001

10011000

1010100
10001111100
1011100101011100
101100011101001
1011110100011010
00001010010110010
1001010101100111
1111010101000101
1101001101010011
001010010101010
1010101000110010
010101001011000
110101100011010
11010100001011
001010100110
1001010010

IP Addressing
and
Subnetting
Workbook
Version 1.1

Instructor’s Edition

11111110

10010101

00011011

11010011

10000110

IP Address Classes
Class A

1 – 127

(Network 127 is reserved for loopback and internal testing)
00000000.00000000.00000000.00000000
Leading bit pattern
0
Network .
Host
.
Host
.
Host

Class B

128 – 191

Leading bit pattern

10

10000000.00000000.00000000.00000000

Class C

192 – 223

Leading bit pattern

110

11000000.00000000.00000000.00000000

Class D

224 – 239

(Reserved for multicast)

Class E

240 – 255

(Reserved for experimental, used for research)

Network .

Network .

Network .

Network

Private Address Space
Class A

10.0.0.0 to 10.255.255.255

Class B

172.16.0.0 to 172.31.255.255

Class C

192.168.0.0 to 192.168.255.255

Default Subnet Masks
Class A

255.0.0.0

Class B

255.255.0.0

Class C

255.255.255.0

Produced by: Robb Jones
jonesr@careertech.net
Frederick County Career & Technology Center
Cisco Networking Academy
Frederick County Public Schools
Frederick, Maryland, USA
Special Thanks to Melvin Baker and Jim Dorsch
for taking the time to check this workbook for errors.
Inside Cover

Host

. Network

.

.

Host

Host

Binary To Decimal Conversion
128 64

32

16

8

4

2

1

Answers

1

0

0

1

0

0

1

0

146

0

1

1

1

0

1

1

1

119

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

255

1

1

0

0

0

1

0

1

197

1

1

1

1

0

1

1

0

246

0

0

0

1

0

0

1

1

19

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

129

0

0

1

1

0

0

0

1

49

0

1

1

1

1

0

0

0

120

1

1

1

1

0

0

0

0

240

0

0

1

1

1

0

1

1

59

0

0

0

0

0

1

1

1

7

00011011

27

10101010

170

01101111

111

11111000

248

00100000

32

01010101

85

00111110

62

00000011

3

11101101

237

11000000

192

Scratch Area

128
16
2
146

64
32
16
4
2
1
119

1

Decimal To Binary Conversion
Use all 8 bits for each problem

128 64

32

16

8

4

2

1 = 255

1
1
1
0
1
1
1
0
_________________________________________
238
0
0
1
0
0
0
1
0
_________________________________________
34
0
1
1
1
1
0
1
1
_________________________________________
123
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
_________________________________________
50
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
_________________________________________
255
1
1
0
0
1
0
0
0
_________________________________________
200
0
0
0
0
1
0
1
0
_________________________________________
10
1
0
0
0
1
0
1
0
_________________________________________
138
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
_________________________________________
1
0
0
0
0
1
1
0
1
_________________________________________
13
1
1
1
1
1
0
1
0
_________________________________________
250
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
1
_________________________________________
107
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
_________________________________________
224
0
1
1
1
0
0
1
0
_________________________________________
114
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
_________________________________________
192
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
_________________________________________
172
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
0
_________________________________________
100
0
1
1
1
0
1
1
1
_________________________________________
119
0
0
1
1
1
0
0
1
_________________________________________
57
0
1
1
0
0
0
1
0
_________________________________________
98
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
_________________________________________
179
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
_________________________________________
2
2

Scratch Area

238
-128
110
-64
46
-32
14
-8
6
-4
2
-2
0

34
-32
2
-2
0

Address Class Identification
Address

Class

10.250.1.1

A
_____

150.10.15.0

B
_____

192.14.2.0

C
_____

148.17.9.1

B
_____

193.42.1.1

C
_____

126.8.156.0

A
_____

220.200.23.1

C
_____

230.230.45.58

D
_____

177.100.18.4

B
_____

119.18.45.0

A
_____

249.240.80.78

E
_____

199.155.77.56

C
_____

117.89.56.45

A
_____

215.45.45.0

C
_____

199.200.15.0

C
_____

95.0.21.90

A
_____

33.0.0.0

A
_____

158.98.80.0

B
_____

219.21.56.0

C
_____

3

156.46 148.15.222 117.0.1.45.2 158.80.18.0.254 217.77.45.230.2.15.25.10.1.0 126.17.102.1 171.1 10.240.25.1 55.135.201.250.250.56 223.98.125.250.5.169.0 195.1 4 .200.1.1 150.21.227 33.56.89.Network & Host Identification Circle the network portion of these addresses: Circle the host portion of these addresses: 177.15.45 215.54.45.45.23.45 17.90 155.31 209.78 198.35.177 199.5 126.1 100.15.112 95.87.155.155.14 220.0 192.0 191.100.0 218.41.0 25.8.14.222.155.0.21.200.102.199.123.0 171.0 123.77 193.45.98 192.2.9.231 192.42.1.250.200.80.17.250.0 148.4 10.21.77.0.155 10.9.56.18.50 119.

250.69. 255 . 0 .34. 0 _____________________________ 193. 255 . 0 . 0 .10. 0 . 255 . 255 .223.90.83 255 . 0 _____________________________ 95.212.1 255 .45 255 . 0 _____________________________ 189.100.249.12.18. 0 .250.200.50 255 .1 255 .Default Subnet Masks Write the correct default subnet mask for each of the following addresses: 177.0 255 . 0 .35 255 . 0 .123. 0 _____________________________ 126.18. 255 . 0 . 0 .250 255 . 255 .230. 0 _____________________________ 128.23.77.250.4 255 . 0 _____________________________ 10. 0 .9 255 .125. 255 .45. 0 _____________________________ 134.1. 255 . 0 _____________________________ 77.50. 255 . 0 _____________________________ 125. 0 _____________________________ 223.210. 0 .10. 0 .65. 0 . 255 .99 255 . 255 . 255 .35. 0 .1 255 . 0 _____________________________ 1. 0 _____________________________ 220. 0 .234.109 255 . 0 _____________________________ 88.130.250.125.105 255 . 255 .254 255 . 255 . 0 _____________________________ 119. 0 .91. 0 _____________________________ 192.100.251. 0 _____________________________ 191.1 255 . 0 . 0 .51 255 . 0 .191 255 . 0 _____________________________ 5 . 0 _____________________________ 223.23. 255 . 255 .45. 0 .

Network Host IP Address: 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 . 0) (192 . Unfortunately your computer doesn’t think that way. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 (192 . 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 . 33 192 . 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 . 0) ANDING with the default subnet mask allows your computer to figure out the network portion of the address. By now you should be able to look at an IP address and tell what class it is.ANDING With Default subnet masks Every IP address must be accompanied by a subnet mask.255.255. 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 Default Subnet Mask: 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 . 100 .0 Class C 255.255. 10 . 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 . 100 . 10 . 255 . 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 .0. 33 What you can figure out in your head... Address Class: Network Portion: Host Portion: C 192 . 100 . IP Address: 192 . 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 ... 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 . Default Subnet Masks: Class A 255. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 AND: 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 . 10 . 100 . 6 . 255 . 10 . 33 In order for you computer to get the same information it must AND the IP address with the subnet mask in binary.0 Class B 255.0.0. 10 .0 ANDING Equations: 1 AND 1 = 1 1 AND 0 = 0 0 AND 1 = 0 0 AND 0 = 0 Sample: What you see. For your computer to determine the network and subnet portion of an IP address it must “AND” the IP address with the subnet mask. 100 . 33) (255 .

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 .240 to 192. 192.191 192.100.10.10.0 and divide it into five smaller networks (192.100.255.10. 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 Custom Subnet Mask: 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 . 10 . 100 .10.10.16 to 192.100.10. 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 .0. 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 .10.100.10. 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 .63 192.96 to 192.192 to 192. In this example each range has 14 usable addresses in it.100.100.100. 255 .10.10.143 192.112 to 192.16.239 192.32.80) the outside world still sees the network as 192.223 192.127 192.10.100.100.10.175 192.255.79 192.100. 100 . 0 255.100.10.159 192.100.10. The computer must still AND the IP address against the custom subnet mask to see what the network portion is and which subnetwork it belongs to. A custom subnet mask borrows bits from the host portion of the address to create a subnetwork address between the network and host portions of an IP address.10.10.10.240 192.100.100.64.100.160 to 192.10.15 (Invalid Range) 192.100.10.100.128 to 192.10.100.111 192.10. but the internal computers and routers see five smaller subnetworks.10.10.31 (1st Usable Range) 192. 33) (255 .100.10.48.100.100.10.100.100.100.10.10. This can only be accomplished by using a custom subnet mask.10.95 192.10.ANDING With Custom subnet masks When you take a single network such as 192. 192.10.10. 255 .100.100.100. 7 . In the next set of problems you will determine the necessary information to determine the correct subnet mask for a variety of IP addresses.48 to 192.176 to 192. 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 AND: 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 . 240) (192 .100. 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 (192 .47 (Range in the sample below) 192.10.100.255 (Invalid Range) Sub Network Host Network IP Address: 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 .100.10. 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 .100.10. 100 .100.224 to 192.100.208 to 192. 192.10.100.144 to 192.100.80 to 192. The ANDING process of the four borrowed bits shows which range of IP addresses this particular address will fall into.100.100. Each independent of the other.100. 10 . 192.10.10.32 to 192.64 to 192.10. IP Address: Custom Subnet Mask: Address Ranges: 192 .207 192. 10 . 32) Four bits borrowed from the host portion of the address for the custom subnet mask.10.0 to 192. 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 .10.

10 .10. 256 128 64 32 - 2 4 8 16 128 64 32 16 0 Add the binary value numbers to the left of the line to create the custom subnet mask. 255 . 8 16 4 2 0 16 -2 14 16 -2 14 2 1 0 - Number of Hosts . . 255 . Subtract 2 for the number of usable hosts.Custom Subnet Masks Problem 1 Number of needed usable subnets 14 Number of needed usable hosts 14 Network Address 192. Number of Subnets 192 . 255 . 0 0 0 8 32 64 128 256 8 0 4 0 128 64 32 +16 240 Subtract 2 for the total number of subnets to get the usable number of subnets.Binary values Observe the total number of hosts.0 C Address class __________ 255 . 0 Default subnet mask _______________________________ 255 .10. 255 . 10 . 240 Custom subnet mask _______________________________ 16 Total number of subnets ___________________ 14 Number of usable subnets ___________________ 16 Total number of host addresses ___________________ 14 Number of usable addresses ___________________ 4 Number of bits borrowed ___________________ Show your work for Problem 1 in the space below.

9 . 0 . 255 .0. 4 2 +1 255 0 8 128 256. Number of Subnets 536 65.3 0 2 8.19 128 +64 192 0 4 8 96 4. 0 64 -2 62 0 0 0 0 0 4 2 2 1 536 65. 0 Default subnet mask _______________________________ 255 .0 B Address class __________ 255 .022 Number of usable subnets ___________________ 64 Total number of host addresses ___________________ 62 Number of usable addresses ___________________ 10 Number of bits borrowed ___________________ Show your work for Problem 2 in the space below.024 Total number of subnets ___________________ 1. 256 128 64 32 16 512 0 16 32 64 512 165 .0 8 204 128 64 32 16 Add the binary value numbers to the left of the line to 8 create the custom subnet mask. 4 102 0 16 . 100 . 128 64 32 16 8 4 0 0 . Number of Hosts - 0 0 Observe the total number of hosts.02 Binary values . Subtract 2 for the number of usable hosts. 1024 -2 1. 0 4 1.0 8 96 4. Subtract 2 for the total number of subnets to get the usable number of subnets. 768 32.022 84 16. 192 Custom subnet mask _______________________________ 1.3 - 768 32.100.19 2 84 16. 2 1 .128 64 32 48 2.Custom Subnet Masks Problem 2 Number of needed usable subnets 1000 Number of needed usable hosts 60 Network Address 165. 255 .0 4 2 8. 255 .

255 . 192 Custom subnet mask _______________________________ 1. 4 102 0 16 . 0 4 2 2 1 536 65.022 84 16. 768 32. 255 . 256 128 64 32 16 512 0 16 32 64 512 148 . Number of Hosts - 0 0 .024 Total number of subnets ___________________ 1.3 128 +64 192 0 2 8.0 /26 B Address class __________ /26 indicates the total number of bits used for the network and subnetwork portion of the address.75.0 8 96 4. 1024 -2 1. All bits remaining belong to the host portion of the address. 2 1 .Custom Subnet Masks Problem 3 Network Address 148. Subtract 2 for the total number of subnets to get the usable number of subnets. 4 2 +1 255 0 8 128 256.022 Number of usable subnets ___________________ 64 Total number of host addresses ___________________ 62 Number of usable addresses ___________________ 10 Number of bits borrowed ___________________ Show your work for Problem 3 in the space below.0.02 Binary values .0 8 204 128 64 32 16 Add the binary value numbers to the left of the line to 8 create the custom subnet mask. 0 Default subnet mask _______________________________ 255 . Subtract 2 for the number of usable hosts.0 4 2 8. 0 64 -2 62 0 0 0 0 Observe the total number of hosts.128 64 32 48 2.19 10 0 4 8 96 4. 128 64 32 16 8 4 0 0 . 255 . 0 4 1. Number of Subnets 536 65.3 - 768 32. 255 . 0 .19 2 84 16. 75 .

100.Binary values 32 -2 30 11 . 56 . Number of Subnets 210 .Custom Subnet Masks Problem 4 Number of needed usable subnets 6 Number of needed usable hosts 30 Network Address 210. 255 . 100 . 128 64 +32 224 256 128 64 32 - 2 4 8 16 128 64 32 16 0 8 -2 6 0 0 0 16 32 8 0 8 4 2 - Number of Hosts 64 128 256 4 0 2 0 1 0 . 255 .0 C Address class _______ 255 . 255 . 0 Default subnet mask _______________________________ 255 . 224 Custom subnet mask _______________________________ 8 Total number of subnets ___________________ 6 Number of usable subnets ___________________ 32 Total number of host addresses ___________________ 30 Number of usable addresses ___________________ 3 Number of bits borrowed ___________________ Show your work for Problem 4 in the space below. 255 .56.

8 . 255 . 255 . 0 Default subnet mask _______________________________ 255 .8.85. 252 Custom subnet mask _______________________________ 64 Total number of subnets ___________________ 62 Number of usable subnets ___________________ 4 Total number of host addresses ___________________ 2 Number of usable addresses ___________________ 6 Number of bits borrowed ___________________ Show your work for Problem 5 in the space below. Number of Subnets 195 .Custom Subnet Masks Problem 5 Number of needed usable subnets 6 Number of needed usable hosts 30 Network Address 195. 255 . 256 128 64 32 - 2 8 16 128 64 32 16 0 128 64 32 16 8 +4 252 12 4 0 0 64 -2 60 0 16 32 8 0 4 -2 2 8 4 2 - Number of Hosts 64 128 256 4 0 2 0 1 0 . 255 . 85 .Binary values .0 C Address class _______ 255 .

0 Custom subnet mask _______________________________ 128 Total number of subnets ___________________ 126 Number of usable subnets ___________________ 131.3 16 32 16 4 1.19 1 96 4.19 Number of Hosts .072 -2 131. 128 64 32 2 8. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 .15 2.02 8 68 32.0 A Address class _______ 255 . 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 128 64 32 16 8 4 +2 254 128 -2 126 131.7 4 512 2 36 65.0 . 512 1 .070 13 .30 4.7 8 4 1.144 262 88 4. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 .2 52 .07 131 - . 48 2.0 2 96 4.15 2.19 2 7.0 8 84 16.19 64 128 256 .2 52 6 8.Custom Subnet Masks Problem 6 Number of needed usable subnets 126 Number of needed usable hosts 131. 0 .070 Number of usable addresses ___________________ 7 Number of bits borrowed ___________________ Show your work for Problem 6 in the space below.57 1.0 4 2 8. 254. 256 128 64 32 88 4. 0 Default subnet mask _______________________________ 255 .07 131 36 65.5 4 68 32.072 Total number of host addresses ___________________ 131.0.04 2 .070 Network Address 118.02 84 16.04 2 7.09 Number of Subnets 4 4.30 4.0.3 16 48 2. 0 .144 262 2 .57 1. 16 8 4 2 4 4. 0 .09 6 8. 128 64 32 16 8 4 2 1 118.5 - Binary values -128 64 32 2 .

0 8 96 4.02 Binary values . Number of Hosts - 0 0 . 0 . 255 .0 4 2 8. 768 32. 255 . 128 64 32 16 8 4 0 0 .3 128 64 32 16 8 4 2 +1 255 0 2 8. 4 102 0 8 . 2.0.0 8 204 0 4 128 256.128 64 32 48 2. 1 . 84 16. 0 Default subnet mask _______________________________ 255 . Number of Subnets 536 65.100. 0 16 32 64 4 1.3 - 768 32.048 Total number of subnets ___________________ 2. 256 128 64 32 16 512 14 0 16 512 178 .048 -2 2.046 0 0 32 -2 30 0 0 0 0 4 2 2 1 536 65. 100 .046 Number of usable subnets ___________________ 32 Total number of host addresses ___________________ 30 Number of usable addresses ___________________ 11 Number of bits borrowed ___________________ Show your work for Problem 7 in the space below. 224 Custom subnet mask _______________________________ 2.19 0 2 8 96 4.0 B Address class __________ 255 .Custom Subnet Masks Problem 7 Number of needed usable subnets 2000 Number of needed usable hosts 15 Network Address 178.19 2 84 16. 255 .

255 . 0 Default subnet mask _______________________________ 255 . Number of Subnets 200 . 255 . 255 . 14 .Custom Subnet Masks Problem 8 Number of needed usable subnets 1 Number of needed usable hosts 45 Network Address 200. 255 .175.Binary values 15 . 256 128 64 32 - 2 4 8 16 128 64 32 16 0 0 128 +64 240 0 0 4 -2 2 16 32 8 0 8 4 2 - Number of Hosts 64 128 256 4 0 2 0 64 -2 62 1 0 .0 C Address class _______ 255 .14. 175 . 192 Custom subnet mask _______________________________ 4 Total number of subnets ___________________ 2 Number of usable subnets ___________________ 64 Total number of host addresses ___________________ 62 Number of usable addresses ___________________ 2 Number of bits borrowed ___________________ Show your work for Problem 8 in the space below.

255 .000 Network Address 128. 0 16 32 64 4 1. 0 Default subnet mask _______________________________ 255 .022 Number of usable addresses ___________________ 6 Number of bits borrowed ___________________ Show your work for Problem 9 in the space below.19 2 84 16. 0 0 1.77.0 B Address class _______ 255 . 0 Custom subnet mask _______________________________ 64 Total number of subnets ___________________ 62 Number of usable subnets ___________________ 1.3 128 64 32 16 8 +4 252 0 2 8. 255 . Number of Hosts - 0 0 .3 - 768 32. 256 128 64 32 16 512 16 0 16 512 128 . 128 64 32 16 8 4 0 64 -2 62 0 . Number of Subnets 536 65. 768 32.0 4 2 8.0 8 96 4.024 Total number of host addresses ___________________ 1.02 Binary values . 84 16. 1 .022 0 0 0 0 4 2 2 1 536 65. 4 102 0 8 .0 8 204 0 4 128 256.19 0 2 8 96 4. 252 .Custom Subnet Masks Problem 9 Number of needed usable subnets 60 Number of needed usable hosts 1.128 64 32 48 2.0. 0 .024 -2 1. 77 .

Binary values 17 . 255 .100.0 C Address class _______ 255 . 192 Custom subnet mask _______________________________ 4 Total number of subnets ___________________ 2 Number of usable subnets ___________________ 64 Total number of host addresses ___________________ 62 Number of usable addresses ___________________ 2 Number of bits borrowed ___________________ Show your work for Problem 10 in the space below. 255 . Number of Subnets 198 . 100 .Custom Subnet Masks Problem 10 Number of needed usable hosts 60 Network Address 198.10. 256 128 64 32 - 2 4 8 16 128 64 32 16 0 0 128 +64 192 0 0 64 -2 62 16 32 8 0 8 4 2 - Number of Hosts 64 128 256 4 0 2 0 4 -2 2 1 0 . 255 . 10 . 255 . 0 Default subnet mask _______________________________ 255 .

0 . 0 Default subnet mask _______________________________ 255 .536 Total number of host addresses ___________________ 65.30 4.07 131 36 65.7 16 32 16 8 512 Subnets 2 4 8 Binary values -128 64 32 36 65. 16 8 4 2 4 4.0 96 4.3 2 8.09 6 8.30 4.07 131 .02 84 16.15 2.0 4 1. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 .19 48 2.5 Number of 2 .2 52 6 8.0. 0 .0.144 262 2 . 0 Custom subnet mask _______________________________ 256 Total number of subnets ___________________ 254 Number of usable subnets ___________________ 65. 512 2 1 .15 2.534 Number of usable addresses ___________________ 8 Number of bits borrowed ___________________ Show your work for Problem 11 in the space below.5 68 32.536 -2 65. 128 64 32 16 8 4 2 1 101.2 52 .57 1. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 . 0 .04 2 7.534 .144 262 88 4.0 96 4.19 16 48 2.09 - 4 4.0 A Address class _______ 255 .3 68 32. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 18 128 64 32 16 8 4 2 +1 255 256 -2 254 65. 84 16.57 1. 128 64 32 4 2 1 2 8. 256 128 64 32 88 4.19 2 7.04 4 .Custom Subnet Masks Problem 11 Number of needed usable subnets 250 Network Address 101. 255 .19 Number of Hosts .7 8 4 1.02 .0 64 128 256 .

0 C Address class _______ 255 . 256 128 64 32 - 2 4 8 16 128 64 32 16 0 0 128 64 +32 224 0 0 64 -2 62 16 32 8 0 8 4 2 - Number of Hosts 64 128 256 4 0 2 0 4 -2 2 1 0 . 50 . 35 .Custom Subnet Masks Problem 12 Number of needed usable subnets 5 Network Address 218.Binary values 19 . 0 Default subnet mask _______________________________ 255 . 224 Custom subnet mask _______________________________ 8 Total number of subnets ___________________ 6 Number of usable subnets ___________________ 32 Total number of host addresses ___________________ 30 Number of usable addresses ___________________ 3 Number of bits borrowed ___________________ Show your work for Problem 12 in the space below. 255 .35. Number of Subnets 218 . 255 . 255 .50. 255 .

50 . Number of Subnets 218 .Custom Subnet Masks Problem 13 Number of needed usable hosts 25 Network Address 218.0 C Address class _______ 255 .Binary values . 35 .50. 0 Default subnet mask _______________________________ 255 . 255 . 255 . 20 256 128 64 32 - 2 4 8 16 128 64 32 16 0 0 128 64 +32 224 0 0 8 -2 6 16 32 8 0 8 4 2 - Number of Hosts 64 128 256 4 0 2 0 32 -2 30 1 0 . 255 .35. 224 Custom subnet mask _______________________________ 8 Total number of subnets ___________________ 6 Number of usable subnets ___________________ 32 Total number of host addresses ___________________ 30 Number of usable addresses ___________________ 3 Number of bits borrowed ___________________ Show your work for Problem 13 in the space below. 255 .

59 .Custom Subnet Masks Problem 14 Number of needed usable subnets 10 Network Address 172.19 0 2 8 96 4.094 0 0 0 0 2 536 65. 4 102 0 8 . 240 .0 8 204 0 4 128 256. 0 16 32 64 4 1. 0 Custom subnet mask _______________________________ 16 Total number of subnets ___________________ 14 Number of usable subnets ___________________ 4.0 8 96 4. 1 .3 128 64 32 +16 240 0 4 2 8. 84 16.19 2 84 16.0 B Address class _______ 255 . 128 64 32 16 8 4 0 16 -2 14 0 .0 4 2 8.096 Total number of host addresses ___________________ 4. 0 Default subnet mask _______________________________ 255 .3 - 768 32. Number of Subnets 536 65. 0 .094 Number of usable addresses ___________________ 4 Number of bits borrowed ___________________ Show your work for Problem 14 in the space below.02 Binary values .128 64 32 48 2.096 -2 4. 256 128 64 32 16 512 0 16 512 172 .59. 255 . Number of Hosts - 2 0 21 1 0 . 0 0 4. 768 32.0. 255 .

128 64 32 16 8 4 0 0 . 768 32. Number of Hosts - 0 0 . 256 128 64 32 16 512 22 0 16 512 172 . 0 16 32 64 4 1. 4 102 0 8 .128 64 32 48 2. 255 .02 Binary values .024 -2 1. 255 . 128 +64 192 84 16.0.3 0 2 8.022 Number of usable subnets ___________________ 64 Total number of host addresses ___________________ 62 Number of usable addresses ___________________ 10 Number of bits borrowed ___________________ Show your work for Problem 15 in the space below.0 8 96 4. 192 Custom subnet mask _______________________________ 1.59. 0 Default subnet mask _______________________________ 255 .3 - 768 32. Number of Subnets 536 65. 59 .19 128 64 32 16 8 4 2 +1 255 0 2 8 96 4.022 0 0 0 0 4 2 2 1 536 65. 255 .0 B Address class _______ 255 .0 8 204 0 4 128 256.19 2 84 16. 1 .024 Total number of subnets ___________________ 1. 0 .0 4 2 8. 64 -2 62 0 0 1.Custom Subnet Masks Problem 15 Number of needed usable hosts 50 Network Address 172.

02 1 84 16.144 262 2 .15 2.288 Total number of subnets ___________________ 524. 0 Default subnet mask _______________________________ 255 .7 Number of 36 65.288 -2 524.0.02 - 512 Subnets 68 32. 255 .0 4 2 8.30 4.19 Number of Hosts . 96 4.2 52 6 8. 224 Custom subnet mask _______________________________ 524. 256 128 64 32 88 4.07 131 4 36 65. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 .5 8 512 16 68 32. 128 64 32 4 1.19 2 7. 0 .09 4 4.19 8 .0 A Address class _______ 255 .7 .0 Binary values -128 64 32 16 32 2 8. 128 64 32 16 8 4 2 1 23 .04 2 .3 2 4 1.0 4 84 16. 0 .286 23 .144 262 88 4.2 52 .0.04 2 7.30 4. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 128 64 +32 224 32 -2 30 524.15 2.5 2 . 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 .09 6 8.57 1. 1 . 255 .286 Number of usable subnets ___________________ 32 Total number of host addresses ___________________ 30 Number of usable addresses ___________________ 19 Number of bits borrowed ___________________ Show your work for Problem 16 in the space below.Custom Subnet Masks Problem 16 Number of needed usable hosts 29 Network Address 23.57 1.0 16 64 128 256 96 4.3 2 48 2.07 131 - . 16 8 4 2 4 4.19 8 48 2.

112 for the 7th usable subnet? ________________________ What is the subnet broadcast address for 192 .10.10. 255 .10.0 C Address class __________ 255 . 255 . 255 .Subnetting Problem 1 Number of needed usable subnets 14 Number of needed usable hosts 14 Network Address 192.10.63 subnet range? _______________________________________________ What is the subnet number 192 . 255 .142 usable subnet? ______________________________________ 24 .10.48 to 192. 207 the 12th usable subnet? ________________________ What are the assignable addresses for the 8th 192. 240 Custom subnet mask _______________________________ 16 Total number of subnets ___________________ 14 Number of usable subnets ___________________ 16 Total number of host addresses ___________________ 14 Number of usable addresses ___________________ 4 Number of bits borrowed ___________________ What is the 3rd usable 192.10.129 to 192. 10 .10. 10 .10.10. 0 Default subnet mask _______________________________ 255 . 10 . 10 .10.

10.10.223 192.10.10.Show your work for Problem 1 in the space below.10.10.10.10.10.10.10.10.10.10.10.10.10.239 192.208 192.10.10.10.10. The first and last range of addresses are not usable.10.10. 0 0 0 0 (Invalid range) 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 (Invalid range) 1 Custom subnet mask 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 128 64 32 +16 240 8 0 8 4 2 - Number of Hosts 64 128 256 4 0 2 0 1 0 .10.10.191 192. The first usable range of addresses is: 192.10.10.10.96 192.Binary values 192.15 192.10.160 192.10.0 192.128 192. In this problem the range is 16.10. The last address in each subnet range is the subnet broadcast address.10.31.10.47 192.48 192.255 Usable hosts 16 -2 14 The binary value of the last bit borrowed is the range.10.16 to 192.10.10. 10 . Number of Subnets 256 128 64 32 - 2 4 8 16 16 32 128 64 32 16 192.111 192.10.143 192.80 192.10.10.79 192.10.10. The first address in each subnet range is the subnet number.31 192.10.32 192.10.10.10. 10 .10.144 192.10.16 192.10.112 192.10.10.10.10. 25 .207 192.10.10.10.10.10.127 192.95 192.10.240 Usable subnets 16 -2 14 to to to to to to to to to to to to to to to to 192.10.175 192.176 192.10.10.224 192.64 192.10.10.10.10.192 192.10.63 192.10.10.159 192.

100.191 subnet range? _______________________________________________ What is the subnet number 165 . 255 . 0 .2. 255 .3.Subnetting Problem 2 Number of needed usable subnets 1000 Number of needed usable hosts 60 Network Address 165.62 usable subnet? ______________________________________ 26 . 1 .1 to 165. 64 for the 5th usable subnet? ________________________ What is the subnet broadcast address for 165 .100.100. 1 . 100 . 0 Default subnet mask _______________________________ 255 .100.0.0 B Address class __________ 255 .022 Number of usable subnets ___________________ 64 Total number of host addresses ___________________ 62 Number of usable addresses ___________________ 10 Number of bits borrowed ___________________ What is the 14th usable 165.0.128 to 165. 192 Custom subnet mask _______________________________ 1. 127 the 5th usable subnet? ________________________ What are the assignable addresses for the 8th 165.100. 255 .024 Total number of subnets ___________________ 1. 100 .3.

255.100.02 - 8 84 16.2.63 165.0 165.128 64 32 16 32 64 2 8. 0 .192 165.84 16.64 165.100.0.3. 0 .64 to 165.3.3 . The first address in each subnet range is the subnet number.0.100. 256 128 64 32 16 512 Number of Subnets Number of Hosts - Show your work for Problem 2 in the space below.2. 0 .100.100.100.128 165.100.0.100. In this problem the range is 64.255.128 to (Invalid range) 165.100.100.100. 1 .191 165.0 165.100.100. 0 .0.100.63 165.3.100.191 165.100.19 128 256.100. 128 64 32 16 . 1 .100.1.0.3. 1 . (Invalid range) 0 4 512 8 96 4.192 165. 0 0 0 0 The last address in each subnet range is the subnet broadcast address.255 165. 4 536 65.127 165.255 165.0 165. 768 32.0.127 The first and last range of addresses are not usable.255 Down to 165.64 165.191 165.19 8 96 4.255 165.100.0.0.255 165.0.100.191 165.255.100.100.1.100.0.0 8 204 4 102 16 2 8.3.100.1.1. 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 to to to to to to to to to to to to to to to to 0 1 165.3 536 65.100.2.192 165.0 2 4 1. 0 .1.1.100.191 165.100. 27 .0.128 165.192 to 0 1 0 1 .3.022 8 Custom 128 4 subnet mask +64 2 192 +1 255 64 Usable -2 hosts 62 165 .3.127 165.100.127 165.127 165.255.100.100.0.100.63 165.64 165. Binary values .128 165.100. 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 . 100 . The binary value of the last bit borrowed is the range. 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 4 8 1 . 0 . 768 32.100.100.100.0 4 48 2.0 165.100.0.100. 1 .1. 0 0 2 0 .100.64 165.63 165. The first usable range of addresses is: 165.192 0 2 2 165.2.3.0.128 165.1. 128 64 1024 32 Usable -2 16 subnets 1.

255 .129 .50. 192 Custom subnet mask _______________________________ 4 Total number of subnets ___________________ 2 Number of usable subnets ___________________ 64 Total number of host addresses ___________________ 62 Number of usable addresses ___________________ 2 Number of bits borrowed ___________________ What is the 2nd usable 195.Subnetting Problem 3 Number of needed usable subnets 1 Network Address 195. 255 .64 for the 1st usable subnet? ________________________ What is the subnet broadcast address for 195. 255 .50.223. 0 Default subnet mask _______________________________ 255 .0 C Address class __________ 255 .223.50.223.190 usable subnet? ______________________________________ 28 .127 the 1st usable subnet? ________________________ What are the assignable addresses for the 2nd 195.223.50.50.195.191 subnet range? _______________________________________________ What is the subnet number 195.128 .223. 255 .50.223.195.50.223.

255 64 -2 62 29 . Number of Subnets 256 128 64 32 2 - 4 8 16 128 64 32 16 195.50.223.50. 0 (Invalid range) 0 0 1 1 0 (Invalid range) 1 1 0 0 16 32 8 0 8 4 2 Number of Hosts 64 128 256 4 0 2 0 4 -2 2 1 0 195.50. 50 .223.128 195.127 195.192 128 +64 192 - .223.64 195.223. 223 .50.0 195.50.50.223.50.50.Show your work for Problem 3 in the space below.Binary values to to to to 195.223.191 195.223.223.63 195.

127 the 9th usable subnet? ________________________ What are the assignable addresses for the 5th 190.35.1.3.2.35.3.0. 192 Custom subnet mask _______________________________ 1.35. 255 .65 to 190.1.191 subnet range? _______________________________________________ What is the subnet number for the 12th usable 190.022 Number of usable subnets ___________________ 64 Total number of host addresses ___________________ 62 Number of usable addresses ___________________ 10 Number of bits borrowed ___________________ What is the 14th usable 190.35.126 usable subnet? ______________________________________ 30 .0 B Address class __________ 255 .128 to 190.3. 0 .Subnetting Problem 4 Number of needed usable subnets 750 Network Address 190.35.35.024 Total number of subnets ___________________ 1.0 subnet? ________________________ What is the subnet broadcast address for 190. 0 Default subnet mask _______________________________ 255 . 255 . 255 .35.

.35.0.128 190.35.35. .0. .3.127 190.2.35.191 190.2.3.64 190.3. 0 0 128 +64 252 128 64 32 16 8 4 2 +1 252 0 0 0 0 2 0 .35. .35. 35 .2.35.35.2.255 190.0. 64 -2 62 1.0 190.3.255 Show your work for Problem 4 in the space below. 4 to to to to to to to to to to to to to to to to 0 1 2 536 65.35.0.2.0 2 4 1. 31 .255 190. .35.0.1.35.35.1.35.3 .128 190.0 190.3.3.35.2.1.35.64 190.35. 768 32.02 - 8 84 16.35.3 536 65.0 8 204 4 102 16 2 8.192 190.0 4 48 2.35.63 190. 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 .63 190.35. 0 (Invalid range) 0 4 512 8 96 4.35.128 190. Binary values .84 16.35.1.192 0 4 8 1 .3.128 64 32 16 32 64 2 8.191 190.1. .35.0.192 190.0.3.19 8 96 4.127 190.0 190.127 190.2.022 190 .2.1.1.63 190.0 190.024 -2 1.64 190. .191 190.35. 768 32.127 190.35. 256 128 64 32 16 512 Number of Subnets Number of Hosts - 190.35.0.255 190.35.192 190.35. 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 2 190. .35.35. 128 64 32 16 .128 190.191 190.63 190. .35.64 190. .35. .35.19 128 256.1.

0. 0 .Subnetting Problem 5 Number of needed usable hosts 6 Network Address 126.0.32 for the 4th usable subnet? ________________________ What is the subnet broadcast address for 126. 0 Default subnet mask _______________________________ 255 .8 to 126. 0 .0.0.150 Number of usable subnets ___________________ 8 Total number of host addresses ___________________ 6 Number of usable addresses ___________________ 21 Number of bits borrowed ___________________ What is the 1st usable 126.0.0.0.0.0.73 to 126.0.0.55 the 6th usable subnet? ________________________ What are the assignable addresses for the 9th 126. 255 .78 usable subnet? ______________________________________ 32 .0 A Address class __________ 255 .097.15 subnet range? _______________________________________________ What is the subnet number 126.097.152 Total number of subnets ___________________ 2.0. 248 Custom subnet mask _______________________________ 2.0.0. 255 .

0.0.0.0.0.097.0.02 512 2 .23 126.0.0.36 65.57 1.7 2 8.0. 32 88 4.71 126.72 to 1 0 126.0.2 52 6 8.07 131 .0.104 to 1 0 126.0.0.0.120 to (Invalid range) 0 126.5 96 4.0. 33 .0.40 to 1 0 126.0.119 126.0.0.0.8 to 1 0 126. 96 4. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 .0.7 126.24 to 0 0 126.39 126.0.0.31 126.0.0.150 8 -2 6 128 64 32 16 8 4 2 +1 255 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 to to 1 126.04 4 4.127 Show your work for Problem 5 in the space below.87 126.0.152 -2 2.0.0.09 6 8.0.56 to 0 0 126.15 126.0.0 126.0.111 126.64 to 0 1 126.96 to 0 1 126.5 4 .7 1 36 65.0.19 2 7.0.80 to to 1 1 126.0.55 126.30 4.63 126.0 16 32 64 128 256 16 8 4 2 1 4 1.0.0.0.09 2 68 32.0.0.0.0.2 52 .0.112 to 1 1 126.0.0.47 126.32 to 0 1 126.3 48 2.15 2.144 262 2 .0.097. 128 64 .02 Subnets 2 4 8 Binary values -128 64 32 512 Number of Number of Hosts 126.16 1 1 126. 256 128 64 32 16 8 16 8 4 4 4.0.95 126.103 126.07 131 8 .0.0.0. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 .04 2 4 1 2 128 64 32 16 +8 248 2.144 262 88 4.0.0.0.0.0. 128 64 32 48 2.0.19 4 1.0. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 .0.0.0 84 16.79 126.0.3 2 8.48 to 1 1 126.0.0.30 4.19 2 7.88 0 0 126.57 1.0.0.19 .15 2.0 84 16.0 16 68 32.0.

128 to 192.10.10.70. 255 .0 C Address class __________ 255 .70.70. 255 .70.Subnetting Problem 6 Number of needed usable subnets 10 Network Address 192.70.10.191 the 11th usable subnet? ________________________ What are the assignable addresses for the 9th 192.70.10.10.70.143 subnet range? _______________________________________________ What is the subnet number 192.158 usable subnet? ______________________________________ 34 . 255 .48 for the 3rd usable subnet? ________________________ What is the subnet broadcast address for 192.10.70. 255 . 0 Default subnet mask _______________________________ 255 . 240 Custom subnet mask _______________________________ 16 Total number of subnets ___________________ 14 Number of usable subnets ___________________ 16 Total number of host addresses ___________________ 14 Number of usable addresses ___________________ 4 Number of bits borrowed ___________________ What is the 8th usable 192.145 to 192.

10.10.255 35 .31 192.144 192.70.70.70.10.10.95 192.10.70. Number of Subnets 16 256 128 64 32 - 192 .47 192.70.10.70.10.70.70.10.143 192.80 192.10.10.70.0207 192.32 192.70.64 192.175 192.70.70.10.70.240 128 +64 240 Number of Hosts 16 -2 14 16 -2 14 to to to to to to to to to to to to to to to to 192.16 192.10. 10 .10.191 192.Show your work for Problem 6 in the space below.70.70.160 192.10.70.70.10.239 192.10.96 192.159 192.63 192.70. 2 4 8 16 32 128 64 32 16 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 (Invalid range) 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 (Invalid range) 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 8 0 8 4 2 - 64 128 256 4 0 2 0 1 0 .70.70.10.15 192.70.0 192.70.70.70.10.70.111 192.48 192.10.10.10. 70 .10.10.10.10.70.70.176 192.10.10.192 192.10.70.70.10.128 192.10.79 192.224 192.10.223 192.Binary values 192.70.70.10.112 192.127 192.208 192.70.

0.1 to 10.255.8.0 for the 5th usable subnet? ________________________ What is the subnet broadcast address for 10. 0 Custom subnet mask _______________________________ 256 Total number of subnets ___________________ 254 Number of usable subnets ___________________ 65.0 to 10.8.0 /16 A Address class __________ 255 .10.0.0.254 usable subnet? ______________________________________ 36 .10.255 the 1st usable subnet? ________________________ What are the assignable addresses for the 8th 10. 255 . 0 .536 Total number of host addresses ___________________ 65.255 subnet range? _______________________________________________ What is the subnet number 10.0.255.0.1.534 Number of usable addresses ___________________ 8 Number of bits borrowed ___________________ What is the 10th usable 10. 0 .Subnetting Problem 7 Network Address 10.5.255. 0 . 0 Default subnet mask _______________________________ 255 .

255.4.0 512 2 . 128 64 32 48 2. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 .10.19 .255 10.3 2 68 32.09 6 8.255 10.0.5 96 4.12.536 -2 65.255 10.13.255 10.255 10.0.15.0 10.255.04 4 4.255.255.0.15 2.10.6.255 10.0 10.0.255.255 10.5.255.255.5 8 .2 52 .15 2.0 10.57 1.255 10.144 262 2 .255 10. 256 128 64 32 88 4.255 10.144 262 88 4.255 10.0.1. 96 4.04 128 64 32 16 8 4 2 +1 255 36 65.0 16 68 32.2 52 6 8.255 10.255 10.19 2 7.0.8.15.30 4.13.0.0.534 84 16.19 2 7.7 4 36 65.5.255.255. 128 64 .255.255.07 131 256 -2 254 84 16.255.07 131 .0 10.02 Subnets 2 4 8 Binary values -128 64 32 - 512 Number of Number of Hosts Show your work for Problem 7 in the space below. 37 .255.0.19 48 2.0 10.0 16 32 64 128 256 16 8 4 2 1 4 1. 16 8 32 16 8 4 2 4 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 (Invalid range) 0 10.2.11.8.14.7.0.11.0.0 10.255.0 4 4.0 10.0.3.0.7 2 8.57 1.2. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 .0.9.2 8.0.1.09 1 .12.0 10.0 10.0 10.02 65.0 to to to to to to to to to to to to to to to to 10.0 10.255 10. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 1.255.3 .0.3.6.255 10.0.0 10.7.9.0 10.0.255.14.30 4.255 10.0 10.0 10.4.

0 .0 to 172.50.50.50.50.0 B Address class __________ 255 .1 to 172.127.95. 224 .255 subnet range? _______________________________________________ What is the subnet number 172. 255 .96.0 for the 4th usable subnet? ________________________ What is the subnet broadcast address for 172.0.64.254 usable subnet? ______________________________________ 38 .190 Number of usable addresses ___________________ 3 Number of bits borrowed ___________________ What is the 3rd usable 172.50. 0 Custom subnet mask _______________________________ 8 Total number of subnets ___________________ 6 Number of usable subnets ___________________ 8.50.255 the 5th usable subnet? ________________________ What are the assignable addresses for the 2nd 172.191.192 Total number of host addresses ___________________ 8.Subnetting Problem 8 Number of needed usable subnets 4 Network Address 172.128. 255 .50. 0 Default subnet mask _______________________________ 255 .

768 32.64.255.255 172. 0 8 512 16 96 4.8.3 .50.191.0 172.50.159.19 8 96 4. 768 32.255 172.0 4 48 2.50.127.3 16 32 64 2 8. 50 . 39 .19 128 256. 256 128 64 32 16 512 Number of Subnets Number of Hosts - Show your work for Problem 8 in the space below.0 (Invalid range) 0 172.255 172.0 172.50. 128 64 32 16 172.95.0 8 204 4 102 Binary values .50.50.255 0 4 8 1 .50.160.50.0.0 2 4 1.50.192 -2 8.31.0 172 . 128 64 +32 224 84 16.0 172.50.50.223.50.50. 4 0 1 2 536 65.50.96.190 8 -2 6 536 65.50.0 172.192.255 172.128.224.02 - 8 84 16.128 64 32 2 8.255 172. 0 0 0 0 0 4 0 2 1 1 1 (Invalid range) 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 .32.0 172. to to to to to to to to 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 172.63.50.255 172.255 172.0 172.

161 to 172.048 Total number of subnets ___________________ 2.0.50.63 subnet range? _______________________________________________ What is the subnet number 172.50. 224 Custom subnet mask _______________________________ 2.32 to 172. 0 . 255 . 255 . 0 Default subnet mask _______________________________ 255 .50.0.50.127 the 3rd usable subnet? ________________________ What are the assignable addresses for the 5th 172.0.50.0.190 usable subnet? ______________________________________ 40 .Subnetting Problem 9 Number of needed usable hosts 28 Network Address 172.0 B Address class __________ 255 .0.046 Number of usable subnets ___________________ 32 Total number of host addresses ___________________ 30 Number of usable addresses ___________________ 11 Number of bits borrowed ___________________ What is the 1st usable 172.32 for the 9th usable subnet? ________________________ What is the subnet broadcast address for 172.50.50.0. 255 .1.

1.159 172.50. .128 64 32 16 32 64 2 8.19 128 256.1.0 2 4 1.96 172.50. 50 .224 0 4 8 1 .0. .1. 768 32.191 172.50.0.50.192 172.64 172.50.63 172.3 . 768 32.0 4 48 2.022 128 64 32 16 8 4 2 +1 252 128 64 +32 224 172 .50.50.50.1.1.1.50.191 172. .50.1.0.50.024 -2 1. 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 .50.3 536 65. 41 .159 172.192 172.128 172.32 172.223 172.0 172.1.50. 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 2 172.0.50.127 172.32 172.96 172.50.50.50.0.160 172.1.50.50.160 172.50.0. 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 0 .63 172.50.50.95 172. .224 172.0.1.84 16.223 172.255 Show your work for Problem 9 in the space below.50. 4 to to to to to to to to to to to to to to to to 0 1 2 536 65.31 172.1.1.50.0.50.50. 64 -2 62 1.255 172.0 172.50.127 172.0.0.50. Binary values .1. range) 0 (Invalid 0 2 512 8 96 4.0. . 128 64 32 16 .0.0.50.64 172.0. .0 8 204 4 102 16 2 8.0.1.50.50.02 - 8 84 16.95 172.1.0.128 172.31 172. 256 128 64 32 16 512 Number of Subnets Number of Hosts - 172.19 8 96 4.50.1. .

255 . 255 .51 the 12th usable subnet? ________________________ What are the assignable addresses for the 11th 220.100.100.100. 255 .100.19 subnet range? _______________________________________________ What is the subnet number 220.100.0 C Address class __________ 255 . 255 .100.45 to 220. 252 Custom subnet mask _______________________________ 64 Total number of subnets ___________________ 62 Number of usable subnets ___________________ 4 Total number of host addresses ___________________ 2 Number of usable addresses ___________________ 6 Number of bits borrowed ___________________ What is the 4th usable 220.100.16 to 220.100.46 usable subnet? ______________________________________ 42 .100.12 for the 3rd usable subnet? ________________________ What is the subnet broadcast address for 220.100.100.100.Subnetting Problem 10 Number of needed usable subnets 45 Network Address 220.100.100. 0 Default subnet mask _______________________________ 255 .

56 220.100.15 220.100.100.100.100.100.100.48 220.35 220.100.100.100.100.100.100. 43 .100.40 220.63 Show your work for Problem 10 in the space below.100.11 220.55 220.100.100.100.19 220.51 220.20 220.4 220.Binary values Number of Hosts 220.7 220.100.100.100.100.100.100.100.100.100.100.24 220.0 220.100.100.4 -2 2 64 -2 62 128 64 32 16 8 +4 252 220 .100.28 220.100.16 220.100.3 220.100.100.100.100.32 220.100.100.100.59 220. 100 .36 220.12 220.100.44 220.100.100.100.100.100.100.39 220.52 220.100. 100 .100.27 220. Number of Subnets - 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 4 2 - 0 4 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 to to to to to to to to to to to to to to to to .31 220.23 220.100.100.100.100.100.100.100.100.100.8 220.100.47 220.100.100.100.60 0 2 64 128 256 8 (Invalid range) 0 0 8 128 64 32 16 0 32 4 16 8 16 2 256 128 64 32 220.43 220.100.100.

224 .70.70. 0 .000 Network Address 135.0 for the 6th usable subnet? ________________________ What is the subnet broadcast address for 135.0 B Address class __________ 255 .190 Number of usable addresses ___________________ 3 Number of bits borrowed ___________________ What is the 5th usable 135.160.128.191.0. 255 . 0 Custom subnet mask _______________________________ 8 Total number of subnets ___________________ 6 Number of usable subnets ___________________ 8.255 the 2nd usable subnet? ________________________ What are the assignable addresses for the 4th 135.0 to 135. 0 Default subnet mask _______________________________ 255 .70.Subnetting Problem 11 Number of needed usable hosts 8.192.192 Total number of host addresses ___________________ 8.70.70.255 subnet range? _______________________________________________ What is the subnet number 135.70.254 usable subnet? ______________________________________ 44 .1 to 135. 255 .159.95.70.

0 135.255 135. 256 128 64 32 16 512 Number of Subnets Number of Hosts - Show your work for Problem 11 in the space below.0 135.0 135. 70 . Binary values .95.70.0 135.255 135.63.224.191. to to to to to to to to 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 2 0 135.255 135.192.02 - 8 84 16.70.127.0 135. 768 32.70.31.255.70.70.70.0 8 204 4 102 16 2 8.70.70.190 128 64 +32 224 1 1 1 (Invalid range) 1 8 -2 6 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 (Invalid range) 0 135 .3 536 65.223.0 135.0 2 4 1.19 8 96 4.255 0 4 8 1 .0.128 64 32 16 32 64 2 8.70. 128 64 32 16 135.32.255 135.192 -2 8.159.160.70.70.70.70.3 .0 0 4 512 8 96 4.255 135.84 16. 0 0 0 0 2 0 .19 128 256.70.0 4 48 2. 8.64. 768 32.70.70. 45 .255 135.255 135. 4 536 65.96.128.0 135.

64 to 98.125. 255 .50.50. 0 Default subnet mask _______________________________ 255 .125.125.125.125.125.50. 255 . 255 .Subnetting Problem 12 Number of needed usable hosts 45 Network Address 198.50.50.64 for the 1st usable subnet? ________________________ What is the subnet broadcast address for 198.125.191 the 2nd usable subnet? ________________________ What are the assignable addresses for the 2nd 198.50.0 C Address class __________ 255 . 255 . 192 Custom subnet mask _______________________________ 4 Total number of subnets ___________________ 2 Number of usable subnets ___________________ 64 Total number of host addresses ___________________ 62 Number of usable addresses ___________________ 2 Number of bits borrowed ___________________ What is the 1st usable 198.50.127 subnet range? _______________________________________________ What is the subnet number 198.190 usable subnet? ______________________________________ 46 .129 to 198.

125.192 (Invalid range) (Invalid range) 4 16 0 1 0 to to to to .50.128 198.50.255 64 -2 62 47 .191 198.Binary values 198.125.50.Show your work for Problem 12 in the space below.64 198.125. 256 128 64 32 - 2 128 +64 192 4 -2 2 8 16 128 64 32 16 0 32 8 0 8 4 2 - Number of Hosts 64 128 256 4 0 2 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 198.125.127 198.125.50.50.63 198.125.50.0 198.125.125. 50 . 125 .50. Number of Subnets 198 .50.

200.2.0.127 subnet range? _______________________________________________ What is the subnet number 165.200.200.255. 255 .255.2.128 for the 10th usable ________________________ subnet? What is the subnet 165. 192 Custom subnet mask _______________________________ 1.126 What are the assignable ______________________________________ addresses for the 1021st usable subnet? 48 .255.200. 255 .200. 255 .191 broadcast address for ________________________ the 1022nd usable subnet? 165.200.Subnetting Problem 13 Network Address 165. 0 . 0 Default subnet mask _______________________________ 255 .022 Number of usable subnets ___________________ 64 Total number of host addresses ___________________ 62 Number of usable addresses ___________________ 10 Number of bits borrowed ___________________ What is the 9th usable 165.64 to 165.65 to 165.0 /26 B Address class __________ 255 .200.024 Total number of subnets ___________________ 1.2.

255.63 165.84 16.0.3.0 4 48 2.1.3.200. .1. 0 (Invalid range) 0 2 1021 1022 (Invalid range) 1023 0 4 512 8 96 4.200.200.0 165. 768 32.200.200.128 165.2.255 165.200.0 165.0 165.255 165. .128 64 32 16 32 64 2 8.1.19 128 256.19 8 96 4.200.3.2.200.255.192 0 4 8 1 .200.191 165. 0 0 0 0 0 0 .255.1.0.127 165.127 165.64 to 165.64 165.128 165.2.191 165.0.200.64 165.200.64 165.255 165.200.64 165.191 165.3. 200 .63 165.200.200.2.128 165. 4 536 65.255.200.1.200.200.200.200.192 165.200.3.200.192 165.127 165.200. .127 165.1.200.3 . 768 32.200. .1.200.2.200.022 128 +64 252 128 64 32 16 8 4 2 +1 252 165 . 49 .024 -2 1.200.200.0 8 204 4 102 16 2 8. Binary values .0 165.0.200. . .0.200.191 165.127 165.155.3.200.192 165.192 to 165.200.200.63 165.200.200.0.191 165.63 165.2.3.255. 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 2 to to to to to to to to to to to to to to to to 0 1 2 165.0. 128 64 32 16 .02 - 8 84 16.2. 64 -2 62 1.2.200. 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 .128 165.3. .0 2 4 1.255 165.200.1.200.128 to 165.255 165.0.3 536 65. 256 128 64 32 16 512 Number of Subnets Number of Hosts - Show your work for Problem 13 in the space below.

10.10.10.223 subnet range? _______________________________________________ What is the subnet number 200. 0 Default subnet mask _______________________________ 255 .10.10.10.10. 255 . 224 Custom subnet mask _______________________________ 8 Total number of subnets ___________________ 6 Number of usable subnets ___________________ 32 Total number of host addresses ___________________ 30 Number of usable addresses ___________________ 3 Number of bits borrowed ___________________ What is the 6th usable 200.10.127 the 3rd usable subnet? ________________________ What are the assignable addresses for the 5th 200. 255 . 255 .10.0 C Address class __________ 255 .190 usable subnet? ______________________________________ 50 .10. 255 .192 to 200.128 for the 4th usable subnet? ________________________ What is the subnet broadcast address for 200.10.Subnetting Problem 14 Number of needed usable hosts 16 Network Address 200.10.10.10.161 to 200.

32 200.63 200.10.10.10.10.96 200.10.191 200.64 200.10. 10 . 10 .10.10.10.10.255 51 .10. Number of Subnets 200 .10.10.31 200.Show your work for Problem 14 in the space below.10.10.10.10.223 200.10.10.160 200.159 200.10.224 1 0 . 256 128 64 32 - 2 4 8 16 128 64 32 16 0 0 0 (Invalid range) 0 1 1 1 (Invalid range) 1 128 64 +32 224 8 -2 6 32 -2 30 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 16 32 8 0 8 4 2 - Number of Hosts 64 128 256 4 0 2 0 200.10.0 200.10.10.10.10.10.127 200.192 200.10.128 200.10.10.Binary values to to to to to to to to 200.95 200.10.10.10.

223. 224 .Subnetting Problem 15 Network Address 93.96.0.0 for the 8th usable subnet? ________________________ What is the subnet broadcast address for 93.1.0 to 93.254 usable subnet? ______________________________________ 52 .192 Total number of host addresses ___________________ 8.1 to 93. 0 Default subnet mask _______________________________ 255 . 0 .127.223.0 \19 A Address class __________ 255 .0.046 Number of usable subnets ___________________ 8.0.255 the 6th usable subnet? ________________________ What are the assignable addresses for the 11th 93.190 Number of usable addresses ___________________ 11 Number of bits borrowed ___________________ What is the 14th usable 93. 255 .1.192. 0 Custom subnet mask _______________________________ 2.1.255 subnet range? _______________________________________________ What is the subnet number 93.0. 0 .048 Total number of subnets ___________________ 2.1.1.

0 93.96.0.223.04 4 4.0.127.255 93.0.255 93.7 2 8. 128 64 .190 2 8.0.19 2.144 262 88 4.04 128 64 32 16 8 4 2 +1 255 36 65.64.255 93.0 93. (Invalid range) 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 93. 256 128 64 32 4 4.32.0 93.57 1.255 93.30 4.159.1. .0 93.191.1.1.255 93.0 .09 6 8.255 93.09 .192.0.57 1.07 131 .0 93.0.19 2 7.0.0. . 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 .7 1 36 65.0 16 32 64 128 256 16 8 4 2 1 4 1.0 93.0 512 2 . .0 93.15 2.046 84 16.64.0 93.0 93.95.0 93.32.159.160.0.255 93.255 93.224.0. .30 4.5 4 2 .1.1.1.1.128.3 48 2.0.191.0 16 68 32.63.2 52 6 8.0. .0.07 131 8 88 4.63.1. 128 64 32 48 2.144 262 128 64 +32 224 96 4.1.255 93.255 93.255 93.127.0.255 93. 16 8 32 16 8 4 2 4 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 . 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 .255 93.255 93.192 -2 8.128.31.02 8.2 52 .0. .02 Subnets 2 4 8 Binary values -128 64 32 - 512 Number of Number of Hosts Show your work for Problem 15 in the space below.1.0.0.31.1.0.255 93. 53 .3 2 68 32.1.84 16.192. .1.5 96 4.96. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 1.255.1.048 -2 2.0 93. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 .223.15 2.0 93.0 93.0 93.19 2 7.19 .0 to to to to to to to to to to to to to to to 93.95.160.

0.0 ________________________________ The network ID cannot be 0.0.254.10.192 ________________________________ OK ________________________________ IP Address: 190.255.255 Subnet Mask: 255.10 Subnet Mask: 255.0 ________________________________ 127 is reserved for loopback ________________________________ testing.0.230.10. IP Address: 93.255.255.100.255.255.0 ________________________________ OK ________________________________ IP Address: 200.255.10.10.255 Subnet Mask: 255.190. IP Address: 218.255.224.100. ________________________________ IP Address: 192.10.175 /22 ________________________________ A class C address must use a ________________________________ minimum of 24 bits.255.192 ________________________________ This address is taken from the first ________________________________ range for this subnet which is invalid.192 Subnet Mask: 255.255.0.255.0 ________________________________ This has a class B subnet ________________________________ mask.70.255.0.10.10.224 This is the subnet address for the ________________________________ ________________________________ 3rd usable range of 200.70.35.191.255.35.255. IP Address: 135.0 ________________________________ OK ________________________________ IP Address: 245.10.255.50.255.189 Subnet Mask: 255.128. IP Address: 135. If they are not usable addresses explain why.10 Subnet Mask: 255.0 ________________________________ This is a broadcast address.150. IP Address: 0.1 Subnet Mask: 255.100.255.1 Subnet Mask: 255.0.190.224.10 Subnet Mask: 255.Valid and Non-Valid IP Addresses Using the material in this workbook identify which of the addresses below are correct and usable.128 Subnet Mask: 255.0 IP Address: 165.0. ________________________________ 54 . IP Address: 200.0 ________________________________ This is the broadcast address ________________________________ for this range. IP Address: 127.0 ________________________________ 245 is reserved for ________________________________ experimental use.195 Subnet Mask: 255.

286 262.096 8.0 255.536 32.194.0 255.144 131.255.768 16.0 255.152 4.144 524.576 2.0 255.384 8.382 32.766 65.022 2.046 4.255.255.072 65.190 4.0 255.224 255.240 255.382 Class C Addressing Guide Total # of Subnets 4 8 16 32 64 Usable # of Subnets 2 6 14 30 62 Inside Cover .302 2.255.150 1.255.072 262.384 8.0 255.534 32.0 255.048.097.0 255.252.255.255.286 1.224 255.255.048 4.0 255.255.288 262.024 2.240.048 1.255.Class A Addressing Guide # of Bits Borrowed 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 Subnet Mask 255.150 4.288 1.252 # of Bits Borrowed 2 3 4 5 6 Subnet Mask 255.255.768 65.0.255.224.192 255.255.192 255.255.0 255.248.248.255.0 255.574 2.190 16.094 8.576 524.382 8.252.0 255.070 262.0 255.096 2.255.0 255.255.255.255.022 510 254 126 62 30 14 6 2 Total # of Hosts 16.255.0 255.192.255.194.128.0 255.255.255.046 1.0 255.048.255.766 16.255.255.255.0.255.255.097.048 1.255.255.248 255.255.304 Usable # of Subnets 2 6 14 30 62 126 254 510 1.0 255.255.255.194.240 255.0 255.255.255.142 131.255.254.0 255.190 4.094 2.192.224.252 Total # of Subnets 4 8 16 32 64 128 256 512 1.048.240.255.0.192 4.024 512 256 128 64 32 16 8 4 Usable # of Hosts 4.096 8.192 255.536 131.048.255.255.252.254.248 255.255.192 16.384 Usable # of Subnets 2 6 14 30 62 126 254 510 1.192.0.022 510 254 126 62 30 14 6 2 Total # of Hosts 64 32 16 8 4 Usable # of Hosts 62 30 14 6 2 Class B Addressing Guide # of Bits Borrowed 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Subnet Mask 255.255.302 Total # of Hosts 4.248.0.574 524.304 2.096 2.192 4.255.534 131.097.048 4.022 2.255.255.070 65.240 255.252 Total # of Subnets 4 8 16 32 64 128 256 512 1.224.0.194.152 1.024 512 256 128 64 32 16 8 4 Usable # of Hosts 16.128 255.255.046 4.024 2.192 16.0 255.224 255.248 255.255.097.128 255.190 16.0.240.255.046 1.255.255.384 32.254.382 8.255.094 2.255.0 255.094 8.142 524.

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