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STPM Pengajian Am BAB 1:KONSEP NEGARA

STPM Pengajian Am BAB 1:KONSEP NEGARA

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Due to few modifications and interesting ideas from my teachers that i have applied, it could be great to become quick revision notes for Form Six fellow friends, so feel free to download and i hope that this note could help as many as it can. So, i would like to share with you all, the first chapter of our General Studies(which is in BM words), the Nation Concept (Konsep Negara)..Have nice reading and enjoy. :)
Due to few modifications and interesting ideas from my teachers that i have applied, it could be great to become quick revision notes for Form Six fellow friends, so feel free to download and i hope that this note could help as many as it can. So, i would like to share with you all, the first chapter of our General Studies(which is in BM words), the Nation Concept (Konsep Negara)..Have nice reading and enjoy. :)

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Published by: Kim Say Chun / Sc.KIM on Sep 25, 2010
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06/30/2013

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STPM Pengajian Am Kertas 1 Bab 1:Konsep Negara

Ciri2 Negara
1. Penduduk 2. Kerajaan 3. Sempadan 4. Hubungan luar (diplomatik) 5. Berdaulat 6. Perlembagaan

Fahaman2 Dunia
1) Fasisme a) Kuasa mutlak b) Diamalkan oleh Benito Musolini

2) Nazisme a) Halalkan kekejaman dan pembunuhan b) Diamalkan oleh Adolf Hitler

3) Demokrasi a) Rakyat memerintah b) Diamalkan oleh Abraham Lincoln

4) Komunisme a) X percaya akan wujudnya Tuhan b) Korea Utara, Cuba

5) Sosialisme a) X hak milik sendiri b) Myanmar, Laos

Sistem Kerajaan Ciri2

Persekutuan Kedua-dua tetapi mempunyai kuasa autonomi sendiri Tiada kuasa mutlak

Kesatuan Kerajaan Pusat ada kuasa sepenuh pemerintahan

Konfederasi Kerajaan Pusat ada kuasa terhad

Kerajaan Negeri mempunyai kebanyakan kuasa pemerintahan

Bentuk Negara
1. Monarki sistem beraja

2. Republik tiada raja sbg. Ketua negara presiden dipilih dlm pilihan raya

3. Demokrasi kerajaan pilihan rakyat amalkan doktrin pengasingan kuasa

4. Autokrasi kuasa mutlak drp seseorang utk memerintah

Doktrin Pengasingan Kuasa
Oleh Montesqueiu Tujuan: • • • Elakkan pertindihan kuasa Elakkan penyalahgunaan kuasa/ sentralisasi kuasa Wujudkan sistem pemerintahan yang lancar, sistematik, cekap

Dlm Malaysia, -hanya menekan kuasa relatif antara badan P.erundangan E.ksekutif K.ehakiman *Pusatnya yang overlap adalah YDPA

P

K

E

Peringkat Negeri Menteri Besar

Perundangan(ADUN), Eksekutif

MMKN (majils Mesyuarat Kerajaan Negeri)

Peringkat Persekutuan Perdana Menteri Perundangan(Parlimen), Eksekutif Kabinet

Kerenah Pentadbiran Birokrasi
• • Sistem pemerintahan berperingkat, membebankan Boleh membawa salahguna kuasa

TAMAT BAB 1!!!!  THANK YOU FOR READING IT...

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