﺠﺎر اﻃﻼﻋﺎت ﻧﺎﻣﯿﺪه اﻧﺪ وﻣﻦ آن را ﻋﺼﺮ روﺷﻦ اﯾﺮان ﻣﯽ ﻧﺎﻣﻢ، ﻣﻬﻤﺘﺮﯾﻦ دﻏﺪﻏﻪ ﺑﺮاي ﭘﯿﺸﺮﻓﺖ و ﺗﺮﻗﯽ ﭘﯿﺪا ﮐﺮدن ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ درﺳﺖ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎﺗﯽ ﻣﯽ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ.اﻧﺘﻘﺎل داﻧﺶ ﺑﻪ دﯾﮕﺮان ﻫﻤﺎن ﻣﻨﺸﺎ ﺧﻼ ﻋﻠﻤﯽ ﺷﻤﺎﺳﺖ.
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